Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 6

DADAR CENTRE: 2/17, Ganga Nivas, Ranade Road, Dadar (W)

R.K.Singh PHYSICS(Current Electricity) Practice Sheet:1


Q.1 A storage battery is connected to a charger for charging with a voltage of 12.5Volts. The internal resistance of
the storage battery is 1W. When the charging current is 0.5 A, the emf of the storage battery is:
(A) 13 Volts (B) 12.5 Volts (C) 12 Volts (D) 11.5 Volts
Q.2 Under what condition current passing through the resistance R can be
increased by short circuiting the battery of emf E2. The internal
resistances of the two batteries are r1 and r2 respectively.
(A) E2r1 > E1 (R + r2) (B) E1r2 > E2 (R + r1)
(C) E2r2 > E1 (R + r2) (D) E1r1 > E2 (R + r1)

Q.3 A battery consists of a variable number n of identical cells having internal resistance connected in
series. The terminals of the battery are short circuited and the current I measured.
Which one of the graph below shows the relationship between I and n?

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

Q.4 In previous problem, if the cell had been connected in parallel (instead of in series) which of the above
graphs would have shown the relationship between total current I and n?

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

Q.5 n identical cells are joined in series with its two cells A and B in the loop with reversed polarities. EMF
of each shell is E and internal resistance r. Potential difference across cell A or B is (here n>4)

2E F 1I 4E F
G 2I
(A)
n
G
H n JK
(B) 2E 1 - (C)
n H n JK
(D) 2E 1 -

Q.6 In the figure shown, battery 1 has emf = 6 V and internal resistance = 1 W.
Battery 2 has emf = 2V and internal resistance = 3 W. The wires have negligible
resistance. What is the potential difference across the terminals of battery 2 ?
(A) 4 V (B) 1.5 V
(C) 5 V (D) 0.5 V
Q.7 The terminal voltage across a battery of emf E can be
(A) 0 (B) > E (C) < E (D) all of above

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com


Q.8 A circuit is comprised of eight identical batteries and a resistor
R = 0.8W. Each battery has an emf of 1.0 V and internal resistance of
0.2W. The voltage difference across any of the battery is
(A) 0.5V (B) 1.0V
(C) 0 V (D) 2 V
Q.9 In order to determine the e.m.f. of a storage battery it was connected in series with a standard cell in a
certain circuit and a current I1 was obtained. When the battery is connected to the same circuit opposite
to the standard cell a current I2 flow in the external circuit from the positive pole of the storage battery
was obtained. What is the e.m.f. e1 of the storage battery? The e.m.f. of the standard cell is e2.
I1 + I 2 I1 + I 2 I1 - I 2 I 2 - I1
(A) e1= e (B) e1= e (C) e1= e (D) e1= e
I1 - I 2 2 I 2 - I1 2 I1 + I 2 2 I1 + I 2 2

Q.10 In the network shown the potential difference between A and B


is (R = r1 = r2 = r3 = 1 W, E1 = 3 V, E2 = 2 V, E3 = 1 V)
(A) 1 V (B) 2 V
(C) 3 V (D) 4 V
Q.11 Two batteries one of the emf 3V, internal resistance 1 ohm and the other of emf 15 V,
internal resistance 2 ohm are connected in series with a resistance R as shown. If the
potential difference between a and b is zero the resistance of R in ohm is
(A) 5 (B) 7 (C) 3 (D) 1
Q.12 A wire of length L and 3 identical cells of negligible internal resistances are connected in series. Due to the
current, the temperature of the wire is raised by DT in time t. N number of similar cells is now connected
in series with a wire of the same material and cross section but of length 2L. The temperature of the wire
is raised by the same amount DT in the same time t. The value of N is :
(A) 4 (B) 6 (C) 8 (D) 9
Q.13 A cell of emf E has an internal resistance r & is connected to rheostat. When resistance R of rheostat is
changed correct graph of potential difference across it is

(A) (B) (C) (D)

Q.14 The battery in the diagram is to be charged by the generator G. The generator has a
terminal voltage of 120 volts when the charging current is10 amperes. The battery
has an emf of 100 volts and an internal resistance of 1 ohm. In order to charge the
battery at 10 amperes charging current, the resistance R should be set at
(A) 0.1 W (B) 0.5 W
(C) 1.0 W (D) 5.0 W
Q.15 Two current elements P and Q have current voltage characteristics as shown below :

Which of the graphs given below represents current voltage characteristics when P and Q are in series.

(A) (B) (C) (D) (E)

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com


Q.16 A wire of cross-section area A, length L1, resistivity r1 and temperature coefficient of resistivity a1 is
connected to a second wire of length L2, resistivity r2, temperature coefficient of resistivity a 2 and the
same area A, so that wire carries same current. Total resistance R is independent of temperature for small
temperature change if (Thermal expansion effect is negligible)
(A) a 1 = – a 2 (B) r1L1 a 1 + r2L2 a 2 = 0
(C) L1 a 1 + L2 a 2 = 0 (D) None
Q.17 Resistances R1 and R2 each 60W are connected in series as shown in
figure. The Potential difference between A and B is kept 120 volt.
Then what will be the reading of voltmeter connected between the
point C & D if resistance of voltmeter is 120W.
(A) 48 V (B) 24 V
(C) 40V (D) None

Q.18 The resistance of all the wires between any two adjacent dots is R. Then
equivalent resistance between A and B as shown in figure is :
(A) 7/3 R (B) 7/6 R
(C) 14/8 R (D) None of these

Q.19 Consider an infinte ladder network shown in figure. A voltage V is applied between the points A and B.
This applied value of voltage is halved after each section.

(A) R1/R2 = 1 (B) R1/R2 = 1/2 (C) R1/R2 = 2 (D) R1/R2 = 3

Q.20 ABCD is a square where each side is a uniform wire of resistance 1W. A point E lies on
CD such that if a uniform wire of resistance 1W is connected across AE and constant
potential difference is applied across A and C then B and E are equipotential.
CE CE CE 1 CE
(A) =1 (B) =2 (C) = (D) = 2
ED ED ED 2 ED

Q.21 In order to increase the resistance of a given wire of uniform cross section to four times its value, a fraction
3
of its length is stretched uniformly till the full length of the wire becomes times the original length what is
2
the value of this fraction?
1 1 1 1
(A) (B) (C) (D)
4 8 16 6
Q.22 In the given circuit the current flowing through the resisitance 20 ohms is 0.3
ampere while the ammetre reads 0.8 ampere. What is the value of R1?
(A) 30 ohms (B) 40 ohms (C) 50 ohms (D) 60 ohms

Q.23 The circuit diagram shown consists of a large number of element (each element has two resistors R1 and
R2). The resistance of the resistors in each subsequent element differs by a factor of K = 1/2 from the
resistance of the resistors in the previous elements. The equivalent reistance between A and B shown in
figure is :

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com


R1 - R 2 (R1 - R 2 ) + 6 R1R 2
(A) (B)
2 2

( R1 - R 2 ) + R12 + R 22 + 6 R1R 2
(C) (D) None of these
2
Q.24 A brass disc and a carbon disc of same radius are assembled alternatively to make a cylindrical conductor.
The resistance of the cylinder is independent of the temperature. The ratio of thickness of the brass disc
to that of the carbon disc is [a is temperature coefficient of resistance & Neglect linear expansion ]
a CrC a Cr B a Br C a BrB
(A) a r (B) a r (C) a r (D) a r
B B B C C B C C

Q.25 In the circuit shown, what is the potential difference VPQ?


(A) + 3V (B) + 2V (C) –2V (D) none

Q.26 In the circuit shown in figure reading of voltmeter is V1 when only S1 is


closed, reading of voltmeter is V2 when only S2 is closed. The reading of
voltmeter is V3 when both S1 and S2 are closed then
(A) V2 > V1 > V3 (B) V3 > V2 > V1
(C) V3 > V1 > V2 (D) V1 > V2 > V3

Q.27 One end of a Nichrome wire of length 2L and cross-sectional area A is attatched to an end of another
Nichrome wire of length L and cross-sectional area 2A. If the free end of the longer wire is at an electric
potential of 8.0 volts, and the free end of the shorter wire is at an electric potential of 1.0 volt, the
potential at the junction of the two wires is equal to
(A) 2.4 V (B) 3.2 V (C) 4.5 V (D) 5.6 V
Q.28 In the diagram resistance between any two junctions is R. Equivalent resistance
across terminals A and B is
11R 18R 7R 11R
(A) (B) (C) (D)
7 11 11 18
Q.29 Power generated across a uniform wire connected across a supply is H. If the wire is cut into n equal
parts and all the parts are connected in parallel across the same supply, the total power generated in the
wire is
H H
(A) 2 (B) n2H (C) nH (D)
n n
Q.30 A constant voltage is applied between the two ends of a uniform metallic wire. Some heat is developed in
it. The heat developed is doubled if
(A) both the length and the radius of the wire are halved.
(B) both the length and the radius of the wire are doubled
(C) the radius of the wire is doubled
(D) the length of the wire is doubled

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com


Q.31 When electric bulbs of same power, but different marked voltage are connected in series across the
power line, their brightness will be :
(A) proportional to their marked voltage
(B) inversely proportional to their marked voltage
(C) proportional to the square of their marked voltage
(D) inversely proportional to the square of their marked voltage
(E) the same for all of them

Q.32 Two bulbs rated (25 W – 220V) and (100W – 220V) are connected in series to a 440 V line. Which
one is likely to fuse?
(A) 25 W bulb (B) 100 W bulb (C) both bulbs (D) none

Q.33 Rate of dissipation of Joule’s heat in resistance per unit volume is (symbols have usual meaning)
(A) s E (B) s J (C) J E (D) None

Q.34 The charge flowing through a resistance R varies with time as Q = 2t – 8t2. The total heat produced in the
1
resistance is (for 0 £ t £ )
8
R R R
(A) joules (B) joules (C) joules (D) R joules
6 3 2

Q.35 A total charge Q flows across a resistor R during a time interval = T in such a way that the current vs. time
graph for 0 ® T is like the loop of a sin curve in the range 0 ® p. The total heat generated in the resistor
is
(A) Q2p2R / 8T (B) 2Q2p2R / T (C) 2Q2pR / T (D) Q2p2R / 2T

Q.36 If the length of the filament of a heater is reduced by 10%, the power of the heater will
(A) increase by about 9% (B) increase by about 11%
(C) increase by about 19% (D) decrease by about 10%

Q.37 A heater A gives out 300 W of heat when connected to a 200 V d.c. supply. A second heater B gives out
600 W when connected to a 200 v d.c. supply. If a series combination of the two heaters is connected
to a 200 V d.c. supply the heat output will be
(A) 100 W (B) 450 W (C) 300 W (D) 200 W

Q.38 Two bulbs one of 200 volts, 60 watts & the other of 200 volts, 100 watts are connected in series to a
200 volt supply. The power consumed will be
(A) 37.5 watt (B) 160 watt (C) 62.5 watt (D) 110 watt

Q.39 In the circuit shown the cells are ideal and of equal emfs, the capacitance of the capacitor is C and the
resistance of the resistor is R. X is first joined to Y and then to Z. After a long time, the total heat
produced in the resistor will be
(A) equal to the energy finally stored in the capacitor
(B) half of the energy finally stored in the capacitor
(C) twice the energy finally stored in the capacitor
(D) 4 times the energy finally stored in the capacitor

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com


Q.40 Three 60 W light bulbs are mistakenly wired in series and connected to a 120 V power supply. Assume
the light bulbs are rated for single connection to 120 V. With the mistaken connection, the power dissipated
by each bulb is:
(A) 6.7 W (B) 13.3 W (C) 20 W (D) 40 W

Q.41 The ratio of powers dissipatted respectively in R and 3R, as shown is:

(A) 9 (B) 27/4 (C) 4/9 (D) 4/27

Q.42 In the figure shown the power generated in y is maximum when y = 5W.
Then R is
(A) 2 W (B) 6 W
(C) 5 W (D) 3 W

Q.43 In the circuit shown, the resistances are given in ohms and the
battery is assumed ideal with emf equal to 3.0 volts. The resistor
that dissipates the most power is
(A) R1
(B) R2
(C) R3
(D) R4
Q.44 What amount of heat will be generated in a coil of resistance R due to a charge q passing through it if the
current in the coil decreases to zero uniformly during a time interval Dt
4 q2R q2R 2q 2 R (2Dt )
(A) (B) ln (C) (D) ln
3 Dt 2Dt 3Dt q 2R

Q.45 The variation of current (I) and voltage (V) is as shown in figure A. The variation
of power P with current I is best shown by which of the following graph

(A) (B) (C) (D)

B Q.45 A Q.44 A Q.43


D Q.42 D Q.41 A Q.40 D Q.39 A Q.38 D Q.37 B Q.36
A Q.35 A Q.34 C Q.33 A Q.32 C Q.31 B Q.30 B Q.29
D Q.28 A Q.27 A Q.26 B Q.25 A Q.24 C Q.23 D Q.22
B Q.21 D Q.20 B Q.19 B Q.18 A Q.17 B Q.16 C Q.15
C Q.14 D Q.13 B Q.12 C Q.11 B Q.10 A Q.9 C Q.8
D Q.7 C Q.6 D Q.5 A Q.4 D Q.3 B Q.2 C Q.1

ANSWERS

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com