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# BBMP 1103

Management Mathematics
Chapter:3 – Introduction to
Functions

Prepared by

Richard Ng

## 1. Relations and Functions

 Four types of relations:

X Y X Y
z z z z

z z z z

z z z z

X Y X Y
z z z z

z z z z

z z z z

## Prepared by: Richard Ng (OUM Perak) 1

2. Function
 Any relations that produce only one output:

X Y
z z

z z

z z

One to One

X Y
z z

z z

z z

Many to One

## BBMP1103 – Chapter 3 - Richard Ng (2008) Page 3 of 25

Example: 1
Which of the following equations will define y as a
function of x?
y
y = 3x
a) y = 3 x z

z z z z
x

b) y = x2
y

y = x2
z

z z z z
x

## BBMP1103 – Chapter 3 - Richard Ng (2008) Page 5 of 25

c) y=± x atau y2 = x

y2 = x
z

z z
x

d) y = 6

y=6
z

z z z z
x

e) x = 5

x=5
y

z
x

## Prepared by: Richard Ng (OUM Perak) 4

Exercise: 3.2
Which of the following graphs represent a function of x?
y y
a) b)
z

z z z
0 x
z

z z

z z
0 x

to One. to Many.

y y
c) d)
z z

z z z z
0 x 0 x

to One. to One.

y
e) f) y

z
z

z
z z
0 x
z

z
0 x

to One. to Many.

##  Domain = is a set of all values of x that defines y

 Range = is a set of all values of y for a given domain
Example: 2
Determine the domain and range of the following functions:
a) y = 3 x
y = 3x
y
y →∝
Domain = all values of x
where x ∈ R

∝← x
x →∝
x

## Range = all values of y

where y ∈ R
y →∝
BBMP1103 – Chapter 3 - Richard Ng (2008) Page 12 of 25

b) y = x2
y →∝
y

y = x2

z
∝← x y=0 x →∝
x

## Domain = all values of x Range = all values of y

where x ∈ R where y ∈ R and y ≥ 0

1
c) y = y
x 1
y=
y →∝ x

∝← x x≠0
x≠0 x →∝ x

y →∝

## Domain = all values of x where Range = all values of y where

x ∈ R and x ≠ 0 y ∈ R and y≠0

## Prepared by: Richard Ng (OUM Perak) 7

d) y = x + 3 atau y = x + 3
2

y
y →∝
y2 = x + 3

z
x = −3 x
x →∝

y →∝

## Domain = all values of x where Range = all values of y where

x ∈ R and x ≥ −3 y∈R

## BBMP1103 – Chapter 3 - Richard Ng (2008) Page 15 of 25

Exercise 3.3:
Determine the domain and range of the following functions:

a) f(x) = 2x y
y = 2x
y →∝

∝← x
x
x →∝

y →∝

x∈R y∈R

b) f(x) = 3 - x
y →∝
y

y = 3− x

x →∝

∝← x
x

y →∝

x∈R y∈R

c) f(x) = x2 + 1
y

y →∝
y = x2 + 1

zy =1

∝← x
x
x →∝

## Domain = all values of x where Range = all values of y where

x∈R y ∈ R and y ≥ 1

## Prepared by: Richard Ng (OUM Perak) 9

1
d) f(x) =
x−4
1
y= x−4 ≠ 0
x−4

x ≠of4x where
Domain = all values x ∈ R and x ≠ 4

Denominator
1 1 cannot be zero
x−4= x= +4
y y

y≠0

## BBMP1103 – Chapter 3 - Richard Ng (2008) Page 19 of 25

e) f(x) = x

y= x x≥0

x ≠of4x where
Domain = all values x ∈ R and x ≥ 0

x = y2 y →∝

x ≠ 4 of y where y ∈ R
Range = all values
y≠0

Exercise 3.4:
a) y

y →∝

x →∝
∝← x
x

y →∝

x∈R y∈R

b) y

y=n
z

∝← x
x
x →∝

y →∝

## Domain = all values of x where Range = all values of y where

x∈R y ∈ R and y ≤ n

c) y

y →∝

z
∝← x y>0 x →∝ x

## Domain = all values of x where Range = all values of y where

x∈R y ∈ R and y > 0

y
d)
y →∝

y>0
x≠0 x
∝← x x →∝

## Domain = all values of x where Range = all values of y where

x ∈ R and x ≠ 0 y ∈ R and y > 0

End of
Chapter
3