Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 54

Ejemplo # 1 Demostrar que 𝑓(𝑥)=𝑥^3+4𝑥^2−10 tiene una raiz en el intervalo [1,2].

x f(x)

a1 1 -5.0000
b1 2 14.0000
a1
Como f(1)<0 y f(2)>0
Por el teorema del valor intermedio
f(x) tiene un cero en el intervalo (1,2)

Método de bisección

Iteración an f(an) bn f(bn)


(n)
1 1 -5 2 14
2 1 -5 1.5 2.375
3 1.25 -1.796875 1.5 2.375
4 1.25 -1.796875 1.375 0.162109375
5 1.3125 -0.84838867188 1.375 0.162109375
6 1.34375 -0.35098266602 1.375 0.162109375
7 1.359375 -0.09640884399 1.375 0.162109375
8 1.359375 -0.09640884399 1.3671875 0.03235578537
9 1.36328125 -0.03214997053 1.3671875 0.03235578537
10 1.36328125 -0.03214997053 1.365234375 7.20247626E-05
11 1.3642578125 -0.01604669075 1.365234375 7.20247626E-05
12 1.36474609375 -0.00798926281 1.365234375 7.20247626E-05
13 1.364990234375 -0.00395910152 1.365234375 7.20247626E-05
14 1.3651123046875 -0.00194365901 1.365234375 7.20247626E-05
15 1.36517333984375 -0.00093584728 1.365234375 7.20247626E-05
16 1.36520385742188 -0.0004319188 1.365234375 7.20247626E-05
17 1.36521911621094 -0.0001799489 1.365234375 7.20247626E-05
18 1.36522674560547 -5.3962542E-05 1.365234375 7.20247626E-05
19 1.36522674560547 -5.3962542E-05 1.36523056030273 9.03099274E-06
20 1.3652286529541 -2.2465804E-05 1.36523056030273 9.03099274E-06
21 1.36522960662842 -6.7174129E-06 1.36523056030273 9.03099274E-06
22 1.36522960662842 -6.7174129E-06 1.36523008346558 1.15678807E-06
23 1.365229845047 -2.7803129E-06 1.36523008346558 1.15678807E-06
24 1.36522996425629 -8.1176252E-07 1.36523008346558 1.15678807E-06
25 1.36522996425629 -8.1176252E-07 1.36523002386093 1.72512749E-07
26 1.36522999405861 -3.1962489E-07 1.36523002386093 1.72512749E-07
27 1.36523000895977 -7.3556073E-08 1.36523002386093 1.72512749E-07
28 1.36523000895977 -7.3556073E-08 1.36523001641035 4.94783379E-08
29 1.36523001268506 -1.2038868E-08 1.36523001641035 4.94783379E-08
30 1.36523001268506 -1.2038868E-08 1.36523001454771 1.87197351E-08
31 1.36523001268506 -1.2038868E-08 1.36523001361638 3.34043371E-09
32 1.36523001315072 -4.3492179E-09 1.36523001361638 3.34043371E-09
33 1.36523001338355 -5.0439297E-10 1.36523001361638 3.34043371E-09
34 1.36523001338355 -5.0439297E-10 1.36523001349997 1.41802126E-09
35 1.36523001338355 -5.0439297E-10 1.36523001344176 4.5681503E-10
36 1.36523001341266 -2.3788971E-11 1.36523001344176 4.5681503E-10
37 1.36523001341266 -2.3788971E-11 1.36523001342721 2.1651303E-10
38 1.36523001341266 -2.3788971E-11 1.36523001341993 9.63620295E-11
39 1.36523001341266 -2.3788971E-11 1.36523001341629 3.62874175E-11
40 1.36523001341266 -2.3788971E-11 1.36523001341448 6.24922336E-12
41 1.36523001341357 -8.7698737E-12 1.36523001341448 6.24922336E-12
42 1.36523001341402 -1.2612134E-12 1.36523001341448 6.24922336E-12
43 1.36523001341402 -1.2612134E-12 1.36523001341425 2.494005E-12
44 1.36523001341402 -1.2612134E-12 1.36523001341413 6.16395823E-13
45 1.36523001341408 -3.2152059E-13 1.36523001341413 6.16395823E-13
46 1.36523001341408 -3.2152059E-13 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
47 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
48 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
49 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
50 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
51 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
52 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
53 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
54 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
55 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
56 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
57 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
58 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
59 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
60 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
61 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
62 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
63 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
64 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
65 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
66 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
67 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
68 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
69 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
70 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
71 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
72 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
73 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
74 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
75 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
76 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
77 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
78 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
79 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
80 1.36523001341409 -8.7041485E-14 1.36523001341411 1.47437618E-13
e una raiz en el intervalo [1,2].

p
p1 b1

b1  a1
p1  a1 
2

RAIZ o CERO Error Absoluto Error Relativo ≤


|(bn+1-an+1)| / min(|
pn f(pn) |bn+1-an+1| min(|an+1|,|bn+1|)
an+1|,|bn+1|)
1.500000000000000000 2.375 5.0000000E-01 1 5.0000000E-01
1.250000000000000000 -1.796875 2.5000000E-01 1.25 2.0000000E-01
1.375000000000000000 0.162109375 1.2500000E-01 1.25 1.0000000E-01
1.312500000000000000 -0.8483886719 6.2500000E-02 1.3125 4.7619048E-02
1.343750000000000000 -0.350982666 3.1250000E-02 1.34375 2.3255814E-02
1.359375000000000000 -0.096408844 1.5625000E-02 1.359375 1.1494253E-02
1.367187500000000000 0.0323557854 7.8125000E-03 1.359375 5.7471264E-03
1.363281250000000000 -0.0321499705 3.9062500E-03 1.36328125 2.8653295E-03
1.365234375000000000 7.2024763E-05 1.9531250E-03 1.36328125 1.4326648E-03
1.364257812500000000 -0.0160466908 9.7656250E-04 1.3642578125 7.1581961E-04
1.364746093750000000 -0.0079892628 4.8828125E-04 1.36474609375 3.5778175E-04
1.364990234375000000 -0.0039591015 2.4414063E-04 1.364990234375 1.7885888E-04
1.365112304687500000 -0.001943659 1.2207031E-04 1.3651123046875 8.9421443E-05
1.365173339843750000 -0.0009358473 6.1035156E-05 1.36517333984375 4.4708723E-05
1.365203857421880000 -0.0004319188 3.0517578E-05 1.36520385742188 2.2353862E-05
1.365219116210940000 -0.0001799489 1.5258789E-05 1.36521911621094 1.1176806E-05
1.365226745605470000 -5.396254E-05 7.6293945E-06 1.36522674560547 5.5883717E-06
1.365230560302730000 9.0309927E-06 3.8146973E-06 1.36522674560547 2.7941859E-06
1.365228652954100000 -2.24658E-05 1.9073486E-06 1.3652286529541 1.3970910E-06
1.365229606628420000 -6.717413E-06 9.5367432E-07 1.36522960662842 6.9854500E-07
1.365230083465580000 1.1567881E-06 4.7683716E-07 1.36522960662842 3.4927250E-07
1.365229845047000000 -2.780313E-06 2.3841858E-07 1.365229845047 1.7463622E-07
1.365229964256290000 -8.117625E-07 1.1920929E-07 1.36522996425629 8.7318102E-08
1.365230023860930000 1.7251275E-07 5.9604645E-08 1.36522996425629 4.3659051E-08
1.365229994058610000 -3.196249E-07 2.9802322E-08 1.36522999405861 2.1829525E-08
1.365230008959770000 -7.355607E-08 1.4901161E-08 1.36523000895977 1.0914762E-08
1.365230016410350000 4.9478338E-08 7.4505806E-09 1.36523000895977 5.4573812E-09
1.365230012685060000 -1.203887E-08 3.7252903E-09 1.36523001268506 2.7286906E-09
1.365230014547710000 1.8719735E-08 1.8626451E-09 1.36523001268506 1.3643453E-09
1.365230013616380000 3.3404337E-09 9.3132257E-10 1.36523001268506 6.8217265E-10
1.365230013150720000 -4.349218E-09 4.6566129E-10 1.36523001315072 3.4108632E-10
1.365230013383550000 -5.04393E-10 2.3283064E-10 1.36523001338355 1.7054316E-10
1.365230013499970000 1.4180213E-09 1.1641532E-10 1.36523001338355 8.5271581E-11
1.365230013441760000 4.5681503E-10 5.8207661E-11 1.36523001338355 4.2635791E-11
1.365230013412660000 -2.378897E-11 2.9103830E-11 1.36523001341266 2.1317895E-11
1.365230013427210000 2.1651303E-10 1.4551915E-11 1.36523001341266 1.0658948E-11
1.365230013419930000 9.6362029E-11 7.2759576E-12 1.36523001341266 5.3294738E-12
1.365230013416290000 3.6287418E-11 3.6379788E-12 1.36523001341266 2.6647369E-12
1.365230013414480000 6.2492234E-12 1.8189894E-12 1.36523001341266 1.3323685E-12
1.365230013413570000 -8.769874E-12 9.0949470E-13 1.36523001341357 6.6618423E-13
1.365230013414020000 -1.261213E-12 4.5474735E-13 1.36523001341402 3.3309211E-13
1.365230013414250000 2.494005E-12 2.2737368E-13 1.36523001341402 1.6654606E-13
1.365230013414130000 6.1639582E-13 1.1368684E-13 1.36523001341402 8.3273028E-14
1.365230013414080000 -3.215206E-13 5.6843419E-14 1.36523001341408 4.1636514E-14
1.365230013414110000 1.4743762E-13 2.8421709E-14 1.36523001341408 2.0818257E-14
1.365230013414090000 -8.704149E-14 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 1.4210855E-14 1.36523001341409 1.0409129E-14
1.365230013414100000 0 0.0000000E+00 0 1.0000000E+02
t Cifras significativas
5E-01 5E-02 5E-03 5E-04 5E-05 5E-06 5E-07 5E-08 5E-09 5E-10 5E-11 5E-12 5E-13 5E-14 5E-15

|Exactitud| 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

5.00000E-01 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.50000E-01 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.25000E-01 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6.25000E-02 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.12500E-02 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.56250E-02 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7.81250E-03 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.90625E-03 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.95313E-03 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9.76563E-04 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4.88281E-04 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.44141E-04 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.22070E-04 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6.10352E-05 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.05176E-05 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.52588E-05 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7.62939E-06 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.81470E-06 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.90735E-06 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9.53674E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4.76837E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.38419E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.19209E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5.96046E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.98023E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.49012E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7.45058E-09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.72529E-09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.86265E-09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
9.31323E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
4.65661E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
2.32831E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
1.16415E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
5.82077E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
2.91038E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
1.45519E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
7.27596E-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
3.63798E-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
1.81899E-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
9.09495E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
4.54747E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
2.27374E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.13687E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
5.68434E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.84217E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.42109E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
7.10543E-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
3.55271E-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.77636E-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
8.88178E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
4.44089E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.22045E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.11022E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
5.55112E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.77556E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.38778E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
6.93889E-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
3.46945E-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.73472E-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
8.67362E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
4.33681E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.16840E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.08420E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
5.42101E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.71051E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.35525E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
6.77626E-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
3.38813E-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.69407E-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
8.47033E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
4.23516E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.11758E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.05879E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
5.29396E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.64698E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.32349E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
6.61744E-24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
3.30872E-24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.65436E-24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
8.27181E-25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5E-16 5E-17 5E-18 5E-19 5E-20

16 17 18 19 20

0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
Ejemplo # 2 𝑓(𝑥)=cos⁡(𝑥)−𝑥

x f(x)

a1 0.7 0.06484219
b1 0.8 -0.10329329
a1
Como f(0.7)>0 y f(0.8)<0
Por el teorema del valor intermedio
f(x) tiene un cero en el intervalo (0.7 , 0.8)

Método de bisección

Iteración an f(an) bn f(bn)


(n)
1 0.7 0.06484218728 0.8 -0.10329329065
2 0.7 0.06484218728 0.75 -0.01831113113
3 0.725 0.02349942197 0.75 -0.01831113113
4 0.7375 0.00265196904 0.75 -0.01831113113
5 0.7375 0.00265196904 0.74375 -0.00781520736
6 0.7375 0.00265196904 0.740625 -0.00257801542
7 0.7390625 3.78790318E-05 0.740625 -0.00257801542
8 0.7390625 3.78790318E-05 0.73984375 -0.0012698428
9 0.7390625 3.78790318E-05 0.739453125 -0.00061592551
10 0.7390625 3.78790318E-05 0.7392578125 -0.00028900915
11 0.7390625 3.78790318E-05 0.73916015625 -0.00012556153
12 0.7390625 3.78790318E-05 0.739111328125 -4.384037E-05
13 0.7390625 3.78790318E-05 0.7390869140625 -2.9804487E-06
14 0.73907470703125 1.74493466E-05 0.7390869140625 -2.9804487E-06
15 0.73908081054688 7.23446274E-06 0.7390869140625 -2.9804487E-06
16 0.73908386230469 2.12701046E-06 0.7390869140625 -2.9804487E-06
17 0.73908386230469 2.12701046E-06 0.73908538818359 -4.2671826E-07
18 0.73908462524414 8.50146314E-07 0.73908538818359 -4.2671826E-07
19 0.73908500671387 2.1171408E-07 0.73908538818359 -4.2671826E-07
20 0.73908500671387 2.1171408E-07 0.73908519744873 -1.0750208E-07
21 0.7390851020813 5.21060053E-08 0.73908519744873 -1.0750208E-07
22 0.7390851020813 5.21060053E-08 0.73908514976502 -2.7698035E-08
23 0.73908512592316 1.22039854E-08 0.73908514976502 -2.7698035E-08
24 0.73908512592316 1.22039854E-08 0.73908513784409 -7.7470247E-09
25 0.73908513188362 2.2284804E-09 0.73908513784409 -7.7470247E-09
26 0.73908513188362 2.2284804E-09 0.73908513486385 -2.759272E-09
27 0.73908513188362 2.2284804E-09 0.73908513337374 -2.6539593E-10
28 0.73908513262868 9.8154207E-10 0.73908513337374 -2.6539593E-10
29 0.73908513300121 3.58073127E-10 0.73908513337374 -2.6539593E-10
30 0.73908513318747 4.63387106E-11 0.73908513337374 -2.6539593E-10
31 0.73908513318747 4.63387106E-11 0.73908513328061 -1.0952861E-10
32 0.73908513318747 4.63387106E-11 0.73908513323404 -3.1594838E-11
33 0.73908513321076 7.37188088E-12 0.73908513323404 -3.1594838E-11
34 0.73908513321076 7.37188088E-12 0.7390851332224 -1.2111423E-11
35 0.73908513321076 7.37188088E-12 0.73908513321658 -2.3698821E-12
36 0.73908513321367 2.50088839E-12 0.73908513321658 -2.3698821E-12
37 0.73908513321512 6.55031585E-14 0.73908513321658 -2.3698821E-12
38 0.73908513321512 6.55031585E-14 0.73908513321585 -1.1520784E-12
39 0.73908513321512 6.55031585E-14 0.73908513321549 -5.4334315E-13
40 0.73908513321512 6.55031585E-14 0.7390851332153 -2.3903102E-13
41 0.73908513321512 6.55031585E-14 0.73908513321521 -8.6597396E-14
42 0.73908513321512 6.55031585E-14 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
43 0.73908513321515 2.74225087E-14 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
44 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
45 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
46 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
47 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
48 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
49 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
50 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
51 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
52 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
53 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
54 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
55 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
56 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
57 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
58 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
59 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
60 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
61 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
62 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
63 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
64 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
65 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
66 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
67 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
68 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
69 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
70 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
71 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
72 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
73 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
74 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
75 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
76 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
77 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
78 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
79 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
80 0.73908513321516 8.54871729E-15 0.73908513321517 -1.0436096E-14
p
p1 b1

b1  a1
p1  a1 
2

RAIZ o CERO Error Absoluto Error Relativo ≤


|(bn+1-an+1)| / min(|
pn f(pn) |bn+1-an+1| min(|an+1|,|bn+1|)
an+1|,|bn+1|)
0.750000000000000000 -0.0183111311 5.0000000E-02 0.7 7.1428571E-02
0.725000000000000000 0.023499422 2.5000000E-02 0.725 3.4482759E-02
0.737500000000000000 0.002651969 1.2500000E-02 0.7375 1.6949153E-02
0.743750000000000000 -0.0078152074 6.2500000E-03 0.7375 8.4745763E-03
0.740625000000000000 -0.0025780154 3.1250000E-03 0.7375 4.2372881E-03
0.739062500000000000 3.7879032E-05 1.5625000E-03 0.7390625 2.1141649E-03
0.739843750000000000 -0.0012698428 7.8125000E-04 0.7390625 1.0570825E-03
0.739453125000000000 -0.0006159255 3.9062500E-04 0.7390625 5.2854123E-04
0.739257812500000000 -0.0002890091 1.9531250E-04 0.7390625 2.6427061E-04
0.739160156250000000 -0.0001255615 9.7656250E-05 0.7390625 1.3213531E-04
0.739111328125000000 -4.384037E-05 4.8828125E-05 0.7390625 6.6067653E-05
0.739086914062500000 -2.980449E-06 2.4414062E-05 0.7390625 3.3033827E-05
0.739074707031250000 1.7449347E-05 1.2207031E-05 0.73907470703125 1.6516641E-05
0.739080810546875000 7.2344627E-06 6.1035156E-06 0.739080810546875 8.2582521E-06
0.739083862304688000 2.1270105E-06 3.0517578E-06 0.739083862304688 4.1291090E-06
0.739085388183594000 -4.267183E-07 1.5258789E-06 0.739083862304688 2.0645545E-06
0.739084625244141000 8.5014631E-07 7.6293945E-07 0.739084625244141 1.0322762E-06
0.739085006713867000 2.1171408E-07 3.8146973E-07 0.739085006713867 5.1613782E-07
0.739085197448731000 -1.075021E-07 1.9073486E-07 0.739085006713867 2.5806891E-07
0.739085102081299000 5.2106005E-08 9.5367432E-08 0.739085102081299 1.2903444E-07
0.739085149765015000 -2.769803E-08 4.7683716E-08 0.739085102081299 6.4517219E-08
0.739085125923157000 1.2203985E-08 2.3841858E-08 0.739085125923157 3.2258609E-08
0.739085137844086000 -7.747025E-09 1.1920929E-08 0.739085125923157 1.6129304E-08
0.739085131883621000 2.2284804E-09 5.9604645E-09 0.739085131883621 8.0646521E-09
0.739085134863853000 -2.759272E-09 2.9802322E-09 0.739085131883621 4.0323260E-09
0.739085133373737000 -2.653959E-10 1.4901161E-09 0.739085131883621 2.0161631E-09
0.739085132628679000 9.8154207E-10 7.4505802E-10 0.739085132628679 1.0080815E-09
0.739085133001208000 3.5807313E-10 3.7252901E-10 0.739085133001208 5.0404073E-10
0.739085133187473000 4.6338711E-11 1.8626456E-10 0.739085133187473 2.5202044E-10
0.739085133280605000 -1.095286E-10 9.3132280E-11 0.739085133187473 1.2601022E-10
0.739085133234039000 -3.159484E-11 4.6566084E-11 0.739085133187473 6.3005035E-11
0.739085133210756000 7.3718809E-12 2.3283042E-11 0.739085133210756 3.1502517E-11
0.739085133222397000 -1.211142E-11 1.1641466E-11 0.739085133210756 1.5751184E-11
0.739085133216577000 -2.369882E-12 5.8207883E-12 0.739085133210756 7.8756669E-12
0.739085133213666000 2.5008884E-12 2.9103386E-12 0.739085133213666 3.9377583E-12
0.739085133215121000 6.5503158E-14 1.4551693E-12 0.739085133215121 1.9688792E-12
0.739085133215849000 -1.152078E-12 7.2752915E-13 0.739085133215121 9.8436447E-13
0.739085133215485000 -5.433431E-13 3.6382009E-13 0.739085133215121 4.9225734E-13
0.739085133215303000 -2.39031E-13 1.8196555E-13 0.739085133215121 2.4620378E-13
0.739085133215212000 -8.65974E-14 9.0927266E-14 0.739085133215121 1.2302678E-13
0.739085133215167000 -1.04361E-14 4.5408122E-14 0.739085133215121 6.1438283E-14
0.739085133215144000 2.7422509E-14 2.2648550E-14 0.739085133215144 3.0644034E-14
0.739085133215156000 8.5487173E-15 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 1.1324275E-14 0.739085133215156 1.5322017E-14
0.739085133215161000 0 0.0000000E+00 0 1.0000000E+02
t Cifras significativas
5E-01 5E-02 5E-03 5E-04 5E-05 5E-06 5E-07 5E-08 5E-09 5E-10 5E-11 5E-12 5E-13 5E-14 5E-15

|Exactitud| 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

5.00000E-02 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.50000E-02 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.25000E-02 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6.25000E-03 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.12500E-03 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.56250E-03 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7.81250E-04 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.90625E-04 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.95313E-04 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9.76563E-05 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4.88281E-05 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.44141E-05 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.22070E-05 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6.10352E-06 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.05176E-06 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.52588E-06 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7.62939E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.81470E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.90735E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9.53674E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4.76837E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.38419E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.19209E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5.96046E-09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.98023E-09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.49012E-09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
7.45058E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.72529E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.86265E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
9.31323E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
4.65661E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
2.32831E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
1.16415E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
5.82077E-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
2.91038E-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
1.45519E-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
7.27596E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
3.63798E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.81899E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
9.09495E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
4.54747E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
2.27374E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.13687E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
5.68434E-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.84217E-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.42109E-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
7.10543E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
3.55271E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.77636E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
8.88178E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
4.44089E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.22045E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.11022E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
5.55112E-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.77556E-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.38778E-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
6.93889E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
3.46945E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.73472E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
8.67362E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
4.33681E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.16840E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.08420E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
5.42101E-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.71051E-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.35525E-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
6.77626E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
3.38813E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.69407E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
8.47033E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
4.23516E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.11758E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.05879E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
5.29396E-24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.64698E-24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.32349E-24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
6.61744E-25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
3.30872E-25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.65436E-25 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
8.27181E-26 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5E-16 5E-17 5E-18 5E-19 5E-20

16 17 18 19 20

0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
Ejemplo # 3 𝑓(𝑥)=𝑒^𝑥−𝑥^2+3𝑥−2

x f(x)

a1 0 -1.0000
b1 1 2.7183
a1
Como f(0)<0 y f(1)>0
Por el teorema del valor intermedio
f(x) tiene un cero en el intervalo (0,1)

Método de bisección

Iteración an f(an) bn f(bn)


(n)
1 0 -1 1 2.71828182846
2 0 -1 0.5 0.8987212707
3 0.25 -0.02847458331 0.5 0.8987212707
4 0.25 -0.02847458331 0.375 0.43936641462
5 0.25 -0.02847458331 0.3125 0.20668169117
6 0.25 -0.02847458331 0.28125 0.08943319623
7 0.25 -0.02847458331 0.265625 0.03056423414
8 0.25 -0.02847458331 0.2578125 0.00106636769
9 0.25390625 -0.01369868371 0.2578125 0.00106636769
10 0.255859375 -0.00631480679 0.2578125 0.00106636769
11 0.2568359375 -0.00262388235 0.2578125 0.00106636769
12 0.25732421875 -0.0007786731 0.2578125 0.00106636769
13 0.25732421875 -0.0007786731 0.257568359375 0.00014386834
14 0.2574462890625 -0.00031739712 0.257568359375 0.00014386834
15 0.25750732421875 -8.6763073E-05 0.257568359375 0.00014386834
16 0.25750732421875 -8.6763073E-05 0.25753784179688 2.85529626E-05
17 0.25752258300781 -2.9104973E-05 0.25753784179688 2.85529626E-05
18 0.25753021240234 -2.7598471E-07 0.25753784179688 2.85529626E-05
19 0.25753021240234 -2.7598471E-07 0.25753402709961 1.41384941E-05
20 0.25753021240234 -2.7598471E-07 0.25753211975098 6.93125597E-06
21 0.25753021240234 -2.7598471E-07 0.25753116607666 3.32763595E-06
22 0.25753021240234 -2.7598471E-07 0.2575306892395 1.5258257E-06
23 0.25753021240234 -2.7598471E-07 0.25753045082092 6.24920518E-07
24 0.25753021240234 -2.7598471E-07 0.25753033161163 1.7446791E-07
25 0.25753027200699 -5.0758397E-08 0.25753033161163 1.7446791E-07
26 0.25753027200699 -5.0758397E-08 0.25753030180931 6.18547569E-08
27 0.25753027200699 -5.0758397E-08 0.25753028690815 5.54818014E-09
28 0.25753027945757 -2.2605108E-08 0.25753028690815 5.54818014E-09
29 0.25753028318286 -8.5284644E-09 0.25753028690815 5.54818014E-09
30 0.25753028504551 -1.4901422E-09 0.25753028690815 5.54818014E-09
31 0.25753028504551 -1.4901422E-09 0.25753028597683 2.02901917E-09
32 0.25753028504551 -1.4901422E-09 0.25753028551117 2.69438694E-10
33 0.25753028527834 -6.1035177E-10 0.25753028551117 2.69438694E-10
34 0.25753028539475 -1.7045676E-10 0.25753028551117 2.69438694E-10
35 0.25753028539475 -1.7045676E-10 0.25753028545296 4.94910779E-11
36 0.25753028542386 -6.0482952E-11 0.25753028545296 4.94910779E-11
37 0.25753028543841 -5.4960481E-12 0.25753028545296 4.94910779E-11
38 0.25753028543841 -5.4960481E-12 0.25753028544568 2.19975149E-11
39 0.25753028543841 -5.4960481E-12 0.25753028544205 8.25073343E-12
40 0.25753028543841 -5.4960481E-12 0.25753028544023 1.37756473E-12
41 0.25753028543932 -2.0594637E-12 0.25753028544023 1.37756473E-12
42 0.25753028543977 -3.4106051E-13 0.25753028544023 1.37756473E-12
43 0.25753028543977 -3.4106051E-13 0.25753028544 5.18252108E-13
44 0.25753028543977 -3.4106051E-13 0.25753028543989 8.8817842E-14
45 0.25753028543983 -1.2612134E-13 0.25753028543989 8.8817842E-14
46 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543989 8.8817842E-14
47 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543987 3.50830476E-14
48 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
49 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
50 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
51 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
52 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
53 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
54 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
55 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
56 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
57 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
58 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
59 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
60 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
61 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
62 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
63 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
64 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
65 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
66 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
67 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
68 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
69 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
70 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
71 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
72 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
73 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
74 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
75 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
76 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
77 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
78 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
79 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
80 0.25753028543986 -1.8651747E-14 0.25753028543986 7.99360578E-15
p
p1 b1

b1  a1
p1  a1 
2

RAIZ o CERO Error Absoluto Error Relativo ≤


|(bn+1-an+1)| / min(|
pn f(pn) |bn+1-an+1| min(|an+1|,|bn+1|)
an+1|,|bn+1|)
0.500000000000000000 0.8987212707 5.0000000E-01 0 1.0000000E+02
0.250000000000000000 -0.0284745833 2.5000000E-01 0.25 1.0000000E+00
0.375000000000000000 0.4393664146 1.2500000E-01 0.25 5.0000000E-01
0.312500000000000000 0.2066816912 6.2500000E-02 0.25 2.5000000E-01
0.281250000000000000 0.0894331962 3.1250000E-02 0.25 1.2500000E-01
0.265625000000000000 0.0305642341 1.5625000E-02 0.25 6.2500000E-02
0.257812500000000000 0.0010663677 7.8125000E-03 0.25 3.1250000E-02
0.253906250000000000 -0.0136986837 3.9062500E-03 0.25390625 1.5384615E-02
0.255859375000000000 -0.0063148068 1.9531250E-03 0.255859375 7.6335878E-03
0.256835937500000000 -0.0026238823 9.7656250E-04 0.2568359375 3.8022814E-03
0.257324218750000000 -0.0007786731 4.8828125E-04 0.25732421875 1.8975332E-03
0.257568359375000000 0.0001438683 2.4414063E-04 0.25732421875 9.4876660E-04
0.257446289062500000 -0.0003173971 1.2207031E-04 0.2574462890625 4.7415837E-04
0.257507324218750000 -8.676307E-05 6.1035156E-05 0.25750732421875 2.3702299E-04
0.257537841796875000 2.8552963E-05 3.0517578E-05 0.25750732421875 1.1851150E-04
0.257522583007812000 -2.910497E-05 1.5258789E-05 0.257522583007812 5.9252237E-05
0.257530212402344000 -2.759847E-07 7.6293945E-06 0.257530212402344 2.9625241E-05
0.257534027099609000 1.4138494E-05 3.8146973E-06 0.257530212402344 1.4812620E-05
0.257532119750977000 6.931256E-06 1.9073486E-06 0.257530212402344 7.4063102E-06
0.257531166076660000 3.327636E-06 9.5367432E-07 0.257530212402344 3.7031551E-06
0.257530689239502000 1.5258257E-06 4.7683716E-07 0.257530212402344 1.8515775E-06
0.257530450820923000 6.2492052E-07 2.3841858E-07 0.257530212402344 9.2578877E-07
0.257530331611633000 1.7446791E-07 1.1920929E-07 0.257530212402344 4.6289439E-07
0.257530272006989000 -5.07584E-08 5.9604645E-08 0.257530272006989 2.3144714E-07
0.257530301809311000 6.1854757E-08 2.9802322E-08 0.257530272006989 1.1572357E-07
0.257530286908150000 5.5481801E-09 1.4901161E-08 0.257530272006989 5.7861785E-08
0.257530279457569000 -2.260511E-08 7.4505806E-09 0.257530279457569 2.8930892E-08
0.257530283182859000 -8.528464E-09 3.7252903E-09 0.257530283182859 1.4465446E-08
0.257530285045505000 -1.490142E-09 1.8626451E-09 0.257530285045505 7.2327227E-09
0.257530285976827000 2.0290192E-09 9.3132257E-10 0.257530285045505 3.6163614E-09
0.257530285511166000 2.6943869E-10 4.6566129E-10 0.257530285045505 1.8081807E-09
0.257530285278335000 -6.103518E-10 2.3283064E-10 0.257530285278335 9.0409034E-10
0.257530285394751000 -1.704568E-10 1.1641532E-10 0.257530285394751 4.5204517E-10
0.257530285452958000 4.9491078E-11 5.8207661E-11 0.257530285394751 2.2602259E-10
0.257530285423854000 -6.048295E-11 2.9103830E-11 0.257530285423854 1.1301129E-10
0.257530285438406000 -5.496048E-12 1.4551915E-11 0.257530285438406 5.6505646E-11
0.257530285445682000 2.1997515E-11 7.2759576E-12 0.257530285438406 2.8252823E-11
0.257530285442044000 8.2507334E-12 3.6379788E-12 0.257530285438406 1.4126412E-11
0.257530285440225000 1.3775647E-12 1.8189894E-12 0.257530285438406 7.0632058E-12
0.257530285439316000 -2.059464E-12 9.0949470E-13 0.257530285439316 3.5316029E-12
0.257530285439771000 -3.410605E-13 4.5474735E-13 0.257530285439771 1.7658014E-12
0.257530285439998000 5.1825211E-13 2.2737368E-13 0.257530285439771 8.8290072E-13
0.257530285439884000 8.8817842E-14 1.1368684E-13 0.257530285439771 4.4145036E-13
0.257530285439827000 -1.261213E-13 5.6843419E-14 0.257530285439827 2.2072518E-13
0.257530285439856000 -1.865175E-14 2.8421709E-14 0.257530285439856 1.1036259E-13
0.257530285439870000 3.5083048E-14 1.4210855E-14 0.257530285439856 5.5181295E-14
0.257530285439863000 7.9936058E-15 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 7.1054274E-15 0.257530285439856 2.7590648E-14
0.257530285439859000 0 0.0000000E+00 0 1.0000000E+02
t Cifras significativas
5E-01 5E-02 5E-03 5E-04 5E-05 5E-06 5E-07 5E-08 5E-09 5E-10 5E-11 5E-12 5E-13 5E-14 5E-15

|Exactitud| 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

5.00000E-01 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.50000E-01 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.25000E-01 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6.25000E-02 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.12500E-02 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.56250E-02 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7.81250E-03 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.90625E-03 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.95313E-03 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9.76563E-04 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4.88281E-04 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.44141E-04 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.22070E-04 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6.10352E-05 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.05176E-05 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.52588E-05 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7.62939E-06 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.81470E-06 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.90735E-06 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9.53674E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4.76837E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.38419E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.19209E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5.96046E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.98023E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.49012E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7.45058E-09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.72529E-09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.86265E-09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9.31323E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
4.65661E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.32831E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.16415E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
5.82077E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
2.91038E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
1.45519E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
7.27596E-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
3.63798E-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
1.81899E-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
9.09495E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
4.54747E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
2.27374E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
1.13687E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
5.68434E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
2.84217E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.42109E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
7.10543E-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
3.55271E-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.77636E-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
8.88178E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
4.44089E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.22045E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.11022E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
5.55112E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.77556E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.38778E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
6.93889E-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
3.46945E-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.73472E-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
8.67362E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
4.33681E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.16840E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.08420E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
5.42101E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.71051E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.35525E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
6.77626E-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
3.38813E-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.69407E-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
8.47033E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
4.23516E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.11758E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.05879E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
5.29396E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
2.64698E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.32349E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
6.61744E-24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
3.30872E-24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
1.65436E-24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0
8.27181E-25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5E-16 5E-17 5E-18 5E-19 5E-20

16 17 18 19 20

0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
10000/√91 𝑎𝑟𝑐𝑡𝑔[(ℎ−3)/√91]−100ℎ=18+10000/√91 𝑎𝑟𝑐𝑡𝑔[(−3)/√91]
Ejemplo # 4 Determinar h
menor valor positivo

x f(x)

a1 2 -8.0855
b1 3 1.4047
a1
Como f(2)<0 y f(3)>0
Por el teorema del valor intermedio
f(x) tiene un cero en el intervalo (1,2)

Método de bisección

Iteración an f(an) bn f(bn)


(n)
1 2 -8.08552632431 3 1.4046890649
2 2.5 -3.4901326718 3 1.4046890649
3 2.75 -1.06155150014 3 1.4046890649
4 2.75 -1.06155150014 2.875 0.16921143491
5 2.8125 -0.44705377239 2.875 0.16921143491
6 2.84375 -0.13910533057 2.875 0.16921143491
7 2.84375 -0.13910533057 2.859375 0.0150116112
8 2.8515625 -0.06205779498 2.859375 0.0150116112
9 2.85546875 -0.02352575384 2.859375 0.0150116112
10 2.857421875 -0.00425772782 2.859375 0.0150116112
11 2.857421875 -0.00425772782 2.8583984375 0.00537677868
12 2.857421875 -0.00425772782 2.85791015625 0.00055948454
13 2.857666015625 -0.00184913188 2.85791015625 0.00055948454
14 2.8577880859375 -0.00064482623 2.85791015625 0.00055948454
15 2.85784912109375 -4.2671484E-05 2.85791015625 0.00055948454
16 2.85784912109375 -4.2671484E-05 2.85787963867187 0.00025840637
17 2.85784912109375 -4.2671484E-05 2.85786437988281 0.0001078674
18 2.85784912109375 -4.2671484E-05 2.85785675048828 3.25979486E-05
19 2.85785293579102 -5.0367704E-06 2.85785675048828 3.25979486E-05
20 2.85785293579102 -5.0367704E-06 2.85785484313965 1.37805885E-05
21 2.85785293579102 -5.0367704E-06 2.85785388946533 4.37190886E-06
22 2.85785341262817 -3.3243083E-07 2.85785388946533 4.37190886E-06
23 2.85785341262817 -3.3243083E-07 2.85785365104675 2.01973904E-06
24 2.85785341262817 -3.3243083E-07 2.85785353183746 8.43654107E-07
25 2.85785341262817 -3.3243083E-07 2.85785347223282 2.55611667E-07
26 2.8578534424305 -3.8409553E-08 2.85785347223282 2.55611667E-07
27 2.8578534424305 -3.8409553E-08 2.85785345733166 1.08601057E-07
28 2.8578534424305 -3.8409553E-08 2.85785344988108 3.50957521E-08
29 2.85785344615579 -1.6569288E-09 2.85785344988108 3.50957521E-08
30 2.85785344615579 -1.6569288E-09 2.85785344801843 1.67194116E-08
31 2.85785344615579 -1.6569288E-09 2.85785344708711 7.53124141E-09
32 2.85785344615579 -1.6569288E-09 2.85785344662145 2.9371563E-09
33 2.85785344615579 -1.6569288E-09 2.85785344638862 6.4011374E-10
34 2.8578534462722 -5.0840754E-10 2.85785344638862 6.4011374E-10
35 2.8578534462722 -5.0840754E-10 2.85785344633041 6.58815225E-11
36 2.85785344630131 -2.2129143E-10 2.85785344633041 6.58815225E-11
37 2.85785344631586 -7.7704954E-11 2.85785344633041 6.58815225E-11
38 2.85785344632313 -5.9117156E-12 2.85785344633041 6.58815225E-11
39 2.85785344632313 -5.9117156E-12 2.85785344632677 2.99564817E-11
40 2.85785344632313 -5.9117156E-12 2.85785344632495 1.19939614E-11
41 2.85785344632313 -5.9117156E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
42 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
43 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
44 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
45 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
46 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
47 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
48 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
49 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
50 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
51 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
52 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
53 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
54 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
55 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
56 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
57 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
58 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
59 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
60 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
61 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
62 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
63 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
64 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
65 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
66 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
67 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
68 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
69 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
70 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
71 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
72 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
73 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
74 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
75 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
76 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
77 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
78 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
79 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
80 2.85785344632359 -1.4210855E-12 2.85785344632404 3.06954462E-12
ℎ=18+10000/√91 𝑎𝑟𝑐𝑡𝑔[(−3)/√91] 10000/√91 𝑎𝑟𝑐𝑡𝑔[(ℎ−3)/√91]−100ℎ−18−10000/√91 𝑎𝑟𝑐𝑡𝑔[(−3)/√91]=0

p
p1 b1

b1  a1
p1  a1 
2

RAIZ o CERO Error Absoluto Error Relativo ≤


|(bn+1-an+1)| / min(|
pn f(pn) |bn+1-an+1| min(|an+1|,|bn+1|)
an+1|,|bn+1|)
2.500000000000000000 -3.4901326718 5.0000000E-01 2.5 2.0000000E-01
2.750000000000000000 -1.0615515001 2.5000000E-01 2.75 9.0909091E-02
2.875000000000000000 0.1692114349 1.2500000E-01 2.75 4.5454545E-02
2.812500000000000000 -0.4470537724 6.2500000E-02 2.8125 2.2222222E-02
2.843750000000000000 -0.1391053306 3.1250000E-02 2.84375 1.0989011E-02
2.859375000000000000 0.0150116112 1.5625000E-02 2.84375 5.4945055E-03
2.851562500000000000 -0.062057795 7.8125000E-03 2.8515625 2.7397260E-03
2.855468750000000000 -0.0235257538 3.9062500E-03 2.85546875 1.3679891E-03
2.857421875000000000 -0.0042577278 1.9531250E-03 2.857421875 6.8352700E-04
2.858398437500000000 0.0053767787 9.7656250E-04 2.857421875 3.4176350E-04
2.857910156250000000 0.0005594845 4.8828125E-04 2.857421875 1.7088175E-04
2.857666015625000000 -0.0018491319 2.4414063E-04 2.857666015625 8.5433575E-05
2.857788085937500000 -0.0006448262 1.2207031E-04 2.8577880859375 4.2714963E-05
2.857849121093750000 -4.267148E-05 6.1035156E-05 2.85784912109375 2.1357025E-05
2.857879638671870000 0.0002584064 3.0517578E-05 2.85784912109375 1.0678513E-05
2.857864379882810000 0.0001078674 1.5258789E-05 2.85784912109375 5.3392563E-06
2.857856750488280000 3.2597949E-05 7.6293945E-06 2.85784912109375 2.6696282E-06
2.857852935791020000 -5.03677E-06 3.8146973E-06 2.85785293579102 1.3348123E-06
2.857854843139650000 1.3780588E-05 1.9073486E-06 2.85785293579102 6.6740615E-07
2.857853889465330000 4.3719089E-06 9.5367432E-07 2.85785293579102 3.3370308E-07
2.857853412628170000 -3.324308E-07 4.7683716E-07 2.85785341262817 1.6685151E-07
2.857853651046750000 2.019739E-06 2.3841858E-07 2.85785341262817 8.3425755E-08
2.857853531837460000 8.4365411E-07 1.1920929E-07 2.85785341262817 4.1712878E-08
2.857853472232820000 2.5561167E-07 5.9604645E-08 2.85785341262817 2.0856439E-08
2.857853442430500000 -3.840955E-08 2.9802322E-08 2.8578534424305 1.0428219E-08
2.857853457331660000 1.0860106E-07 1.4901161E-08 2.8578534424305 5.2141096E-09
2.857853449881080000 3.5095752E-08 7.4505806E-09 2.8578534424305 2.6070548E-09
2.857853446155790000 -1.656929E-09 3.7252903E-09 2.85785344615579 1.3035274E-09
2.857853448018430000 1.6719412E-08 1.8626451E-09 2.85785344615579 6.5176370E-10
2.857853447087110000 7.5312414E-09 9.3132257E-10 2.85785344615579 3.2588185E-10
2.857853446621450000 2.9371563E-09 4.6566129E-10 2.85785344615579 1.6294093E-10
2.857853446388620000 6.4011374E-10 2.3283064E-10 2.85785344615579 8.1470463E-11
2.857853446272200000 -5.084075E-10 1.1641532E-10 2.8578534462722 4.0735232E-11
2.857853446330410000 6.5881522E-11 5.8207661E-11 2.8578534462722 2.0367616E-11
2.857853446301310000 -2.212914E-10 2.9103830E-11 2.85785344630131 1.0183808E-11
2.857853446315860000 -7.770495E-11 1.4551915E-11 2.85785344631586 5.0919039E-12
2.857853446323130000 -5.911716E-12 7.2759576E-12 2.85785344632313 2.5459520E-12
2.857853446326770000 2.9956482E-11 3.6379788E-12 2.85785344632313 1.2729760E-12
2.857853446324950000 1.1993961E-11 1.8189894E-12 2.85785344632313 6.3648799E-13
2.857853446324040000 3.0695446E-12 9.0949470E-13 2.85785344632313 3.1824400E-13
2.857853446323590000 -1.421085E-12 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 4.5474735E-13 2.85785344632359 1.5912200E-13
2.857853446323820000 0 0.0000000E+00 0 1.0000000E+02
/√91 𝑎𝑟𝑐𝑡𝑔[(−3)/√91]=0

t Cifras significativas
5E-01 5E-02 5E-03 5E-04 5E-05 5E-06 5E-07 5E-08 5E-09 5E-10 5E-11 5E-12 5E-13 5E-14 5E-15

|Exactitud| 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

5.00000E-01 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.50000E-01 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.25000E-01 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6.25000E-02 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.12500E-02 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.56250E-02 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7.81250E-03 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.90625E-03 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.95313E-03 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9.76563E-04 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4.88281E-04 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.44141E-04 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.22070E-04 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
6.10352E-05 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.05176E-05 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.52588E-05 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7.62939E-06 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.81470E-06 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.90735E-06 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
9.53674E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
4.76837E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.38419E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.19209E-07 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5.96046E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
2.98023E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.49012E-08 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
7.45058E-09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
3.72529E-09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
1.86265E-09 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
9.31323E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
4.65661E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
2.32831E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
1.16415E-10 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
5.82077E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
2.91038E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
1.45519E-11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0
7.27596E-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
3.63798E-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
1.81899E-12 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0
9.09495E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
4.54747E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
2.27374E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.13687E-13 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
5.68434E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
2.84217E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.42109E-14 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
7.10543E-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
3.55271E-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.77636E-15 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
8.88178E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
4.44089E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
2.22045E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.11022E-16 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
5.55112E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
2.77556E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.38778E-17 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
6.93889E-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
3.46945E-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.73472E-18 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
8.67362E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
4.33681E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
2.16840E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.08420E-19 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
5.42101E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
2.71051E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.35525E-20 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
6.77626E-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
3.38813E-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.69407E-21 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
8.47033E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
4.23516E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
2.11758E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.05879E-22 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
5.29396E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
2.64698E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.32349E-23 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
6.61744E-24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
3.30872E-24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
1.65436E-24 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0
8.27181E-25 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
5E-16 5E-17 5E-18 5E-19 5E-20

16 17 18 19 20

0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
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0 0 0 0 0