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Lideta catholic Cathedral School Grade 10 Mathematics

SOLUTION
UNIT 6
GEOMETRY
TRIANGLES, QUADRILATERALS AND CIRCLES
Revision on lines and angles

Q.1) In the figure given below, L1 // L2 and 𝑚(∠𝑎) = 130𝑜 , find the measures of
the marked angles (b, c, d, e, f, g, h)
𝑜 50
𝑎 = 130
L1 50 130

130 50
L2 50 130

Triangles
Revision on Triangles
Q.2) The angles of a triangle are 𝑦 𝑜 , (2𝑦 − 20)𝑜 , (3𝑦 − 40)𝑜
Find the degree measure of each angle.
Solution : 𝑦 𝑜 + (2𝑦 − 20)𝑜 + (3𝑦 − 40)𝑜 = 180𝑜
6 𝑦 𝑜 − 60𝑜 = 180𝑜
6 𝑦 𝑜 = 240𝑜
𝑦 𝑜 = 40𝑜
The measures of angles of the triangle are
40𝑜 , 60𝑜 and 80𝑜

Q.3) In the figure below, show that m = a + b + c

Solution : a The sum of two interior


a+b angles of a triangle
equals the measure of
b c the exterior angle at the
m
third vertex

m=a+b+c

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Lideta catholic Cathedral School Grade 10 Mathematics

Q.4) Which of the following triple of numbers can be or cannot be the lengths of
sides of a triangle?
a. 2, 3, 4 solution 2+3>4, 2+4>3, 3+4>2 all are true [can be]
b. 2.5, 3.5, 6.5 solution 2.5+3.5≯6.5 [cannot be]
c. √3, 1, √2 solution ( √3 ≅ 1.7, √2 ≅ 1.4 )

√3 + 1 > √2, √3 + √2 > 1, √2 + 1 > √3


all are true [can be]
d. 6, 4, 1 solution 6+4>1, 6+1>4, but 4+1>6 is false [cannot be]
1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
e. , , solution + > , + > , + >
2 3 4 2 3 4 2 4 3 3 4 2

all are true [can be]


Q.5) In the figure, what is the - longest side? Shortest side? B
longest side - AC 80

Shortest side - BC
A 40 60
C

Q.6) In the figure below, if AB = AC, then which of the following is true?
C
𝛼+𝛽 >𝛼
𝛼 𝛽
the side opposite to
angle 𝛼 + 𝛽 is
greater than the side 𝛼
opposite to angle 𝛼 B A P

[ REMEMBER : (Isosceles Triangle Theorem)


If two sides of a triangle are equal, then angles opposite to these sides
are equal . ]
th
A. PB = PC B. PB < PC C. PB > PC

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Lideta catholic Cathedral School Grade 10 Mathematics

Q.7)
If the lengths of What type of triangle is it
sides of a ( acute, obtuse or right ?)
triangle ABC are
a) 3, 5, 4 32 + 42 = 52 right triangle
b) 7, 5, 6 52 + 62 > 72 acute triangle
c) 4, 6, 3 32 + 42 < 62 obtuse triangle

Q.8) In the figure, p and Q are mid points of side AB and AC, respectively, of
triangle ABC. If PQ = 3 cm. Find the length of BC

A
solution:
P Q
BC = 6 cm
B C
Q.9) In the figure below, AP // RC // QB, PR =RQ, AP = 6 cm and QB = 8 cm.
Find the length of RC.
B
C
̅̅̅̅ or ̅̅̅̅
HINT: construct PB AQ
A
D
8
6

P R Q
In .triangle PQB, PR=RQ and RD // QB. In triangle PBA, PD=DB and DC // AP.
⇒ PD = DB ⇒ AC = CB
R and D are midpoints of PQ and PB D and C are midpoints of PB and AB
respectively respectively
1 1
⇒ RD = QB ⇒ CD = AP
2 2
1 1
⇒ RD = (8) ⇒ CD = (6)
2 2
⇒ RD = 4 cm ⇒ CD = 3 cm
RC = RD + CD
= 4+3
= 7 cm

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Lideta catholic Cathedral School Grade 10 Mathematics

Q.10) In the figure, PQ // BC, AP = 3 cm, PB = 6 cm and PQ = 4 cm.


Find the length of BC 𝐴𝑃 𝐴𝑄 𝑃𝑄
= = 𝐵𝐶
A 𝐴𝐵 𝐴𝐶
3 𝐴𝑄 4
P Q = = 𝐵𝐶
9 𝐴𝐶
3 4
= 𝐵𝐶
C 9
B 4𝑋9
𝐵𝐶 =
3

EXERCISE 𝐵𝐶 = 12 cm
1. In the figure below, what is the value of x?

40𝑜

30𝑜 x=40𝑜 + 60𝑜 + 30𝑜


60𝑜

40𝑜 + 60𝑜 x=130𝑜

2. In the figure below, what is the sum of the marked angles?


The sum of two
interior angles c a+b
of the red/green a Sum of interior angles
e of a triangle=180𝑜
triangle equals
the exterior d a + b + C + d + e =180𝑜
b c+d
angle at the
third vertex

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Lideta catholic Cathedral School Grade 10 Mathematics

3. In the figure below, 𝑚(∠𝐵𝐴𝐶) = 400 , 𝐴𝐵 = 𝐴𝐶 𝑎𝑛𝑑 𝐶𝑋 = 𝐶𝐵. isosceles


Find 𝑚(∠𝐴𝐶𝑋) A 𝑚𝑜 + 𝑚𝑜 + 40𝑜 = 180𝑜
110𝑜 𝑚𝑜 = 70𝑜
40𝑜
Base angles of X 𝑛𝑜 + 110𝑜 + 40𝑜 = 180𝑜
/green and red/ 70 𝑜
𝑛𝑜 𝑛𝑜 = 30𝑜
isosceles triangles 𝑚𝑜 = 70𝑜
𝑜 𝑜
𝑚(∠𝐴𝐶𝑋) = 30𝑜
are equal. 𝑚 =70
B C

4. In the figure below, AB // CD and AC = BC. Find the values of x and y


A
D 𝑦 + 𝑦 + 𝑥 = 180𝑜
y 𝑥 + 𝑦 + 2𝑥 = 180𝑜
y 2y + x = 180𝑜
y x 2x
y + 3x = 180𝑜
B C F
x = 36𝑜 and y = 72𝑜

5. X, Y and Z are midpoints of sides BC, CA and AB of ∆ABC, respectively.


If BC = 5 cm, CA = 6 cm and AB = 7 cm, find the lengths of XY, YZ and ZX.

B
The segment joining the
6
mid points of two sides
5 =3
X 2 Z 7 of a triangle is parallel
and half as long as the
7 5
=3.5 =2.5 third side.
2 2

C Y A
6

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Lideta catholic Cathedral School Grade 10 Mathematics

6. In the figure below, AB = AC = CP, BQ = BP and 𝑚(∠𝐵𝑃𝑄) = 300 .


Find 𝑚(∠𝐵𝐴𝑃) 600 A 300

600
0
60
180𝑜 − 600
180𝑜 − (300 + 30𝑜 ) B
C 300
300 300
P
Q

𝑚(∠𝐵𝐴𝑃) = 60𝑜 + 300


= 90𝑜

7. In the figure below, BC // DE // FG. Find the values of m, n, p and q.


n G
E
6
C
10 12 q
A P
15
B m
D
12 F
𝐴𝐵 𝐴𝐶 𝐵𝐶 𝐴𝐵 𝐴𝐶 𝐵𝐶
= = = =
𝐴𝐷 𝐴𝐸 𝐷𝐸 𝐴𝐹 𝐴𝐺 𝐹𝐺

15 10 𝑝 15 10 𝑝=7.5
= = = =
15+𝑚 16 12 15+(𝑚=9)+12 10+6+𝑛 𝑞

15 10 10 𝑃 15 10 10 7.5
= = = =
15+𝑚 16 16 12 36 16+𝑛 16+(𝑛=8) 𝑞

𝑚 = 9 cm p = 7.5 cm 𝑛 = 8 cm 𝑞 = 18 cm

Type equation here.


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