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Simulation

Simulation is a process of designing an operational model of a system and


conducting experiments with this model for the purpose either of understanding the behavior
of the system or of evaluating alternative strategies for the development or operation of the
system.
Simulation is normally used to assess the current, or predict the future, performance
of a business process. The concept is designed to help practitioners and business owners
discover new ways to improve their business processes through the use of mathematical,
statistical and other analytical methods.

Importance of Simulation

Simulation has been used across all business sectors, including manufacturing, retail,
pharmaceutical, banking, government, military and education. It has also proved successful
and well-suited for use in transactional environments.
The building sector consumes over 30% of worldwide energy used to heat, cool, light
and ventilate buildings. Simplified methods such as steady-state and steady-cyclic
calculations are not sufficient to faithfully represent the complex flow paths that occur in real
buildings. Simulation is a more accurate tool to reflect dynamic systems, as it is an attempt to
emulate the reality. It allows users to understand the interrelation between design and
performance parameters, to identify potential problem areas, and so implement and test
appropriate design modifications. By enabling the assessment of different scenarios, it is a
powerful tool for appraising options, and as a result the final design is more energy conscious
with better comfort levels and air quality attained throughout. In order to understand how
simulation can be effectively implemented into companies, our group looked at the present
situation in the construction industry and the emerging market requirements.

Software Used for Chemical Design and Simulation


 CHEMCAD
 Aspen Plus
 Aspen HYSYS
 CADSIM Plus
 gPROMS
 Apros

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1. CHEMCAD
CHEMCAD is an integrated suite of intuitive chemical process simulation
software that fits into the chemical engineering workflow and supercharges an engineer's
efficiency. Perhaps most significantly, it continues to evolve to meet the ever-expanding
needs of chemical engineers.

BENEFITS
 Highly customizable, flexible, and affordable
 All modules work within a single graphical user interface for seamless
interaction
 Adapts to how you approach engineering challenges
 Appealing graphics and reports are easy to export to third-party software
 Easily integrates into chemical engineering computing environment
 Personalized technical support second to none

2. Aspen Plus

Aspen Plus (AP for short) is the leading Chemical Process Simulator in the market (or
at least in the Chemical Engineering World)AP is a software that will allow the user to build
a process model and then simulate it using complex calculations (models, equations, math
calculations, regressions, etc.)There are many perks in AP, from designing new processes to
improving existing ones. That is so, that even AP ensures so in its website: 

3. Aspen HYSYS

Aspen HYSYS (HYSYS for short, a portmanteau from Hygrotech and Systems) is the
one of the top leading Chemical Process Simulator in the market (or at least in the Chemical
Engineering World)

HYSYS is used extensively in industry due to its steady-state and dynamic simulation,
process design, performance modelling, and optimization.

HYSYS is a software that will allow the user to build a process model and then simulate it
using complex calculations (models, equations, math calculations, regressions, etc.)

4. CADSIM Plus

CADSIM Plus is chemical process simulation software that can perform mass and
energy balances and simulate dynamic conditions. It is a first-principles dynamic chemical
process simulator and a full-featured Computer Assisted Drawing (CAD) front-end in one
package. CADSIM Plus includes a comprehensive set of generic process modules and has a
number of optional module libraries for various applications.
CADSIM Plus performs precise heat and material balances of any chemical process.
It can also be used to develop complex dynamic simulations with control logic and batch
operations.

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Here is a partial list of applications:

 Designing a process
 Finding solutions for process bottlenecks
 Tracking product grade changes
 Energy Tracking
 Identifying process and operation problems
 Reducing energy and/or materials usage
 Improving process efficiency
 Online Dynamic Data Reconciliation
 Real-time optimization
 Advanced process control

5. GPROMS

gPROMS, for general Process Modelling System, is among the most advanced
general-purpose process modelling and simulation software available today. GPROMS, for
general Process Modelling System, is among the most advanced general-purpose process
modelling and simulation software available today. It allows process designers and operations
personnel within operating companies and their technology suppliers to quantify process
design and operation as never before, leading to real increases in revenue and savings on
capital and operational costs. GPROMS is the result of many years of research into advanced
modelling and simulation techniques at the Centre for Process Systems Engineering at
Imperial College in London. The resulting software, tested in exacting applications by
academic users over many years, was acquired by the company and has been marketed as a
commercial product since 1997.

6. ssApros
Apros is a dynamic analysis and simulation software product developed by VTT and
Fortum. Since 1986, Apros has been used for the simulation of thermal and nuclear power
plants. Moreover, Apros has been used to simulate, for instance, pulp and paper production,
desalination plants, solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) systems, district heating and cooling
networks, concentrating solar power (CSP) plants, molten salt heat storage and transfer, and
liquefied natural gas (LNG) systems. We keep on exploring for new potential application
areas!

Apros applications and benefits:

 Safety analysis – reduce risks and convince the safety authority


 Engineering support – check the controls and dimensioning well in advance
 Automation testing – shorten commissioning time
 Operator training – knowledge transfer by involvement.