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126 Patel and Patel.

Influence of Toluidincs and Acridine Derivatives on Corrosion of 63/37 Brass in Nitric Acid Solution

Influence of Toluidines and Acridine Derivatives on Corrosion of 63/37Brass


in Nitric Acid Solution
By N . K . Pate/*/ and R. B. Patel"")

Introduction pToluidine afforded 82 % ! protection at 0.1% ' concentra-


tion. Its inhibitive power increases with increase in concen-
Pickling in nitric acid is a rather frequently used chemical tration of compound. The same trend of inhibition was observed
method of finishing metal surfaces in industry (1). Corrosion in the case of m-toluidine but it is found comparatively less
of copper alloys in nitric acid has been studied by various effective than p-toluidine.
workers (2-7). Inhibitors have been hardly used in this pro- In the series of acridine derivatives. acridine is found avery
cess until recently. and mechanism of their action in nitric excellent corrosion inhibitor, Its efficiency remains practically
acid has also been comparatively little studied. In contrast constant at higher concentration of compound. Phenazine
with other acids, nitric acid possesses oxidizing as well as afforded maximum 66% protection at 0.02% concentration.
acidic properties. Xanthine is found intermediate in inhibitive power. At its
In the present work, an attempt has been made t o Ftudy 0.02% concentration 82% protection was noted.
the inhibitory action of o-toluidine, m-toluidine, p-toluidine,
acridine, xanthine and phenazine towards 63/37 brass in
2.0 N nitric acid solutions. Discussion

Experimental In the present investigation two types of compounds were


studied: toluidines and acridine derivatives.
Brass specimens of composition Cu = 63.2%, Zn = 36.h%,
Sn = 0.07% and Pb = 0.01% were cold rolled and annealed
at 5 5 0 "C. Specimens of 3 x hcm (26 S.W.G.) were used. The
preparation. testing and cleaning procedures of the specimens
were the same as described earlier (8).

Inhibitor efficiences

Among the compounds o-toluidine, m-toluidine and p-


toluidine, o-toluidine is found excellent corrosion inhibitor
for 63/37 brass in nitric acid (Table I ) . Its efficiency slight-
ly increases with increase in concentration of compound.
However, it afforded 90% protection at its lowest concentra-
tion (0.008%). A c r i d 1n e k'l1 E I l a 7 1 I1 P Xanthine

Table 1. Weight less data on corrosion and inhibition of 63/37 brass


in 2.0 N Nitric acid solution (Size of specimen: 6 x 3cm, Temperature Today organic substances are widely used for the inhibi-
25 O C ; Medium: 2.0 N HNO,; Duration: 20 minutes) tion of corrosion processes and especially t o inhibit the
attack of the acid-on the metal during acid pickling. In addi-
Concen- Loss Inhibi- Loss Inhibi- Loss Inhibi- tion such inhibitors kinetically change the cathodic and
tration of rng/dni2 tion (%) mg/drn2 tion (%) mg/ tion (%) anodic processes and are important additives in technological
inhibitor dm2 processes of metal deposition. Among numerous organic
(Molarity)
compounds the amines and heterocyclic compounds of ni-
0.0 61.1 - 61.1 - 61.1 ~
trogen are of special interest. Their effectiveness as corrosion
inhibitors IS a result of adsorptive properties (9- 13).
o-toluidine m-toluidine p toluidine The weight loss data in the present studies indicate that
0.008 6.39 90 27.8 55 19.4 68 the relative order of inhibitive effectiveness of toluidines is
0.016 4.44 93 22.2 64 18.6 70
0.024 3.89 94 20.8 66 15.6 75
0.04 3.05 95 20.0 67 12.5 80
0.1 2.22 96 19.4 68 11.1 82 o-toluidine > p-toluidine > m-toluidine
acridine phenazine xanthine
0.004 3.61 94 31.9 48 38.9 36 and of acridine and its derivatives is.
0.008 2.78 94 31.4 49 27.8 55
0.01 2 1.67 97 30.0 51 21.9 64 acridine > xanthine > phenazine
0.016 0.83 99 22.8 63 18.3 70
0.02 0.56 99 20.5 66 11.2 82 Hoar (14) deduced that an adsorbtive mechanism of in-
.. ~ -. . hibitive action in acidic media made from his experiments
-
Chemiqtry Department, Bhavan's R. A. College of Science,
*)
on the action of heterocyclic nitrogen bases, namely quino-
line and acridine derivatives. According to Kuznetsov and
Khanpur, Ahmedabad-1. Zofa ( 15, 16) ions of nitrogen containing inhibitors are
**)Chemistry Department, University School of Sciences, Ahmeda- capable of being adsorbed predominantly on the most active
bad-9. regions of the dissolving metal. They adsorbed using acridine

Werkstoffe und Korrosion 26. Jahrg. Heft 2/1975


Patel and Patel: Influence of Toluidines and Acridine Derivatives on Corrosion of 63/37 Brass in Nitric Acid Solution 127

t ha t protective films are f o r m e d on the metal surface, which References


are readily visible.
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>
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Werkstoffe und Korrosion 26. Jahrg. Heft 2/1975