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Report in Physical Science

(Personal Care Products)

Rica Mae Nabora


Submitted to:
Ms. Ana Polline Tapan
Personal care products refer to any substance intended for use on the external parts of the
body, including the hair, nail, lip, and external genital organs. They are mainly used for cleansing,
beautifying, protecting external body parts, and perfuming. Personal care products include skin
and hair products, toiletries, and perfumes.

Aloe vera Gel
Aloe vera leaves con be extracted with a dear, thick. gluey substance called gel. The gel
consists mainly of water and o small amount of sugars and proteins, which make the gel special
ingredient in skin core products. It stimulates cell growth, which eventually enhances the
restoration of damaged skin. Its high water holding capacity allows for in use as a good
moisturizing agent. Several studies also reveal that aloe very gel has an antimicrobial property.


Commonly called cosmetics, personal care products affect one's overall health and well-
being. It is therefore important to know the ingredients present in [hem and those used in
their preparation.
Personal care products include. but are not limited to, lotions. deodorants, perfumes,
shaving creams, toothpastes. shampoos. and skin whiteners. Lotions generally moisturize and
soften the skirl. They usually contain mineral oil, brow., preservatives, and perfumes or
fragrances. Lotions that contain high amount of hydrating ingredients are specifically called
moisturizers. They contain emollients that decrease skin flaking by creating a layer of oil on
cop of the skin. This layer traps water and prevents it from escaping the skin, thus keeping
the skin hydrated. Deodorants prevent and remove unpleasant body odor, and are available
in the market as liquids. powders, or sprays. They contain aluminum or zirconium compounds
as active ingredients. Perfumes impart a fragrant odor and are usually composed of fragrant
oils. alcohol, and water. Shaving maws soften hair strands in any different parts of the
body, which allows for their easy removal. They are mainly made up of stearic acid, mineral
oils. water, perfume. and preservatives. Toothpastes, which cleanse and polish teeth and
freshen breath, contain polishing agents. surfactants, sweetener, and flavoring agents.
Shampoo are used to cleanse hair. Their on ingredients include surfactants and antidandruff
substances. Other ingredients include colors, perfumes, and preservatives. Skin whiteners,
which are among the most popular products nowadays, contain bleaching or antioxidant
substances like glutathione, metathione, hydroquinone, tretinoin, and kojic acid that inhibit
melanin production in the skin. Melanin is a pigment that gives the color into of the skin.


Nanomaterials in Skin Care Products

The possible dermatological use of nanocapsules was first investigated in the mid-1990s
when a French company launched a nanocapsule-bosed cosmetic product. Nonocapsules
are 10 nm 1000 nm diameter and contain o polymeric membrane that holds the active
ingredient or drug. The use of nanomaterials in cosmetic products aims to improve the
impact of the product.
Scientists have developed methods to effectively synthesize silver nanoparticles, which ore
now used in skin core products. These nanoparticles create a smooth and uniform
appearance that is capable of reflecting light. Each particle measures around 3 nm long and
hos properties different from the bulk-sized silver metal.

Precautions in Using Personal Care Products

The substance that gives a product its unique fragrance is considered a trade secret, so
companies are not required so list the often dozens or hundreds of synthetic and potentially
harmful compounds it contains. Some hazards in cosmetics containing synthetic fragrance may
include allergens, neurotoxins, irritants, and carcinogens. Allergens are substances that can
cause an overreaction of the body's natural defense system, which is supposed to help
fight infections. Fragrances may also contain neurotoxins, which are substances that can
adversely affect the nervous system. Lead is a proven neurotoxin that can cause learning,
language, and behavioral problems. It is usually not listed on product labels as an
ingredient, hence it is almost impossible so avoid. Furthermore, there is no safe level for
lead exposure because it builds up in the body over time.
Personal care products may also contain irritants, reproductive toxins, and carcinogens.
Irritants are substances that can cause slight inflammation or discomfort, usually of she eyes
and skin. Reproductive or developmental toxins are those char can cause infertility, birth
defects, developmental delays in children, and cancer of the reproductive organs.
Carcinogens can cause cancer upon long-term exposure. Some products, even those
marked "organic" or "natural," were found to contain potentially cancer-causing compounds
like dioxane and formaldehyde.
Some cosmetics are claimed to be products of nanotechnology, which uses particles of
very small sizes capable of being absorbed in the skin. However, this emerging technology
remains unrested for its health effects, and thus no produce labeling requirements are yet
established for such products. Some manufacturers essentially have nothing to warn
consumers of the presence of nanoparticles in their products such as eye shadows,
sunscreens, facial creams, and lotions.
With all the hazards that personal care products may pose, it is therefore important to be
cautious in using and promoting products available in the market. One should know and
avoid health-risk substances in products and practice intelligent consumerism.

Pillar of Science

Austrian professor Franz Greiter developed the concept of sun protection factor (SPF), which
became a standard for measuring the effectiveness of sunscreens when applied to skin. He
was also the first to create UVA- and UVB-absorbing sunscreens with an SPF of 2. As
required by the Food and Drug Administration, all sunscreens should contain an SPF
label. The SPF shows the relative amount of sunburn protection that a sunscreen can give.
Sunscreens contain pigments that absorb UV radiation from the sun to keep it from penetrating
the skin. These pigments work in a similar any as our body's melanin—the chemical pigment
released by our body in defense against sunburn.

Written report
Good day ma’am! Good day classmates! This is my report about Personal Care Products.

Personal care products are those products we use on our daily lives for our body. These are
items we use for our body, hair, nails, lips, and external genitals. We use these items for
cleaning our body, making ourselves presentable, protection for our body and making us smell
good always like perfumes. Aside from perfume, these products include toiletries and skin and
hair items.

Aloe vera Gel is a clear gel made from aloe vera itself. Aloe vera is known for its special
characteristics used for skin care products and hair products. Studies showed that aloe vera
can restore damage skin. It can also be a good moisturizing agent and has an antimicrobial

Types and Ingredients of Personal Care Products

Personal care products are commonly known as cosmetics. In my report, we will discuss the
ingredients and types of cosmetics. Cosmetics include lotions, deodorants, perfumes, shaving
creams, toothpaste, shampoos and skin whiteners. First on our discussion is lotion. Lotion
ginagamit natin para maprotektahan tayo sa init ng araw at para maging smooth and balat
natin. It contains mineral oils, beeswax, preservatives and fragrances. A type of lotion is
moisturizers which help in hydrating our skin. Second is a deodorant. Deodorants help us get rid
of bad odor on our armpits. Ginagamit natin ang deodorant para mawala yung mga amoy ng
kilikili natin lalo na pag napagpapawisan. Ang mga deodorant merong aluminum or arconium
compounds bilang ingredients. Next one is perfumes. Syempre gumagamit tayo ng perfumes
para mas maging mabango tayo. Perfumes are made from fragrant oils, alcohol at tubig.
Another one is shaving creams. We used it to easily remove hair in our body parts like armpits
and facial hair. Gawa sila sa stearic acid, mineral oils, water, preservatives at perfume. Other
personal care products are toothpaste, shampoos and skin whiteners. Madalas natin mga
ginagamit sa pagligo at paglilinis ng katawan natin. Skin whiteners pinaka common at trending
na ginagamit ng mga tao ngayon. Marami satin gusting pumuti. These skin whiteners are made
up of glutathione, kojic acid at iba pang mga ingredients na mas nakakapagpaputi sa ating

Science Patrol
Dito naman we will discuss nanomaterials in skin products. Nagsimula itong idevelop since
1990s when a French company launched a nanocapsule-based na product. Itong nanomaterials
na ito ay sobrang maliliit na compounds na nilalagay sa mga product para mas maimprove ang
quality nito. These particles are capable of reflecting light. Ang sukat nito is mula 3nm to 10nm
of a diameter. Hindi na ito kita ng mga mata natin.

Precautions in Using Personal Care Products

Personal care products we use always have its unique fragrance. Ibat-ibang amoy na
nakakapag pa akit satin na gamitin yung mga products na ito. Companies use synthetic and
harmful compounds na nakaka-apekto sa ating kalusugan. Para sa ikagaganda ng produkto,
ibat-ibang chemicals or compounds ang ginagamit nila ngunit hindi lahat ng ito ay safe.
Companies are not required to list down those chemicals or unsafe compounds they use kaya
maraming produktong nasa market and di natin alam na makakasama pala sa kalusugan natin.
Some of these compounds are allergens. Allergens are substances na pwedeng magdulot ng
allergic reaction sa katawan ng isang tao. Another is neurotoxin na severely affecting the
nervous system. Lead can cause speaking and behavioral problems. These are some
compounds not listed in product labels.
Personal care products also contains irritants, reproductive toxins and carcinogens. Irritants
cause allergic reactions sa mata at balat. Reproductive toxins lead to cancer sa reproductive
organs, infertility and birth defects while carcinogens can cause cancer. Some products use
nanotechnology. Sa pamamagitan nito, sobrang liliit na ng mga compounds na naaabsorb na
nang balat. However, these technology is not yet tested safe. Sa lahat ng hazards at dangerous
compounds na ginagamit sa mga personal products natin, dapat na mas maging maingat tayo
sa mga product na binibili natin. One should know health risk and practice intelligent consuming
upon this products.

Pillar of Science
In this topic we will discuss about SPF, ito yung kadalasang makikita natin sa mga lotions,
moisturizers at iba pang products. This is developed by Franz Greiter. SPF is short term for sun
protection factor. Lahat ng sunscreen should contain SPF label based sa Food and Drug
Administration. SPF works like melanin in our body. Melanin is a compound release by our body
na depensa sa sunburn or pagkasunog ng balat.