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CIT- University

Physics Department

Name:Harly Jhon Munalem Date Performed: December 1,2010


Course&Year: BSCPE-2 Group#: 5
Class Schedule: Wednesday 7:30-10:30 Instructor: Ms. Roxcella Tenedero

Experiment No. 1
Title: Specific Heat of Solids
I. Objective:
To determine the specific heat capacity of solids by methods of mixtures.
II. Apparatus:
Metal Ball, Iron, electric heater, Calorimeter, Dipper, 2 thermometers, Water bath,
Graduated Cylinder, Extension cords.

Metal ball Iron Electric heater Dipper Thermometer

Graduated Cylinder
III.Theory:
When two or more substance at different temperatures are mixed, heat will flow from the
substance of the higher temperature to the substance of lower temperature. The heat flow will
continue until an equilibrium in temperature is reached. From the law of Conservation of
Energy, whatever amount of heat is lost by the hot substance must be equal to the heat gained
by the cold substance. Thus, each component of a mixture must undergo a change in
temperature. This change depends primarily on the masses of the components and on their
specific heats. Specific heats refers to the amount of heat required in changing the temperature
of unit mass of a substance by a unit degree or
Q= m c ct
Where:
Q= amount of heat in calories
m= mass in grams;
ct= change in temperature, in 0C; and
c=specific heat capacity in cal/g-0C .
In this experiment, a known mass of water at a certain initial temperature is placed inside a
calorimeter. The hot sample is then poured into the water and the equilibrium temperature is
noted. The heat exchange equation is heat lost by sample = heat gained by water and
calorimeter or:
ms cs cts = mw cw ctw + mc cc ctc
IV. Data & Results:
Item Observed Symbol Unit Sample Used
Metal Ball Iron(Fe)
Mass of inner cup Mc g 63 63
Mass of water Mw g 150 150
Mass of sample Ms g 78.4 130.2
0
Initial temp. of H20 & Cup tm/tc C 30.2 5.9
0
Initial temp. of Sample ti C 91 90
0
Final temp. of mixture tt C 31.2 40
Specific heat of Cup cc cal/g0C 0.217 0.217
Specific heat of Water cw cal/g0C 1.0 1.0
Specific heat of Computed cs cal/g0C 0.349 0.105
Sample Standard cs cal/g C 0
0.31 0.11
% Error % 13.68 0.29

V. Evaluation / Questions:
1. What is the purpose of stirring the mixture in the calorimeter, I,e. After the hot sample
was poured into it?Answer. Water has its ability to absorb heat. If we stir the mixture,
their could be a faster transfer of heatness.
2. One hundred twenty grams of metal at 88 0C is poured into a 70 grams insulated cup
contains 250 grams of water at 16 0C. The final temperature of the mixture is 17.5 0C.
Determine the specific heat capacity of the metal.

VI.Conclusion:

From the law of conservation of energy, the amount of energy is stored in an isolated system
wherein it remains constant. It cant be destroyed nor created and thus it can only be transfer. Therefore,
I conclude that heat energy transfers from one molecule to another.