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DAILY LESSON PLAN

DAY Friday
DATE 17th October 2008
TIME 2.00– 3.00 pm
CLASS 4 Science 1
SUBJECT Biology Form 4
THEMES Variation and Inheritance
LEARNING AREA 2.0 Variation
LEARNING OBJECTIVE 2.1 Understanding Variation in organisms
LEARNING OUTCOME 1. Students able to state the importance of variation in organism.
2. Students able to give examples of variation in humans.
3. Students able to state the types of variation.
4. Students able to compare the continuous variation and discontinuous variation.
PREVIOUS KNOWLEDGE Students have already learned about the chromosomes that give the variation in humans in previous chapter.
MORAL VALUES Being thankful to god, appreciating the balance of nature and having an interest and curiosity towards the environment.
TEACHING AND LCD, projector, power point, worksheet
LEARNING MATERIALS
CCTS Relating , Comparing and contrasting, Grouping and classifying, Predicting.

TIME DEVELOPMENT LESSON TEACHER’S STUDENT’S VOCABULARY


(minutes) OF LESSON CONTENT ACTIVITY ACTIVITY
5 1. Teacher explains if 1. Students listen to Strategy
Teacher Centred
there are no teacher explanation and
differences answer the question.
Vocabulary

Let’s Think!!
between
variations – variasi
organisms, asking continuous variation
students some
questions and to
increase their
interest.

If all of us have the same


if our world is
Even… like th

20
We Call This.
Explanation based on the power
point presentation.
Sure..
This words and backgro
looks dull…
1. Teacher explains the
content of the topic to the
students.
1. Students learn and
concentrate to the teacher.
Strategy
Teacher centred

T & L Method

Whatis Varia
betio n????bor
1.)Questioning

What is Variation? its gonna really Isn’t it??


Vocabulary
variations – variasi
continuous variation
– variasi selanjar

• A thing which is different from other discontinuous variation

But… Wait!!! Wa
– variasi tak selanjar

things in the same general group


(The Oxford Advanced Dictionary
CCTS:

Importance of variations
1. Attributing
2. Grouping and
classifying.
3. Analysing
4. Relating
Importance of variation in
humans. Examples was shown.

• Different from each other


• Adapt to their environment
Types of Variation
• Characteristics that fit the current,
Types of variation.

local environment have more


•chances
Variation can
to survive be studi
measuring
• New species a
Continuous Va
trait/characteristics.
• Results can be display in fr
•distribution
Has no distinct categor
Bell-shaped Hist
histrogram.
• 2individuals
types: can be plac
– Continuous Variation
•8Tends to be quantitativ
Discontinuous Var
• Controlled by a single
Histogram for Discon gen
• Not influenced by the envi
Variation
Comparing between both
variations.
• Examples;
7 – Humans : blood group, ear
6 Similarities
lobes, tongue rolling, types
thumbprint,
•5 Appear hair and
in Differences
all living etc.
organism
4 – Plants : flower color, flower
• Have genetic causes.
position,
3 Continuous pea shape,
Differences pea coDi
•2 Are inheritable.
Variation
Exist as broad height.Nature of the
plant
30 Activities Activities 1: Know Your Activity 1 T & L Approach
Falls i
• Contribute to ;
continuous range with
1
many intermediate
variation distinc
pheno
friends Better a) Teacher will divide a) Students sit together 1.)Constructivism
the students into with their group 2.)Contextual Learning
two groups members.

b) Teacher gives clear b) Students listen to the T & L Strategy


instruction about instruction of the 1.) Student centered &
the activity that activity. material centered.
will be carried out.
T & L Method
1.)Questioning
c) Two pieces of c) Students analyzing 2.)Discussion
worksheet the worksheet given
containing a list of
human characters CCTS:
given to each 5. Attributing
NO. VARIATION
group. CHARACTERISTICS 6. Grouping and
classifying.
7. Analysing
8. Relating

1 EYE
d) COLOUR
Each group
members will face
d) Students are given 5
minutes to analyze
BROWN
SCIENTIFIC
each other and and write their ATTITUDES AND
analyze their BLUE
friends characters in
NOBLE VALUES

NO. VARIATION friends characters


CHARACTERIS
the worksheet
1. Being honest and
TICS
accurate in recording
2 EAR LOBE SHAPE
e) Teacher walks
around and
e) Students involve inFREE
the discussion and
LOBE
and validating data
2. Being objective
observes students cooperative.

5
participation.
DIMPLED CHEEK ATTACHED LOBE
DIMPLED
3 TONGUE-ROLLING
f) Teacher ask f) Student answerNON-ROLLER
NON-DIMPLED
randomly about the actively about the

6 SECOND TOE
characteristics they
have
characters of their
friends ROLLER
LONGER
4 HAIR COLOUR BLACK
SHORTER
7 TYPES OF FINGER BLONDE
COMPOSITE
Activities 2: Mix And Match
PRINTS
Activity 2

WHORL
(Continuous and a) Teacher a) Students listen
Discontinuous Variations) will give students and follow the
clear instruction. instruction from
teacher.

b) Teacher b) Students which


ask the student to are asked by the
determine whether teacher answer
the slide show and determine
shown to them is the which one is
continuous or continuous or
discontinuous discontinuous
variations variations

20 Evaluation Refer to the appendix 1. Teacher gives the 1. Students follow T & L Strategy
students some questions teacher’s instruction. 1.) Student centred
regarding on today’s lesson. 2.) Material centred
All the questions given are
based on what they have
learnt today.

2. Teacher assigned the 2. They answer the


student’s to solve the question in silent and
problem or question independently.
independently. No
discussions are allowed.

3. Students are given 10 3. Students answer the


minutes to answer the question on time.
questions.

4. After 10 minutes, teacher 4. Students exchange their


asks the students to answer to their friends.
exchange their answer with
their friend and discuss the
answer together with the
class.

5. After that teacher record 5. Students respond to the


the marks. teacher requirement.

5 Conclusion 1. Teacher asks students 1. Student answer T & L Strategy


question what they have teacher’s question. 1.) Student centered
learns.
T & L Method

?????
2. Teacher asks students to 2. Students answer and 1.)Questioning
differentiate continuous and differentiate both
discontinuous variation. variation.
SCIENTIFIC
ATTITUDES AND
NOBLE VALUES
1. Being honest and
accurate in recording
and validating data
2. Being objective

W HY??
Co n c l u s i
• CON T IN U OS OR DISCON
How to differentiate??

Continuos Di

IMPORTANT!
A slight & grade into Differences Dis
each other cut

• definition
A large number of:
Determined/
Controlled by
• Importance
i. Genes
ii. Influenced by the
One

• Types
environment

The end
• Compare-continuos
Graph and d
Normal distribution
Disc
HOMEWORK :

SELF-REFLECTION : (comment on every stage of the lesson developments including objectives achievement)

(On strategies)
(On the web

(How to overcome it) Whichever is applicable


Enrichment activity :
Remedial activity :
Extra class :