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150W MP3 Car Amplifier Page 1

150W MP3 Car Amplifier

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Circuit : Youssef Bouterfes

Email : ybouteras123@yahoo.fr

Block Diagram:
Here, it is a diagramm of an active loudspeaker. The LF353 of, National Semiconductor, is going to split
audio signal into three bands. SANYO'S LA47536 is going to amplify these signals. In stereo mode, we
shall have the action of eight high speakers who are going to create a very important sound pressure.

Three Band Active Tone Control:

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Description :
LF353 Wide Bandwidth Dual JFET Input Operational Amplifier
General Description
These devices are low cost, high speed, dual JFET input operational amplifiers with an internally
trimmed input offset voltage (BI-FET II technology). They require low supply current yet maintain a
large gain band width product and fast slew rate. In addition, well matched high voltage JFET input
devices provide very low input bias and offset currents. The LF353 is pin compatible with the standard
LM1558 allowing designers to immediately upgrade e the overall performance of existing LM1558 and
LM358 designs. These amplifiers may be used in applications such as high speed integrators, fast D/A
converters, sample and hold circuits and many other circuits requiring low input offset voltage, low
input bias current, high input impedance, high slew rate and wide bandwidth. The devices also exhibit
low noise and offset voltage drift. (National Semiconductor)

Features :
Internally trimmed offset voltage: 10 mV
Low input bias current: 50pA
Low input noise voltage: 25 nV
Low input noise current: 0.01 pA
Wide gain bandwidth: 4 MHz
High slew rate: 13 V/us
Low supply current: 3.6 m
High input impedance: 1012.
Low total harmonic distortion : < 0.02%
Low 1/f noise corner: 50 Hz
Fast settling time to 0.01%: 2 us

Power Amplifier :
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When the amplifier is installed behind in the suitcase, we shall need a switch works stop. The LA47536
possesses a function stand by in it pin4. This pine require a small tension superior to 2V in start up the
amplifier. Transistor Q1 and Q2 makes the function of walking stop for distance. When the driver
activates the left indicator, either light the back fires or press on the brake , lamps rear ignite driving
Q2 who he even made to drive Q1 who applies a tension > 2V on it pin4.

LA47536 Four-Channel 45 W BTL Car Audio Power Amplifier

The LA47536 is a 4-channel BTL power amplifier IC developed for use in car audio systems. The output
stage features

- A pure complimentary structure that uses V-PNP transistors on the high side and NPN transistors on
the low side to provide high power and superb audio quality.

- The LA47536 includes almost all the functions required for car audio use, including a standby switch,
a muting function, and each protection circuit. It also provides a self-diagnosis function (output offset
detection). (Sanyo)

Functional Description
1. Standby Switch Function (pin 4)
The pin 4 threshold voltage is set to be 2 VBE. When Vst is 2.0V or higher, the amplifier will be on, and
when Vst, is 0.7V or lower, the amplifier will be off. Note that pin 4 requires an operating current of at
least 40uA.

2. Muting Function

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The IC is set to the muted state by setting pin 22 to the ground potential. In this state, the audio
output is muted. The time constant with which the muting function operates is set by an external RC
circuit, and this time constant influences the pop noise that occurs when the amplifier is turned on or
The muting on and off times due to the recommended external component values (R=10k, C=3.3uF)
are as follows.
Muting on time: 50ms
Muting off time: 20ms

3. Self-Diagnosis Function (Speaker burnout prevention)

During steady state operation, the LA47536 detects, internally, whether or not an abnormal amplifier
output offset has occurred, and outputs this signal from pin 25. Applications can prevent speaker
burnout and other problems by having the system microcontroller detect this pin 25 output signal and
control either the standby state or the power supply. (An abnormal output offset may be caused by, for
example, input capacitor leakage current.) The pin 25 signal is turned off by setting pin 1 to the ground

4. Oscillator Stability
In some cases, parasitic oscillations may be induced by the PCB layout. This oscillation can be
eliminated by adding the components listed below. Note that the optimal capacitor value must be
verified by testing in the actual mounted state in the end product. Connect a capacitor and resistor
(0.1uF and 2.2) in series between each output pin and ground.

5. Audio Quality (Low band)

The frequency characteristics in the low frequencies can be improved by making the capacitance of the
input capacitors variable. The recommended capacitance is 2.2uF and smaller.

6. Protection Circuits
Do not ground the outputs with the STBY voltage at around 1.4V. Also, do not turn the IC off in the
grounded state with a time constant provided for the STBY voltage.

7. Pop Noise
Although the LA47536 includes an pop noise prevention circuit, pop noise can be reduced even further
by using the muting function as well. Activate the muting function at the same time as power is
applied. Then, after the output DC potential has stabilized, turn off the muting function. When turning
the amplifier off, first turn on the muting function and then turn off the power supply. These two
methods are effective at minimizing pop noise.

Printed Circuit Boards :

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