Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 32

Revision

Chapter (2)
Forces in Space
Example (2.1)
The bolt is subjected to the force F , which
has components acting along the x, y, z axes as
shown. If the magnitude of F is 80 N , and
  600 and   450 , determine the
magnitudes of its components

Solution
  600 ,   450

cos  2  cos  2  cos  2  1


cos 602  cos 452  cos  2  1
cos  2  0.25
cos   0.5   60 0
Fx  F cos   80 cos 60  40 N

Fy  F cos   80 cos 45  56.57 N

Fz  F cos   80 cos 60  40 N

F  Fx i  Fy j  Fz k

F  40 i  56.57 j  40 k

9
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.2)
The pole is subjected to the force F , which has
components acting along the x, y, z axes as shown. If
the magnitude of F is 3 kN ,   300 and   750 ,
determine the magnitudes of its three components.

Solution
  300 ,   750

cos  2  cos  2  cos  2  1


cos  2  cos 302  cos 752  1
cos  2  0.1830127
cos   0.4278   64.67 0
Fx  F cos   3 cos 64.67  1.283 kN

Fy  F cos   3 cos 30  2.598 kN

Fz  F cos   3 cos 75  0.7765 kN

F  Fx i  Fy j  Fz k

F  1.283 i  2.598 j  0.7765 k

10
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.3)
Express the force as a Cartesian vector.

Solution
  180  60  1200 ,   600

cos  2  cos  2  cos  2 1

cos 1202  cos  2  cos 602  1


cos  2  0.5
cos   0.7071   450
Fx  F cos   500 cos 120  250 N

Fy  F cos   500 cos 45  353.55 N

Fz  F cos   500 cos 60  250 N

F  Fx i  Fy j  Fz k

F  250 i  353.55 j  250 k

11
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.4)
The pole is subjected to the force F which has
components Fx  1.5 kN and Fz  1.25 kN . If

  750 , determine the magnitudes of F and Fy .

Solution
Fx  1.5 kN , Fz  1.25 kN ,   750

cos  2  cos  2  cos  2 1

cos  2  cos 752  cos  2  1


cos  2  cos  2  0.933013
2 2
 Fx   Fz 
      0.933013
F F
Fx2  Fz2  0.933013 F 2

1.52  1.252  0.933013 F 2


F 2  4.0862 F  2.021 kN
Fy  F cos   2.021 cos 75  0.523 kN

12
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.5)
The cable attached to the eyebolt in Figure is
pulled with the force F of magnitude
500 N . Determine the rectangular
representation of this force.

Solution
(1) Coordinates: A  4 i 0 j 3k

B  0 i 6 j 0 k

(2) Vector AB : AB  B  A
AB  0  4  i  6  0 j  0  3 k

AB  4 i  6 j  3 k

AB 4 i 6 j 3 k
(3) Unit Vector U AB : U AB  
AB 42  62  32
1
U AB 
7.81

4 i 6 j 3 k 
(4) Force Vector F : F  F U AB

1
F  500 
7.81

4 i 6 j 3 k 

F  64  4 i  6 j  3 k 
F  256 i  384 j  192 k

13
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.6)
Express the force as a Cartesian vector.

Solution
(1) Coordinates: A  2 i 0 j 2 k

B  4 i 3 j 4 k

(2) Vector AB : AB  B  A
AB  4  2  i  3  0 j   4  2  k

AB  2 i  3 j  6 k

AB 2 i 3 j 6 k
(3) Unit Vector U AB : U AB  
AB 22  32  62
1
U AB 
7
2 i 3 j 6 k 
(4) Force Vector F : F  F U AB

1
F  630 
7

2 i 3 j 6 k 

F  90 2 i  3 j  6 k 
F  180 i  270 j  540 k

14
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.7)
Express the force as a Cartesian vector.

Solution
(1) Coordinates: A  2 i 0 j 4 k

B  2 i  7 j  0 k

(2) Vector AB : AB  B  A
AB   2  2  i  7  0  j  0  4  k

AB  4 i  7 j  4 k

AB 4i 7 j 4k
(3) Unit Vector U AB : U AB  
AB 4 2  72  4 2
1
U AB 
9

4i 7 j 4k 
(4) Force Vector F : F  F U AB

1
F  900 
9

4i 7 j 4k 

F  100  4 i  7 j  4 k 
F  400 i  700 j  400 k

15
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.8)
Express the force as a Cartesian vector.

Solution
(1) Coordinates: A  4 i 1 j  2 k

B  0 i 3 j 2 k

(2) Vector AB : AB  B  A
AB  0  4  i  3  1 j  2   2  k

AB  4 i  2 j  4 k

AB 4 i 2 j 4 k
(3) Unit Vector U AB : U AB  
AB 42  2 2  4 2
1
U AB 
6

4 i 2 j 4 k 
(4) Force Vector F : F  F U AB

1
F  3000 
6

4i 2 j 4 k 

F  500  4 i  2 j  4 k 
F  2000 i  1000 j  2000 k

16
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.9)
If F  350 i  250 j  450 k and cable
AB is 9 m long, determine the x, y, z
coordinates of point A.

Solution
F  350 i  250 j  450 k

F 3502  2502  4502 F  622.5 N

(1) Coordinates: A  x i  y j  z k

B  0 i 0 j 0 k

(2) Vector AB : AB  B  A
AB  0   x  i  0  y  j  0  z  k

AB  x i  y j  z k

AB x i  y j  z k
(3) Unit Vector U AB : U AB  
AB 9

1
U AB 
9

x i  y j z k 
(4) Force Vector F : F  F U AB

1
F  622.5 
9

x i  y j z k 
350 i  250 j  450 k  69.166667 x i  y j  z k  
5.060 i  3.614 j  6.506 k  x i  y j  z k

x  5.060 m
y  3.614 m

z  6.506 m

17
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.10)
The cable AO exerts a force on the top of
the pole of F  120 i  90 j  80 k

N  . If the cable has a length of 12 m .


Determine the height Z of the pole and
the location  x, y  of the base.

Solution
F  120 i  90 j  80 k

F 1202  902  802 F  170 N

(1) Coordinates: A xi y j zk

O  0 i 0 j 0 k

(2) Vector AO : AO  O  A
AO  0  x  i  0  y  j  0  z  k

AO   x i  y j  z k

AO  x i  y j  z k
(3) Unit Vector U AO : U AO  
AO 12

1
U AO 
12

xi y j zk 
(4) Force Vector F : F  F U AO

1
F  170 
12

xi y j z k 
 120 i  90 j  80 k  14.166667 x i  y j  z k  
 8.470 i  6.353 j  5.647 k   x i  y j  z k

x  8.470 m
y  6.353 m

z  5.647 m
18
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.11)
Determine the magnitude and coordinate
direction angles of the resultant force.

Solution
Coordinates: A 0i 2 j 4 k

B  0 i 0 j 0 k

C  4 i 8 j 0 k

(i) Force F1  600 N 

(1) Vector AB : AB  B  A
AB  0  0 i  0  2  j  0  4  k

AB  0 i  2 j  4 k

AB 0 i 2 j 4 k
(2) Unit Vector U AB : U AB  
AB 02  22  42
1
U AB 
4.472

0 i 2 j 4 k 
(3) Force Vector F1 : F1  F1 U AB

1
F1  600 
4.472

0 i 2 j 4 k 

F1  134.168 0 i  2 j  4 k 
F1  0 i  268.336 j  536.672 k

(ii) Force F2  500 N 

(1) Vector AC : AC  C  A
AC  4  0 i  8  2  j  0  4  k

AC  4 i  6 j  4 k

AC 4 i 6 j 4 k
(2) Unit Vector U AC : U AC  
AC 4 2  62  4 2
19
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

1
U AC 
8.246

4 i 6 j 4 k 
(3) Force Vector F2 : F2  F2 U AC

1
F2  500 
8.246

4 i 6 j 4 k 

F2  60.635 4 i  6 j  4 k 
F2  242.54 i  363.81 j  242.54 k

(iii) Resultant Force FR 

FR  F1  F2

  
FR  0 i  268.336 j  536.672 k  242.54 i  363.81 j  242.54 k 
FR  242.54 i  95.474 j  779.212 k

FR  242.54 2  95.4742  779.2122 FR  821.65 N

FRx 242.54
cos  R    0.295186  R  72.830
FR 821.65

FRy 95.474
cos  R    0.116198  R  83.330
FR 821.65

FRz  779.212
cos  R    0.94835  R  161.50
FR 821.65

20
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.12)
Determine the magnitude and coordinate
direction angles of the resultant force.

Solution
Coordinates: A  0.5 i  1.5 j  0 k

B  1.5 i  2.5 j  2 k

C  1.5 i  0.5 j  3.5 k

(i) Force FB  600 N 

(1) Vector AB : AB  B  A
AB   1.5  0.5 i   2.5   1.5 j  2  0  k

AB  2 i  j  2 k

AB 2 i  j 2 k
(2) Unit Vector U AB : U AB  
AB 22  12  2 2
1
U AB 
3

2 i  j 2 k 
(3) Force Vector FB : FB  FB U AB

1
FB  600 
3

2 i  j 2 k 

FB  200  2 i  j  2 k 
FB  400 i  200 j  400 k

(ii) Force FC  450 N 

(1) Vector AC : AC  C  A
AC   1.5  0.5 i  0.5   1.5 j  3.5  0 k

AC  2 i  2 j  3.5 k

AC  2 i  2 j  3.5 k
(2) Unit Vector U AC : U AC  
AC 2 2  2 2  3.52
21
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

1
U AC 
4.5

 2 i  2 j  3.5 k 
(3) Force Vector FC : FC  FC U AC

1
F2  450 
4.5

 2 i  2 j  3.5 k 

F2  100  2 i  2 j  3.5 k 
F2  200 i  200 j  350 k

(iii) Resultant Force FR 

FR  FB  FC

  
FR   400 i  200 j  400 k   200 i  200 j  350 k 
FR  600 i  0 j  750 k

FR  6002  02  7502 FR  960.5 N

FRx  600
cos  R    0.6247  R  128.660
FR 960.5

FRy 0
cos  R    0.0  R  900
FR 960.5

FRz 750
cos  R    0.78084  R  38.660
FR 960.5

22
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.13)
If FB  560 N and FC  700 N , determine
the magnitude and coordinate direction
angles of the resultant force acting on the
flag pole.

Solution
Coordinates: A0i 0 j 6k

B  2i 3 j 0 k

C  3i 2 j 0 k

(i) Force FB  560 N 

(1) Vector AB : AB  B  A
AB  2  0 i   3  0  j  0  6 k

AB  2 i  3 j  6 k

AB 2i 3 j 6 k
(2) Unit Vector U AB : U AB  
AB 2 2  32  62
1
U AB 
7

2i 3 j 6 k 
(3) Force Vector FB : FB  FB U AB
1
FB  560 
7

2i 3 j 6k 

FB  80 2 i  3 j  6 k 
FB  160 i  240 j  480 k

(ii) Force FC  700 N 

(1) Vector AC : AC  C  A
AC  3  0 i  2  0 j  0  6  k

23
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

AC  3 i  2 j  6 k

AC 3i 2 j 6 k
(2) Unit Vector U AC : U AC  
AC 32  22  62
1
U AC 
7

3i 2 j 6k 
(3) Force Vector FC : FC  FC U AC
1
FC  700 
7

3i 2 j 6 k 

FC  100 3 i  2 j  6 k 
FC  300 i  200 j  600 k

(iii) Resultant Force FR 

FR  FB  FC

  
FR  160 i  240 j  480 k  300 i  200 j  600 k 
FR  460 i  40 j  1080 k

FR  4602  402  10802 FR  1174.56 N

FRx 460
cos  R    0.391636  R  67 0
FR 1174.56

FRy  40
cos  R    0.0340553  R  91.950
FR 1174.56

FRz  1080
cos  R    0.919493  R  156.850
FR 1174 .56

24
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.14)
The guy wires are used to support the
telephone pole. Determine the magnitude
and coordinate direction angles of the
resultant force acting on the flag pole.

Solution
Coordinates: A0i 0 j 4 k

B  0 i  0 j  5.5 k

C  i 4 j 0k

D  2 i 3 j 0 k

(i) Force FA  250 N 

(1) Vector AC : AC  C  A
AC   1  0 i  4  0 j  0  4  k

AC   i  4 j  4 k

AC  i 4 j 4k
(2) Unit Vector U AC : U AC  
AC 12  42  4 2
1
U AC 
5.74456

 i 4 j 4 k 
(3) Force Vector FA : FA  FA U AC

1
FA  250 
5.74456

 i 4 j 4k 

FA  43.52  i  4 j  4 k 
FA  43.52 i  174.08 j  174.08 k

(ii) Force FB  175 N 

(1) Vector BD : BD  D  B

25
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

BD  2  0 i   3  0 j  0  5.5 k

BD  2 i  3 j  5.5 k

BD 2 i  3 j  5.5 k
(2) Unit Vector U BD : U BD  
BD 22  32  5.52
1
U BD 
6.5765

2 i  3 j  5.5 k 
(3) Force Vector FB : FB  FB U BD
1
FB  175 
6.5765

2 i  3 j  5.5 k 

FB  26.61 2 i  3 j  5.5 k 
FB  53.22 i  79.83 j  146.36 k

(iii) Resultant Force FR 

FR  FA  FB

  
FR   43.52 i  174.08 j  174.08 k  53.22 i  79.83 j  146.36 k 
FR  9.7 i  94.25 j  320.44 k

FR  9.72  94.252  320.442 FR  334.15 N

FRx 9.70
cos  R    0.029029  R  88.34 0
FR 334.15

FRy 94.25
cos  R    0.282059  R  73.62 0
FR 334.15

FRz  320.44
cos  R    0.95897  R  163.530
FR 334.15

26
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.15)
The tower is supported by three cables. If
the forces of these cables acting on the
tower are FB  520 N , FC  680 N and
FD  560 N . Determine the magnitude

and coordinate direction angles of the


resultant force.

Solution
Coordinates: A  0 i  0 j  24 k

B  0 i  10 j  0 k

C  16 i  18 j  0 k

D  12 i  8 j  0 k

(i) Force FB  520 N 

(1) Vector AB : AB  B  A
AB  0  0  i   10  0 j  0  24  k

AB  0 i  10 j  24 k

AB 0 i  10 j  24 k
(2) Unit Vector U AB : U AB  
AB 02  102  24 2
1
U AB 
26

0 i  10 j  24 k 
(3) Force Vector FB : FB  FB U AB

1
FB  520 
26

0 i  10 j  24 k 

FB  20 0 i  10 j  24 k 
FB  0 i  200 j  480 k

27
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

(ii) Force FC  680 N 

(1) Vector AC : AC  C  A
AC  16  0 i  18  0  j  0  24  k

AC  16 i  18 j  24 k

AC 16 i  18 j  24 k
(2) Unit Vector U AC : U AC  
AC 162  182  242
1
U AC 
34

16 i  18 j  24 k 
(3) Force Vector FC : FC  FC U AC

1
FC  680 
34

16 i  18 j  24 k 

FC  20 16 i  18 j  24 k 
FC  320 i  360 j  480 k

(iii) Force FD  560 N 

(1) Vector AD : AD  D  A
AD   12  0  i  8  0 j  0  24  k

AD  12 i  8 j  24 k

AD  12 i  8 j  24 k
(2) Unit Vector U AD : U AD  
AD 122  82  242
1
U AD 
28

 12 i  8 j  24 k 
(3) Force Vector FD : FD  FD U AD

1
FD  560 
28

 12 i  8 j  24 k 

FD  20  12 i  8 j  24 k 
FD  240 i  160 j  480 k

28
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

(iv) Resultant Force FR 

FR  FB  FC  FD

  
FR  0 i  200 j  480 k  320 i  360 j  480 k 
  240 i  160 j  480 k 

FR  80 i  320 j  1440 k

FR  802  3202  14402 FR  1477.3 N

FRx 80
cos  R    0.0541528  R  86.89 0
FR 1477.3

FRy 320
cos  R    0.21661138  R  77.49 0
FR 1477.3

FRz  1440
cos  R    0.97475  R  167.10
FR 1477.3

29
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.16)
The tower is held in place by three
cables. If the force of each cable on the
tower is shown, determine the
magnitude and coordinate direction
angles of the resultant force. Take
x  15 m and y  20 m .

Solution
Coordinates: A  15 i  20 j  0 k

B  6 i  4 j  0 k

C  16 i  18 j  0 k

D  0 i  0 j  24 k

(i) Force FDA  400 N 

(1) Vector DA : DA  A  D
DA  15  0 i  20  0 j  0  24  k

DA  15 i  20 j  24 k

DA 15 i  20 j  24 k
(2) Unit Vector U DA : U DA  
DA 152  202  242
1
U DA 
34.6554

15 i  20 j  24 k 
(3) Force Vector FDA : FDA  FDA U DA

1
FDA  400 
34.6554

15 i  20 j  24 k 

FDA  11 .542 15 i  20 j  24 k 
FDA  173.13 i  230.84 j  277.01 k

30
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

(ii) Force FDB  800 N 

(1) Vector DB : DB  B  D
DB   6  0  i  4  0  j  0  24  k

DB  6 i  4 j  24 k

DB  6 i  4 j  24 k
(2) Unit Vector U DB : U DB  
DB 62  42  24 2
1
U DC 
25.06

 6 i  4 j  24 k 
(3) Force Vector FDB : FDB  FDB U DB

1
FDB  800 
25.06

 6 i  4 j  24 k 

FDB  31.92  6 i  4 j  24 k 
FDB  191.52 i  127.68 j  766.08 k

(iii) Force FDC  600 N 

(1) Vector DC : DC  C  D
DC  16  0 i   18  0  j  0  24  k

DC  16 i  18 j  24 k

DC 16 i  18 j  24 k
(2) Unit Vector U DC : U DC  
DC 162  182  242
1
U DC 
34

16 i  18 j  24 k 
(3) Force Vector FDC : FDC  FDC U DC

1
FDC  600 
34

16 i  18 j  24 k 

FDC  17.65 16 i  18 j  24 k 
FDC  282.4 i  317.7 j  423.6 k

31
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

(iv) Resultant Force FR 

FR  FDA  FDB  FDC

  
FR  173.13 i  230.84 j  277.01 k   191.52 i  127.68 j  766.08 k 
 282.4 i  317.7 j  423.6 k 

FR  264.01 i  40.82 j  1466.69 k

FR  264.012  40.822  1466.692 FR  1490.82 N

FRx 264.01
cos  R    0.17709046  R  79.80
FR 1490.82

FRy 40.82
cos  R    0.027380904  R  88.430
FR 1490.82

FRz  1466.69
cos  R    0.9838142  R  169.7 0
FR 1490.82

32
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.17)
Two cables are used to secure the overhang
boom in position and support the 1500 N load.
If the resultant force is directed along the
boom from point A towards O . determine the
magnitudes of the resultant force and forces
FB and FC . Set x  3 m and z  2 m

Solution
Coordinates: A0i 6 j 0 k

B  2 i  0 j  3 k

C 3i 0 j 2 k

(i) Load Force F  1500 N 

F  0 i  0 j  1500 k

(ii) Force FB 

(1) Vector AB : AB  B  A
AB   2  0 i  0  6 j  3  0 k

AB  2 i  6 j  3 k

AB 2i 6 j 3k
(2) Unit Vector U AB : U AB  
AB 2 2  62  32
1
U AB 
7

2 i 6 j 3k 
(3) Force Vector FB : FB  FB U AB

1
FB  FB 
7

2i 6 j 3k 
2 6 3
FB   FB i  FB j  FB k
7 7 7

33
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

(iii) Force FC 

(1) Vector AC : AC  C  A
AC  3  0 i  0  6  j  2  0  k

AC  3 i  6 j  2 k

AC 3i 6 j 2 k
(2) Unit Vector U AC : U AC  
AC 32  62  2 2
1
U AC 
7

3i 6 j 2 k 
(3) Force Vector FC : FC  FC U AC

1
FC  FC 
7

3i 6 j 2 k 
3 6 2
FC  FC i  FC j  FC k
7 7 7
(iv) Resultant Force FR 

FR  0 i  FR j  0 k

FR  F  FB  FC

 2 6 3
  7 7

0 i  FR j  0 k  0 i  0 j  1500 k    FB i  FB j  FB k 
7


3 6 2 
  FC i  FC j  FC k 
7 7 7 

 2 3   6 6 
0 i  FR j  0 k   0  FB  FC  i   0  FB  FC  j
 7 7   7 7 
 3 2 
   1500  FB  FC  k
 7 7 

2 3
For x–direction: 00 FB  FC
7 7
2 3
FB  FC
7 7
2 FB  3FC FB  1.5FC

34
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

3 2
For z–direction: 0  1500  FB  FC
7 7
3 2
FB  FC  1500
7 7
3FB  2 FC  10500 but FB  1.5FC

3  1.5FC  2 FC  10500

4.5FC  2 FC  10500

6.5FC  10500 FC  1615.38 N

FB  1.5FC  1.5  1615.38 FB  2423.07 N

6 6
For y–direction:  FR  0  FB  FC
7 7
6 6
FR  FB  FC
7 7
6 6
FR   2423.07   1615.38
7 7
FR  2076.92  1384.61 FR  3461.53 N

35
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Example (2.18)
Three cable tensions T1 , T2 and T3 act
at the top of the flagpole. Given that
the resultant force for the three tensions
is FR  400 k N  , find the
magnitudes of the cable tensions.

Solution
Coordinates: A  0 i  0 j  12 k

B  0 i  10 j  0 k

C 6i 0 j 0k

D  4 i  3 j  0 k

(ii) Force T1 

(1) Vector AB : AB  B  A
AB  0  0 i   10  0 j  0  12  k

AB  0 i  10 j  12 k

AB 0 i  10 j  12 k
(2) Unit Vector U AB : U AB  
AB 02  102  122
1
U AB 
15.62

0 i  10 j  12 k 
(3) Force Vector T1 : T1  T1 U AB
1
T1  T1 
15.62

0 i  10 j  12 k 
T1  0 i  0.64T1 j  0.768T1 k

(ii) Force T2 

(1) Vector AC : AC  C  A

36
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

AC  6  0 i  0  0  j  0  12  k

AC  6 i  0 j  12 k

AC 6 i  0 j  12 k
(2) Unit Vector U AC : U AC  
AC 62  02  122
1
U AC 
13.4164

6 i  0 j  12 k 
(3) Force Vector T2 : T2  T2 U AC
1
T2  T2 
13.4164

6 i  0 j  12 k 
T2  0.4472T2 i  0 j  0.8944T2 k

(iii) Force T3 

(1) Vector AD : AD  D  A
AD   4  0 i  3  0 j  0  12  k

AD  4 i  3 j  12 k

AD  4 i  3 j  12 k
(2) Unit Vector U AD : U AD  
AD 42  32  122
1
U AD 
13

 4 i  3 j  12 k 
(3) Force Vector T3 : T3  T3 U AD

1
T3  T3 
13

 4 i  3 j  12 k 
T3  0.3077T3 i  0.2308T3 j  0.9231T3 k

(iv) Resultant Force FR 

FR  0 i  0 j  400 k

FR  T1  T2  T3

  
0 i  0 j  400 k  0 i  0.64T1 j  0.768T1 k  0.4472T2 i  0 j  0.8944T2 k 

  0.3077T3 i  0.2308T3 j  0.9231T3 k
37
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

0 i  0 j  400 k  0  0.4472T2  0.3077T3  i   0.64T1  0  0.2308T3  j


  0.768T1  0.8944T2  0.9231T3  k

For x–direction: 0  0  0.4472T2  0.3077T3

0.4472T2  0.3077T3 T2  0.688T3

For y–direction: 0  0.64T1  0  0.2308T3

0.64T1  0.2308T3 T1  0.3606T3

For z–direction:  400  0.768T1  0.8944T2  0.9231T3


 400  0.768  0.3606T3  0.8944  0.688T3  0.9231T3

 400  0.27694T3  0.61535T3  0.9231T3

 400  1.81539T3 T3  220.34 N

T2  0.688T3

T2  0.688  220.34 T2  151.6 N

T1  0.3606T3

T1  0.3606  220.34 T1  79.45 N

38
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

Problems
2.1 The load at A creates a force of
200 N in wire AB . Express this force
as a Cartesian vector, acting on A
and directed towards B .

2.2 Determine the magnitude


and coordinate direction
angles of the resultant force
acting at point A on the post.

2.3 Express each of the


forces in Cartesian vector
form and determine the
magnitude and coordinate
direction angles of the
resultant force.

39
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)
Revision

2.4 The magnitudes of the


three forces acting on the
plate are T1  100 kN ,

T2  80 kN and T3  50 kN .

Determine the magnitude


and coordinate direction
angles of the resultant force.

2.5 The three supporting


cables exert the forces
shown on the sign.
Determine the magnitude
and coordinate direction
angles of the resultant force

40
Mohamed. H. Gobran & Mostafa M. Ibrahim Mechanics (1)