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CBSE TEST PAPER-01

CLASS - X Science (Electricity and its Effects)

[ANSWERS]
Ans 01. (b)

Ans 02. (c)

Ans 03. (b)

Ans 04. (d)

Ans 05. (c) P = I2 R

m
But I / =I+100% of I=2I
= P / = 4I 2 R

co
P/ − P x
% increase in power dissipated = 100% = 300%
z.
P
Ans 06. When large amount of current flows through the circuit, temperature of the wire
er

increases and fuse wire gets melted. This in term prevent the flow of current in
the other circuits of the house and thus saved electrical appliances.
ap

Ans 07. I=10A, V=220V


tP

V 220
R= = =22 ohm
I 10
s

Ans 08. (i) Ohmic material (b) Non-ohmic material


Te

(ii) Example of ohmic material - Copper, Nichrome etc.


Example of Non-ohmic material –Diode, Transistor etc.

Ans 09. (i) It represents a battery which maintains a potential difference


across the circuit element for the flow of current in the circuit.

(ii) It is an ammeter which measures the current flowing in the


circuit.
ρl ρl
Ans 10. Resistance of wire A( R1 ) = =
A π r2

ρl / ρ 2l ρ 2l
Resistance of wire B( R2 ) = = =
A /
π (2r )
2
4π r 2
Total resistance in series
R= R1 + R2
ρl ρ 2l
R= 2 +
π r 4π r 2
ρl 1 3ρ l
R = 2 (1 + ) =
πr 2 2π r 2

Ratio of the total resistance is series to the resistance of A

m
R ρ l 3ρ l
= 2/
R1 π r 2π r 2


R ρ l 2π r 2
= 2×
R1 π r 3ρ l co
z.
R 2
=
R1 3
er

Ans.11 Heating element of an electric iron is made up of nichrome wire because of the
ap

following reasons.
(1) Resistivity is high because of which more heat is produced due to the passage of
current.
tP

(2) Melting point is high.


(3) It does not oxidize (or burn) easily at high temperature.
s
Te

Ans12. It is defined as the opposition offered by the resistor to the flow of current
Ie R= v/I its S.I. unit is ohm ( Ω )
ρl
(b) (i) R= (1)
A
A
New length L/ = 2L and A/ = (since volume remains same)
2
ρ L/
∴R = 1
A/
ρ 2L
R1 = (2)
A
 ρL 
R1 = 4 
 A 
R1= 4R
Ie resistance of a wire becomes 4 times its original resistance.

(b) (ii) since Resistivity does not depend on the dimensions of a wire. So it remains
unchanged.

V2
Ans.13 power (p1) = (consumption by R)
R

V2
ρ2 = (consumption by 2R)
2R

ρ1 V 2 2 R

m
Ratio = × = 2 :1
ρ2 R V2

Ans.14 (a) (i) co


Resistivity – since the Resistivity is a property of a substance hence it
z.
remains the same for both the wires.
er

(ii) Resistances – As both the wires are of different cross sectional areas, so both
wires are considered as different objects.
ap

ρL
(b) (i) Since R=
tP

A
ρl
For wire A ( R1 ) =
s

A1
ρl
Te

R2 A1
For wire B ( R2 ) = ⇒ =
A2 R1 A2

2
A A π r2  r 
Since R1 = 4 R2 ⇒ 1 = 1: 4 1 = 12 =  1 
A2 A2 π r2  r2 
2
r  1
(ii) ⇒ 1  =
 r2  4
r1 : r2 = 1: 2