Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 18

ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES

Date: 15th December, 2019

ANSWERS

1. (d) 23. (d) 45. (b) 67. (c) 89. (b) 111. (c) 133. (d)

2. (c) 24. (c) 46. (c) 68. (b) 90. (b) 112. (c) 134. (c)

3. (d) 25. (c) 47. (c) 69. (c) 91. (c) 113. (c) 135. (d)

4. (a) 26. (a) 48. (b) 70. (a) 92. (b) 114. (a) 136. (a)

5. (b) 27. (c) 49. (c) 71. (a) 93. (d) 115. (d) 137. (a)

6. (d) 28. (a) 50. (d) 72. (c) 94. (c) 116. (a) 138. (c)

7. (b) 29. (c) 51. (b) 73. (d) 95. (c 117. (d) 139. (c)

8. (b) 30. (d) 52. (c) 74. (c) 96. (b) 118. (c) 140. (a)

9. (b) 31. (b) 53. (b) 75. (a) 97. (b) 119. (c) 141. (a)

10. (a) 32. (a) 54. (b) 76. (b) 98. (a) 120. (c) 142. (d)

11. (c) 33. (b) 55. (c) 77. (b) 99. (d) 121. (c) 143. (b)

12. (b) 34. (a) 56. (b) 78. (d) 100. (d) 122. (d) 144. (d)

13. (d) 35. (d) 57. (c) 79. (a) 101. (b) 123. (d) 145. (b)

14. (d) 36. (b) 58. (c) 80. (b) 102. (b) 124. (b) 146. (d)

15. (d) 37. (b) 59. (b) 81. (d) 103. (d) 125. (c) 147. (c)

16. (d) 38. (c) 60. (c) 82. (c) 104. (d) 126. (a) 148. (c)

17. (d) 39. (b) 61. (c) 83. (d) 105. (a) 127. (a) 149. (d)

18. (a) 40. (c) 62. (a) 84. (c) 106. (c) 128. (d) 150. (b)

19. (a) 41. (a) 63. (a) 85. (c) 107. (a) 129. (c)

20. (d) 42. (d) 64. (b) 86. (b) 108. (a) 130. (d)

21. (c) 43. (c) 65. (b) 87. (a) 109. (a) 131. (d)

22. (c) 44. (c) 66. (d) 88. (d) 110. (b) 132. (b)
(2) [CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03)

1. (d) Mg2  = 120 mg/L


 
Coefficient of Hardness = 20 – (loss in weight in
gm)/3 Ca 2  concentration as per CaCO
  3
 560  548 
= 20   16
3 50
= 60   150 mg / lit
 For road work coefficient of hardness should 20
be atleast 17. 11. (c)
 For building work stones with coefficient of Pilot valves are human operated and used for
hardness less than 14 should not be used. emergency control and safety control.
2. (c) 12. (b)

 20H2 

R
3. (d) Noise reduction (dB) = 10log10  
 R
 
H = height of wall
4. (a)

E
A water cement ratio of 0.25 is needed chemically.  = wavelength of sound

5. (b) R = distance between source and barrier

6. (d) T  20H2
= 10log10  R




S
All the above options are correct which reduces
alkali content in concrete.  20  100 
= 10log10  
A
 20  10 
7. (b)
= 10log1010
Flyash bricks can be manufactured at the work
site. = 10 dB
M

8. (b) 13. (d)


Aluminium can be riveted, bolted, but cannot be Pressure at ferrule point should be 7 m above G.L.
soldered. The ore of Aluminium is purified by Bayer’s for single storey building, 12 m for two storey
Process and is reduced to aluminium by Hall building and 17 m for these storey building.
S

Hiroult’s process. 14. (d)


Pure aluminium is unsuitable for structural purpose.
Satisfactory properties are derived by alloying
IE

15. (d)
copper, manganese, zinc, silicon etc. with
Aluminium.
nd
Ii stage
9. (b)
(nitrogenous
Strength of concrete increasew with increase in demand)
rate of loading. BOD
st
10. (a) (ppm) I stage
(carbonaceous
Ca  1 demand)
 =
Mg 2
Time in days
Mg2   2 Ca  
    16. (d)
2 50  2  50
650 = Ca    Mg 
20   12
17. (d)
50
2  50
650 = Ca   2 Ca     BOD5 of influent entering trickling filter
20 12
= (1 – 0.03) × 200
Ca2   650  6  60 mg / L = 140 mg/lit
  65
[CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03) (3)

Production of solid in T.F = 0.5 × 140


2r 2
= 70 mg/lit Z = 1.6 =
2g
Total solid production = 70 × 1000 × 103 × 10–6
2
= 70 kg/day 1.6 × 2 × 10 = 2   2  101 
18. (a) 2 2
16 =   10
 = 40
19. (a)
2 N
H2S itself not injurious to cement concrete sewer = 40
60
in presence of air H2S convert to H2SO4. H2SO4
react with cement consistuent of concrete that is 60  40 1200
N =  rpm
lime and finally compound form calcium sulpho 2 
aluminates which occupy greater volume. 23. (d)

R
20. (d) Mouth piece 0.82
Sluicegate with drowned out flow 0.5

E
21. (c) Proportional weir 0.6
u v Cipolletti weir 0.63
Since,  xy =

u

y x

T
24. (c)
x component of acceleration
S
and y
= (0 + 14) × 10–3 unit
u u 2 
  
2
ax = u x  v y  xy  y x  y  xy 
v
A
= (– 4 + 0) × 10–3 unit
x

 xy = (14 – 4) × 10 –3
unit

 x2  2xy  y  y2  xy 
M

= 10 × 10–3 = (xy – y2) (y) – (x2 + 2xy)(– 2y + x)

Also, shear resilience is given by : ax(2,1) = (2 – 1)(1) – (4 + 4)(–2 + 2)


= 1 – 0 = 1 unit
 2xy
= 2.5 MPa 25. (c)
S

2G
 xy P  Pv
 Cavitation number where P = absolute
Where G =  U20 / 2
IE

xy

pressure at point of consideration Pv = vapour


2xy pressure.
i.e.,   xy = 2.5 MPa
2 xy
 Vapour pressure increases with increasing
 xy   xy temperature and risk of cavitation is more.
= 2.5 MPa
2  In supercavitating torpedoes have been
5 MPa developed in which a large bubble envelopes
xy = the torpedo, so reduce contact area with water
10  103
and leading to significantly faster speed.
= 500 MPa.
26. (a)
22. (c)
Curve drawn above the datum which has ordinates
equal to piezometric head at every point is called
Initial water level
H.G.L. or hydraulic gradient.
p1
1.6 m H.G.L. = z
y

p V2
TEL =  z
y 2g
(4) [CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03)

Taking datum as reference end of siding.


If cross-section and flow rate is not vary then  Turnouts, diamond crossing and crossovers are
velocity remain same. Hence difference of HGL some of the types of track unction used to
and TEL as velocity head remain constant. transfer trains from one track to another track.
27. (c) 34. (a)
Weight in tonnes of the ship without cargo, fuel  Track drainage is the interception, collection
and stores is known as displacement light. and disposal of water from, upon or under the
28. (a) track. It is accomplished by surface and
subsurface drainage system.
An ideal fluid material can’t experience any stress
on it. An ideal rigid material does not experience  Proper drainage of sub-grade is very vital as
strain because there no elongation in this type of excess water reduces the bearing capacity of
material. the soil and as well as its resistance to shear.

R
29. (c) 35. (d)

 Given, D = 1.28 m, N = 180 rpm, V = 25 m/sec


Generally deflections are recorded after the
rainy season. If they are taken in dry season, k cos 20° = 0.9397

E
they should be multiplied by 2 for clayey soils, u = 12 m/sec
1.2 to 1.3 for sandy soils and interpolated for
2u v  u  1 kcos

soils in between.
The amount of deflection depends upon a
number of factor such as T H =
v2
2  12   25  12 1  0.9397 
S
H =  96.8%
(i) Wheel load, (ii) Pavement thickness, 252
composition and condition (iii) Soil strength, 36. (b)
A
and (iv) Surface temperature.
Part load efficiency of Kaplan turbine is higher than
30. (d) the part laod efficiency of propeller turbine.
Clearance interval represents ALL RED time.
M

 Kaplan has adjustable vanes.


 Change interval represents yellow time. 37. (b)
 Two phase system is usually adopted if through
Pr
traffic is significant compared to turning = 1
movements and if turning movement is r Nr3Dr5
S

significant then four phase system is usually


adopted. P1 P2
 (  and N both are constant)
D15 D25
31. (b)
IE

Angularity No. = 67% solid volume 5


8748  114 
Thus angularity number is the measure of voids in  
36  D2 
excess of 33%.
= (243)1/5
32. (a)
Coefficient of friction = 0.76 × 0.5 = 0.38 114
= 3
D
 0.278  80 2
SDD = 0.278VtR + 113
2  9.81  0.38  0.02  D =  38 mm
3
= 55.6 + 69.91 38. (c)
= 125.5  126 m Moving average is a technique for smoothening out
33. (b) the high frequency fluctuation of a time series and
 Buffer stops: It is a form of stop or barrier to enable the trend, if any, to be noticed.
provided at the end of track to prevent vehicles Hyetograph, however, is not convenience for
from running off the track. discerning a trend in the rainfall as there will be
 Sand hump: This is also a method to prevent considerable variations in the rainfall values leading
the vehicles from running off the track at the to rapid changes in the plot.
[CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03) (5)

39. (b) 45. (b)


Fern shaped catchment have higher base period Lacey assume channel as semi-elliptical channel.
and low discharge then fan shaped catchment. 46. (c)
40. (c) Concave bank or outer edge of meandering river
5.87 5.87 goes on eroding and convex bank or inner edge
W 50 =  goes on silting.
1.08 1.08
 Qp   250 
 A   3000  47. (c)
   

5.87 f  1.76  0.36  1.056


= 1.08
 1 48. (b)
 12 
  For a hydraulic jump,
= 5.87 × (12)1.08 y2 1
1  1  8F12 

R
=
= 85.93 hr y1 2  

W50 8.0 1
1  1  8  11.672 

E
W 75 =  49.10 hr =
1.75 y1 2  

41. (a) y1 = 0.50 m

Risk = 1 – qn
= 1 – (1 – p)n
T
49. (c)

1 2
S
n
 1
= 1  1  
 T 
A
2
 1 
= 1  1  
 100 
1 2
M

= 1 – (0.99)2
Specific energy at both section remain same
= 1.99%
because bed elevation is same
or
Q
2 At section (1) q1 =
1   2 1 B1
S

 
 1  1    1  1   Higher order   2%
 100   100  Q
At section (2) q2 =
42. (d) B2
IE

Blaney-criddle formula is used to calculate potential  B1 > B2


evapotranspiration.
q2 > q1  y2 > y1
43. (c)
Total area of the catchment = 120 km2.
2
Zone Area (km ) Annual runoff
2
(cm) (km )·cm qmax
A 61 52 3172
yc
B 39 42 1638
C 20 32 640
q
 Total runoff = 5450 km2.cm
 Annual average runoff from catchment Hence, in supercritical region depth will increase
5450 and velocity will decrease to keep specific energy
= = 45.4 cm constant.
120
44. (c) 50. (d)
Both statement are IS code recommendation. Most efficient trapezoidal section
(6) [CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03)

l/2 l/2 II. Two shift operations = 20%


III. Three shift operation = 30%
54. (b)
l l All time of activity = x + x + x + x + x + x
= 6x
B=l Standard deviation = 2  2  2  2  2  2
Side slope length

 T/2 = 62

  60  = 6 
 B = 2.45

R
p      32
   2 3 So, maximum time = mean time + 3 
y  sin60 3
= 6x  7.35 

E
in most efficient triangular channel section
55. (c)
p
2 2
y

% change in
p 2 3 2 2
y
  100
T
56. (b)
S
2 3
57. (c)
 2
=  1  3   100  A-O-N (Precedence Network) are more widely
A
  used where repetitive task are involved and
where overlapping and interdependencies of

= 1  0.67  100  activities are major feature of project.
M

= 0.1836 × 100  A-O-A are considered better for a the


representation of complex projects where there
= 18.36% is not a high degree of repetitive work.
51. (b)
58. (c)
Fixed factor for double decline balance method
S

2 2  
(FDDB) =   0.08
n 25
IE

Book value after 20 years If 1st activity is left skewed


B20 = 25(1 – FDDB)20 then other should be right in order to have normal
distribution for project.
= 25(1 – 0.08)20
59. (b)
= 4.71 Lakhs
For RC building damping = 5%
52. (c)
E=2 E = 16 For steel building damping = 2%
L=6 L = 20
3
2
2
5
5 4  Sa 
5   for steel =1.4 × 2.5 = 3.5
E=0
1
9
4 7
E = 24  g 
L=0 7 L = 24
6 E = 11
5
L = 21 6 60. (c)
3 6
7
E=5 E = 18  At least one intermediate bar be provided
L=5 L = 18
between corner bars at each column face.
53. (b)
 For normal column-with rectangular section
The norms for providing standby equipment should minimum number of bars required is 4 as per
be as below IS 456.
I. One shift operation = 10% 61. (c)
[CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03) (7)

P = 400kN
75 mm

Pitch  min  Core diameter
 6
b = 300mm

d = 200 mm
25 mm
Pitch  max 
3t
B = 2000 mm Core diameter = Gross diameter – 2 × clear cover
Net effective shear force 66. (d)
 B  b    emax  e 
 F  q  B    d
 2   Density Index = ID   e   100%
 max  emin 
where q = Net upward pressure
Loosest Present Densest

R
Load on the column 400 state State State
=  2  100 kN / m2
Footing area 2
Take B = 1 m = 1000 mm

E
  2  0.3  
F = 100  1 2
 0.2 
emax e emin
 
= 65 kN
T using d 
G w
1 e
we can deriv e that
S
F
Nominal transverse (one way) shear =
Bd
1 1
(1  emax )  and (1  emin )  
 d (min)
A
65  103 d(max)
=  0.325 N/mm2
1000  200
 1 1 
62. (a) 
M

  d 
Then, ID =  d(min)   100%
 1 1 
  
63. (a)  d(min) d(max) 
1. Changing f y = 250 to f y = 415, MOR increase
G s remains constant throughout; hence is
by 51%
S

advantageous to use in deriving relationships.


Changing fck = 20 to f ck = 40, MOR increase
The strength of the dry soil is assessed by breaking
by 16.5%
and crumbling between the fingers.
IE

2. MOR  width
67. (c)
MOR  (depth)2
 depth has more influence over MOR. 68. (b)
64. (b)

69. (c)
The vane shear test does not give accurate results
when the failure envelope is not horizontal.
L
For over-consolidated clays, the plot between Cu
and  is curved until a pressure equal to the
preconsolidation pressure c .
L
B B
< 0.5L

Load of shaded portion is taken by lintel.


65. (b)
(8) [CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03)

73. (d)
Cu

Over- consolidated
74. (c)
clay Normally
consolidated clay
e0  e
cc 
'
log
c  '0

Cu–Plot for over-consolidated clay
'

e0  e  c c log cc = compression index
 '0

75. (a)

R
C u3 3Q
q {if r = 0}
Cu 2 2z2
C u1

E

(c)2
3  600
(c)1 ( c )3  q
2  4
Cu–plot for normally consolidated clay

70. (a)
T  q
225

kN / m2
S
WL  WP
Toughness index It =
If  q  71.62 kN / m2
A
76. (b)
50  30
Sample 1 It =  0.74
27 Normal load 249.41 N
 
M

c / s area 36  104 m2
40  20
Sample 2 It =  1.18
17 Shear load 144 N
 
Soil two is stiffer than soil one at plastic limit. c / s area 36  104 m2
71. (a)
S

   c   tan 

qs =  avg  2  Cu  A s  c = 0 for sand
IE

 1  144
= 0.1 10  50   2  120     1 50
 2   36  10 4 40 1
tan     
 249.41 40  3 3
= 7697 kN
36  10 4
72. (c)

G  e   w  1 
 sat =   tan1    30
1 e  3

2.6  e 
1.80 = f  45 
1 e 2

1.80 + 1.8e = 2.6 + e 30


 45   60
e = 1.0 2

C 0.5 77. (b)


hc = 
eD10 1 0.014 qu = CNC SCdC + qNq sq dq +
0.5 B  N S  d
= 35.71 cm = 0.36 m
[CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03) (9)

Since we have to neglect embedment effect so


 800  400   106
=
qu = qNq + 0.5 B N 2
qu = 17 × 1 × 48.9 + 0.5 × 1.5 × 17 × 6.4
2 2
qu = 912.9 kN/m2   800  400   106   200  106 
    
So, approximate option is (b)  2   2
   
78. (d)
Permissible settlement in shallow foundation 2 2
= 600  10 6   200  10   100  10 
6 6

Isolated footing on clay Total settlement Angular distortion


(mm) (mm)
= 600  106  4  104  1012  1 1012  10 4
Isolated footing on sand 65 0.0015L 1/666
Raft on clay 40 0.0015L 1/666 = 600  10 6  10 2  10 121/2 5

R
Raft on sand 65 –100 0.0021L 1/500
= 600  106  10 4 5
40 – 65 0.0021L 1/500

E
79. (a) 1,2 = 6  10 4  104 5
20 × 10 × 0.005 = 1T/m2
80. (b)
10% air-void line and 90% saturation line are not
identical. T 2
 
1  6  5  10 4

  6  5   10 4
S
Smooth-wheel rollers are useful for finishing 82. (c)
operations after compaction of fills and for
A
compaction of granular base courses of highways.
3
These are not effective for compaction of deep layers
of soils as the resulting compaction pressures (14–y)
M

induced are low.


In general, at a given water content, the shear
strength of the soil increases with an increase in y
the compactive effort till a critical degree of
saturation is reached with further increase in the 2
S

compactive effort, the shear strength decreases.


Given the extreme stresses be 3  & 2
side
IE

D ry Let distance N.A. from bottom = y


Shear stress ()

s id e
Wet 3 14  y
 =
2 y

 3y = 28 – 2y  5y = 28

Normal stress () 28


 y = cm from bottom
81. (d) 5

 x = 800 × 10–6,
From top y  14  28  8.4 cm
5
y = 400 × 10–6,
83. (d)
r xy = 200 × 10–6
Maximum bending Maximum
Principal strain =
stress in rectangular bending stress
bar in circular bar
2 2
x  y   x  y    xy 
1 / 2 =      
2  2   2 
(10) [CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03)

Mb 32M PL
 3
=
 b   2b  3   3 / 2D  3D 
d
  4  2 E
 12  

12M 32M 64PL


 avg =
8b 3
d 3 81D2E
1/3 8PL 64PL 8PL
 3  
b =   d 9D E 81D E  81D2E
2 2
 64  % error = 8PL 8PL
31/3 1/3 9D2E 9D2E
= d
4
9 1
Weight of rectangular =   100
81 9

R
bar b  2b  L

Weight of circular bar   2  = 11.11%  10% (remember)
 d L
4  so option c is correct

E
8b2 85. (c)
= 2
d

=
2/3
8 3 2/3
 16 T +14 kN
S
(+)
C D
B
32/3 A
E F
= 1/3 (–)
2   
A
–4 kN
Option (d) is correct. (–)
–6 kN
84. (c) 3m 7m 2m
M

–12 kN
P 3m
d2 = 3D P 3/2D = d
1 –9+1/2×7×14
x =40kNm = MF
x Point of 36–12×3
contraflexure (+)
S

dx O = MD
L B Parabolic Linear
A
E F C D
L
Pdx
IE

 =  2
0   d  d1   –1/2×6×3
d  2 x E
4  1  L   B
= –9kNm = MB
D

4PL PL
 = 
d1d2E  d1d2 
 2 E
  Point of
infection only one d
PL 8PL
=  
   3 / 2D·3D 
E 9  D2 · E [Deflection at B & D is zero] C
 4 
 
Point of contraflexure is located by equating B.M
 d1  d2  at point of contraflexure to be zero. Let ‘x’ be the
Treating bar of average diameter   distance of point from B.
 2 
 MF – (–9) = area under SFD between B&F
PL PL
avg =  0 + 9 = area under SFD
AE   d  d 2
1 2
E
4  2   14  14  2x 
  2  x  9
 
[CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03) (11)

 (14 – x)x = 9  x2 – 14x + 9 = 0 89. (b)


Actual stress cycles
2
14  14  7  9
 x =  0.675 m  x = 200 × 6 × 4 × 50
2
= 240000 cycles
86. (b)
also, fn = 59 N/mm2
 If axis of symmetry is present, the shear centre
(like the centroid) lies on the axis of symmetry then shear fatigue stress
& therefore the shear centre & the centroid
1/5
coincide for doubly symmetric cross-section.  5  106 
f = fn  
 If a beam has singly symmetric cross-section,  Nsc 
 
both the centroid & shear centre lies on the
axis of symmetry. 1/5
 5  106 
= 59  

R
 If load passes through the shear centre, then  240000 
 
there will be not twisting.
= 108.29 N/mm2
87. (a)

E
90. (b)
2EI P
Euler’s buckling load = B
2eff

 eff for column 1 = 2  (one end fixed other end


T l/2 R
B
l/2
S
free)


A
 eff for column 2 =  (one end fixed & other K
2
is pinned)
M

2 2
P2  1   2 
=     At point B
P1   2 eff   / 2 
P(l / 2)3 (Pl / 2) (l / 2)2 R(l / 2)3
  = 
P2 2 P2 3EI 2 EI 3 EI
 = 2 2   2 4  8 
S

P1 P1
P P R
  = 
88. (d) 24 16 24
IE

 5P  K 
q (0,q) =  1  
48  24 
(–q,0) 5  192
  =  10
(0,0) (q,0) 48  2
91. (c)
(0,–q)
P. Maximum - Normal stress criterion.

It’s a case of pure shear. Hence Mohr’s circle is as 2


shown. y
 Diameter of Mohr’s circle = 2q
 Centre at origin i.e. (0,0) 1
– x x
 Principal stresses are ‘q’ & –’q’ equal in
magnitude but unlike in direction. – y
(M)
 Angle between normal to principal plane &
normal maximum shear is 90° in Mohr’s circle,
Q. Maximum - distortion energy criteria
so it would be 45°.
(12) [CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03)

2 n= 3
y
 Bn1 = (B – nd) = 300 – 3 × 25 = 225 mm
– x
1 The net width along A – B – D – G
x
– y
n = 2, n  1, p1  50 mm, g,  100 mm
(N)
R. Maximum shear stress criterion. np2 1 502
Bn2  B  nd   300  2  25 
2 4g 4  100
y = 256.25 mm
The net width along A – B – D – E – F
1
– x x n = 3, n  2 p  50 mm, g,  100 mm

R
– y
2  502
(L) Bn3 = 300  3  25   237.5 mm
4  100

E
92. (b)  The least width is 225 mm.
E = 3× 105 MPa 96. (b)
G = 1.2 × 105 MPa

E =
9KG
T A unequal flange angles with long horizontal legs
are provided to serve the following purpose.
(a) It increase the moment of inertia of the section
S
3K  G
(b) It provides large length for making the
9  K  1.2  105  connection with the flange plates
3 × 105 =
A
3K  1.2  105  
97. (b)
3K + (1.2 × 105) = 3.6 K
  3 sec,   50 years
M

0.6 K = 1.2 × 105


k3 = Topography factor
K = 2 × 105 MPa
where,
93. (d)
Vb = Basic maximum speed over a short interval
Effective length of member is 0.7 L of 3 seconds and with a 50 year return period.
S

= 0.7 × 10 = 7 m k1 = Probability factor


L eff 1.10  7000 k2 = Terrain, height and structure size factor
 = 1.10 = = 70
IE

 110 k3 = Topography factor


94. (c) 98. (a)
Redundancy, r = 2
95. (c) No. of hinges for mechanism = 2 + 1 = 3
A Mechanism-1
50
B 60 kN
3m 3m
100 Mp Mp
 
D
C 
100
2
E Mp
50
F G
Mp   2Mp   Mp  = 60
40 50
F G
The net width along A – B – C – E – F 4Mp  = 60
[CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03) (13)

 1.4
4Mp · = 60
3 1.0 Interaction formula is
Mp = 45 kNm V T
  1.4
Mechanism-2 Vd Td
V/Vd
0.414 × 6m Simultaneously
= 2.484 V > Vd
T/Td 1.0 1.4
T > Td
Mp Mp
 1 102. (b)

 Given that cv,c = 100 N/mm2

then non dimension web slenderness ratio


+1
Mp 0.5
 fy 

R
 w =  

wL2  3cv,c 
Mp 
11.656 0.5

E
 250 
10  36 =  
Mp   3  100 
11.656

Mp  30.88 kN  m
T = 1.2

then design shear strength =


fyw
3   2w m
S
Take maximum of {(i), (ii)} 0
99. (d) 250
=
A
The effective depth of end battens shall not be less 3  1.22  1.1
than distance between centroid of main members.
= 91.119 N/mm2
100. (d)
103. (d)
M

Given: Axial load = 400 kN


The wind force is assumed to act normal to roof
B.M. = 20 kN-m truss and gravity load pass through centre of purlin
When ends of the column are milled & faced for section.
bearing, 50% of the load is transferred directly & Hence, purlin section is subjected to twisting in
S

50% is transferred through the splice addition to bending. Such bending is called
Additional axial load due to moment = M/d unsymmetrical bending.
104. (d)
IE

20
=  50 kN uo = (ust)o Rd
0.4

Load on each column splice Po


and (ust) = = 3 cm
k
P M 400 20
     150 kN 1
4 d 4 0.4 Rd = 0.5
 2 2
101. (b)  1     2 2 
As per IS 800 : 2007, interaction curve is at resonance  = 1

1 1
1.0 then, Rd = = = 2
2 2  0.25
Interaction formula is
2 2 so, uo = 3 × 2 = 6 cm
 V  T 
      1.0
V
 d  Td  105. (a)
V/Vd
2  1
T/Td 1.0  = 2n
As per IS 800 : 1978 (old code)
(14) [CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03)

k 106 1
n = 
m 100
= 100 rad/sec.
40  20
then  =
2  100
W
20
= = 0.1 = 10% W 1 W
2  100
2 2
106. (c) Howe Truss

If we cut a section both in Pratt Truss & Howe


107. (a) truss and see the cut truss on the left side of
section 1 – 1 , we see that diagonal in pratt truss,

R
L K J I H
case is longer member which carries tension and
in Howe truss case is a longer member which
N O P
M 5m carries compression.

E
Thus if longer member carries compression, there
A G is likely chance of buckling of truss member.
B C D E F

1m 3m 3m
250 kN 125 kN
3m 3m 1m
T
110.
Therefore, Pratt Truss is better.
(b)
S
241.08 kN 133.92 kN
A B
Consider the left side of section x-x & put 2
EI = 10000 kN-m
A
+ M = 0
D L = 10 m

241.08 × 7 – 250 × 3 + FkJ × 5 = 0 Here B  0.001radian


M

FkJ  187.512 kN and FJD  0 A  0

2 Using slope deflection method,


FkJ L (187.512)2  3
Strain energy stored = = 2EI
2 AE 2  104 MAB = 0  2A  B 
S

L
= 5.27 kN-m
108. (a) 2  10000
= 0  0.001
IE

10
Increase in rise of arch due to temperature change
= 2 kN-m
 2  4h2 111. (c)
dh =  T
4h
At roller, we will have only one reaction. It is ‘R’ as
 252  4  72  6 shown
 dh =  16  10  35
47
P
 dh  0.01642m B
A
109. (a) 4a R
1 R
C D
2a

Downward deflection of B,
3 3
W P  4a  R  4a 
B = 
3EI 3EI
W 1 W
Downward deflection of C,
2 Pratt Truss 2
[CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03) (15)

3
115. (d)
R  2a 
C = Lines joining the loci of places having same value
3EI of dip are known as isoclinic lines, whereas those
Both point B & C will have same amount joining the loci of places with no dip is called as
aclinic line such as magnetic equator.
B =  C
116. (a)
3 3 3
P  4a  R  4a  R  2a   2.105  1.375    2.06  1.34 
  = h =
3EI 3EI 3EI 2
3 3 3
64Pa 64Ra 8Ra 0.73  0.72
  = =  0.725
3EI 3EI 3EI 2
 64P – 64R = 8R If instrument is kept at P then staff reading at P
will be free from error and at Q will be error.

R
8
 R P Let collimation be e in staff reading at station Q
9
h = (2.105 – e) – 1.375

E
3
R  2a  0.725 = 0.73 – e
B   C =
3EI
e = 0.73 – 0.725

B =
8
9
P
8a
3EI
3

T = 0.005 m
= 0.5 cm
S
64Pa3 117. (d)
B 
27EI Z
A
A
112. (c)
If rotation at O is  , then total stiffness at O 90° –  90° – 
M

 4EI   3EI   EI  

L    L    L    0 OD     80 90°
P
 OA  OB  OC  M
90° – 
8EI
   80 Using Napier rule
L
S

sin of middle part = product of tangents of the


10L
 adjacent part
EI
IE

113. (c) sin  90  H  tan   tan  90   


Stiffness k1 of 10 coils spring = 10 N/mm
cos H  tan  · cot 
 stiffness k2 of 5 coils spring = 15 N/mm
118. (c)
Though it looks like they are in series but they are
in parallel combination. They are not subjected to
same force, 119. (c)
 keq = k1 + k2 rh
d =
= 10 + 15 = 25 N/mm H
114. (a) 3.2  250
= (H = flying height above datum)
Pratt truss 2000
A = 0.4 cm = 1750 + 250
= 4 mm = 2000 m
120. (c)
B
In retrograde vernier, n divisions of vernier scale are
equal to (n + 1) divisions of main scale.
Force vertic FAB = 0 (for any value)
(16) [CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03)

121. (c) 130. (d)


Aggregates from igneous rocks are satisfactory Aerobic decomposition is the method of choice for
because they are normally hard, tough and dense. large quantities of dilute wastewater (BOD5 less
However the metamorphic rock which exhibits than 500 mg/L) because decomposition is rapid,
foliated structure is not suitable as aggregate. efficient and has a lower odour potential. For high-
122. (d) strength wastewater, (BOD5 is greater than 1,000
mg/L), aerobic decomposition is not suitable
Incorrect holding of the chain leads to compensating because of the difficulty in supplying enough oxygen
error. and because of the large amount of biological sludge
123. (d) produced.
For normal concretes, the water cement ratio is 131. (d)
generally in the range of about 0.40 to 0.60, If a ship is safe in rolling then it will be safe in
although for high strength concretes, ratios as low pitching also because stability of ship is directly

R
as 0.21 have been used. proportional to metacentric height and metacentric
124. (b) height is greater in case of pitching as compared
High plastic swelling type of clay can be best to rolling because moment of inertia is max in

E
stabilised by using lime as admixture and pitching so, if ship is safe in rolling then it will also
absorption of water by lime in soil improves its be safe in pitching but vice-versa is not always
true.

125.
shear resistance.
(c)
Decomposition and putrefaction of tissues of T
132. (b)
When permeability of one soil is more than 10
S
standing tree are indication of wet rot. times of other then resistance to flow more in
pervious soil and therefore no deflection correction
126. (a) is necessary. The flow net will drawn only for less
A
Sludge age is the amount of time, in days that pervious soil.
solids or bacteria are under aeration. Sludge age 133. (d)
is used to maintain the proper amount of activated
M

sludge in aeration tanks. Viscosity change with temperature and pressure.

127. (a) 134. (c)

Of the elements nitrogen and phosphorus, it has  The centrifugal ratio is the ratio of the centrifugal
been found that the blue greens can fix nitrogen force to the weight of the vehicle.
S

from the air. Blue greens can survive almost any


where and can easily outgrow other algae under P V2
i.e., centrifugal ratio = 
adverse conditions. For this and other reasons, it W gR
IE

is not pretent to control nitrogen. Phosphorous


 Generally the maximum value of centrifugal ratio
control is recommended.
is taken is 1/4(= 0.25) for roads and 1/8(=
128. (d) 0.125) for railways i.e., higher for roads and
Lime soda softening is used particularly for water lower for railways.
with high initial hardness (greater than 500mg/l) 135. (d)
and suitable for water containing turbidity, colour
 In propeller turbine, vanes are fixed, as it can’t
and iron salts because they have a tendency to
be used where operating conditions changes
inactivate the ion-exchange bed, by a coating on
considerably.
the granules. Lime soda softening cannot reduce
the hardness to values less than 40 mg/L while 136. (a)
ion-exchange softening can produced as zero- If width is too large, the surface over which water
hardness water. glides because large giving rise to more friction
129. (c) losses. Hence optimum value is adopted.
Subsidence inversion is usually associated with a 137. (a)
high pressure system and is caused by the
characteristic sinking or subsiding motion of air in
138. (c)
high pressure area surrounded by low pressure
area (i.e. anticyclone). Hence reason is incorrect. Main functions of inspection galleries
[CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03) (17)

1. Intercept and drain off the water seeping through 2


dam body. y
2. Provide access to interior of dam for controlling
behaviour of dam.
x
3. Provide enough space for carrying pipe. 1
1 z
Foundation galleries runs in longitudinal direction
and is quite near to the u/s face of dam.
139. (c) 2

Assertion is correct but reason is wrong Plane state of stress,

As per assumption in G.V.F. slope of energy grade 1 2


x  
line may be evaluated using a uniform flow formula E E
such as manning’s equation and Chezy’s equation,
2 1

R
with corresponding roughness coefficient applicable y  
E E
for uniform flow.
140. (a) 1 2
z   

E
E E

141. (a) 
=     2 

142.
Both A & R are true & R explains A
(d) T E 1
So, a plane state of stress does not results in a
plane state of strain.
S
A is false R is true. Reason:
Recommended length beyond the bend, decreases
A
with increases in the angle of the bend of stirrup. y

 
Q S x
z
M

90 8d Uniaxial state of stress


135 6d
180 4d 
x 
E
{  d = diameter of bar}

S

143. (b) y  
E

IE

144. (d) z  
E
A  Smooth wheel roller are preferred for granular So, a uniaxial state of stress results in a 3–
soil. For cohesive soil sheepfoot roller is preferred. dimension state of strain.
R  True Assertion is wrong, Reason is correct.
145. (b) Option (d) is correct.
Negative skin friction acts in the same direction as 147. (c)
the applied load hence it reduces the allowable
The following assumptions are made during analysis
load on piles.
of the behaviour of shafts subjected to torque.
As ground water table lowers, effective stress
1. The material is homogenous.
increases, which can cause consolidation of soil
which causes downward drag on piles. 2. The material is elastic
146. (d) 3. The stress does not exceed the elastic limit
Assertion: 4. The circular section remains circular
5. Cross-section remains plane
6. Cross-section rotate as if rigid i.e., every
diameter rotates through the same angle.
(18) [CE], ESE-2020 PRELIMS TEST SERIES PAPER-II (TEST-13, FLT-03)

Shearing strains is the angle between final and


original position of the generators and this definition
of shearing strain holds at the interior point of the
bar.
148. (c)
In composite shaft,
Applied torque = T = T1 + T2

T1L TL
Angle of twist =   1  2   2
G1P
I 1 G2IP2

149. (d)
Moment distribution method requires two iteration

R
tables whereas Kani’s needs only single table.
Hence Kani’s method is more efficient compared
to moment distribution method.

E
150. (b)
If members are connected together at joints by
welds or bolts the angles changes produce
secondary stresses. These have little effect on
buckling strength and tensile strength of truss
T
S
member because of local yielding of extreme fibres
of the members near the joints as truss loaded to
its ultimate strength, these secondary moments
A
gradually dissipate and hence may be neglected in
the buckling analysis.
The effective length ratio ‘k’ of compression members
M

in truss does not exceed unity because trusses


are usually loaded only at the joints so that joint
displacement at one end of the member relative to
the other is small.
S
IE