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Slide 3:

Briefly, graphene is a composition of carbon atoms tightly bound in a


hexagonal or honeycomb-like structure. What makes graphene so unique
is that this structure is just one atomic layer thick, essentially making a
graphene sheet two dimensional. This 2D structure produces very
interesting properties, including excellent electrical and thermal
conductivity, high flexibility, high strength, and low weight. What we’re
particularly interested in is the electrical and heat conductivity, which is
actually superior to copper — the most conductive metal element.

SLide 4
Graphene has 4 major advantajes over lithium-ion wich are:
1:Higher capacity: Graphene has a higher energy density as compared to
lithium-ion batteries. Where the latter is known to store up to 180 Wh per
kilogram, graphene’s capable of storing up to 1,000 Wh per kilogram. So,
you can have a higher capacity graphene battery pack of the same size as
the lithium-ion battery.

2:Faster charging times: Graphene is a potent conductor of electrical


energy as the honeycomb structure doesn’t offer any resistance to the flow
of electrons. So, it can charge quickly, while also providing you longer
battery endurance as compared to lithium-ion batteries.

3:Thermal management: Yeah, you may have not guessed it but


graphene facilitates better heat dissipation as well. It can reduce the
battery’s operating temperature by up to 5 degrees, wich in turn prolongs
the battery lifespan even in cramped places like smartphones.

4:Smaller, slimmer battery: We have already discussed how graphene


is lightweight.  It’s when you stack 3 million layers of graphene is that you
get 1 mm thickness. This means smaller, thinner devices or larger
capacities without requiring extra room. Not only that, but graphene allows
for much higher capacities. Lithium-ion stores up to 180Wh of energy per
kilogram while graphene can store up to 1,000Wh per kilogram.

Shortcomings of Graphene Battery

Graphene batteries have a number of benefits but the one shortcoming


that’s holding its mass-adoption in our devices is mass production and
the costs involved in the same.

Why is it difficult to mass-produce graphene batteries? Well, it’s because of


the lack of a feasible technique for the mass-production of high-quality
graphene. You certainly could produce graphene at home using graphite
and sticky tape, but that doesn’t work for the mass production of the
batteries. The lack of the same also drives up production cost as quality of
materials will need to be taken into account, which could be as high as tens
to thousands of dollars.

Conclusion:

Graphene batteries would allow our electronics to be thinner or offer more


battery capacity while keeping their current proportions.

There are also interesting implications for fast device-to-device charging.


With batteries able to support very high currents and blazing fast recharge
and discharge times, gadgets could charge each other up at super-fast
speeds.
Although graphene battery technology remains some years away, it’s a
tantalizing prospect for future smartphones, gadgets, electric vehicles, and
much more. It’s one to keep an eye on.