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MARITIME

ENGLISH-RUSSIAN

PICTORIAL-INFORMATION

DICTIONARY

(Teaching-Practical Manual for Seafarers)

Two volumes

Volume I

MOPCKOI1
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Over 20 000 terms and definitions

Colour illustrations

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Edited by Professor L. A. Kozyr

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Y,LlK 629.54(038)= III = 161.1 This reference book is intended for the cadets of the mari­
55K 39.4512 time educationaL estabLishments and practicaL workers of
M 80 sea and river transport
This status is approved by the Ministry ofEducation and
Science of Ukraine
(Letter NQ 1/11-7421, dated October 3,2007)
Editorial staff
Y.G. Il'nitsky - extra master;
I.A. ll'nitskaya - Master of Linguistics;
Y.A. Kulak - shipbuilder-engineer, Laureate of State Award of Ukraine;
V.A. Orlov - extra master;
V.N. Plyushch - assistant professor of the navigation department of the Kherson State Mari­
time Institute;

Under the editorship of L.A. Kozyr,

Professor, correspondent member of the Academy of Technical Sciences of Ukraine

ISBN 978-966-96285-6-5

Editors: N.V. Shapovalova, LA. ll'nitskaya

Design, text capture and processing by D.H. Kuryazov

This two-volume dictionary is compiled thematically taking into account the curric­
ula of the maritime educational establishments. Terms and definitions given in the dictionary
are illustrated by more than 2500 pictures, drawings and photos. They concern the following
aspects of seamanship:
brief history of ship-ping; fundamentals of the theory and construction of a ship; vessel

types, including sailing ships; power installations, equipment and rigging of ships; fish­

ing and commercial types of fish; hydrotechnical constructions; ports and cargo han­

dling techniques.

The terminology concerning navigation, meteorology and safety of navigation is submit­

ted and illustrated as well.

There is brief information about shipbuilding and diving operations.

Flags and currency of different countries of the world are also available.

The dictionary contains typical nautical terms and expressions.

This two-volume dictionary is designed for seamen, shipbuilders, teachers, students and cadets
of maritime higher schools, colleges, maritime schools, and all those who work in the field of the
maritime industry, and those who likes everything connected with sea.
The editorial staff expresses their gratitude for the constructive assistance in compiling the dictionary to the
teaching staff of the Kherson State Maritime Institute and to the following persons: Y.A Zil'berberg.,
V.V. Mironov., L.N. Tribenko., A. Zhuravlyov., S.G. Suvorova.

F © Y. G. Il'nitsky
I. A. Il'nitskaya
Y. A. Kulak
V. A. Orlov
V. N. Plyushch
V. F. Khodakovsky
2008
® Y.G. Il'nitsky
- idea and content

..,

All rights reserved for the dictionary general contents, title and layout of the material.

Reproduction is permitted only with compulsory reference to the copyright of the editors.

Preface
Dear reader,

This book is intendent to make easy the work of mariners and all those who connected their

life with sea.

For the convenience of users we tried to reach maximum visual clarity and simplicity.

We strived to present the variety of types of seagoing ships, their arrangement and

equipment.

There are some additional parts where, to our mind, marine professional can find useful

information.

A good number of dictionaries, reference books, periodical, information obtained at

European maritime exhibitions guides us in our work.

We are thankful to everybody who supported us in preparation, designing and publishing this

book.

Keep hoping that this book will be also helpful for cadets, students and seamen, who begin

their life as a seafarer.

This is the first edition and we shall be grateful for your remarks, corrections or proposals.

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npe,[\JIO)f(eHHSI no nOI1 pa60Te.

How to use the dictionary


For convenience of users the entries are nested on definite subjects. The book is subdivided
into sections that present commonly used maritime subjects, branches of science and
seamanship.
Having found interesting subject in the contents one can easily find an entry of interest and
its English equivalent supported by pictures and diagrams.
In additon some other subjects with regard to maritime practice are given in Appendices.

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ENGLISH ALPHABET

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RUSSIAN ALPHABET
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contentJ Volume
OrrraBrreHl1e TOM

Introduction
BOAHM qaCTb

Contents
OrrraBJIemle

1. The History of Navigation


VlCTOpIDI cy.n.OXO.n.CTBa
2. Bases of Sales Fleet
OCHOBbI napycHoro cpnoTa
3. Types of Sea-Going Ships
THnbIMOPCK~Cy.n.OB
4. The Theory of a Ship
TeopIDI Kopa6ml
5. Arrangement of Ships
YcrpOHCTBO CynOB
6. Shipbuilding
Cy.n.OCTpoeID1e
7. Ship's Rigging Work & Tools
TaKena)l(Hble pa60TbI JIl JIlHCTpYMeHTbI
8. Sea & River Engineering
MOpCKl1e JIl pellHble coopY)l(eHIDI
9. Transfer Loading Complexes, Machines & Devices 314--357
TIeperpY30QHbIe KOMlUleKCbl, MalliJIlHbl JIl nt:,"c:nclCo6JIealll
10. Navigation, Safety of Navigation, Meteorology 358-486
HaBJIlraU;JIlSI, 6e30naCHOCTb MOpennaBaHIDI, MeTeOPOTIOltllDP

Appendices 487-512
TIpIDIO)f(eHl1SI

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TIepeqeHb I1CTIOrrb30BaHHotf nl1TeparypbI.
THE HiSTORY
OF NAViGATiON
WCrf)PNJf
t'PA@;r@ACnl~
Contents
CO)J, p){(alIl1e

1. Ancie nt China 10
ApeBHJ11ii KJ1Talii
2. Phoenician and Egyptian seafarers 11
<1>(llliJ1KJ1\.1CKJ1e l1 EI'JIl.I IeTCKl1e MopeXOAbJ
3. The ships of Ancient Rome and Greece 12
CYAa npeBHero PJ1Ma l1 rpe~\lfl1
4. The ships of North Europe and Slavic people's s hips
Vikings discover North America
CY)1,a CeBepHolii EBpOIThI \If CJlaBmi
Bl1Kl1Hnl OTKpblBaIOT CeB. AM p j;fi(y
5. European ships of the XTI-XIV centuries
The routes of Hanza Union
C)'Aa EBPOflb! XII-XlV BeKOB. MaprnpyTbl raH3eHCKOrO COlma
6. Henry the Seaman. Ships
r Hpl1 MopermaBaTeJlb. Kopa6JIl1
7. Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Fernando M age llan es
XpIllCTO¢ p KOJIYM6, BaCKo)1,a raMa, <1>epHaH Marel maH
8. Amerigo Vespuchi, Gerardus Mercator
AMep\lfro BecrrYlfl{\II, repap)1, MepKaTop
9. The medieval charts
MOpCKl1e KapTbl Cpe)1,JleBeKoBbSJ
10. Francis Drake
¢peHCl1C ApeliiK
11. W. Barents, S. Dezhnev, V. Bering
B. 6apeml" C. A )((Hes, B. o epJmr
12. The famous ships of the XVII century
naMelf\llTb!e Kopa6Jf\II xvn BeKa
13. Captain James Cook
lKaITlllTaH A>Kel7rMc K yK
14. Joshua Slockem
D;)Komya CnOK3M
15. Navigators-explorers of XIX-XX centures
Mop nJlaBaTeJIl1-0epSOOTKpbIBaTeffi1 XIX-XX BeKOB
16. Three famous historical sailing vessels
pl1 3HaMeHl1TbIX \lfCTOpJ1lIeCKJilX napYCHHKa
17. The sailing ship-giant, 7-mast vessel"Thomas Lowson" 27
Oap YCHHK-rnraHT. 7-Maq'J'oBaSJ rnxYHa "ToMac flOYCOH"
18. The sailing ship-giant, 5-mast ship "Proyssen" 28
napycHm<-ntfaHT. 5-Maq-roBbn1 Kopa6JIb "npoJ71cceH"
19. "Great Eastern" the I. Brunnel's giant 29
'TpeJirr VIcrepH" - rnraHT VI. EpIOrrneJlll
20. Thor Heyerda hl, Jac-Ive Custo 30
Typ XeJ71epAaJI, )KaK Vis Kycr
21. Blue Ribbon of the Atlantic 32
fony6aJ1 neHTa ATJlaHTJ1KJ1
22. Possessors of Blue Ribbon of the Atlantic 33
06naAaTemt rony6oM neHTbl ATJlaHTMKM
23. Comparative d imensions of transatlantic ships 34
paBHJ1TeJTbHWe pa3Mepbl TPaHcaTnaHTMK s
24. Transatlantic vessels. Routes and tragedies 38
apwpYTbJ Jot TpareAJ1l1 TPaHcaTnaHTIlKOB
25. "Titanic" 38
"TJ1TaHJ1X"
26. Discovery of the Arctic and Antarctic 40
OeHJ1e ApKTJfKl1 J1 AHTapKTI1Kl1
27. Stages of development of vessels mechanical 44
ul ive devii:es
CTaX(IDII Pa3BM'I'JI1SI MeXaHJ1t.JeCKTIIX ABJ1){{J1TeJleJit CYAOB
28. First river and coastal n avigation steamships 46
n pBwe 14 npJ16pe)KHoro WIaBaHJUlllapOXOAbl
29. Wheel steamships from the beginning of navigation 4
Kon HhI napOXOAbI OT HalJana CYAoxoACTBa
Ancient China
.upeBHI1Vr KI1TaVr

Junk (Chinese sailing vessel)

First historical data

IV -V thousand years B. C.

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flepBble I1 CTOpW'leClGfe
CBe.a;eHI1S1 .a;aTV1PYKYJ'CSI
IV-V TbICSl'IeJJeTl1eM,o;o H.

magnetic compass
before the Europeans
PaHbme eBponeJ7r~e8
KMTM~bl J,1306pell14
MarnHTHblCI KOMTlac

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n CTHl1l1 6cp ra HbllleUllieH
M KC11KW - "3aMopcKYIO CTpaH)'
¢Y3aH"
Phoenician and Egyptian seafarers
<l>mrn:KmilcKliIe III Enm:eTcKliIe MOpeXO,D;bI

Phoenician seafarers were the first


who introduced the division of
0
horisol circle by 360
<J)11Hl11<l111CKl1e ~m peXO)];bl nepBbl1\HI
BBeJTI1 )];eJ1eH11e OKcfYlKHOCTl1
ropltt30HTa Ha 360

Ancient Egyptian seagoing


ships (II thousand years B.c.)
MopcKoe CY)];HO ApeBHero ErnnTa,
II TblOf4eneTl1e AO H. 3.

Pharaon Ramses ship 1195 H.C. Ancient Egyptians waterways


CYJ~HO ¢apaoHa PaM3eca, 1195 r. )];0 H. 3.
BOAHbJe MapwpYTbJ ApeBHI1X ernnTmI
The ships of Ancient Rome and Greece
Cy.n.a ApeBHero PI1Ma 111 rpell,lrn

Trireme (a Roman warship) M~~ iI'i.L.


Pili MCK3H TPYlpet.fa-TP~lepa, ~......_
264-146 rOJU>I no H..

Roman pentera 266-24'l S.c.


264-241 roAM AO IT. 3".
PI1MCKaH neliTep3,
The ships of North Europe and Slavic people's ships
Vikings discover North America
''<.<l.oII_~:••• Cy.n.a CeBepHoM EBpOIThI J;f OlaB5IH.

B HKmIn1 OTKpbIBaIOT CeBepH)'ID AMeplirKy

Russian ship (boat), VI-VIII century


VI-VW BeKa
DCI)J,M! PYCCKa5I,
(cKeAH5I, Kopa6nb)

3CtpMK PbDKMW,
982-985
'~"'_ _iiiii...,;;"",j_....,j Harlfsson
!'EP~IIILj iI~~~;:;;:::;;;;."";;;;;;;:';;;::::;;;~=:":;;:";;;;--. Xl'pllacpccOJ-f, 986
~......~ Life Ericksso
DeCtcp 3PMKCCOH,
1000
Thorvalde
Top Banb}J.,
1002-1004

Vicking ship (dragon ship) 1066


1066 fOA
CYAHO BlilKlilHfOB (ApaKap),
European ships of the XII-XIV centuries
The routes of Hanza Union
CYAa EBPOIIbI XII-XIV BeKOB. Map m pyThI faR3eWCKOro COI03a

Genuese merchant (trading) ship,


XII century
reHY33cK\IIJ/t TOprOBbJH Kopa6Jlb,
XII BeK

The Hansa's ships waterways, 1241-1370


MapwpyTbI Kopa 6}Jel1 r aH3bl, 1241-1370 IT.
Henry the Seaman. Ships
reHpT1x MOpeIIJ1aBaTenb. Kopa6J1ltl

gIish merchant vessel, 1395

AHrJllllil KI-fiiI KyneCJeCKMCI Kopa6Jlb, 1395 r.

HENRY SEAMAN

fEHPlIlX MOPEfIJIABA TEJTb

Henry Seaman Don Enricke (1394 -1460),


the Portuguese prince, organizer of science
school and expeditions to Islands in central
Atlantic ocean and to African coasts

reHpHX M opermaBaTeJTb g OB 3Hpl1Ke

(1394-1460), rropryramCKI1T1 npMHL\,

Opral-fl:l3a'r Op HaY'-lHol1 WKOITb! 11

1< nenm.lI.fl11 K oCTjJoBaM L\eHTp aJTbHOI1

A1 aH'n1](l![ 11 K 6eperaM Acppl1Kl1

Ftench men:hant ve sel XIV-XV cen t.


4tpaJil.()'3CKI1Iii TOprOBbrl1 Kopa6Jlb,
XI - VB a
"i~~I5i;" Christopher Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Fernando Magellanes
Xp~CTOCPOp KorrYM6, BacKo p,a raMa, <I>epHaH MareJlJIaH

Christopher Columbus
Xp~CT04>Op KOJlYM6
1451-1506

Searching for the western


water-way to China and
India discovered the
water-way to America
B nO~CKax 3ana,D,HOrO
rrrm B KM'rai1 ~ Ithl,ll;M1o
OTKPbIJl nyTb B A.\1ep~Ky CTall oepBblM ~':'ri~Aitii~ ....~_~
npon )J(IiI BlU11M rryn. B VfHlU-fIO
Amerigo Vespuchi, Gerardus Mercator

AMeplllro B cIl}"ItfH, papA MepKaTOp

ESPUCHI AMERlGO (1454-1512)


eaaaan, Florentine, participant of Spani h
and Portugal expedition (1499-1504) to the shores of
South A,nerica called by h im New World, later in
hon £ V. Amerigo it is named as America
n Y 4'-l1l1 A MEPV1TO (1454-1512)
M o p crmaBaTenb, cpJ IOpeHTl1e~ y cmCTIll11< McnaliCKOI1
w nOp1'yTaJlbCK M 3KCn eAllUJ,MlIl (1499-1504 r r .) K
6ep eraM IQ)KHOJil AMepM KM, H a3Ba ~lHOM MM H OSbfM
CaCTOM. 8 4 eCTb B. A Mep Mro KOHT11JieliT Ha3saH
AMe pl1KOI1

GERARDUS MERCATOR (VA KREMER)

1512-1 593

Outstading cartographer in the Middle ages

rEPAP.u lVlEPKATO[ (6 H KP M P),

1512-1593 r r.

The first navigation charts in


the Mercator projection
appeared in 1569
B 1569 rOAY nOSlBlVII1Cb
n c p Sble MOPCKI1C
Hal:lMrau,HOHHbIC KapTbl
npOeKl\1111 MepKaTopa

The chart of 1587


K a pTa 1587 rOAa
The medieval charts
MopcKMe KapThI cpe)J;HeBeKoBhSl

During the voyage Columbus used this world map


composed by Italian named Toskanelli in 1474, that:
why Columbus was sure of reaching India
Bo BpeM~ CBoero rrJlaBaHVl~ KonYM6 nOJIb30Banc!lii~:\Il ~
KapToM MVlpa, COCTaBneHHOM VlTanbIDw,eM TOCKa~
B 1474 r . BOT rrO'-leMY KOJIYM6 6bm yuepetI, '-ITO A~
VlHAVlVl

The chart "PIR} KnS"


KaPTa "nlllPvr PElilCA:'

Mateo Prunes. Soaniish ~'111&&.~~~


(the library of the USA Congress)
Maneo npYHec. HcnaHCKCUI KaPTa,
1550 r . (6\116mIOTeKa KOHrpecca OlIA)
Francis Drake

<1>peHcMc Ap Jin<

DRAKE FRANCIS (1540-1596)

Engli h aman, vice-admiral, leader of pirate expeditions

to W,st India, performed the econd in the history

world tour in 1577-1580 di covered Drake strait

APElilK <DPEH III (1540-1596)


AflrrrJ-rMC M pelUlaBaTeJlb, BJlIQ -aJJ.M11p I, PYKoBOLJ,I1TeJIb

mlpa1' B -VTt-!AJlIIO, B 1577-1580 rr.


3I<cneJJ.l1l\111>1 B

c ~pqn..Ul 2-e B HCTopm1 KPyr BeTHOe nnaBaHl1e,

OTKpbID npOJlHB Ap l1l<a

w. Barents, S. Dezhnev, V.Bering


B.DapeHQ,C.Ae~eB,B.DepMHT

w. Barents expeditions
1594-1596
3Kcne)J, VIl..J;1111 B.
5apeHI\a,
1594-1596 r .

W. BARENTS
B. 5APEHIJ,
The famous ships of the XVII century
3HaMem ITbie Kopa6J1Vl XVII BeKa

Vasa Swedish vessel, foundered at launching


in 1625, 300 years later was lifted, restored and
became the museum exhibit
"Baca" - mBen K ~I!7I Kopa6nb. 3aToHyn npH cnycKe
R1625 ro)W . Yep 300 neT nO~H5!T,
craspHpoBaH, CTall MY3e"'HbIM 3KcnOHaTOM

French military vessel La Corone 1636

0" placement 2100 tons

<!>paHI.( 3CKoe BoeHHoe cy~o "Da KopoHe", 1636 r .

Bo~OIll3Mew: ,·f1,fe - 2100 TOHH.

I.e Royal Louie 1690


1400 tons dis placement
" De Po",a;r nylll", 1690 r.
BO]J.oIll3Mell.\eHHe - 1400 TOHH.
JAMES COOK'S ROUTES

MAPWPYTbI IIITABAH\Il1lI WKEliIMCA KYJ<,A

1768-1771, 1772-"1775, 177~1779

KaliWICln, cOBepUJ~U1 rulasaHltUl K


Au pamtH (1768-1771, 1772-1775,1776-1779).
nOCller~HeM nna»aHIDt OTKPbUI rasa"'CK~e
ocrp sa (J 778), me OH 6bUl y611T
Joshua Slockem
):Qt<ornya OlOK3M

Joshua Slockem - the first round - the world


independent navigator, who acted alone. 1895-1898
J¥owya CnOK3M - nCpBhl ll! Kp y r CBeTHbH1 illJ a Ba TE~J l b- O)J.MHO qKa.

, .. . ,. ..
1 95-1 98 IT.
, , ,eo

V' (). .
10 to I
v

J~ ~
r"fi ~ ~~D', ~~ J~
:L
~ F'­
~ ~~ -­...
...,. t ~

I...-' ~5 ~
~I 'I.:..
• 1-<­':. ~"" o~ ~
.. PAd, i c
\t ........

:-~
r
'
TLANTiC
.':t .
UN
r" ~ ~ <t. L
l.:;
OCEAN
:=.. .\. ......1'::­ ~'=-~ ~
'Ii ~

~'l)t
THXHH
I
OM 'I A lot
"­ ~
~
J ~:.. f 1"­ -. 0­
~ ..........
\ "~A i:.. .
•1'::;' •
..~
-"-... 1"

10 ;.:
-~-
a' _ \ ­ ~ W-,~~ ) :(. ... J... A
~
.. ~ ~-
. . ~~~'~
r_. ~ 1--­
- I ~"",,- ,,~~ ~~==- fi----.. 1,' ·~~ :0

.. ~ ~ ~ ~ ",~ •.!.'!1 - '


T i=l
",.l,

-
I

. ,. -­
.d .". .1j
i=-'"i' ':6 L~rA~,::r"
"""K.I.I."IC ~ TATKMr M 0 (7
160 144 1'0 ' 00 0 .
The route of captain Slockem on board "Spray", 1895-1898
.,.......- - -......- -.....- - - - . MapUlpyT KanMTaHa CJlOK3Ma Ha " Cn pee",
1895-1898 IT.

"CnpeH" 110cne nep erIKIl J;JMerI


BOOP lKellHC 110na (AJIlIHa 11,2 M; American captain
lIH1p~IHa 4,25 M; BOJ!, 1,1 Mell(eHHC 9 1'01111.) JJ.lI<owya O lOK3M (1844-1909).
AMepMKaHcKll\lii: Kan l1TaH
Navigators-explorers of XIX-XX centures
MopermaBaTeJU1-rrepBooTKpbIsaTem1 XIX-XX seKOB
1. B LLINSHAUSEN FADD EY 1. 6EJIJH1HCfAY3EH <I>A):I.lJ:EM
(1778-1852). Russian seaman, (1778-1852). PYCCKHji MOperrJIaBaTeJIb,
admiral, discovered Antarctic a,!lMl1paJI, B HHBape 1820 r. OTKPbIJI
continent in January, 1820 A H'rapKTI1,lly

2. LAZAREV MICHAEL 2. ITA 3APEB Ml1XAl1JI ITETPOBWI


PETROVICH (1788-1851). Ru ian sea (1788-1851). PYCCKI1J1 <pJIOTOBO,lleL\ 11
captain and navigator, dl cov erer of MOperrJIaBaTeJIb, rrepBooTKpbIBaTeJIb
Antarctica. Made the voyage aro und t he AHTapKTI1,llbI, COBepmJ1JI KpyrocBeTHble
world: 1813 -1816 on the ship "Suvorov", rrJIaBaHHH: B 1813 -1816 rr. Ha cY,llHe
1819-1821 being in command of sloop "CYBOPOB", B 1819 - 1821 rr., KOMaH,llYH
UMirny",1822 - 825 on the frigate m JIlO rrOM "MJ1pHbIJ1", B 1822 -1825 rr. - Ha
"Krey er", etc.
<pperaTe "KpeJ1Cep" 11 T.,ll.

. CRUZEN HTERNIVAN
3. KPY3EHlllTEPH l1BAH
nDOROVICH (1770-1846) . <I>E)J,OPOBl14 (1770-1846). PYCCKJ1H
Russian navigator, in 1803 -1806 le d the MOperrJIaBaTeJIb. B 1803 - 1806 rr.
world expedition on the ships "Nadezhda " BOJ rJIaBJ1JI KpyrocBeTHYIO 3KCrre,llJ1'L(111O
and "Neva" Ha KOpaOJIHX "Ha,!le)K,!la" J1 "HeBa"

" NSEN FRIDTJOF (1861-1930). 4. HAHCEH cf>PMTbO<I> (1861-1930).


orwegian exploreJ of Arctic, in 1893 - 1896 HopBe)KcKl1I1 HCCJIe,llOBaTeJIb APKTJ1KJ1. B
led the expedition to the North Po le on board 1893 - 1896 rr. PYKOBO,llJ1JI 3KCrre,llJ1L\J1eH K
of "Fram". CeBepHoMY rroJIlOcy Ha "cf>paMe"

5. AMU DSE RU (1872-1928). 5. AMyH,llCeH PyaJIb (1872-1928).


Norvegian, polar explorer and traveler, he HOpBe)KeL(, rrOJIHpHbIH I1CCJIe,llOBaTeJIb 11
was th fir t who pas ed through rryremeCTBeHHJ1K, B 1903-1906 rr. rrepBbIM
North-Western passage fro m Greenla nd to rrpomeJI ceBepO-3arra,llHbIM
Alaska in 1903 - 1906, the fIrst w h o reached npoXo,llOM OT fpeHJIaH)1.J1J1 K
th Pole on December, 14.12.1911 . AJiHcKe, 14 ,lleKaopH1911 r. rrepBbIM ,llOCTJ1r
lO)KHoro nOJIlOca.
Three famous historical vessels
TpM 3HaMeHVlTblX VfcTopvrqecKMx rrapycFJlII](a

"Santa Maria" -
Columbus ship
«CarITa MapHSi» ­
CYAHO K onyM6a

"Victory" ­
Admiral G. Nelson' s flagship
in Trafalgar sea battle, 1805.
«BHKTOPMH» -
<1>JlarMaHCKMI1 Kopa6Jlb
a,D,M"HpaJTa f. H eJlbCOHa
B Tpaq,aJTbrapcKoM MOPCKOM
Cpa)l(eHI1M, 1805 L

«KaTTM Capx»
U;.4~:ii?.. The sailing ship giant, 7-mast vessel "Thomas Lowson"
••',.-w- TIapYCHlttK-rnraHT. 7-MalITOBa5i IIlxYHa "ToMac DOYCOH"

06U (lII Iii BHA H napYCHOCTb


MIIIMa4TOBOM CTaJlbHOM
WXYHhl "TOMac nOYCOH"

OCIIOOHbJe AaHHble:
nOCTpoeHa B 1902 r.,
nom:6fla B 1907 r.
BMeCTHMoCTb
perHcTpoBa~(6pYTTO)-
5218 per. T;
BOAOl'i3MeLI~eH",e ­
10250 T;
Ae):(BeI1T - 8100 T.
nJlOlll,aAb napycHocnl
(190CHOBHblX
napycoB) - 3770 M2
)J,.nHHa: C 6ywnpHTOM - 132,8 M,
perHCTpOBa~ - 114, 5 M,
Me)f(JJ;y nepneHAvlKyJl~pai\m - 112,2 M.
WHpHHd - 15,2 M. Oca):(Ka KvlJIeM
(BblcTynarOlll,MM HH)I(e AHl1Il.I;a
H.a 305 MM) - 8,1 M. 18 4JleHOB 3KWna)l(a
The sailing ship giant, 5-mast ship "Proyssen"
/
ITapycHl1K-rWraHT. 5-Mal.JTOBbIW Kopa6JTb II fIpoi1:cceH

Essential data: it was built in 1902, lost in


OcHoBHble AalII Ible: ~0CfI81902 r .,
1910. Register tonnage (gross) is 5081 reg.t.;
n0016 B 1910 r. BMeCTIlMoc:J'b pemcrpollAJt
displacement - 10150 t; deadweight - 8000 t.
(6pyno) - 5081 P f. T; 8o,o.omMe~etme
Sail area - 5570 m 2• Length: 144.75 m with
- 101501';
bowsprit, registered - 124.28 m, between
.neABeI1T - BOOO 1. IlItOI nap, enacT»­
perpendiculars - 120.8 m. Width - 16.33 m.
5510 KB. M. Anima: c 6 npwro - 144,75
Freeboard - 9.9 m.
M, p entcrpoBa5I - 124,28 1, MelllAY
Keel draft - abt. 8.26 m.
ncpneHA~rK srpa,-ut - 120,8)1.
45 crew members
lllupl1lIa - 16,33 M. "BbId>'ra
OcaAKa Ha POBHbn71 KlUlb ",,,.v,._,,_
3Dina){( - 45 14M.

nOnepe'-lHOe Ce'-lelfl1e no
nepa Iii rpoT-Ma'ITe
"Great Eastern" the I. Brunnel's Giant
'TpeMT TIlcrepl " - rvrraHT VI. opJOHHeml

Isamber Brunnel at the time of

"Great Eastern" building

\lba 16ap 6 P10l­ IHeJIb ­


50 Bp M$I n ocrpOMKl1 'TpeMT lIlcTepHa"

The biggest ship of the XlX-th century ­ a loe 60ITbillOe CYAHO XIX BeKa ­
six-rna ted sailing ship "Great Eastern",1t m ecnl alIT0 5bIM napycHblH napoxoA «[pem
was built jn EnslaJld, 1860, by project and \IIcrepH» nOCTpoeH B 1860 roAY B AHrJII1I1 no
under 8upervision of lsambar Brunnel who ILp oeKT)' 1I nOA PYKOBOACTBOM \113aM6apa
was called Leonardo da Vinci of the 6 pTOHHeJUI, K Toporo Ha3BaJll1 neoHapn,o Aa
XIX-th century, S(I{H'l11 XIX BeK8.

"Great Eastern"
210.4 (207.5) x 25.2 x 14.7 x 9.1
grt - 18 915 T, up to
4000 passengers

'TpeMT \IICTepH"

210,4 (207,5) x 25,2 x 14,7 x 9,1

BanooaJ.! BMeCTI1MOCTb - 18915 TOHH;

n aCCaJKl1pOBMeCTI1MOCTb - AO 4000 'len.

Jac-Ive Custo, 1910-1999


)f(aK 1118 KyCTO
1910-1999 rr.
Jac-lve Custo
Thor Heyerdahl
(1910-1999)
(1914-2002)

French
Norwegian
oceanographer, the
scientist, traveller. In 1947 on the
initiator of underwater
raft "Kon-Tiki" he crossed the
di coveries with the help
Pacific Ocean. In 1969-1970 he
of technical means, the
organized the expeditions on
org .zer ofthe fir t
sailing boats Ra and Ra-2, in
qnd ater hooting.
1977-1978 on reed boat "Tigress",
Created ome prototype explored the transocean
of aqualungs, migration of ancient nations
aphical ship between Old World and New
a", underwater World.
"Deniz", etc.

)l(ax\tIB Ky ' Typ Xewep)l,aJ[


(1910-1999) (1914-200~)

tv KUIit HOpBe)l(CK~11it
OKeaHOrpa4J: 4 11 H3TeJ1b yYeHbllit, nYTeulecTBeHHHK.
B 1947 r.
RaI fHel C Ha rmoTY "KOH-THKH" nepeceK
1I0MOmblO reXlII1"<l KHX THXl~11 OKeaH. B 1969 - 1970 rr.
p~, o p raJTI1:3aTOp opraHH30Ban . KCne)l,vIUHH Ha
napycHblX JlO)l,KaX "Pa" H "Pa-2",
B 1977-1978 rr. ria
-rpOCTrU'IKOB0I1 Jlo,uKe "TltlrpMC",
I1CCJlel\OOaJI TpaHcoKeaHcKYIO
MHrpal ~HIO peBHf~x HapO)l,oB
Me)l().~y CrapblM 11 HOBblM
CBeToM.
Blue Ribbon of the Atla n tic
'ToJ1y6a~ J1 HTa" A THaHT\IIK\i[

June, 4, 1840, is the birthday of Blue Ri bbon of the Atlantic and regular tran~antic
shipping.

During a century of struggle scores of Liners w ere its holders.


In 1934 the silver cup of Blue Ribbon of th e Atlantic was created
(H - 120, weight ­ 18 kg).

4 !'!JOWl: 1840 rOAa - p;el-lb pO)K)l,et-I115! "roJl)'6o~ neHTbl"


peryAApHoro TpaHCaTJIaHTVNeCKoro CYAO oACTlIa.

3a CTOJJeTVle 60Pb6bJ ee o6JlaAaTeJUIMVl 6bJJTI1 AecSITK11


B1934 r. 6blJl C03p;aH cepe6psrn bJJ.1 Ky6 K 'TonytSoJl n
(BblcoTa 120 CM, Bec 18 Kr).
Possessors of Blue Ribbon of the Atlantic
06na.n;aTenw ''[ony6ol1 n eHTbI" ATJIaHTMKM

Holders of Blue Ribbon 06na,uaTenl1 'ToJly6oJif neHTbI"


of the Atlantic ATn aHTI1KI1
(Legalized) (IOpMAl1'-IeCKvt 0cpopMJIeHbI)

1. 1933 ­ "Reks", It. 1. 1933 ­ "PeKC", vnan.


2. 1935 ­ " No 2. 1935 ­ "Hoprl.oIaH)J.I1H", cpp.
a. 1936 ­ Que
II 3. 1936 - "KyvtH Mepl1", aHTn .
. 1952 ­ "Unit 4. 1952 ­ "IOHavITe)J. CTeCITC", CilIA

4
Comparative dimensions of transatlantic ships
CpaBHlilTeJIbHble pa3Me pbI TpaHCaTJIaHTl1KOB

"Savannah", 1818 "Great Britain", 1843


33.55 m, grt 320 t, 32 pas. 98m, grt 3270 t, 2 pas
"CaBaHHa", 1818 r. 'TpeVlT 6 pwm", r.
33,55 M, 98M,
BaIlOB<UI BMeCTJIIMOCTb
320 T, 32 naCo

"Great Eastern", 1860


210.4 m,
grt 18915 t, abt 4000 pas.

"Kaiser Wilhelms der Grosse", 1897


191 m,
grt 14350 t, BaIlOBaSI BMeCTI1MOCTb 14350 T,
1739 pas. 1739 naco
"Kafuep BWlbreJ1bM II", 1903 r .,

215,48 M , B aJIOBasr BMeCTI1MOCT b 20 000 T,

1888 naCCa >IUlpOB

" MaBpI1Ta I:H1.5I ", 1939 r.,

225,M, BaJlOBa)'! BMeCT I1MOCTb 35750 T,

11 69 naCCa)I(l1pOB

.......,._-,- 1912 " TwraffiIK", 1912 r .,


269 m, grt 46300 t, 2 9)\1, B IOBa$! BMeCTI1MOCTb 46 300 T ,
2584 passengers 2584 nacca>Kl1 p a
"Ile de France", 1927

241 m, grt 14350 t,

4235 pas.

(after refitting -1660 pas.)

"Normandy", 1935
313 m, grt 83 400 t,
1972 pas.

"United States", 1952


301.90 m, grt 53322 t,
1962 pas.
II 0 ay", 1962 "HOY3Ci", 1962 r.
315 M,
BaJIOBaH BMeCTVlMOCTh 66 800 T,
2044 naCCa)KVlpOB

'TpaH.D: f1pfHu: ecc",


"] 998 r.
300 M,
LLll1pHHa 46 M,
BO)J,OI"JMelI.'(eHllle
108000T,
3000 naCCa)KHpOB,
3KVlna)K 1500 '-len.
Transatlantic. Routes and tragedies
MaprnpyThI 111 TpareAlI1l11 TpaHCaTnaH'I'l1KOB

Titanic
"TlI1TaHlI1K"
The biggest, most beautiful, most luxurious passenger liner afloat was fitten with safety
features supposed to make her unsinkable - yet she was sunk on her very first voyage by an
iceberg, with dreadful loss of life, at night of Apri114-15, 1912. T he new aid of rad io
distress messages enables 705 survivors to be picked up, but 1,522 people died in the disaster.

Ca tbll1 60JlbWofl, CaMb..-1 Kpa HBbl M, CaMbJI1 P OCKOUIHbl H nacC(I)K~[pCKJilJiJ: n a l11 I p 6bUl
OCHameH epeA C'fBIlMli 6e3ona ~I OCTI1, K T pbl e, Ka K npeA n OJlaranOCb, Al'naJTl1 TO
Heln O'TOIlJUler..l bIJ!&- 0 lJtlaKO 13 nepBOM >Ke p e H ee, B HO <Jb C 14 lIa 15 arrpen ~ 1912 rOAa, H aTOH JI
rpOMl-l b l M II\ qen OBeq CKI1MI1 )KepTBaMJII . H OBO cP CTUO ­
flO pa.u.l1O - CrIOC06 CTBOBaJIO CnaeeHJIIIO 705 1./ 10 8 K,
'1~~'8el(a 1\ rn6m l B KaTacrpo cpc .

OCHOHHbl e napaMerpbl:
IVIJIIHa - 882 cpYTa (268,8 M);
HaJllfioJlbWaSi lllUPI11Ja - 92 lPYTa (2 M ) ;
Bbl COTIl A O llUliOrIOl./iiOH n aJly6bJ - 92 ¢ YTa (28 M) .
To the Arctic
B ApKTIfKy

"Hexla". Lt. Williams E. Parry (Great


rammed bis 375-ton bark halfway thro
North-west Passage, wintered on M el
Island,1819-1820

"Ere bus". Sir John Franklin attempted the


Passage in 1845. His party perished after
finding link with western channel. In 1859
searchers found skeletons, but the auxiliary KaK OHH o6lfapYlKIIJm CBSI3b C 3lJlm.ii~i;~~1
bark and her consort "Terror" had vanished np0JnmoM. B 1859 r. nOHCKOBCUI rpynna
lIaUJJTa KeneTbI, OJl,HaKO n OnOJTHlfJ'eJ1bHbIM
6apK \11 ero Kopa6nb cOnpOBo>K,rleH,ul
"Teppop" nponaJHI
\~\.S- --
r»c.9
-I
/ SIBERIA

'_ __ _ _-.1-_ _ +___ cr

NORTH

ATlANTIC

OCEAN

CANADA

• VANCOUVER

" Bera ". A ].OJlbcp HOp) (eHLlleJlbA (lliBeu.lil5I)


npolU 1 eBepHblM nYTeM BOKpyr C I1611pl1
AD 5lnOH~ll1 B 1878-1879 r. r., nepBhLM rrepeceK
Cesep -BOCTOlJHblJ1 npoxol~ C 3anaAa Ha
K.
p T". Kanl1TaH .JJ:)KOPWK C. H3pC
( Be1IJII K 06p ~rraFlI1j() HanpaUH]] CBOH napoBoJii
5a Boep B,I.(OJlb lIo6epe)KbH o-I~a 3 JIJleCMep
AO 2!l27', )laJlblUe Bcex Ha cYAI-Ie AO 1875 r.

~~kM~![61~2 {Urut­ ")J(aHHeT". JTeHTeHaHT KOMal'mOp r. y . .JJ:e


the Pole from Bering JToHr ( ili A) nonblTaJLCH AOCTWfb nomoca Vl3
, 879-1881. lee took the bark-rigged Bep VlH rosa n p OJII1Ba B 1879-1881 r. r . JTeAo sblJii
steam yacht we t, sank her north of Si beria. rmell 3aXSaTVlJI napoBYlo HXry, oCHaUJ.eHHYlO
Delong and mo t of his party died KaK 6apK, K 3ana)J.Y, III 3aTOnl1Jl K cel3epy OT
CI16HpV!. .JJ:e JToHr 11 60JlbWaH lJaCTb era
3Kl1IIa)Ka non-t6J1111.
"Proteus". Lt. Adolphus W. Greely "TIpoTey n. elirreHaHT A,I],oIThcpyc y. fpwrn C

crunched north to Ellesmere with a U.S. Tpy,nOM npowJU! K 3 JUleCMep C aM pJ.1KaHCKOJit

meteorological team in this iron-bowed MeTeOpOnOrJ,flJecKoJit rpYJlTIOJit Ha 6op1)' napoDOH

team barkentine, 1881. She was lost 6a p KeHT!lIHbl C MeTaJlJIlif1.IecKOU HOCOBOH 4aCTbIO S

two years later bringing supplies. Only 1881 r. )J,sa r o,na cnYCT5I, OHa, ,nOCTaDJ.1S cHa6)f(eHVle,

Greely and six others were alive when nponana. TOJIbKO fpVIJfJ.1 VI ween tUJeHOD 3KJ.1na)f(a

relief ships broke through in 1884. OCTaJfJ.1Cb )KIIIBbI, KOma cnaCaTeJIbirde CynHO

IIpop BanOCb I< IllifM B1884 ro •

"Fram". Inspired by "jeannette's" drift, " <DpaM". BOOAyureWIeHH blli1 ,l],pel1c:UO.M

Fridtjof Nansen of Norway put his <DpJ.1TbOCP H a HceH ( H op~rJ1jl)

round-hulled schooner in the ice north 3aKpyr eHHblMH 06ao H

of Siberia, 1893, sought to drift across the Jlb).l,H Ceo HOM CH6V1Pl'1 B

Pole. Ice bore her to 85°57', farthest north rrpoxo,na e3 n oruoc. OHa oK,a~glG'

for any ship. She broke out near Jlb,naMH Ha m~lp<Yre 85°57',

Spitsbergen, 1896. "Frame" rests at Olso. qeM 11106 ~yroe CYAHO. ORa qf.lil$\ml(:b

llim ll,,6epl' Ha B1896 r. "rTlr'''.. ''!,.orh,''''

BOeno.

"Bowdoin". Veteran of three decades of


Arctic exploration, Rear Adm. Donald B.
MacMillan's auxiliary schooner is pre­
served at Mystic Seaport, Connecticut.

To the Antarctic
B AHTapKTH,o:y

"Hero". Nathaniel Palmer, American


sealer, discovered Palmer Peninsula i n his
47-foot sloop, 1820.

"Vostok". Russian explorer Belling­


shausen circled the polar region in this
SOO-ton ship, 1819-1821; was first to sight
land within Antarctic Circle-Peter I Islan . ~O!~apy~~~.l.~~~~IJ'C.lI~

"Jane". James Weddell, British sealer,


penetrated the Weddell Sea in this 160-ton
brig, 1823.

"Vincennes". In 1840, Lt. Charles Wilkes "BI1.HCeHHC". B 1840 r. nelirreHaHT Yapllb3 Yl1JI

skirted Wilkes Land in this U.S. sloop of o6orH)'JI 3eMlIlO Y!IIJIKCa Ha 3TOM aMepHKaHcxoM

war, was first to establish that Antarctica BoetmOM IllJTIOn H fibl1I nepBhlM, KTO BbUICHJ.1JT,

was a continent. <iTO AHTapKTIl).la - 3TO KOlITJ.1HeHT.

SOUTH


ATLANTIC
SOUTH
- ., OCEAN
PACIFIC
."

's

··

OCEAN
SOUTH GEORG'A
.--:: V
,/
Vostok

"~
..
:\ .
fndtmtnc.

r-~~--~~----+------ o'

tNOIANOCEAN

"3pe6yc" - Kam rraH )J,)Kel1MC K . Pocc,


WOT11aHACKHR H cne)),OBaTeJIb, npOpBaJIC5! CKB03b
naKOablT1- JIep. B M pe Poca B 1841 r ., o6HapY)Kl1JI
M 0 Bhlca,nKl-1 ]J/I 5I 6pocKa K nomocy. )J,JI5!
apKTI<14ecKolii 3-1<c lle)), Vl u,l-1H <DpaHKJII1.Ha 6bl!l
CTaHQBJlen .QSMJ"'a1'e1 lb Ha 6apK.

eiUleR,l~ep" - Bo Bpe ~UI 6pl1TaHCKOM


O1o;;eatforpa¢ WIeCKOl1 3Kcne)),I1u,1111 2360-TOHHbIl1
K{)P nOA KOMaIJ]J,oBaHH eM Karn.lTaHa Hapeca
6blJ1 nepBblM, KTO nepeceK lO)KHbrn OOJUlpHbIl1
Kpyr R 1874 r.

"3H;D.bIOpaHC" - 3aTepTblM Jlb)),aMI1 B Mope


Y3AeJUla B 1915 r. 144-¢yToaa5! 6apKeHTVlHa
d~for-i82 dayS. Sir Ernest p tllq, BaJIa Ha ceaep 282 ,!\H5! . C3P 3 pHecT
Shackleton and his men abandoned the llle.t<!IT H 14 ero KOMaH)l,a lIoKI1HYJla
crumpled hip and camped on a floe 165 proAaBJleHHOe Cyt~ HO i'l OCTaJIHCb Ha J1b,!\lfrle
more days. When the ice broke up, they ell.\e Ha 165 Wlett. K or)),a !Ie)), paCKOJlOJlC5!, OHl1
took to boats (overleaf). CMorm1 CCCTb B UIJ1lOITKH.
Stages of development of vessels mechanical
. . . .~r.JJ...,. . propulsive devices
CTa,o;vH1 pa3BVlTVlSI M e XaHW-IecKV1X ,o;Bl1)I(T!1TeJ l e iil CYAOB

1. The wheel boat, w hich is actuated with the help of


two pedals drawn by Leonardo da Vi\, 1500
KOJTecHCUI JlO)J,T<a, KO'T pa~ nplilBO)J.M'r "
)J.BWKeH llle C nOMOD\blO 2­ ne)J.aJrew.
ITo p lllcyl-Il<y fleoHap)J.o )J.a BJ.1H'1lI, 1500 r.

2. The Roman boat set in moti n by a


the help of the bulls and three pairs
impellers. The Pmject of Stewach 1
PHMCK CYMO, npHBO)J.J.1MOe 8 AIJIDI<
w 3-x nap JlOnaCTHb
110MOll\b lO 6 b l K a
CTeBaX, 1606 r.

3. Steamboat of John Fitch in Philadelphia


1786/87 with short mechanical oars.
ITapoBow 60T )J.)f<OHa <t>l1T'-ra 1786/87 "'-1
<t>vUlaneJIbcpIIIIII C MexaHWlecK\llM1II
KOPOTKIIIMH BeCJlaMIII .

4. The steam cylinder with the w or


of Denis Papin, 1695
ITapoBOI1l\J.1JIMHnp C p a60 QH M nopulHeM
)J.3HHca !1aID1Ha, 1695 r.

5. Steamboat with three short oars at the


stern patented by John Fitch and Vail, 1791
fIapoBotit 60T C TpeM5! KOPOTKH M JII BeCJlaMM
Ha KopMe, 3arTaTeHTOBa AIIRblti!
)J.)f<OHOM <t>MT'!eM H B ati!JTeM, 1791 r.
6. Tow with screwfeed, which rotates with
the help of curre nt. Du Quet, 1729
6
6YKCI1P C BI1HTOrna r OBblM Bp all~eHue M,
KOTOPbl M npUBOA I1T C5I B AeMcTBue C
nOMOUJ.1>1O Te1.JeHI151 . .IJ:y KBeT, 1729 r .
7. Vesse l with onboard wheels brought into
motion by the w ind motor. Du Quet, 1714
CrABO C 60PTOBb£Ml1 KOJ1eCaMvt, npl1Bo)J,I1.MOe B
7 }l;B~DKC}-lI1e BeTpOBblM )J,Bl1raT eJleM . .IJ:y KneT , 1714 r.

8. Drive of rope barrel with impellers.


ect of M . Boulogne, 1729
OptBO)J, KaHan-lOro 6 apa 6 aHa C
nOf1aCTHblMU KOJleca M I1. TIpoeKT
M. 5oYJ1oma, 1729 r.

I(); 'fhe p roject


of a vessel
with a n onboard wheel,
w hich is actuated b y a horse
drive, Comte de Saxe, 1732
TIpo KT YAHa C 60PTOBblMI1 KOJleCa MJ1I 11
KOHHblM rrp'"Bop;OM, KOMT)J,e 3 aKc 1732 r.
First river and coastal navigation steamships
ITepBbIe pe'llIbIe Ji1 nplil6pe)l(Horo nnaBaHlil}l napOXOAbJ

1
1. The steamship "PYROSCAPHE"
of Marquis Claude de Jouffroy
d'Abbans, 1784
I1apoxoA «I1l1pocKa<j:»> MapKI13a
KJIaYAe Ae .LJ.)[<o<j:><j:>peJit~ A' A66aHca,
1784 r.

2. In "PYROSCAPHE" the axial


movement of the piston turns above
column with a blocking latch to
rotation
B «I1VlpocKa<j:>e» oceBoe )..(BI1)[(eH11e
nOPIlIHJl npeBpal.l\aeTOI HaA CTaHVlHoJit
c 3arpa)[(AalOl.l\eJit l.l\eKOJ1AoliI BO
Bpal.l\aTeJ1bHOe ABI1)[(eHltle

3. Mechanism for achievment of a


vertical position of wheel blades
MexaHVl3M }J.lUI AOCTI1)[(eHI1~
BePTVlKaJ1bHOrO n0J10)[(eH~
KOJ1eCHbIX J10nacTeJit

4. Two-wheeled boat of Taylor, Miller


and Symington, 1788
AByxKOJ1eCHa~ JlO)..(Ka TeCmopa,
MVlJIJIepa Vl 3It1MI1HITOHa, 1788 r .

5
5. Onboard wheel-steamship
of John Fitch, 1798
I1apoxoA c 60PTOBbiMItI KOneCaMItI
A)[(OHa <PVl~a, 1798 r .
6."CLERMONT" of Robert
Fulton, one of the first
steamships intended for
regular voyages
" KnepMOHT» PoBepTa
<DyI !'r Ha, 0 l1:H Vl3 nepBblX
IlapOXOIJ,OB, rrpeAHa3HaQeHHbiX
AIlS! p eryIDIp Hhlx peCtcoB

7. "SHARLOTIE DUNDAS"
of Symington, 1802, the first
business steamship
«WapJlorra AYHlJ,ac»
3V1MVlHITOHa, 1802 f.
TIepBblCt AenoBoC! napoxo,n;

11

"np~IHL\CCCa WapmYrra npyc KaSl ",


1817 f.
C '!"peW! PYJJSlMVI,
Wheel steamships from the beginning of navigation
KOJIeCHble napoxoAbI OT Hal.J:aJIa cY)J,oxo)J,CTBa

1. "SAV ANNAH" ­ the first steamship,


which in 1819 crossed the Atlantic
ocean 1
" CaBaHHa» - nepBblH napoxoA,
KOTopbrIiJ. B 1819 roAY nepeceK
ATJlaHTH<IeCKH~i OKeaH

npl1B AHoe ycrpOHC1.'BO «CaBaHHbl».


nona TIll p a60TalOT Kna OAY nOA na~'''''''''-

3. "CURACAO" was constructed in Dover


in 1825, in 1827 made voyage to West India
«Ktopocao» nOCTpoeH Fl 1825 r.,
B 1827 roAY COBepW(.1J1 pel1c B B . fI{ (.110

4. "KURA" ­ the first steamship in the Caspian sea


«Kypa» ­ nepBbI~i napoxoA Ha Kacmn1CJ<OM MOpe

5. "VESER" made voyage in 1817 between


Bremen and Brake
«Be3ep» COBepW(.1Jl peHc B 1817 ro
opeMeHoM ~I BpaKe
7. "FRIEDRICH WILHELM"
7 was constructed in 1826/27
«<t>PI1JJ,Pl1X BWlbrelIbM» nocrpoeH B
1826/27 IT.

8. "JAMES WATT", 1820, the largest


8 European steamship, which made coasting
voyages London - Leith
«~eHMc BaIT», 1820 r., caMblH 6011bUIOH
eBpOOeHCKMH napoxo)J" KOTOPblH cOBepUIall
Ka6oTa)l(Hble peHcbI nOH,lJ;OH - neHT

9. "FRANZ I", 1832


" <t>pattJJ; 1", 1832 r .

puts blades entering


the water, in a favourable position
nonaCTIloe KOlleco Mopralla OICTeMOH
THr 11 pbft.larOB craBl1T BXOAffiI(l1e B BOAY
nonaCTl1 B 611aronpmrnlo OOnO)l(eIll1e
12. "BRITANNIA", 1840, the first
transatlantic steamship
"EpVlTaHVljj", 1840 r., nepBbICt
TpaHCaTJIaHTM'-IeCKVlCt napoxoJJ.

13

13. "CYCLOPS", 1839, the first steam and sailing

frigatte of the British fleet

"UHKJIOn", 1839 r., nepBbICt napoBoCt VI napycHbI M

cpperaT 6pVlTaHcKoro cpIIoTa

14. "GREAT WESTERN",

1838

'TpeCtT BecTepH", 1838 r.

15
17. Theorical drawing of the hull of the
steamship "Mississipi"
17 T OpeTIII4ecJ<IIIU 'lepTex< Koprryca rrapoxo)J;a
"MI1CCIIlClifrT JiI"

9. II ~DR]ATIC ", 1856,last passenger ship with the


"Wooden hull was constructed in Atlantics
AApl1aTJI1Ka », nOCJIe)J;Hee naCCa)f(lIIpCKOe CY)J;HO
t AepemlHH blM KOprryCOM Ha ATJIaHT I1Ke, rroCTpoe Ho
a1856roAY·
, 1861, constructed with the
hull. Last wheel steamship had been
Wfln-klin~ on Cun ard-line in Atlantics up to 1875
.~f1cI[)TIII~. 1861 r. C M eTaJlJIMqe CKI1M
nial~"n .. IlOCJIetl;Hl1u KOJIecHblU rrapoxo)J;, COCTOJU1
_'.··"""n"",fi.. Ha ~ ap .o:.JIIIIHI1I1 B A TJIaHTI1Ke

22

...KopOJleaa Mapl1H»,
.llpelAeH, 1836 r.
BASES OF
SAi~iNG FLEE'F
fJCIff)iI~
filiPYClffJYO

Sail, the great inventi


which has allowed to be
the wind to the man's wiJl
was hardly the only m~
motive of progress.
Opening of New Land,
development of trade
mutual penetration Of. ~[D(].H~[K"HUlleH. lIJe
cultures all this had be­
come possible, who with
the risk to life put to sea
on their cockleshells to
conquer the oceans
Contents
Cog ep)KaHHe

1. Viking ship
CYAHO BHKHHI'OB
2. Roman corbita
PHMCKag Kop 6HTa
3. Sailing warship, XVI century
TIapycHbIl1: soeHIfbIH Kopa6JIb, XVI BeK
4. Dhow
)J;By xMa1.fI'OBOe apa6cKoe Ka60Ta)KHoe cYAHO ()J:ay)
5. Junk
)J;x<oHKa
6. Wooden sailing ship
nepeBJlHHoe napyCHoe cYAHO
7. Building of wooden sailing ships
C rp owreJIbCTBo AepeBmDfbIX CYAOB
8. Cannons of sailing ships
Op}?UUI napYCHbIx CYAOB
9. Capstans. Knots. Blocks
lIlnwm. Y31Ibi. DJIOKH
10. Tackle
TaKeJIa)K
11. Structural members of sailing ships
3 JIeMeHTbI ycrpol1:CTBa napycHbIx CYAOB
12. Types of sailing ships
THIIbI napyCH&lX cynOB
13. Running gear (Rigging)
5eIj"llllH TaKeJIUt
14. Standing rigging
CTOJ['qW~
15. Three-masted bark: masts, yards and sails, rigging
a... :1.fI'OBbll1: 6apK:'Ma'1.fI'bI, peN, napyca, T8KeJIa)K
16. Masts
:q'I'hl

17. Famous sailing ships


SHaM napy'CHI_mL--=----~~_~_ _ _~_ _1 _~~
18. Sports sailing ships
Viking ship
. . " ,, . CY,lJ,HO Bl1Kl1HTOB
W'
~~

24

23--­

22 ­ -

21 ­

16

13 11
28 29 30

~31
~-1

10
Viking ship 15. Boss (rudder pivot)
ilil1WKa (OCb Spall.\eHl1sr pynS!)
Cy.n;HO Bm<~UITOB
16. Sternpost
1. Snake-head ornament AXTepwTeseHb
3MeeBl1,lI,Hasr ronOBKa Hocosoro 17. Snake-tail ornament
OpHaMeHTa 3a,!J.Hj!j! (X BocTosasr) qaCTb
2. Stempost opHaMeHTa
<PopIIITeBeHb 18. Tiller
3. Open, double-ended hull PYMneJlb
Eecna.rry5Hoe CI1MMeTpJ,f<IHOe 19. Tye halyard
o6pa30BaHI1e OKOHelfrlOCTeH .o:paClpen cj:Jana
cYAHa 20. Foot
4. Scroll work HI1JKHj!j! wKaTopmm (napyca)
Pe3Hoe HOCOBoe Y1<pallIeHl1e 21. Leech (leach)
B BI1)J,e 3aSI1TKOS EOKosasr WKaTOpl1Ha
5. Clinker-built oak planking 22. Square sail of homespun yarn
(overlapping planking) ITpSIMOH (KsMpaTHbICl) napyc
.o:y6oBasr 06llII1SKa BHaKpoCl 23. Leather diagonal
6. Clench nail reinforcement
fS03)J,b C 3aMKH)'TbIM KOHL(OM KO)!(aHOe )J,\I!arOHaJlbHoe
7. Oar port YCl1JTeHl1e
ITOpTI1K Becna 24. Robands
8. Main sheet PesaHTbl
[poTa-llIKoT 25. Masthead
9. Sail foot control line used as Ton MaqTbI
a sheet or tack 26. Masthead pulley for tye
Tll1Hb HOlKHoro ynpaBneHJ15I . halyard
{I1cnonb3YeTbCSI KaK llIKOT 11Jll1 ilium Ton MaqTbl JJ.!1s! )J,paClpen-cj:Jana
ranc 27. Parrel
10. Stowage crutch for oars PaKc6yreJlb
Onopbl)J.Jl.5l KpenJIeHJ15I secen 28. Yard
11. Keel FeCI
Kl1JTb 29. Head
BepxH5HI lIlKaTOpl1!-1a
12. Starboard (steerboard) side
30. Head earing
ITpaBblCl 60PT
HOK-6eH3enb
13. Oar
31. Leechline
Bemo
HOK-rop)J,eHb
14. Steering oar (side rudder)
32. Mast
Pynesoe (KopMosoe) secno
Ma~a
EOPTOSOH pynb
Roman corbita
PI1MCKMI Kop6litTa

1. Masthead 22. Poop deck house


TOll-Ma<lThl KopMosaSi nany5HaSI py6Ka
2. Single clump block 23. Clavus ~tiller)
O AHOWKVlBHbHi KOMeJlb-5JlOK PyMneJlb
3. Malus (mast) 24. Swan neck ornament
MilllTa 0pHaMeHT Jle6eAHHoM weMKH
4. Rope parrel 25. Stern balustrade
Tpoc paKc6yreJlSl KOpMoBhle nopyt.IHVl
5. Bullet block 26. Ring bolt
WKHB PblM-6oJIT
6. Yard 27. Stempost
PeCt AXTeplllTeBeHb
7. Brace block 28. Gubernator (helmsman)
6PilC-6J10K PYJleBoT1
8. Timber fairlead 29. Wales
)J,epellSiHl-lblM HanpaSJlSllOlTJ,HM 6J10K 6apxoyT
9. Shrouds 30. Planking
BaHThl 06wHBKa AOCKaMVl
10. Leather reinforcing strip 31. Shaft
KO)Kal-iaSi lVlaHKa (CTpHHC) BepeTeHo pyIlSI (serna)
11. Main double halyard 32. Gubernacula (rudders)
)J,1I011HOM rpoTa-rapAeJlb PYJ1H
12. Main brace 33. Blade
rpoTa-6pac llepo pyJlSl
13. Scala (ladder) 34. Oar lanyard
Tpml <:Dan (wTepT) BeCJJa
14. Velum (main sail) 35. Bitt
fpOTOBbl~1 napyc KHexT, 6HTreHr
15. Sheer pole 36. Constratum (deck)
PacllopKa (BOpCT) llany6a
16. Deadeye 37. Midships fence
fD¢epc Orpa~eHHe B c p e~VleT1 t.IaCTVI
17. Lanyard 38. Clew
Tpoco8blM TaJlpen WKOTOBb1l1 yrOJI napyca
18. Poop break 39. Cargo hold
YCT)'f1 IOTa fpy 30llOJ~ TplOM
19. Poop deck 40. Zosteres (rubbing strake)
naJly6a IOTa llpHBaJlbl-lblM 6pyc
20. Main sheet 41. Deck beam
fpoTa-JUKoT llaJIy61lblM 6HMC
21. Hole and peg joint 42. Hatch board
OmepcTHe H coeAHHeH~le HareJleM DI04V1Ha
Roman corbita
PJ:1MCKa5I Kop6vITa

65
2

56
57
I
60
50 •
59

44
43

42
41

39

11
-12

- 31 /
33 / 32
43. Anchdrale (anchor rope; 63. Heraldic device
anchor rode) fepanb)J,I1Ka
5IKoPHbIH TpOC 64. Ceruchi (lift)
44. Catena (riding bitt) ToneHaHT
611TeHr WUf RKopHoro KaHaTa 65. Roband (rope band)
45. Scala (ladder) 6yrenb
Tpan
46. Windlass Rowers' position on a Greek trireme
De6e)J,Ka, BOPOT (6paIIlnWIb) (triere)
47. Prow D03MU;M}f rpe6u;oB Ha fpe-qecKorit
Hoc (npoBa) TpMpeMe (TpMepe)
48. Bolt rope
DI1KTpOC 1. Zygian (middle level oarsman)
49. Tabling DeBbIH rpe6eu Ha cpe,o;HeH 6aHKe
Harnl1BKa Ha napyce 2. Pine hull
50. Oculus (eye) COCHOBbIH Kopnyc
f na30K 3. Hyperesion (oarsman cushion)
51. Artemon (fore sail) ITo)J,YllIKa rpe6ua
¢oKa napyc (apTeMoH) 4. Thalamian (lower level oarsman)
52. Yard DeBbIH rpe6eu Ha HI1)1(Hei1 6aHKe
PeH 5. Zugon (thward, seat)
53. Double halyard 6atiKa (CI1)J,eHl1e)
ABOI1HOH cj:>an 6. Stanchion
54. Bullseye ITo)J,nopKa (KpoHllITeHH)
IOcj:>epc (paKC-KJloT) 7. Kope (Oar)
55. Fore mast Becno
¢OK-Ma'ITa 8. Paraxeirresia (outrigger)
56. Buntline KpoHllITeHH BblHOCHOH YKJIIO"II1Hbl
6bIK-rop)J,eHb 9. Tropeter (leather grommet)
57. Brace KO)l(aHOe KOJIbUO AJIR BeCJIa
6pac 10. Deck rail
58. Sheet ITnaHllIl1pb
lllKOT 11. Thranite (upper level oarsman)
59. Anchor DeBbIH rpe6eu Ha BepxHeH 6aHKe
5IKOpb
60. Fore stay
¢oKa-WTar
61. Ruden (brailline)
fl1TOB
62. Ring
KonbUo
Sailing warship, XVI century
TIapYCHbIl71 BoeHHbIlII Kopa6JIb, XVI BeK

1. Beakhead 21. Swifting tackle


Hoc Kopa6JU1 TaJlI1 fJ.lli! 3apl1cprreID15i napycoB
2. Sprit yard 22. Main mast
TOnCeJlbHbn1: peeK [pOT Ma'ITa
3. Bowsprit 23. Mizzen yard
EymnplIT E~l3aHb peJ1
4. Fore topmast stay 24. Mizzen mast
<l>0p-cTeHb-lIlTar El13aHb Ma'ITa
5. Fore stay 25. Main stay
<l>oKa-lIlTar [poTa - lIlTar
6. Fore yard 26. Brace
<l>oKa-pel1 Epac
7. Lift 27. Jeer
ToneHaHT [apAerrb; rapAeJTb pen
8. Fore topcastle 28. Tye
<l>OK Mapc .o:paJ1pen
9. Fore topmast 29. Main yard
<l>op-creHbra [poTa-peJ1
10. Fore top yard 30. Parrel
<l>op-MapCa-pel1 TIoAbeMHbJJ1 6yrerrb (paKc-6yrerrb)
11. Fore mast 31. Lift
<l>oK-Ma'ITa TOneHaHT
12. Ratline 32. Main topcastle
Bbl6rreHO'IHbll11pOC [poT-Mapc
13. Shrouds 33. Main topmast
BaHTbl [pOT creHbra
14. Woolding 34. Main topmast stay
Bym1Hr [ pDT-creHb-lIJTar
15. Forecastle 35. Main topmast topcastle
EaKoBCUI Ha.n;C1poHKa [pOT-creHb-Mapc
16. Forecastle-deck gunport 36. Main topgallant mast
0pY;:V'HfHbll1 nopT 6aKoBol1 Ha.n;C1pOI11<I1 [ pOT-6paM-creHbra
17. Gun carriage 37. Main topgallant yard
OpYA~n1Hbu1 rracpeT [poT-6paM-peJ1
18. Gangway 38. Main top yard
TIepexOAHbn1: MOCTI1K [poT-MapCa-pel1
19. a.Lid 39. Mizzen topmast
KpbUllKa El13aHb creHbra
b.Upper deck gunport 40. Mizzen top yard
BepxHe narry6HblH 0PYAHHHbIH noPT EH3aHb-Mapca-pel1
20. Aftercastle-deck gunport 41. Mizzen topcastle
0pYAI1I1HbIH nopT narry6bl IOTa EH3aHb-Mapc
Sailing warship, XVI century
TIapycHbI~ BoeHHbIM Kopa6JTh, XVI BeK

34

14--IH+#+
15

65

42. Lift 55. Keel


ToneHaHT KWlb
43. Bonaventure top yard 56. Blindage (removable
DOHaBeHT}'p-Mapca-pel1 archery screen)
44. Bonaventure topmast IIlTopbl (C'beMHa51 urropa AJIS1 3aW;lITbl
Torr MatJTbl 60HaBeHrypbl CTperrKOB 113 rryKa)
45. Bonaventure topcastle 57. Wale
Mapc 6oHaBeHT}'pbI TIoSlc 06111I1BKI1
46. Bonaventure yard 58. Main deck gunport
Pel1 60HaBeHrypbl 0pY)J,I1HHbH7t nopT rnaBHOH narry6bI
47. Bonaventure mast 59. Carvel planking
MaQTa-6oHaBeHrypa 06111I1BKa Brrrap,b
48. Aftercastle 60. Port bower anchor
lOr HOCOBOI1 srKOPb neBoro 6op-ra
49. Outrigger 61. Stempost
YTrrerapb(6oKaHe~) <l>opurreseHb
50. Chain wale (channel) 62. Anchor cable
PycrreHVI 5IKOPHbII1 TpOC
51. Deadeye 63. Hawse hole
lOcpepc (TpOCOBbII1 Tarrpen) Km03
52. Transom 64. Chain wale (channel)
TpaJ-Ie~ <l>oKa pycrreHb
53. Rudder 65. Rigging rail
Pyrrb (rrepo pyJUI) TaKena>K rreepa
54. Sternpost
AXTepurreBeHb

Dhow
I )J,BYXMa1.JTOBOe apa6CKoe Ka6oTa)J(HOe CYAHO ()J,ay)

1. Stem head 8. Mizzen yard


BepxH5151 OKOHeQHOCTb cpopurreBH5I Dl13aHb-pel1
2. Eye 9. Main yard
KOylll, rrra30K fpoT-pel1
3. Raking stempost 10. Furled lateen main sails
HaKJ10HHbIH cpoplllTeBeHb CBePHYTble rraTI1HCKl1e rpoToBble rrapyca
4. Rudder 11. Parrel
TIepo pyJUI PaKc6yrenb,6el1cpYT(pesr)
5. Tiller 12. Main mast
PyMnerrb <l>OK MaqTa
6. Mizzen mast 13. Shroud
DI13aHb MaQTa BaHTbl
7. Furled lateen mizzen sails 14. Parrel tackle
CsepHYTble rraTl1HCKl1e 6113aJ-Ib napyca Del1cpYT-TaJ1l1
1. Grapnel-type anchor 9. Halyard
5IKOPb (.[(peK, KOUJKa) ¢aJI, rap}J,eJIb
2. Oar
10. Wei-wei (mizzen mast)
BeCJIO
DI13aHb Ma<iTa
3. Cargo hatch 11. Su-wei (fourth mast)
fpY30BOC! TpJOM 4-Ma<[Ta
4. Quarterdeck house 12. Topsail
.KBapTep}J,e<iJia51 py6Ka TOnCeJIb
5. Rudder 13. Chung-ta-wei (main mast)
PYll b rpOT Ma<iTa
6. Transom 14. Erh-wei (second mast)
TpaHeL\ 2-Ma<iTa
7. Rudder head 15. T'on-wei (port foremast)
DaJ1JIep pyJ151 ¢OK Ma'na
8. Sail batten 16. Lug sail
TIapyc c BUJV!TbIMV! peJ1KaMl1 nJOrepHblCl (peJ.lKoBblCl) napyc
Wooden sailing ship
)J,epeB5lHHOe rrapycHoe CYAHO

1. Jib boom
22. Keel
YTJlerapb
KI1Jlb
2. Outer spritsail yard
23. Binnacle box
BHewHHH 6JIHHl].a-peI1
HaKToY3
3. Spritsail yard
24. Ship's wheel
5JlHHJJ,a-peI1
lllTYPBaJl
4. Foot rope
25. Gudgeon strap
nHKTpOC HWI<HeI1lJlKaTOpHHbI (lIepT)
5yreJIb pyJUI
5. Bowsprit
26. Pintle strap
5ywnpwr
llln>Iph pyJUI
6. Bob stay
27. Sternpost
BaTep-JllTar
AXTepwTeBeHb
7. Figurehead
28. Rudder
HocoBoe YKpallJeHHe
PyJlb
8. Rail
29. Rudder chain
neep
Uenb pymI
9. Trailboard
30. Rope preventer
KnI030Ba5I ),J,OCKa
npeJJ,oxpm-IHTeJlbHbII1 TpOC
10. Draught (draft) mark
31. Jacob's ladder
MapKa ocaJJ,KI1
illTOpM Tpall
11. Bower anchor
32. Taffrail
Hoco/loI1 5J"KOPb
nOpY'IHI1 Ha IOTe
12. Tallow coating
33. Poop rail
)f(HpoBoe nOKpblnle
nopy<fHIII Ha 110JIYIOTe
13. Gripe
34. Mizzen mast
HOCOBa5I \.faCTb KYlJUI
5Y13aHb-Mu'ITa
14. Gun
35. Fiddle block
0pYIJ,He (nywKa)
nOHr-TaKeJlb-6JlOK
15. Gunport
36. Mizzen shroud
0pYf(YltirH1>II1 nopT
5H3aHb-BaHTbI
16. Clewline 37. Yang
fWrDB PIO-3peHc-6aKuITar
17. Capstan
38. Mizzen backstay
Ka6eCTafi (>lKOpHbIM Wm1Jlb)
5H3aHb 6aKwTar
18. Boat slide
39. Mizzen yard
WJIIOIlO\.fIIblM CJlHIl
51>I3al-n, peI1
19. Step
40. Lift
3a6opTHbltir cKo6-Tpall
ToneHaHT
20. Chain
41. Mizzen topmast shroud
Uenb
K PIOMc-cTeHb-BaHTbf
21. Channel
42. Mizzen topmast stay
PYCJleHb
K p IOI1C-CTeHb-illTa r
Wooden sailing ship
JJ:epeB51HHOe rrapyeHoe eYMo

Bow
39 ---"",
Hoe
38

37';.
3S ----t ,
-I

31

23 22 21 20 19 18
Model

n
71

70 ~ f 73
I

74
69

I
6 4
1 Stern
1 KapMa
2

17 16 15 14
43. Mizzen top 65. Fore shroud
Mapc 6v13aHVI <l>oKa-BaHTbl
44. Mizzen stay 66. Fore topmast backstay
ov13aHb-llTar <l>0p-cTeHb-6aKlllTar
45. Futtock shroud 67. Main topmast preventer stay
TIYTeHC-BaHTbI fpoT-cTeHbra, DOCb-lIITar
46. Hounds 68. Fore topmast shroud
Ma'ITOBble 6yrenH <l>0p-MapCa-BaHTbI
47. Main top rail 69. Main topmast stay
Deep rpoTa-Mapca fpoT-cTeHb-lIITar
48. Main top 70. Fore topgallant mast
fpoTa-Mapc Cl>op-6paM-CTeHbra
49. Cap 71. Main topgallant stay
CTeHb-33enhr0<pT fpOT-6paM-lllTar
50. Main topmast shroud 72. Gilded truck
fpoT-CTeHb-BaHTbl TIo30no'leHHbilif KnOTHK
51. Main topmast backstay 73. Fore topgallant stay
f POT-CTeHbra -6aKlllTar Cl>op-6paM-lllTar
52. Main topmast 74. Mouse and collar
fPOT-CTeHbra MycHHr H Ma'iTOBblH 6yrenb
53. Trestle trees 75. Ratline
DOHra-can\IIHr Bbl6neHO'lHbilit TpOC
54. Bolster 76. Fore topmast
TIOAKIIClAKa (nO,LlylllKa) Cl>op-cTeHbra
55. Main topgallant shroud 77. Fore top
fpoT-6paM-BaHTbI <l>oKa-Mapc
56. Main topgallant mast 78. Fore mast
fpoT-6paM-CTeHbra Cl>oK-Ma'ITa
57. Gilded truck 79. Rope wool ding
TIo30nO'leHHblH KnOTHK TpocoBblH Bym1Hr
58. Mast head 80. Fish davit
Ton Ma'ITbl <l>HlII-6aJ1Ka
59. Main shroud 81. Mainrail head
fpOT-BaHTbI BepxIDUI qaCTb W1aHlIIHpJI
60. Main mast 82. Fore stay
fpOT Ma'ITa <l>oKa-lIITar
61. Anchor buoy 83. Bees
0YH HKOpH J],epeBHHHble Ha,LleJ1KH Ha 6ylIlnpme
62. Fore hatch tackle 84. Cap
DJOKoBble CPOK-TaJl\II CTeHb-33enbro¢T
63. Mainstay tackle 85. Jack staff
fpOTa-lilTar TanH fJOHC-lIITOK
64. Main stay 86. Truck
f pOTa-liITar KnOTI1K
Bow 10. Stern quarter gallery
KopMoBa~ 3all.\l1THa~ ranepe~
Hoc
11. Port
1. Brace 0pYAlIItilHbltil noPT
6pac 12. Upper gallery
2. Main top rail BepxH~~ ranepeg

neep rpoTa-Mapca 13. Captain's cabin


3. Hawse hole KalOTa Kanl-1TaHa
Kmo3 14. Stern lantern
4. Knee of the head KOPMOBOtii cpoHa pb
KIDIBAJ.1reA
5. Wash cant
Sail pattern of a 74-gun ship
OMbIBalOll.\a~C~ OKaHTOBKa MOp;eJIb rrapycHoro 74-rryrne 1 IHor o
6. Studding sail yard (stuns'l yard)
cyp;Ha
nJ.1CenbHbltil peeK

7. Studding sail boom


1. Jib sail
TIapyc c rJ.1KOM
KnJ.1Bep
8. Foot rope
2. Sprit topsail
nJ.1KTPoc HJ.1)KHetii lllKaTOpJ.1Hbl (nepT)
DOBeH-6JllllHA
9. Lift
3. Spritsail course
ToneHaHT
Dnl-lH.o;
4. Fore staysail
Stem <l>oKa-craKcenb
KopMa 5. Fore mast course
<l>OK (na pyc)
1. Main topgallant yard 6. Main topsail
rpoT-6paM-peJiI [poT-Mapcenb
2. Fore topgallant yard 7. Main course
<l>op-6paM-petii [pOT
3. Main topsail yard 8. Mizzen course
rpoT-Mapca-peJiI DJ.1:3<lHb
4. Yardarm 9. Mizzen topsail
HOK pe~ KPJOHCeJlb
5. Fore topsail yard 10. Mizzen topgallant sail
<l>op-Mapca-peH KPJOHc-6paMcenb
6. Main yard 11. Main topgallant sail
rpOTa-petii [poT-6paMceJlb
7. Fore yard 12. Fore mast topgallant sail
<l>oKa-peJiI <l>op-6paMcen b
8. Mizzen topmast yard 13. Fore mast topsail
KplOtilc-creHb-peH <l>op-MapceJlb
9. Balcony 14. Fore topsail
6anKoH <l>op-creHb craKcenb
iii;:;~jj. Building of wooden sailing ships. (Part 1)
CrpmITerrhCTBO gepeB5l:HHhIX rrapycHhIX CygOB. (qacTh 1)
1. Fregate, XVIII c. Inboard profile 22. Hammer
npOP,OJlbHbH1 pa3pe3 cjJperaTa, XVIII BeK MOJloTOK
2. Fore body of the battleship 23. Broad axejhatchet
HOCOBruI qaCTb JlI1HewHoro Kopa6JJ~ lliOTHI1QKm:i Tonop
3. Stern-post and transom 24. Hook for oakum
stern construction faK ~ naKJIVI (KoHonaT11)
AXTepwTeBeHb 11 KOHCTPYKlJ,I1S1 25. Small gouge
TpaHQeBow KOPMbI MaJla~ nOIl)'KpymM CTaMeCKa (AOJlOTO)
4. " Arcaccia" type stern construction 26. Hammer for pitch
KOHCTpyKQ~ KOPMbI Tl1na " Arcaccia" MOJloTOK AJffi CMOJlbl/ KI1S1HKa
5-9. Wooden stern post construction 27. Gimlet
.D.epeB~HHble KOHCTPYKlJ,1111 aXTepwTeBHew EypaB (nJlOTIDfllHbIW)
10. Carpenters sawing up beams 28. Marker
[1;lOTHKKI1 3a paCnl1J10BKOW 6peBeH Pa3MeT<JHK
11-13. Connection of beams and battens 29. Carpenter's square
CoegHlIcHl1e 6anOK 11 flJlaHOK n n OTHKQKjlfW yroJlbHI1K
11. Lock joint 30. Club/sledge-hammer
Coe,[VfHeHlrle B 3aMOK KyBaJIAa
12. Lap-joint 31. Cooper plane, plough
COep,H1-leHl1e BHaXJleCTKY CTpyr, cKo6eJlb
06bl<!HaSi CTbrKOBa~ HaKJIaAKa 32. English chisel
13. Bayonet-joint AHrJlI1WCKasr CTaMeCKa
WTblKoBoe coep,I1HeHlrle 33. Big gouge
14. Plamb bob (plummet) 6oJlbwa~ nOJlYKpyrJlM CTaMeCKa
OrBec, rmoTHl1qKl1w ypoBeHb 34. Rack (-ahd-gear) jack
15-42. Cutting, measuring, Pee<!HbIW AOMKpaT
subsidiary tool 35. Plane, plough
Pe)KyLl\~le, 1r13MepIrITeJlbHble, Py6aHoK
nop,co6Hble I1HCTpYMeHTbl 36. Different forms of planing tools
15. AddiceJadze Pa3J1j1f\{Hble cjJOpMbl cTporanbHoro
TecJlo pe3lJ,a
16. Dutch breast drill 37. Large chisel
[OJ)JlaH}1.CKI1W KOJlOBOPOT DOJlbllIOe nJlOCKOe AOJlOTO
17. Tongs 38. Carving chisel
Knell..t11 CTaMecKa, p,oJl611J1o
18. Claw-hammer 39-40. Screwdrivers
MOJ IOToK-rBo3p,oAep OrBepTKI1
19. Caulker's tool 41. Common bit chisel
KOHonaTKa KOAonaTHblw I1HcTpYMeHT (KoHonaTKa)
20. English hacksaw 42. Blunt bit chisel
AHrJll1WCKaSi HO)l(OBKa TynoKoHe<!Hoe )~OJlOTO
21. Caulker's chisel 43. Woodworkers forming a batten
KOI-lOnaTHOe 3y6~IJlO lliOTHIrIKI1 3a cpopM11pOBaHl1eM
nJlaHKIrI
Building of wooden sailing ships. (Part 2)
CTpowreJIbCTBO gepeB5llllibIX CygOB. ("Y:acTb 2)
1. Construction of built-up 12. Combination of wooden hoops
composite masts and woolding
KOHCTPYKl.(lHI COCTaBHblX Ma'IT KOM6I1iHl1pOBaHHoe: AepeBjiHHOe C BYJIl1HrOM
1-3. First half of XVII cent. 13-17. Different shapes of mast heel (foot)
nepBa~ nOJlOBl1Ha XVII BeKa Pa3JIJ1l.fHble CPOPMhl umopa (ocHOBaHl1ji)
2-4-5. First half of XIX cent. MalJTbi
nepBaji nOJIOBl1Ha XIX B. 18. Mast heel (foot) and mast step
6-8. frame joining illoop iii CTenc MalJTbI
CTblKoBKa umaHroYToB 19. Bowsprit base
6. Technology of XVIII century llInop 6ymnpID'a
TeXHOJIOrnji XVlll BeKa 20. Mast step
7. Angle butt strap joint (old method) CTenc Ma'ITbl
CTbIKoBKa C YrJlOBOH HaKJIa,D,KOCI 21. Clipper wooden hull
(cTapblH MeToA) Kopnyc (OCTOB) AepeBIDiHoro KJ1l1nepa
8. Serrated butt strap 22-26. Stem structural shapes
CTbIKOBoe COeAl1HeHl1e HaKJIa,D,KOH KOHCTPyx Tl1BHble cpOPMbi cpopUITeBHeH
C 3y6l.(aMl1 27. Build-up frame
9. Vessel's laying-down scheme, MOHTaJK paMHoro IIlflaHroYTa
XVIII-XIX cent. 28. Hull assembly using pins, pegs,
Slipway and scaffold boIts, rivets, XVIII cent.
CxeMa 3aKJIa,D,Kl1 cYAHa XVIII-XIX BeKa MOHTaJK Koprryca CnOMOI.U;bIO HareneH,
CTaneJIb l1 crpOI1TeJIbHble JIeca 60JITOB, 3aKJIenOK, XVIII BeK
10-12. Build-up masts coupling 29. Bolt with nut
COeAl1HeHmI COCTaBHbiX Ma'lT bOJIT C raHKOH
10. Mast hoop metal band 30. Peg/pin
byreJleM (MeTaJIJIJ11.IecKIliM o6pYlJeM) Harem,
11. Combination of metal and 31. Rivet with clamping washer
wooden hoops 3aKJIenKa C CPl1KCl1pYIOllleCt rnaCtEo Ct
KOM6l1HllipOBaHHoe: MeTaJIJIllilJeCKOe 32. Fishing hook peg
iii AepeB~HHoe Harenb B cpopMe PbI6oJIOBHOrO KpIOlJKa

Cannons of sailing ships


0PYAIDI napycHbIX CYAOB

1. English carriage with quoin for guidance 4. Culevrine. XVI cent.


in elevating "KYJIeBpl1Ha", XVI B.
ITacpeT aHrJIl1HCKOH KOHCTPYKlJ,l1l1 C 5. Gun mounting on the battery deck
OTKJIOH~IOIllIliM (nOA"beMHbIM) KJIIliHOM YCTaHOBKa 0PYAmi Ha 6aTapeCtHoCt naJIy6e
2. 60-pounders gun 6. The tackle for securing gun
60-CPYHTOBoe opyrJ,l1e TaJIl1 l IJIji KpeTIJIeHmI 0PYAmi
3. The cannon charged from the 7. The barrel of the 20-pounders gun
breech, 1585 CmoJI 20-cpYHTOBOrO 0PYAmi
OpYAl1e, 3apjiJKaIollleecji C 8. Galley gun on the carriage. 16 cent.
Ka3eHHOH QaCTl1, 1585 r . fanepHoe 0pYAl1e Ha nacpeTe, 16 B.
Cannons of sailing ships
0pYAIDl rrapycHbIX CY)J;OB
9. Rotating railing piece charged 15. "Sperber". XIII cent. San Marino
from the breech. XV cent. Museum of ancient armament.
nOBOpOTHa~ 6poH30Ba~ "Sperber" , XIII BeK. (My3eM CTapl1HHoro
"cpaJIbIll60pTHa~" nYlllKa, BoopYIKeHIDI. CaH Mapl1Ho)
3ap~IKaIOll\ajiCji c Ka3eHHOM qacTlil, XV B. 16. Swedish gun with
10. Galley gun's carriage. 1697 arrangement, 1630
nacpeT raJTepHOrO 0pYAWi, 1697 r. lllBeAcKoe 0pYAl1e co
11. Rotating railing piece charges cHapKlKeH",eM, 1630 r.
from the breech. XIV-XV cent. 17. The gun-port with two
nOBOpOTHa~ 60M6apAeJTb, vertical half-ports, XVIII cent.
3apKlKaIOJ.IJ;ajiCji C Ka3eHHOM qaCT"', OpYA"'MHbIM nopT "'3 AByX
XIV-XV BeKa Bepn1KaJIbHbIX nOJTynopnlKOB, XVIII BeK.
12. The mortar mounting on the 18. The gun-port with two
rotating platform horizontal half-ports, XIX cent.
MopT"'pa Ha BpaJ.IJ;aIOJ.IJ;eMCji 0pYAI1HHbIM nopT 113 AByX
IUlaTcpopMe XIX BeK
roPl130HTaJTbHblX nOJTynOjJTI'IKOB,
13. Installation of the mortar 19. The gun-port with ornament, XVII cent.
on a bomb vessel 0pYAJ.H1:HbIM nopT C opHaMeHToM, XVII BeK
YCTaHoBKa MOPT"'PbI Ha 20. Various kinds of shells
6oM6apA"'pcKOM cYAHe (Greek fire, cores, etc.)
14. Securing of a gun for sea. Pa3JTl1qHble BHAbI CHapji)];OB
English version (fpeQecKJ.1J7! orOHb, ji)];pa '" Ap .)
KpermeH",e 0PYAI1~ no-nOXOAHOMY·
AHrlIl1MCK"'M Bapl1aHT
. Kno
capstansy
ts . Blocks
3JIbI. DJIOKl1
lllIIMJIl1.

12
-~ 25
13.~~~'lt

~r
8 ' 21

28 ~ 26 t1:
19 20
22
~ 27
~"
~Lf~
, 38

37
39

. .".,.

( O""\~\
~ ' ,l

~49
U «&0
Sl @S2
Capstans. Knots. Blocks 18. Slippery knot
IllIIv1JIV1. Y3nbI. DnOKV1 llinar C neTneli!
19. Anchor (half hitch)
1. Windlass XVII-XVIII cent.
5IKOpHblli! (nonYIlITbIK)
6paWm1J1b, XVll-XVIH BeKa
20. Blackwall hitch
2. Windlass with pump drive and its
rat.JHblli! Y3eJl
construction. XIX cent.
21. Grommet with toggle
6paWnl1J1b C nOMnOBbIM rrpl1BOAOM KpaHreJlbC-CTOporr C KJ1eBaHTOM
11 era YCTPOIi!CTBO, XIX BeK 22. Fisherman's bend, anchor knot
3. Bitt anchor. The Netherlands, 1630 5TKOPHbIM (pbI6al.\KI1M I1JTblK)
5TKOPHblli! 6vrreHr. [oJUlaI-IAI15!, 1630 r. 23. Fugure of eight knot
4. Bitt anchor. France, 1690 BocbMepKa
51KopHbfli! 6I1TeHr. <!>paHl.\I15!, 1690 r. 24. Bowline knotjhitch
5. Bitt on forecastle and halyard-bollard. 6eceAot.JHblJii Y3en
France XVIII cent. 25-27. Cringle on boltrope
611TeHr Ha rrony6aKe 11 cpanoBbfli! KHeXT. KpeHreJlbC Ha nl1KTpOCe
<!>paHl.\I15!, XVIII BeK 25. Cringle up to 1600

6. Knight with belaying pin rack CTapl1HHbIM KpeHrenbc, OKono 1600 r.

Warship. France. XVIII cent. 26. Cringle with thimble


KHexT C Kocpenb-rmaHKoli!, KpeHrenbc C KOYIlJeM
cppaHU.Y3KI1Jii BoeHHblli! Kopa6m" XVlII BeK 27. Simple cringle made of a rope
7. Bitt with lugs and guides for ITpOCTOJ1 KpeHrenbC 113 Tpoca
running rope, 1690 28. Double block with iron shackle
611TeHr C npoyWt-1HaMI1 11 HarrpaBn5!IOLLI.I1MI1 for a strop
6eryt.Jl1x cHacTeli!, 1690 r.
)lfI.SI .D.BYWKI1BHbIJ1 6JIOK co CK06oJ1
8. Small English capstan AD}! CTporra
Manblli! aHrmrlil.CKI1Ii! IlJnl1nb (Ka6ecTaH) 29. Belaying ropes on the cleat through
9. Capstan for lifting chain two-half hitch
Ka6ecTaH AD}! Bbl60pKI1 u.errl1 KpenneHl1e Tpoca Ha yTKy
10. Dutch capstan beginning of XVII cent. npocTbfM WTbIKOM
[OJUlaHACKI1Ii! Ka6ecTaH Hat.Jana XVII BeKa 30. Sequence of running ropes
11-24. Knots Kocpenb-Harenb
Y3nbI 31. Stay mooring chock shroud cleat
11. Two-half hitch BaHToBa51 Kt-1nOBa5! rrJIaHKa
ITPOCTOIi! WTbIK 32. Side bitt (cleat for main tack)
12. Square knot KpeCTOBI1Ha 11 KJ1103 WI5I cpoKa-IlJKOTa
pen
ITp}!MOJii 33. English cleat for fore sheet
13. Overhand knot (half hitch) AHrffi1J1CKa}! YTKa C narrKaMI1
IT POCTOl1 KHon rpOTa-raJlCa
)lfI.SI
14. Stopper hitch 34. Treble metal- external - bound block
CTonopHbIM Y3en TpeXIlJKI1BHblJ1 5JIOK C )i(eJle3HOM OKOBKOJ1
15. Sheet bend, single-becket bend 35-38. Eye fittings, eye boIts
ITpOCTOIi! WKOTOBblli! Y3eJI (WTbIK) 06yxH, orOHbl, pbIMbI
16. Clove hitch 35. Eye-boltjring-bolt with nut
Y3en
BbI6neHOt.JHblli! PbIM-60JIT c raJ1KOM
17. Double bend 36. Ancient eye-biltjring-bolt with cotter
6paM-uIKoTOBblli! Y3en spJin pin
CTapHHHblM pbIM-60JIT co WIDlHHTOM
37. Ancient eye bolt/ring-boIt with screw bolt 55. Clew with cringle
CTapl1HHbII1 pbIM-60nT C epilloM (for gaff topsail and jibs)
38. Modern ring bolt with flange lllKOTOBbJI1 yron C KpeHrenbcoM
COBpeMeHHbII1 PbIM-60JIT C q)JIaHueM ()J,JIH racpenbHblx napycoB 11 KJlI1BepoB)
39. Snatch block 56. Clew with a ring
KaHl1cpac-6JIOK lllKOTOBbII1 yron C KonbUOM
40. Pelican (mousing, slip) hook 57. Bousprit of a warship with jib,
fJIarOJlb-raK sprit sails, standing and running tackle
41. Yardarm cringle (XVIII cent.)
HOKOBbl11 KpeHrenbC 6ylllJlPl1T BoeHHoro Kopa6JUl XVlIl BeKa C
42. Sheet block with mooring cleat and KJlI1BepaMI1 11 6nl1HAaMI1, CTOH'II1M 11
double hook, XX cent. 6ery'lI1M TaKenalKeM
lllKOToBb111 6noK C Kl1nOBOI1 nnaHKOI1 11
)J,BOI1HbIM KPIOKOM, XX BeK
43. Single block
O)J,1I0IllKI1BHbIl16J10K
44. Single (simple) shatch block
with a strop
npocrol1 KaHl1cpac-6JIOK co CTponoM
45. Heavy metal external bound
shatch block, 19 cent.
THlKenbn1 KaHl1cpac-6noK, OKOBaHHbII1
lKene30M, 19 B.
46. Topping lift block
TOneI!aIIT-6noK
47. Long tackle block
DOHr-TaKe; Ib-6; 10K
48. Euphroe
AHanYTb-6J10K
49. Single block with double strop
and thimble
OAHOIllKI1BHb!Iil 6noK C )J,BOI1HbIM
CTponOM 11 KOYilleM
SO. Oval stay block
OBaJIbHblIil IllTar-6J\oK
51. Treble long tackle block with
shackle and thimble
TpeXWKI1BHbl11 JIOHr-TaKeJlb-6noK co
CKo6011 11 KoymeM
52. Treble (triple-sheaved) block,
trispast
TpeXIllKI1BHblH 6noK
53. Double block
JlByXIllKHBHblIil 6JIOK
54-56. Clew models
MO)J,eJll1 WI<OTOBbIX yrnoB napyca
54. Clew with seizing
llIKOTOBbl11 y ron c 5eH3eJleM
Halyards and hanks
<PaJ1bI 11 paKcbI

O · L~l
~
, --.
-.-­-
23 I
1. English-type halyard, XVII cent. 15. Bracing of topsail halyard

with leading to the bitt or through KpermeHl1e Mapca-cparra

the block to the capstan 16. Halyards of French type, XVII-XVIII cent.

ct:>arr aHrJIVlJilcKoro nma, XVII BeK, C Cj)aJlbl cppaHL\Y3Koro TVlna, XVII-XVIII BeKa

npOBO)TKOJil lIa KHeXT HJII1 4epe3 6JIOK Ha 17-23. Futtock shrouds and dead eyes

WnJ.1JIb BaHT-nyreHcbl H rocpepchI

2. Stationary (fixed) topsail halyard 1650 17. Futtock shrouds, XVII cent.

with 1 rigging pendant BaHT-nYTeI-ICbl, XVII BeK

CTaL\IftOHapHblH Mapca-cpaJI, 1650 r., 18. Futtock shrouds, 1660. The

co WKeHTeJIeM Netherlands

3. Stationary (fixed) topsail halyard 1650 Bal-IT-nYTeHcbI, 1660 r.

with 2 rigging pendants HJ.1AepnaH)J,bI

CTaL\J.10HapHbIVl Mapco-cpaJl, 1650 r., 19. Futtock shrouds, 1670. England

CABYM5! U1KeHTeJUlMJ.1 BaIIT-nYTeHcbl, 1670 r. AHfJIJ.15!

4. Masttop with cap and topmast 20. Futtock shrouds of bark, XVIII cent.

English type BaHT-nyreHCbJ 6apKa. XVIII BeK

TOil Ma'ITbl C 33e)lbroqn'oM 1ft 6paM-creHbroJil. 21-22. Futtock shrouds (rigging),

AHrJIJ.1HCKIftI;J nm XVIII-XIX cent.

5. Swedish cap up to 1630 BaHT-nyreHcbl, XVIII-XIX BeKa

lllBeAcKv1I1 33eJIbrocpT, AO 1630 r. 23. Units of bracing of futtock shrouds

6. Holland cap, XVII cent. 3neMeHTbI KpenneHJ;[5! BaHT-nYTeHcoB

fOJIJlall)\CKl-1Jit 33eJlbrocpT, XVII BeK 24. Middle part of yard, end XIX cent.

7. French cap CpeAHS!5! 4aCTb peS!, KOHeQ XIX BeKa

ct:>pal-Ill;Y3cKVlH 33eJlbrocpT 25. Hank with hinge

8. Topgallant halyard. English type PaKC C WaplIl1pHoJil neTJIeJil

5paM-cpaJl. AHrJlJ.1Ji1CKl-1Vl TJ.1n 26. Hang bracing of English type


9. English yard middle part to lower mast
with limiters for a tye. Beginning of XIX cent. YCTanoBKa pa.Kca aHrnVlJilcKofO TI1IIa Ha
CpeAHsHI 4aCTb aHfJlJ.1JitcKOfO pe5! C HVI)[(HeH Ma4Te
OrpaHVI'-IVlTeJl5!MJ.1 MIS{ ApaJilpena. 27. Mizzen hank with block for lateen sail
Ha'-lLlJlo XIX BeKa 5V13aHb-paKc C6noKoM )J)1S! JIaTJ.1HCKoro peS!
10. English yard middle part, 28. Version of top hank
limiters for robands OAI1H Vl3 BapVlaHToB Mapc-paKca
Cpet\HHH 4aCTb aHfJlJ.1Ji1cKoro pe5! C 29. Parrel (truss) of spritsail yard
orpaHVl411TeJIeM )J)15! peBaHToB PaKc-6yrenb 6m1H)J,a-peS! (6JlHH.!l,a pen)
11. Version halyard of bracing 30. Hank for topgallant and topgalland yard
Bapl1alIT KpenJleHVl5! cparra PaKC IJ,J15! 6paM-CTeHbfH J.1 6paM-pelft
12. Peak tye of mizzen yard 31. Hank of lower yard on iron mast
BepXl-IJ.1Vl ApaI7Ipen 6H3aHb-cparra PaKe (6eJilcpyr) HVI)[(Hero pe5! Ha
13. Lower mast of the ship with hoops, MeTaJUII1"'-1ecKol1 Ma4Te
wooldings and hounds (bibbs), XVII cent. 32. Hank with 3 tiers of thimbles
HI.vKH5!5! M3'ITa cYJ\Ha C6yreJl5!MVI, PaKc (6eJitcpyT) CTpeM5! p5!AaMJ.1 MOTOB
BynVlHraMVI VI '-IVlKCaMH, XVII BeK (KJIOTHeJil)
14. Eye of topmast sheave hole and 33. Chain hank
sheave for top tackle. Stopper UenHoJit paKC (6eJitcpYT)
06yx Mapc-cTeHbfl1 co lllKVlB-raTOM VI 34. Hank with coupling for topmast
WKVlBOM )J,JIH C'reHb-BbIHTPena. CTonop PaKC CMYCPTOl1 AJUI CTeHbD1
Tops, stay
MapCbI, illTaD1
1. Stay with euphroe and spans, XVI-XVII cent.
18. Lashing with wooden hanks

IllTar c aHanYTb-6JIOKOM TIl llInplOl1TaMTII;


KpeTIJIe,HVle c ,o:epeBSlHHbIMTII xOMYTVlKaMTII

XVI-XVII BeKa
TllJITII KpeHrelThCaMTII

2. Top, 1630-1650
19. Lashing with lacing, 1750

Mapc, 1630-1650 r. r.
KpeTIJIeHVIe co CJla6JII1HeM, 1750 r.

3. Top, 1600-1620
20. Iron hank. 2-nd half of XVIII cent.

Mapc, 1600-1620 r . r .
IllTar-KpaHrelThc. WTarOBbII1 6eryHoK.

4. Top, 1600-1700
)KeJIe3HbII1 paKC, 2-51 nOJIOBVlHa XVIII BeKa

Mapc, 1600-1700 r. r .
21. Snatch hook with a flat spring

5. Top, 1700
Kapa6T11H c TIJIOCKOM npY)!(J.1HOI1

Mapc, 1700 r.
22. Connecting iron runner

6. Top, XIV-XV cent.


Pa3beMHbll1 MeTaJIJI1.1lIecK!IfIi! 6eryHoK

Mapc, XIV-XV B.S.


23. Iron snatch hook with spring

7. Fore-top, 1700-1800
MeTaJIJ1l1'4ecKTIII1 Kapa6T11H c npY)!(I1HOI1

<l>op-Mapc, 1700-1800 r. r.
24. Half-coupling with two hooks

8. Top, 1670
TIOJIYMycpTa (HaKJIa,o:Ka) c ,o:ByMSl KplOKaMTII

Mapc, 1670 r.
25-27. Tension arrangements (devices)

9. Top-trestle with bent crosstrees.


to tighten the stay

Northern Europe, XVII cent.


HaTSI)!(Hble YCTpOI1CTBa,o:JISl

CanTIIHr Mapca c rHYTb1MTII KpaCnI1QaMTII,


06T5!TJ.1BaHI1SI llITara

CeSepHa51 Espona, XVII seK


25. Stay with dead eyes

10. Fore mast-head, Holland, 1630


WTar c IOcpepCaMl1

Ton cpoKMatITbl. fOJIJIaH.ll;TllSI, 1630 r.


26. Stay with blocks, XVI-XVII cent.

11. Top of the clipper, 1870


WTar c 6JIOKaMVI, XVI-XVII seKa

Mapc I<JlTIInepa, 1870 r.


27. Stay with round dead eyes

12. Cross-trees with homes


WTar c KpyrnbIMTII llITar-IOcpepcaMVI

for guiding back stays, XIX cent.


28. ·Bracing of mizzen-stay on the main mast

CanTIIHr c pmKKaMTII, )J.IlSi pa3HeCeHTllSI


KpermeHTlle 6T113aHb-llITara Ha rpoT-Matrre

CPOP1..\YHOS, XIX neK


29.. Bracing of main stay on deck, XIX-XX cent.

13. Top-stay of new type. End of XIX cent.


Kpt'flJIeHTlle rpOT-llITara Ha nany6e, XIX-XX seKa

Mapca-llITar HOSOro TTllna. KOHeQ XIX BeKa


30. Bracing of main topmast stay to fore mast

14. Hounds, (bibbs), cross-trees


KpeiUleHl1e rpoT-cTeHb-lUTara K cpoKMa"lfTe

and crosspieces. England, XVII cent.


31. Bracing of main topmast stay and lower

qTIIKCbl, JIOHra-CanTIIHn1 TIl KpaCnTIIQbI.


end of mizzen top mast stay

AHTmt5!, XVII seK


KpenJIeHTlle rpoT-CTeHb-lUTara TIl HJ.1)!(HerO

15. Main mast-top and mast-head.


KOHQa KPIOI1C-CTeHb-llITara

Holland, 1630
32. Fore topmast stay on the bowsprit, 1600

fpOT-Mapc Ton rpOT-Matffbl.


<l>opCTeHbllITar Ha 6YlUTIpl1Te, 1600 T .

fOJIJIaH.ll;TII5I, 1630 r.
33. Fore topmast stay on the bowsprit.

16. Top of a French fregate, 1780


The Netherlands, 1600

Mapc cppaHQY3CKoro cpperaTa, 1780 r.


<l>0p-CTeHb-llITar Ha 6YllInpV!Te.

17. Topmast-trestle of bark


HI1,o:epJIaH;D,bl, 1600 r.

with three bent crosspieces, XVIII cent.


34. Fore topmast stay on the bowsprit,

CanTIIHr 6apKa c TpeMSI rnYTbIMI1


1670-1680

KpaClmuaMI1, XVIII neK


<l>0p-CTeHb-llITar Ha 6YlUTIpTllTe,

18-24. Staysails and methods of their


1670-1680 r.r.

lashing to stays
35. Fore topmast stay on the bowsprit, 1650

CTaKCeJlI1 TIl MeTO.fJ,bl TIIX KpenJIeHI1SI K llITaraM


<l>0p-CTeHb-llITar Ha 6YlUTIpTllTe, 1650 r .

Sheets. Braces. Clewlines. Lifts


T OneHaHTbI
illKOTbI. EpaCbI. fMTOBbI.

20
29 .~--­
" \"' ~~
~~ --­
1. Upper topsail sheet 16. Bracing lateen sail to gaff with lashing
8epXHI1M Mapca-wKoT KpenJIeHl1e naTI1HCKOrO napyca K
2. Lower topsail sheet racj:>en lO HaVrToBoM
HMlI<HI1~I Mapca-wKoT 17. Tack pass through the poop hawse pipe
3. Sheets of lower square sails, XVII cent. npOBo~Ka ranca '-Iepe3 KJl103 Ha nonylOTe
WKOThI Hl1l1<HHX npllMblx napycoB, XVII BeK 18. Clewlines of lateen sail
4. Sheets of lower square sails with f l1TOBbI n aTI1HCKOrO napyca
securing to sides, XVIII cent 19. Mizzen yard-lifts with two euphroe
WKOTbI HVIlI<HI1X npllMblx napycoB C blocks, XVII cent
KpenneHI1eM Ha 60pT)T, XVIII BeK DI13aHh (pIO) - ToneHaHTbI c ~ByMlI
5. Sheet of a lower sail aHanYTh-6n oKaMM, XVII BeK
WKOT Hl1l1<HerO napyca 20. Jib sheet (always double)
6. Sheet-block for a sail with a bonnet KnI1Bep-IlIKOT (c~BoeHHhIM)
U1KOT-6JIOK ~J,JIlI napyca C 6ormeToM 21. Lifts, nock, sheet block. Holland,

7. Fore braces XVII cent.

ClJoKa-6pacbI ToneHaHThI, HOK pell, wKoT-6noK.

8. Lower topsail braces [OJIJlaH~lli!, XVII BeK

HVIlI<llJ1M Mapca-6pac 22. Lifts, XIX-XX cent.


9. Span bowline/whips TOneHaHThI, XIX-XX BeKa
DYJlVIHh-W npIOMTbI 23. Yard comprising 2 parts
10. Head whip gantline of Pel1', COCTOllm;MM 113 ~ByX '-IaCTeM
continental form 24. Yardarm with peg
HOK-rop~eHh KOHTI1HeHTaJ1hHOI1' HOK pell C HareneM
cj:>OpMhI 25. Yardarm with hoop for
11. Bunt whip studding-sail boom
DhIK-rop~eHh 11 cJla6-rOp~eHh HOK pell C HOKOBhIM 6yreneM ~lI
12. Clewlines of the topsail JlI1Cenb-CnHpTa
[I1TOBbI MapCeJIlI 26. Yardarm topsail yardarm of ancient ship
13. Topgallant yard (foot ropes) fockstay, HOK Mapca-pell CTapMHHOrO cy~Ha
19 cent. 27. Built-up main yardarm, XVII cent.
DpaM-peM, nepThI, neepbI, JIOCh-lIlTar JIeep HOK COCTaBHoro rpoTa-pell, XVII BeK
14. Clewlines of a lower sail 28. Yardarm with slewing hoop for
[I1TOBhI Hl1l1<HerO napyca studding sail boom
15. Bracing of square sail to yard HOK pell C nOBopoTHhIM 6yreneM
with lashing ~lI nl1Cenb-Cnl1pTa
KpenJleHl1e npllMoro napyca K peIO 29. Yardarm with roller for
C HaMTOBOM studding sail boom
HOK pell C POYJlbCOM )J;JU! nl1Cenh-Cnl1pTa

. ----------- - ---
.
Structural members of sailing ships
3rreMeHTbI YCTpotiicTBa rrapycHhlx CYAOB

Schooner! 14-16. Fastening of sails to the mast


IlIxyHa 1 KpenJleHVle napycoB KMa'lTe
14. Lacing

1. Two-masted sailing schooner CTla6JTVlHb

with square fore-sail 15. Mast rings

,[(ByxMat{TOBa~ napycHa~ lILXyHa Ma'lToBble KOJlbQa (cerapcbl)

CnpSIMbIM TonOM Ha cpoK-Matrre 16. Jack stay, horse

2. The Dutch schooner II )J)KeK" - lIITar


r OJIJlaH',[(CKaJI wXyHa 17. Boom leg
3. Netherlands galiot - predecessor YCbl rVlKa
of schooner 18. Contemporary boom
HVlAepJlaHACKVlI1 raJTVlOT ­ fastening
npeAWecTBeHHVfK WXYHbl COBpeMeHHoe KpenneHVfe rVlKa
4. Three-masted stay sailing
schooner
TpeXMa'ITOBaJI CTaKCeJTbHa~
napycHa~ wXyHa

5. Top-sail schooner made of steel


TOnCeJlbHa~ napycHaJI CTaJTbHa~ ruxyHa
6. Wooden nock, below clamp with turn
,[(epeB~HHbrl1 HOK.
nOA HVlM YTKa co lW1arOM
7. Iron fore-masted gaffsail schooner,
20th century
)J(eJTe3Ha~ 'leTblpeXMa4ToBrui
racpeJlbHaJI lllxYHa, XX BeK
8. Three-masted schooner-bark
TpexMa4ToBa~ LUxYHa-6apK
9. Two-masted topsail schooner
with fore mast and main mast
,[(ByxMa'ITOBa~ TOnCeJl"bl-fMl IllxyHa
CCPOKOM VI rpoToM
10. American schooner, 1760
AMepVlKaHcKrui IllxYHa, 1760 r .
11. Schooner mast with gaffsaiJ
and top gaffsaiI
Ma4Ta IllxyHbJ CracpeJlbHblM
napycoM VI BepxHVfM racpeneM
12. Showmast (TrysaiI mast)
TPVlCeJTb-Ma'lTa (KOHTP-6V1JaHb)
13. Gaffleg
yCbJ racpeJl.Sl
, ;
6
/ ....

1'.'

-
)~ j 'rt,l.l,: ,10
_ Io<,h
I
Schooner 2 17. Deckhouse with daylight hatches
llIxyHa 2 TIaJIy6Ha5I Hagcrpol1Ka c
JIIOKaMVI gHeBHOrO CBeTa
1. Sailing schooner with square 18. Four-masted topsail schooner
fore-sail Y.eTblpexMatJToBa51 TOnCeJIbHa51
TIapycHa51 lIIxyHa C np5IMblM UlxYHa
TonOM 19. Galiot
2. Two-masted schooner «ELSIE»,
faJIVlOT
1910
20. Schooner-brig of the XVIII century
ABy xMaQTOBa51 lIIxy Ha «ELSIE»,
WXYHa-6pV1T XVIII BeKa
1910 r.
21. Two-masted gaffsail schooner
3. Two-masted gaffsail schooner
AByxMa'ITOBa5I racpeJIbHa5I illxyHa
«ROMP», 1847

AByxMa'ITOBa51 racpeJIbHa5I lIIxyHa


«ROMP», 1847 r.
4. Five-masted schooner-bark
TI5ITVlMatJToBa5llIIxYHa-6apK
5. Three-masted schooner-bark
TpexMa'IToBa5IlIIxYHa-6apK
6. Schooner-yacht «America», 1851
WXYHa-51xTa «America », 1851 r .
7. Hull center (line) plane of
schooner-yacht «America»
MVI,lJ,eJIb Kopnyca
lIIXYHbl-51XTbl "America"
8. Brigantine
EpVITaHTI1Ha
9. Six-masted square sail schooner
WeCTl1MatJTOBa5I illxyHa c np5lMbIM
napycoM
10. Seven-masted gaffsail schooner
CeMMMa'IT0I3a51 racpeJIbHa51 illxy Ha
11-17. Deck constructions
TIaJIY6Hble H~CTpOI1KV1
11. Hand windlass
Py<rnOl1: 6pallDlV1J1b
12. Grating
PeilleTKa
13. Capstan
Wnl1J1b
14. Mast
Ma'ITa
15. Deck hatch
TIaJIY6Hbrl1: JIlOK
16. Ladder to lower companionway
TaM6yp cxog Horo moKa
'I;
:-..:::'
7
,/, ' , ,
a
'", .
.: I I I'
'
,. , · 10
'
"
,
~ _ ' :.:" '/, '/ L-,: ::,- - ,.
__ , / ' ',,' I , ' __ __ J ­

_/ ~"

~
." 18
" '
,: ,i 'I , /:
" .':'
-j _.-;::--- I

i( Ji,~
, .ll1
2
20
_~::tL...u"'Oli. ~
Clipper 1
Krrvrnep 1
1. Lines drawing of the clipper 6. The first blackwall frigate (full­
"Great republic", 1853 rigged ship) "Seringapatam"
Teo peTWIecKIIIH l.JepTelK KJlIDlepa DepBbIH ¢peraT C qepHbIM KoprrycoM
" Great republic", 1853 r . "Seringapatam" (C napycHblM BoopYlKeHllleM
2. Transverse framing of Kopa6JlS!:)
"Great republic" 7. North-American clipper
DOnepe'lHbIH Ha60p " Great republic" CeBepoaMepIIIKaHcKIIIH KJUlnep
3. Side-view of "Great republic" 8. Fastening of yard to mast
BillA C60Ky "Great republic" KpermeHllle peS!: K Ma'ITe (paKc-6yreJlb)
4. "Rainbow", 1845. Side view 9. Baltimor clipper in full sails
" Rainbow", 1845 r . Blllp; C60Ky DaJITlllMOPCKIIIH KJllllnep Ha BCex napycax
5. Line drawing of "Rainbow" 10. Tightening screw fastening of shrouds.
TeOpeTWl.JeCKIIIH qepTelK "Rainbow" XIXcentury
BaHT-rrYTeHcbI C TaJlperraMM, XIX BeK

Clipper 2
Krrvmep 2
1. Clipper "Palgrave", built in Glasgow,
1888 6. Main fastening with rigging
Kj mnep " Palgrave" . DocrpoeH B fna3ro OCHoBHble KpenJleHTIIJI C OCHaCTKOH
B 1888 r. 7. Frames and other elements
2. Wooden-iron ship's hull framing of wooden clipper
Ha60p Kopnyca cy)J;Ha 1113 p;epeBa III lKeJIe3a IlIrraHroYTbI III p;pyrille 3JleMeHTbI
3. Mars with rigging p;epeBS!:HHoro KJllllnepa
Mapc C OCHaCTKOH 8. Mars platform
4. Jib with stays MapcoBaS!: nJlOIlJ,ap;Ka
CTaKCeJlb co llITaraMIll 9. Topsail with main details
5. Wooden keel Mapcem C OCHOBHblMI1 P;eTaJUiMI1
)J,epeBS!:HHbIH KTIIJlb 10. Yardarm with studding-sail boom
H OK peS!: C JmCeJlb-Cnl1pTOM
Clipper 1

KrrT-mep 1

2 4

~
Clipper 2

Kmmep 2

A ·-­
'. _. .
Karack 3. Weapons XVI c. The weapon charged
KapaKKa from a breech part on timber platform
BoopY)I(eHl1e XVI seKa . 0PYAHe,
1. Karack, 1484 3apIDKalO~eec~ CKa3eHHOVI QaCTI1 ­

KapaKKa, 1484 r. "KaToHa-rrylllKa"


2. Hull of carack. Picture B. Bonfigli. 4. Karack, 1475
Perugia, Italy. 1484 KapaKKa, 1475 r.
Kopnyc KapaKKH. PHCYHOK E. EOH<PHfJIH. 5. Top of karack
DepYA>Ka, 1'1TanH51. 1484 r. Mapc KapaKKH
6. British karack, XVI cent.
EpHTaHcKa~ KapaKKa, XVI seK
Caravel
KapaBeJIJIa
Caravel Xebec
KapaBeJIJIa lIle6eKa
1. Spanish Xebec, 1735
1. French caravel, 1583
l1cnaHCKa5! rne6eKa 1735 r.
<l>paHl.\Y3CKaJI Ka paBeJlJla, 1583 r.
2. French fishing Xebec, 1790
2. Swedish caravel, 1560
<l>pa~3CKa5! pbl6aUKaJlrne6eKa, 1790 r.
lllBep,cKaJI KapaBeJlJla, 1560 r.
3. French polar Xebes, 1679
3. Bonnet
<l>paHQy3CKa5! rne6eKa-nonaKp, 1679 r.
DOHeT
4. Different mast tops
4. Spanish caravel
Pa3JIW'lHble Tonbl Mall.T
l1cnaHCKa5! KapaBeJlJla
5. Shroud tackle with mooring cleat
5. Lateen caravel from Portuguese
BaHToBble TaJIH C YTKOi1
map 1520
6. Topmast with halyard for
naTIfHCKa5! KapaBe;ma, C nopryranbcKoi1
lateen yard
KapTbl, 1520 r.
Ton MatfTbl C cpanoM (ropp,eneM))J,Jl5!
6. Portuguese caravel with transverse
JIaTHHCKoro pe5!
lateen sail
7. French Xebec, XVIII cent.
I10pryranbCKaJI KapaBe;ma C nOnepe'l.HblM
<l>paHUY3CKa5! rne6eKa, XVlll BeK
llaTI1HCKMM napycoM
8. Hull in main mast area
7. Caravel with square transverse
Kopnyc cyp,Ha B pai10He rpoT-MatfTbl
sail from Portuguese map XV cent.
9. Lines plan French Xebec, XVIII cent.
KapaBeJ1JJa C nOnepe'I.HblM np5!MblM
TeopeTW'lecKHi1 tfePTe)J( cppaHUY3cKoi1
napycoNi CnopryranbcKoi1 KapTbl XV BeKa
rne6eKH, XVlll BeK
8. Portuguese caravel Fernando Colombo
1492 '
I1opryranbCKa5! KapaBe;ma <l>epHaHAO
KonoM60, 1492 r.
9. Caravel "Redonda"

from Atlas 1570

KapaBeJIJIa "Pep,oHAa" H3 ATJIaCa 1570 r.

10. Caravel of Emperor Karlos V,

Tunis.1535

KapaBeJlJla HMnepaTOpa Kapna V,

TyHHc. 1535 r.

11. Keel, frame, stern of caravel, 1616

KJ.1JIb, wnaHroYThl, KopMa KapaBeJ1JlbI, 1616 r .

12. Caravel with lateen sail 1490

KapaBeJUla CJIaTHHCKMM napycoM, 1490 r.


13. Inboard profile lateen caravel
I1POP,OJIbHbli1 pa3pe3 JIaTHHcKoi1
KapaBe;mbl
14. Hank lateen yard
PaKc llaTHHCKOrO pe5!
15. Caravel with lateen sails
KapaBeJlJla C JIaTI1HCKi'L\fH napycaMH
Xebec
llle6eKa
,i'
I

/"\\ .
L\~ .
I

.,I.'
,, II

. \ ~
'j'~Jj ,
" , ' I , ,'I
Corvette
KopBeT
Corvette Sloop
KOpBeT IIlmorr
1. Corvette under sails 1. Sloop-gunner
KopseT no.D; napycaMlil llimon KaHoHlilp
2. Corvette 1765 the front view with 2. Austrian-Hungarian sloop, XVII cent.
midship section ABcTPo-BeHrepCKJ.1J71 wmon, XVII BeK
KopseT, BHA cnepe.D;lil C 3. Sloop with discrete square sails, 1880
MHAeJlb-lllnaHroyroM, 1765 r. lllmon Cpa3.D;eJlbHbIMJ.1 npRMblMVI
3. Cathead with common anchor napycaMJ.1, 1880 r.
KaT-6aJ1Ka (KpaM6oJl) C3AMlilpanbTeJ71cKlilM 4. Pilot sloop
RKopeM JIo~aHCKJ.1J71rnmon
4. Hull of a corvette with 22 props 5. French pilot sloop
on slipway, 1818 <l>paH~3cKli1lIt nO~aHCKJ.1liI rnmon
Kopnyc KOpSeTa C22-MR nO.D;nOpKaMl1 6. Small boat with double oars, 1880

Ha CJllilne, 1818 r. ManaR IlUllOlIKa C.D;BOJ71HbIMJ.1

5. Gun with a rotary platform BeCnaMJ.1, 1880 r .

ilylllKa C nosopoTHoJ71 rIJlanpopMoJ71 7. Small boat with single oars, 1880

6. Lines plan of a corvette ManaR wmoITKa C O.D;J.1HOlJHbIMVI

TeopeTlillJecKlilJ71 lJepTe)K KOpBeTa BeCnaMJ.1 , 1880 r .

7. Fore body of a corvette with midship 8. The top view and side view

section of the boat "Paris"

HocoBaR lJaCTb KOpSeTa CMlil.D;eJleBblM BHA csepxy J.1 BHA C60Ky llIJ1lOnKJ.1 "ilapJ.1>K"

CelJeHlileM 9. Boat, 1768

lllnlOnKa, 1768 r.

10. Boat with oar locks/row locks

Kopa6enbHaR lIDlJOITKa C pa3n]lfl{HbIM11

YKJIJOtIl1HaMJ.1

11. Construction of boat frame

KOHCTpyK~l1R lllnaHroYTa 1lIJUOnKJ.1

12. Lowering and hOisting of the boat

with mast tackle

CrryCK 11 nO.D;'beM wmonKJ.1 llITar-TaJUiMlil

13. Part of a boatlowering rigging of a boat

with bee-block

Y.aCTb cnycKHoro TaKena)Ka llIJ1lOnKJ.1

(Tanlil c KaHl1cpac (BJ.10nJ.1H)-6noKoM)

Sloop
Illmon
Types of sailing ships
.....* ••• TwnbI napycHbIX CYAOB

1. Brig 2. Brigantine 3. Schooner-brig


6pHr 6pHraHTHHa lIlxyHa-6pw

4. Two-masted snow 5. Fore-main topsail schooner 6. Fore-topsail schooner


2-Ma'"lTOBMI illHSlBa TOnCeJlbHaSi llIxyHa <t>op-TOnCeJIbHruI lUxYHa

7. Two-masted gaff schooner 8. Two-masted stay 9. Full-rigged ship


2-Ma'"ITOBaSi raq,eJlbHaSi schooner DapycmrK (napycHoe cYAHo)
wXyHa 2-Ma'ITOBruI lllTarOBaSi Kopa6JJb c nOJ1HbIM
illxyua

10. Three-masted bark


3-Ma'"lToBbIJ7i 6apK
11. Three-masted

barkentine

3-Ma'"lToBaSllUxYHa-6apK
12. Tern schooner with wide foresail
barkentine 3-MalfTOBa~ raq,eJIbHa~
3-Ma'ITOB<UI 5apKeHT11Ha illxyHa C illl1pOKI1M q,OKOM

13. Three-masted gaff

schooner

3-MalfTOBa~ raq,eJIbHa~
illxyHa
14. Three-masted stay schooner
3-MalfTOBa~ illTarOBa~
illxyHa

15. Four-masted full-rigger 16. Four-masted bark


4-Mal.JTOBblH Kopa6JIb 4-Ma'ITOBbIH 6apK
(napycHI1K)a

17. Four-masted schooner - bark 18. Four-masted schooner - bark


4-Ma'ITOBa~ illxYHa-6apK 4-Ma'ITOBCUI illxYHa-6apK
19. Four-masted gaff
schooner with fore topsail
4-Ma'fTOBasr ra<jJeJIbHasr
UIXYHa c <jJop-TOnCeJUlMI1

20. Four-masted gaff


schooner with wide foresail
4-Mal.fTOBasr ra<jJenbHCUl
llIxyHa C llIl1pOKI1MI1 <jJoKaMI1

21. Five-masted full-rigged ship


5-Ma'fTOBbIM Kopa6nb

22. Five-masted bark (barque)


5-Ma'fTOBbIW 6apK
23. Five-masted schooner bark
5-MaQToBaSi lllxyHa-6apK

24. Five-masted schooner


with topgallant sails
5-May.ToDaSi lllxyHa c
6paMCeJISlMl1

25. Five-masted gaff schooner


5-May.ToBaSi racpeJlbHaSi lllxyHa
Brig Three-masted staysail schooner Four-masted schooner-bark
6plllr 3-Ma'iTOBaSi CTaKCeJlbHaSI IllxyHa 4-Ma'ITOBaSllllxYHa-6apK
Brig Three-masted staysail schooner
Epnr 3-MaqTOBa~ CTaKCeJ1bHa~ ll1xyHa

1. Fluying jib 15. Main staysail


OOMKJ1l1Bep rpOT CTaKcenb
2. Jib 16.Scoonersail
KnvlBep WXyHOBblJi! napyc
3. Fore topmast staysail 17. Mizzen staysail
<Dop-cTeHb CTaKCeJlb AnCeJIb
4. Fore sail 18. Main sail
<DOK napyc fpOT
5. Fore topsail lower 19. Mizzen staysail
HVVKHVlJi! cpop-Mapcellb DVl3aHb
6. Fore topsail upper
BepxHVlJi! cpop-Mapcellb Four-masted schooner-bark
7. Fore topgallant 4-Ma~OBruI ll1xyHa-6apK
<Dop-6paMCeJ1b
8. Fore topgallant royal 7* Fore topgallant lower
<Dop-6oM-6paMcenb Hl1)KHJ.1Ji! cpop-6paMCeJlb
9. Main sail 8* Fore topgallant upper
[pOT BepxHVlH cpop-6paMCeJ1b
10. Main topsail lower 20. Middle staysail
HVVKHVlJi! rpoT-Mapcenh
M V1):(eJIb-CTaKCeJlb
11. Main topsail upper 21. Main-topmast staysail
[ pOT-cTeHbra-CTaKCeJIb
BepxHVI'Ji! rpoT-MapCeJTb
12. Main topgatlant 22. Main-gaff-topsail
f pOT-racp-Toncellb
[poT-6paMCeJ1b
13. Main topgallant royal 23. Mizzen topmast staysail
Dl13aHb-cTeHb-CTaKceJlh
[pOT-6oM-6paMCeJIb
14. Brig sail 24. Mizzen sail
Dl13aHb-napyc
opl1.rnapyc
25. Mizzen-gaff-topsail
DVl3aHb-racp-roncellb
26. Mizzen topmast staysail
DI13aHb-CTeHb-CTaKceJ1h
27. Mizzen gaff topsail
0l13aHb racp-TonCeJlb
The sails of a full-rigged ship
<l>peraT (3-MaQTOBbIM: Kopa6JIb C npSlMbIM nOJIHbIM napycHbIM BooPY)I(eHweM)

1. Flying jib 14. Main skysail


DOM-KJlVlSep r pOT-6oM-6paMCeJlb
2. Standing or outer jib 15. Main royal
IVIVIsep BepxHVlH rpoT-6oM-6paMCeJlb
3. Inner jib 16. Main-topgallant sail
CpeAfH1H KJIVIsep HI1)KH1111 rpoT-6paMCeJlb
4. Fore-topmast staysail 17. Upper main topsail
<f>0p-cTeHbra-craKCeJlb BepXHl111 rpoT-MapCeJlb
5. Fore-skysail 18. Lower main topsail
<f>op-6oM-6paMCeJlb Hl1)I(HVlH rpoT-MapCeJlb
6. Foreroyal 19. Mainsail
Bepx~IHH cpop-6paMCeJlb rpOT
7. Fore-topgallant sail 20. Mizzen skysaiJ
HVI)KHI1H cpop-6paMCeJlb KPfOI1C-6oM-6paMCeJlb
8. Upper fore-topsail 21. Mizzen royal
BepxHl111 cpop-Mapcem, BepXHI1H KPI0l1c-6oM-6paMCeJlb
9. Lower fore-topsail 22. Mizzen staysail
HVI)KHI1I1 cpop-MapCeJll> HI1)KHI1J1 KPfOI1C-6paMCeJlb
10. Foresail 23. Upper mizzen topsail
<f>oK (Hapyc) 8epxHVlM KPIOI1C-6paMCeJlb
11. Main-royal stay 24. Lower mizzen topsail
rpoT-6paM-CTaKCeJIb HI1)KHI1M KpfOl1CeJlb
12. Main-topgallant staysail 25. Mizzen sail (crossjack)
fpoT-creHb-craKCeJlb DI1JaHb
13. Main-topmast staysail 26. Spanker
rpoTa-craKCeJlb KmlTp-6l1JaHb
Running Gear (rigging)
C~~",:, .. oery1.Jvnil TaKena)J(

1. Flying jib 22. Mizzen topsail


DeT)"'lI111 KllI1Sep KplOMc-MapCeJlb
2.Jib 23. Mizzen sail
Krrl1sep KplOMC napyc
3. Fore topmast staysail 24. Spanker
¢op-cTeHb-CTaKCeJlb 5113aHb
4. Fore topgallant stud sail 25. Tack
¢op-6paM-nl1Cellb faJICOSbIM yron
5. Fore upper stud sail 26. Lower leech rope
BepxHI111 Jll1CeJlb DI1KTpoC Hl1)1(HeM lllKaTOpl1HbI
6. Fore lower stud sail 27. Boltrope
H illKHl1M nl1ceJlb ITI1KTpOC
7. Fore royal sail 28. Clew cringle
¢Op-6oM-6paMCe1lb WKOTOSbIM yron
8. Fore topgallant 29. Fore royal stay
¢op-6paMcenb ¢Op-6oM-6paM-lllTar
9. Fore topsail 30. Forward leech
¢op-Mapcenb TIepeAHsul lllKaTOpl1Ha
10. Foresail 31. After leech
¢OK 3aAHSISI lllKaTOpl1Ha
11. Main royal staysail 32. Fore leech
f pOT-6oM -6paM-CTeHb-CTaKCeJIb TIepeAHSISI lllKaTOpl1Ha
12. Main topgallant staysail 33. Halyard
fpoT-6paM-CTeHb-cTaKcenb ¢CUlOBb1l1 yroJl Kocoro napyca
13. Main topmast staysail 34. Buntline
f POT-CTeHb-CTa KCeJTb fopAeHh
14. Main royal 35. Nock
fPOT-6oM-6paMcen b HOK-6eH3eJIbHbIM yron
15. Main topgallant CPOp-6oM-6paMcenSi
fpoT-6paMcenb 36. Fore royal gantline
16. Main topsail fopAeHb CPOp-6oM-6paMcerlSl
f pOT-Ma pcenb 37. Royal clew garnet
17. Main sail fillTOS CPOp-6oM-6paMCeJISI
fpOT 38. Footrope
18. Mizzen topgallant staysail ITI1KrpOC HI1)f(HeM LUKClTOPI1HbI
KPIOMc-6paM-CTeHb-cTaKcellb CPOp-6oM-6paMCeJISI
19. Mizzen staysail 39. Clew
Ancenb WKOTOBhl11 yroJI CPOp-6oM-6paMCeJISI
20. Mizzen royal sail 40. Inner buntline of fore topsail
KPIOMC-6o M-6paMcenb 6hTK-ropAeHb MapCeJTSI
21. Mizzen topgallant 41. Fore topgallant clew line
KPIOMc-6paMcenb fl1TOB cpop -6p aMCeJTSI
42. Fore topsail buntline 65. Butt gantline
BblK-ropAeHb cpop-Mapceilll HOK-ropAeHb
43. Leech line 66. Main buntline
HOK-ropAeHb BbIK-ropAeHb rpoTa
44. Fore buntIine 67. Main royal brace
BblK-ropAeHb CP0Ka fPOT-6oM-6paMcenSJ 6pac
45. Flying jib sheet pendant 68. Main topgallant brace
lliKeHTeJIb WKOTOBOro yrna neTyqero fpoT-6paMcenb-6pac
Km1Bepa (Kmfsep-wKOT) 69. Mizzen-royal brace
46. Running part of a block K pIOl1c-6oM-6paMcenb-6pac
XOAOBOI1 KOHeQ WKOT-TanVl 70. Mizzen topgallant brace
47. Fore topsail leech line KpJOl1c-6paMcenb-6pac
HOK-ropAeHb Mapceilll 71. Main topsail brace
48.· Reefs fpoT-Mapca-6pac
Pvtcp-6aHTbI, pVlcpbI 72. Main topsail reef tackle
49. Boltrope fpoT-Mapca pVlcp-TanVl
flVlKTPOC 73. Downhoul
50. Knittle Hl1pan
PVlcp-wTePT 74. Mizzen topgallant sheet pendant
51. Upper leech K PJOI1C-6paMcenb-WKOT
BepxIDUI WKaTopVlHa 75. Main brace
52. Fore royal brace fpoTa-6pac
Bpac CPOp-6oM-6paMcenSl 76. Main reef tackle
53. Fore topgallant brace fpOTa-pVlcp-TanVl
Bpac cpop-6paMceJUI 77. Mizzen staysail sheet
54. Fore topsail brace K pJOI1C-creHb-craKCeJIb-lllKOT
<l>op-Mapca-6pac 78. Main sheet
55. Reef-tackle fpoTa-IllKoT
PH Cp-TaJIVI 79. Mizzen royal gantline
56. Fore brace KpJOl1c-6oM-6paMcen Sl ropAeHb
<l>oKa-6pac 80. Knippers
57. Fore sheet Ce3HVI
<l>oKa-wKoT 81. Mizzen-topgallant-gantIine
58. Main sheet fopAeHb KpJOl1c-6paMcenSJ
fpOTa-wKOT 82. Mizzen-topsail-brace
59. Main royal staysail sheet K Plol1c-Mapca-6pac
fpoTa-6oM-6paM-cTeHb-cTaKcenSl WKOT 83. Knipper
60. Main topgallant staysail sheet Ce3eHb
lliKOT rpoT-6paM-creHb-cTaKceilli 84. Mizzen-topsail-reef-tackle
61. Main staysail sheet Mapca-KpJOl1c-pVlcp-TanVl
lliKOT rpoT-cTeHb-craKcenSl 85. Spanker-gaff
62. Main royal gantline BVl3aHb-racpenb
fopAeHb rpoT-6oM-6paMceml 86. Jigger yang
63. Main topgallant buntline 3peHC-6aKIllTar
fopAeHb rpoT-6paMcenSJ 87. Mizzen-topsail-gantIine
64. Main topsail buntline fopAeHb-KpJOI1C-MapCenb
BblK-ropAeHb cpop-MapcenSl 88. After leech
3a.D,HSISI lllKaTopVlHa
Running Gear (rigging) 89. Reef tackle 90. Leech line 91. Mizzen reef
oerytrnl1: TaKena)l( Pl1cp-Tanl1 HOK-ropp;eHb Dl13aHb-pl1cp
92. Mizzen sheet 93. Foot leech 94. Jigger gantline 95. Jigger sheet
D113aHb-wKoT HIiOKHlUI WKaTOpl1Ha DI13aHb-ropp;eHb DH3aHb-llIKoT
Standing rigging
CTO~li1M TaKerra)K

1. Fore royal stay 21. Fore topgallant brace pendant


<t>Op-6oM-6paM-UlTar WKeHTeJlb cpop-6paMcemr
2. Fore topgallant stay 22. Fore topgallant brace
<t>op-6paM-llITar <t>op-6paM-6pac
3. Jib-stay 23. Fore royal sheet
K.mrsep-llITar WKOT CPOp-6oM-6paMCeJlSl
3a. Main royal stay 24. Fore topgallant brace-block
[poTa-6oM-6paM-llITar <t>op-6paM -6pac-6JlOK
4. Fore-topmast-stay 25. Fore-topgallant-lift
<t>op-CTeH b-llITar <t>op-6paM TOneHaHT
5. Main stay 26. Fore topgallant stay
[pOTa-llITar <t>op-6paM-llITar
5a. Main topgallant stay 27. Fore topmast cap
[poT-6paM-llITar 33eJlbrocpT CTeHbrl1
6. Footrope 28. Fore topgallant shrouds
HmKHoJi! nepT <t>op-6paM-BaHTbl
7. Fore-skysail-pole 29. Fore topgallant top
<t>op-Ton-CTeHbra (Ton-cpoK-Ma<fTbI) <t>op-6paM-Ton
8. Royal rack 30. Fore topgallant halyard
<t>Op-6oM-6paM-CTeHbra <t>op-6paM-cpaJl
9. Nock 31. Topmast
HOK-cpOp-6oM-6paM-peSi CTeHbfa
11. Footrope 32. Fore topmast
HO)I(HOJ1 nepT <t>op-CTeHbra
12. Fore-lift 33. Outrigger
ToneHaHT BblCTpeJl (l3blHocHalI CTpeJla)
13. Fore royal top-mast 34. Backbone
<t>Op-6oM-6paM-CTeHbra Onopa
14. Fore topgallant lifts 35. Hand rope
<t>Op-6oM-6paM-ToneHaHT Deep
15. Fore royal halyard 37. Fore topgallant clew line
<t>Op-6oM-6paM-cpaJI [I1TOB cpop-6paMcemr
16. Fore topgallant top mast 38. Stud sail drift hoop
<t>op-6paM-CTeHbra DI1CeJIb-6yreJIb
17. Hand-rope 39. Fore topsail yard
KpenJIeHl1e n epToB <f>op-6paM-peJ1
18. Nock fore topgallant yard 40. Nock footrope
HOK-cpop-6paM-peSi HOKOBblJit nep-r
19. Fore-topgallant-yard 41. Nock fore topgallant sail
<t>op-6paM-peJi! HOK-6eH3eJIbHblJi! yroJl cpop-6paMcemr
20. Footrope 42. Reef tackle-block
HmKHoJi! nepT Plicp-Tam1
43. Fore topsail brace pendant 72. Reef tackle
<l>op-Mapca-6pac PHCP-TaJTI1
44. Footrope 73. Brace pendant
HO)I(HOH nepT lllKeHTenb 6paca
45. Fore topsail yard 74. Fore course brace block
. <l>op-Mapca peH opaC-6JlOK-cpoKa
46. Fore topsail stirrup 75. Spring footrope
<Dop-Mapca 6yreJIb illnpHHTOBbrM nepT
47. Fore topsail sheet 76. Fore yard
<l>op-6paM llIKOT <l>oKa-peH
48. Reef tackle 77. Fore yard footrope
PHcp-TaJIH DepT cj:>oKa-peH
49. Fore topsail brace block 78. Fore foot leech
<l>op-6paM-6pac 6noK HI1)f<H5I5I llIKaTOp"Ha cj:>oKa
50. Fore topsail top lift 79. Mast traveler
<l>op-Mapca ToneHaHT PaKc-6yreJib
51. Fore topsail braces 80. Fore course yard futtok band
<l>0p-Mapca-6pac Byrenb cpoKa-peH
52. Fore topsail shrouds 81. Reef tackle
<l>op-6paM-BaHTbl Pl1cp-Tanl1
53. Ratlines 82. Fore yard braces
BbI6J1eHKI1 Bpacbl cpoKa-peH
54. Fore topsail top-mast 83. Fore mast
<l>op-6paM-creHbra <l>oK-MalJTa
55. Fore mast cap 84. Brace shroud
33eJlbrocpT OTrH)f<Ka IllTara
59. Fore top 84a. Main topmast shroud
<l>op-MapcoBaH 1lJ1Oll\aAKa r pOT-cTeHb-llITar
62. Riggings band 84b. Mizzen royal shroud
oyreJlb KPIOI1C-6oM-6paM-llITar
63. Rigging cleat 84c. Main-shroud
BaHT-flYTeHC fpOTa-IlITar
64. Fore course sail 84d. Mizzen topgallant shroud
HI1)f<HHI1 npHMOI1 napyc KPIOHc-6paM-UITar
65. Fore yard lifts 85. Belaying pin rack
<l>oK-peH-TOneHaHT Kocpenb-nJIaHKa
66. Fore topping lift 86. Fore royal brace
<l>oKa-ToneHaHT ct>op-6ol'vI-6paM-6pac
67. Fore course clew garnet 89. Fore mast backstay
rl1TOBbl llIKOTOBoro yrna cj:>oKa <l>0PAYH cpop-cTeHbfl1
68. Fore yard 90. Fore topgallant backstay
ct>oKa-pel1 <l>Opg yH 6paMcenH
69. Nock 91. Fore royal backstay
HOK cpoKa-peH ct>Opgy H 6oM-6paMCeJlH
70. Reefs tackle block 92. Topsail halyard
OJIOK pl1cp-Tanel1 ct>oKa-Mapca cpan
71. Nock footrope 93. Standing rope
HOKOBblH nepT CeH-TaJH1
Standing rigging
CT051'IvU1 TaKerra)J(

94-98. Stay tackle, Hook tackle 99. Main truck 100. Main royal mast
WTar-TaJIM, XBaT-TaJIM KJIOTI1K rpoTa [pOTa 60M-6paM-creHbra
101. Main royal yard 103. Main topgallant yard 105. Main topgallant braces
fpoTa-6oM-6paM-peJiJ fpoTa-6paM-peI1 fpOTa-6paM-6pacbl
102. Main topgallant mast 104. Main topsail yard 106. Main topsail mast
fpoTa-6paM-cTeHbra fpOTa-Mapca-peJiJ fpoTa-6paM-cTeHbra
108. Main course lifts 133. Mizzen topgallant sail
f pOTa-TOneHaHT K PIOHc-6paMcenb
109. Main course yard futtock band 134. Mizzen topsail braces
DyreJIb rpoTa-pe~ K pIOHc-6paM-6pacbI
110. Main course sail 135. Mizzen topsail clew line
fpOT (napyc) fJllTOB 6paMcenJi
112. Main foot leech 136. Mizzen topsail lifts
HJ1)K}fIDI IlIKaTOpJilHa rpoTa KPloHc-6paM-ToneHaHT
113. Main yard braces 137. Mizzen top
fpoTa-6pac KpIOHc-MapcoBaJi IIJ10rn.a,[(Ka
114. Main course clew line 138. Cross-jack braces
fpOTa-rI1TOB DpacbI KpIoHcemr (KploHc-MapCeJ1Jl)
115. Main royal brace 140. Cross~jack yard
fpoTa-6oM-6paM-6pac KpIOHc-Mapca-peH
116. Topgalant of main topsail 141. Cross-jack clew
flITOB 6oM-6paM rpoTa fWroB KpIOHc-Mapcen~
117. Main topgallant sail 142. Mizzen topmast stay
fpoTa-6paMcenb KPIOHc-cTeHb-IlITar
118. Main topgallant clew line 143. Mizzen stay
flITOB rpoTa-6paMc~ K pIOHC-IlITar
119. Main topgallant braces 144. Main topmast backstay
fpOTa-6paM-6paCbI fpoTa-cTeHb-cjJ°p.r:\YH
120. Main top 145. Main topgallant backstay
MapcoBa~ IIJ10rn.a.r:\Ka fpoTa-6paM-cjJop.r:\yH
121. Main topsail halyard 146. Main royal backstay
fpoTa-Mapca-cjJan fpoTa-6oM-6paM-cjJop.r:\YH
122. Ratlines 147. Mizzen topsail sheet
BbI6neHKJIl KpIOHc-Mapca-IlIKoT
123. Sheer pole 148. Mizzen mast
BOpCT KpIOHC-MaqTa (DJIl3aHb)
124. Deadeye 149. Skids
JOcjJepc POCTpbI
125. Turnbuckle 150. Belaying pin rack
Tanpen PycneHb
126. Main mast 151. Mizzen track
fpOT-MaqTa KpIOHC-MarHOBbIH norOH
127. Mizzen royal braces 152. Mizzen royal yard
KpIOHC-6oM-6paM-6pacbI KPIOHC-6oM-6paM-peH
128. Mizzen royal clew line 153. Mizzen topgallant yard
flITOB KpIOHC-6oM-6paMcen~ KPlOtiic-6paM-peH
129. Mizzen royal mast 154. Monkey gaff
KPIOHC-6oM-6paM-CTeHbra Cl1T"HaJTbHbIH racjJeJ1b
130. Mizzen topgallant braces 155. H ag halyard
KpIOHc-6paM-6pacbl <l>JIar-cjJan
131. Mizzen topgallant mast 156. Mizzen topsail yard
KPIOHc-6paM-cTeHbra KpJOHc-Mapca peH
132. Mizzen topgallant clew line 157. Spanker gaff
flITOB KPIOHc-6paMCenJi DJIl3aHb-racjJeJIb
158. Spanker peak 165. Spanker boom
HOK 6113aHb-racpeJUI fl1](
159. Cross-jack lifts 166. Mizzen royal stay
KpIOHc-Mapca-ToneHaHT KPIOHC-6oM-6paM-wTar
161. Flag halyard 167. Mizzen topgallant stay
<l>nar-cpa.n KplOl1C-6paM-IIITar
162. Spaoker vang 168. Mizzen royal backstay
6J1JaHb-3pHc-6aK-LUTar KplOliIc-6oM-6paM-cpopAYH
163. Spanker boom lifts 169. Spanker sheets
6J13aHb rHKa-TOneHaHT 6l13aHb-wKoTbl
164. Mizzen topsail halyard 170. Boom braces
KplOliIc-Mapca-cpan fl1Ka-6pacbl

22. Three-masted bark: masts, yards and sails, rugging


3-MaQTOBbIli 6apK: MaQTbl, pevr, napyca, TaKeJIa>K

1
1.15

O. Bowsprit 0.3 Outer jib


fiywnpl1T BHeIlIHI1H KJII1Bep
0.1 Fore-topmast staysail 0.4 Flying jib
<l>o K-CTeHbra craKCeJ1b fiOM-KJ1I1Bep
0.2 Inner jib 0.5 Main topsail staysail
MI1AeJlb (cpeAHJ1H KJIHsep) f pOT-cTeHbra-cTa KCeITb
0.6 Main topgallant staysail 2.3 Main yard
r pOT-6paM-cTaKceIlb rpOT-peM
0.7 Main royal staysail 2.4 Main top yard
rpoT-6oM-6paM-CTaKCeJIb rpOT-Mapca-peM
0.8 Mizzen staysail 2.5 Lower main topsail
D113aHb-CTaKCeJlb HI1)I<HI1M rpoT-MapCeJlb
0.9 Mizzen topsail staysail 2.6 Lower main top yard
D113aHb-CTeHb-craKceIlb HI1)1(Hl1l1 rpoT-Mapca-pelit
0.10 Mizzen topgallant staysaiI 2.7 Main top sail
DI13aHb-6paM-CTaKCeJlb rpOT-Mapc creHbra
1. Fore mast 2.8 Upper main topsail
<l>OK Ma'ITa 8epXHI1M rpoT-MapCeJlb
1.1 Lower fore mast 2.9 Upper main top yard
HVVI<.HIDf ¢OK-Ma'-lTa 8epXHI1M rpoT-Mapca-peM
1.2 Fore sail 2.10 Main topgallant yard
<l>oKa napyc rpoT-6paM-peM
1.3 Fore yard 2.11 Lower main topgallant sail
<l>oKa peM rpOT-6paMCeJlb
1.4 Fore-top yard 2.12 Upper main topgallant yard
<l>op-Mapca peM 8epxHI11it rpoT-6paM-peM
1.5 Lower fore topsail 2.13 Main royal mast
<l>op HI1)f<HI1M MapCeJlb rpoT-6oM-6paM-cTeHbra
1.6 Lower fore topsail yard 2.14 Upper main topgallant sail
HI1)f<HI1M ¢op-Mapca peM 8epXHI1M rpoT-6paMCeJlb
1.7 Fore topmast 2.15 Main royal yard
<l>op-CTeHbra r pOT-6oM -6paM-peM
1.8 Upper fore topsail 3. Mizzen mast
8epXHI1M ¢op-MapCeJlh Dl.naHb Ma'ITa
1.9 Upper fore top yarp 3.1 Lower mizzen mast
BepxHJ1lii ¢op-MapCeJlb peM HI1)1(H5U[ 6113aHb Ma4Ta
1.10 Fore topgallant yard 3.2 Mizzen sail
<l>op-6paM-peM DI13aHb napyc
1.11 Lower fore topgallant 3.3 Mizzen gaff
HI1>KHI1M ¢op-6paMceJJb DI13aHb ra¢eJlb
1.12 Upper fore topgallant 3.4 Mizzen lower boot
8epXHI1M ¢op-6paMCeJlb DI13aHb rl1K
1.13 Fore royal topmast 3.5 Mizzen
<l>op-6oM-6paM-CTeHbra DI13aHb CaJlI1Hr
1.14 Upper fore topgallant 3.6 Mizzen topsail
8epXHI1M ¢op-6paMCeJlb DI13aHb TOnCeJlb
1.15 Fore royal yard 3.7 Mizzen topmast
<l>op-6oM-6paM-peM DI13aHb CTeHbra
2. Main mast
rpOT Ma'-lTa
2.1 Lower main mast
HVVI<.HIDf rpOT-Ma'-lTa
2.2 Main sail
rpOT napyc
1. Stay 6. Crane line
UlTar OITsDKKa rnKa-TOneHaHTa
2. Shrouds 7. Boom topping lift
BaHTbl fJ.1Ka-TOrreHaHT
3. Back stays 8. Lifts
¢OPAYHbl TOrreHaHTbI
4. Stay 9. Halyards
WTar ¢anbI pees
5. Peak tye, peak halyard 10. Braces
AJ.1PVIK.-<p all 6pacbl
2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1
3

e f

j ft! r
i
iiI! / k

jjjjj ~!!ML
462

3 1

1 m n
387421 387421

jjjjJ !~ jjjJj J ~
o p
Masts 1. Fore mast
Maq-rbI <1>OK Ma'lTa
2. Main mast
a) Brig [pOT Ma'lTa
opl1r 3. Mizzen mast
b) Brigantine o"l3aHh MatITa
Opl1raHTI1Ha 4. Mizzen mast on 4 masted vessel
c) Two-masted gaff bark 0l13aHb Ma'lTa Ha 4-Ma'lTOBOM cyJJ.He
2-Ma'lTOBa~ ra¢enbHa~ llixyHa 5. Mter mast or 2-nd main mast on
d) Two-masted staysail schooner five-masted sailing ship
2-Ma'lTOBa~ craKCeJlbHti wXyHa KopMoBa~ I1JII1 2-~ rpOT Ma'lTa Ha 5-Ma'lTOBOM
e) Three-masted bark napycHI1Ke
3-Ma'lTOBbII1 6apK 6. Middle mast
f) Sailing ship CpeA~ Ma'lTa
napycHbIl1 Kopa6Jlb 7. Jigger mast
g) Three-masted schooner-bark OI13aHb Ma'lTa Ha 4-Ma'lTOBOM napycHI1Ke
3-Ma'lTOBa~ llixyHa-6apK 8. Driver mast

h) Three-masted gaff schooner ..o:pal1sep Ma'lTa (5, 6, 7-~ Ma'lTa OT 6113aHb­

3-x Ma'lTOBa~ racpeJlbHa~ llixyHa Ma'lTbI, B 3aBI1CI1MOCTI1 OT TI1na cYAHa)

i) Four masted bark


4-Ma'lTOBbH1 6apK
j) Four-masted sailing ship
4-Ma'lTOBbll1 napycHbl11 Kopa6Jlb
k) Four-masted gaff schooner
4-Ma'lTOBaX racpenbHaSi llixyHa
I) Five-masted bark
5-Ma'lTOBbII1 6apK
m) Five-masted gaff schooner
5-Ma'lTOBaSi racpeJlbHa~ llixyHa
n) Five-masted sailing ship
5-Ma'lTOBbIl1 napycHbllii Kopa6Jlb
0) Six-masted schooner-bark
5-Ma'lTOBaJI llixyHa-6apx
p) Six-masted gaff schooner
5-Ma'ITOBaX racpenbHti llixyHa
Famous sailing ships
~....J...r~~.1iI1 3HaMeHJiITble rrapycHble cYAa

1. "GAZELA PRIMERIO"

(USA), barkentine.

Length overall -177 H.10 i

Beam - 27 ft.

Draft -17 ft. 6 in.

Sail Area - 990 sq. ft.

Horsepower - 180.

Home port - Philadelphia.

Built -1883.

"CAZELA PRIMERIO"
(CWA),
6apKeHTI1Ha .
177 CPyTOB
0611.(a51 )J.J1l1Ha -
10 )J.lOWMOB. Wl1pl1Ha ­
27 CPYTOB. OcaAKa ­
17 CPyTOB 6 )J.lOWMOB
fIrr011.(aAb napycHOCTI1 - 990 KB. CPYTOB. M011.(HOCTb - 180 J1 . c.

DOpT npl1ITI1CKI1 - ct>l1flaAem,cpl151.

fOA nOCTpOMKI1 - 1883.

2. "DAR POMORZA"

(POLAND).

Full-rigged ship.

Length overall - 298 ft. 7 in.

Beam - 41 ft. 4 in.

Draft - 18 ft. 9 in.

Sail Area - 20,450 sq. ft.

Horsepower - 430.

Home port - Gdynia.

Built -1909.

"DAR POMORZA"
(DOnblllA) .
CYAHO C nOIlHbJM ~~n'''-~'_T'' .~
BoopYlKeHl1eM Kopa6fl5l .
0611.(a51 AIll1Ha - 298 CPYTOB
7 )J.lOMMOB .
Wl1pl1Ha - 41 cpyT 4 )J.lOMMa.
Oca):(Ka -18 CP yTOB 9 AlOMMOB. T1n011.(aAb napycHoCTI1 - 20450 KB. CPYTOB. M011.(HOCTb - 430 fl. C.
DOpT npl1nl1CKI1 - fAbJH5I.
fOA nocTPoMKI1 -1909.
3. "KRUZENSCHTERN"

(RUSSIA), bark.

Length overall - 375 ft. 6

Beam -46 ft.

Depth in hold - 25 ft.7 in.

Sail Area - 36,597 sq. ft.

Built - 1926.

"KRUZENSCHTERN"
(POCCV15I), 6apK.

06lI.\a}{ AJHlHa - 375 q,YTOB

6)],IOi:tMOB.

lllMpw/ia - 46 q,YTOB.

fJIy6wHa TploMa ­
25 q,YTOB 7 )],IOi:tMOB.

rIJIOu(a)J,b napycHOCTl1 ­
36 597 KB. q,YTOB.

fo)], nocTpoJiiKM - 1926.

4. "JUAN SEBASTIAN"

(SPAIN), topsail schooner.

Length overall - 350 ft. 6

Beam - 43 ft.

Draft - 22 ft. 7 in.

Sail Area - 26,555 sq. ft.

Horsepower - 1500.

Home port ­ San ....rn""'.l1


Built - 1927.

"JUAN SEBASTIAN"
(V1CrIAHIMI),
TOnCeJIbHaSlll1xYHa.
06uJ.a}{ )J,JIWHa ­ 350 q,yroB
6)],IOJiiMOB.
lllwpwHa - 43 q,yra.
Oca,u,Ka ­ 22 q,YTa 7 )J,IOJiiMOB.
rIJIOlI.\aAb napycHOCTM ­
26 555 KB. q,YTOB.
MOlI.\HOCTb - 1500 ] 1. c.
rIopT npMnMcKM - CaH <l>epHaH)J,O.
fo)], nOCTpOliiKl1 -1927.
5. "NIPPON MARU"
OAPAN), bark.
Length overall - 318 ft. 4
Beam - 42 ft. 6 in.
Draft ­ 22 ft. 7 in.
Sail Area - 25,800 sq. ft.
Horsepower -1200.
Home port ­ Tokyo.
Built -1930.

"NIPPON MARU"
(5U10HI15I),
6apK.
06ll\iU1 AJI11Ha - 318 CPYTOI3
4 p;loHMa .
llhlpvlI­ la - 42 cpy-ra
6p;IOHMOB.
OCC\}J,Ka - 22 cpYTa 7 nIOHMOB.

I1nOll\C\}J,b napycHoc111 - 25 800 KB. CPYTOB.

MOll\HOCTb - 1200 n . c.

DOpT np"IDTIICKH - TOKHO.

fon nOCTpOHKTII - 1930.

6."AMERIGO VESPUCHT'. .-----~I!!!I'I"""!""""""~----------,


(ITALY), full-rigged ship.
Length overall - 331 ft. 6 i
Beam - 50 ft. 10 in.
Draft - 21 ft. 6 in.
Sail Area - 22,600 sq. ft.
Horsepower -1900
Home port - La Spezia.
Built - 1931.

" AMERIGO VESPUCHI"


(VlTADVl5I),
Kopa6Jlb - cyrJ,HO C nOJlllbIM
napycHblM BoopY)f(eI-ITlleM.
06ll\a}! )J,J IHHa - 331 cj:>yT
6nIOHMoB.
lllTllpl1Ha - 50 cj:>YTOB
10 nIOHMOB.
OCC\}J,Ka - 21 cpyT 6 nIOHMOB.
I1nOll\anb napycHoc111 - 22600 KB. CPYTOB.
MelLl)-IOCTb - 1900 n. c.
DOpT npTllnTIICKTII - Da CneL(HSI.
fon nocrpoHK TIl - 1931.
7."DANMARK"

(DANMARK),

full-rigged ship.

Length overall - 252 ft. 9

Beam - 32 ft. 10 in.

Draft - 13 ft. 9 in.

Sail Area -17,610 sq. ft.

Horsepower - 486.

Home port - Copenhagen.

Built -1932.

"OANMARK" (.UAHV15J),
CYJ(HO C nOIIHblM
napYCHblM BOOpY)KeHl1eM .
06U(3l'I/VIHHa - 252 CPYTOB
9 ,[(IOVIMOB.
Wl1pl1Hd - 32 CPYTa 10 AIOVIM OB.

OCaJ.\Kd - 13 CPYTOB 9 AIOVIMOB. n JIOW,3Ab lIapycHOCTI1 -17610 KB. CPYTOB. MOUJ,HoCTb - 486 II . C.

nopT npl1nl1CKH - KOlleHrareH.

fOA nOCTp0l1KI1 - 1932.

8. "EAGLE" (USA), bark.


Length overall - 294 ft. 5
Beam ­ 39 ft. 4 in.
Draft -17 ft.
Sail Area ­ 21,345 sq.ft.
Horsepower ­ 750.
Home port ­ New London.
Built ­ 1936.

"EAGLE" (CWA), 6apK.


06w,aH Jl,JlHHa - 294 cpYTa
5 AIOIirMOtl.
Wl1pHI!a - 39 CPYTOB
4 J~IO}IMa.
OcaAKa - 17 CPYTOB.
nJlO~3Ab napycHocTH ­
21 345 KB. CP)'TOB.
MOU.(HOCTb - 750 I I. C.
nOpT npHnHCKH - HblO nOlfAOH.
fOA nOCTpOllrKI1 - 1936.
9. "SAGRESS II"

(PORTUGAL), bark.

Length overaJi - 293 ft. 8 in

Beam - 39 ft. 6 in.

Draft - 24 ft. 9 in.

Sail Area - 19,132 sq. ft.

Horsepower - 750.

Home port - Alfeite.

Built - 1937.

" SAGRESS Il"


(DOPTyr Afll15I), 6apK.
06ll\MI I I,J [lIIH<l - 293 CPYTa
8nIOIliMOIl.
W"'PlIIH<l - 39 CPYTOB
6 IOHM0 13.
Oca..o,Ka - 24 CPYTa 9 AIOHMOB.
TlnOll\a..D,b napycHocTM - 19132 KB. CPYTOB. Mou.\1 [OCTI> - 750 11. C.
DOpT nplIInlll cK'" - AJIcpevlTe.
ro}J, n OCTp OIlrK'" - 1937.

10. "CRISTIAN RADICH"

(NORWAY),

full-rigged ship.

Length overall - 238 ft.

Beam - 27 ft.

Draft - 31 ft. 10 in.

Sail Area - 13,280 sq. ft.

Horsepower - 450.

Home port - Oslo.

Built - 1937.

" CRlsTIAN RADICH "

(BOPBErl/nT),

CYAIIO C nOJllIIAM

napYClIl>IM 130opY)KeHl-1eM

Kopa6ml.

06ll\asi W H1IIa - 238 CPYTOB.


W"'p"'Ha - 31 CPYT 10 }J,IOIliMOB.
O ca}J,Ka - 14 CPYTOB 9 AlOIliMOB .
TlnOll\a,r(b napycHoCTM - 13 280 KB. CPYTOB. MOll.\HOCTb - 450 II. c.
DOpT nplIInI'fCK'" - OCIIO.
roll, nOCTpOTIIK'" - 1937.
11. "MIRSEA"

(ROMANIA), bark.

Length overall - 269 ft. 6 in

Beam - 39 ft. 5 in.

Draft -17 ft.

Sail Area -18,815 sq. ft.

Horsepower -1100.

Home port - Constanta.

Built -1938.

"MIRSEA"
(PYMbIHl!l5I), 5apK.
0511(a}! ,[I,Jlvma ­
269 CPYTOB 6 AIOHMOB.
WI1pVll-Ia - 39 CPYTOR
5AIOHMOB.
Oca,[(Ka - 17 CPYTOB.

flJlOUlaAb napycHocTH - 18815 KB. CPYTOB. MOlll,HOCTb - 1100 JI . C.

nOpT npvlIlHcKH - KOI-ICTaHu.a.

rOfl, l1ocrpoHKI1 - 1938.

12. "ESMERALDA"

(CHILE), barkentine.

Length overall - 370 ft. 10 in.

Beam - 42 ft. 8 in.

Draft - 19 ft. 8 in.

Sail Area - 30,700 sq. ft.

Horsepower - 1500.

Home port - Valparaiso.

Built -1952.

"ESMERALDA"
(Yliln J;]), 6apKeHTIIlHa.
Ofi ll\MI AJlVIHa ­
370 cpyroll "10 1.1,101;1MOB.
WHpl'IHa - 42 cpYTa
8 )J,IOi7rMOIl.
OcaAKa - 19 CPYTOB 8 T(IOi7rMOB.

n) IOLlI,at~h lIapycHocTI1 - 30 700 KB. CPYTOH.

MOlll,t-IOCTb -1500 fl. c.

IlopT npHrJIIlcKVI - Ba)TbnapaHco.

rOA nOCTpoi7rKI1 - 1952.

13. "GORCH FOCK"


(GERMANY), bark.
Length overall - 293 ft.
Beam - 39 ft. 4 in.
Draft ­ 16 ft. 5 in.
Sail Area - 21,011 sq. ft.
Horsepower ­ 800.
Home port - Kiel.
Built - 1958.

"GORCH FOCK"
(fEPMAHV15J.), 6apK.
06ma.s! .rulHHa - 293 ¢YTa.
lUl1pl1Ha - 39 ¢YTOB
4 AJOI1Ma.
OCanKa - 15 ¢YTOB
5 AJOI1MOB.
[]JlOmanb napycHOCTl1 - 21 011 KB. ¢YTOB. MOlI\HOCTb - 800 I!. C.
DOPT np\IInl1CK\II - KWIb.
fon nOCTpOI1KI1 - 1958.

14. "UBERTAD"

(ARGENTINA),

full-rigged ship.

Length overall - 338 ft.

Beam - 44 ft. 4 in.

Draft - 21 ft. 10 in.

Sail Area - 28,450 sq. ft.

Horsepower - 2400.

Home port - Buenos

Built - 1960.

"UBERTAD"
(APfEHTVlHA),
Cy)~I-IO CnOJTHbIM
napYCHblM BoopY>KeH\IIeM
Kopa6Jui.
06maSi M \IIHa ­
338 ¢YTOB.
lU\IIp\IIHa - 44 ¢YTa 4 AJOIiiMa.
Oca,nKa - 21 ¢YT 10 n IOI1MOB.
ITnomanb napycHOCTl1 - 28 450 KB. ¢YTOll. MOmHOCTb - 2400 fl. c.
DOpT npl1nl1CK I1 - Ey3HOC Aliipec.
fon nOCTpOI1K\II -1960.
15. "GLORIA"

(COLOMBIA), bark.

Length overall - 249 ft. 3in

Beam - 34 ft. 8 in.

Draft - 15 ft. 9 in.

Sail Area - 15,069 sq. ft.


.'
Horsepower - 540.

Home port - Cartagena.

Built - 1968.

"GLORIA"
(KOnYM5VI5I), 5apK.
05u..\asl AJ I11H3 ­
249 <PYTOIl 3 W0I1M3.
WVIp~IHa - 34 <PYT3
8 AIOI1MOB.
OCat~Ka - 15 <PYTOB
9 AIOI1MOB .
Il.JIOU..\3Ab napycHocH1 - 15 069 KB. <PYTOIl. MOU..\HOCTb - 450!1. c.

nOpT npVInIo"lCKVI - KapTaxeH3.

fOA nOCTp0I1KH - ]968.

16. "SEA CLOUD"


(GERMANY).
Length overall - 109.5 m.
Beam ­ 14.94 m.
Draft ­ 5.13 m.
Sail Area ­ 3000 sq. m.
Horsepower ­ 6000.
Home port ­ Hamburg.
Built ­ 1931.

"SEA CLOUD"
(fEPMAHVHI).
05U..\a51 t.1,JlHH3 - 109,5 M.
WHPHI-Ia - 14,94 M.
OcaA Ka - 5,13 M.
I1nomaAb napycHoCTH ­
3000 KB . M.
MOJJ.J.HOCTb - 6000 ll. C.
TIOPT npVlnV1CKH - faM6ypr.
rO)~ nOCTpOHKH - 1931 .
Sports sailing ships
CnOpTI1BHble napycHble cYAa

1. Mast Windsurfing
Ma4Ta BliIH,lJ;cepq:nmr
2. Wind vane
ct>J1Iorep 1. Masthead
3. Batten pocket Ton Ma'ITbI
Pee4HblM n33 2. Mast
4. Batten Ma4Ta
PeMKa 3. Luff
5. Mainsail ITepe,1J;IDUI IlIKaTopT1Ha
rpOT 4. Batten pocket
6. Sail panel TIa3 pel11<T1
ITOJlOTHMw;e napyea 5. Window
7. Telltale OKHO
YKa3aTeJTh, MH,1J;MKaTOp 6. Fishbone boom
8. Boom V-type boom
rMK BWlb4aTbiM ruK
9. Tiller 7. Mast
PYMneJlb Ma4Ta
10. Mainsheet 8. Uphaul
rpoTa-llIKoT Orrll.lKKa
11. Traveller 9. Tack
6eryHoK raJle
12. Centre-board 10. Mast foot
Bbl,1J;BmKHOM KHJIb Onopa Ma'ITbI
13. Cockpit 11. Board
KOKnMT JJ:oeKa
14. Hull 12. Dagger board
Kopnye lliBepr, BbI,1J;BMlKHOM KHJIb
15. Bow 13. Bow
Hoc HoeoBall. 4aeTb
16. Cleat 14. Skeg
YTKa CKer
17. Jibsheet 15. Stern
KiIMBep-WKoT KopMa
18. Yang 16. Foot straps
Orrll.lKKa PeMeWKl1 )J,JUI Hor
19. Crosstree 17. Dagger board well
CaJlMHr Hl1wa BbI,1J;BI1)1(HOrO Kl1JUI
20. Shroud 18. Foot
BallTa Onopa
21. Jib 19. Clew
KimBep lliKOTOBbrM yroJl napyea
22. Forestay 20. Leech
ct>OK-llITa r 60KOB3ll./3a,lJ.Hll.ll. WKaTOpl1Ha
23 Rudder 21.Batten
PyJlb PeCiKa
Contents
C Aep )[(aH He

2. Passenger ships
?r. .
3. Cargo ships
-- -

- -.-.,."1 ." ::
.It .'1-1-" _~ _ _ _
4. Fishing vessels
-1"- :.­ - -
--.!-- •

5. Warsh~s
~-.--
. .
~.;-ooo
Types of sea-going merchant ships (sketches)
. .. .- TKITbl MOPCKII1X Topr BblX CY)J;OB (cxeMbl)
~.{jj""~

8 ~~~~~~17
2~{~1 0
-2 0 e -15°e +2°e

3~/ ~ • ••
4 a1i4j-£#o 10~
11~
6 fV1 . ~k
(.~
. h a!. c ' 7
I I t IU
~
12 -~4 I rf F? .{;.§i~13~F~~ .:h

~ 14~ 15,{~ift ..0.'M


7~~~ ., =L

General purpose ship for transporting


cargo in buJk (scrap iron, pig iron,
te, coal, grain, salt and so o n)
~ll!lUIQ""P''IH()(' CYATlO, 6a.nxcp.
'R.inPJePtanlbHlJe YAHO AJl.ll nepeB03KH
ilBilllrfD'I;DfI>IX H lIaCblDliliIX rpY30B
I.[)'ly H II 60JllJa H Ka x ,
TpaMno8Oe CYJ\HO, TPailim 60K ~I Tbl, yrOJlb, 3 pHO, Ollb M T.H.)
2. Cargo liner 5. Oil-Bulk-Ore carrier aBO carrier
rpYJOBOH naHHep H 4Y! PYJ.( H03. CY,D,Ho n lll a 050
.~~
~.

.•
'I . •• ,,.
\\ "
~

6-12. Special service ships 13-14. Dina m ically-supported ships


Crreu;~aJTI!l3J.1pOBaHHble cy.r~a CY)J,a C )J,JiIHaMllft.{eCKI1MI1
rrpl1HU,l1IIaMlif rro)JJ~ep)l<aHI1S1
6. Tanker Tank vessel.

Oil carri er, oil tanker.


13. Hydrofoil craft (ship with legs)
Supertanker (30 000 to 70000 dwt).
y )..!,HO Ha nO)J,BOAl lbI X KPbUIMIX (CnK)
Mammoth tanker (70 000 to 150000 dw t).
14. Air-Cushion Vehicle
Very Large Crude Carrier.
CYA H O H a B03A)' ImlOl1 nO)J,),UIKe (
VLCC (150 000 to 300 000 dwt).
15. Catamaran
Ultra Large Crude Carrier.
KaTM-lapaJl
ULCC (300 000 to 800 000 dwt).

Megatanker
Notes
Ta HKe p. H aJll1B H Oe CY)J,I-IO.
n plilMeqaHIDI
H e cj)Te H aJl I1 BHOe CY)J,H O.

Cy n e p Ta HKe p(30 000 - 70 000 T .)


Point9
C Be p xcyne p TaHKe p (70 000 - 150 000 T).
Maximum temperature at which
K pYflHoToH H a)l( H bl Cl TaHKe p)J.JUI n p B KI'I
liquefied gas can be carried:
CblPOH Hecj:>Tl1 (150 000 - 300 000 T).
- temperatur of liquefied
6 0JlbLDOH KpymloTOH H a)KH bl CI r aHKep 151
(LPG) -45°C

n e p eB03Kl1 CbIP OH Ilecj:>nl


... n~""'r"tll_ of liq

(300 000 - 800 000 T). MeraTaHXep

7. Passenger-car ferry
fl a cC<I )Kl1 pC KO -a BTOM 06111I b Hhl~ napo
8. Container carrier. Cell ular con
K OHTe I1l-Iep oBo3. ll Clel1CT bl H K HTe!beD!*1S
9. Gas carrier. Liquefied gas carrier
[ a30Bo3
CY)J,HO )J,.J 15I Il epeIl03 K~'1 C)I(I1)KeHI fbI ra308
K p YllHOTOHl-la)l(Hbl H ra3 0 B03
A. Liquefied petroleum gas carrier,
LPG carri er
CY;:lHO )J,JI 51 n e p cBo3K H OKH)I(eHHblX
Hecj:>T5IH bI X ra30B , CHr - CYW l o
B. Liquefied natural gas carrier
LNG carrier Methane carri er
Cy itO }J)HI nc p e llo 3K vI C)l( I1)1(el-1I1 blX
n p l1 p o )J,lI bl X ra 30H, c n r - cYIllIO, Me'T'allOB03
10. Cement carrier
UeMeHToBo3
11. Heavy-lift vessel
CYJll-I O )v m nepeB03 K H TSDKeJlOBCC08
12. Barge carrier
BOB-Barges On BOiud ship, BOC T­
Barges On Board Catamaran, Lighter ca rrier
LASH-Lighter Aboard Ship, Sea Bee hi p
6 a p )l(eB03 Tl1TIa : 606, 6 0 KA T
nl1 XTe p OBo3 T l1.na: Jl311I, n -o\-1
Passenger ships
l1acca~CKl1e cYAa

2"

Passengers/cabins ­ 2620/1257
naCCCl&Hpbl/KalOTbl - 2620/1257
Gra tonnage ­ 150,000 t
8 IOBaJI pem OlJa51 IJMeCHIMOCTb - 150 000 T

'iBelenliCen;fcabin - 2032/1115
TIacCa>KM p bl / Ka lOTbl - 2032/1115
Gross tonnage ­ 76,490 t
illl1pI'lHa - 33 !vi BanolJa~ pemcrp ooaR B!vIeCn tMOCTb - 76490 T
Draught - 10.49 m
OcaAKa - 10,49 !vi
"Grand Princess"
"BeJll1Ka51 npl1Hu;eCCa"

Length - 289.5 m Passengers/cabins - 3300f1.296


1I4Ha - 289,5 ~I n aCCmKl1pbl/KdIOTbI - 3300/1296
Breadth - 40 m Gross tonnage -108,806 t
Ull1pl1113 - 40 M BaJl 3MI p fVI TPoFla~ 6M 111M
Draught - 8.5 m
OcilJl.Ka - 8,5 M

"Carnival Destiny"
"KapHaBan cy,lJ,b6bJ"

Length - 272 m
III1H3 - 272 M n a Cal/(~IPbl/KaIOTbl -3336/1320
Breadth - 35.5 m Gro tonnage - 102,000 t
WlI1pl1lfa - 35,5 M BaJlosa )l perll1CTpOSa51 BMecTlI1MOCTb - 102000 1
Draught - 8.30 m
O CC1A1<a - 8,30 M
"Voyager of the seas"
"MOPCKOtiJ: nYTewe TseHHvrK"

Length - 311 m Passengers/cabins - 3840


Jlmllla - 311 M 3840
TIa cCa)!(VlpbI/KaloTbl -
Breadth - 47 m Gross tonnage - 140,000 t
lU~lpl1Ha - 47 M Bano8<Ur perncrpo8aSl BMeCTVlMOCTh - 140 000 T
Draught - 8.6 m
OcaJI,Ka - ,6 M

Passenger-car ferry
OaCCa)!(VIpCKO-aBToMo6VInbHbII1
napoM

.
•~NCLINE ~
;...--~ - -~- .~
Air-<u hion vehicle
(ACV) (Hovercraft)
y ; u lO lIa B03p,YIIJII0l1
noll. llIKe (CBn )

Catamaran
KaTaMa pa H

Cargo Ships
rpY30Bble cy a
Bulke r
(Bulk-carrier)
BanKep

(HaBafI oclI-lOe CY ~\l-lO)

Liq uefied gas


carrier
fa30 B03 c)!( r'r )!(eH I~O ro
ra3a
Pure car carrier
ABTOM06HJleB03

Tanker
TaIlKep
Special-purpose bulk carrier
for transporting zinc and lead concentrates
lleq Mam-oMpoBa HHoe CYIJ,HO Ami
llep ea03KI1 lJ,I1HKOBOr 11 CHI1HlJ,oBoro
KOHIl,efITp aTa

Timber carrier with


deck cranes
neeOB c nany6HblMI1
KpaJ-la 111

Timber carrier with


cargo handing
d errick s
ITecoBo3 co cTpenoBoM
rpy 3 6 p a60TKol1

Timber chip carrier with


continiuous unloader
(chi p un loader)
UJ,enOIl03, o cHalll;eIlHLIIit
Herrpep blBu0!1
r p Y30Bolit CI1CTCMOI1
Refrigerated cargo
ship (Reefer vessel)
Pccj:>pmKepilTOp
(Pl1l-pep)

Heavy-lift vessel
C JIHO ) I~ lIepelm3KVI
nDKenOBeCOI{
Supertanker
CynepTClI-IKep

General-purpose
dry-cargo ship
"River-Sea" type
YH~lBepCaJTb"bIH cyxorpY3
TMna "PeKa-Mope"
Pallet-carriers
D ,umeToB03bl

H eavy li ft vessel
(for floating production
p latform)
Cy,u,H NUl (( pe003KH
TIDKeJlOSecOB
(6YPOBbJ nJlSTC:popM)

" LYSFOSS"
pallet carrier
"nl!lccpoc"
mumeTOB03

Fishing vess els


PbI6oJIOBeD;Klt1 Y)J,a
Tuna seiner­
freezer
TyH l~eJ I OBH bI1;1
cel1 l-lep­
p C¢pH)f(ep aTOp

Fish-factory Depot
Pbl 5005pa 6aTbl Ba IOIll,aa
6a3a
Warships
BoeHHble Kopa6J1V1

Corvette
KOpBI!l
(cropO)f(eBOi1
KopaGJ1b)

Nuclear submarine
ATOM J-Ia sr
nOABoAJ-Iasr n O,[\Ka
Missile-firing
hydrofoil boats
PaKeTtlbIe KaTepa lIa
J ih "PhlJ IhSi X

Aircraft carrier
AI3V1al; QCeL\
Destroyer
3ciVUlllel\

Frigate
<DpcraT
(llpon-mOJlo 0 4 Hbl~
Kopa6nb)

A uxiliary ships
B no mraTeJIbHbl
Salvage ship
Cyr.\Ho-CnaGlTeHb

Pl atform supply
vessel
CYAli 0 ,!VIJ{
Ha6)1(e rrn Si
ru raT<pO pM
"Oi coverer enterprise"­
drilling unit
for
10.000 feet

Drilling units
replenishment
ship .
CY)),HO
cHa6)f(eHI-111
6ypOBblX
YCTZlHOBOK
l)p, 155 ~~
l'1t~ OFSEA-GO~~~O~

>/MOPCK~ \.,,,

Oil skimmer
CYAIIo­
H~q.,Ttx:6opI1U1K

Hydraulic, suction-tube
dredge
3eMJleCOC

P
1 BepAblX 4aCTIIU H My o pa
C I10BCPXlIOCTliI A Ha
jfHETHEORY
OF A SHIP
rEOPHIl

KOPIiGIi/I

Contents
Co ep){<aHlife

1. Principal dimensions
r p epeSHB
2. Lines plan
penAecKHl1: lIeprex<
3. Displacement and draughts (buoyancy)
BoAOH3Men:teHHe H OCap;KH (IVlaByqeCTb)
4. Initial stability
HalJ81lbH8Jl OCTOKlIHBOCTb
5. Stability w hen considerable heeling
OcroAqJmoCTb npH 6oJlbIlll1X yrJIax KpeHa
6. Ship' s motions
--...........,acyAHa

. Loading curve
r'pfJ_....!witI~
~ 158 #:
'iOlJ!EORY Ot ~i~
:rI1HKOl'~

Principal dimensions
fJIaBHble pa3MepeH~ul

AP FIJ
~
:ctI ~"

........
LWL v ,,-­ LM, -....... ,..-­

\h
QSJ.pp

L1#
~

OSLpp
)
~
~
f­ ~
- IJ
8MAX
.--J
~

LIAAX

Lpp Length between perpendiculars


,[Ln11Ha Me)l(,l1,Y
rreprreHAHKyn~paMH

Lmax Length overall LoA


,[Lnl1Ha HaH6oJTbwa~
B Breadth
lllHpHHa
Bmax Breadth o~"""'III~-';';:"'''­
WHpHHa H
DOe

HOCOB nepne HAHKyn ~p


AP Mter erp icular
KOPMOBOH nepneHAHKyn~p
Lines plan

T OpeTV["qeCKID1 "lfepTe)f(

CP -,,­ -­
.- --­
---

Basis planes

f p
AP 8adyptan
framtfints

I.L'JJ
Prof if# '1/" /
After part

~~!=~r/+
c;- forward
shur plan
Buttad tinn erc-"
iL fJ
"~ ~ ~
1DIt ~ - 1-­ - r -­ ~~ ~ !­ '1. -- - - - V­ - ~V · ~IWL
BP l ,. , •
.
zo

!
lOY, "

-" ~
17 to
Wat'r'iff~$
-::::­
Ij
"
..
I I Z I CP
Haff- 6"adth plan
6 5


j Z I I't D
,
I

ff
~
[II
-----.::
y V~ >­

1.,,.,19 I
!---- V

--• tf
I
..->-1­
......-­
" Il I 1
-­ -= .-­
----­
-=:


I"r"'£ ,:;;.-::::' ~
I

~ ~ IS is:
::::..;:: I:"!IIi
I V. 0
2

~
I
(P

"
Lines plan

® Midship frame
Mw,ue.rl b - IIl1laFTrOyr
CP Center plane
.D.llaME!rpaJIhlia>l n JlO KOC'Th H OBrur 'JaCTIo
LWL Load waterline plane After part
ITnOCKOCTb rp)"JOBOH BaTcpm n nil I Kop WSrul 4aCTb
BP Basis plane Frame line
OCHOBHa51 rulO KOCTh UInaF-lroYTbl
Body plan Buttock line
Kopnyc 6aTOK bl
Profile or sheer plan Waterlines
SOK BaT PJll1HIIIJI!
c;i~~1!fiiJI;. Displacement and draughts (buoyancy)
Bo,n;oM3Mem;eHMe M oca,n;KI1 (IU1aB~eCTb)

WL
BP
60

.:1=.:1. YDisplacement .:1 ma " Full-load displacement (at LWL)


Bo,[(o113MemeHl1e BO,[(oK3MeIl(eHl1e B non HOM r p y3y
.:1 Displacement cubic .:10 Displacement lightweight
BO,[(0113MemeHl1e o6beMHoe BO.u.OJiI3MeLl\eHKe "n pO)l(l1eM"
y Density of sea water DW
I1.J:IOTHOCTb MOPCKOIii BO,[(b!

WL

BP

G Vertical center of gravity


U eHTp T J."" "'T<A A mlJU I KaT8 q J-ITPa T SDKe CTI4
B Center ~I<.. h",~" LC B Longitud inal cen ter of buoyancy
U eHTp
"""".-;.­
........ A 6cu,l1cca u,el rrpa BeJ I I'IY~lILbJ
LCG Longitudinal center of gravity TCB Transverse center of buoyancy
A6cIJ,l1cca IJ,eHTpa TSVI<eCT11 OpA I.1H aTa IJ,eHTpa B IWfl!lJlbl
TCG Transverse center of gravity VeB Vertical center of buoyancy
0pAVIHaTa IJ,el-rrpa Ts!)KecT~1 ArrnJI I1 KaTa Ljel-rrpa Ben I1"111l1b!
WLo

~ FP
AD

d Draught e Angle of Heel


OcaJ],Ka Yron KpeHa
d m Draught Midship lJ1 Angle of Trim
OCa,lJ,Ka Ha M\It}~le yron AHq)(pepeHTa
d F Draught at Forward [)=dF'" d A Trim
OcafJ,Ka HOCOM JJ:Hcj:>cj:>epeHT
d A Draught at After WLo Initial Waterline
TIepBoHa<.JaJIbHa~ BaTepnHIIl1~

ML

:Mo
~
~
~
~l
I
~
~ "C
I WL G G WL
/ I
1 B / BP \ B 8D

~~ CP

Mo Transverse metacentric ML Longitudinal mt=nlq:~u~_­


nonepeYHbllit MeTalJ.Clrrp TIPO)J;OJI bHbIH M eTa ~e IITp
GM o Transverse metacentric height H Longitudinal metacentric height
TIonepe<.JHruI I(~Ta~elIT}JH4 CKa~ BbrCOTa TIpoAOJIbtl a~ MeTa ~eHTP H'lecKa~ I3bICOTa
KMo Vertical transverse metacentric VM L Vertical longitudinal metacentric
AnrullilKaTa IlOnepe'l1-lOrO MeTau,eHTpa A rulJlHKRTR llPOAOJlbHOrO MeTau;eHTpa
rm Transverse metacentric rad ius R Longitudinal metacentric radius
non pe4.HblH MeTa~eHTPM'tecKI1H paAl1yc TI p J],OJlbHbl t1: MeTau;eHTp114eCKHlil PRAHYC
Stability when considerable heeling
OCTOI1~HBOCTb IIpH 60JIblIlMX yrJlax KpeHa

Static and dynamic stability curves


JJ:l1arpaMMbI CTaTI14eCKOlii 11 AI1HaMI14eCKOH OCTOM411BOCTI1

IJZ Curve fd curve

8v
81' 81'
8 =f rad (57,3")

IF Arm of formt',",itloMiHf\i"""" e v Angle of vanishing static stability curve


Ilne40 OCTOI1....II1BOCTI1 cpOpMbI YroTJ 3CIKaTa KP!llBOll CTa1'!II4e<:K0I1
GZ Arm of static stability OCT0l14 I'fBOC1'Ii!
Ilne40 CTaTI14eCKOCI OCr0I1-4I'fBOCTI1 10 GZC Arm of dinamic stability
GZ m Maximum arm of static stability Ilne40 A "'HaMI'f4eCK0I1 0CT01ii 4 !11BOCnI
MaKCI1MaJTbHOe rme<Jo CTanJqeCKOI1 GZ c Arm of capsizing moment
OCTOI1<JI1BOCTI1 flneqo O rrpOKl1]J;bLBaJO~ero MOMeHTa
em Angle of heel corresponding to the e r Calculated amplitude of rolling
maximum arm of static stability curve P aC<JeTHasr a.MIIJrnryAa Ka'-lK\II
Yron KpeHa, COOTBeTCTByIO~1111 Kpl'fBolii
MaKcl1MYMa CTaTI14eCK0l1 OCTOJit<II1B OCT'"
Ship' s motions
Ka'll<acYAIIa

hing e r A mplitude of roIling


AMf1If MTY,IJ;a 60PTOBOJiJ Ka Cf KVl
3. Heaving
Bep11'IKaJlbHa.SJ Ka'fKa
V h Amplihlde of heaving

LWL Draught at loading lightweight


i~ __~~--------------~~L-----~~
loadline mark draught
Ocap:Ka no rpy30BylO MapKy

6at X-t,025 ',1m'


Draught of ship lightweight
I------~L---------------~----~~~
light mark draught
DW OCa,lJ;Ka cy,IJ,Ha nOpO)KHeM

60

Use w hen angJe of trim W<l°

nOJTh30BaThOI npl'f yrna x A!oI<p¢ep HTa lP<l °

Loading scale and loadline mark


rpy30Ba~ lUKaJIa VI rpy30Ba~ MapKa

FB Free board DL Deck line


HaABOAHbl116oPT I1any5HCul fll1HI1Jl
LD Plimsoll disk UD Upper deck
3HaK rpY30BoM MapKI1 5a
BepxHSiSi nan
F Loadline mark for fresh water
rpy30Bcu! MapKa ,lJ)UI npeCHOI1 BOAb!

UD

DL ;:;­ ;:;­
Loading scale ~
~
~

kJ
<::)
dm
X= 1.0 1/m 3 X=1.025 Y'm! f8 " <::)

m m ~
-...:: '"II
lJw,r ~

,
6,T DW; T 6 ,r
~ 'I:)
.....

LWL (X=I.O"/m3) F _y"
~ ~ LW-;;;:;025 Vm J) -,1/
V
'­I
~
~
6.0 Viooo

15000
14000

9000
20000 (4000
0.0

~
l,)
5.0
15000
7.0 ~l:!
9000
~
10000 4000
4.0
fOOOO
8,0
r-­

I---­ 60 0 5hlp Iiqhiw6ightfra iOT/mJ)


t,..l:>.o ; DW . O
-
C.O 0 ship lightweIght (.{-1,025 T,lm J)
6-60 , DW~O
I-­ -

Ll - displacement tonnage; Ll - BOAO I13Me~ HlfIe B TOI-max;


~- ballast displacement ~ - BOAOI13Mern,eHl1e "nopmKHeM"
1te 165 ~
'}J ORYOr ti~
li011iE
l1JIKOf~

Propeller
rpe6HoJ7I B l-fHT

FS

H Propeller pitch
W a r BI1HTa
HfDe Pitch ratio
i l la r OBoe OTHOllleH l1 e
FB Propeller blades area
IT

Propeller-huH interaction RAF Reverse accompany flow


B3aHMOOTII0lllCII1II rpe6Horo BHHTa c Orp flu.\aTeJTbHbn1 n onYTHbll111 TOK
KOpnyCO 1. cy .u;IIa P Thrust force of propeller
'lnop BfIIHTa
Vs Ship' s speed Pe Efficiency propulsive force of propeller
CKOPOCTb cYH Ha ITOll HaSi TSi ra BI1!-rra
V F Average speed of accompany flow .t\P Thrust-deduction of propeller
Cpe.u;HSljj CKOP OCTb n onYTlm ro nOTOKa CliIJla 3acaCb lBaHI1SI BI1HTa
V d Average speed in propeller d isk
Cpe.u;uSlSl CKOPOCTb IlQTOKa 8 A I1CKe 811HTa
Steer ability of ship
yrrpaBJ151eMOCTb CY)J;Ha

CP

Rudder-hull interaction
B3aVlMo)J.eJilcTBVle pyml C KopnycoM CYAHa

a Angle of helm
YroII nepeKIIa)J.KVI pyml
Rp Rudder force
Cl1Jla p;aBJ1eHVlSI nO)J.b! Ha pyJlb
Yp Athwartship hydrodynamic for e
TIonepe<IHaSl C~P~!'Mil.¥.l~~~~PU

(;'p

Gyration of ship ST Steady tum


UI4PKyJIHlI,VlH cY)J.Ha YCTaHOBHBlUaSicSi LlHpKymrqwr
Ds Diameter of steady-turning path
AB Maneuvering Ul1aMeTp YCTaHOBHWel1CSI I.llfpKy~H
MaHeBpVlpoBaHVle DT Tactical d iameter of gyration
Be Evolution TaKTlf<lecKmi AJilaMeTp QJil PKy~JiIJiI
3BOIIlOlI,VlH
Ship's motions (degree of freedom) and directions
A BIII)J(eHltle It1 lIep e teU~e Hltl"e cYAHa (cTerIeHb cBo6o)J,bl) Ka4Ka
p b£cKa HVle; npO)J,OJIbHbIe liT rIOrI p e'ufbIe KOJIe6aHItl"5l

16
10

4. Rolling
60pTOBOC KOJTe6a ll l1:C
5. Jawing
Pbl KaH~1
6. Pitching
KIUJeBoe KOI le6aHI1:
7. Bow
Hoc Other terms
8. Stern L!,pynle Te pMM ~lbl

KopMa
Amidships
9. Ahead
B CPeAlleJit 'iaCT'" cY)],Ha
flo HOCY
Motio n
10. Astern
Dep Mell\ (-IMe, KaYKa
flo KopMe
Contents
CO)J;ep>Kam1e

1. Ship s dimensions
Pa3M'epeHIDI CYAHa
2. I'Voyager of the Seas"
"MopcKOH nyremecTBeHHHK"
3. Ferry-catamaran, Hydrofoil boat, Container ship
TIaPOM-KaTaMapaa, CYAHo sa DqABo HhlX KPbUIbSlX, KOHTeIDiepOBO
4. Tanker 178
TaHKep
5. Hovercraft
o Ha BO~Oa no,ny
6. Vessel supporting floating drilling rigs
C 0, as e 6y bble ycr BKR
7. Aircraft carrier
ABJllilltIUIIlI:
Ship's dimensions
~I'" Pa3Mepemui cYAHa
.x-7...11~\"~

LH6

Ij2
2 3
4
1 5
L JlE-.-.6
B B B B

D
d
\..

/
7 10 11 12 13 14

-'---9--R=~-~··~~~-"'"
8

D
d D

19
18 15
d
Principal dimensions 5. F.P. FP Fore perpendicular
frraBHble pa 3MepeH~uI H.D. Hfl HOCOBOIii IlepneHAVlKYlUIP
6. Midship section

The m easurements which define Amidships is at the middle of the

the hull of a vessel length L

Ce4eHfile no Mfil,u.emo. Mfil.ll.eJlb-CepeA filHa

Pa3M peHJ151, orrpep,err51IOllll1e


L

AJlfilHbI
KOprryC cYAHa
7. B.L. Molded base line
L - Length on TeOpeTfil1:ieCKaSi OCHOBHaSi JlfilH\IISI

L - llrl~IHa 8. Outer side of the shell plating


Lo.a. - Le ngth overall HapY)f(HaSi cTopolIa HapY)f(I-WM

Ln .6 . - HaJi16 Jl blUaSi wr~lHa 06LUfilBK\II

B - Breadth G reatest molded breadth 9. Inside side of the shell plating


B- WfilpHHa BFI)'TpCHHSlSI cTopoHa HapY)f(HOM

H afil60JlbWaSl TeopeTH <1 KaSi ulfllp lma 06LUVlBKVI

D - Depth Molded depth 10. Top of the deck beam at side


o - BWCOTl'I 60pTa BepxllilSl KPOMKU naJly6Horo 611Mca

T OpeTfiI'I CKaSI BblCOTa 60JYIa y 60pTa


d - Draught, draft (US) Molded draught 11. Longitudinal centre plane
Molded = m ou lded, mId )J,filaMeTpaJlbHaSi flrrOCKOCTb

d- 0 a. T OpeTHQ a s! oca,u,1<a
12. Mo (u) Ided surface
L " Lpp Mo (u) Ided line
Lpp B.P - Length between TeopeTVl4ccKaSi nOBepxHocTb
Teopenf"leCKaSi JlfilHfil5i
perpendiculars
Dimensions L, 8, D, d used in 13. Rounded gunwale
Russian Register of S hipping h ip's OKpyrneJlHoe COeAVlt-IeHfile BepxHeM

docu mentation nany6bI C 60PTOM

exclu ive of the tonnage certificates 14. The point of intersection of the
L = Lnu moulded lines of upper deck and
l.Jln - ]lima Me)I(,O, { nepIJeH filKylUlpil Mfil side, so as if the gunwale were of angular
Pal I peH\IDI L, B, 0 , d filCUOJl b3Y iOTOl B
design
Cy,u.OBbIX HOKYMeHTax POCCllfliiCKoro T04Ka nepeCe4eHI1.SI npOAOIDKeHI-IbIX
TeOpeT\II1:ieCKVlX JIVlHI1Iii BepxHeIii
Perfil pa Y.Il.oxo,u.CTBa, 3a \IIC
Mep\lll' I bHblX CBl1]J;eTeJTbCTB nany6bI VI 60pTa, KaK eCJlVl 6bI 31'0

1. A.P. After perpendicular coeAfilHeH\IIe 6bIJIO yrnoBbIM

Rudder stock axi 15. Plate keel, flat keel


fOpt130HTaJIbI-IbIl1 Kt1JIb
Kfl, K.n. KOPMOB Iii n pn lI,u. ~Il<:yJ\Slp
Oeb 6aJl1J pa PYlUI
16. Bar keel, plank keel, hanging
2. SLWL Sum mer load waterline keel. Vertical keel
JITBn IT H lSISi rpY3 0BaSi BaT pJ1H H~ISI 6pYCKOBblJiI KVlJlb, BepTI1Kal lbHblIii KVlJlb

3. Stem fore side 17. Keel siding


BbICoTa KWISI
flepe,u.H>lSI KpOMKa ¢Op liITe BHJI
4. The intersection between the 18. Keel plate thickness
s ummer load waterline and the fore TOJ\IlJ,VlHa rop~I OI-ITaJl bHOrO Kt1JISI

side of the s tem 19. Keel draft


flepccc<l cHfile Jle1'Helii rpY30B0l1 BaTepmlHfiIfiI fiI OCi'lAKa C Y4eTOM BbICOTbI KII\JISI

nepcWlelii KpOMKI1 ¢ o p mrcsH5l


"Voyager of the Seas"
...~~..., . . "MOPCK00 rrYTemeCTBeHHVlK"

1. La Scala Theater
T eaTp "na C KaJla"
2."Cleopatrais Needle" Dancing Lounge
OaJIbHblM 3an "Kneon aTpac HI1)J.J1" A,o,MI1HI1CTpaTHBHblM Jan
3. Cigar club 5. Forward centrum
K y pl1TeJlbHblM Klly 6 U eJ-ITp aJIb HblJiI XOJIJI, 1l0COBa~ ClaCTb
6. "The Vault", Night Club 10. Casino "Royal"
HOCIIIOt:1 ly6 - " BoynT" K a3V1Ho "Po51n"
7. Schooner Bar 11. Spinners Gaming Arcade
Eap "CKyllep" Jilrpo13011 3an "CITVlHep C"
8. Cafe "Promenade" 12. Studio B Entertainment Complex &
Ka¢c " DpoMclIa.n" Center Ice
9. onference Center CryAI'I51 B, pa313Jl eKaTeJlbHbl l1 KOMI1JIeKC VI

KOHCP P HIl­ Qel-lTpanbHbll1 KaTOK


13. "Scoreboard" Sports Bar
C n OpTIIBHblvi 5ap "CKo6opp,"
14. Aquarium Bar 36. Chapel
Dap "AKBapl1}'M" Y:acoBHSI
15,"Champagne" Bar 37. Cloud Nine Cocktail Lounge
Dap "lllaMnaHb" KOKTeJlbHblJiI canOH "I(Jlay.D, HaJilH"
16. Royal Promenade 38. Crow's Nest Observation Lounge
POM DpoMeHaA 0630PHblJiI canOH "Kpayc HeCT"
17. Aft Centrum 39. High Notes Jazz Club
UeHTpanbHblJil XOJlJ1, KopMoBaSi .D;>I<a3-KJly6 "XaJil HOYTc"
LIaCTb 40. Cool Zone
18. Business Service 30Ha "KYJ1"
DI13Hec CepBI1C 41. Pools
19. Library OaCCel1Hbl
DI16n11O'I1\.Ka 42. Atrium View Staterooms
20. Carmen Dining Room Ka!oTI.1 ATPl1yMa
PecTopaH i' KapMeH" 43. Du -free Shopping
21. La Boheme Dining Room bl 6e300illJ1I1HHQI1 TOprOBJTl1
PecTopaH "na ooreM"
22. Magic Flute Dining Room
PecTopaH "M9.ll,)KI1K <l>moT"
23. Portofino Italian Restaurant
" DOpTOcpv1HO" - HTanbJlHCKID1 pecTopaH
24. Windjammer Casual Dining
Ka¢e "BI1H.D,>I<aMMep"
25. Island Grill Casual Dining
Ka¢e " AJilJleH.D, rpV1Jlb"
26. Golf Course
Ilone iJ)UI ronbcpa
27. Seaside Diner Casual Dining
Ka¢e "Cl1acaJil,D, .o;I1Hep"
28. Adventure Beach Outdoor Family Deck
OrKpbITaH nany6a ceMeJilHoro OT.D,blxa
" A.D,BeH'-l3 611'-1"
29. Adventure Ocean Younth Area
,D,eTCKaSl nnOll.\a.D,Ka " AJ:\BeHLI3
oymeH"
30. Golf Simulator
TInOll.\a.D,Ka MI1HI1-roJlbcpa
31. Track
TpeK
32. Sports Courts
CnopntBHble KOPTbl
33. Rock Climbing Wall
CKanOJ1a3HaSl CTeHa
th
34. 19 Hole Golf Bar
fOJlbcp-6ap "19 XOYJ1"
35. Seven Hearts Card Room
KapToLIHblJil CaJ10H "CeBeH XapTc"
Ferry-catamaran, Hydrofoil boat, Container ship
IlapoM-KaT aMapaH, CY)J,HO Ha rrO)J,BO)J,HbIX KPbVIMIX,
KOHTeMHepoBo3

Ferry-catamaran 9. Radio antenna


TIapoM-KaTaMapaH P3.L\lIlO aHTeHHa
10. Radar
1. Heating (air conditioning equipment) PaAap
B03Ayxo3a60pHl1K c nO.L\OrpeBilTeJT M 11. Compass bridge
2. Telecommunication antenna XOAOBOJit MOCTHK
Te.neKoMMY'Il1Ka ~ "'OHHaSi aHTeJ lHa 12. Surface-piercing foils
3. Radar ITO.L\BOW-lOe KPbIJIO, nepeceKaIOllI;ee
Pallap n OBepXHDCTb 130Abl
4. Radio antenna 1~ Strut
P<Ul11 a Ifr Ii ~Ia oJitKa nOABO oro Kpbilla
5. Compa s bridge
Container ship
KOHTeMHepOB03

1. adar
ap
2. Navigating bridge
XOAOBOJit MOCHIK
3. Life boat
aTeJIbHa51 UlJlIOnKa
4. Container
KOHTelirHep
5. Container hold
TpIOM KOHTeJitHepHb1l1
6. Masthead light
Tono BblJit orOHb
1. Pront foil 7. Forecastle
Hoct)BQe xPblrlo oaK
1...Oear redlldion 8. Hawse pipe
PeAYKTOp 5lKOPJlbrM KJ1 I03
3. Oiesel engine 9. Crew's quarters
nM3eJlbHblJilnSI.!rcITenb KaIOTbI3Kl1na)f(a
4. Propeller shaft 10. Propeller
rpe6H0l1 8aI1 BI1HT
5. Propeller 11. Rudder
BHHT nepo p yilll
6. Rear foil 12. Chart room
KOPMoBoe KpbUlO lllrypMaHeKaJI p y6J<il
7. Life Buoy 13. Radio antenna
CnaeaTerrbHbl11 Kpyr PaAlIIo aHTeHHa
8. Passenger cabin 14. Funnel
naeea)JmpcxIDi eaIlOII ,/J;bIMoBaSi Tpy6a
Ferry-catamaran, Hydrofoil boat, Container ship
I1apoM-KaTaMapaH, CY,lJ;HO Ha nO,lJ;BO,lJ;HbIX KPbIJIMIX, KOHTelilHepoBo3

11 10

15 18

14

8 7

1. Bulb :J. Pump room


EyJlb6 l'facoQl' 0'J')X"f HI1
2. Mooring winch 10. Engine room
lllBapToBl-ICHI ne6eAKa Ma ml'u-lIioe OTAe!l
3. Centre keelson 11. Stern post
U,eHTpaITbHblH KWILCOH A XTepUlTeBeHb
4. Web frame 12. Propeller
PaMHbrM llinaHroYT BIllI-n
5. Tank 13. Rudder
T aHK n epo p 51
6. Crossover cargo deck line 14. Davit
DepenycKHa5{ J11111V15{ naJlyoLI KpaIl-6am<a
7. Length ways 15. Radar mast
npOAOnbH35I nepe60pKa MaY'fa pap;apa
8. Transverse bulkhead 16. Radio antenna
nOnepeYHa5{ n epe60pKa Pap;IIIOatlT tlI-la
24
23 25

3 1

17. Separator 25. Tank hatch


CenapaTOp nIOK Tal-lKa
18. Gangway 26. Air relief valve
Hep xorv [011 MpcrU K (rrpoxoA) B 0 3J1Y lJJl-lb1l1 pa3rpY30 l jl-l b ll1 KllanaH
19. Derrick 27. Bitt
Kpan K HexT
20. Derrick-mast
Ma'lTa Jleplll1<-KpaHa
21. Foam qu n
nellHMI cral-106Ka
22. Ship's side
SOPT cyJlI la
23. Main deck
rna[maH nany6a
24. Foremast
<l>OK Ma"lTa
Hovercraft
CYAHO Ha B03AYWH0J1 rroAYillKe

14 --------,

13

12

11

10

9 8

1. Radar 7. Sk irt fin d er


Pa) (ap O rpa)!(J(eHHe B03JJ.YIUIlOll nt1HYIUKI1
2. Air intake (Kpa HI( BaH p y 6 cuDKa)
B03~wx03a60pH 11K 8. Lif e raft
3. Control deck CrraCaTeJ1bHbll;r WIO'!'
TIany6a ynpallJleHvlH 9. Luggage rack
4. Bow door flOJlKH )J,JIH 6al"Cl.)f(a
HOCOBaH J\l"lepb 10. D iesel pro pul ion engine
5. Lift-fan air inlet ,lJ,ll3eJ1bJ-l bnil THrOBblH ABHraTeJlb
B03JJ.yxo3a60plll1K now,eMHoro 11. Drive h aft
BeHTl1JU1TOpa flp vlBOAH 111 Ban
6. Flexible skirt
12. Rudder
fJ:16KOe orpa)f(JJ.elll1e B03)J,)'1 UHOC!
n epo p yml
nOJJ.y wKu (!06Ka)

18
1
17

~ _ _ __ - 7

13. Prop Her d uct


} £anpflSJJSI1 [UM a3Ca)1,Ka BI1HTa
14. Driving prope ller
IT P I1BOJ\1I ~I B~11l'f
15. Belt dri ve
P MeHI faS! nepe,[{a4a
16. Blade li ft fa n
nOnaC),b IlOA"beMllOrO BellTl1JIS!TO pa
17. D ie eJ lift engine
)J.l lJeJlbHbl}1 no "belVllfblCI BllraTeJlb
18. Navigation light
HasllraUl l JIIlbrCI (Tono BblC!) OroHb
Vessel supporting floating drilling rigs
CYAHO, o6eCrre-HmalOw;ee rrJIaByqvre 6ypOBbIe YCTaHoBKvr

1. Foremast 9. Cabin of the officers


<l>oK-Mal.fI'a KalOTa KOMCOCTasa
2. Mooring bollard 10. Searchlight
lllBapToBHbIH KHeXT TI0l1CKOBblJ1 npO)l(eKTOp
3. Bitt 11. Antenna of radar
511TTeHf AHTeHHa pa,o:apa
4. Towing windlass 12. Direction finder
5paUInl1JIb 6)'KCl1pHbI11 PMI10neneHraTop
5. Windlass 13. Connecting coupling of antenna
5parnmulb Coe,o:I1Hl1TeJlbH351 My¢Ta aHTeHHbI
6. Cabin of the captain bedroom
KalOTa Kanl1TaHa, CnanbH51
7. Working study of the captain
Pa6olIl1H Ka611HeT Kanl1'raHa
8. Exit to the bridge
BblXO,o: Ha MOCTI1K
14. VHF-antenna 16. Captain' s bridge - main post of control
YKB (atrreH Ha) rJIaBHbli71 nOCT y npaBneHI151 - Kanl1TaHCKI1M MOCTI1K
15. Running distinctive light 17. Chart house
i1 OTnW-II1TenbHbll1 o rOIl!> WTy pMaHcKaJl py6Ka
18. Handrail 41. Drive of the generator
J1eep TIpVlBOp, reHepaTopa
19. Winch-console 42. Automatic cut-out of the generator
J1e6ep,Ka-KOHCOJlb ABTOMaTVI'-IeCKVlJii BbIKJIIO'-IaTelIb reHepaTopa
20. Control of a winch 43. Compressor of wastes, defended water,
YrrpaBJleHVle Jle6e,D,KoJii sludges
21. Mainmast KOMfIpeccop OTXO,L\OB, OTCTOHHbIX BO)].,
fpoT Ma'-ITa OCa,D,KOB
22. Inflatable life raft 44. Engine, power installation, power gear
Hap,yBHOJii cnacaTe)JbHblJii flllOT ,D,BVlraTelIb, CJ.1JIOBa51 YCTaHoBKa,
23. Connecting tube 3HepreTV[qecKVle YCTpoHCTBa
Coep,VlHVlTeJIbH<Ul Tpy6Ka 45. Reducer
24. Crew's cabins Pep,YKTop
Ka1OTbI3KVlna)f(a 46. Propeller shaft
25. Wardroom fpe6HoJii Ball
KaIOT-KOMnaHVl5I 47. Propeller
26. Deck'toilet BVlHT
TIany6HbIl1 ry aTTe''f 48. Steering nozzle
27. Laundry TIoBOpOTHa51 Haca,!p<a
TIpa'-Ie'-IHa51 49. Rudder - rudder blade
28. Four berthed reserve cabin PyJlb - nepo pyJl51
lfeTblpeXMeCTH<Ul pe3epBHa51 KatOTa 50. Fire-nozzle
29. Engine room TIO)f(apHbIC! CTBOJI (6p cnoliJ'l'
MaWI1HHOe OTp,eJleHVle 51. Engine operating statiqp
30. Seawage clearing station lJ,eHTpamoHbi14 noCT yr \f&BneHVUl
CTaH~Vl5I O'-IVlCTKVI CTO'-IHbIX BOP; p,BJllraTeJ)'ea.r (J.J,fIY)
31. Bow thruster 52. Lock chamber
HocoBoe nop,pYJlVlBaIOWVle YCTPOJiiCTBO IlI.JI1030Ba51 KaMepa
32. Tank for collecting residues 53. Bulwark
TaHK)J,Jl51 c60pa OTXOp,OB
33. Towing winch
EYKcVlpHa51 Jle6ep,Ka
34. Sound absorber of waste gases
fJlYIill1TeJlb VI HeJiiTpaJiVl3aTOp oTpa6oTaHHblx
ra30B
35. Chain box
UeflHoJii 51II(VlK
36. Fuel tank
TOflJlVlBHa51 Ll,VlCTepHa
37. Ballast tank KOPMOBOC! KaTOK
EaJIJlaCTHblJii TaHK 59. Side plating
38. Reels 50PToBa51 06ml1BKa
BblOWKVI 60. Bottom plating
39. Pipeline of waste gases ,D,HVlmeBa51 o 6m VlBKa
Tpy6orrpoBoP, oTpa6OTaHbix ra30B 61. The tunnel of the propeller shaft
40. Diesel (main) engine TyHHeJlb rpe6Horo Bana
,D,Vl3eJlbHblJii (rnaBHblJii) p,BVlraTeJIb .
Aircraft carrier
A BJ.1aHOCeu;

1. Antenna
AHTe~U-1a
2. Flight deck
B3Jllm-laSi nany6a
3. Catapult
KaTany bTa
4. Air search radar
PaAap o6Hapy}Ke~n" SI B03AYW llbIX L~eJIe Ct
5. Landing radar
Pa,IJ.ap perym"p0Ba HJ-ISI nOCa,rJ,KM CaM eTOB
6. Deck crane
D ry6 HbiCt KpaH
7. Jet engine test area
Docr KOIITpOflSl a
8. M' ' Ie la cher

fJlalmaji narry6a
14. Jet blast deflector
Or6olUIMK p e KlliBH 'CI CTpYJ;I
15, Communication antenna
KOMMyH~JKallt10IlHaSi aH'I' HHa
16. Air control radar
PaAaP. B03AYUJJ[oro KOHTPOJUI
17. Bridge
KOMaHAI rblli! rryl-IKT (MO 'It1K)
18. Control tower
Ha6moAaTeJIbi iaSi 6awHSi
19. Height finder
BblcOToMep
20. Surface urvelliance radar
Ha,IJ.BO,IJ.Hbrn 6 OpHb111 pa,IJ.ap
21. Air navigation device
peA 1'8 a p HaB\'IIraU;H OIJIIOrO 06 n e <JeliMSi
Aircraft carrier
ABHaHoceu;

1 2 3

12 11 10 9 8
1. Hull sonar
8. Officer's quarters
fvmpoaKYCTM4eCKa51 cratIUVl5I (f AC)
0cpl1l\epCKHe KalOT1>1
2. Decoy launcher 9. Shaft
IT YCKoBoe ycrpOliICTBO fpe61loVI ,Ban
3. Surface-to-subsurface missile 10. Propellers
PaKeTa "aoBepxHocTb - nO,D,BO,1J;Ha51 L\e;!b" BI1HTbl
(npOTI1 B0110A 04 1'la5l) 11. Helicopter flight deck
4. Sea-to-sea missile BepTOJIeTHaH rlany6a
PaKeTa "Kopa6JIb - Kopa6m," 12. Helicopter
s. Diesel engines BepTo.rter
,iJ,113eJ1bHble YCTalloBKH 13. Helicopter hangar
6. Ship's launch Al!rap sepT 'a
Kopa6enbHbl1i1 KaTep
7. Missile stowage
PaKeTHbl11 OTceK

12

17 19 20 21

17. Telecommunication antenna


Tene Ko M My HMK a l~ M oHHa 51 aHTeHHa
18. Target detection radar
PaAap o6Hap Y)f(eHM5I l..\eJIM
14. Antimi ile elf-defence 19. Surface survelliance radar
np rl-1B paKe'I"Hbl Vl KO~ Il\JI K H aABoAHa51 o630 p Ha51 pnc
15. Anti-aircraft missile 20. Air search radar
3cl-mTllMI paKe'ra PaAap An 51 n OMCKa B03AYWHblX l..\en eVl
16. VHF antenna 21. Turret
A IlTeilHa YKB Typ enb, 0 p YAMVlHa51 6awlL5I
14 15 16 17 18 19 20

13 12

1. Torpedo room 8. Reacto r


Topne)],lihII1 OTCCK PeaKTop
2. Firing tube 9. Nuclear reac tor room
Tpy6a TOpnei \ I~oro annapaT3 O r eK SlAepllOro peaKTopa
3. Torpedoes 10. Electricity generating room
T opn e)],hI 3neKTpo-reHcp3ToPllbrl1 OTCeK
4. Opera tor control room 11. Main electric motor
U:eHTpanhHblI1 noCT ynp aBJ1CIIMs/ r Jl3SH h ill 3 JT K"rpH'-I CCK~1 11 I \BI1raT II>
5. D in in g rOom 12. En gine room
CTon oBMI OTceK I\lalIl1llnJor OTJ~ I I-I~lS1
6. Galley 13. Diving plane
KaM6Y3 fOPM30I ITaJU->I-lbll1 PYJl b
7. Officer's quarters 14. Propeller
Ocj:)JIru epCKllle KiHOTbI BJ.lI·IT
21 22 23 24 25 26 27

28

15. Upper rudde r 22. Conning tower


Bcp. II l1Tn pylTb SawlTS! y npusJle m u l c T\f-IOM (py6Ka)
16. Emergency electric motor 23. Multipurpose antenna
AsapHMllhl11 I1el<TpnCfeCKHllt ~IOTO p M H OrOL\eJl eHaSl al lTellll a
17. Pre uriz ed chamber 24. Radar antenna
W J II03 13asl KU,\Jepa (6apOKa Mepa) A HTeHHa p a)~a pa
1 . Propul ion mach in ery control room 25. Attack periscope
Or eK KOHTpOJI5I }J, BH r3TeJleM cu.rry) llepwcKo n TO pTl e.l~ J-l oM 3T3 K JII
19. T urbog enerator 26. Radio antenna
Typ6 reHepaTop Pa}J,l10a HTeHHa
20. S team generator 27. Navigation periscope
llaporeHepaTop H a sJll ra L\wO H H b l M nepHcKoII
21. Computer room 28. Sail plane
KOMllhio-rept-lbfCI TceK PyJl b TJl)'6J11J-1hl
Oil Production platform
HecpnlHa5£ IIJIaTcpopMa

1. Crane 16. Anchor wires


KpaH 51KopHble TpOCbl (O'["S1lKKlfI)
2. Gas lift module 17. Helipad
fa30JIlfIcpTHbll7t MO):(YJlb B3JIeTIiO-lloCaTl,0411aSl IlJlOlllall.Ka
3. Flare MSi BepTOJI r OB
<i>aKen ('!vISI OKlfIraHlfISi nonYTHoro 18. Oil processing area
ra3a lIa 1-lecpTenpOMbICJ1e) f1fmrcpopMa HecpT lle p epa60TKu
4. OiVgas separator 19. Derrick
CenapaTop !VISI OTAeneJ-JJ·ISI ra3a OT E),poBaSi BhUILKa
Hecpnl
5. Radio mast
Pa,o:I10Ma'lT3
6. Life boat
CnaCaTeJ1bHMI UlnJOIlKa
7. Hull column
KOJIOHlla OCTOBa
8. Pontoon
rrOlITOI~
9. Production/export riser system
ClfIcTeMa nOA'beM3 Ao6blToVl HecpTlfI
.10. Export pipeline
Tpy6onpoBoA nOL,a4H 6hITOBOJlI
HecpTl1
11. Christmas tree
<i>OHT3Hl-laSi apMaTypa ()J)UI
cpoHTaHHOJlt WIH KOMnpecCOpllOYl
3KCJ1JlyaTal.(lfII1 CKBa)!(VlIIbI)
12. Template
OnopHaSl J1JllflTa ,!VISI 6ypclIViSI
13. Surface pipe
KOHAYKTOP (nepBaj! KOJl(l!~I-Ia
06Call.l-lbIX Tpy6)
14. Manifold 7
B03Ayxoc60pHblYl KOJIJIeKTOp (npl1
6ype:HI1M C npoAYBKOl1 B0311.YXOM C
nOMOll.(blO HeCKOJlbKI1X
KOMnpeccopou)
15. Tubular member
Tpy6'laTaSl CeKIJ;l1S1 nOABbflLleLII-IOrO
OCHOBaHlfISi
13 12 11
Offshore drilling 3. Jack-up platform
3KCnJIy a TaL\110HHa~ rrnaT¢opMa
MopcKoe 6ypem1e
Ha KonOHHax
1. Pier 4. Fixed platform
ITI1PC, 3CTaKa.ua (coe.uI1H~IOll.(a~ 6eper CTaI..\VIoHapHa51 rrn aT¢opMa
MOp~ c 6YPOBbIMI1 BbIWKaMI1) 5. Semi-submersible platform
2. Emergency support vessel ITonyIlorpy)!(Ha~ 6ypoBa51 nnaT¢opMa
A Bapl'Tl1HOe cy.uHO o6cny)!(I1BaHI1~ 6. Drill ship
He¢T~ Hblx BhIweK 5ypoBoe cy.uHO
Riveted ship
KnenaHoecYAHO

1. Transverse and longitudinal 12. Beams, external shell, bulwark


framing of a three-deck vessel plate, angle shape and horizontal
DOnepe"4HbH7I VI np0j:\OJTbHblJit Ha60p knee connection
TpexnaJIy6Horo cYj:\'H a Coej:\VlHeHVle 6V1MCOB, I-JaPY)[(Hoi1:
2. Cargo hatch and deck framing 06IllHBKVI VI JIl1CTa cpaJIbw6opTa,
fpY30BOi1: JIIOK VI rraJIy6Hbli1: Ha60p yrOJIbHVlKa VI ropVl30HTaJIbHoi1:
3, 4, 5. Various deck fastening
Pa3JIVI"4Hb)e narry6H ble KperlJleHVll{
6. Lap riveting
KnerraHblM IllOB BHaKpoi1:
7. Riveting over head
KnenKa c pa33eHKoBKoi1: npVl
OCa)[(eHHoi1: 3aMbIKaJo~ei1: rOflOBKe
8. Boiler rivet with flat head
KOTeflbHa5I 3aKJlenKa c n}]OCKoi1:
rOJIOBKOM
9. Counter sunk-head rivet
3aKJIenKa C IlJIOCKOi1: ronoBKoi1: VI
nOTai1:Hoi1: 3aMbIKalOu.\e i1:
10. Roller shapes and composite
profiles for shipbuilding J3pYCKOBblC!: ropWJC)8;INl>1
DpOCPJ,1J1bHbli1: opOKaT 11 COCTallHble
npocpW1l1)J,JU1 CY.L\OCTpoeHVl5I
11. Deep frame and longitudinal DnOCKVlI1: Kl1JIb 11 IlJIOCKHIlt KIII!ThCOIJ
stringer crossing with a rhombic 18. Plate keel and flat keelson
cover plate; left view - from inside, DI1CTOBOi1: K I1J l b VI IlJIOCKI-IIii K I1JlbCOH
right - from outside 19. Center vertical keel crossing
DepeCel.JeHVle paMHoro illnaHroYTa over the inner bottom
C np0j:\OJIbHbIM CTpVlHrepoM C D VlCTOBOJi! KI1JIb, nep ecer<aTOl1O'lI!i
pOM6V1"4eCKoi1: N aIGlaj:\KoJit; HaCT[,JJl BTo p oro j:\H a H
crreBa - BVlj:\ Vl3!-IYTpYI, BblcTynalOl1..\VlJi! Hapyx<y
cnpaBa - cHapY>KVI 20. Vertical plate keel over the
inner bottom
DVICT BepntKaJlbHoro Kl1JIl{ Haj:\
I3TOPblM j:\HOM OCHOBaHl15I
Riveted ship
Knerran oe cy.ruro
1. Twin-screw vessel rudder 6. Twin-screw vessel sternpost and
PYJlb gBYXBMHToBoro cy g Ha associated bossing consisting of three screwed
2. Afterpart riveted framing parts
KopMoBa5I OKOHeLfI-IOCTb KJ1enaHI-Ia5I AXTepwTeBeHb gBY XBI11TI'OBoro Alia
3. Cast sternpost of two pieces riveted C OTXOIJ,5III\I1M fII1< POHWT€ Iit H aMfII Ban B,
with each other; right view - after end COCT05IIQI1X 113 Tpex C 8 ~fH 4 ~lB a M b I X BaJ10 S
frames 7. Single-plate rudder
nl!lTOI1 aXTepwT eBe IIb M3 gByX with cast framing
CKllenaHHblX YaCTei7I; cnpaBa - 8M/J, 0pl-\HUapHbIC! J1I1CTOBOH p y JJb )1 1'1 H p aM H
KOHQeBbIX KOPMOBbIX llIllaHroYToB 8. Construction profile of the single-screw
4. Twin-screw vessel stern vessel stern
KopMa gBY XBvt:I-IToI30ro c y AHa ITOgOJ1bHbIH pa 3pe3 KOpl\WSOlii
5. Triple-screw vessel rudder framework OKOHeLfHOCTI1 OIJ,HOBliUITOBo rO
PaMa p yJ15I TpeXBI1HTOBOro c Y/J,Ha cygHa
1. Midship frame at hold frame of 7. Inner bottom with center vertical keel,
three-decker with bar keel intercostal floor stringers and margin
KOIICTpYKTIfBHbm Ml1]J;eJl b-WnaHroYT arrangement
1pexnany6Eloro cYA Ra c 6pYCKOBbiM K WIeM, YCTPOHCTBO BTOpOro AHa C Hepa3pe3HbiM
npu 11'10 rnOM IUnaHroYTe lll1CTOM BepTI1KallbHOro KII\JlSl,
2, 3, 4. Beam knee variants npepblBI1CTblM AHI1ll(eBblMIll crpl1HTepaMI1
Bapllla~rrbi 6111MCOBbi X KHIIlL ( 11 HaKJlOHHblM KpaHHI1M Mell<,D.YAOHHbIM
5. Intercostal floors and centervertical JII1CTOM
plate keel construction 8. One bottom small vessel with center
KOHCTPYKI (illS! KVlJUI C Hepa3pe HblM n VicroM vertical keel, persistent floors on the solid
sepTVlKanbHoro KVll1S! 11\ npepblBII\CTbIMl1 cpn opaMI1 keelson
6. Three-decker foreship framing ,lJ,HI1ll(e Malloro cYAHa C OAHI1M [],HOM, C
Ha60p HOCOBOIii OKOHe'lHOCTII\ Tpexnany6Horo 6PYCKOBbiM Kl1lleM, Hepa3pe3HbIMI1
cYAHa cpllopaMI1 Ha CnJIOWHOM KVlllbCOHe
1. Shell plating 5. Inner bottom and boiler foundations
HapY)f(HaSi MeTaJlJll14eCKaSi 06lJJI1BKa BTOpOe):(HO C <pYHI.\aMeHTaMJI! KOTJIOB
2. Steel mast deck supports. Between the mast 6. Opened inner bottom: stringers and
and the conical steel wooden wedge is drived in bracket floors
Onopbl CTallbHOCt Ma4TbI Ha naJIy6e. YCTpoJ7!CTBO OTKpbITOro BToporo AHa:
Me)l(JJ,Y Ma4ToCt 11 KOHI14ecKoCt CTaJlbHoCt CTp l1 Hl"ep bl 11. 6paKeTHbie cpnopbI
rl1Jlb3011 3a611Ta p,epeB5IHHaSi paCKJlI1HKa 7. Opened inner bottom and horizontal
3. Upper deck, bulwark and deck scupper bilge knee
BepxHSISI naJly6a C CPaJIbW6oPTOM 11 YCTPOI1CTBO OTKPbITOro BTo poro AHa C
llInl1raTOM roPl1.30HTaJIbH0l1 cKyno BOI1 KHI1u,e11.
4. Deep hold frames connection with 8. Watertight transverse bulkhead
intermediate frames Bop,oHenpOHl1l\aeMaSl nonepe4Hasi
Coe}J,I1HeHl1e paMHblx wnaHroYTo8 C nepe60pKa
JIerKHMI1 npOMe)f(YTo4HbIMJI! wnaHroYTalVlJI!
1. Center sternframe of a triple-screw vessel
as "CAP POLONIO"
AXTeplilTeBeHb cpeAHero Bana
TpeXBYlHTOBOrO cYAHa TYlna "Kan nOJIOHYlO"
2. Steel cast sternpost of a single-screw
vessel with semi-hinged rudder
CTanbHa51 OTnYlBKa aXTepllITeBH5I
OAHOBYlHTOBOro cYAHa C nonynoABecHblM
pyneM
3. Steel cast sternpost of a single-screw
vessel with balanced rudder
CTaJIbHa51 OTJIYlBKa aXTepUlTeBlUI.
OAHOBYlHTOBOro cYAHa C 6anaHCYlpHblM
pyneM
4. Sternframe of contra-guide rudder of
single-screw vessel
HanpaBn5lIOI.qIU! KOHTp-pyJJ51

'IeTblpeXBYlHTOBOro cYAHa TYlna


"MaBpwraHl151", 1906 r
6. Engine foundation and shafting lines
passage of twin-screw vessel
ct>YHAaMeHT rnaBHoro ,lJ,BYlraTen51 YI
npOXOlKAeHYle nl1HYlJii BanOB
ABYXBYlHTOBOro cYAHa
7. Plate made bow bulb
HOCOBOJii 6ynb6 nYlCToBoJii KOHCTPYKllYlYl
8. Shaft bracket as of "CAP POLONIO"
KpoHlllTeJiiH BaJIa cY,lJ,Ha TYlna
"Kan nOnOHYlO"
9. Plate-welded stern
CBapHoJii nYlCTOBoJii cpoplliTeBeHb
10. Forepeak structure and fore stringer
Ha60p cpopnYlKa YI CTpYlHrep cpopwTeBH5I
11. Steel casting of fore stringer
designed for riveting
CTpl'fHrep cpopwTeBH5I CTanbHoro nYlTb51
no,lJ, KJIenKY
Welded ship
~~-~~~-.- CBapHoecYAHo

1. Dry-cargo vessel of longitudinal 4. General cargo vessel of transverse


framing system framing system
CyxOrpy3uoe cYll.110 no npo OllhHOI1 CYAHO AJUI reHepaJlbHoro rpY3a ITO
OICTeMe lIa60pa IToITepetIHol1 C(lfCTeMe Ha60pa
2. Tanker of Millar-system framing 5. Double-skin container carrier
TaHKep IT CI1CTeMe Ha60 p a M mmepa KOHTeI1HepOB03 C ABOI1HhlM(If 6opTaM(If (If
3. Combined ore/oil carrier AHOM
KOM6(111-flo1POBal-IHoe cYAtio AJUI PYAhl 6. Tanker of Isherwood-system framing
VI Heq"nI TaHKep C Ha6opoM ITO C(I\CTeMe l1wepBYAa
1. Transerverse and longitudinal 7. Girder passage through girder
corrugated bulkheads crossing variants TIpoxoLl npocpVIJISl CKB03b LlpyroJit npocpVlJIb
Pa3JHlQHble BapVlaHTbI nepeCeQeHllii 8, 9. Watertight girder passage through
nOnepeQHbIX VI npOLlOJIbHbIX girder
rocppVlpoBaHHblx nepe60poK BOLloHenpoHVI~aeMruI 3aLleJIKa npoxoLla
2. Corrugated bulkhead shelf npocpVl.J1eJit
TIoJIl(a rocppVlpoBaHHoJit nepe60pKVI 10. Modern "comb" system of transverse
3. Three-deck cargo vessel with bow and longitudinal girders
bulb perspective view of the frame COBpeMeHHaSl "rpe6eHKa" Vl3 nOnepeQHbIX
outlines VI npOLlOJIbHbIX cBSl3eJit
TIepcneKTVlBHblJit BVILI KOHTypOB 11. Inner bottom of longitudinal framing
umaHroYToB TpexnaJly6Horo rpY30Boro system; side passage through inner bottom
cYLlHa C HOCOBbIM 6YJIb6oM and bilge knees
4. Three-deck cargo vessel transverse BTopoe LlHO no npOLlOJIbHoJit cVlcreMe Ha60pa
section with longitudinal framing C npoxoLloM 60PTOBbIX umaHroYToB CKB03b
T Tpexnany6Hoe rpY30Boe cYAHO B Hero VI C KpeTIJIeHVleM 110 60pry KHI1.u;aMI1
12. Inner bottom: welding of passage
CBapKa npo'XoLla BO BTOPOM ,l(He
13. Inner bottom of stringer framing system
BTopoe LlHO no CTpl1Hre HOM CI1CTeMe
14,~5. Inner bottom with full and open
floors and bended margin plate of inner
flooring
BTopoe LlHO C nOJIHbIMVI VI OTKpblTbIMVI
cpJIOpaMVI 11 3aMKHYTbIM KpaJitHI1M
MeX<JJ.y)],oHHbIM JIVICTOM
1. Corner stern ramp 45 m long. The 3. Horizontal and vertical movement
second section is driven of the ramp by tackles
from the first moving I1epeMemeHJ.1e paMnbl no rOp\ll30HTaJI\II
KOPMOBa5I ymoBa}l paMTIa gn11HOH 45 M . J.1 sepTI1KaJIJ.1 TaJI.sIMJ.1
I1PJ.1BOJJ, BTOPOH CeK~J.1J.1 - OT BbIBOP;J.1MOH 4. Corner stern ramp of the ferry
nepBoH KopMoBaSi yrnoBaSi paMTIa napoMa
2. Turning to the side stern ramp 35 m
long and 7 m wide
I1oBopa"t{J.1Ba.!Oma}lc}I Ha 60pT KOpMOBa}l
paMna gnJ.1HOH 35 M J.1 lllJ.1PJ.1HOH 7 M.
Contents
CO)J.ep)f(aHMe

1. Basic stages of shipbuilding 207


OcHoBHble nanbI cynocrpoeHIDI
2. Design 208
IlpoeK111poBaHHe
3. Volumetric design 209
b61.~MHoe npoeKTJilp0Bamle
4. Technological stages of ship construction
eXHOJIOnRecKMI1 qKKJl nocrpomrn
5. Basic works performed by
CHOBHble BH,lJ;bI npOJ13BOnCI'B
6. Shipyard
Cyp;oCIpmrreJIbHCUI Bepcpb
7. Hull layout into construction "'"....."","
a36HBKa Kopnyca Ha KOHcrpy
8. Technological stages of ship uu~~u.u

UeXHOJIO~eCKCUlnOCJI4en()BaITe~]~~~ ~~~~~~~~~
9. Bulkheads of the dry cargo ship '-'---=-r:::.

epe60pKH cyxorpY3a
10. Assembly of large hull blocks
C60pKa KpyllHhIX 6JIOKOB Kopnyca
11. Assembly of ship hulls
C60pKa KOpnyCOB cynoB
12. Painting and outfitting works
Oi<paCOQHbIe H OTAeJIO~ble p a.60111
13. Fitting-out work
MOHTa)f(Ho-.o;ocrpoeQHbIe pa6
14. Sky climb systems
Ycrpol1cTBa W/jf np0l13BOP;CT or
15. Longitudinal tilt launching of the ship
IlPO)J.OJIbHbII1 HaKJIOHHbII1 a -ett,nsll
16. Launching
CnycKcYAHa
17. Canted side-launching ways
flOnepeQHbII1 HaKJIOHHbIM CTaDeJIh
18. Transporter bridges
TpaHc60pAepbl
19. Drydock, Graving dock, graving drydock
CYXOI1AOK
Basic stages of shipbuilding
OCHoBHble 3TaIIbI Cy)],ocTpOeHltl51

B. Shipbuilding
D ocrpoMKa cY)],Ha
6. Production
n POI43BO,ttCTllO
1. mbly

4 a CY)J,I-I3)
Design
n poeKTVlpoBa1-me

Design-automation system (C D-CAM)


ABTOl\'l an13HpOBal-ll-laa CI1CTeM
npoeKTHpOSaHH}I (CAD-CAM)

Processing of design
documentation
0 6pa6oTKa KOl-lCTPYKTOPCK0I1
gOKYMeliTal \1111

Plotter (printing of large size drawings)


flrIorrep (pacnC\{aTKa \{epYe)f(e.-t
Kpynllor cpop lllaTa)
Volumetric design
06'beMHOe npOeKTTtlpOI3aHVle

The machinery space


M a W\'I HI-lOe OTA eJIeHH e
The pipe systems of the machinery space
Tp y6onpOBO'uhI (Cl1CTeMbl) B MaWl1l1HOM OT,UeneHI1V1

Propulsion complex with AZIPOD


A3V1ITOJ.J, ' OM
ITpon ynbCI1BlibIH KOMnneKC C
Printer (printing of working
documentation)
TIpl1HTep (pacneqaTKa
pa60Qew ,[~oKyMeHTalJ,VfVf)

• I
Technological stages of ship construction
TexHorrorJill·IeCKl1M IJ,l1KJI rroCTpOMKl1 CYAOB
Technological stages of ship
construction
TeXHOJIOrn~eCKJIIl1 U;JIIK.1I rrOCTpOl1KJII CYAOB

I. Pretreatment steel IV. Launching period


TIpeABapJ.1TeJIbHCUI o6pa6oTKa CTaJIJII CrrycKoBoCr rrepJlloA

1. Steel storehouse 14. Launching of the ship


CnycK cYAHa

V. Delivery period
CAaTo~HblCr rrepJ.1o)J,

Finishing of outfitting work, dock trials,


"" " delivery of the ship
llIncU:>,
W'lJIltOH'l:iaHl-re Aocrpoe4Hblx JI1
...a C<IJl'.t"1U-'J"paco4HbIX pa6oT,

. . . . . ...."'u.n.'" Y AocrpOe4H0l1 Ha6epe>KHol1,

Basic works performed by shipyard


OCHoBHbIe Bl1):(bI np0l13BO,ll,CTB CY,ll,OCTpOVITeJIbHoCt: Bepqm

1. Metal storehouse
CKJIa)J. MeTarwa
2. Straightenin& blastin&
priming of steel
PItIXTOBKa, O'lItlCTKa, rpYI-ITOBKa .a.m.t
3. Fabrication of hull parts
VhroToBneHJ![e AeTaJIel1 Kopnyca
4. Fabrication & welding of secti
v13roToBneHltle J![ cBapKa CeKlt;H11
12. Launching dock
)lOK-kaMepa
13. Side launching
nonepeQHbIi1 CJII1II
14. Fitting-out quay
)J,ocrpoeqHa}f Ha6epell<Ha5!
Shipyard
CygocTpOl1TeJIbHaSI Bep<pb

1-43. Shipyard (shipbuilding yard,


dockyard, Am. Navy, yard)
CynocTpovrreJIbHaSl oepcpb
(cynocTpoVlTenbHbn1, cynopeMOHTHblH
3a ooA)
1. Administrative offices
AAMVlHVlcTpaTVlBHoe 3AaHVle
2. Ship-design office
Kopa6enbHoe KOHCTPYKTopcKoe
3-4. Shipbuilding sheds
CynOCTPoVlTenbHble 3JIJIVlHrVl
3. Mould (Am. Mold) loft
fIna3 Kopnycoo6pa6aTb18
pa36V!BKVl TeopeTVl'lecKoro
4. Erection shop
Kopnycoc6opo'IHblH ~ex
5-9. Fitting-out quay
.LJ:ocTpOe'lHaSl Ha6epe)f(HaSl (
5. Quay
Ha6epe)f(HaSl (npTll'lanbHaSl CTeH
6. Tripod crane
TpeHornH KpaH
13. Crane cable 31-33. Dry dock
KallaT Ka6eJlbHoro KpaBa CyxOIil,o.OK
14. Crab (jenny) 31. Dock floor (dock bottom)
Tene)f(xa KpaHa )J,HO, no,n;owsa cyxoro ,n;OKa
15. Cross piece 32. Dock gates (caisson)
flonepe4HblCI yrOJlbHMK fl.n3By4MIiI 3aTBOp, 6aTonopT (xeccoH)
16. Crane driver's cabin 33. Pumping station (power house)
(crane driver's cage) HacocHa51 CTaJiL\M5I (cMllosa51 YCTaHOBKa)
Ka6HHa KpaHo 34-43. Floating dock (pontoon dock)
17. Slipway flo r flnaBYl{VIIiI,n;OK (noBToBBbllil ,o.OK)
34. Dock crane (dockside crane),
a jib crane
)J,OKOBbllil Kpall (nopTallbHbllil KpaH) ,
KOHCO.T1bHbllil KpaH
. Fender pile
OlitHbJe csavI (aallbI)
3. Working of docks

hIIiI (,o.OKOSbIIiI) 6accelilH


ock structure
Ycrpo CICTBO ,o.OKa
37. Side tank (side wall)
bOKoBbIe 6allll­IM (CTeHKa)
38. Bottom tank (bottom pontoon)
CTaneJlb-aaJly6a (,o.HMl.L\eSa51 L\HCTepHa,
nOHTOIi)
39. Keel block
KMJIb6J1 oK
40. Bilge block (bilge store, side support)
CKynosolil 6J10K (cKyn oBoliI ynopHbIIiI 6pyc,
cKyn oBaS! nO,D;CTaBKa B ,o.oxe)
_ _.. p ......,. . . . Docking a ship
m'~[(g• ..al-lvI.e (nocTaHoBKa cy,o.Ha B ,D;OK)
~.~ti.,.~[J(II~d floating dock
~~~tLijMelrHblrlil (UaJIMBHOIiI) nnaBY4HIiI
Compact shlpyard
KOMnaKTHa5I CYAOBepcj:>b

1. Plate cutting shop


Kopnyc paCKp051 )(eTaJleli!
2. Panel fabrication hall
Kopnyc CPOpM~pOl~afHIs/ CC'K1(1111
3. Unit assembly shop
Koprryc C60pK~ 6JlOKOJ3
4. Panel priming hall
Koprryc rpYHTOBK11 CeKI\1111
5. Dock hall with building dock
D:OKOBblli! 3Jlnl1 Hr co CTpowreJlbHblM }:(OKOM
6. Plate store
CKJ1a}:l CTaJlI1 11 }:leTaJlel1
Hull layout into construction assembly components
.....~'.&!I"'_... Pa36wBKa Kopnyca Ha KOHCTPYKTJ;1BHb le C60pOl.IHble 3JIeMeHTbI

1213 19~

~_____ 20 ~ ~~~
'<;:1l::h.,..",. 21

9
23
8

27

28

45
1. Afterpeak platform 23. Lower deck
IlrraTCpopMa aXTepmfKa HH)f(HSlSl nany6a
2. Stern tube 24. Collision bulkhead
,UeJit,D,synHaSl Tpy6a TapaHHaSl nepe60pKa
3. Emergency escape (exit) 25. Forecastle
ASapltIJitHblJlt SblXOn oaK
1t13 T)'HHeJlSl 26. Forepeak
Shaft tunnel <t>opm1K
illaxTa rpe6Horo SVllna 27. Side stringer
4. Propeller shaft oOPTOSOJit crpvlHrep
fpe6HoH san 28.
5. Sterntube arrangement
,UeJit,D,BynHoe ycrPOJltcrBO
6. Stern-post
AXTeplilTeSeHb
7. Rudder blade
Ilepo pyJUI
8. Rudder stock spindle
oaJUIep pyJlSl
9. Afterpeak
AXTepnlt1l<
10. Poop
!:Or
11. Deck
Ilany6a
12. 13. Longitudinal and traverse
coamings
IlponoHbHblH 11 nonepe4Hbll1
KOMItIHrCbl
14. Inner-bottom plating
HaCTlt1Jl BToporo nHa
15. Bottom plating
,UHItI~eSiUI 06111ItlSKa
16. Bilge strake
CKYJlOSOJit noSlC
17. Side plating
EopToBaSl 06111ItlSKa
18. Sheer strake
lllltlpCTpeK
19. Upper belt of equivalent
BepXHItIH nOSlCOK 3KSItI J1ell-ITl'lOI~C;illfriiW:a
20. Equivalent girder wall
CTeHKa 3KBItIBaJleHTl-Ioro 6pyca
21. Lower belt of equivalent
HH)f(HItIJit nOSlCOK
22. Chain locker
UenHOJit Sllll;HK
Technological stages of ship building
TeXHOJlOn1t.IeCKaSi rrocnep,oBaTeJIbH OCTb rrocTpoMKM cyp,Ha

Metal tockyard
K11a.A MeTaJ11la
Metal delivery to the shot
blasting and priming shop
Tlepep;a'-la MeTaJVI8
Ha Y4acToK p;po6e04I1CTKI1
11 rpYHTOSKI1

Cutter "Guillotine".
Fabrication of
rectangular shaped
components
CTaHoK "[l1nbOTJllHa" ro LH
v!3rOTOSneHl1e p;cTane,;,
npHMoyrOJIbHOM cpOpMbI
Bulkheads of the dry cargo ship
nepe60pKltl cyxorpy3a

A
9 8 6

~~______~______-f 7 5 4

B c
~ An

) 10

> 11

'!2
- 1\

[biIiwliaSi nepe60pKa
........,~.."'Iard bulkhead of engine-room
I~~~"~ nepe60p Ka MO
ead of the bridge house
R'II'lIlJ'lbHaSi n epe60pKa

IIiJj~I:1Q.J~~~~~ o~ the engine-room


MO
Cross-sections of cargo holds
TIonepeqHble CeqeHt'H[ no rpY30BbIM TplOMaM

A B C

A. Bulk cargo vessel


C YAHO )J.JUI nepeB03KI1 CbUlY"-II1X
B. All-hatch cargo vessel
CY)J;HO C 60JIbWI1M paCKpbITl1eM rrany6
C. Double-hatch cargo vessel
CY)J;HO C )J;ByMH pH)J;aMI1 rpY30BbIX JIIOKOB
1. Double-bottom compartments
Me)K,!J,y)J;oHHble OTCeKI1

Cross-sections of special-purpose ve:SS4I!'JSI.


TIonepeq}fbIe CeqeHVlH

3
1\
~I-- /-,; -­ -I~
I
,­ -­ -­ f--II
I
1
1-­ -- r--I
: I
I

1. Hold
TplOM
2. Double bottom
OrceKlil )J;BOI1HOrO AHa
3. Container guides
Han paBJUllOllI,l1e crOI1KI1 )J.JUI
y craHoBKlil KOHTel1HepOB
A a 1 2 B a 2 1
c
- l"­
II ~
I

,I

a<b a>b a=b

in various framing systems


np)lf pa 3JIWIHbIX C)lfCTeMaX

bl e CB1l3I-1

Keel types
T)lfTIbI K)lfJIeJil:

A. Vertical keel in the double


bottom
B e pnIKaflbHbI M KI-1JIb B
A BOMH oMAH e
B. In the single bottom of the dry
cargo ship
B OAI-1HapHOM AHe c yxorp y3a
C. In the single bottom of the
tanker
B OI:(i'IHapH OM A H e HaflI-1BHOrO
cYAH a
O. Tunnel keel
Assembly of large hull blocks
C60pKa KpyrrHblx 6JIOKOB Koprryca cygHa

Blocks and block-sections of the dry cargo ship


onoKH H 6noK-ceKqHH CYXOrppHOro cY):lHa

~6

1. Block of the engine-room


onOK MaWHHHoro OT):IeneHHSI
2. Block-section of the afterpeak
onoK-ceKqHSI aXTepnHKa
3. Hold blocks
onoKH TPIOMOB

Division of the ship's hull


,D:eJIeHVle Koprryca cy,Il;Ha Ha
Plasma arccutting machine for sheet
metal components fabrication of
irregular shape
Ma UJ ~lll a n na3McHIloJiJ pc· KI1
n l'lCTOBOro Me-raJ ta CJIO)KI to Ii!
\<01 tcp l1rypaJ_\I1H
A fully automatic Solving
air-film transporter for moving
prefabricated components up to
50 tonnes between two welding
robot station

Air-film pallets from Solving lift S11


at the Fincantieri yard and move
between workstation on the fa

rrO}~yl!! Ke }:(J IM rr e p e M e lI\e l-B151


I-i a Te XHOJIOfj)f4eCKOJ,1: Jl VlHHH

Be p1U Ka Jl h l-lhIl1 CBa


Block assembly out of flat
sections
C60pKa 6n oKa V13
Il J rOCKOCTHbIX ceKlrvH1

1. Bottom section
.D. IIMIJ:~e Ba51 ceKI (M5I
2. Side section
DopToBa51 CeKl(lli\
3. Section of the transverse
bulkhead
CeKI (i'l5I 1I0nepe CrIlOIi! rrepe60pKV!
4. Section of the upper-deck
CeKl(H5I Bep x HeI) nany6bl

Transportation of large section


TpaHcrropnlpo BKa KPYlII-IOW cemi'll1
Assembly of ship hulls
C60pKa Koprry coB CYAOB
'~
Flow-~Sition assembly of
ship's Hull
n OTO"Y:;'I O-II 03 I1uI1oHHasl 'po ~Ka
Ko pn ycoB CYAO I3

Building berth is ready for


receipt of the ne xt ship's block
C r a n eJl b l oc MCC1 'O rOTOBO K
n p l1 My O L] o ~» 1I 1OI 'O 6 JI OK<l CY ,l (I Ja

Marking work on the berth


P a3MeT0'4Hble 11 n poBepoLIl'l hle
pa60Tbl
Ship's hull assembly in the drydock
60P KCl Ko p rryca YJV-1Cl B YXOM I~OKe

IIa

Pyramidal assembly of the ship's


hull
nI1paM", ~\a J1 bHa51 c60pKa
Kopnyca CYAIICl
Erection of the forward Erection of the stern section
section into the hull into the huH
YeTalloBKa I LOeOBOVl YCTallollKLl KOP M0130JiJ Ce KLI,I11~
e C K I11~V! Kopn yea CY)],113

Painting and outfitti


OKp aCO Q Hble III OT,!],

Commis ioning of
propulsion
central control post­
q e llT p aJl bllhllit Ilylll
Y IIP3 1SJ IC IHUI

OKpaCOLll lhl e pa60Tb i


Fitting-out work
MOHTa)f(HO-AOCTpOeQHble pa60TbI

Mounting of the separator


unit in the engine-fueroom
MOHT31K 6J10Ka cerrapaTopoB
B MarulHflw-KOTeJIbHOM
OT)J,eneHMM
Sky climb systems
y CTpm1"CTBa M ~ rrp0!l13BOACTBa pa6 OT Ha BblCOTe

C~3@~IS:1
J~~
A. STAGES
5eceAKM

1. Boatswain's sta e
~OQpMlaHcKaS!6ece;Ka
. ank
,[(ocKa
2. Rope cable
PaCTI1TeJTbHbH1 TpOC

I1 Hangin g stage, planks


2.
O,lJ,BeCHaS! 6eCe,lJ,Ka

Suspend er, h anger


I1 O,lJ,BeCKa
H.anging,wmgmgs . . f
nlOJlbKa sea fold
Hold stage
Tp~MHa51 6eCe,lJ,Ka
HOlster
I10,lJ,beMHbl H
­ MexaHH3M

B. Staging, scaff Id
under constr f 0 s (for a sh
neca ()])IS! cy uc IOn and for ship
cy,lJ,OpeMOHT~OC1'PoeHHs! H
2. Ladder scaffolds 1. Stand for rudder propeller complex
n rl II14Hbl Jleca nO)J,cral3Ka )J,JUI IWI~ITopyJleBOrO
KOMnJleKCa
1. Ladder
Tpan 2. Stand for cylinder part
2. Frame of the hull
PaMa nO/.\CTaI3Ka)J,JIH U,VlJIVlH)J,p~14ecKoC!
3. Guard rail LJaCTI1 Kopnyca
epHoe ol'pa
1. Rail
C. Stands Deep
n 2. Ladder
Tpan
3. Frame
Tower scaffold and mounted

Tubular scaffold out of modules


Tpy6qaTble Jl eca ~13 YHHCP l1UHpoBaHHblx
3JI eM eHTOB
Longitudinal tilt launching of the ship
ITPOAOJIbHbIM HaKJIOHHbIM crrycK cYAHa

B. Skates cross-section
TIorrepeq}{oe CeqeHVle cana30K

8. Cradle plate
6pIDIIIHJ.1K
9. Wedge
Kmm
t o.lUbband line
PbJ6MHa
11. Concrete footing of berth plate
Ha6eTOliKa CTa n e JIbHoJiJ OlnlTbl
12. Distance beam
Pacnop bl JiJ 6pyc
13. String
c-rpyHa
Launching
CrrycK cYAHa

Slant Longitudinal Launching


ways
fl PO,l:(OHbHbn't Ha Jb

1. Caisson
6anmopT
2. ( ock) sill, (Doc
flo r
3. Pi
Canted Side-launching ways
ITorrepel.{HbIM HaKJIOHHbIM CTaneHb

1. Cross-section 5
1
ITorrepel.{Hblllt pa3pe3
2. Fluent lau ch(ing)
ITJIaBHblM crry
3. Jumped 1
Crr
4. T ching

1. ( Ik)sill
nOpOI
2. ch(ing w ay with pile fou ndation

. .1-...._ •..•
• • •• • • I • I
Transporter bridges
TpaHc60pAepbI

A. Launching
CrrycKoBoH

B. Horizontal displacement
[Opl130llTanbHOro
rrepeMememUl

1. Transporter bridge
TpaHc60pAep
2. Transporter bridge pit
TpaHc6opAepHa51 51Ma
3. Relocat\d object
I1epeMema ~ o6beKT
4. Ship transport~on tracks
CYAoBo3HbIe nylVl ~
5. Railway tracks of he transporter
PenhcoBble nyn! Tpc lc6opl \epa

C. Ship transportation trolleys:


CYAoBble TeJle>KKI1:

1. Building berth flat trolley


CTaneJlbHa51 nnOCKa51 TeJle>KKa
2. Slipway flat trolley
ull1l1oua51 fUIUCKa51 Tene>KKa
3. Slipway trolley with balance
support
Cnl1nOBaSi Tene>KKa c
C6anaHCl1pOBaHHblMl1onopaMVl
Drydock, Graving dock, graving drydock
CYXOl1 }J;OK

\ \

\ \ \
18
10. Drain well, drainage well
Trickling water
C60pHbl ~ (crOCfJ-Ibllit) KOJiOAel\.
TeKa lOll{a 51 BO){a
11. Dock floor

DrVD(ICK entrance
Sinchrolift (vertical ship's lift with electromechanical drive)
CI1HXpOnl1cpT (BepTI1KaJlbt-IbrCt cy OnO)J,beMI-I~IK c 3JIeKTpOMeXaI-I114eCKl1M npl11l0n OM )

The ship at the out fitting quay


CY}1,HO y }1,OCTpOe4Ho~1 I-Ia6epe)((t-I0l1
Contents
COAepx<aHli1e

1. Twisted rope 246


KpyqeHbUi[ KaHaT
2. Knots 246
Y3J1bl
3. Rope sr licing 247
TIocJIe.n;o HOCTb CIUIeTKH KaHaTOB
4. Rope splicin6 by a connecting link
Cpa~HBa aTOB coe.n;HHHTeJIbHhIM DeIIOM
5. Whippings 248
MapKH
6. Seizings
OeH3eJIH
7. Mousings 250
MycHHrn
8. Eye splices 250
OrOHbl
9. Basic tools 251
OCHOBHOJiI HHcrpYMeHT
10. Mats
!MaThI
11. Hammers
~OJIOTKH
12. Spanners
r aellHbIe KJIlOlIH
13. Screwdrivers
OTBePTKH
14. Drills
.LJ;perrH
15. Saws 261
nJ.fJJb1
16. Vice, clamps 263

THCKH, crpy6~HHbI
17. Lever erection tools 265

iPbNa)KHO- MOHTa X<HbIJiI HHcrpyMeHT


18. Needle files 266

~ J.fJIIi1
19. Pipe tools
WHcrp}'MeHT A1UI TPy6
20. Pneumatic tools
naeRMOMHcrpYMeHT____________________________~~
21. Painting tools
l1Hcrp}'MeHT AJUI[~a~'IHbIX pa60T
22. Measu instruments

25. Electricity measuring tools


"~J.l1'I'I..1 AJUI pa60ThJ C :meKTJ8.rioM

IPAlihIe Kplaw..._~.

286
Twiste rope
KpYQeHbH1 KaHaT

1. Fiber

Ka60nKa
3. Strand
npl1,IJ,b
4. Rope
CTpeHLI,b
5. Cable
KaHaT

1. Core
CepLl,l\eBI1Ha
2. Sheath
OnneTKa

Knots
y3JIbl

~3
8

15
1. Granny knot 11. Clove hitch
" 6a61111" Y3eJl lliKOTOBbl1il yJen Ha IiiToBblliI y [
2. Overhand knot 7. Sheepshank 12. Figure of eigh t knot
npOCToliI Y3eJI KOnbllJIKa Y 3eJl-BocbMepKa
3. Reef knot 8. Cow hitch 13. Whipping
PHcpOBblliI y3e11 TanpeTlHbII1 Y3eJi MapKa
4. Double sheet bend 9. Heaving line knot 14. Bowline
)J,BoIiIHOI1 WKOTOBbl1il Y3en Y 3eJI 6pOCaTeJlbHOrO KOHLI,a 6eceLl,o'l Ilbn1
5. Running bowline 10. Fisherman's knot 15. French bowline
3aTsDKHoIiI 6ynl1J-Ib Pb16al\KI1Ii1 pen .L(BoIiIHOIiI 6eceLJ,O'lHbl lil
Rope splicing
nocrregoBaTerrbHOCTb CIlJIeTKM KaHaTOB

e
a "--~d~f~.I.""~-I~d~l~aa-=

b 214 Ttl ...


c 4
4

d 5

a. Plaited rope f. Bight fonnation and tuck of first 3 strands


ClU1eTeHHbIJit KaHaT 06pa30BaHHe neTJlI1 11 npo611BKa
b. Rope prepared for splicing nepBblx 3-x npMel1
KaHaT, nO,D.f'OTOBJIeHHbIl1 K ClU1eTKe ( K g. Punch of 4th strand
crmecHeBaHltl10) fipo611BKa4-11 npSI)J.11
c. Splice of two ends h. Secondary tuck of all strand
Coe)J;ItIHeHltle 2-x KOH L\OB BTop~HaSi npo611BKa Bcex XO,lJ,OBbIX
d. Punch 1st strand npSl)J.eCt
npo61t1BKa 1 rrpMItI j. Following tucks of xtrands
e. Rope feaze TIOCJ1e,lJ,YIOlL\l1e npo6HBKH npSl)J.el1
POCnyCK KOHQa Ha npSl)J.11
Rope splicing by a connecting link
Cparn;~BaHli1e KaHaTOB COeAl1H~TeJIbHbIM 3BeHOM

1. Rope
KaHaT
2. Cramp
33)1(I1M
3. Thimble
Koyw
4. Axle
OCb
5. Connecting link
COe,lJ,I1HI1TeJ1bHoe 38C!IHQ

MapKH

1. Simple
TIpocra}[
2. Self-running (Plain)
CaM03aT5DKHaSi
3. With zigzag
Co 3Me~K0I1
4. With tuck
C np0611BK0l1

Seizings
OeH3eJH1

1. Half-seizing
TIony6eH3eJlb
2. Right
np5L\'1011
3. Right angle
C KPbl)f(OM
4. Block seizing (Whipped)
CTonopKa
3. Simple knot
npOCTOH KHon

1. Fender 2. Fenders manufacturing procedure


Kpalleq 1~11H1111 p l1'{eCKI1H nOcneAoBaTenbHocTh 11 3rOTOBJICIII1S1 KpaHIJ,eB
Knots
KHOIIbI

1. Crown
Kpecr
2. Single
ITonYKoneco
3. Simple knot
ITpOCTOH
4. Without tuck
oe3 npo6wBKW
5. Manrope knot
TanpenHblJiJ
6. Stopper knot
OnopHblJiJ

Mousings
..... MyCffifI'K
." w.-" ....

1. Without back splice


oe3ortneTKH
2. With back splice
COnneTKoK

Eye splices
OroHbI

1. Fish eye splice


Pbl6a l(KI1 JiJ
2. Close-fitting
3aTlInlBalOll.\I1JiJol
3. Simple eye
ITpocroJiJ
4. Cut splice eye
Pa3py6HoJiJ
5. Span splice eye
ITOp,KOBOBI1p,HbICI
.~.!
6. Flemish (selvedge) eye
[onnaHp,cKwJiJ
1. End sockets for wire ropes
KOH~eBble HaKOne4HI1Kl1 AJl51
craJlhllblX TpOCOB
2. Eye with thimble on the
wire rope
OI 'OH C KOYliJeM Ha CTaJlbHOM
Tpoce

Basic tools
OCHOBl101II VlHcTpYMeHT

14

13
1. Wooden hammer 17. Hollov fitting out of old 23. Lever cutter for wire
KMSlH.Ka helve PblQa>KHblH pe3aK AJI~
2. Hand windlass f1oJla~ csaHKa npOBOJlOKIII
MapO'-fHI~a 18. Short compact fitting with 24. Cable clipper
3. Belaying pin a sling (stop) around shaky HO>KHIIIQbl AJISI pe3KJ.1
KocpeJlb-HareJlb head CTponoB
4. Tackle set: leather sheath KopoTKa~ csaHKa co cTponoM
with knife,Jripping tongs, 19. Marlinespike with
hollow pricker and lashing (lack-line)
Marlinespike I break contact CTaJlbHa~ CBaHKa c J1lIIIeM
for shackle 20. Big fitting CTaJlbHa51 C8IialrI-·a.al~:-..
KmKaHble HOJItHW C HO>KOM. 60JlbWa~ cBamca 27. Flat splice
IlnocKory6Qbl, nonoe Wl1JlO III 21. Tool for stee1~ plice IlnOCK~
CBaHKa / pa3MbntalO e V1HcrpYMeHTJ;UUl eHl1S1 28. Hook for c:oating
KOHTaKT cK06bl (cpamHB8HMJl) CTaJIbHblX gripe
5. Pocket knife TpOCOB KpIOK )J)1S1 o6mru,o
KapMaHHblH HO>K 22. Wood tap wrench for TlllCKax
6. Diamond grinding wheel strop coating 29. Seizing(lashing)
in leather case ,D.epeB~HHbIlii sopa
AnMa3Hbn.1UIJIMCPOBaJlbHhlll 06m1U,oBKH (06
6pYCOK B KO>KaHOM CPYTJUlpe CTponOB
7. Tongs "stock beak"
K n eu(1II KpyrJIory5Qbl
8. Skewed nippers
Kocble oCTpory6Qbl
9. Square reamer
KBCIL\paTHa~ pa3BepTKa
10. Long fine pricker
,D,nIllHHoe TOHKoe UlIIIJlO
11. Short fine pricker
KopoTKoe TOHKoe W~IJl O
12. Smooth file
nflft.(IIOH Halllll)(bHflfK
13. Steel pricker
CTaJl l>1I0e Wl1) lO
14. Fitting
CBawK3
15. Marlinespike
Cl3aHKa CTaJlb(-la~
16. Fitting out of broken helve
KopoTKa51 CBal1Ka

27
Mats
MaThI

Principal types of weaving


used in mats manufacture
OCHOBHble BHAbllVleTeHKA:,
npHMeHlIeMblX npH
113fOTOBlleHl1H MaTOB

1. P e

2. Twill weave
n l-taroH
n pSlMoeaJlbHoe
lIepelUleTeHHe
nepenJ1eTe H~le l~~~~~~~~IIII~!~~~~~~~~IU

KO)lb4YX<HbIVI
4. Alleviation mat
06) ler4eH HblVI
5. Wooden mat
n pe BSlHll bl~1

Mat edge forming by cable


OKaHTOBKa MaTa TpOCOM
Claw hammer
MonoToK-rB03AoAep

1. Hangle
PYKoSlTKa
2. Face
flnOCKl1J1 60eK
1 3
3. Eye
OrBepCTl1e
4. Claw
fBo3AoAep
5. Cheek
DOKoBaSi CTeHKa

Ball-peen hammer Carpenter's ~._

MonOTOK C lIlapOBblM 60MKOM CT01ISlpHbJM _ Rfll'Ol<


1. Ball-peen
illapOBbJH 60eK

Mallet
AepeBSlHHbJH MOJJOTOK

1. Head
fonoBKa

Nail
2. Shank 1 3
fB03Ab 2
TeJJo
1. Tip 3. Head
KOH'"II1K illJISI'nKa
a~ Adze (Addice)
Teeno
Bricklayets
MonoToK M5! ~1AJ'i;n

Adj ustable spanner 2. Movable jaw


Pa BO,IJ,H A KJlIO<f nOABI1)!(HbIH 3axsaT
3. Thumbscrew
1. Fixed jaw 6apaweK
llenoAB~UKllbnit 3a BaT 4. Hardie
PYKoSITKa
3

1. Open ended spanner


fae'lHblH KJlIO'I C OTKP M
2. Flare nut spunner
llieCTH rpaHHbll1 HaKI1JJ;HoA: H
KJlIOt{
3. Bent spanner for hexagonl~_ett.
head scfew
TOpIJ,eBOJII 1130rn)'Tbll'f KJlIOt{ JVIS!
BHyTpeHHero llJeCTHrpaHHlIIKa
4. Socket spanner
TOpIJ,eSOH HaK!IIJJ;HOH KJlIO'I

1
3 1

\ \ \ \ \ \ I \ \ I I \ I \ \ \ \ \ II'

Bolt 2. Nut
OOJIT f a JlIKa
3. Threaded rod
1. Head P e3b6a
fonoBKa
Screwdrivers

OrnepTKM

3
4

Screwdriver 2. Blade

JIODaTKa
3. Tip
KoWIIofK
'" Shank
XBOCTOBIofK

5. Locking ring
CTonopHoe KOJIbUO
6. Chuck
DaTpoH
1. Blade
ITonaTKa

Removable extensions of screwdriver


CMeHHble OTBepTO'lHble HacaAKIof
1
1. Square-headed tip
KBaApaTHbII1 HaKOHe'IHHK
2. Flat tip 2
DJIOCKIofI1 HaKOHet.JHIofK
3. Cross-headed tip
KpecToo6pa3HbII1 HaKOHet.JHIofK
3
Screws
llIypyHbI
3
1. Socket head
[OJIOBKa C rHe3L\OM g JlS'1
Topu.eBoro KJlIOLfa
1
2. Fillister-head
TIon YKpyntaJil rOJIOBKa gmT
nJIOCKOH Ol'Bept'K[I!
3. Cross head 4
TIoTaJ1:Ha~ ronoau )1.Jl~
Kpecroo6pa3Hml oreepTK[I!
2
4. Counter sunk head
TIOTaCtHMI rOJ! BUW1H
llJIOCKOM OTBepTkPf
5. Round head 5

rulOCKOJii OTBepTK ~

1
Expansion bolt
PaCW[I!p[l!TeJTbHblIiI

Power screwdriver
811\1 IToBepT :meKTp[l!LfeCK[I!Ct
Screws
BJIIHTbI

2 £-- +8 4 ~F--·+~

5. Hexagon-sockethead screw
BI-II IT C rueCTJllrpal-IHblM '11elll1.eM
2. Ch ease-head screw no)); K1l104, BJIIHT C Bl-IyTP.eliIHM:M

Hand Drill 2. Side handle 5. Pinion


PytJllaj/ APCJl b PY4Ka-Aep)!(aTeJ1b W eCTepHj/
3. Turning handle 6. Chuck
1. Jaws BpaI..LJ;aIOIl.I,Cl51C51 pYK05lTKa TIClTPOH
KyJla 4K~1 4. Drive wheel 7. Drill bit
BeAYI..LJ;ee KOJ1eCO CBepJ10
Brace
KOJIOBOPOT

1. Jaws
KYJIa C(KI1
2. Chuck 7

Co6at{Ka
5. Handle
Pyt{Ka
6. Quill

KOJle! lCfaTbl C! nhlr u .l L


8. Cam ring

KYJla'LKoBoe KO;f1bl_ . - , .

9. Chuck key

Electric drill
3JIeKTpOApeJIb

1. Jaws 9
KyJla4Kl1
2. Chuck
TIaTpoH 8
3. Auxiliary handle
BcnoMOraTeJIbHall pYCfKa
4. Pistol grip handle
TIl1CTOJIeTHall pYCfKa
5. Cable
Ka6errb 7
6. Plug
BI1JIl<:a
7. Cable sleeve
YITJIOTHI1TeJlb Ka6emr
8. Switch
BKJlIOl.faTeJlb
9. Switch lock O'.,.aau·.,g plate
3aMoK BKJIIOCfaTeJlll TIpeAynpe)l(,[J,alOll.\ag Ta6m14Ka
10. Specification plate 12. Housing
TIaTpoHHall Ta6J1WIKa Kopnyc
Pillar drill
CBepn l1JlhHbnit CTaHOK

1. Base
¢ Y'-IAa MeHT 8
2. Table
C TOJI
3. Chuck
I1aTPoH
4. Quill
CMeHHIoIH IIDI~eJIh
5. Depth stop
- ---10
Or~ b rny 6wHhJ
6.Swikh
B KJIJO'IaTeJlh
+-- - - -'11
7. Drive belt safety guard
I1pe,AOXpal-n1TeJlbHa5l
Kphl1ll1Ca npaaop,a
8. Motor

Countersink
3eHKep

1. Handle 2 3
PyqKa
2. Blade
non TH
3. Back
--
06p aTHaSi CTOpOI-Ia

Q'"
4. Toe •
HOCOK
5. Tooth
3y6el\
6. Heel 6
JUrra
Hacksaw
-HmI<OBKa no MeTaJIJlY

1. Adjustable
HaCTpa1ilBaJOllJ,a5l01 paM3
2. GriphandJe
PY'-IKa C 3a)f(HMOM
3. Blade
nOnOTl-IO

/
3 2

Circular saw
UI1PKyJT5Iplla51 Illo1Jla

1. Lower guard retracting level


Pbly.ar HH>t<llerO KO)f(yxa I1WIbI
2. Lower blade guard
HJ.VKHHI;1 KO>t<yX fll1Jlbl
3. Blade locking bolt
3a>t<I1MH0I1 60JlT n(1)11>1
4. Rip fence
Han paBJl5l1Olll,a51 nJTaHKa
5. Base plate
CraHI111a
6. Knob handle
PY'-lKa-BblKJIIO'-IaTeJ lh
7. Blade tilting lock
Peryn HpoBo<[JlblIil Bll(HT llHJlbl
8. Blade tilting mechanizm
HanpaBJ15l10 1.l\11 ~l Mexa II H3M
9. Motor 3 4 5 6
)J,Bl1raTeJIb
10. Height adjustment scale 12. Handle
WK<lJIa llaCTpoIilKI1 I3blCOTbl
PY<lKa
11. Trigger switch 13. Blade
Tpl1re pt-lbrIil n e peKJIlOyaTeJ lb nl1J1a
14. Upper blade guard
BepXlll111 KO>t<yX IDUlbl
Electric saw for pipes
3JJeKTPl1'ICCKaSi mma)1)1S1
TPy6

Blades
nOJJoTHa mm

3
nOABl1lIIllllllLil_liti
2. Fixed j
HenOAB~*Hai:~. ..~~t.
3. Clamping screw
3a)l(~MHOH BHHT
4. Swivel lock
8eTmor nOBopoTa ---4
5. Bolt
60JJT
6. Fixed base
HenoABIDKHoe OCHOBaHHe
7. Swivel base
DOBopOTHoe OCHOBaffi1e
8. Handle
PYKoSITKa
G-c1amp
G-06pa3Hajj cTpy61J,VlHa

1. Movable jaw
ITOHBVI)t(Hasl ry6Ka
2. Fixed jaw
HenoAB
3.

PaMa
5. Handle
PY4Ka
6. Clamping
3a)!(VlMHoC\ B
7. Swivel head
BepTJllO)!(HaSi

1. Throwing pipe clamp 3. Pipe cutter of cramp type


OrKVlAbIBalOll\VleCjj Tpy6Hbie 3a)!(I1MbI Tpy 6ope3 crpy61J,I1HHOro 1'I-1IIa
2. Flanging machine 4. Rigging cramp
Or60p1'oBbISaTeJlb CTPy61J,VlHa TaKeJla)!(Hajj
Lever erection tools
PhNa)J(HO-MOHTa)J(Hhlli1 I1HcTpYMeHT

1. Jaw
3eli
2. W·
Ky
3. Pivot
Wapm1p
4. Insal ted handle
Vl3<~rtG!¥.' HHaSi pYYKa

1.1

KJlelll,VI l3or(OIi~.[I"~
7. Gas spanner with
ra 30Bbll1 KJlIOq C ry6KaMl1 nop; 90 6
rpaHycoB
8. Pipe wrench
Tpy 6Hbll1 KJ llOY
Needle files
HaAcpvmM

1. Hand
I1nOCKI-IA 1YROHOCbIH
2. Flat
1 -.f',~/::.:~~. v, , " :'l '.llur
I1nOCKI1H OC"rpOHOCblH 0
3. Square
2 0 w, (
, -;"::-::--, " .\
,!;
KBap,paT HbIl1
4. Three-square
3 \ .y.*: ~\ '11115
TpexrpaHHblH *
5. Three-square 4 ?
tri *'9
TpexrpaHHblH
O)),HOCTOPOJ-fHI1H 5 ~ .4 'F B s',· '# ; .

6. Round
KpyrnblH 6

7. Half-round
DOfl)'KpyrnhlH
7 ~ "
.
8. Oval
0
,
OBaJIbHblH
8
9. Lozenge
:- ...
'.... :.. ,;;.;, /.
POM6111:JeCKI1H 9 ~ "5 2>
10. Knife
HmKoBo<JHbIH 10 (."
11. Slotting
Da30BblH 11 0

1 2

1. Rasp 2. File
PaWlTJ1Jlb H mTI1Jlbl-(('1K

Mechanical file
(with abrasive band)
MexaJ 111 <lecKH-M
H anl1JlbJ IIiIK
(c a6pa311BIIOH JlCIITOJ1)
Sectional view of files
H a nMflbHJIIKJII no ¢opMe
c e <le HM}l:

1. Flat
D JIOCKMI1
2. Square
KBaApaTHbl11
3.

if 4

1 - - - -. ·.,

11

10
H OCOK
6. Cap iron 8 7 6 5
)K Ie3K a HaKOHe41ll1l<a
7. Blade
J1e3B~' fl O)Ka
8. Frog-adjustment screw 10. Heel
YcrallOB0 1.JHbllj B~lIiT llirra
9. Face 11. Depth-adjustment mechanism
flcpcJ],lUl}1 rpa~lb MeXaHJII3 M H a CT p O llt KJII rny6 V1Hbl
12. Handle
P Y KO}l:TKa
1
3 ~

11

1. Firmer chisel 6. Thread-cutting head 12. Chisel with protective


)J,OJlOTO Pe3b60llape3Haa ronoBKa device
2. Cutter 7. Centre-punch 3y 6 HJlO C a1.I(l'1THo171
HO)f(-pe3ell KepHep Hac a,rJ,Ko~1

3. Tap 8. Mechanical centre-punch 13. Drift with protective


M eT41i1K MexaHI1'·lecKKiiI KepHep device
4. Thread-cutting die 9. Hand multiflute drill TIp 6017IHI~K C 3aL~ ~ITH JiI
TIJlaWKa PY4HOJil 3eHKep Haca,rJ,KoJir
5. Electric threading die holder 10. Chisel
3neKTpl1lfCCKMIiI KJlynn 3y611J1o
(MawHHKa ) I,JUI Hape3KM 11. Drift
HapY)l<HoJil pe3b6bl) TIp060JilHHK
Pipe tools
V1HcTpYMeHT AJUI Tpy6

1. Pipe chamfer knife


H 0 )1( ,1J,JUI ClUlTIU I
HapY)I(HblX cpaCOK-rpy6 2
2. Deburr knife

HO)l( AIIJI 0UI1'MJI a y eHH~

3. TbJ:eacllOU8hness wrench
Krl hpMJJ,aHWI
1I/ poxooaTOCTH p 3 b6e
4. Plunger 3
Bamy
5. Pl ber's snake
TPOCKKA1U1 np04HcTKH Tp y 6
6. Tap wrench
KpaHo8W"A MIOY: 4
7. Pipe cl:ean.~!!~.~
Pa60Y:He

!n8• •!PBdDta C Ull1naMH


OOuJili's errated pick
QPtI1*iSI 3y6qaTaJI nl'IKa
8. E of pipe ends
tk1111Ja4 f or expantion)

Mole wre nch 2 3 4


1<;1104 C MaJl "b KI~ I 3e13 M

1. Toothed jaw

_____
3es C 3y6b s/ MI1
2. Spring
n pY)l(l1 lla . l __------~
O~
3. Lever 1 5
P br4ar
4. Adjusting crew 5. Release lever 6. Rivet
Perymlp B041-thl J1 ISJIIH 'l' PaC~enHOJlJ pblLlar 3aKJlenKa
4

1. Chain pipe wench


L(errnoM Tpy6HbiM KJIIO'I
2. Strap wrench
PeMeHHoM KJ1IO'1

Slip joint pliers


COe)l,JIIHeHHble BHaca)J,KY
KJlelIl,J11

1. Handle
Py'-l1<a 1
2. Slip joint
COe)l,HHel-me BHaCa)l,Ky 3
3. Curved jaw
KpJIIBaSi ry6Ka
2
Pneumatic tools
IlHeBMOI1HCTpYMeHT

1. Cutting-off machine
Orpe:ma~ Maru ~
2. Cutting-off wheel
O rp 3t1 Kpyt'
3. GriB g machine
Sf Ma lU HHKa
4. treatment
machine (for burrs)
MawWiK3 WUJ o6p a6oTKu
BH~H X n OBepXJ-IOCTei1
.L\ (Arul 6op¢pe3)

6
8. Flam
<I>aKeJloo6pa3J-IaS! 5
9. Cone
KOHH'IecKaSf 4
peLl0l3l1 H aS! 10. Ball nose cone 7
3. Counters ink 60" K Ol WI'IeCKaSi C KpyrJlblM 3
Kotlliftle KI1~I 3 HK P Ha 60" K OH t.{HKOM
8
4. Ba ll 11. Round tree
Kpyma51
2
D.p eBOBI1AHaSi
5. Countersink 90" 3aKpyrneHHaSi
9
KOi l fil4ecK Hli 3Ct-I K p H a 90" 1
6. Ba ll nose
C KpyrIlbl M KOII'lI1:KOM 10

11
1

1. Concrete vibrating poker 4. Concrete ceiling drilling


BH6paL\HOHHblJlt J10M JVHI 6eToHa machine (head with diamond cutting edge)
2. Breaker YCTaHoBKa M~ CBepJ10BKH 6eTOHHbiX
Apo6VlJlKa nepeKpbITHH
3. Hammer drill
Y,o:apHa~ ,o:peJ1b
Painting tools
lII HcTpYMe HTbI )J,JN OKpaCOQH b IX pa60T

Spray gun
K pacKonyJIbT

1. Nozzle
cJ>o p cy Hl<a
2. Spreaded ajustment screw 3
BI1 I1T ryJlMPOBKI1 paC1lll1 p l1'r eJI5I
3. FlUid ent screw 4
B~1l1T perymlpoBKH nOAat.nt
)K I IJ.I.KOCTl 1

4. Air valve 5
B~yIllHbJ I7I KJ l a na H
5. Gun handle
P YKOBTKa n YJI bBep vl3aTo pa
6
6. Air hose connectio
n P VlC<>eAHHeHM
W JlaH ry
7. Contain
6aK
8. Vent hole
anp "IHoe OTBepcrHe
9. Trigger
TIy oaoA Pbf\-! a r
10. cap
B OJ iUI rOJIOBKa

1. Paint: praying gun


for th ic

BaJTVlK AJU! OKp aCKM


3. Spray roller 1
BaJII1K-p aC l l bUHneJl b
4. Spare roller cover
5
l ellIlOe nOKpbIT'VIe I-la BaJI VlK
5. Cover paint system
Me aJ-rvJ311 p OBa r ll-la51
6
OKpaCOt.flJa5I CTaIlOBKa 4
6. Old coating removing
pneumatic machine
rrH BM MaU I VlHKa roU I
yn I HVI~ rapbl
1I0KPblTl!JW ncp OKp aCKoJit
Paintbrush

K\IICTb OKpaCOt.JHa~ (cj)]1eJl!~)

1
1. Bristles
lll.eT\IIHa
2. Ferrule
060AOK
3. Handle
PY4Ka

1. Iray
KlOBeT8
2. Scraper
CKpe60K

1. Blade

C BbmYKlloH rOJ1OBKOJ1
A~<l1lule

1
1. Marking brush
K\IICTb MapK\IIpOB04Ha~
2. Flat brush 2
ITnocKa~ K\IICTb
3. Fan brush
Beepoo6pa3Ha~ K\IICTb 3
4. Brush
K\IICTb
5. Sumie 4
KI1CTb KOHYCHM 5
6. Painting knife
OKpaC04HblJl! HO)f( 6
7. Cakes
06pa3~bl KpaCKI1 7
0 ~
1. Protection suit for
painting works in
enclosed spaces
3a ~I1THbl liJ K 10M
ll.J1 ~ Kp aC04U bi X p a60T
B 3aKphlT hi X nOM e~eH mlX

2. Breathing mask
Pacn llpaTop

._.m
3. Filter elellllllllta:.
¢ «nbTp
1

Vernier dial
WKana HOHI1 ca
Micrometer caliper
MI~K pO I r p

1. Cramp 5. Sleeve
CK 6a hlllha
2. Heel 6. Drum
n jITKa 6apaGaH
3. Screw 7. Ratcher
Bill IT Tpe~e11<a
4. Lock
Tono p
Vernier protractor
)'moMep

1. Triangle
)'roflbHViK
2. Holders
llep)f(aTeml
3. Ver .
HOHVlyC
4. Vernier 6
BVlHT HOH
5. Lock
CTorrop
6. Base
OCHosaHVle
7. Sector
CeKTop
8. Base ruler

8. Groove
ITa3
9. Prism
ITpVl3Ma
1. Tape measure
PyneTKa
1. Scale
1
lliKana
2. Tape lock
CTonop
3. Case

C1>YTmlp

2. Spirit level 2
CmlpToBO¥I ypOBeHb

Welding equipment
CBapOQHOeo6opYAoBaHHe

welellas
Caap
1. W elding rod
o neKTp oA
2. Welding torch
CsapOt.I HaSi. rop lKa
3. Metal"A"
MeTaJ1J1 II A"
4. Weld bead
CsaPHoJit 11108
5. Metal liB"
M eTaJl1l " B"

Arc weld ing


3)1 KTPOAY rooc Sf csapK8

1. Electrode lead
Ka6 Jlb ' JleKTpoAa
2. Electrode holder
JJ1CKTpOACp>KaTCIlb
3. Electrode
3J1eKTpoA
4. Earth clamp
3a>KJ-I I 3a3 lJlellvl~
5. Earth lead
Ka6 b 3a:J MJleHHSI.
6. Arc welder
Cl3apo<lIlbllii P ocraT
Oxyacetylene welding
AUeTI1.TIeHOBrui cBapKa
(fa30sa$l cBapKa) 2 3

1. Welding blow pipes


fa30Bble cBapoCIHble Tpy6KI1
2. Welding torch
CBapO'-lHa$l ropeJIKa
3. Mixing chamber
CMeClilTeJlbHa51 KaMepa
4. Cutting torch
fa30Bbll1 pe3aK
5. Cutting nozzle
COruTO pe3aKa
6. Welding and cutting kit
Ha60p ,lJ,J 15I CBapKI1 11 pe3KI1
MeTaJUla
7. Oxygen pressure regulator
KI1CJ10pOiJ,HblM pep,yKTop
4

3. Striker (gas Ign itor)


Y )."(3 p HIiJJt (3J1eKTp0jJ,-nO;:vt<11 ra TCJIb)
1. FlInt
KpeMeHh
2. Friction strip
TIOJIOCKa T pelll1S1
4. Spanner
fael.JHhlJ71 KJIIOl.J.
5. Oxygen and acetylene back fire valve
06paTHhll1 KJIallaH KI'ICJIOPO) la VI al(eTI1J1eHa
6. Welder's helmet
3aIl\l1THaSi MaCKa cDapll~I1Ka
Soldering equipment
06oPYAoBamre AJU[ nm1KW

Soldering gun
ITiUlJIbHt.lJt nHCTOlleT

1. Tip
HaKoHe4HI1K
2. Heating element
HarpesaTellbHt.lH HHcTpYMellT
3. On/off switch
nepeKJl104aTeJfb
2
4. Pistol grip handle
P)'K051TKa
5. Flex sleeve
f116Ka51 Tpy6Ka
6. Housing
Kopnyc

1. Soldering iron
ITa SIll b H \11K
2. Electrodes
311eKTpo))'bl 1
3. Electric soldering iron
of clip type
3JleKTpWlcCKl," il naSlJlbHI1K
IlJ,I1IIIWBoro Tl1na
()J.Jl5I: nat1K11 Tpy6)
4. Gas-heated soldering iron
(as a unit)
fa30BblCt naS!Jlblll1K
(B KOMnJleKTe)
5. Gas soldering torch
fa30saSl naSlJlbHaSl naMlla
6. Flame spreader
Pacll pe)J,enI1Tenb nJJaMeH 11
7. Steering soldering torch nozzle
ITooopoTHaS! naSlJlbHaS!
HaCa)J,Ka )J,JUI ropenoK
8. Hard solder nozzle
M yHJWlTyK )J,J151 na 11KVl 8
TBep)),bIMl1 npI1TIOKMJ!!
1

4
6

1. Soft solder solderin g iron 3. Nozzle tubes


and copper heads for it COn J10Bbl e Tp y6K!II
Da5IJlhl1l1K JIJUI na~K H MsrrK !IIM!II 4. Soldering torch gas cylinder
npl!lflOSI~t1I II WABbl e HacaA KH K fa 3011b1l1 6anoH AilS! naSIJTbIlbI X
lIeM Y naMn
2. Propane torch for high 5. Flame reflector
te mperature soldering Orp a)KaTeJlh nJlaMeH!II
nponanoBasl rope 1<a M SI 6. Solders
Uhl KOTer-1IT paT)'pltof l n aliIK!II D p!llnol1
Electricity measuring tools
li1HcTpYMeHT )J;JUI pa60TbI C 3JIeKTpWIecTBoM

Multimeter
TeCTep (MY1IbTI1MeTp)

1. Housing 1
Kopnyc
2. Probe
ITp06HI1K
3. Flex
ITPOBO;rJ;
4. Imput terminal
f He3;rJ;o BXO;rJ;a
5. Function selection switch
ITepeKJllOqaTeJIb HacTpO'BKM
CPYHI<.Q11l1
6. Auto/manual selection
ITepeKJ1IOQaTeJIb pe)KI1MOB -
aBTo/pyqHoJi!
7. Data hold
BbI6op;rJ;aHHbIX
B. Digital display
lJ,I1CPPOBOJi! ;rJ;l1cnIIeJi!

1. Insulated blade
1130JIKpOBaHHhIl1: HaKOHeQHI1K
2. Insulated handle
l13omqx>BaHHa51 pYQKa
3. Neon lamp
HeoHoBa51 naMoa

3
Fuse box
3a K p bl'fblfr rlJ raBK II ~r
np ~o pal m reJlb
19
1. 240-volt feeder cable
r h ITiIIOU\ l l lr Ka6en b, 240 B
2. Connector 18
CO H l1 l1~IT I I>
3. Mai n power cable
M ar~lcTP bHbIM CH1l0 BOH

4. Earthing bond
16
Co • C '1<1 el\lJ let-Ill M
5. 240-volt circuit
LJ,l'IlI., 2-10 B
6. 12O-volt circuit
Uem., 120 B
7. Neutral service wire
He.:ITpanbHbl H

H elii'lpaJlbl l blCI n poll


16. Earth fault circuit breaker 20. Knockou t cable entry
rI pepblBa1 ' I b II pH OTC}'TCTBvlJ.-1 TIpo611 Bl-laSl np06K<l N Ul Ka6eJlSI
33 JeWl I I lUI 21. Bonding terminal
17. Single pole circuit breaker COe,1l I1J-JI1TeJ1 hll a Sl KJl e MMa
np pblBaT Ib J-JonomOCllblfl
18. Double pole circuit breaker
rIp pl>lBaT II> AByxnOJI lOCH bll1
19. Main circuit breaker
r.OClSll b ll;1 npe p bll3an'ITI>
1. Continuity tester
TecTep : meKTPonpoBOAHOCTI1
2. Test-lamp
V1H)l.l1KaTOpHaSi JlaMna 1
3. High-voltage tester
BbICOKOBOJlbTHbIH TecTep
4. Plug
BVUIKa
1. Pin
lllTI1¢T 2
2. Earth terminal
KrreMMa 3a3eWJetrnSi
3. Terminal
KrreMMa 4
4. Clamp
3rut<I1M 2
5. Switch 4
BblKJ1IOLfaTeJlb
6. Plug fuse
TInaBKI1H n peAO xp1lJlH'l'81l'h
7. Knife-blade cartridge fuse
HOlKeBoH nrraBKHM na-rpoH
8. Cartridge fuse
TInaBKHH naTpoH
9. Lampholder 5
JIaMDoBbIH naTPoH
1. Cap
lJ,OKOJlb
2. Socket
DaTpoH
3. Insulating sleeve
J/130JlSl~HOHHaSi Tpy6Ka 2
4. Outer shell
BHellIIDUl: 060JlOLfKa

6 3

8
Taps
BO)l,OrrpoBo,!];Hble KpaHbI

Bibb tap
BOAon poHoAllbl11 KpaH 1
1. Handle

ra li HKOBOI1 lla6HHKOvi
3. Wa her
WaM6a
4. Jumper valve plate
neperopoAKa

10. Packing
YnJlOTHet-me

mixer
na'Tpoflllblw M l1T Ib
4 - - - - - --E::::.::>
1. Aerator
A3paTop (caTypaTop)
2. Spout
BOAOCT041iblW)Keno6
3. Cartridge
naTpoH
4. Level cover
KpbllllKa BaTepnaca
5. Level
BaTepnac
6. Cartridge stem
WnH HAeJib naTpoHa
7. Retaining ring
nOAnopHoe KOJlbl\O
8. Body
Kopnyc
9. O-ring
YnopHoe KOJlbl\O
Disk mixer
)J,WCKOBbIW CMeCMTeJlb

1. Escutcheon
II.:(MT
2. Aerator
A3paTOp (c
3. Spou 5------111
BOAoCTOlq(ll_Qc'
4. Cylind
UWJlMHAP
5. Bonnet
4~
KOllnaK 7
6. Handle
Py<lKa
7. Seal
3

-
. ' _________

Locks
3aMKl1

Mortise lock
Bpe3HoCt 3aMOK

1. Cylinder
UWJlWHAP
2. Stator
KOHTpBMHT
3. Spring
ITpY)I(WHa
4. Cotter pin 4
lllnJlMHT
5. Cylinder case
5
Kopny c lJ,WlMJ-I,lJ;pa
6. Keyway 7
3a,\Wl.IHClII CKBa)l(WHa
7. Ring 9. Faceplate 11. Rotor
K OJlblJ,O BHewH5ISI nllaCTWHKa POTOP
8. Dead bolt 10. Strike plate 12. Key
3 acoB YAapHasl nllaCTMHKa KnIOl.I
Lock (general view)
3aMoK (06IUHCI BVlA)

1. Door handle
ABepHa~ p Yl.lK a
2. Rose
P03eTKa
3. Latch bolt
3allJ,eJl Ka
4. Faceplate
BueILIlUUl MaCTHHKa
5. Escu.tchcOJ\
L~
6. Dead bolt
3a 08
7. Lock
3a

Tubular lock
Tpy64aTbiM 3aMOK

1. Latch bolt
3au~en Ka
2. Inside knob
BH yTpe l~II~St pYllJ<a
3. Push-button
KHonKa
4. Rose
P03eTKa
5. Bolt
00)1'1'
6. Threaded sleeve
Mycj:JTa C pe3b601;1
1 7. Outside knob
BH eruH~~ pYllKa
8. Spindle
BepT)'illKa
9. Faceplate
BuewH~~ nJlaCTHHKa
SEA & RIVER

ENGINEERING

MfJPCKHE If PEflfME
CfJfJPY)f(EJ"''''
Content
COAep)I(aHl1e

1. Rivers and river engineering structures 290


PeKl1 11 pellHbIe cooPY)I(eHIDI
2. Waterway and hydraulic engineering 293
BOAHbHi nyTh 1-1 rMApOTeXHl1Ka
3. Course hydroelectric power station 296

PYCJlosaSl rl1,lJ,p03neK1"pl1'-leCKaSl CTaHI.~l1SI


4. Docks, port, harbour 297

TIp114aJIbr, nopT, rasaHb


5. Waterfront structures 300

TIplifqaJlbHbre coopY)I(eHl1Sl
6. Coast-protective structures 303

5eper03alUl1THb1e yKpermeHl1Sl
7. Coast mooring arrangements 306

oeperoBbie wBaPToBHbie COOpY)KeHlUI


8. Bridges 307

MOCTbI
9. Lightstructures 309

MaSIKl1
10. Off-shore oil complexes 310

MopCKMe HecpTSlHbIe KOMIDleKChI


11. Port structures 311

nOpT08&1e coopY)Kemm
12. English Channel Tunnel 312

Ty eJIb nOA npoIDfBOM JIa-MaHm


Rivers and river engineering structures
~#III=~I" PeKIt1 It1 pe'-lHble coopY)J(eHIt151
1. Cable ferry (also: chain ferry), a passen­ 20. Groyne (Am. groin) head
ger ferry fOJIOBa rrony3anpY,lJ,bI (6YUbI)
HecaMoxOAH bJl1 1'pocoBbr"CI napoM (TaJOKe: 21. Fairway (navigable part of river)
~enHo~ napoM), rraCCa>Kl1pcKI11ii: rrapoM ¢apBaTep (cY,lJ,OXO,lJ,HbI"CI KaHaJI peKH)
2. Ferry rope (ferry cable) 22. Train of barges
O apoMHbrn 1'poc Eap>KeSbn1: KapasaH
3. River branch (river arm) 23. River tug
PYl<a B peKM PeQHo"CI 6YKCHP (Tyep - 6YKCHP, V1,lJ,ymHH
4. River island (river islet) npH nOMOmH nO,lJ,T}lrHSaHWI L\enH HllH
Pe'llfo"CI OC1'pOB (OC1'pOBOK) Tpoca)
5. ColJapsed section of riverbank, flood 24. Tow rope (tow line, towing hawser)
damage EYKCHPHbIH TpOC
06pyweHHbJ11 (Pa3MblTbn1:) }"JaCToK 25. Barge (freight barge, cargo barge,
pet:[}{oro 6epera, rraBOJJ:KOsoe p a3p YlIIeHHe lighter)
6. Motor ferry (rpy30sa}l 6ap>Ka, ffi1XTep,
CaMoxoAJfI>I"CI napoM
7. Ferry landing stage (motorboat landing ~!¥~l __~mlan (bargee, lighterman)
tage) 1~~~=~~(MaTPOC Ha JIHXTepe)
OapOMHbJl1 Ae6apKClAep (np r.1CTa Hb " (hauling, haulage)
napoMos, MOTOPHbl X llonoK)
8. Pile foundatio ns
CsaIDioe OCHosaHHe
9. Current (flow, course)
TeqeHHe(noToK, p ycn ) _1II'JI~~1 6yKCHpH~ JIe6e,lJ,Ka
10. Flying ferry (river form.: tow path (towing
Pe'lH0I1 aB1rOl.![OO'HITbl
11. Ferryboat jilir,'<I:HbIH (penbCOSbn1:) nyTb
O OHTOH river trailing
12. PYCJIOBbmpaSHTeJIbHbIX pa60T
main dike, flood wall,

I!fJ!J;pI~H,I)I(} a}! KaHa sa

lur'''''hTTA" ocywHTeJIbHbIH llIJ1103­

.....,.,,,,,,_TTn,,'"'v YCTbe (l],peHbI)


Drain (infiltration drain)
iE!Hil>Klia}l KaHasa (HH<pHllbTpaL\HOHHa}l
39. Top of dike (dyke) 52. Alluvial deposit (sand deposit)
fpe6eHb p,aM6bI AnJIIOSVlaJlbHO (HaHOCHoe) OTJIO)f<eHJ1e
40. Dike (dyke) batter (dike slope) (neco'l!ioe OTJIO)f<eH He), pOCCbJrIb
OrKoc p,aM6bI (YKJ10H) 53. Fascine (bundle of wooden sticks)
41. Flood bed (inundation area) C!>arnVll!a (csIDKa p,epeBRHlfblX npYTheB,
C!>moT6eT (naBop,KoBa~ 30Ha 3aT0nJ1eHVI~) BeTOK) (TaK)f<e: r a6I1OIi , TYP H p,p.)
42. Flood containment area 54. Ficker fences
TIaBoP,KOCp,ep)f<vIBalOll\a~ o6naCTb TIneTeHOe orpa~eHHe (ruleTeHb)
(nJ10ll\ap,b) 55. Stone pitching
43. Current meter KpynHoKaMeHHM Ha6p ocKa
f Vl)J.pOMeTpw.!eCKa~ BepryIllKa, 56. Floating dredging machine (dredger), a
Vl3MepVITeJIb CKOPOCTVI Te'leHVI~ muiti-bucket ladder dredge
44. Kilometre (Am. kilometer) sign TInaBy 'la~ A~IOyrny6J1TeJIbHAA MalIll1Ha,
KVlJIOMeTPOBbII1 3HaK MHOrO'lepnaKOBbl 11 3eMJIe'lep Oanbfo!brM
45. Dikereeve's (dykereeve's) house (dik­ cHap~p, (3eMCIi a p~ 6arep)
ereeve's cottage); also: ferryman shouse 57. Bucket elevator chain
(cottage)
)J.OM (KOTTe)J.)f<) 3aBep,YIOll\ero; TaK)f<e: p,OK
(KoTTe)J.)f<) napOMll.\VlKa
46. Dikereeve (dykereeve)
3asep,YIOll\YIl1li1JIlO3af>,lVI, nnoTVlHilJiIK;.
p,peHa)f<eM
47. Dike (dyke) ramp
HaKJ10HHbll1 Cbe3p, AaM6bJ (naHAYc, ~~aJ/'
48. Summer dike (dyke)
ne~AaM6a
49. Levee (embankment)
PYCJ10BbII1 Ban (Ha6epe)f<Ha~)
50. Sandbags
MeWKVI C neCKOM )J.J1~ OAe)f<AbI OTKOCOB
51-55. Bank protection (bank stabilization,
revetment)
oeperoYKpeoVlTenbHbJe MepOnpI1S1TI1~
(ynpo'lHeHVle 6epera, OAe)f<):(a OTKOCOS)
51. Riprap
KaMeHHM Ha6pocKa, OTCbInb
Waterway and Hydraulic Engineering
• •~~. .'. . BO)J,H b IJii: TIyTh J!1 rJ!1)J,poTeXHJ!1Ka

1-14. Quay wall


CTe~n<a Ha6epe)\() 10M llBoAHoM: WsaPTOBHblM KHeXT
12. Bollard
1. Road surface KHexT, wBapToBHaSl TYM6a
nOsepxHoCTb ,o;opor l3. Cross-shaped bollard (cross-shaped
2. Body of mooting bitt)
M aCCI1B OD,HHO\lHbIH KpeCTOBbn1 KHeXT
3. Steel 14. Double cross-shaped bollard (double
uoss-shaped mooring bitt)
~ KpeCTOBblH KHeXT (cp;BoeHHaSI
KpecToBa~ JUBapToBaSI ryM6a)
15-28. Canal
CYAOX01~HbJl1 KaHaJI
15. Mole
Mon
16. Breakwater
8onHOOTBOP; (B0J1H0J10M, B0J1HOpe3)
17-25. Staircase of locks
MHorocryneJ-l~laTbll1 wnlO3
17. Lower level
H lVKH5HI r0J10Ba WJl103a
18. Lock gate, a sliding gate
BopoTa cYP;oXO,l:\HOro WJl103a, CK0J1b3S1llJ,1-f17!
iQRToBOI7! 3aTrlOp
19. Mitre (Am. miter) gate
D,ByxCTBop4aTble BopoTa, o6pa3YIOllJ,l1e B
294 ~CJ
&ilIVERENG~~

HPE4HbIE COO~lJP"
3aKpblTOM Bl1Ae BblCryOaJOIII;I1T1! y ron 29. Lower pound (lower reach)
20. Lock (lock chamber) Hl1)KHI1T1! 6becp
KaMepa WJTI03a 30. Canal bed
21. Power house Ilo)Ke KaHaJla
CWIOBa5! CTaH~mI 31. Pound lock gate, a vertical gate
22. Warping capstan (hauling capstan), a On yll~eHDl TI! m;l1TOBoi1 3aTBop C BepT.

capstan nOA'beMOM

Ka6eCTaH, BOPOT (wnWIb ,D,JUI 32. Lock gate


HaMaTbIBaHIDl TSlfOBOfO Tpoca, KaHaTa) llJ,I1TOBOTl! 3aTBOp
23. Warp 33. Boat tank (caisson)
Tpoc AJUl BepnOBaHl15l (nepnI1Hb) Do.o;BI1)KHa5l KaMep a (KeccoH, Kono.o;e~)
24. Offices (e.g. canal administration, river 34. Float
police, customs) DOnJiaBOK
Be.o;oMCTBa (a,[(Ml1HI1CTpa~mI KaHana, 35. Float shaft
6eperOBa5! nOJrl1~mI, TaMO)KH5l) DonnaBKOBa5l WaXTHa51TPy6a KeccoHa
25. Upper level (head) 36. Lifting spindle
BepxHIDl: ronOBa wnI03a DOLl,'beMHbIJl! BI1 HT (BI1HT OM KpaTa)
26. Lock approach :JJ. Upper pound (upper reach)
KaHan no.o;xo.o;a K WJlI03Y ~HI1T1! 6becp
27. Lay-by 'cal gate
YWl1peffi1e cy.o;OXO,[(Horo KaHana wm eMJibrTl! 3aTBOp
paCXO)f(,lJ;eHmI Cy.o;OB 39014i. ing plant and reservoir
28. Bank slope Bo):lOOTnmJt-Ja5I y craHoBKa (Tpy 61..JaTbIJl!
oeperoBoi1 OTKOC lIQJI.ocrtyaI) H lIQAOXpaJ-II1IDuue
29-38. Boat lift (Am. boat elevator) 39. FONbay
Cy .o;ono.o;'beMHl1K (1paHc6op.o;epHblt1) ABaHkaMepa (ftanoptD,Dt 6accelbi)
40. Surge tank 62. Scouring tunnel (outlet tunnel, waste

YpaSHIfIT IbHbllit p epByap water outlet)

41. Pres ure pipe line P aJMblBHOJir TYHHenb (BbmycKHOl1 ryHHenb,

HanopHbl1it Tpy6onpo80)1, BbmycK CTO'lHbIX BOA)

42. Valve house 63. Valve house (valve control house)


nOMe~eJJlIlC rMIl,pOTeX HVI~CC K J.1X 3aTBopoB nOMeU\eHWe rHApOTeXHI1'leCKI1X 3aTBopoB
43. T urbine house 64. Power station
MaJUHIIHbrn I (Ha 0 Hasl CTaHI.~ H~) 3neKTpw.lecKa~ CTaH~Wl'I, CWIOBrui rrOACTaHU;l1JI
44. Disch arge structure (outlet structure) 65-72. RoIling dam (weir), a barrage; other

BOAoc6po HO coop Y)l(eHl1e system: shutter weir

45. Control station DnoTI1Ha C BalIb~OBbIMH 3aTBopaMH

KOJ ITpom..ubllit (paC'-leTHbrn) CTBOp (BOAOCJIWBHaSf IIJIOTI1Ha), BOAorroAbeMHruI

46. Transformer station rrnOTI1Ha; Ap. CI1CTeMa: pa36opQaTal'l

TpaH cpopMal'OpHaJi CTaJUI,H~ rrnOTVlHa C ceKU;HSfMI1, BP3.Ill,aIOlll,HMHOI

47-52. Axial-flow pump (propeller pump) BOKpyr mpH3. OCH

ceBoJir (~eHTP06e)I(H brC' ) Hacoc 65. Roller, a barrier


47. Drive motor Bam;>u (rnApaBnH'leCKOm rrpbDKKa), 6ap-BalI
npwBOAIIOIit 3JI KTpoABWral'eJIb Roller top
48. Gear
npUB A
49. Drive shaft
BeAYllI,H C, BalI
50. Pressu re pipe
Han leTan!.1TblIrui (l-IanOpHruI) 'l'n\1Ii11_
51. Suction head .aitpti~pO:~LJ1 3y6·JaTOIit peJirKH
BblcoTa B aCblBaIlJIl}f lIac mopa
52. Impeller wheel
Pa60'lee (H3cocHoe)
53-56. Sluice valve
3a1'8op nnHHI[}rO
53.Cra

I>WJWld>l CTeHKa 6eperoBoro

COrrp l'I)f(eHHl'I, OTKPbInOK


Course hydroelectric power station
PycJIosa51 rl1)J,po:meKTpVf4eCKa51 CTa.HqIi151

1. Dam columns
K OnOI1 HbI nJIOTlJlHbI
2. Dam
flJIOTlJllIa
3. Down pound level
YP B Hb HIJI)I<HerO 6b cpa
4. Erecting crane
MOHTa)KHbrH KpaH
5. Hydraulic elevator
f l1,ll;paBJrn4eCKlIIIii nOA'beMHl>fK
6. Turbine
Typ6V1:ua
7. Hydroelectric generator

Hydraulic gates
fl1,ll;pOTeXHM'leCKVle 3aTJ30pbI

a. Vertical-lift (plain) gate


flnOCKVlJi! 3aTBop
b. Radial gate
CerMeHTHbIM 3aTBop
c. Sector gate
CeKTopHblJi! 3aTBop
1. River pier, standing pier, pier
DblK
2. Pull
TID"a
3. Gate body
Teno 3aTBopa
4. Groove '
na3
5.Gate
3aTBop
6. Hinged bearing
lllapHVlpHaj{ onopa
7. Gate leg
Hora 3aTBOpa
8. Plating
06UlJ.1BKa
9. Recess
HaUla 3aTBopa
Docks, Port, Harbour
ITPl-l"IaJIbI, nopT, raBaHb

1. Dock area AHrap. 31UIIitHr ,[(JUI ynaKoBaHHoro


1l0PTOlxHI 30na IDTy'lHOro (reHepanbHoro, c6opHoro,
2. Free port (foreign trade zone) lGUlOBOro, CMelllaHHoro) TpaH3litTHOrO
CBo6o,[(HaJI nutaHb (noPTo-cppaHkO, 30Ha rpY3a
cBo6o,[(1I0A' 'I"Op'r'OBm1) 10. Floating crane
3. Free zone frol'lti (free zone endosure) TlnasKpaH (noHToHHbiM KpaH)
rp a 30Hbl CB06oJUlOIl ropI'OBllK U . Harbour (Am. harbor) ferry (ferryboat)
4. Customs b napoM aKBaTOpVfVf nopTa
Ta XlCeHllblH 6ap1oep 12. Fender (dolphin)
5. Custom entraDCe KpaHeu (lllBapToBHbIH nan, CBaHHblCl KyCT)
TaMolKem BX~ 13. Bunkering boat
6. Port c houte 5YHKepol3ot.JHoe CY,[(HO (,[(JI5I 3anpaBKIit CY,[(OB)
3Aa1l1it noproao'BTaMOlKHM 14. Break-bulk carrier (general cargo ship)
7. Entrepot TpaHcnopTHoe CY,[(HO (,[(JUI nepeBo3KVf
Y3, (nepeaanO'lHlolH n }'HKT]l,JUI ynaKOBaHHblx MaCCOBblX, reHepanbHblx,
'l'plH3MTHbIX rp B) lllTyt.JHbiX rpY30B), flaJIJIeTOB03
8.. . . . (d umb barge, 1ighIer) 15. Tug
&a (Hecau AH8Jl 6ap,q, RMXTep) 5yKclitp
t. ~uJk cargo transit shed (seneral 16. Floating dock (pontoon dock)
lraDsit shed, package cargo transit IlnaB)'<mCl (nOl-IToHHblCl) ,[(OK
17. Dry dock
CYXOH '[(OK
18. Coal wharf 29. Excursion steamer (pleasure steamer)
TIpWIaJI l1)1JI pa3rpY3KVI yrJI}I TIpOryJlO1.fHhlJ7! (3KCKYP""O HHb1l1 ) uapoxo,[l
(yrJIeHaCbII1HoJ7! KOM£lJIeKc), Tepll'IHHaJI 30. Jetty
19. Coal bunker TIVIPC, £lp w1.fa £laCCa)f(11pCK iii ' l aC1'I1
YrOJIbHblJiI6YHKep (HMa) £lopTa
20. Transporter loading bridge 31. Passenger terminal
MOCToBoJ7! KOl-lI3el1epHbli71 £leperpY)f(aTeJIb naCC3)f(VIpcKVIJiI £l p l-r1.faJI, Tep rVIHan
(CbWY1.fVIX MaTepVIaJlOB) 32.. Liner (passenger liner, ocean li ner)
21. Quayside railway DaJiIHep (£laCCa)l(VIpCK lIIil, OKeaHCKl-rH
TIPVI1.faJIbHblJ7! perrbcoBblJ7! £lyTh J1aJ7!Hep)
22. Weighing bunker 33. Meteorological office, a weather station
BecOBoJiI 6yHKep MeTeocllY)f(6a, 1\1 eOCT3HI (~I H
23. Warehouse 34. Signal mast (signa lling rna t)
CKJIa,[l, XpaHWlVILI(e CeMacpopHa}l (cI1rl-lallbH3J1) M31.fT3
24. Quayside crane 35. Storm signal
nOPTaJIbHblJiI, £lpVI1.faJIbl-lbrJiI KpaH WTopMoBoe npeA £l p )I(,[IeHVIe (Cl-IrH3Jl)
25. Launch and lighter 36. Port administration offices
TIopToBbrJiI 6apKac C 6YKcVIpyeMblM A,o.MJII./-IJ.1CTpaTVIBlLhle Y'-Ipe)f(}.1,eH l lSI nopTa
JIVIXTepOM 37. Tide level indicator
26. Port hospital <l>ymrrOK (Mapeorpacp), Ka3aTeJlb BblCOTbl
TIOPTOBblJ7! rocnVITaJIb (60JlbHVIQa) npWl\IIBa
27. Quarantine wing 38. Quayside road (quayside roadway)
KapaHTVIHHOe KpblJ10 60JlbHI-IQbl Ha6e~a }l aBTo M o6~ n,na}l ,[Iopora,
28. Institute of Tropical Medicine mocce
VlHCTl1TYT TpOI1l1'-lecKoJiI Me).(VIl(VII-lbl
39. Roll-on roll-off (ro-ro) system (roll-on 55. Harbour (Am. Harbor) tunnels
roll-off operation) TyrIHeJIH l'aBaHH
KOM611111i1 pOBaHHasl I1CTeMa 56. Fish dock
rpy3006pa60TK~1 (cMCTeMa po-po), Pbl6HbI M n pHy an
TpewlcpllblC onepal..(vfI1 57. Fish market
40. G antry Pbl6H bl M PbIHOK
n plclJlbHblM, K03JlOBOH Kp all 58. Auction room
41. Truck-to-truck system (truck-to-truck TIoMeuWHHe )J,mI Top roB
operation) 59. Fish-canning factory
CHCT Ma r PH30HTalThHOM PbI6o KoHcep I;IHblM 3aBOp;
rpy 00 pa6 TKH (Al1 ~ reHep anbHbl x 60. Push tow TOJlKaq
rpY30B), onepal..(l1~ " aT n o rpy y.vIKa K EyKCVlp
norp 3trnK)''' (11JTI1 "aT BepH 1.\0 l;IepH " ) 61. Tank farm
42. Foil-wrapped unit loads Pe3ep syap i-i bIM n apK (HecpTe6a3a)
CTSlIlyn.,le crill fI10JIbl-IOW JleHTOM r p Y30 Sbie 62. Railway siding
flaK Tbl (YflaKOBaH, B Wlell KY C60 p Hbie )i(ene3HOP;OpmKHaSl BeTKa
rpY3bl) 63. Landing pontoon (landing stage)
43. Pallets J1.rraB}"IaSI np/K TaHb (p;e6apKap;ep )
rpY30Bble fl0/1,ll. 1-11>1, nanneTbl 64. Quay

44. Forklift truck (fork truck, forklift) OptSCTaHb (Ha6epe)f(HaSl)

BHJlOLJllbl~1 norpy YViK <65. ater (mole)


45. Container ship BoJlHOpe:31 8011HOJIOM (Mon)
KOHTe~1Hep » 3 66. Pier (Jetty), a quay extension
46. Transporter containe'~"1iD IlHpt, XpbJ1IO n pVlCTaHI1
KmrrewllcpHblM n ep I'py 67. Bulk carrier
47. Container carrier ck
Waterfront structures
ITpvrqaJIbHble coopY)Kem15I

Gravity waterfront structures


fpaBVlTaLrVlOHHble npl1'-laJlbHbre
coopY)f(eHVl51

a. Biockwork
v13 KJlaAKVI MaCCVlBOB
b. Caisson
113 MaCCVlBOB-rJ,1TaIlTOB
c
c. Thin-walled with internal anchor
TOHKocTeHHoe C BHYTpelIHItIM aHKepoM
d. Thin-walled with external anchor
TOHKocTeHHoe C BHemHItIM aHl<epOM
e. Crib
P5{)f(eBOe
f. Large-diameter shell
113 060flO"4:eK 60JIbillOrO Altla Me1pa
1. Mass concretes
DeTOHHble MaCCItIBbI
2. Superstructure
HaACTpOMKa
3. Rock mattress, stone bed
KaMeHHasr nOCTeJIb
4. Backing
Pa3rpY304Hasr nplil3Ma
5. Reverse filter
06paTHbIM ¢ItIJlbTP
6. Concrete caisson
)l(eJIe306eTOHHbIl1 MaCCVlB-fltlfatIT
7. Vertical plate
BepTItIKaHbHa51 IUllt1Ta
8. Foundation plate
CI>YHAaMeHTHaJI nJI\IITa
9. Unchor
AHKep
10. Timber crib
)J,epeB5IHHbIM P5{)f(
11. Shell
060flO"4:Ka
12. Superstructure with discharge boom
H aAC1'poMKa C pa3rpY30 "4:HOM KOI-lCOflblO
Thin-walls waterfront structures
TIPH4aJlbH ble c oopY)I(eHHSI B BHAe a b c
T OHKHX CTeHOK

a, b. Not-anchored
He3aHKep HHbie
c,d. With one anchor
C O)J.HHM aHKepoM
e. With two anchors
C )J.BYMSI aHKepaMH
f. With shielding piles
C KpaHH3HpYIOll\HMH CBaSIMH
6
g. With front shield
C rrepe)J.HHM 3KpaHoM

1. Ferroconcrete houowsheu piles


)f(ene306 TOH Hble cBaH-06ono4KH
2. Superstructure
H a)J.CTp0l1Ka
3. Ferroconcrete T -piles
)f(ene306eTOHHble TaBpoBble CBaH
4. Capping beam
Warro4HaSI 6anKa
5. Ferroconcrete prismatic piles
)f(ene306eToHHble
npH3MaTHtJecKHe CBaM
6. Anchor plate
AHKepHaSI wurra
7. Anchor

AHKepHble CIDt3K (TSIru)

8. Steel sheetpile
CTaJlbHO H' umyHT
9. Ferroconcrete vertical plate
)f( eJ06eToHHaJI BepntKaJlbHCUI IIJIHTa
10. Foundation ferroconcrete plate
<1>YHJ(aMeltTHaJI * eneJ06eToHHag
fUTI1Ta
Sea dolphins Pile waterfront structures with h igh grillage
MopcKVle naJIbI CBaHHble n pW-IaJIb l fble co opYJKe m1Sl C
BbICOKVlM pocTBe p KoM
a. Arrangement diagram of bulk oil terminal
dolphins a. With front shunt
CxeMa paccTaHoBKVI naJIOB Ha HecpTSlHoM C nepe,o:HVlM lllYHTOM
npVlqaJle b. With back shunt
b. Mooring dolphin
lllBaPToBbIH naJI
c. Breasting dolphin
Or60JlIHbIJII naJI
1. Technological platform
TeXHOJlOrl1QeCKaSl nnOlll,ilAKa
2. Mooring dolphins
lllBapToBHble naJIbI
3. Basic breasting dolphins
OCHoBHble oT6oJlIHble nCUlbI
4. Auxiliary breasting dolphins for small
craft
BcnoMOraTeJlbHble oT6oHHble naJlbI ,[IJLIl
MaJIbIX Cy,o:OB
5. Connecting gangway
Coe,o:VlHVlTeJlbHble MOCTKVI
6. Piles
CBaVl
7. Superstructure
HilACTpoHKa
8. Snubbing-posts
lllBapToBHble T)'M6bI
9. Rubber shock-absorbers
Pe3V1HoBble aMopTVl3aTopbl
10. Bumper bars (fenders)
Or60JlIHble 6pYCbSl
11. Diaphragm
)J,VlacpparMa
Coast-protective structures
Oeper03alll,J.1THble YKperUleHJ.1S1

Diagram of port protecting structures on the


open seacoast
CxeMa OrpaAI1TellbHbIX coopY)l(eHI111 nopTa Ha
OTKPbITOM MOPCKOM n06epe)l(be

c 7 A. Roadstead 2, 4. Port gates


PeJ7IA BopOTa nopTa
B, C, D. Harbors 3. Breakwater
[aBal-III! BOITHOJIOM
E. Bucket 6, 7. Separating moles
KOBlII Pa3AeJIl1TeJlbHble MOJlbI
I, 5. Moles, jetties, piers
MOJ1bl

Moles arrangement diagrams


CxeMbI pa no O)l(eI-II1S1 Mon OB:

Passive coast-protective structures


naCCI1BHble 6eperoyxpenl1TeJ1bHble
C PY)I(eWUI

a. Bank revetment
p awe OAe»QJ;bI
b.Bank waUs
&eperoBbl CTetlKH
L Reinforced concrete plates 4. Concrete wall
~~I06eTOHHbI JT1DlThI 6eTOHHas! creHKa
20 erse (reverse) ftIter 5. Sheet piling
~cpmn..rp lllnYHToBaSi CTeHKa
,-" ,._- stone bank 6. Drainage
YJflI'PIlIlilR UMeHliWH 6aHI<er )J:peHa)l(
Active coast-protective structures
AKTI1BHble 6eperOYKpenl1TeJIbHble
coopy)f(eHl1~

a. Diagram of combined pitching


CxeMa KOM611HI1pOBaHHblx YKpenJIeHI1Iil
b. Concrete blocks bankhead (groin)
oyHa 113 6erOHHoro MaCCI1Ba
c. Submerged breakwater profile
ITpOCPWJb no,o:Bo,o:Horo BOJIHOJIOMa
1. Bankheads (groins)
OYHbI
2. Shore breakwater 5. Concrete blocks
oeperoBoM BOJIHOJIOM oeroHHble MaCCI1BbI
3. Crossbeams 6. Monolith superstructure
TpaBepcbI MOHOJlI1THa~ Ha,o:CTp oIilKa
4. Protected bank 7. Rock mattress, stone bed
3all1,l1lI.\aeMblIil 6eper KaMeHHCUI nOCTeI1b

Sea Walls 1. Crushed-stone bed


oeper03all1,I1THble coopy)f(eHI1~ nocrem. 1113 DMeHJIOlir 6 pocKM
Breakwater profiles 2. Superstructure
ITpoCPWJI1 BOJIHOJIOMOB Hancrpofuca
3. Bloc:kwork
I. Vertical gravity wall I<na,qKa 1113 MaCCI1BOB
BepTI1KaJIbHa~ rpaBI1TaQI10HHCUI CTeHKa 4. Riprap
II. Mound breakwater KaMeHHlul Ha6p ocKa
BOJIHOJIOM OTKOCHoro npocpl1JIR S. Block fill
III. Vertical piling Ha6poCKa Ma CHBOB
BepTI1KaJIbHa~ cBaIilHaSI CTeHKa 6. Pile rows
IV. Vertical wall out of cylindrical shells CBalirHble p S!,U.bI
BepTI1KaJI'bHa~ CTeHKa 113 QWJI1H,o:pHl!eCK~ltiI 7. Stone filling
060JIO'leK KaMeHHU 3aCf>IDIal
V. Framed (perforated) breakwater 8. Concrete ebeU
CKB03HOIil BOJIHOJIOM )l(eJIe306eToHHaR 0 6 0 n IQC8
VI. Floating breakwater 9. Concrete bum shield ( n)
flrraBy l .Jl1M BOJIHOJIOM 3KPaH JO~bDC'6anOK
VII. Air breakwater
ITHeBMaTJ1l.leCKI1M BOJIHOJIOM
10. Bearings supports 14. Air conduit (air duct) bearing
Onopbl O n opbl B03Ay x oBoAa
11. Pon toon 15. Air conduit (air duct)
n OHTOH B03AyxOBOA
12. Anchor chains 16. Air-and-water jet
5iKopHbl e ~e n J-1 BOAOB03AYW HbH7t <jJaKeJl
13. Anchors
5IKopS!

Shaped blocks types


BJ-1n bl <jJaCOI-IH bI X 6n oKoB

a. Tetrapod d. Tribar
TeTpanOA Tp Jtl6 ap
b. Stabilopod e. Dipod
CTa611JTOn OA )J,Hn oA
c. Stabit f. Dollos
Ta611T )J,OJUIOC

System of the shore protective


structures and sea walls
of the dockyard
C HcTeMa orp a.o.HTeJIbHJ>lX
H 6eper03a ~HTH bIX
coopy x<eHHH seP¢lII

This hurricane barrier arose


at the mouth of the river Eider
(Schleswig-Holstein). It protects
the lowland from storm high tides
of the North Sea
B paHoHe y CTbS! peKH A HAep (3eMml
llJJle3BJ-1r-rOnbwTeHH) B03HI1"KJTO

Protection from
meteorological
tide
3au.un'a 0 '1'
nOBbDIJeHUSI
YPOBHA BOAbJ
Coast mooring arrangements
13eperoBbIe WBapTOBHbIe coopY)l(eHlII5I

a. Split bollard
Pa3beMHa5! TyM6a
b. Screw bollard a
BJ.1HTOBa5! TyM6a
c, d. Bollards with reclaimer
T yM6bJ co C6paCbJBaI01I.\J.1M YCTPOl1CTBOM
e. Ring-shackle J
PbJM-CK06a
1. Bollard detachable head
CbeMHaSl rOJIOBa TyM6bI
2. Pins
8
lllnJ.1.lIbKJ.1
3. Anchor bolts
AHKepHbJe 60JITbI
4. Fundamental plate
<l>YH'[(aMeHTHa5! nJlJ.1Ta
5. Mooring line, mooring rope
lllsapTos
6. Bollard rotating head
BpalI.\alOlI.\aSlOI rOJIOBa TYM6bJ
7. Swinging head wall
KaQalOlI.\J.111CSl OrOJ/OBOK
8. Bearing part
OnOpHa5! QaCTb
9. Locking-pulling-orf device
CTonopHo-c6pacbIBalOlu;ee YCTPOl1CTBO
10. Clamp
CKo6a

Replacement of wood by polymer


3aMeHa ,[(epesa nOJl~(MepaMI1

Bumper bars
Or60MHwe 6pyCbJl
Fenders
Or6oJil Hble YCTP IlfCTaa

a. Timber fender frame


A peaSl1II1M1 oroo ClHa51 p aM a
b, d, f. Suspended rubber shock-ab­
sorbers
H as Hble pe:3I1Hosble a/lilOpn13aTopbl
c. Tire-cover guard
Tl.{J-IT I-t3 alITOn OKp bI lJleK
e. Air floating shock-absorber
TIll BMaTW-l KltlliI nl1aaY4 V1Jit d e f
aMop1113aTop
1. Timber bumper bar
Aep B5IllIfbfe oT6o MHble 6pyCb51
2. Rubber shock-absorber
Pe311JIOBbI M aMopT113aTop
3. Suspension
n a Ka
4. Liner
TIo)J.KJ1a,n.Ka
5. Suspended screen
H aBecHolii ll(l1T

Bridges
MOCTbI

Suspens ion ystem bridge in


Istanbul
Mocr BltlC5I'Ieiil CHCTeMbI B
CTaMG n

A bridge over the Thames


MoeT Qepe3 TeM3Y
Bridge systems
CHCTeMbI MOCTOB

~
~~-
·=d:=>~~"~
....

a. Beam-type bridge system with threaded, 1. Hinge


beam pHHp
DallOl.£Ha5l C pa3pe3HoTi! 6allKOTi! 2. Arch
b. Beam-type with cantilevers, on hm,e.
DallOl.£Ha5l C KOHCOJUl'MH, Ha ruapIDfpax
c, d. Arch
ApO'lHble
e, f. Frame
PaMHble
g. Suspension
BHC5f4a51
h. Cable-stayed
BaHTosa51
Light structures
MeSIl<VI

Beacon cross-section
rr II P Y ll h l (1 p a ' p
. l aStK"

1. Sand-filled caisson, drinking water tank


KCCCOII, 3anOJIIlCH IlhlJlJ n CCKOM, U,H cTc p" a
11~ITloCBOCI BOn !>1
2. M achine room, workshops, and storehouses
l aIJI Vll-ll lbl l 1 3 I , Ma CTe pCKI'[C, CK) l ai~hl
3. Radio-beacon units, sitting-room, bathroom,
laundry

Arpe r aThl p aJ\J,1 /vi SlKa , r o VlH a Sl, BaHHaSl,

"pa LleLII las!

4. Lower gallery, entra nce hall and staterooms


l l IDKIlll.51 ran e p c SI, Bee-rv16 IOJIJ" Ka lO1'('[
5. Kitchen, dining-room, reading room 9. Lower watch room
Ky 11)1, eTO IOBa Sl , LJ HT aJlh llblCt 3ill1 HltIlKH ee SaXTeHHOe nO M e U J;e H l1e
6. Office, staterooms 10. Storehouses
KOIITopa, Kal<Yrb1 C KJ laAhl
7. Up per gallery, lifting crane for a lau nch 11. Upper watch room
B ' PX1-H11l r an pell, 110 be I " bl~1 Kpa ll IVIR Ka1'e p a 8epxll ce BaXTeHHoe nOlVleUJ;eHVIe
. Air-con d itioning in tallation 12. Lamp construction and gallery
CTal l OBKa KOIil-\"UIIOfIl I P Ba H")! 8O"lHY a <l>oHa pHoe c oop y)!(eHl1e VI ranepell

The elements tests on strength


Cn'l x lu l H,ClI bIT bJl3ae T H a n pOLJHOCT h
Off-shore oil complexes
MOpCKl1e HecpTSlHble KOMfUleKCbI

Floating oil terminal for tank­


ers (produced by the firm
"Shell")
ITrraBYtruCt npJ.1t.IaII )J)UI
TaHKepoB (qmpMbl «We]]]] »)

1. Superstructure, living accommo


dation pumping station
BepxHIDl qaCTb, )!(J.1Jlble nOMelll.eHJ.1H,
HaCOCHaH CTaHl.\J.1H
2. Air compartments
B03,n:YlllHble OTCeKJ.1
3. Ballast
3
DaJ1J1aCT
4. Anchor chain
5JKOPHasI. l\enb
5. Helideck
BepTOJIeTHaSi nJIOlll.a,n:Ka
., (;

6. Flexible hose
fJ.16KJIICt lllJlaHr
7. Oil-pipe line of the drilling platfolJll
HeqrrenpoBo,n: OT 6YPOBOM I1J1aTcpo
8. Tanker
TaHKep

Tanker near the floating point


terminal
TaHKep Y waBYt.Iero TOt.Ie"IHOrO
npw­l aIIa
Port structures
fIOpTOBble coopY>KeHI151

Passenger port
TIacCa )f( l1pc K I1tiJ. nopT

Oil-loading complex
Hec:j)TeHaJH1BHOIii KOMnrreKC
Ileavyweight -tr osfer terminal
( e pMI1I13JI H.JIlI ncperpY3KII
DIIKeItOB · OR

Port Vancouver
nOpT BallKysep

Ore transfer terminal


T epM vII laJ l 110 lIeperpY3Ke PY)],bl

Grain and terminal Prince-Rupert


3epH BOHII yro}1bHhIl1 TepMvlHan rrpllllic-Py nepT
Chanel over the Leine
River. Germany
BO)J.HbIl1 KaHaJI '"Iepe3
PeKY naHHe B fepMaHHH

English Channel Tunnel


TYHHenb nOA npOJIliIBOM ITa-MaHIll

- -- 1 - - - - 1

------i~---2

I. Sea 4. Service Tunnel


Mope CepBHCHhIl't yYHHeJlb
2. Seabed 5. Eastbou nd T unnel
MopcKoe )J.Ho Bocro'lHbTl1 'I)'RHe1Ih
3. Piston Relief Ducts 6. Westbound Tunnel
TIopwHeBoH Tpy6onpoBo)J. WlSi 3anilAtlblH 1"}'1 JHeJJb
CH5!TH5! nepena)J.a )J.aBneHHH
The route diagram of the tunnel
x Ma TpaC bl ryH HeJlSI

1. Terminal in Folkston
T pM~u l arl B <1)OJl KCTOHe
2. Terminal about Sangatta
T p M~U J 1611113 C a Hrarra
3. Moving from the tunnel into the
tunnel
n ep e3L\bl 11 Ty l-:l t-leJUI B T)'HlJeTJb
4. Dumps of breeds
C6pOCbl nopop;
5. Layer limestone
1011 Vl3 BeCTHSIKa
6. Layer dark blue chalk

TlJJacr n mero M a

7. Layer of clay
I J.1 17I111 1b1

Tunnel under English Channel


TylllleJ lb ~DpOJlHBOM JIa-MaHUJ

Channel tunnel Joined Great Britain and Jla-MaHwcKJIIVr ryHHerfb COep;I1'HI1Jl


dDce. The tMallength is 49.4 km, the AHrJlJIIJO C <J)paHQJlleVr. 06ll.(aSi npOTSI)KeH­
derwater part is 38 km. The position of the HOCTb Tpaccbl 49,4 KM, J113 HJIIX nop; BOP;OH ­
-dallDllael uncler the seabed is 40 m. There 38 KM . rrry611'Ha 3aneraHItISI nop; MOPCKI1M
three parallel tunnels altogether. AHOM - 40 M. Tpltl napaJlnenbHblx ryHHeJISI,
"W..tIboliand aDd Eastbound. Tuanels are 7.6 HanpaBJlel~Hble C 3anMa
diameter, the service tunnel is 4.8 m. Ha BOCTOK. KpaHI­me p;JllaMeTpOM 7,6 M,
cepBHcHblH TYHI­lerrb ­ 4,8 M.
~\ .-'
~
' &ARGO ~H1\NDLiNG

e(!)MPIEXES,
M~HiNESAN
WEPE"nfJlIf~'all"!
I(fJ/wWIiE/fCM. iilWifM
If WPNCWfJCOGIiEIf.
..

- -<,-/

~
.~

r
.
.::::::::::=. -, .;-,1,. ,: .-­
.
r 315

Il!;ltp I n r ~\\~~&

J'JOIJRbIE KONU\l\V

Content
Co,n,ep)KaHl1e

1. Cargo handling complexes 31 6


TIep rpy t.f)-fbTe KO mJ1eKCbl
2. Conveyors 320
K HB Iii. pbl
3. Transfer work within hull 321
perpY30"Iffible pa60TbI BH)'TPl1 y,n,Ha
4. Cargo transfer at open sea 323
nep rpY30"l.IHbIe Oil paIJ.l1l1 B Mope
5. Transfer of containers 326
IT p rpY3Ka KOHTeTifrIepoB
6. Cranes 330
KpaHbI
7. Cargo scales 35
rp 30B"hle B Cbl
8. Methods of stowage 336
Cn 06bI YK11aAKl1 r p 30B
9. Devices for mechanized cargo handling 337
npl1cTIoc06n Hl15l)J)UI MeXaHl13l1p OBaI-{Holii. nep erpy Kl1
10. Loaders, lifters, trolleys 351
ilOrpY3LJMKl1, rrOADeMHl1KT1, ene){(KlII
11. Lever jacks 356
Am.1KpaTbl
Cargo handling complexes
. . . . . TIeperpY30'lHbIe KOMI1J1eKCbI
~:...~

Specialized technological overloading complexes for bulked cargo


Cnel\l1aJIH3HPOBaHHbII7! TeXI:IOnorW·leeKHI7! neperpY30QHbH1 KOMrmeKe AlUI HaBanOll.HbIX rpY30B

1. Bucket-belt unloader 4. Stacker-reclaimer


KOBllIoBo-neHT04Hbnl! neperpY)l(aTenb CTaKep-peKnal7!Mep
2. Device for railcar load 5. Interlocked junction of the railcars
YCTpOHeTBO )J,JHI nepery3KH )I(-A BaraHon L1,eHTpanH30BaHHbIH Y3en 3arpY3Kl1 )I(-A
3. Conveyor belts BarOBOB
DeHT04Hble KOHBel7!epbI

Universal technological overloading complexes for piece cargo


YHHBepeaJIbHbIH TeXHOJIOrliflleeKHI7! neperpY3o'I.HbJH KOMnneKC AJIjI llITY<IHbIX rpY30B

1. Portal crane 4. Loading table


nOpTanbHbIH KpaJ-J. norpY30<IHbIH eTO)"1
2. Bilge loader 5. Storage loader
TpIOMHblH nOWY3 41.1K CKJlaAcKol7! norpY34l1K
3. Car loader
BaroHHb117! norpY3QillK

\

Storage layout
CXeMbI CKJIa)J,OB

1. Portal crane
ITopTanbHblJII KpaH
2. Frontier storage
f1PHKOPP,OHHbIJII CKJIap,
3. Gallery for motor transport
fanepeSl)J.m! aBToTPaHcnofna
4. Back basic storage
TbUI0I3011 6a3HcHbiM CKJIap,
5. Railcars
BarOl-I!>1
a. Piece cargo stacks 6. Bulked cargo stacks
WTYYllblX IVY· 013 llha6eJISl HaBanOYHOrO rpy3a
b. Bulked cargo stacks 7. Bridge crane
HaBaJIOYHblX rpY30B MOCTOBOM KpaH

Clamshell loading belt


fpeMcpepHo-KoHBeMepHblJII
neperpY)l(aTeJIb

1. Loading conveyor
3arpY30 YHbIJII KOHBeJlIep
2. Receiving bunker
ITpl1eMHblJII 6YHKep
3. Feed conveyor
ITHTaTenb
4. Drum pier tripper
5apa6aHHblJII c6paCblBaTeJIb nHpcoBoro
KOHBeJlIepa
5. Receiving conveyor of unloader
ITpHeMHbIJII KOHBeJlIep neperpY)l(aTeJISl
6, 7. Intermediate conveyors
ITpoMe)!(YTOYHble KOHBeMepbl
8. Pier band conveyor
f1l1PCOBbIJII JIeHTOYIlblM KOHBeJlIep

Unloader is intended for transfering of the most widespread bulked cargo: coal, ore,
phosphates, grain and is mounted on the pile pier
ncperpY)I(aTeJlb npep,Ha3HayeH JlJ LSl neperpY3KI1 HaH60nee pacnpocrpaHeHHblx HaBanOYHblX
rpY30B: yrJlSl, PYP,bl, cpoccpaToB, epHa, H YCTaHOBJIeH Ha CBaMHOM nVIpce
Variants of bulked cargo loading into ves­
sels of various constructions
Bap\I1aHTbI 3arpy 3KVI HaCblllHbl X r p y3 B Ha
cYAa pa3Jl\I1,{HOI1: KOHcrpYK1lVIVI

Port cargo handling complex for bulked cargo


I10PTOBbn1 neperpY30'lHbll1: KOMIUleKC WTS! HaCbmHbIX rpY 30B

a. Grain elevator
3neBaTop AJllI 3epHa
b. Lightened storehouse for bulk cargo
06ner<IeHHbII1: CKJl~ }J.n51 cbm)"f\llX r p Y30B

1. River boat
Pe,{Hoe cY}J.H O
2. Sea craft
MopcKoe CyUHO
3. Unloader
I1eperpY)KaTeJlh
4. Elevator tower
Pa6o'-laSI 6aUIH sl JleUaTOp a
5. Silo
C\I1JlOC
6. Cars
BaroHbI
7. Conveyors
TpaHcnOpTep bJ

Car loading chart with grain


through two ceiling hatches
CxeMa 3arpY3K\I1 naroHoB 3ep.HOM
'-Iepe3 ABa nOTOnOqHblX JLIOKa
Cargo handing complex with bucket belt elevator
fJeperpy 04111>111 KOMnneKC C KOBUJeBO-JIeI-lTO'll-lbIM 3JleB3TOpOM

Container terminal
KOIlTeJirHepl-lhll1 TepMHI-I3Jl
Universal port complex
YHl1llepCaTlbHbIVI lIOPTOBbI"VI KOMilileKC

Conveyors
KOHBel1epbI

1000 m3/h sand discharger unmanned/compu­


ter assisted automatic unloader
ABToMan13V1poBaHHbIVl 3arpY34wK neCKa
1000 M 3/ 4ac
npOVl3BO,1(VlTeJlbHOCTbIO

Loading belt of band type


KOHl3eVlepHbIVI n e p erpY)l(aTeJlb J1eHT04Horo
TVlna
Transfer work within hull

\

ITeperpY3ot.{Hble pa60Tbl BHyTPvr cYAHa

Hold loading layerwise 3arpY3Ka TpIOMa nOO1oliIHO

a) 2 :1 " 5

a. First layer loading b.Secondlayerloading


3arpY3Ka oepBoro 01051 3arpY3Ka BToporo 01051

1. Underdeck room 1. Pendants


Ilo):(naJly6Hoe npoCTpaHcTBo lllKeHTelll1
2. Snatch blocks 2. Lower snatch blocks
KaHl1cpac-611oKI1 HI1)KHl1e KaHl1cpac-6110KI1
3. Pendants 3. Sleepers
WKeHTeJlI1 De)f(Hl1
4. Cargo piece 4. Boxes of the first layer
fppoBoe MeCTO 5IlIl;l-IKI1 nepBoro CllOH
S. Boat hoists S. Bar
CYlloBble Jle6ellKI1 EpyCOK
6. Boxes of the second layer
5IlIl,l1KI1 BToporo Cl1051
7. Upper snatch blocks
BepxHl1e Ka\-f1llcpac-6JIOKl1
Deck conveyor
8. Hoists
IlaJly6HI>IIiI KOHBeliIep
De6e)lK11

Monorail motor hoist


O)lH06anO'-lHbliiI
MOToKpaH

Pulley block
hoist
TaneBaH
lle6ellKa
Device for cargo transporting within hull
TIp\IIcnoco6neHlIIe WI}! nepeMeLQeH1II}l rpY30B BHyTp\II Kopnyca cYgHa

1. Strips for monorail fastening 3. Block


I1JIaHKlII WI}l KpenJleH1lI}l MOHopenbca DnoK
2. Detachable monorail 4. Roller bogies
CbeMHbnii. MOHopenbc POJI\lIKOBble Telle)f(K\II

Diagram of cargo handling


on pallet ship
CxeMa norpY301.lHO-pa3rpY30QHbIX
pa60T Ha nanneTOB03e
Cargo transfer at open sea
ITeperpY30"lJHble OrrepaD;l111 B OTKPbITOM Mope

9 10

7 5

Common conceptions Jackstay storing rig, underway transfer


06ml1e nOIDITI1JI highline rig
TpocoBoe YCTPOI1CTBO AJll! nepep;a'-!l1
Underway replenishment rpy3a Ha xoP;y
TIonOJlHeJ-lI1e 3allaCOll Ha XO)J,y Highlining
Underway transfer rigging, storing rig, TIe pep;a'-!a rpY30B Ha X01W CnOMOmblO
replenishing -at sea rig (gear) TPOCOBOro YCTpolirCTBa
YCTPOI1CTBO )J,JUI aepep;a'-!l1 rpYJOB HU xoP;y Tensioned highline rig
Alongside transfer TpaBep3Hoe YCTpolirCIBo C
TIepep;aqa rpY30B Ha xoP;y TpaBep3HMM aBTOMaTI14eCKI1MI1 Jle6e,lJ,KaMH
cnoco6oM Burtoning rig
HousefaU rig TpaBep3Hoe ycrpOl1crsO)J.JI5f nepep;a'-!l1
TpaBep3Hoe YCTPOI1CTBO W I)! II epeAa<r11 rpY30B Ha xop;y C ne6ep;KaMl1 Ha
rpY30B Ha xoP;y nepep;alOmeM 111 a p lifHl1MalOll\eM cyp;ax
A. Rig for transferring dry cargo nepep,a4a )f(I1AKOrO rpy3a
YCTpoJirCTBa)J,J15l nepep,a411 cyxoro rpy3a C cYAfla - 3allpaBlL\I1Ka Ha IIpl1HI1MalOluee
cYP,HO Ha xony
1. Light jackstay storing rig Underway fueling ri~ fuel oil transfer rig
Tpocosoe YCTpoJirCTSO )J,J15I nepep,a411 YCTPOJirCTBO AJISI nepep,aQI1 TOIIJll1Ba Ha xo.o.y
nen<oseCHblX rpy30s Ha xoP,y Fluid cargo handling
2. Heavy jackstay storing rig Deperpy3Ka )f(I1AKI1X rpy30s
Tpocosoe YCTPOJirCTBO p,mr nepep,aql1 Jackstay fueling rig
TSDKeJ10SeCHblX rpy30s Ra XOJI:Y Tpocosoe ycrpOJirCTBO AJISI nepeAa<r11 TOnn l1Sa
Ha xoP;y
1. Sending vessel
Oiler-inhaul fueling ri~ close-in fueling ri~
nepep,alOw;ee cYAHO
2. Receiving vessel span-wire fueling rig
Tpauep3Hoe YCTpoJirCTBO iVIS!" n ep p,aYI1
npl1Hl1MalOll.\ee cYAHO
TOnTIl1Ua Ha XOAY
1. Electronic control unit
1. Replenishment vessel, replenishment
3neKTpoHHoe perynl1pylOll.\ee YCTPOJirCTI30
tanker, refueling ship
2. Highline winch
CYAHO 3anpaSIJ\I1K, TaHKep 3aIlpaBll.\I1K
ITe6ep,Ka Hecyw;ero Tpoca
2. Receiving vessel
3. Inhaul-outhaulline winch
npl1Hl1MalOll.\ee (6yHKepyeMoe) CYAHO
ITe6e}J.Ka sbr611paeMoro 11 crpaSnl1SaeMOro
Tpoeos 1. Transfer station, Transfer pump
4. Bipod mast nepeKaYI1BalOll.\aSl craHl.\I1S1, nepeKaQI1BalOlUl11ii
ASYRoraSi MaYTa Hacoc
5. Tension derrick 2. Automatic tensioning winch
HaTSI)KHa51 cTpena ABTOMaTI1QeCKaSi ne6e)l,Ka (c
6. Distance line aBTOMaTI14eCKI1M perYJII1pOBaHI1eM
AI1CTaHll.11.oHHblJir nl1Hb HaTSI)f(eHI1S1 Tpoca)
7. Highline jackstay 3. Hose, oil hose, fuel hose, cargo hose,
HecYW;I1Jir TPOC, HanpSDKeHHblJir rpy30uoJir liquid cargo
Tpoe ill.naHr, TOfUII1BHhllii lLIJIaHr, rpY30Bolii
8. Outhaulline llIJlaHr, )f(I1AKI1Iii rpy3
CTpaSnl1SaeMblJir TpOC 4. Highline
9. Traveller, traveling block HecyII\111ii TpOC
Xop,osoJir pOnl1K, nOp,SI1)f(HblJir 6noK 5. Inhaulline
10. Inhaulline BhI6I1paeMblJir Tpoe
BbI611paeMblJir TpOC 6. Traveling block
11. Dry cargo nO~WI1)f(Holii 6noK
CyxoJir rpy3 7. Saddle
CeAJIo (onopa AIlSi wnaHra)
B. Rig for transferring liquids
8. Lead blocks
ycrpoJircrso)J,J15l nepe)J.a411 )f(11p,KI1X rpy30u
HanpaBnSlIOIl\l1e 6JIOKI1
Common conceptions 9. Tension derrick
06W;l1e nOHSlTIDi HaTSI)f(HaSi cTpena
10. Quick connect/disconnect coupling of
Transferring Jiquid cargo from the fuel-oil filling system
replenishment vessel' to a receiving vessel DhICTpop,eliicTBYIOll.\a51 pa3beAI1HI1TeJTbHaSI:
whilst underway MycpTa, CI1CTeMbI npl1eMKI1 )f(H)l,KOrO TOnnl1Ba
Overside transfer afloat
ITeperpy3Ka C cY)],Ha Ha
CY)],HO Ha n JlaI3Y

Cargo controlled system, capacity 2200 I/h


rpy 3 0Ba~ ynpaBJUleMa~ CJ,1CTeMa,
MOll\HOCTblO 2200 T/4
1. Shiploader with tripper 5. Rope trolley type gantry crane
CY)(0I30M norpY34J,1K C pa3rpY 30 4HOM I10pTanbHblM KpaH T1i1na TeJle)KKJ,1
TeJ le)KKOM 6. Grab bucket
2. Coaster fpei1cpep
CY)]'HO npl16pe)KHOrO nnaBaHI1>1 7. Visiting ship
3. NQ 3 conveyor Pa3rpY)KaeMOe CYAMO
KOfmeMep NQ3 8. NQ 1 conveyor
4. NQ 2 conveyor KOHBeMep NQ 1
KOfll3eMep NQ 2
Transfer of containers
TIeperpy3Ka KOHTet1:HepoB

Section of container terminal with cargo


handling equipment
Y'iaCTOK KOHTel1:HepJ-IOro TepMVIHcl.Jla C neperpY30'iHbIM
06opYAoBaHTlleM

Transfer works are carried


on round-the clock
Pa60TbI no n eperpy K
BeAyrC5i Kpym ocyTO'iJ-f O

Hoisting device for transfering containers


[pY303axBaTHble YCTpOliicTBa)lJDI neperpy3KJII KOHTeMHepoB

a. Automatic container grip


ABTOMaTVl'ieCKJIIM 3aXBaT
W I51' KOJ-fTeJiiHepOB
1. Frame of grip
PaMa 3aXBaTa
2. Guides
HanpaBJl5i101ll;Tlle
3. Suspension
D OAB€CKa
4. Rotary cam
DOBOPOTJ-fbIH Kyna'iOK
b. Suspension for container
transfer with hand bringing
of bayonets into the lower
fittings
DOABecKa ,lJ,JUI neperpY3KTII
KOHT€MHepOB
C PY'JJ-fOH 3aBO,D.KoJii UlTbLKOB
B HWKHTII€ CPI1TTIIJ-fn1
327
1ltA' --­ ~
~/J'y]OlffibIE KO~6)
Container transfer to motor transport by
deck crane equipped with container frame
TIeperpy3Ka KOHTeHHepoB Ha aBToTpaHcnopT
nculy6HbIM KpaHoM, OCHallJ,eHHbIM
KOHTeMHepHoH paMol1

Container transportation using


automatic grip
TpaHcrropnlpoBKa KOHTewHepa
c nOMOllJ,bIO aBTOMaTI1'-leCKOrO
3aXBaTa

Loading of container by deck crane into the ship hold


TIorpY3Ka KOHTeAHepa nculy6HbIM KpaHoM
328

/JE;l/]JYJOlJHbIE KO~'i~t\)\

Transfer of forty pounds container to railway platform


ITeperpy3Ka copoKacpYToBoro MOPCKOro KOHTeJilHepa r-fa )Kene3IIO)J;opO)KHYIO I lanpopMy

Placing of container into stack by forklift


YCTaHoBKa KOHTeHHepa B wTa6enb
BW10'lHbrM rrorpY34V1KOM
•\

Gantry crane for container transfer


ITopTaflbHbn1 KpaH AJ1SI neperpY3KVI

1. Tower
EawHSI
2. Hoisting system
ITo,D;beMHaSi CMCTeMa
3.Jib
CTpena

Crane system for container transfer


KpaHoBaSI CMCTeMa AJ1SI neperpY3KM
KOHTeJiIHepoB

2000 m 3/h floating reclaimer crane


ITnaBy4MI1 KpaH-c6pacblBaTellb MOll.\HOCTbIO
2000 M3j4ac
Loading of
container carrier
3arpY3Ka

Cranes
KpaHhI

Wheel-mounted tower crane


I1HeBMoKoneCHbIM 6arneHHbllIJ Kpall

Pallet lift-crane
KpaH-nanneTOnOiJ,beMHJIIX
Tower crane
oallleHHbl11 KpaH

1. Counterweight
KOHTprpy3
2. Tower mast
oallleHHa51 onopa
3. Operator cab
Ka6lt1Ha onepaTopa
3
4. Counter jib
ITPOTltIBOBeCHa51 CTpena 11

5. Counter jib ballast


Oa.naCT nponrBOBeCHOI1 CTpenbl 2 12
13
6. Jib tie
OrrsDKKa CTpeJTbl
7. Traveling crab
Tene)f(l(a KpaRa 1
8.Jib
CTpeJla
9. Crab pulley
POJlltlK TeneJl<KltI
10. Hoisting rope
ITOl-\'beMl-IbU1 TpOC
11. Hoisting block
rpY30nOA'beMHbll7t 6noK
12. Hook
KplOK
13. Crane runway
ITo,[J,KpaHoBbll7t nyTb
TeJle)f(l(l1 KpaRa

Turning gantry crane with suspended


clamshell
ITOPTaJIbHbll1 nOBopOTHbl11 KpaH
co C'beMHblM rpel7tq,epoM
. I

"0" type crane equipped with windable rain-shield curtain


TIOPTaJIbHblCt KpaH "0" TMrra OCHaIl.\eHHbICt cBopat.{I1BalOllI,\.1MCH 3aHaBeCOM,
rrpe;n:oXPaHHIOllI,I1M OT ;n:0)f()J.5i

"e" type gantry crane Floating crane "Bogatyr"


TIopnurbHbICt KpaH "C" T'i'rrra ITnaBy'mCt KpaH "BoraThlpb"

All weather-proof type gantry crane


3allI,\.1l:l\eHHbICt OT JlI06011 rroro;n:bl

"u" type gantry crane for bulk!


container carrier
rI0pTaJlbHhU1 KpaH "u" Tl1rra
AJISI KOHTeCtHepOB030B \.1
HaChIIlHhlX rpY30B
Salt loading by grab crane into the --...;;----------------~--~...
conveyor bunker
3arpY3Ka COlIVI rpeJltcpepHblM
KpaHoM B 6yHKep KOHBeJltepa

cranes
Quay crane with hoisting cantilever
TIeperpY3Ka )JJ.IVlHHOMepHblx rpY30B
oeperOBOJlt KpaH C nO,lJ,beMHOCi KOHCOJ1blO
,lJ,ByMSl KpaHaMlIJ

Level luffing crane


KpaH C rOpH30HTaJIbHblM nepeMew.eHl1eM
rpy3a npl1 H3MeHeHI1V1 BblJleTa crpeJ1bl
( Ir 334
_
Ilt;£ L - ~()\
1PYJOlfHbIE KO~

Transfer of launch by
shipboard jibs
Deperpy3Ka KaTepa
Cy,uOBbIMI1 CrpeJlaMM

Transportation of launch using the


wheel-mounted loader
ITepeB03Ka KaTepa c nOMOH\blO
nHeBMOKOJIeCHOrO norpYJ4J1l<a

Combined operation of cranes in


transfer of large tonnage cargo
COBMeCTHaH pa6oT3 KpaHoB no
neperpY3Ke KpynHoToHcuKHoro
l"pyJa
Truck crane
J
ABTOM06T1JJbHbnit KpaH

1. Jack
DO,D,'beMHKK
2. Telescopic boom
Ten ecKon WIecKa~ cTpena
3. Elevating cylinder
DO,D,'beMHbIM UT1JJI1H,D,P

'lji.iiiil."
Cargo scales
[PY30Bble BeCbT ,,

1. Crane balance 2. Car scale 3. Motor-truck scales


KpaHoBble BeCbI BarOHrlble seCbl ABTOM0611JlbHble BeCbl
Methods of stowage
Crroco6bI YKJIa)J,KM rpY30B

~
Methods of sack
cargo stowage

tel
Cnoco5bIYKnaAKM
MelilKOBbIXrpY30B

a. Sack on sack c. Cross-wise e. By T-joint


MeliloK Ha MelilOK KpeCT-HaKpecT TPOHIU1KOM
b. In half-sack d. Cross-wise with bonding f. Quinary
B nOJIMelliKa KpeCT-HaKpeCT c nepeBSl3KoH flSITepMKO 1

Stowage methods of roll-barreling cargo transported aflat


Cnoco5bI yKnMKM KaTHo-50QKOBbIX rpY30B, -rpaJ:-ICIIOpTMpyeMblx ropl130HTaJlbHO

a. In regular rows c. By T-joint type in the hold

POBHbIMI1 pMaMI1 TPOCtHMKOM BTpIOMe

b. By T-joint type on the berth d. Quinary

TpolilHMKOM Ha npJ1LlaJIe flSlTepMKoM

Methods of box cargo stowage


Cnoco6bI YKJla)],KM Slll~W-lIlbiX rpY30B

a. In regular rows
POBHbfMI1 pSl)],aMM
b. With displacement to a width of a slat
Co CMellJ,eHMeM Ha lllMPHHY nJIaHKM
c. With displacement to a width of two slats
Co CMeUJ,eHMeM Ha 111I1P"IIIY )],Byx nJIaHOK
d. Cross-wise
KpeCT-HaKpeCT
e. By T-joint
TPOCtHMKOM
f. Quinary
lliTepl1KOM
337
lit;,/;.. r
f;,IY30lffibIE KO~
~~\

Use a lay-out and fastening of


p iece cargo on the flat pallets
TI pMMepHble cxeMbI pa3Me~eHWI
M KpermeHMS! urry'-!HbiX rpY30B Ha
rmOCKVlX nOMoHax

a. Box cargo
5I~VI"t.JHble rpY3bl

b. Sack cargo d. firebrick


MCllJ KOl3bl e rpy3bl OrHeynopl-lbl11 KVlpn~I
c. bale cargo e. barreling cargo
K~m o Bble rpy 3bl DO'-!KOl3bIC rpy3bl

Devices for mechanized cargo handling


npwcnOC06JIeH~51 AJI5I MeXaH\Il3~pOBaHH0l1 rreperpy3Kw

b) a)

Devices for mechanized of suck cargo handling


TIpVlcnoco6neHIIlS! Amt MexaHM3MpoBaHHoJi:I
neperpY3KM MelliKOBbIX rpy30B

a. Comb pallet b. Check pallet


fpc6eH'-!aTblJi:I nO)J,[(OH Wame4Hbll1lIOMOH
c. Comb container
r p e6eJ J"t.JaTbJJi:I KO HTeJi:IHep

Double-decker pallet Single-decker potllet


U13yxHacTvtnbHblJlJ nO)J,!~OH OAHOHaCTvtnbHbJI1 nOMOH
. I

Costruction of used flat pallets


KOHCTP)'Kll;MI1, npl1MeIDIeMble )J,JI.Sl
rmOCKI1X nOMOHOB

a, b. Four-way entry pallets


'1eTblpeX3aXBaTHble nOMOHbI
c, d. Single-decker pallets of
light-weight type
O)J,HoHaCTI1JTbHble nOMOHbI
06JIeI"'leHHoro TI1JIa
e. metal pallet-platform

\11
MeTaJlJl11:'feCKI1Iix nOMOH­
rm orn:a.ru<a
f. nails for fastening of timber
pallet details
fB03)],"I1 )J,JI.Sl KpermeHliUI )],eTarreVI
)],epeBIDiHblx nOMOHOB
Wing pallet
nOMOH C 60pTaMI1

1. Top deckboard
8epXH"\1VI HaCTI1JI
2. Stringer
CTp\llHrep (npo,n;OJIbHa51 6am<a)
3. Bottom deckboard
H I1)I(HI1 VI H a CTI1JI
4. Entry
3axo)],
Box pallet
5irn:I¥IHbIJ1 nOMOH

1. Side
OOKOBa51 CTeHKa
2. Pallet
Sling container nOMOH
CTpon-KoHTeJiIHep 3. Block 2
OPYCOK
J
4. Half-side
nOJIy6opT

Sling-net
CTpOn-CeTKa

\

Ring sling-container
KOJIbL\e BOH CTPO£1­ 2 500
KOHTe lii l-lep

1. Tie belt hook


falJoK cnDKHoro n05lca
g~1
250
2. Lever lock tie belt "000
PbflJa)KHbIH 3aMOK
CT5I)KHOrO £105lCa
3. Tie belt from manila
rope, circumference of 4. Loop for fastening of tie belt hook
35mm f1eTJUI ,lJ,TI5I KperrJIeHVU! raL£Ka
CT5I)I(HOH 1l05lC 113 CTlDI<HOrO n05lca
M a HI1JIbCKOrO Tpoca 5. Ring sling
OKP Y)I(H OCf bIO 35 MM KOJIbL\eBOH CTporr

(
o
-­ ) Ring sling
KOJIb1..J; e Bo~I CTpon

Tightening methods of sack cargo


stowed on the ring sling
CIIoco6bI 3aT5I)I(K11 MellIKOBbIX rpY30B,
YJIO)l(eHHbIX Ha KOJlbIJ;eB0I1 cTpon

a. Tightening through a loop


3aT5I)I(Ka ~Iepe3 £1eTJIJO

66
b. Tightening by means of
spanning devices
3anDKKa C £1OMOllI,bJO
Cf5lrl1BaJOIlI,I1X YCTPO\IICTB

Band slings
ITeHTOlJHble CTPO£1bI

1. Sling-belt 5. Tie belt


2 CTpO£1-JIeHTa CT5I)I(HOH Tpoc
2. Hooks 6. Handhold
KplOlJKVI PY"lJKa
3. Cloth straps 7. Basic hole
TKaHeBble HaKJlaAKI1 OCHOBH0e (YrBe pCfl1e
4. Hangers 8. Auxiliary hole
Cepbrl1 BcnOMOraTeJl bHOe OTBepCTl1e
Multiturn semi-rigid slings 2. Wire spin
MHoroo6opOTHble nOllYlKeCTKJ.1e CTponbI ITpoBollo<j~a5! 3aKpYTKa
3. Conecting link (chain)
1. Top tightening COe~J.1Hl1'1'ellbHOe 3BeHO (~enb)
~..
B ep..x.~
_ _. _ ._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _..;i..,.. 4. Pack lifting eye
cT 5!)!(J<a
npoynntHa AJ15! nO~"beMa naKeTa
mo i 5. Side traction
,t>::==&~h.-~ 60KOBa5! TSiTa
6. Lower tightening
/ nC-02 HJ.1)f<H5!5! CTj[)I(Ka
1" 7. Middle tightening
CpeAH5!5! cnDKKa
2500-2700


r-­
.(
r--­
fTC- OJ

t3
2800
~

2500- 2800

a)

Methods of cargo sling Bags stowage for sling


Cnoco6bI 3aCTponKM rpY3a yKJ1a~Ka MeWKOI3 Ha crpon

a. four branches into the swinging scaffold a. Correct


1:.{eTblpe BeTBM BJ1IOllbKY ITpaB11J1bHaSi
b. Two branches to the catch b. Incorrect
ABe BeTBM Ha y)],aB He npaBMJlbHaSi
c. One branch to the catch
O~a BeTBb Ha y)],aB
d. Branch without clasp of cargo
BeTBb 6e3 o6xBaTa rpy3a a)

Methods of long-length cargo sling


Cnoco6w 3acrpOITKM )J.Jl\lll-QiOMepOI3

a. Double grip "to the catch"


,lJ;BoHHblM 06XBaTOM "B y)],aB"
b. Sling "to the swinging scaffold"
3acrpoIlKa "B nIOJIbKy"
• \

Pipe loading into the railway cars I


TI o rpY3Ka Tpy6 B )l(erre3HOAopmKHbIe I
BarOHbI I

Sling methods using belt (soft) sling


Cnoco6bI 3aCTpOnKI1 rpY3a c nOMOllJ,blO
JIeHTOl.{HOrO (M5ITKOro) CTpona

Hanger for transfer of two-axle


trucks
DOABecKa )])lSi neperpy3K~r
ABYXOCHbIX MaWI1H

a. Sling chart c. Universal shackle


CxeMa 3aCTpOnKI1 CKo6a YH"I1BepCaJIbHa5!
b. Trapezoidal frame d. Order of clip
PaMa Tpanel\eM,ll;aJIbHaSi DOPSIAOK KpenrreHI1SI cKo6bI
3a rpY30BoH KplOK
. I

Transfer of wheeld machinery using the hanger


DepeHoc KOJIeCHOliI TeXHI1.KI1 C I1CnOJIb30BaHI1eM
nOABeCKI1

a. Chart of attaching slings to truck


CxeMa 3aCTpOnKI1 Mallll1HbI
b. Chart of attaching slings to wheel
CxeMa 3aCTpOnKI1 KOJIeCa

Chart of attaching slings to wheeled tractor 1. Rod


CxeMa 3acTpom<11 KOJTeCHOrO TpaKTopa WTaHra
2. Rigging shackle
TaKeJla)l(HaSl cKo6a
3,4. Slings
CTporrbI
5. Couplings
CTSI)I(KI1
6. Stud
AepeB}fHHblliI 6pyco

Transfer of

tractor using

crane hanger

Deperpy3Ka

Chart of attaching slings to tractor TpaKTopa C nOMOIJ.:{b1O KpaHoBoliI

CxeMa 3acrpOIll(1lf'l}'aKTopa nOABeCKI1

\
tAt
3300 Universal type beam
~ ~----------~~------------~
DaJlaHolp YHI1BepCaJlbHOrO
Tl1na

a. Beam
DaJlaHCI1P
b. Approximate chart of
attaching slings
flpHMepHble cxeMbl
3acrponKI1

Gripping devices for transfer


of palletized cargo
rpy30 aXBaTHble ycrpoJilcrBa )].lUI
n perpy.3KI1 naKeTl1pOBaHHblx rpY30B

a. Grips for pack transfer on pallets


3aX Ba Tb~ )J)UI n eperpY3Kl1 naKeTOB IIa
nOlJ,qoHax
b. Grip-fastener for transfer of packs in
slings
3aXBaT-3aMOK AJUi neperpY3KI1 naKeTOB B
crponax
c. Special shackle for transfer of packs
by belts
Cnel{11aJTbHaSi CKo6a iJ,JUI neperpY3Kl1
naKeTOB Ha neHTax

Crane grabs for transfer of


roll-barreling cargo

mt ~
' KpaHoBble 3aXBaTbI )J)UI neperpY3KI1
KaTHO-601.J.KOBblX rpY30B

a. Cam grabs
' ­__~;:;;;'';;:~~__..J KYITa1.J.KOBWe
b. Single lever grabs
O)J.HopbNa)l(f{ble
=--.~
• I

Combination scissors
grab
KOM6V1HTIlpOBaHHbIl1
3aXJ3aT HO)I(HW-lHOrO
TVlna

Grab with adjuster bolt


and stopper
3axBaT C YCTaHOBO<rHbIM
Barrel transfer using side grab 60JITOM VI CTonopoM
I1eperpY3Ka 60QeK C
TIlCnOJTb30BaHl1eM 6oKoBoro JaXBaTa

Paper roll grab


3axBaT )l)ISJ
neperpY3KTIl PYJTOHOB
6YManl

Crane grab for transfer of metal cargo


KpaHoBble 3aXBaTbI )l)I1I nep~rpy3KTIl MeTaJTJlOrpY30J3

a. Sheet steel grabs


3aXBaTbI ,[VUi JUICTOBOI1: CTa..rm
b. Steel coil grabs
3axBaTbI,[VUi craJlTll B pynoHax
c. Pipe grabs Grabs for barrel transportation and canting
3aXBaTbI ,[VUi TPy6 3axBaT,[VUi TpaHcnopTVlpOBKJiJ JiJ KaHTOBKJiJ 60QeK
Gripping devices for transfer of cargo in boxes and
unpacked cargo
rpY30 33XB3TI-Ihle YCTP0l1CTB3 )J)Ul neperpY3KH rpY30B B
51ll\HK3X 11 6e3 yn3KoBKH

1,2. Levers
PhI4arl1
3. Pin
TIarreI\
4. Eye
npoylJl~IHa
5. Movable bushing
TIoAB~DKHa51 I3TYJlKa
6. Cone
KOllyc
7. Stick
CTep>KeHh
8. Spread beam
Tpauepca
9. Chains
Ll,eIIl1
10. Tenon arm
naI la C II1MllaMfII
11. Catches
3all,ellbI

Picking grabs
LUHIIKOBbJe 3aXBaTbI

a. Needle~picking
1IroJIb'IaTO-ll\HllKOBbIH
b. Disk needle-picking
)J,fIICKOBbIHI1TOnb4aTO-ll\HllKOBbIH

1,2. Levers
PhI4arM
3,4. Jaws

./~\ 'I
ry6KH
5, 6. Handles
PYK05lTKH
7. Spring

~~
TIpy>KHHa
8,9. Chains
Ll,ellVl
Telescope coil grab
TenecKOOJ1'.leCKMJit Karywel.lHbll1 3aXBaT

Crane grabs for transfer of


bale cargo
KpaHOBble 3aXBaTbl ):()l.SI
neperpY3KM KMTlOBblX
rpY30B

a. Cotton grab with


stowable tennon
3axBaT )J,Jlll XJIOIIKa c
y6MpalOll\MMl1Cll llIMTlaMM
b. Cellulose grab
3aXBaT):()l.SI QeJI.JlIOn03bl
c. Rubber grab
3axBaT):()l.SI KayqyKa
d. Grab for bales of tobacco
3aXBaT):()l.SI KMn Ta6aKa

Rail grab
PenbcoBblJit 3aXBaT

Timber grab
3axBaT ):()l.SI crpoeBoro neca
Rod and bar grab
3axBaT )J,mrnO)J,"beMa
TaBpoBblX 6anoK
Timber transfer
neperpY3Ka Jleca

Examples of timber cargo


marking
npHMepbl MapKHpoBKI1
neeHblX rpY30B

a. Second chop sawlog, 14, 24, 34 cm etc. in diameter


opeBHa IIV1JIOBOt.fHble 2-ro copTa lJ,HaMerpoM 14, 24, 34 eM 11 T. ,0:.
b. Timbers for pit prop cutting, 18 cm in diameter
opeBHa,uJ15I pa3lJ,eJlKI1 Ha pyJJ:.Hl1'myro eToT1KY ,o:l1aMerpoM 18 eM
c. Timbering for rayon cellulose making, 22 cm in diameter
DeeOMaTepJiIaJlbl JJ:JlJl Bblpa6oTKI1 Bl1eK03H0T1l.l,eJUDOJl03bI
,o:l1aMeTpoM 22 eM
Section grab
3axBaT JJ:JlH neperpY3KI1
d. Second chop peeling and planning timbering, 18, 28 cm etc.
in diameter
npocpl1JlJl KpYfJIOrO
DeeOM3TepI1aJIbl,Il,JUI JlymeHl1.Sl 11 cTpOraHI1JI 2-ro eopTa
eet.f€HHJI
,o:l1aMeTpOM 18, 28 CM VI T. lJ,.

Coil turnover grab Telescope sheet lifter


3axBaT KaryllleQHbIl1 nOBopoTHblT1 TeneeKOnJ1l.IeeKMT1 JlI1CTOBOl1 nO)J,'beMHI1K
Spread beam
Tpasepca

Equalizing spreader beam with manual


longitudinal and lateral suspension eyelet
adjustment
YpaSHI1SaIOUW51 Tpasepca C
Telescope sheet lifter with 90° swivel claws HeMeXaI-JM311pOSaHHoM
TeJ1eCKO~eCKI1M JlI1CTOBOM no,z::n,eMHI1K C npOAOJlbl-JOM 6aJIKOM \1\ 60KOBOH
nosopOTOM l<J1eWHeM Ha 90° peryJlMpORKOH

Spreader with cross beams


PaCWMpl1TeJlb C TpasepcaMM

Spreader beam with crossbeam, standard suspension and by means of two spindles
continuously adjustment crossbars
Tpasepca c nonepel.lI-JOH 6am<OM, cTaHAapTI-Jolii npoywMHoH \1\ AByMSI peryJll1pylOLl\I1MI1
lllITI1HAeJUlMl1
Turn over spreader beam with adjustable spacing for easy and safe turning of long loads
06opoTIrw5I Tpclllepcw c peryJIlllpyeMbIM paCCT05IHllleM )J,JI5I 6e30rracHoH KaHTOBKVI
W !IIIHH OMCPlfblX rpY30B

Two-leaf grab bucket


)J,I3YXQCmOCTHoCt rpeCtcpep Double-pulley block Four-pulley block
.lJ:I3YXlliKIIII3HbniI 6JIOK '-IeTblpeXlIIKMBHbrCt
6JIOK
2
Hooks
fwKVI

1. Simple
flpocTo~r
2. Turned
floBepHYTbrCt
3. Swivel
BepTJlIO)KHhrCt
Diesel -hydraulic clamshell grab 4-20 m 3
,[(vl3eJTb-rvtApaBJTVfl.IeCKmil rpelilcpepHbIM
3aXBaT o6beMoM 4-20 ~

Four rope orange peel grab 3,8-16 m 3


YeTblpexKaHaTHbl1il MHor04enlOCTHoIiI
rpelilcpep o6beMoM 3,8-16 M'

Four rope dredger 35 m 3


YeTblpexrreneCTKOBbrM rpelilcpep o6beMoM 35 M'
2

Cramps
CKo6bI

1. Straight for steel ropes


npSLMaSi AJlSI CTaJIhHOrO Tpoca
2. Round
KpyrJIaSi
351

#lPllPYJOlfHDIE KO~&

Loaders, lifters, trolleys


ITorpy3~vllu1, rrO)J,beMH~K~, TeJIe)f(KM

Container wheel-mounted loader


KOHTeJilHepHblJiI nHeBMOKOIlecHblJiI norpY3<IWK

Tier container-reachstacker
WTa6eJIep C Bbl,[(BVI.lKHblM rpY30nogbeMHwKoM
AJrll nyCTbIX KOHTeJilHepoB

Forklift truck
Bl'lJIO"lHbIl1 aBTonorpY3"lWK

1. Frame
OcrOB
2. Engine
)lBwraTeJ1b
3. Hydraulic system
fJ.1Jl.pOnpwBog
4. Maneuvering lever
Pb\'-Iar MaHeBpWpOBal-IIDI
5. Overhead guard
3aLUl'ITHbIl1 HaBec
6. Mast
Ma"lTa
7. Crosshead
TpaBepca
8. Lifting chain 10. Fork
fpY30B(lji l\enb BVIIlKa
9. Carriage 11. Forks
TeJ1e)f(Ka BWTKI1
Forklift trucks
BWlO'fHble aBToIlorpY3T.Jl1KI1

Fixed lifting platform


CTaIJ:110HapHaSi IlO}J;'beMHaSi
Telescope self-propelled lifter
IlJIaT<pOpMa (carrying capacity 250 kg, hoisting
height 18 m)
TeIIeCKOfTl1T.JeCKI1M
CaMOB bI}J;BI1)!(HOM
nO}J;'beMH 11K (rpY30IlO}J;'beMHOCTb
250 Kf, BbICOTa IlO}J;'beMa 18 M)
Hydraulic hoist
rl1~1,paBJlw.JeCKI1J1 nOAbeMHI1K

Telescope travelling platform


TerreCKOnl1"'IeCK<Ul nepeABl1)f(H<Ul
IUlaTCpopMa

Telescope carrying lifter


(carrying capacity 200 kg, hoisting height 15 m) Wheel-mounted lifting platform
TenecKonWiecKl1H nOAbeMHl1K TIHesMoKorrecH3S1 HepeABl1)f(H<Ul
(rpY30noAbeMHOCTb 200 Kr, BblCOTa nOAbeMa 15 M) nrranpopMa
Pallet truck
fpY30noAbeMHl1K AJIl1 nOAAOHOB

Hydraulic pallet truck


fMApaBJIl1'{eCKMT1 nOAbeMJ-rnK AJI5!
OaJ1J1eT

1. Steering lever
Pbfllar ynpaBJIeHM5!
2. Maneuring lever
Pbfllar AJUI MaHeBpVlpOBaHM5!
3. Mast
MatITa
4. Hydraulic cylinder
fMApaBJIl1'{eCKMT1lJ,WI111i)J;p
5. Forks
BlII.JlKM
6. Roller 2
POJIVIK
7. Stabilizing leg
CTa6MJlVl3MpYlOI.lJ,al1 onopa
8. Frame
CTaHVIHa
9. Steering axle
OCb C ynpaBJU!eMbIMI1 KOJIeCaMU
10. Solid rubber tyre
MaccMBHa5I lIJl1Ha

9 8
( 355
( ~
IlE}lJp j JII G(_~~c.,\)\
J'JOlfHbIEKOM\\.l\"'··

Platform pallet truck Trolley with hydraulic hoist


fpY 30nol rhe MIHIK c nnaT¢opMoM fpY 30Ba51 TeJle)f(Ka C rl1p,paBJ1w·JeCKI1M rrOp,beMHI1KOM
,/J,./1 51 rrOr lUOHOB

Barrow Platform trolley


PYllHCUI TeJIe)f(Ka TeJIe)f(Ka )J.JU! MelUKOB

Six-roller transport trolley, carrying Four-roller transport trolley, carrying


capacity 12 t capacity 6 t
llJecrI1POJII1KOBa51 TPaHcnOpTl1pOBO'fHa51 '-IeTblpeXpOJII1I<OBa51 -rpaHcrrOpTl1pOBOl.JHa51
Telle)f(Ka, rpY30nop,beMHocTb 12 T Tene2KKa, rpY30flop,beMHoCTb 6T
Eight-roller transport trolley, carrying
capacity 12 t
BOCbMl1pOnVlKOBoSl YpaHcrrOpTl1pOBOl{HaSl
Special purpose lever jack
Tene)£(Ka, rpY30rroAbeMHocTb -12 T
Cnet.\VlaJ1V13 V1pOBaHHbIl1 phIl{a)£(HbIl1:
oMKpaT

Lever jacks
.o;oMKpaTbI

Jack use during brining


transport trolley
V1CrrOJlh30BaHl~e A OMKpaTa npVl
3aBO) (Ke TpaHcrropTVlpOBOl{HOl1:
TeJIe)£(KVI

Hydraulic jack, carrying capacity 5 t,


hoisting height 205 mm
fVlApaBJ1W-leCKVll1: rrOMTIOB[,[l1
));,OMKpaT, rpY 30rrOAbeMHOCT b 5 T,
BbICOTa rrOA'beMa 205 MM

~ --­ -

357 J

« ----' \
/Jt}ltp P...
Dr \J ~~cy\
!'30lJHbIE KOl&U\V>

Hydraulic pumping jack; carrying capacity 20 t, hoisting height 225 mm


[wApaBnllIYlecKwH nOMnOBblM AOMKpaT; rpY30noAbeMHOCTb 20 T, BbICOTa nO)),beMa 225 MM
NAViGATiON
SAFETY OF NAViGJ\:f.i
METEOROLOGY
CPAt)~t)MAEnNE
IlSOWIiCfffJCrJ>
/wfJPEWliliillilfNif
IWEWfJPfJ/iOrWif
Content
CO,l1,ep)J(aHVle

1. (Antique) Historical navigational instruments 360


MCTOp~ecKlfe HaBlMaUlfOHHbIe lfHCTp YMeHTbl
of celestial navigation 368
acrpoHaBlMatnfl1

and Autopilot
385

389

395
Equipment an d Weather Maps 404
IecIKoe o60pY,l1,OBaHVle VI KapTbI norop.bI
8Vl!items and equipment 414
bl If o6oPY,l1,OBaHl1e
Rescue Systems, including satellite systems 428
l'n':lCeHlfSl, BI<JlIOqaSl cnynIVlKoBbre CV1CT MbJ
Klnll1C,lnCm System (AIS) 446
neliTI1lcblifKaU110H lliaSI CV1CTeMa (AJ.1C)
449

453

457

478
(Antique) Historical navigational instruments
(AHTMl:JHble) ViCTOpMl:JeCKMe HaBMra~MOHHble VlHCTpYMeHTbI

Davis Quadrant
KBa)l.paHT )J,eBHca

1
4

1. Index mirror
VhMepHTe.1TbHoe 3epKaJIO
2. Graduated arc, limb
flHM6
3. Index arm, sliding limb
Am1)l.a)l.a
4. . Sight hole
ITpH1.(eJI
5. Graduated arc
flHM6
6. Frame
PaMa
7. Handle
PyKOlITKa
Sand-Glas of the XIIIth Century
XHI BeKa
fTeco<tHble <ta bl

1. 1/12-hour sand-glass
fT~T~M~HyTHble neCO'lHble
<taCbl
2. Quarter-hour sand-glass
t.IeTBepTbtfaCOBble rreCO'lH ble
t-IaCbI
3. Half-hour sand-glass
fTonyqacoBble neCO'lHble
qaCbl
4. One-hour sand-glass
t.IacoBble rreCOtfHble 'JaCbI
5. Stand
fTo)J.cTaBKa
6. Cantilever
KpOHLUTel1H
7. Crown
KopoHa

Early magnetic compasses


PaHHl1e MarHI1THble KOMnaCbI

3 4

1. Dutch compass (1609)


fOJIJIaH):ICKvrM KOMnac (1609 r.)
2. Loadstone (1650)
MarneTI1T (1650 r.)
John Harrison's Chronometer, XVIII century. The First Marine Chronometer
XpOHOMeTJ> }J)KoHa Xappl1COHa, XVIII seK. ITepsbIH MOPCKOH xpoHoMeTp

1. Weights, flyweigh 8. Control handle


rp)'3Kl1 PY'lKa yrrpaSJIeHI15J
2. Spring 9. Friction drum
npY)KI<lHa cppl1~110HHbIH 6apa6aH
3. Anchor guy 10. 24-hour dial
OrrSI.)KKa aHKepJiaSi UI1¢ep6JIaT 24-'laCOSbIH
4. Quadrant 11. 6O-second dial
CeKTop UI1¢ep6JIaT 60-ceKY H)J,HbIH
5. Axis of rotation 12. 60-minute dial
Ocb BpaIl(eHl1SI UI1¢ep6JIaT 60-MI1HYTHbIH
6. Actuating rod 13. 12-hour dial
UI1¢ep6JIaT 12-<JacosoH
14. Driving gear carriage
KapeTKa rrepenaTO'lHOrO MeXaHl13Ma
Sun-dial
COJIHe'fHble "Yacbl

1. Vertical collimator
OrBec
2. Line of the observer's meridian
JhlHM5I' MepM;D.MaHa Ha6mOAaTeJl5l'
3. Gnomon
fHOMOH
4. Sun-dial
COJIHe'fHbfH ~l1.cpep6JfaT
5. Time curve
Kpl1"BiUI KoppeKTypbl no BpeMeHM
6. latitude curve
KpMBiUI KoppeKrypbl no llil1.pOTe
Water Clock
BOAHble l..{acbI

1. Bells
KOJIOKOJlb'HfKH
2. Multi-row wheel
KOlleco MHorOBeHetIHOe
3. Water-supply pipe
BO,l:VIHOM: Tpy6onpOBOA
4. Dial
UH¢ep6JIaT
5. Bowl
l..{awa
6. Stand
TyM6a
7. Hand
CTpeJiKa 'taCOB

1. Free-turning reel 4. Quadrant


6apa6aH JIara (BbIOWKa) CeKTop
2. Log line 5. Knotted marker
DarJIHHb MapKa
3. Bunting 6. Toggles
<I>JlamYK KneBaHTbI
Armillary sphere
ApMl11Dl5lpllru! ccpepa

12 _ _

11-­ r------I--- 2
10--­
9--­
8--­
7 - --&
6--~ 3

5 --~---...::
4

1. Circle of declination (meridian ring)


Kpyr CKJIOUeHIIIJII (MepIIIA\10f-lanbHOe KOJlbl\O)
2. Sun-dial
Ulllcpep6JIaT COIllle'll·rofO I3pcMeHIII
3. Azimuth circle
A311MYTaJTbHblJII Kpyr
4. Holder
Onopa
5. Sun circle (ecliptic)
Kpyr COJTHU,a (3KJlJ,1nTIIIKa)
6. Clock mechanism
\.{acoB011 MexaHIII3M
7. Position of the Earth
TIollOll<eHl1e 3eMJIIII
1,5. Adjusting screws 7. Fixing device
PeryJll1pOBOlfllhTe BI1HTbl ¢I1KcaTop
2. Belaying cleat 8. Limb, declination arc
Kpenl1TeJlbHaji nnam<a DI1M6
3. Setting screw 9. Vertical collimator, plumb line
ycran080tflibIM BI1liu..~"'" OrBec
10. Alidade, sliding limb
AnI1ACl)l.a
Fundamentals of celestial navigation
OCHOBbI aCTpOHaBl1ra U;l1l1

Principles of Celestial Navigation


DPI1:HU;t1nbl aCTpOHaBl1raL\11111 24
1. Great circle
EOflbIlIOI1 Kpyr
2. Geographical equator 1
feorpa¢J1l.IeCKI1I1 3KBaTop
3. Geographical position 14~ ___
(GP) of the celestial body
f eorpa¢J1l.IeCKl1e
KOOpAl1HaTbl He6ecHoro
CSeTl1Jla (rlOflJOC ocsemeHl15l)
4. Meridian of the
geographical position (GP)
of the body
Mepl1Al1aH nOJIloca
OCSemeHI1S1
5. The observer's meridian
Mepl1Al1aH Ha6J1IOAaTeml
~15
6. True horizon
lIkTI1HHb111 rOpl130HT
7. Starlight rays
Il}"-lI1 OT 3Be3Abl
8. Direction to GP
HanpaBfleHl1e Ha nOJIIOC
ocsemeH 11S1
9. Zenith of the observer
3eHI1T Ha6JlIOAaTE~JISI
10. Axis of rotation
OCb SpaU\eHI1S1
11. Isoazimuth
lIboa3111MyT
12. Difference of longitudes
Pa3HoCTb AOJ1rOT
13. Greenwich meridian
fPI1HSJ1l.lCKl111 Mepl1Al1aH
14. The Earth's surface
DosepxHoCTb 3eMJII1
15. Position of the star
D OflolKeHl1e 313e3Abl
16. Longitude of GP
D,OJITOTa nOJ1Ioca ocseIIIeHlliI
17. Longitude of the ob erver 22.. Course line
)J,OTTrOTa Ha6JlfOAaT I~ DVlHIII5I Kypca
18. Noon line 23. True course
V1cTVlHHbnii KypC
24. North Pole
C lJepHbll1 OonfOc
25. Relative bearing
KypCOBOH yroJT
26. Latitude of the observer
WVlpoTa Ha6JJIO}J.aTeml

of Position and it Elements

~---2

12 --~---l 3
11~~~----~~~ ~~ ____________-+___ 4

10 - - f - - - - - - - - l
6

9 8 7

1. Cele tial body


7. Celestial line of position
He6ecIIO ' Renmo
BbICOTHa5l1lI1HVI~ nOnO)l(eHIII5I
2. Light rays
8. Parallel of geographical latitude
CBCTOBbJC J1 .1 VI
OapaJ1JJeJ1b reorpacpVl'!eCKOJ.1 WVlPOTbI
3. Geographical po ition
9. Shifting of celestial line of position
[ Jon IOC OCBeI.I.\eH Vl5I
OepeHoc JI/IIHHVI nOJIO)I(eHIII5I
4. Point of intersection
10. Meridian of geographical longitude
MepVl}J.11aH reorpacpw ieCKOJ.1 }J.onroTbI
o

11. Azimuth angle


A3/11MYT
12. Computed circle of equal altitudes
Kpyr paBHblx BbICOT C"IUCJlUMbI"
13. ObseJVed zenith distance
3efflITHoe paccromme o6cepBoBaHHoe
14. Computed zenith distance
3eHUTHoe paccro5IHue C'IUCJlUMOe

Fundamentals of Celestial Position Fixing


OCHOBbI acrpoHOMU"IeCKOrO onpe,neJleHl-UI Mecra

1,19. Plumb [vertical] line


19
OTseCHa5I JlUHl-UI z
2. Position of the obseJVer
TIOJlO)!(eHl1e Ha6mo,naTeJl51
3, 21. Celestial body 61
He6ecHoe CBeTI1JlO 6 1
4, 22. Altitude of the celestial
body hI 17----~~~~~r~~~~----4
BblcoTa He6ecHoro CBeTI1Jla hI 16 5
5, 20. Zenith distance ZI 15 6
3eHlilTHOe paccr05lHI1e Zl
M 7
6, 23. Geographical
position (GPI) 13 8
TIomoc OCBelL\eHI151 (GPI)
7. Greenwich meridian 12 ---+--"'l
r Pl1HBI1"ICKI1" Mepl1,nl1aH 1Q~-I--9 ""
8. Latitude of the GPI
lllupOTa nomoca
OCBelL\eHl-UI GPl
9. Longitude of the Cpl
,lJ,OJITOTa nOJllOCa
OCBelL\eHl-UI GPI
10. Longitude of the obseJVer L',21
~ "t
~ 22 25
,lJ,OJITOTa Mecra Ha6mo,naTeJl51
11. Longitude of the GP2
,lJ,OJITOTa nOJllOCa ----,~-
OCBelL\eHl-UI GP2
12. Geographical equator 23
r eorpa¢l1"IeCKI1" 3KBaTOp
13. Meridian of the Gp2
Mepl1Al1aH nomoca
OCBelL\eHl-UI GP2
14. Circle of equal altitudes
Kpyr paBHblx BbICOT
15,24. Geographical position GP2 25. Light rays from the first celestial body
nomoc OCHeIl\eHHSI GP2 CBeTOBble nyLII1 OT rreplloro ClleTHJIa
28. Zenith distance Z2 29. True horizon
I I-ITHoe pacCToSlH I1e Zl l1CHIHIlblH ropH30HT
26. Altitude of the celestial body h 2 30. Light rays from the second celestial body
CBeTlUla h2 CBeTOBble nyl.JH OT BToporo CBeTHJIa
Celestial body 6 2 31. Meridian of the observer
CBCTHJlO 62 MepH)J.HaH Ha6mo)J.aTeJl5I
of the observer 32. Center of the Earth
UeHTp 3eMJlH

1CCTa C nOMOUJ, b IO n YT H H KoBOl1 HallHraLl,HH

19

~---------~~~--1

.f----2
3
. 1t;-;r---~......----':"+--- __ 4
7--4;~~+-- __ 5
~-7~~~--~~~---- __ 6
t------7

11 10 9 8
1. Po.sitio.n o.f the first satellite 11. Celestial line o.f po.sition
ITOJIO)!(eHl1e rrepBoro crrYTHI1Ka o.f the third satellite
2. Izo.surface BblCOTHa5I JT11HI1S1 nOJlOJKeHl1.Sl
vhorroBepxHocTb TpeTberO crryTHI1Ka
3. Inclined distance to. the first satellite 12. Inclined distance to. the
HaKJIOHJ-Ia51 AanbHOCTb AO third satellite
rrepsoro crryTHI1Ka HaKJIOHHa5I )],anbHOCTb )],o.
4. Geo.graphical po.sitio.n o.f the first TpeTbero crryTHI1Ka
satellite projectio.n 13. Zenith distance to the
[eorpacpl1'-leCKl1e KOOpAI1HaTbl third satellite
rrpoeKD;1111 rrepBoro crryTHI1Ka 3eHI1THoe p aCCTDSlH l1e
5. Zenith distance to. the first satellite )],0. TpeTbero cnyTJ-fI1J(a
3eHlITHOe paCCTOSlHl1e AO 14. Circle o.f equal altitudes
rrepBoro crryTHI1Ka Kpyr paBHblx BblCo.T
6. Po.sitio.n o.f the o.bserver 15. Geo.graphical po.sitio.n o.f
ITOJIo.)!(eHl1e Ha6J1l0AaTeJUI satellite projectio.n
7. Surface o.f the Earth [eDrpacpl1<IeCKDe nOllo.:>KeJHlllel
IToBepxHoCTb 3eMJII1 TpeTbero crryn flirKa
8. Circle o.f equal altitudes 16. Geo.graphical
Kpyr paBHbIX BblCOT satellite projection
9. Triangle o.f erro.rs [eorpacpl1<IeCKDe
TpeyroJIbHI1K rrorpelIllioCTeC!
10. Celestial line o.f po.sitio.n
o.f the seco.nd satellite
BbICOTHa5I JII1HI1S1 rrOJIO)!(eHI1M
BToporo crryTHI1Ka

The Celestial Fix


ACTpoHoMl1'-IecKoe orrpe)],eJleHl1e MeCTa

1. Assumed po.sitio.n (AP)


C<II1CJ1lfMDe MeCTO
2. Meridian o.f the assumed Io.ngitude
Mepl1Al1aH C<II1CJ1I1MOC! )],onrOTbI
3, 18. Altitude intercept (the difference
between co.mputed and o.bserved altitudes)
ITepeHoc (pa3HocTb l\-Ie)!()J,y C<II1CJ1I1Mo.C!
11 06cepBDsaHHoC! BbICOTalVlI1)
4. The first line o.f po.sitio.n
ITepBa51 JII1HWI rrOJlO)!(eHI1S1
5,11. Checkpo.int
Onpe)],eJI5IIOIJ.J;aSl TO<IKa
6. True meridian 13,
l1CTI1HHbIC! Mepl1)],l1aH Ha
14. Azimuth angle of the first 17. Difference of azimuths between lines
line of position of position
A311 I)IT Depaoel J I VlHI1I1 nOJlO)\( HI1H Pa3HocTb a311MYToB Me)f(,lW
15. Azimuth angle of the second JlVlHI1~MVI nOJlO)f(eHI1~

of position 19. Parallel of assumed latitude


BTOpo it JlH Hl1J.1 nOJlO)f(eHI1 ~ napaJlneJJb C'lI1CJlVlMOM WVlPOTbI
departure 20. The second line of position
BTOp~ nVlH~I~ 1l0JlO)l(eHVU!

Ao-7
N
6--"

c,t'--13

_ _ _ _..:3_ _~II6-....- ­. ._+---\_-<pC--19

2--.i\c
Navigational astronomy
MopexoAHasr aCTpOHOMvUI

Star Globe
3Se3)J,Hbllir mo6yc

10 11

12

1. Celestial sphere 9. Fixing Device


He6eCHasr ccpepa <PI1KCaTOp
2. Meridian ring 10. Zenith
MepHAl1oHaJIbHoe KOJIb~O 3eHI1T
3. Spider of verticals 11. Equinoctial colure
KpeCTOsl1Ha Bepn1KaJloB Komop paBHoAeHCTB
4. Celestial pole 12. Case cover
Domoc Ml1pa KpbIIIIKa CPYTllSIpA
5. Observer's meridian 13. Wooden case
MepHAl1aH Ha6J110AaTeJI5l <PyTllsrp
6. Azimuth circle 14. Ecliptic
A311MYTaJIbHbllir Kpyr 3KJIW1TI1J<a
7. Index 15. Celestial ...~"".
V1H,n,eKc He6ecm.n.i "'rlloa'l1nn-"­
8. Point of Aries (point 16. Sun declination
of vernal equinox) CKJIOHeHI1
TO"'lKa OSHa 17. Right ascension
(BeceHHero paSHOAeHCTBI1S1) D psrMoe BOCXO)K,ll,eHwe
.,
I ,~ I
, r, III
~ /1
~...:.
,. I /-1.
1/,
:;
,, '".,­

-
."
~

-,
-­, ~
."
~

~ ... II K

-­ ,­-"
.-

·It I
,_
' •.../ ..c.
/

~,\ "

- ~ . \\.
\ \l '
\ ~

ConsteUation Stars 3se3)lbJ

Bootes Arcturus ApKTyp


Lyra Vega Bera
Capella KaneJIJIa
Altair MbTal1p
h Deneb j::(eHe6
Regulus Peryn
Principal stars of the Southern hemisphere
OCHoBHble 3Be3AbI lQ)KHOro nOJIYIllap1I1S1

P It a,
.' -

It II I

Constellations

Canis Major 60JIbillOH nec


Carina KJ){Jlb
Centaurus UeHTaBp
Orion °P1l10H
Orion OPll10H Rigel PlI1reJ1b
Canis Minor MaJTbllir nec Procyon npOJ.:(1I10H
3pll1,QaH Achenar AxepHap
IO)((H bllir KpecT Acrux ArIbcpa IO. KpeCTa
CxOpnll10H Antaares AHTapec
)J,eBa Spica CrrHKa
61l1l13HelJ;b1 Pollux IloJ1J1YKc
IO. Pbl6bl Fomalhaut cI>oMallbxaYT
UeHTaBp Hadar DeTTa UeHTaBpa
T el..\ Aldebaran ArIbAe6apaH

9. Micrometer drum
Dapa6aH
10. Horizon shades
Aml)J.a,o.a CBeTOcpHllbTpbI Manoro 3epKalla
3. Telescope 11. Horizon glass, horizon mirror
3pwr IbHaR Manoe 3epKaJTO
4. Lens hood 12. Index shades
Ty6yc TPy6bl CBeTocpillJTbTPbI 6ollbllioro 3epKana
5. Frame 13. Index adjustment
PaMa PeryIlHpOBOt.fHbllir BHHT
6. Limb, graduated arc nonpaBKH HH,o:eKCa
J1\11M6 14. Perpendicular adjustment
7. Vernier scale Peryllll1pOB04HbIlir BHHT
BepHbep 60JlblllOrO 3epKaJla
8. Micrometer screw 15. Handle
M\IIKpOMeTp\ll4ecJHll1 BI11IT PYKo~Ka
Scheme of Principal Northern Stars Position
CxeMa pacnOnO)!(eHlliI OCHOBHblX 3Be3A CeBepHoro nonymapllil
Name of the Ha3BaHI1e Constel- C03Be3­
Star 3Be3)J,bI lation Al1e

1. 1. Arcturus ApKry p Bootes Bon onac


2. Regulus PeryJI Leo DeB
3. Spica Crrl1Ka Virgo )J,eBa

2. 1. Capella KaneJlJla Auriga B03H\lfQI1l1


2. Aldebaran MbAe­ Taurus TeneQ
6apaH
3. Castor KacTOp Gemini 5nl13HeQbI
4. Pollux IlOJmYKc Gemini 5n l13HeQbI

3. 1. Rigel Pl1reJlb Orion °PI10H


2.Betelgause 5eTenb­ Orion OPl10H
r el13e
3. Sirius CI1pl1YC Canis 5. Ilec
major
4. Procyon IlpOI(MOH Canis M.Ilec
minor

4. 1. Deneb )J,eHe6 Cygnus De6eAb


2. Altair AnbTal1p Aquila Open
3. Vega Bera Lyra DMpa

5. 1. Polaris IlOJUIpHajl Ursa M. MeABe­


Minor p;I1Qa
2. Dubbe )J,y66e Ursa 5 . MeABe­
Major AI1Qa
3. Kochab KOKa6 Ursa M. MeABe­
Minor AI1Qa
Optical principle of the sexstant
()rrmqeOUfif np~ ycrpoJircrna cex craaa

17

~--------------16

11. Dial
DI1M6
12. Scale of dial
yron Wxana nl1M6a
3. Index 13. Angle between the reflecting surfaces
CBeT<><pWlb'rpbJ yron Me)f()J;y nosepxHOCTSlMI1 3epKan
4. Perpendicular 14. Index arm
n epnelfAm<ynSip Anl1)J,aAa
5. Angle of reflection 15. Zero-point of the dial
Yron O'rpaJKeHWI Hynb-nyHKT UIKanbl nl1M6a
6. Horizon mirror 16. Frame
Manoe 3epkanO PaJl,fa
7. Index error adjusting 17. Field of view
PerymfpoB04HbJJir 8JiUIT [lone 3peHI1S1
8. Direction to the horizon 18. Sexstant telescope
Hanpa8JleHl1e Ha ropl1.3oHT AHesHaSi Tpy6a
9. Bracket for horizon 19. Altitude of the celestial body
BblcoTa He6ecHoro Tena
20. Micrometer drum
6apa6aH Ml1KpOMeTp!l[qecKoro YCTpoHcrna
21. Tangent screw
TaureHL"(l1aJ1bHbll1 SI1HT
Centaur and Southern Cross
UeHTaap III IO)J(HbIJlt KpeCT

1
11
10

1. Alpha Centauri 5. Gamma Centauri


Am,q,a UeHTaapa faMa UeHTaapa
2. Eta Centauri 6. Gacrus
3Ta UeHTaapa faKpye
3. Menkent 7. Delta Crucis
MeHKeHT ,uenbTa IO)J(Horo KpeCTa
4. Iota Centauri 8. Epsilon Crucis
MOTa UeHTaapa 3nnUloH lO)J(Horo KpeeTa

Canis Major (The Great Dog)


i3onbIlloJit nee

11
10

8
7

1. Furud 5. Omicron 2 Canis Majoris


<papYA OMIIIKPOH 2 Donbw oro nca
2. Adhara 6. Pi Canis Majoris
AAxapa Dill i30JlblllOro D
3. Aludra 7. Maliphen
AnYApa ManlllcpeH
4.Wezen 8. Sirius
Be3eH Clllplllye
Orion
OPIlOIl

4 ­ -­

3
2
1

22

23

20
21

1. Betelg 13. Pis Orionis


OeTeJlbr 11 nl'ls 0pl'lolla
2.MuOrio 14. Pi 6 Orioni s
0pK0Ra nl'16 pl'IOHa
Orionls 15. Mintaka
KCH Op w M IIIHTaKa
4. Chl 1 Orion is 16. Eta Orioni
Y II! pvfOlIa 3Ta 0pl10Ha
5. Chi . rioni 17. Tau Orionis
YI1 I OP" OH Tay 0pl10Ha
6. Nu Orioni 18. Rigel
H lo p l1 0lia P HreJTb
7. Heka 19. Alnilam
eKa Am:.HI1JI aM
8. Bellatrix 20. Orionis Nebu la
I) laTpll1KC TYMalfllOCTb O p ll10Ha
9. Omicron Orion is 21. Saiph
Cal1cp
22. Orion' Belly
TylIOB.,..~e 0 p ll10Ha
23. Alnitak
AlIbHI'ITaK
Sagittarius (The Archer)
CTpeneu

3 _ _ _ _ __
2 ­_ _ __
5
1

15

14

13

12

11

1. Nunki 8. Nash
HaHKII[ HaUl
2. Rho Sagittarii 9. Eta Sagittarii
Po Tpemua 3Ta CTpe bua
3. Upsilon Sagittarii 10. Arkab PriOR
3ncwloH CTpeJlbL\a
4. Pi Sagittarii
ITl1 CTpenbl(a
5. Omicron Sagittarii
OMl1l<POH TpeJTbl.(a
6. Xi 2 Sagittarii
Kc11z CTpenbua
7. Psi Sagittarii
nCII[ CTpeJlbl(a
Pegasus and Andromeda
nerac 11 AHApoMeAa

6
5
4
3
2
1

24
23

22
21
20
19
18
17
13. Alhenib
ArrbreHw6
14. Alpheratz
Arrb¢epac
15. Delta Andromedae
)J,eJIbTa AHApOMe)J;bl
4. Iota Pegasi 16. Mirach
MOTa neraca MepaK
5. Pi Pegasi 17. Almach
ITI1 neraca ArrbMaK
6. Kappa Pegasi 18. Mu Andromedae
Kana n eraca MIO AH)J;poMe)J;bl
7. Lambda Pegasi 19.51 Andromedae
1lxM6Aa neraca "51" AHApOMe)J;bl
8. Enif 20. Phi Andromedae
3H~I4> n", AHApOMe)J;bl
9. Theta Pegasi 21. Nu Andromedae
T3Ta neraca HIO AHApOMe)J;bl
10. Hamal 22. Andromedae Galaxy
fanaKTI1Ka AHApOMe)J;bl
23. Theta Andromedae
T3Ta AHApOMe)J;bl
24. Omicron Andromedae
OMWKPOH AHApOMe)J;bl
Telescope-Reflector
TenecKon-pecpneKTop

13

~ _ _ _ _- 1 0

11
12
9 14

1. Supporting post [stanchion]


OnOpHa5! CTOMKa
2. (Sight) finder
Bv!'[\oMcKaTenb <I>l1KCaTOp ITO
3. Eye piece 10. Right
OKYn5!p lIlKana
4. Cradle 11.
,Uep)!(arenb y......."nw....
5. Main tube 12.
OCHOBHa5! Tpy6a YcrpoHCTBO TO'mlMl_~~a BbICOThl
6. Focusing knob 13. Objective lens
TpaHccpoKaTOp 06beKTVfB
7. Declination setting scale 14. Counterweigltt
lIlKana CKJ10HeHVlM TIpoTMBoBec
Gyrocompass and Autopilot
fMpOKOMI1aC M aBTopYJIeBOJ;iJ:

5
5
5

Autopilot
ASTopYJ1esoJil

1. Control panel
OaHeJlb ynpasJleHHl!
2. Compass card
1. Front panel I!ilInoass card KaprywKa KOMnaca
n~llt Ball nalle b Ki,ilmfD,lKH KOM naca 3. Autopilot control unit
2. Compass card 0pl16op ynpaBJ1eHIDI aSTopYJ1eSblM
KapryurKa 4. Helm
3. Mas ter unit lllrypsaJ1
OCII08t10M IlpH60p
5. Control knobs
4. Power s upply unit PY4KH ynpasneHHl!
6J IOK f1~lTaHHSI
6. Power supply - Stand by/ Off/ Run
5. Control cabinet OHTaHHe - Pe)f(HM O)f(1I!AaHIDI/ BbIKJl./ BKJl.
npH60p ynpasJ1emll! 7. Dimmer
6. Dimmer PerymlTop nOACBeTKH KapryLllKH KOMnaca
PervmITop no)). BeTK~l Kapryu 8. Latitude correction
7. S't and by/Off/Run OonpaBKa (rnpoKoMnaca) Ha umpory
I h lTarflle PC)K~LM o~UtIi_Mli[1 9. Speed cOlTection
OOllpaBKa (rHpoKoMllaca) Ha CKOPOCTb
Master compass
OCHOBHOJii. npl160p rvrpOKOMnaca

10

11

4 2
5 3

1. Master compass
OCHOBllOJii. npIiI60p nlpoKoMIlaca
2. Gimbal (mount)
KapAaHHbH1 1I0):mec
3. Gimbal ring
KOJrbLJ,O Kap;:~al UIOro 110 (Be a
4. Stabilizer [spring] ring
ITpY)f(IiIHHOe KOlll>U,O
5. Supporting springs
IToMep)f( liIl3 alO "\~le IIpY)f(l1l1bl
6. Binnacle
Kopnyc HaKTo)'3a
Effect of Rotation of the Earth and Movement of a Vessel
upon Gyrocompass Deviation
Bmoome CYMM3PHOJii cocr3BmnoIl~e':l BpaU\eHlliI 3eMJII1 11
ymoB0I71 CKOPOCTI1 )J;BI1)1(eHI1.s1 CYAH3 Ha AeBl1aq"1l0 rl1pOKOMflaca

7
N
6

11----10

3 ~=tt---11

W,s
s

5 9

1. The North Star (Polar 7. Gyrocompass meridian


OOJUlPHa.sI 38 - 3Aa fl1pOKOMn30-lbIl1 MepIllJ\1II3H
2. True meridian 8. Total rate
lIIcrlil lll lbrJii Mepl1l\ l1aH CYMMapH351 yrnoBa51 CKOPOCTb
3. Rate of ship's movement 9. Component by parallel
ymoBa.sI ](OP b AB ~DK H~I5I COCTaBJUlIOUJ,351 IIO llapaJ1JIem1
4. Component by para llel 10. Vertical and horizontal rate
Cocr3BJUIIOm a.sl of rotation of the Earth
5. Mep""A 110HaJlbH3S1 11 rOpl130HTailbHa51
cocraBJUlIOUJ,11e 3eMHoro Bpalll,eHI1.sI
11. Total deviation
CYMMapHa51 AeBlllaql151
Principle of Gyroscope Performance as a Gyrocompass
TIpWHl\WTI TIpeBpa~eHJ.15I rnpOCKona B rwpOKOMnac

z..

2
~~-10
"'-....-E.---H-.. -- 3

1. Light rays from the star


CBeTOBble ny4w OT 3Be3p,bl
2. Plane of the horizon
IlnOCKOCTb rop1iI30HTa
3. Noon line
TIonyp,eHHajj nlilHJ.15I
4. Progressive (alpha) angle
B03paCTalO~1iI11 yron anb¢a
5. Actual Earth rate
TIoJle3Hajj COCTaBnSlIO~ajj
3eMHoro Bpa~eHliISI

6. Angular rate of lowering of


the horizon plane eastern part
YrnoBM CKOPOCTb onycKaHJ.15I
BOCTO'lHOI1 nOJlOBliIHbI nJlOCKOCTW
rop1il30HTa
7, 8. Torque (force) applied to the
noon line
MOMeHT cliln OTHOCliITeJlbHO
nonyp,eHHoH JlliIHliIliI
Magnetic compass
MarnJlITHblt1: KOMIIac

Compass card
KapryUIKa Marnl1THOrO KOMTIaCa

1. Safety cup 1. Dial


3aUJ,r-ITHbl ';; KonnaK )J,I1CK co UIKaJlO1ii
2. Bowl w ith compass card 2. Compass float
KOTenoK c Ka pryluKo~ ITormaBoK
3. Azimuth [bearing] finder 3. Agate cap
ITencllraTop AraToBa51 TonKa
4. 4. Screw
BI1HT
5. Magnetic needles
CI1CTeMa Marnl1THbIX crpeJlOK
Compass bowl
KOTeJJOK KOMnaca

9 10

1. Float chamber 7. Glass


OCHOBHCUI KaMepa CTeKJlO
2. Pivot of compas 8. Lamp
KonOHKa KapT}'IllKVI DaMnOlJKa
3. Pin 9. Glass cover
WnvtnbKa CTeKJlj!HHaji KpbIIllKa
4. Lubber line 10. Azimuth circle
K ypCOBaji '"lepTa A3V1MYTaJIbHblJiI Kpyr
5. Fluid chamber 11. Lead weight
AOnOnH~enbHajiKaMepa CBJ.1HL\OBblJiI rpy3
6. Diaphragm 12. Visor
AVlacpparMa K03blpeK
3. Direction finder
DeJleHraTOp
4. Vertical soft iron
MSirKoe BepTIt!KaJlbHOe )f(eJle30
5. Azimuth circle
A3l1MYTaJIhHb1l1 Kpyr

III. Lifeboat compass with binnacle


KOllmac c HaKToY30M )J,JUI

cnaCaTeJlbHblX LUJJlOnOK

n. Compass for small vessels


KOMnac iVISi MaJlblX cYAml
Deviation of magnetic compass
,[(eB(IIal.\J,U! MarH(IITHOrO KOMnaca

1 8
I
I 19
9 I
1
1 I
.1 I
1
1
1~ 1
1
11 : /18
F2
F.

1,4. Longitudinal magnetic component 8. Compass course


of the ship's iron K OMrraCHbllil KYPC
I1poAonbHaH Manf(llTHa~ COCTaBn~lOw.aH 9. Centerplane
cYAoBoro )f(ene3a ,[(VlaMeTpalIbllIDI
2,17. Horizontal component of the 10. Red
Earth magnetism
rOp(ll30HTaJ1bHaH COCTaBn~low.aH
3eMHOrO MarneT(II3Ma
3. Compass meridian
KOMnacHbIlii Mep(IIJJ:(IIaH
5,15. Magnetic meridian
ManmTHbIlii Mep(llA(IIaH
6,14. Horizontal component of the
ship's magnetism intensity
rOp(ll30HTaJ1bHa~ COCTaBn~low.aH
HanpSVKeHHOCT(II cYAoBoro MarHeT(II3Ma
7, 13. Magnetic course
Marn(llTHbllii KYPC
Reflector binnacle w ith Magnetic compass
P q>JreKTOp Hbllii H aKTOY3 C M a rHl'ITHblM KOMrraCOM

1. Binnacle hood 5. Access door


KonnaK HaKToY3a TIOpTl1K
2. Soft iron quadrantal 6. Sland
KO~meHCa:L\IiIOHHbl ~ ma p CTaHHHa
MRrKOrO)KeJl a, neBbIlii 7. Reflector tube
3. Soft iron quadrantal Tpy6a pecj:>J1eKTOpa
KOM nCI IcaQ110H Hbl ~ 8. Adjusting screw, left
PeryJlHpOB04HbIl1 BHHT, JleBbn1
9. Adjusting screw, right
PeryJll1pOB04HbI~ BHHT, rrpaBbrw
10. Steering compass magnifier
nyrra rrYTeBoro KOMrraca
Compass Error
IlorrpasKa KOMrraca

9
1 VA~
2

-!j ---8
I"","

1\. 7

'<----16

1. Heading
HanpaBJIeHVIe ASI1)1(eHI151
2. Ship
CYAHO )J,eSl1all,l1SI
3. True meridian 11. Compass
V1CTI1HHbIC! Mepl1Al1aH norrpasKa
4. Magnetic meridian 12. NaVU!~an
Mann1THblC! Mepl1,l1,11aH
5. Compass meridian
KOMITaCHbIC! Mepl1Al1aH
6. Standard compass card
KaJYIYwKa r n aSHoro KOMrraca
7. Magnetic compass rose
KaJYIYlIIKa MarHI1THbIX HarrpaSneHI1C!
8. True compass rose
KaJYIYwKa I1CTHHHbIX HarrpaSneHI1C!
Bases of Cartography
OCHOBbI KapTorpacpVlVl

5
A
1
/
2 ' . ~~ tI J I (t
<>4
~.
,-­
I­ _~
A
~
r-,
'::::j 4
;c . .! pl r'
,~ I<J '='
~
It;;' V­ r '
y

,..
5- ~ ] '\ ~ ~'"- d"
1- .1t,
.
-
~

3
' ...I;; ~,
--­ " i

i\.~ if )!"

4 ­ I­
-,
\

-, - 3 1\
l{
L
"
... ~!!
'<:;
~"Y ~;
,' -, ~

"-,.
.....
)L"
_/;2 r...-: I~ ~ 1- . ....

3 3

4
A. Mercator projection
MepKaTopcKa~ npoeKQllil

1. Cylinder
UWlIlli,Il;p
2. North Pole
CesepHblTiI nomoc
3. Equator
3KsaTop
4. Parallel
DapaJIJIenb
5. Meridian
MepH,!l;l1aH

B. Polar stereographic projection


DO~PH~ crepeorpa¢VI'IecKaj!
npOeKQllil

1. Tangent plane
KaCaTeJIbHa~ nnOCKOCTb
2. North Pole
CesepHblTiI nOnIOC
3. Parallel
DapaJIJIeJIb
4. Meridian
MepH,!l;l1aH
5. Earth
3eMJUI

C. Lambert conformal
conic projection
PasHoyrOJIbHa~ KOHVI'·leCKa~
npoeKQVI~ JIaM6epTa

1. Cone
KOHyC
2. Tangent Line
JIVlHI1~ KacaHllil
3. Meridian
MepVl,Il;VlaH
4. Parallel
DapaJIJIenb
Great circle and Rhumb line

B. Gnomonic chart Plotting the


great circle as a straight line on the
gnomonic chart Subdivision of the
great-circle route into segments
fHOMOHVl'{eCKa51 KapTa. HaHeceHVle
lJ,yrH 60ITbWOro Kpyra B B"IlJ,e np5lMoVr
ITVlHVIVI Ha rnOMOHI1'1eCKYIO KapTY.
)J.eneHVle 6onbworo Kpyra Ha OTpe3K"I.
9. Transferring of the great-circle
track from the gnomonic chart
to the Mercator chart
TIepeHoc lJ,yrl1 60JlbWOro Kpyra C
rnOMOHVl4eCKOVr. KapThl Ha
MepKaTopcKYIO KapTY
Geographic Coordinates
r eorpa¢l-I'IeCKl1e Koop)J,I1HaTbI
1. Pole
TIOJIIOC
2. Equatorial plane
TInOCKOCTb 3KsaTopa
3. Equator
3KBaTop
4, 5. Planes of paralles
TInOCKOCTl1 naparmeJ1el1
6, 7. Parallels of latitude
TIaparmeJ111 llIl1pOTbI

7---"',.L

17. Latitude 45° N


1 45° ceoepHoi1 WHPOTbl
18. Latitude 15° N
15° ceBepH0l1umpoTbl
19. Latitude 30° S
30 ° IO)I(HOi1 WI1POTbl
20,21. Parallels of latitude
2 TIapannenH WI1POTbl

3/~

8- a

"

18

"

Admiralty Nautical Charts


AuMl-IPaJ1TeCtcKMe MopcKMe HaBMraU;MOHHbIe KapTbI

..... 2Q
'.
~ ...............
2t '.

17

3
..
t .?

33~-r------~~}O
,.,
/ ; .:..~: JO~ liJ

~ II I • '.
, :.1"..

..
CHARTs U96 AND 2591: POSmoNS
\
~ . ..
~
..... ~ (J

:l'l
II'

l1-..........;T-___ =~Oft_~~~~~ua;:r
~='~bcbyb'M~~
,..

14
1. Emblem of Hydrographic Office 19. Minutes of longitude
[ep 6 r I1Aporpa¢J11./eCKOr MI1HYTbI AorrrOTbI
y npaBJleHIDl 20. Degrees of longitude
2. Title of the chart rpa)J.YcbI AOJIroTbI
21. Parallel
DapaJUIerrb
p aH H 22. Meridian
source and date of survey Mepl1)J,l1aH
rTID lfFfI1-K ~I ~ ~aTa npoMepa 23. Depths, soundings
corrections rrry6l1HbI
24. Ground S.M. (sand, mud)
rpYHT D. [II. (necoK, 11J1)
25. Light
OroHb
26. Height above datum of soundings
BbICoTa Hap; HYJIeM rrry6l1H
27. High water
DOJIHaS! BOAa
28. Low water
MarraS! BOAa
29. Mean springs
CpeAHI1Ji1 ypoBeHb CI13l1rvrJilHblx BOA
30. Mean neaps
CpeAHI1Ji1 ypoBeHb KBaAparypHblx BOA
31. Bathymetric contour, depth contour
[11306aTa
32. Bathymetric contour around shoal
l'bo6aTa, OrpaHWI\ilBalO~CU1 6aHKY
33. Bathymetric contour around hollow
l'bo6aTa, OrpaHI1'Il1BalOuJ;aS! BllaAI1Hy
34. Sand and gravel foreshore
Seper oCbIXalO~I1Ji111eClJaHO-rpaB\ilJiIHb[JiI
35. Coral foreshore
Seper oCbIXalO~l1Ji1 KOPaJlJIOBblJil
DWHeJilHhll1 MacLJITa6 36. Coast is imperfectly known
17. Minutes of SeperOBa51 JII1HI151 HeAocTOBepHa51
M IilH}'TbJ Ull1poTh1 37. Road
18. Degrees of latitude Aopora
[pap;YCbJ umpoTbr
Measurement of distanecs and directions on Mercator and Lambert charts
V'bMepeHVIe paccroIDiJ1l1 WHanpaBTIeHl1i1 Ha MepKaTOpcKwx KapTaX WKapTaX B ~ JlaM6epTa

~
i
i,
-...;..

~
10-~r:>
., . f
'18\ ~ ________~______~i
" "

13

19

5
1, 2. Mercator charts 10. Point of arrival
M epKaTopcKHe KapTbl T04Ka npl1xoAa
4. Lambert charts 11. Measurement of distance
KapTbl B " p OeKI \HH flaM6 pTa \113MepeHHe paCCTO}[HH}[
Pivot hole over meridian nearest 12. Initial great circle course
pointM Ha4aJIbHblIii KYPC
BpaII\effitll Ha MepHAHaHe, 13. Final great circle course
K TO'IKe M KOHe4HblVI KYPC
315 0 on inner scale at 14. Total distance
to the po int M 06~ee paCCTO}[Hl1e
15,16. Distance between points A and B
PaCCTO}[Hl1e Me)f(AY TO'lKaMI1 A H B
17. Latitude of the point 16°35'
WHpoTa TO'lKH 16°35'
18. longitude of the point 16°35'
,D,onron TO'lKH 16"35'
19. Navigational object
HasHralJ,110HHblIii o6beKT
Meteorological Equipment and Weather Maps
MeTeOpOJIOI"JINeCKOe 06opYAoBaH11:e 11: KapTbI rro ro}J.bl

Ship's Meteorological Equipment and Weather Maps


Cy~oBoe MeTeoo6opYAoBaHI1e 11 KapTbI noro~bl

Meteorological Measuring Instruments


MeTeopoJIOrJ1t.leCKl1e 113Mepl4TeJlbHble npl460pbl

4
6

10

1. Anemometer
AHeMoMeTp
2. Bracket
KpOHllITeliiH
3. Masthead cup meter
Y"allIe4HaH BepTylllKa,
YCTaHaBJII1BaeMaH Ha Tone MallTbl
4. Wind speed scale
illKaJla CKOPOCTI1 BeTpa
5. Wind speed indicator
V1H~"I1J<aTOp CKOPOCTl4 BeTpa
6. Cloud searchlight
ITpolKeKTop)J.JU! OCBellIeHl4H
HIVI<Helii KpOMKI1 06JlaKOB
Suns hine Recordi ng Heliograph
COJ1T-!e<rHbl ~1 r IHorpacp-caM nJllcel\

3-----­

4------­

5---------:JIri:
6------­
7-----­

1. U pper s u p port screw 7. Sub-base


BePXIIVlH on pnl>l 11 BIIIIIT OnopHaH IlJHITa
2. Sphere upport 8. Level screw
Onopa ccpepbl Bt-fHT ypOBHH
3. Card s upport 9. Lower support screw
Guopa Kap' LUKt-. HI'VKHVltit onOpHhlJ1I:1I'1HT
4. Latitude scale 10. Check nut
KOHTpOJlbHaH ratitKa
11. Lower sphere clamp
XOMYT HH)f(HCCI ccpepbl
12. Upper sphere clamp
XOr..ryT BepxHeCI ccpepbl
Direct-Reading Rain Gauge
;J:Oll<,D;eMep c Henocpep;CTBeHHbIM OTCqeTOM

_ J
1 ~_- -
I

2----

4--~- 8

1. Confecting [filling] funnel


HaKOm1TeJlbHa~ BopoHKa
2. Measuring tube
J,13Mepl1TeflbHa~ Tpy6a
3. Tightening band
;J:ep)KaTefib
4. Container 7-­
KOHTeHHep
5. Support
Onopa
6. Leveling screw
UOp;'beMHbIH Blt1HT
7. Recording unit
CaMonlt1ceL\
8. Collecting vessel
HaKOffi1Tefib
HanpaBJIeHJ.te J.t
2. Barometric nrl''''''n
6apOMeTpJ.tl.l CKoe
3. Isobar
ilbo6apa
4. Anticyclone
AJ.rTI.mm<JIOH
5. Type of air mass
TJ.tn B03AyunlOH MaCChi
6. Trough
6apw.lecKajl
7
International weather symbols
Me)!(g)'HapoAHble CVlMBOJIbI noroAbI

Fronts Cloud amount


¢POHTbI 06JIaQHOCTb

3~ s()

1. Surface cold front


TIoBepxHoCTHbII1 XOJIOAHbICt ¢pOHT
2. Surface warm front
TIoBepXHOCIl-lblll TenJIbll1 ¢pOHT 1. Clear sky
3. Occluded front l..{"'CToe He60
¢POHT OKKJ1I031t1V1 2 Scattered cloud
4. Upper cold front
BepxHVlI1 XOJIOAHblCt ¢pOHT
5. Upper warm front
BepXHltI11 TenJIbII1 ¢pOHT
6. Stationary front
TIOCTOSIHHbl11 ¢pOHT
!V4/l. 409 fj"\
~7CA nON METhOv..o\.~
VBO_METhO~~\')

Present weather
n oro,o.a 8 HaCTO~1 MOMeHT

1 •
2 ••

MeJTKliIl1 AO)I(Ab
3 ,
4
"

5
*

6
**
7 •
\J

8 *
V 16 £
9
f\ 17 •
\I
10
r> 18 \/
11 -S­
)lO)l(JJ,b co awrOM
17. Hail shower
19 rev
CWl b H b111
18.Squal
rpa.u
12 Q
-+ F'
W KBaJI 20
19. Freezing rain 13
XOJlOAll bI I1 JI;O)l(J:{b
20. Haze 21
14
22
15
-+
Station Model
Pa3MeLQeHI1e I1HcpopMaQl111 OTHOCI1TenbHO CTaHQl111

1
_1/ 4

12~
11
d. 965~5

10
-6
I
9
1. Wind speed
CKOPOCTb BeTpa
2. Type of high cloud
TI1TI BbICOKOJit 06J1a<fHOCTI1
3. Type of middle cloud
TI1TI cpe.r:\HeJit o6na<IHocTI1
4. Station circle
MecTo CTaHQl111
5. Sea-level pressure
ATMoccpepHoe AaI3neHl1e Ha ypoBHe MOPSI
6. Barometric tendency
oapOMeTpl1<feCKaSi TeHiJ,eHQI1S1
7. Pressure change
113MeHeHI1e aTMocpepHoro AaBlleHI1S1
8. Type of low cloud
Tltln HI13KOJit 06na<fHOCTI1
9. Temperature of dew point
TeMllepaTypa TO<fKI1 POCbl
10. Present state of weather
COCTOSlHl1e TeKYll\eJit norOAbl
11. Wind direction
HanpaBneHl1e BeTpa
12. Air temperature
TeMneparypa B03Ayxa
Clouds and meteorological
symbols
06J1aK3 11 MeTCO p 0J10['\1"qeCKl1e

1. Cirrus 6. Stratocumulus
nepl1CTble 0 611axa Cnol1CTo-KyqeBble 0611aKa
2. Cirrocumulus 7. Nimbostratus
CnOI1CTo-AO)l(,lJ;eBble 0611aKa
8. Stratus
CJIOHCTble 0611aKa
9. Cumulus
KyqeBble 06JIaKa
10. Cumulonimbus
KyqeBO-AO)l(,lJ;eBble 0611aKa
Climates of the world
KrrVlMaTI1'IecKaSi Kap-ra MVipa

Tropical climates
TpOnVl'IeCKVlI1 KnVlMaT

1. Tropical forest TponliNecKmii nec


2. Tropical savanna _ TpODliNecKaSi CaBaHHa
3. Steppe CTeDb
4. Desert n yCTbJWI

Subtropical climates
Cy6TpOnVl'IeCKVlI1 KnVlMaT

1. Mediterranian subtropical
2. Humid subtropical
3. Dry subtropcal
-
Temperate climates
YMepeHHb111 KJIVIMaT

1. Humid-long summer
2. Humid-short summer
3. Marine
Continental climates
KOlrnlHel-rraJlbH bill Kifl1b laT

1. Dry continental-arid c:::::::::J KOHTIllieHTaJlbHblJ1 cyxOJ1


Dry continental- emiarid c:::::::::J KOHTHHeHTaJlbHO nOJrycyxoJ1

C=::J KJTHMaT BbiCOKorOPbSl (HarOpb51)

c:::::::::J Cy6apKT1-1lJecK1-117r KJl1-1MaT

1. Polar tundra c:::::::::J IloJl}! pHa51 TyH,lJ,pa


2. Polar ice cap c:::::::::J TIOJJ51pHa51 ne,lJ,OBa5l WaIlKa
Navigational systems and equipment
HaBl!Irall,VlOHHble CVlCTeMbI VI 06opy;n,oBaHlIIe

13

Gyrohelm (Autopilot)
ABTopyneBoM

1. Compass card system 8. Counter rudder


CltICTeMa KapT)' lIleK KOMnaca C'-IeT'-lltlK pyJl ~
2. Gyro alarm 9.Dim+j­
CltIrHafl OTKJlOHel-ll1~ OT Kypca KHonKI1 Hacrpolbac 1IPKocrl1
3. Cardinal control disk )f(I1AKOKPI1CT cKoro 3Kpana
PyqKa BpalI.l;eHI1~ KapryweK KOMfiaca 10. Alarm reset
4. Light control knob
PeryJUlTop )OIPKOCTI1 nOACBeTKI1
KapryweK KOMllaca
5. Rudder limit KHOfIKa B
OrpaJfl1"<lltlTenb floBopoTa pyJl~ 12. Magn ariation
6. Yaw MarHHTHoe CKJtOH_ItlC.
OrKnoHeHVIe OT Kypca 13. Auto gyro! Auto map
7. Off course alarm TIepeKHIO'IeHHe cornaco~
Cl1rHan1tl3aqltl~ MaKOIMaJIbHOrO aBTopYJl Boro C n.1pOsoamaCOllnDJJl
3HaLleHI1~ OTKnOHeHl1)01 cY,IJ;Ha OT Kypca c MarnltlTHblM KOMna OM
Dynamic Pressure Log
Dar nt;!tpOHlII taM l rqecKH~1


6

9
3 10
8

5. Digital speed a n d di tance indicator


UHCPPOBOliI I1I-1J\ HK 3'f'OP cKopocm
11 p3 CCTO ~ H 1'151

6. Log transducer
npvrc M H 3 51 T p y6Ka Jlar3
Ka6e:lb 7. Suction valve
npl1 eM H bll7I KJ I8 J1 3J-J
8. Suction valve hand wheel
MaXOBI1K n p l!!eMH OrO KJ!anal-la

Marine Radars
M () P CK~IC pa)],110HOK aTo pbf
1 IJRCI 2
I. Radar for small vessels
(Pilot boats, yachts, etc.)
P a)],VlonoK 3 T op ,r1,J I5i
8 M 8 Jl b l X CYJ (OIl (JlOl~MaHCKl1e
7 Ka Te p a, 51XThl 11 T . n .)
6

11
1. Radar scanner (antenna) in radome 7. OFFSET
CKaHl1pYlOmee YCTPOI1CTBO (aHTeHHa) C6poc ycraHoBoK
pa.n.1II0JlOKaTOpa B KO)f(yxe 8. Menu! Enter
2. Main unit BbI60p Memo/ BBOA I1.tICPOPMaQlII1II
rJlaBHbII1 nplll60p 9. Range/ Sea! Rain,! Gain/ Tune
3. Radar display lllKaJla AaJlbHOCTIII/ COCTosrHl1e MOPsr/
3KpaH pa.n.1II0JlOKaTOpa )J,O)f(Ab/ YCl1J1eHllle/ HacrpoHKa
4. Stand by/ Off 10. EBl/ VRM (Electronic bearing line!

Pe)f(J.1M O)f(lIIAaHllI5l/ fllllTaHvte BhIKTI Variable range mark)

5. XMIT/ Off 3JleKTpOHHhiH BI1311p ... "nn"'''''''''nAta

VbJlY'l£eHllle BK)J,/ BhIKTI flOABI1)f(HhII1 Bvt311P AaJIbHOCTl1

6. Contrast! Dimmer 11. Cable


PeryJJVfpOBKa KOHTpaCTHOCTl1/ COeAl1Hl1TeJ1bllbI Iii Ka6eJ1b
PeryJIvtpOBKa nOACBeTKIII 3KpaHa

II. Marine Radar for Large Vessels


Pa.n.lllonoKaTOp)J.JUI 50JIbUJlllx CYAOB

1. Main unit
rJlaBHbll1 nplll50p COeAI1HI1TeJ1bH
2. Radar display (screen) 12. Fuses
3KpaH paAIIIOJlOKaTOpa flnaBKl1e n peAo
3. Metal casing 12-A. Function
MeTaJlJTV1<reCKl1l1 KO)f(YX BbI60p cpyllKl.\l1l11
4. Scanning centre (ship's position) 13. Rain/Snow CL
UeHTp pa3BepTKl1 (nOJlO)f(eHvte cYAHa) Y crpaHeHl1 1l0MeX OT
5. Detected target A data
14. Sea CL (Sea clutter
(bearing, range, course, speed, etc.)
y crpaHeH l1e 110M
l1HcpopMal.\lIISI 06 05HapY)f(eHH0I1 l.\eHIII A
15. Tune
(neJleHr, )WJIbHOCTb, KypC,
HacrpOliJKa
CKOPOCTb vt T.n.)
16. Gain
6. Brilliance YCl1JleHl1e
PeryJllllpOBKa SlPKOCTIII 11306pa)f(eHvtSl 17. EBLOFF
7. Color
PeryJllllpOBKa l.\BeTifOCTI1 11306pa)f(eHI1}1
8. Trackball
lllapoBol1 MaHvtnymITop
()J.JUl ynpaBJleHIIISI ABI1)f(eHvteM Kypcopa)
9. Range+/­
lllKaJla AaJlbHOCTl-1 + / ­
10. VRM OFF (Variable range mark off)
On<.mo'l£eHl1e nOABillKHoro
Bl13vtpa AaTlbHOCTI1
L __
1 27 / - -­ -'

"":""""";'- - 2

- -3

......­ -·---4

.;...;"...- ­- - ­ 5
21

8
9
10
11
18 1716 15 14 13 12-A 12

22. Electronic bearing 25.TX


3neKTpOlfHblW BI1311p Pe)!(I1M J.13JlY'-Ie HJ.1S!
(n lellra) 26. Range
23. Target A WKana A aJIbHOCT J.1
UeJlb (o61>eKT) A 27. Scanner unit (antenna)
24. Degree dial CKaHl1pYlOlUee YCTPOWCT BO
rpa,r\YCllCUI KpyroaaSi W l<. aJl.iII_
Radar display modes
Pell<TlfMbI I1306pall<eHI1:51 3KpaHa pa,lJ,I10JIOKaTOpa

1. Stabilized course-up mode


Pell<I1M Opl1.eHTl1.pOBKI1 l1.306pall<eHl1.5I
no KypCy
2. North-up mode
Pe)!(I1M opl1.eHTl1pOBKl1. I1305pall<eHI151
no «CeBepy »
(Electronic Chart Display and Information System)
VlH<PopMaLl,I10ffllaR CI1CTCMa
'3JIeK'l'pOHHbIX KapT

1 2 3 456

46

45 10
44 13
43
41 42
17
40 20
39 38 23
37 26
36 29

35 34 33 32

Control Panel 5. AIS (Automatic identification system)


Crnop (CTIlopHaSi AViC (ABToMaTwlecKaSi
1. Transit; range I1geHTVlcj:1I1Kal(1101-IHaH cHcTeMa)
CTHOP (cTBOpHa)\ JI IIIHIII SI) 6. Overlay
2. Parallel of latitude Pe)f(VlM nepeycTaHoB KVI
naparurem.lIlHpOTbl 7. UTS (Universal time coordinated)
3. Lighthou e YHVlBepcaJlbHoe Koopgl1Hl/lpOBal-IHoe BpeM.st
Ma.stK 8. Primary PS-1 (Position-I)
4. ARPA (Automatic OCHoBHaSl CI1CTeMa n0311l.\HOI-l~lpOBaHl1lf
CAPn 9. Secondary position system
BTopwlI-lalf CVlCTeMa n03i11L1,VlOUI1pOBaHlUI
10. COG (Course over ground)
Kypc OTHOCI1TeJlbHO rpyHTa
11. SOG (Speed over ground) 29. Show
CKOPOCTb OTHOCliITellbHO rpyHTa AeMoHcrpa~liI5I
12. HDG ( Heading) 30. WGS (World Geod etic system)
Kypc 8e Mfilp Ha51 reOp,e3H"'1ecKaH CfilCTeMa
13. LOG 31. Track ball
JlAf (CKOpOCTb no JIary) Tp K60n
14. Autoload 32. Power on/off
ABToMaTlil<IecKa51 3arpY3Ka B b l KJlIO<faTeJ1 b mITlH IIMI
15. Load chart"A" 33. Indicator
3arpY3Ka KapT UA U (.1 HA~[J(aTop
16. Load chart "B" 34. Depths in metres
3arpY3Ka KapT "8" f rry6fil lla D MeTpax
17. Environment data 35. Control bar-graph
lIIHcpOpMaI-IliI5I 06 oKpy)[(aIOll\eJii o6CTaHoBKe K H-rpOJlb Hacrp0l1KII
18. Tides 36. Anchoring
DplilJllilBbl 5IKop Hoe MeCTO
19. Tidal stream 37. Green b uoy
DPlillllilBO-OTJJI1BHOe Te<feHliIe 3erreHbl171 GyM (rrc80M
20. Surface currents 38. Leading mark
DOBepxHoCTHoe Te<feHliIe ITeperol\lfJii
21. Climate 39. Red buoy
KnlilMaT K pacHblM 6yIit
22. Weather forecast 40. Vector of the shi
DporH03 norOAbl
23. ERBt (Electronic range-bearing line)
Pe)[(liIMbI liI3MepeHI151 AliICTaHl\liIliI 11 neJleHra DOnO)[(eHl1e cYAHa
24. Info (Information) 42. Linear scale
lIIHcpopMal\liI5I D filHeIlt Hbl11 MacwTa6
25. Chart 43. Isobath
Pe)[(I1M Bbl30Ba KapTbI Vl30GaTa
26. Route 44. Fairway
MapwpyT nepexoAa ¢apsaTep
27. Radar 45. Cable area
Pagl10JlOKaTOp f p aHfill.\a Oa11101Ha .
28. Alarms 46. Sign
C liITH an bl 3HaK
ECDIS (Electronic Chart Display and Information System)
\IlucpopMaU,IIroHHa5I Cl1creM a 3 e KTpOHHblX KapT

1. Electronic Chart
1 2

2
...
1
Electronic Chart
3neKTpoHH351 K3pT3

1. Traffic separation zone


30H3 p3 3)J,eJleHI151 )J,13I1)f(el'm51
2. Boundary line
DVlHlfl51 orp3lUf'-lCIIH5I
rronOCbl AI3I1)f(eIlI151 Hal1MeHOB31111e peOl
3. ARPA target H3HMeHOB3t-llIJe paM IUlaBaH1MI
OrMeTK3 L(eJlI1 CAPIl 9. Information about t he preliminary

4. Land plotting: HDG ORO (heading ordered),

5eper turn rate, SPD ORO (speed ordered)

5. Shoal area Vh'ICPOPM3IV1Jl 0 Q'peAlla pwreJl bHOCl

OrMeJlb upOKJlagKe : 38A8I IH bI M Ky p C,

6. Navigational objects CKOPOCl'b no OT3, 3aAatlilaJI K po Tb

HaBl1raLU10HHble Opl1eHTl1phl 10. Executi e plotting (own ship track


7. WPT (waypoint), TTG (time to go), points)
DTG (distance to go), BRG (bearing), \!l noJltIl li 3 51 IT po r3,!J;K3
turn pending (M TlUf } I,BIDKeHKM ro
nyreB351 TO'-Il<3, Ilpe M5I r 03H)f(eHI151 11. Own ship with future .......... ....
AO rrYTeBol1 TO'-lK I1, paCCT051Hl1e AO O '[MBOn csoero cyJlHa C BeKTOpoM
rryreBoM TO 'lKI1, I H:!Jl eHr, npeAITOJl3rac M o ABKJIt HKJI
rrpegrronaraeMbl MnoBopoT
Color Echo Sounder

II
I. Main unit with color display 7. Shift
and control panel BbI60p wara Ha IIIKalle rny61tiH
OCHOBHOH rrplll60p C l,Ll3eTHbIM ( MeTpb!, MopCKlle ca)KeHJ.1 11 T.n.)
,QIIICflIIeeM III rraI-IeJIbIQ ynpaBlleHltul 8. Range up (range scale up)
n. Transmitter/receiver lliKaJla rny6I-1H BBepx
f1pllleMonepe,QaTClIIIK 9. Mark
III. Transducer MeTKa
AaT'-fIllK 3XOJIOTa 10. Range down
IV. Rectifier BbI60p WKallbI my611H KYPCOpOM
Bbmpl'lMlllTellb TOKa 11. CH. SPD (Change speed)
V. Remote control unit H3MeHeHI1eCKOpOCTI1 HI1POI~~H
TIyllbT ,QIIICTaHQIIIOHHoro ynpaBlleHIII.S! 12. Mode

I. Main unit with color display & control


panel
rllaBHbIH rrplll60p C UBeTHbIM
,QIIICflIIeeM III naHeJ1bIQ yrrpaBlleHI-1s\ TCMne paTYpbIBOAbl1ll
14. High frequency
1. Color display
Y CTpaHcHHc no I
. UBeTHoH ,QIIICfIJIeH
15. A-Scope (Fish
2. Depth scale
in 16 color tones)
illKallarlly6111H
3XOClll rHaJIbiOT
3. 16 color tones selected for sea-bed
Bbfpa )KaIQTcS! B 16
distinguishing from other objects
16. Low frequency clu
(fish, seaweeds)
YCTpaHCHI1C n MCX H
16 UBeTHbIX OTI'eHKOB, Bbl6111paeMblx
17. PWRfBRT (Power/
,QJl.S! pa3,QelleHIII5! 11306pa)KeHIII5!
f1 It1TaIII-1e BKJI/BblKJ1/
MopcKoro ,QHa OT ,QpyrHx o6beKToB
18. Day/ Night
(pbI6bI, MOPCKI-1X BO,Q0pOCJleH)
ACHb/HoCib (
4. Sea bottom, sea-bed
ltI306p a)K I-IItI.S! AHeM H
MopcKoe ,QHO
19. Custom
5. Depth under keel
B BpaT Ha
r.rry6l11Ha no).!, KIIIJIeM cY,QI-Ia
20. Menu
6. Control panel
f1aHeJlb ynpaBJ1eHIII5!
IBS (Integrated Bridge System)
Ko lIUleKCnaSlllaOUraIlHOHHasI CJlICTeMa ynpaBJleHU51 C MOCTl1Ka

1. ARPA Radar (A RPA 4. GMDSS terminal (GMDSS -Global


Radar Plotting Aids) Maritime Distress and Safety System)
Pa,o;~I OJI Ka'TOp' APrr TepMI-1HaJl fMCC6 (fJlo6anbHOH
(CHCTer.lOfi aBTOMaTI MOPCKOI1 CUCTeMbI CB5I3lt1 npltl 6e,o;cTBltIltI)
5. Steering Control System (helm,
autopilot, gyrocompass)
CltICTeMa ynpaBJleHilll CY,L:\HOM
(pyJlb, aBTopYJleBOM, mpoKOlvmac)

y,o;H
Plotting Instruments
IlpoKJIaAO<fHble l1HCTpYMeHTbl

// . . .. -If. ....
-.
=-= fl .
:~'.t
. ! - --­
C'.
~
-:
.i
~

•• ~

"": .......
,f"'­
9"


. ..
d •
..
. ......
S

1. Plastic parallel rulers


IlapaJlJlen bHaSi nm-ler'IKa
2. Combined slide rule (sliding ruler)
and parallel plotter
KOM611Hl1pOBaHHaSi C'leTHaSi nVlHevn<a
VI napalJJ1eH bHaSi npOKJIaAO~lI-raSi JIl1He l1KLl
3. Divider
UVlPKYJlb-11 3MepVITenb
4. Plastic protractor triangle
TpaHCnOpTl1p-yrOJ1bHI1K nJILlCTMaCCOBbll1
Navigational Acce sories
HaBl1raU;~IOtrnOe o6op J1,OBaH~1

4. Marine chronometer
MopcKoVl xpoHoMeTp
5. Pendulum clinometer
KpeHOMeTp !l1aSITHI1KOBOrO nITla
6. Pendulum clinometer with oil damping
61-ntOKJTh KpeHoMeTp MaSlTHHKOBoro nma
c MaCJ1S1HbIM ycnoKOVlTeJleM
Communication and Rescue Systems, including satellite systems
CVlCTeMbI CBH3V1 VI crraceHVlH, BK.JTIOq a~ cn YTHIttKOBble Cl1CTeMbI

Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS)


Basic Concept of GMDSS
[Jl06aJIbHaSi MopcKaSi CI1CTeMa CSSl311 npl1 6e,o;CTBI111 (f M CC6)
06I.l\aSI cxeMa [MCCD

1. INMARSAT (International
Maritime Satellite) system
Me)K)l;YHapo,o;HaSi MopcKaSl
cnyrHI1KOSaSi CI1CTeMa
2. COSPAS-SARSAT (COSPAS:
Space System for Search of Distress Ves­
sels, SARSAT: Search and Rescue
Satellite.JAided Tracking) system
CI1CTeMa KOCI1AC- CAPCAT (KOCTIAC:
KOCMI1'-1eCKaSi CI1CTeMa nOI1CKa TepnSlWI1X
6e,o;CTBI1e cy,o;os, CAPCAT: CrI)'THI1KOSaSi
CI1CTeMa nOI1CKa 11 CnaCaHI1S1 TepnSlll\I1X
6e,o;cTBI1e cy,o;os)
7. Maritime Safety Information (MSI): 9. SAR (Search & Rescue) services
Navigational Warnings, SAR (Search CnY)I(6bl n0l1CKa III CnaCaHIfljI
and Rescue) information, etc. 10. SART (Search & Rescue Radar
IIIHcpopMaql1,11 no 6e3 naCHOCTI1 8 Mope: Transponder)
rrpeAyl rpe>KAeHIIl~, IlOIllCKoDo-cnaCaTeJlbHbIH
pa):(1Il0nOKau;MoHHbrn
6YH-aDTooTBeT<IItfK
11. EPIRB (Emergency Position
Indicating Radio Beacon)
CnYTHIIlKODblH cnaCaTenbHbIH pa,a:JII06YH
(APE) . ABapIIlIllibIH paAlIlo6yC!
12. Ship
CYAHO

uipment TELEXfMFfHFfVHF
TeneKcj CBjKBjYKB

7. VHF Radiotelephony Transceiver


YKB Pa,a:110TeJlecpoHHbIH
npJlleMOnepeAa-r<-TItfK
8. HF SSB DSCj Distress Receiver-Driver
OAHOnOJIOCHblH KB npJlleMHJIIK­
B036YAIIlTeJlb UIIIBj 6eAcTBI1e
9. Telex Terminal
TeJIeKCHbIH TepMIIlHaJl
9.1. Monitor
MOHItfTOP (3KpaH)
9.2. Data Terminal
EnOK o6pa6oTKIIl I1HcpopMal.(JIIJII
9.3. Telex Inrnarsat-C Transceiver
TeneKcHbrn npJlleMOnepeAaT<-TItfK
CnyTHJIIKOBOH CBSl3J11 IIlHMapcaT-C
9.4. Telex keyboard
KnaBJllarypa TeneKca BBOAa AaHHblX III
ynpaBneHJllSI
1

4
9

5
9.1
8

6
••aaa
1111111

IIml!

II a IU.IJII"
.e=.Daa~ ••
e _ _ •

9.2 9.3

9.4

Arrangement of GMDSS radio


equipment on the bridge
PacnOn O)f(eHl1e p a.u.11006o p YAoBaHI151
fMCC6 Ha MOCTJIlKe
GMDSS Commu nication Console
nY1lbT CBjI'3\11 r M CD

12-----.. ~-~!!I - - - - 1

2
3

1---:--------7

""-------8

~~----------9

7. Inmarst-C informafon display


VlHCpopMaUMoHHb1l1 )),Mcnn el1
CTaHUMM CnyTHMKOBOYl CB~M
8. Inmarsat-C control keyboard
KrraBMaTypa ynpaBJIeNl1j1 CTaH1l,VI11
cnYTHMKoBOI;1 CBjl3H
9. MFJHF Telex control keyboard
KrraBl1arypa ynpaB.IleHI1j1
TeJleKCHOYl CllH3M Ha CB/KB
10. Telephone receiver
Teneq,oHHaH Tpy6Ka
11. Metal casing
MeTaJIJIl1'.feCKI1Y1 KO)f(YX
Compact GMDSS MFjHF Radio Equipment Console
KOMllaKTHa51 KOHCOJIh TIBjKE pagKoo6opYAoBaHH~ fMCCE

II
• •
9( .. ...., . . . o.J' ~.~ ... . ...

III

3­ _

_"iiiiM- 3

I. Remote Controller with functions: II. Transmitter


MFjHF DSC Watch-keeping Receiver, TIepeAaT'-IV1K
MFjHF Telex Transceiver 1. Control indicator
)J,HcTaHL(HOHHbIM KOHTpOnJlep C KOHTPOIJbHbltl! ~1H,~HIIC8'J~'~
CPYHKL(HHMl1 rIBj KB L(VlB )J,e)l(ypHbltl! 2. Control switch
npHeMHKK, ITBjKB TeJleKC KOHTPOIJbHbltl! n e 4aTeJTb
npHeMonepeAaTCfJ1K 3. Power supply unit
1. LCD EIJOK f1l1'raHJ.1>J
)i(V1}J;KOKpHCTaJDTKQeCKKI1 JJ:KcnneJiI 4. ACONjOFF
2. Control panel KIljB blKJ1
TIaHenb ynpaBJleHK>J
3. Keyboard
KnasKarypa
4. Telephone receiver
TenecpoHH~ 1'Py6Ka lin OK HacrpottKJ.1 COfIJaCOSaHHlI allTe~IHbl
GMDSS Life-Saving Radio Equipment
CnaCaTeJlbllOC p<lA."oo6opy.uosaHMe fMCC6

Portable VHF Transceiver (Radio Station)


ncpeHOCHOll! YKB n plileMollepe.uaTl/ ."K (pa.u."ocTaHQ"'Si)

----10

~-----11

~~--------12

1. Antenna 7. Tone 1/2


AHTeHHa TIepeKJIIOlJaTeJIb '1aCTOTbl TOHa
2. Transceiver 8. Channel
n p." Monepe.uaTY."K TIepeKJIJOlJeH."e KaHaJIOB
3. Detachable battery 9. Loudspeaker and microphone
C'beMHblll 6JIOK fpoMKorosop."TeJIb ." MvrKpO¢OH
6aTape~1 10. Arrangement of portable VHF
4. Transm ission button Radio stations on the bridge
PaCrrOJIOlKeH."e rrepeHocHblX YKB
pa,D,V10CTaHQ\II17I Ha MOCTMKe
11. VHF Radio station
YKB P<lA\IIOCTaHQVUI:
12. Battery charger
3apSiAHoe YCTPOlilCTSO
Satellite EPIRB (Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon)

CrryTHT1l<OBbIM aBapJlJMHblM paAJlJo6YM-YKa3aTeJ1b MeCTOn0J10>KeH~u\

1. Antenna 4. Hydrostatic release unit


AHTeHHa r ~pOCTaT\If'{ecKoe pa306u .alOmee
2. Control and test buttons protective de­ YCTPOIIICTBO
tachable radome 5. Buoyant secti on
3aII.J;JlJTHbnll CbeMHblM KO>KYX KHonOK I111aBy'lru! "IaCTb
ynpaBJ1eHM"51 M" TeCTJlJpOBaHM"51 6. Batter ies container
3. Mount bracket K OFITeHH pc 6aTapeSIMM "",""''''''nACO

YCTaHOBO'IHbIM KpoHLUTeMH 7. Arrangement of EPIRB on


PaCTIon >KeHHe cny-nIH
aBap l1lirHoro paAl'lo6yH Ha

1-­

,.
. , ~.
,. -.­
5
•J .~. t -_ ~".
6
. ' I

Basic Concept of COSPAS-SARSAT System


OCHOBHOM npM"HUl'ln CVlCTeMbl KOCTIAC-CAPCAT

1. COS PAS (Space System for Search of


Distress Vessels) satellite station
CrryTHJlJKOBa51 CTaHUVl5I KOCTIAC
(KOCMVf"leCKa51 CVICTeMa nOVlCKa cYAOB,
TepfJ5lLUVIX 6eACTBVle)
2. Satellite station with the SARSAT
(Search and Rescue Satellite-Aided
Tracking)
CrryTHVIKOBa51 CTaHUJ.15I C 3arpY3KoM
CAPCAT (CnYTHVlKoBa51 CVICTeMa nOJlJCKa
VI crraCaHVl5I C nOJlyaBToMaTH"IecKVlM
corrpoBo)J<AeHVleM ueJlJ.1)
8. Mi ion Control Centre (MCC) 11. Search and Rescue vessel (SAR)
L( 'rrp y npaB et[}JR nOneTOM TIor1 cKo Bo-cllacaTenbHoe C~H O
9. Re cue Co-ordination Centre (RCC) 12. Distressed vessel
C, racaT ' bH],fI~ KOOPW11 rau.HOHHbnir I \e ,-rrp CY)],HO, nOTeplleBwee 6e)],cTBl1e
10. Emergency Locator Trans mjUer (EL T) 13. Satellite with the SARSAT payload
Cny THI1K oBa ~ CTmU-\I1Sl SARSA T
"fK M cra

2
COSPAS - SARlAT Sa l IhlOS

<I

~
"t

... " •
t'

l' i~ :?
:::
t
(;f?
:::t
~i 8
'"
±"
~

".
IN
,f :/,I ;,
~
", ::i
i:!2
."
6
fi'" f

r ~
~
'9 .' "t
• SAR

3
<I " " "

r---------------~~ ~
ec.,:
I.l"- LOCII UIIr T........
c;c..dc....
IICC: ...... C._IIIDII CltIIb
.--,
Schematic Diagram of INMARSAT System
TIpl1HU:MnMaJ1bHa.S! cxeMa CMCTeMbl vtHMAPCAT

II 13
Telephone
I I :::~
&---­

11
~ow, Medium and
~ High Speed Data

'\ /10
~ Telex

Coast Earth Station

1. INMARSAT Satellite 9. National and


CnyTHVl.K CMCTeMbI vtHMAPCAT H aU:l10 HaJIbHbJe VI.
2. Oil drill-boat l1HcpopMaU:HmUlble
TInaBYt:fa.S! 6ypoBaH YCTaHoBKa 10. Telex
3. Heavy lorry TeneTal1:n (feneKc)
rpY30Bl1K 60J1bllJ0l4 rpY30noAbeMHocTH 11. Low, Medium
4. Hydrofoil ship vtHCPOpMau:\IUI
CYMO Ha nOABOAHblX KpbUlb.S!X
5. Aircraft carrier
ABHaHoceu:
6. Man
LJ:enoBeK
7. Aircraft
CaMOJ1eT
8. Coast Earth Station
Ha3eMHa.S! 6eperOBa.SI cnYTHMKoBa.S! CTaHU:V1.S!
GMDSS lnmarsat Ship Earth Stations (SES)
CYAoBbre cnynmKoBbIc H<13eMllble cralUJ;l1V1 rMCC6

y;o.OBllSi crllnl\11H TeJl KCII011 cnYrHl1KO BOI7! CB}!3H VIHMapcaT-C

1
JRC '
r~

-
• ;
.
:.

3. Data terminal
y CTpO~fCTBO o6pa6oTKl1 VlHcpopMa UYlVl
4. Printer
TIpVlHTep

4 3 3

IltIKOBorii Ten K HOM VI TeJIecpOHHoCt CBSl3V1 VIHMapcaT-B


1. Main unit (Transceiver)
4. Data terminal
OCHOBHoCt npl160p (Dpl1eMOnepeAaT'-lI1K)
y crPOI1CTBO o6pa6oTK11 JrncpopMaqm1
2. Printer
5. Antenna in p rotective radome
Dpl1HTep
A HTeHHa B 3aw.HTFlOM KOlK)'xe
3. Telephone

TeJle¢OH

INMARSAT Geostationary Satellite Coverage


PaCtoHbI nepeKpbITI15i reocTaQl10HapHbIMl1 cnyrHl1I<aMI1 l1HMAPCAT

1. AOR (Atlantic Ocean Region) West 4. POR (Pacific Ocean Region)


Geostationary Satellite (54° W) Geostationary Satellite
feocraQll0HapHbIM cnyTHI1K nOKpbITl15i reOCTa '~110HapHbI" cn yrHllK
3anap;HoCt 'IaCTI1 ATJlaHTll'IeCKOrO OKeaHa T l1 xoro OKeaHa
2. AOR East Geostationary Satellite (15.5° 5. Su rfa ce s atellite rn" ..r :la..
W) rpaH11QanOKpWT11~r" " ~~
feocraQl10HapHbICt cnyTHI1K nOKpbIT115i 3eMIJOI1 IJOBepXHOCT11
BOCTO'IHOCt 'IaCT11 ATJlaHTll'IeCKOrO OKeaHa 6. C ross zon e of salteUlit,
~. lOR (Indian Ocean Region) 3 0Ha np n "'-P1J, p"'rlfI<I
Geostationary Satellite
feocTa.Q110HapHbICt cnyTHllK nOKpbITl15i
ViHAllCtcKoro OKeaHa

E20 40 60 80 1()() 120 140 160£ 180W160 140 120

5
5
6
9
4

3
2
1

ri-t~~~4FT-ti-ti-~rt-ti-~rt-ti-~rt-t~~~=r~~rt~80
~-L-L~~~-L~~~-L-L~~~-L-L~~~-L-L~~~~~~~~~90
11. Earth
3eMJUI
12. Geostationary orbit
feOCTaL\JII0HapHaSi Op6J11Ta
13. Distance between surface and
geostationary orbit 35,700 km
PaCCTOSlHJlle Me)K,1J,y nOBepxHocTblO 3eMJlJII JII
reocraL\JII0HapHOM Op6J11TOM 35 700 KM

178 E 4
.... - ~ . - ....
.....
,/ "­
,/ "­
/
/
Pacific ""
/
/
"
I
/ '\--12
\
\
\

Atlantic
ocean
region
east
, ,/
/

"­ ....
.... ,.
,;
10
~
15.5 W .,,~ -
2
GMDSS Life-Saving Radio Equipment
CnaCaTeJIbHOe p~Hoo6opygoBaHVle fMCC5

SART (Search and Rescue Radar Transponder)


I10I1CKOBO-cnaCaTeJIbHbIH p~110110KaI.(I10HHhIH 6 YH­ aBTooTBe1"I\IIK

1-----~

--9

7 - ---i'
8

1. SART casing
Ko)!(yx 6y~-aBTooTBeTt.jHKa K OHTeH:!-iep
2. SART Antenna (\IICTOt.j~I l1K
AHTeHHa 6y~-aBTooTBeTt.jI1Ka 7. Cord
3. Water-tightness control light llli
ITaMna KOHTpOJI~ BogoHenpoH~I.(aeMOCT\II 8.
4. Screw ring
Coeg\IIHI1TellbHoe KOllbI.(O c pe3b6oH
5. Transceiver
I1pl1eMOnepgaT4I1K

H aMO~ K e
Basic Concept of th e Search and Rescue Radar Transponder (SART)
npHH1~HIU1aJlbHaSl cxeMa pa6 rbl IIO~I KOllo-cnaCaTeJlbHoro
HKa

/10
CRAFT
fOCO""",""" SART
1 mello abovo
sea level

7. RADAR signaVSART signal


CHniaJI pagl10JlOKaTopa/ CI1I1-!aJI
paAI10JlOKal..(110HHOro
6YSl-aBTOOTlleTl:[I1Ka
8. Coastguard Rescue Helicopter
BepTOJleT 6eperoBol1 cnaCaTeJlbHoti!
CJly)\(6bl
9. Helicopter RADAR signaV
SARTsignal
Cl1rHaJl pagl10JlOKaTOpa BepTOJleTa/
CHniaJI 6Y5l-aBTOOTBeT'IMKa
10. IMO recommends SART
mounted one meter above sea level
VlMO peKoMeHAyeT YCTaHaOJlI1BaTb
paAI10JlOKal..(HOHHbII1 6YI1-aBTOOTBeT'-lI1K
Ha OblCOTe OJlHH MeTp HaA ypoBHeM MOP51
SART Signal on RADAR Screen
CHTHaJI nOMCKOBo-cnaCaTeJlbHoro paAMOJlOKaQMoHHoro 6 yll­
aBTOOTBeT'IMKa Ha 3KpaHe paAMOJlOKaTOpa

I. SART 12 dots blip code on RADAR II. Distance from ship to


screen nautical mile
CMrHaJI 6Yll-aBTOOTBeTl.IMKa, COCT05lllJ,MCt
M3 12 TO'IeK, BblCTPoeHHblx B OAHY JlMHMIO aBTOOTBeT'Jli1Ka OKOJlO "w"....... _
1. RADAR panel 1. Ship's position on RA
\lal-leJlb PaAMOJlOKaTOpa TIo O)l(eHTlle cYAHa Ha
2. RADAR screen
3KpaH paAl10JlOKaTOpa
3. Ship's position on RADAR screen
TIOJlQ)Kel-ll1e cYAl-la Ha 3KpaHe
paA VlOJlOKaTOpa
4. SART position on RADAR screen
TIOJlO)l(eHVle 6pl-aBTOOTBeT'IMKa Ha 3Kpal-le
paAVlOJlOKaTOpa
5. Direction to SART
HanpaBJlel-lVle I-Ia 6yCt-aBTOOTBeT'IVlK

Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS)


fJlo6aJlbHaS! Al1cpcpepel-lQVlaJlbl-laS! CnyTHVlKoBall HaBVlraUVl.ul1lt1~l)t.1

1. Position of the first satellite


DOllo)l(el-lVle nepBoro cnyTHVlKa
2. Position of the second satellite
TIollo)l(el-lVle sToporo cnyTHMKa
3. Position of the third satellite
DOJlO)l(eHVle TpeTberO cnyTI-IVlKa
4. Doppler signal, orbital parameters, time
from the first satellite
LLOnllepOBcKVlCt CVlrl-lal!, napaMeTpbl
Op6MTbI, BpeMll OT nepBoro cnyTHVlKa
----,.- -=-----6

12 11 10

13. Series of corrections to the satellite


range data (differential pseudo ranges)
a llaeMbIX Cepl1l1 IlonpaBoK K cnYTHI1KOBbIM g aHHbIM
()J.lI1cjJ(pepeHL~lI1cuIbHble l1Ce BD,OnOrrpaBKH)
14. Shipboard global positioning system
receiver
Cy,[~OBOI1 IlPI'ICMHI1K rJI06aJrbHoH
)J.aHlIbIX T BTOpOr Ka HaBHTaL(I'IOHHOIiI cnYTHHKOBOI1 CHCTeMbl
9. Propagation time of the third satellite 15. Dry cargo vessel (CPS user)
d ata transmissions Cyxorpy3Hoe cygllo (nOJlb30BaTeJIb CHC)
BpeM~ pacrrpoCTpa H eHI ne )J.a BaeMblX 16. Doppler signal from the first satellite
)J.al!lIbIX T T p eTberO c n Y11iHxa D.onJlepOBCKHH CHnmJI OT n e pBoro
10. Control ce nter cnyTHI1Ka
U. HTp npaB1TeTIII1 ~ 17. !Doppler signal from the second
11. Differential reference station and satellite
broadcast transmitter D.onJlepOBCKHH CHrHaJl OT BToporo
lalll~H~ cpaBH HH ~ 11 nep e a cnyTHI1Ka
II eB)J.0110npc B K 18. Doppler signal from the third satellite
U. Integrity mQ 'tor D.Ol1J1epOBCKI1I1 CI1THaJl OT
_ _~..,"fI'IltllCOHTp01UI nOJIHOTbJ TpeTbero cllynfl1Ka
Diagram of Command Intercom System
CxeMa CliICTeMbl KOMaHAHolii BHyrPliICYAOBOlii CBSl3li1

43
~4
6
19
1. Ma ter tatio n (Whee lhouse console)
11. Substation (Thruster room)
C laHIII 1ft f1YJIf. r yrrpallJ[eHI1~
Y3J10BOI1 nyJlbT (n OMell \eHMe
(B P 'JleHo fl pyoKe)
nOP,pYJll1BalOll.(ero YCTpOJ1cTsa)
2. Slave station (Wheel house console) 12. Headset
11f1e" f1bl f l r onOBHoIiI Ten ecpOl-I
br ynpaBJlefllUI 8 pYlleBOCl p y6Ke) 13. Signal device
mb~.tatio n
(Port b rid ge wing) CMfHaJlhHoe YCTpoIiICTBO
ny1fhT (Dcooe KP bUIO MOCTMKa) 14. Relay unit
bnoK pene
Tp 6K3 15. Subs tation (Engine room and

(Starboard bridge wing) steering gear room)

(n pa8o KpbIJ[O MOCTMKa) Y3noBoIiI rrynbT (MO M pYMnenbHoe

cable OTAeJleHMe)

16. Substation (Deck area)


Y31l0BOIiI rrynbT (n aJly6a)
r SlHlibl Ct TOK) 17. Substation (Workshop)
Y3J10BOIiI nyJlbT (MacTepcKasr)
iP()M(!ll~ ,el /lIISiX 18. Junction box
Pacnpe}~e; lMTe;lhHa}l Kopo6Ka
19. Slave station (Engine control roo m)

n OWIWHeHHb1l1 n y

(n OCT ynpaBJIeH~I 5i ABMfaTeJIeM)

Automatic Identification System (AIS)


ABTOMaTl1qeCKa~ I1geHTl1cp11KaU;110HHillI CI1CTeMa (AlIIC)

Automatic Identification System (AIS) AIS Controller & Transponder


ABTOMaTH~IeCKa~ CI1CTel\<!a VlAeHTl1cpI1Ka~VfI1 (on03HaBaHIDI) YA B (A\IIq
KOHTpOJVlep 11 aHTeHHa co BCTpoeHHbIM aBTOMaTl1'-IeCKI1M npl1

II I
2 34
1

\
I. AIS Controller
KOHTpoJVlep AI!IC (ABTOMaTI1~IecKoJiJ
01CTeMbI I1AeHTl1cpI1Kal(1111)
1. Front Panel
I1epeAH5i~ naHeJIb
2. LCD
)!(I1AKOKPI1CTaJIJIWleCK\II\1 KpaH
3. Own ship's position
I10110)KeHl1e CBoero cY)~Ha
4. Identified ship
l!IneHTl1cpl1lJ,l1pOBaHHoe CYAHO
5. Menu
Memo (BbI60p nporpaMM)
6. Cursor buttons
KHonKI1 HanpaBJIeH11:~ Kypcopa
7. Functional buttons C )J.Jcta
<DYHKIJ.110HaJfbHble KHOnKl1 4. Name
8. Enter
BBOA AaHHbIX
9.0FF
BblKJIJOQeHl1e 3J1eKTpOrrI1TaH11~ ed over ground/Course
10. Power/ Dim
BKJIJO~leHl1e 311eKTpOnI1TaHH ~/
I10AcBeTKa 3KpaHa
11. Alarm! Clear
CvrrnaJII13al\IDI/ C6poc AaHHbIX
12. Scale
Macurra6 3KpaHa
13. Ships identified (AIS)
CYAa co CTaHTI;IDIMI1 Ali1C
Identified ship information on Radar screen
t111q,0pMal\l1S1 06 U;[~eJ1TI((pMl(MpoBa rn 10M cy~lJe Ha 3KpaHe rnc

4. Second identified ship information on


Radar screen (name, call sign, etc.)
l1Hq,opMa~l1S1 0 BTOPOM
I1AeHTl1cpI1LlI-tpOBaHHOM cYAHe Ha
3KpaHe rnc (Ha3naHl1e, n03bfBHoM, 11 T. n .)
»'1:01']11»110'0 on Radar 5. Zoomed up part of Radar screen
with identified ship
YneJIl1'leHHa.!l qaCTb 3KpaHa rnc C
I1AeHTl1 cpM~l1poBaHH bl~I CYAHOM

Id entified Ship on ECDIS (Electronic Chart Display and


Information
t1Hq,opMa~MS/ 6 1IIIJOElaHlHOM cYMe Ha 3KpaHe
\.1Hq,opMa~l1oHHoM

4--­
3
1. Electronic Chart 4. Zoomed tip part of electronic chart
3JIeKTpOHHa~ KapTa with identified ship
2. Identified ship YBeJIlII''1eHH a~ 1.JaCTb 3J1eK'TpoHH0I1 Kapn.1 C
MAeHTVlcj:H1UlIIpoBaHHoe CYAHO lIIAeHTVIcj:>VIl.\VlpOBaHHb[M CYp;HOM
3. Chart information block
MHcj:>opMal\lIIOHHbII1 6JIOK KapTbI

Connection of AIS with RadarjECDIS


(Electronic Chart Display and Information System)
CB~3b AMC C paAlIIOJIOKaUVlOHHolil cTaHUVlelil (PJlC)/
V'lHcj:>0pMal.\lIIOHHOlil ClIICTeMOI1 ::meKTpoHHbIX KaPT

1. AlS controller 5, 6. Interface unit


KOHTpOJUIep AMC MHTepcj:>el1c
2. Transponder 7. Radar
ABTOMaTVI'l:eCKVlliI npllIeMonepep,aT1.JlIIK PJle
3. Antenna VHF 8. ECDIS
AHTeHHa YKB
4. Junction box
PaCnpeAeJIVlTeJIbHa~ Kopo6Ka
Buoyage System and symbols
C~cTeMa orpa)J()J;eH~SI HaB~raU~OHHbIX onacHocTeill:
~ ee C~MBOJIbI

buoyage system region A" of International Association of Lighthouse Authorities


1/

orpa)l(,ll.eHlI\51 Me)l(,ll.YllapOAHOM aCCO~Hal\HH Ma5l<!HbIX


crry)f(6 perVloH " An

1. North quadrant NW­ 7. East obstruction buoy


CesepHbl 1il KBaApaHT BOCTO<!HbIM orpa)l(,ll.aJOuI;HM 6YM
2. East quadrant NE-SE 8. East obstruction spar
BocrOYllbl M KBaApaHT BocTo<!Ha51 orpa)l(,ll.alOUI;a5I sexa
3. South quadrant SE-SW 9. South obstruction buoy
IOlKHbl H K SaApa ~IT IOlKHbIM orpa)l(,ll.aJOUI;HM 6yM
4. West quadrant SW-NW 10. South obstruction spar
3aIJaAHhrCI KDCli>UC:U-U lO:>KHa5I orpa)l(,ll.aJOUI;a51 sexa
11. West obstruction buoy
3anaAHblM orpa)f(AaJOUI;Hlir 6yCr
12. West obstruction spar
3anaAHa51 orpalK;!l;aJOUI;a5I sexa
1. Lateral Marks 2. Isolated danger marks
naTepaIlbHble 3HaKl1 3HaKI1, orpruK]J.aJOlUlI1e
a. Port hand marks OT}J,ellbHble IIaCHOC"rl1
3HaKl1 llel30Til CTOPOHbI 3. Safe water marks
b. Starboard hand marks 3HaKl1 l·ll1CTO'" BO}J,bI
3HaKl1 npaBoTil CTOPOHbl 4. Special marks
3HaKl1 Cne~l1 a.n bHoro Ha Ha4 HI1lI

Symbols of routeing systems


CI1MBOllbl CI1CTeMbl }J,BI1)((eHI1~ CY}J,OB

Routeing MapwpyTHbJe Description


terms TepMI1HbI
1. Established YCTa HOBneHHoe Outlined ar­
direction of HanpaBlleHl1e row
traffic flow nOTOKa }J,Bl1)((eH~
2. Recom­ PeKoMeH}J,oBaHHoe
mended direc­ HanpaBlleHl1e
2 tion of traffic nOTOKa nBl1)((eHI1~
flow
3. Separation nl1Hl111 pa3}J,ene­
3 lines HI1S1 }J,BI1)((eH~ Tint, 3 mm
wide
4. Separation 30HbI pa3}J,eneHI1~
zones }J,BI1)((eH 11~ Tint, may be
4 any shape

5. Limits of npe}J,ellbl
5 restricted area orpa Hl1~eHHOro T-shaped
(charting term) paTiloHa dashes
6. General (TepMI1H All~ KapT)
maritime rpaHI1~bl MOPCKI1X Dashed line
6 limits BO}J,
(charting term) (TepMI1H All}! KaPT)
7. Recom­ PeKOMeH}J,OBaHHbJe
mended tracks: nyTl1; O}J,HOCTOPOH­ nl1Hl1l1 co
one-way two- Hl1e, crpe.rtKaM I1
7 way }J,BYCTopOHHl1e (~BeT - 4e pHblTil)
8. Recom­ PeKoMeH}J,oBaHHble WTpJ.1XOBaX
mended routes nyTl1 nl3l1)((eH~ JIl1H~ 11

9. Precaution­ PaTiloH
ary area nOBblweHHoTil
OCTOPO)((HOCTl1
IlJlaBaHI1}1
Letter ByKBa Code KOJlOB e Meaning
word CJlOBO

A Alfa Ancpa I have a diver down; Y MeHSI crryu.\eH Bo)],ona3;


keep well clear at slow )],ep)KI1TeCb BcTopoHe OT MeHSI 11
speed. cne)]'Yl1Te ManblM XO)],OM.
B Bravo BpaBo I am taking in, or 51 rpY)KY, l1J]lII BblrpY)KalO, l1Jl11
discharging, or carrying I1MelO Ha 60pry OnaCHbJl1 rp)'3.
dangerous goods.
Charlie YapJ/l l YES (affirmative or YTsep)],I1TeJlbHbIl1D:A l1J111
"The significance of "3Ha4eHHe Ilpe)],b!'!'\Ylllel1
the previous group rpyllllbl )],OJl)KHO ' 1I1TaTbCSI B
should be read in the YTBep)],I1TeJlbHo\;' cpopMe" .
affirmative form").
)J.errra Keep clear of me; I ,Qep)KI1TeCb B CTopone OT MeHSI;
am manoeuvring with 51 YllpaBnSllocb CTPY)],OM.
difficulty.
I am altering my 51 113MeHSIIO CBOI1 KypC BnpaBo.
course to starboard.
I am disabled; 51 He yllpaSJISIlOCb; )],ep)Kl1Te
communicate with me. CBSl3b co MHOI1.
I require a pilot. When MHe HY)KeH nOl.\MaH. 3TOT
made by fishing vessels Cl1rHaJI, llepe)]'aBaeMbll1
operating in close prox- pbl6onOBHblMI1 cy)],aMl1,
imity on fishing grounds pa6OTaIOIl.\l1MI1 8 Hellocpe)],crneH­
it means "I am hauling HOI1 6n1130CTI1 B pal10HaX
nets". IlpOMblCna, 03HaQaeT: "51
Bbl611palO CeTl1".
XOT3Jl I have a pilot on board. Y MeHSI eCTb Ha 60pry nOllMaH.
Vl HJJ, l1a I am altering my 51 113MelU!1O C8011 KypC BneBO.
course to port.
J I am on fire and have Y MeHSl 1l0)Kap 11 SlI1MelO Ha
a dangerous cargo on 60pry onaCHbl11 rpy3;
board; keep well clear )],ep)KI1TeCb BcTopoHe OT MeHSI.
ofme.
K K I wish to communicate 51 XOQy YCTaI-l0811Tb CBSl3b C
with you. BaMI1.
L n Lima You should stop your OCTaHOBI1Te HeMen:neHHO CBoe
vessel instantly. CY)], HO.
V; 452 (,"\
CJ:I!t'iCATJON MmO~O\.~
VBO~ MEffiO~)\~

M M Mike MalltK My vessel is stopped Moe cy,l.lHO OCTaHOWleHO H He


and making no way lilMeeT OAa
through the water. OTHOCWreJIhHO BOAbl.
N H November HOB3M63P No (negative or Orp~al'eJ1bHbrn HET HIm
lithe significance of "3Ha1.JeHHe npeAbJAy~elil
the previous group rpynnbl AOJ1)J(HO 1.JWI'aTbC~ 8
should be read in the TPJ.1 ~aTeJlbHOH q,opMe".
negative").
0 0 Oscar OCKa Man overboard. LIe.HOBeK 3a 6oproM.
P Tl Papa Tlana In harbour: AU B raBaHW: Bee
persons should report 6bll'b Ha 6opry.
on board as vessel is
about to proceed to
sea. At sea: It may
be used by fishing
vessels to mean liMy
nets have come fast
upon an obstruction".
Q ll.( Quebec K363K My vessel is healthy
and I request free
pratique.
S C Sierra C('13pa I am operating astern
propulsion.
T T Tango TaHroy Keep clear of me; I
am engaged in pair
trawling.
U Y Uniform IOHI(I(POPM You are running into
(YHWCPOpM) danger.
V )l( Victor BJ.1KTa I require assistance.
W B Whiskey YJ.1CKJ.1 I require medical assist­
ance.
X b X-ray 3KCP311t Stop carrying out your
intentions and watch
for my signals.

Y bI Yankee ~HKJ.1 I am dragging my


anchor.
Z 3 Zulu 3yJly I require a tug.
When made by fishing
vessels operating in
close proximity on
fishing grounds it
means "I am shooting
nets".
Flags of International Code of Signals
<1>rrarllI Me~yHapOAHOro CBOAa ClIIrHarrOB

o v

p w

Q IX
Numeral pendants
UJl1<ppoBble BblMTIeJ1bl

1

2
7

3
8

4
9

5
o

4'1~ 455 ~'\


~7CA.nON ME1tOV-()\~
VBO~ METh()~\\(,'S

u,"'cppa Codeword KO)J;oBoe cnOBO Meaning 3HaqeHl1e

1 Unaone YHayaH One O)J;I1H


2 Bissotwo 511CCOTY Two ,.o:Ba
3 Terrathree T3paTpl1 Three Tpl1
4 Kartefour KapTeq,oyp Four '-leTblpe
Pantafive flaHTaq,aMB Five TU!Tb
Soxisix COKCI1CI1KC Six WeCTb
Setteseven C3T3C3BH Seven CeMb
Oktoeight OKT03MT Eight BoceMb
Novenine HOYB3HaMH3 Nine ,.o:eBSITb
Nadazero Ha)J;a33po Zero Hym

3 Third substitute
TpeTI1M 3aMeHRIOllJ,I1M
4 Code and answering pendant
OTBeTHbrC! BbIMneJl
Ship' s telegraph
CYJJ:OBOi1 TeJlerpacp

3
5
6

1. Ship' s (Engine) telegraph 6. Lever


CYJJ:OBOi1 (MaIlJHHHbIl1) TeJlerpacp Pbl'lar PYKOSITKK
2. Control lever of engine telegraph 7. Illumination ensity regulator
PYKOSlTKa ynpasJleHl1S1 MallJl-1HHbIM Kopo6Ka p pa ocoellJ.eH~
TeflerpacpoM 8. Column
3. Telegraph scale K OfloHKa
lllKaJla Mallll-1HHOrO Teflerpacpa 9. Column base
4. Tell-tale pointer OCHO~{HeKOnOHKM
33JJ:a'lOll.\aSl YKa3aTeflbHasr erpeflKa 10. Deck mounting " ,
5. Follow-the-pointer pointer cDJIaHeL( KpenJI HUJI
YKa3aTeflb l-1CnOflHeHl-1S1 KOMaH)J,b1
Life-Saving Appliances

CnaCaTeJIbHble cpe.u;cTBa

of inflatable liferaft
iaJ!lOIIKa HaAYI:IHOr nacaTCJIblloro rmOTa

, 2 3

6 8

1. Bandage )KeCTKVI~ Ko}-rre~Hep


liallAa>K MSlrKVlCt KOHTeCtHep
2. Lashings CnaCaTeJlbHblCt HaAYBHoC! TUlOT
HairroBbl YexoJl KOHTeCtHepa
3. Contai ner YnaKoBot.{HbI~ t.{eXOJI
KmrreCIHcp 6. Operating line
4. Liferaft container flYCKOBOCt JlVlHb
KOlrrc~1I p nacaTe.JlbH r tDIOTa 7. Cradle
5. Rigid container floAcTaBKa
Flexible container 8. Hydrostatic release unit
lnflatable liferaft fHApocTaTVlt.{ecKoe pa306w;aJOw;ee
YCTPOC!CTBO
Hydrostatic release unit
fl1ApOCTaTWIeCKoe pa306,,~alO~ee YCTP0l1CTBO

1. Rod
6. Pedal
lllToK
De}J,aJIb
2. Releasing link 7. Cover
Pa306~alO~ee 3BeHO Kpbnnxa
3. Plug 8. Ha.:nKt!~r -"
. Dpo6Ka Tlo,r:J.BeCKa
4. Housing
9. S
Kopnyc

5. Membrane

MeM6paHa
lllapl1K
Search and rescue buoys and signal outfit. Line-throwing device
n 011 KOBo-ena aTeJlbfIhl 6y11 11 C11I1-JaJIbHOe cHapSVKeHMe

5
1. Red parachute signal rocket 6. Signal pistol
KpacHaJI naparnIOTIIali Cl1rHaJ1bHali paKeTa PaKeTII11l.\a
2. Light smoke signal (man overboard) 7. Orange smoke signal
Cl1rHan AbIMOBOIit cBeTllrn;l1litcli 0paHJKeSblM AblMoB01i1 C1ilI1lan
(qenOBeK 3a 60pTOM) (AbLMoBall lllaIl IKa)
3. Red hand flare 8. Bracket for life-buoy with light
KpacHbllit cpanbmcpelitep KpOHlllTeMH ,IJ;TUI
4. Line throwing device cnaCaTeJ1bHOrO 6Yll
J1I1HeMeTaTeJ1bHblJ1 annapaT 9. Life-buoy with light
5. Container with line CnaCaTeJIbHbm 6YM C orHeM
KOHTeCmep C JIl1HeM

IMO General signs


06rn;l1e 3HaKH VlMO

Recommended symbols indicating the location of emergency equipment


PeKoMeHgoBaHHble CI1MBOJ1bl, YKa3blBaIOlll,He paCnOJTo)KeHl1e
aBapl1MHoro 06oPYAoBaHI111

9 10

15 16 17

19 20
e
rASTrH.."T 1il\.1'

21
@}
. 'v ls,a fC'H

22
0
8fIdH

23
JIGIt

25 26 27 28 29
1. Lifeboat 15. EPIRB (emergency position
Cna aTenhllaM IIUnOUKa indicating radio beacon)
2. Rescue boat ABapVItIIHbltll paAVlo6YtII-YKa3aTem
MeCTOnOJIO)f(eHVl51 (APE)
16. Radar transponder
PaAVI0J10Kau,VloHHbrtll nOVlCKOBO­
cnaCaTeJIbHbltll 6YtII-aBTOOTBeT'fl1K
17. Survival craft distress signals
CVIrHanbHble paKeTbl 6eACTBVI5I
cnaCaTeJIbHblX W J1 TOnOK VI nJIOTOB
18. Rocket parachute flares
f1apalllTOTHbl e paKeTbl
19. Line-throwing appliance
DVIHeMeTaTeJlbHOe YCTP0tllCTBO
20. Muster station
MeCTo c60pa
21. Fasten seat belts
f1pVlCTerHl-lTe peMHVI
22. Secure hatches
3agpavITe JITOKVI
23. Start engine
3anYCTVlTe ABVITaTeJlb
24. Lower lifeboat (to the water)
CnYCTl1Te cnaCaTeJlbHYlo IlIJ1TOIIKY Ha BOAY
25. Lower life-raft
CnycTVlTe CI laCaTeJ1bHbltll nJIOT
26. Lower rescue boat
CnYCTVlTe Ae)f(ypHYIO lllJllOnKY
27. Release falls
OrAatilTe umTOnOYHblC TaJIVl
28. Release gripes
OrAatilTe HatilTOBbl
Personal life-saving appliances
l1H,r:i:V1BM,!l;}'allbHble cnaCaTeJIbHble cpe,ucTBa

1. Life-jacket 4. Immersion suit


na aT lbHblV! >t<~UTeT CnaCaTeJ1bHblV! rl1)]'pOKOCTIOM
2. Thermal protective suit w ith life-jacket 5. Life-buoy
r~l,I.\pOTePM03allJ,I1THhlV! KoC'rlOM co CnaCaTeJ1bHblJil Kpyr
CnaCaTeJlbHblM >t<l1J1eTOM 6. Life-jacket for pets
Thermal protective doth CnaCaTeJlbHblJl! )t(vUleT A IH! >t<I1BOTHbI X

eClillipment. Provision of lifeboat

8
2

12 13 14 15 19
1. Radar reflector 11. Wind-proof matches
PaW10ITOKaQHoHHbIM OTpa)!(aTeJlb Cn I'rt.{KI1, He racHymVle Ha BeTpY
2. Inflatable radar reflector 12. Thermal protective aid
Ha,n;YBHOM pa))'110JIOKaL1VloHHbIM OTpa)!(aTeITb Tel1f103aLnI~TI loe CpeACTBO
3. Storm oil 13. Kerosene lamp
MaCIIo)J,JUl ycnoKOeHVl5I Kat.{KVI K epOCI1HOBa5I aMlla
4. Compass 14. Gas lamp
K01-mac fa30Ba51 fla rna
5. Plated bucket 15. Ladle
)f(eCT5IHOe Be,a:po Y.eprraK
6. Rubber bucket 16. Axe, hatchet
Pe311HoBoe Be)),po T Ollop
7. Canvas draw bucket 17. Bailer
ITapycHHoBOeCKJIa)),HoeBeupo C OBOK JVUI Bb1'l pnblBaHlIJI
8. Knife 18. Graduated drinking glass
Ho)!( MepHbrW CTaKa H AmI n ........"an.' .....

9. Rescue quoit 19. Hand pump


CrracaTellbHoe KOJlbI~O C llHHeM P Y"£I'IOM H acoc
10. Boatswain's knife
6ou;MaHcKVlM HO)!(

Life-boat launhing
CnycK cnaCaTeITbHOM lllJllOrrKI1 Ha BO)),Y

1. Initial preparations
ITepBOHa'lallbHble rrpl1rOTOBJleHVl5I
a) check drainage plug is in
ITpoBepVlTb HaITH'lVie CJJVlBHOM rrpo6KI1
B ))'peHa)!(HOM oTBepCTVIVI
b) check davit harbour pins are out
ITpoBepHTb oT)),a'lY CTorropHblx
lllTblpeM I.WlIOn6arrKVI
c) lower embarkation ladder
CnyCTHTb rroca,n;ot.{HbIM Tparr
d) release gripes
OCBo6o)),VlTb HaMTOBbI TllJlIOn6aJIKVI
2. Lower to deck level
CnyCK ll1JllOrrKVI Ha yposeHb rrany6bl
a) lower to embarkation deck
CnyCTHTb mmorrKY Ha ypoBeHb
noca)),O'lHOM naJly6bl
b) rig toggle painter
3aBecTH cj:>aJIHHb
c) ship rudder and tiller
YCTaHoBVlTb pyITb VI pYMlleITb
a) Relea e falls c) Sit-down and keep launching
Bhlll0)l(~m. UUlIO[]O'"lllble TIlTfl,1 CecTb H npOp,OJDKaTb c rry c K
b) Fend-off with boat hook d) Let-go toggJe painter
OrrOJllCJT)'ThC~
c no IO~blO 6arpa OTp,aTb cpaJIVlHb

~ l ow r 10 dock level

-"
,
,,­
~ lit ..

-
UfIT I"DLC)Wfll

• l iE'" " .
Liferafts and rescue boats
CnaCaTeJIbHble I1JlOTbl 11 ,o;e)f(ypHble llIJIIOnKl1

9 8 7

10
.­ I
1.1
I

2
10

111213 14

4 5

1. Throw-over-board life-raft 7. Banding


flno-r cnacaT I hJlbIM, oaHD,a)f(
c6pacblBaeMhnil C BopTa 8. Lashings
2. Davit-launched life-raft HaMTOBbl
I1JJOT cnaCaTeJlbHhIliI, cnyCKaeM blH 9. Life-raft container
BOAY c nmtOw.blO lDIOT-6anKM" KOHTeHHep cnacaTenbHoro I1JIOTa
10. Painter, operating cord
nYCKOBOH mfHh (¢am1Hh)
11. Mousing hook
fnaronb-raK
12. Turnbuckle
Tanpen
13. Connecting shackles
COeD,l1HM"TeJlbHble cKo6hl
14. Lashing band
Kpene)f(Hhl11 noSlc

3
21 22 1 2 4 5
20 I

18 16 151413 12 11 10 9
1. Canopy 16. Sea anchor(drogue)
TeHT nnaay'lllfllr lfKOPb
2. Entrance 17. Seasickness bag
Bxo,o; naKeT, HcnoJlb3yeMbl 14 f1 PI1
3. Survival locator light MOPCl<014 60Jle3HI1
CnaeaTeJIbHbIH oroHb-YKa3aTenb 18. Leak stoppers
MeCTOnOnO)!(eHHs{ JlJIa eTblp~1 J.VIB 3aKJ1el1BaHIDI npo60I1H
4. Boarding curtain 19. Rain catchment tube
llhopKa BXOna Tpy6 Ka no~eaoro aOAoc60ptrnKa
5. Boarding ladder 20. Reflective tape
BHyTpeHHHH Tpan CseTOoTpruKalOmaB JlCIITa
6. Gunwale rail 21. Relief valve
]leep SnOJIb cnacaTenbHoro nnOTa Kna naH ,0,1111 crpa BJlI18aHI1S1
7. Paddles 22. Inflatable arch
KopoTKHe Berna H anyBH aSi ap Ka
8. Pump 23. Two buoyancy tu bes li n..,.....,..

Haeoe JJ:Be HaAYBHbfe TPy6bJ


9. Drinking water 24. Double bottom
nHnesaSi Bona JJ:BO"'-HO }lH0
10. Sponge 25. Throw-over
fy6Ka CnaCaTeJJbHbl14
11. Emergency food ration 26. Lashings
ASap\lllinfbIH 3anac nHLUH Ham oBbl
12. First aid kit 27. Deck cradle
Ame'll<a nepsoH nOMOLUH
13. Hand flare
CDanbwcpeJiIep
14. Smoke signal y crpOHCfSO
)J:blMosaSi waWKa 29. Container
15. Waterproof electric torch K ORTe"'-Hep
Bo,o;oHenpOHVIl.\aeMbIH
3n eK1'p[lfl.{ecKHH cpoHapb
Inflatable boats
Ha~BlIble mmOIIl<J1
1. Removable orange V-shaped 11. Passenger seats
buoyancy tube C l1AeH b~ ,D,IUI naCCCUKl1pOB
OpaIDKeBa~ CbeMl-la~ V-06pa3Ha~ 12. Pilot and crew seats
rmaB}"-IMI TPy6a Cl1AeHb~ ~ pyneBoro 11 3KJilIJCUKa
2. Watertight independent compartments 13. Fire extinguisher
CaMOCTOWfeJIbHble BOAoHenpOHJiI~aeMble OrneTyllll1"reJTb
OTCeKI1 14. Paddles
3. Inflation valves KOpOTKl1e BeCJ1a
HaAYBHbIe KJIanaHbl 15. Towing line
4. Relief valves 6YKCl1PHbrH KOHeQ
CnycKHble KJIanaHbI 16. Painter with release hook
5. Hull $aJII1HbC Cru~OBhlK11'aAl~~'~~
Kopnyc 17. Gunwale rail
6. Bow towing gear Deep BAOJIb CnaCaTe1lbHOH
HocOBoe npJilcnOC06JIeHI1e AJI~ 6YKCJilPOBKI1 18. Paddle holder
7. Mt towing gear )lepx<aTeJIb ,D,IUI KpelU1e~
KopMoBoe npl1cnoc06JIeHJile ~ 6YKCI1POBKI1 19. Engine
8. Orange antislip deck )lBJ1TaTeJ1b
Nany6a HecKOJIb3Ka~, opaIDKeBoro ~BeTa 20. Reflective tape
9. "Single point" hoisting and launching
frame 21. Boat fender
PaMHMI KOHcrpymIDI C OAHOH 60p'I"OBOH KpaHeQ
T0"4KOH 3aXBaTa AJI~ nOAbeMa 11 22. Transom board
cnycKa cnaCaTeJIbHOH IIIJ1lOnKJiI )lOCKa TP~eBMI
10. "On and off load" release hook 23. Hand wheel
CaMOOTKJilAbIBaIO~I1HC~ raK ~ IUrypBaJI
nOAbeMal1 cnycKa cnaCaTeJIbHOH IIIJ1IOITKJiI
Detection equipment
060pYAooamte 06liap )l(eHM5J.

Buoy "Man over board" 6


6yI1 "l.) I B K 3a 60pTOM" 7

Signal pistol
ClIJrHanb H bl11 n llJ CTOJI
(pa KeTHI1L~a)

1. Barrel with cover


C raoJl co CTBOJlbHOH KOpO
2. Cock, trigger
K y pOK
3. Handle
Signal pistol cartridge rocket
I1V1cTOneTfIa51 CVlrnaJlbHa51
naTpoH-paKeTa 9

1. Brassing foundation 8
JIaryHHoe OCHOBaHVle
2. Anvil 10
DoeK
3. Gauge round
11
KaJlVl6pOBOlfHoe KOJlb~O 7
4. Cardboard wad
KapToHHbIH nbDK 6
5. Felt and cardboard wads
BOH.JIOqHbIH VI KapToHHbIH nbIlKVI
6. Pyrotechnic mixture ignition layer 5
BocnnaMeHVlTenbHbIH CJIOH
nl1pOTexHVI-qecKoro COCTaBa
7. Pyrotechnic mixture
.transitional layer
nepexoAHblH cnoH nVlpOTeXHVI'feCKOro
COCTaBa
8. Upper thick cardboard wad
BepxHHH YTOJllI.\eHHbIH KapToHHbIH nbDK
9. Metal disk
MeTanJIHlfeCKI1H KPYlKOK
4
10. Cardboard tube 3
KapTOHHa51 rI-UIb3a
12
2
11. Signal block [section] with stars 13
CVlrnaJIbHbIH 6noK co 3Be3AO'lKaMVI
12. Powder chamber in tube 1
I1opoxoBaSf KaMepa rHJlb3bI
13. Percussion cap
KanClonb

Line-Gun [Line-Thrower] set


KOMnneKT nVlHeMeTaTeJI51

1. Instruction
VlHCTPYKl.\H51
2. Rockets 4
PaKeTbI
3. Box cover 5
KpblUlKa 5l1~VlKa
4. Gun, thrower
I1V1cToneT
5. Boxes with lines
Kopo6Ka C nVlHjlMVI
6. Breaking [knockiI).g] ignition cartridges
BblUll16Hbie naTpoHbI-BOCIlJIaMeHl1Tenl1
Self-Igniting light for Lifebuoy
a !03a)\(l1.raTOl.l\~1J101 6yeK A!UI
cnacaTCHbl n ,IX KpyrO B

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

HanoJllIl
14. Rigid [stiff} hard ness rod 17

nPYTOK JKeCTKO
15. Bottom
.0,11
16. Metal zinc-plated ring
MeTaJUII1<le Ko e OUI1HKOBaHHOe KOJIbUO
17. Metal striking [protecting) plate
w ith ring
MeTaJ IJHI '!ecK8 S1 " PeAox p a IbHaSi
IIJlaHKa c KOJI b UOM
Six-Star distress rocket
illeCTI13Be3AO'fHali paKeTa
CI1TIi.lJIa 6eACTBI111 7

1. Spiral wire grater


Cnl1paJIbHali npoBonotmali TepKa 6
2. Rocket charge
PeaKTI1BHbIK 3apllA
3. Fusible covering
ITnaBKoe nOKpbITl1e
4. Signal section 8
CI1TIiaJIbHbII1 6noK
5. Six stars 5
Wecn 3Be3AOQeK
4
6. Cardboard wad
KapToHHblK nbDK
9
7. Aluminium cover
ArrIOMI1Hl1eMali KpblwKa 3 10
8. Cardboard tube [case]
fl1flb3a KapTOHHali 2
11
9. Cardboard ring
12
KOJIbl\O KapToHHoe
10. Metal cylinder
MeTaJlJll1'fecKI1I1l\l1J1I1H)J.P 13
11. Metal adaptor
MeTanJIJ1"tfecKI1K CTaKaH 1 14
12. Rocket device
PeaKTI1BHbl11 MeXaHI13M
13. Ignition unit
BoCrmaMeHI1TenbHOe YCTPOI1CTBO
14. Copper percussion cap
MeAHbIl1 KanCIOnb

Six-star rocket shot


preparation
DOAroToBKa WeCTI13Be3AOtUi0l1
paKeTbl K BblcTpeny
5 6

6 7

7 8
4
8
9

3 10
2 11
9 1 12
10 13
11

Sound signal rocket


313YKoBaH paKeTa

1. Ignition device
BOCllJIaMeHI1TeJlbHo e Y CTP0l1:CTBO
2. Paper ring
EY1l1a)!<Hoe KOJ1 bl\O
3. Gun powder
LJepHbfM IlOpOX
4. Signal section [block]
CvrrHanbHblM 6 n oK
5. Starting tube
TIycKoBaH Tpy6Ka
3 KapTOH HblX llbl)!(a 6. Two paper wads
6. Cartridge case with parachute )J,sa 6YMa)!(HblX llbDKa
TIaT!' H llapawlOTo 7. Cardboard liner [sleeve, bush]
7. Signal unit KapToHHaH BTYJ1Ka
C l1.rHaJIbHbIM 6JlOK 8. Signal-sound charge
8. Tightening ring, stuffing ring Cl1rHanbHo-3I3YKOBOM 3apM
TIP l1)!(l1MHOe KOJlbl\O 9. Rocket-break charge
9. Plastic bush PeaKTI1BHO-BbIW116HOJ13apH,[(
TIJIa MaCCOBaH BTYJ1Ka 10. Felt gasket [layer]
10. Metal adaptor with thread B0l1:J10'lHaH llpOKJra,[(Ka
M eTII1U Il1'leCKl1M CTaKaH C pe3hOOR 11. Intermediate fuse
11. Aluminium cap TIpoMe)!(YTOlJHblM 3all an
12. Metal adaptor with thread
MeTaJ1Jl1-PlecKvrM CTaKaH C pe3b6ol1:
13. Aluminium cup [cap, lid]
ArrlOMI1HWeBblM K0J111alJOK
Emergency linethrowing device
ABapl1l1.HbH1 JII1HeMeTaTeJIb

1. Wooden box
aepeBKHHaK Kopo6Ka
2. Rocket for line giving
PaKeTa,lVUl nepeAa'll1 JII1HK
3. Gun
TII1CTOJIeT
4. Break ignition cartridge
BbIIIII16HOl1: naTpoH-BoCnnaMeHI1TeJIb

Position of seaman preparing for


linethrowing
TIOJIO)!(eHl1e MopKKa npl1
nOArOTOBKe K JII1HeMeTaHrno
Hand flare
<t>aJTbUHpeCtep

1. Pyrotechnic mixture 4
nllpOTeXH l1"1 Ka.sl M b
3 5
Ignition device 2

7
1
8
9

3. Explosive
BJpb1l300naCl-Ioe neU_IeCTBO
4. Flammable
BoCrmaMeH.IIIOmeeC.II BemeCTBO
5. Radioactive
Pa,D,l1aKTHBHoe BemeCTBO
6. Poison
OrpaBmlloLl~ee nemeCTBO
Fire-Fighting Appliances
TIpOTl1BOrrO)l(apHble cpep;cTBa

1. Fireman's outfit
CHapIDKeHl1e nO)f(apHOrO
2. Fire system signs
3HaKI1 nO)f(apHblX CI1CTeM
3. Fire-Fighting Outfit
TIpOTI1BOnO)f(apHOe CHap5l)f(eHl1e
4. Means of individual protection
Cpe)],cTBa 11H,!l,I1BI1)]'YaJIbHOJ7t 3all.\I1TbJ
5. Protective outfit
3all.\I1THOe CHap5l)f(eHl1e
1. Fireman's outfit
ella pSOKerflle 1l0lKa plloro

1. Helmet

3alJ l~ITa w el1


13. Safety belt
C"rpaXOBO'lHbIl1 pe
14. Chin strap
PCMel l b )l.JlH KpenJIeH IU mneM a
Fireman's outfit
CHapIDKeHMe nOlKapHoro

1 8

~ 2 3

9 10

I
·~ 4 5

11

iii

II
12

I~
13

7
I~ 14
,I
1. Breathing apparatus 9. Hand drill
}J,bIXaTCJTbll b ll1 a nna p aT Py-'-IHall: ApeJlb
2. Face mask 10. Extension cord
M aCKa ronl 3anJ,IJT b l ] fIII l,.Ia Yro1l1HI1TellbHbrril UlHyp
3. Compressed air cylinder 11. Torch lamp, explosion-proof
y OM B3pbfBo6e30nacHbIH Ka pMaHHbIH
¢oHapb
12. Fireman's axe
TOnOpll\K nOJKapHOrO
13. Fireman's axe
Torrop rrOJKapHoro
14. Crowbar
nOM

11. Remote controlled skylights


CBeToBble JlfOKII\ C )~l1CTaHl..\I10HHbIM
yrrpaBJleHl1eM
12. Remote controlled valves of fueV
lubricating oil system
KnarraHbl TOnJll1BHoril l1 MaCJlll:HOH
Cl1CTeMbl C Al1CTal-ll.(l10HHbIM ynpaBJleHl1eM
13. Control station
OOCT ynpaBJleHl1ll:
14. Inert gas installation
YCTaHoBKa i'mepTHOro ra3a
15. High expansion foam supply tank
Tpy6orrpoBoA BblcoKoKpaTHoH rreHbl
16. COINz (nitrogen) bulk installation
Ul1CTepHa YCTaHoBKII\ ymeKHCllOTHOro/
a30THoro nOJKaporyUleHHll:
17. Emergency generator
ABapl1HHblril reHepaTop
18. Emergency switchboard
ABapl1ri1Hbrril pacnpeAeJlI1TeJ1bHbIHll(I1T
protective clothing 19. Closing appliance for
til Kaq) HOnOJlHHTeJ1bHlllII'illlllIoU.l exterior ventilation
oge)l(JJ,0I1 HapYJKHble 3aKpblTI151 npHeMHblx H
8. Primary escape routes BbmycKHblX oTBepCTl1ri1 BeHTl1JUIl..li'I"H
OcIlOBHblC !lYTl1 :JB<lKyau;r-1lII 20. Remote ventilation shut-off
9. Secondary escape routes }J,l1cTaHl.(110HHOe OTKllIO'-IeHHe
}J,ollom l ~IT Ibll h l C rr yrn BeHTHJ151l.(Hi'I
10. Fire dampers in 21. Smoke detector
}J,bIMOBOH nOJKapHblH H3BelIl,aTeJ1b
22. Heat detector
TenHOBoril rrOJKapHblH 113Bell(aTeJlb
23. Flame detector 27. Emergency fire pump
OrnesoM nOA<apHblM 113sew:aTeHb AsapllriilHblH nO)l(3pHbJI!! uacoc
24. Water fire main with fire valves 28. Locker with additional breathing
Bo'[(onOA<apHa5! Marl1CTparrb e nOA<apHblMI1 apparatuses
KJIanaHaMI1 lllKacp c .r~onOJIHlilTeJ1bHbIM\I1
25. Hose box with spray/jet fire nozzle Ablxa1 lbHbIMJ.1 anllapaTaMI1
PyKaSI1'-1Hbrl7J 5!W:I1K e KOM611HI1pOSaHHbLM 29. Gas detector
CTpyJiiHbfM/ pa36pbI3rI1SaJOW:I1M nOA<apHblM r a30amurn:3ilTop
eTBOnOM 30-35. Portable fire extinguishers
26. International shore connection TIepeJ IOCHbJe orHe1)' II1I1Te1T11
Me~HapO)J.HOe 6eperosoe eoe,[(I1HeHl1e 36-37. Wheeled fire "A','1I11;I.LI'''II'''" • •
ITO,[(SI1A<Hbl

.
y; ~ [ffi
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

8
~ -+
9 10
® 11
~
12
[CJ [@]
13 14

15 16
@
17 18 19
A (1)20 21

(J) @ 0 ~
22 23 24 25 26 27 28

0 I~ ,~w I HALON
l 211
0°2
2 I~ I~

29 30 31 32 33 34 35

P CO2
50 30

36 37
3. Fire-Fighting Outfit
npOTl1BOnO)l(apHOe cHap~ellMe

• Fire-fighting outfit board 10. Fire bucket with lanyard [lacing]


Ha6)1( llll~ n O)l(apHOe BeApo co lllTepToM
11. Scoop for sand scattering
COBOK IJ.TI~ pa:36paCblBaHl1H neCKa
12. Metal sand container
M eTaJIM4.eCK~llii SU~MK C necKoM
13. Hose reel
BblOlllKa .lJ.) I5I lllJ1aHra
14. Hose coupling
COeAI1HI1Te11bHa51 MyqJTa lllJ1aHra
15. International shore connection
DepexoAHoe COeAI1HeHI1e MeJKAYHapOlJ,HOro
06pa3u.a )J)I51 npl1eMa BOAbl C 6epera
16. Hose of foam fire-extinguishing
lllJlaHr CI1CTeMbl neHoryllleH~
17. Foam drain-extention
DeHOC1111 B- YIJ.T1I1 HI1Tenb
18. Foam generator
DeHoreHepaTop

1 2 3 4 S 7 8 9 10

12 11

l'tn 14
4. Means of individual protection
Cpep:CTBa I1.H,[(H1H1P:YaJlbH0I1 3all\HTbl

1. Eye protection 4. Hand protection


3all\HTa rna3 3aIWITa PYl<
2. Ear protection 5. Feet protection
3alll,HTa ymeCr 3aLl"' ~ITa Hor
3. Head protection 6. Respiratory system protection
3all\HTa ronOBbI 3arqJiITa ,qbIXaTeJIbHOI1 C\IICTeMbl

5. Protective outfit
3all\HTHOe CHap5llKeHHe

1. Immersion suit
fHP:POKOCTlOM
2. Safety jacket
3all\\IITHbll1 lKWleT
3. Harness
CHapSilKeHHe 6e30nacHocT\II MSi
pa60Tbl Ha BblCOTe H 3a 50PTOM
4. Safety helmet
3all\\llTHbll1 umeM
5. Ear plugs
ITp06KM AnSi 3all\\IITbl yweCr OT wyMa
6. Ear muffs
ITpoTHBomYMHble HaywHHKH
7. Safety glasses
3all\HTHble Ol.{K\II
t1t8, 486 O~
......-~ cp1!xSOF PR01!~"\
-.qC1'BA 3AW,Y.

12 14

16 17
18
15

20
21

17. Fire boots


Canonl nO)((apHble
18. Boots
CanorM
19. Feet protection
HaKJ(3)J,KH P.JI~ 3alL~MTbI 06YBl1
20. Safety shoes
3aw.HTHble 60TMHKM H CBapw.I1Ka
21. Fire blanket
O)J,e}l)(o no)((apIloe
Fra ncis Bea ufort (1774-1857)
mp')IIC~lC 6ocp0[IT (1774-1857)

in 1774, in County Meath, Ireland, in the family of reverend Daniel


rector of Navan.
3, he began his nautical career as a cabin boy in the British Navy.
ufort recognized the value of being weatherwise and began keeping a
in the form of brief comments on the general weather scene, a practice
death.
aval officer-navigator, as well as a talented hydrographer and cartogra­
-p'h~i"?,••(qI.p'~~,mathematician, historian and man of letters.
he e1eborated the 12-points scale of wind force. The same year the scale had

become widely re(Ogllized by the seafarers all over the world.

In 1838 the British Admiralty approved and adopted the Beaufort scale of wind force offi­

cially.

mp:JHC\llC DocpopT P01(H11CJ1 8 1774 ro.o.y B rpacjJCTBe MT1T J3 It1pnaHllT1H B ceMbe npenO!.~06Horo

LJ,a HVI:lJUI Arycryca DOCPOp1Cl, npHxolJ,cKoro CBlHI\eIlHHKa HaBal-la .

B O'leH b pmllieM B03pac ,13 JleT, OIl lIaqan CBOIO J\WpCKYIO Kapbepy IORrOM B DpVlTaHcKoM

ooeH Ho - MoPCKOM cpnoTe. 3 ro.o.a cnycTH CD. DocpopT OC03Han UCHf'lOCTb npOrH03VIpOBaH115I

n oro.o.bl H lla'laII oblrlycKaTb MeTeOpOnOrH'ICCKVlJlllKypHan B 4)OpMe KpaTKJ1X KOMMeHTapT1eB

0 611.\ ir KapTt1Hbl norO/ \bl. 31y npaKTI1Ky OH npo.o.oJIlKaII .0.0 caMO\'[ cMepTT1.

OH 6 b [ KBaJ!!1cj:ml\l1pOBaHHblM BOeHHO-MOPCKl1M 0cpl11..\epOM-ULTypMaHoM, a TaK )!(e

Tan allTJIl10bfM rVIJ\pOrpacpoM 11 uyrorpacp I, aCTpoHoMOM, MaTeMaTl1KOM, VlC'rOpJ1KOM VI

Jl l1TepaTopOM.

B HHoap 1806 rog a 08 pa3pa6oTan 12-6 fb HyIO I!1Kany OUCHKH CI1Jlhf BCTpa. B TOM )Ke ro.o.y

Appendix 1
IlpIDlo)KeID1e 1
BEAUFORT WIND SCALE (FOR AN EFFECTIVE HEIGHT OF 10 M ABOVE SEA LEVEL)
IIIKAIlA CJ.1J IbI BETPA (BbICOTA HADnfOD,EHI151 - 10 M HAD, YPOBHEM MOP5I)

Beaufort Descriptive Term Mean wind speed Probable


Number OnwcaTenbH~1vl TepMJ,lH equivalent Deep Sea Criterion mean wave
HOMep 3KBHB<lJIeHTHble KpHTepHH COCTOSUIllii MOpl! height· in
o DIKane 3HaQeHHSI CKOPOCHI metres
Docj:>opTa BeTpa ' BepoSITHble
3Ha4eHlliI
Knots Mlsec BblCOTbl
Y3ITbi MiceK BOITH' B
MeTpax
0
1
Calm
Light air
I llin!Jlb
Tl1xmt BeTep
I <1
1-3

0-0.2
0.3-1.S
Sea like a mirror
Ripples with the appearance
3epKanhHO-maAKoe Mope

3b16b, rrOSIBneHl1e 0.1 (0.1)


of scales are formed, but with- CiOpMwpOBaHHbix 4eurye­
out foam crests o pa3HbIX BOITH 6e3 rreHHbIX
2 I Light breeze I JIenml1
BeTep
4-6 1.6-3.3 I Small wavelets, still short but
ze6Hel1
a60e BOITHeHl1e, BOJlHbl ell.\e
more pronounced, crests have HeBbICOKl1e, HO YlKe 60Jlee
0.2 (0.3)
a glassy appearance and do BblpalKeHHble, rpe6HI1 I·JlM Kl1e 11
3 " GeiItle
Crra6brM
BeTep
7-10
3.4-S.4 I not break He pa36I1BaIOTCSI

Large wavelets, crests begin to CWlbHoe BOJIHeHl1e, rpe6HI1


break, foam of glassy appear­ Ha4Y1HaIOT OrrpOKYlAbIBaTbCSI,
0.6 (1)
ance, perhaps scattered white o6pa3yl! CTeKJ10Bl1)J.Hy1O rreH)',
horses B03MOlKHO nOSl8JIeHl1e 6e;lhlx
6apaIllKOB
11-16 S.5-7.9 I Small waves, becoming He60nbw Yle 8OnHbJ, 1 (l.S)
longer, fairly frequent white craHOBl!U~11eo1 I])Hfl lll blMYI,
horses MecTaMI1 6apawKH
8.0-10.7 I Moderate waves. taki?o a BoJIHbl XOPOlllO Pa38Y1Tb1, Y1MelOT I 2 (2.5)
orm, 60nee BblpalKeHH}'1O A/lYlHHylO
formed tpMY, nOBCIOAY 6eJlble
apalllJU1 (KlpeAKa 8O,lJ.SlHaSI
Strong
breeze
CYIJlbIIbrl1
BeTel'
I rrbl11b)
Ha"laJlo 06paJOBaHI1J1 KpymfoH
, 8OJlHbI, rrpaKnf\feClm rroBCIOA}'
3 (4)

rpe6HI1
I nblJlb)
~
Near gale KpenK1111 28-33 Jl Apyr 4 (5.5)
BeTel' c
Gale O'l!'l1b 34-40
KpenK1I1"1
B!'T!'p

7 (10)
Wrop\! 41-47
IOMilThOl, na;13Tb II
rrpoKuJ.\bmall>CSI, ItOJ.\}lHaS! 11M}!.,
MO)l(PT yltyrouaTb IU1JJ,HMOCTb

24.5-28.4 I Very high waves with long O 'lem. SbICOKI1!' BOllffbJ C 9 (12.5)
overhanging crests, the result­ .nm1HHbIMII, IOMalOw.II MHCSI
ing foam, in great ~atches, is rpe6Hs!Mlf, 6onbulI1e KTI0QbSl
blown in dense w ite streaks
along the direction of the
win ,on the whole, the sur­
o5pa3YfOw.eilcSI nCllhi np)l(aT
I1J IOTHblM~t 6eJThIM~1 1I0JlOCaMII
n o BeTPY, BOI n OB~ HoCTh $¢
face of the sea takes a white
al:.pearance, the tumbling of
t e sea becomes heavy and
MOpS! C"1:aHOBIITCII 1011, Kal.fKa
CJa I10BI11'CS! TSI)I(eJlOl:I, YAa pa~m;
SHJ.\HMOCTh 3aTpYAHeHa
§(l
11 Violent )!(eCToK HCI 56-63 28.5-32.6 I
shock-like, visibility affected
Exceytionally high waves VI.cKllIO'lI'lTeJl bHOSblCOKHe 11.5 (16) OZ ~
storm lllT O p~1
I (sma I and medium sized
ships might be for a time lost
BonHbl, (He50nhlJH1e 11 cpeiXHero
pa3Mepa CYAa MOryT l1a
~d ~
to view behind the waves), the HeKoTopoe BpeMS! cKpblBaTbcS! B ~ ~

~~
sea is completely covered with BonHax H3 BHAY), nosepxHocTb
long white patches of foam Iy- MOpS! nOJIHOCThlO n OKp hlTa
ing along the direction of the )l.JIHHHbIMH 5enbll>fT1 KJIO'lbS!M H
wind, everywhere the edges of neRbl, ne)f(a Ulel11l0 BeTpY, ~~
the wave crests are blown into Bepxyull<H rpe5Hel1 nOBceMeCTHO
froth, visibility affected cpbISa IOTC5! S neHY; BHL(HMOCTh
12 I Hurricane I YparaH 164 and overl 32.7 and
over
I
The air is filled, with foam
and spray, sea completely
3aTpYAHeHa
B03nyx 3anOJLHeH neHOI1 H
BOAS!HOtl IlbUl b1O, 1l0BCPXHOCTh
14 (-)

white with drivin~ spray, vis- MO pS! nOJIHOCTb1O 5enaS! OT


ibility seriously a feetI'd HecYil.\e~icli neHbl, lJ~lA~IMocrb
YXYliw eria

• This table is only intended as a guide to show roughly what may be expected in the open sea, remote from land. It should never be used in the
reverse way, i.e. for logging or reportin~ the state of the sea. In enclosed waters, or when near land, with an off-shore wind, wave heights will be
smaller and the waves steeper. Figures In brackets indicate the probable maximum height of waves.
• Ta6m1Jla ~ 10)f(eT ~!CnOJlb30BaTbCli Jrl1H1b BKa'leCTBe opl1eHTMpa, npH6Jl~I3HTellbHo oT06p3)Ka1O.mero SepOl!THyJO nlTy~vl 1O S OTKPblTOM Mope; SAaJIH
01' 6epera. E10 MO)f(HO nOlTb30SaTbCl! TOITbKO A.iI>i perncrpaJ~HH pe3YlTbTaTOB Ha5mone1i1111 .ilV!50}J)I51 UOKJlaua 0 COCTOl!lIWH MOpS!. Bo BHyTpeliHV1x
BOll,aX JIV!60 y 6eper a, npl1 Haml'll'lV! BeTpa c 6epera, BblCOTa WKp}'T\'I3Ha BOITH MeHbwe. UW¢phl BcK06Kax YKa3bmalOT Ha "laKCVlMaJTbHO B03MO)l(I1)'1O
BblCOry BOJIH.
Appendix 2

ITpWIO)[(eHVle 2

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZA TIO NS


IN SPHERE OF SHIPPING
ME)!()J,YHAPODHbIE oprAHVl3AUVllll B <l>EPE CYD,OXo,nCfBA

1. AAA - Association of Average Adjusters


ACCOlll1alll1R Al1cnarnepoB no 06rneH aBapl111
HQS Wellington, Temple Stairs, Victoria Embankment,
London WC2R 2PN, UK. Tel: 071 2405516; fax: 0714973038
AAA - OCHOBaHa B 1869 rOAY, 06'LeAHHHeT AI1CnalllepCKl1e cpl1pMbl, cneU;JofanIfCTOB nalnU'T3,JOIID
''n..
B CYAOXOACTBe 11 CTpaXOBaHI1I1, CYAoonaAenblleB, crpaXOBrnl1KOB If IOPHCTOJI. ' ''.\:'''4 .....
AnH Bblpa60TKJ1 J1 npl1MeHeHlUI eAHHblX npl1HllnnOB J1 npaKTHKI1 no p acnpeAeneHlf10
06rnefl aBapJ1l1, COCTaOneHJ1H AJ1Cnalll 11 np.

2. ACOPS - Advisory Committee on Pollution of the Sea

KOHcynbTaTJ1BHbIH KOMlneT no npeAoTBparneHl11O 3arpH3HeHl1H MOpH ue<jYrblO

57 Duke Street, Grosvenor Square, London WI M 5DH, UK. Tel: 071499 0704; fax: 071493

ACOPS - Me)f()J,YHapoAHaH, HenpaBI1TenbCTBeHHaH OpraHl13allHR, C03JJ.aHHaR C

OKpY)KalOrneH cpeAbI, nOMep)KK11 nOnHTI1KI1 11 3aKOHOAaTenbCTBa,

Ka'leCTBa MOPCKOH cpeAbl 11 nOMep)KKY I1CCneAOBaHHH no 3TOH TeMe.

/lhAaHI1R: ACOPS 113AaeT e)KerOAHblH C60pHI1K, cOAep)Karnl1H I1HCPOPMalll11O no

oKpY)KalOrneli cpeAbl.

i' 3. ALAMAR - Association Latinoamericana de Armadores


(LAS A - Latin American Shipowners' Association)
ACCOlll1alll1R naTT1HOaMepI1KaHCKI1X cYAoBnaAenblleB (AJIAMAP)
Rio Negro 1394 of 502, Casilla Correos 767, Montevideo, Uruguay. Tel:
AJIAMAP c03AaHa 01963 roAY B 411ml 11 06'LeAI1HHeT 39 cYIIoBn aAen blleB
IJ;eUTpaJ1bHOH AMepI1KI1.
4neHaMl1 OpraHl13alll111 MOryT 6b1Tb KaK 'laCTHble, TaK 11 rocYAapCTBe HHble
/lhAaHl1R: AJIAMAP ny6nl1KYeT ABa pa3a B MeCRll C60pHl1K N ewsletter, Ha
nOPTYranbcKoM R3blKax C I1HcpopMalll1eli no perl10HaM.

4. BIMCO - Baltic and International Maritime Council

EanTJ1.1cKI1H n Me)f()J,YHapoAHbIH MOPCKOH COBeT (El1MKO)

161 Bagsvaerdvej', 2880 Bagsvaerd, Denmark. Tel: 45 44 45 00; fax: 45 44 44 50; tlx:

E-Mail: mailbox (@) bimco.dk http://www.bimco.dk

El1MKO - C03AaHa B 1905 roAY KaK OpraHl13alll1H CYAOBnaAenblleB Een bntl1,

repMaHI1I1, rOnnaHAI1.I, DaHHI1, l1TaJ1HI1, HopBernl1, POCCI1I1,

C03AaHl1H OpraHI13allHl1 - oblpa60TKa cornaCOBaHHOH nOnl1TI1KI1 H n

CYAOXOACTBa, KOOPAI1Halll1R !ppaXTOObIX CTaBOK Ha nepeB03KY rpY30B 113

POCClll1.

l13AaHl1H: El1MKO H3AaeT npaKTl1'1eCKl1e PYKOBOAcTBa no npocpopMaM

craBoK, nopTOBblX C60pOB 11 Ap.

- BIMCO Weekly News; - BIMCO Bulletins (6 BbmycKoB B ro ); ­

5. BINSA - Black Sea International Shipowners' Association


MelKAYHapoAHaR ACCOlll1alll1H cYAoBnaAenblleB 4epHoMopcKoro
YKpaI1Ha,270058, r. OAecca, np. illeB1.(eHKO, 29, oCPI1C 305. Ten/cpaKc:
TeneKC: (51) 94073083 BINS G. E-mail: (comtext): A43SU982
El1HCA C03AaHa B 1993 roAY, KaK A06pOBonbHoe o6'beAI1HeHl1e
4epHoMopcKo-A30BcKoro, KaCnl1HCKOrO 11 DHenpo-DYHaHCKoro
Me)f()J,YHapoAHble BOAHble nepeB03KI1 rpY30B 11 naCCa)Kl1pOB.

6. CCC - Customs Cooperation Council

COBeT no COTpYAHl1'1eCTBY TaMo)KeH

rue L'Industrie 26-38, B-1040 Brussels, Belgium. Tel: 312513 99

CCC c03AaH B 1973 rOAY 17-TblO EBponeHcKI1MI1 rO':YfJlq~HlII.!"I

qneHa. CCC - MelKnpaBl1TenbCTBeHHaH nr,n,n<u


11 ynporneHI1R TaMO)f(eHHOrO npollecca, YCl1neHI1R un
- 'IJ1eHaX OpraHl13alll111. OpraHI13alll11O B03rnaBnReT COBeT,
rOCYAapCTB 1.(JleHOB CCC, KOTOPblH npOBOAI1T elKerOAHble Bcrpe'll1 B 11
l13AaHI1R: CCC H3AaeT cnelll1anbHble noc06l1R, KaCalOrnl1eCR pa60Tbl TaJIIOlKH
pa3JlI11.(HbIX R3blKax 11 perynRpHble 6lOnneTeHI1.
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

IN SPHERE OF SHIPPING

ME)K}lYHAPO Hbl prAHVl3AUVlVl B OPEPE CYD,OXOD,CTBA

7. CD - Commission du Danube
fAl(HillHI:IKilJI KOMHCCHJI (JlK )
Benczur ut., 25. tel: (036-1) 2681976,2681977,2681978. fax: (036-1) 2681980
Ha KOHcjlepeHI01 H B oelIrpa,n:e 6bllIa npl1mlTa KOHoeHlJ,l1H 0 pe)KHMe
Ha AyHae, BcryuliBwaH B CHlIY 11 MilJI 1949 r. Y'IaCTHI1KaMI1 KOHBeHIJ,HH 6bllIH DOlIrapHH,
....·M'.. JlIlo/'•. CCCP, 4exoClIoBilXHH, YKpal1Ha, IOroclIaBHH. B 1949 ro,n:y K KOHBeHIJ,HH
:HIIIMJIaC:b ABcrp~lJl.

,att~HI~alll.HtI no npHMeHeH l110 OCHOBHblX nOlIO)l(eHI1I1 0 nlIaBaHHI1 no D,YHalO


Rn"'-TIIMH npHJJ.y"aHcKHx crpaH;
lIOIJ,I1H, noc06HH ,n:lIH nlIaBaHHH no AYHalO;
II ('lI,n:pOMeTeOpOJlOrH'IeCKaH I1HcjlopMalJ,HH no p. D,YHal'l.

of European and Japanese National Shipowners' Associations


IIII,IIIW'IblXaCCOlJ,lfaIJ,HK cy,n:oBJla,n:elIblJ,eB EBponbl H j)'noHHl1
EC3ASETUK.
621 9986-llx: 8951282
- UOPbua 301 CB060,n:HbIH ,n:ocryn K rpY3aM H MaKCHMalIbHaH cB06o,n:a ,n:JIH
MI1IDJ.M)'MOM BMeillaTelIbCTBa npaBHTelIbCTB B KOMMep'leCKI1e ,n:elIa.

R a dio-Maritime (International Maritime Radio Association)


J\IOPCKOK pa,n:110CBH311 - (MKMP)
8 V ......... u ... .,..... ,,]
Roa d , London SEI 7SJ UK. Tel: 071 5871245
H B 1928 [,OAY. B HaCTOHIIJ;ee opeMH MKMP 06'be,n:11HHeT 50 KOMnaHI1K 113
1J,1111:

67,21; tlx:
opramnalJ,HH, nOCBHTI1BillaH ce6H YllHqJl1KalJ,HI1 MOPCKHX 11
•• ~',,", n vu"pOlJ;HOH IOpl1,n:I1'1eCKOH npaKTlIKe. OnlOBaHHblfl B 1897 ro,n:y, MMK
Ha MHon1e aCneKThI MopcKoro npaBa, BKlIlO'IaH Hague Visby Rules.
UH~I l'lOpCKOro npaBa 113 pa3lIH'IHblX CTpaH Ml1pa. ltl3,n:aHHH: MMK
IIV' ...Jlb....'" o603peHHe Newsletter.

S hipo wners' Associations.


BJla,ll,eJJblJ,eB EBponeHcKoro C006IIJ;eCTBa
51139 40; fax: 5118092; tlx: 26362 COMARB
11 06'be,n:HlUIeT Bce HalJ,110HalIbHble aCCOlJ,HalJ,11H cy,n:oBlIa,n:elIblJ,eB
'JI.• w,,,,,,,,,,, M 0 COTPy,n:HH'IeCTBe C aCCOlJ,lIalJ,I1HMI1 (Short Sea Associa­
Me)l(lJ;y nopTaMH D,aHI1I1, rOlIlIaH,n:I-II1, repMaHI-IH H AHrlIl1l1, 6e3

corlIaCOBaHHOH cYAOXO,n:HOH nOlIl1T11KI1 EBponeflcKoro


HHCTl1"I)'Tax EC, 11 I1HcjlopMalJ,HH 'IlIeHOB AccolJ,l1alJ,l1l1 0
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

IN SPHERE OF S HIPPI N G

ME)!(JJ.YHAPOD,HbIE opr AH Vl3 AUVlVl B CcI>EPE cy OXOD,CTBA

13. FONASBA - Federation of National Associations of Shipbwkers and Agents

cI>eAepal.\I1H Hal.\110HaJIbHbIX aCCOl.\l1al.\I1M CYAOBblX 6poKepoB 11 areHTOB (~OHAC5A)

PO Box 4222-3006 AF Rotterdam

Tel:+3110 4020 397;fax:+31104120687;

E-mail: sec@fonasba.com; http://www.fonasba.com.

<I>OHAC6A 6bIJJa C03AaHa B 1%9 roAY Hal.\110HaJlbHb1MI1 acco l ~ua U;HJlMHll eoponeKcKHx crpaH.

CeroAHH ee <lJ]eHaMI1 JlBJIHIOTCJI 33 aCCOl.\HaU;I1H H TpH Kny6a P&I, He HMe.JOlIlJolX npaBa

lJ,eJIH <I>eAepal.\HH: <I>OHAC6A npeAOCTaBJIHeT nOMep)KKY 'Il1eBaM, 60PeTCJI 3a ynlY'lllD,e HKe

ynpollleHl1e CTaHAapTou AOKYMeHToB HCnOJIb3yeMblx npH nep eBo3Ke rpY30B MopeM, OIl.ra:Hllt3Ii

KOH¢'epeHl.\HI1, CeMI1HapOB, KypCOD no I1HTepecaM.

14. lACS - International Association of Classification Societies

Me)KJJ;YHapoAHaH ACCOl.\l1al.\I1H KJIaCCI1¢,I1Kal.\HOHHbIX 06l1leCTB (MAKO)

5 Old Queen Strect, London SW1H 9JA UK:.

Tel: 0171976 0660; fax: 0171 9760440; t1x:261720 lACS G.

E-mail: permsec(a)iacs.org.uk. http://www.iacs.org.uk.

lJ,eJII1 MAKO - cOAeMCTBl1e ycoBepweHCTBoBaHHIO CTaBAilpToo 6e30nacuoCTH

)f<113HH Ha Mope, npeAoTBpallleHl1e 3arpJl3HeHHH, KOHcyJIbTaU;~f l1 11

COOTBeTCTBYlOlIll1MI1 Me)KJJ;YHapoAHbIMI1 H MOPCKI1MH opraHU3an;KJIMH.

MAKO 06beAI1HHeT 10 BeAYllll1x KJIaCCH¢,I1Kal.\110HHbIX 0 6l1leCTB:

- Amedcan Bureau of Shipping (ABS) - AMepHKaHcKoe 61Opo CynoxonCTBa;

- Bureau Vedtas (BV) - 61Opo BepHTac;

- China Classification Society (ZC) - KI1TaMcKoe KJlaCCH¢"KatI,I0HHOe

- Det Norske Veritas (ON V) - HOpBe)KCKOe KJIaCCI1¢,I1KaU;IIoHiiOe OnlmE'M'1i111

- Germanischer Lloyd (GL) - repMaHI1Wep JIJIOM.lC

- Korean Register of Shipping (KR) - KopeMcKHM PerHCTp cyn oxon CTBa;

- Lloyd's Register of Shipping (LR) - PerHCTp CYAOXO CTBa JIn otin a;

- Nippon Kai,'i Kyokai (NK.) - 5InoHCKI1M PerHCTp cyAo 0 CToa;

- Registw Ita iano Navale (R1NA) - TIITaJIbJlHCKI1M PerHCIp cy.o.0xoJlCTBa;

- Russian Maritime Register of Shipping (RS) - POCCHMCKHM MOpCKOJi Perllcrp

ACCOl.\HlipOBaHHble qJIeHbl:

- XopUaTCKl1fi Perl1CTp CYAoxoACTua (CRS);

- TIIHA~II1:cKI1M PemCTp CYAoxoACTua (IRS);

- llOJIbCKl1M Perl1CTp CYAoxoACTua (PRS).

T113AaHl1J1: MAKO ny6JII1KyeT pa3JI11qHble PYKoBoACTBa, peKoMemlaU;1I11 no

6e30naCHOCTI1 CYAOUblX Onepal.\1111 H 06cJIY)f< I1UaHI1J1.

15. IALA - International Association of Lighthouse A uthorities

Me)f<AYHapoAHaH ACCOl.\Hal.\I1H MaHQHblX CJIY)K6 (MAMC)

13 rue Yvon Villarceau, 75116 Paris, France.

Tel: 33145 00 38 60; fax: 33145002902; t1x: 610480 IALAlS M F

MAMC - HenpaUJneJIbCTOeHHaJl Me)KJJ;YHapoAHaH opraH H3al.\l1H,

opraHI13al.\HI1 pa3JII1QHblX cTpaH, 06eCneQl1BalOlIlHx YCTaHo BXY, n e.i ~TBlu.

cpeACTBaMI1 HaBHral.\HOHHOro 06ecne<leHI1H (CHO) HJII1 .>.. 'n .......Lru'..v ..., ....

T113AaHlie: e)f<eKUapTaJIbHbili 610JIJIeTeHb MAMC

16. IAPH - International Association of Ports and Harbours

Me)KJJ;YHapoAHaH ACCOl.\l1al.\I1H noproB 11 rauaHeM - MACllO r

KotohlTa Kaikan Building, 1-2-8 Toranomon,

Minato-ku, Tokyo 105 Japan.

tel: 81 35914261, fax: 81 35800364: tlx: 2222516

MACllOr c03AaHa B 1955 rOAY. lJ,eJIl1 opraHH3aU;~fH - leK:rJ1IBtlIOCTIf pa6crrbl nopraB,

YCOBepweHCTBouaHl1e CI1CTeM ynpaBJICHHH H 3aUJ;~1Ta HIII'I'I!_a)l o6"beAHHJleT 230

nOJIHOnpaUHblx (nopTbl) 11121 aCCOl.\1111pOBaHHblX ou........""' ·. ... cy/:tOXOAHOK

I1HnYCTpl1l1 H HayKI1, KacaIOUJ;I1XCJI pa60Tbi nopTOB K ,,:~== qeM 80 crpaH MHpa.

T113AaHliJl: Ports & Harbours (o¢'I1l.\l1aJIbHbIM .•

Membership Directory (cmlCoK QJIeHOB rn~u',-\"'''u,'''

IAPH Guidelines on Port Safety & Enviwnmenta P~;~tp ..tl,~"iiIIi

oKpYlKalOUJ;eM cpeAbl B nopTax).

INTERNATIONAL ORG ANIZATIONS

IN SPHERE OF SHIPPING

ME>KllYHAPOLU (hIE O PfAHV!3A L(I!IV! B Cct)EPE YllOXOllCfB A

ICC - internationa l Chamber of C ommerce


pO,llllil1l ToproBaJI IlaJlaTa (M TIl)
Cour Albert, 75008, Pa r i , France .
3TO nPo¢eCCIIOHaJlbHbJe 11 Top r o Bble aCCol.\Hal.\l1l1, oih,e,[lHHeHJ1jJ, OT,[Iell bHble KOMnaHI1'I1,
Pa3JJH'lHhl1'>l l1 B ~ aM I1 611 3Heca. Ilpe,[lCTaBI1TeJI I1 Hal.\110HallbHblx ToproBblX nallaT
n ......... un'...,.bHbIil KOMHTeT MTIl.
entia l B LLETIN to members " - International Maritime Bureau (1MB), Marime House,
Barking E ex 1G ll 8HG, UK. Tel:0181-591 3000, fax : 0181-594 2833.

Internationa l Carg o Handling Co-ordination Association


ACCOL\H31.\1I11 DO pal.\HOHaJlI13al.\I111 TpaHcnopUIO-rpY30B(,IX onepal.\l1W (MAPTfO)
:llllIIumlJ Secretariat, 71 Bo n d way, London SW81 S H, UK.
0171820 1703 tlx: 261106 G
.r.,ra.nr'''.ll K. h ttp://www.ichca.org.uk.
- IDKeMeC1l'IHO; Who's Who in Cargo Handling - e)Ke r O,[lHO; EDI & Car~o
Safety; Inland Waterways; The Maritime Link and Equipme nt AvailabIlity;
tion.

Chamber o f Ship p ing

C y OXO,llCTBa (M IlC)

usia n S treet,

+44 0171 417 8844; fax: +44 01714178873; tlx: 884008.


ipping.org http://www.br itish-shipping.org
cY,llOXO,[lHbIMH KOMnaHIUIMI1 AH IJI I1I1, ctJpilHI.\HH, I1TaJI I1H, OeJI brHH,
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1.\1111. MIlC 3aHHMa eTCH nceMH acneKTaMH Ml1pOnOro cYl~Oxo,[lCTBa.
cY.!J.OXO,W1laJ1 nOlll1TI1Ka; 6e30nacHocrb l\lOpeflll anaHlul; peKOMeH,[lO BaHHbl e
""'CTf'M'., p'a3,lJ,elleHI'I}I ,[IOI1>KeIII1H cy,[IOO; npe,[lO TBpaL.L(e~lHe 3a rpH3HeHIHI
nn n TRnn ,0:01 y JeHTal.\l1l1; HHCPOpMal.\HH 'lll e HOO MflC 0 3aKOIIO,[laTell bIlblX
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PyKOBO,iJ,CnJ KaCalOL.L(HXCH 6e30nacHoC'J11 ~lOpen JI aBanI1H,
'1111 MOp1l ~J n pHHHTbJX 0 Ka'leCTBe HOpMaTI1HHblX ,[IOKYMeJlTon: Bridge
Helicopter/Shi p o perations; Safety in Chemical Tankers; Safe ty in Liquefied
I Tankers; Tanke r Safety Guide (Liquefied G as).

I Federatio n of Shipm aste rs' Association


ACCOl.(HamIJ1 MOPCKHX KamlTaHOO (MctJAK, I1ctJCMA)
S 17JY, K. T el: 44171 261 0450; fax : 44171 9289030; tlx: 934089 MARSOCG.
El E-mail: HQ (@)ifsma.org http://www .ifsma.org
JleKO IMep'leCKaH opraHH3a.L\HH, C03,[1aJ·JHaJI B 1974 r O,[lY ,[IJIH
KOfITaKTOB H CBH3eJ1 Me>K,[Iy KanHTaHaMH uce r o MHpa . U:elll1
for SAFETY at Sea" - 06be,[lHHHTb KanHTaHOB B 0,[11'111
I. U......... un'nbI H opraH '1epe3 HX Hill.\HOHaJJbHble H perHOHall bHbJe
b'X '1JIeHOO. B 1998 roAY IFSMA 06beAJ1HIIJIa 3735
IOHaJIbHblX aCCOI.\Hal.\J1t'J II 06be,[lHH e HHW KanH1anOB H3 41
113.l1.aHJ1H: IFSMA (e)f(eKOapTaJIbl-IO)

Organization (International Hydr ographic Bureau)

opr'lH~l3aL\IIH (MfO)

Carlo BP445 MC98011 , Mon.aco.

4791 64 MC
Il pJ1l uITa Me)l(j~YHapo,[l HaJl KOHBeHI.\HH 0 Me>K,[IYHapO,[lHOw
KOTOpylO npHHHllH 39 rocy,[lapcrll 11 KOTOpaJl C 1970 IO,[la
MrO Y'IaCTBYloT 57 rocY,[lapCTH. Me>KAY HapO,[lHOe
annapaTa MfO. U:eJI H MfO - npHMeHeHHe
• •• i!cJ1eJIlOIBaIIlMrtf; pa3BI1THe HaYK, COH3aHHblX C rl1ApOr pacpl1ew 11
'~:::~:::~:I pa60Tbl Hal\J1OHaJI bHbIX rl1,[1porpacpl1'1eCKHX
~I r al.\HOHHblX KapT 11 noco6HI'I.

- e>Ke M eOl~IHO ;

R eview - 1 pal B nOllyro,[lHe;

" " U'lu"ldphic Organizalion Yearbook - e>Kero,[lHO.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION S

IN SPHERE OF SHIPPING

ME)I(J],YHAPOJ],HblE opr AHVl3AlU1Ji1 B C<l>EPE CYP:0XOA CTBA

22. IICL - Institute of International Container Lessors

litHCTHT)'T qmpM, C)J.aIOll\HX 0 apeH)J.Y KOHTefmepbl Nm Me}I()J.YHapOAH blx lIepeo030K

Bedford Consultants Building, Box 605, Bedford, New York, 10506, US.

Tel: 914 234 3696; fax: tlx:

nCL C03)J.aH 0 1971 ro)J.Y H npe)J.CTaOJlJleT KOMMep'lecKYJO opraHH3aQI1JO, 'lJIeHbI KOTOPOH omalOT a

apeH)J.Y KOHTeHHepbl HJlI1 ycrpo~iCToa )J.JIJI TpaHclIoPTHpOOKI1 KOHTeHHep oo (container chas is)

CY)J.OObIX IfJlI1 )J.Pyrl1x onepaQI1H. OpraHI13aQI1JI HaC'II1TblBaeT 11 nOCTORHHbIX'IJ1eHOB,

OMeCTe OJla)J.eJOT 85 npOL\eHTaMI1 KOJll1'1eCTOa apeH)J.yeMblx 0 Ml1pe KOHTemepoo. 3To

40% Ml1pOnOro KOHTeHHepHoro napKa.

lit3)J.aHI1J1: Guide for Container Equipment Inspection

23. IIMS - International Institute of Marine Surveyors

(Institute International des Experto Maritimes)

Me}I()J.YHapo)J.HbIH litHCTHTYT MOPCKI1X cJOpoeHepoo

Registered in Saint Nazaire # 3/0841

C/o HQS Wellington, Temple Stairs,

Victoria Embankment, London WC 2R 2PN.

IIMS - 3TO He3a0I1ClfMaJI, He nOJlHTl1'1eCKaJI OpraHI13aL\I1J1, 'IJ1eHCTBO B KOTOpOH OTKdMlI'II

)J.HnJlO~lI1pOBaHHbIM MOpJlKaM, rpY300blM CJOpBeHepaM, )J.pyrl1M MOPCKHM KOHe'VJllbTil

CTpaHbl ~lI1pa. OCHOBHble QeJlI1 - npoc:peCOIOHaJlI13M 11 paenp0C"ll'aHeH~1e

IMOPCKI1X CIopoeHepoo.

1i13)J.aHI1JI: OpraHlf3aQl1el1 nO)J.rOTOBJleH KO)J.eKC nooe)J.eHI1J1 MOPCKUX

24. ILA - International Law Association

AccoQl1aL\l1J1 Me>K)J.YHapo)J.Horo npaBa

Paper Buildings, Temple, London, EC4Y 7EU, UK. Tel: 071 353 2904

ILA 6blJla OCHooaHa B 6ploeceJle B 1873 roAY. B HaCTOJlll\ee npeMJI Ce'K r.""ar, ..:n

Haxo)J.HTCJI B 110HAOHe, OTAeJleHIfJl AccoL\lfaQI1I1 I1MeJOTCJI B 40 crpaHax M

AccoQl1aQ~lI1 oCYll\eCTBJlHeT litcnOJlHI1TeJlbHblfl COBeT (lit C). litC ( 03)J.aeT

Tex 11J111 I1HblX np06J1eM npaBa, nO)J.rOTaOJlI1BaeT AOKJIa)J.bl no np06J1eMaM

lit3AaH~IJI: ILA ny6J1HKYeT )J.OKJIa)J.bl KOHc:pepeHQI111 11 KOMHTeTOB; KOMMPHT3n l. '..

Me>KAYHapO)J.HbIM AorooopaM; IfCCJleAOOaHHH H O<lepKH no MeJK yllapo HOMY

25. lLAMA - International Lifesaving Appliances Manufacturer' ociation

Me>KAYHapo)J.HaH AccoQl1aQI1J1 np0I13Bo)J.I1TeJlej"1 cnaCaTeJIbHbl cpeACTB

PO Box 952, Shoreham, West Sussex BN43 6AP, UK. Tel: 0273454187; fax: 0273

lLAMA C03)J.aHa 0 1975 ro)J.Y KaK 06beAI1HeHHe 113rOTOBHTeJIe H Cnal':ITe·J1 l.RI.llt

ycrpOHCTB. C 1990 rO)J.a 'I!leHCTBO 0 AccoQlfaQl111 OTKJ?bITO )J.JIli ocex nll'OI1CJBO,QI

cpeACTo 11 cHa6>KeHI1H nepe'lHCJleHHblX B rJlaoe 3 - 'Cnae3Te bHb]e

KOHoeHQl111 C011AC 74. B HaCTOJlll\ee npeMJI lLAMA 06be)J.lfHJleT 1 2

113 crpaH Eoponbi 11 CiliA. 3allOJleHHbie L\eJlI1 AccoQl1aQl111 - 3TO ITpli Mble

KHc:popMaQHe~i C <IJleHaMIf lLAMA.

26. ILU - Institute of London Underwriters

litHCTHT)'T 110H)J.OHCKI1X CTpaXOBll\I1KOB

49, Leadenhall Street, London, EC3A 2BE UK. Tel: 0171488 2424; fa x: 0]

http://www.maritime-insurance.co.ukyilu.html

litHCTKT)'T 6blJl C03)J.aH B 1885 rOAY. OpraHH3aL\HJI 06be)J.I1HlIeT 11

CTpaXOBblX KOMnaHI1J1:, pa60TaIOll\KX Ha 110HAOHCKOM pblHKe

tion, Transport - MAT). XOTJI 60JlbIlll1HCTBO 'IJleHOB fLU KOM

003MO>KHO TalOKe If AJllI 11HOCTpaHHbiX CTpaXOBll\I1KOB.

litHCTKT)'T nOMep>KHOaeT TeCHbie KOHTaKTbl co CTpaXOBOH

06be)J.KHeHHbIX KOMI1TeTOB. KOMI1TeTbl 11 pa60'll1e rpYIJJ]I>J

CTpaXOOaHHJI, Oblpa6oTKe 11 nplfMeHeHKJO AOKYMeHTaQIIH.

pe3YJlbTaTbi KOTOPblX ny6J1lfKYlOTCli B 113AaHI1l1X KHcnnyra.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

IN SPHERE OF SHIPPING

Y HAPO HbJE opr AHVl3AUVlVl B CeDEP CY.1J.OXO.1J.CTBA


27. ILO - International Labour Organization
MVK.Uy"apo,uHaJl OpraHI13aL~l1J1 Tpy,ua (MOT)
des M orillons, CH 1211 Geneve 22, Switzerland.
799 61 11; fax; (22) 7988685; t1x;415647i1och; http://www. 1I0.orgl
iIIIJ~lflaIPO;!l.llaJI OpraH.l3alV1J1 Tpy,ua fiblJla C03,uaHa B 1919 ro,uy ,uJlJl ~eJlel1: Me)K,uYHapo,uHoro
....TO'~L.U.>,..· .." y crpaHeHI1J1 CO~l1aJlbHOI1 HeCnpaBeJJ;JlIIBOCTI1 nocpe,uCTllOM YJlY'lllIeHHJI YCJlOBI1J1
1946 r o y MOT CTaJIa nepBblM cne~ltaJll13l1pOBaHHblM Y'lpe)K,ueHlteM OOH.

11 PeKoMeH,ua~Hl1 MOT. Me)l()l;YHapolllloe 6IQpo Tpy,ua, )l(eHeBa.

C onventions and Recommendations.

......""..·n .. on merchant ships.

conditions on board ship; Guidelines for procedure.

in dock work.

nce (An international maritime training guide), IMO-ILO.


ur conditions on board ships; Guidelines for procedure.
in shipbuilding and sh ip repairing.
occupational health and safety.

o f M ari ne Engineers
IUDK.eH1ef'oB BeJlIKOfip"TaH.11
U K. Tel; +44 01714818493; fax :+44 01714881854.
h".... ·/I",,"""" imare.org.uk
Ko,hr"l'lr'''Hlll1 OCHOBaH B 1889 ro,!1Y H ofibe,uI1HJleT 17 000 'IeJlOBeK
rn.,u.n..'" c-rpaHax Mltpa . 3TO aUTOpl1TeTHaJl B ,ueJlOBOM
lu:cuu.(a~l1J1 Cy,uOBbIX I1H)I(eHepOB, pa,u1103JleKTpoHIJJ;l1KOB,
rv rTOnp'UOHTHI1KOB, ;o;pynlx pafiOTlH1KOB fieperooblx npe,unpI1JlTHH.
l1'1eCKHe Cne~HaJlbHOCTlf MOPCKHX aKa;o;eMHH H YHHBepCHTeTOB
KaJII1HHHrpa,ua 11 O.a;eccbI Ha COOTBeTCTBl1e HX ,ul1nJlOMOB
COOTBeTCTBYIQll.\I1X YHI1BepCl1TeTOB BeJlI1KOfip"TaH.m.
fia3e O.a;ecCKOI1 rocy.a;apCTBeHHOIf MopcKOJ1 AKa,ueMHH OTKPbITO OT,ueJleHHe

:E Ilgine,ers Review" If " Journal of offshore technology", filQJlJleTeHb ­


Engineers".

Maritime Industries Forum


MopcKHx OTpaCJleif npOMblllIJleHHOCTI1
P';lIdll15'e, 38 St.Mary Axe,
9296429; fax:+44171 9296430
opraHH3a~I1H, CBH3aHHaH C npOfiJleMOi, nepeH3fiblTKa TaHKepHoro
TOHHa)Ka. ::ianaqeJil I1Hq,opMa~I1H 11 nyfiJlIfKa~lfl1no npOfiJIeMaM TaHKepHOJ1
I1H,uycrplUf n o no b~eB TaHKepOB, fiaHKoB, cy,uoCTpOHTeJleft 11 He<PTHHblx KOMnaHlf11 B
CBJr311 C YKaJall Ho H.
IMIF ofibep.lIH.J1eT rVrTOCT,nO<fT'pn:p':; fiaHKlfpoB, rpY300TnpaUIfTeJleJ1, crpaxOBll.\IfKOB,
KJlaCcH(jmJ(al.\lIOH to.'......Tll' .. 11 q,I1HaHCHCToB 113 23 cTpaH. MHO)l(eCTBO Ha~lfOHaJlbHbIX If
M~Hapo,ullb lX V qa..-rR1VIfl!T B pafioTe <J>opyMa B cTaryce HafiJlIQ,uaTeJleH.

11 COTPy.a;HIf'leCTBa npeno.a;aBaTeJleJ1 MOPCKIfX ,uIfC~lfnJlIfH


B l.\eJIJlx nOMep)KaHIfJl R"llrO'K~I " 05yqeHHJI BO BceM Mlfpe. IMLA ofibe.a;IfHJleT 230
HHAJlBHJJ,YaJIbHbIX nllOlloJ~"'T aKTIfBHylQ nporpaMMy KOHq,epeHl.\1f11 11
ceMJlJlapoB. O I'r'. HI"'... n ....=!t~~::i~:: npeno,uaBaTeJlJlM oficY)l(.a;aTb Ofill.\ecrBeHHble
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

IN SPHERE OF S HIPPING

ME)I()lYHAPO,IJ,HbIE opr AHI!J3AUVl)l1 B C(PEPE CY,IJ,OXO,IJ,crBA

31. IMO - International Maritime Organization


Me~YHapoAHall MopcKall opraHH3all.HlI (MMO, HMO)
4 Albert Embankment, London SEI 7SR,UK. Tel: 0171 735 7611; fax: 01715873210;
E-mail: info@imo.org, http://www.imo.org
B 1897 roAY 6bln C03AaH MOPCK0I1 Me~YHapoAHbIH KOMHTeT, KOTOPbIH 3aUKMana BonpocaMH
MopCKoro npaBa.
C 19 <peBpanll no 6 Ma)ITa 1948 rOAa B )KeHeBe npollIna Mopexall I Ko"<pep~ OOH, ua
6bIna npHHlITa KOHBeHlI.HlI 0 Me)f(npaBHTenbCTBeHHoH MOPCKOH KOIHc:v;:rbll"i1"1"HIIH1[)H OIl'raH~13
(HMKO). KOHBeHlI.HlI BOllIna B cHny 17 MapTa 1958 rOAa . C 1982 rOAa - M4~""p.Yc~aJPOJ!lH'iUI
OpraHH3all.HlI (HMO). 6e30nacHoCTb MopennaBaHHlI - Ba)f(HeHWall QeJ1b
nOA'IHHeHa AellTenbHOCTb Bcex pa60'll1x opraHoB 11 nOApa3AelleEfllH opraumau.HH.
H3AaHI111: "IMO News", "Focus on IMO".

32. IMPA - International Maritime Pilots' Association


Me~YHapoAHall ACCOL\l1all.l1Jl MOPCKHX nOL\MaHOB
HQS Wellington,Temple Stairs,Victoria Embankm ent, Lond on W C2R 2NP, UK.
IMPA lIBnlleTClI HeKOMMep'leCKOIf, HenpaBl1TeJIbCTBeHIlOH OPraHH3a~l1eH H DJ:'e,!J(CT'aBoq
Hall.I10HanbHble opraHH3aL\I1H nOL\MaHOB Ha Me)KAYHapOAHOM ypoBHe.
IMPA 6bIlla OCHOBaHa B 1970 roAY B Kline, Ha KOH<pepeHlI.HH IlpeACTaBHTeJIeH
OpraHI13aL\l1fI. CeroAHlI OHa HaC'IHTbIBaeT 35 'IneHOB - H ~O HanbHbJX UIl"a"UU"L
CTpaH. H3AaHHlI: IMPA peryJlllpHO H3AaeT Newsletter H IM PA Notice.

33.INMARSAT - International Maritime Satellite Organiza tion


Me~YHapoAHaJl OpraHI13all.I111 MOPCKOH cnyrHI1KOBOH CBlI H
40 Helton Street, Euston, London NWI 2EQ, UK. Tel-071 387
http://www.lnmarsat.org
HMO B 1975 roAY C03BaJla KOH<pepeHlI.mo no Bonpocy YCTaHOBJIeHIUI
KOMMYHI1KaL\HOHHbIX cHcTeM, OCflonaHHbIX Ha I1CnOJlb30BaHH H cnyrlulKIJBlblX
KOH<pepeHL\HlI npHHlIJla KOHBeHlI.l11O 0 Me~YHapOAI-IOH
CB1I311 (HHMAPCAT) 11 3KcnJlyaTaL\110I-lHOe co rJIa meUl1e 0 pa60Te
cnyrHI1KOB 3eMJlI1, KOTopble BOmJlH B CHJlY B 1979 rOAY .
H3AaHI111: )KypHaJlbI "Via INMARSAT magazine" H " O ce an Vo ice".

34. INTERCARGO - International Association of Dry Cargo Shi n .,wn..'rI'

Me~YHapoAHa.1I ACCOll.lIaL\HlI BJlaAeJJl'lI.eB cyxorpY3HbIX CYAOB

Second Floor, 4 London Wall Buildings, Blomfield Street,

London EC2M 5NT, UK.

Tel: +44 0171638 3989, fax: + 44 0171 638 3943;

E-Mail: intercargo@compuserve corn, http//www. intercarg o .o rg

HHTEPKAPrO - fie KOMMep'leCKall ACCOL\l1aL\HII, C03 aHH all C IJ,eJlblO

CYAoxoACTBa 3aHlITOH nepeBo3KoH HaBaJlO'lHbIX rpY30B.

H3AaHI111: E)f(eMeClI'IHbllf 6IOJlJleTeHb, rAe Oll.eHHBalOTclI TeHAeHIJ,m1

pa3BHTI1e C06bITI1H B Me)f(npaBHTeJlbCTBeI-lHOM ceKTo pe.

35. INTERTANKO - International Association of Independent Tanker

Me)I<AYHapoAHaJi ACCOL\HaL\l1l1 fle3aBHCHMbIX BJlaAeJlbll.eB TaHKepoB

Gange-Rolvs gate 5, 0273 Oslo 2, Norway.

Tel.47 244 03 40; fax. 47 2 56 32 22; t1x: 19751 itankn.;

http://www.intertanko.com.

HHTEPTAHKO OCHOBaI-la B OCJlO B 1970 roAY. ACCOll.HaL\1111

'IJleHa H3 43 cTpaH H 286 aCCOll.HHpoBaHHblx 'IJleI-lOB. OHa nn'.... 'TH'JI]

(1968 TaHKepoB), T. e. 60nee 80% TaHKepHoro TOHHa)Ka.

HCCJleAOBaI-lHeM pblHKa 11 ny6J1HKyer He3aBI1CHMble OlJ,eRItH

npeAJlO)f(eHHIO TaHKepHoro TOHHa)f(a.

H3AaHI1JI: INTERTANKO, Port information office.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

IN S PHERE OF SHIPPING

M E)f(,!J.YIIAPOJ,HbIE opr AHJI] 3 AUYfJ;J B CCI)EPE Y OXOLlCTBA

36. International roup of P &I O ubs


Me>kAYHapOIJ;HaJl rpynna aCeOnl1a lVifl (lUIy60B) B3aHMHOI'O CTp,lXOBaHI1H
Fenehurch treet, London EC3M 4BT, K.

1714880078; fax:+44 171 480 7877;

w. ukpandip.com,l
rpYlllla KIIy60B 83a HMHoro CTpaX08aHI1n 06beAHHHeT 16 <lJIe H08, KOTopble
11l11,,,. .O,T 8 pewelHfII opaKTH'IeCKI LX npo 611eM, KaCalOlL\HXCH <lJIeH08 rpynnbI. B r pynn y 8XOAHT
bl P&I AHTlIH I1, CLD A, HnOHl111 11 CKaHAI1HaBI1H.
Il'ynnbl - B3aHMHaJl OT8eTCT8eHHOCTb no CTpaX08aHHIO. rpynna C03AaeT 4>OHA
crpaXOBblX PliCKOB, KOTOPbll{ COCTaBllHeT OT 1,6 Mll.H. 11.012 Mll H. AOllllapoB CIIIA.
NEWS" - e>ICe MeCH'IHbll{ )i(ypHall.

~6II1&J131J.alO I neplloAlI' leCK l1e 6101111eTeHI1.

- Internat ion al O il Pollution Compens ation Fund


<JlO"A M il K O ~fneHCaL\lil1 npl1 3arp"3HeHHH He<JlTbIO
t, Lon d on S El 7SRUK.
23588.
1978 rOAY KaK MC>K npaBI1TCllbCTBeHHan OpraI-l11 3aL\HH 8 COOT8eTCTBI1I1 C
t:ul"Jl •• w", HlleM, B QellHX 06ecne'ICHHH KOMneHCalll111 )((epTBaM "PH YlL\ep6e OT

~hil,pi n g Federa t io n
811aAell bL\eB (M<lJC)
London EC1M6EZ, UK. Tel: 071 417 8400; fax: 071 6268135; tl x:
mg.org, http://www .british-shippmg.org
o p ra H~l3aL\I1J1 cYAoBllan ellb L\eB. C03AaHa 8 1909 rOAY aCCOL\HaL\I1HMH
B. B 1909 roAY M<lJC CTalla 06b ell.HI-Ielil1eM accoL\HaL\I1fl 113 30 crpa I-l MHpa,
I-IeHTbl. LIlleHaM <lJeAepaL\HH npHHaAll e)((~IT 6011ee nOll0BHHbI MI1 p080rO
500 TbICJILJ LJell0BeK p a60TaeT Ha cYAax 3THX op r aHH 3aL\Hfl. UellH <l> eAepaL\1111
H<Jl0pMa.L\lIefJ, KOOP I1HaL\HJI Me)K.LI.YI-lapoAI-IbIX AeflcT81111 cYAoBllaAeIlbL\eB,
' lllellOR OpraHI13aL\I111 8 npaBJrreIlbCT83X 11 npo<jJCOI~)3 ax .

Regis ter;
of I M O ISM C ode (ISFfICS);
A Guide for the Shipping Industry;
Book for Deck Cadets;
Book for Engineer Cadets.

39.1 MA - In Shi p M ana g e rs' Association

Me~Hapo lIasl cyn ollh1x MeHeA)Kep08 (l1CMA)

Carthu ian ourt, IJI!I!'IIlIIulsl~ln S treet, London , EC lMGEB

1 el: +44 ]71717 171 8877. Registered office: 284, Arch Makarios III Avenue, Fortuna Court,

Block S, Lima so l,

Me)((.I1.YlfapoAllall Aceo cy OBbIX MeHe)1.)((ep08 (HCMA) 06pa30BaIlaCb 0 1991 ron y . E1'

y 'lpe III elll1.M H CTa.ml 35 H1 UI pa3Hbix cTpaH. OCI-IOBHa>l nellh .I1.eHTellhHocTH AccoL\l1aUHI1 ­
nOBblllleIJIIC KaLleCTlJa 06 B3 HHH CY.l1.0B113AellbL\eB npH o6ecne<leBHI1 6e30nacIIoCTI1 cYIl.OXon CTBa.

ACeOL\lIaUI'IJI HBJUleTCJI Bel( epqeCKofJ, npo<jJeccHoHallbHofl OpraRI13aL\Heft, co urra6-KBapTHpoH B

l1l1Maccoll l!, Kl1np.

B co an ilr MA 8 t1JCTO>llL\e

OKOJTO 2000 Y 00. l13)l,a HI1J1:

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

IN SPHERE OF SHIPPING

ME:>KUVHAPOUHbIE opr AHVl3AUVlVl B eel> PE V OXOUCTBA

41. ISO - International Organization for Standartization


Me)l()J;}'HapoAHaJI OpraHl13au:JUI no CTaHAapTl13aU:1111 (HCO)
L, rue de Varembe, Geneve, Switzeland.
Post address: Case Postale 56 CH-1211 Geneve 20.
Tel:4122 749 0111;fax:41 227333430; tlx: 41 22 05iso ch
E-mail central(a)iso.ch
http;ljwww iso.ch.
HCO C03AaHa B 1947 roAY 11 06beAI1ID1eT 120 HaU:I1OHalIbHbIX OpraHl13aU:I1H no pa3pa6OTKe
11388 CTpaH. UelIblO OpraHl13aU:1111 HBJUleTCH cOAeHCTBl1e pa3BI1TI11O CTaHAapTl13aU:HI1 B
MacIlJTa6e p;JIH ynpOllJ:eHI1H Me)f():{YHapoAHoro TOBapo06MeHa 11 B3aI1MOnOMOIlJ:H, a
paCWl1peHI1H COTPYAHl1'leCTBa B 061IaCTI1I1HTelIlIeKTYalIbHoH, TeXHI1QeCKOH 11 " KOHIO~fH "~.PI
AeHTelIbHoCTI1. 3a nepl10A CBoero cYllJ:eCTBOBaHI1H HCO 113AalIa 10745 Me)f():{YHa po 1Ib1
H3AaHJUI:
- ISO Memento - e)KerOAIII1K, COAep)KaIlJ:I1H I1HcjJopMaU:111O 06 OpraHl13a U:1111
ccjJepy AeJ1CTBI1H, OTBeTCTBeHHOCTI1, OpraH113aU:l1oHHYID CTPYKTYPY Ka)f():{Oro TeXIlIH'leC:KG
- ISO Technical program (npoeKTl1pyeMble CTaHAapTbI) 1 pa3 B 2 roAa;
- ISO Catalogue (cnI1COK Bcex ony61II1KOBaHHblx CTaHAaPToB HCO);
- ISO Bulletin - (HOBOCTI1 CTaHAapT113aU:1111 - e)KeMeCHQHI1K);
- ISO 9000 News - I1HcjJ0pMau:mI 0 CTaHAapTax ynpaBlIeHJUI KaQeCTBOM (luAaeTCH
- ISO Standards Handbooks - PYKoBoACTBa no craHAapTaM. Ka)f():{oe PVKOIBOIA(:TIlIQ
{IOlIHblJ1 TeKCT CTaHAapTa.
42. ISSA - International Ship Suppliers Association
Me)f():{YHapoAHaH AccoU:l1aU:I1R CYAOBbIX nOCTaBllJ:l1KOB
Woodcock House, Gibbord Mews, 37/38 High Street, Wimbledon, London
Te'I+44 (0) 181 971 0010, fax+44 (0) 181 971 0000, tlx 935741 SGISSAG; http
ISSA - Me)KAYHapOAHaJI AccoU:l1aU:I1H, 06beAI1HHIOIlJ:aH HaU:~IOIia.f)bHb,Ie
nOCTaBIlJ:I1KOB. AccoU:l1aU:I1H 6bIlIa OCHOBaHa B KoneHrareHe B 1955 rOAY.
30 HaU:110HalIbHblX accoU:l1aU:I1J1, C061lJ:I1M KOlIl1'1eCTBOM 1600 npwrTRt...'p n l ....... y
accoU:l1l1pOBaJ-lHblX 'IlIeHOB. ISSA COCTaBl1lIa CBOA YCJlOBI1J1, YTOQHHIOIlJ:I1 X
06H3aHHOCT.J1 CYAOBbIX nOCTaBllJ:l1KOB 11 cYAoBlIaAelIbu:eB npl1 cHa6)KeHI1I1
H3AaJ-lI1H: "Me)KAYHapOAllblJ1 PeecTp CYAOBbiX nOCTaBIlJ:I1KOB"
ister"), KYAa TaK)Ke BKJIIO'Ieli Cnl1COK MOPCKI1X IOPI1CTOB. IOJII,'''\,l>au
cHa6)1(eHI1H CYAOB" ("Storing ship is new"), KaTalIor KOAOB cYAoBoro
"ISSA Store Catalogue"; "ISSA Stores Catalogue Provision and Bonded Stores".
He06xOAI1MblMI1 KHl1raMI1 AlIH Ka)f():{oro Kanl1TaHa cYAHa.

43. ISU - International Salvage Union


Me)f():{YHapOAHblJ1 CnaCaTelIbHbIJ1 COlO3 (MCC)
Central House, 32-66 High Street, Stratford, London EI 5 2PS, UK;
Tel-071519 4872, fax. 071 5195483, tlx. 8814115
MCC 06'beAI1HHeT 60lIee 30 cnacaTelIbHblX KOMnaHI1J1 113 601Iee 'IeM 20
BceMY MI1PY. Hx AeRTelIbHOCTb BKJIIO'IaeT CnaCaHl1e, YAalIeHl1e nrT,,'Tt<nR
C nO)l(apaMI1, npeAOTBpallJ:eHl1e 3arpR3HeHI1R, YT111I113au:JUI onaCHblX
6YKCl1pOBKa 11 cooTBeTCTBY10llJ:I1e 3aJJ,a'll1 no CnaCeH1110 1IIOAeJ1, cYAHa
BKJIIO'IaeT IOpl1Al1'1eCKl1e Bonpocbl CnaCeHI1H Ha Mope, pa3BI1TI1e 'eJllbffbl:X KOIITp3KTOB,
06MeH I1HcjJopMaU:l1eJ1, COTpYAHl1'1eCTBO 'IlIeHOB OpraIl113aU:l1l1. KHTepeCbl
LllIeHOB OpraHI133U:1111 Ha Me)KAYHapOAllblX cjJ0pYMax no BonpocaM CTpalCoBaHHII,
6e30naCH0CTl1 MopenlIaBaHI1H. OAtta 113 rlIaDHblX 3aAaQ MCC - 3TO I1H¢<'PMaD;HeH no
MOPCKI1M cnacaTelIbHblM onepaU:I1HM.
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

IN SPHER E OF SHIPPING

MBKAYHAPO.llHb lE prAHl!]3 AUl!!l!! B Cc)JEPE CYDOXO CTBA

44. rTF - Internationa l Tra ns port Workers' Federation


M e~Y lIapO)J.H aJI <l>e e p a L\HJI paooTHHKOB TpaHcnopTa (TpaHenopTHblX pao04Hx) (McI>T)
House -19-60 Boroug h Road,
S El JD ,UK; T e.l.+441714032733; fax .+44171 3577871; tlx: 8811397 ITF LONG.
itf. org u k, http;,//www .itf.org.uk
..",<'".",·....." P'f' Uonee llHTI f ~nl1Ill HOHOB ' meHOH 1'13400 npo£jJcol030B oOllee 4eM 100 CTpaH
n p e~craBnfleT TPaHCnOpTHblX pa60'l11X no HOCbMI1 KaTeropl1flM: )f(eJIe3F10~opo)KHbJl1
MOPCKOft, p eLJHo.1 H a lHOMOOHJIbHbHi TpaHenopT, nopToBble paoo'me, paOOTHJ1KH PblOHOH
'11, l-pa ~alfc Ko '-l aBl1aL\1111 H e£jJepM rypl13Ma.
Bee KOHCHlry UHH. KOH CTllryUlH1 McI>T (Constitution of the lnterna­
W,orl{elrs' Fe d erat ion ) 6 blJIa npH lIJlTa Ha 36 KOHrpeece Mc)JT, B aBfYCTe 1990 r. B r.

~I,':>-'l-";:},
Shiba ura, M inato-Ku, Tokyo 108, Japan. Tel:+81 337982770; fax:+813 3769 4471;
@ hifty cTve.or,jp; http;,//www.brkka.orjp/-itfjpn

Y]1. CaAOBaJl-CllaCCKaJl, 21. 4epe3 POCClltICKI1"1 npo£jJcOJo3


,.. ... ..'...""ICfl oprubIX cTpOJ1TeJIefl
. +7 0959238831; e-mail : ittur@ org.flI
KllII1lft>CKll fI 6 aeeetlH:
~[!RjJr6u.3, 20085-900 Centra, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
fa x:+55 21 283 0314; e-mail: itfarg br@ ax. apc.org

IVW, W as h ington OC 20036, USA. T e l: +1 202955 8347; fax; +1 202 955 8364;

ullelin", «HoBocTH M<»T», <<3~o poBb e oe30nacHoCTh», «MEioroHa o,110HaJIbHMe


e H3MeUeHI1J1», «Bonpoebl n pHBaTH3al\HH».
Itlr·" •.,,,r1k' U

Telecommu n ica tion U nion


3 n eKrpocBSl311 (M C3)
Geneva 20 witzerland.-Tel:+41 22 730 5111; fax:+41 22 733 7256,4122 730 6500;
ihLma il @itu .int http;,//www.itu.int
in:t er'n a,ti(lnal Frequency Reg istration Board OblJIO C03AaHO JUI ynp aBJIeHI1J1
IAlllol:3A'eJl'CUlle ooecne'l.m aeT pacnpe;., eJleHNe cn e Krpa p HO'laCTOT
n plICDOeHHJI paAHo4aCToT B l\eJIHX 1130e)f(a HHH D3al1l\1 HhIXnOMeJ(
C 03~aIlHaH paHee TaoJIuua pacnpeAeJIeHIUI 'laCTOT ycra HaBJl~I BaJ1 a
~;;;a~~;~;~'~ I C~Il
~;0~:JIb3YlOmHMJ1 paAHOCBJl3b, TaKHl\HI KaK CDH3b Me)J{.r:.)'
III c Cal\IOJIeTaMH H CJIY)J{oaMH ynpaBJlelllUI nOneTaMI1, Me)f(AY
Hbl MH CTaHl\I151MIJ. H3AaHHJI: 61Opo no paAI10CB513H ny61l11KyeT
KOTOPblX Ha cYAHe OOJl3aTeJIbllo:
a n d Maritime Mobile-Satellite Services;
CJI Ka)f(JJ;ble 2 roAa);
Correspondence (uepeH3AaeTCJl Ka)K~hH~ 5 JleT);

ia I Service Stations;
N l1n11~~!I~ldE~n of Stations used by the Maritime Mobile Satellite Services;
System (MARS) (CI1CreMa OOHOBJIReTCH e)f(eHe~eJIbHO
H l!Teplll!T).
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIO NS

IN SPHERE OF SHIPPIN G

ME)!()J,YHAPO)J,HbIE opr AHVl3AUVlVI B <DEPE Y OXO,UCl13A

46. ITOPF - International Tanker Owners' Pollution Federation Ltd

Me)l(JJ,}'Hapo,QHasI <fJe,QepaU;HSI BJla,QeJlbu;eB TaHKepoB no npe OTBpalJ.\eHHIO 3arpJl3HeHHJI

Staple Hall, Stonehouse Court, 87-90 Houndsditch. London EC3A 7AX, UK.

Tel: 0171 6211255, 071725 0400 (Kpymocyr0'-lHo); fax. 0171 621 1783; tix:887514TOVALOPG.

E-mail: central(a)itopf.com. http://www.ltopf.com.

ITOPF I1H,QYCTpl1aJlbHaH OpraHJ13aU;HH, KOTOPasJ 6b1Jla C03,lJ.aHa B 1968 roAY c u.enblO peam

pa3JlHB HecpTlI H ,QJlH PYKOBoAcTBa TOVALOP. Ka)l(,lJ.bIl1 Dllap,el1eu HIIlI 6ep60yTHblH d"~31<T()R:l1

TaHKepa, KOTOPbU-1 CTaJl 4JleHOM TOVALOP, aBTOMaTH4eCK I1 ITa HOBrITCJI 'IJ1eHOM

<fJe,lJ.epaU;I1H rapaHTl1pyeT cpl1HaHCOBoe B03MeIIJ;eHl1e y6blTKOB (06bY'IIiO 'Jepe3 P&I Kny6bI) "

COOTBeTCTBYIOIIJ;H11 CepTllcpl1KaT.

47. IUMI - International Union of Marine Insurance

Me)l(JJ,}'HapoAHblH COl03 MOPCKOro crpaxOBaHJfH (MCOMC)

Stradhausqual5, CH 8001 Zurich, Switzerland. Tel.22112 15; Hx:812 391 paul eh

COlO3 6blJl C03AaH B 1874 ro,Qy B BepHe, lllBeHu;apI1H, KaK o6"beAHUeHHe Ha"..rnl<'''n' ....

OpraHJ13aU;H11. 3aHJIMaeTCH BonpocaMH crpaxoBaHHH cy OB, rpy3a cppaXTa. 8 COlO3e

CTpaXOBble OpraHJ13aU;1f11 60Jlee 4eM 113 50 crpaH.

48. MAIIF - Marine Accident Investigators International Foru m

Me)l(}J;YHapoAHblH <fJOpyM paCCJleAOBaHI1H MOPCKHX npoHcme<'TBHH

http://www dot.gov.aujmaiif

\ B 1992 rOAY pHA rocYAapCTB C03AaJllI Me)l(,lJ.YHapOAHbIlf <fJOp}'lI1 pilCCJIt't~UI'iIII


npOHllleCTBI111 - Marine Accident Investigators Forum (MAIF).
JlI1u;a, B03rJlaBJlHIOIIJ;He paCCJle,lJ.OBaHHH B CBOHX CTpaHax. O HII nnpnr-r" •• n •••
oOJlee 75% MHPOBOro TOHHa)l(a. ilpe,lJ.ceAaTeJlb <fJ0pyMa - n pe.a.CTaB~ITel1"
H3 ABCTpaJlHH 11 BaHyary. <fJOpyM npOBO,lJ.HT BCTpe'J H VKe r O,QBO.

49. NI - Nautical Institute, London

JIoHAOHCKI111 MOPCK0I1 Ii1HCTI1TJT

202 Lambeth Road, 'London, SEI 7QL UK. Ter.OI71 9281351; fax.01714012817;

E-mail sec@nautmst.org, http://www. nautm st. org

NI - OblJl C03AaH B 1971 ro,Qy KaK Me)l(AYHapoAHaH opraHH3au;KH (HayqHrl-';toaKT

06be,QHliJIlOIIJ;asJ KBaJlHcpl1U;H pOBaHHblX MOPHKOB-CY OBO IlTenel1 ,OI UI

npaKTI1K0I1 MOpenJlaBaHHH. UeJll1 Ii1HcTHTJTa - c60 p, aHal1H 3 ~I oacnOOrM"OaR@'HI

KaCaIOIIJ;eI1CH Bcex acneKTOB 6e30naCHOCTl1 MOpenJla 03IHUI, lf3BllraUJ1(IDI"0{1.

TeXHI14ecKoI'l. Ii1I1CTl1ryT 06beAI1HHeT 60Jlee 7000 4JleHOB H3 60Jlee 'JeM 70

OTl\eJleHI1H Ii1HCTllryra (branches).

1i13AaHI1H:

- "SEAYWA YS" - e)KeMeCH'IHblH )I(ypHaJl; ,QOKJla,Qbl lia KOH<pepeHLl~IHX "

no CneU;HaJIbllblM Bo npocaM, pa3JIH'-1IIb1e PYKoBOAIToa If peKoMeHJ'\au;rnu

- Malcolm Maclachlan.The Shipmaster's BUSINESS OMPANION;

- Jack Isbester. Bulk Carrier Practice;

- P. Roberts Watchkeeping Safety and Cargo Management in Port;

- R.L.Tallack. Commercial Management for Shipmasters;

- A-M ChauveJ. Managing Safety and Quality in Shipping;

- Mariner's role in Collecting Evidence;

- A.J. Swift. Bridge Team Management;

- The Management of Safety in Shipping,

- B. Parrot. Stowaways by Sea.

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

IN SPHERE OF SHIPPING

MDI<)],YHAPOllHbIE orr
A H Vl3AUVlVl B CCI)EPE CY)],OXO)]'CTBA

5L OECO - Organ ization for conomie Cooperation and Development


0 IP"IHJII3;lqlfUI no 3KouoM u <JecKoMY COTpY)),HJ1'fecTBY 11 pa30HTI11O (03PC)
Pascal, 75775 Pa ri s Ce dex 16, France. Tel: 145 24 82 00; fax: 1 45 24 85 00; tlx: 620160.
- Opra HJ.fl3UIUl, 0 6'beAl1IUIlOur.an np3011TeJIhCTBa, KOTophle HaMepeBalOTCJI yJIy<IIllHTh
UqeCKOe n cou,lfaJI bllOe 6na ronoJIY'll1e CDOHX Hapo))'oB 11 CTI1MYJIl1pOBaTh YCHJII1B c u,eJIhlO
If pa'lBHBalOur.IIXCJI CTp aH.
COl aua 8 1961 ro~ H COCTOI1T H3 24 cTpau: ABcrpaJIHH, ABCTplHI, OeJIhn111, KaHa))'hl,
. .lIttJl.....,lUI..., <l>paHU.I1I1, fepMaulHf, fpeQHH, l1CJIaH)),I1H, "pJIaHA1HI, l1TaJIIHI, 5InoHI1I1,
0, HOBOH: 3eJIaH)),I1H, HopBenHI, nopryraJIHI1, l1cnaHI1I1, IllBeUI1I1,
Typl.\IIH, BelTI1K06p l1TaHI1H 11 C lI1 A.

J1;~~gani:zation of th e Petroleum Exporting Countries


:JKcno prepo B HectJTH (OnEK)
1 020 ie n na, Austria.
12149827; t lx: 134474; E-mail: info@opec. org; http://www.opec .org
~"''''nl1''' BH1'enbCTBe H HaB opra Hl13aUI1J1, oObe)),HHBlOmaJl 11 cTpaH-3KcnopTepoB
Hrep"1!, IIfHlloHe3I1J1, l1pau, l1paK, KYBeI1T, KaTap,' Cay)),oBCKaJI ApaBI1B,
".J~, P"U<:">I;,,3l\lH paTb I H Beuecy JI a.
MUPOBbl 3JJlaCOB HectJTI1 11 nOCTaOJI.BIOT lIa PblHOK OKOJIO 40%
II o p rall ~oau,I1J1 - 06be)),HUI1Tb lIecfTnlHYIO nOJIHTl1K}' CTpaH-y<IaCTUI1KOB 11
cpe)),CTBa 3amiIThl I1HAI1BHAyaJIhHhlX 11 KOJIJIeKTHBHblX 11HTepecoB.

Association on Navigation Congress


I1B Kourpecca no cYAOXOACTBY (nMAKC)
155, B.9, 1040 Bru ssels, Belgium.
04; tlx: 23542 O W S GB
rOAY peweHHeM IX Me)f()J,YHapo)),Horo KOHrpecca no cYAOXO,[lCTBY
TeXIHI<JeCK3$1 OpraHI13aUHJI. iJ,eJIH AccoQHal\HH
11 pe'IHo ro cY)),Oxo)),cTDa, nOOmpeHl1e nporpecca B
)el<T1:lp o BaH:Jul, CTpOUTeJlhCTBe, Mo)),epUll3au,I1H, cO,[lep)((aHIHI H 3KCnJIyaTaUHI1
08 K nOpl"3 M, KallaJIOB, pe'lHblX 11 MOPCKI1X 1I0pTUB, npJl6pe>KHblX

CIiOPTIIBHblX H nporyJIO'IHhlX CY)),OR TaK)((e OXO,[lHT B Kpyr HHTepeCOB

lnternationa l Gas Tank er & Terminal Operators


o onepaTopoB ra300 030B H TepMHHaJIOB.
on EC3A 6DE. Tel: 01 71 6281124; fax:0171628 3163
http;l/ www .sigtto.org
OpraRJnaUHB, C03)),aHHaB ,[IJI>! 3aml1Tbl H CO,[leflCTRI1B n3aHMHblX
blX onepaQHHx Tal1KepOB-ra300030B H rpY30llblX onepaQHfl C

H cefl'lac OHO 06be.AHHJleT 67 '1JI eHOB, npC,[ICTaBJIHlOmI1X 80%


npHpollHblM ra30M (LNG) 11 40%, CD1I3aHHblX co C>!<I1)(eHHbIM
HMeeT KOHcYJIbTaTHDHhlfl craryc B IMO H nOMep)(HBae-r
MH OpraHJ13aUI1BMI1.
pa60Tb l, KOTophle CTaHOBHTC>! craH,[IapTaMH
PYKOBOACTBO no qpe3BbJ'laflHblM ,[IeI1CTBHBM, no onpe)),eJ1eHl1lO
bl, OTHOCHml1eCH K 6e30naCIiOCTI1.

55. IT Clu b - Through


Kny6 crpaxOllblx PTJ1POOKH rpY30B. Tel:+44 7000 882 582
E-mail.london.ttcl n nrDJ'".,'w'w.ttclub.com.
Knyn 3alll OlaeTCB """'."m.". H3al\l1~i (freight forwarders), CY)),OBblX
onepa IOPOII, lbl[)":IIT'~R,'T'''''''"'-1 Ml'nl.n'M o~~rlhllhlxnepeB030K,opoKepoB.
0plaUH3au, ...·I1•• ,..,m.... e, CaH-<I>paHUHcKo, CI1,[1Hee H fOHKoHre, C
H nOJIY'1I1Tb HeOOXO,[lHMYIO I1Hcf:!0pMaUHlO HJII1
CTpaxoBblMH opraHH3aUJoIBMH ~n1pa - P&I Club' s,
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION S

IN SPHERE OF SHIPPING

ME)I()J,YHAPOJI,HbIE opr AHV13AUV1l1 B C<PEPE CYllOXO}lCTBA

56. UNCTAD - United Nations Conference on Trade and Development


KOHcpepeHl.\I1H OOH no ToproBlle 11 pa3BI1TI11O (IOHKT AA)
Palais des Nations CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland.
Tel:22 734 60 11; fax:41 227336542; tlx: 28 96 96.
IOHKT AA - 6bIlla C03AaHa no pellIeHl110 OOH KaK ee nOCTOHHHblH opraH B 1964 ro~. lJ,eJ1K
opraHl13aUI1I1: nOOllIpeHl1e Me))(JJ.YHapoAHoH TOprOBlll1, oc06eHHo B p33UI1BalOlqKXCJI crpauax
YCKopeHI1H lfX 3KOHOMI1QeCKOrO pa3BI1Tlrn; KOOPAI1HaUHH AeHCTUI1H Me))(JJ.yHapOAHblX ODraJiKloH
yqpe))(JJ.eHI1H OOH 11 npaBI1TellbCTB B 0611aCTI1 Me))(JJ.YHapoAHoH ToproBn l1; pa"lD,a6,IYrK3
np"HulnOB, nOllI1TIfKI1, KaCalOllI"XCH Me)KAYHapoAHoH TOprOBlll1 11 npo6neM .."n..,n...... o .."'I<'"
pa3BI1TlUI.
l{neHaMI1 IOHKT AA HBnHIOTCH 168 rocYAapCTB, 113 HI1X 159 - QlleSbI O O H. BblCWHM
ynpaBlIeHI1H IOHKT AA HBllHeTCH CeCCI1H, KOTopaH npOXOAI1T 1 pa3 B 4 roAa.
H3AaHI1H:
- "Review of Maritime Transport" - e)KerOAHblH 0630p;
- MaTep"allbl pa60Tbl pa60Ql1x rpynn 11 nOAKOMI1TeTOB;
- UNCTAD Guide to Publication - PYKOBOACTBO no ny611I1KauJUIM IOHKTAJ];.

57. WHO - World Health Organization

BCeMl1pHaH OpraHI13al.\HH 3ApaBooXpaHeHI1H (B03)

E-mail: info@who.ch; http://www.who.orgl//www.who.inf.

B03 6bllla C03AaHa U 1946 rOAY )J,JIH KOOpAI1Hal.\l1H AeHCTUI1H 11 YKpe m le HI1H

ct-paHax MHpa. B 1948 rOAY B03 CTalla CneUI1alll1311pOBaHHblM vqn..')K " .. ,fr".....

HBJ1HIOTCJl 6011ee 130 rocYAa pCTB.

OCHoBHble 3aAaQH B03: 60Pb6a C ~lHcpeKUI10HHbIMI1 3a6011eBaHI1HMI1,

pa31lHBalOllIlfMcH cTPaHaM; pa3pa60TKa Me))(JJ.YHapoAHbIX KOHue ~H;

npaBI111; nOllY'IeHl1e, aHalll13 11 06MeH ~lHcpopMalVleH Me)KAY CTpa HaMl1-y

H3AaHI1H: B03 nOnrOTOBI111a CaHilTapHbIe npaBI111a )J,JIH MOPCK

nOArOTOBlleHa KOHBeHl.\l1H 0 3ApauooXpaHeHI111 If MeAI1UI1HCKOM

B03 pa3pa60Talla Me)KAYHapoAHoe PYKOBOACTBO no MeAl1l.\l1HCKOMY UU'LJlV'"". . . . .

nepe'leHb OCHOBHbIX lleKapCTueHHblx cpelJ.CTB.

COBMeCTHo C HMO 6blJ10 nOArOTOBlleHO PYKOBOACTBO no OKa3aHHIO nepBoH

npl1 HeC'IaCTHbIX cllY'IaHX, CBH3aHl-lblX C onaCHblMH BellIeCTBaMI1.

no corllaUIeHl11O C MOT ny611HKYIOTCH npaUHlla 11 nOllO)KeHHH, KaCalOllII1eCH

COAep)f(I1MOrO CYAOBblX anTe'leK, B COOTBeTCTBl111 C PeKoMeHAaUl1e~i M OT Ng

58. WMO - World Meteorological Organization

BCeMl1pHaH MeTeOpOllOrl1'1eCKaH OpraHI13al.\l1H (BMO)

Case Postale No 5 CH-1211, Geneva 27, Switzerland.

Tel: 79121-11,791-25-55; fax: 791-07-46;

http://www.wmo.chI

Ha U-M MeTeOpOllOrl1'1eCKOM KOHrpecce B PI1Me B 1879 roAY 6 LlJla

MeTeOpOllOrl1'IeCKaH OprUII13al.\I1H (MMO). B 1947 roAY 6LIJ1a n

KOHBeHl.\l1H 0 BceIHlfpHOIf MeTeopOllOrH'IeCKOH OpraH113aUHI1, 11

B 1951 roAY BMO KaK Cnel.\l1all~I3HpoBaHHoe Y'Ipe))(JJ.eHl1e BOUIlla B

H3AaHHH: IilOlllleTeHL BMO (e)KeKBapTallbHo); MaTepHallbl pa60TLI

HHcpopMal.\lfOHHble H3AaHHH no pa60Te rHApoMeTeopOllOrH'IeCKI1X

59. WMU - World Maritime University

BceMHpHbll1 MopcKoH YHHBepCI1TeT (BMY)

Citadellsvagen 29, PO Box 500, S-201 24 Malrno, Sweden.

Tel: +46 -40 356300; fax:+46 40 128442;

tlx: 8305018 WMU

E-mail: info@wmu.se

BMY 6blJ1 OCHouaH U 1981 roAY 11 S1BllHeTCH HHTepIBll~1I011lA'"

06Y'IalOllII1XCH B YHHBepcHTeTe npeACTaBlleHLI

nOCTOHHHoro COCTaBa npenO,ll.aBaTelleH HMelOTCH

'TPaH npe,ll.CTaBllHIOT 80 npocpeccopoB, np"rllaUIaeMblx Jt'I".l!Q"t!IIJ

INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

IN SPHERE OF SHIPPING

ME)J<JJ,YHAI'OJJ.HbIE rr AHVl3AUVlVl B CcDEPE CYJJ.OXOJJ.CTBA

neller/ell" KO"'" l11l!lIIoB II n ooKoA//IIIIIWwB I1A10

Marine Safety Co mmittee (MSC)

KOMIITeT no 6e30nacHoCTI1 Ha Mope.

Technical Coo pera tion Co mmitee (CTCe)

Ko~lItrel n o lexHlI'IccKoMy COTPY tll1'1eCTB~.

ne Environment Protection Committee (MEPe)


no 3all\HTe MO PCKOJ1 cp e,[(bl.
Comm ittee (FC)
y npOlll.{e'llHIO q,0PMaIlbHOCTeJ1.

060py,[(onatll1lO CY,[(OB.
Cargoes and Containers (OSe)
rpy30B, rBep,[(blx tlaBaJlO'ltlblX rpYJOD ... KOHTeJ;lHepoB.

nna BalHUI.
a n d Fishing Vessels (SLF)
rl'p oBOJ1 MapKe, H no 6eJOnaCHOCTII Pbl60110nHblx CYAun.
and Watchkeeping (STW)
I'OTOBKJf MOPJlKOB If tleCeHJflO DaXTb!.
Appendix 3
ITpl1JIO>Kem1e 3
LIST OF MAIN INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS AND CODES ON SHIPPING
Cffi1COK OCHOBHbIX ME)K,[lYHAPOAHbIX JJ,OroBOPOB VI AKTOB no cYJJ,OXOO,CTBY
1. KoneHrareHCKI1H TpaKTaT, 1857 (0 6aJlTI1HCKI1X npOJlI1Bax);
2. Me)KAYHapoAHaR KOHBeHl.ll1l1 no oxpaHe no,n;Bo,n;H bIX Tenerpa¢Hblx Ka6eneK.

- IIap")K, 14.03.1884 r.

3. KOHBeHl.ll1R 06 06eCneQeHI111 cB060,n;Horo nOJlb30BaHI111 CY3l\KKM KaHaJlOM.

- KOHCTaHTHHOnOJlb, 29.10.1888 r .

4. Me)KAYHapOAHaR KOHBeHl.ll1R no YHI1¢I1Kal.ll1l1 HeKoTopblX npaBHJJ OTH(JICI1iTt!'ffi.H4lo

nOMOll.\H 11 cnacaHHR Ha Mope.

6p1OCCeJlb, 23.09.1910 r.

5. Me)KAYHapo,n;HaR KOHBeHl.ll1R no yHI1¢I1Kal.ll1l1 HeKoTOpblX npaBHJJ OTH(JICI1iTt!'JlJI

CTOJIKHOBeHI1R ryAOB. - 6pIOCCeJ1b, 23.09.1910 r .

6. AeKJ1apal.ll1R 0 np"3HaHHI npaoa Ha ¢J1ar 3a rOCYAap CTBaMK, He I1MeJOll.\KMK

n06epe)KbR. - 6apCeJlOHa, 20.01.1921 r.

7. Me)K)J,YHapo,n;HaR KOHBeHI.lHR K CTaryc 0 Me)K)J,YHapO,IJ;HOM pelKKMe M('PC:KI'IX,

- )l(eHeBa, 09.12.1923 r .

8. IIpoToKoJl 06 ap6KTpa)KHblX oroBopKax, 1923 r.


9. Me)K)J,YHapo,n;HaR KOHBeHl.ll1R no yHI1¢I1Kal.ll1l1 HeKOTopblX npaBKJ1,
KOHocaMeHTOB (faarcKl1e npaBI1J1a). - 6p1OCCeJlb, 25.08.1924 r .
?o. KOHBeHI.lKR 06 YHI1¢I1KaI.lI1K HeKOTopblx npaBI1J1, OTHOCRll.\KXClI K
\ rocy,n;apCTBeHHblx Cy,n;OB. - 6p1OCCeJlb, 10.04.1926 r.
11. KOHBeHl.ll1R 0 pe)KKMe npOJlI1BoB. MOHTpe, 20.07.1936 r.
12. KOHBeHI.lKR 0 pe)KI1Me cy,n;oxo,n;CTBa Ha AYHae.
- 6eJlrpa,n;, 18.08.1948 r .
13. KOHBeHl.ll1H 0 Me)Kl]paBKT~JlbCTBeHHOH: MOPCKOH: KO'HCYJ:lbl:"l11"l1IJHC
- )l(eHeBa, 06.03.1948 r .
14. Me)KAYHapOAHaR KOHBeHl.ll1S1 no yHI1¢I1Kal.ll1l1 HeKOTopblX npaBHJJ,
MOPCKI1X CYAOB. - 6p1OCCeJlb, 10.05.1952 r.
15. Me)KAYHapoAHaH KOHBeHI.lKR no yHli¢I1Kal.ll1l1 HeKoTopbl npaBHJJ,
rpa)K)J,aHCKOH IOPHCAI1KI.lI1I1 no Bonpocy 0 CTOJlKHOBem111 cy,n;OB.
- 6p1OCCeJlb, 10.05.1952 r.
16. Me)K)J,YHapoAHaR KOHBeHl.\l1l1 no yHI1¢I1Kal.\1111 HeKoTopblX n p aBKJI,
yroJloBHoH IOP"CAIKl.\11 no Bonpocy no CTOJ1KHOBeHI1J1 cy,n;OB 11
CBH3aHHbiX C CYAOXOACTBOM. - 6p1OCCeJlb, 10.051952 r.
17. Me)K)J,YHapOAHaR KOHBeHl.\l1l1 no npeAOTBpall.\eHI1IO 3arpH3HeHJ1J1
:.... }lOHAoH, 12.05.1954 r.
18. KOHBeHl.ll1H 0 KOHTI1HeHTaJlbHOM rneJlb¢e.
- )l(eHeBa, 1958 r.
19. KOHBeHl.ll1H 0 TeppITOp"aJ1bHOM Mope 11 npmlelKall.leli 30He.
- )l(eHena, 1958 r.
20. KOHneHl.ll1H OOH 06 OTKPblTOM Mope. - )l(eHeBa, 1958 r.
21. KOHBeHl.ll1H 0 npH 3tIaHI111 11 np"BeAeHI1I1 B I1CnOJlHeHUe
perneHl1fl. - HblO-1i10PK, 10.06.1958 r.
22. KOHBeHl.\I1H 0 Hal.\110HaJlbHblX YAocToBepeHI1Rx JlI1QHOC"n1
- )l(eHena, 14.05.1958 r.
23. KOHBeHl.\I1R 06 yHI1¢I1Kal.\HH HeKOTopblX npaBI1J1 OT1"O'~I1'reJI
BbiTeKalOll.\eH 113 CrOJlKHOBeHHR CYAOB BHyrpeHHero
- )l(eHeBa, 15.03.1960 r .
24. BeHcKaR KOHBeHl.\I1R 0 Al1nJlOMaTI1QeCKI1X CHOrneHI1RX.
25. EBpOneH:CKaR KOHBeHl.\I1R 0 BHernHeTOprOnOM "'nh ~''''''u ''',
- )l(eHeBa, 21.04.1961 r .
26. KOHBeHI.l~IR 0 rpa)K)J,aHCKoH OTBeTCTBeHHOcrH !II&lLeI'E
- BeHa, 21.05.1963 r .
27. KOHBeHl.ll1R 06 OTBeTCTBeHHOCTI1 nepeA rpetJ"IIiIllllI,JrJlll
- IIap")K, 29.07.1%0 r . (IIpoTOKoJl 1964
28. KOHBeHI.lKR 0 perl1CTpal.\1111 CYAOB BIlIV1-Dt~H11IC!1ra:. .
29. KOHneHl.ll1R no 06J1erqeHI1IO Me)K)J,YHapoAHoro
- }loHAoH, 09.04.1965 r .
30. Me)K)J,YHapOAHaR KOHBeHl.\KR 0 rpY30BOH: MapKe (LL 66).
- }lOHAOH. 1966 r. (IIpoToKoJl-1988 r.) (LL PROT 88)
LlST OF MAIN INTERN A TIONAL AGREEMENTS AND CODES ON SHIPPING
a lMC K H O BHblX M E)J(J],YHAPOL\HbIX L\OroBOPOB VI AKTOS no CYL\OXOL\CTBY

Me~ap0,!1.HaJI KOHBeHl..\I1H OTHOCI1TeJlbHO perHcTPal.\Hlf npaB Ha CTpOHml1eCH cY.l\a.


- 6p lOcce b, 27.05.1967 r.
Me)l(JlYHapo HaH KOHBeHl.\HJI no YHI14>HKa.l.\HH HeKoTopblX npaBI1J1, OTHOCHrn;I1XCH K
MOPCIOIA' OpIl BI1J1erI1HM H MOPCKl-fM HnOTeKaM. - 6pIOCCeJlb, 27.05.1967 r .
MeltCJJ.YHap0.l\UaJI KOHBeHl.\I1H no 06Mepy CY.l\OB (TONNAGE).
- JlouAon, 23.06.1969 r.
Me>KAyuap0.l\HaJI KOHBeHl.\l1H a rpa>K.l\aHCKOH OTneTCTBeHHOCTI1 3a yrn;ep6 OT 3arpH3HeHHH
MOpH neeJrrblO. - 6 p 1OCCeJlb, 29.11.1969 r. (npOTOKOJl, 1976).
npOTOKOJl 1984 rO,!1.a 06 H3MeHeHI1H Me>KAYHapo.l\HOH KOHBeHl.\HI1 0 rpa>KAaHCKOH
rTIIleTCTlleF[H()CT'1-f 3a yrn;ep6 OT 3arpH3HeHI1H He4>TblO 1969 r. (CLC).
06 H3MeHeHI1H Me>K.l\YHap0.l\HOH KOHBeHl.\HH a rpa>K,u:aHCKOH
....C"J"R," .. '...n.­ nf 3a yrn;ep6 aT 3arpH3HeHHH He4>TbKl1969 r. (PROT.lMO-1992).
_~Ytl "IJU)CVI "" KOHBeHI.\l-fH 0 BMewaTeJlbCTBC B OTKPblTOM Mope B CJlY'IaJlX aBapHH,
3aru H:IHE,HHIO He4>TblO. (INTERVENTION 69)
r. (INTERVENTION PROT 73) .
:&lVRlI'P()IjJ.I;laJI K OHBeHl.\HH 0 C03.l\aHl-fH Me>KAYHap0.l\HOrO 4>0H.l\a.l\JlH KOMneHCal.\HH
rna...." .. HJI He4>TblO.
r. (FUND), (PROT 76; PROT 84; PROT 92).
K Me>KAYHap0.l\HOH KOHBeHl.\IfH a C03.l\aHHH Me>K.l\YHap0.l\HOrO 4>0H.l\a
~"JR " l.\ l· l " }'ll.\ep6a OT 3arpH3HeHHH He4>Tblo, 1971 r. (PROT 76).
06 H3MeHeHHH Me>KAYHap0.l\HOii KOHBeHl.\I1H a C03.l\aHlflf
AJ1.l1 KOMneHCal.\HI1 yrn;ep6a OT 3arpH3HeHl1H He4>TbKl, 1971 r.

06 H3MeHeHI1H Me>KAYHap0.l\H0l1 KOHBeHl.\I1H 0 C03.l\aHHI-f


U4PO'H~\a.l\JlH KOMneHCal.\l-f1f yrn;ep6a OT 3arpH3HeHlfH He4>TblO, 1971 r.

37. . .rw[eIl16e OT 3arpH3HeHlfH He4>TbKl no naCCa>KHpCKHM cY.l\aM,


~"''''-''''''.''DJ''DJJ'' nepen03KI1, 1971 r. (STP).
38. p a>K;lI;alHCIKoH OTBeTCTBeHHOCTH B 06J1aCTH MOPCKlfX nepeB030K H.l\epHblX

42. VH"",n r'H'..'" npaBIfJIaX npe.l\ynpe>K.l\eHHH CTOJlKHOBeHHH CY.l\OB B Mope

43. aI" HiiO'OilHO'H OTBeTCrneHHOCfll 3a yrn;ep6, npH'IHHeHHbIH KOCMH'IeCKHMIf


MocKBa, 29.03.1972 r.
44­ boo,on",.""", OTBeTCfBeHHOCTH c06cTBeHHHKoB CY.l\OB BHyTpeHHero
r.
45.

46.

47.
48.
LIST OF MAIN INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS AND C ODES ON SHJPPING

Cm1COK OCHOBHbIX MDKJlYHAPOJlHbIX JlOroBOPOB V1 AKTOB n o CYJlOXOJlcrsy

49. A4>WHCKiUI KOHBeHl.\WSI 0 nepeB03Ke MopeM nacCa>KWpOB 14 wx oara>Ka (PAL 74).


- A4>WHbl, 13.12.1974 r. (PAL PROT 74; PAL PROT 90)
TIPOTOKOll 1974 rOAa K A4>WHCKOM KOHBeHI.\WW 0 nepeB03Ke MopeM n aCCa>KHpOB H HX 6ar a>Ka,
1974 r.
TIPOTOKOll 1990 rOAa K A4>HHCKOM KOHBeHI.\HW 0 nepeB03Ke MopeM naCCa)l(HpOB H HX
1974 r.
50. 110pK-AHTBepneHcKHe npaBHlla.
- faMoypr, 04.04.1974.
51. KOHUeHI.\HH 0 MWHWMaJIbHblX CTaH,l1.apTaX (HOp Max) Ha ToprOBblX CY,l1.ax.
(KoHBeHI.\WJI MOT Ng 147) - )f(eHeBa, 29.10.1974 r.

52. Me>KaMepWKaHCKaJl KOHBeHI.\WJI no Me)K,l1.YHap0,l1.HoMY KOMMep'leCKoMY aDO~ITt'MKv:


53. KOHUeHI.\WSI 0 AoroBope Me)K,l1.YHapoAHoM nepeB03Ke naCCa>KHpOB H 6ara>Ka DO
BOAHblM nYTJlM. - )f(eHeBa, 1976 r.
54. KOHBeHI.\WJI 0 KOAeKce nOBeAeHWH llHHeMHblx KOH4>epeHl.\wM.
- )f(eHeBa, 06.04.1976 r.
55. KOHBeHI.\WJI 00 orpaHWqeHWH OTBeTCTBeHHOCTlt no MOPCKWM TpeooBaHmlM.
- JIoHAoH, 1976 r.
56. KOHBeHl.\wJI 0 Me>KAYHapoAHoM opraHW3al.\WW MOPCKOM cnyruwKoBoH ~u,,,,,,_ ·_
(INMARSAT C 76; INMARSAT OA 76)
- JIoHAoH, 03.09.1976 r.
~7. 3KcnllyaTau woHHoe cornarneHwe 0 Me)K,l1.YHapoAHoM OpraHJIJaI{I111
\ CUH3W (INMARSAT).
- JIoHAoH, 03.09.1976 r.
58. KOHBeHI.\WJI OOH 0 MOPCKOM nepeu03Ke rpY30B (faMoyprcKwe
- faMoypr, 31.03.1978 r.
59. Me)K,l1.YHapoAHiUI KOHBeHl.\wJI 0 CTaHAapTax nOArOTOUKW, AWnJlnl\1' .....
HeceHHIO BaXTbl (STCW-78/95). - JIoHAoH,1978/95.
60. Me)K,l1.YHapoAHaJl KOHUeHI.\WH no nOHcKY 14 cnacaHWIO Ha Mope. ­
61. KOHBeHI.\WSI OOH 0 Me)K,l1.YHapoAHbIX CMernaHHblX (MynbTlt MOAaJl
- )f(eHeBa, 24. 05. 1980 r.
62. KOHBeHI.\WSI OOH no MOPCKOMY npaBy (UNCLOS-82).
- MOHTero
- oeM, 1982 r .
63. MeMopaHAYM 0 B3al1MonOHWMaHWW npH KOHTpOJle co CTOpOHbl
-TIapw>K, 26.01.1982 r.
64. KOHBeHI.\HJI 00 ycnouwHx perwcrpal.\HW MOPCKHX cYAOU. - )f(eHeBa,
65. KOHBeHl.\HH no oOPboe C He3aKOHHblMH aKTaMW, HanpauneHHblMw
MopcKoro cYAoxoACTua, 1988 r.
66. KOHBeHI.\HJI no oOPboe C He3aKOHHblMW aKTaMH, HanpaUJleHHblMH
CTal.\ltOHapHblx nJlaT4>opM, paCnOllO>KeHHblX Ha KOHTHHeHTaJlbHOM
67. Me>KAYHapoAHiUI KOHBeHl.\wH 0 cnacaHWH (SALVAGE).
- JIoHAoH, 28.04.1989 r.

1_.
68. Me>KAYHapoAHaJl KOHUeHI.\HH no oOeCne'leHWIO rOTOBHOCTlt Ha JarpJl3HeHWJI
He4>TblO, oOPboe C HWM 14 COTpYAHH'IeCTuy, 1990 r. (OPRC).
69. Me>KAYHapoAHaji KOHUeHI.\HJI 0 MOPCKWX 3aJIOraX H wnOTeKa x, (OOH/l1MO).
T HE T ABLE OF DISTANCES

T A 6Jll!1UA P ACCT05IHVlJI1

Ana The table of distances between the basic poris of


218 ISalYUM
Batuml
the Black and Azov seas (mile)
152 419 6ep.IIIIHCK
t--+_fB",o:.;f!IYansl< Ta6nuqB paccmoRHuu MeJKoy OCHoeHhlMU
449 633 545 6yprac
Bourg..
nopmBMu "IepHoeo U A30scKoeo Mopeu (Munu)
417 314 510 55 Bap"a
Varna
216 441 312 304 262 EIII1..op..II
Yev toriya
Hnbtt,(88C«
557 312 276 233 136
Illctlevsk
KeP~b
57 324 95 450 415 217 217
Kerch

375 588 467 126 80 211 163 312 KO"""'H,,"


Constantia
Mapo'ynOl\~
175 442 56 568 533 335 335 118 490
Marlupol
HH.ona••
370 S96 460 347 304 176 84 36S 231 463
Nlkolay.v
Ho.opocCMllcK
38 249 184 476 444 240 354 89 402 207 395
Novorosllysk
OA"CCa
340 565 430 286 243 144 11 335 173 453 72 362
Od...a
~al(()8
335 560 421 308 259 137 48 326 192 4« 42 359 36
O<:hakov
254 31 401 629 ~ 428 542 306 579 424 584 227 550 547
no,,,
Poli
CaMcYH
222 241 342 419 402 275 391 247 386 365 423 213 397 392 241
Samsun
CeNCTono~
188 419 384 294 255 JG 150 189 212 307 196 219 158 158 403 248
Sevaalopol
Co~H
137 144 281 540 514 320 436 186 479 304 477 109 444 439 122 201 292
Sochl
~36
CuM6yn
586 530 126 146 318 327 435 196 553 394 452 342 358 563 368 299 496
Islanbul
CynHHa
338 562 428 193 146 156 86 333 80 451 161 360 96 115 545 373 165 442 254
Sulina
CyK}'MH
207 84 351 593 577 387 492 256 534 374 542 177 500 506 57 226 355 72 ~53 506
Sukhumi
261 94 396 561 545 393 504 301 528 419 543 239 516 511 408 168 367 154 510 509 131 TpaO.OK
Trabzon

83 340 118 384 352 150 266 83 309 201 301 112 274 269 325 230 122 207 378 272 m JOg 4:leo.,qOCMR

TlModosia
XepcoH
379 605 469 35<l 313 185 93 374 240 492 63 404 81 51 593 437 205 466 403 170 551 552 310
Kher&on

473 438 192 196 251 304 343 212 461 358 354 317 324 470 260 227 392 118 245 442 400 286 367 Sporn"
E, I(

137 388 227 317 282 83 199 132 242 250 236 162 207 202 ~ 243 5~ 244 312 205 311 325 67 24~ 22& II....
Yalla
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SHIP' S DOCUMENTS
'YAOBbIE .00 YMEHTbl

hip Safety Certificate COi'l C1'CJ1bCTBO 0 6e30rracHocTi'I rracCa)f(i'lpCKOrO cYWla


p Safety Con tructio n Certificate CB~I)J.eTCJ1bCfBO 0 6e30nac HoCfi'l rpY30Boro cyw-ra no
KOIICTpYKl{l1 i'1
BI1J--\eT !bCfOO 0 6e:J0!!aCHOCfH rpY30Boro cyw -ra no
oGop OBaHH IO 11 cHa6)f(eHH10
n . l _,. . tv Radiotelegraphy Cer­ CSI1)J.eTeJThCTBO 0 ue30llaCHOCTI1 rpY 30Boro CYAlla CIO
paJ~lI o'P I rpa cjmH
Radiotelephony Cer- CB~I)J.eTeJlbCTIIO 0 6e30I1aCJ-IOCTH rpY30llOro CY,llHa CIO
p, ){HOTeJlecj:lOI-ll111
CBIl]J.eTe; ILCf!lO 0 5e30naCHOCHI ~HCpHOro naCCa)f(HpCKOro
C AHa
lWI.1\€TeJTbCfBO 0 6e30fl<1CHOCTH lIAepJ-IOrO rpY30Boro cyw-Ia
Kna 11cj:l~lKat\ i'lOIlHOe CBHi:(eT(~J lhCTIIO
Me)f()J.)'1iapoJl;J-1oe CIII'IH eTen bCTBO 0 rpY30U0I1 MapK
M )f<.lJ,YHapO;:V -loe MepHTenhHoe CBI1AeTen hCfllO
C Ol-I,lJ,C1' bCTIlO 0 npaoe IlJlaBaHHlI nOi l cj:lJlaroM .. ,

C B ~ltleTeJ lhCfBO 0 npalle C06CTIlellJ-IOCTH Ha cy~~l-Io (CYAOBOI1


naTel-lT)
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SHIP'S DOCUMENTS

CYJJ.OBbIE JJ.OKYMEHTbl

Voyage

PeHcoBble

General Declaration
06w;iUI AeKJ1apaUI1S1
Customs Declaration
TaMolKeHllMI A(,KJlapaul1S1
Cargo Declaration
!»YJOBaSl AeKJlapa411S1
Ship's Stores Declaration
JJ.eKJIapal.\1111 0 CYAOBblX 3al1acax
Crew's Effects Declaration
JJ.eKJIapall~ISI 0 JTWrnhl)( Be~X 3KmtalKa
Certificate of Free Pratiq ue
CepTl1clmKaT CBo6o}.ttfOM npaKTIrKl1
Maritime Declaration of Health
MopcKaSl Cam1TllpHaSI AeJ01apal.\11SI
Cargo Manifest
r py3080M MaHl1.cpecr
Dangerous Cargo Manifest
MamICpeCT Ha OllaCllble rpY3bl
Shipping Order
nOrpy30'lHb11it opAep
Mate's Receipt
W ryp lallCKiUI paCOI1CKa
Hatch List
nlOKoBaSi 3anI1CK8
Tallysheet
TanbMalicKHIit }mCT

Bm of lading
KOIIOCaMeHT

Through Bill of lading


KOHOCaAlelIT CKB03HOM
liner Bill of lading
KOHO aM lIT }mHeMHbIM
Charter Party
Ya prep
Cargo Plan
rppOBOIit nJlatl
\ Outturn Report feHaKT (ayrropH
Timesheel/Statement of Facts A KT CTC)SltfO<lIiC)ro
Notice VhBeweliHe
Certificate of Origin CBl1AeTeJlbCTBO

Ship's Stability Calculation PaC4eT oCToi1'l11

Grain Stability Calculation PaC4eT 3ePHOBOM

Crew list CYAOBaSi pom,


Passenger List n~ICOK naccalK~l poB
Clearance Tru.l0)l(eH I-taSi 04HCTKa

Radiotelephone communication at Sea


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Phonetical alphabet and numerical code
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A - Alfa AnCIJA V - V ictor


B - Bravo 5PABO W-Whisky
C - Charlie YAPflVl X - X-ra~
D - Delta JJ.3flbTA Y - Yan ee
E- Echo 3KO Z - Zulu
F - Foxtrot ClJOKCTPOT
G-Golf ronCIJ
0- Nadaz e ro HAJJ.A33PO
H - Hotel XOT3n 1- Unaone YHAYAH
I -India VlHJJ.VlA 2 - Bissotwo 6l1CCOTY
J - Juliet WKYflVl3T 3­ DPATPl1
K-Kilo Kl1nO 4­ KAPT3<l>OY!'
l-lima fll1MA 5­ n AHTA<J>AJ.1B
M-Mike MAJirK 6­ COKC\II01KC
N - November HOB3M53P 7­ GT3C3SH
0- Oscar OCKA 8­ OKT03tiIT
HOYB3HAlilH
P- Papa nAnA
Q- Quebec K353K
R-Romeo POYMVlO
S - Sierra CVl3PA
T-Tan~o TAHroy
U - Uni orm IOHVlClJOPM