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Е.А. Барашкова
ГРАММАТИКА
АНГЛИЙСКОГО
ЯЗЫКА
сборник упражнений
Часть 1__________
К учебнику М .З. Биболетовой,
Н .Н . Трубаневой «Enjoy English. 8 класс»
у ч е н и ____________ к л а с с а ______
________________ ш к о л ы _________
Учебно-методический комплект

Е.А. Барашкова

Грамматика
английского языка
сборник упражнений
Часть I
К учебнику М.З. Биболетовой и др.
«Enjoy English. 8 класс» (Обнинск: Титул)

О класс
Рекомендовано
Российской А кадем ией Образования

Издание пятое,
переработанное и дополненное

Издательство
« ЭКЗАМЕН»
МОСКВА *2014
УДК 373:811.111
ББК 81.2Англ-2
Б24

Имена авторов и название цитируемых изданий указаны на титульном листе данной


книги (ст. 1274 п. 1 части четвёртой Гражданского кодекса Российской Федерации).
Изображение учебника «Английский язык: Английский с удовольствием / Enjoy English:
учебник для 8 кл. общеобраз. учрежд. / М.З. Биболетова, Н.Н. Трубанева. - Обнинск: Титул»
приведено на обложке данного издания исключительно в качестве иллюстративного мате­
риала (ст. 1274 п. 1 части четвёртой Гражданского кодекса Российской Федерации).

Барашкова, Е.А.
Б24 Грамматика английского языка. Сборник упражнений: часть I: 8 класс:
к учебнику М.З. Биболетовой и др. «Enjoy English. 8 класс» / Е.А. Бараш­
кова. — 5-е изд., перераб. и доп. — М. : Издательство «Экзамен», 2014. —
126, [2] с. (Серия «Учебно-методический комплект»)
ISBN 978-5-377-06825-9
Данное пособие полностью соответствует федеральному государственному
образовательному стандарту (второго поколения). Оно представляет собой первый
компонент учебного комплекта, состоящего из четырёх книг:
• Грамматика английского языка. Сборник упражнений. Часть I
• Грамматика английского языка. Сборник упражнений. Часть 11
• Грамматика английского языка. Книга для родителей
• Грамматика английского языка. Проверочные работы.
Пособие содержит 280 грамматических упражнений, обеспечивающих усвое­
ние и закрепление правил грамматики, которые изучаются в 8 классе. Характер
упражнений позволяет выполнять их максимально быстро, что экономит силы
и время учащихся и помогает в короткие сроки добиться хорошего знания грамма­
тики.
Для учащихся 8 класса общеобразовательных учреждений, изучающих англий­
ский язык по учебнику М.З. Биболетовой и др. «Enjoy English. 8 класс».
Приказом № 729 Министерства образования и науки Российской Федерации
учебные пособия издательства «Экзамен» допущены к использованию в обще­
образовательных учреждениях.
УДК 373:811.111
ББК 81.2Англ-2

Подписано в печать 03.06.2013. Формат 70x100/16.


Гарнитура «Школьная». Бумага офсетная. Уч.-изд. л. 4,36.
Уел. печ. л. 10,4. Тираж 10 000 экз. Заказ № 1936/13.

ISBN 978-5-377-06825-9 О Барашкова Е.А., 2014


О Издательство «ЭКЗАМЕН», 2014
ОТ АВТОРА

СБОРНИК включает в себя 280 упражнений на отработку


грамматического материала по программе восьмого класса.
Выполнение этих упражнений обеспечивает не только
знание грамматического материала, но и, что более важно,
навыки грамотной речи. Материал вводится постепенно,
отрабатывается многократно. В упражнениях мы намеренно
избегаем лишних сложностей, так как наша цель: н а у ч и т ь .
Материал представлен очень просто, не требует усилий в
освоении.
Перед каждым упражнением указан параграф Книги для
родителей, в котором объясняются соответствующие
грамматические явления.
Чтобы работа детей была эффективной, мы предлагаем
вписывать лишь значимые части предложений. Это значитель­
но экономит время и силы и позволяет сделать за короткое
время много упражнений.
В конце Сборника есть тематический указатель, с помощью
которого можно быстро найти упражнения на каждое граммати­
ческое правило.
Сборник рекомендуется преподавателям английского языка
в качестве дополнительного пособия для отработки грамматики.
Он также может быть использован учащимися и их родителями
для самостоятельной работы.
Ключи к упражнениям находятся в Книге для родителей.

Будем очень благодарны Вам


за Ваши замечания и пожелания.
Просим присылать их по e-mail адресу:
grammarbook@mail.ru

3
UNIT 1

SECTIONS 1-2

1. Fill in d or an.
(§ 20)1
1. .......holiday 6.
2. .......ham ster 7. .......clever elephant
3. .......hour 8. .......old jacket
4. .......anim al 9. ....... yellow blouse
5. .......wild anim al 10. .......in te re stin g job

2. Complete the sentences with 0, thG or no article.


(§ 20)
1. Did your g ran d fath e r take p a rt i n .....Second W orld W ar?
2. W ho w a s .....firs t man o n .....Moon?
3. W hat happened at .....end o f ....... war?
4. .....Tom’s uncle b ecam e...... soldier a t ...... age of 16.
5. He discovered ....., island in ... ... Pacific Ocean a t ..... age
of 69. It was n o t ... ... easy voyage.
6. .....f irs t cosm onaut flew into .... .. space a t .....age of 27.
7. .....J a n e ’s grandm other l e f t ...... school a t ..... age of 14.
8. My G ranny likes ...... honey....... la st Sunday she b o u g h t.....
lot o f .....h o n e y .... ... honey is tasty .

1 В скобках указаны номера параграфов Книги для родителей,


в которых даны подробные объяснения изучаемых грамматических
структур.

4
9 ..........N ik ita ’s uncle i s w riter. He w r o te new b o o k
last m onth. I t i s .....very in te re stin g book........ book is about
..... U nited S tates of ..... A m erica a t ..... end of ..... 19th
century.
10. Mr. Taylor is ..... greengrocer. greengrocers sell .....
vegetables a n d ..... fru it. •

3. Write the plural.


(§ i)
1. dress ................ address
2. galaxy ................ way
3. beach ................ fish
4. m illion ................ man
5. passport ................ sportsm an
6. bear ................ deer
7. wolf ................ knife
8. spacesuit ................ spaceship
9. foot ................ goose
10. woman ................ tooth

4. Write the plural.


(§ i)
1. A gatha C hristie w rote a lot o f .............. {novel), ......
{play) a n d ..................... {story).
2. There are tw o ..................... {piano) in the classroom .
3. A re th ere a n y ..................... {tomato) in th e fridge?
4. How m a n y ..................... {gallery) are th ere in th e city?

5
5. Nick is fond of reading .................. (biography) of popular
.................. (actor) a n d ............................. (sportsm an).
6. I am fond of w a tc h in g ..................... (comedy).
7. M rs T u rn e r’s baby has only f o u r .................... (tooth).
8. I am not afraid o f .................... (mouse).
9. T h e ........................... (child) m u st w ash t h e i r ................ (foot).
10. She doesn’t like to speak about h e r ...................... (hobby).

5. Fill in 'S or S' where necessary.


(§ 4)

1. Spot is th e Black.... dog.


2. Spot is Mr Black.... dog.
3. Felix is the Smith.... cat.
4. Felix is Mrs Smith.... cat.
5. M r Carter.... dog is very nice.
6. P uss is the Green.... cat.
7. M r Baker.... cat is funny.
8. Do you like the Smith.... dog?
9. A nn and Ted are my friends. My friend.... pets are nice.
10. The sportsmen.... children are here.

6. Translate from English into Russian.


(§4)

1. the boy’s clothes —• ............................................................


2. the boys’ clothes ............................................................
3. the children’s clothes ............................................................
4. K a te ’s shoes ............... .............................................
5. K ate and A n n ’s friends ............................................................
6
6. A n n ’s umbrella .....................................................
7. the pupils’ bags .....................................................
8. the pu p il’s bags .....................................................
9. the teachers’ books .....................................................
10. the teacher’s books ......................... .....................

7. Translate from Russian into English.


(§ 4)

1. мяч м альчика ........................................ .


2. мяч м альчиков ................................................
3. игруш ка девочек ................................................
4. игруш ка девочки ................................................
5. сыновья моего дяди ................................................
6. дом господина Орлова ................................................
7. дом О рловых ................................................
8. м аш ина госпожи Дуровой ................................................
9. м аш ина Д уровы х ................................................
10. сад П ет ровы х ................................................

8. Translate from English into Russian.


(§4) _____________________________________________

clever d irty fu n n y honest interesting little


naughty old polite shy

1. Д руг Тома заст енчив.

2. Д рузья Тома веж ливы.

7
3. Брат А н и непослуш ны й.

4. Сестра К ат и и Олега ум на.

5. Д руг Б раунов чест ный.

6. Д ет и г-на Б рауна м аленькие.

7. И груш ки эт их детей очень смешные.

8. И груш ки эт и х м альчиков грязные.

9. И груш ки этого м альчика старые.

10. И груш ки т ех девочек интересные.

9. Write the sentences as in the examples.


(§ 5)

Дж ек гораздо выше Сэма.


(tall)
ja c k is much taller than Sam.

Сэм гораздо умнее Дж ека.


(intelligent)
s a m is much more intelligent than Jack. 1
1. (old)
A nn ................................................................................ h er sister.

8
2. (short)
Tom ................................. .............his fath e r.
3. (dark)
This p h o to ...................... ............th a t photo.
4. (long)
This s h irt ....................... ............. th a t sh irt.
5. (thin)
This b o o k ........................ ..............th a t book.
6. (tasty)
This s a la d ....................... .............th a t salad.
7. (healthy)
B ill................................... ......................John.
8. (interesting)
The b o o k ......................... ................ the film .
9. (comfortable)
The bed ........................... .................the sofa.
10. (beautiful)
This flow er .................... .......... th a t flow er.

10. Write the sentences as in the example.


(§ 5)

{old)
S am iS ЗБ Old as his friend.
1. (handsom e)
H a r r y ........ his b ro th er.
2. (thin)
J a n e ........... .. her sister.

9
3. (beautiful)
K a te .............................................................................h er m other.
4. (young)
Pete ...........................................................................................Tom.
5. (old)
My g r a n d f a th e r ........................................................my teacher.
6. (com fortable)
This c h a ir .....................................................................th a t ch air,
7. (d iffic u lt)
M a th s ............................................................................... R ussian.
8. (im portant)
G eo g ra p h y .........................................................................Biology.
9. (small)
This b i r d ......................................................................... th a t bird.
10. (tall)
Tom .............................................................................his teacher. 1

11. Translate from English into Russian.


(§ 5)

1. гораздо старше

2. гораздо выше

3. гораздо больше

4. гораздо удобнее

10
5. гораздо интереснее

6. гораздо красивее

7. т акой же красивы й как

8. т акой же яркий ка к

9. т акой же ум ны й ка к

10. такой же высокий как

12. Write the sentences as in the examples.


(§§ 25-26)

Present Simple Present Continuous


he / come He comes. He is coming.
1. I / play
2. I / carry
3. she / skate
4. it / run
5. they / swim
6. he I bathe
7. we / lay
8. he / lie
9. they / stu d y
10. she / dance

li
13. Write the sentences as in the examples.
(§ 29, § 35)

Present Simple Past Simple Future Simple


H e works. He W o r k e d . He W ill W O rk .
1. I play. .............................................................................
2. H e walks. .............................................................................
3. She sk a tes.....................................................................................
4. I t rains. .............................................................................
5. They bathe....................................................................................
6. She runs. .............................................................................
7. I t consists.....................................................................................
8. W e laugh.......................................................................................
9. H e reads. .............................................................................
10. She w rites.....................................................................................

14. Write the sentences as in the examples.


(§ 29, § 35)
Present Simple Past Simple Future Simple
H e is sad. He W a S sad. He W ill b e sad.
1. I t is cold. .................cold. ................... cold.
2. H e is h ea lth y. .................healthy. ................... healthy.
3. W e are tired. .................tired . ................... tired .
4. I t is s u n n y . ................ sunny. ................... sunny.
5. H e is angry. .................angry. ................... angry.
6. She is thirsty. .................th irsty .
1. They are late. .................late. ................... late.
8. I t is pleasant. ................ pleasant. ................... pleasant.

12
9. H e is hungry. hungry. hungry.
10. I t is soft. , soft. .... soft.

15. Fill in the table.


(§ 24)

Vi V2 V3
1. choose .................................... ......................
2. do .................................... ......................
3. fall ......................................................................
4. go .................................... ......................
5. have .................................... ......................
6. know .................................... ......................
7. p u t .................................... ......................
8. read .................................... ......................
9. swim .................................... ......................
1 0 . take .................................... ......................

16. Write the sentences as in the examples.


(§ 29, § 31)

Present Simple Past Simple Present Perfect

H e w rites. He wrote. He has written.


1. H e goes. ..............................................................................
2. She has d in n er......................d in n e r...............................d inner.
3. I do. ..............................................................................
4. I choose. ..............................................................................
5. W e p u t it here....................... it h ere...............................it here.
6. She knows. ..............................................................................

13
7. I t falls. ..............................................................................
8. She reads. ..............................................................................
9. H e sw im s. ..............................................................................
10. They take. ..............................................................................

17. Write the sentences as in the examples. Past Simple


or Present Perfect?
(§ 29, § 31)

They haven't met (meet) him yet.


They didn't meet (meet) him yesterday.

1. They ...................................................... (buy) a com puter yet.


2. They ............................................. (buy) a com puter la st m onth.
3. We ...................................................... (see) th e film yet.
4. We ...................................................... (see) th e film yesterday.
5. I ............................................................ (write) th e te st yet.
6. I ............................................................ (write) th e te st last week.
7. S h e ....................................................... (read) th e book last year.
8. S h e ....................................................... (read) th e book yet.
9. He .......................................................(visit) th e co u n try yet.
10. He .............................................................(visit) the co u n try last
sum m er.

18. Fill in articles and complete the sentences as in the


example.
(§ 20, § 31)

W hat 3 fun n y poem! (hear)


I have never heard such a funny poem!
14
1. W hat easy test! (write)

2. W hat.... .... com fortable fu rn itu re! (have)

3. W hat.... .... deep lake! (see)

4. W hat.... .... ta sty food! (eat)

5. W hat.... .... bad meal! (have)

6. W hat.... .... angry girl! (meet)

7. W hat.... .... clever boy! (teach)

8. W hat.... .... d irty clothes! (see)

9. W hat.... .... d ifficu lt question! (answer)

10. W h a t........ silly text! (translate)

19. Translate the words from English into Russian.


Name the tenses.
(§ 25, § 29, § 31, § 35)

Translation Tense
1. a week ago
2. in a m onth
3. last year

15
4. n ext Friday ............................... ...............................
5. at present ............................... ...............................
6. ju st ............................... ...............................
7. ever ............................... ...............................
8. yesterday ............................... ...............................
9. yet ............................... ...............................
10. already ............................... ...............................

20. Use the words in brackets to complete the sentences.


(§ 23)

1. S h e ........................... (already / visit) the m useum .


2. Она никогда не была в этом м узее.
S h e ........................... (never / visit) th e m useum.
3. S h e ............................ (visit) th e m useum th e o th er day.
4. S h e ............................ (visit) th e m useum two weeks ago.
5. She o f te n ........................... (visit) m useum s.
6. S h e ........................... (visit) the m useum at th e m om ent.
7. S h e ........................... (ju st / visit) th e m useum .
8. S h e ............................ (visit) five m useum s th is year.
9. S h e ............................ (visit) two m useum s last m onth.
10. S h e ............................ (visit) the m useum in a m onth.

there is, there are,


21. Complete the sentences with
there was, there were or there will be.
(§ 42)

1. He was sad ............................. no le tte r fo r him .


2. Don’t w orry. I am sure ........................... a le tte r fo r you
tom orrow.
16
3. - Can you describe th e room, please?
- ............................... a piano and two arm chairs in the room.
4 ................. five sweets on the table. W here are they now?
5 .................some apples on the table. You can take them .
6 ............................. a carpet on th e floor last year.
7. Have a look............................. two m istakes in your test.
8 ................................only one chair here. W h at shall we do?
9. I h o p e ........................... a new lib rary near my house.
10............................................ a big map on th e wall two days ago,
b u t n o w ........................... a lot of pictures there.

22. Complete the sentences with there is or it is.


(§ 42)

1. I bought a puzzle y esterd ay ............................. in my bag.


2 ......................................... a new puzzle in my bag. I bought it
yesterday.
3 ................................noth in g special about th e p arty.
4 ................................a special p arty .
5 ............................. a new toy shop in th a t street.
6. - W h at a nice building! W h at is it?
- ............................... a new toy shop.
7 .................................. a lot of snow on th e ground. W e can make
a snowman.
8 ........................... snowing. L et’s go and make a snowman.
9 .................................. my desk.
10 ................................a photo album and a lot of p ictu res on my
desk.
17
23. Make alternative questions.
(§ 47)

1. ~ ..........................................................................................................
............................... in the house?
- There will be fo u r rooms in th e house, (five)
2. - ...................................................................................................................
............................................... on th e wall?
- There will be a p ictu re on th e wall, (a m ap)
3. - ...................................................................................... u p stairs?
- There were th ree bedrooms u p stairs, (two)
4. - ...........................................................................................

- He will be an econom ist, (engineer)


5. - .................................. to the S outh o r ..........................................
.............................. at home?
- They will go to the South, (stay at home)
6. - ................................................................... at the b a c k .................
.............................. of the house?
- H er room will be a t the back of the house, (at the f ront)
7. - ................................................................................. next m onth?
- She will be ten next m onth, (eleven)
8. - ..........................................................................................................................................

....................................................................... at the p arty ?


- There will be ten children at th e p arty , (tw enty)
9. - ..........................................................................................................
............................................................ at the seaside?
- He spent two m onths a t the seaside, (three)

18
10 . - .....................................................................................................................

- They go cam ping in sum m er, (in autum n)

24. Write questions and give short answers.


(§ 46, § 53)

1. - .................................................................................................
- Y e s ,................. (It is usually cold in winter.)
2. - ..............................................................................................................................

- Y e s ,................. (It was very cold there.)


3. - .................................................................................................
- Y e s ,................. (He has got a question.)
4. - .................................................................................................
- Y e s ,................. (He had a problem.)
5. - .................................................................................................
- Y e s ,................. (There is a cloud in the sky.)
6. - .................................................................................................................

- Y e s ,................. (There was a lot o f snow in the forest.)


7. - .................................................................................................
- Y e s ,................. (The weather is fin e today.)
8. - .................................................................................................................

- Y e s ,................. (The weather changes quickly.)


9. - .................................................................................................
- Y e s ,................ (The weather changed.)
10 . - .......................................................................................................................

- Y e s ,................ (The weather has changed.)

19
25. Complete the questions using the words from the
box.
(§ 49)__________________________________________________
How How often (2) How well W hat W h a t colour
__________ W hen______Where______ W ho_____ W hy______

1. - ...........................did you spend your sum m er holidays?


- In th e country.
2. - ........................... is your new ball?
- I t ’s red and w hite.
3. - ...........................did you go th ere in Ju n e?
- Because my p aren ts had th e ir holidays in Ju n e.
4. - ........................... was w ith you?
- My g ran d p aren ts were.
5. - ........................... did they make friends?
- W hen they were ten.
6. - ........................... do you go to the m ountains?
- We go th ere every sum m er.
7. - ...........................can you play the game?
- Very well.
8. - ........................... do little children like to do?
- They like to play hide-and-seek.
9 ............................. do you have parties? - Once a m onth.
10 ...........................do you spell your last name? - O-r-l-o-v.

26. Write negative sentences.


(§ 52)

1. I t ’s cold to d a y.

20
2. There’s wind today.

3. T hey’ll be ready soon.

4. I ’ll be busy tomorrow.

5. W e can m eet them.

6. H e ’s got a question.

7. I ’ve got an umbrella.

8. They wear raincoats.

9. The sun shines brightly.

10. 1 got wet.

27. Make negative sentences using n e v e r .


(§ 14, § 52)

I t doesn’t eat fish.


It never eats fish.
1. I t doesn’t drink m ilk.

2. I t doesn’t rain here.

21
3. I t doesn’t snow here.

4. I t d id n ’t snow here.

5. I t d id n ’t rain here.

6. I t doesn’t swim .

7. I t doesn’t sleep on the sofa.

8. I t doesn’t get very cold in A napa.

9. I t doesn’t get hot in the N orth.

10. H e doesn’t catch bad colds.

28. Make negative sentences using П6\/6Г.


(§ 14, § 52)

1. They don’t spend their weekends there.

2. They don’t dive.


• • • • ....................... .. rV M

3. The beaches are not crowded.

4. They aren’t surprised.

22
5. I t isn ’t hot there.

6. I t doesn’t get very hot here.

7. The sun doesn’t shine here.

8. H e doesn’t use dictionaries.

9. H e doesn’t help us.

10. You don’t believe me.

29 . Complete the sentences using the words in


brackets.
(§ 23)

1. I t ........................... (be) very b eau tifu l in spring.


2. I t ........................... (be) very hot last m onth.
3. It n e v e r ........................... (snow) here.
4. I t ........................... (snow) now.
5. It so m etim es........................... (snow) last October.
6. It n e v e r ........................... (snow) last December.
7. I t ........................... (snow) next week.
8. I t ........................... (rain) tom orrow .
9. I t ....................... (start) to rain two hours ago.
10. The w e a th e r........... (be) bad today. I t .................... (rain).

23
30. Translate from Russian into English.
(§ 23, § 43)

1. Сейчас идет снег.

2. Сейчас идет дождь.

3. Здесь часто идет снег.

4. Здесь часто идет дождь.

5. Здесь никогда не идет снег.

6. Здесь никогда не идет дождь.

7. Вчера шел снег.

8. Вчера ш ел дождь.

9. Завт ра будет снег.

10. Завт ра будет дождь.

31. Complete these sentences with a question tag.


(§ 48)

1. It is cloudy to d a y ,...................................... ?
2. It isn ’t s u n n y ,................................... ?
3. There is a cloud in the s k y ,.............................. ?
24
4. There are clouds in th e s k y ,. ?
5. They were w e t,.......................
6. The w eather was w o n d e rfu l,............................... ?
7. The w eather has c h a n g e d ,................................... ?
8. The w eather often c h a n g e s,............ ......................?
9. The w eather never c h a n g e s,................................... ?
10. The w eather c h a n g e d ,............................................ ?

32. Complete these sentences with a question tag.


(§ 43, § 48)

1. It is r a in in g ,................................................ ?
2. It isn ’t r a in in g ,............................................. ?
3. It often rain s h e r e ,.................................. ?
4. It doesn’t rain here in F e b ru a ry ,................... ?
5. It never rains h e r e ,................... ?
6. It rained y e s te rd a y ,........................... ?
7. It began to r a i n , ............................... ?
8. It never rained last w e e k ,....................... ?
9. It som etim es snows in N o v em b er,.......................?
10. It snowed two days a g o ,...........................?

33. Complete the sentences using I like it when ... /


I don't like it when ...
(§ 27)

1 ................................................................my frien d s come to see me.


2 ............................................................. we are a t th e seaside.
3 ............................................................. my little b ro th er keeps his
th in g s in th e ir rig h t places.
25
4 ....................................... my little sister cleans our room.
5 ................................................................. M other helps me do my
homework.
6 ....................................................... G ranny asks me about school.
7 .................................................................people ask me about my
fam ily.
8 ...........................................................teachers give us tests.
9 ................................................................au tu m n begins.
10 ............................................................. th e days become sh o rter.

34. Which is right? Complete the sentences.


(§ 6, § 14, § 20, § 27, § 43, § 54)

1. He n e v e r ............................ {plays / doesn't play / is playing)


basketball.
2. Did you h a v e ........... (a / the / - ) good sum m er?
3. - ........... {Where / W hen) were you .................. (a / the / - )
last sum m er?
- 1 w a s ........... {in / on / at) the seaside.
4. I lik e ....................... {it / when / it when) th e sun shines.
5. Nobody .................... {like / likes / doesn't like) .............
{it / when / it when) th e w ind blows.
6. Tom w e n t............ {quick / quickly) out of the classroom.
7. Did i t ................... {happen / h appened).............{with / to) her
when she was in th e street?
8. - W h e n ........... {did / was / does) it rain?
- Y esterday.
9 .................. {Is / Does / Did) it rain in g now?
10 ................ {Is / Does / Did) it som etim es rain in December?

26
35. Correct the mistakes. Do not change the underlined
words.
(§ 6, § 20, §§ 25-27, § 43, § 52)

1. - C>id у DU h ave the gooc sur im e r?

- Ves, :: did

2. He doe sn't ike n heiт the wir d bl DWS.

3. Crc>cod les 1aave big toot h, d<)n't :hey ?

4. Th<iy ar e us ualhf we arin<3 fur coa ts in win ter.

5. Shiэ is vear a b 2 aut 'ful red c ress nov/.

6. Shi2 USljally weeir a :ur hat ir wir ter.

7. Wh en i : is hlot peopl e we;ar t ie s nortj an(i

the T-s hirts

8. Shi 2 isn 't w<)rk i i a \iosp tal, she is a pilot Ш

9. It isn't rain, let' s pla у vo lleyt >all.

10. Die it r aine<i ye;;terclay?

27
UNIT 1

SECTION 3

36. Make questions.


(§ 49)

1. - .................................................................................................
- To th e swim m ing pool.
(The children are going to the sw im m ing pool.)
2. - ...............................................................................................................

- A te st. (They are w riting a test.)


3. - ...................................................................................
- The p arty . (They are discussing the party.)
4. - .................................................................................................
- In th e park. (She is roller-skating in the park.)
5. - .................................................................................................
- The dialogue. (He is reading the dialogue.)
6. - .................................................................................................................

- U nder the table. (The dog is sleeping under the table.)


7. - ...............................................................................
- They are laughing because th e pictures are fu n n y .
8. - .........................................................................................................

- There is a b ird in the tree.


9. - ................................... ..............................................................
- There are books in th e bag.
10 . - .........................................................................................................

- E nglish. (They stu d y English.)

28
37. Write the sentences as in the examples. Some verbs
are not used in the Continuous.
(§§ 25-26)

Present Simple Present Continuous


he / write H e w rite s . H e is w r i t i n g .

1. she / s t a y ..............................................................................
2. she / carry ..............................................................................
3 . 1 / understand ..............................................................................
4 . i t / depend ............................................................................
5. we / run ..............................................................................
6. it / get .......................... d a rk .................................dark.
1 .h e / speak ..............................................................................
8 .h e / remember ............................................................................
9 . they / do ..............................................................................
10. it / consist ..............................................................................
............ of two p a r ts ...........................................

38. Write the sentences as in the examples.


(§§ 28-29)

Past Simple Past Continuous


he / work He w o r k e d . He w a s w o r k i n g .

1 . 1 / clean ..........................................................................
2. he / translate ..........................................................................
3. we / skate ..........................................................................
4 . i t / play ..........................................................................
5. it / rain ..........................................................................

29
6. she / watch ..........................................................................
7. they / travel ..........................................................................
8 .1 / wash ..........................................................................
9. she / dance ..........................................................................
10. we / talk ..........................................................................

39. Answer the questions as in the example.


(§ 28)

- W hen did you m eet Je rry ? (walk in the p a rk)


- I met Jerry when I was walking in the
park.

1. - W hen did you break the vase? (play football)

2. - W hen did he w rite th a t story? (fly to London)

3. - W hen did she catch th a t b u tte rfly ? (travel in A frica)

4. - W hen did you h u rt your finger? (play hockey)

5. - W hen did you fin d th e ball? (walk in the park)

30
40. Complete the sentences in the Present Continuous
and in the Past Continuous.
(§ 25, § 28 )

Present Continuous Past Continuous


1 .(tr y ) H e .......................... H e ...........................
2. (buy) H e .......................... H e ...........................
3. (bring) T h e y ....................... T h e y ...................... .
4. (rain) I t .............................. I t .............................
5. (swim) H e .......................... H e ..........................
6. (go) T h e y ....................... *.... T h e y .......................
7. (laugh) W e ............................... W e .........................
8. (study) H e ................................ H e ...........................
9. (talk) T h e y ............................ T h e y .......................
10. (run) I ..................................... I .................. ............

41. Give answers. Use the Past Continuous.


(§ 28 )

- W hy d id n ’t you answ er th e phone? (take a shower)


-BecauseI was taking a shower.
1. - W hy d id n ’t you go to the forest? (rain)
- B ecause..............................................................................
2. - W hy d id n ’t you see th e film ? (do)
- B ecause............................................... my homework.
3. - W hy d id n ’t you have lunch w ith her? (write)
- B ecause....................................................... an exercise.
4. - W hy d id n ’t he w atch the game? (clean)
- B ecause....................................................... his room.
31
5. - W hy d id n ’t they m eet him? (wait)
- B ecause................................... fo r him in the wrong place.
6. - W hy d id n ’t she come to the party? (work)
- B ecause.........................................................................................
7. - W hy d id n ’t she give you her text-book? (use it)
- B ecause..........................................................................................
8. - W hy d id n ’t he give her his bike? (wash it)
- B ecause..........................................................................................
9. - W hy d id n ’t you come to th e playground? (write)
- B ecause................................................................... a te st.
10. - W hy d id n ’t you say goodbye to him? (speak)
- B ecause........................................................... to th e teacher.

42. Which is right? Complete the sentences.


(§§ 28 - 29 )

1. David ............................... (came / was coming) in when the


c h ild re n ............................... (wrote / were writing) a te st.
2. M ik e ................................... (telephoned / was telephoning) me
when I ................... (took [ was taking) a shower.
3. Mike ............................... (spoke / was speaking) to me when
his little sister ............................... (took / was taking) his
book out of his schoolbag.
4. W e .................................... (met / were meeting) them when we
.................................. (stood / were standing) at the bus stop.
5. Y esterday s h e ....................... (came / was coming) home late.
She ...................... (had / was having) lunch, .............................
(helped / was helping) h er m other about the house and th en
s h e ............... (went / was going) to the park.

32
6. Не {slept / was sleeping) when his m other
{came / was coming) back.
7. On Monday while he ....................... {cooked / was cooking)
lunch th e postm an ....................... {brought / was bringing)
him a le tte r from his friend.
8. W hen th e te a c h e r .............. .............{came / was coming) into
the classroom , th e c h ild re n ....................... {sat / were sitting)
a t th e ir desks.
9. One day while she ........................... {read / was reading)
a book, a big black f l y ..................{sat / was sitting) down on
her book.
10. We .............................. {read / were reading) a te x t, th en
w e ........................ {answered / were answering) th e teach er’s
questions. A fte r th a t w e ............................ {did / were doing)
gram m ar exercises.

43. Complete the sentences as in the examples.


(§ 35 )

he / p la n t trees / +
- Will he plant trees?
- I think he will.
they / go fishin g / -
- Will they go fishing?
- I don't think they will.1

1 . i t / eat nuts / +

33
2. it / be hot tomorrow / —

3. it / rain soon / —

4. it / snow today / +

5. it / be sunny tomorrow / +

6. they / catch fish / —

7. it / be / in a month / —

8. Tom / go £o school / in a year / +

9. s/ге / ел/'oz/ the excursion / —

10. Ле / £a&e a fen£ / —

34
44. Translate the sentences from Russian into English.
(§ 27 )

М не нравит ся, когда идет дождь.


I like ]t when it rains.
1. Е м у нравит ся, когда идет дождь.
.................................................................... it rains.
2. Им нравится, когда идет снег.
............................................................... it snows.
3. Ей нравится, когда бабушка рассказывает ей сказки.
................................................. her g ran d m o th er tells her tales.
4. Нам нравится, когда наш учитель показывает картинки.
........................................................... our teacher shows us some
pictures.
5. Мне нравится, когда мама приходит рано.
...........................................................M other comes home early.
6. Мне не нравится, когда друзья дарят мне игры.
.......................................................my frien d s give т е games as
a present.
7. Ей не нравится, когда друзья приглашают ее на праздник.
................................................. her frien d s in v ite her to parties.
8. Ему не нравится, когда они спрашивают его о планах.
...................................................... they ask him about his plans.
9. Нам не нравится, когда люди смеются над нами.
............................................................... people laugh a t us.
10. Им не нравится, когда их внуки забывают позвонить им.
........................................................... th e ir grandchildren fo rg et
to telephone them .
35
45. Write questions and give short answers.
(§ 46 , § 53 )

1. - ........................................................................................................

- Y e s ,..................(H e ’s in the sw im m ing pool.)


2. - .......................................................................................................

- Y e s ,..................(H e’s gone to the sw im m ing pool.)


3. - ............................................................................
- Y e s ,..................(H e ’s got a new cassette.)
4. - ........................................................................
- Y e s ,..................(H e ’s cold.)
5. - ............................................................................
- Y e s ,..................(H e ’s been to Spain.)
6. - ....................................................................................................................

- Y e s ,..................(H e ’s visiting Spain.)


7. - ........................................... .............................
- Y e s ,................. (S h e’s w ritten the exercise.)
8. - ....................................................................................................................

- Y e s ,................. (She’s w riting the exercise.)


9. - .........................................................................................
- Y e s ,................. (She’s gone to school.)
10. - .....................................................................................................

- Y e s ,................. (She’s a t school.)

46. Translate the sentences from Russian into English.


(§ 43 )

1. Думаю , завт ра пойдет дождь.


I th i n k .............................................. tom orrow.

36
2. Дождь ш ел два дня назад.
two days ago.
3. Вчера в три часа шел дождь.
.......................................... a t th ree o’clock yesterday.
4. Часто идет дождь.
......................... o f te n ................ :..........................
5. Сейчас идет дождь.
........................................................................ now.
6. Сейчас идет снег.
........................................................................ now.
7. Часто идет снег.
.........................o f te n ............................................
8. Вчера шел снег.
.............................................................. yesterday.
9. Вчера в это время шел снег.
.............................................. a t th is tim e yesterday.
10. Уверен, что скоро пойдет снег.
I ’m s u r e .................................................... soon.

47. Write a tag for each sentence.


(§ 48 )

1. Bob drinks a lot of tea, ........................................................... ?


2. Helen drank a lot of c o f f e e ,................................................... ?
3. M ark never drin k s Cola, ........................................................ ?
4. You took th e m e d ic in e ,...........................................................?
5. They have never been to M urm ansk, .......................................?
6. These are your gloves, ...................................... ........ ?
7. Mrs Brown had a lot of th in g s to d o , ........................................?

37
8. There were a lot of people th ere, ?
9. There is a lot of snow t h e r e ,...... ?

10. He told nobody about his plans, ?

48. Fill in 'S or S' where necessary in these sentences.


(§ 4 )

1. This is Ann.... room.


2. This is Ann.... and Kate.... room.
3. My sister.... b irth d ay is on Sunday. I ’ll give her a cassette as
a present.
4. I have two friends. My friend.... teacher has asked me to
help them .
5. She has a b ro th er and a sister. H er sister.... teacher is very
young.
6. W hat is your brother.... name?
7. There are a lot of flow ers in the Black.... garden.
8. These are my cousins. The boy.... pets are in the garden.
9. I have got an a u n t and an uncle. My uncle.... pets are
funny.
10. Bill.... and Pete.... sister is a stu d en t.

49. Which is right? Complete the sentences.


(§ 5, §§ 25-26, §§ 28-29, § 31, § 42, § 46, § 48, § 53)1

1. W hen the te a c h e r .................................................... (came / was


com ing) in, I ......................................... (worked / was working)
on th e com puter.

38
2. W hen I ...................................... (telephoned / was telephoning)
her, she ...................................... (learned / was learning) the
new words.
3 ........................(It is / There is) always cold th e re .......................(It
was / There was) very cold th ere ........... (a / the / - )
last December............... ........ (It was / There was) a lot of
snow there.
4. W h a t ................................................. (were you doing / did you
do), when the teacher .................................... (was com ing /
came) in?
5. I ................... (think / a m thinking) you are th e ...................
(good / better / best) football player I ......................................
(have ever m et / ever m et / ever meet).
6. - You c a n ....................... (swim / to s w im ),........................ (can
you / can’t you)?
- No, I can’t. I ....................... (never was / have never been)
to th e seaside.
7....................... (It was / There was) a m useum in th a t town.
.................. (It was / There was) a very in te re stin g m useum .
8. - ................... (Did / H ave) y o u ....................... (write / w ritten)
a te s t last Tuesday?
- Yes, I ................ (did / have)........................... (It was / There
was) a very easy te s t.............................. (It was / There was)
only one d ifficu lt question.
9. - W h a t............................ (is / is there) n ex t to your school?
- ....................... (It is / There is) a p ark near our school.
10. You ....................... (have / had) a very in te re stin g trip last
su m m e r,................... (haven’t / h a d n ’t / d id n ’t) you?
39
50. Correct the mistakes.
(§§ 24-25, § 28, §§ 42-43)

1. Wh у is she criin 9?

2. He ofte n sw ims He is sv/imii ig n DW.

3. I a и th inkir ig th at tl ley n \\\ come i^

4. Tur n of : the rad io! I thin к ab out DUr )lan;

5. Wh at were you do v\ hen I ph one h yo j?

6. Wh ile A nn V/as ead ng, [ wa s meikeir ig a cake i

7. It i ;n't snovi in .lune

8. Do 2S it rain nov ?

9. It Ilapp enec yes terd ay. wa 5 do ng rny home worlc.

Sui Ider ly I was hea ring a no ise.


10. It i 5 a rnistc ke i i th<г die tatio n.

40
UNIT 1

SECTIONS 4-5

51. Write the sentences as in the examples. Use the Past


Simple (a) and the Past Continuous (b).
(§§ 28-29)
H e ta lk s.
a. He talked.
b. He was talking.
1. I go.
a ............................................................................................
b.......................... :........................
2. She has lunch.
a ................................................................. lunch.
b................................................................. lunch.
3. W e have dinner.
a ................................................................. dinner.
b................................................................. dinner.
4. I lay the table.
a ................................................................. th e table.
b................................................................. th e table.
5. I lie on the carpet.
a ................................................................. on th e carpet.
b.................................................................on the carpet.
6. H e cuts bread.
a .................................................................bread.
b.................................................................bread.
7. I t eats fish.
a ................................................................. fish.
b................................................................. fish.
8. She cries.
a ....................................................................................................
b.....................................................
9. They play.
a ....................................................................................................
b.....................................................
10. She travels.
a ....................................................................................................
b.....................................................

52. Write the sentences as in the example.


(§ 28 )

M other - clean the kitchen / 1 - wash the cups


While Mother was cleaning the kitchen,
I was washing the cups.
1. the boys - swim / the girls - p la y volleyball

2. Tom - cut the bread / K ate - m ake tea

3. the children - play / their m other - cook

42
4. K ate - clean the carpet / Peter - wash the car

5. M ary - read / her brother - skate

6. M rs W ilson telephone her friend / her grandchildren -


draw

7. the boys - build a toy house / their sister - run

8. they - wash the apples / we - m ake sandwiches

9. I - watch T V / h e - sleep

10. s h e - p la y the piano / they - look a t the pictures

53. Write sentences as in the example.


(§ 25, §31)

I am still doing m y homework.


I haven't done my homework yet.
43
1. I am still tra n sla tin g the te xt.

2. I am still w riting the exercise.

3. I am still cleaning m y room.

4. H e is still reading the sto ry.

5. H e is still washing his bike.

6. They are still discussing the book.

7. They are still having lunch.

8. W e are still having breakfast.

9. She is still m aking sandwiches.

10. 1 am still answ ering the questions.

54. Fill in the table.


(§ 24 )

Vi V2 v3 v ing
1. cook ............................................................................
2. work ............................................................................
3. wash ............................................................................
4. discuss ............................................................................
44
5. study .......................................................................................
6. tra n sla te .......................................................................................
7. make .......................................................................................
8. w rite .......................................................................................
9. learn .......................................................................................
10. do .................... .................... ............................

55. Write the sentences as in the examples. Use the


Present Perfect (a), the Present Continuous (b) and the
Present Perfect Continuous (c).
(§ 25, §§ 31-32)

H e / cook
a. He has cooked lunch.
b. He is cooking lunch.
c. He has been cooking lunch.

1. she / clean
a .......................................................................the house.
b.......................................................................the house.
c.......................................................................th e house.
2. he / do
a .......................................................................his homework.
b.......................................................................his homework.
c............................................................................................ his homework.
3. I / wash
a .......................................................................my bike.
b.......................................................................my bike.
c.......................................................................my bike.

45
4. he / write
a ...................... the exercise,
b............ the exercise,
c...................... th e exercise.
5. we / translate.
a ...................... th e te x t,
b............ th e te x t,
c...................... the te x t.
6. they / discuss
a ...................... the film ,
b............ the film ,
c...................... th e film .
7. she / ma/ee
а ...................... salad.
b............ salad.
c...................... salad.
8. I / learn
а ...................... the new words,
b............ th e new words,
c....................... th e new words.
9. they / work
а ...................... in th e garden,
b............ in the garden,
c....................... in the garden.
10. she / study
а ....................... Italian .
b............. Italian .
c....................... Italian .
46
5 6 . S ay w h y th e y a r e tir e d . C o m p le te th e s e n te n c e s
u sin g th e P r e s e n t P e rfe c t C o n tin u o u s.
(§ 32)
I am tired . I h a v e b e e n C O O k in a (cook) all dav.
He is tired . He h a s b e e n r u n n i n g fm /г) all dav.

1. I am tired . I ................................. ................. (swim) all day.


2. She is tired . S h e ......................... ...................... (paint) all day.
3. W e are tired . W e ....................... ...................... (skate) all day.
4. I am tired . I ................................. ..................(ski) all day.
5. They are tired . T h e y ................. ..................... (dance) all day.
6. I am tired . I ................................. ..................(learn) all day.
7. He is tired . H e ............................ ...................... (read) all day.
8. We are tired . W e ....................... ...................... (write) all day.
9. They are tired . T h e y ................. ..................... (study) all day.
10., She is tired . S h e ......................... ..................... (work) all day.

57. Answer the questions as in the example.


(§ 32 )

- W here is Pete? (in the garden / work / morning)


-He is in the garden. He has been
working there since morning.

1. - W here is G ranny?
(in the kitchen / cook / two o’clock)

47
2. - W here are th e children?
(in the room / watch TV / lunchtim e)

3. - W here are your friends?


(in the park / play football / 10 o’clock)

4. - W here is Tom? (at the stadium / run / 9 o’clock)

5. - W here is Bess? (in the sw im m ing pool / swim /1 1 o’clock)

6. - W here is M r Brown?
(in the garden / p la n t trees / m orning)

7. - W here is your bro th er?


(in the com puter centre / write a report / 4 o’clock)

8. - W here are th e pupils?


(in the classroom / write a test / 9 o’clock)

9. - W here are the girls?


(at the toy shop / choose a present / lunchtim e)

48
10. - W here is K ate?
{at her grandm other’s / stay there / S aturday)

58. Complete the sentences as in the example.


(§ 25, § 32)

- W hat are you doing? {cook)


- I am cooking. I have been cooking for
an hour.

1. - W hat are you doing? {write)

....................................................................... fo r tw enty m inutes.


2. - W hat are you doing? {clean the kitchen)
- ................................................... th e k itch en ...............................
............................................................................. it for two hours.
3. - W hat are you doing? {wait for him)
- .......................................................... fo r h im ...............................
...............................................................for him for ten m inutes.
4. - W hat are you doing? {learn new words)
- ............................................................. new w ords.......................
.............................................................. them fo r th ir ty m inutes.
5. - W h at are you doing? {do a crossword puzzle)
- ..................................................... a crossw ord puzzle.
.................................................................................... it fo r fifteen
m inutes.

49
6. - W hat are you doing? (read a book)
~ ...............................................................a book...............................
........................................................ it fo r th ree weeks.
7. - W hat are you doing? {play a new game)
- ............................................................a new gam e.......................
........................................................................... it fo r an hour.
8. - W hat are you doing? {draw a p icture)
- ............................................................a p ic tu re ............................
............................................................................. it fo r two hours.
9. - W hat are you doing? {teach m y sister)
- ..................................................................... my sister.
................................................................... her fo r h alf an hour.
10. - W hat are you doing? {run)

.......................................................................fo r tw enty m inutes.

59. Fill in S in c e or fo r .
(§ 32 )

1 ................... two hours


2 ..........................two o’clock
3 ..........................five hours
4 ..........................five o’clock
5 ..........................ten o’clock.
6 ..........................ten m inutes
7 ..........................th ree days
8 ..........................C hristm as
9 ..........................Monday
10 ........................2003

50
60. Translate from Russian into English.
(§ 32)

1. с д вух часов ...............................................


2. с воскресенья ...............................................
3. с август а ...............................................
4. с 1995 ...............................................
5. сут р а ...............................................
6. в течение д вух м и н ут ..............................................
7. в течение д вух дней ...............................................
8. в течение д вух недель ..............................................
9. в течение д вух месяцев ..............................................
10. в течение д вух лет ..............................................

61. Fill in Since or for.


(§ 32)

1. She has been stu d y in g a t the lib r a r y ........... two o’clock.


2. She has been studying a t the lib r a r y ........... two hours.
3. They have been ta lk in g ........... an hour.
4. They have been ta lk in g ........... a long tim e.
5. They have been ta lk in g ........... ten m inutes.
6. I have been helping M o th e r........... m orning.
7. I have been reading the book ........... the beginning of the
holidays.
8. They have been studying I ta lia n ........... 2005.
9. They have been studying I ta lia n ........... a year.
10. He has been w orking th e r e ......... Septem ber.

51
62. Complete the sentences with a question tag.
(§ 48)

1. H e’s v isitin g his f r ie n d s ,........................... ?


2. H e’s visited his f r ie n d s ,........................... ?
3. H e’s going to v isit his f r ie n d s ,........................... ?
4. He can’t v isit them n o w ,........................... ?
5. He v isited his frien d s th e o th er d a y ,........................... ?
6. H e’s never visited his f r ie n d s ,........................... ?
7. He never v isits his f r ie n d s ,........................... ?
8. He will v isit his f r ie n d s ,........................... ?
9. He was v isitin g his f r ie n d s ,........................... ?
10. He often v isits his f r ie n d s ,........................... ?

63. Use the words in brackets to complete the


sentences.
(§ 23)
1. Don’t ask him to help you now. H e ................................... (do)
his homework.
2. Y esterday my b r o th e r s ..................(come) home a t 1 o'clock.
T h e y ................... (have) lunch, .................(play) football and
................... (do) th e ir homework.
3. I ................... (do) my homework in the evening. I prom ise.
4. I can’t speak to him now. I :.................. (do) my homework.
5. I can go for a walk. I ................... a lre a d y .....................(do) my
homework.
6. I ................... (do) my homework two hours ago.
7. W hen Pete ...................... (phone) me I ..................... (do) my
homework.
52
8. I alw a y s.................... (do) my homework in th e afternoon.
9. I am tired . I .................... (do) my homework since m orning.
1 0 .1 (do) my homework fo r th ree hours and I
.................................. (not / finish) it yet.

64. Which is right? Complete the sentences.


(§ 5, § 13, § 20, §§ 25-26, §§ 28-29, § 31, § 43)

1. L et's go. It ........................................ (isn't r a in in g / doesn’t


rain / d id n ’t rain).
2. I .......................... (th in k / am thinking) th e p a r t y ......................
(will / will be / be) fun.
3. He .......................... (hasn’t done / d id n ’t do) his homework
..........................(already / yet).
4. You are ........... (a / the / - ) very good cook. T hat was the
..........................(good / better / best) meal I ................................
(have ever had / ever had / ever have).
5 ..................(H ave / Did) you e v e r .............. (lose / lost) th e key?
6. I n e v e r ..................... (don’t lose / lo se )..........................................
(som ething / a n yth in g / nothing).
7. It d id n ’t m e a n .................................... (som ething / a n yth in g /
nothing).
8. She couldn’t come because s h e .................................... (works /
has worked / was working) in the garden.
9. W hile I ..................... (cooked /h a v e cooked / was cooking),
my b r o th e r ........................................ (washed / have washed /
was washing) th e floor.
10. S h e ....................................... (has had / had / is going to have)
a m eeting th e other day.
53
65. Correct the mistakes.
(§ 28, §§ 31-32)

1. He has bee 1 stiidyir ig Eriglis a sin ce t aree moi iths

2. Th<ay h<jve зеег wri ten a te ;t fo г tw<) ho jrs.

3. We hav e be en c lean the clas sroo m si nee 3 o'c:lock

4. Wh at v\ ere you read wh<an I telef )honed уou?

5. Wil 1yoi j he p m e, pi ease ? I rleve r coc>ked fish

6. I h ave alrei idy s;aw :he film.

7. He has nev ar w ash iis cloth<as.

8. Die yoi eve:r da nee in cl ass?

9. Yoijr br othe Г Wc s ta к with h is fri ends; wh an

I s aw t im veste rda\ r.

10. He has bee i do ng e:xerc:ises sine :e te n mi nute s .

54
UNIT 1

SECTION 6

66. Complete the sentences with t h 6 or no article.


(§ 20)

1. In m any c o u n trie s ....... rice1i s ........ m ain food.


2. I don’t lik e .......jam . I never eat it.
3. I don’t lik e ....... jam . W ho m a d e ........ jam?
4. I always h a v e ....... jam for b reak fast.
5. This i s .......same jam we had yesterday.
6. T hat i s ....... nice jam!
7. It is s u c h ....... good jam .
8. There i s .......jam i n ........ fridge.
9. W e usually h a v e ....... jam a f t e r ....... m ain p a rt o f ....... meal.
10. Could you pass m e .......jam , please?

67. Complete the sentences with d , t h e or no article.


(§ 20)

1. - Do you lik e .......Indian food?


- No, I don’t. I p r e f e r .......R ussian food.
2 ..............food is delicious.
3. I hope you will lik e ....... food here. H ere i s ........ menu.
4. M ushrooms are som etim es used f o r ....... food.
5. Is th e r e ....... food in the bag?
6. I n .......E n g la n d .........w hite bread is m ore popular t h a n ........
brown bread.

1 rice — рис
55
7. Can I h a v e .......slice o f ........ w hite bread?
8. Could you pass m e .......bread, please?
9. I t ’s ....... best bread we have.
10. W ho b r o u g h t....... bread?

68. Translate the sentences from Russian into English.


(§ 27)
М н е нравит ся, когда идет снег.
I like Ц when it snows.
М не не нравит ся, когда идет дождь.
I don't like Ц when it rains.
Тебе нравит ся, когда идет снег?
Do you like jt when it snows?
1. Е м у нравит ся, когда они ездят в горы.
............................................................ they go to th e m ountains.
2. Им нравится, когда она сердится.
........................................................... she is angry.
3. Ей нравится, когда мама учит ее печь пироги.
.........................................................her m other teaches her how
to make cakes.
4. М не нравит ся, когда наш учит ель рассказы вает нам о
своих пут еш ест виях.
........................................... our teacher tells us about his trip s.
5. Мне не нравится, когда бабушка убирает мою комнату.
........................................................... G ranny cleans my room.
6. М не не нравит ся, когда учит еля задают много уроков.
..............................................................our teachers give us a lot
of homework to do.
56
7. Моей собаке не нравится, когда я ее мою.
........................................................... I w ash it.
8. Вам нравится, когда друзья шутят над вами?
your frien d s play jokes on you?
9. Вам нравится, когда люди смеются над вами?
.......................................... :............... people laugh a t you?
10. Вам нравится, когда друзья забывают навестить вас?
................................. .............. your frien d s fo rg et to v isit you?

69. Write the adverbs.


(§ 6)

1. loud —................ 6. happy ~


2. soft - ................ 7. easy -
3. terrible - ................ 8. angry -
4. quiet - ................ 9. good -
5. quick - ................ 10. fa st -

70. Which is right? Complete the sentences.


(§ 6)

1. She got up a t 5 o’clock. She f e l t .............................. (terrible /


terribly).
2. He sings v e r y ................... (good / well) b u t he can ’t play the
piano.
3. She is such a ....................... {polite / politely) girl.
4. She always sp e a k s....................................... {polite / politely) to
everybody.
5. W h at is w rong? Y our voice sounds ...............................
{unusual / unusually).
57
6. She ran a s ................... (quick / quickly) as she could.
7. I have never had such a ........................ (nice / nicely) bike.
8. Y our bike lo o k s..................... (nice / nicely).
9. The te st i s ..................... (easy / easily).
10. You can do i t ..................... (easy / easily).

71. Answer the questions as in the example. Use SinC6


or for.
(§ 32)

- How long have you been w orking here? (1999)


-I have been working here since 1999.
1. - How long have you been discussing th e problem?
(M onday)

2. - How long have you been w atching TV? (two hours)

3. - How long has he been sleeping? (two o’clock)

4. - How long has she been crying? (morning)

5. - How long have you been cleaning the house? (lunchtim e)

58
6. - How long have you been cooking it? (tw en ty m in u tes)

7. - How long have they been studying French? (2003)

8. - How long have they been studying Music? (two years)

9. - How long have you been collecting stam ps? (1995)

10. - How long have you been collecting coins? (five years)

72. Write the sentences as in the example. Use S in C 6 or


for.
(§ 25, § 32)

- W hat is he doing at th e m om ent? (run / five m inutes)


- He is running.
- How long has he been running?
- He has been running for five minutes.1
1. - W hat is he doing a t the m om ent? (sw im / ten m inutes)

59
2. - W hat is she doing at th e m om ent? (dance / an hour)

3. - W hat are they doing a t th e m om ent?


(discuss their plans / m orning)

4. - W hat is Jack doing a t the m om ent? (work / 8 o’clock)

5. - W hat are your friends doing a t th e moment?


(p la y football /1 1 o’clock)

6. - W hat is Mr Brown doing at the m om ent?


(write a letter / lunchtim e)

7. - W hat is Mrs Brown doing a t the m om ent?


(make a cake / h a lf an hour)

60
8. - W h at are th e pupils doing at th e moment?
(ski / an hour)

9. - W hat is M ary doing a t the m om ent?


(speak to her friend / tw en ty m inutes)

10. - W h at are the children doing a t the m om ent?


(sleep / 9 o’clock)

73. Fill in the table.


(§ 24)

Vi V2 v3 v jng
1. know ............................................................................... ............
2. tell ............................................................................................
3. forget ........................................................................................... .
4. feel ............................................................................................
5. fall ............................................................................................
6. th in k ............................................................................................
7. say ..................................................................... .......................
8. lie ............................................................................................

61
9. lay ............................................................................................
10. hear ............................................................................................

74. Put each verb given into the Past Simple, the
Present Perfect and the Past Perfect.
(§ 29, § 31, § 33)

Infinitive Past Simple Present Perfect Past Perfect

go I went I have gone I had gone


1 .cook ................................................................................................
2. play ................................................................................................
3. stu d y ......................
4. begin ................................................................................................
5. come ................................................................................................
6. hear ................................................................................................
7. leave ................................................................................................
8. lose ................................................................................................
9. pay ................................................................................................
10. lay ................................................................................................

75. Use the words in brackets to complete the


sentences. Use the Past Simple or the Past Perfect.
(§ 29, § 33)

1. I ................... (see) his pictures before I .................... (visit) the


m useum .
2. M r. Jones ............... (be) a teacher before he ...................
(become) a jo u rn alist.

62
3. Tom was late. W e ...................(discuss) everything before he
(come).
4. S h e .......... ........(not / know) why h e ....................(do) it.
5. I ............... (know) why h e ......................... .. (ask) the question.
6. W hen I ............... (see) the bike I ...... ............ (understand)
why Boris ....................... (buy) it.
7. H e ............ ............. (remember) th a t he .. .................... (lock) the
door.
8. D a n ie l.......................(not / want) to see th e film because he
................... (see) it before.
9. I ............... (not / can) phone you because I ............
(forget) your telephone num ber.
10. I t ..........(be) a game th a t I ................ (not / play) before.

76. Change the sentences as in the example.


(§ 29 , § 33 )

I know th a t he has seen th e film ,


i knew th a t he h a d S 6 6 f1 the film .

1. I know th a t they have gone to Moscow.


I ............... th a t th e y ........................ to Moscow.
2. I am sure th a t he has read the book.
I ............... sure th a t h e ........................ the book.
3. I th in k he has m et them .
I ............... h e ........................ them .
4. I th in k they have visited London.
I ............... th e y ........................ London.

63
5. I know he has spoken to her.
I ............... h e ........................... to her.
6. I am sure she has come.
I ............... sure s h e ................
7. I th in k they have arrived.
I ...............th e y .......................
8. I am sure they have translated the text.
I ............... sure th e y ............................................... the te x t.
9. I know he has w ritten the exercise.
I ...............h e ................................................th e exercise.
1 0 .1 th in k he has worked in a hospital.
I ...............h e ................................................in a hospital.

77. Write the sentences as in the examples.


(§ 29, § 35 )

Present Simple Past Simple Future Simple

H e comes He cam e. H e w ill c o m e .

l.I s e e . .............................................................................
2. H e is happy. ...........................................................................
3 . 1 am ready. ............................................................................
4. I t catches flies...............................flies.................................. flies.
5. They feel sa d ................................. sad .................................... sad.
6. H e falls dow n................................ dow n................................ down.
7. I t flies. .............................................................................
8. She tries. .............................................................................
9. They stay. .............................................................................
10. H e studies. .............................................................................

64
78. Write the sentences as in the examples.
(§ 35, § 37)

Present Simple Future Simple Future-in-the-Past


H e goes. H e w ill g o . H e w o u ld g o .

1. 1 work. ...............................................................................
2. H e travels. ................................................................................
3. She plays. ................................................................................
4. She cries. ................................................................................
5. They sw im . ................................................................................
6. H e dances. ................................................................................
7. I t eats fish. ......................... fis h .....................................fish.
8. She tries. ................................................................................
9. They are busy......................................................................................
10. H e is tired. ................................................................................

79. Change the sentences as in the example.


(§ 29, § 37)

I know th a t he will so there.


I k n e w th a t he W O U ld QO there.

1. I know th a t they will stu d y French a t school.


I ............... th a t t h e y ........................................ French at school.
2. I am sure th a t he will like the book.
I ............... sure th a t h e ........................................ th e book.
3. I th in k they will visit three countries.
I ...............th e y .........................................th ree countries.
4. I th in k they will discuss the film .
I ...............th e y .........................................th e film .
65
5. I know he will be happy to seeus.
I ........................ h e ............................ happy to see us.
6. I am sure she will give us the key.
I ............... sure s h e ........................................ us th e key.
7. I think they will tell her the news.
I ...................... th e y ..........................................h er the news.
8. I am sure they will have a test.
I ............... sure th e y ............................................ . a test.
9. I know he will fin d everything.
I ............... h e ............................................... everything.
10. / th in k they will have a p a rty.
I ...................... th e y ............................................a p arty .

80. Make negative sentences.

(§ 52)

1. The Johnsons live in London.


in London.
2. The W hites have got a new car.
a new car.
3. The S m ith s have a lot o f things to do now.
............................................................................. a lot of th in g s to
do now.
4. The Loginovs had a p a rty two days ago.
a p a rty two days ago.
5. The Browns will be in Moscow n ext m onth.
...............................................................................in Moscow next
m onth.

66
6. The W ilsons were happy there.
happy there.
7. There will be a lot of sweets in the C hristm as stocking.
.................................................... m any sweets in th e C hristm as
stocking.
8. The Pavlovs went to the seaside last sum m er.
..........................................................to the seaside last sum m er.
9. M r Parker always gives them a Christm as tree as a present.
............................................................. them a C hristm as tree as
a present.
10. The Greens can come on Sund a y.
on Sunday.

81. Complete these sentences with a question tag.


(§ 48)

1. H e’s v isited a lot of countries, .................................................. ?


2. H e’s on holiday, ............................................ ?
3. H e’s never tired , ........................................... ?
4. There was a cake on the table, ................................................... ?
5. I am b r a v e ,.......................................... ?
6. She d id n ’t invite her friends, ............................................... ?
7. She never invited her friends, ..............................................?
8. They had a te st last w e e k ,......................................................?
9. The Jacksons have got a nice co u n try h o u s e ,.........................
...............................?

10. The Jacksons had a good tim e t h e r e ,........................................?

67
82. Complete these sentences with a question tag
(§ 48 )

1. There was som ething you w anted to tell me, ...............


2. There was nobody in the r o o m ,................................................. ?
3. He has never been to A s ia ,.......................................................... ?
4. You had a com puter, .......................................................?
5. A nn had a good tim e th ere, ........................................................?
6. I am a g reat singer, .........................................................?
7. They w ent to A laska ten years ago, ......................................... ?
8. They w ant to go to S ib e r ia ,........................................................ ?
9. This is th e M ississippi R iver, ....................................................?
10. These are your photos, ...................................................?

83. Use the words in brackets to complete the


sentences.
(§ 23 , § 43 )

1. It o f te n ........................... (rain) in November.


2. I t ............................ (rain) now.
3. I t ............................ (rain) yesterday.
4. I t ............................ (rain) at five o’clock yesterday.
5. I th in k i t ........................... (rain) tom orrow.
6. Two weeks later, when h e ........................... (walk) along the
stre e t, Mrs W ilson suddenly ........................... (call) out to
him: “Mr Johnson! I w ant to speak to you!”
7. It ............... (be) hot in the kitchen. W hen he .......................
(walk) in, Mrs M artin ......................................... (cook), her
husband ................................... (read) a new spaper and Nell
........................... (play) w ith h er doll.
68
8. She ........................... (see) som ething in te re stin g when she
........................... (choose) a p resent fo r her G ranny.
9. I ’m sorry, I .............................. (not / know) Italian so I
.................... (not / understand) w hat h e ........................ (say).
10. Y esterday I ............... (see) him at school. He .......................
(run).

84. Which is right? Complete the sentences.


(§ 6, § 10, § 20, § 29, § 35, §§ 42-43)

1. She could ............... (hard / hardly) believe h er eyes when


she ........... (has seen / saw / sees) all ........... (th a t / those)
people.
2 .................................... (It is raining / I t rains / I t rained)
..................... (hard / hardly). L et’s c lo se .....................................
(a / the / - ) windows.
3. He is from A frica. H e ................................... (has never seen /
never sa w )................... (a / the / - ) snow.
4. W hen I was ........... (a / the / - ) little , I was a ...............
(bad / badly) swimm er. I sw a m ................... (bad / badly).
5. Y our b ro th er is a ....................... (hard / hardly) w orker. He
w o rk s................... (hard / hardly).
6. I th in k h e ....................... (will / will be / be) late tom orrow .
7 .........................(It was / There was) hot yesterday.
8 ......................... (It was / There was) som ething hot in the
plate.
9 .........................(It will be / There will be) snowy tom orrow .
10 .......................(It will be / There will be) a lot of snow th ere
tom orrow.
69
85. Correct the mistakes.
(§ 2, § 14, § 20, §§ 28-29)

■ \y КУ КУ КУ \y ку ку \y —V J~\ 7~\ j—v j—v r\

1 . Wh at were you read wh<an I telej )hon ed уou?


2 . The; Brc>wns hav e be ugh : a new 10US e a veel<: age

3. YoiJ wo n't never• see tha t picture I p romi se.

4. Theay cc>uldrI't se:e sc met hing ■

5. I d an't have! the sist er.

6 . The;y h<adn't a d ctat ion \feste;rda>


CL

7. Tw ys a 3 0 У r W<ast boug it a new corr iputear.


QJ
о

A comp uter is v ery <3 0 0 c

8 . Wh en t e w«as a chile he wan ted :o beicorr e th e ac tor.

9. A li brar у is a picice vvher e theay keaep 1 he t1 0 0 k 5 an<j

ne\wspc pers

10. Sh<5 ha:; got a fi jnny nos e an d a Jark hair

70
UNIT 2

SECTIONS 1-2

86. Complete the sentences with 3 , the or no article.


(§ 20)

1. Did they h a v e .......good trip ? A re they going to v i s i t .........


same place again?
2. W a i t .......m inute, please.
3. Look a t ....... clock! I t ’s ........ q u a rte r to five!
4. - W hen d o e s .......plane leave?
- A t .......q u a rte r to six.
5. - W hen d o e s....... tra in arrive?
- A t .......q u a rte r p ast 7.
6. Somebody is knocking a t .......door.
7..........M r Sm ith has g o t .........son a n d .........d a u g h te r........... boy
is five years younger t h a n ....... girl.
8. W ho w a s .......w inner?
9. There i s .......te st a t ........ end of each chapter.
10. W hat do you usually do a t ....... beginning o f ........ lesson?

87. Complete the sentences with 3 , the or no article.


(§ 20)

1. There were not m any people i n .......hotel.


2 ......... hotel is too expensive. Can you recom mend me .....
cheaper hotel?
3 ......... M ir H otel is as cheap a s ........ D ruzhba hotel.

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4 ...Zvezda H otel is as com fortable a s .........hotel we stayed
....... last A ugust.
5 .........A nchor Hotel is as expensive a s ........ hotel i n ........ Clay
S treet.
6. I t ’s ....... cheapest hotel i n ........ town.
7............ Clarks are staying at ....... In to u rist H otel. I t ’s .......
m odern hotel.
8. I th in k w e’ll stay at ....... S putnik H otel. Is it .......
com fortable hotel?
9. W a s ....... hotel com fortable?
10. Do you w ant to stay a t ....... same hotel?

88. Complete the sentences with а/ 0 П , th e or no


article.
(§ 20)

1............Lake Baikal is i n ........ danger.


2. I s ....... G reat B r ita in ........ same a s ........ B ritain?
3 ............U nited K ingdom i s ........ island state.
4. I s ....... Irish R ep u b lic........ independent state?
5........... Liverpool i s .........in d u stria l city i n .........centre o f .........
England.
6. He v is i te d .......France, .........Spain a n d .........U nited S tates
o f .......A m erica.
7............W hitehall i s ........ stre e t i n ........ London.
8. W here i s ....... R egent S treet?
9 ............E dinburgh i s ........ capital o f ........ Scotland.
10 ......... A tlan tic Ocean influences .......... clim ate of ..........
Europe.

72
89. Complete the sentences as in the examples.
(§ 4)

bike / Sam and Ted


- Whose bike is it?
- It is Sam and Ted's bike.
dolls / A n n
- Whose dolls are these?
- They are Ann's dolls.

1. key / Sam

2. room / H elen and K ate

3. toys / the baby

4. clothes / the babies

5. address / Tom and Pete

6. telephone num ber / m y uncle

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7. bags / Alice and M a ry

8. dog / m y grandparents

9. ball / the children

10. gloves / m y sister

90. Translate from Russian into English.


(§ 4 )

у его бабушки at his grandmother's


1. у моей бабуш ки ......................................................
2. у твоей бабуш ки ......................................................
3. у нашего доктора ......................................................
4. у его друга ......................................................
5. у нашей тети ......................................................
6. у ее дяди ............ ..........................................
7. у ее дедуш ки ......................................................
8. у их дедуш ки ......................................................
9. у ваш ей мамы ......................................................
10. у вашего учи т еля ......................................................

74
91. Fill in the table.
(§ 24)
Vl V2 V3 Vjng

1. bring ...................... ...................... ..............


2. buy ...................... ...................... ..............
3. cut ...................... ...................... ..............
4. fin d ...................... ...................... ..............
5. keep ...................... ...................... ..............
6. put ...................... ...................... ..............
7. send ...................... ...................... ..............
8. speak ...................... ...................... ..............
9. teach ...................... ...................... ..............
10. tell ...................... ...................... ........ .....

92. Write the sentences as in the examples.

(§ 38)

They sell fru it there.


Fruit is sold there.
They discuss new books there.
New books are discussed there.
1. They speak French there.

2. They repair cars there.

3. They send letters there.

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4. They teach M usic there.

5. They cook meals there.

6. They keep bread there.

7. They use computers there.

8. They fin d strange things there.

9. They ask a lot o f questions there.

10. They play com puter games there.

93. Write the sentences as in the examples.


(§ 38)

Somebody invited him to the party.


He was invited to the p arty .

Somebody cleaned the windows.


The windows were cleaned.
1. Somebody asked him about it.
............................................................... about it.
2. Somebody cooked the meat.

3. Somebody sent the letters.

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4. Somebody brought the box.

5. Somebody bought the bread.

6. Somebody cut the cheese.

7. Somebody p u t the books into the box.


................................................................... into the box.
8. Somebody found your gloves.

9. Somebody closed the windows.

10. Somebody repaired her bike.

94. Change the sentences as in the example.


(§ 33)

I know th a t he has sone to London.


i knew th a t he had gone to London.
1. I know th a t they have forgotten everything.
I ............... th a t th e y .....................................everything.
2. I th in k th a t he will return the book.
I ............... th a t h e .................................... th e book.
3. I am sure th a t she has lost the key.
I ............... sure th a t s h e .................................... the key.
4. I th in k they will have lunch a t 12 o’clock.
I ............... th e y .....................................lunch at 12 o’clock.

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5. I th in k he has had breakfast.
I ............... h e ............................. b reak fast.
6. I th in k they have had lunch.
I ............... th e y .................................... lunch.
7. I know he has had five tests.
I ............... h e ......................................five tests.
8. I th in k she has had a test.
I ............... s h e ......................................a te st.
9. I am sure she will travel by plane.
I ............... su re s h e ........................................ by plane.
10. 1 am sure she has had a lot o f things to do.
I ............... su re s h e ..............................a lot of th in g s to do.

95. Fill in S in ce or for.


(§ 32)

1 ..................... a week
2 ............................last week
3 ............................a year
4 ............................last year
5 ........................... a m onth
6 ............................ten m onths
7 ........................... last m onth
8 ............................a long tim e
9 ............................ages
10 ......................... C hristm as

78
96. Translate from Russian into English.
(§ 32)

1. с м ая ....................
2. с Рождества ....................
3. с прошлой весны ....................
4. в течение пят и лет ....................
5. с обеда ...................
6. в течение десяти м инут ...................
7. в течение т рех месяцев ...................
8. с прошлой среды ...................
9. с август а ...................
10. в течение недели ...................

97. Complete these sentences as in the examples. Use


for or since.
(§§ 31-32, § 52)

eat
I haven't eaten sweets for two years.
phone
I haven't Phoned her since Sunday.
1. visit
......................................................... my f r ie n d s ........... a m onth.
2. meet
P e t e r ........... last m onth.
3. drink
c o ffe e ........... th ree years.

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4. m ake
...........c a k e s .............C hristm as.
5. read
his b o o k s........... my childhood.
6. speak
........ to h im ........... last m onth.
7. write
............. to h im ........... a m onth.
8. clean
........my ro o m .............two days.
9. wash
........... my b ik e .............Sunday.
10. play
.... fo o tb a ll........... a long tim e.

98. Use the words in brackets to complete the


sentences.
(§ 26, §§ 28-29, §§ 31-32)

1. I ............................................ (walk) along the stre e t when


I ............... (see) Mike.
2. A lot of people ................................... (stand) n ear the shop
when th e police c a r ................................... (arrive).
3. I ................................... (see) him yesterday b u t he ..............
............................... (not / see) me.
4. Y esterday a t 5 s h e ......................................... (cook) dinner.
5. I am tired . The c h ild re n ............................... (shout) all day.
6. He is a diplom at. H e ................................... (travel) a lot.

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7. I .................... (be) sorry I (not / return)
the book yet.
8. I ............................................. (return) th e book th ree days ago.
9. H e .............................................. (not / play) hockey for ages.
10. H e .............................................. (play) hockey since lunchtim e.

99. Use the words in brackets to complete the


sentences. Use the Present Simple or the Future Simple.
(§ 26, §§ 35-36)
1. If h e ................... (be) late, h e .................... (miss) the tra in .
2. If h e ............. ......... (miss) the tra in , h e ................ ....(have) to
take a bus.
3. If h e ............ .............. (take) a bus, h e .................. ...... (arrive)
a t 9.30.
4. If h e ............. ..... (arrive) a t 9.30, h e ...................... ... (meet) our
teacher.
5. If h e ............. ... (meet) our teacher, s h e ............... ........... (ask)
him about the p arty .
6. If s h e .......... ....(ask) him about it, h e ................ ....(tell) h er
the tr u th .
7. If he ........... ........... (tell) her th e tr u th , she .
(know) everything.
8. If she ......... ............. (know) everything, she .
(be) angry.
9. If s h e ........... ............(be) angry, s h e ....................... .. (give) us a
lot of work to do.
10. If s h e ........... ...........(give) us a lot of w ork to do, I ..................
(be) very busy.

81
100. Complete these sentences. Open the brackets and
use the verbs from the list. Put the verbs into the
correct form.
(§ 26, §§ 3 5 - 3 6 )

be fall give invite move


send sta y swim travel visit

1. If i t ................. .............(rain), I ......................... .....at home.


2. W hen he ...... ........................ (come), I ......... ..................... him
the key.
3. H e ................... ......if the w a te r ......................... . (not / be) cold.
4. W e .................. ..............by car if y o u ............... ..................(not /
buy) tickets.
5. She ............... ................ M insk if she ....
(not / get) a visa to G reat B ritain.
6. If you ......... .................... (eat) porridge, you ...................
healthy.
7. If you ........... ........................... (not / wash) your hands, you
..ill.
8. If he ......... ......................................... (get) th e job, he

9. W hen I ......... ............. (be) in London, I ..... ................. you a


postcard.
10.1 .....................
(see) her at school.

82
101. Complete these sentences according to Conditional
II pattern. (Also see Exercise 104)
(§ 65)

If © V2, © would Vi.

fin d / read
if© found the note, © would read it.

1. get / break
If © .......................... the toy, © ................................... it.
2. live / play
If © ....................... not fa r from the stadium , © .....................
........................... football every day.
3. buy / go
If © ............................ th e tic k e ts , © ...................................
th e re .
4. listen / know
If © ............................ to the radio, © ................................. the
news.
5. work / help
If © ......................... th ere, © ...................................... us.
6. take / feel
If © ............................. the medicine, © .......................................
b etter.
7. collect / buy
If © ............................ stam ps, © ........................................ th a t
one.

83
8. feel / take
If © .......................... b etter, © ............................................
p a rt in the com petition.
9. work / win
If © ...................... hard, © ............................... the f irs t prize.
10. meet / discuss
If © ....................... the m anager, © .............................................
everything w ith him.

102. Complete these sentences according to Conditional


II pattern. (Also see Exercise 105)
(§ 65)

If © had a $b, © would Vi.

have / ride
if© had а м ке, © would ride it.
1. have / eat
If © ...................... . an apple, © ....................... ........... it.
2. have / drink
If © ...................... . some w ater, © ...................................it.
3. have / take
If © ..................... ... a therm om eter, © ......
his tem peratu re.
4. have / play
If © ...................... . a ball, © ............................. .....the game.
5. have / listen
If © ..................... . a tape-recorder, © ....... ...................... to
the cassette.
84
6. have / watch
If © ........................a VCR1, © ...................... ..............the film .
have / grow
If © .................. .......a garden, © ................. .................. roses.
have / play
If © .................. .........a pet, © ...................... ............... w ith it.
have / wear
If © .................. .....a straw h at, © ............... .....................it.
10. have / m ake
If © ....................... some b u tte r, ©
a cake.

103. Complete these sentences according to Conditional


II pattern. (Also see Exercise 106)
(§ 65)

If © were a T , © would Vi.

be / take
If © WGT6 a good sportsm an, © would take p art
in the com petition.

1. be / travel
If © ............... a diplom at, © a lot.
2. be I have
If © ............... a teacher, © holidays in
sum m er.

1 VCR — video cassette recorder — видеомагнитофон

85
3. be / work
If © .......... ....a doctor, © ............... .....................at night.
4. be / wear
If © .......... ....a policeman, © ........ ........................a uniform .
5. be / get
If © .......... ....a postm an, © ........... ........................ up early.
6. be / know
If © ...............a guide, © ................ ................... the city well.
7. be / build
If © .......... ....an arch itect, © ...... .............................. a house
for his G ranny.
8. be / grow
If © ...............a g ardener, © .......... ......................... roses.
9. be / cook
If © .............. a cook, © ................... .....meals for the fam ily.
10. be / be
If © ...............a bab y sitter, © ........ ........................... happy.

104. Complete these sentences according to the


Conditional III pattern. (Also see Exercise 101)
(§ 65)

If © had V3, © would have V3.

find, / read
if © had found th e n o te, © would have
read it.

1. get / break
If © .......... the toy, © it.
86
2. live / play
If © ........ not fa r from the stadium , ©
........ football every day.
3. buy / go
If © ................................... th e tick ets, © ....................................
....................... th ere.
4. listen / know
If © ................................... to the radio, ©
........................................................... the news.
5. work / help
If © ................................... th ere, © ....................................... us.
6. take / feel
If © ................................... th e medicine, © ................................
....................... b etter.
7. collect / buy
If © ................................... stam ps, © ...........................................
........... th a t one.
8. feel / take
If © ................................... b etter, © ............................................
p a rt in the com petition.
9. work / win
If © ................................... hard, © ...............................................
th e f irs t prize
10. meet / discuss
If © ................................. the m anager, © ..................................
....................... everything w ith him .

87
105. Complete these sentences according to Conditional
III pattern. (Also see Exercise 102)
(§ 65)

If © had had a , © would have V3.

have / ride
к© had had a bike, © would have ridden it.

1. have / eat
If © ...................... . an apple, © ...................................it.
2. have / drink
If © ...................... . some w ater, © ................. ................. it.
3. have / take
If © .................... ... a therm om eter, © ....
his tem peratu re.
4. have / play
If © ...................... .a b a ll, © ............................ ......the game.
5. have / listen
If © ...................... . a tape-recorder, © ......... ....................... to
the cassette.
6. have / watch
If © ...................... . a VCR, © ...................................the film .
7. have / grow
If © ...................... . a garden, © ...................... ............ roses.
8. have / play
If © ...................... . a pet, © ............................. .....w ith it.
9. have / wear
If © ...................... . a straw h at, © ...................................it.
10. have / make
If © ...................... . some b u tte r, © ................ ..............a cake.
88
106. Complete these sentences according to Conditional
III pattern. (Also see Exercise 103)
(§ 65)

If © had been a Y , © would have V3.

be / take
if © h a d b e e n a good sportsm an, © w o u l d have
t a k e n p a rt in th e com petition.

1. be / travel
If © ................... a diplom at, © ......................................... a lot.
2. be / have
If © .......................... a teacher, © ................................................
holidays in sum m er.
3. be / work
If © .................... a doctor, © ...................................... a t n ig h t.
4. be / wear
If © .................... a policem an, © ........................... a uniform .
5. be I get
If © ....................... a postm an, © ............................... up early.
6. be I know
If © .................... a guide, © .................................the city well.
7. be / build
If © ......................... an arch itect, © ........................................a
house for his G ranny.
8. be / grow
If © ...................... a gardener, © ..................................... roses.

89
9. be / cook
If © ................. a c o o k ,© meals
for the fam ily.
10. be / be
If © ................. a b ab y sitter, © happy.

107. Write a tag for each sentence.


(§ 48)

1. H e’s always l a t e , ....................... ?


2. H e’s never l a t e , ....................... ?
3. He never comes l a t e , ....................... ?
4. He always comes l a t e , ....................... 7
5. He came late y e s te rd a y ,.....................
6. H e’ll come l a t e , ....................... ?
7. H e’ll be l a t e , .......................?
8. He w on't be l a t e , ....................... ?
9. I ’m l a t e , ....................... ?
10. You are l a t e , .......................?

108. Write questions.


(§ 23, § 49)
1. - ...................................................... at five o’clock yesterday?
- He was reading.
2. - ............................................ ...........since he came home?
- He has been reading.
3. - ........................................................................... now?
- He is reading.
4. - ............................................................... every evening?
- He reads.
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5.
- T ext Five. (He has read T ext Five.)
6. - .................................................................................................................................

- Dialogue Ten. (He is going to read Dialogue Ten.)


7. - ...................................................................................................
- In a bank. (H is uncle works in a bank.)
8. - .................................................................................................................................

- N ext S aturday.
(They will leave Moscow n ext Saturday.)
9. - ......................................................................................
- T hirty. (There are th irty new words in the text.)
1 0 . - ..................................................................................................
- In the afternoon. (They came in the afternoon.)

109. Which is right? Complete the sentences.


(§ 6 , § 15, § 28 , § 31 , §§ 34 - 35 , §§ 41 - 42 )

1. I am a p o licem an ,................... (am I / aren’t I / are you)?


2. They have ................... (already / yet) been .......... (to / in)
Omsk.
3. I am sure y o u ............... (won’t fin d / are not going to find)
th e work here to o ............... (hard / hardly).
4. - How fa r ............... (is it / is there) to Sergiev Posad?
- ............. (It is / There is) 70 kilom etres.
5. Have you learn t th e new w o rd s..............(already / y e t)l
6. They ..................... (m ust / have to / had to / will have to)
w rite a te st yesterday.
7. You are s o ................... (slow / slowly) today. Do you always
w r ite ............................... (slow / slowly)?
91
8. ................... {It was / There was) not {much /
m any) snow th ere last m onth.
9. I ......................... {sat / was sittin g ) a t th e dinner table when
N in a ....................... {came / was coming) into th e room.
10. As s h e ........................ {tried / was trying) to open the door,
the postm an ..................... {asked / was asking) h er to help
him.

110. Correct the mistakes.


(§ 6 , § 14, § 20 , §§ 26 - 27 , § 41 , § 43 )

w 'v y v v ку к у y j к у к у y y ^ y ~ ^ y ~ y j \y~

1. Yes ;terc ay I mu:;t wi ite t he t 2St c gair .

2. Yoi j m i stn' : hel p m<2. I (:an cJo it mys elf.

3. We mu 5t to con le oii tirrie.

4. No Dodv has n't c ske<j me abc »ut И yet

5. Yoi j doiVt h ave to Scly th at. 1t's r ot polite a

6. Th<iy h;3d g it a little hoi se t 2П у Bars ago i

7. I li <e when you play the piar10.

8. Yoi j pla у th 2 pic no \fery goo<J.

9. It isn't snov \i in ^\pril ,

10. Th<ire i 5 a poenr in lJnit B.

Sh ill I t r a n slate a p э е т ?

92
UNIT 2

SECTIONS 3-5

111. Complete the sentences with 3 , the or no article.


(§ 20)

1. My room is 723. I t ’s o n ........seventh floor.


2. Go t o ........Office 12, please.
3. I ’ll go t o ........ circus o n ......... second o f ......... November.
4 .............f irs t m an o n ......... Moon w a s ......... Neil A rm strong.
5. They m a d e ........ frien d s d u r in g ......... Second W orld W ar.
6 .......... te sts o n ......... page 10 can be done i n ......... same way.
7 ..........M r Black’s office is o n ......... second floor.
8. You have g o t ........Book Two, haven’t you?
9 ........... Browns liv e ......... mile a n d ......... h alf f r o m ......... school.
10. W hat are you doing on s u c h ........ rain y day?

112. Complete the sentences with 3 , the or no article.


(§ 20)

1. I h o p e ........w eather will be fine tom orrow.


2 ............ A ugust is u s u a lly ......... h o tte st m onth i n ..........U nited
S tates of A m erica.
3. W hich i s ........ h o tte st m onth i n ......... Crimea?
4 ........... February i s ........ coldest m onth i n ....... Moscow, isn ’t it?
5. W hy d o ........ leaves fall in autum n?
6. W hy a r e ........... bees busy in sum m er?
7................seahorses a re n ’t ............ stro n g swimm ers.

93
8 ................seaw ater ta stes salty because it h a s ............ salt in it.
9. Don’t make s u c h ........... silly mistake!
10. Don’t m a k e ........... same mistake!

113. Complete the sentences with 3 , t h e or no article.


(§ 20)
1. This i s ........... P ark S treet, isn ’t it?
2. Excuse me, I am looking fo r ........... Green S treet. Is it
fa r from here?
3. W ho will take you t o ...........a ir p o r t............ n ex t S aturday?
4. W ho will m e e t........... Browns a t ............ airp o rt?
5. W ho is going to ........... T retyakov G allery ........... next
Sunday?
6. I ’ll be in ........... re sta u ra n t in ........... few m inutes. L et’s
m eet there.
7. Is i t ...........good resta u ra n t? - Yes, it is. I have never seen
s u c h ........... good re sta u ra n t.
8. Is ........... re sta u ra n t expensive? - Yes, it is. I t ’s one of
........... m ost expensive re sta u ra n ts i n ............ city.
9. Is i t ........... expensive resta u ra n t? - I have no idea. I have
never been t o ........... re sta u ra n t.
10. I t ’s s u c h ........... expensive restau ran t!

114. Complete the sentences with Э / Э П , th e or no


article.
(§ 20)
1 ................Thames i s ............ im p o rtan t English riv er.
2 ................R hine i s ............ well-known riv er i n ........ Germ any.
94
3. Seine is one of m ost im p o rtan t riv ers in
France, isn ’t it?
4 ............. Volga i s ............ b eau tifu l riv er, is n ’t it?
5 .............N etherlands i s ............ b eau tifu l country.
6 ............. Belgium is sm aller t h a n ............ France, isn ’t it?
7 ............. Rome w a s ........crowded city.
8. W hat is ........... difference between ........... sea and ...........
ocean?
9. Can you see an y th in g a t ........... bottom o f ............ sea?
10............. M editerranean Sea is between ........... A frica and
........... Europe.

115. Translate from Russian into English.


(§ 32, § 56)

1. в апреле ...................................................
2. с апреля ...................................................
3. утром ...................................................
4. су т р а ...................................................
5. в воскресенье ...................................................
6. с воскресенья ...................................................
7. в 2005 ...................................................
8. с 2005 ...................................................
9. в прошлом году ...................................................
10. с прошлого года ...................................................

95
116. Complete the sentences as in the example. Use the
Present Perfect Continuous. Translate the
sentences from English into Russian.
(§ 32 )

stu d y E nglish
He has been studying English sin ce he le ft
school.
Он изучает английский с тех пор, как
окончил школу.
1. work
in a hospital
since he moved to the city.

2 . play
the game
since he got it as a present.

3. use
th e dictionary
since he bought it.

4. grow
roses
since he made friends w ith the Greens.

96
5. do
his homework
since he came home from school.

6. play
football
since he finished his work.

7. do
exercises
since he took p a rt in th e com petition.

8. study
R ussian
since he visited R ussia.

9. collect
stam ps
since he was a child.

10. take
the medicine
since he felt worse.

97
117. Complete the sentences using the Present Perfect
Continuous and the Past Simple.
(§ 32 )

He has been doing (do) exercises since he woke


(wake) up.

1. She ........ ......... (clean) h er room since


s h e ......... .....(come) home from school.
2. H e .......... .............. (play) the g u ita r since
h e ........... ................(get) it as a present.
3. I ............ .................... (think) about it
since you ................ (tell) me about it.
4. T o m ....... ........ (play) volleyball since his
p a r e n ts ... ................ (give) him the ball.
5. He ......... ........... (study) English since
h e ........... (make) frien d s w ith M r Sm ith.
6. S h e ......... ............ (collect) dolls since she
............... (be) a child.
7. They .......................... ........................ (study) R ussian
folk songs since they .......................... (visit) R ussia fo r
the f irs t tim e.
8. The boys ................ .............................. (watch) TV
since th e y ................... ................................(have) lunch.
9. Mr A d a m s ................. ......................... (work) in a bank
since h e ....................... ......................(move) to P aris.
10. M a ry ........................... ............ (help) her grandm other
since s h e ..................... ................ (come) to see her.

98
118. Translate the sentences according to the pattern.
Use the Present Perfect Continuous and the Past Simple.
(§ 32 )_________________________________________________

© has been Ving since © V2.

clean the house do exercises buy a house wake up


grow flowers read a book explain a rule to smb
teach children wash up fin ish m y work go to bed
watch T V work there leave school leave smb
write a book m ake friends w ith smb
write an exercise move to a city phonesm b

1. Том делает зарядку с т ех пор, как проснулся.

2. Сэм работает там с т ех пор, к а к окончил ш колу.

3. М-р Смит вы ращ ивает цвет ы с т ех пор, к а к к у п и л


этот дом.

4. М ы пиш ем упраж нение с т ех пор, к а к он объяснил нам


правило.

5. Она моет посуду с т ех пор, к а к они уш ли.

99
6. Я читаю кн и гу с т ех пор, к а к м алы ш лег спать.

7. Я смотрю т елевизор с т ех пор, к а к за ко нчи л свою


работу.

М иссис Робинсон учит детей с т ех пор, к а к она


переехала в этот город.

9. Я занимаюсь уборкой дома с т ех пор, к а к она позвонила.

10. Он пиш ет об этом кни гу с т ех пор, к а к подруж ился с


эт им капит аном .

119. Complete these sentences as in the example. Use


the Present Simple or the Future Simple.
(§ 26, §§ 35-36)

tell / feel
If you don't tell the tru th you will feel sorry
about it.
1. learn / get
........................................................ th e w o rd s ...............................
a bad m ark.
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2. be / have
kind
no friends.
3. work / get
hard
a bad m ark.
4. sta y / feel
in bed
worse.
5. p u t / catch
on your coat
a cold.
6. p u t / get
on your raincoat
wet.
7. wear / have
the glasses
a problem.
8. take / have
th e medicine
a headache.
9. eat / be
onions
weak.
10. go / feel
......................... to bed now
tire d tom orrow .
101
120. Com plete these sentences according to the
patterns.
(§ 65 )

a. If © V2, © would Vi.

b. If © had V3, © would have V3.

know / visit
a. i f © knew his address, © would visit him.
b. i f © had known his address, © would have
v i s i t e d him.

1. fin d / phone
a. If © .................... ... his telephone num ber, © ......................
................... him .
b. I f © ............... . ........... his telephone num ber, © ...............

2. hear / open
a. If © .................. ...... the noise, © ......................................
the door.
b. If © .................................th e noise, © ....................................

3. have / tell
a. If © ..................... ... th e inform ation, © ................................
them everything.
b. If © .....................
them everything.

102
4. fe e l/ go
a. If © ............. well, ©
to th e m ountains.
b. If © ................................ well, © ...............................................
................................... to th e m ountains.
5. have / buy
a. If © ...................... more money, © ..........................................
the com puter.
b. If © ................................. more money, © ...............................
................................... th e com puter.
6. wait / meet
a. If © .................... longer, © ............................................them .
b. If © ............................. longer, © ................................. them .
7. learn / have
a. If © ....................... the words, © .............................................
a five for the dictation.
b. If © ............................... the words, © .....................................
................................... a five fo r the dictation.
8. know / visit
a. If © ...................... Italian , © ...................................... Italy.
b. If © .................................. Italian , © ........................................
................................... Italy.
9. live / go
a. If © ........................ near th e riv er, © .................................
swim m ing every day.
b. If © ................................. near the riv er, © ...........................
....................................... swim m ing every day.

103
10. work / get
a. If © ..................... h ard , © ......................................... th e job.
b. If © ............................. h ard , © ............................................
the job.

121. Complete these sentences as in the example.

I wish I could dance (a,e,c,n,d ) well.

1 ...............................................................................(a,e,s,t,k) well.
2 ...............................................................................(i,s,k) well.
3 ............................................................................... (a,e,p,s,k) English
well.
4 .............................................................................. (e,i,r,v,d) well.
5 .............................................................................. (i,s,m ,w) well.
6 .............................................................................. (i,e,v,d) well.
7 .............................................................................. (i,n,g,s) well.
8 ...........................................................................(a,a,e,t,t,r,n,s,l) well.
9 ...............................................................................(o,o,k,c) well.
10 ........................................................................... (e,i,r,w,t) well.

122. Complete these sentences as in the example.

I wish I had а Ъ \к е (е л х ъ ).

1.....................................................................................
2 .............................................................. (o,d,g).
3 .................................................................................... (a,e,m ,h,s,r,t).
4 .................................................................................... (o,u,e,c,m,p,r,t).
104
5 ..................................................... (a , t , c ).
6 .................................................................................. (i,e,t,k,n,t).
7 .................................................................................. (o,e,r,s,h).
8 .................................................................................. (a,m ,p)‘
9 .................................................................................. (a,l,l,b).
10 ................................................................................(a,e,u,m,b,r,l,l).

123. Translate the sentences from English into Russian.


(§ 30 )

1. I am used to living in a large city.

2. A re you used to living in the country?

3. H e is not used to living in such a noisy place.

4. I am not used to hot weather.

5. You will have to get used to cold weather.

6. Is it easy to get used to a noise?

7. I t is not easy to get used to hot weather.

8. L e t’s try to get used to g ettin g up early.

9. You will have to get used to going to bed early.

105
10. Is your brother used to going to bed early?

124. Are you used to that? Complete the sentences as in

the examples.
(§ 30 )

I 3ГП used to travelling (a,e,£,r,i>,Z)by train.


I am not used to getting (e,g,t) up early.

1 .................................................................................... (a,y,l,R) alone.


2 .................................................................................(a,e,p,s,k) English
in class.
3 .......................................................................................(o,d) exercises
in the m orning.
4 ...............................................................................(a,e,c,n,l) my room
every day.
5 .........................................................................................(e,a,r,w) su n ­
glasses.
6 ....................................................................................(i,u,s,s,s,c,d) my
problem s w ith my g ran d p aren ts.
7 .......................................................................................(o,g) to bed at
9 o’clock.
8 ......................................................................................(a,e,v,h) coffee
for breakfast.
9 .................................................................................(o,w,k,r) a t n ig h t.
10 ......................................................................... (a,e,t,v,l,r) by plane.

106
125. Is it easy to get used to that? Complete the
sentences as in the examples. Use the words from
the box.
(§ 30)

do drive eat have keep


live ride sleep speak travel

It is easy to get used to travelling by train.


It is not easy to get used to getting up
early.

1.
by boat.
2.
m eat fo r b reak fast.
3.
English w ith classm ates.
4.
a bike.
5.
a car.
6.
a lot of money.
7.
w ith o u t money.
8 .
one’s homework d u rin g the holidays.
9.
on th e floor.

107
10.
a diet.

126. Write the sentences using the Past Simple.


(§§ 40-41)

Present Simple Past Simple


1. W e have to invite them. ................... in v ite them .
2. W e can invite them. ................... in v ite them .
3. They have to agree. .................... agree.
4. They m u st agree. .................... agree.
5. She can agree. ...................... agree.
6 . 1 can dive. ...................... dive.
7. She m u st phone them. ................... phone them .
8. S a m has to bring it. ...................... b rin g it.
9 . 1 m ust go. ...................... go.
10. H e has to walk. ...................... walk.

127. Write about the future.


(§§ 40-41)

1. You can speak to him.


to him .
2. You can dance there.
there.
3. I can help you.
you.
4. She can read E nglish books.
English books.
108
5. They can go to the party.
to th e p arty ,
6. They m ust invite their friends.
th e ir friends,
7. You can buy food there.
food th ere,
8. She m ust m ake sandwiches.
sandwiches,
9. W e can grow vegetables.
vegetables,
10. W e m ust sta y here.
here.

128 . Fill can, can't, could


in or shall/ will be
able to.
(§ 40)

1. H e ....................... speak E nglish well when he was five.


2. I th in k I ....................... speak Italian well next year.
3. - ....................... he speak English?
- Yes, h e ........................ He teaches English.
4. - W e need some bread.
- I th in k , I ....................... buy some.
5. I ................... speak to you today. I am su re w e ...............
...................................... do it n ex t week.
6. Do you th in k one day children
trav el to space?

109
7. L et’s go to th is shop. I am sure w e ................................... find
som ething in te re stin g th ere.
8. I t ’s too dark here. I ....................... find my shoe.
9. She says s h e ....................... come today. She is sorry.
10. T h a t’s a pity. L et’s hope s h e ........................... come soon.

129. Write about the future. Shall,


Use W ill/ W ill/
shall be able to or will/ shall have to.
(§ 35, §§ 40-41)

They speak Spanish.


They will speak Spanish.
They can speak Spanish.
They will be able to speak Spanish.
They m ust speak Spanish.
They will have to speak S p a n ish . 1
1. H e can drive a car.
a c a r.
2. He must drive a car.
a c a r.
3. He drives a car.
a c a r.
4. She cooks fish.
fish,
5. She must cook fish.
fish,
6. She can cook fish.
fish.
110
7. They can draw well.
........................................................................................... well.
8. They must learn the words.
....................................................................................... the words.
9. They can see the picture.
.......................................... .........................................th e picture.
10. Ann can swim well.
............................................................................................... well.

130. Complete the sentences using I m a y , I СЭП,


I c o u ld , I'll b e a b le to , I s h o u ld , I m u s t,
I h a v e to , I h a d to , I'll h a v e to.
(§§ 39-41)
1. I ’m s o r r y ,........................................... go home now.
2 ......................................................... go shopping two days ago.
3 ............................................... speak English when I was four.
4 ............................................... clean the house last Friday.
5 ............................................... stop laughing.
6 ............................................... get up early last Sunday.
7 ...............................................do exercises every day.
8 ............................................... go to see the doctor yesterday.
9 ............................................... speak English at th e lesson.
10 .............................................stay a t home tom orrow .

131. Write a tag for each sentence.


(§ 48)
1. You are used to the new s y s te m ,........................... ?
2. He is used to the new s y s te m ,........................... ?
3. You can g et used to the new s y s te m ,........................... ?
4. She m ust get used to the new s y s te m ,........................... ?
5. It is easy to get used to th e new s y s te m ,........................... ?
6. They will soon get used to th e new s y s te m ,....................... ?
7. They will never get used to the new s y s te m ,................... ?
8. She was used to th e new s y s te m ,..........................?
9. She got used to the new s y s te m ,...........................?
10. They w eren’t used to the new s y s te m ,........................... ?

132. Write a tag for each sentence.


(§ 48)

1. He has got a c o m p u te r,....................................... ?


2. He had a c o m p u te r,......................... ..............?
3. He had to buy a c o m p u te r,....................................... ?
4. He had bought a com puter before he left sch o o l,................... ?
5. They have got a c a r , ....................................... ?
6. They had a c a r , ....................................... ?
7. They had bought a com puter before they moved to
V la d im ir,....................................... ?
8. They had to buy a c a r , ....................................... ?
9. You have to w a lk ,....................................... ?
10. You had to w a lk ,................. ......................?

133. Write a tag for each sentence.


(§ 48)

1. The Sm iths had bought a car before they w ent to the


se a sid e ,........................... ?

112
2. They had a nice g a r d e n ,............................. ?
3. They had to buy a new p r in te r ,........................ ?
4. They had a p r i n t e r ,............................ ?
5. He got used to th e new jo b ,........................... ?
6. He had to get used to the new jo b ,........................... ?
7. He will be able to get used to th e new jo b ,.................
8. She had a p ro b le m ,........................... ?
9. She had to solve th e p ro b lem ,............................ ?
10. She had solved the problem before she phoned you,
?

134. Complete the sentences with tOO, dlSO or


either.
(§ 55)

1. W hen Tom is angry, M ary is a n g r y .................


2. M rs Green is a doctor. M ary i s ............... a doctor.
3. Nelly is not a doctor, Cathy is not a d o c to r.................
4. They are not tired , we are not t i r e d .................
5. She has a lot of flow ers in h er garden, we ............... grow
d iffe re n t flowers.
6. She had a te st last week, he had a t e s t .................
7. V ictor doesn’t like potato salad, his g ran d fath e r doesn’t
like i t .................
8. They don’t know his address, I don’t know i t ......................
9. She h asn ’t told me th e news, he h asn ’t done i t ....................
10. They are pupils, we are p u p ils .................

113
135. Make negative sentences.
(§ 52)

1. H e’s found the book.

2. H e’s looking for the book.

3. H e’s a librarian.

4. H e ’s got a lot o f books.

5. I t ’s a popular name.

6. I t ’s always been popular.

7. S h e’s been to the library.

8. S he’s a t the library.

9. S h e’s got a collection o f stones.


... a collection of stones.
10. S h e’s helping her friends.

136. Make negative sentences using n e v e r .


(§ 14, § 52)

1. H e doesn’t have fish for breakfast.

114
2. She doesn’t travel by plane.
by plane.
3. I don’t wear shorts.
....................................................................... shorts.
4. They don’t drink coffee with their meals.
coffee w ith th e ir meals.
5. Pete doesn’t wake up early.
...... up early.
6. The girl doesn’t smile.

7. B ill doesn’t cry.

8. Ted doesn’t try to win.


to win.
9. K ate doesn’t carry heavy bags.
heavy bags.
10. John doesn’t worry.

137. Write sentences as in the example.


(§ 14, § 52)

- Does anybody like the game?


-Nobody does. (Nobody likes the game.)
1. - ......................................................................tw enty languages?
- ..........................................................(Nobody can speak tw en ty
languages.)
115
2. - ................................................................................................... fo r brea
- ..................................... (Nobody has m eat for breakfast.)
3. - ............................................................................... w ritin g tests?
- ..................................... (Nobody enjoys w riting tests.)
4. - .................................................................................................... the com
- ......................................(Nobody is using the computer.)
5. - ..................................................................................... her today?
- ......................................(Nobody has seen her today.)
6. - ............................................................................... rude people?
- ..................................... (.Nobody likes rude people.)
7. - ...........................................................................................to him?
- ......................................(Nobody was listening to him.)
8. - ......................................................................................... supper?
- .....................................(.Nobody had supper.)
9. - ............................................................... his telephone num ber?
- ..................................(Nobody knows his telephone number.)
10. - ................................................................................................ rain y w ea
- .......................................................{Nobody likes rainy weather.)

138. Which is right? Complete the sentences.


(§ 14, § 52)

1. N obody......................... {am / are / is) hungry.


2. N o th in g ......................... {help / helps) them .
3. N obody....................... {was / were) afraid of th e dog.
4. N o b o d y ............................................ {celebrate / celebrates) the
holiday.
5. N o th in g ............................ {make / makes) him happy.

116
6. N obody....................... (is / are / isn ’t / aren’t) sleeping.
7. Nobody ..................................... (w ant / w ants / don’f w ant /
doesn’t want) to get up early.
8. Nobody ............................ (have / has / haven’t / h a sn ’t) got
the key.
9. Nobody ......................... ...... (were / was / weren’t / w as/i’f)
looking at us.
10. N o b o d y ............................. (keep / keeps / don’t keep / doesn’t
keep) a rhinoceros as a pet.

139. Translate the sentences. Use the Present Simple.


(§ 14, § 52)

1. Н и кт о не лю бит эт у игру.

2. Н и кт о не знает об этом.

3. Н и кт о не работает.

4. Н и у кого нет этой книги.

5. Н и кт о не бегает.

6. Н и кт о не хочет приглаш ат ь его.

7. Н и кт о не лю бит холодную каш у.

8. Н и кт о не учит этот язы к.

117
9. H u y кого нет калькулят ора.

10. Н икт о не знает ее адрес.

140. Write negative sentences using n o t h in g /


nobody.
(§ 14, § 52)

1. They d id n ’t have anybody to help them .


T h e y ................................................................... to help them .
2. She h asn’t explained a n yth in g to us.
S h e ..................................................................................... to us.
3. H e w on’t learn a n yth in g there.
H e .......................................................................................th ere.
4. H e doesn’t know a n yth in g about it.
H e .................................................................. about it.
5. I haven’t told anybody about them .
I ............................................................................about them .
6. I haven’t left a n yth in g on the desk.
I ............................................................................on th e desk.
7. W e don’t have a n yth in g to discuss.
W e ........................................................... to discuss.
8. I am not going to buy a n yth in g there.
I ................................................................... th ere.
9. H e h a sn ’t understood anything.
He ...................................................................................................
1 0 .1 can’t see anybody.
I .......................................................................................................
118
141. Use the words in brackets to complete the
sentences.
(§ 23, §43)
1. L et's go th ere. I t ..................... (not / ra in) th ere in A ugust.
2. L et's go out. We can play in the garden. It ...................
(not / rain).
3. W ill you w ater th e flow ers, please? I t .......................................
(not / rain) since Monday.
4. W ill you w ater the flow ers, please? I t .......................................
(not / rain) fo r a week.
5. L et's have lunch in the garden. I'm su re i t ..............................
(not / rain) th is afternoon.
6. Tell Sam about the m onum ent. He .............................................
(never / hear) about it.
7. D on't ask me any questions. I ..........................................(not /
remember) any details now. I ............... (read) th e sto ry five
years ago.
8. I ......................... (be) late fo r school th ree days ago.
9 .................. you e v e r ................ (be) late fo r school?
10. Excuse m e , .......y o u .................(speak) English? I ....................
(look) for th e H istory M useum. Is it fa r from here?

142. Which is right? Complete the sentences.


(§ 4, § 7, § 20, § 26, §§ 28-29, § 46, § 54, § 56)

1. Don’t telephone him now. I t ’s too early. He ..........................


(get up / gets up / is g ettin g u p )................ (in / at) 8 o’clock.

119
2. This is (A n n ’s and K a te's / A n n
and K a te ’s) room.
3. - W hose s h o e s................................................ (is it / are these)?
- ............................ (It is / They are) my ..............................
(m other’s / m others’) new shoes.
4. He u s u a lly ...................... (spend / spent) his holidays a t his
................... (grandm other / grandm other’s).
5. W h e re ........................................... (was / were) you yesterday?
- I was a t my ..................... (uncle / uncle’s). I enjoy
.................... (visit / to visit / visiting) him . He i s ....................
(a / the / - ) farm er. He has g o t ................... (a / the / - ) nice
garden.
6. W h a t ..................... (was / did) she u s u a lly .................................
(cook / cooking) for dinner?
7 ............... (Are / Do) you know ....................... (he / him / his)
telephone num ber?
8 .......... (He / H im / H is) i s .............. (he / him / his) teacher. Do
you k n o w ................. (he / him / his)?
9. I got up at 7 o’clock, ............... (have / had / iaas having)
breakfast, ..........................(than / I ................................
(go / went / was going) to school.
1 0 .1 ............................ (have / had / iaas having) b reak fast, when
my g ran d fath e r ....................................... (telephone /
telephoned / was telephoning) me.

120
143. Which is right? Complete the sentences.
(§ 4 , § 3 1 , § 4 0 )

1. I hope h e ..................................... (can / could / will be able to)


walk in two m onths.
2. W hen he was nine m onths old h e .............................................
(can / could / will be able to) walk.
3. I am sure h e ............................................. (can / was able / will
be able) to fin d the book tom orrow.
4. He w on’t be a b le ............................... (run / to run / running)
.......................... (quick / quickly).
5. Y o u .............................. (m u sn ’t / ca n ’t / needn’t ) ......................
(wash / to wash) th e floor. I ......................................... (have
already done / did) it.
6. Tomorrow y o u .............................. (m ust / have / will have) to
be th e r e ...................... (since / for / at) 10 o’clock.
7. They ............................................. (wait / have waited / have
been waiting) fo r him ................... (since / for / at) 10
o’clock.
8. I wish I ................................. (have / will have / had) more
tim e now.
9. He ........................... (isn ’t / don’t / d id n ’t) w ant to play the
game, h e .......................... (plays / played / has played / had
played) it already.
10. They have b e e n ........................................ (discuss / discussed /
discussing) the p arty ................................ (since / for / on)
S aturday.
121
144. Correct the mistakes.
(§ 6 , § 2 0 , § 4 2 , § 4 8 )

КУ КУ 'v J VJ ^y~
1. I a n he;r fri end, am I?

2. She2 cai i pla у th в terinis, can t sh e?

3. Theit is a go od i<
dea, isn't :tha t?

4. Theire i:; a little gree n do or tlaere isn t it?

5. Theiy w II sp eak Eng ish 1)ad, the) r are bac stu dent s.

6. The;se toys are n th e bo x, ai-e th ey?

7. Yoi j are nevrer t red, arei i't у ou?

8. The;re i:; sorne hone1/ catces cm th e ta ble,

isn 't th вге?

9. Theire i:>sorne hone1/ in a kit cher , isr 't th ere?

10. Eve:ryoi le looke<J at him bece use he vvas (Jane ing

nic 2.

122
145. Correct the mistakes.
(§ 2 0 , § 2 7 , §§ 3 0 -3 3 )

1. Wh at was t ie weatf er like tlle la st weekl

2. We like whem 0 jr Ulicle play s t h в gu tar.

3. I h ave <nov/n T Bd's brot h e r :sinceI twc) уегirs.

4. Th<iy li\'e in thal : co l ntry for ten /ear s.

5. I d dn't pho ne him t ecaijse 1 alreiady disc usse d

eveirytl" ing with him a

6. I thlink ittle Joh nny will л/аке; up soori.

He has bee i sle epin g at 1 o' cloc c.

7. I w ish 1 sha II be ableв to spec к Fr snch we 1.

8. I w ish 1'll h,ive з frieind in Lo ndor i.

9. I thюид ht h в ha 5 meit Mr Bro wn t>efor e.

10. Cai i we go эу tr ain? I ar i no t useid tc' tra /el bу ca r.

123
ТЕМАТИЧЕСКОЕ СОДЕРЖАНИЕ
УПРАЖНЕНИЙ

А ртикли § 2011, 2, 18, 66, 67, 8 6 -8 8 , 111-114


Вопросы альтернативные § 47 24
Вопросы общие § 46 23, 45
Вопросы разделительные
§ 4 8 31, 32, 47, 62, 81, 82, 107, 131-133
Вопросы специальные § 49 25, 36, 89, 108
Глагол сап и его эквивалент be able to § 4 0 126-130
Глагол have и его эквивалент have to
§ 4 1 1 2 6 ,1 2 7 ,1 2 9 ,1 3 0
Конструкция T here is / T here are § 42 21, 22
Множественное число сущ ествительных § 1 3, 4, 18
Н аречие § 6 69, 70
Оборот used to V ing § 30 123-125
Особенности употребления глагола like
§ 2 7 3 3 ,4 4 ,6 8
Особенности употребления глаголов ra in и snow
§ 4 3 3 0 ,4 4 ,4 6 ,8 3
Особенности употребления слов no, never, n o th in g , nobody
§ 1 4 2 7 ,2 8 ,1 3 6 -1 4 0
Особенности употребления слов too, also, e ith e r § 55 134
Отрицательные предлож ения § 52 2 6 -2 8 , 80, 97, 135-140

1 Указаны параграфы Книги для родителей

124
Придаточные предлож ения времени и условия
§ 3 6 99, 100, 119
П ритяж ательны й падеж сущ ествительных
§ 4 5 - 8 ,5 8 ,8 9 ,9 0
Система времен § 23 20, 29, 30, 63, 83, 85, 108
Сослагательное наклонение
§ 6 5 1 0 1 -1 0 6 ,1 2 0 -1 2 2
Страдательный залог § 3 8 9 1 -9 3
Формы английского глагола § 2 4 1 5 ,5 4 ,7 3
F u tu re Sim ple § 35 13, 14, 43, 77, 78, 99, 100, 119
F u tu re -in -th e -P ast § 3 7 7 8 ,7 9
P a st C ontinuous § 28 13, 3 5 -4 2 , 5 0 -5 2 , 65
P a st P erfect § 3 3 7 4 -7 6 ,9 4
P a st Sim ple § 2 9 1 3 ,1 4 ,1 6 ,1 7 ,3 8 ,4 2 ,5 1 ,7 4 - 7 9 ,1 2 6
P re sen t C ontinuous § 25 12, 37, 40, 50, 53, 55, 57, 72
P resen t P erfect § 31 16, 17, 53, 55, 65, 74, 97
P resen t P erfect C ontinuous
§ 3 2 5 5 - 6 1 ,6 5 ,7 1 ,7 2 ,9 5 - 9 8 ,1 1 6 - 1 1 8
P re sen t Sim ple § 26 12, 37, 99, 100, 119