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S T D - A W S C q - L - E N G L 3777 078'42b5 0532345 5 3 T

AWS C4.1-77

Criteria for Describing


Oxygen-Cut Surfaces

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Thisdocument is anaid to assist users, inspectors, and producers in communicating
among one another their needs with regard to the oxygen-cut surface.
The quality of an oxygen-cut surface is dependent on many variables, some of which
are asfollows:
(1) Material and surface condition
(2) Operator ability
(3) Condition and design of torches, tips and cutting machines
(4)Oxygen purity
(5) Vibrations from nearby equipment
(6) Movement of the workpiece due to thermal expansion and contraction
Acceptance levels of an oxygen-cut surface should be established by the user, based
upon the service requirements of the part. It is recommended that criteria pertinent to
these acceptance levels be incorporated into the users shop drawings and bid documents.

Repair of Oxygen-Cut Surfaces


It may be necessary to repair the as-cut surface to correct one of the conditions herein
described to meet acceptance levels established by the user. One accepted methodis grind-
ing. However, when repairs to meet acceptancelevels require welding, such repair should
be performed in accordance with applicable code requirements. The method of repair
should be mutually agreeable touser and producer.

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Flatness (F): The distance between


the two closestparallel planes
between which all points of the cut
surface lie.

\
Roughness (R): Roughnessconsists of
recurring peaks and valleys in the oxygen-cut
DJ surface. This can be determined by samples
Draglines (D): Lines which appear on the oxy- of acceptablequality,or by comparison
gen-cut surface. Their contours and directions do to the AWS C4.1 Surface Roughness Guide
not affect the quality of the cut surface. for Oxygen Cutting.

Notch (N): Gouges in an oxygen-cut surface sigruficantly deeper than


the overall surface roughness.
L

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.c' *I
A=specified angle, square or bevel
cuts

B = the deviation from the specified


angle

Angularity (A): The deviation in degrees at anypoint of the cut surface from the specified
angle

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Top Edge Rounding(T): Melting of the top edge
of an oxygen-cut surface.

l Slag (S): Deposits resulting from the oxygen cutting


process which adhere to the basemetal or cut surface. I
Copyright American Welding Society O1977 by American Welding Society
Provided by IHS under license with AWS
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale
Personnel
AWS Committee on Gas Welding and Oxygen Cutting
C. A . Vurl Horrl, Chuirttlur1 Chemetron Corporation
F. H . Susse. Vice-Chuirr?lurl Union Carbide Corp.
T J. Olii,eru, Serretur? American Welding Society
H . E. Cuble Weld Tooling Corporation
W. Fildes Caterpillar Tractor Co.
R. D. Greet] MAPP Products
D. R. GrIfJith* Gas Arc Supply
F. Huch Harris Calorific Co.
J. T. Johruotl Victor Equipment Co.
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L . L . Juhrlsorl Pittsburgh-Des Moines Steel Co.


D. B . Kitrle* General Electric
J . B . Le\Ytlsorz Levinson Steel Corp.
E . K . Lotlx Newport News Shipbuilding
R. A . MurlIeT J. A. Jones Construction Co.
C. R. McGowurr American Bridge Div.
J. E. McQuilletl Air Products and Chemicals
L . C. Stuirh Airco Welding Products
D. W. Srnith Rexarc Inc.
*Advisory Member

Prepared by
AWS Committee on GasWelding and Oxygen Cutting

Under the Directionof


AWS Technical Activities Committee

Approved by
AWS Board of Directors, October 18,1976

i 1977 by American Welding Society


All rights reserved
American Welding Society, 2501 N.W. 7th Street, Miami, FL 33125
Note: By publication of these Criteria the American Welding Society does not insure
anyone utilizing the Criteria againstliability arising from the use of such Criteria. A pub-
lication of Criteria by the American Welding Society does not carry with it any right to
make, use or sell any patented items. Each prospective should make an independent
investigation.
Printed in the United Statesof America
Reprinted: February 1998

Copyright American Welding Society


Provided by IHS under license with AWS
No reproduction or networking permitted without license from IHS Not for Resale