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VIYAKKA VAII(:KUM TAMILAK AKIVIYAL

o Author - Maththalai Somu, 0 Language > Tamil, 0 First Edition - April 2005,

o Paper - Demy 1 x 8, Maplitio, 0 Pages - 280+16=296, Published by - Uthagam, P-15 (P-5) 5th Main Road, Ramalinga Nagar, Woraiyur, Trichy - 3. 0 Type Setting - Vanchi Offset Printers, Thuraiyur. 0 Printed at • Parameswari Graphics, Chennai. o Cover Design > Viji Graphics; Chennai.

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!Lu5IQITt!:9~~, QLDWQWt!:9~~, !Lu5IrTQLDwQw@~~ 6Tmum ~Llil[j!QLDIT~ffi® ililffiLlilffi tYJffiffilwLDlTm~ 6TmU~~UlTro ~tDLDIT 6TmID QlflTro~ffi®6Tr~6ITlI.jtD ~6Dl6lJ ~LrliJffilu5I(!1jffiffilmj!Jm. ~tDLDIT 6TmID QlflTro~ffi®6Tr !Lu5IQIT@~~ (~) QLDWQW@~~ (ih) !Lu5IrTQLDwQwt!:9~~ (LDIT) ~6DlLDJi;~(!1jUU~~UlTro ~tDLDlTmltD®6Tr !Lu5I(!1jtD QLDWlI.jtD (!LL6U) !Lu5IrTQLDWlI.jtD (!L6lIMrT6l.j) ffi6IJJi;~(!1jffiffilmlDm. !Lu5IrT LDL(bltD 6lJITWIT~. QLDW (!LLro) LDL(bltD @(!1jffiffilT~. @6iJmlIT6lIirr(bltD @ro6IJlTmll¥-ro !Lu5IrTQLDw (!L6lIMrT6l.j) @(!1jffiffiIT~. 6Tm~6lJ ~tDLDITmltD®6Tr !Lu5IrT, QLDW, !Lu5IrTQLDw ~ffilwm ~LrliJffiI @(!1jffiffilmlDm 6Tmu~ ~Llil[j! LDffi(g)lffi® ~ro6IJ~ ,:!jLlil!il LDffi~ffi® ~~~6lJLDITffi ~6DlLDffillD~' ~ffi @~,:!j6Dlffi @6IJffiffi6llM {;ltD.QlJ6DlLD6DlW 6T@~~1f 6l~6Dl,:!ju UlTrTffiffillD~UIT~ ~Llil~m U6lIirrUITL(bl ~~mlwro mlwu6DlU~,:!jlTm 6Tt!:9ui5I @tDffillD~'

~WlWl~aDlD:

l!..6IJffi QLDIT~ffi6lfl~6IJ~W ~Llil!ilQLDIT~6DlW~,:!jlTm CYJmIDlTffi

6lJ6DlffiUU(bl~~1f 6lIDui5I~~ tYJ~~Llil!il 6TmIDITrTffi6Tr. ~tDtYJ~,:!jLlil!il @WtDIDilil!il, @6DlIf~,:!jLlil!il, J!)ITLffi~,:!jLlil!il 6Tm ~®tD. @wtDIDLlil!il Q6WlI.j6Tr, ffiml6Dl,:!j, !L6DlITJ!)6DlL 6Tmum6lJtD6DlIDffi ®~ffi®tD. @6DlIf~,:!jLlil!il UIT(bl,:!jro, @6DlIf~,:!j6U 6Tmum ~LrliJffilw~lT®tD. J!)ITLffi~~Llil!il ~UlflflT~tD, J!)l¥-UUIT§l!jtD, BiL~~IT§l!jtD QlflTroffillD ffi(!1j~~ffiffi6Dl6IT L6Tr6ITLffiffilw,:!jlT®tD.

~Llil[j!QLDIT~ffi®6Tr6IT 6lIDULjffi~6Tr QlflTtD61lDuLj 6TmU~tD 9Rr DlI· 6T@~~ffiffi6Tr 9Rr.QlJ ~1fri"Ji;~ QlfITro6IJITffilu QUIT(!1j6Tr~(!1jtD. @1T6lIirr(bl, CYJRr.QlJ, J!)lTm® 6T@~~ffiffi6ITlTro ~6DlLDJi;~ QlflTtDffi6Tr L1ilffiUU6IJ. ~Ji;~, ~DlI 6T@~~ffiffi6ITITro ~6DlLDJi;,:!j QlflTtDffi6Tr Llilffiffi®6DlID6l.j· 9rT 6T@~~e QlflTtDffi~tD @(!1jffiffilRrlDm. ~rT 6Tt!:9~<:,:!j QlfITro6IJITm mlJi;6Dl~ ,:!jLlil~ro,:!jITRr @(!1jffiffilRrID~' !L,:!j1T1T6lIM~~ffi®1f 6l6IJ6lJtD6DlIDU UlTrTU~UlTtD.

1) ~-Uffi, 2) J!)1T-J!)lTffi®, 3) ~ffilT-LDmmm, 4) ~-QJ!)(!1jLlLt, 5) FF-9rT !Lu5Iri", 6) 6Dl,:!j-{;l(!1jLDIT,:!jID, 7) ~UIT-mlITL(bl~6U, 8) 6lJ1T-6lJIT~6lJtDIDro, 9) ~-!Lm6Dlm, 10) 6Dlffi-~rT !LDlIuLj, 11) lJ,-LD6IJrr, 12) UIT-UITLro, 13) 1f1T-1f1T~6U, 14) 6DlLD-ffi6llirr6DlLD, 15) LDIT-®~6DlIT.

.. 22 ..

..23 ..

- 7 ruW~8;@LD'«!:9

- 10 ruW~8;@LDffi!:9

- 14 ruW~8;@LDffi!:9

- 14 ruW~8;@LDC:LD6il

- 18 ruUJ~8;@LDffi!:9

- 30 ruW~8;@LDffi!:9

- 30 ruW~8;@LDC:LD6il

LDmlllimlAr @.ffi~ 6J@ u®ru~~!D@LD 6ITIliITIT611IT LD8;Bim

UWAru(bl~~.$llD ~rf.J.$l6\1Ij: Q6IT!DBim 6TArm? 'BabY'IlfLD 'Child'LD 9C:IT ~rT~IliLD QBiITmrrumru. ~LJl"-llDLD 'Young Boy' 6Tml)llLD 'Adult Man' 6TmI)llLD, 'Young Man' 6Tml)llLD 'Old Man' 6Tm I)llLD Q6IT6ilru~ lliuSl6DlYluC:uIT6b u®ru~~!D@ 6J!Du QUIT®.ffi~LDIT?

9® lJ,6Dlru 6T(bl~~8; QBiITmrrLIT6ilBn...L L®ru~6DlIliIlfLD u®ru~6DlIliu.jUJ BiITLL U6\JQLDIT!;6lBi@l8;@ Q6IT!DU~6LD; lliuSl!;6l6il ~ruruITWJ @6il6Dl6\J.

1. ~®LDLj - ~®LDLjLD .ffil6Dl6\J

2. QLDITL(bl - QLDIT8;@ 6ill(blLD .ffil6Dl6U

j .(Ylt:~ - (Yl.$l!:98;@LD .ffil6Dl6\J ~ ~ a;J) DO

{!; ~6\lIT - LD6\JrT.ffi1li .ffil6Dl6U

6. m ruIT(blLD .ffil6Dl6\J

1. Q6LDLD6il - @I)ll~ .ffil6Dl6\J

lJ,6ill!D@~IliITm @uULp. u®ruu QUUJrTBim 6TmlDIT6il @6Dl6\JBi@l8;@UJ U6\J u®rurf.JBi@l8;C:Bi!DU~ lliuSl!;6l6il Q6IT!DBim ru®.$lmlDm•

1. QBiIT@.ffi~ - @Yl.ffi6DlIliUU®ruLD

@C:~C:UITAr I)ll '9! ~! Lil!' C:UITmlD 9QIT@~~ L611ITrT661 Q6IT!DBi@lLD lliuSl!;6l6il @®8;.$lArlDm. @6Dlru Q6IT!DBi6lftAr Bi®8;Bi~6DlIliIlfLD, Q6IT6il6l5lm QU®8;Bi~6DlIliu.jLD QLDIT!;6lu51m ru6TT~6DlIliIlfLD 6T(bl~~8;BiITL(bl.$lmlDm.

~rf.J.$l6\J QLDIT!;6lu516il 9rT 6T@~~6 Q6IT6il ~rT!iiIliLD QBiITmrrL6DlruwIfBi @®8;.$lmlDmruIT 6TmlDIT6il @6il6Dl6\J 6TArUC:~ u~6il. ~mIT6il lliuSl!;6l6il LDL(blLD 9QIT@~~ Q6IT6il6\JITm 6ill.ffi6Dl1li Lmrr(b\.

t5llDQLDIT!;6l6Q<'fIT!DBim Qrul)llLDC:m L®ru~6Dl~ LDL(blC:LD

BiITL(bl.$lmlDm. ~uSl!:9QLDIT!Pl6Q6IT!DBim L®ru~6DlIliIlfLD u®ru~6DlIliIlfLD C:6rT~C:1li BiITLL8;Bn...Lp.wm. 'umml®u UITLLp.u51w6il' 6TArlD ~uSl!:9~6il ~mrrBi6lftAr 6T@ u®ruu QUWrTBi6Dl6TT~~®.$llD~' <D

1. UIT6\Jm

2. tD 61ft

3. LDlDC:ruITAr

4. ~lDC:6\lITAr

5. BiIT6Dl6TT

6. 6ill L 6Dl6\J

7. (Yl~LDBim

@.ffi~ 6T(!g u®ru~6Dl~

1. t5lm 6Dl6TT

2. 61l)llruAr

3. 6DlUWAr

4. 5IT6Dl6TT

5. ~6Dl6\JruAr

6. (Yl~C:WIT&irr

2. 1li6lftrT

3. @6Dl6U

4. u@uLj 5.6®@

- @6TT6DlLDUU®ruLD

- BiITIli!Du®ruLD

- (Yl~6DlLDUu®ruLD

- @1)ll~UU®ruLD

- @Yl.ffi6DlIliU U®ruLD

- UIT6\lU®ruUJ

- um6lftuu®ruLD

- 5IT~!DU®ruLD

- @(blLDUUU®ruUJ

- lli6TTrT661uu®ruLD

@.ffi~ @6Dl6\J 6TmlD Q6IT6ilBn...L ~6il, ~IT8i, ~~~, U6\lIT, LDIT, ruIT6DlYl C:uITmlD LDITrf.JBi6lftm @6Dl6\JBi(§8;@ LDL(blC:LD QUIT®.ffi~LD.

~Bi~~, u6615l(Yl1li6l5lwru!D!!Slm @6Dl6\J, @6Dl6\J 6Tm ~6DlYl8;BiUULITLDro ffi6Dl1T 6TmuQuWrT QU®.$llD~' LDmrr6llllfl6il ULrT.$lmlD QBiITLp.ru6Dl5 @6Dl6\JBi(§8;@U lJ,mrr(bl 6TmuQuUJrT QU®LD. @ruruITI)ll u6ilC:rul)ll IliITruITrf.JBi6lftm (~ru!D6DllD ~ITruIT6illUJ6il 6TmlD ~~~UJITw~~6il UITrT8;Bi6\JITLD) @6Dl6\JBi@l8;@~ lliuSl!;6l6il Quwrr 6Dlru~llirurr5m lliuSl!:9QLDIT!Pl ru6il§l!JJ!irT Bi6TTIT Bi6ljLD, 6illru6ITu51Bi6TT1T56ljLD @®.ffi ~®8;.$llDITrr 5m.

@ ~uSl!:9QLDIT!;6lu516il 86,200 Q6IT!DBim Lm6TTm 6TArU~ LD6DllDLD6Dl6\J·, (@uC:UIT~ ~~BiLDIT5 @®8;Bi6\JITLD) ~Lp.Bi6lftm Bi®~~IT@LD. ~c:~ C:J!iIT~~6il ~.ffilli Q6IT!DBim @6\J8;Bi611lTLD ~rT~IliLD, ~6\JC:rurr, Q6IT!D6IlDu4, 6T mu m QBi IT mrrL6DlruWIT@LD. ~ rf.J.$l6\JQLDIT !;6lu516il UIT ~ 8;@C:LD6il ciru!DI)llQLDIT!;6l6 Q6IT!D5m ~rf.J.$l6\JLDITBi8; Bi6\J.ffi~®8;.$lArlDm. ®

1) Ballet - French, 2) Bonus - Latin, 3) Jungle - Indian, 4) Piano -Itallan, 5) Vodka - Russia, 6) Church - Greek, 7) Cigar - Spanich, 8) Tea- China,. 9) Navy-Tamil, 10) Boomerang - Australian Aborigine .

7 • .$lYlrum - ~ULjU U®ruLD

6Tm lIlILD Q6IT6il6\J6UIfUJ". ®<:~C:UITAr I)ll QumrrBi6lftm QruruC:rul!ll Q6IT!DBi6lft6il ~6DlYl8;.$lmlDmrT.

1. C:U6Dl1li - 5 ruW~8;@LD'«!:9

2. QU~LD6DlU - 10 ruUJ~8;@tP'«!p

3. LDrf.J6Dlo$

4. LDL.ffi6Dl1li

5. ~rt16Dlru .

6. Q~rt16Dlru 7.C:urt16TTLDQumrr

- 16 ruw~8;@tDffi!:9

- 25 ruW~8;@LDffi!p

- 30 ruW~8;@LDffi!p

- 35 ruW~8;@LDffi!:9

- 55 ruW~8;@LDffi!:9

.. 24 ..

~~~~~~ ~~~~'------------------------------

.. 25 ..

<:LD!iJffimrL Q6rr!iJffim<:Urr6iJ ~u51lJffiffi6GllTB;ffirrm Q6rr!iJffim

~rru~6IlQLDrr!Plu51ru @®B;~6DrlDm. ~Lh1!Pl6iJ t5llDQLDrr!PlB: QB'rr!iJffim QUrr®:2i~LDrrWB; ffi6llB;ffirr~. ~ffi<:6lJ t5llDQLDrr!PlB:QB'rr!iJffi(5B;@j:2i ~6Dfl:2i~6lJLDrrm QB'rr!iJffim QLD~6lJrrW 6lJ.fr,~rr~tD U6Il6lJ®tD. !?L~rrIJ6GlITLDrrffi Fax liT6DrlD ~rru~6IlQB'rr6iJ~B;@j ~Lh1!Pl6iJ Q~rr6l!J6Iluu~6lJ, Q~rr6l!J6Il~B:Bi, Q~rr6l!J6Iluu'16lJtD, Q~rr6l!J6Ilp;ffi6iJ, B'rr6l!JW srseruusu QB'rr!iJffim @®B;ffi)6DrlDm. ~mrr6iJ @6lJ!iJ6l!JlD ~lJrrw.fr,~ ~Lh1W !?L6Ilffi<:LD UW6DrUQj):2i~B;lfu..'1W ~® QB'rr6iJ6l!J6Il ~!DllYlffitD QB'uJ~lD ulJ6lJ6Ilrrm Q6w!iJurrQj) ~Lh1!:l!ri"ffi6lflLtD @!Ill6lJm IT ~w rr ffi @6iJ6l!J6Il. sr m <: 6lJ ~ ® t5llD QLD rr!PlB: QB'rr 6iJ ~ B;@j LDG: 6Il U1w rr, U1rruffiukJ,ri", @6Ilrru6l!Jffi, @.fr,~wrr <:urrliirrlD p;rr(blffi6lfl6iJ ~Lh1!Pl6iJ Q6lJ6iJa6lJ!Ill QB'rr!iJffim UW6DruQj):2i~uu(bl~6DrlDm. @~Q6lJ6iJ6IlrrtD ~®ljlDtD @®.fr,t'irr~tD ~Lh1!Pl6iJ QB'rr!iJffi(5B;@jU U®B'<:LD @6iJ6l!J6Il. ~!DlrulW~B;@jtD !?Lffi.fr,~ QLDrr~. ~Lh1!Pl6Dr 6lJ1J6Ilrr!iJ!Dla6llaw ~!Dlrulw6iJ @®.fr,~®B;~lD~· lYl6l!JlDwrrm ~W6l!Jru <:LD!iJQffirrmrLrr6iJ ~!Dlrulw6iJ QB'rr!iJffim ~Lh1!Pl6iJ 6lJ®tD.

~Lh1wQLDrr!Plu511iirr U1lDU6l!JU rulw.fr,~ ~.llj.<:urru ® liT6DrlD aLD6iJp;rrLQj) ~!Dl@iri" ~LD~ 'p;rr6ll'1wrrri"' liT6DrlD u!:l!.fr,~Lh1W @6IlB;~W ~~B;ffirrm !?L6l!JlJu516iJ Tamil has a Wealth of Words which English lacks (~Lh1W Qa:rr6iJ6lJ6lTtD @lJtDt5lw QLDrr!Pl; ~rru~6IlLil ~:2i~6l!J6GlITB: Qa:rr6iJ6lJ6lTtD @lJtDt5lw~ ~6Dr W) 1iT6Dr!lll @j!Dlut5lL'1®B;~lDrrri" •

~ LrrB;uT 6iuLh1L (Dr.Schmidt) liT6DrlD aLD6iJp;rrLQj) ~!Dl@iri" ~Lh1wQLDrr!Pl6l!JWU u!iJ!Dl The mode of collecting Its (Tamil) words follows the logical or Intellectual order more so than Even Latin or sanskrit (~Lh1!Pl6iJ rurrri":2i6l!J~ffi6l!J6lTL®6lJrrB;@jtD rul~tD ~ri"B;ffi IT~Wrrffi6lJtD ~!Dl6lJu!.J,ri"6lJLDrrm~rrffi6lJtD ~6l!JLD.fr,~m6lT~. @B:U1lDUlj @6Il:2i::SIiirr, a:LD6iu~®~tD ~~w QLDrr!Plffi6l!J6lTrulL !?Lwri"6lJrrffi ~6l!JLD.fr,~m6lT~) 1iT6Dr LllI Qa:rr6iJ6Ulu51®B;~lDrrri" •

<:ulJrrUlrflwri" Q~.Qurr.tEmrrLUI Bi.fr,~lJtD @ ~Lh16l!J!:l!u u!iJ!Dl

Qa:rr6iJ~tDaurr~, a:LL:2i~!iJ@j 6Il:2i::S6Dr, urflBi:2i~LDrrm a:LDW:2i~!iJ@j FFU®, ~:2i~6lJ:2i~!iJ@j a:LD6iuffi)®~tD, rul®®rrm:2i~!iJ@j t5lQIJ®Bi, Q~ri"LD6Dfl liT6DrlDrr6iJ, ~Lh1W ffirul6l!J~:2i~mLDrrm ~@lJU6lJ:2i~!iJ@jtD umrurrL'1!iJ@jtD !?Lffi.fr,~ QLDrr!PlIiTW LllI Qa:rr6iJ~lDrrri".

~!!)1iID15lJf g, 61 !!)ITL.(B !!i IT ffi!Boo !!) L6filU UITTr d;!!)IToo at!!) <iJr @lI'l LUft QlID. ~!!) <iJr 8'6l. L.l{L 00 B@ffi@ ID ~ U IT ~ ~!!) IiID I5lJf er U U l{L @lI'lffiffi <!P l{L QI ID ? !!) WlIiID W U U l{L ffi ffi IT!!) !!) WI W Tr ffi 61f IT 00 dI!!) <iJr 61 U@liIDlDlilDUI sr 6iJ 6lJ IT g)J ~6OOTlf <!P l{LQlID? Wl6llTr !!)WI@ 00 ~oir 61f !!) WlW If 618' IT Wffi oir LUftUI 6fiI 001ilD eo er <iJr!B.!D ITTr ffi oir • 4!ft QlID 6hn IT@, 4!ft UIIT 6llD IT@ er I5lJf ()fli>!!) 61lD IT@t61$iWID 800 IiID eo, @@61lD IT@ 4!ft UI 6fiI 00 IiID eo er <iJr lD IT C5i:> dI Ii>!!) 6llD IT@ IiID UI If

8' 1ft UI IT ffi ffi W ffi 6fiI 00 IiID eo er <iJr g)J !!) IT <iJr d! Tr g, !!) ID • !!) WlIiID W U U l{L g, ~ ffi 6lffiITCiIIbr ~L ~ U IT I5lJf IToU dI!!) <iJr ffi!!) 011 ffioir ~.!D Ii> ~ 61 ffi IT CiIIbr ~L ~ UIT@ID.

QLDrr!Pl ~!Dl@iri" <:~6lJajliwu urr61Jrr6GllTri" liT6DrlD ~Lh1W ~!Dl®ri", !?L6Il~6iJ U6llQLDrr!Plffim @®.fr,~rr~tD ~6lJ!iJ!Illm Q~rrliirr6l!JLD, lYl6Dr6l!JLD, @6lT6l!JLD, 6lJ6Ol6l!JLD, Qa:tD6l!JLD, QU®6l!JLD, ~®6l!JLD IiTm U6iJ6lJ6l!JffiB: U1lDUljffi6l!J6lT:2i ~Lh1W ~®riuaffi !?L6l!JLW~ IiT6DrW ~6l!lrfl:2i~IJLDrrffiB: Qa:rr6iJ~lDrrri".

~Lh1wQLDrr!PlB;QffiSIIT i .r.l!ft:2i~6lJLDrrm @6IlB;ffi6GllTtD @®B;~lD~' ~6iJrul6llB;ffi6GllT ~a6ll Q~rr6iJffirrut5lWtD. ~~ ~Lh1!Pl6Dr Lh1ffi u!:l!6l!JLDWrrm ~6iJ. ~~!iJ@j lYl6DrljtD ~6iJffim @®.fr,~®ffiffi G:6lJoo(bltD. 6]"QmmlDrr6iJ @6IlB;ffi6GllTtD ffirr6GllTrl~ ~® QLDrr!PlB;@j @6IlB;ffi6GllTtD 6lJ@juuQ~6DrlJ~ Umr6l!JLW jlirrLffi6lfl6iJ ffirr6m!TUULrr~ ~6DrW' Q~rr6iJffirrut5lWtD aurr6DrlD U1lD.fr,~ @6IlB;Bi6GllT ~6iJ !?L®6lJrrmQ~6DrlDrr6iJ ~~!iJ@jlYl6DraU @6IlB;ffi6GllT ~6iJffim @®.fr,~®B;ffi a 6lJmr Qj)tD. aLD~tD Q~rr6iJffirrut5lw:2i~6iJ ffirr6GllTUu(bltD 'IiTmu - IiTliirrLDmrrri" - lj6ll6lJri"' aurr6DrlD Qa:rr!iJffim, ~~!iJ@j lYl6DrG:u @6IlB;ffi6GllT~6iJffim @®.fr,~6l!J~:2i~rr6Dr @j!DlB;~6DrlDm. ~ffiC:6lJ U!:l!6l!JLD 6lJ1J6Ilrrw, ~!:l!LDrrm @6IlB;ffi6GllTtD, LDlJlj6lJ!PlU uoourr(bl, Lh1ffiUU6l!J!:l!W ~6iJffim QffirrOOL ~Lh1wQLDrr!Pl ~rrwQLDrr!Plwrrm ~ ~Lh1!:l!ri"ffi6lfl6Dr ~rrw6lJ!Pl jli6DrQffirr6l!JLG:w.

~.fr,~ @6Dfl6l!JLD:2i ~Lh16l!J!:l! LDffirrffirul urrlJ~ 'aa:LDlYllD C:6lJOOQj)QLD6Dfl6iJ Q~®Q6lJ6IlrrtD ~Lh1WlYl!:l!B;ffitD Qa:!PlB;ffiB: Qa:wruri"' IiT6DrW !?L1J:2i~u urr(bl~liirrlDrrliirr. ~Lh1W ~6lJ@lJB;@j:2i~rrwQLDrr~. ~c:~ C:jlilJ:2i~6iJ U6Il QLDrr!Plffi6IT Q~rfllljtD ~6lJ@lJB;@j. IiTmC:6lJ~rr6Dr ~6lJ6Dr QB'rr6Drm C:~LD~IJ:2i ~Lh1C:!:l!rrma: @6DrW !?L6IlffiQLD6IlrrtD ulJrul @!iJ~lD~' !?L6IlffiUU.fr,~6Dr ~.fr,~ ffiOOLriuffi6lfl~tD ~Lh1W 96UlB;~lD~' @liirrW ~Lh1WLDLQj)tD Q~rfl.fr,~6lJ1iirr Q~m~®6lJ jlirrQj)ffi(5B;@jtD - 6lJL~®6lJ jlirrQj)ffi(5B;@jtD m~rflwLDrrffiu C:urrw6lJ1J6IlrrtD 6TliirrUC:~ rulwuurrm ~ ~rrC:ml

GIlD Ji>~ffi IT eir ~ OOfficRr

<D (l) lbW1!Pl1iir 61lDlJL-I, ,$l.~.Qu.rol8i6IJlLrr~W, urrrfl ~m6\lww, 1993, QlfIiir61ll6UT.

@ Spelling made easy - hale & Iremonger· 1993 - Sydney.

@)® ® ~W1~w lbW1W®w - Lrra.LlT 1L.B;l9-B;ITIf6\lW,

L6\lB;!1; lbW1wrrlJrrLiJ661 ~!Dl6IJ6UTUJ, Qlf1iir61ll6UT - 1982.

.. 26 ..

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<D ®1T6UT,:i;~t1iI!b; Cw.Q6lJffiJe;CL6m, NCBH. 1993.

@ ulPffiJe;1T6Il,:i; ~t1iIlP!T 6lJ1T6lIUfl&w; Wu5l6Ul61l Ifml.CruffiJe;L6ITt1iI, NCBH. 1995. cr> !!iw~ Q6ruruW - tD".U.C61T(!jl, rulT6UT~ u~uue;tb - 1991.

® ® !!iw~ Q66iJruW, tD".U.C61T(!jl' rulT6UT~ u~uue;w, Q6m61ll6UT - 1991.

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- ~rnrr(bl~tib, L6m"rr6lja;rn6TT ~p5l~tib (LLU,Lj)

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2. ILL661ciJr CDJII'B'aOlSoir .. 9

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3. ~rr0ltSl56ir - 7

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.. 80 ..

.. 81 ..

4t. IO.LC50mU&crir - 3

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5. @lDJI'mu&crir - 3

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6. 10 110 Ii.Jmcrir - 3.

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7 - nl oooflmcrir - 3

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8 - 6fi}m ITJI"Ii.Jmcrir (JrD' mIi.J mcrir) - 8

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9 - c!!th g; D'JI"Ii.Jm eir - 6

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10. 6lJD'1l( mmcrir

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.. 82 .•

.. 83 ..

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12) dlcru~(jIl)g;a;6ir (ID«5OT!B(jIl)CIO) - 15

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.. 84 ..

.. 85 ..

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