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THE EFFECT OF SOCIAL MEDIA TO THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE

OF THE SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL I.C.T./ C.S.S. STUDENTS


SCHOOL YEAR 2019-2020.

A Research Paper Submitted to


Taligaman National High School, Senior High School Department
In Partial Fulfilment of Practical Research

CABRILLAS, JOLINA B.
DIOLA, JENEN CAMILLE C.
ENTRIMOTSA, CLIFFORD H.
HINAYON, GRACIELLE
LIWANAN, EMMALYN A.
MOLINA, RICKY D.
PORMENTERA, JASMIN C.
SIMBAJON, SUN MARY FAITH D.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract i
Acknowledgement ii
Chapter I: The Problem and its Background 5
Introduction 5
Background of the study 5
Statement of the Problem 6
Significance of the Study 6
Scope and Delimitation 7
Definition of terms 7
Chapter II: Review of Related Literature 7
Chapter III: Methodology 8
Research Design 8
Sample 8
Instrument 9
Data Gathering Procedure 9
Chapter IV: Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data 10
Chapter V: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation 12
Appendices 13
References 14
Questionnaire 15
Letter 16
Curriculum Vitae 17

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ABSTRACT
This study focused on the effect of social media usage to the academic performance of the
students. The result says that use of social media usage has negative effect on the Senior High
School ICT-CSS Strand students’ academic performance. Addiction to online social media
network is a problematic issue that affects the students’ academic performance is the main effect
of social media usage

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
First and foremost, praise and thanks to the God Almighty for his showers of
blessings throughout the researchers work to compute the research paper successful .The
Researchers want to acknowledge the people who helped as along the way in making our
research paper. The Researchers would like to express their deep and sincere gratitude to their
research adviser Mrs. Jeriel Cortez for giving the opportunity to do a research and patiently helps
us in writing our research paper. Her vision, sincerity and motivation have deeply inspired us. It
was a great privilege and honor to work and study under her guidance. The researchers are
extending their heartfelt thanks to Mrs. Lorena Durango for helping us in interpreting our data.
To Dugho family for allowing us do our research in their house. To Mrs. Sarah Perez for letting
us borrow her laptop and for her fully support and motivation to make this study successful. To
our beloved parents and guardians for non-stop love and support in terms of moral and financial.
To Senior High School ICT-CSS students that became our source of data. They were a major
part upon fulfilment of the study. To some of the teachers of Taligaman National High School in
helping us provide our research questionnaires. Big thanks also to each member of this group for
the cooperation. This study will not be successful without the help of each one of us.

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CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
The advent of the internet in the 1990’s led to the major development in the world of
communication hence, the introduction of social networking sites (SNS’s). The coming into
being of these sites revolutionized the world of communication, and today, we celebrate its
ranging from education to entertainment.
Living in this kind of world makes the people more dependent to the technological
advancement and the more efficient world which fall into two influence the positive and the
negative influence, showing that technologies provide not only a positive but also a negative, and
the best example for the negative influence of technologies are the academic performance of the
students and the navigation of the teen agers to the websites which contains pornographies and
then diverse it towards non-educational and inappropriate actions including useless chatting. The
research has proved the heavy presence of social media usage among students.
Moreover, now and since before technologies contribute to the world in terms of medical,
educational, entertainment, and etc. that history cannot ignore! So we conducted a study to
provide more about using social media and how it affects the academic performance of the
students.

BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY


The evolution of the internet technology has led to its use as the best medium for
communication. Whereby two-third of the world’s internet population visit social networking or
blogging sites, thus serving as a communication connection tool. Social networking sites (SNS’s)
are online communities of internet users who went to communicate with other users about areas
of mutual interest, whether from a personal business or academic performance (William, Boyd,
Densten, Chin Diamond and Morgenthaler 2009). Numerous benefits have been obtain through
distant communication though the use of social networking sites.
However, the darker side within technological evolution has resulted in dilemmas such as
setback of real values of life especially among students who form the majority of users
interacting through the use of social networking sites. Online social networking sites focus on
building and reflecting social association among people who share interests and or activities.
With so many social networking sites displayed on the internet, students are tempted to
abandoned their homework and reading times in preference for chatting online with friends.
To make it more reliable. According to (Oye)2012, students’ academic performance is
affected the more they use social media. Social media platforms are mainly used by students for
socializing activities rather than academic purposes. Thus, the researchers conducted this study

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to know the effect of social media usage to the academic performance of the senior high school
I.C.T./C.S.S. Students in school year 2019-2020.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM


This study aims to find out the effect of social media to the academic performance of
students. Specifically, it seeks to answer the following:
1. What are the perceptions of the students about social media?
2. What is the effect of social media usage to the students’ academic performance?
3. Do social media platforms that the students are mostly exposed influenced their
academic performance?

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study will be able to contribute research-based data and knowledge on the possible
effects of using social media and to the academic performance of Grade 12 senior high school
students. Specifically, this study shall benefit the following various group of people.
STUDENTS
Not only the grade 12 senior high school students can benefit this study but also the
other students. Information gathered in this study can be useful to their academic purposes
regarding this issue.
TEACHERS
This study will help the teachers of the school to know the influence that social media
has on their students, so as to assist them to, enlighten and create awareness to the students on
the possible influence it has on them.
PARENTS
Parents will know the effects of social media usage, that has on their children so that
they will guide them on how to use social media wisely.

FUTURE RESEARCHERS
This study will provide relevance material for students and other researchers
undertaking the same study.

THE SCHOOL

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This study helps the school to know the influence of social media in their students,
and the effects of social media to the students.

SCOPE AND DELIMITATION


This study is conducted to assess the effect of social media to the academic performance
of the Senior High School ICT-CSS students of Taligaman National High School, School-Year
2019-2020. Out of 104 total populations of ICT-CSS strand, the researchers only include 100 of
them as their respondents. The said study is limited on the following variables that the
researchers assumed that can answer to the problem. These variables are: respondents’ access to
internet usage, perceptions on social media and what social media platforms they usually used.

DEFINITION OF TERMS
Academic performance- is the measurement of students’ achievement across various academic
subjects.
Social Media- applications that enable users to create and share content or to participate in social
networking.
Students- population of people who are studying in school.
SNS (Social Networking Sites)- an online platform that allows users to create a public profile
and interact with other users.

CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Social media is the interaction individuals in which they create, share information and ideas in
communities and also in network.

Today, social media has taken a new dimension and has encouraged more participation
through the introduction of mobile phones that support social networks applications.

A study conducted by Yanus and Sdlehi (2012) argued that students gained more vocabulary,
improved their writing skills and reduced their spelling mistakes through social media usage. In fact, as
an educational tool, social media enriches learning by giving both students and teachers the opportunity
to connect a new2 and very exciting way thereby encouraging flexible mode of learning.

In additional to this, social, media benefits students by connecting them to one another on
assignments and class projects (Okeeffe and Clake- peasan 2011). It is further buttressed in the study of

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Houero and Esteban, (2013) and Selwyn, (2007) whose conclusion were that social media undoubtedly
general new opportunities to engaged students in higher education as they are remarkably effective at
connecting people and facilitating the exchange information.

On the other hand, aside these effects, other studies conducted by scholar have also proved
that social media can be detrimental to students’ academic literature caution is not taken in its usage.
To prove, a study conducted by Obi Bulus, Adam and Salaat (2012), titled “The need for safety
consciousness among Youths on social networking sites” concluded that social media effects students
use of English language. They use short-handwriting when chatting with friends. Moreover, A study
conducted by (Ndadu) 2013 stated that the use of social media among students has reached high levels
and has affected their study time, poor grammar and wrong spellings when socializing on social media as
well as diverting their attention from their studies. Students much of their grade point average.

There were studies that shown the positive effects of social media usage to the academic
performance of students as well its negative effects. At the end of this study, the researchers would
know also the effects of social media to the academic performance of the students of selected grade 11
and 12 I.C.T./C.S.S. students.

CHAPTER 3

METHODOLOGY

The design of this study and way of gathering data will be found in this chapter. You will also know how
the study is made and who the respondents of this study are.

RESEARCH DESIGN

The researchers use quantitative descriptive design to determine the responses of the
respondents given the survey questionnaire. By using the survey questionnaire, the researchers
gained first-hand information which are interpreted and analyzed.

THE SAMPLE

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There are100 respondents coming from the four sections of Grade 11 and Grade 12
ICT - CSS SHS Students of Taligaman National High School who are randomly selected.

THE INSTRUMENT

The researchers provide survey questionnaires that contains pertinent questions in


order to determine the effect of social media usage to the academic performance of the selected
ICT - CSS SHS students.

DATA GATHERING PROCEDURES


The researchers made a letter for the school permission to conduct a research study and
letter to the respondents. We then conduct a research to the Senior High School ICT-CSS strand
students after receiving the letter of permission signed by the school principal and TVL Track
Head. There are only 104 ICT-CSS student so the researchers only include 100 of them. After
retrieving the entire questionnaires, the researchers tally all the data gathered from the
respondents and interpret it.

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.

CHAPTER 4
PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

The succeeding tables of data present the presentation, analysis and interpretation of the
gathered data on effect of social media to the academic performance of students.
Table 1. Shows how many hours do students spend time in Social Media.

No. of FREQUENC CLASS (fx)


hours Y MIDPOINT
1-3 63 2 126
4-6 24 5 120
7-9 12 8 96
10-12 1 2 2
1-3 times a 0 0
week
F= 100 =344
Students spend 3 hours and 44 minutes in using Social Media in a day

Table 2. Shows the ratings of frequently used social media platforms by the respondents.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Facebook 470 19 1 6 5 11
Messenge 11 48 18 11 3 2 3
r
Google 8 13 49 24 17 5
Youtube 2 16 27 42 5 8
Twitter 2 1 7 34 31 21
Instagram 2 1 5 13 33 20
Omegle 3 14 17 21 45
Facebook rates as no. 1 frequently used and has 70 highest score, Google rates as no. 2 which
has 49 scores, Messenger rate as no. 3 which has 48 scores.

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Table 3. Shows the reasons why students use Social Media.
For educational purposes 72
To stay connected with friends 65
To stay updated on what is trend 41
To find funny or entertaining content 41
To contact my relatives 63
It facilitates a sense of reliability and community 21
It can encourage thoughtful discourse 18
Allows students to get help from others 23

The result says that statement no.1 which is “For educational purposes” scores 72 and is the
highest , statement no 2, which is “To stay connected with friends “ scores 65 and statement no.
5” To contact with my relatives third of the highest.

Table 4 shows the rating of student addictiveness to Social Network and Academic Performance

STUDENTS ADDICTIVENESS TO SOCIAL


NETWORK AND ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE SD D A SA
1.Addiction to online social networks is a problematic 9% 19% 65% 7%
issue that affects my academic performance.
2.Online social networks distract me from my study 14% 32% 50% 4%
3.There’s no improvement in my grades since I became 15% 55% 25% 3%
engaged into these social networking sites.
4.I usually have unlimited access to any social media
platforms and this has affected my academic performance 16% 41% 40% 2%
negatively.
5.I engaged in academic discussion on any social media
platforms and this has improved my academic 5% 33% 55% 7%
performance.
6. I make use of any social networking sites to disseminate 3% 49% 44% 4%
knowledge to my class mates

65 % Agreed to statement no.1 which is “addiction to online social network is a


problematic issue that effects my academic performance”, 55% disagreed to statement no.3
which is in “there’s no improvement my grades since I became engineer into this social
networking site”. And 55% also agreed to the statement no. 5 which is” I engaged in academic
discussion on any social media platform and this has improved my academic
performance”.

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Table 5. Use of Social Media and Students’ Academic Performance

STATEMEMTS SD D A SA
1.The usage of google for 5 24 53 18
research has helped improve
my grades.
2. Engaging in academic 6 56 30 8
forums of facebook reduces my
rate of understanding.
3. I use materials gotten from 15 52 16 17
blogging sites to complement
what I have been taught in
class.
4. I will not perform well even 23 46 25 6
if I stop using social media.
5. Social media facilitates a 8 27 61 4
sense of reliability.
6. Social media encourages 10 29 57 4
increased responsibility and
autonomy.

Table 5 presents the use of social media and students’ academic performance. Statement
number 5 got the highest score of 61 agreed that social media facilitates a sense of reliability
according to the respondents. Second to this is statement number 6 which has 57 agreed that
social media encourages increased responsibility and autonomy. Statement number 2 has a total
of 56 disagreed to the statement that says engaging in academic forums of facebook reduces the
rate of their understanding.

DISCUSSION
The finding of the study show that social media has effect on academic performance
of the students. Addiction to online social media network is a problematic issue that affects the
students’ academic performance is the main effect of social media usage.

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CHAPTER V
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

CONCLUSION
The use of social media usage has negative effect on the Senior High School ICT-
CSS Strand students’ academic performance.
RECOMMENDATION
This study makes the following recommendations:
1. Students should limit their access to social media so that they won’t get addicted
to it.
2. School must conduct a symposium about effect of social media usage.
3. It should be included to media and literacy studies.

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