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Solution :

The velocity of approach of A to B

— v-v cos90° = v-0 =v

Objective Questions.

Level-1

1. The two ends of a train moving with uniform (a) goes up (b) goes down

acceleration pass a certain point with velocities u and v. (c) remains unchanged (d) none of these

The velocity with which the middle point of the train 7 A particle starts from rest with constant acceleration for

passes the same point is : 20 sec. If it travels a distance y\ in the first 10 sec and a

v+u u2 +tt2 distance y 2 i n the next 10 sec then:

(a) (b)

(a) Vi = 2yi (b) y 2 = 3ya

(c)

A/52 + v2 (d) AIv + u (c) y2 = 4yi (d) y 2 = 5 y i

8. A body is moving in a straight line as shown in

2. A point particle starting from rest has a velocity that

velocity-time graph. The displacement and distance

increases linearly with time such that v = pt where

travelled by body in 8 second are respectively:

p = 4 m/s . The distance covered in the first 2 sec will be :

(a) 6 m (b) 4 m

(c) 8 m (d) 10 m

3. A body starts from rest, with uniform acceleration a. The

acceleration of a body as function of time t is given by

the equation a = pt where p is constant, then the

displacement of the particle in the time interval f = 0 to

t = fj will be :

(in sec)

(a) (b) \vt\

(a) 12 m, 20 m (b) 20 m, 12 m

(c) (d) (c) 12 m, 12 m (d) 20 m, 20 m

4. If the relation between distance x and time t is of the A train starts from station with an acceleration 1 m/s .

A boy who is 48 m behind the train with a constant

form t = a x 2 + px here a and P being appropriate

velocity 10 m/s, the minimum time after which the boy

constants, then the retardation of the particle is :

will catch the train is :

(a) 2av (b) 2pi;

(a) 4.8 sec (b) 8 sec

(c) lafiv* (d) 2 p V (c) 10 sec (d) 12 sec

5. A car starts from rest requires a velocity v with uniform 10. A particle moves 200 cm in the first 2 sec and 220 cm in

acceleration 2 m/s then it comes to stop with uniform the next 4 sec with uniform deceleration. The velocity of

retardation 4 m/s . If the total time for which it remains the particle at the end of seven second is :

in motion is 3 sec, the total distance travelled is: (a) IS ciit/'s (b) 20 cm/s

(a) 2 m (b) 3 m (c) 10 cm/s (d) none of these

(c) 4 m (d) 6 m

11. An aeroplane flying horizontally with speed 90 km/hr

6. A beaker containing water is balanced on the pan of a releases a bomb at a height of 78.4 m from the ground,

common balance. A solid of specific gravity one and

when will the bomb strike the ground ?

mass 5 g is tied on the arm of the balance and immersed

(a) 8 sec (b) 6 sec

in water contained in the beaker, the scale pan with the

beaker: (c) 4 sec (d) 10 sec

Kinematics 43

12. The velocity of a particle at an instant is 10 m/s. After distance covered by the car in time t is proportional to :

3 sec its velocity will become 16 m/s. The velocity at 2 (a) t ' (b) t 3/2

sec before the given instant, will be :

(c) t2/3 (d) t*

(a) 6 m/s (b) 4 m/s

(c) 2 m/s (d) 1 m/s 22. For a particle moving in a straight line, the velocity at

any instant is given by 4f - 21, where t is in second and

13. A stone is thrown vertically upwards from cliff with

velocity in m/s. The acceleration of the particle when it

velocity 5 m/s. It strikes the pond near the base of cliff

is 2 m from the starting point, will be :

after 4 sec. The height of cliff is :

(a) 6 m (b) 60 m (a) 20 m/s2 (b) 22 m/s 2

(c) 40 m (d) 100 m (c) 14 m/s2 (d) none ot these

14. A stone is released from a hydrogen balloon, going 23. A body initially at rest is moving with uniform

upwards with velocity 12 m/s. When it is at height of acceleration a. Its velocity after n second is v. The

65 m from the ground, time the stone will take to reach displacement of the body in 2 sec is :

the ground is : 2v (n - 1) virj-11

(a) 5 sec (b) 6 sec n n

(c) 7 sec (d) 8 sec v (» + 1) 2v (In + 1)

(c)

15. A parachutist jumps from an aeroplane moving with a n ti

velocity of u. parachute opens and accelerates downwards 24. A point moves with constant acceleration and Uj, v2 and

with 2 m/s2. He reaches the ground with velocity 4 m/s. v3 denote the average velocities in the three successive

How long is the parachutist remained in the air ? intervals fj, f2 and t3 of time. Which of the following

(a) 1.5 m (b) 2.5 m relations is correct ?

(c) 4 m (d) None ot these Vl-V2 h-t2

= vi-v2 = h~ h

16. A stone is projected upwards and it returns to ground on (a) (b)

v2-v3 t2 + t3

a parabolic path. Which of the following remains v2 -v3 f j - f3

constant ?

V1-V2 ty-t2 vi

(c) v(d)

~v2 h + '2

(a) Speed of the ball

v2-v3 t2-t3 ' v2-v3 t2 + t3

(b) Horizontal component of velocity 25. A large number of bullets are fired in all directions with

(c) Vertical component of velocity the same speed v. The maximum area on the ground on

(d) None of the above which these bullets will spread is :

17. A stone is released from the top of a tower. The total /(a) \ Kv

(b)

KV

distance covered by it in the last second of its motion T S

equals distance covered by it in the first three seconds of 2 2

KV

its motion. The stone remains in the air for : (c) (d)

(a) 5 sec (b) 8 sec s2 r

26. A piece of marble is projected from earth's surface with

(c) 10 sec (d) 15 sec

velocity of 50 m/s. 2 seconds later, it just clears a wall

18. A dust packet is dropped from 9th storey of a

5 m high. What is the angle of projection ?

multi-storeyed building. In the first second of its free fall

(a) 45° (b) 30°

another dust packet is dropped from 7th storey 15 m

below the 9th storey. If both packets reach the ground at (c) 60° (d) None of these

same time, then height of the building is : 27. Two stones having different masses mj and m2 are

(a) 25 m (b) 15 m projected at an angle a and (90° - a) with same velocity

(c) 20 m (d) 16 m from same point. The ratio of their maximum heights is :

19. A stone is thrown vertically upwards in air, the time of (a) 1 : 1 (b) 1 : tan a

upward motion is fj and time of down motion is t2. (c) tan a : 1 (d) tan 2 a : 1

When air resistance is taken into consideration then: 28. A stone of mass 2 kg is projected with velocity 20 m/s

(a) f1 = f2 (b) f i < f 2 at an angle 60° with the horizontal, its momentum at the

(c) tx>t2 (d) fa> = <t2 highest point is:

20. Two different masses m and 2m are fallen from height (a) 20 kg ms" 1 (b) 2<W3 kg ms" 1

Hi and H2 respectively. First mass takes t second and (c) 40 kg ms - 1 (d) none of these

another takes It second, then the ratio of Hj and H 2 is : 29. A body is projected with speed v m/s at angle G. The

(a) 2 : 1 (b) 4 : 1 kinetic energy at the highest point is half of the initial

(c) 0.25 : 1 (d) none of these kinetic energy. The value of 0 is :

21. A car start from station and moves along the horizontal (a) 30° (b) 45°

road by a machine delivering constant power. The (c) 60° (d) 90°

44 Kinematics

30. A body projected with velocity u at projection angle 6 (a) 3 sec (b) 2 sec

,\

has horizontal displacement R. For the same velocity and (c) 1.5 sec (d) 1 sec

projection angle, its range on the moon surface will b e : jg For the same horizontal range, in how many projections

(a) 36R • can an object be projected ?

(a) 4 (b) 3

R

(d) 6R (c) 2 (d) 1

(C) 16 39. The range of projectile projected at an angle 15° is

31. Three balls of same masses are projected with equal 10V3~m. If it is fired with the same speed at angle of

speeds at angle 15°, 45°, 75° and their ranges are 30°, its range will be :

respectively Rp R2 and R3 then : (a) 60 m (b) 45 m

(a) R2>R2>R3 (b) RX<R2<R3 (c) 30 m (d) 15 m

(c) R-[ = R2 = R3 ( d ) R1=R3<R2 40. A body is projected with initial velocity of ( 8 t + 6 f ) m/s.

32. A projectile can have the same range R for two angles of The horizontal range is :

projection 9 and (90° - 9). If fj and t2 are the times of (a) 9.6 m (b) 14 m

flight in the two cases then : (c) 50 m (d) none of these

41. A ball of mass M is thrown vertically upwards. Another

(a) R o c J t f a (b) 1*2 ball of mass 2M is thrown at an angle 9 to vertical. Both

of them stay in air for the same period of time, the

(c) R oc t\t2 (d) none of these

heights attained by the two are in the ratio :

33. Two stones are projected with same velocity v at an angle (a) 1 : 2 (b) 2 : 1

0 and (90° - 0). If H and Hj are greatest heights in the (c) 1 : 1 (d) 1 : cos 9

two paths, what is the relation between R, H and Hj ?

(a) R — 4VHHj (b) R = A/HH7

A tennis ball rolls off the top of a stair case way with a

horizontal velocity u m/s. If the steps are b metre wide

(c) R = 4HHj (d) None of these and h metre high, the ball will hit the edge of the nth

step, if:

34. A bullet fired from gun at sea level rises to a maximum

height 10 m. When fired at a ship 40 m away, the muzzle /\ 2/iw ,, , 2huz

(a) « =

velocity should be :

(b) n ~ gbii2"

gb

(a) 20 m/s (b) 15 m/s 2huz /J\ n=—^ hu2

(c) n = (d)

(c) 16 m/s. (d) none of these gb gb

35. A ball is projected with velocity u at an angle a with 43. The co-ordinates of the initial point of a vectors (2,1) and

horizontal plane. Its speed when it makes an angle p those of terminal point are (7, 9). The magnitude of

with the horizontal is : vector is:

(a) 8 (b) A/84

(a) w cos a (b)

COS p (c) V89 (d) 10

u cos a 44. One of the rectangular components of a velocity of 60

(c) u cos a cos (J (d)

cos P m/s is 30 m/s, the other rectangular component is :

36. An aeroplane is flying horizontally with velocity 150 (a) 30 m/s (b) 30 a/3 m/s

m/s at a height 100 m from the ground. How long must (c) 30 a/^ m/s (d) none of these

the distance from the plane to target be, if a bomb is 45 A river is flowing from west to east at a speed 15 m/s .

released from the plane to hit the target ? A boy on the south bank of the river, capable of

(a) 671 m (b) 67 m swimming at 30 m/s in still water, wants to swim, cross

(c) 335 m (d) 1.34 km the river in the shortest time. He should swim in

37. A stone is projected with a velocity of 10 m/s at an angle direction ?

of 30° with the horizontal. It will hit the ground after (a) due north (b) 30° east of north

time: (c) 30° west of north (d) 60° east of north

Level-2

Motion in One Dimension 2. In the two dimensional motions :

1. Mark correct option or options : (a) x-t graph gives actual path of the particle

(a) displacement may be equal to the distance (b) y-t graph gives actual path of the particle

(b) displacement must be in the direction of the (c) vx2 + y2 versus t graph gives the actual path of the

acceleration of the body particle

(c) displacement must not be in the direction of velocity (d) y-x graph gives actual path of particle

(d) none of the above

Kinematics 45

3. A cat wants to catch a rat. The cat follows the path whose 9. A car moves at 80 km/hr in the first half of total time of

equation is x + y = 0. But rat follows the path whose motion and at 40 km/h -1 in the later half. Its average

equation is x 2 + y2 = 4. The co-ordinates of possible points speed is :

of catching the rat are : (a) 60 km/hr (b) 30 km/hr

(a) (V2,V2) (b) ( - V 2 , V2) (c) 120 km/hr (d) none of these

(c) (<2, a/3) (d) (0, 0) 10. A particle moves with constant speed v along a regular

4. A deer wants to save her life from a lion. The lion follows hexagon ABCDEF in same order, (i.e., A to B, B to C, C to

a path whose equation is x2 + y2 = 16. For saving life, the D, D to E, E to F and F to A) The magnitude of average

deer moves on a path whose equation is/are : velocity for its motion from A to C is :

(a) x2 +y 2 = 4 (a) v (b)f

(b) x2 +y 2 = 16

(c) x2 + y2 - 64 = 0 (c) (d) none of these

(d) both (a) and (c) are correct * 11 One rickshaw leaves Patna Junction for Gandhi Maidan

5. Which of the following position-time graph does not at every 10 minute. The distance between Gandhi

exist in nature ? Maidan and Patna Junction is 6 km. The rickshaw travels

at the speed of 6 km/hr. What is the number of rickshaw

that a rickshaw puller driving from Gandhi Maidan to

Patna Junction must be in the route if he starts from

Gandhi Maidan simultaneously with one of the rickshaw

leaving Patna Junction :

(a) 11 (b) 12

(c) 5 (d) 1

12. During the shooting of a super hit film 'MARD' Amitabh

Bachchan was waiting for his beloved 'Amrita Singh'

with his dog. When he saw her approaching, the dog

was excited and dashed to her then back to master and

so on, never stopping. How far would you estimate the

dog ran if its speed is 30 km/hr and each of them walked

* 6. There is a square caromboard of side a. A striker is at 4 km/hr, starting from a distance 400 m apart?

projected in hole after two successive collisions. (a) 400 m (b) 880 m

Assuming the collisions to be (c) 1500 m (d) 30 km

perfectly elastic and the surface to

13. Two particles start from the same point with different

be smooth. The angle of

speeds but one moves along y = a sin (ax and other moves

projection of striker is :

along curve y = a cos cox :

(a) cot" 1 || (a) they must collide after some time

(b) they never collide with each other

(b) cos"1 || {"K a>

(c) they may collide at a point P — ' —

V /

(d) they must collide at the point P

(c) s i n - ^ |

14. A sheet of wood moves over a smooth surface (shown in

(d) none of these the figure). The magnitude of velocity of C is :

7. Speed is to velocity as:

(a) centimetre is to metre

(b) force is to torque

(c) velocity is to acceleration

(d) distance is to displacement

8. A person travelling on a straight line moves with a

uniform velocity i'i for some time and with uniform

velocity v2 for the next the equal time. The average (a) v (b) 2v cos 9

velocity v is given by : (c) 2v sin 9 (d) 2v

(a) v =

I'i + v2 \2 1

(b - = — + —

1 15. The given hing construction consists of two rhombus

with the ratio 3 : 2. The vertex A2 moves in the horizontal

v i>i v2

1 1 1

direction with a velocity v. The velocity of A-[ is :

(c) V = Vl^t'2 (d) - = — + —

V V 2

46 Kinematics

(a) — m / s

A/3

( b ) 2 A/3 m/s

(c) A/3" m/s

(d) <1

2

m/s

•vA

20. Two intersecting straight lines moves parallel to

(c) 3v (d) 2v

themselves with speeds 3 m/s and 4 m/s respectively.

16. In the arrangement shown in The speed of the point of intersection of the lines, if the

figure, the ends P and Q of angle between them is 90° will be :

an inextensible string move (a) 5 m/s (b) 3 m/s

downwards with uniform (c) 4 m/s (d) none of these

speed u. Pulleys A and B are 21. The displacement time

fixed. The mass m moves up- graph is shown in figure.

wards with a speed : The instantaneous velocity

(a) 2u cos G is negative at the point: p

(b)

cos 0 (a) D

2u (b) F

(c) (d) u cos 0

cos G (c) C

* 17. In the given figure, find the speed of pulley P : (d) E

22. In the given x-t curve :

(a) the velocity at A is zero

but at B is non-zero

(b) the velocity at A and B is

zero

(c) the velocity at A and B is

non-zero

(d) the directions of velocity

at A and B are definite

(a) f (b) 2v cos 0

23. A particle moves along X-axis whose velocity varies with

2v time as shown in the figure :

(c) (d)

cos 0 2 sin 0

* 18. A tractor A is used to hoist the body B with the pulley

arrangement shown in fig. If A has a forward velocity

vA, find the velocity of the body B :

(a) ]

(a)

xva

2

(b)-/

XVA Time-

xvA

(c) (d) none of these

instant when the link is inclined 60° to the horizontal, the

point A is moving horizontally at 3 m/s, while B is

moving in the vertical direction. What is the velocity Time-

of B ?

Kinematics 47

26. Two particles describe the same circle of radius a in the

same sense with the same speed v. What is their relative

angular velocity ?

(c) (a) via (b) 2via

Time- (c) v/2a (d) va

27. A particle is moving on a straight line path with constant

acceleration directed along the direction of instantaneous

velocity. Which of following statements are false about

(d) All the above the motion of particle ?

24. The position of a particle at any instant t is given by (a) Particle may reverse the direction of motion

x = a cos cot. The speed-time graph of the particle is : (b) Distance covered is not equal to magnitude of

displacement

(c) The magnitude of average velocity is less than

(a) average speed

(d) All the above

28. Mark the correct statements for a particle going on a

straight line :

(a) if the velocity and acceleration have opposite signs,

the object is slowing down

(b) if the position and velocity have opposite signs, the

(b) particle is moving towards the origin

(c) if the velocity is zero at an instant, the acceleration

should also be zero at that instant

(d) if the velocity is zero for a time interval, the

acceleration is zero at any instant within the time

interval

(e) (a), (b) and (d) are correct.

(c) 29. A particle of mass m is initially

situated at the point P inside a

hemispherical surface of radius

r as shown in figure. A

horizontal acceleration of

magnitude a 0 I s suddenly

produced on the particle in the

(d) horizontal direction. If gravitational acceleration is

neglected, the time taken by particle to touch the sphere

again i s :

-^4rr ssin

i n aa" „ ^jAr tan a

(a) ao

«o

25. Which of the following speed-time graphs exists in the

nature ? (c) 44r cos

«0

a

(d) none of these

(a) a straight line with a retardation of 0.1 m/s 2 . The time

that it takes to describe 15 m is :

(a) 10 s in its backward journey

(b) 30 s in its forward journey

(c) 10 s in its forward journey

(b)

(d) 30 s in its backward journey

(e) both (b) and (c) are correct

31. A particle starts from rest with acceleration 2 m/s . The

acceleration of the particle decreases down to zero

(c) uniformly during time-interval of 4 second. The velocity

of particle after 2 second i s :

(a) 3 m/s (b) 4 m/s

(c) zero (d) 8 m/s

(d) All the above

48 Kinematics

32. In the previous problem, the distance travelled by the (a) the particle has a constant acceleration

particle during the time interval of 4 s is : (b) the particle has never turned around

(a) 10.66 m (b) 20 m (c) the average speed in the interval 0 to 10 s is the same

(c) 4 m (d) 2 m as the average speed in the interval 10 s to 20 s

33. If the greatest admissible acceleration or retardation of a (d) both (a) and (c) are correct

train be 3 feet/sec , the least time taken from one station 40. The acceleration of a train between two stations 2 km

to another at a distance of 10 metre is [the maximum apart is shown in the figure. The maximum speed of the

speed being 60 mile per hour]: train is:

(a) 500 sec (b) 58.67 sec i

u

/

(c) 400 sec (d) 3 1 4 1 sec

CO

12 16

standing on the same escalator, now moving, he is

00

carried in 60 second. The time it would take him to walk

up the moving escalator will be :

-5

(a) 27 s (b) 72 s t(s

(c) 18 s (d) 36 s

35. A body starts from rest and moves with a constant (a) 60 m/s (b) 30 m/s

acceleration. The ratio of distance covered in the nth (c) 120 m/s (d) 90 m/s

second to the distance covered in n second is : 41. When acceleration of a particle is a=f(t), then :

f

,( a ), 2 1

n n n n (a) the velocity, starting from rest is f(t) dt

Jn

/(c)\

2 1 ,,, 2 1

—

n ( d ) rn + ~2

n n (b) velocity may be constant

36. A particle moving with a uniform acceleration along a (c) the velocity must not be function of time

straight line covers distances a and b in successive intervals (d) the speed may be constant with respect to time

of p and q second. The acceleration of the particle is : 42. A particle moves in a straight line so that after f second,

pcj (p + q) 2 (aq - bp) the distance x from a fixed point O on the line is given

(a) (b)

2 (bp-aq) f*?(p-<1) by x = (t-2)2(t-5). Then:

bp - aq 2 (bp-aq) (a) after 2 s, velocity of particle is zero

(c) (d)

pq(p-q) pq (p + q) (b) after 2 s, the particle reaches at O

37. A body moves along x-axis with velocity v. If the plot (c) the acceleration is negative, when t< 3 s

v-x is an ellipse with major axis 2A and minor axis 2vq, (d) all the above

the maximum acceleration has a modulus : 43. A bee flies in a line from a point A to another point B in

vl 4 s with a velocity of I f - 2 i m/s. The distance between

(a) (b) 4

A vq A and B in metre is :

(c) VQA (d) none of these (a) 2 (b) 4

(c) 6 (d) 8

38. The distance time graph of a particle at time t makes

44. When acceleration be function of velocity as a=f(v).

angle 45° with respect to time axis. After one second, it

Then:

makes angle 60° with respect to time axis. What is the

acceleration of the particle ?

(a) V3 - 1 unit (b) V3~+ 1 unit

J v dv

f(v)

(b) the acceleration may be constant

(c) V3~ unit (d) 1 unit

(c) the slope of acceleration versus velocity graph may

39. The velocity-time plot for a particle moving on a straight

be constant

line is shown in the figure, then:

(d) (a) and (c) are correct

45. If the acceleration of a particle is the function of distance

as a = f(x). Then:

(a) the velocity must be the function of displacement

(b) the velocity versus displacement graph cannot be a

straight line

(c) the velocity may be the function of displacement

(d) the acceleration versus displacement graph may be

-10

straight line

Kinematics 49

46. A particle moves as such whose acceleration is given by 52. A stone is released from a balloon moving upward with

a = 3 sin 4f, then : velocity WQ at height h at t = 0. The speed-time graph is :

(a) the initial velocity of the particle must be zero

(b) the acceleration of the particle becomes zero after

each interval of — second

4

(c) the particle does not come at its initial position after

some time

(d) the particle must move on a circular path (b)

47. A particle moves along a straight line such that its

2 o (d) none of these

position .v at any time t is x = 3t - t , where x is in metre

and t in second, then :

(a) at t = 0 acceleration is 6 m/s 2

(b) x-t curve has maximum at 8 m

53. If the velocity of a moving particle is v^.x" where .t is

(c) x-t curve has maximum at 2 s

the displacement, then:

(d) both (a) and (c) are correct

(a) when A: = 0, the velocity and acceleration are zero

48. The motion of a body falling from rest in a resisting

(b) n > ±

medium is described by the equation ^ = a - bv, where

a and b are constant. The velocity at any time t is : (c) n< -

(a) a (1 - b2t) (b) •e~bt) (d) (a) and (b) are correct

(c) abe -t

(d) abz(l-t) 54. Which of the following statements is correct ?

(a) When air resistance is negligible, the time of ascent

49. A rectangular box is sliding on a smooth inclined plane

of inclination 9. At f = 0, the box starts to move on the is less than the time of descent

inclined plane. A bolt starts to fall from point A. Find the (b) When air resistance is not negligible, time of ascent

time after which bolt strikes the bottom surface of the is less than the time of descent

box : (c) When air resistance is not negligible, the time ascent

is greater than the time of descent

(d) When air resistance is not negligible, the time of

ascent is lesser than the time of descent

55. A particle is projected veritically upward ;n vacuum with

a speed 40 m/s then velocity of particle when it reaches

at maximum height 2 s before, is : (Take g = 10 m/s 2 )

(a) 20 m/s (b) 4.2 m/s

(c) 9.8 m/s (d) none of these

(a) 56. A juggler keeps on moving four balls in the air throws

g cos a g sin a

the balls in regular interval of time. When one ball lea- es

his hand (speed =20 m/s), the position of other balls will

(c) (d)

be : (Take g = 10 m/s 2 )

50. A point moves in a straight line under the retardation (a) 10 m, 20 m, 10 m (b) 15 m, 20 m, 15 m

2

kv . If the initial velocity is u, the distance covered in t (c) 5 m, 15 m, 20 m (d) 5 m, 10 m, 20 m

second is : 57. Balls are thrown vertically upward in such a way that

1 the next ball is thrown when the previous one is at the

(a) kut (b) ^logkut

maximum height. If the maximum height is 5 m, the

(c) | l o g ( l +kut) (d) k log k ut number of balls thrown per minute will be :

(Take g= 10 m/s 2 )

51. An object moves, starting from rest through a resistive (a) 60 (b) 40

medium such that its acceleration is related to velocity (c) 50 (d) 120

as a = 3 - 2v. Then :

58. A ball is dropped vertically from a height d above the

(a) the terminal velocity is 1.5 unit

ground. It hits the ground and bounces up vertically to

(b) the terminal velocity is 3 unit

a height d/2. Neglecting subsequent motion and air

(c) the slope of a-v graph is not constant

resistance, its speed v varies with the height h above the

(d) initial acceleration is 2 unit ground as:

50 Kinematics

* 62. Two stones A and B are dropped from a multistoried

building with a time interval to where f0 is smaller than

the time taken by A to reach the floor. At t = to, stone A

is dropped. After striking the floor, stone rorr.cs to rest.

The separation between stones plotted against the time

lapse t is best represented by :

to air is ignored, then which of the following graphs

represents the velocity-time graph of the ball during its

flight ?

a height of 65 m from the earth surface at any instant.

Exactly at this instant a packet drops from it. How much

time will the packet take in reaching the surface of

earth ? (# = 10 m/s2)

(b)

(a) 7.5 sec (b) 10 sec

(c) 5 sec (d) none of these

64. A stone is released from a balloon moving upward with

velocity Vq at height h at f = 0. Which of the following

(d)

graphs is best representation of velocity-time graph for

the motion of stone ?

* 60. An object is thrown upward with a velocity u, then

displacement-time graph is:

Motion in Two and Three Dimensions

65. A particle is projected at angle 60° with the horizontal

61. A particle P is sliding down a frictionless hemispherical with speed 10 m/s then equation of directrix is :

bowl. It passes the point A at t = 0. At this instant of time, (Take g = 10 m/s2)

the horizontal component of its velocity is v. A bead Q (a) y = 5 (b) x = 5

of the same mass as P is ejected from A at t = 0 along the (c) x = 10 (d) x + y = 5

horizontal string AB, with the speed v. Friction between

66 Three particles of equal masses are located at the vertices

the bead and the string may be neglected. Let tP and £Q .

of an equilateral triangle whose side equals a. They all

be the respective times by P and Q to reach the point B.

strart moving simultaneously with constant speed v with

Then :

the first point heading continuously for second, the

(a) tP<tQ second for third and third for first. Then :

(b) tP=lQ (a) the distance travelled by each particle is 2a/3

(c) tP>tQ (b) at every instant before collision the momentum of the

system is zero

tP length of arc ACB

(d) (c) the force on each particle is perpendicular to velocity

7LQ length of chord AB

of the particle at any instant before collision

(d) all the above

Kinematics 51

67. Eight particles are situated at the vertices of a regular upward with a velocity v0/2 having downward accele-

octagon having edge length 10 cm. They all start moving ration AQ/2, the other end moves downward with :

simultaneously with equal constant speed 1 cm/s

(a) zero initial velocity having zero acceleration

heading towards each other all the time. Then :

(b) zero initial velocity having AQ downward acceleration

(a) momentum of system does not remain constant

(c) non-zero initial velocity and zero acceleration

(b) kinetic energy of the system remains constant after

collision (d) none of the above

'10 75. At the top of the trajectory of a projectile, the directions

(c) they will collide after time second

of its velocity and acceleration are :

(d) every particle moves with constant acceleration (a) parallel to each other

68. A particle P is at the origin starts with velocity (b) inclined to each other at an angle of 45°

(c) anti parallel to each other

u* = (2i- 4^) m/s with constant acceleration

(d) perpendicular to each other

(3 i + 5]) m/s2. After travelling for 2 second, its distance

76. A projectile is thrown at an angle of 0 = 45° to the

from the origin is :

horizontal, reaches a maximum height of 16 m, then:

(a) 1 0 m (b) 10.2 m

(a) its velocity at the highest point is zero

(c) 9.8 m (d) 11.7 m

(b) its range is 64 m

69. At an instant t, the co-ordinates of a particles are

2 2 (c) its range will decrease when it is thrown at an angle

x = at , y = bt and z = 0. The magnitude of velocity of

30°

particle at an instant t is:

(d) (b) and (c) both are correct

(a) t Va2 + b2 77. A heavy stone is thrown from a cliff of height h in a given

direction. The speed with which it hits the ground (air

(d) 2t Va2 + b2 resistance may be neglected) :

(a) must depend on the speed of projection

70. If x = a (cos 6 + 0 sin 0) and y = a (sin 0 - 0 cos 0) and 0

(b) must be larger than the speed of projection

increases at uniform rate co. The velocity of particle is :

(c) must be independent of the speed of projection

(a) flco (b)^

v ' CO

(d) (a) and (b) both are correct

78. A particle is projected with speed v at an angle 0

«0

(c)

CO

(d) 00 CO ' K^

0 < 0 < — ] above the horizontal from a height H above

71. If co-ordinates of a moving point at time t are given by V /

x = a(t + sin t), and y = a (1 - cos t), then : the ground. If v = speed with which particle hits the

(a) the slope of acceleration time graph is zero ground and f = time taken by particle to reach ground,

(b) the slope of velocity-time graph is constant then:

(c) the direction of motion makes an angle t/2 with (a) as 0 increases, v decreases and t increases

x-axis (b) as 0 increases, v increases and t increases

(d) all the above (c) as 0 increases, v remains same and t increases

(d) as 0 increases, v remains same and t decreases

72. A particle moves along the positive branch of the curve

79. A particle of mass m is projected with a velocity v

x2 t2 making an angle of 45° with the horizontal. The

y = — where x = —' where x and y are measured in metre

magnitude of angular momentum of projectile about the

and t in second. At t = 2 sec, the velocity of the particle point of projection when the particle is at its maximum

is : height h is:

(a) ( 2 i - 4 j ) m/sec (b) (2i + 4 j ) m/sec

(c) (2i + 2 j ) m/sec (d) ( 4 i - 2 j ) m / s e c

(a) zero

«f

* 73. The velocity of a particle moving in the x-y plane is given tnvh

by

dx dy

(c)

V2 (d) none of these

= 871 sin 2nt and = 5 7i cos 2nt 80. Two particles are projected vertically upwards with the

dt dt

same velocity on two different planets with accelerations

where t = 0, x = 8 and y = 0. The path of the particle is :

due to gravity g j and g2 respectively. If they fall back to

(a) a straight line (b) an ellipse

their initial points of projection after lapse of time f j and

(c) a circle (d) a parabola t2 respectively, then:

,\

74. A light rigid rod is placed on a smooth horizontal (a) tit2 = glg2 (b) tlg1 = t2g2

surface. Initially the end A begins to move vertically

upward with constant velocity Vq and centre of the rod o (d) t\ + tl=gl+g2

52 Kinematics

81. A particle is projected from a horizontal plane to pass (b) the focus of the path is below the plane

over two objects at heights h and k and a slant distance (c) the focus of the path is above the plane

d apart. The least possible speed of projection will be : (d) the focus of the path lies at any place

(a) g(h + k + d) (b) ^IgQi + k +d) 88. If a number of particles are projected from the same point

in the same plane so as to describe enual parabolas, then

(c) h(g + k + d) (d) ylh(g + h + d)

the vertices of their paths lie on a :

82. The graph below shows one half period of a sinusoidal

(a) parabola (b) circle

wave. It might represent the time dependence o f :

(c) square (d) rectangle

89. The locus of foci of all parabolas described by the

particles projected simultaneously from the same point

with equal velocities but in different directions is a :

(a) circle (b) parabola

(c) ellipse (d) hyperbola

90. A particle is projected at

an angle 60° with the 10m/s

(a) height of a projectile horizontal with a speed

(b) vertical component of a projectile's velocity

10 m/sec. Then latus

(c) X-component of a projectile moving in uniform

rectum i s :

circular motion

(Take g= 10 m/s2)

(d) speed of an object subjected to a force that grows

linearly with time (a) 5 m (b) 15 m

(c) 10 m (d) 0

83. A number of particles are projected from a given point

with equal velocities in different directions in the same Relative Velocity

vertical plane. At any instant, they will lie o n : 91. A bus moves over a straight level road with a constant

(a) parabola (b) circle acceleration a. A boy in the bus drops a ball out side. The

(c) hyperbola (d) rectangle acceleration of the ball with respect to the bus and the

84. Two inclined planes are located as shown in figure. A earth are respectively :

particle is projected from the foot one frictionless plane (a) a and g (b) a + g and g - a

along its line with a

(c) V ? + p ~ a n d g (d) V a 2 + g 2 and a

velocity just sufficient to

carry it to top after which 92. A man swims relative to water with a velocity greater

the particle slides down than river flow velocity. Then :

9.8m\ (a) man may cross the river along shortest path

the other frictionless

inclined plane. The total (b) man cannot cross the river

/\45° 45°X

time it will take to reach (c) man cannot cross the river without drifting

the point C is : (d) none of the above

(a) 2 sec (b) 3 sec 93. Two cars move in the same direction along parallel

(c) 2 V2~ sec (d) 4 sec roads. One of them is a 200 m long travelling with a

85. Rain water is falling vertically downward with velocity velocity of 20 m/s. The second one is 800 m long

v. When velocity of wind is u in horizontal direction, travelling with a velocity of 7.5 m/s. How long will it

take for the first car to overtake the second car ?

water is collected at the rate of Rm 3 /s. When velocity of

(a) 20 s (b) 40 s

wind becomes 2it in horizontal direction, the rate of

(c) 60 s (d) 80 s

collection of water in vessel i s :

94. A motor boat covers the distance between two spots on

R

(a) R (b) the river banks in i j = 8 h and f 2 = 12 h in down stream

2

and upstream respectively. The time required for the boat

R V 4u2 + v2 to cover this distance in still water will be :

(c) 2 R (d)

Alu2 + v2 (a) 6.9 hr (b) 9.6 hr

86. A particle is projected at an angle a with the horizontal (c) 69 second (d) 96 second

from the foot of an inclined plane making an angle p * 95. A man rows directly across a river in time t second and

with horizontal. Which of the following expression holds rows an equal distance down the stream in T second. The

good if the particle strikes the inclined plane normally? ratio of man's speed in still water to the speed of river

(a) cot P = tan (a - P) (b) cot p = 2 tan ( a - p ) water i s :

(c) cot a = tan ( a - P) (d) cot a = 2 tan ( a - p ) t2 -T2 t2+ T2

(a) (b)

87. When the range of a projectile on an inclined plane is t2 + T2 t2 - T 2

maximum then : T2 -12 T2 +12

(c) (d)

(a) the focus of the path is on the plane T2 + t2

Kinematics 53

96. To a person going toward east in a car with a velocity of (a) 60° (b) 30°

25 km/hr, a train appears to move towards north with a (c) 45° (d) 90°

velocity of 25 V J km/hr. The actual velocity of the train * 99. A cyclist is moving with a constant acceleration of 1.2

will b e :

m/s on a straight track. A racer is moving on a circular

(a) 25 km/hr (b) 50 km/hr

path of radius 150 m at constant speed of 15 m/s. Find

(c) 5 km/hr (d) 53 km/hr

the magnitude of velocity of racer which is measured by

97. A beautiful girl is going eastwards with a velocity of 4 the cyclist has reached a speed of 20 m/s for the position

km/hr. The wind appears to blow directly from the

represented in the figure :

north. She doubles her speed and the wind seems to

come from north east. The actual velocity of wind is : Cyclist

(a) 4 V2 km/hr towards south east

(b) 4 V2 km/hr towards north west

(c) 2 V2~ km/hr towards south east

(d) none of the above

98. Rain drops fall vertically at a speed of 20 m/s. At what

angle do they fall on the wind screen of a car moving

with a velocity of 15 m/s if the wind screen velocity

inclined at an angle of 23° to the vertical ? (a) 18.03 m/s (b) 25 m/s

(c„f.f.37j (c) 20 m/s (d) 15 m/s

Answers

Level-1

1. (c) 2. (c) 3. (d) 4. (a) 5. (d) 6. (a) 7. (b) 8. (a) 9. (b) 10. (c)

11. (c) 12. (a) 13. (b) 14. (a) 15. (c) 16. (b) 17. (a) 18. (c) 19. (b) 20. (c)

21. (b) 22. (b) 23. (a) 24. (d) 25. (b) 26. (b) 27. (d) 28. (a) 29. (b) 30. (d)

31. (d) 32. (c) 33. (a) 34. (a) 35. (d) 36. (a) 37. (d) 38. (c) 39. (c) 40. (a)

41. (d) 42. (b) 43. (c) 44. (b) 45. (a).

Level-2

1. (d) 2. (d) 3. (b) 4. (d) 5. (C) 6. (a) 7. (d) 8. (a) 9. (a) 10. (c)

11. (a) 12. (c) 13. (c) 14. (c) 15. (a) 16. (b) 17. (c) 18. (c) 19. (c) 20. (a)

21. (d) 22. (b) 23. (d) 24. (c) 25. (b) 26. (a) 27. (d) 28. (e) 29. (c) 30. (e)

31. (a) 32. (a) 33. (b) 34. (d) 35. (a) 36. (b) 37. (a) 38. (a) 39. (d) 40. (b)

41. (a) 42. (c) 43. (b) 44. (d) 45. (c) 46. (b) 47. (d) 48. (b) 49. (a) 50. (c)

51. (a) 52. (b) 53. (b) 54. (d) 55. (a) 56. (b) 57. (a) 58. (b) 59. (c) 60. (a)

61. (a) 62. (a) 63. (c) 64. (a) 65. (b) 66. (d) 67. (c) 68. (b) 69. (d) 70. (d)

71. (d) 72. (b) 73. (b) 74. (b) 75. (d) 76. (d) 77. (d) 78. (c) 79. (b) 80. (b)

81. (b) 82. (c) 83. (b) 84. (d) 85. (a) 86. (b) 87. (a) 88. (a) 89. (a) 90. (a)

91. (c) 92. (a) 93. (d) 94. (b) 95. (b) 96. (b) 97. (a) 98. (a) 99. (a)

Solutions

Level-1

1. v2-u2 = 2al ...(i) v2-u2 = 2[(v')2-u2]

where I = length of train - v2 + u2

(v'f

and v'2-u2 = 2a-t

V +u

(v'f - u2 = al ...(ii)

From eqs. (i) And (ii)

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