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PROCESS SIMULATION

Before starting HYSYS, the first step that need to do is to select all the component involves
in the production plant from Component List. The component that involve in this simulation
are;

 Oxygen
 Nitrogen
 O-Xylene
 Maleic Anhydride
 Phathalic Anhydride
 Water
 Carbon Dioxide
 Benzoic Acid
The second step is to determine the Fluid Package. In the simulation, Peng–Robinson type of
Fluid Package is being is used.

Next step is to add the reaction. The following details based on (Richard Turton, 2012) need
to be selected: -

 Type of reaction : Conversion Reaction

 Stoichiometry : O-Xylene (-1), Oxygen (-3), Water (2.888) and Benzoic Acid
(1)
 Conversion : 93%
The last step before start the simulation, is to add reaction set into the Fluid Package.

FEED COMPRESSOR, K-100


The feed of the K-100 is Air stream ( 30℃, 101.3 kPa and 1938 kgmole/h) and the outlet
stream is S1. For the compressor, the difference in pressure needs to b provided. Therefore,
the oulet pressure being set to 330 kPa.
HEATER, E-100
The input of heater is from stream S1 and stream S2 as the outlet. The parameter that being
changes are temperature to 200℃ and pressure 320 kPa.

PUMP, P-100
The feed to the pump is O-Xylene stream (30 ℃, 101.3 kPa and 124 kgmole/h) and stream
S3 as outlet stream. For the pump, only the difference in pressure needs to be provided.
Therefore, the outlet is set to be 350 kPa.
HEATER, E-101
The input of heater is from stream S3 and stream S4 as the outlet. The parameter that being
changes are temperature to 350℃ and pressure 320 kPa.

MIXER, MIX-100
Inlet stream that enter mixer are S2 and S4. While the outlet stream is S5
CONVERSION REACTOR, CRV-100
S5 enter the reactor and outlet stream are S6 and S7. The reaction set was set to Set 1.
COOLER, E-102
The input of cooler is from stream S6 and stream S8 as the outlet. The parameter that being
changes are temperature to 100℃ and pressure 200 kPa.

SEPARATOR, V-100
COOLER, E-103
The input of cooler is from stream S9 and stream S12 as the outlet. The parameter that being
changes are temperature to 55℃ and pressure 110 kPa.

SEPARATOR, V-101
MIXER, MIX-101
Inlet stream that enter mixer are S14 and S10. While the outlet stream is S15.

HEATER, E-104
The input of heater is from stream S15 and stream S16 as the outlet. The parameter that being
changes are temperature to 131℃ and pressure 105 kPa.
SEPARATOR, V-102

MIXER, MIX-102
Inlet stream that enter mixer are S13 and S17. While the outlet stream is S19.
COLUMN, T-100
The inlet stream is S18 and the outlet stream are S20 and S21. The parameter that being set to
this column are 39 stages, pressure top is 11.7 psia, pressure bottom is 13 psia, reflux ratio is
1.5 and distillate rate is 1000 kgmole/h.
COLUMN, T-101
The inlet stream is S21 and the outlet stream are S22 and S23. The parameter that being set to
this column are 65 stages, pressure top is 58.5 psia, pressure bottom is 65 psia, reflux ratio is
1.5 and distillate rate is 30 kgmole/h.

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