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mxn732-p01ed a B&R #234 auto-fill a.

doc BT TOUCHSCREEN AUTOFILL SWIFTLOCK 1

SWIFTLOCK
SECURE-TOUCH+
TOUCHSCREEN

AUTOFILL
STERILIZER
BENCH-TOP,
FRONT-LOADING &
TOP-LOADING
AUTOCLAVES

Instruction Manual

INSTALLATION
Powerscroft Rd
OPERATION
Sidcup
MAINTENANCE
Kent FAQ
DA14 5DT
United Kingdom
Tel 0208 300 4311
Fax 0208 300 2247

Part No MXN732 issP01 ed 1


For the associated
“SECURE-TOUCH Colour +
CONTROL SYSTEM
PROGRAMMING MANUAL ”
See Part No. MXN782
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION ...................................................... 3 SELECTING STERILIZE TEMPERATURE......... 22


WARNING IEC61010 ............................................. 3 SELECTING STERILIZE TIME........................... 22
COOLING LOCK SETTING................................ 23
GENERAL OPERATION & LOG-BOOK................... 3 SETTING CYCLE WITH LOADSENSE TIMING
DOCUMENT ISSUES AND DETAILS ................... 3 OPTION ............................................................ 23
MEDIA HOLDWARM.......................................... 24
SAFETY VALVE TESTING....................................... 4 TOTAL LOSS OPTION....................................... 24
SAFETY VALVE TEST QUICK REFERENCE.... 4 SAFETY VALVE TEST....................................... 24
CLIMATIC CONDITIONS...................................... 5 PRESSURE SWITCH INTERLOCK.................... 25
ELECTRICAL FIRE RISK ..................................... 5 WATER LEVEL SENSOR FAULTS.................... 25
HANDLING/MOVING ............................................ 6 OVERHEAT FAULT ........................................... 25
POSITION / LOCATION........................................ 6 LOAD SENSED TIMING (OPTIONAL EXTRA) ..... 26
INSTALLATION ....................................................... 7 COOLING LOCKS AND ..................................... 26
POWER, WATER & DRAINAGE........................... 7 LOAD SENSED TIMING..................................... 26
SERIAL NUMBER & VOLTAGE RATING PLATE. 7 OPTIONAL PRINTERS........................................ 27
POWER SUPPLY ................................................. 8
INLET CABLE ...................................................... 8 INTERNAL PRINTER OPTION........................... 27
SUPPLY FUSE RATING BUILDING SUPPLY CHANGING PRINTER RIBBON ......................... 28
FUSE OR MCB TRIP(S) SHOULD BE RATED AT OPERATION OF PRINTER ................................ 28
15 AMPS .............................................................. 8 PRINTER PROBLEMS....................................... 29
RCCD /RCD RESIDUAL TRIPS............................ 8 PRINTER SPARE PARTS ............................... 29
& EARTH-LEAKAGE TRIPS................................. 8 MAINTAINANCE AND CLEANING ....................... 30
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS ................................. 9 CHAMBER CLEANING ..................................... 30
SECURITY PASSWORDS .................................... 9 CABINET AND GENERAL CLEANING............. 30
SAFETY & DOOR INTERLOCKS - INSPECTION
QUICK REFERENCE OPERATION GUIDE........... 10 ........................................................................... 31
CYCLES WITHOUT LOAD SENSING TIMING.. 10 OVERTEMPERATURE PROTECTION............... 31
CYCLES WITH LOAD SENSING TIMING........... 11 EMERGENCY UNLOCKING .............................. 31

TOUCHSCREEN CONTROL SYSTEM................... 12 MANUAL UNLOCKING- TOPLOAD MODELS ...... 32

TECHNICAL SYSTEM OVERVIEW .................. 12 MANUAL UNLOCKING FRONTLOAD MODELS


SYSTEM CONTROLS......................................... 13 SIZES 60 LITRES AND BELOW............................ 35
INSTRUMENTATION.......................................... 13 PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ............................... 37
SAFETY INTERLOCKS ...................................... 14 THERMOCOUPLE ACCESS PORTS................. 38
COVER CLOSURE SYSTEM INTERLOCKS. ... 15 LOAD SENSING THERMOCOUPLES................ 38
HEATING SYSTEM: ........................................... 15
TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM : ............. 15 FUSES................................................................... 39
STERILIZE TIMING SYSTEMS :......................... 15 INTERNAL SYSTEM FUSES - ........................... 39
OPERATION .......................................................... 17 FUSE REPLACEMENT ...................................... 39

FILLING WITH WATER ...................................... 17 COMMISSIONING AND PROGRAM SETTING...... 40


WATER QUALITY .............................................. 18 USE OF A TEMPERATURE RECORDER OR
OR FULL FAULT SEE LATER SECTION ........... 18 DATA-LOGGER................................................. 40
HANDLE LOCKED WITH DOOR OPEN ............. 18 SETTING TIMES AND PARAMETERS WITHOUT
PROGRAM CYCLES -....................................... 19 LOAD SENSED TIMING..................................... 40
SETTING PARAMETERS .................................. 42
DETAILS & DISPLAYS.................................... 19 WITH LOAD SENSED TIMING........................... 42
STERILIZATION PARAMETERS FACTORY SETTING COOLING LOCKS ............................. 42
SETTINGS AUTOFILL .......................................... 20 WITH LOAD SENSED TIMING........................... 42

STERILIZATION PROGRAMS ............................... 21 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS .................... 43

NOTES & ADVICE.............................................. 21 SPARE PARTS AND SERVICE ......................... 45


INSTRUMENT & GLASSWARE PROGRAMS .. 21 CERTIFICATION................................................ 46
FLUIDS OR LIQUID CYCLE .............................. 21 PRESSURE TEMPERATURE CORRELATION
FLUID WASTE DESTRUCT CYCLE................... 21 CHART .................................................................. 47
SELECTING AN AIRPURGE TIME..................... 21
LOADING & PLASTIC BAGS ............................. 22 GENERAL FLOW DIAGRAM SCHEMATIC........... 48
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INTRODUCTION

The “SWIFTLOCK SecureTouch Colour +


Sterilizer models are modern, functional
Benchtop or Floorstanding Autoclave/Sterilizers designed with ease of use in mind . They use a rapid-
action “NEW SWIFTLOCK” closure system to give easy and rapid opening of the chamber, together
with a 5 or 10 Program Touchscreen operated control system, to facilitate a variety of uses .

WARNING IEC61010
In accordance with IEC61010
The safety features and protection for the operator in this equipment are only designed to operate
when the equipment is used in the way described in these instructions. & if used in any way not
specified such protection may be impaired.

GENERAL OPERATION & LOG-BOOK


Although the safety record of laboratory Sterilizers is good, remember at all times that they store
considerable potential energy, and should be treated with respect and care . If correctly used and
cared for, your Sterilizer will give you long and safe service .

Pay proper attention to regular maintenance . Never force the locking mechanism, or operate the
machine with any leaks, or incorrectly operating parts.

Report any defects to your Supervisor . If deterioration or defects are noticed, record them in a log
book and contact our Service Department .
Record also the results of annual and periodic inspections . Every 4 to 6 weeks is recommended.
Check the logbook before you start using the machine, as someone else may have recorded a fault of
which you are not aware.

DOCUMENT ISSUES AND DETAILS


Date Issue Filename Detailsof changes and revisions +
& MR no &Edition software issues & notes
P01 ed A mxn732-p01ed a B&R #234 Original issue CLASSIC
auto-fill a.doc SWIFTLOCK SecureTouch Colour+
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SAFETY VALVE TESTING

This machine contains a Safety Valve Safety Valve Test Quick Reference
( PRESSURE RELIEF SAFETY VALVE)
IMPORTANT *
To comply with typical safety THE MACHINE MUST BE ATTENDED AT
regulations this must be kept in a ALL TIMES UNTIL TEST IS COMPLETED.
serviceable condition and it must also
be regularly tested. Test periods depend
upon local regulations , however ;- TOUCH

Astell Scientific advise that the Safety Valve SELECT “SETTINGS”


should be tested every 3 months.
TOUCH
A special SAFETY VALVE TEST PROGRAM is
provided to make this easier, accessed from the SELECT “SITE ENGINEER”
ENGINEER level. ENTER “333333”

SELECT “EDIT MACHINE SETTING”


Safety valve Position
SELECT “TEST CYCLE”
The Safety Valve is situated in different positions ( Background Turns Green )
depending upon model specification and size. & is
mounted at the rear or the side discharging TOUCH
downwards in a position allowing access for
serviceing (3 Times = Return To Main Menu)

All models – have an Automatic Safety Valve Test CLOSE & LOCK DOOR
Warning System and monitor the date of the last
Safety Valve Test Program. TOUCH “START”

At Power-On & Cycle Start the system checks the SELECT “TEST CYCLE” ON MENU
current date and shows a warning after the 3 month
period has elapsed, TOUCH “START”
(To Start Cycle)
Note that this period is fixed to meet the
requirements of most countries for Steam Safety TEST CYCLE IS NOW RUNNING
Valve Testing.
Follow prompts on display. At 121c
The only way to cancel this warning is to run a & 134c Points ,touch [  ] When
Safety valve Test Cycle. steam is seen coming from the
safety-valve outlet, touch [  ] to
advance machine into cooling.
CALIBRATION POINTS Note- depending on model the
safety valve may operate by
The Safety Valve Test Program is designed to also exhausting a blast of steam or by a
provide for an engineer to carry out calibration at continuous steam flow thro the valve
121C and 134C . This requires Precision
Thermometer equipment, and is normally done as LEAVE UNTIL COMPLETE
part of the Calibration Schedule, which is Not the & THEN OPEN DOOR
same as the 3 month Safety valve Test Schedule.

During the routine Safety Valve test just click on IF THE SAFETY VALVE DOES
the [TICK] to move past the 121C and 134C
stages on to the actual safety valve test
NOT OPERATE AT THE STATED
PRESSURE IT MUST BE
CHECKED AND ADJUSTED BY A
For Full details see page xxx QUALIFIED ENGINEER.
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CLIMATIC CONDITIONS ELECTRICAL FIRE RISK


The following details are provided in accordance
with iso EN601010 This equipment contains electrical circuitry which
carries sufficient energy to cause and sustain a
STORAGE fire . Active system Thermal energy-input
Storage of this product in cold or damp protection & Over-current protection is provided
conditions may lead to a Hazard or operating on all appropriate circuits. A Safety-Valve
faults if the equipment is put into service prevents excessive pressure build-up. The
before it has dried out and achieved Sterilizer is protected from overheating by an
equilibrium with the surroundings of the electrical Thermal Cut-out sensing Boiler
operating site. Temperature. Temperatures due to the Designed
Heat Source(s) in extreme fault conditions ( ie;
Place in the area where it is intended to use the not inc. fire ) could exceed 150C internal to the
equipment . Chamber / boiler. The user must satisfy himself
Do NOT connect to a power supply.--Allow 48 that the equipment is suitable to process the
Hrs to reach Humidity Equilibrium. load.

This equipment should be sited & operated


CLIMATIC SPECIFICATIONS on a heat-proof , non-combustible waterproof
surface.
OPERATING
Permitted Humidity not exceeding 75%
mean non-condensing.
Permitted Temperature range 0-40 C
Do not site the equipment in an area where
there are significant quantities of dust. this
will gather on the electronics and cause
malfunction.
Do not site the equipment in an area where
Spray or fumes from other equipment may
touch the cabinet or cooling vents.

STORAGE
Permitted Temperature range -10 / +70 C
Humidity not specified but an equalising time
is required- see above.

BATTERY BACKUP
Data settings & Realtime Clock
REPLACEABLE lithium
CR2477 battery in Screen Unit
Data Backup - Main system and Program
memory Via FLASH memory
No additional battery used in standard model.

Observe local Environmental Disposal


rules if battery is replaced.
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.
HANDLING/MOVING POSITION / LOCATION
The equipment should be placed on a suitable
Information provided in accordance with level surface which will allow the door or cover to
IEC61010 in advisory form only- User must carry open unobstructed, and will permit the chamber
out all operations including moving/handling this to be operated and loaded by the operator whilst
equipment in accordance with health and safety complying with local regulations regarding lifting
regulations & Observe all Manual Handling and manual handling - Please see ”HANDLING”
regulations... No liability accepted by the instructions.
Manufacturers or their agents for loss or injury or
consequential damage /injury howsoever caused The equipment should be positioned so that the
by the handling/moving of this equipment. Mains On-Off switch is unobstructed and easily
accessible from the operating position ( in front of
This equipment is heavy, not portable and is not the equipment ).
provided with lifting handles.
Do not cover or obstruct Cooling vents. Do
Lift at sides or rear of case, taking the load of the not place objects on top of the equipment.
unit on the base-plate. Do not lift or handle using
the Plastic Door cover or Control Panel or any Frontload models;- The chamber and body
other projection. Do not drag across surfaces or are designed to tilt back on the bench
the Feet may be damaged.. Do not adjust Feet surface. The front feet are longer than the rear
on frontload models- these are fixed to tilt the feet and are permanently fixed. They are NOT
machine backwards adjustable. DO NOT try to adjust the front feet in
any way. If the body will not sit evenly without
rocking place a small packing piece under the
appropriate corner.

The Bench surface should be level


ie ;- the front no higher or lower than +/- 6 mm
from the back of the bench
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INSTALLATION

POWER, WATER & DRAINAGE


DRAINING TANK
To drain the tank, open the clip and lower the
WATER SUPPLY TANK tube down into a bucket to collect the water..
These models are fitted with an easy-access Do not leave the tube open during operation as
water Tank . This collects condensate and water may be ejected from the open end .
supplies water for the Chamber. No external
plumbing is necessary for the operation of the
basic machine.
DISCLAIMER
The manufacturers or their agents cannot
TANK FILLER CAP accept responsibility for damage that may be
On frontload models this is positioned on the Top caused by exhaust gases water or
Cover, condensate should the machine be operated
On topload models. This is on the Top left at the other than in accordance with the
rear . instructions in the provided operating
HAZARD WARNING manuals, or if the Pipework system is
In normal operation the vented filler cap will modified, misused, blocked or obstructed, or
produce steam , splashes or hot wet air. by use of non-approved alternative spare
parts .
The Vented Filler Cap should be fitted
on to the top of the Tank whenever
the machine is operating . SERIAL NUMBER & VOLTAGE
RATING PLATE
Please note that the hot Liquids present are
hazardous and can result in burns & scalds !
This is the metallic plate sited on the back
SAFETY VALVE panel of the machine.
The Safety-Valve exhausts at the rear of the it provides various information including;-
machine. When it operates a large volume of low-
velocity steam will be produced . It must NOT be Serial Number
connected to any other pipework or extended in Model Number of the machine
any way. Please see other references in this Model number of accessories or options.
manual to SAFETY-VALVE, & SAFETY- ELECTRICAL ratings
VALVE TESTING.
Before attempting an installation, consult the
SERIAL NUMBER / RATING PLATE which gives
CONDENSATE Power - Supply type , voltage requirements and
The Exhaust Steam & Air passes into the tank Current required.
from the chamber, and is discharged below the
water surface where the steam exhaust is IMPORTANT
condensed by the cooler water. Excess steam & You MUST quote the Model & Serial number
air is passed out through the vented cap. for spares and service requests.

OVERFLOW To avoid having to move the machine for


A short silicone-rubber overflow pipe projects access please record these for future use.
from the rear of the cabinet. ( This is the pipe
without a sealing-clip) If water is added to the
tank during a cycle, at the end of the cycle it may Model No Serial No
overflow . If the water level rises above the
maximum level, the Overflow pipe will discharge
the water .

WATER TANK DRAIN TUBE & VALVE


A longer Silicone Rubber tube is provided at the
rear of the machine. This is connected to the
bottom of the water tank and is fitted with a
Tubing Clamp - Valve. . It must be kept stowed
in the external spring clip provided towards the
top of the machine at the rear .
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POWER SUPPLY SUPPLY TYPES

This sterilizer is provided in a range of models and 230 volt 13 Amp 2.4 KVA & 230 volt 13 Amp
power supply specifications. Voltage supply 3.0KVA models ( U.K. / European standard)
tolerances are given below and the Nominal SUPPLY FUSE RATING
voltage rating is given on the rating Plate. .Models Building Supply Fuse / MCB trip(s) should be
shown as “50/60Hz” are designed to operate at the Rated at 13 or 15 Amps .
published ratings from either 50Hz or 60Hz In the U.K. use a BS1363 13-amp Socket
standard supplies Colours of wires in Mains Cable;-Brown = Live ..
Blue = Neutral.. Yellow/green = Earth/Ground
Astell do not recommend use with a RCD
This may cause nuisance tripping. 115 volt 1.7KVA models ( USA)
This unit uses Protective Earthing throughout and SUPPLY FUSE RATING Building Supply Fuse or
must be connected to a protective safety MCB trip(s) should be Rated at 15 Amps .
electrical earth/ground. Colours of wires in Mains Cable;- EITHER US
CODE= Black = Live .. White= Neutral.. Green =
Please refer to the power supply rating plate on Earth/Ground OR;- IEC code = Brown = Live ..
the rear of the case for the particular specification. Blue = Neutral.. Yellow/green = Earth/Ground
208 volt 2.4 KVA & 208 volt 3.0KVA models ( 2
230 volt +/- 10% 50/60Hz 12 Amp 2.4 KVA line input using 2 of the 3 phases )(USA)
( U.K. / European) SUPPLY FUSE RATING Building Supply Fuse or
230 volt +/- 10% 50/60Hz 13 Amp 3.0KVA MCB trip(s) should be Rated at 15 Amps .
( U.K. / European) Colours of wires in Mains Cable;- EITHER US
115 volt +/- 10% 60Hz 15 Amp 1.7KVA
CODE= Black = Live .. White= Neutral.. Green =
( USA) Earth/Ground OR;- IEC code = Brown = Live ..
208 volt +/- 10% 50/60Hz 13 Amp 2.4 KVA Blue = Neutral.. Yellow/green = Earth/Ground
1 / 2 phase (USA)
208 volt +/- 10% 50/60Hz 15Amp 3.0KVA
1 / 2 phase (USA) RCCD /RCD RESIDUAL TRIPS
& EARTH-LEAKAGE TRIPS
INLET CABLE
The type of heater used in this machine means
This machine MUST be wired with a PROTECTIVE that Operation from a RCCD residual or earth-
EARTH connection to locally approved standards. leakage trip may cause tripping problems ., This
Cable used should be not less than 3x 1.5mm 2 may occur especially if the machine is not operated
For plug connection, a 3-pin earthed plug must be for some time and is due to moisture ingress to the
fitted conforming to the local regulations with one Inconel-Sheathed heaters. If this happens connect
way providing the earth connection. This Plug must to a non- protected supply and run for at least 10-
be connected to an earthed socket outlet . The 20 cycles. Then revert to Protected supply. If the
machine must be earthed via the socket outlet, tripping then continues please consult the
plug, and mains cable. There is no external earth manufacturer.
terminal for separate earth wiring. Where
connected permanently to a fused connection unit UK REGULATIONS & PAT TESTING
the Earth conductor of the mains cable must be
connected to the earth connection in the Please note that this equipment does not count as
connection unit, which must be connected to the PORTABLE in the definitions for Pat safety testing
mains supply earth. Do not replace the power and as such it does NOT need to be Pat Tested.
supply cable with an alternative unless the new If in doubt please install permanently or with a
cable fully complies with the specification of the mains socket that is not a domestic 13 Amp type.
supplied factory-fitted cable. ( eg; MK part no K1257 13A Non-Standard Flush
Mounting Socket and Plug range )
The power supply cable (cord) provided
should be connected to a Supply Switched & If Pat Testing is to be carried out this unit MUST be
Fused or protected by a MCB Trip ..The classified as Computer/IT equipment and the test
Fuse/Trip rating should be appropriate to the regime for IT equipment must be implemented.
rated supply current given on the Electrical
Rating Plate at the rear of the machine
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OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

The following Sections provide This Sterilizer Is designed and


Operating instructions in both a fully intended for a very wide range of
detailed version and Short-form which loads and process cycles. It is
can be copied and fixed to the wall near not possible in this manual to
to the Sterilizer . encompass every possible cycle
or load requirement that may be
Full details of the Program Entry encountered.
Procedure and further technical details
are provided in a separate
PROGRAMMING & CONTROL
SYSTEM MANUAL part no MXN782
General principles are provided ,
Other options such as the RS232 with a selection of examples and
Communications option are detailed in explanations. It is to be expected
separate instruction manuals. that a certain amount of
experimentation may be required
INFORMATION ON APPROVED USE before the most suitable process
cycle or method of loading can
This equipment is not designed for use be arrived at.
other than as a medical / laboratory /
general steam sterilizer for use within the
temperature and pressure ratings of the
chamber design. Astell Scientific and approved
Any alternative use or method of agents are able to offer advice
operation not covered and specified and assistance in setting up and
within this and associated instruction commissioning this sterilizer.
manuals is specifically excluded and may Please consult Astell Scientific
be hazardous. The manufacturer does or your supplier if necessary
not approve such alternative use and
under no circumstances will the SECURITY PASSWORDS
manufacturer or his agents accept The System protects from
responsibility for loss, damage, or injury, unauthorised use by security
consequential or otherwise, as a result of Password codes
such alternative use.
The manufacturer reserves the right ,in The Factory Set numbers are –
certain cases, to reassess &/or amend
the design or specification, and provide
individual written instructions detailing an Operator 111111
alternative use that is considered Supervisor 222222
acceptable. Site Engineer 333333
Astell Engineer 444444-

If in doubt Consult Your Supplier


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SWIFTLOCK “Secure-Touch+ ” AUTOFILL STERILIZER

QUICK REFERENCE OPERATION GUIDE


Cycles Without Load Sensing Timing

1. Check that display Power is On DRYING


2. If display shows “Tank water level If program includes Drying this
low”, add water to Tank continues with door open;-
3. Press “Door” Button. Leave door open slightly
The bolt will unlock . Then
4. Turn Handle, & open door. When Display asks if you wish to
Continue With Drying Stage?”
5. Check Gasket is correctly seated
and inspect for damage. select [YES] for drying
6 LOAD STERILIZER. or
Select [NO] to omit drying.
7. CLOSE Cover and rotate handle to
lock.
12 When Drying Stage is complete
8 Select Program Display changes to normal
Standby/Ready
9. Press [START] Button.
13 Open door fully & unload chamber.
Program will begin.

10. When Display Shows “COMPLETE”


Notes-
at end of cycle,
If Door is closed by accident, press
[Door] key To Open .
press [DOOR] If handle is rotated to LOCKED position
with door open , press [DOOR]
button and return handle to
11 Door unlocks “unlocked” position

rotate handle & Open door.

AFTER USE CLEANING


After unloading Sterilizer always Clean chamber and wash out the
leave Cover slightly open when tank regularly, as water
not in use to avoid compressing contaminated with spilt load
gasket. contents will cause failure and
may burn out heaters or block
Do not add water when cycle is pipework, valves or drains.
running.
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SWIFTLOCK “Secure-Touch+ ” AUTOFILL STERILIZER

QUICK REFERENCE OPERATION GUIDE


Cycles With Load Sensing Timing

1. Check that display Power is On DRYING


2. If display shows “Tank water level If program includes Drying this
low”, add water to Tank continues with door open;-
3 Press “Door” Button. Leave door open slightly
The bolt will unlock . Then
4. Turn Handle, & open door. When Display asks if you wish to
Continue With Drying Stage?”
5. Check Gasket is correctly seated and
inspect for damage. select [YES] for drying
6. LOAD STERILIZER. or
If the Cycle requires use of LOAD SENSING Select [NO] to omit drying.
Place Load Sensing Probe in position in
centre of load
If cycle does NOT require use of the Load
Sensing probe, place the probe safely to one 12 When Drying is complete Display
side of the load . changes to show normal “
Standby/Ready”
7. CLOSE Cover & rotate handle to lock.
13 Open door fully & unload chamber.
8 Select Program

9. Press [START] Button. Notes-


If Door is closed by accident, press
Program will begin. [Door] key To Open .
10. When Display Shows “COMPLETE” at If handle is rotated to LOCKED
end of cycle, position with door open , press
[DOOR] button and return handle to
“unlocked” position.
press [DOOR]

11 Door unlocks
rotate handle & Open door.

AFTER USE CLEANING


After unloading Sterilizer always Clean chamber and wash out the
leave Cover slightly open when tank regularly, as water
not in use to avoid compressing contaminated with spilt load
gasket. contents will cause failure and
Do not add water when cycle is may burn out heaters or block
running. pipework, valves or drains.
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TOUCHSCREEN CONTROL SYSTEM


TECHNICAL SYSTEM OVERVIEW

The SecureTouch Colour+ controller provides SCREEN CONTRAST


an LCD full colour display with an LED backlight The Screen contrast is adjustable
system. There is a +/- contrast adjustment available in the
Main Menu screen System info
The Front of the display is covered by a Glass ( See Programming manual)
touchscreeen which is sensitive to the touch of a
finger or blunt stylus. If the screen has lines or is smudged please advise
your Service Engineer.
The system is able to detect the position on the
screen that has been touched and can interpret this DISPLAY SCREEN DAMAGE
as if it was a “ Button-Press”. As with Computer screens generally, this screen is
made of thin glass layers. These are easily
The controller system is arranged to show a damaged if they are impacted by a heavy object .or
number of different screen layouts of information , excess pressure is applied to the glass. In this case
together with the required “Buttons” -(shown on the glass will crack and the display will have to be
the screen as rectangles with bevelled corners) replaced. Note that this will not normally be covered
When a screen shows a button , then a press on within the warranty.
the button will select that item.

Typical View of Controller in Standby mode


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SYSTEM CONTROLS INSTRUMENTATION

POWER ISOLATOR SWITCH The function of conventional "Instruments" is taken


Turns on AC Mains Power to the system by computer sensors and displays shown on the
This is a Rocker Switch at the Side. LCD display. These readouts are only displayed
Marked [ 0/1 ] . when necessary in the cycle.

The “1” position is “ON”.


It Illuminates when “ON” when mains a.c. power is CHAMBER Temperature Readout
supplied to the machine At top - left of display during running Programs.
(Accuracy better than +/- 1.0 Deg C )
COOL LOCK THERMOSTAT
This is sited behind the cabinet. LOAD SENSED Temperature Readout
Senses chamber temperature . to restrict Alternates with Time on display during running
opening with hot fluids. Programs. (Accuracy better than +/- 1.0 Deg C )

See “safety interlocks” section PRESSURE Readout


At top - right of display during running Programs.
OVERTEMPERATURE THERMOSTAT . (Accuracy Better than+/- 0.04 Bar)
This is sited behind the cabinet.
This takes over control of the heater in the event PRESSURE Gauge Dial Bourdon pressure gauge
of water loss or overheating. It resets at front of machine. (Accuracy Better than+/- 5%)
automatically when the temperature falls.
TIMING
OVERHEAT SAFETY CUTOUT. Various timing functions are displayed on the screen
in Mins:Secs
This is fixed- (not user adjustable)
INSTRUMENTATION CHECK
This is sited inside the cabinet & cuts out the In Standby/Ready state - with door shut- the system
heater in the event of excessive temperature rise displays the current measured variables.
( typically >150C). It is only resettable by manual
operation when the covers have been removed. FAULTS
Should there be an instrumentation problem a
monitor system detects out-of-range values and
reports them via the FAULT system
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SAFETY INTERLOCKS
PRESSURE INTERLOCK
Preset to [ less than +0.15 Bar ] this is an Typical
independent electrical interlock operated by a View of
precision pressure switch preventing the electrical Cooling
release of the Closure lock if the chamber is Lock
pressurised. Thermostat

OVERPRESSURE CUTOUT
This is preset to approx 3.00 Bar. Above the
safety valve point, & operated by the
electronics control software. If the pressure
sensed by the controller pressure transducer NOTE;-The temperatures will not be quite the
exceeds this level , which suggests safety same, due to differing thermal inertia.between the
valve problems, then the heating is shut down, a Chamber Wall and the Load. Normally the
warning shown and a fault condition generated. Chamber wall & Cooling Lock sensor attatched to it
will cool down faster than the load.

TEMPERATURE INTERLOCKS PROGRAM COOLING LOCK.


The STANDARD SYSTEM Operates when LOAD
STARTING- INTERLOCK . SENSING option is NOT fitted or NOT selected.
Prevents starting a cycle with a dangerously hot or
pressurised chamber. This uses a Cooling-Lock-Temperature set by
the user within each Program Profile which is
COOLING LOCKS compared with the Chamber Internal
There are two Cooling Locks to prevent the Sterilizer Temperature Sensor reading ( the same
being opened with a Liquid Load under unsafe temperature as appears on the Temperature
conditions. display ). When the CHAMBER temperature is
above this "PROGRAM" cool-lock temperature
There are two cooling lock systems ;-They remain the lock is active (engaged) and Completion is
electrically LOCKED until the load has cooled to a inhibited preventing the door from unlocking..
safe handling temperature COOLING LOCKS
operate for FLUIDS and DESTRUCT programs . NOTE;- The Chamber-Sensor detects the
temperature within the steam space & it will normally
Cool faster than the Load &/or the chamber Wall.
WARNING- THE COOLING LOCKS CAN
PRESENT A HAZARD IF INCORRECTLY SET. Load Sensed Cooling Lock
( if LOAD SENSED COOLING OPTION is fitted
They should be adjusted by the supervisor, or a & selected for that program )
person trained in Sterilizer use & the setting of safe In this case the Cooling Lock Temperature set for
sterilizer cycles. the Program is not compared with the Chamber
Temperature but instead the Temperature
PRESET COOLING LOCK THERMOSTAT measured by the flexible LOAD sensor. When
This is a thermostat with Dial & scale calibrated this Load-sensed temperature is falling but still
in Deg. ,0-100C, behind the cabinet side cover above the "PROGRAM" cool-lock temperature
panel or at the rear. the lock is active (engaged) and Completion is
inhibited , so the door cannot be unlocked.
It measures temperature of the Chamber outer
Wall, with sufficient thermal mass for a AS the LOAD SENSING PROBE detects the
reasonable match between the Load temperature within the LOAD itself , it will always
Temperature and the Cooling Lock Set represent the actual load temperature., assuming
temperature , . it has been correctly placed in the load.

DUAL COOL- LOCKS

Both Cooling locks must be satisfied for them


to release the door.
The temperature of LOAD and CHAMBER must
BOTH be below the two separately-set cool-lock
temperatures to allow the cycle to complete.
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COVER CLOSURE SYSTEM AIRPURGEING SYSTEM


INTERLOCKS. Note; "Airpurgeing" is the Term used here to
describe an initial period of STEAM FLUSHING at
The cover is prevented from being opened by a atmospheric Pressure which uses the steam to
solenoid locking bolt pin. This Locking Bolt pin displace the air from the chamber. This may also be
engagement and Cover Position are sensed by high- called FREESTEAMING .The Program Profile
reliability Micro-switches. The system cannot be control provides an adjustable period of 'AIRPURGE'
started unless the closure is fully secured and to ensure steam penetration in loads such as Petri
locked. dishes, sample tubes, etc. with large numbers of
trapped air spaces.
The Closure interlock system senses the
position of 2 of the sliding bolts that hold the The temperature at which this starts is close to
cover shut, and also detects the “engaged” boiling point. This can be adjusted to allow for
position of the solenoid locking pin that altitude effects.
prevents the handle being moved.
TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM :
The Cover can not be opened if:- The Chamber Temperature Is measured by a PT100
1 Chamber Temperature is above Programmed precision sensor. This is compared with the Sterilize
Cooling Lock setting ( liquid/fluid Programs only), Temperature - the “SETPOINT” stored in the
and Pressure is above approx. 1.5 p.s.i. /0.2 Bar.( Program Profile, and the controller acts to keep the
for all Programs ) chamber at or about that temperature by switching
the heat source. Control of temperature does not
2 (The Program Cooling Lock Temperature is set rely on steam pressure.
within each program. But the PRESET cool lock
temperature is a single setting applying to all The actual temperature that the control system tries
programs.) to attain for will be varied automatically at different
parts of the cycle . This does not require user
The Cover is also Locked if POWER is OFF. attention during the cycle .

3 There is a delay of typically 5 seconds after STERILIZE TIMING SYSTEMS :


pressing the [DOOR] button before the locking pin
retracts , and during this the VENT VALVE is open
a] Standard Timing System;-
to atmosphere. This operates if LOAD SENSED TIMING
option is not fitted, or if fitted but it is not
4 The Cover can only be opened by pressing the selected for this program. Timing starts when
[DOOR] button and waiting for the bolt to unlock. chamber reaches set temperature, and
terminates sterilization at end of set period.
NOTE- The [DOOR] button will NOT open the Temperature and Time are set within the
Cover if it is prevented by the Cooling Locks or the program.
pressure interlock .

5 The system will only start and run cycles if the


Cover is fully CLOSED & LOCKED. b] Load Sensed Timing System;-
(Optional Extra)
It is not possible to pressurize the chamber with the LOAD SENSED TIMING is selectable (on or
Cover Unlocked. off) within each of the Programs.

Please see LOAD SENSED TIMING section


HEATING SYSTEM:
Steam is generated from water held in the base of
the chamber .The Electric Heating system uses an
electrical immersion heater and a water level
Conductivity sensor acts at "Filling" level . Water is
supplied from an internal tank and automatic Water
Filling is provided as a function of the cycle.

A second water level Float Sensor detects LOW


WATER state in the water tank.

An Overtemperature thermostat limits heater


temperature rise if the system should fail or boil dry.
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FAST MANUAL EXHAUST OF STEAM


COOLING ( not available)
Cooling action operates when appropriate in the Please note that this machine design does NOT
program and only works for program types that do allow the operator to Exhaust steam at the end
not permit DRYING, eg Fluids cycles of a sterilize period or any other time.

At the end of Sterilize (for Liquid /Fluid programs ,) All controls of Cooling and Steam exhaust are built-
initially convection ambient cooling cools the in to the Cycle Profiles and optimised. Nothing
chamber to a preset pressure threshold without the would be gained by having this Override Manual
assisted cooling fan system running. When this Control but many factors count against this.
temperature is reached the water is discharged and
the chamber then continues to cool until the Cooling This provision has been present on other makes of
Lock(s) are satisfied. machine with older simpler control systems , with
a valve allowed the user to exhaust the steam.
If the COOLING FAN option is fitted the fans will
start at an appropriate temperature , normally preset Astell machines are designed to operate in
to just above 100C, which may be adjusted if compliance with the EU directives on safety ,
required. including the PED and EN 61010. These preclude
the use in this manner.
DRYING SYSTEM The amount of steam produced when a chamber
pressurised to 120C+ is exhausted is large and
The Drying system operates for cycles requiring can constitute a serious hazard.. Unless special high
drying, ( eg NOT Fluid cycles). It functions with the temperature exhaust pipework is installed in the
door opened at the end of the cycle. The Heater is building to take this exhaust away to a safe
power-controlled for a reduced proportion of the full discharge . Alsothe steam produced would get into
heat –( typ 30% ), which is convected around the the inside of the case and condense on the
load. Moist hot air exits via the open door. electronics systems. This would cause damage very
quickly.

If the loads contains fluids then the action of


exhausting the steam would cause the fluid load to
violently boil over & empty the load contents into
the chamber, which quickly will "gum-up" the valves
and pipework. Also if such a load was removed
even after it had appeared to stop boiling over , then
it would be very likely to flash-boil again into the
face of the user carrying the load.

Health and safety requirements in the EC require


that generally such a load is not handled at a
temperature above 80C.
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OPERATION

FILLING WITH WATER


The Sterilizer uses water held in the internal WARNING
tank with a Push-on / screw-on Cover .
Many service callouts are due to
Inside the tank is a stainless steel plate, near inappropriate water quality, which is
the top & visible through the open Cover. The outside the control of Astell Scientific.
top surface of this plate indicates the Installation or operation with
“Maximum Water Filling level”. inadequate water quality and any
consequences or service visits
Do not fill above this level . involved are not covered under the
manufacturer’s warranty.
IMPORTANT-WATER & ELECTRICAL SAFETY
During filling should a spillage of water penetrate
the cabinet or vent holes , stop using the sterilizer.
Turn off at the power source , Mop up the water LOW WATER INDICATION
and call a service engineer immediately. If the TANK WATER LEVEL is low and requires
topping-up with water the display shows ;-
The control system monitors the water level and
prevents starting unless there is enough water to
complete a typical cycle. TANK WATER LEVEL LOW
CLEANLINESS OF THE CHAMBER
This is vital to the correct operation of the system .
To ensure correct operation of the Water Level
Open the Tank Cover and add water .
probes, Cleanliness must be maintained inside the
Chamber. Do not let contaminants build up on the
Inside the tank visible through the open cover is
chamber or sensor(s). Do not allow debris to fall
the stainless steel plate. Continue adding water
into the chamber. Filter Meshes are provided in the
until the water level is just level with the top of this
tank and pipework but small particles can cause
stainless steel plate.
problems with the valves and fragments of paper
can block pipework and fittings.
TAKE CARE WHEN FILLING
WATER QUALITY
It is not advisable to pour water over the top of
Untreated tap water of drinking
the machine as it may penetrate and damage
quality is satisfactory in this
the electrical system
Sterilizer although the use of
treated or partially demineralised
water is acceptable, particularly in
After the Tank is filled the message changes to
extreme hard water areas. This
the DOOR CLOSED DISPLAY ;-
will help reduce furring on the
elements the water must be
conductive , requiring ionic
content.
DOOR CLOSED READY TO START
DEIONISED OR DISTILLED-
water is not acceptable
The Sterilizer is now ready for use.
The water used must be conductive, ie have an
ionic content. Tap-Water of Drinking Quality is
suitable. DEIONISED OR DISTILLED- water will
not work in this sterilizer unless a suitable ionic salt
is added. Please consult your dealer for advice if
you wish to use treated water

SOFT WATER
Water that has been chemically softened is usually
satisfactory but water that is from a naturally soft
source may be unsatisfactory.
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or full fault see later section
WATER QUALITY HANDLE LOCKED WITH DOOR OPEN
Untreated tap water of drinking quality is
satisfactory in this Sterilizer although the use If the door is open and you move the handle to the
of treated or partially demineralised water is LOCKED position it will lock in that position.
acceptable, particularly in extreme hard water
areas. This will help reduce furring on the To restore normal operation-
elements the water must be conductive ,
requiring ionic content.
Press the [DOOR] button 
DEIONISED OR DISTILLED- water and rotate the handle to the Unlocked position .
is NOT acceptable.
The water used must be conductive, ie have an
ionic content. Tap-Water of Drinking Quality is
suitable. DEIONISED OR DISTILLED- water will
not work in this sterilizer unless a suitable ionic salt
is added. Please consult your dealer for advice if
you wish to use treated water

SOFT WATER
Water that has been chemically softened is usually
satisfactory but water that is from a naturally soft
source may be unsatisfactory.

WARNING
Many service callouts are due to
inappropriate water quality. This is not
normally covered under the
manufacturer’s warranty.

CHAMBER WATER LEVEL SENSOR

This is mounted at the rear of the chamber (near


the base below the Load Support on top-loading
models.) It is a small brass strip 18mm wide by a
few cm long that is held on an insulator and
arranged to touch the surface of the water .

The CHAMBER SENSOR is accurately set at the


position to which the chamber will fill
automatically.

This is to ensure sufficient water is in the


chamber to complete a sterilize cycle , and
functions whenever the cycle starts.

This level is sufficient to permit sufficient


steam to provide adequate Air-purgeing .
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PROGRAM CYCLES -
DETAILS & DISPLAYS
The Sterilizer models covered by this manual are STERILIZING AND THE CYCLE SEQUENCE
programmable and the details of the cycles can be
changed , the 4 profiles are set at the This sterilizer performs the following stages to
SUPERVISOR level and not accessible for change achieve a sterilized load;-
by the user on a daily basis.
For a FLUID load eg media
Instead it is expected that the SUPERVISOR will A take on water then Heat to generate steam.
set up a cycle for each of the daily uses of the @ about 100C
machine. B Steam is vented for a timed period to
evacuate air ( Airpurge)
Some items ( such as selection of Load Sensed C Chamber is sealed and heats to sterilize
Timing ) can be changed only by an engineer or temp. ( eg 123C)
supervisor with the correct PIN no.. If load sensed timing option fitted &
selected , increase temp by 2C & wait for
For Each Cycle the following are set to provide load to achieve Sterilize temperature.
the desired profile. D Timed period -chamber at Sterilize temp.
E Cool slowly to about 300mB above ambient
Different program types use different sets of F Gently blow out water to tank
settings G Cool to cooling lock temperature

Examples are If Load sensed Timing selected, wait for


Airpurge Time load to reach Program Cool Lock temp
Sterilize Temperature,
Sterilize period, H If Holdwarm selected, maintain chamber
Cooling Lock setting temp at chosen HOLDWARM setting
Cooling start temperature, Until operator stops Cycle
Drying Time , etc
J Cool Lock temperature Reached
Cycle is complete- door can be opened

For a SOLID LOAD eg Glassware or Instruments


A take on water then Heat to generate steam.
@ about 100C
B Steam is vented for a timed period to
evacuate air ( Airpurge)
C Chamber is sealed and heats to sterilize
temp. ( eg 123C)
Note-loadsensed timing not normally used
for solid loads

D Timed period at This Sterilize temp


E Cool slightly to approx 800mB above
ambient pressure
F Quickly blow out water & Steam to tank
G Cool to below 100C and Ambient Pressure
H Cycle is complete- door can be opened

J If required , A Period of Heated Drying

Please note that correct Sterilization is


dependent upon the program being suitable for
the load and type of processing required.
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STERILIZATION PARAMETERS FACTORY SETTINGS AUTOFILL


PARAMETER Autofill Autofill Autofill Autofill Autofill
Instrument Glassware Discard Fluids Media

Printer** ON** ON** ON** ON** ON**


Fill XXX
Monitor time N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Air purge XXXXX
Monitor time 60m 60m 60m 60m 60m
Hold time 5m 5m 5m 5m 5m
Print interval 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m
Limit press 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200
Start temp 95 95 95 95 95
Heat to Ster XXX
Monitor time 60m 60m 60m 60m 60m
Print interval 1m 1m 5 5 5
Stabilize time 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m
Sterilize XXXX
Monitor time 60m 60m 60m 60m 60m
Print interval 1m 1m 1m 1m 1m
Ster temp. 121C 121C 121C 121C 121C
Ster time 15m 15m 15m 15m 15m
Probe chamber 121=Y 121=Y 121=Y 121=Y 121=Y
Probe load 0=N 0=N 0=N 121=Y 121=Y
Cooling XXXX
Monitor time 30m 30m 30m 30m 30m
Print interval 5m 5m 5m 5m 5m
Cool fan delay 2m 2m 2m 2m 2m
Cool time 15 15 15 15 15
Cool overide time 20m 20m 20m 20m 20m
Cool temp 80C 80C 80C 80C 80C
Cool interlock
Start temp 105C 105C 105C 105C 105C
Cool Press 1 1800 1800 1800 1800 1800
CoolPress 2 1300 1300 1300 1300 1300
Cool Press 3 1050 1050 1050 1050 1050
Cool 1 Y N N Y Y
Cool 2 N Y Y N N
Holdwarm XXXX
Holdwarm* N N N
Temp 80C 80C 80C
Drying XXXX
Monitor time N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Hold time N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
Temp N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A

Note Cells without entry, ARE AS COL 2


*Requires holdwarm to be enabled in settings/system/door, holdwarm.
**OFF if not required, ON when fitted.
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STERILIZATION PROGRAMS
NOTES & ADVICE

This information is in addition to the section INSTRUMENT LOADS


STERILIZATION PROGRAMS NOTES & ADVICE AND “HEATING UP TO STERILIZE”
given in The Programming Manual
Instrument Loads do not normally require an
INSTRUMENT & GLASSWARE allowance for the time to heat-up as they follow the
PROGRAMS chamber temperature closely due to the large
heated area..
INSTRUMENT CYCLE
This is suitable for processing Surgical or In this case the Sterilize time may be set to the
Dissection Instruments , Scissors, forceps and same as or just a little longer than the desired
utensils that are suitable for Steam Sterilization. “Sterilize Time” without allowing significant extra
Also suitable for small solid items, grilles, parts time for the load to heat-up.
of Lab Cages, small trays, and solid objects.
Where a load is more complicated , heavier, and has
GLASSWARE CYCLE thicker parts with significant thermal mass such as
suitable for sterilizing all types of empty heavy utensils or glassware, an allowance is
glassware. needed for the time taken for the load to catch up
with the chamber temperature. Extra time should be
Note:- During Drying parts of the items are added to the Sterilize time to compensate for this but
subjected to Dry Heat at up to 130C or above. If the actual extra time can not be calculated. It must
the item cannot withstand this turn OFF drying be determined by trial and error, or by setting a long
or set Drying Time to ZERO. time , and monitoring the actual load with a
thermocouple thermometer.
LOADING
Please see general comments in Loading Section. Please see ;-
A variety of Trays and Racks are available for this SETTING UP AND COMMISSIONING SECTION
machine.

With the Instrument-Tray Rack in place standard FLUIDS OR LIQUID CYCLE


instrument trays ( less lids ) can be fitted into the
purpose-designed runners. Polypropylene and This is suitable for processing Media or other fluids
Aluminium trays are available. It is desirable to use etc in UNSEALED containers.
trays with perforated bases for optimal drying
performance. FLUID WASTE DESTRUCT Cycle
Place the instruments in the trays and fit the
trays into the rack. This is suitable for processing laboratory waste;-
petri dishes, tubes, jars, bottles etc. These must be
CYCLE PARAMETERS in a shallow open container and not sealed in a
Typical cycles use the following settings;- plastic bag.

AIRPURGE SELECTING AN AIRPURGE TIME


Set the Airpurge period to 3 – 8 minutes ..
LOAD SENSED TIMING Suggested Airpurge - settings
Option- see Load Sensed Timing
Sterilize Time ; FLUIDS IN UNSEALED CONTAINERS ;-
Set the Sterilize time to the desired exposure
time eg 3min, 15 min etc et the Airpurge period between 3 & 15 minutes* *
Sterilize Temperature;
Set to the desired sterilize temperature . FLUIDS WASTE DESTRUCT ;-
eg 121C , 123C, 135C etc Set the Airpurge period to 7 - 20minutes **
COOLING
Cooling mode is automatic
COOLING LOCK
** AIRPURGE TIMES
this is Disabled for instrument loads. Airpurge times longer than 15 minutes on an
DRYING unloaded or lightly loaded chamber may cause
Set the drying time to produce the desired problems with boiling Dry . Long times are usually
dryness in the finished load. Typically this will only necessary with full loads.
be 15 - 30 minutes
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“Open” load containers without drain holes which manufacturer of the media will usually specify
can collect and trap condensate from draining back the sterilizing temperature.
down to the chamber base – can retain water
causing boiling dry . Temperature Tolerance
Please note that during sterilizing the temperature
Long Airpurge times can mean excessive heating in will normally cycle up and down over a range of
the condensate bottle and potential hazards from approx +/- 0.7C around the set sterilize temperature.
steam and condensation. Where temperature is specified as “-0 +??” adjust
the temperature as shown here.
Please ensure that the load and containers
match the selected cycle. Specified Recommended
Settings Program
Settings
LOADING & PLASTIC BAGS 134C -0+4 135C or 136C ;
3 mins 3 mins
Note that the worst loads for air removal are Loads 126C -0+3 128C
in Plastic bags , Loads with lots of small spaces like 10 mins 10 mins
PETRI dishes, small bottles etc. These will always 123C or 122C
121C -0+3
need a longer Airpurge period. 15 mins
15 mins
115C-0+3 116C
Best performance is obtained when Plastic bags are
30 mins 30 mins
not used.

if it is in a plastic bag this should not be sealed and LOAD SENSED TIMING
the top must be opened up completely and ideally Option- see Load Sensed Timing
rolled down so that the maximum area of the load is
exposed to the steam without the top of the bag Sterilise Time ;
getting in the way. The container holding the bag Set the Sterilise Time to the desired
must have large holes in the sides to allow steam to “exposure time”. At the sterilise temp.
enter the container sides and the Plastic bag must
be slashed or cut with a knife through these holes Allowance For Extra Sterilise Time For Load To
so that the steam can get into the bag. Reach Sterilise Temp
Fluids Loads normally require an allowance
for extra time for heat-up as they suffer from
A variety of different special containers are available high thermal inertia .If the LOAD SENSED
from ASTELL that contain the load and allow TIMING option is not used an allowance is
thorough air/steam passage, whilst maintaining needed for the time taken for the load to catch
integrity and facilitating pouring away liquid residue. up with the chamber temperature. Extra time
Please consult your supplier. should be added to the Sterilise time to
compensate.

SELECTING STERILIZE TEMPERATURE


Sterilise Temperature;
SELECTING STERILIZE TIME Set to the desired Sterilise Temperature .
The U.K. Medical Research Council Stabilise Time
recommended the following time/temperature Set to between 1 and 5 minutes
relationships for the achievement of sterilizing
conditions:- COOLING
The COOL parameter Must be set to COOL1
Temperature

Temperature

Hold Time
Maximum
Minimum

Minimum
Sterilize

Sterilize

Sterilize

COOLING LOCK(S)

These will need to be set up for optimum opreation


however as a Starting Point ;-
134 138 3 min
126 129 10 min Set Cooling Lock Thermostat to
80C for safety.-
121 124 15 min
115 118 30 min Set Program Cooling Lock temperature to
80C
Lower temperatures or shorter times may have to be
used to prevent degradation of bacterial growth Please see SETTING UP AND
media. This may be adequate for culture purposes , COMMISSIONING SECTION for more info.
but does may not constitute full sterilization. The
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COOLING LOCK SETTING SETTING CYCLE WITH LOADSENSE


TIMING OPTION .
During cooling inside the chamber, the load
cools slower than the chamber temperature and The Load Sensed Timing system detects the Load
gives up heat to the chamber walls. This means temperature , and automatically allows for the time-
that the chamber will reach 80C before the load lag caused by the load delay in reaching sterilise
so ( unless load sensed timing is fitted + on) the temperature.
cooling lock setting will need to be BELOW the
temperature Set up the system as described above for the
system Without Load Sensing, but with the following
It is possible to set the cooling locks in a simple way detail changes .
as shown below, but they are ideally set using a
thermocouple ( t/c) and digital thermometer with the In STERILISE Stage Cycle Settings;-
t/c sealed inside the chamber immersed in the liquid a) Set the STERILISE TIME to the Actual
load. This is quicker and more accurate but is STERILISE TIME.( no extra allowance heat up )
normally carried out by a service or commissioning
engineer requiring use of a Thermocouple entry b) Set the LOAD TEMPERATURE to about 1-2 C
adaptor, and details are in the Service Manual. below the sterilise temperature

To set the Cooling lock without a thermocouple, When the load reaches set Load Temperature the
a laboratory liquids thermometer reading to Stabilise time will begin , followed by the Sterilizing
100C is required. Timer starting , and the cycle will proceed
Load the chamber with the desired load, and make a
first approximation of cooling lock temperatures .
80C is suggested for both the Program and Preset
settings. Start the cycle and allow it to complete.
Very Carefully remove the load, using insulating
gauntlets and suitable face protection in case the
load is too hot. Immediately measure the
temperature of the liquid in the load container that
was nearest the centre.

Record this temperature and compare it with the


desired opening temperature (80C suggested ).
The measured temp. is likely to be higher than the
desired temperature. Adjust the Program and
Thermostat cooling lock settings as required and
repeat the cycle with the same load , open, measure
and re-adjust if required. Continue until the desired
Cooling Lock release temperature is reached.
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MEDIA HOLDWARM SAFETY VALVE TEST


If Media Holdwarm is required at the end of the This is a special Supervisor setting to make the
cycle, then ‘HOLDWARM’ should be set to ON in the testing of the safety valve easier.
COOL stage CYCLE SETTINGS
Please note that this testing is mandatory in the
E.U.. and many other countries.
The Holdwarm system is designed to allow
sterilisation of MEDIA loads ,with a holding stage
during the cooling process that maintains the Do Not Use This Feature for
temperature of the load and chamber warm enough Sterilization- Safety-valve test ONLY.
to permit pouring of the melted media. The media
will be kept warm for up to 48 Hrs . The Autoclave Please see the SAFETY VALVE TEST
may be set to operate overnight with a Media Load, instructions at the beginning of this
in the knowledge that it will contain a useable load manual.
when opened in the morning…. or later in the day

“Holdwarm” takes place between COOLING and


COMPLETE

When the Complete Conditions are met as


described above, if selected, the system goes
instead to the HOLDWARM stage

TOTAL LOSS OPTION


This special factory-Fit option is uses a modified
pipework and valve system .

At the end of the cycle a separate valve is opened


and the water/steam is directed down the provided
silicone rubber waste tube into a sink or collection
container.

This option may be necessary to prevent


contaminated water from being recycled back into
the tank
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Pressure Switch INTERLOCK
Water level Sensor faults
Should the Fault system indicate a Pressure switch
fault This usually indicates a Pressure bad An example fault here is that the system starts
adjustment or Drift , and is seldom a Pressure switch without taking on water . This occurs if the water
Failure. level sensor is already FALSELY detecting
sufficient water present.
The Pressure switch should release at approx +
0.15 Bar Gauge. Due to age or stress this setting A correctly installed & functioning system cannot
may drift. start to heat until the correct water level is present in
the chamber, but it is important that the sterilizer is
The system monitors this switch as a safety feature installed with the feet on a horizontal surface. On
to prevent opening the chamber if the pressure frontload models the front of the machine is higher
exceeds 0.15Bar. than the rear so the chamber is tipped backwards.

Observe the Pressure and Temperature displays. The usual cause for this is that The water is not
entering at the start to the correct level because the
If chamber water level sensor has been damaged or is
A the Pressure displayed is close to missing or is being touched by some other
Atmospheric pressure ( eg around 0Bar) conductive object.
And
Inspect the water level sensor fitted thro the rear
B the temperature is near to room temperature or on topload models, through the side at thebase of
And the chamber. This is the 3mm thick brass strip
approx 20mm wide , pointing down towards the
the display still shows the fault as above water. When the water reaches the tip of this it
makes contact and the electrical conductivity of the
, then ;- water completes the circuit to the boiler which is
the Pressure switch may be out of adjustment. sensed to measure the water level.

It may resolve itself if left for 1-2 hrs to cool down . A That the sensor strip is bent and touching
something metal
If this continues, the Pressure switch should be B The load Supports are defective and a metal
checked and adjusted - please contact your service load container or shelf is touching and shorting out
agent Or Astell Scientific for advice. the sensor.
C The sensor is dirty – congealed effluent
from the load has coated the insulator shorting the
sensor out to the boiler wall.
Typical view of Pressure Switch
Check that nothing is touching the sensor and that it
and the insulator are clean. A Scotchbrite pad is
useful for this. If the problem continues service
attention will be required.

OVERHEAT FAULT
IF there is a water level problem or a valve sticks
open, blowing out the water, & the system goes to
Boil Dry then the heater will be exposed and the
Overtemperature Thermostat will start to operate.
This will take over control and shut down the heater
until the temp. falls when it will come back on.. This
will cause the temparature to vary very widely up
and down as the heater cuts in & out and the
Pressure will not match the Temperature (- eg the
Chamber might be above 100C but the pressure
might be zero or much lower than normal )
Service attention will be required.
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LOAD SENSED TIMING (Optional extra)


All Sterilizer loads have Thermal Mass. This means COOLING LOCKS AND
that the load will ALWAYS heat up more slowly than LOAD SENSED TIMING
the Sterilizer chamber. If this is not allowed for in
timing of the sterilize program profile, the load will Selection of the LOAD SENSED TIMING function
not be subject to correct sterilizing conditions, ie it in a LIQUID or WASTE DESTRUCT Cycle also
will be exposed to the set temperature for too short a implements a LOAD SENSED COOLING LOCK
time. Load Sensed Timing avoids this problem. for that cycle . In this case the COOLING LOCK
senses and acts upon the actual Load
Load Sensed Timing is selected in the CYCLE temperature
SETTINGS – Sterilise Stage by setting a LOAD
TEMPERATURE. The Cooling Stages operate normally but the
"COMPLETE" stage cannot be reached until the
If set to an appropriate temperature-( such as 121C) load , and hence the LOAD SENSING PROBE has
then the LOAD SENSED TIMING is ON cooled to a temperature below the COOLING LOCK
TEMPERATURE set for that Program.
If this is set to 0 C then the LOAD SENSED TIMING
is OFF
Set the Cycle COOLING LOCK TEMPERATURE to
Please see the Programming manual for full details the actual Temperature of the LOAD at which the
Cooling Lock is to RELEASE and allow the door to
be opened. It is advisable to err on the Cooler side ,
IMPORTANT for safety.

The position of the Load sensing Probe is very


important. The probe must be in the same place for
running cycles as it was when the Cycle was
commissioned.- so you will need to set up a
laboratory procedure to ensure it is always placed
correctly.

If correctly positioned the LOAD SENSING PROBE


detects the temperature within the LOAD and so will
ensure that the load experiences the set conditions
for the set time,

If it is just put to one side of the chamber instead of


in the load then Fluid Loads will experience only a
very short time at Sterilise temperature or may not
reach Steriising at all.

SPECIAL LOAD SENSORS


The Load sensor provided with this system is a
5mm/6mm Dia flexible type. This may be too stiff or
solid to use for some loads.

Alternative probes May be available. Please consult


Service dept. or your dealer
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OPTIONAL PRINTERS

PRINTER INDEPENDANCE
Please note that the fitted printer is not independent
& has no separate sensors or intelligence – it
records from the control sensors and prints the
same data as available on the display..

If your QA requirements dictate that the printer gives


a totally independent readout and record of
measurements Please consult your Agent or Astell
Scientific. A range of independent printing
solutions are available that work together with these
models.

Three types of Printer are available

A INTERNAL STANDARD PRINTER OPTION


Installing Replacement paper
Please see instructions below
Open the front panel, remove the paper
centre roll Tube of the old Paper Roll.
B EXTERNAL STANDARD PRINTER OPTION

Please see separate manual for external printer Slide the new Roll over the Paper Roll support until
option it is held by the clips

C EXTERNAL User-supplied Rs232

Please see separate manual for RS232


Communications option

INTERNAL PRINTER OPTION


The standard printer supplied is the Astell Type
MPP537X. This is a 40 character dot-matrix impact Cut off the end of the paper
printer which prints on 58mm wide plain roll paper. cleanly with scissors
It uses a replaceable ink ribbon cartridge and prints
in one single colour ( Black) Feed the cut edge of paper
up into the printer
Topload Models mechanism and operate the
The printer is mounted in the Front face of the PAPER FEED button.
machine.

Frontload Models 60L and below


The printer is mounted in the top cover

Frontload Models 80L and above


The printer is mounted on the Front face of the
machine.
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OPERATION OF PRINTER
For best operation use only Astell Scientific
Supplied paper and ribbons. Please note that the print is not visible immediately
after printing since the point at which the printing
Incorrect loading causes many expensive service occurs is a few mm inside the case & hence may be
call-outs. Please ensure that the paper loading out of view.
method described here is used . Do not tear-always
cut the paper with a sharp pair of scissors- a likely Printing is automatic whenever it is required by the
cause of problems is the introduction of paper program .
fragments produced when paper is torn.
Cycle Progress is printed automatically as the cycle
runs.
CHANGING PRINTER RIBBON
All relevant events are printed such as;-
First remove paper from the printer.
Start information, Cycle selected, Cycle details,
Open the Printer Front panel.
Temperatures pressures & Times etc
Press in on the Plastic Tab shown in the view below
. This releases the two halves of the front panel so Cycle No
that the front cover can swing away from the printer
itself. Stage Changes

The Printer Ribbon is the small black L-shaped Manual Stage Changes or operator intervention
cassette that sits below the paper inlet slot.
Faults if & when they occur
Grasp at both ends and puill firmly away from the
printer assy. Completion details and Time etc

PRINTER PAPER-FEED

To advance the paper ;-

Press the “PAPER FEED” button provided on the


printer.

This is also useful to check that the paper is feeding


properly.

To fit the new ribbon


PAPER TEAR-OFF
Hold the new Ribbon Cassette by the ends and
rotate the small wheel using the tip of a Biro Pen in Press the "PAPER-FEED" Key to move the paper
the direction shown by the arrow on the cassette. end up .
This tensions the ribbon.
Hold the end of the paper firmly and pull gently at
Place the New Ribbon Cassette in position on the right-angles towards the toothed edge of the paper
mechanism. Press the Larger end with the Wheel slot with the sharp teeth, to tear the paper Do not
down gently until the clutch engages then press the pull the paper straight out of the printer .
other end down until seated correctly.

Press “PAPER FEED “ for 5-10 seconds to align


the ribbon in the slot. The ribbon should run neatly in
the slot provided. If the ribbon is distorted and above
the slot, remove & retension the ribbon and repeat
the fitting.

Re-load the paper as described above.


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Printer PROBLEMS PRINTER SPARE PARTS


Most Printer Faults are due to the paper or
ribbon being incorrectly installed or use of Paper
incorrect paper or ribbons.
( Per 58 mm Roll )

PRINTING VERY FEINT Astell Part No SXP374


Replace Printer Ribbon

CENTRE OF PRINT BLURRED OR MISSING Ribbon cartridge


Ribbon incorrectly installed with ribbon out of slot in
centre Astell Part No SXP373

PAPER WILL NOT LOAD


The Paper end MUST be cut cleanly at the end or it
may tear , jam, and clog the printer mechanism
Ensure paper roll is fitted correct way up.

RIBBON
Ribbons must be fitted with the ribbon correctly
seated in the slot.
If the printing becomes faint replace ribbon.

OVERSIZE PAPER
use only Astell-supplied or Astell- approved paper.
Alternatives may appear similar but poor paper
quality can damage printer or use up ink on ribbon
too quickly.

Paper rolls purchased for Adding Machines and Tills


are not suitable and are usually too large. They also
tend to shed paper fragments into the mechanism
and cause premature failures.

WARRANTY
Installation of paper to the printer is outside the
manufacturers control. Service calls during the
warranty period which ( in view of the manufacturer
or agent ) are caused by the incorrect type, use or
fitting of paper or ribbon , may incur service
charges.
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MAINTAINANCE AND CLEANING

CHAMBER CLEANING CABINET AND GENERAL CLEANING


WATER QUALITY AND CLEANLINESS OF THE The cabinet painted surfaces may be cleaned with
CHAMBER ARE VITAL TO THE CORRECT a damp cloth moistened with a drop of household
OPERATION OF THE SYSTEM . detergent.

This Sterilizer is designed to Heat clean Water in Do NOT use Abrasives or Chlorine-based cleaners
the Chamber. The filling water may become or bleaches on the cabinet or chamber
contaminated by unsterile condensate or drainage
from the Chamber.If the filling water becomes Cleaning of LABELS & WORKING PARTS Clean
contaminated with AGAR, BLOOD, FAECES , or Labelling, aluminium parts or working parts with a
solid rubbish it will cause fumes, smells, potential soft cloth moistened with a little methylated spirits.
health problems and accelerated machine failure. Do not use Solvents IPA, or Aqueous Cleaners
which may remove the printing or melt the
The Chamber and akll wetted parts should be plastics.
Cleaned regularly in order to maintain
adequate operating conditions. Load Cleaning of LCD TOUCHSCREEN ;- Clean with a
Containers should be chosen to minimise loss soft cloth moistened with a little water. For best
of the contents into the Sterilizer, e.g.:- do not results you can use 2 Spectackle Cleaning Wipes”
use plastic bags inside Sterilizer Baskets but suitable for Plastic lenses.
use a purpose-made Sterilizer container
designed to catch leaking waste. Please ask If stubborn marks persist use a soft cloth
your supplier for details of containers for your moistened with a very small amount of methylated
machine. spirits. Do not use IPA or similar solvents or
Aqueous cleaners.as these will damage the
The Chamber should be cleaned internally to transparent window.
prevent build-up of contaminants , and we
would suggest that for a machine in daily use,
if used for Fluid Loads or WASTE DESTRUCT
the Chamber should be checked once a week
and cleaned if necessary, . For other
applications Cleaning should be at monthly
intervals or more frequently.
 Open the DOOR as you would normally.
 Remove all trays or shelves.
 Clean the base of the chamber with Hot Water. Do
not use an abrasive cleaner or one which may
leave soluble residues that would remain in the
pipework and contaminate the water.

 Take Care not to damage the sensors , or to


displace them in any way. This is especially the
case with the Overtemperature Thermostat bulb
which is fitted onto the heater and connected to
the chamber wall by a very thin copper tube.
 Wash the sensors with hot water and a soft cloth.
 Dry the chamber with Paper or Cotton Towels. Do
not leave fragments of paper or lint behind.
 Wipe the Gasket with a wet cloth with a spot of
detergent.
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SAFETY & DOOR INTERLOCKS - OVERTEMPERATURE PROTECTION


INSPECTION
This system is intended to protect the Chamber,
This Sterilizer is fitted with safety interlocks to prevent Controls, and ,the load ,from Thermal Damage but
the opening of the Cover when the chamber is MAY NOT prevent the Water Heaters from
pressurised, and to prevent pressurization if the Cover is damage due to overheating.
not fully closed. The system uses an adjustable HYDRAULIC
THERMOSTAT set to about 250C with the
The U.K. Health and Safety regulations stipulate that
the closure system and interlocks shall be inspected at
Adjustment Knob sited at the back of the cabinet
regular intervals by a competent person , and that all behind a cover.. The thermostat has a sensor bulb
operators shall be trained in the use of the Sterilizer mounted in a clamp on the heater at the rear of the
controls, operating procedures, and the function of chamber. In the event of a temperature rise for any
safety devices. reason above the set Temperature the Thermostat
operates , This provides additional boil-dry
DOOR INTERLOCKS protection.
The door is held in the Locked position by a electrically On some models there is also a SNAP-Switch
retracting Solenoid Locking Pin . This is fitted with 2 or 3 Cutout which requires manual resetting that
sensor microswitches arranged to enable the heating
and control system only when the door is closed and the
operates in the extremely unlikely event that the
handle rotated into the locked position . With the cover chamber wall exceeds approx 150C If this cutout
open or not fully locked heating is disabled. The locking operates there is a serious fault & the chamber will
Bolt system is continually monitored by the control not heat and must be serviced /repaired by a
system. qualified engineer

INSPECTION & TESTING OF DOOR INTERLOCKS Operation of the standard Overtemperature


1. Unlock and open the door. thermostat cuts off the heater.- No Warning
2. Check for smooth Swinging and/or Lifting action with no indication is provided.,
grating or crunching noises, or looseness. When the temperature drops,
power is restored and the control will continue.
Inspect the Locking Pins They should slide freely as the
handle is moved
If this happens, turn off power, allow to cool
3. Operate the door handle . Observe the operation of the untouched , then restore power , open and unload.
bolts. Operation should be firmly limited by the End
Stops, and all bolts must operate in the same manner.
Isolate and rectify the fault, or Contact the
Check that Solenoid locking Pin operates when handle
is in Fully Locked position..( press [OPEN ]to release manufacturer or agent before operating the
lock) machine
4. Close door and hold shut -DO NOT LOCK . display
Warning
should change to “UNLOCKED”
The Manufacturers of this Sterilizer accept no
5. Rotate handle , Lock and check that Locking- Pin responsibility for damage which may result in a
functions correctly and prevents unlocking. Display Load processed in this Sterilizer in the event of a
should show the normal display as if ready to start. overheating fault occurring for any reason. The
6. Use [DOOR] button to unlock. Overtemperature Cutout is provided to reduce the
risk of Fire or consequent damage.
IF THE DISPLAYS SHOW OUT OF SEQUENCE
,ERRATICALLY, OR FAILS TO SHOW , OR IF THE
MACHINE FAILS TO COMPLY WITH ANY OF THESE
REQUIREMENTS, DO NOT OPERATE AND CONSULT
A QUALIFIED ENGINEER IMMEDIATELY. EMERGENCY UNLOCKING
In the U.K. HSE Guidance Note PM73 requires that such If the door becomes Jammed or in the case of a
checks are carried out regularly. To Comply With H.S.E.
requirements, instructions regarding testing of these
Power Failure, The Door can be manually
interlocks must be permanently displayed close to the unlocked.
Sterilizer Operator Position
WARNING!!!
The Chamber Must be cool- ( below 50C is
advised ) and Pressure on Dial Gauge Zero.
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MANUAL UNLOCKING- TOPLOAD MODELS

Picture “ Topload “A”


Picture “ Topload “A”
1 Undo handle

Loosen the allen Key at side of handle (


if this is present- some handles do not
have allen key )

2 Remove Handle Cover

Gently prise off the plastic cover


surrounding the base of the handle.

3 Remove handle retainers

Undo the 4 screws holding the D-


shaped plastic handle retainers to the
cover.
Separate the two D-shaped parts.
Picture “ Topload B” 4 Remove handle

Pull the handle off the square shaft.


Note the orientation to make refitting
easier.

Picture “Topload B”
This will expose the “ Unlocking Hole “
beside the Handle shaft

5 Unlocking Tool

You can use a long thin screwdriver -


with a blade 3mm x 150mm long ( or
the special Astell removal tool, )

Picture “ Topload C”
Picture “Topload C”

This picture shows the top cover as


if it was semi-transparent.

6 Insert Tool

Hold the tool at the angle shown.


Insert it carefully into the hole, holding
it straight so that it points
Directly at the FRONT EDGE of the
door.
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Picture “ Topload D”

Picture “ Topload D”
7 Push the Tool gently into the
hole until it engages the end of the
locking bolt.

Picture “ Topload E”

Picture “ Topload E”

8 Push further against the


spring-loaded bolt. This will push
the bolt out of engagement

9 Turn The handle Clockwise


to unlock.

You can either place the Handle


loosely on the end of the Square
shaft or use a Spanner to turn the
square shaaft
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MANUAL UNLOCKING FRONTLOAD MODELS SIZES 60 LITRES AND BELOW

Picture “ Frontoad E”
These Pictures show the orientation
for the FRONTLOAD version

Picture “Frontload E”
1 Undo handle

Loosen the allen Key at side of


handle ( if this is present- some
handles do not have allen key )

2 Remove Handle Cover

Gently prise off the plastic cover


surrounding the base of the
handle.

3 Remove handle
retainers

Undo the 2 or 4 screws holding


the D- shaped plastic handle
Picture “ Frontoad F” retainers to the cover.
Separate the two D-shaped parts.

4 Remove handle

Pull the handle off the square


shaft. Note the orientation to make
refitting easier.

Picture “Frontload F”
This will expose the “ Unlocking
Hole “ beside the Handle shaft
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Picture “ Frontoad G”

Picture “Frontload G”

This picture shows the top


cover as if it was semi-
transparent.

6 Insert Tool

Hold the tool at the angle shown.


Insert it carefully into the hole,
holding it straight so that it
points
Directly at the FRONT EDGE of
the door.

Picture “ Frontoad H”

Picture “ Frontload H”
7 Push the Tool gently
into the hole until it engages the
end of the locking bolt.

Picture “ Frontoad J”
Picture “Frontload J”
8 Push further against the
spring-loaded bolt. This will
push the bolt out of engagement

9 Turn The handle shaft


Clockwise to unlock.

You can either place the


Handle loosely on the end of the
Square shaft or use a Spanner
to turn the square shaaft
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PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
There are very few moving or wearing parts in this
sterilizer , HOWEVER , It is essential that the unit
is kept clean , especially the water in the tank or
Chamber and the Gasket.

A GASKET
Keep the mating surface of the Chamber flange
clean. This bears on the gasket to seal the
Chamber If necessary apply a little Silicone
Grease.

Check that gasket is not bulging out of the groove


and, and that the edge is smooth without any cuts
or abrasions.

IMPORTANT- Check that the gasket is fitted


correctly - the small “Holes” should be on the
outside lip.

Replace Gasket regularly


Astell advise that the Gasket will require replacing
at 12 month periods – or 6 months if the machine
used intensively or for many high-temp cycles..

B CLEAN CHAMBER
Clean out chamber and inspect for damage to
sensors etc

C CLEAN TANK
Drain water from tank and rinse out with clean
hand-hot water. Do NOT use any detergent.
Detergent will contaminate the feed water and will
cause foaming problems in the tank .

D DOOR INTERLOCK TESTS


Carry out the Door Interlock test described on
previous pages.

If necessary lubricate locking pins with a little


Disulphide high-temp grease.

E SAFETY VALVE TESTING

ASTELL SCIENTIFIC advise that the safety


valve musty be regularly tested At intervals of
NOT MORE THAN 3 MONTHS

SEE THE SAFETY VALVE TESTING SECTION


AT THE BEGINNING OF THIS MANUAL
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THERMOCOUPLE ACCESS PORTS LOAD SENSING THERMOCOUPLES


Thermocouple Sockets are provided connected to
the Chamber and/or Load sensing probes.close to
A Screwed Thermocouple access port is the 5/16-in port for the armoured T/C probe.
provided as standard for Testing
Thermocouples FITTING REPLACEMENT PROBES
The Flexible Armoured Probe has a short rigid
This comprises a HEX.THERMOCOUPLE PORT tube at the Chamber Wall end. This is fitted
COVER CAP which screws onto a male fitting. through a threaded Compression fitting in the
There are slots in the sides of the male fitting chamber wall .
to allow the wires to emerge under the cap. The
cap clamps a 12mm silicone seal against the Load Sensing probe replacement;-
hole in the male fitting. The seal deforms  Remove the appropriate cover from the case to
around the thin thermocouple wires. give access to the probes.
 Locate the LOAD SENSE probe fitting. and the
LOAD SENSING PCB which is mounted close to
Front-Load models;- the Load Sense Thermocouple , connected by a
terminal block.
The port is fitted at the Left-Hand side of the  Hold the probe fitting and loosen the
machine approx on the boiler centre line compression nut on the INSIDE of the Chamber-
(Remove the Small cover for access ) or at the this fitting is fitted the "wrong-way-round" with the
rear ( Remove the TOP cover for access ) compression joint on the INSIDE. The
Compression-olive will be compressed hard onto
Top--Load models;- the armoured probe tube-end, and this means that
the old olive and possibly the Compression nut
The port is fitted at the RH side of the machine on must be replaced with new items every time the
the boiler side . Remove the Small cover for probe is changed.
access  The probe is installed by passing the wire and
end-tube through the compression Nut and olive
and then through the fitting from the inside, and the
Where a blank has been supplied in place of compression Nut and olive fitted on the Inside of
the adaptor, you will need to fit the optional the chamber .
adaptor yourself.  DO NOT pull on the cable or damage the
insulation on the inside of the fitting. Where
Remove the fitting blank and fit the Astell adaptor. supplied the silicone sleeved part of the wires
should be inside the fitting to act as a cushion
against abrasion.
FITTING THIN-WIRE “TESTING”  Tighten finger-tight , then tighten further with a
THERMOCOUPLES spanner.. A little Silicone Joint Compound may be
smeared onto the olive beforehand, but DO NOT
To insert test thermocouples in the fitting release put silicone sealant on the Compression nut or
the Cover-cap nut and remove the seals. Pass the threads.
thermocouples through the split seal and out one  Thermocouple Connector arrangements ;-
side slot , with the other seal on top. Fit the cover The connection to the Load Senseing PCB is via a
cap nut and tighten to seal.. PLUG-ON 3-way terminal block. the outer ways
are used. Unplug the block from the small PCB
 It WILL be necessary to remove the Plug-on
terminal block from the end of the old Probe lead
for reuse.
 This Plug-On terminal block is then
reconnected to the new wires. When
disconnecting make a note of the plug
connections and wire colours and when
reconnecting ensure that the plug pins are
connected to the correct polarity wires.
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FUSES

Mains and Control Power fuses are panel INTERNAL SYSTEM FUSES -
mounted at the rear & user-replaceable. Other
system fuses are internal . Fuse failure
indicates an electrical fault, consult a qualified The Switch-mode power supply produces 24 volts
engineer. DC at up to 2 amps. it is short-circuit protected but
during serviceing ensure that no fluids or foreign
UK/EUROPEAN MODELS bodies are brought into contact with the circuit
230v power supply boards.

Rating Type
Fuse

Circuits
Protected
FUSE REPLACEMENT
To comply with safety requirements use only
15 Amp Quick- manufacturer’s recommended fuses . Use only
Rear panel
FS3

input
230Volt
LINE
Power Input

32x6.3mm Blow (F) Ceramic HRC fuses in mains power circuits (where
1 ¼” x ¼” HRC fuse specified)
230Volt ac Min break
current THERE ARE NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS
1500A INSIDE . FUSE FAILURE INDICATES A
As for F3 As for F3
TECHNICAL PROBLEM WHICH SHOULD BE
panel

FS2-

input
230Volt
Neutral
Input
Power
Rear

SOLVED BEFORE THE FUSE IS REPLACED.

1 amp Anti-
FS4

transformer
Power to
Rear panel

230Volt ac surge/T
20mm HRC fuse
Min break
current
1500A

US MODELS
110Vor 208V power supply
20 Amp Quick-Blow
panel
Rear
FS3

115Volt
models
Input USA
Power

32x6.3mm (F) UL spec


1 ¼” x ¼” HRC fuse
208Volt ac Min break
current 750A
As for F3 As for F3
panel

FS2-

fuse
Neutral
Input
Power
Rear

30Amp As for F3
internal
FS1

Line1,line2
pole
Input2
Power

208Volt ac

1 amp Anti-surge/T
panel

F4

r
transforme
Power to
Rear

208Volt ac UL spec
20mm HRC fuse
Min break
current 750A
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COMMISSIONING AND PROGRAM SETTING

This section describes how to derive the settings In most cases the behaviour of a load in this
that you may need to enter for your intended arrangement is unknown, so it is necessary to use a
program(s) . The description applies to Media chart recorder or multi-thermocouple indicator to
Loads or Discard Loads but a similar approach can monitor the load, and find the ideal AIRPURGE and
be applied to Instrument/Glassware. Sterilize times.

A "PROGRAM" consists of three process sections USE OF A TEMPERATURE RECORDER


plus Cool Lock settings. Each of these is OR DATA-LOGGER
independently selected and adjustable, for COMMISSIONING MEASUREMENTS
 HEATING AND AIRPURGE at around 100C Arrange a multi-pen Thermocouple CHART
Purges the air from the chamber. RECORDER or indicator to monitor the temperature
 HEATING AND STERILIZE at Setpoint in the load and in the chamber.. For a complex load,
Temperature for Selected Time the steam penetration is slowest into the more
 COOLING LOCKS Set Temperature. enclosed parts , such as the centre of stainless steel
buckets. In this case, the very centre of each
The Program Values can be determined by trial-and- container should be monitored with the sensor inside
error, but as this can be very long and involved, it is a load item (e.g.;- a Petri dish).. Other points
best to use a chart recorder to investigate the throughout the load may be monitored depending on
Temperature - Time behaviour of the load. A how many thermocouple sensors are available. If
number of settings must be made;- desired sterilizing monitor tapes or spore strips may
be distributed throughout the load.
AIRPURGE
The Airpurge Time depends on the nature of the LOAD SENSING OPTION
load . Items such as small quantities of Bottled The Process to determine the Time Settings differs if
Fluids , Trays or Racks, Solid items, Bowls, etc have LOAD SENSED TIMING Option is fitted and
low thermal mass & do not trap much air, and will selected. If it is available on your machine, you must
sterilize quite satisfactorily with minimal, typ 5-7 decide whether it is necessary or desirable to use it
minutes of AIRPURGE TIME. However , larger loads or to select the simpler timing system
with larger bottles of fluids, boxes of bottles, Phials You should choose to use this if the heatup time of
, Petri dishes, etc have a large thermal mass and the load may vary from cycle to cycle, e.g. if the size
trap a great deal of air . These ALWAYS need a of loads varies widely. ;-
longer AIRPURGE time .. The AIRPURGE time
should be set to give at least 3 minutes of active  LOAD SENSED TIMING SELECTED & FITTED ;
AIRPURGE during which steam is visible Please See later section
emerging from the Exhaust  LOAD SENSED TIMING NOT FITTED ; Please
follow the instructions below.
Insufficient AIRPURGE causes excess pressure
in the chamber for the temperature, and higher
peak-peak fluctuation in temperature which will
SETTING TIMES AND PARAMETERS
trigger the “Chamber WITHOUT LOAD SENSED TIMING
( or Load ) Temperature Fault “ Alarm.
1] Select the desired PROGRAM and set values as
follows:
DETERMINING SUITABLE STERILIZE & AIRPURGE TIME
AIRPURGE TIMES For loads which require long AIRPURGE - 15 min
see AIRPURGE above
The chamber will heat-up to sterilize Temperature For loads which DO NOT need a long AIRPURGE -
before the load catches - up, and this time delay 10 min see AIRPURGE above
must be accounted for to ensure correct sterilization. STERILIZE TIME 60 minutes
The LOAD SENSED TIMING OPTION ( Where it STABILISE TIME 1 minute
has been fitted ) compensates for the time-lag STERILIZE TEMPERATURE ;
automatically and only requires the Sterilizing Time For loads which are NOT Temperature Sensitive it is
to be entered. recommended that the temperature is set to approx.
2 to 3 Deg C above the temperature at which
If the time-lag for the load to catch up with the sterilizing is required .This will help to speed up the
chamber is known from another machine , or can be process and to ensure adequate sterilization
adequately estimated then this may be added to the effectiveness.
desired Sterilizing Time and the total set as the
STERILIZE TIME for the Program.
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For loads which Are Temperature Sensitive e.g. Monitor the load temperature as it cools and when
MEDIA it is recommended that the temperature is it falls below a safe temperature to handle (usually
set to the temperature at which sterilizing is required 80C) rotate the PRESET COOLING LOCK
as excess temperature may damage the media.. THERMOSTAT KNOB Clockwise very slowly until
the display changes to show 'COMPLETE'. The
COOLING LOCK reaction time of the system may be up to 10
Set Temp. to 100C seconds so carry out this in small steps of 2C at a
time., waiting 10 seconds between steps.
COOLING LOCK –preset thermostat
Record any setting for future reference, then Set to
MINIMUM (a/cw) on dial. Leave the dial in the finished “COMPLETE” position.
Record the reading of the knob on the dial against
2] Select & Start the cycle running. the scale, for future reference purposes. This will
normally be somewhere below 80 C probably
3] Chamber and load temperatures will rise around 55C, as the chamber wall cools much faster
towards 100C, than the load, but slower than the chamber
AIRPURGE timer will start temperature display.
Note down the Airpurge Time reading shown on
the DISPLAY at the time when the "Slowest " 11] COMPLETION of CYCLE
Load Testing Thermocouple exceeds 95C. [ Call Unload the Sterilizer and submit any test-
this time display reading “T1”.] strips to examination / Incubation, etc ; These should
all indicate satisfactory sterilization. If this is not the
4] At this point, press the MENU button and select a case, it is possible that steam penetration into the
Stage Change to “HEAT TO STERILISE” load is restricted by load Packaging ( Plastic bags,
boxes, or Paper Wraps are possible culprits ) or air
5] Chamber will heat to Sterilize. is remaining in the load .The loading technique may
require modification;- Try a smaller number of items
6] STERILIZING Stage will start . The Temperature per container , different containers, Wrapping or
will control at the set Sterilizing Temperature. bags, and ensure that any bags have the tops
opened before autoclaving, or consult the
Note down the "STERILIZE TIME" shown on the Manufacturer for advice on improving the steam
DISPLAY at the moment when the SLOWEST test penetration.
thermocouple in the load reaches an acceptable
temperature for sterilizing to occur. ENTERING THE VALUES THAT YOU HAVE
[Call this time reading “T2” ] Using the Timer DETERMINED
Display as a clock wait a further measured period,
equal to the desired STERILIZE TIME (For Go to Menu & Customer Cycle Edit
example, this might be 15 minutes. ).
Enter the VALUES into the Settings determined as
7] At this point, press the MENU button and select a follows;-
Stage Change to “COOLING”
STERILIZING TEMPERATURE has already been
8] 'COOLING' mode will begin, as shown on the set at the start of the test and does not need to be
display. changed. Leave it as it is

9] COOLING LOCK. To ensure that sterilizing conditions are met, the


Note- You should have Set the PRESET COOL temperatures should all be amended as follows to
LOCK THERMOSTAT dial to Minimum !. allow for calibration tolerances before setting into the
profile :-
The load will cool down slower than the Chamber
Temperature Display; Monitor the load temperatures AIRPURGE TIME - Set to the time measured, from
on the Recorder/Indicator and note down the the start of airpurge Period to all points in the load
Displayed CHAMBER TEMPERATURE at the reaching 95C. ( at this moment the display was
moment when the HOTTEST part of the load has Recorded as “T1”).
cooled to a temperature safe to handle. Call this
"PROGRAM COOL-LOCK TEMP" AIRPURGE TIME = ( (Original Time Set) - T1 )
minutes
10] PRESET COOL LOCK THERMOSTAT
It is important to Correctly Adjust the PRESET e.g. If “T!” was Display=2.00, then ;-
COOLING-LOCK THERMOSTAT. However, it can 8 min - 2 min = 6 minutes airpurge
only be set to One Temperature, which should be time to set in program profile
that required for the worst-case program from a
point of view of operator safety.
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STERILIZE TIME - Set to the total of the time taken
for the load to catch-up to sterilize temperature , In place of stage 6, The Chamber Temperature will
added to the desired Sterilize Time in minutes. heat to the Set Sterilizing Temperature,
When the load itself reaches the set LOAD Temperature
The Catch-up time is the original set sterilize time , the Stabilisation stage happens and then the Sterilizing
less the reading taken as "T2” Timer will START , and the cycle will proceed.

STERILIZE TIME = ( set Sterilize time - T2 ) + Omit Stage 7 completely


( Desired Sterilize Time ) minutes
Carry out stages 8,9,10,11 as described above.
e.g. If “T2” was Display=51.00, then ;-
( 60 min - 51 min ) + 15 min = 24 Go to Menu & Customer Cycle Edit
minutes Sterilize time to set in program profile
Enter the VALUES into the Settings determined as
COOLING LOCK SETTINGS follows;-

COOL-LOCK TEMPERATURE ; AIRPURGE TIME -


Set this Parameter to the Temperature recorded Set to the time measured, from the start of the
during the test as “COOL LOCK TEMP" AIRPURGE Period to all points in the load reaching
95C.
NOTE:-If this setting has already been determined
for a different Program, the Final setting must be left AIRPURGE TIME = ( ( Initial set AIRPURGE Time )
at the LOWEST temperature of those determined for - T1 ) minutes
all programs.
STERILIZE TIME - Leave this Set to the time
SETTING PARAMETERS entered as STERILIZING TIME during the above
with LOAD SENSED TIMING test .
However, If the results of the measurements indicate
SETTING UP WITH LOADSENSE TIMING OPTION that , for one or more of the load points measured,
FITTED the time spent above the "Ideal" sterilizing
Temperature would be only just sufficient for
The Load Sensed Timing system detects the Load sterilization then the Sterilizing time may be
temperature , and automatically allows for the time- increased a little to suit .
lag caused by the load delay in reaching sterilize
temperature. SETTING COOLING LOCKS
with LOAD SENSED TIMING
Set up the system as described above for the
system Without Load Sensing, but with the following When Load Sense Timing is selected .-
detail changes ;-
COOLING LOCK TEMPERATURE
a) Set STERILIZE TEMPERATURE to the temperature The LOAD SENSING option automatically
at which the load is to be Sterilized . The control changes the PROGRAM COOLING LOCK to a
system automatically raises the actual initial sterilize mode which detects the Temperature of the Load
temperature a little & causes the Sterilizing Timer to itself via the LOAD SENSING PROBE , instead
start when the load is equal to the Sterilizing of sensing the temperature in the Dummy Load..
Temperature setting., equivalent to the desired
Sterilizing Temp. Then the sterilizing temp returns to Set the Cooling Lock Temperature to the actual
normal. Temperature of the LOAD at which the Cooling
Lock is to RELEASE and allow the door to be
b) Set the STERILIZE TIME to the Actual DESIRED opened. It is advisable to err on the Cooler side , for
STERILIZE TIME. safety.
Because the lock senses the actual load
c) COOLING LOCK (PROGRAM) Set Temperature to temperature there is no compromise ,
100C
estimation or guesswork required to select
d) COOLING LOCK (INTERNAL PRESET the cool lock release temperature
THERMOSTAT - Record any setting for future
reference, then Set to minimum on dial.

e) LOAD TEMPERATURE Set To 2 C less than the


Sterilise temperature .

Carry out stages 1 to 5 as described above for normal


cycles, “without Load sensing”
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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS


Q Screen Contrast seems to be poor. Q Difficult to close Door against gasket (1)
Screen contrast is adjustable in the SYSTEM
INFO page A This could be trapped air expanding. If
chamber is still Very hot allow to cool down
Q The RCD earth leakage trip We have installed and try again.
for the machine a keeps tripping out.
Q Difficult to close Door against gasket (2)
A The type of heater used in this machine means
that Operation from a RCCD residual or earth- A If gasket is more than 6 months old consider
leakage trip may cause tripping problems ., This replacement.
may occur especially if the machine is not
operated for some time and is due to moisture Q Steam leaks from around Gasket (1)
ingress to the Inconel-Sheathed heaters. If this
happens connect to a non- protected supply A Gasket MUST be fitted correctly into Groove
and run for 5-10 cycles. Then revert to and must have no damage to the edges of the
Protected supply. If the tripping then continues lips or cuts or abrasions. The opposite Sealing
please consult the manufacturer. face that it touches must be clean with no
cuts or damage.
Q Why cannot I Fast-Exhaust the steam when
I want to? Q Steam leaks from around Gasket (2)

This action would however probably be dangerous A Possibly Gasket needs replacing -it must be
and could be in breach of health and safety replaced before the silicone rubber loses its
legislation. Firstly the amount of teanm produced sealing properties- any time after 6 months
when a chamber pressurised to 120C is exhausted of use.
is very large and constitutes a serious hazard..
Unless special high temperature exhaust pipework is Q Gasket has been changed but steam leaks
installed in the building to take this exhaust away top .
a safe discharge , then this would be unsafe. If the A Gasket MUST be fitted correct way round-
load being processed contained any fluids then the there are small holes in the gasket lip
action of exhausting the steam from 120C would These must be on the OUTSIDE edge.
cause all the fluid load to flash-boil. This would
cause the load to violently boil over & empty the Q Programs that are provided pre-set as
load contents into the chamber, which quickly will delivered are not suitable for my loads.
"gum-up" the valves and pipework. Also if such a
load was removed aven after it had appeared to A Consult the sections on selecting Times ,
stop boiling over then it would be very likely to temperatures , etc, then in SUPERVISOR
flash-boil again into the face of the user carrying level Follow the instructions in the
the load. PROGRAMMING MANUAL & enter the new
values you require.
Q I have filled up with Deionized water and
the unit does not work. Q Delayed Start would be useful / is Not
Required
A Please Use The correct water - Not
Deionized or Distilled. See FILLING WITH A Turn ON or OFF Delayed Start -
WATER secti0n See PROGRAMMING MANUAL

Q I have locked the Handle when Open Q I have changed and Forgotten the Pin
(Security Codes)
A Press the DOOR button follow instructions
and rotate the handle to the Unlocked A The default numbers are Operator 111111
position Supervisor 222222 Site Engineer 333333
Astell Engineer 444444- If in doubt Consult
Q Power On but Display does not light Astell

A Check that the Power Switch is illuminated or Q Program Does not offer “Drying Time”
for rotary switches in ON position. Check that setting
the unit is plugged in and there is power
available at the Mains Socket. If these are all A This machine is not designed for drying the
OK call service engineer. load and cannot do so. All loads will complete
WET.
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Q “Safety Valve Test Overdue” appears Q My Machine needs to be calibrated

A You have not carried out a safety valve test. A You will need a Calibration organisation who
See “Safety Valve testing” section can carry out the appropriiate tests with Known
Calibrated Thermometers and Pressure gauges.
Q My Printer does not print properly Astell Scientific or your Agent will be able to assist,
and Astell provide a separate manual on
A See PRINTER FAULTS in the “OPTIONAL calibration -“ Calibration Manual #1”
PRINTERS” section
Q My system starts to heat immediately
Q How Do I Clean the Machine? without taking any water.& Heating is unstable

A See “Maintenance &Cleaning” section A The Water level sensor in the chamber is
damaged or contaminated-
Q I Need to manually Unlock the door See FAULTS section “ Waterlevel Sensors”

A Please see the photo-instructions in the


section “ Manual Unlocking”
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SPARE PARTS AND SERVICE


When ordering spare Parts or requesting Service Assistance please have ready the SERIAL
NUMBER and the MODEL NUMBER - both of these to be found on the RATING PLATE fixed
at the rear of the machine .

Use only approved ASTELL SCIENTIFIC spare parts , available from the ASTELL service
department . The fitting of Non-Astell-approved Parts will render this machine Non-Compliant with
the E.C./ E.U. E.M.C. and L.V. and the P.E.D. Directives and will void any CE mark.
Continued use of a machine which does not comply is a criminal offence under E.C. / E.U.
law.

SPARE PARTS LIST ( Classic models up to 60 L .)


For any items not appearing here consult manufacturer or supplier.

PART DESCRIPTION PART- NO.


HEATER 2.3 Kw 230V for FRONTLOAD 23,35L 880024
HEATER 3KW 230V /2.6KW 208V for TOPLOAD 50L,56L ZXA839
HEATER 2.6KW 230V for FRONTLOAD 50L ZXA852
DOOR GASKET 35L/50L ** Issues and specs. of gaskets are colour 389083
coded - Please specify original colour at time of order
DOOR GASKET 23L **see note above re Colour 384085
LOCKING SOLENOID 12V SXQ214
HANDLE ASSY ( Plastic) PXC030
SOLENOID PIN sense MICROSWITCH ( small/ long lever ) SXQ598
DOOR BOLT detect MICROSWITCH SXS212
PRESSURE GAUGE RXA063
SOLENOID VALVE 24 V FXA422
WATER LEVEL INSULATOR ASSY ( through-chamber fitting) SXA070
WATER LEVEL SENSOR STRIP ( internal ) 389066
SAFETY VALVE 3/8” Safety valves are region and specification Consult supplier
dependant - Please contact supplier for details.
FUSE 1A HRC( POWER) SXQ333
FUSE 1A HRC( POWER) usa ONLY SXQ304
FUSE 16A HRC ( POWER) SXQ305
FUSE 20A HRC ( POWER) ( some models only) SXQ303
O/T CUTOT THERMOSTAT 0-300C SXL503
O/T CUTOT SNAPSWITCH 150c MAN-RESET SXQ308
HEATER Solid-State RELAY SXQ210
DOOR CLOSED M/SW SXS210
MEMBRANE Touchscreen surround Consult supplier
PT100 SENSOR ASSY DXE364
LOAD SENSOR PROBE ( ARMOURED HEAVY DUTY ) Consult supplier
LOAD SENSOR (PROBE LIGHT DUTY) Consult supplier
T/C PROBE ENTRY ADAPTOR ( normally fitted as standard ) Consult supplier

SECURE TOUCH COLOUR + Plc Display-control system Consult supplier


Power supply, and PLC input-output modules Consult supplier
LOAD SENSED TIMING ASSY + CABLE Consult supplier
Pressure Traansducer assy Consult supplier
CONSULT SUPPLIER = Please Consult Astell service Dept Or Agent.
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CERTIFICATION

A Certificate of Examination is supplied with every Sterilizer. This meets P.E.D


requirements & includes details of Chamber etc. relating to the pressure vessel,
specifies the design pressure, the test pressure to which the Chamber was subjected
during manufacture, and the date of the Pressure Vessel testing , which will be
required by an insurance company..

Please note that this equipment comes under the requirements of the CE
Pressure Equipment Directive and your machine will certainly need insurance
cover and regular inspections. Most QA systems require a formal maintenance
contract in place and regular calibration must be carried out .

It is a statutory requirement of the U.K. Health & Safety at Work Act and in many
other countries that Sterilizers be thoroughly inspected by a competent person prior
to use ( usually an Engineering Surveyor from an Insurance Company ) , and at
least every 14 months thereafter. (Section 35(5) of the Factories Act 1961.)

The information on the Test Certificates will be required by the Inspector, and you
are advised to take good care of your Certificate.

Test certificates for Electrical safety and Calibration of the control system are
supplied as standard, Full test analysis results are available to special request.
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Pressure Temperature Correlation Chart

Pressure/Temperature Calibration
This chart shows Pressure and Temperature correlation for
Saturated Steam, and the Maximum/Minimum acceptable
Temperature display Values for a Correlation Accuracy of +/- 2%.
It applies to ASTELL Sterilizers only.

Pressure Temperature Temperature - Tolerance


Bar Deg C Min Temp Max temp
0.65 114.51 112.22 116.80
0.70 115.40 113.09 117.71
0.75 116.28 113.95 118.61
0.80 117.14 114.80 119.48
0.85 117.96 115.60 120.32
0.90 118.80 116.42 121.18
0.95 119.63 117.24 122.02
1.00 120.42 118.01 122.83
1.037 121.00 118.58 123.42
1.05 121.21 118.79 123.63
1.10 121.96 119.52 124.40
1.15 122.73 120.28 125.18
1.25 124.18 121.70 126.66
1.30 124.90 122.40 127.40
1.35 125.59 123.08 128.10
1.40 126.28 123.75 128.81
1.45 126.96 124.42 129.50
1.50 127.62 125.07 130.17
1.55 128.26 125.69 130.83
1.60 128.89 126.31 131.47
1.65 129.51 126.92 132.10
1.70 130.13 127.53 132.73
1.75 130.75 128.14 133.37
1.77 131.00 128.38 133.62
1.80 131.37 128.74 134.00
1.85 131.96 129.32 134.60
1.90 132.54 129.90 135.19
1.95 133.13 130.47 135.79
2.00 133.69 131.02 136.36
2.05 134.25 131.57 136.94
2.10 134.82 132.12 137.52
2.15 135.36 132.65 138.07
2.20 135.88 133.16 138.60
2.25 136.43 133.70 139.16

Note:-This chart is for checking


Pressure/Temperature Steam Correlation only &
is appropriate for Press/ Temp. instruments
specified as individually accurate to +/- 1% . It
should not be used as a calibration standard for
Pressure or Temperature indicators, which must
be calibrated in accordance with the
Manufacturer's Specifications.
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General Flow Diagram Schematic


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Notes Space
This space is for your own notes on the system