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5G(NR)PCI 规划

Each 5G NR cell corresponds to a Physical Cell ID (PCI) and it is used to distinguish cells on the
radio side. The PCI planning for 5G NR is very much similar to PCI planning for LTE and scrambling
code planning for 3G UMTS. Bad or wrong planning can affect the synchronization procedure ,
demodulation, and handover signalling and degrade the network performs. PCI Planning should
be simpler for NR compare to LTE because there are double as many PCIs available for allocation.
每个 5G(NR)小区都有一个物理小区 ID(PCI)用于无线侧标识该小区;
5G(NR)中 PCI 规划与 LTE 网络 PCI、3G UMTS 中的扰码规划非常相同;
错、乱、差的规划将影响信号同步、解调和切换,降低网络性能;
与 LTE 相比 NR 的 PCI 规划将相对简单,这是由于 5G(NR)比 LTE 多一倍;
In 5G New Radio, there are 1008 unique PCIs compare to LTE 504 PCIs and it is given by following
formulation
5G(NR)中有 1008 个 PCI,LTE 有 504 个;计算公式如下:

N (1) ID = Secondary Synchronization Signal (SSS) and its range is from {0, 1….335}
辅同步信号(SSS)取值(0,1…..335)
N (2) ID = Primary Synchronization Signal (PSS) and its range is from {0, 1, 2}
主同步信号(PSS)取值(0,1,2)

图表 1.PCI 与 PSS,SSS
5G Network PCI Planning Principles
5G(NR)网络 PCI 规划原则
5G PCI planning should be done keeping following thing in mind
Avoiding PCI Collision: As part this principle of network planning, neighboring cells cannot be
allocated the same PCI. If neighboring cells are allocated the same PCI, only one of the
neighboring cells can be synchronized during the initial cell searching in the overlapping area.
However, the cell may not be the most appropriate one. This phenomenon is called collision. So
the physical separation between cell using the same PCI should be sufficient to ensure the UE
never received the same PCI from more than one cell. This can be achieved by maximizing the re-
use distance for PCI.
避免 PCI 碰撞 做为网络规划原则,相邻小区之间不能使用相同 PCI;如果邻区使用同一个
PCI,越区覆盖区域,初始(小区)搜索中只有一个小区能够同步;这种情景叫做碰撞;
物理上间隔 PCI 使用可避免 UE 收到多个(相同 PCI)小区信号;需尽量增大 PCI 复用距离;
 PCI collision can result delay in DL synchronization in overlapping zone
 PCI 碰撞将延迟 UE 在重叠覆盖区域的下行同步;
 High BLER and decoding failure of physical channels scrambled using PCI
 引起高误块率、物理信道解码失败
 Handover failures
 切换失败

图表 2.邻区和越区覆盖使用相同 PCI

Avoiding PCI Confusion: Under this principle of network planning, two neighboring cells of one
cell cannot be allocated with the same PCI. If they are allocated the same PCI, the base station
will not know which is the target cell upon a handover request of a UE. This shall create a
confusion situation. The approach while allocating PCI should be such that a cell should not have
multiple neighbors using the same PCI and the physical separation between the cells using the
same PCI should be sufficient large enough to avoid neighbor confusions.
避免 PCI 混淆 此原则是说两个相邻小区不能使用相同 PCI;当 PCI 相同时,(准备)切入 UE
所在的基站将搞不清目标小区,混淆目标小区。
邻小区之间不能使用相同 PCI。物理上避免这种情景出现方法就是尽量增大 PCI 复用层数;

图表 3. 邻区 PCI 相同和 PCI 利用距离


Minimizing Impact on network performance : Based on the design of different Physical layer
signals (PSS, DMRS & SRS), channels (PUSCH, PUCCH)  and  time-frequency allocation, PCI
planning must consider following Mod to reduce interference. As per this Mod Principle UE
should not be able to simultaneously receive multiple PCI with following modes:
网络性能影响最小化 基于不同物理层信号(PSS, DMRS & SRS)设计、(PUSCH, PUCCH) 信道
和时域分配;PCI 规划时须考虑以下模(MOD)的影响,减少相互干扰;在每种模下 UE 应
尽量减少同时收到以下多个 PCI 模式的影响;
 PCI Mod 3
 PCI Mod 4
 PCI Mod 30
Example of “Mod 3 PCI” the neighboring cell should be allocated PCI 25 and 28 because both has
Mod 3 as value 1
例:PCI 模三, 邻区中存在 PCI=25 和 28,它们的 MOD3 值都为 1
Why Mode 3 : PCI Mod 3 rule is based on relationship between PCI and sequence generated by
PSS. There are 3 PSS (0,1,2) which are reused across the network . The cells having same ‘PCI
Mode 3’ result will use the same PSS and simulation results has shown that if UE receive same
PSS from multiple cell result in delay in cell acquisition and misleading channel estimation. Over
all it will impact on synchronization delay and user experience.
PCI 模 3 原则,这是由于 PCI 是由 PSS 生成的;网络中只有 3 个 PSS(0,1,2)循环利用;
小区的“PCI 模 3”相等,其 PSS 也相等。这将影响 UE 对小区的识别和信道估计错误,其将
影响同步和用户感知;
Why Mode 4: PCI Mod 4 rule is based on subs-carrier positions of DMRS for PBCH. The
subcarriers are allocated to DMRS using ‘Mod 4’ computation. If neighboring cell use PCI having
same Mod 4 value, shall result in DMRS to DMRS interference.
PCI 模 4 原则,这是由于在 PBCH 信道子载波位置上的 DMRS 原因;承载 DMRS 的子载波位
置遵循“除 4”原则;如果邻区间 PCI 除 4 结果相同,其 DMRS 之间将相互干扰(SSB 上位置
相同—相互干扰)。
Why Mode 30: DMRS for PUCCH/PUSCH and SRS based on the ZC sequence, 30 groups of roots.
The roots are associated with the PCI, hence the neighbor cell should not have PCIs having same
Mod 30 value to ensure the uplink inter cell interference.
模 30. PUCCH/PUSCH 上的 DMRS 和 SRS 都是根据 ZC 序列生成,每个根有 30 组;它们的根都
与 PCI 相关;因此邻区之间不能有相同的“PCI 除 30”,否则小区间将产生上行干扰;

原文来自 http://www.techplayon.com/5g-nr-physical-cell-id-pci-planning/