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Teaching Poetry

By: Mr. Ernie John I. Gabriel


Topics to be Discussed:
▪ Teaching Poetry Defined
▪ Types of Poetry
▪ Elements of Poetry
▪ Different Learning Techniques
Intro Activity:
▪ Form a Big Circle
▪ Cabbage Peeling
▪ Song: “Jack ‘n Jill”
▪ With Motivational Questions
▪ Duration: Five Minutes
Questions:
▪ Define poetry
▪ Enumerate : Types of Poetry
▪ Name one element of poetry
▪ How to teach poetry
▪ Give one learning technique
Teaching Poetry:
▪ Offers the literature instructor the
following:
✓The most fundamental;
✓Immediate; and
✓An active ways to engage students in
learning
Teaching Poetry:
▪ Offers fundamental cognitive and
intellectual skills – and that reading a
poem replicates the way students learn
and think
Teaching Poetry:
▪ Parallelism between poetry and
learning:
✓When we read poem, we enter the
consciousness of another: we loosen
some of our fixed notions in order to
accommodate another point of view
Poetry..
▪ ..is the form we turn to instinctively (a
feeling, idea, or action that you have or
do without thinking or reasoning;
naturally) at moments of intensity,
whether it be to celebrate or grieve
▪ Why..?
Poetry..
▪ ..because of its compressions and
distillations
▪ ..because of its different perspective
▪ ..because of its meditative pace
Poetry..
▪ ..because of its link with the strongest
emotions
▪ ..because of its power to console
▪ ..because of its separation from ordinary
speech
▪ ..because of its implicit demand to
remember
Poetry in the Literary Curriculum
▪ Literature teachers must select from a
fuller range of poetic texts, and should
present them in a way that encourages
readers to connect the poems to their
lives
Poetry in the Literary Curriculum
▪ The poet’s life and world are relevant
▪ Accessibility of poetry rather than its
difficulty
▪ Encourage students to start with the
poems that are most directly meaningful
Poetry in the Literary Curriculum
▪ The idea is that, with poetry, as with
other genres, students must begin with
the familiar and emotionally relevant,
and move from there to more complex
forms and historically-distant works
Major Types of Poetry:
▪ Narrative
✓Tells stories / describes actions
▪ Lyric
✓Combines speech and song to
express feeling in varying degrees or
verbal music
Major Types of Poetry:
▪ Narrative
✓Epic – long narrative poems that
record the adventures of a hero
▪ Lyric
✓Lyric poetry – story that is
subordinated to song, and action to
emotion
Forms of Lyric Poetry:
▪ Epigram – a brief witty poem that is
often satirical (humorous)
▪ Elegy – a lament (sadness) for the dead
▪ Ode – a long stately poem
▪ Sonnet – a 14-line poem with varying
rhymes
Forms of Lyric Poetry:
▪ Sestina – consists of 6 stanzas of 6 lines
each followed by 3 conclusion or envoy
▪ Villanelle – relies heavily on repetition,
composed of 5 3-line tersest (brief) and
final 4-line brusque (abrupt)
▪ Aubade – a love lyric expressing
complaint
Elements of Poetry
▪ Speaker
▪ Diction (selection of words)
▪ Syntax (order of words)
▪ Imagery
▪ Figures of Speech (non-literal ways of
expressing one thing)
Elements of Poetry
▪ Sound Effect (especially rhyme,
assonance, and alliterations)
▪ Rhythm (meter pattern of accents)
▪ Structure
Teaching Poetry and Learning Techniques
▪ Determine the intended audience of
learners:
✓Beginners
✓Advanced
✓Majors
Teaching Poetry and Learning Techniques
▪ Determine the intended audience of
learners:
✓Graduate Students
✓Dabblers (take part in it but not very
seriously)
✓Artists
✓Scientists
Teaching Poetry and Learning Techniques
▪ Different Methods:
✓Subject-Centered Methods
a. Poetics
b. Metaphors
c. Genres
d. Background
Teaching Poetry and Learning Techniques
▪ Different Methods:
✓Teacher-Centered Methods
a. Reading Aloud
b. Lecturing
Teaching Poetry and Learning Techniques
▪ Different Methods:
✓Student-Centered Methods
a. Memorizing
b. Recitation
c. The Commonplace Book
Teaching Poetry and Learning Techniques
▪ Different Methods:
✓Student-Centered Methods
d. Writing Poetry
e. Comparison and Contrast
f. Working from What Students
Already Know
Cooperative Learning
Activity
Small Group Discussion
Directions:
▪ Group of Five
▪ Small Group Discussion
▪ Concept Mapping / Illustration
Topics:
▪ Group 1: Determining Learners
▪ Group 2: Subject-Centered Methods
▪ Group 3: Teacher-Centered Methods
▪ Group 4: Student-Centered Methods
▪ Group 5: Putting All Methods Together
Presentation of
Group Output
Cooperative Learning Activity