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BCB_RANDOM_MATH

01. . A jar contains white, red and green marbles in the ratios 2:3:5. Six more green

marbles are added to the jars, and then the ratio becomes 2 : 3:7. How many white

marbles are there in the jar?

Solution:

W:R:G= 2:3:5[Initial]

W:R:G= 2:3:7[Final]

Let Initial Green = 5x

Final Green = 7x

ATQ,

(7x-5x)= 6

=> x= 3

=> 2x= 6

So, white marbels in the jar = 6[Answer.]

02. Rahim borrowed Tk. 800 at 6% per annum and Karim borrowed Tk. 600 at 10% per

annum. After how much time, will they both have equal debts?

Solution:

Let After T years both have equal debts.

ATQ,

T T

800+800×6× = 600+600×10×

100 100

=> 800+48T= 600+60T

=> 200= 12 T

200 50 2

=> T= = = 16

12 3 3

2

So, After = 16 year both have equal debt. [answer.]

3

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

03.Two vessel A and B contain spirit and water mixed in the ratio 5:2 and 7:6 respectively.

Find the ratio in which these mixtures be mixed to obtain a new mixture in vessel C

containing spirit and water in the ratio 8:5?

Solution:

Let first mixture contain = x L

2nd mixture contain = y L

Total Sprit = (5x/7+7y/13) Alternative

Total Water = (2x/7+6y/13) S:W= 5:2[Ist]= 65:26

ATQ, S:W= 7:6[2nd]= 49:42

(5x/7+7y/13):(2x/7+6y/13)= 8/5 S:W= 8:5[F]= 56:35

=> (65x+49y)×5= (26x+42y)×8 Two mixture will be mixed, S:W=

=> 325x+245y= 208x+336y (56-49):(65-56)= 7:9

পুরুষ এবং ৩ জন মহিলার এেটি েহমটি গঠন েরধ্ে িধ্ব 8/13

থেখাধ্ন Mr. X এবং Miss Y এেই েহমটিধ্ে োেধ্ে

অসম্মে িধ্েধ্েন। েে প্রোধ্র ঐ েহমটি গঠন েরা 1/13 9/91

থেধ্ে পাধ্র ? 7 9

Solution:

6C4×5C3+6C3×5C3+6C4×5C2

=500

Alternative:

7C4×6C3-6C3×5C2

=700-200

=500

05.Shan bought 30 liters of milk at the rate of Tk.8 per liter. He got it churned after

spending Tk.10 and 5kg of cream and 30 liter of toned milk were obtained. If he sold the

cream at Tk.30 per kg and toned milk at Tk.4 per liter, his profit in the transaction is....

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Solution:

CP of 30 L = 30×8+10= 250

SP = 30×4+5×30= 270

Profit in Transaction = (270-250)= 20[Answer]

06. A boat takes total 10 hours for travelling downstream from point A to point B &

coming back point C which is somewhere between A& B.The speed of the boat in still

water is 9km/hr and rate of stream is 3 km/hr.then what is the distance between A & B if

the ratio of distance between A to C and distance between B to C is 2:1.

Solution:

A===2D====C====D==B

Let, AC= 2D

BC= D

So, AB= 2D+D= 3D

ATQ,

3D D

+ = 10

12 6

=> 5D= 120

=> D= 24

So, AB= 24×3= 72 km [Answer.]

07. A bath can be filled by the cold water pipe in 10 minute and by the hot water pipe in

15 mintes. A person leaves the bathroom after turning on both pipes. He returns just

when the bath should have full. Finding however the waste pipe was open, he close it. In 4

minutes more the bath is full. In what time will the waste water pipe empty it?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Solution: Alternative

Let, Capacity of Tank = 30 L Both pipe can fill in 1 min

Efficiency of Hot water pipe:Cold water pipe = 3:2 1 1 1

= + =

30 30 10 15 6

Time needed to fill the cistern = = = 6 min 1

3+2 5

So, Part in = 1 min

6

In 4 min both pipe fill = (3+2)×4= 20 unit

So, 1 part in = 6 min

So, Waste pipe 20 unit in = 6 min

4 2

30

Waste pipe 30 unit in = 6× = 9 min[Answer]

So,Waste pipe 6 min = =3

20

6

2

So, Part in = 6 min

3

1 part in= 9 min

08. The annual incomes and expenditures of a man

and his wife are in the ratios 5:3 and 3:1, respectively. If they decide to save equally and

find a balance of Tk. 4000 at the end of the year, what was their income?

Solution:

Let annual income=x

Annual expenditure =y

(5+3-3-1)=4000

Saving of wife = (3x-y)

4==4000

Saving of husband = (5x-3y) 5==5000

3==3000

ATQ,

3x-y= 2000

=> y= (3x-2000)

And,

5x-3y= 2000

=> 5x-3(3x-2000)= 2000

=> 5x-9x+6000= 2000

=> x= 1000

So, Husband Income = 5×1000= 5000

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

09. After being dropped a certain ball always bounces back to 2/5 of the height of its

previous bounce.After the first bounce it reaches a height of 125 inches. How high (in

inches) will it reach after its fourth bounce?

Solution::

After fourth bounce it will reach = 125×(2/5)×(2/5)×(2/5)

= 8 inches

10. Three containers A, B and C are having mixtures of milk and water in the ratio 20 :

28, 18 : 30 and 8 : 40, respectively. If the capacities of the containers are in the ratio 5 : 4 :

5, find the ratio of milk to water, if the mixtures of all the three containers are mixed

together ?

Solution:

At, A ; M:W= 20:28= 5:7= 50:70

At, B; M:W= 18:30= 3:5=36:60

At C ; M:W= 8:40= 1:5= 20:100

M:W= (50+36+20):(70+60+100)

= 106:230= 53:115[Answer]

11. Three competing juice makers conducted a blind taste test with mall shoppers. The

shoppers could choose to taste any number of the three brands of juices but had to select

at least one juice that they liked. If 100 shoppers liked brand J, 200 shoppers liked brand

K, 700 shoppers liked brand L, 300 shoppers liked exactly 2 juices, and 50 shoppers liked

all three juices, how many shoppers took the taste test?

Solution:

All = A + B + C – Sum of exactly two groups – 2×All Three + Neither

= 100 + 200 + 700 – 300 -100 +0

= 600[Answer]

12. A box contains 24 red socks and 43 green socks. How many green socks must be

removed from the box so that 60% of the socks in the box will be green?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Solution:

Let, Remove sock = x(green)

24 2

ATQ, =

43−x 3

=> 72= 86-2x

=> x= 7 [Answer]

13. In a group of people solicited by a charity, 30% contributed Tk. 400 each, 45%

contributed Tk. 200 each and the rest contributed Tk. 20 each. If the charity received a

total of Tk. 3,000 form the people who contributed Tk. 20, then how much was

contributed by the entire group?

Solution:

Let, Total = 100%

Contribute TK 20= 100-(30+45)= 25%

25% Total Number = 3000/20= 150

So, 25%= 150

=> 100%= 600

=> 30%= 180

=> 45= 270

Total Contribute TK = 150×20+180×400+270×200

= 3,000+ 72,000+ 54,000

= 129,000

14. A and B can finish a work,working on alternative days,in 19 days,when A works on the

first day. However, they can finish the work, working alternative days,in 19(5/6)

days,when B works on the first day. How many days does A alone take to finish the

work??

Solution:

10A+9B= 1_______[1]

10B + 59A/6= 1______[2]

From [1] & [2]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

60A+54B= 60B+59A

=> A= 6B

=> A:B= 6:1

ATQ,

60+9= 6×T

69

=> T= ( days[Answer]

6

15. A car gets 20 kms per gallon of gas when it travels at 50 kms per hour. The car gets

12% fewer kms to the gallon at 60 kms per hour.How far can the car travel at 60 kms per

hour on 11 gallons of gas?

Solution:

22

One gallons cost when speed 60 km = 20× = 17.6 km

25

So costing 11 gallon it will goes= 17.6×11= 193.6 km[Answer]

16. A man walks 30 minutes at an average speed of 3km /hr. He waits 10 minutes for a

bus, which brings him back to starting point at 3.15pm. If he began his walk at 2.25 pm

the same afternoon, find the average speed of the bus?

Solution:

Man start his journey at = 2.25 pm

Walking distance = 30 min and = 1.5 km

Now standing at the bus stand it cost total 10 min. Now time at hand,

(3:25-2:25)-30-10= 60-40= 20 min

So, in 20 min = 1.5 km

In 60 min = 3×1.5= 4.5 km/hr

17. In a certain school, 40 more than 1/3 of all the students are taking a science course and

1/4 of those taking a science course are taking physics. If 1/8 of all the students in the

school are taking physics, how many students are in the school?

Solution:

Let, Total students = T

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

T

Taking Science = +40

3

T+120

=

3

T+120

Taking physics =

12

T+120 T

ATQ, =

12 8

=> 8T+960= 12T

=> 4T= 960

=> T= 240[Answer]

18. Robert is travelling on his cycle and has calculated to reach point A at 2 P.M. if he

travels at 10 kmph, he will reach there at 12 noon if he travels at 15 kmph. At what speed

must he travel to reach A at 1 P.M.?

Solution::

Let, Distance = D

D D

ATQ, − =2

10 15

=> D= 60 km

60

So he start his journey at = = 6 hr ago.

10

In order to reach there at 5 hr time

60

His speed will be = =12 km/hr[Answer]

5

19.A milk vendor has 2 cans of milk. The first contains 25% water and the rest milk &

second contains 50% water. How much milk should he mix from each of the containers so

as to get 12 liters of milk such that the ratio of water to milk is 3:5???

Solution:

Applying ROA,

25___________50

_______37.5_____

12.5__________12.5

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

1:1

So, Milk & Water = 12×(1/2)= 6 L each.

[Answer]

20.A container contains 40 liters of milk. From this container 4 liters of milk was taken

out and replaced by water. This proces was repeated further two times. How much milk

is now contained by the container?

Solution:

Here Initial Water = 40 L

Replace = 4 L

ATQ,

4 3

Final Amount = 40×(1 − ) =29.16 L [Answer.]

40

21. 8 liters are drawn from a cask full of wine and is then filed with water. This operation

is performed three more times. The ratio of the quantity of wine now left in cask to that of

the water is 16:65. How much wine did the cask hold originally?

Solution :

Let, Initial wine = w

ATQ,

8 4 Wine:Total = 16:81= 2^4:3^4= 2:3

(1−w) 16

w× = Now, Replace = (3-2)/3=1/3part

w 81

ATQ, 1/3 = 8

8 4 2 4

=> (1 − ) = ( ) 1 part = 24 L [Answer]

w 3

1 8

=> =

3 w

=> w= 24 L

So, Cask hold originally = 24 L [Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

22. Two candles having the same lengths are such that one burns out completely in 3

hours at a uniform rate and the other in 4

hours at what time should both the candles be Let, Length of candles 24 each

lighted together so that at 4 p:m the length of 24

one is twice the length of the other? Burn Rate of first = = 8 unit/hr

3

Solution: 24

Burn Rate of 2nd = = 6 unit/hr

Let the height of two candles each = h 4

Let, After T hr at 4 p.m the Length of one

Rate of burn per hr by two candles Respectively

candle is twice than the others.

h/3 & h/4.

ATQ,

Let, After T hour one length will be twice than

the other, (24-8T)×2= (24-6T)

ATQ, => 48 - 16 T= 24 - 6T

Th Th => 10 T = 24

(h- )×2= (h-

3 4

12

=> (3h-Th)×8= 3×(4h-Th) => T= =2 hr 24 mins ago.

5

hr 24 min)= 1:36 pm[Answer]

=> 5Th= 12 h

=> T= 12/5 or 2 hr 24 min before at 4 pm.

So two candles will be lighted at = (4:00-2 hr 24 mi)= 1:36 pm [Answer]

23. Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 6 hours and 4 hours respectively. If they are

opened on alternative hours and if pipe A is opened first,in how many hours , the tank

shall be full?

Solution:

A:B= 6:4[T]

A:B= 2:3[E]

Capacity of Tank = 6×2= 12 unit

In first hour fill = 2 unit

In 2nd hour fill = 3 unit

In 3rd hour fill = 2 unit

In 4th hour fill = 3 unit

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Total fill in 5th hour = (2+3+2+3+2)= 12 unit

So, Time needed = 5 hour [Answer.]

24. If radius of a circle is increased by 30℅ then it's area is increased by—

Solution

Alternative

Let Original Radius of circle = R

30×30

Orginal Area = π R2 30+30+

100

13R = 30+30+9

New Radius = 130% of R=

10

= 69%

13R 2 169πR2

New Area = π( ) =

10 100

169πR2

Increase Area = − πR2

100

69πR2

=

100

69𝜋R2 ×100

Percent Increase =

100×πR2

= 69%[Answer.]

[Q-25] An amount of taka 10,000 becomes taka 20,736 in 2 years,If the rate of interest is

compounded half yearly, what is the annual rate of interest?

Solution

Let, Principle= P= 10,000

Interest Rate= R%

R 4

ATQ,10,000(1 + ) = 20,736

200

R 4 20736

(1 + ) =

200 10,000

R 4 12 4

(1 + ) =( )

200 10

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

6 R

−1=

5 200

R 1

=

200 5

R= 40%[Answer]

26. Rahim invested in all tk 2600 in three different schemes 8℅, 4℅ & 6℅ per annum

simple interest. At the end of the year, he received the same interest in all the three

schemes. What is the money invested in scheme having 4℅ rate of interest?

Solution Alternative

Let, he invest x, y & 2600-(x+y) in three Money invested in three scheme=

schemes 1 1 1

: :

8 4 6

ATQ,

= 3:6:4

x×8%= y×4%= {2600-(x+y)×6%

8x= 4y So, Investment at 4% scheme,

y= 2x 6

= 2600×

So, 8x= {2600-3x}6 13

= 1200[Answer]

8x= 15,600-18x

26x= 15,600

x= 600

So, y= 600×2= 1200

So, he invest at 4% scheme= 1200 TK[Answer]

27. After distributing the chocolates equally among 25 kids, 8 chocolates remain. Had the

number of children been 28,22 chocolates would have been left after equally distributing

Find the total number of chocolates?

Solution

Alternative

Let, Total Number of Chocolate, Y

358

= 25X +8 Back solve, = Remainder 8

25

25x+8−22 25𝑋−14 358

ATQ, Y= = And, = Remainder 22

28 28 28

When X = 14, Y= 22

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= 25×22+8= 358[Answer.]

28. A solid sphere of radius r is sliced by the planes passing through its centre and

perpendicular to each other. The total surface area of each of the pieces so formed is

Solution

4πR2 2πR2

The total surface Area = +

4 2

= 2πR2

[Answer]

29. A hollow right circular cylinder of radius r and height 4r is standing vertically on a

plane. If a solid right circular cone of radius 2r and height 6r is placed with its vertex

down in the cylinder, then volume of the portion of the cone outside the cylinder is ?

Solution:

πH

= (R2 + Rr + r 2 )

3

2r

=π× {(2𝑟)2 + 2r. r + r 2 }

3

14πR3

=

3

[Answer]

30. a manufacturer of boxes want to make a profit of X taka.when she sells 5000 boxes if

costs tk 5 a box to make the first 1000 boxes and then it costs Tk Y a box to make the

remaining 4000 boxes. what price in taka should she charge for the 5000 boxes?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Solution

Total CP = 1000×5+4000×Y= 5000+4000Y

So, SP= 5000+4000Y+X[Answer.]

31. The digit in the unit's place of a number is equal to the digit in the ten's place of half of

that number and the digit in the ten's place of that number is less than the digit in unit's

place of half of the number by 1. If the sum of the digits of the number is 7, then what is

the number?

Solution

Let Digit in unit place = y

Digit in Tenth place = x

So, The number is = 10x+y

Let, Half of the number is = 10k+m

Now, k= y and, m= x+1

So, half of the number= 10y+x+1

So, Number= 2×half of the number

10x+y= 20y+2x+2

8x= 19y+2

19y+2

x=

8

When y=2 x= 5

So, The number is =10×5+2= 52[Answer]

[Q-01]A bag contains 5 red and 7 white balls. Four balls are drawn out one by one and not replaced.

What is the probability that they are alternatively of different colours?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Solution:

Note:Alternatively different color :

Probability of alternatively different color

মানে প্রথমটা রেড হনে পনেেটা

=(5/12)×(7/11)×(4/10)×(6/9)+

রহায়াইট, এভানে রহায়াইনটে পে

(7/12)×(5/11)×(6/10)×(4/9)

রেড

RWRW+WRWR

[Q-02].A and B can finish a work, working on alternate days, in 19 days, when A works on the first day.

However, they can finish the work, working on alternate days, in 19 5/6 days, when B works on the first

day. How many days does A alone take to finish the work?

Solution

10A+9B= 1_____[1]

59𝐴

10B + = 1____[2]

6

From [1] & (2]

60A+54B= 60B+59A

=> A= 6B

=> A:B= 6:1

ATQ,

69= 6T

=> T= 11.5[Answer]

[Q-03] A and B can complete a work separately in 9 and 12 days respectively. If they work for a day

alternately in how many days the work will be completed.

Solution

A:B= 9:12[T]

A:B= 4:3[E]

Two days work = 4+3= 7 unit

(5×2)= 10 days work = 7×5= 35 unit

Remain= (36-35)= 1 unit

Now A turn,

4 unit in = 1 day

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

1

1 unit in =

4

1

Time needed = 10+

4

1

= 10

4

[Q-04] The price of each mango is tk.65 and the price of each guava is tk.45.Aslam buys total 10mabgoes

and guavas at an average price of tk56.how many mangoes must Aslam put back &replace with guavas

so that the average price if the pieces of fruit that he keeps is 52 tk.

Solution:

Apply Role of Allegations Alternative

Mango Guava Total Price of 10= 10×56= 560

65 45 He saves = (560-52×10)= 40 TK

56 If he buy two mangoes less then he

11 9 could save 40 TK.

And Price difference = (65-45)= 20

Mango __________Guava So, Mangoes less = 40/20= 2[Answer]

65_______________45

________52________

7_________________13

4

So, he put back (11-7) or (13-9)= = 2 mangoes and replace with guava[Answer]

2

[Q-05]A cricket team has won 40 games out of 60 played. It has 32 more games to play. How many of

these must the team win to make it record 70% win for the season??

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Solution

Alternative:

Let he won x match after wining = 40 match

Let, he won x match total

Total match he will play = 60+32= 92

𝑥 7

40+𝑥 70 7 ATQ, =

92 10

ATQ, = 100 = 10

92

=> 10x= 644

=> 400+10x= 644

=> x= 64.4

=> 10x= 244

So, he have to win = (64.4-40)

=> x= 24.4 or 24 match approximately

= 24.4 or 24 match

[Answer.] approximately [Answer ]

[Q-06] The average weight of 15 boys is decreased by 5 kg when, one of them weighing 112 kg is replaced

by another one. This new one is again replaced by another, whose weight is 15 kg higher than the person

he replaced. What is the overall change due to this dual change?

Solution

Wt decrease by 5 kg that means total decrease = 15×5= 75 kg

So, Replaced man weight = 112-75= 37 kg

Now this man is replaced whose wt is 15 kg lower than the replaced man,

So Replaced man wt. = 37+15= 52 kg

So, Overall wt. Decrease = 112-52= 60 kg

60

Overall change per person= = 4 𝑘𝑔

15

[Answer]

[Q-07] Lokesh deposits some amount in a bank .He gets simple interest which is 1/8 of the sum. If the

number of years is equal to twice the rate percent per annum, then the rate percent per annum is?

Solution

Let, Sum= P

Simple interest= P/8

Number of years = x

Rate = 2x%

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

𝑃 𝑃2𝑥 2

ATQ =

8 100

=> 100= 16𝑥 2

10

=> x= = 2.5% [Answer]

4

[Q-08] A building worth Tk.133100 is constructed on land worth Tk.72900. After how many years will

the value of both be the same if land appreciates at 10% p.a. and building depreciates at 10% p.a??

Solution:

10 𝑛 10 𝑛

72900×{1 + (100)} = 133100×(1 − 100)

11 𝑛 9 𝑛

=> 72900×( ) = 133100×( )

10 10

11 𝑛 10 𝑛 133100

=>( ) ×(9) =

10 72900

=> n= 3 year

[Answer.]

[Q-09] .Two airticles are sold for Rs.30 each. On one,he losses 30 % & on the others he earns a profit of

30 %.Find his loss /profit (in Rs) in the overall transaction

Solution

Alternative

Each SP = 30

30×30

10 Percent Loss = 30 -30 –

CP of first = 30 × 100

7

= 9%

300

= 𝑃𝑄

7 Formula= P-Q-

100

10

CP of 2nd = 30 × 13 Here, P, Q profit & Loss

Respectively

300

=

13

Total CP = ( + )= =

7 13 91 91

Total SP= 30+30= 60

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Loss = − 60 = =

91 91 91

540 91

Percent Loss = × × 100

91 6000

= 9%[Answer]

[Q-10] A conical tent is required to accommodate 5 persons and each of them needs 16 𝑪𝒎𝟐 space on the

ground and 100 cubic metres of air to breathe. Find the vertical height of the tent.

Solution

Area of base = 5×16= 80 𝐶𝑚2

Let, Radius = r

Height = h

So, Area = 80

=> π𝑟 2 = 80

And, Volume = 100×5= 500

𝜋𝑟 2 ℎ

=> ( = 500

3

=> 80 h= 1500

=> h= 18.75 cm[Answer]

[Q-11] Find the cost of carpeting a room 13 m long and 9m broad with a carpet 75cm wide at the rate of

tk 12.40 per sq. metre.

Solution

13×9×(4/3)×12.4= 39×4×12.4= 156×12.4= 1934.4[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q-12]In a competitive exam, the number of passed students was four times the number of failed

students. If there had been 35 fewer appeared students and 9 more had failed, the ratio of passed and

failed students would have been 2 : 1, then the total number

of students appered for the exam

Alternative

Solution

Pass:Fail= 4:1

P= 4×F

Total Students = 5x-35

=> P:F= 4:1

Fail = x+9

Total Students= 5x-35

𝑥+9 1 Pass= 5x-35-x-9= 4x-44

ATQ, =3 𝑥+9 1

5𝑥−35

ATQ =

=> 3x+27= 5x-35 4𝑥−44 2

=> 2x= 62

2x+18= 4x-44

2x= 62

=> x= 31 x= 31

Appear = 5×31= 155[Answer.]

So, Total Students = 5×31= 155

[Q-13] A & B enter into a partnership business. A supplies whole of the capital amounting to taka 45000

with condition that profits to be equally divided and that B Pays A interest on half of the capital at 10%

per annum, but receives taka 120 per month for carrying the concern. Find the total yearly profit when

B's income is one-half of A's income

Solution

𝐴

B's income= 2

=> A= 2B

=> A:B= 2:1[Income Ratio]

22500

B paid A = = 2250

10

B receive = 120×12= 1440

Profit will be shared by both in same quantity.

Let, Shared profit = P

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

𝑃

A wiil received =

2

And,

𝑃

B will received =

2

Since,

𝑃

B get an interest of 1440 & given A to 2250 then B profit will be= 2+1440-2250

P

= -810

2

And,

A will be received in Total

𝑃

= +2250

2

P

+2250 2

2

ATQ, P =1

−810

2

=> P+4500= 2P-3240

=> P= 7740

So, (A+B) profit in total = P+2250-810

= 7740+1440= 9180[Answer]

[Q-14] A boat goes 12 km downstream and return to the strating point in 180 minutes. If the speed of the

stream is 3 km/hr. Then what will be the speed of boat in still water?

Solution

Let, Boat speed, = x

12 12

ATQ, + 𝑥−3 = 3

𝑥+3

=> (12x-36+12x+36)= 3(𝑥 2 − 9)

=> 24x= 3𝑥 2 − 27

=> 𝑥 2 − 8𝑥 − 9 = 0

=> 𝑥 2 − 9x + x − 9 = 0

=> x(x-9)+1(x-9)= 0

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> x= 9

So, Boat speed = 9 km/hr[Answer]

[Q-15] The wages of labourers in a factory increases in the ratio 22:25 and there was a reduction in the

number of labourers in the ratio 15:11. Find the original wage bill if the present bill is Rs. 5000

Solution

Ration of two numbers now=

Let Previous wage= 22x

22×15:25×11

So, New wage = 25x

= 2×3:5

Previous number of workers= 15y

= 6:5

New number of workers = 11y

Total wages of present = 25x×11y= 275xy

Now,

ATQ, 6==6000[Answer]

275xy= 5000

xy= 18.18

Previous wages= 330×18.18= 6000[Answer ]

[Q-16]A garments factory employs 3 categories of workers, K, M & N. The efficiency of the 3 categories

of worker to do a specific task is in the ratio of 3:5:6 respectively & the factory employs 15 of category K,

12 of category M & 3 of category N. If the total wages paid to the entire group of workers is tk 492 per

hour,what will be the wages earned by a category N worker for an 8 hour day?

Solution

M:K:N= (15×3:12×5:3×6)= 45:60:18

N in 1 hr= 492×(18/123)= 72

N in 8 hr= 72×8= 576

576

So, N, 1 worker =

3

= 192[Answer]

[Q-17] In a 100 litre mixture of milk and water, the % of water is only 20%. The milkman gave 25 litres

of this mixture to a customer and then added 25 litres of water to the remaining mixture. What is the %

of milk in the final mixture

Solution:

Initial Mixture= 100 L

Water = 20 L

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Milk = 80 L

4

Milk now = 80- 25× = 80-20= 60

5

% of Milk = 60×100/100= 60%[Answer]

[Q-18] Three cats are roaming in a zoo n such a way that when cat A takes 5 steps, B takes 6 steps and C

takes 7 steps. But the 6 steps of A are equal to the 7 steps of B and 8 steps of C. what is the ratio of their

speeds

Solution

A:B:C= 5:6:7

And,

6A= 7B= 8C= x

1 1 1

=> A:B:C= : :

6 7 8

= 28:24:21

So, Ration of speed = (5×28):(24×6):(21×7)

= 140:144:147

[Answer]

[Q-19] In a group of 60 probationary officers, 40% of them were prompted , 12 of them were terminated

and rest of them were placed on probation for the second time. What percentage of the probationary

officers placed on probation for second time?

Solution

2

Promoted = 60×

5

=24

Terminated= 12

Remain = 60-36= 24

5

Percentage= 24×

3

= 40%[Answer]

[Q-20] A sum of Rs. 210 was taken as a loan. This is to be paid back in two equal installments.lf the rate

of interest be 10% compounded annually, then the value of each installment is

Solution

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

x x

ATQ,

10 2

+ 10 =210

(1+ ) 1+

100 100

=> x= 121[Answer.]

[Q-21] In a fort, there are 1200 soldiers. If each soldier consumes 3 kg per day, the provisions available in

the fort will last for 30 days. If some more soldiers join, the provisions available will last for 25 days given

each soldier consumes 2.5 kg per day. Find the number of soldiers joining the fort in that case

Solution1

Let, Extra Men added= M

ATQ,

(1200×3×30)= (M+1200)×25×5/2

=> 2400×90-1200×25×5= 15×5×M

=> M= 528

So, Men added = 528[Answer]

[Q-22] Paint needs to be thinned to a ratio of 2 parts paint to 1.5 parts water. The painter has by mistake

added water so that he has 6 litres of paint which is half water and half paint. What must he add to make

the proportions of the mixture correct

Solution:

Paint:Water = 2:1.5

= 4:3

3+𝑥 4

ATQ, =

3 3

=> 9+3x= 12

=> 3x= 3

=> x= 1

So, 1 L paint should be added[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q-23] Mr. Kamal and his wife get a rise of 8% percent annually in their income.Kamal get a raise of

800tk while his wife get 840 tk.What is difference

between their income after the raise? 8%= 800

Solution => 100%= 10000

Let Kamal Initial Income =k And,

8k 2k 8%= 840

Rise his income = 8% of k= = 25

100

=> 100%= 10,500

2k

ATQ, =800 Diff. = (10,500-10000)= 500[Answer] [

25

2k= 25×800

k= 10,000

Let, Kamal Wife Income = W

8W 2W

Rise of Income = 8% of W= =

100 25

2W

ATQ, = 840

25

2W= 840×25

W= 10,500

Difference = (10,500-10,000)= 500[Answer.]

Q-24] Alloy A contains 40% gold and 60% silver. Alloy B contains 35% gold and 40% silver and 25%

copper. Alloys A and B are mixed in the ratio of 1:4 .What is the ratio of gold and silver in the newly

formed alloy is

Solution

A::- G:S= 40:60

B::-G:S:C= 35:40:25

New, G:S= (1×40+4×35):(40×4+1×60)

= 180:220

= 18:22=9:11[Answer. ]

[Q-25] A man saves 200 Tk at the end of each year and lends the money at 5% compound interest. How

much will it becomeat the end of 3 years?

Solution

He lends money each year means,

First 200 Tk. for 3 years +2nd 200 tk for 2 years + third 200 tk for one year .

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

105 3 105 2 105 quote from the document or use this space

200×( ) +200×( ) +200× to emphasize a key point. To place this text

100 100 100

box anywhere on the page, just drag it.]

= 662.03[Answer. ]

[Q-26] The CI on 20480 Tk at 6(1/4)% per annum for 2 years 73 days is?

Solution:

Note, 1 year Interest rate = 25/4%

1 year=365 days

1/5 year interest rate = (25/4)×(1/5)=

73 1

73 days = =5 (5/4)%

365

25

Interest Rate =

4

425 2 405

So, CI = 20,480×( ) ×

400 400

= 2929 TK [Answer. ]

[Q-27]The compound interest on 2800TK for 18 month at10% interest per annum.

Sollution: [Basic Formula:

18 3 If the interest rates are R1, R2, R3 for ist,

Time, n= 18 month= =

12 2 2nd &3rd year respectively

110 105 Then Amount A=

CI = 2800×( × -2800

100 100 P×(1+R1%)(1+R2%)(1+R3%)

= 434 [Answer. ] Here 18 month interest means interest

for 1 year and 6 month.

[Q-28] What would be the compound interest accrued on an amount of Rs. 8000 at the rate of 15% p.a. in

three years?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution

Let, the principle= P [Basic formula:

after n years ,

ATQ,

𝑟 𝑛

𝑟 𝑛 15 3 A= P×((1 + 100)

P×(1 + ) -P= 8000×(1 + ) -8000

100 100

𝑟 𝑛

Interest = P×(1 + ) −P [when,

100

=12167-8000=4167[Answer. ] Compounded annuallay ]

[Q-29] Two pipes can fill a tank in 20 and 24 minutes respectively and a waste pipe can empty 3 gallons

per minute. All the three pipes working together can fill the tank in 15 minutes. The capacity of the tank

is

#Solution

Alternative

Ist pipe:2nd pipe:Combined 3= 20:24:15[T]

In 15 min both pipe fill the cistern =

Ist pipe:2nd pipe:Combined 3= 6:5:8[Eff.] 15 15 90+75

+ =

20 24 120

So, Waste pipe [E]= (6+5-8)= 3

165 33

Let, Capacity = 20×6= 120 = =

120 24

ATQ, 33−24 9

So waste pipe enpty = =

3T= 120 24 24

=> T= 40 min 9

So, = 45

24

So, The capacity of Tank = 40×3= 120 gallons[Answer.]

9= 45×24

1=5×24= 120 L

So, Capacity of Tank = 120 L

[Q-30] A leak in the bottom of a tank can empty the full tank in 8 hours. An inlet pipe fills water at the

rate of 6 liters a minute. When the tank is full, the inlet is opened and due to the leak, the tank is empty in

12 hours. How many liters does the tank hold

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution

(Inlet+Outlet):Outlet= 12:8[T]

(Inlet+Outlet):Outlet= 2:3[Eff.]

Inlet eff. = (3-2)= 1

Let, Capacity = 24 Unit

ATQ,

1×T= 24

=> T= 24 hr

So, Tank hold= 24×60×6= 24×360= 8640L

[Answer]

[Q-31] A person sold a tube light at tk 85.25 in such a way that his percentage profit is the same as the

cost price of the Tube light. If he sells it at twice the percentage profit of his previous percentage of the

profit then the new selling price will be.

#Solution:

%Profit= CP

(SP−CP)100

=> = CP

𝐶𝑃

=> (85.25-CP)×100= 𝐶𝑃2

=> CP 2 + 100CP − 8525 = 0

=> CP 2 + 155CP − 55CP − 8525 = 0

=> CP= 55

So, CP= 55

New % Profit= 110%

21×55

New SP= (

10

=115.5[Answer.]

[Q-32] An elevator starts with 4 passenger and stops at 7 floors of an apartment.Find the probability that

all 4 passengers travel to different floor?

#Solution

7th floor =7/7

6 th floor = 6/7

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

5 th floor = 5/7

4th floor = 4/7

So, P= (7×6×5×4)/(7×7×7×7)

[Answer]

[Q-33] The ratio of number of girls to the number of boys is the 5: 2 in a class of 21 students. A group of

three students is to be selected at random amongst them. What is the probability that the selected group

of students contain one boy and two girls?

#Solution

2

Number of boys= 21× =6

7

Number of girls = 21-6= 15

6C1×15C2

Probability of one boy and two girls = = 45/266[Answer]

21C3

[Q-34]Two joggers left Delhi for Noida simultaneously. The first jogger stopped 42 min later when he was

1 km short of Noida and the other one stopped 52 min later when he was 2 km short of Noida. If the first

jogger jogged as many kilometers as the second and the second as many kilometers as the first, the first

one would need 17 min less than the second. Find the distance between Delhi and Noida.

#Solution:

Let,

Total distance = x km

d

1st jogger speed = v=

t

𝑥−1

= 42

60

x−2

2nd jogger speed = 52

60

Atq,

2nd jogger cross =(x-1) km

1st jogger cross = (x-2) km

Now,

(x-1)/[(x-2)/ (52/60)] -(x-2)/[(x-1)/(42/60)] =17/60

=> (x-1)*52/(x-2)- 42*(x-2)/(x-1)= 17

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> 52x^2-104x+52-42x^2+168x-168= 17(x^2-2x-x+2)

=> 10x^2+64x-116= 17x^2-51x+34

=> 7x^2-51x-64x+34+116= 0

=> 7x^2-115x+150= 0

=> 7x^2-115x +150 =0

=> 7x^2-105x-10x+150=0

=> (x-15)(7x-10)=0

=> x=15 km ( Ans)

[Q-35] A man spent 1/2 of his money and lost 1/4 of the remainder. He was left with taka 3,600. How

much did he start with?

#Solution:

Let, Total Money = 24

Spent = 24/2= 12

Lost = 12/4= 3

So, Remain = 24-15= 9

Now,

9===3600

24==24×400= 9600[Answer]

[Q-36]. Tap A fills a tank in 4 hours whereas tap B empties the full tank in 24 hours. A and B are opened

alternately for 1 hour each. Every 2 hour the level of water is found to increase by . 5m. The depth of the

tank is

Alternative

#Solution

In 2 hr A+B can fill

Let, Capacity = 24 L

2 2 12−2 5

Eff. A:B= 6:1 = − = =

4 24 24 12

In 2 hr = (6-1)= 5 unit 5 1

So, =

Now, 12 2

5 ===0.5 1=4.8

[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q-37].A train passes two bridges of lengths 500 m and 250 m in 100 seconds and 60 seconds respectively.

The length of the train is

#Solution:

Let, Length of Train = L

L+500 L+250

ATQ, =

100 60

=> 3L+1500= 5L+1250

=> 2L= 250

=> L= 125 m

So, Length of Train = 125 m[Answer]

[Q-38] A cistern has an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe.The inlet pipe fills the cistern completely in 1 hour 20

minutes when the outlet pipe is plugged. The outlet pipe empties the tank completely in 6 hours when the

inlet pipe is plugged.If there is a leakage also which is capable of draining out the water from the tank at

half of tth rate of the outlet pipe, then what is the time taken to fill the empty tank when both pipe are

opened.

#Solution:

Inlet takes = 80 min

Outlet takes= 360 min

Leakage = 720. Min

Inlet:Outlet:L= 80:360:720[T]

Inlet:Outlet= 9:2:1

Alternative

Let, Capacity= 360×2= 720 L

Inlet Pipe take = 80 min

ATQ,

Outlet = 360 min

(9-2-1)×T= 720

Leakage= 720

=> T= 720/6= 120 min or 2 hours [Answer.] 1 1 1

So, In 1 hr fill= − − =

80 360 720

6

720

[Q-39] Two pipes A and B can fill a cistern in 12 minutes and

So, 1 part 15120

in = minutes

min respectively while a third pipe

can empty the full cistern in 6 minutes. A and B are kept open for 5 minutes in the beginning and then C

is also opened. In what time is the cistern emptied

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution

A:B:C= 12:15:6[T]

A:B:C= 5:4:10[E]

Let, Capacity = 12×5= 60 L

In 5 min (A+B) fill = 5×(5+4)= 45 unit

ATQ,

T×(5+4-10)= 45

=> T= 45 min

So, Total Time needed= 45+5 min= 50 min

[Answer]

[Q-40] A, B and C enter into partnership by making investments in the ratio 3: 5:7. After a year, C

invests another Tk. 337600 while A withdraws Tk.45600. The ratio of investments then changes to

24:59:67. How much does A invest initially?

#Solution

Let, A:B:C= 3x:5x:7x

After 1 year C investment = 7x+337600

After 1 year A investment = 3x-45,600

3x−45600 24

ATQ, =

5x 59

=> 59×(3x-45,600)= 120x

=> 177x-120x= 45600×59

=> 57x= 45600×59

=> x= 800×59= 47,200

A initial investment = 47,200×3= 141600[Answer.]

[Q-41]:A starts from a place at 11.00 A.M. and travels at a speed of 4 kmph, B starts at 1.00 P.M. and

travels with speeds of 1 kmph for 1 hour, 2 kmph for the next 1 hour, 3 kmph for the next 1 hour and so

on. At what time will B catch up with A?]

#Solution

A start 2 hr earlier. In that time A goes =4×2= 8 km

B start at 1.00 P.M.

In 1.00-2.00 distance between them = 8+4-1= 11

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

11+4-2= 13 km

In 3.00-4.00 distance between them = 13+4-3= 14 km

In 4.00-5.00 distance between them = 14+4-4= 14 km

In 5.00-6.00 distance between them = 14+4-5= 13 km

In 6.00-7.00 distance between them = 13+4-6= 11 km

In 7.00-8.00 distance between them = 11+4-7= 8 km

In 8.00-9.00 distance between them = 8+4-8= 4 km

Now Remain distance = 4 km

Relative speed= (9-4)= 5 km/hr

T= 4/5= 48 min

So, they meet at 9:48 P.M[Answer.]

[Q-42] An express train travelled at an average speed of 100 kmph, stopping for 3 minutes after 75 km.

A local train travelled at a speed of 50 kmph, stopping for 1 minute after every 25 km. If the trains began

travelling at the same time, how many kilometres did the local train travel in the time it took the express

train to travel 600 km?

#Solution

Express train time needed = (600/100)+7×3 min

= 6 hr 21 min= 381 min

Local train speed = 50 km/hr

In every 31 min it goes= 25 km

So, in (31×12)= 372 min it goes = 25×12= 300 km

Remain Time = 9 min

In that time it goes= 9×50/60= 45/6= 7.5 km

So, Total distance = 300+7.5= 307.5 km

[Answ

[Q-43] A motorboat in still Water travels at a speed of 36 km/ hr. It goes 56 km upstream in 1 hour 45 minutes.

The time taken by it to cover the same distance down the stream will be :

#Solution_

Let, boat speed = x

Stream speed = y

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Speed = 56×4/7= 32 km/hr

So, x-y= 32

=> 36-y= 32

=> y= 4 km/hr

So, Downstream speed= 36+4= 40 km/hr

So, Time needed= 56/40= 14/10=7/5= 1(2/5)hr or 1 hr 24 min[Answer.]

[Q-44] A, B and C can do a work together in a certain number of days. If A leaves after half the work is done,

then the work takes 4 more days for completion, but if B leaves after half the work is done, the work takes 5

more days for completion. If A takes 10 more days than B to do the work alone, then in how many days can C

alone do the work?

[ A,B,C একটট কাজ নেনদিষ্ট নদনে রেষ কনে। যনদ A অনধক

ি কাজ রেষ কোে পে চনে যায় োনক কাজ সম্পন্ন হনে চােনদে রেনে সময়

োনে নকে্েু যনদ B অনধক

ি কাজ রেষ কোে পে চনে যায় োহনে কাজটট সম্পন্ন কেনে আনো পাাঁচনদে রেনে সময় োনে। যনদ সম্পূর্ ি

কাজটট কেনে A, B এে রথনক ১০ নদে রেনে সময় রেয়, োহনে C সম্পূর্ কাজ

ি একা কেনদনে রেষ কেনে পােনে?]

#solution_

Let,

A+B+C= x days

(B+C), 1/2 work in = (x/2+4)days

Full work= (x+8) days

Similarly

(A+C), 1/2 work= x/2+5 days

Full work = (x+10) days

Since,

1/A+1/B+1/C= 1/x

=> 1/A= 1/x-1/x+8

= (x+8-x)/x*(x+8)= 8/x*(x+8)

So A, 8/x*(x+8) part in= 1 days

1 part in = x*(x+8)/8 days

Similarly,

1/B= 1/x-1/(x+10)= 10/x*(x+10)

: B= x*(x+10)/10

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

x*(x+8)/8- x*(x+10)/10= 10

=> [5x(x+8)-4x(x+10)]= 400

=> 5x^2+40x-4x^2-40x= 400

=> x^2= 400

=> x= 20

So, A= 20*(20+8)/8= 70

B= 20*(20+10)/10= 60

Now,

1/A+1/C= 1/30

=> 1/30-1/70= 1/C

=> 7-3/210= 1/C

=> 1/C= 4/210

C, 4/210 part in= 1 days

1 part in= 210/4= 52.5 days[Answer.]

.[Q-45] Mr X signed a contract for building a road for 1920 meters long within 120 days.He employed 160

workers for this task.But after 24 days he found that only 1/8 of the task has been finished .If Mr.X wants to

finish the road in time how many additional workers he has to employ ?

#Solution:

Total work = (24×160×8)

Let, Extra Men = M

ATQ,

24×160+96×(M+160)= 24×160×8

=> 86M = 24×160×8-24×160-96×160

=> M= 120

Additional Men= 120[Answer]

[Q-46]If A completes 2/3 part of a work in 6 days, C completes 1/4 part of the work in 3 days and B completes

1/3 part of the work in 2 days. Then find in how many days A and C together will complete 2/3 part of the

work?

#Solution

A= 6×3/2= 9 days

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

C= 4×3= 12 days

A:C= 4:3[Eff.]

ATQ,

(4+3)×T= 36×2/3

=> 7T= 24

=> T= 24/7 days[Answer]

[Q-47] A man covers a distance on scooter by 3 kmph faster and takes 40 min less. But if he decrease his speed

by 2 kmph then he is 40 min late. Find the distance.

#Solution:

Let, Distance= D km

Speed = V km/hr

ATQ,

D/(V) - D/(V+3)= 2/3_____[1]

And,

D/(V-2)-D/V= 2/3_________[2]

From [1] &[2]

D/V-D/(V+3)= D/(V-2)-D/V

=> 2/V= (V+3+V-2)/(V+3)(V-2)

=> 2(V^2-2V+3V-6)= V×(2V-1)

=> 2V^2+2V-12-2V^2-V= 0

=> V= 12 km/hr

Put this value into [1]

D/12 -D/15= 2/3

=> D/60= 2/3

=> 3D= 120

=> D= 40 km[Answer]

[Q-48] ramesh has a container filled completely with 80 % milk and 20 % water. 5 litres of thesolution is

removed and replaced with water. then, 1 5 litres of this solution is removed andreplaced with water. the milk

percentage is now 55%. which of the following can be thecapacity of the container (in litres)

#Solution:

Let, initial = x

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

4x/5*(1- 5/x)(1-15/x)= 55% of x

=> 4/5*(x-5)(15-x)= 11x^2/20

=> 16(x^2-15x-5x+75)= 11x^2

=> 16(x^2-20x+75)= 11x^2

=> 16x^2-320x+ 1200-11x^2= 0

=> 5x^2-320x+1200= 0

=> 5x^2-300x-20x+1200= 0

=> x= 4,60

4 can not be, since already added 20 L, so solution must be greater than 20.

So, initial = 60 L[answer.]

[Q-49]P, Q and R are three typists who working simultaneously can type 216 pages in 4 hours. In one hour, R

can type as many pages more than Q as Q can type more than P. During a period of five hours, R can type as

many pages as P can during seven hours. How many pages does each of them type per hour ?

#Solution:

P+Q+R= 216/4= 54______[1]

R-Q= Q-P

=> R+P= 2Q

Put this value into [1]

2Q+Q= 54

=> Q= 18 page/hr

And,

5R= 7P

=> R= (7P/5) ; put this value into [1]

P+18+(7P/5)= 54

=> 12P/5= 36

=> P= 15 page/hr

So, R= 7×15/5= 21 page/hr

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q-50] To do a piece of work, B takes 3 times as long as A and C together and C twice as long as A and B

together. If A, B and C together can complete the works in 10 days, how long would A take alone to complete

it?

#Solution

B:(A+C)= 1:3[eff.]= 3:9

C:(A+B)= 1:2[eff.]= 4:8

A eff. = (8-3)= 5

ATQ,

A×5= 10×(3+9)

=> A= 120/5= 24 days[Answer]

#Alternative

Let, B takes= 3x days

(B+C) takes = x days

ATQ,

1/3x +1/x= 1/10

=> 4/3x= 1/10

=> x= 40/3 days

So, B takes = (40/3)×3= 40 days

Again,

Let, C takes = 2y days

(A+B) takes = y days

ATQ,

1/2y+1/y= 1/10

=> 3/2y= 1/10

=> 2y= 30

So, C takes = 30 days

Lcm of 10, 30,40= 120

Eff.

(A+B+C):B:C= 12:3:4

So, A= (12-3-4)= 5

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

.[Q-51] A milk vendor has 2 cans of milk. The first contains 25% water and the rest milk. The second contains

50% water. How much milk should he mix from each of the containers so as to get 12 litres of milk such that

the ratio of water to milk is 3 : 5?

#Solution;

Milk : Water = 75:25[1st]

Milk :Water = 50:50[2nd]

Milk:Water= 3:5= 37.5:62.5[Final]

(75-37.5):(62.5-25)= 37.5:37.5= 1:1

So, 12×1/2= 6 L each[Answer ]

[Q-52] Devide tk 1050 among A, B and C such that A receives 2/5 as much as B and C together and B receives

3/7 as much as A and C together

#Solution

A:(B+C)= 2:5

A got = 1050×2/7= 300

B:(A+C)= 3:7

B got = 1050×(3/10)

= 315

C got = 1050-615=435

A+C=(300+435)= 735[Answer.]

.[Q-53]A tap can fill a tank in 6 hours. After half the tank is filled, three more similar taps are opened. What is

the total time taken to fill the tank completely

#Solution:

Let The capacity of tank = 6 L

So, Eff. = 1

Half fill in = 6/2= 3 hr

Now, pipe = 4

Per hr can fill = 4 L

Total time = 3+(3/4)= 3 hr 45 min[Answer.]

[Q-54] A shopkeeper marks up his goods by 20% and then gives a discount of 20%. Besides he cheats both his

supplier and customer by 100 g, i.e., he takes 1100 g from his supplier and sells only 900 g to his customer.

What is his net proﬁt percentage? (Rounded off to two decimal points)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

Applying MF;

100×(6/5)×(4/5)×(11/10)×(10/9)-100= 117.33-100= 17.33%[Answer.]

===

[Q-55] A 72 liters of mixture of water and milk in the ratio of 4: 5. Then adding some amount of water and the

volume of the mixture is increased by 88 liters. The quantity of the milk is how much percentage more or less

than of water in the final mixture?

#Solution:

===

Milk = 72×5/9= 40

Water = 72×4/8= 32

New volume = (72+88)= 160 L

Water there = (32+88)= 120 L

Milk less than water = (120-40)= 80 L

% less = 80×100/120= 2×100/3= 200/3% [Answer.]

==

[Q-56] Three pipes A,B and C attached to a cistern. A can fill it in 10 min, B in 15 min, C is a waste pipe for

emptying it. After opening both the pipes A and B, a man leaves the cistern and returns when the cistern should

have been just full. Finding, however, that the waste pipe had left open, he closes it and the cistern now gets

filled in 2 min. In how much time the pipe C, if opened alone, empty the full cistern?

#Solution:

===

A & B together can fill the tank = 30/(3+2)= 6 min

So, 6 min = 1 part

2 min = 1/3 part

So, 1/3 part by Pipe C in = 6 min

=> 1 part by pipe C in = 6×3= 18 min[Answer]

===

[Q-57] ravi can walk a certain distance in 40days when he rests 9hours a day.how long will he take to walk

twice the distance, twice as fast and rest twice as long each day?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

===

Let, Ravi speed per hr = x km/hr

In 40 days he took 9 hr rest every day so total time of travelling = 40×(24-9)×x

= 600x

Now, Distance is twice that means = 1200 x

Travel per day = (24-18)= 6hr

Speed twice that means = 2x

So time needed = 1200x/12x= 100[Answer.]

===

.[Q-58]If two pipes function simultaneously, the reservoir will be filled in 12 hours. The second pipe fills the

reservoir 10 hrs faster than the first. How many hrs does it take the second pipe to fill the reservoir?

#Solution:

===

Let, Capacity of reservoir = V unit

Both pipe can fill per hour = V/12 unit

First pipe can fill in 1 hr = V/t

2nd pipe can fill in 1 hr = V/(t-10)

ATQ,

V/t+ V/(t-10)= V/12

=> (t-10+t)×12= t×(t-10)

=> 24t-120= t^2-10t

=> t^2-34t+120= 0

=> t= 30,4

If t= 30, (t-10)= 20

If t= 4; (t-4)= 0[Can not be possibe]

So, second pipe takes = 20 hr[Answer.]

===

.[Q-59] Tank A is filled to 1/4th of its capacity while Tank B is filled to 1/8th of its capacity. The content from

both tanks are transferred to Tank C which is filled to 1/2th of its capacity. If twice the content of Tank B is

equal to the content in tank A, what is the ratio of the capacity of Tank A to Tank C?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

===

A contents capacity = 2×B contents capacity

=> A:B= 2:1

So,C= (2+1)= 3

Capacity of C= 3×2= 6

A Capacity = 2×4=8

A:C= 8:6= 4:3

[Answer.]

===

[Q-60]while covering a distance of 24kn,a man noticed that after walking for 1 hour and 40 minutes, the

distance covered by him was 5/7 of the remaining distance. what was his speed in meters per second?

#Solution:

===

Remain distance = (24-D)

Initially cover = D

In 5/3 hour cover,D= 5/7(24-D)

= (120-5D)/7

So,

7D= 120-5D

=> 12D= 120

=> D= 10 km

So, (5/3) hr = 10 km

In 1 hr= 10×3/5= 6 km/hr= 6×(5/18)= 5/3 m/s[Answer]

===

.[Q-61] A farmer wishes to start a 100 sq.m rectangular vegetable garden. Since he has only 30 m barbed wire,

he fences three sides of the garden letting his house compound wall act as the fourth side fencing. The

dimension of the garden is

#Solution:

===

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Let, Length = L

Breadth = B

ATQ,

L×B= 100_____[1]

And,

2L+B= 30

Or,

2B+L= 30

If 2L+B= 30

Then, B=30-2L

Put this value into [1]

(30-2L)×L=100

=> 30L-2L^2-100= 0

=> 2L^2-30L+100=0

=> L^2-15L+50=0

=> L=10,5

If L=10, B= 10

If L= 5 ;B= 20[Breadth can not be greater than Length ]

Again,

If, 2B+L= 30

=> L= 30-2B

Put this value into [1]

B×(30-2B)= 100

=> 30B-2B^2-100= 0

=> 2B^2-30B+100= 0

=> B^2-15B+50=0

=> B= 10,5

If B= 10,L= 10

If B= 5, L= 20

The Dimension of garden be, (10,10) or (20,5)[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

===

[Q-62] A bag contains some white and Black Balls.The probability of picking two white balls one after other

without replacement from that bag is 14/33.Then what will be the probability of picking two black balls from

that bag if bag can hold maximum 15 balls only?

#Solution:

===

Total ball = (W+B)

ATQ,

WC2/(W+B)C2= 14/33= 7*2/3*11

=> W*(W-1)/(W+B)(W+B-1)= (8/12)*(7/11)

W+B= 12

W=8

B= 4

Probability of Black = (4/12)*(3/11)= 1/11[Answer.]

===

[Q-63]A person leaves his home everyday at 11:00 am and reaches his office at 12:00 pm. One day he left his

house at normal time but traveled the first half of the distance at speed of 2/3 of the normal speed. What should

be the speed of second half so that he reaches at the same time?

#Solution:

===

Let, Distance = 6 km

Speed= 6 km/hr.

First half distance = 6/2 = 3 km

(2/3) normal speed =6×(2/3)= 4 km/hr

So, 3 km in = 3/4 hr

Time remain = 1/4 hr

Distance Remain= 3 km

Speed =3×4 = 12 km/hr[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

===

[Q-64]A man rides a bicycle at the speed of 20 kmph and reaches the office at 15 minutes late. If he increases

his speed by 5 kmph and reaches the office in time, then what is the distance between house and office?

#Solution:

===

Let, The distance between home & office= D

ATQ,

D/20-15/60= D/25

=> D/20-D/25= 1/4

=> D/100= 1/4

=> 4D= 100

=> D= 25 km[Answer ]

===

#Alternatives:

===

Let, Actual time= t

ATQ,

20×(t+1/4)= 25t

=> 20t+5= 25t

=> 5t= 5

=> t= 1 hr

So, Distance = 25×1=25 km[Answer.]

===

.[Q-65]The length of train X is 600 m . And it crosses train Y running in opposite direction in 36 seconds and

train X also crosses a man standing in a platform in 36 seconds. What is the speed of train Y if the length of

train Y is half of train X?

#Solution:

===

Length of Train X= 600 m

Length of Y= 600/2= 300 m

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Speed of Train Y= Y

ATQ,

(600+300)= (X+Y)×(5/18)×36

=> (X+Y)×10= 900

=> (X+Y)= 90_____[1]

And,

600= X×(5/18)×36

=> 10X= 600

=> X= 60

So, Speed of Y= 90-60= 30 km/hr[Answer.]

===

[Q-66] What is the rate of interest on the amount Rs. 20000 invests in the compound interest scheme for 2 years

and the amount obtained after 2 years is Rs. 26450?

#Solution:

===

Let, Rate of interest = R

ATQ,

20,000×(1+R)²= 26,450

=> (1+R)²= 26,450/20,000

=> (1+R)²= 2645/2,000

=> (1+R)²= 529/400

=> 1+R= 23/20

=> R= 3/20= 3×(100/20)%= 15%

[Answer.]

===

[Q-67]A road was constructed along the fence of a rectangular plot,measuring 20 ft.long and 16ft.wide.The

width of the road was 2ft.Trees were planted 2ft.apart on both sides of the road. How many trees were planted?

[Dutch Bangla BanK PO - 2003 ]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

===

Number of trees = 2×22+2×18

= 44+36= 80

===

[Q-68]After working for 15 days Adam realises that only 60% of the work is over and he employs Pat who is

half as efficient as Adam to help him. When will the task be completed

#Solution:

===

Adam can do the work in = 15×(5/3)= 25 days

So Pat = 50 days

Adam:Pat = 2:1[Eff.]

ATQ,

(2+1)×T=(2/5)×50

=> 3T = 20

=> T= 20/3 days

Total time taken = 15 +20/3

= 65/3 days

===

[Q-69]If P and Q work together, they will complete a job in 7.5 days.However, if P works alone and completes

half the job and then Q takes over and completes the remaining half alone, they will be able to complete the job

in 20 days. How long will Q alone take to do the job if P is more efficient than Q ?

#Solution:

===

1/P+1/Q= 2/15

=> (P+Q)×15= 2PQ----[1]

And,

P/2+Q/2= 20

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> P+Q= 40

=> P= 40-Q

Put this value into [1]

(40-Q+Q)×15= 2Q×(40-Q)

=> 600= 80Q-2Q^2

=> Q^2-40Q+300= 0

=> Q^2-30Q-10Q+300= 0

=> Q= 30,10

Since Q is less efficient Q take = 30 days

[Answer.]

===

.[Q-70]If 12 candies are sold for tk. 10 then there is a loss of X%. If 12 candies are sold for Tk. 12 then there is

a profit of x%. What is the value of x?

#Solution:

===

Let, CP = CP

Profit and loss percentage in both case is same.

ATQ,

(CP-10)/CP= (12-CP)/CP

=> CP^2-10CP= 12CP-CP^2

=> 2CP^2= 22CP

=> CP= 11

Value of x= (11-10)×100/11= 100/11%

===

Mental Approach:

Since Profit and loss be same. Then CP value must be lies between 10 to 12.There is only value between 10-12

is 11.

So, x= (11-10)×100/11= 100/11%

[Answer ]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

===

.[Q-71] A boat takes 19 hours for travelling downstream from point A to point B and coming back to a point C

midway between A and B. If the velocity of the stream is 4 kmph and the speed of the boat in still water is 14

kmph, what is the distance between A and B??

#Solution:

===

A========C=======B

Let, AB= 2D

AC= D

ATQ,

2D/(4+14) + D/(14-4)= 19

=> D/9+D/10= 19

=> 19D= 19×90

=> D= 90 km

Distance between A&B= 90×2= 180 km [Answer.]

===

[Q-73] A, B and C can complete a work in 12, 15 and 25 days respectively. A and B started working together

whereas C worked with them every third day. Find the number of days required to complete the work?(NM#19)

#Solution:

===

A:B:C= 12:15:25[T]

A:B:C= 25:20:12[Eff.]

Let, Total work = 12×25= 300

Working scheduled for 3 days = 2(A+B)+A+B+C

= 2×(25+20)+25+12

= 147 unit in _3 days

So, 294 unit in = 6 days

Remain 6 unit in = 6/45= 2/15

Time total = 6(2/15)

===

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q-73] Profits of a business are divided among three partenrs A,B,C in such a way that 4 times the amount

received by A is equal to 6 times of B and 11 times of C.The ratio in which the three received the amount is--

#Solution:

===

4A= 6B=11C

=> A:B:C= 1/4:1/6:1/11= 132/4:132/6:132/11

= 33:22:12[Answer]

===

[Q-74]The probability of rolling any number on a weighted 6 sided die, with faces numbered 1 through 6, is

directly proportional to the number rolled. What is the probability of getting 5, if the die is rolled only once?

#Solution:

===

probability = individual probability / total probability = 5/(1+2+3+4+5+6)= 5/21

[N.B: Weighted probability means :: For example, if you were rolling a single six-sided die, you would have the

same probability of rolling a one as rolling any other number because each number will come up one out of six

times

Now,

similarly rolling 2 = 2* m

..

rolling 6 = 6 * m

These are the possible outcomes and since the probability must be 1

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

or m = 1/21]

[Q-75]Three acids A, B and C are mixed in the ratio 4:5:6 respectively, to from a chemical for washing white

clothes. The quantity of chemical is altered so that the ratio of acids A&B is 1/3 and the ratio of the acids B&C

is made 2/3, the new ratio of all three can now be used to form a chemical for washing colored clothes. What is

the total volume of new chemical solution formed if it contains 30ml of acid B? (Math#18)

#Solution:

===

A:B:C= 4:5:6[15]

= 68:85:102

New,

A:B= 1:3= 2:6

B:C= 2:3= 6:9

A:B:C= 2:6:9[17]

= 30:90:135

90==30

255= 255/3= 85 mL

===

[Q-76]The final exam of a particular class makes up 40% of the final grade, and Moe is failing the class with an

average (arithmetic mean) of 45% just before taking the final exam. What grade does Moe need on his final

exam in order to receive the passing grade average of 60% for the class? Math#১৯(Ans : 82.5%)

#Solution:

===

Let, Total Marks = 100

Final marks = 40

Remain = 60

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Have to obtain = (60-27)= 33 out of 40

%= 33×(5/2)= 165/2= 82.5%

[Answer.]

===

[Q-77]Suppose you deposit tk 10000 on January 1.2013 at 12.50% interest rate for 1years. On july 1 2013 tk

15000 at 12 interest rate for 6 months and on October 1, 2013'tk 20000 at 11.5% interest ratevfor 3 months.

Supposed you withdrawal all deposits including due interest on December 31.2013. Calculated over all annual

rate of interest you have received??

#Solution:

===

Investment of TK 10,000 for 12 months

Investment of TK 15000/2 for 12 month

Investment of TK 2000/4 for 12 month

So, Total Amount= 10,000+7500+500= 22,500 gives

Interest of = 10,000×1×(1/8)+ 7,500×12/100

+ 5000×(11.5/100)

= 1250+ 900+ 575= 2725 interest

Percent interest = 2725×100/22500= 12.11%[Answer]

===

[Q-78]There are three boxes each containing 3 Pink and 5 Yellow balls and also there are 2 boxes each

containing 4 Pink and 2 Yellow balls. A Yellow ball is selected at random. Find the probability that Yellow ball

is from a box of the first group?

#Solution:

===

No. of yellow in first group=3*5=15

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Total box= 5

Total outcome

3/5*15/24 + 2/5 * 2/6= 61/120

Probability = (3/8)/(61/120)

= 3/8 * 120/61= 45/61

===

[Q-79]A dealer offers a cash discount of 20% and still makes a profit of 20% when he further allows 16 articles

to be sold at the cost price of 12 articles to a particular sticky bargainer. How much percent above the cost price

were his articles

#Solution:

===

12 article CP= 1200[Assume]

Per piece CP= 100

12 articles at DP= 1200×(4/5)

= 960

Since he Sold 16 articles instead of 12

Price per each = 960/16= 60 and there gain by 20%

CP= 60×(5/6)= 50

Actual CP = 50

Above cost price = 50×100/50= 100%

===

[Q-80]The ratio of women to children at a certain party is 2 to 5 and the ratio of children to men is 3 to 4. If

there are more than 13 and less then 20 women at the party, what is the number of men at the party?

(NM#18)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

===

W:C= 2:5= 6:15

C:M= 3:4= 15:20

More than 13 less than 20

Means 14 to 19

18 is divisible by 6

So women = 18

6==18

20==60

===

[Q-81]Cost price of 12 oranges is equal to the selling price of 9 oranges and the discount on 10 oranges is equal

to the profit on 5 oranges. What is the percentage point difference between the profit percentage and discount

percentage?

#Solution:

===

12CP= 9SP

=> CP:SP= 9:12

And, CP= (3SP/4)

Profit percentage = 9×100/12= 33(1/3)%

And,

10D= 5P

=> P= 2D

=> P = 2(MP-SP)

=> SP-CP= 2(MP-SP)

=> SP-(3SP/4)= 2(MP-SP)

=> (4SP-3SP)/4= 2MP-2SP

=> SP= 8MP-8SP

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> MP:SP= 9:8

So, DP= (9-8)×100/9= 11.11%

Diff. = (33.33-11.11)= 22.22%

===

[Q-82]Three men A, B, C working together can do a job in 6 hours less time than A alone, in one hour less time

than B alone and in one half the time needed by C when working alone. Then A and B together can do the job

in:

#Solution:

===

Let, (A+B+C)= t

A= (t+6)

B= (t+1)

C= 2t

ATQ,

1/(t+6) +1/(t+1) + 1/2t= 1/t

=> (t+1+t+6)/(t+1)(t+6)= (2-1)/2t

=> (2t+7)×2t= t^2+6t+t+6

=> 4t^2+14t= t^2+7t+6

=> 3t^2+7t-6= 0

=> 3t^2+9t-2t-6= 0

=> t= 2/3

A= (2/3)+6=20/3

B= (2/3)+1= 5/3

LCM of 20/3. 5/3= 20/3

Eff. A:B= 1:4

ATQ,

5 T= 20/3

=> T= 4/3 hr

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

===

[Q-83]A bottle contains (3/4) of milk and the rest water. How much of the mixture must be taken away and

replaced by an equal quantity of water so that the nixtude has half milk and half water?

#Solution:

Milk : Water = 3/4:1/4

= 3:1

Let Replace = x

Milk now = 3/4- 3x/4

= (3-3x)/4

Water now = 1/4-x/4+ x

= (1-x+4x)/4= (3x+1)/4

ATQ,

3-3x= 3x+1

=> 6x= 2

=> x= 1/3

===

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Chapter:Profit Loss

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Q-1] David sells his Laptop to Goliath at a loss of 20% who subsequently sells it to

Hercules at a Profit of 25%. Hercules, after finding some defect in the laptop, returns it to

Goliath but could recover only Rs. 4.50 for every Rs. 5 he had paid. Find the amount at

Hercules' loss if David had paid Rs. 1.75 lakh for the laptop.

#Solution

David CP = 1.75 lakh

David SP= 1.75×(4/5)= 1.4 lakh

Golith SP= (5/4)×1.4= 1.75 lakh

Hercules CP = 1.75 lakh

Harcules SP = 4.5×1.75/5= 1.575 lakh

Loss = (1.75-1.575)=.175 lakh=. 175×100000= 17,500[Answer]

[Q-2] A vendor sells his articles at a certain profit percentage. If he sells his article at (1/3)

of his actual selling price, then he incurs a loss of 40%. What is his actual profit

percentage?

#Solution

Let, Cost Price = CP

Selling Price = SP

ATQ,

CP- (1/3)SP= 40% of CP

=> CP -(1/3) SP= 2CP/5

=> 15CP-5SP= 6CP

=> 9CP= 5SP

=> CP:SP= 5:9

% profit = (9-5)×100/5= 80%

[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

.[Q-3] Arun bought toffees at 6 for a rupee. How many for a rupee he should sell to gain

20%?

#Solution

6×(5/6)= 5[Answer]

[Q-4] The cost of servicing of a Maruti car at Maruti care Pvt. Ltd. is Rs. 400. Manager of

service centre told me that for the second service within a year a customer can avail a

10% discount and further for third and fourth servicing he can avail 10% discount of the

previous amount paid, within a year. Further if a customer gets more than 4 services

within a year, he has to pay just 60% of the servicing charges on these services. A

customer availed 5 services from the same servicing station, what is the total percentage

discount fetched by the customer?

#Solution:

The cost of servicing a car with discount=

{400+400×(9/10)+400×(9/10)×(9/10)+400×(9/10)×(9/10)×(9/10)+400×(3/5)}

=400+360+324+ 291.6+240= 1615.6

Without Discount = 400×5= 2000

So, Discount = (2000-1615.6)= 384.6

% Discount = 384.6×100/2000= 19.22%[Answer.]

[Q-5] The cost price of 19 articles is same as the selling price of 29 articles. What is loss

percentage?

#Solution

CP of 19 = SP of 29

=>CP:SP= 29:19

Loss percentage = (29-19)×100/29= 34.48%[Answer.]

[Q-6]The price of an article reduces to 576 after two successive discounts. The markup is

80% above the cost price of Rs. 500. What is the new profit percentage if instead of two

successive discounts the markup price was further increased successively two times by the

same percentage?

#Solution

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

CP= 500

MP= 500*9/5= 900

ATQ,

(100-D)% of (100-D)% of 900= 576

=> (100-D)^2×900/10,000= 576

=> (100-D)^2×9/100= 576

=> (100-D)^2= 57600/9

=> (100-D)^2= 6400

=> (100-D)=√6400= 80

=> D= 100-80= 20%

New MP= (6/5)×(6/5)×900= 1296

Profit = 796

%= 796×100/500= 159.2%[Answer]

[Q-6] A dishonest trader marks up his goods by 80% and gives discount of 25%. Besides

he gets 20% more amount per kg from wholesaler and sells 10% less per kg to customer.

What is the overall profit percentage?

#Solution:

Applying MF,

100×(9/5)×(3/4)×(6/5)×(10/9)-100= 180-100= 80%[Answer.]

[Q-7]The profit percentage on three articles A, B and C is 10%, 20%, and 25% and the

ratio of the cost price is 1 : 2 : 4. Also the ratio of number of articles sold of A, B and C is 2

: 5 : 2, then overall profit percentage is:

#Solution

Let, CP are 10,20,40

Total CP = 2×10:5×20:2×40[Since numbers of articles 2:5:2]

= 20:100:80

Total CP = 200

SP = {20×(11/10)+100×(6/5)+80×(5/4)}

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= (22+120+100)

= 242

Profit = (242-200)= 42

% profit = 42×100/200= 21%[Answer.]

[Q-8] The accountants of a company show sales of Rs. 12,600. The primary cost is 35% of

sales and trading cost accounts for 25% of the gross profit. Gross profit is arrived at by

excluding the primary cost plus the cost of advertising expenses of Rs. 1400, director's

salary of Rs. 650 per annum plus 2% annual sales as miscellaneous costs. Find the

percentage profit (approx) on a capital investment of Rs. 14,000?

#Solution

Total sales = 12,600

Primary cost = 12,600×(7/20)= 4410

Gross profit = 12,600-4410-1400-650-(1/50)×12,600

= 12,600-4410-1400-650-252= 5888

Trading Cost = 5880×(1/4)= 1472

So, Profit = 5880-1472= 4416

% Profit = 4416×100/14,000= 31.54%[Answer]

[Q-9] A dishonest shopkeeper, at the time of selling and purchasing, weighs 10% less and

20% more per kilogram respectively. Find the percentage profit earned by treachery.

(Assuming he sells at Cost Price)

#Solution:

Applying MF,

100×(10/9)×(6/5)-100= 133.33-100= 33.33%[Answer.]

[Q-10] A pharmaceutical company made 3000 strips of tablets at a cost of Rs. 4800. The

company gave away 1000 strips of tablets to doctors as free samples. A discount of 25%

was allowed on the printed price. Find the ratio profit if the price is raised from Rs. 3.25

to Rs. 4.25 per strip and if at the latter price, samples to doctors were done away with.

(New profit / Old profit).

#Solution

Old profit = (3000-1000)×(3/4)×3.25-4800= 4875-4800= 75

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Ratio= 4762.5/75= 63.5:1= 635/10:1

= 635:10= 127:2[Answer

[Q-11] An article costing Rs. 20 was marked 25% above the cost price. After two

successive discounts of the same percentage, the customer now pays Rs. 20.25. What

would be the percentage change in profit had the price been increased by the same

percentage twice successively instead reducing it?

#Solution:

Here CP= 20

MP= 20×(5/4)= 25

ATQ,

25×(100-x)/100× (100-x)/100= 20.25

=> (100-x)^2= 20.25×400= 8100

=> 100-x= 90

=> x= 10%

Profit here= (20.25-20)= 0.25

New MP = 25×(11/10)×(11/10)= 30.25

Profit= (30.25-20)= 10.25

Difference of Profit= 10.25-0.25= 10

Percentage change in Profit = 10×100/0.25

= 10×100×4= 4000%[Answer.]

[Q-12]A pen company produces very fine quality of writing pens. Company knows that on

average 10% of the produced pens are always defective so are rejected before packing.

Company promises to deliver 7200 pens to its wholesaler at Rs. 10 each. It estimates the

overall profit on all the manufactured pens to be 25%. What is the manufactured cost of

each pen?

#Solution

7200×10×(4/5)×(1/8000)

= 7.2[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q-13] A company charges a fixed rental of Rs. 350 per month. It allows 200 calls free per

month. Each call is charge at Rs. 1.4 when the number of calls exceed 200 per month and

it charges Rs. 1.6 when the number of calls exceeds 400 per month and so on. A customer

made 150 calls in February and 250 calls in march. By how much percent each call is

cheaper in March than each call in February.

#Solution:

Price of each call in February = 350/150= 7/3= 2.33

Price of each call in March = (350+50×1.4)/250= 1.68

Cheaper = (2.33-1.68)×100/2.33= 27.9%[Answer]

[Q-14] In the Bargaining Bazar everyone purchase with a fair bargaining, so the traders

markup the prices too much. A trader marked up an article at Rs. M expected huge profit

if it is sold on marked price. But a customer purchased it at M/2 with his fine bargaining

skills, so the expected profit of the trader diminished by 66.66%. What is the percentage

discount fetched by the customer through bargaining?

#Solution

Let, M= 100

ATQ,

(100-x)% of 100= 100/2= 50

=> 100-x=50

=> x= 50%[Answer]

[Q-15] An egg seller sells his eggs only in the packs of 3 eggs, 6 eggs, 9 eggs, 12 eggs etc.,

but the rate is not necessarily uniform. One day Raju (which is not the same egg seller)

purchased at the rate of 3 eggs for a rupee and the next hour he purchased equal number

of eggs at the rate of 6 eggs for a rupee. Next day he sold all the eggs at the rate of 9 eggs

for Rs. 2. What is his percentage profit or loss?

#Solution:

3 eggs CP = 1

=> 1 egg CP= 1/3

In the next hour he purchase 6 egges per rupee.

1 egg CP= 1/6

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> 1 egg CP = 1/4

Again,

9 eggs SP = 2

=> 1 eggs SP = 2/9

Loss= (1/4-2/9)= (9-8)/36

%Loss = (1/36)×4×100= 100/9= 11.11%[Answer]

[Q-16] Find the selling price of goods if two salesmen claim to make 25% profit each, one

calculating it on cost price while another on the selling price, the difference in the profits

earned being Rs. 100 and selling price being the same in both the cases?

#Solution

CP1:SP1= 100:125= 400:500

CP2:SP2= 75:100= 375:500

ATQ,

(400-375)x= 100

=> 25x= 100

=> 500x= 2000

So, Selling Price= 2000 [Answer]

[Q-17] A watch costing Rs. 120 was sold at a loss of 15%. At what price was it sold?

#Solution

SP= 120×(17/20)= 102[Answer]

[Q-18] The cost of setting up a magazine is Rs. 2800. The cost of paper and ink etc is Rs.

80 per 100 copies and printing cost is Rs. 160 per 100 copies. In last month 2000 copies

were printed but only 1500 copies could be sold at Rs. 5 each. Total 25% profit on the sale

price was realized. There is one more resource of income from magazine which is

advertising. What sum of money obtained from the advertising in magazine?

#Solution

Total Cost = 2800+ 20×80+20×160= 7600

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

SP of 1500= 1500×5= 7500

ATQ,

SP - CP = Profit

=> (7500+C)-7600= (1/4)×7500

=> C-100= 1875

=> C= 1975[Answer]

[Q-19] A person bought a certain quantity of rice at the rate of Rs. 150/quintal. 10% of the

rice was spoiled. At what rate(per quintal) should he sell the remaining rice to earn 20%

profi

#Solution:

1 Quintal CP= 150

But 10 % spoliled, thus remain Quantity = 0.9 Qunital

At 20% profit SP = 150×(6/5)= 180

So, Now 0.9= 180

1= 180×1×10/9= 200 Rs [Answer.]

[Q-20]A trader sells two brands of petrol; one is Extra Premium and other one is speed.

He mixes 12 litres Extra Premium with 3 litres of speed and by selling this mixture at the

price of Extra Premium he gets the profit of 9.09%. If the price of Extra Premium Rs. 48

per litre, then the price of Speed is:

#Solution

Let, Price of speed = S

ATQ,

(12+3)×48= 109×(12×48+3×S)/100

=> 15×48×100= 109×12×48+109×3S

=> S= 28.18[Answer.]

[Q-21]Kamal bought a house, whose sale price was Rs. 8 lakh. He availed 20% discount as

an early bird offer and then 10% discount due to cash payment. After that he spent 10%

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

of the cost price in interior decoration and lawn of the house. At what price should he sell

the house to earn a profit of 25%?

#Solution

Kamal Bought house at = 8 lakh

Two successive discount thus CP

= 8×(8/10)×(9/10)= 5.76 Lakh

And then spent 10% thus his cost will be= 5.76×(11/10)= 6.34 Lakh

At 25% Profit he sold it = 6.34 ×(5/4) Lakh= 7.92 Lakh[Answer.]

[Q-22] A dishonest dealer marks up the price of his goods by 20% and gives a discount of

10% to the customer. Besides, he also cheats both his supplier and his buyer by 100 grams

while buying or selling 1 kilogram. Find the percentage profit earned by the shopkeeper?

#Solution:

Applying MF

= 100×(6/5)×(9/10)×(10/9)×(11/10)-100

= 132-100= 32%[Answer ]

[Q-23] When an article was sold for Tk. 696, percent profit earned was P%. When the

same article was sold for Tk.841, percent profit earned was (P + 25%). What is the value

of p?

#Solution

CP+ P% of CP= 696

=> CP(1+P/100)= 696

=> CP= 696×100/(100+P)_____[1]

And,

CP+ (P+25)% of CP= 841

=> CP(100+P+25)= 841×100

=> CP= 841×100/(125+P)_____[2]

From [1]&[2]

Now,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

696/(100+P)= 841/(125+P)

=> 696×125+696P= 841×100+841P

=> 2900= 145P

=> P= 20[Answer.]

#Alternative

Diff. Of two profit = P+25-P= 25%

ATQ,

25% of CP= (841-696)=145

=> CP= 145×4= 580

When SP 696 Profit is P%

Profit = (696-580)= 116

% Profit, P= 116×100/580= 20%[Answer.]

[Q-24] Weights of two friends Ram and Shyam are in the ratio 4 : 5. If Ram's weight is

increased by 10% and total weight of Ram and Shyam become 82.8 kg, with an increases

of 15%. By what percent did the weight of Shyam has to be increased?

#Solution

Wt before = 82.8×(20/23)= 72

Ram = 72×(4/9)= 32

Shyam = (72-32)= 40

New wt. Of Ram = 32×(11/10)= 35.2

Shyam wt Now = 82.8-35.2= 47.6

Age Increase = 47.6-40= 7.6

% Increase = 7.6×100/40= 19%[Answer.]

[Q-25] A trader sells goods to a customer at a profit of k% over the cost price, besides it

he cheats his customer by giving 880 g only instead of 1 kg. Thus his overall profit

percentage is 25. Find the value of k?

#Solution:

Applying MF

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

100×(100+k)/100×100/88-100= 25

=> (100+k)×(25/22)= 125

=> (100+k)×25= 125×22

=> 2500+25k= 125×22

=> 25k= 125×22-2500= 250

=> k= 10

So the value of k= 10[Answer.]

[Q-26] A tradesman fixed his selling price of goods at 30% above the cost price. He sells

half the stock at this price, one-quarter of his stock at a discount of 15% on the original

selling price and rest at a discount of 30% on the original selling price. Find the gain

percentage altogether?

#Solution

Let, MP = 130

Half stock SP = 130/2= 65

one-quarter SP= (1/4)×(17/20)×130= 27.625

Rest SP = (1/4)×(7/10)×130= 22.75

Total SP = 22.75+27.625+65= 115.375

Percentage profit = 115.375-100= 15.375%[Answer.]

[Q-27]Ajay bought a motor cycle for Rs. 50,000. 2 years later he sold it to Vijay at 10%

less of the cost price. Vijay spend 5% of the purchasing price on its maintenance. Later

Vijay displayed the sale price of his motorcycle Rs. 50,000. Chetan wanted to purchase it

at 15% discount but Vijay gave him two successive discounts of 10% and 5% instead of

15% in one time. What is the actual discount availed by Chetan?

#Solution:

Vijay Give Discount of = 10% and 5% Successively.

Actual Discount given = 100- 100×(9/10)×(19/20)

= 100- 85.5= 14.5%[Answer.]

[Q-28] A retailer increase the selling price by 25% due to which his profit percentage

increase from 20% to 25%. What is the percentage increase in cost price ?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution

Let, Initial SP = 120

Intial CP = 120×(5/6)= 100

New SP = 120×(5/4)= 150

So, New CP = 150×(4/5)= 120

CP increase = 120-100= 100

Percentage Increase = 20×100/100= 20%[Answer.]

[Q-29] A driver of auto rickshaw makes a profit of 20% on every trip when he carries 3

passengers and the price of petrol is Rs. 30 a litre. Find the % profit for the same journey

if he goes for 4 passengers per trip and the price of petrol reduces to Rs. 24 litres?

(revenue per passenger is same)

#Solution

Makes 20% profit = 30×6/5= 36

1 passenger pay= 36/3= 12

Now, 4 passengers

Total Paid = 4×12= 48

Profit = 48-24= 24

Percentage Profit= 24×100/24= 100%[Answer.]

[Q-30] A dishonest dealer marks up the price of his goods by 20% and gives a discount of

10% to the customer. He also uses a 900 gram weight instead of a 1 kilogram weight. Find

his percentage profit due to these maneuvers?

#Solution

Applying MF,

100×(6/5)×(9/10)×(10/9)-100= 120-100= 20%[Answer]

[Q-31] The cost of setting up the type of a magazine is Rs. 1000. The cost of running the

printing machine is Rs. 120 per 100 copies. The cost of paper, ink and so on is 60 paise per

copy. The magazines are sold at Rs. 2.75 each. 900 copies are printed, but only 784 copies

are sold. What is the sum to be obtained from advertisements to give profit of 10% on the

cost?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution

Total CP = 1000+(900/100)×120+ (900/100)×60= 1000+1080+ 540= 2620

Total SP = 2620×(11/10)= 2882

SP of 784 pieces = 784×2.75= 2156

Sum of advertisements = 2882-2156= 726[Answer.]

[Q-32]A man buys a chair and table for Rs. 6000. He sells the chair at a loss of 10% and

the table at gain of 10%. He still gains Rs. 100 on the whole. Cost price of chair is:

#Solution

Let Price of Chair = C

Price of Table = (6000-C)

ATQ,

(9C/10)+ (6000-C)×(11/10)= 6100

=> (9C/10)+ (66,000-11C)/10= 6100

=> 9C+66,000-11C= 61,000

=> 2C= 5000

=> C= 2500

So, Price of Chair = 2500[Answer.]

[Q-33] By selling a bicycle for Rs. 2,850, a shopkeeper gains 14%. If the profit is reduced

to 8%, then the selling price will be:

#Solution

CP of bicycle = 2850×(100/114)= 2500

New profit = 8%

New SP = 2500×(27/25)= 2700[Answer.]

[Q-34] By selling an article, a man makes a profit of 25% of its selling price. His profit

percent is:

#Solution

SP:CP= 100:75

Profit = 25×100/75= 33(1/3)%[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q-35] By selling a bicycle for Rs. 2850, a shopkeeper gains 14% . If the profit is reduced

to 8% then the selling price will be –

#Solution:

CP= 2850×(100/114)= 2500

SP = 2500×(108/100)=2700[Answer.]

[Q-36] A man sells an article at 10% loss. If he had sold it at Rs. 10 more, he would have

gained 10% . The cost price of the article is = ?

#Solution:

Difference of two SP = 100×(11/10)-100×(9/10)

= 20%

ATQ

So, 20%= 10

100%= 50[Answer.]

[Q-37] A radio is sold for Rs. 990 at a profit of 10% . What would have been the actual

profit or loss on it had it been sold for Rs. 890 ?

#Solution:

CP= 990×(10/11)= 900

Loss = (900-890)= 10[Answer.]

[Q-38] A person sells a table at a profit of 10% . If he had bought the table at 5% less cost

and sold for Rs. 80 more, he would have gained 20% . The cost price of the table is = ?

#Solution:

Difference of SP = 95×(6/5)-100×(11/10)

= 114-100= 4%

ATQ,

4%= 80

100%= 2000[Answer.]

[Q-39] Jacob bought a scooter for a certain sum of money. He spent 10% of the cost on

repairs and sold the scooter for a profit of Rs. 1100. How much did he spend on repairs if

he made a profit of 20% ?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Repair Cost= 5500×(1/11)= 500[Answer.]

[Q-40] Abhishek purchased 140 shirts and 250 trousers @ Rs. 450 and @ Rs. 550

respectively. What should be the overall average selling price of shirts and trousers so that

40% profit is earned ? (rounded off to next integer)

#Solution:

Total Pieces = (140+250)= 290

CP = 140×450+250×550= 200,500

AT 40% Profit SP = 200,5000×(140/100)= 280,700

Per piece= 280700/290= 720[Answer.]

[Q-41] A man sells two chairs at Rs. 120 each and by doing so he gains 25% on one chair

and loses 25% on the other. His loss on the whole in Rs. is = ?

#Solution:

Loss = 25-25-(25×25)/100= -6.25%

CP= 120×(100/93.75)×2=128×2= 256

Loss in RS = (256-240)= 16[Answer]

[Q-42] A man wanted to sell an article with 20% profit: but he actually sold at 20% loss

for Rs. 480, at what price he wanted to sell it to earn the profit = ?

#Solution:

Applying MF,

SP= 480×(5/4)×(6/5)= 720[Answer.]

[Q-43] A shopkeeper sells an article at a loss of 12(1/2)% . Had he sold it for Rs. 51.80

more, he would have earned a profit of 6% . The cost price of the article is = ?

#Solution:

Difference of SP= 106- 87.5= 18.5%

ATQ,

18.5%= 51.80

100

=> 100%= 51.80×

18

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

44.A person purchased 10 dozen pens at the rate of Rs. 4 per dozen. On checking, he

found that 20 pens were not working. In order to earn 25% profit, he should sell the

remaining pens each at -

#Solution

CP of 10 dozen = 10×4= 40

CP of 120 Pen = 40

40

CP of 1 pen = =3

120

5

AT 25% Profit SP = 40× =50

4

50 1

So, 1 Pen SP = ( ) = 2 = 0.5 [Answer]

100

[Q-45] The owner of a furniture shop charges his customer 28% more than the cost price.

If a customer paid Rs. 23680 for a dining table set, then what was the original price of the

dining set ?

#Solution:

100

Original Price = 23680× = 18,500[Answer]

128

[Q-46] An article marked at Rs. 540 is sold at Rs. 496.80 in an off - season offer. Then the

rate of discount offered (in percent) is = ?

#Solution:

Let, Discount = D%

ATQ,

100−𝐷

540× =496.8

100

540×(100-D)= 496.8×100

540D= 54000-49680

540D= 4320

4320

D=

540

D= 8

So, Discount = 8%[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q-47] Bhuvnesh sell two tape recorders at the same price. On one, he gains 10% and on

the other he loses 10%. The total gain or loss in the transaction is = ?

#Solution

10×10

Loss= 10-10- =10-10-1= -1%

100

Chapter: Mixture

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

1. A Container contains 192 liter of Milk. A seller draws out x% of Milk and replaced it with

the same quantity of water. He repeated the same process for 3 times. And thus Milk content in

the mixture is only 81 liter. Then how much percent he withdraw every time?

#Solution:

Initial mixture of milk= 192 L

A seller draws out = x% of milk.

x% of 192 3

ATQ,192×(1 − ) = 81

192

x 3 81

=> (1 − ) =

100 192

=> (1-x/100)^3= (3*27)/(3*64)

=> (1-x/100)^3= 27/81

=> (1-x/100)^3= (3/4)^3

=> (1-x/100)= 3/4

=> 1-3/4= x/100

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> 4x= 100

=> x= 25%

So, initial replace= 25% of milk.[Answer.]

C=P*(1+r/100)^n

নেখোর , C=চক্রবৃছি মূ ধ

P= প্রোথছমক মূ ধ

এখ এক কোজ কছর চ ু এটোরক ছমক্সচোররর এই অংরকর সোরথ ত্ু ো কছর। নিখু ই োছিয়োছ

ছমল্ক ছির ো ১৯২ ছ টোর। এবং এই এমোউন্ট আরে আরে কমোর ো হরয়রি এবং ফোই োছ নসই

এমোউন্ট ৮১ ছ টোর হরয়রি। ত্োই C নেরহত্ু ফোই ো মূ ধ এখোর C ও নসইম হরব।

এখোর C নক F দ্বোরো সূছচত্ কছর। েোর মোর ব রত্ বুঝোছি ফোই ো এমোউন্ট। কম্পোউন্ড

ইন্টোরররস্ট n দ্বোরো বির বুঝোয় আর এখোর n হরব ছরছপরটি টোইম। কম্পোউন্ট ইন্টোরররস্টর

ছহসোব ১০০ নত্ আর এখোর হরব ইছ ছিয়ো এমোউরন্টর উপর।

কম্পোউন্ড ইন্টোরররস্ট সুিরক r দ্বোরো সুছচত্ করো হয় আর আমরো এখোর ছররেসরমন্টরক r দ্বোরো

সূছচত্ কররবো।

F= I*(1-R/I)^n

F= Final amount

I=Initial amount

n=repetition time

R=Replace.

এখোর ' -' সোই ইউজ করো হরয়রি কোরণ এমোউন্ট টো কমরত্রি]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

02.A Jar contains 30 liters mixture of Milk and Water in the ratio of x:y respectively. When 10

liter of the mixture is taken out and replaced it water, then the ratio becomes 2:3. Then what is

the initial quantity of Milk in the Jar?

#Solution:

Here, Milk = x

Water = y

ATQ,

x+y= 30

=> y= 30-x

Now, 10 L mixture is removed and replaced by water,

So, Milk Remain= x-10*x/30= 2x/3

W Remain= y-10*y/30+10

=(2y+30)/3

ATQ,

(2x/3)/(2y+30)/3= 2/3

=> 2x/(2y+30)= 2/3

=> 6x= 4y+60

=> 6x= 4*(30-x)+60

=> 6x= 120-4x+60

=> 10x= 180

=> x= 18

So, Initial Milk= 18 L[Answer.]

03.A Container contains ‘X’ Liters of Milk. A thief stole 50 Liters of Milk and replaced it with

the same quantity of water. He repeated the same process further two times. And thus Milk in

the container is only ‘X-122’ liters. Then what is the quantity of water in the final mixture?

Initial Mix= X

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ

X-122= X(1-50/X)^3

=> X-122/X= (1-50/X)^3

=> (X-122)/X= 1-150/X+7500/X^2-2500*50/X^3

=>X^2(X-122)= X^3-150X^2+7500X-1,25,000

=> X^3-122X^2+150X^2-7500X+125000=0

=> 28X^2-7500X+1,25,000= 0

=> 7X^2-1875X+31,250= 0

=> (X-250)(7X-125)= 0

=> X= 250 L

So, Final M= (250-122)= 128

So, Water= (250-128)= 122L(Answer.

04. A Jar contains 100 liters of Milk a thief stole 10 liter of Milk and replaced it with water.

Next, he stole 20 liter of Mixture and replaced it with water. Again he stole 25 liter of Mixture

and replaced with water. Then what is the quantity of water in the final mixture?

#Solution:

এখোর ব ো আরি একটো ছমক্সচোর আরি নেটোরত্ ১০০ ছ টোর িুধ আরি। শুধুই িুধ। পোছ োই ছকন্তু। নসখো নথরক একজ

চু র ১০ ছ টোর চু ছর করর। এখ প্রথম অবস্থোয় শুধু িুধই ছির ো। চু ছর করর শুধু িুধই চু ছর কররব।

নসরকন্ড নস্টরপ ব রি নে পছরমোণ চু ছর কররি নস পছরমো আবোর পোছ দ্বোরো ছররেস কররি। চো োক চু র। মোছ ক েোরত্ বুঝরত্

ো পোরর ত্োই ফছি কররি।

পোছ র পছরমো = ১০

এখ নে ছমক্সচোর আরি নসটোরত্ শুধু িুধ ন ই। পোছ ও আরি। ত্োই আবোর েখ নস চু ছর কররব িুরধর সোরথ সোরথ পোছ ও চু ছর

কররব। নচোর মূখু হবোর কোররণ বযোপোরটো বুঝরত্ পোরর ছ । এক রে চু ছর করর ই নত্ো হইরত্ো। েোই নহোক, অংরক আছস।

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=১:৯

ধছর িুধ = ৯ ক

পোছ = ক

৯ক+ক= ২০

=> ক= ২

= ৮+২০= ২৮

পোছ র পছরমোণ = ২৮

পোছ র পছরমো = ৭ক

৭ক+১৮ক= ২৫

=> ক= ১

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

আর পোছ = ৭*১= ৭

নচোররর কোরসোছজ নিষ। এবোর নস চু ছর থোছমরয়রি আমরোও উত্তররর িোাঁেরেোেোয় নপ রাঁ ি নেছি।

05. In a 250 liter of a mixture of Milk and Water, Water is X%. The milkman sold 50 liters of

the mixture and replaced same quantity with water. If the percent of Milk in final mixture is

64%, then what is the percentage of Milk in the initial mixture?

#Solution:

Initial Milk= 250-250*x/100

= 250-5x/2

=(500-5x)/2

ATQ,

(500-5x)/2- 50*(500-5x)/2/250= 160

=> (500-5x)/2-(500-5x)/10= 160

=> (2500-25x-500+5x)/10= 160

=> 2000-20x= 1600

=> 20x= 400

=> x= 20

Initial milk= 500-5*20/2= 200

%= 200*100/250= 80%

06. A jar contains ‘x’ liters of Milk, a seller withdraws 25% of it and sells it at Rs.20 per liter.

He then replaces it water. He repeated the process total three times. Every time while selling he

reduces selling price by Rs.2. After this process Milk left in the mixture is only 108 liters so he

decided to sell the entire Mixture at Rs. 15 per liter. Then how much profit did he earned if

bought Milk at Rs.20 per liter?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> x(1-1/4)^3= 108

=> x= 108*4*4*4/(3*3*3)= 256 L

CP = (256*20)= 5120

SP= 256*15+ 25% of 256 *(20+18+16)

= 256*15+64*54= 7296

Profit= (7296-5120)= 2176[Answer.]

07. ‘X’ Liters of the mixture contains Milk and Water in the ratio 4:3. If 13 liters of Water is

added then the ratio becomes 1:1. Then what is the final quantity of water in the mixture?

#Solution:

Let, Initial milk= 4x

Initial water= 3x

ATQ,

(3x+13)/4x= 1/1

4x= 3x+13

x= 13

So, water at final = 3*13+13= 52 L(Answer.)

08. A jar contains 200 litres of milk a thief stole X litres of milk and replaced it with water.

Next, he stole 40 litres of milk and replaced it with water. Again he stole 50 litres of milk and

replaced with water. If quantity of water in the final mixture is 92 litres. Then what is the value

of X?

#Solution:

Initial mixture= 200L

Final milk= (100-92)= 108L

ATQ,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

200*(1-x/200)(1-40/200)(1-50/200)= 108

=>200*(200-x)/200* (4/5)*(3/4)= 108

=> (200-x)*12= 108*20

=> (200-x)*3= 108*5

=> 3x-600= 540

=> 3x= 60

=> x= 20L

[Answer.]

09. From a 200 L container,a thief has stolen 10 liters of milk and replaced with water.He

repeated the process for three times,then the ratio of milk to water become 343:169.the initial

amount of milk in the container?

#Solution:

Let, intially mix.= x

ATQ,

x*(1-10/x)^3/x= 343/512

(1-10/x)^3= (7/8)^3

1-10/x= 7/8

1/8= 10/x

x= 80L(answer)

Law:x*(1-R/x)^n=Final mixture

X= initial amount

R= Replacement

n= repetition time

10. A Jar contains a mixture of Milk and Water 18 and 12 Liters respectively. When ‘x’ liter of

the mixture is taken out and replaced with the same quantity of Water, then the ratio of Milk

and Water becomes 2:3. Then what is the quantity of Water in final Mixture?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

M renain= 18-18x/30= 18-3x/5= (90-3x)/5

W remain = 12-12x/30+x= 12-2x/5+x

= (60+3x)/5

ATQ,

(90-3x)/(60+3x)= 2/3

270-9x= 120+6x

15x= 150

x=10L

Final water = (60+30)/5= 18 L(Answer.k

11.Vikram covered 180 km distance in 10 hours. The first part of his journey he covered by

Car, then he hired a Rickshaw. The speed of the car and rickshaw is 25 kmph and 15 kmph

respectively. The ratio of the distances covered by the car and the rickshaw is

#Solution:

Total time= 10 hr

Speed of car= 25 km/hr & Rickshaw= 15 km/hr

Let, he travel by car = t hr

Travel by rickshaw= (10-t) hr

ATQ,

t*25+(10-t)*15= 180

25t+150-15t=180

10t=30

t=3

Travel by car:Rickshaw=3*25:7*15=75:105=5:7[Answer.]

Alternative:

Average speed= 180/10= 18km/hr

25_________15

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

_____18____

3_________7

Distance car:Rickshaw= 3*25:7*15= 5:7

Alternative:

Let cover by car= x km

Cover by rickshaw= (180-x) km

ATQ,

x/25+(180-x)/15= 10

(3x+900-5x)= 750

900-2x= 750

150= 2x

x=75

So, cover by car =75 km

And, cover by rickshaw= (180-75)= 105

Raito of distance car:Rickshaw=75:105= 5:7[Answer.]

12.A mixture of wheat is sold at Rs.3 per Kg. This mixture is formed by mixing the Wheat of

Rs.2.10 per kg and Rs.2.52 per kg. What is the ratio of price of cheaper to the costlier quality in

the mixture if the profit of 25% is being earned

#Solution:

Cost price of mixture =3*100/125= 3*4/5= 12/5= 2.40RS/kg

Let, the amount of first part= x kg

Amount of second part= y kg

ATQ,

2.10x+2.52y= 2.4(x+y)

=> 2.4x-2.10x= 2.52y-2.4y

=>. 30x=.12y

=> 30x= 12y

=> x:y= 12:30= 2:5

Alternative:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Amount of second part =y

Sell price of mixture= 3

Since, 25% profit,

SP of first part= 125% of 2.10

= 5*2.10/4= 10.50/4= 2.625

SP of 2nd part= 125% of 2.52= (5*2.52)/4= 3.15

ATQ,

2.625x+3.15y= 3(x+y)

=> 3x-2.625x= 3.15y-3y

=>. 375x=. 15y

=> x:y=. 15/.375

=> x:y= 1/2.5

=> x:y= 1:2.5= 10:25= 2:5[Answer.]

13.From the 50 liters of a chemical solution, 5 liters of chemical solution is taken out and after

it, 5 liters of water is added to the rest amount of chemical solution. Again 5 liters of chemical

solution and water is drawn out and it was replaced by 5 liters of water. If this process is

continued similarly for the third time, the amount of chemical solution left after the third

replacement

#Solution:

Initial amount= 50 L

Replacement= 5 L

Final = 50*(1-5/50)^3= 50*45/50*45/50*45/50

= 50*(9/10)*(9/10)*(9/10)= 36.45L(Answer.)

Alternatives:Manual process:

Initial amount = 50 L

Replace by 5 L water.

So, chemical solution:Water= 45:5= 9:1(after first replacement)

2nd replacement:

C remain= 45-9*5/10= 45-9/2= 45-4.5= 40.5

So, W= 9.5

C:W= 40.5:9.5

3rd Replacement :

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

14. From a container of milk, which contains 200 liters of milk, the seller replaces each time

with water when he sells 40 liters of milk(or mixture). Every time he sells out only 40 liters of

milk(or mixture). After replacing the milk with water 4th time, the total amount of water in the

mixture is

#Solution:

Initial Amount= 200L

Replacement= 40L

Final water = 200-200*(1-40/200)^4

= 200-200*(160/200)^4

= 200-200*(4/5)*(4/5)*(4/5)= 118.08 L[Answer.]

[If you want to do this manually follow the previous math method]

15. A jar was full with Milk. A person used to draw out 20% of the Milk from the jar and

replaced it with water. He has repeated the same process 4 times and thus there was only 512

gm of milk left in the jar, the rest part of the jar was filled with the water. The initial amount of

milk in the jar was:

#Solution:

Let, Initial Milk = x L

Final milk = 512 gm

Repetition time, n= 4

Replacement = 20% of x

ATQ,

I*(1-R/I)^n= 512

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

x*(1-20/100)^4= 512

x*(1-1/5)^4=512

x*(4/5)^4=512

x= 512*(5/4)*(5/4)*(5/4)*(5/4)

x= 1250 gm or 1.25 kg[Answer]

16. From a container of Milk, a thief has stolen 15 liters of milk and replaced it with same

quantity of water. He again repeated the same process. Thus in three attempts, the ratio of Milk

and water became 343:169. The initial amount of Milk in the container was:

#Solution:

Let, the container contain = x L of milk.

Replacement= 15 L

Final amount of milk= 343

So, initial amount = 343+169= 512

ATQ,

x*(1-15/x)^3/x= 343/512

(1-15/x)^3= (7/8)^3

(1-15/x)= 7/8

1-7/8=15/x

1/8= 15/x

x=120L[Answer.]

17. The ratio of Solution “A” and Solution “B” in the container is 3:2 when 10 liters of the

mixture is taken out and is replaced by the Solution “B”, the ratio become 2:3. The total

quantity of the mixture in the container is:

#Solution:

Ration of A:B= 3:2

10 L taken out and replaced by B

So, A remain= 3x-3*10/5= 3x-6

And B remain= 2x-2*10/5 +10

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= 2x+6

ATQ,

(3x-6)/(2x+6)= 2/3

9x-18= 4x+12

5x=30

x=6

The total quantity of mixture= (3x+2x)= 5x= 5*6= 30 L[Answer.]

18. From a container, 6 liters Solution “A” was drawn out and was replaced by water. Again 6

liters of the mixture was drawn out and was replaced by the water. Thus the quantity of Solution

“A” and water in the container after these two operations is 9:16. The quantity of the mixture is:

#Solution:

Let, initial mixture= x L

Final amount= x*(1-6/x)^2

Solution A in final:Initial= 9:(9+16)= 9:25

ATQ,

x*(1-6/x)^2/x= 9/25

(1-6/x)^2= (3/5)^2

1-6/x= 3/5

2/5=6/x

2x=30

x=15

19. The diluted Milk contains only 8 liters of Milk and the rest is water. A new mixture whose

concentration is 30%, is to be formed by replacing Milk. How many liters of the mixture shall

be replaced with pure Milk if there was initially 32 liters of water in the mixture?

#Solution:

Milk = 8 L

Water = 32 L

Let Replacement= x

Milk Remain= 8-8x/40+x= 8-x/5+x= (40-x+5x)/5= (40+4x)/5

Water Remain= 32-32x/40= 32-4x/5

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= (160-4x)/5

ATQ,

(40+4x)/(160-4x)= 3/7

280+28x= 480-12x

40x= 200

x= 5 L [Answer.]

20. In a school, the average weight of boys in a class is 30 kg and the average weight of girls

in the same class is 20kg. If the average weight of the whole class is 23.25 kg, what could be

the possible strength of boys and girls respectively in the same class?

#Solution:

Let, the number of boys=x

Number of girls=y

ATQ,

30x+20y=23.25(x+y)

30x+20y= 23.25x+23.25y

30x-23.25x= 23.25y-20y

6.75x= 3.25y

x:y= 3.25:6..75= 325:675=13:27

Number of Boys:Girl=13:27[Answer.]

#Mixture_Allegation_Part_3

Solved by::MD MUTAHER HUSSAIN

21. A vessel is filled with liquid, 4 parts of which are water and 5 parts syrup. How much of the

mixture must be drawn o and replaced with water so that the mixture may be half water and half

syrup?

#Solution:

Total part= 4+5= 9

4_______9

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

___4.5___

4.5______.5

45:5= 9:1

Replace = 1/(1+9)= 1/10[Answer.]

#Solution_2::

Let, Replace = x L

Water remain after replacement = 4/9- x*4/9+x

= (4/9-4x/9+x)

= (4+5x)/9

Syrup remain = 5/9-5x/9= (5-5x)/9

ATQ,

(4+5x)= 5-5x

10x= 1

x=1/10[Answer.]

22. Rice worth Rs. 126 per kg and Rs. 134 per kg are mixed with a third variety in the ratio 1 : 1

: 2. If the mixture is worth Rs. 177 per kg, the price of the third variety per kg will be:

#Solution:

Let, the price of third vareity = x

ATQ,

126*1+134*1+x*2= 177*4

260+2x= 708

2x=448

x= 224[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

23. One quantity of rice priced at Rs 9.30 per Kg is mixed with another quality at a certain

rate in the ratio 8:7. If the mixture so formed be worth Rs 10 per Kg, what is the rate per Kg

of the second quality of wheat?, what is the rate per Kg of the second quality of wheat?

#Solution:

Let, the price of other = x

ATQ,

9.30*8+7*x= 10*(8+7)

7x= 75.6

x= 10.8[Answer.]

#Solution_2::

9.30________X(other price)

______10_____

8__________7

ATQ,

7X-70= 5.6

7X= 75.6

X= 10.8[Answer.]

#Solution_3:

Each product less=10-9.3= 0.7rs

So, 8 product less= 0.7*8=5.6 rs

So, Price of another quality

(7*10+5.6)/7=10.8 RS

24. How many kgs of rice of variety-1 costing Rs.42/kg should a shopkeeper mix with 25 kgs of

rice of variety-2 costing Rs.24 per kg so that he makes a prot of 25% on selling the mixture at

Rs.40/kg?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

Let, 42 kg quantity rice = x

ATQ,

(42*x+25*24)*125/100= 40*(x+25)

(42x+25*24)*5= 160*(x+25)

210x+ 3000= 160x+4000

50x= 100

x= 20 (Answer.)

#Solution_2:

SP given = 40

CP= 40*4/5= 32

42_________24

______32____

8__________10

4:5

5===25

4===20 kg[Answer.]

#Solution_3::

SP 1= 42*5/4= 105/2

SP 2= 24*5/4= 30

Final SP = 40

105/2________30

_____40_______

10_________25/2

20________25

4:5

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Now,

5 part ==25

4 part ==20 [Answer.]

25. An alloy contains Brass, Iron and Zinc in the ratio 2:3:1 and another contains Iron, zinc and

lead in the ratio 5:4:3.If equal weights of both alloys are melted together to form a third alloy,

then what will be the weight of lead per kg in new alloy?

#Solution:

B:I:Z= 2:3:1= [6]

I:Z:L= 5:4:3= [12]

LCM of 6& 12= 12

So, first ratio have to multiplied by = 12/6= 2

B:I:Z= 4:6:2

Final; I:Z:L= 5:4:3

So, Total = 24

Led= 3

Wt. Of led = 3/24= 1/8[Answer.]

26. A can contains 50 litres of milk. 10 litres of this milk is taken out and replaced with water.

This process is repeated twice. Find the amount of remaining milk in the mixture

#Solution::

We know, F= I*(1-R/I)^n

Where, F= Final mixture

I = Initial

R= Replacement

n= Repetition time

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution_2::

Initially = 10 L Replace

M:W= 40:10

Again 10 L replace;

M= 40-10*40/50= 40-8= 32

W= 18

Again 10 L Replace:

M= 32-32*10/50= 32-32/5= (160-32)/5= 128/5 L (Answe.)

27. A milkman mixes 6 litres of free tap water with 20litres of pure milk. If the cost of pure

milk is Rs.28 per litre the % profit of the milkman when he sells all the mixture at the cost price

is

#Solution:

Total sell = 26 L of Milk

SP = 26*28= 728

CP= 28*20= 560

Profit= (768-560)= 168

% profit = 168*100/560= 30%[Answer.]

28. A 144 litres of mixture contains milk and water in the ratio 5 : 7. How much milk need to be

added to this mixture so that the new ratio is 23 : 21 respectively?

#Solution:

Milk= 144*5/12= 60L

Water = (144-60)= 84 L

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

(60+x)/(144+x)= 23/44

2640+44x= 3312+23x

21x= 672

x= 672/21

x= 32 L

#Solution_2::

ATQ,

(60+x)/84= 23/21

60*21+21x= 23*84

21x= 672

x= 32 L

#Solution_3::

Initial Ratio; Milk:Water= 5:7

Final Ratio; M:W= 23:21

Now, 21 part==84

23 part= 23*4= 92 L

29. In a 100 litre mixture of milk and water, the % of water is only 20%. The milkman gave 25

litres of this mixture to a customer and then added 25 litres of water to the remaining mixture.

What is the % of milk in the fi nal mixture?

#Solution::

Milk = 80 L

Water = 20

M:W= 80:20

Now Replace = 25 L

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

So, water = 40 L

%= 60*100/100= 60%[Answer.]

30. vessel is lled with 120 litres of Chemical solution, Acid “A”. Some quantity of Acid “A”

was taken out and replaced with 23 litres of Acid “B” in such a way that the resultant ratio of

the quantity of Acid “A” to Acid “B” is 4:1. Again 23 litres of the mixture was taken out and

replaced with 28 litre of Acid “B”. What is the ratio of the Acid “A” to Acid “B” in the resultant

mixture?

#Solution:

A:B= 4:1

1==23

4= 92

A now = 92-92*23/115= 92-92/5= 368/5

B now = 23-23*23/115+28= 51-23/5= 232/5

A:B= 368/5:232/5= 368:232= 46:29[Answer.]

#Mixture_Part_4

#Solved By:Md Mutaher Hussain

31. Two vessels A and B contain a mixture of Milk and Water. In the first vessel (i.e) Vessel A

has the ratio of Milk to water is 8 : 3 and in the second vessel, Vessel B has the ratio of 5 : 1. A

35 litre capacity vessel is filled from these two vessels so as to contain a mixture of Milk and

water in ratio of 4 : 1. Then how many litres should be taken from the first vessel.

#Solution_1:

First vessel: M:W= 8:3[11]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Final: M:W= 4:1[5]

LCM of 11,6,5= 330

M at first = 8*330/11= 240

M at 2nd = 5*330/6= 275

M at final = 4*330/5= 264

275______264______240

(275-264)_______(264-240)

11:24

Taken from first vessel= 35*11/35= 11 L[Answer.]

#Solution_2:

LCM of 11,6,5= 330

W at first = 3*330/11= 90

W at 2nd = 1*330/6= 55

W at final = 1*330/5= 66

55________66________90

11__________________24

Ratio= 11:24

Taken from first vessel = 11*35/11= 11 L

#Solution_3:

Milk at first = 8/11

Milk at 2nd = 5/6

Milk at final= 4/5

8/11__________5/6

________4/5_____

1/30__________4/55

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

1/6___________4/11

11________24

11:24

Taken from vessel A= 35*11/35= 11 L

#Solution_4_Written_Approach_

Let, first vessel contain = x L

2nd vessel contain = y L

Milk at both= (8x/11+ 5y/6)

Water at both= (3x/11+y/6)

ATQ,

(8x/11+ 5y/6)/(3x/11+y/6)= 4/1

=> (48x+55y)/(18x+11y)= 4/1

=> 48x+55y= 72x+44y

=> 24x= 11y

=> x:y= 11:24

Taken from vessel A= 35*11/35= 11 L[Answer.]

#Solution_5_Written_Approach_

Milk at A = 8x/11

Milk at B= 5y/6

ATQ,

(8x/11+5y/6)= 4/5(x+y)

=> (48x+55y)/66= 4*(x+y)/5

=> 240x+275y= 264x+264y

=> 24x= 11y

=> x:y= 11:24

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

32. When one litre of water is added to a mixture of milk and water, the new mixture contains

25% of milk. When one litre of milk is added to the new mixture, then the resulting mixture

contains 40% milk. What is the percentage of milk in the original mixture?

#Solution:

(W+1)/M= 75/25= 3/1

W+1= 3M

2W+2= 6M

And,

(W+1)/(M+1)= 60/40= 3/2

2W+2= 3M+3

6M= 3M+3

3M= 3

M= 1

And,

(W+1)= 3

W= 2

So, Initially = M+W= 1+2= 3

Milk= 1

%= 1*100/3= 33(1/3)%[Answer.]

33. The price of a box and a pen is Rs.60. The box was sold at a 40% profit and the pen at a loss

of 10%. If the Shop keeper gains Rs.4 in the whole transaction, then how much is the cost price

of Box?

#Solution:

B+P= 60______[1]

140% of B-90% of P= 64

7B/5-9P/10= 64

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

(14B-9P)= 640

14B-9(60-B)= 640

14B-540+9B= 640

5B= 100

B= 100/5= 20

So, price of box = 20 RS [Answer.]

34. A vessel contains a mixture of diesel and petrol in which there is 20% diesel. Five litres are

drawn o and then the vessel is filled with petrol. If the diesel present in the mixture is now 15%

then how much does the vessel hold?

#Solution:

Petrol:Diesel= 8:2= 4:1

5 L is drawn off

Petrol remain = 4x-4*5/5+5= 4x-4+5= 4x+1

Diesel Remain= x-1*5/5= (x-1)

ATQ,

(4x+1)/(x-1)= 85/15= 17/3

12x+3= 17x-17

5x= 20

x= 4

Vessel hold = (4x+x)= 5x= 5*4= 20 L [Answer.]

35. In a lab, two chemical solutions Acid “A” with 90% purity and Acid “B” with 96% purity

are mixed resulting in 24 litres of mixture of 92% purity. How much is the quantity of the rst

solution, Acid “A” in the resulting mixture?

#Solution::

Acid A = 90% purity

Acid B = 96% purity

ATQ,

90% of x+ 96% of y= 92% of (x+y)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

90x+96y= 92x+92y

2x= 4y

x:y= 2:1

Acid A in resulting mixture = 24*2/3= 16 L [Answer.]

36. . 60 kg of a certain variety of Sugar at Rs.32 per kg is mixed with 48 kg of another variety

of sugar and the mixture is sold at the average price of Rs.28 per kg. If there be no profit or no

loss due to the new selling price, then what is the price of second variety of Sugar?

#Solution:

60*32+48*x= 28*(60+48)

1920+48x= 1680+1344

48x= 1104

x= 23 RS [Answer.]

37. Six litre of milk was taken out from a vessel and is then filled with water. This operation is

performed two more times. The ratio of the quantity of milk now left in vessel to that of the

water is 8 : 19.How much is the quantity of the milk contained by the vessel originally?

#Solution:

Taken out = 6 L

Final milk = x*(1-6/x)^3

Initial milk= x

ATQ,

x*(1-6/x)^3/x= 8/27

x*(1-6/x)^3= (2/3)^3

(1-6/x)= 2/3

1-2/3= 6/x

1/3=6/x

x= 18 L [Answer.]

38. 18 litres of Petrol was added to a vessel containing 80 litres of Kerosene. 49 litres of the

resultant mixture was taken out and some more quantity of kerosene and petrol was added to the

vessel in the ratio 2:1. If the respective ratio of kerosene and petrol in the vessel was 4:1, what

was the quantity of kerosene added in the vessel?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

Initial solution= (80+18)= 98 L

Petrol:Kerosene = 80:18

Taken out = 49 L

Kerosene Remain= 80-49*80/98= 80-40= 40 L

Petrol remain= 18-49*18/98= 18-9= 9 L

Now, kerosene added= 2x

Petrol added = x

ATQ,

(40+2x)/(9+x)= 4/1

40+2x= 36+4x

2x= 4 L

So, kerosene added = 4 L [Answer.]

39. A vessel which contains a mixture of acid and water in ratio 13:4. 25.5 litres of mixture is

taken out from the vessel and 2.5 litres of pure water and 5 litres of acid is added to the mixture.

If resultant mixture contains 25% water, what was the initial quantity of mixture in the vessel

before the replacement in litres?

#Solution:

Initial A:C= 13:4

Taken out = 25.5 L

Acid remain= 13x-13*25.5/17+5

= 13x – 19.5+5= 13x-14.5

Water Remain= 4x -4*25.5/17+ 2.5

= 4x-3.5

ATQ,

(13x-14.5)/(4x-3.5)= 75/25= 3/1

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

13x-14.5= 12x-10.5

x= 4

Initial Quantity of mixture = 17x= 17*4= 68 L [Answer.]

40. How many kilograms of rice costing Rs. 9 per kg must be mixed with 27kg of rice costing

Rs.7 per kg so that there may be gain of 10% by selling the mixture at Rs.9.24 per kg?

#Solution:

9*x+27*7= 9.24*10/11(x+27)

9x+ 189= 8.4(x+27)

9x+189= 8.4x+ 226.8

.6x= 37.8

x= 63[Answer.]

41. A trader mixes 6ltr of milk costing 5000 rupees with 7ltr of milk costing 6000 rupees per

litre. The trader also mixes some quantity of water to the mixture so as to bring the price to

4800 per litre. How many litres of water is added.

#Solution:

Let, Quantity of water = x

ATQ,

(6*5000+6000*7)/(13+x)= 4800

(30,000+42,000)/(13+x)= 4800

72,000= 4800*13+4800x

x= 9600/4800= 2[Answer.]

42. Two cans P and Q contains milk and water in the ratio of 3:2 and 7:3 respectively. The ratio

in which these two cans be mixed so as to get a new mixture containing milk and water in the

ratio 7:4.

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Q can contain= y L.

Milk in total = 3x/5+ 7y/10= (6x+7y)/10

Water in total = (2x/5+3y/10)= (4x+3y)/10

ATQ,

4*(6x+7y)= 7*(4x+3y)

24x+28y= 28x+21y

4x= 7y

x:y= 7:4[Answer.]

43. A sample of x litre is replaced from a container containing milk and water in the ratio 2:3 by

pure milk. If the container hold 30 litres of the mixture, and after the operation proportion of

milk and water is same. Find the value of X?

#Solution:

Replace= x L

Mixture contains= 30L

Milk= 30*2/5= 12 L

Water= 30*3/5= 18 L

After replacement of x L

Milk= 12-12x/30= 12-2x/5+x= (60+3x)/5

Water= 18-18x/30= 18-3x/5= (90-3x)/5

ATQ,

(60+3x)/(90-3x)= 1/1

60+3x= 90-3x

6x= 30

x= 5 L [Answer.]

44. How many litres of water must be added to 60 litre mixture that contains milk and water in

the 7:3 such that the resulting mixture has 50% water in it?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution’

Milk = 60*3/10= 18 L

Water = 42 L

ATQ,

(42+x)/(18)= 1/1

42+x= 18

x= 24 L[Answer.]

45. How many Kgs of rice A costing rupees 20 per kg must be mixed with 20 kg of rice B

costing rupees 32 per kg, so that after selling them at 35 rupees per kg, he gets a prot of 25%.

#Solution:

x*20+20*32= 4/5*35*( x+20)

(20x+640)*5= 140*(x+20)

100x+3200= 140x+2800

40x= 400

x= 400/40= 10kg[Answer.]

46. A milkman mixes water and milk in a container in the ratio 2 : 5,respectively. Initially, he

sells the mixture at Rs. 30 per liter. After selling 70 liters of mixture, he mixes another 20 liters

of water and then ratio of water and milk becomes 8 : 15, respectively. The new mixture is sold

by the milk man at the rate of Rs. 25 per liter. If cost of milk is Rs. 27 per liter then find the

profit of milkman in the whole transaction?

#Solution:

W:M= 2x:5x

Let water= 2x

Milk = 5x

So, Total = 7x

He sold = 70 L

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

And Water= 20L

Now,

(5x-50)/(2x-20+20)= 15/8

=> 40x-400= 30x

=> 10x= 400

=> x= 40

So, Initial milk= 5*40= 200L

Milk CP= 200*27

Intially sold= 70*30= 2100 TK

Final W= 2*40= 80 L

Final M= 5*40-50= 150L

Total SP= 230*25+2100= 7850

And CP= 200*27= 5400

Profit= (7850-5400)= 2450[Answer.]

47. Two vessels contain milk and water in the ratio of 7:3 and 2:3 respectively. Find the ratio in

which the contents of both the vessels must be mixed to get a new mixture containing milk and

water in the ratio 3:2.

#Solution:

First vessel; M:W= 7:3[10]

2nd vessel; M:W= 2:3[5]

Final vessel; M:W= 3:2[5]

LCM of 10,5,5= 10

Milk at first = 10*7/10= 7L

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Final Milk= 10*3/5= 6 L

4===========6==========7

(6-4)=2=============(7-6)= 1

2:1

ু োরত্ ছমিোর একটো নরছিও

পোওয়ো েোরব।

প্রথরম ছত্ টো নরছিওর নেোেফ আ োিো আ োিো করত্ নবর করো োেরব।

নেম উপররর উিোহরণ নিখু , প্রথরম ছমল্ক ও ওয়োটোররর নরছিও নিওয়ো আরি ৭ঃঃ৩, ২য়টোরত্

নিওয়ো আরি 2:3 , এবং ফোই োছ নিওয়ো আরি 3:2। নিখু প্রথম নরছিওর নেোেফ = ৭+৩= ১০,

২য় নরছিওর নেোেফ এবং ফোই োর র = ৫।

নেোেফ ছত্ টো ১০,৫ এবং ৫৷ এখ .সো.গু নবর করু । ১০,৫, এবং ৫ এর .সো.গু= ১০।

থোর্ু নস্টপ: নেরহত্ু িুইটো নরছিওরত্ আরি। আপছ ছমল্ক অথবো ওয়োটোর নেরকো একটোর নে্ছিও

ছ রত্ পোররব । নেরহত্ু আছম ধররই ছ রয়ছি প্ররত্যকটোরত্ ১০ ছ টোর আরি। এখ নিখু প্রথমটোরত্

ছমল্কঃওয়োটোর আরি ৭ঃঃ৩। ত্োই, নসখোর ছমরল্কর পছরমোণ = ১০*৭/১০= ৭ টোরত্। ২য় এবং

ফোই ো টোরত্ও নসইম ভোরব নবর করো হইরি।

ত্ৃ ত্ীয়টোরত্ ৬ ছ টোর।

এখ কোজ করুণ। সবসময় এটোই কররব । ২য় নরছিও নক প্রথরম রোখরব , ফোই ো টোরক মোরঝ,

১ম টোরক নিরষ।

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

৪==========৬========৭

ছফফথ নস্টপঃ

এখ শুধু ছবরয়োে করুণ। কোজ নিষ। (মোরঝর নরছিও- প্রথম নরছিও)ঃঃ(নিরষর নরছিও – মোরঝর

নরছিও)

(৬-৪)ঃঃ(৭-৬)= ২ঃঃ১৷

48. A 100-litre mixture of milk and water contains 36 litres of milk. 'x' litres of this mixture is

removed and replaced with an equal quantum of water. If the process is repeated once, then the

concentration of the milk stands reduced at 25%. What is the value of x?

#Solution:

Initial Milk = 36 L

Final Milk = 36*(1-x/100)^2

Final/Initial= 36*(1-x/100)^2/36

25/36= (1-x/100)^2

5/6= 1-x/100

x/100=1/6

6x= 100

x= 100/6= 16.667 L[ANSWER.]

49. 20% ammonia solution and 70% ammonia solution were mixed to form 50% ammonia

solution. If 120 litres of 20% ammonia solution were used in the process, what was the volume

of the 50% ammonia solution that was produced?

#Solution:

Let, 20% solution= x

70% solution = y

ATQ,

20% of x+ 70% of y= 50% of (x+y)

20x+70y= 50(x+y)

20x+70y= 50x+50y

30x= 20y

x:y= 2:3

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

5 part = 120*5/2= 300 L [Answer.]

50. Eight litres are drawn off from a vessel full of water and substituted by pure milk. Again

eight litres of the mixture are drawn off and substituted by pure milk. If the vessel now contains

water and milk in the ratio 9:40, find the capacity of the vessel.

#Solution:

Let, Initial Mixture contain = x L of solution(Water.)

Final water = x*(1-8/x)^2

ATQ,

x*(1-8/x)^2/x= 9/49

(1-8/x)^2= (3/7)^2

1- 8/x= 3/7

4/7= 8/x

4x= 56

x= 14 L [Answer.]

51. Each of the cucumbers in 100 pounds of cucumbers is composed of 99% water, by weight.

After some of the water evaporates, the cucumbers are now 98% water by weight. What is the

new weight of the cucumbers, in pounds?

#Solution:

Total = 100 pounds of cucumber

Where 99% water and 1% of non water.

So, original cucumber = 1% of 100= 1 pounds

Now, some of the water evaporate and it becomes 98% of water. So, non water is = 2%, since

only water is evaporated

So, 2% of cucumber = 1 pounds of water

100% = 100/2= 50 pounds of water[Answer.]

#Similar Math practice: (Try yourself)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

1. Five kilograms of oranges contained 98% of water. If the next day the concentration of

water decreased by 2%, what was the new weight of the oranges, in kilograms?[Answer.

2.5 kg]

2. Fresh dates contain 90% water while dry dates contain 28% water . How many kg of dry

dates can be obtained from 36kg of fresh dates ?[Answer. 5 kg]

52. A vessel ( capacity 10 ltrs) is filled entirely with petrol and kerosene in the ratio 3:2. Two

ltrs of this solution is removed and replaced with 2 ltrs of kerosene. This procedure is repeated

thrice. Find the % of petrol in the resulting solution.

#Solution:

Petrol = 10*3/5= 6 L

Initial = 6 L

Final = 6*(1-2/10)^3= 6*(4/5)^3= 3.072

%= 3.072*100/10= 30.72%[Answer.]

53. A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of Lemonade syrup. How many parts

of the solution should be removed and replaced with water so that the solution will now contain

40% lemonade syrup?

#Solution:

Water:Lemonde= 8:7

Let, Replacement = x L.

Water remain = 8/15 -8x/15 +x

= (8+7x)/15

Lemonade = 7/15-7x/15

= (7-7x)/15

ATQ,

2*(8+7x)= 3*(7-7x)

16+14x= 21-21x

35x= 5

x= 5/35= 1/7 part [Answer.]

54. If a portion of a half water/half alcohol mix is replaced with 25% alcohol solution, resulting

in a 30% alcohol solution, what percentage of the original alcohol was replaced?

#Solution:

Initially = 50% of Alcohol.

Replacement = 25% of Alcohol.

Resulting = 30% of Alcohol.

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

50____________25

______30______

5___________20

1:4

Now, Replacement = 4 part

Total = 5 part

% = 4*100/5= 80%[Answer.]

55. A dessert recipe calls for 50% melted chocolate and 50% raspberry puree to make a

particular sauce. A chef accidentally makes 15 cups of the sauce with 40% melted chocolate

and 60% raspberry puree instead. How many cups of the sauce does he need to remove and

replace with pure melted chocolate to make the sauce the proper 50% of each?

#Solution:

Chocolate = 15*40/100= 15*2/5= 6 L.

Raspberry = 9 L

Let, Replacements= x L

Chocolate= 6- 6x/15 +x = (90+9x)/15

Raspberry = 9-9x/15= (135-9x)/15.

ATQ,

90+9x= 135-9x

18x= 45

x= 45/18= 5/2= 2.5 Cups [Answer.]

56. Sue's trail mix is 30% nuts and 70% dried fruit. Jane's trail mix is 60% nuts and 40%

chocolate chips. If the combined mixture of Sue and Jane's trails mix contains 50% nuts, what

percent of the combined mixture is dried fruit?

#Solution’

30% of x +60% of y= 50% of (x+y)

20% of x= 10% of y

x:y= 1:2

So, if first mixture contain 1 part; 2nd mixture = 2 part

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

2nd N:C=120:80

Total mixture = 30+70+120+80= 300 L

Dry part = 70 L

% = 70*100/300= 23(1/3)%[Answer.]

57. A patient is given exactly 750 milliliters of a mixture of two medications daily. Medication

A contains 40% pain killer and medication B contains 20% pain killer. If the patient receives

exactly 215 milliliters of pain killer daily, how many milliliters of medication B are in the

mixture?

#Solution:

A+B= 750

A= 750-B__________[1]

And,

2A/5+ B/5= 215

2A= 1075-B

A= (1075-B)/2________[2]

From [1] & [2]

750-B= (1075-B)/2

1500-2B= 1075-B

B= 1500-1075= 425[Answer.]

58. The ratio of number of Boys to Girls in Class A is 2:3 and the ratio of number of Boys to

Girls in Class B is 3:7. If the number of students in Class A is at least thrice as many as the

number of students in Class B, Find the minimum percentage of Boys when both classes are

considered together.

#Solution:

B:G= 2:3= 12:18[Ist class]

B:G= 3:7

Total = 12+18+3+7= 40

Boys = (12+3)= 15

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

59. The final exam of a particular class makes up 40% of the final grade, and Moe is failing the

class with an average (arithmetic mean) of 45% just before taking the final exam. What grade

does Moe need on his final exam in order to receive the passing grade average of 60% for the

class?

#Solution::

Let, Total Marks = 100.

He obtained = 45% of 60= 27

Marks needed to be obtained extra= (60-27)= 33

%= 33*100/40= 82.5%[Answer.]

60. A milkman ordered his assistant to first remove 3 liters out of the 8 liters of a solution of

milk and water and then add 3 liters of water to it. Thinking that it would not make any

difference, the lab assistant first added 3 liters of water and then removed 3 liters of the

solution. Find the ratio of the expected concentration of the milk to the actual concentration of

the milk.

#Solution:

First case:

Remove = 3 L of solution.

M:W= 5:3

Actually, added first = 3 L of solution(Water)

So, Mixture contain now= (8+3)= 11 L of solution

Where, Milk = 8-24/11[After 3 L replacement]

= 64/11

Expected:Actual = 5:64/11= 55:64[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

61. A company produces a cleaning solution that has 60% concentration of Chemical K. The

current production batch contains 200L of an ingredient with a 30% concentration of Chemical

K and 150L of an ingredient with a 40% concentration of Chemical K. How much pure

chemical K must be added to the batch to attain the correct concentration of Chemical K?

#Solution:

Total solution= 150+200= 350

Let, added amount = x L

Solution have already = 200*30/100+150*40/100= 120 L

ATQ,

(120+x)/(350+x)= 60/100

(120+x)/(350+x)= 3/5

600+5x= 1050+3x

2x= 450

x = 225 L[Answer.]

Alternative:

Clearly the solution have two concentration. One is k and other is water.

Final = 40% water[Which will be the same, since no water is added]

Initially mixture contain = 200+150= 350 L of solution

Where water = 350- (200*.3+150*.4)= 230 L

Now, 40%= 230 L

100%= 230*100/40= 575 L of solution

So, pure k needed to be added = 60% of 575- 120

= (345-120)L= 225 L[Answer.]

62. Two mixtures of clay and sand contain 40% and 70% sand by weight. When both the

mixtures are mixed, the resultant mixture is 700 gm. If the resultant mixture contains 45% clay

by weight, then what is weight of the first mixture?

#Solution:

Two mixture clay and sand contain 40% & 70% of sand.

Let, First mixture contain = x

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

40% of x+70% of y = 55% of (x+y)

40x+70y = 55x+55y

15x= 15y

x:y= 1:1

So, x+y= 700

Since x= y

So, First mixture weight = 700/2= 350 L [Answer.]

#Alternative:

Since first mixture contain = 40% of sand; so clay= 60%

2nd mixture sand = 70% so clay = 30%

Final mixture clay contain= 45%

ATQ,

60% of x + 30% of y=45% of (x+y)

60x+30y= 45x+45y

60x-45x=45y-30y

15x=15y

x:y= 1:1

So, first mixture by weight = 700/2= 350 L[Answer.]

63. One cup of nuts that contains exactly half peanuts and half cashews is added to a bowl of

nuts that is exactly one third peanuts, one third cashews, and one third almonds. This results in a

three-cup mixture of nuts. What fraction of the new nut mixture is peanuts?

#Solution:

P:C=1/2:1/2[1 bowl]

P:C:A= 2/3:2/3:2/3[2 bowl]

Total Peanut = ½+2/3

=7/6

Fraction = 7/6*3= 7/18[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

64. A restaurant makes its regular sauce from 5 parts sweet sauce and 3 parts chilli sauce. Then

its spicy sauce is made from 5 parts chilli sauce and 3 parts sweet sauce. How many cups of

chilli sauce must be mixed with a 24-cup regular sauce to turn it to spicy sauce?

#Solution:

Total regular sauce = 24 Cup

Where, Chili = 24*3/8= 9 cup

To make it spicy sauce chili might be = 5 part

Let, chili added = x L

ATQ,

(9+x)/(24+x)= 5/8

72+8x= 120+5x

3x= 48

x= 18 cup

So, chili might be added = 18 cup [Answer.]

#Alternative:

Sweet sauce = 15 L

Which does not added further.

So, 3= 15

8= 40

So, chili might be added= (40-9-15)= 16 Cup[Answer.]

65. If a milkman wishes to earn a profit of 16.66% by selling milk at cost price and mixing

water to the milk. What percent of the mixture has to be water?

#Solution:

Let Milk CP:SP= 100:350/3= 300:350= 6:7

So In total Milk= 6

Water = 7-6= 1

%= 100/7=14.28%[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

66. . 12.5% of a solution having milk and water in the ratio 24 : 25 is removed and replaced

with water. Find the ratio of milk and water in the solution if this operation is done a total of

three times.

#Solution::

Let, total = 49 L

M left = 24(1-12.5/100)³

= 24 × (7/8) × (7/8) × (7/8)

= 1029/64

W = 49 - 1029/64 = 2107/64

M:W = 1029/64 : 2107/64

= 1029 : 2107 = 21:43

#Alternative:

24/49= Milk/Total

Replace = 12.5% of 24/49

M/T= 24/49*(1- 12.5%)^3

= 24/49*(1-1/8)^3= 24/49 *7/8 *7/8*7/8= 21:64

M:W= 21:(64-21)= 21:43[Answer. ]

67. Papayaya, a popular soft drink, contains only four ingredients. Soda water comprise 4/7 of

Papayaya and natural lemon juice makes 1/3 of Papayaya. The amounts of sugar and papaya

puree in Papayaya are equal. Due to a malfunction, the mixing machine mixes double the

regular amount of lemon juice and three times the regular amount of papaya puree. If no other

changes were made to the relative quantities of the ingredients, what is the fractional portion of

soda water in the drink that comes out of the malfunctioning machine?

#Solution:

S:L:P:Su= 4/7:1/3:1/21:1/21

= 12:7:1:1

Now,

Lemon twice = 7*2= 14

Pure thrice = 3*1= 3

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

New Ration:

S:L:P:Su= 12:14:3:1

Sum = (12+14+3+1)= 30

Soda water = 12/30= 2/5[Answer.]

68. Sixty percent of the rats included in an experiment were female rats. If some of the rats died

during an experiment and 70 percent of the rats that died were male rats, what was the ratio of

the death rate among the male rats to the death rate among the female rats?

#Solution:

Let, F= 60

M= 40

Let total died = x

F died,30% of x= 3x/10

M died = 70% of x= 7x/10

Rate ratio,

(7x/10)/40:(3x/10)/60= 7:2[Answer.]

69. A dishonest milkman mixes water and milk and claims to sell the milk at cost price, thereby

making a profit of 25%. How much water is there in one litre that he delivers to the customers?

#Solution:

Milk:Water = 125:25=5:1

Water = 1/5

= 1000/5= 200 mL [Answer.]

70. A dishonest grocer professes to sell pure butter at cost price, but he mixes it with adulterated

fat and thereby gains 25%. Find the percentage of adulterated fat in the mixture assuming that

adulterated fat is freely available?

#Solution:

Butter:Fat= 125:25

= 5:1

% fat = 25*100/125= 20%[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

71. There are three vessels of equal capacity .Vessel A contains Milk and water in the ratio 4:3

;Vessel B contains Milk and water in the ratio 2:1 and Vessel C contains Milk and water in the

ratio 3:2 .If the mixture in all the three vessels is mixed up.What will be the ratio of milk and

water ?

#Solution:

Vessel 1: M:W= 4:3[7]

Vessel 2: M:W= 2:1[3]

Vessel 3: M:W= 3:2[5]

LCM of 7,3,5= 105

Milk in total = (4*105/7+2*105/3+3*105/5)=(60+70+63)= 193

Water in total= (3*105/7+1*105/3+2*105/5)=(45+35+42)=122

Milk:Water= 193:122[Answer.]

#Alternative

M:W=(4/7+2/3+3/5):(3/7+1/3+2/5)

= (60+70+63)/105:(45+35+42)/105

=193/105:122/105

=193:122[Answer]

72. Two quarts containing 2⁄3 water and 1⁄3 formula are mixed with three quarts containing 3⁄8

water and 5⁄8 formula. Approximately what percent of the combined five-quart mixture is

water?

#Solution:

Let, Initial = 2

Final = 3

ATQ,

(2*2/3+3*3/8)= 5x

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

59/24= 5x

x= 59/120= 0.5

%= 0.5*100= 50%[Answer.]

#Alternative

LCM of 2 & 3= 6

Let, first mix contain= 6 L

2nd mix contain = 9 L

Total mix = (6+9)= 15 L

Water in total =6*2/3+9*3/8= 4+27/8= 59/8

% water= 59*100/120= 50%[Answer]

73. A tank holds x gallons of a saltwater solution that is 20% salt by volume. One Fourth of the

water is evaporated, leaving all of the salt. When 10 Gallons of water and 20 gallons of salt are

added, the resulting mixture is 33 1/3 % salt by volume. What is the value of x?

#Solution

A tank hold = x gallons

Where salt= x*20/100= x/5

So, water = 4x/5

Now ¼ of the water is evaporated.

Water remain= 4x/5-x/5= 3x/5

Now, Total mixture added = 10+20= 30 L

So, Total mixture = (3x/5+ x/5 + 30)= (4x/5 +30)

ATQ,

(x/5+20)/(4x/5+30)= 1/3

(x+100)/(4x+150)= 1/3

3x+300= 4x+150

x= 150 L[Answer.]

#Alternative

ATQ,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

(3x/5+10)/(4x/5+30)=2/3

(3x+50)/(4x+150)= 2/3

9x+150= 8x+300

x= 300-150= 150L [Answer.]

#Alternative:

ATQ,

(x/5 +20)/(3x/5+10)= ½

(x+100)/(3x+50)= ½

2x+200= 3x+50

x= 150L[Answer.]

74. A 48 lts container containing liquid A and B contains 25% liquid A. a few lts of the mixture

is released and replaced with equal amount of Liquid B. If this process is repeated once, the

cylinder is found to contain 16% liquid A .How many lts of the mixture was released each

time.?

#Solution:

Liquid A + Liquid B = 48 L

Liquid A initially = 48*1/4= 12 L [25%= 25/100= ¼]

Let, Replacement = x L

Final A= 16% of 48

12*(1-x/48)^2= 16% of 48

(1-x/48)^2= 16% of 4

(1-x/48)^2= 64/100

(1-x/48)^2= (8/10)^2

(1-x/48)^2= (4/5)^2

(1-x/48)= 4/5

x/48= 1-(4/5)

x/48= 1/5

5x= 48

x= 48/5= 9.6 L [Answer.]

75. milk and water mixture are in the ratio 7:3. A 10 L mixture is removed and replaced with

water to bring down the concentration of milk by 10%. The amount, in litres, of water that

needs to be added to the resulting mixture in order to reduce the concentration of milk to 50% is

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Milk:Water = 7:3

Let, Milk = 7x

Water = 3x

Replacement = 10 L

After, Replacement of 10 L

Milk = 7x-7*10/7= (7x-7)

Water = (3x-30/10 +10)

= (3x+7)

Milk quantity reduced by 10% which is 60% now,

ATQ,

(7x-7)/(3x+7)= 60/40

(7x-7)/(3x+7)= 3/2

14x-14= 9x+21

14x-9x= 21+14

5x= 35

x=7

So, Milk = 7*7-7= 42

Water = 3*7+7= 28

Again, y L water is added, Thus milk concentration = 50%

ATQ,

(28+y)/(42)= 1/1

28+y= 42

y= 14 L

So water added finally = 14 L[Answer.]

76. In the first consignment, 12% bulbs were faulty. In the second consignment, 4% bulbs were

faulty.In the two consignments, 7% bulbs were faulty. If the two consignments combined had

4000 bulbs,how many faulty bulbs did the first consignment have?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

2nd consignment = y bulb

ATQ,

12% of x + 4% of y= 7% of (x+y)

12x+4y= 7x+7y

12x -7x= 7y-4y

5x= 3y

x:y= 3:5

So, 1st consignment have = 3*4000/8= 1500 bulb

Faulty bulb = 1500*12/100= 180 bulb [Answer.]

77. John has 3 solutions: a 12% saline solution, a 8% vinegar solution, and a 15% alcohol

solution. He mixes 3 liters of the alcohol solution with 3 liters of the vinegar solution. What is

the minimum amount of the saline solution he must add if the resulting mixture must be at least

2% saline solution?

#Solution::

3L Alcohol + 3 L vinegar = 6 L solution

Let,

He adds x L of saline solution. Where saline = 12% of x

So, Now Total Solution= (6+x)

Saline content = 2% of (6+x)

ATQ,

2% of (6+x)= 12% of x

2*(6+x)= 12x

12+2x= 12x

12x-2x= 12

10x= 12

x = 12/10= 6/5 or, 1.2 L [Answer.]

78. A chemistry student is working with solution M, which has a 20% calcium chloride

concentration. He needs to remove three-fourths of this solution and then add a new solution,

solution N, to create a third solution, solution P, with double the volume of solution M. What

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

concentration of 37.5% in solution P?

#Solution:

Initially solution contains = M L of solution

Where Calcium chloride= M*20/100= M/5 L

He removed 3M/4

So, M remain = (4M-3M)/4= M/4

Where calcium chloride remove = (3M/4)*(1/5)= 3M/20

So Calcium chloride now = M/5 – 3M/20= M/20

Now, N solution is added and finally the volume is double which means 2M Solution.

ATQ,

M/4+N= 2M

N= 2M -M/4

N = 7M/4

Finally, Calcium chloride = 2M*3/8= 3M/4 L

So, Calcium chloride must be added = (3M/4)- (M/20)

= (15M-M)/20= 14M/20= 7M/10

Since N= 7M/4

So, Calcium chloride in N= 7M/10

%= (7M*100/10)*(4/7M)

= 40%[Answer.]

79. Grandmother's Punch hangover cure is a mix of two ingredients: a herbal extraction that

contains 20% alcohol and apricot cider that contains 5% alcohol. If a 750-milliliter

Grandmother's Punch bottle has 87 milliliters of alcohol, how much apricot cider does it

contains?

#Solution:

Let, Two ingredients are x & y.

ATQ,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

20% of x + 5% of y = 87

20x+5y= 8700

20x= 8700-5y

x= (8700-5y)/20____________[1]

And, x + y= 750

(8700-5y)/20 + y= 750

(8700-5y+20y)= 750*20

(8700+15y)= 15,000

15 y= 15,000-8700

15y = 6300

y = 6300/15= 420

Apricot solution= 420 L [Answer.]

80. An alloy of gold,silverand bronze contain 90% bronze, 7% gold and3% silver.a second alloy

of bronze and silver only is melted with the first and mixture contain 85% of bronze,5% of

gold,10% of silver find the percentage of bronze in second alloy?

#Solution::

Let, 1st mixture contain = 100 g

Bronze = 90 g

Gold = 7 g

Silver = 3 g

2nd Mixture: Only Bronze and silver is added.

Gold remain same. Since no gold is added.

Let, Total Mixture = x L[After.added.amount]

Initially gold = 7g

ATQ,

5% of x= 7

x= 7*100/5= 140

So, Bronze in new mixture = 140*85/100= 7*17= 119

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

%= 29*100/40= 29*5/2= 145/2= 72.5%[Answer.]

81. . A milk seller has a milk of Rs.100 per litre. In what ratio should water be mixed in that

milk, so that after selling the mixture at Rs.80 per litre, he may get a profit of 50%?

#Solution:

Let, Amount of milk = x

Amount of water = y

ATQ,

3/2*(100*x+0)= 80(x+y)

300x= 160x+160y

140x= 160y

x:y= 160:140= 8:7

So, Milk:Water= 8:7[Answer.]

82. 6 litres from a 30 litre mixture of milk and water in the ratio 3 : 2 is replaced with milk. The

operation is repeated once. What will be the ratio of milk and water in the resultant mixture?

#Solution:

Milk = 30*3/5= 18 L

Water = 12 L

Final water = 12*(1-6/30)^2

= 12*4/5 *4/5

= 192/25= 7.68 L

So, Milk = (30-7.68)= 22.32 L

Milk : Water = 22.32:7.68[Answer]

83. In a vessel there is a certain quantity of mixture of milk and water in the ratio 5 : 1

respectively. 24 litres of mixture is taken out and same quantity of milk is added to the vessel.

The ratio of milk and water now becomes 13 : 2 respectively. Again 15 litres of mixture is taken

out. What is the quantity of milk in the resulting mixture? (in litres)

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Let, Initially,

Milk = 5x

Water = x

After Replacing 24 L by milk

Milk remain = 5x -24*5/6 +24= (5x+4)

Water = x- 24/6= (x-4)

ATQ,

(5x+4)/(x-4)= 13/2

10x+8= 13x-52

3x= 60

x = 20L

So, Milk now = 5*20+4= 104

Again, 15 L remove

So, Milk = 104-104*15/120= 104-13= 91 L[Answer.]

#Alternative

M:W= 5:1[Initial ]= 80:16

M:W= 13:2[Final]= 104:16

So, Final Milk = 104 L

After 15 L removal

Milk remain = 104-104*15/120= 104-13= 91L[Answer.]

84. A sugar salution of 3 litre contain 60 % sugar. One litre of water is added to this solution.

Then the percentage of sugar in the new solution is:

#Solution:

In 3 L solution sugar is 60%

So, Sugar Amount = 3*3/5= 1.8 L

Now, 1 L water is added.

So, Total solution= (3+1)= 4 L

% sugar = 1.8*100/4= 180/4= 45%[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

85. A milkman adds 500 ml of water to each litre of milk he has in a container. He sells 30 litre

of mixture from container and adds 10 litre milk in the remaining. The ratio of milk and water

in the final mixture is 11:5.Find the initial quantity of milk in the container.

#Solution:

Let, Initially Milk = 10x

So, Water = 5x

So, Total Quantity = 15x

After selling 30 L mixture and adding 10 L of milk,

Mixture = (15x+10-30)= (15x-20)

And Milk = (10x-30*2/3+10)= (10x-10)

ATQ,

(15x-20)/(10x-10)= 16/11

15x*11-220= 160x-160

5x= 60

x = 12

Initial quantity of milk = 10*12= 120 L[Answer.]

86. Ramesh has a container filled completely with 80% milk and 20% water. 5 litres of the

solution is removed and replaced with water. Then, 15 litres of this solution is removed and

replaced with water. The milk percentage is now 55%. Which of the following can be the

capacity of the container (in litres)?

#Solution:

Let, Total mixture = x

Milk = 4x/5

ATQ,

4x/5*(1-5/x)*(1-15/x)= 55% of x

4/5{(x-5)(x-15)/x^2)}= 11/20

4*{x^2-15x-5x+75}= 11/4

16*(x^2-20x+75}= 11x^2

16x^2-320x+1200= 11x^2

5x^2-320x+1200=0

5x^2-300x-20x+1200= 0

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

5x(x-60)-20(x-60)= 0

(5x-20)(x-60)= 0

5x= 20; x= 60

x= 4; x= 60

x = 4 can not be, so capacity of the container = 60 L[Answer.]

87. In a vessel there is a mixture of apple, orange and mango juices in ratio 3:5:4. A quantity of

12 litre from the mixture is replaced with 8 litre of apple juice. Thereafter the quantities of apple

and orange juices in the resultant mixture became same. Find out the initial quantity of mixture

in the vessel?

#Solution:

A:O:M= 3:5:4

Replace 12 L.

Orange remain = 5x -5*12/12= 5x-5

Apple now= 3x -3*12/12 +8= (3x+5)

ATQ,

5x-5= 3x+5

2x= 10

x=5

Initial quantity = 12*5= 60L [Answer]

88. A vessel is filled completely with a solution of spirit and water. The capacity of vessel is 84

litres. 12 litres of this solution is replaced with pure water. The concentration of spirit in the

new solution is 40%. What was the concentration of spirit in the original solution?

#Solution:

Let, Sprit initial = x%

So, Sprit initial = 84x/100

Remove = 12 L

Sprit now = 84x/100- 12x/100= 72x/100

ATQ,

72x/100= 84*40/100

72x= 84*40

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

89. By weight, liquid A makes up 8 percent of solution R and 10 percent of solution S. If 3

grams of solution R mixed with 7 grams of solution S, then liquid A accounts for what percent

of the weight of the solution

#Solution:

Liquid A = 8% solution of R & 10% solution of S

In 10 gm, Liquid A = 3*8/100+ 7*10/100= 94/100

%= (94*100/100)*(1/10)= 9.4%[Answer.]

90. Alloy A contains 40% gold and 60% silver. Alloy B contains 35% gold and 40% silver and

25% copper. Alloys A and B are mixed in the ratio of 1 : 4. What is the ratio of gold and silver

in the newly formed alloy is?

#Solution:

Alloy A: G:S= 40:60[Total 1]

Alloy B: G:S:C= 35:40:25[Total 4]

Gold in total = 40/100+ 4*35/100= 180/100

Silver in total = 60/100+4*40/100= 220/100

Gold:Silver= 180:220= 18:22= 9:11[Answer.]

91. In a mixture of milk & water, their ratio is 4:5 in the first container. And the same mixture

has ratio 5:1 in 2nd container. In what ratio should the mixture be extracted from each container

and pured into the 3rd container, so the ratio of milk and water comes to 5:4 in the third

container?[Combined 3 bank SO,2018]

#Solution::

Let, First vessel contain = x L

2nd vessel contain = y L

Milk in total = (4x/9+5y/6)= (8x+15y)/18

Water in total = (5x/9+y/6)= (10x+3y)/18

ATQ,

(8x+15y)/(10x+3y)= 5/4

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

32x+60y= 50x+15y

18x= 45y

x:y= 45:18= 5:2[Answer.]

92 A vessel contains 28 L of honey and water solution with honey & water in the ratio of 4:3,

21 L of honey water solution is added to this that this honey to water ratio as 2:1, Again a 51 L

honey-water solution that has honey to water ratio as 9:8 is added to this. After this 10L

solution is replaced with pure honey. What is the ratio of water to honey in the final

mixture.[Combined 3 bank cash,2018]

#Solution:

Honey = 28*4/7+21*2/3+51*9/17= 16+14+27= 57

Water = 28*3/7+21*1/3+51*8/17= 12+7+24= 43

Honey:Water = 57:43

10 L.Replace by pure honey.

Honey Remain = 57-57*10/100+10= 57-5.7+10= 67-5.7= 61.3

Water = (100-61.3)= 38.7

Water:Honey= 38.7:61.3= 387:613[Answer.]

93. A bucket contains a mixture of two liquid A and B in the propotion of 7:5. If 9 L.of mixture

is replaced by 9 L of liquid B, then the ration of two liquid becomes 7:9. How much of the

liquid A was there in bucket?[Combined 8 bank SO-2019]

#Solution:

A:B= 7:5

Let, A= 7x

B= 5x

A remain = 7x-7*9/12= 7x-21/4= (28x-21)/4

B remain = 5x-5*9/12 +9 = 5x -15/4 +9= (20x-15+36)/4= (20x+21)/4

ATQ,

(28x-21)/(20x+21)= 7/9

28x*9-21*9= 20x*7+7*21

252x-140x= 21*16

112x= 21*16

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

x= (21*16)/112= 21/7= 3

Initial A= 7x= 7*3= 21 L[Answer.]

94.A can contains milk and water in the ration 3:1. A part of mixture is replaced with milk, and

now the new ratio of milk and water is 15:4. What proportion of original mixture had been

replaced by milk. [Combined 8 bank, 2018]

#Solution:

Milk:Water= 3:1

Let, Replace = x L.of mixture

Milk = 3/4 – 3x/4+x

= (3-3x+4x)/4

= (x+3)/4

Water = 1/4 – x/4

= (1-x)/4

ATQ,

(x+3)/(1-x)= 15/4

4x+12= 15-15x

19x= 3

x = 3/19[Answer.]

01.60 men could complete a piece of work in 250 days. The worked together for 200

days. After that the work had to be stopped for 10 days due to bad weather. How many

more men should be engaged to complete the work in time

#Solution:

60*250=200*60+40*(60+x)

=> 15,000-12000= 2400+40x

=> 40x= 600

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> x= 15

So, More men= 15

02. 12 men can complete a piece of work in 36 days. 18 women can complete the

same piece of work in 60 days. 8 men and 20 women work together for 20 days. If

only women were to complete the remaining piece of work in 4 days, how many

women would be required? [Sonali Bank Officer (FF), 2019]

#Solution:

12M= 1/36

=> 12M*36= 1___________[1]

And 18W= 1/60

=> 18W*60= 1____________[2]

From [1] & [2]

12M*36= 18W*60

=> M:W= 5:2

ATQ,

18*2*60= [8*5+20*2]*20+W*2*4

=> 36*60-80*20= 8W

=> 8W= 560

=> W= 70[Answer.]

[03]Machine A, working alone at its constant rate, produces x pounds of peanut butter

in 12 minutes. Machine B, working alone at its constant rate, produces x pounds of

peanut butter in 18 minutes. How many minutes will it take machines A and B, working

simultaneously at their respective constant rates, to produce x pounds of peanut butter?

[Sonali Bank Cash Officer (FF), 2019]

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Machine A, 12 min= x

1 min= x/12

& Machine B, 18 min= x

=> 1 min= x/18

Together in 1 min= x/12+x/18= 5x/36 part

So,

5x/36 part in= 1 min

x part in= 36/5= 7.2 min[ Answer.]

[Q_4] The ratio of the numbers of boys and girls in a school was 5:3. Some new boys

and girls were admitted to the school, in the ratio 5:7. At this, the total number of

students in the school became 1200, and the ratio of boys to girls changed to 7:5. What

was the number of students in the school before new admissions? [05 Bank Officer-

Cash, 2019]

#Solution:

Final students = 1200

Where, B= 1200*7/12= 700

So, Girl= 500

Let, initial B:G= 5x:3x

Added B:G= 5y:7y

So,

5x+5y= 700

=> (x+y)= 140

=> x= 140-y______[1]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

And,

3x+7y= 500

=> 3*(140-y)+7y= 500

=> 4y= 80

=> y= 20

So, x= 140-20= 120

So, Intial students= 5x+3x= 8x= 8*120= 960[Answer.]

[Q_5] . A product is made with three components A, B, C and the ratio of the prices

are 4:3:2. After 1 year price of A increased by 10%, B increased by 8% and C

decreased by 5%. What is the percentage of total increase? [Sonali Bank Officer (FF),

2019]

#Solution:

A:B:C= 4:3:2

Let, A= 40

B= 30

C= 20

New:

A= 110% of 40= 44

B= 108% of 30= 32.4

C= 95% of 20= 19

So, Initial= (40+30+20)= 90

New= (44+32.4+19)= 95.4

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Increase= 5.4

%= 5.4*100/90= 6%

[Answer.]

[Q_6] The cost of manufacturing a popular model car is made up of three items- cost of

raw material, labor and overheads. In a year, the cost of three items were in the ratio of

4:3:2. Next year the cost of the raw material rose by 10%, labor cost increased by 8%

but the overhead reduced by 5%. What is the percentage increase in the price of the car?

[Sonali Bank Officer (FF), 2019]

#Solution:

R:L:O= 4:3:2

Let, R= 40

L= 30

O= 20

New:

R= 110% of 40= 44

L= 108% of 30= 32.4

O= 95% of 20= 19

So, Initial= (40+30+20)= 90

New= (44+32.4+19)= 95.4

Increase= 5.4

%= 5.4*100/90= 6%

[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q_7] . A jar contains 81 liter pure milk. 1/3 of the milk is replaced with water again

1/3 of the resulting mixture is replaced with water. Find out the ratio of milk and water?

[Sonali Bank Senior Officer (FF), 2019]

#Solution:

81/3=27 L replace with water.

So. milk= 54 L

Water= 27L

Total = 81 L.

Again= 81/3= 27 L water

Milk= 54-27*54/81= 36 L

So, Water= 45 L

M:W= 36:45= 4:5[Answer.]

[Q_8] Amit deposited some money in a bank, which pays 15% interest per annum

compounded yearly. If the bank provides simple interest instead of compound interest,

he receives Tk. 2400 after 2 years. Find the total amount that he received after 2 years.

[Sonali Bank Officer (FF), 2019]

#Solution:

I= pnr

=> 2400= p*2*15/100

=> p= 8000

Total amount he will get=8000*(1+15/100)^2= 10,580

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Answer.]

[Q_9] The purchase price of a watch and wall clock is Tk. 390. If the watch is sold at

10% profit and the wall clock at 15% profit, total profit earned is Tk. 51.50. Find the

purchase price difference between the wall clock and the watch. [Sonali Bank Senior

Officer (FF), 2019]

#Solution:

W+C= 390___________[1]

And,

110% of W+115% of C= 441.5

=> 11W/10+23C/20= 441.5

=> 22W+23C= 441.5*20

=> 22*(390-C)+23C= 8830

=> C=8830-8580= 250

So, W= (390-250)= 140

Diff. [250-140]=110[Answer.]

process of manufacture of part A, 9 out of 100 are likely to be defective. Similarly, 5

out of 100 are likely to be defective in the process of manufacture of part B. What

will be the probability that the assembled part will not be defective? [05 Bank Officer-

Cash, 2019]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

91/100*95/100= 0.8645[Answer.]

out of 100 and of B 9 is defective out of 100. What is the probability of the machine

is not defective? [Sonali Bank Senior Officer (FF), 2019]

#Solution:

93/100*91/100= 0.8463[Answer.]

[Q_12] Three runners A, B and C run a race, with runner A finishing 12 m ahead of

runner B and 18 m ahead of runner C, in another race of same type runner B finished

8 m ahead of runner C. Each runner travels the entire distance at a constant speed. Find

the length of the race. [05 Bank Officer-Cash, 2019]

#Solution:

A= x

B= x-12

C= x-18

And,

B= x

C= x-8

ATQ,

(x-12):x::(x-18):(x-8)

=> x(x-18)= (x-8)(x-12)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> 2x= 96

=> x= 48m [Answer.]

who can swim at a speed of 20 kmph in still water, starts swimming along the

direction of flow of the river from point A and reaches another point B which is at a

distance of 30 km from the starting point A. On reaching point B, the man turns back

and starts swimming against the direction of flow of the river and stops after reaching

point A. The total time taken by the man to complete his journey is? [Sonali Bank

Officer (FF), 2019]

#Solution:

Stream speed= 5 km/hr

Boat speed= 20 km/hr

So, Downstream speed= 20+5= 25

Upstream = 20-5= 15

Time needed= 30/25+30/15

= 6*60/5+2

= 1 hr 12 min+ 2 hr

= 3 hr 12 min

[Answer]

[Q_14] The distance between two stations ‘X’ and ‘Y’ is 450 km. A train L starts at

6:00pm from X and moves towards Y at an average speed of 60 kmph. Another train

M starts from Y at 5:20pm and moves towards X at an average speed of 80 kmph.

How far from X will the two trains meet and at what time? [Sonali Bank Officer (FF),

2019]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

X_________450___________Y

L>_______________________<M

6:00______________________5:20

Speed of M= 80 km/hr

In 40 min M goes= 80*40/60= 160/3

Now, Distance between them=[450-160/3]= 1190/3

RS= 140

Time= (1190/3)*(1/140)= 17/6 hr

= 2 hr 50 min

So, they meet at= (6:00+2:50)= 8:50

And Distance= 17*60/6= 170 km[Answer.]

parallel rails in opposite directions, are observed to pass each other in 8 seconds and

when they are running in the same direction at the same rates as before, a person

sitting in the faster train observes that he passes the other in 31½ seconds. Find the

lengths of the trains. [Sonali Bank Cash Officer (FF), 2019]

#Solution:

(x+y)= 135*5/18*8= 300

&x= 75*5/18*63/2= 131.25

And L of other= (300-131.25)= 168.75 m

============================

[Q_16]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

1. A gardener plants two rectangular gardens in separate regions on his property. The

first garden has an area of 600 feet and a length of 40 feet. If the second garden has a

width twice that of the first garden, but only half of the area, what is the ratio of the

perimeter of the first garden to that of the second garden? [Sonali Bank Cash Officer

(FF), 2019]

#Solution:

First Garden Area= 600 feet

L= 40 ft.

So, B= 600/40= 15

Perimeter= 2*(15+40)= 110

2nd garden W= 30

So, L= 300/30= 10

Perimeter= 2*(30+10)= 80

Ratio of perimeter= 110:80= 11:8[Answer.]

[Q_17]A’ began a small business with a certain amount of money. After four months

from the start of the business, ‘B’ joined the business with an amount which was Tk.

6000 less than ‘A’s initial investment. ‘C’ joined the business after seven months from

the start of the business with an amount which was Tk. 2000 less than A’s initial

investment. At the end of the year total investment repented was Tk. 142000. What will

be A’s share in the profit, if B received Tk. 8000 as profit share? [05 Bank Officer-Cash,

2019]

#Solution:

A:B:C= 12x:8(x-6000):5*(x-2000)

ATQ,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

12x+8x-48,000+5x-10,000= 1,42,000

=> x= 8000

A:B:C= 12*8000:8*2000:5*6000

= 96:16:30= 48:8:15

Now,

8===8000

48===48,000[Answer]

[Q_18] A and B started a business with initial investments in the respective ratio of

18:7. After four months from the start of the business, A invested Tk. 2000 more and

B invested Tk. 7000 more. At the end of one year, if the profit was distributed among

them in the ratio of 2:1 respectively, then what was the total initial investment with

which A and B started the business? [Sonali Bank Officer (FF), 2019]

#Solution:

A= 18x*4+8*(18x+2000)

= 216x+16,000

B= 4*7x+8(7x+7000)

= 84x+56,000

(216x+16,000)/(84x+56000)= 1/2

=> 216x-168x= 96,000

=>x= 2000

Initial investment= 25*2000= 50,000

[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q_19] A, B and C are partners. ‘A’ whose money has been in the business for 4

months claims 1/8 of the profit; ‘B’ whose money has been in the business for 6 months

claims 1/3 of the profit. If ‘C’ had Tk. 1560 in the business for 8 months, how much

money did A and B contribute to the business? [Sonali Bank Cash Officer (FF), 2019]

#Solution:

Boys must multiple of 5 and girls must multiple of 3 so

Total boys = 10

Shorter boys = 10*1/5 = 2

Total girls = 6

Taller girls = 6*1/3 = 2

ATQ,

Shortest girl = 1 and Tallest boy = 1

Shorter boys = 2 and Taller girls = 2

So

Taller than shortest girls and shorter than tallest boy =(16-2-2-1-1)=10

10*100/16 = 62.5%

Ans: 62.5%

21. 6 men can complete a piece of work in 12 days. 8 women can complete the same piece of

work in 18 days and 18 children can do it in 10 days. 4 men, 12 woman and 20 children do the

work for 2 days. If the remaining work be completed by men only in 1 day, how many men will

be required?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

6M= 1/12

8W= 1/18

So,

6M*12= 18*8W

=>12M= 24W

=> M:W= 2:1= 10:5

And,

18C*10= 8*18W

=> 10*C= 8*W

=> C:W= 4:5

So, M:W:C= 10:5:4

ATQ,

36*10*2= [4*10+12*5+20*4]*2+10*M

=> 720-360= 10*M

=> M= 36[Answer.]

22.A bag contains 4 red and 3 black balls. A second bag contains 2 red and 4 black balls. One

bag is selected at random. If from the selected bag one ball is drawn, then what is the

probability that the ball is drawn is red?

#Solution:

1/2*4/7+1/2*2/6

= 2/7+1/6

= (12+7)/42= 19/42[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

23. A cow was standing on a bridge, 5m away from the middle of the bridge. A train was

coming towards the bridge from the ends nearest to the cow. Seeing this cow ran towards the

the train and managed to escape when the train was 2m away from bridge. If it had run in the

opposite direction, it would hit by the train 2m before the end of the bridge. What is the lenght

of the bridge in meters assuming the speed of the train is 4 times that of cow ?

#Solution:

(x-2)/4y= (B/2-5)/y

2*(x-2)= 4*(B-10)

2x= 4B-36________[1]

And,

(B/2+5-2)/y= (x+B-2)/4y

2B+28= 2x____________[2]

From (1) & (2)

2B+28= 4B-36

2B= 64

B= 32

So, Length of Bridge= 32 m

[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

24. A man went downstream for 28 km in a motor boat and immediately returned. It took the

man twice as long to make the return trip. If the speed of the river flow were twice as high, the

trip downstream and back would take 672 minutes. Find the speed of the boat in still water and

the speed of the river flow.

Solution:

(x+y)= 2(x-y)

=> x:y= 3:2

x+y= 5k

x-y=k

28/5k+28/k= 11 1/5= 56/5

K=3

Still water= 3*3= 9

Speed= 3*1=3

25.A, B and C started a business by investing Rs. 24,000, Rs. 32000 a6nd Rs.18000

respectively. A and B are active partners and get 15% and 12% of total profit and remaining

profit is to be distributed among them in the ratio of their investment. If C got total Rs.65700 as

a profit, what was the total amount of profit ?

#Solution:

A:B:C= 24:32:18= 12:16:9

Atq,

9x= 65700

=> x= 7300

Remaining profit= 37*7300= 270100

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Atq,

(100-27)%= 2,70,100

=> 100%= 2,70,100*100/73= 3,70,000TK

26. A rectangular plot has a concrete path running in the middle of the plot parallel to the

breadth of the plot. The rest of the plot is used as a lawn, which has an area of 240 sq. m. If the

width of the path is 3m and the length of the path is greater than its breadth by 2 m, what is the

area of the rectangular plot? (in sq m)

#Solution:

Width = (x+2)

Given, width of path= 3m

Area of path= (x+2)*x-3x

ATQ,

x*(x+2)-3x= 240

=> x^2-x-240= 0

=> x^2-16x+15x-240= 0

=> x(x-16)+15(x-16)= 0

=> x= 16

So, L= (16+2)= 18

W= 16

Area of rectangle= 16*18= 288 m^2[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

27. A pipe can fill a tank in 0.9 hours and another pipe can empty in 0.7 hours. If tank is

completely filled and both pipes are opened simultaneously then 450 liters of water is removed

from the tank is 2.5 hours. What is the capacity of the tank?

#Solution:

So, in 1 hr = 10/9 part

And, other can empty (7/10)hr = 1 part

So, in 1 hr = 10/7 part

So, in 1 hr total empty= 10/7-10/9= 20/63 part

So, in 2.5 hr = 50/63 part

ATQ,

50/63 part = 450 L

=> 1 part = 450*63/50= 567 L[Answer.]

28. A sum of Rs. 3,240 was fixed to complete a work. 54 workers completed the work in 8

days and the sum was divided equally among the workers. If the work was to be completed in 3

days then how much less money each worker would receive compared to when the work was

completed in 8 days (sum is divided equally among the workers)?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

1 work 3 days salary= 60*3/8=22.5 RS

Diff. = (60-22.5)= 375[Answer.]

parallel rails in opposite directions, are observed to pass each other in 8 seconds

and when they are running in the same direction at the same rates as before, a

person sitting in the faster train observes that he passes the other in 31½ seconds.

Find the lengths of the trains.

#Solution:

30. : A,B and C can do a piece of work in 12,18, and 24 days respectively. they work at it

together . B stops the work before 2 days and C is called off 4 days before the work is done .In

what approximate time the work is finished?

#Solution:

LCM of 12,18,24= 72

A= 6

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

B= 4

C= 3

ATQ,

6*T+(T-2)*4+(T-4)*3= 72

=> 13T=92

=> T= 92/13= 7(1/13) days[Answer]

31.An engineer undertakes a project to build a road 15 km long in 300 days and employs 45

men for the purpose. After 100 days, he finds only 2.5 km of the road has been completed. Find

the (approximate) number of extra men he must employ to finish the work in time.

#Soultion:

100 days 1/6 part by = 45 men

100 days 1 part by= 45*6 men

1 days 1 part by= 45*6*100

Total unit = 45*6*100

ATQ,

100*45+200*(45+x)= 45*6*100

=> 200*45+200x= 22,500

=> 200x= 13,500

=> x= 67.5 or 68 (approximately) [Answer.]

32. A bucket contains a mixture of two liquids A and B in the proportion 7:5. If 9 litres of the

mixture is replaced by 9 litres of liquid B, then the ratio of the two liquids becomes 7:9. How

much of the liquid A was there in the bucket?

==================================

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

A= 7x

B= 5x

9 L replaced.

A remain = 7x-9*7/12= 7x-21/4= (28x-21)/4

B remain = 5x-5*9/12+ 9

= 5x-15/4 +9

= (20x-15+36)/4= (20x+21)/4

ATQ,

(28x-21)/(20x+21)= 7/9

=> 252x-189= 140x+147

=> 112x = 336

=> x= 3

A was in the bucker = 7*3= 21 L

==================================

33. Three partners shared the profit in a business in the ratio 5 : 7 : 8. They had partnered for 14

months, 8 months and 7 months respectively. What was the ratio of their investments?

==================================

#Solution:

14x/8y= 5/7

98x= 40 y

x:y= 20:49

And,

8y/7z= 7/8

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

64y= 49z

y:z= 49:64

x:y:z= 20:49:64

#AUST_Written_Previous

34. A finance company declares that, at a certain compound interest rate, a sum of money

deposited by anyone will become 8 times in 3 years. If the same amount is deposited at the

same compound rate of interest, then in how many years will it become 16 time?

#Solution:

P*(1+r)^3= 8P

(1+r)^3= 8

(1+r)^3= 2^3

(1+r)= 2__________[1]

Again,

P*(1+r)^n= 16*P

(1+r)^n= 16

(1+r)^n= 2^4

(1+r)^n= (1+r)^4[since, (1+r)= 2]

n= 4 year[Answer.]

#AUST_Written_previous

35

Two pipes can separately fill a tank in 20 hours and 30 hours respectively. Both the pipes are

opened to fill the tank, but when the tank is 1/3 full a leak develops in the tank through which

1/3 of the water supplied by both the pipes leak out. What is the total time taken to fill the tank?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

Pipe one can fill a tank in = 20 hr

Pipe other can fill a tank in= 30 hr

So, (1/20+1/30) part in = 1 hr

=> 1/12 part in = 1 hr

=> 1 part in = 12 hr

Now, 1/3 water goes out which means extra time need = 12/3= 4 hr

So, total time = (12+4)= 16 hr[Answer.]

Alternative:

LCM of 20 & 30= 60

A= 3

B= 2

Total time need = 60/(3+2)= 12 hr

1/3 goes out means = 60/3= 20 L goes out.

Now, extra time= 20/(3+2)= 4 hr

So, total time = 12+4 = 16 hr[Answer.]

By:MD.MUTAHER HUSSAIN

Post Name: Assistant Programmer

Exam Date: 09 November, 2019

Exam Taker: AUST

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

36. Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 20 and 30 hours respectively. Both the pipes are

opened to fill the tank but when the tank is one - third full, a leak develops in the tank through

which one - third water supplied by both the pipes gose out. The total time taken to fill the tank

is?

#Solution:

LCM of 20 & 30= 60

A= 3

B= 2

1/3 rd full means = 60/3= 20

Time = 20/5= 4 hrs

1/3 rd water goes out.

So extra time needed= 60/5= 12 hr

Total Time= (12+4)= 16 hr

Alternative:

1/20+1/30= 1/x

5x= 60

x= 12

Extra time = 12/3= 4 hr

So, Total time= (12+4)= 16 hr[Answer.]

37. In an examination, 34% failed in Mathematics and 42% failed in English. If 20% failed in

both the subjects, the percentage of students who passed in both subjects was?

.#Solution:

n(AUB)= n(A)+n(B)-n(AnB)

n(AUB)= 34+42-20

n(AUB)= 56%

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

PKB[EO_Cash]

Exam taker::AUST

38. Q.A and B can do a piece of work in 30 days while B and C can do the same work in 24

days and C and A in 20 days .they all work together for 10 days when B and C leave .how many

days more will A take to finish the work?(PKB EO Cash)

#Solution:

2*(A+B+C)= 1/30+1/24+1/20

= (4+5+6)/120

= 1/8

(A+B+C)= 1/16

10 days work = 5/8

Remain= 3/8

A = 1/16-1/24= 1/48

1/48===_1

3/8===48*3/8= 18 days

#Alternative:

Eff. (A+B):(B+C):(C+A)= 4:5:6

Total Work = 4*5*6= 120

ATQ

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

A= 7.5-5= 2.5

ATQ,

7.5*10+2.5*A= 120

=> 25A= 450

=>A= 450/25= 18 [Answer.]

3x+1/x^3=4(a^3-b^3)

Value of a^2-b^2=?(Ans:1)

(PKB_EO_Cash)

#Solution:

By adding and subtracting both

a= (x^2+1)/2x

b = (x^2-1)/2x

40. A container contains 40 litres of milk. From this container 4 litres of milk was taken out and

replaced by water. This process was repeated further two times. How much milk is now

contained by the container?

#Solution:

Initial Milk = 40 L

We know that,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Here, I= Initial Mixture

R= Replacement

n= Repetition time

So,

40*(1-4/40)^3= 29.16 L

41. finance company declares that, at a certain compound interest rate, a sum of money

deposited by anyone will become 8 times in 3 years. If the samamount is deposited at

the same compound rate of interest, then in how many years will it become 16 time?

#Solution:

P*(1+r)^3= 8P

=> (1+r)^3= 8

=> (1+r)^3= 2^3

=> (1+r)= 2__________[1]

Again,

P*(1+r)^n= 16*P

=> (1+r)^n= 16

=> (1+r)^n= 2^4

=> (1+r)^n= (1+r)^4

=> n= 4 years [Answer.]

42. If age of P and R are added to twice the age of Q, the total becomes 59. It the ages of Q and

R are added to thrice the age of P, the total become 68. And if the age of P is added to thrice the

age of Q and thrice age of R, the total becomes 108, what is the total of ages of P?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

P+R+2Q= 59

Q+R+3P= 68

=> Q+R= 68-3P_______[1]

And

P+3Q+3R=108

=> 3*(Q+R)= 108-P

=> Q+R= (108-P)/3_____[2]

(108-P)/3= (68-3P)

=> 108-P= 204-9P

=> 8P= 96

=> P= 12[Answer.]

43. boat running upstream takes 8 hours 48 minutes to cover a certain distance, while it takes 4

hours to cover the same distance running downstream. What is the ratio between the speed of

the boat and speed of the water current respectively?

#Solution:

44/5 *(x-y)= 4*(x+y)

=> 44x -44y = 20x+20y

=> 24x= 64 y

=>x:y= 8:3

44. In a particular school, out of total 640 boys that include all the age-groups, 60% of the boys

below 18 were enrolled. Out of them, 50% attended the school irregularly. If 120 boys among

them were regular, how many boys were there in the school who are above 18?[Pkb cash]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Question wrong

[ছবর ো ১৮, এরভোব ১৮, ছকন্তু এম ছক থোকরত্ পোরর ো ১৮ বির বয়স আরি এম ন োকজ ।

ত্োই ২৪০ প্রবোব আ সোর হর ও এটো রোইট য়। মযোথরমটিকস এটোরক রোইট বর ো। যোঙ্গুরয়জ

আররো ছিয়োর থোকর ২৪০ রোইট হরত্ো]

PKB EO (General)

Exam Taker:AUST

Solved by:MD MUTAHER HUSSAIN

45. bucket contains a mixture of two liquids A and B in the proportion 7:5. If 9 litres of the

mixture is replaced by 9 litres of liquid B, then the ratio of the two liquids becomes 7:9. How

much of the liquid A was there in the bucket?

#Solution:

A= 7x

B= 5x

9 L replaced.

A remain = 7x-9*7/12= 7x-21/4= (28x-21)/4

B remain = 5x-5*9/12+ 9

= 5x-15/4 +9

= (20x-15+36)/4= (20x+21)/4

ATQ,

(28x-21)/(20x+21)= 7/9

252x-189= 140x+147

112x = 336

x= 3

A was in the bucker = 7*3= 21 L

46.A tank is filled by three pipes with uniform flow. The first two pipes

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

operating simultaneously fill the tank in the same time during which the tank is filled by the

third pipe alone. The second pipe fills the tank 5 hours faster than the first pipe and 4 hours

slower than the third pipe. The time required by the first pipe is:

#Solution:

First take = T

2nd take= (T-5)hr

3rd take = T-9

ATQ,

1/T+1/(T-5)= 1/(T-9)

(T-5+T)(T-9)= T*(T-5)

(2T-5)*(T-9)=T^2-5T

2T^2-18T-5T+5T+45-T^2=0

T^2-18T+45=0

T^2-15T-3T+45=0

T= 15, 3

3 can not be possible. So first pipe take=15 hr[Answer.]

47. A bag contains 5 red and 3 green balls. Another bag contains 4 red and 6 green balls. If one

ball is drawn from each bag what is the probability that one ball is red and one is green?

#Solution::

5/8 *6/10 +3/8 * 4/10=21/40

48. Two ships are sailing in the sea on the two sides of a lighthouse. The angle of elevation of

the top of the lighthouse is observed from the ships are 30 degree and 45 degree respectively. If

the lighthouse is 100 m high, the distance between the two ships is:

#Solution::

Tan 30°= 100/L1

L1/√3= 100

L1= 100*√3

And

Tan 45°= 100/L2

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

L2= 100

Total Distance, L= L1+L2= 100+100√3= 100*(1+√3)=Answer.

05.

49. A train overtakes two persons walking along a railway track. The first one walks at 4.5

km/hr. The other one walks at 5.4 km/hr. The train needs 8.4 and 8.5 seconds respectively to

overtake them. What is the speed of the train if both the persons are walking in the same

direction as the train?

#Solution::

Let, Train speed = x

ATQ,

(x-4.5)*8.4= (x-5.4)*8.5

8.4x -4.5*8.4= 8.5x -5.4*8.5

.1x=. 81

x= 81 km/hr [Answer.]

50. X= (√5+1)/(√5-1) and Y= (√5-1)/(√5+1) then find the value of (x^2+xy+ y^2)/(x^2-

xy+y^2)

#Solution:

X+Y= (√5+1)/(√5-1) +(√5-1)/(√5+1)

=3

XY=1

X²+XY+Y²

=X²+2XY+Y²-XY

=(X+Y)²-XY

=3²-1

=8

X²-XY+Y²

=X²+2XY+Y²-3XY

=(X+Y)²-3XY

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=3²-3×1

=6

(X²+XY+Y²)/(X²-XY+Y²)

=8/6

=4/3[Answer.]

51. ab+bc+ca=0, then What's the value of 1/(a^2-bc)+1/(b^2-ca)+1/(c^2-ab)=?

#Solution:

ab+bc+ca=0

-bc=ab+ca

-ca=.ab+bc

-ab=bc+ca

1/a^2+ab+ca+1/b^2+bc+ab+1/(c^2+bc+ca)

1/a(a+b+c)+1/b(a+b+c)+1/c*(a+b+c)

=(ab+bc+ca)/abc(a+b+c)

=0/abc(a+b+c)

=0 .

#BCB_Random_32_Math

01.Selling a watch at BDT 90 incurs some losses but selling it at BDT 118 will earn 3/4 of the

loss amount. What is the buying price of the watch?

#Solution:

Let, CP = x

Loss = y

ATQ,

x-90= y

And,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

118-x= 3y/4

118-x= 3*(x-90)/4

472-4x = 3x-270

7x= 742

x = 742/7= 106

So, Buying price = 106 TK [Answer.]

02. The compound interest on a sum of money for 2 years is 832tk and the simple interest on

the same sum for the period is 800 tk. The difference between the compound interest and the

simple interest for 3 years will be..?

#Solution:

Let, principal = P

Interest rate = r

ATQ,

SI for first year and CI for first year will be same which is 400.

CI for 2nd year= (832-400)= 432

So, Interest Rate= 32*100/400= 8%

Diff. For third year = 832*8/100= 66.56

Total difference = 66.56+32= 98.56[Answer.]

03. A bag contains 4 red and 3 black balls. A second bag contains 2 red and 4 black balls. One

bag is selected at random. If from the selected bag one ball is drawn, then what is the

probability that the ball is drawn is black?

#Solution:

Selected ball is drawn is black = ½*(3/7+ 4/6)

= 1/2 (3/7+2/3)

= 1/2 * (9+14)/21

= 23/42[Answer]

04. Today is X 12th birthday and his father 40th birthday. How many years from today Will X

father be twice as old as X at that Time

#Solution:

X=12

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

F= 40

Let, after x year X father will be twice than X

ATQ,

2*(12+x)= 40+x

24+2x= 40+x

x= 16 year[Answer.]

05. To do a pice of work, B takes 3 times as long as A and B together and C twice as long as A

and B together. If A,B and C together can complete the work in 10 days,how long would A take

alone to complete the work it?

#Solution:

Let, B took = 3x days

A+ B took = x days

C take = 2y days

A+B took y days

ATQ,

1/y + 1/2y = 1/10

3/2y= 1/10

2y= 30

y= 15

So, (A+B) took 15 day

So, B took = 45 days

ATQ,

1/45+1/30+1/A= 1/10

1/A= 1/10-(2+3)/90

1/A= (9-5)/90

4A= 90

A= 45/2= 22.5 days [Answer.]

06.A, b, and c can complete a work in 12, 15 and 25 days respectively. A and b started working

together whereas c worked with them in every third day. Find the number of days required to

complete the work?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

A= 25

B= 20

C= 12

(25+20)*3+ 12= 147 unit in 3 days

294 unit in = 6 days

Remain = 6 unit in = 6/45= 2/15 days

Time required = 6(2/15) days[Answer]

07.10 women and 8 men do a work in 1 days. 1 men and 5 women can do that work in 4 days.

Numbers of women required to complete the job in 3 days with 2 men??

#Solution:

(10W+8M)=(M+5W)*4

10 W+ 8M = 4M +20W

4M= 10 W

M:W= 5:2

ATQ,

3*(2*5+2W)= 10*2+8*5

30+6W= 60

6W= 30

W= 5[Answer]

08. A and b working separately can do a piece of work in 9 and 12 days respectively, if they

work for a day alternatively, a beginning, in how many days, the work will be completed??

#Solution:

Let, Total work = 36

A:B = 4:3

(4+3)*5= 35 unit in = 5*2= 10 days

Remain = 1 in ¼ days

Total time = 10(1/4) [Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

09. When an article was sold for Rs. 696, percent profit earned was P%. When the same article

was sold for Rs. 841, percent profit earned was (p + 25%). What is the value of P?

#Solution:

Profit diff. = (841-696)= 145

ATQ,

25% = 145

100%= 145*4= 580

Value of P = 116*100/580= 20%[Answer.]

10. A can do a piece of work in 30 days, b can do it in 15 days and c can do it in 10 days. If in

every second day b and in every third day c help a in doing the work, how many days will be

required to complete the whole work?

#Solution:

Let, Total work = 30 unit

A:B:C= 1:2:3[eff.]

Now 3 days work, 1*3+2*1+3*1= 8 unit

9 days work = 24 unit

In 10 days = 25 unit

In 11 days = 25+3= 28

Remain 2 unit in = 2/4 days

Total time = 11(1/2) days[Answer.]

11. In how many ways can 5 books be selected from a bundle of 11 books if 3 particular books

are always excluded?

#Solution:

(11-3)C5= 8C5

12. Rahim undertakes to do a work in 40 days. He engages 100 men at the beginning and 100

men after 35 days and completes the work in stipulated time. If he had not engaged the

additional men, how many days behind schedule would it be finished?

#Solution:

ATQ,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

100*35+200*5=100*D

100D= 4500

D= 45

Extra days = (45-40)= 5 days[Answer.]

13. A,b,c do a job alone in 20, 30 and 60 days respectively. In.how many days can a do the job

if he is assisted by b and c in every third day?

#Solution:

Let, Total work = 60 unit

A:B:C= 3:2:1

3 days work = 3*3+2+1= 12 unit in = 3 days

60 unit in = 3*5= 15 days[Answer]

14. If x+1/x=5 then the value of x/x^2+x+1?

#Solution:

x+1/x= 5

x^2+1= 5x

x/(x^2+1+x)= x/6x= 1/6[Answer]

15. At the end of a bouquet 50 people hand shake with each other. How many hand shake will

there be in total?

#Solution:

Hand shake in total = 50C2[Answer.]

16. A team of 2 men and 5 women completed one -fourth of a job in 3 days. after 3 days

another man joined the team and they took 2 days to complete another one- fourth of the job.

how many men can complete the whole job in 4 days??

#Solution:

(2M+5W), 1/4th in = 3 days

(2M+5W), 1th work in = 12 days

Again, (3M+5W), 1 th work in = 8 days

So,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

2M+5W= 1/12

3M+5W= 1/8

M= 1/8-1/12= 1/24

Men required = 24/4= 6 men[Answer]

17. . If 5% is gained by selling an article for BDT 350 than selling it for BDT 430,the cost of

the article is?

#Solution:

5%= 80

100%= 1600[Answer]

18. A bag contains 10 balls numbered from 0 to 9. the balls are such that the person picking a

ball out of the bag is equally likely to pick anyone of them. A person picked a ball and replaced

it in the bag after noting its number. He repeated this process 2 more times. What is the

probability that the ball picked first is numbered higher than the ball picked second and the ball

picked second is numbered higher than the ball picked third?

#Solution:

Threee distinct ball can be picked in (10×9×8) ways.

The order of a,b and c can be as follows:

(i). a > b > c ;

(ii). a > c > b ;

(iii). b >c >a ;

(iv). b > a > c ;

(v). c > a > b ;

(vi). c > b > a

They will occur equal number of times.

Thus the number of ways in which (a > b > c):

=(16)×(10×9×8)=120

Required probability =12010×10×10

= 3/25[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

19. A and B invest in a business in the ratio 3:2. If 5% of the total profit goes to charity and A's

share is tk.855, the total profit is:

#Solution:

95%= 855*5/3= 285*5= 1425

100%= 1425*20/19= 1500[Answer]

20. In a box, there are 8 red,7 blue and 6 green balls.one ball is picked up randomly. What is

the probability that it is neither red nor green

#Solution:

Neither red nor green = 7

Total = 21

Probability = 7/21= 1/3[Answer]

21. A bath can be filled by the cold water pipe in 10 minutes and by the hot water pipe in 15

minutes.A person leaves the bathroom after turning on both the pipes .He returns just when the

bath should have been full.Finding however the waste pipe was open he closes it.In 4 minutes

more the bath is full.In what time will the waste water pipe empty it?

#Solution:

Let, Total Capacity = 60 L

C:H= 6:4

Time required = 60/10= 6 min

In 4 min =4*(6+4)= 40 unit

So, 40 unit = 6 min

60 unit = 6*60/40= 6*3/2= 9 min[Answer]

22. পরীক্ষোয় ২০% ম্বর নপরয় ৫ ম্বরর নফই করর ছকন্তু অপরজ ৩০% ম্বর নপরয় পোস ম্বররর

নচরয় ২০ ম্বর নবছি পোয়, ত্োহর উক্ত পরীক্ষোয় পোস কররত্ িত্করো কত্ ম্বর প্ররয়োজ ?

#Solution:

Let, Total mark = x

Pass mark = y

So, 20% of x +5 = y

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

20% of x +5= 30% of x -20

10% of x = 25

x = 25*100/10= 250

Pass mark = 20% of 250+5= 50+5= 55[Answer.]

23. pipe p can fill an empty tank in 4 hours but pipe q can completely empty the same tank in 8

hours, Both the pipes were opened alternately after every two hours starting with P then in how

many hours, the tank was completely filled?

#Solution:

Let, Total capacity = 8 L

F:E= 2:1[Eff.]

First 2 hr = 2*2= 4 unit

2nd 2hr = 2*-1=-2 unit

3rd 2 hr= 4+2= 6 unit

4th 2 hr = 6-2= 4 unit

5th 2 hr = 4+4= 8 unit[Filled]

So, Time taken = 10 hr. [Answer.]

24. A thief steals a car at 2:30 PM and drives it at 60km/h. The thief is discovered at 3 PM. And

the owners sets off in another car at 75 kilometers per hour. When will he overtake the thief

#Solution:

Thief speed = 60 km/hr

In 30 min thief goes = 30 km

ATQ,

(x+30)/75= x/60

(x+30)/5= x/4

4x+120= 5x

x = 120

Time needed for car owner= 150/75= 2 hr

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

25. Of the three numbers, the second is twice the first and is also thrice the third. If the average

of three numbers is 44, what is the largest number

#Solution:

Let, 2nd number = 6x

Ist number = 3x

3rd number = 2x

ATQ,

6x+3x+2x= 44*3

11x= 44*3

x = 4*3= 12

So, Largest number= 12*6= 72[Answer.]

26. The average of five consecutive numbers is 48 What is the product of the first and five

numbers?

#Solution:

Let, the number, x, x+1, x+2,x+3,x+4

ATQ

5x+(1+2+3+4)= 5*48

5x + 10= 240

5x= 230

x = 46

So, first number = 46 & last number =50

So, product of first and last = 46*50= 2300[Answer]

27. A is thrice as good a workman as B and so takes 60 days less than B for doing a job,.The

time in which they can do the job together is?

#Solution::

A:B= 3:1[Eff.]

A:B= 1:3[Time]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

3x-x= 60

2x= 60

X= 30

So, A= 30

B= 90

ATQ,

90= (3+1)*D

90/4= D

D= 22.5 days [Answer]

28. There are 81 litres of pure milk in a container. One third of the milk is replaced by water in

the container. Again one-third of the mixture is replaced with an equal amount of water. What is

the ratio of milk to water in the new mixture?

#Solution:

Initially M= 81 L

81/3= 27 L replace by water

So, Milk:Water = 54:27

Again, 27 L replace

M= 54- 54*27/81= 54-18= 36

W= (81-36)= 45

M:W= 36:45= 4:5[Answer.]

29. A, B & C are three partners of a business. A receives 2/3rd of the profit and the remaining

profit is equally shared by B and C. If A's income increases by tk 400 when the profit of the

business rises from 5% to 7%. Find the profit received by B?

#Solution:

Suppose,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Total Profit = x

→ So profit of A = 2x/3

→ Remaining Profit = x/3

→→ Profit of B = 1/2 × x/3 = x/6

→→ Profit of C = 1/2 × x/3 = x/6

So, ratio of profit, A : B : C = 2x/3 : x/6 : x/6 = 4 : 1 : 1

As, if nothing is clearly mentioned, profit is always distributed in the ratio of investment, we

can say, in the business the ratio of the investments of A, B, and C is = 4 : 1 : 1

Suppose,

A's investment is 4a. So, B's investment is a, and C's investment is a.

So, total capital of the business = 4a+a+a = 6a

If profit of the business rises from 5% to 7%, increase in the amount of profit = 6a* 2% = 0.12a

So, profit of A increases = 0.12a * 2/3 = 0.08a

According to the question,

0.08a = Tk. 400

a = 5000.

Total profit of the business, x = Tk. 30000 × 7% = Tk. 2100

Profit attributable to B = x/6 = 2100/6 = Tk. 350.

Answer: Tk. 350.[Answer.]

30. A takes 5 days more than B to do a certain job 9 days more than C;A & B together can do

the job in the same time as C.How many days A would take to do this?

#Solution:

C= T

A= (T+9)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

B= (T+4)

ATQ,

1/(T+4)+1/(T+9)= 1/T

T(2T+13)= (T+4)*(T+9)

2T^2+13T= T^2+13T+36

T^2= 36

T= 6

A take = (9+6)= 15 days[Answer]

31. Two trains Ajanta express and Taj express simultaneously started on two parallel tracks

from Meerut to Nagpur, which are 390 km a part. The ratio of the speed of Ajanta express and

Taj express is 6 : 7.After how long (in kms) travelling. Taj express exchanges the speed with

Ajanta express so that both the trains reach at their destination simultaneously ?

#Solution:

Meerut_________390_______Nagpur.

Speed ratio= 6:7[13]

13= 390

=> 1= 30

=> 7= 210 km

So, After 210 km the exchange their speed [Answer.]

32. A does half as much work as B in three -fourth of the time. If together they take 18 days to

complete the work, how much time shall B take to do it?

#Solution:

Let, B takes = x

A takes =2 x*3/4= 3x/2

A:B= x:3x/2= 2:3

ATQ,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

(2+3)*18= 3*D

=> D= 6*5= 30 days [Answer.]

(AEO)

Math solution

Exam taker:AUST

Solved by: Md Mutaher Hussain

35. What would be the measure of the diagonal of a square whose area is equal to 578 sq cm?

#Solution:

a^2= 578

=> a= 24.04

Diagonal = 1.41*24.04= 34 cm[Answer]

#Alternatives:

Area = 1/2* digaonal^2

Diagonal ^2= 2*578

=> Diagonal^2= 1156

=> Diagonal= √1156= 34[Answer.]

36. the cost price of table and chair together is 690. If the table cost 30% more than chair, then

find the cost of table and chair?

#Solution:

T:C= 13:10

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

C= 300

#Solution:

(27/4)* (40/3)+ 4x= 3*52

=> 90+4x= 156

=> 4x= 66

=> x= 33/2= 16.5

38. I) 6x^2-11x+4= 0

ii) 50y^2-25y+3= 0

#Solution:

i) 6x^2-11x+4=0

=> 6x^2-8x-3x+4= 0

=> 2x(3x-4)-1(3x-4)= 0

=> x= 1/2 or 4/3

ii) 50y^2-25y+3= 0

=> 50y^2-15y-10y+3= 0

=> 5y(10y-3)-1(10y-3)= 0

=> y= 1/5 or 3/10

So, x>y

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

39. There are 3 green, 4 orange and 5 white color bulbs in a bag. If a bulb is picked at random,

what is the probability of having either a green or a white bulb

#Solution:

Total = 12

Either a green or white = 8

Probability = 8/12= 2/3[Answer]

40. The ratio of pens and pencil in a stationary shop is 3 : 2, respectively, The average number

of pens and pencils is 180. What is the of number of pencils in the shop ?

#Solution:

Ratio of pen :Pencil= 3:2

ATQ,

5x/2= 180

=> 5x= 360

=> x= 72

Pencil = 144

41. P q and r start a business. p invests 3 times as much as q invests and q invests 2/3 rd as

much as r invests. find the ratio of capitals of p q and r

#Solution:

P:Q= 3:1= 6:2

Q:R= 2/3 :1= 2:3

P:Q:R= 6:2:3

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

42. A dishonest milkman professes to sell his milk at cost price but he mixes it with water and

thereby gains 25%. The percentage of water in the mixture is:

#Solution:

100:25= 4:1

%= 100/5= 20%[Answer.]

43. How many iron rods, each of length 7 meters and diameter 2cm can be made out of 0.88

cubic metre of iron?

#Solution:

(22/7)*7*(1/100)*(1/100) *n= 0.88

=> 22n= 8800

=> n= 400[Answer.]

44.A is three times as old as B. C was twice-as old as A four years ago. In four years' time, A

will be 31. What are the present ages of B and C ?

#Solution:

A= 3B

C-4= 2*(A+4)

=> C-4= 2*(A-4)

A+4= 31

=> A= 27

B= 9

So, C-4= 2*23

=> C= 4+46= 50[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

45. If 3√5+√125

= 17.88, then what will be the value of √80+6√5

#Solution:

3√5+5√5= 17.88

=> 8√5= 17.88

=> √5= 1788/800= 2.24

46.What will be simple interest for 1 yr and 4 months on a sum of RS. 25800 at the rate of 14%

per annum?

#Solution:

I= 25,800*14*16/100*12= 4816[Answer]

47. An error 2% in excess is made while measuring the side of a square. The percentage of error

in the calculated area of the square is:

#Solution:

2+2+2*2/100= 4.04[Answer.]

48.A man took loan from a bank at the rate of 12% p.a. simple interest. After 3 years he had to

pay Rs. 5400 interest only for the period. The principal amount borrowed by him was:

#Solution::

36%= 5400

=> 100%= 15000[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

49. A boat covers a certain distance downstream in 1 hour, while it comes back in 1(1/2) hours.

If the speed of the stream be 3 kmph, what is the speed of the boat in still water?

#Solution:

U:D= 1:3/2= 2:3

B:S= 5/2:1/2= 5:1

1==3

5==15 km/hr[Answer]

50. Tk 385 has been divided among A, B, C in such a way that A receives 2/9th of what B and

C together receive. Then A's share is ?

#Solution:

A:(B+C)= 2:9

A= 385*2/11= 70[Answer.]

51. Mother’s age today is thrice as her daughter’s. After 10 years it would be just double. How

old is the daughter today ?

#Solution:

M= 3x

D= x

(3x+10)= 2*(x+10)

=> 3x-2x= 10

=> x= 10[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

52. A boat can travel with a speed of 13 km/hr in still water. If the speed of the stream is 4

km/hr, find the time taken by the boat to go 68 km downstream.

#Solution:

68/(13+4)= 4 hr[Answer.]

53. In what time will the simple interest on Rs 400 at 10% per annum be the same as the simple

interest on Rs 1000 for 4 year at 4 % per annum?

#Solution:

400*t*10/100= 160

=> 40t= 160

=> t= 4 year [Answer]

54. A student multiplied a number by 3/5 instead of 5/3.What is the percentage error in the

calculation?

Error = 15*5/3 - 15*3/5= 16

%= 16*100/25= 64%[Answer]

/ hour and 60 km / hour respectively. Its average speed over this distance is

#Solution:

T= 7/10+7/20+7/30+7/60

= (42+21+14+7)/60

= 84/60= 7/5

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

D= 28

S= D/T= 28*5/7= 20 km/hr[Answer]

56. The total age of A and B is 12 years more than the total age of B and C. C is how many

year younger than A?

#Solution:

A+B-B-C= 12

=> A-C= 12[Answer]

RBL: (SO)

Math Solution:

Solved by: Md Mutaher Hussain

33. A man can row at 5 kmph in still water. If the velocity of current is 1 kmph and it takes him

1 hour to row to a place and come back, how far is the place?

#Solution::

Let, The Distance = D

ATQ,

D/6+D/4= 1

=> 5D= 12

=> D= 2.4 km[Answer]

34. Two men P and Q start from a place walking at 5 km/h and 6.5 km/h, respectively. What is

the time they will take to be 92 km apart, if they walk in opposite the direction?

#Solution::

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Time = 92*10/115= (4*10/5)= 8 hr [Answer]

35. Two men, A and B, run a 4 km race on a circular course of 1/4 km. If their speeds are in the

ratio of 5:4, how often does the winner pass the other?

#Solution::

Total Race = 4 km

Course = 1/4

Speed ratio= 5:4

Winner meet once in every five rounds which is 5/4 km

Time = 4*4/5= 16/5[3 times]

[Answer]

36. A sum of money amounts to Rs.6690 after 3 years and to Rs.10,035 after 6 years on

compound interest.find the sum.

#Solution::

P*(1+r)^3= 6690______[1]

P*(1+r)^6= 10,035_____[2]

[2]/[1]

(1+r)^3= 10,035/6690= 3/2

Put this value into [1]

P*(3/2)= 6690

=> P= 6690*2/3= 4460[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

37.One card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. What is the probability that the card

drawn is a face card (Jack, Queen and King only)?

#Solution:

Favorable = 3*4= 12

Probability = 12/52= 3/13[Answer]

38. If two times of the daughter’s age in years is included to the mother’s age, the total is 70 and

if two times of the mother’s age is included to the daughter’s age, the total is 95. So the

Mother’s age is,

#Solution::

Let Daughter age = x

Mother age = y

ATQ

2x+y= 70

=> y= 70-2x_______[1]

And,

2y+x= 95

=> y= (95-x)/2_______[2]

(95-x)= 2*(70-2x)

=> 95-x= 140-4x

=> 3x= 45

=> x= 15

So, Mother age= (95-15)/2= 40 years [Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

39. A student multiplied a number by 3/5 instead of 5/3, What is the percentage error in the

calculation ?

#Solution:

LCM of 5 & 3= 15

Let, the number be= 15

Wrong result = 15*3/5= 9

Right result = 15*5/3= 25

% error = 16*100/25= 4*16= 64%[Answer]

40. Ten years ago A was half of B in age. If the ratio of their present ages is 3 : 4, what will be

the total of their present ages

#Solution:

Ten years ago A age = x

B age = 2x

ATQ,

(x+10)/(2x+10)= 3/4

=> 4x+40= 6x+30

=> 2x= 10

=> x= 5

Total.age = 3*5+20= 35[Answer]

41. The size of the wooden block is 5 x 10 x 20 cm .How many such blocks will be required to

construct a solid wooden cube of minimum size?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

HCF of 5,10,20= 5

Minimum size= (5*10*20)/(5*5*5)

= 2*4= 8[Answer]

42. A tank is 25m long 12m wide and 6m deep. The cost of plastering its walls and bottom at 75

paise per sq m is

#Solution::

= 2*(25+12)*6+25*12

= 2*37*6+ 300= 744 m^2

Cost of plastering = 744*3/4= 558[ Answer]

43. The diference of two numbers is 20% of the larger number, if the smaller number is 20,

then the larger number is :

#Solution::

Let, the number be = x and y

ATQ,

x-20= x/5

=> 4x/5= 20

=> 4x= 100

=> x= 25[Answer]

44. 12 buckets of water fill a tank when the capacity of each tank is 13.5 liters. How many

buckets will be needed to fill the same tank,if the capacity of each bucket is 9 liters?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution::

ATQ,

9*B= 12*13.5

=> B= 12*135/90= 18[Answer]

45. The sum of three numbers is 98. If the ratio of the first to second is 2 :3 and that of the

second to the third is 5 : 8, then the second number is:

#Solution:

First:2nd = 2:3= 10:15

2nd:3rd= 5:8= 15:24

First:2nd:3rd= 10:15:24

2nd Number = 98*15/49= 30[Answer]

#Solution:

K:l= 4:3= 20:15

l:m= 5:3= 15:9

K:l:m = 20:15:9[Answer]

#Solution:

√{10+√25+√108+√(154+15)

=√{10+√25+√(108+13)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= √{10+√36

= √16= 4[Answer]

49. A 270 metres long train running at the speed of 120 kmph crosses another train running in

opposite direction at the speed of 80 kmph in 9 seconds. What is the length of the other train?

#Solution::

270+x= 200*5/2

=> 540+2x= 1000

=> x= 230 [Answer]

50. Three partners shared the profit in a business in the ratio 5 : 7 : 8. They had partnered for 14

months, 8 months and 7 months respectively. What was the ratio of their investments?

#Solution:

14x/8y= 5/7

=> 98x= 40y

=> x:y= 20:49

And,

8y/7z= 7/8

=> 64y=49z

=> y:z= 49:64

x:y:z= 20:49:64[Answer]

51. An aeroplane flies along the four sides of a square at a speed of 200, 400, 600 and 800

km/h, respectively. What is the average speed of the plane in its flight around the square?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Time = D/200+D/400+D/600+D/800

= (12D+6D+4D+3D)/2400

= 25D/2400

= D/96

Avg Speed = 4D*96/D

= 4*96= 384 km/hr

52. X can do a certain work in the same time in which Y and Z together can do it. If X and Y

together could do it in 10 days and Z alone in 15 days, then Y alone could do it in :

#Solution:

(X+Y):Z= 3:2

Time = 30/5= 6 days

(Y+Z):X= 1:1

So, X= 12 days

So, Y= 60/(10-9)= 60 days

= 99/11 +7*16

= 9+112= 121

54. A and B start a business with initial investment in the ratio 12 : 11 and their annual profits

were in the ratio 4 : 1. If A invested the money for 11 months . B invested the money for ?

#Solution::

12*11/11*x= 4/1

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> 12/x= 4

=> x= 3

[Answer]

#Solution:

1/m= 1/(7-4√3)

= (7+4√3)/1

= 7+4√3

= 14

Now,

(√m+1/√m)^2= m+1/m +2= 14+2

=> √m+1/√m= 4[Answer]

56. A container contains 40 litres of milk. From this container 4 litres of milk was taken out

and replaced by water. This process was repeated further two times. How much milk is now

contained by the container?

#ছপরকছব এমছসছকউ েছণত্ সমোধো ।

অংক কররত্ কররত্ িোন্ত হইয়ো নে োম। ো জোছ আজ পরীক্ষোথীরির নকম িখ নেরি।

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

31. A man can walk uphill at the rate of 2.5 km/hr. and downhill at the rate of 3.25 km/hr. If

the total time required to walk a certain distance up the hill and return to the starting position is

4 hours. 36 min What is the distance he walked up the hill?

#Solution:

=> 10D/25+100D/325= 23/5

=> 2D/5+20D/65= 23/5

=> (26D+20D)/65= 23/5

=> 46D= 13*23

=> D= 13*23/46= 6.5 hr[Answer.]

32. A, B and C enter into a partnership with a capital in which A's contribution is Rs. 10,000. If

out of a total profit of Rs. 1000, A gets Rs. 500 and B gets Rs. 300, then C's capital is :

#Solution:

Profit ; A:B:C= 500:300:200= 5:3:2

Now,

5==10,000

1==2000

2==4000(Answer.)

33.The marked price of an article is Rs. 500. It is sold at successive discount of 20% and 10%.

The selling price of the article?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= (4/5)*(9/10)*500

= (4*9*500)/50= 36*10= 360[Answer.]

#Solution:

(p/q)^(n-1)= (q/p)^(n-3)

=> 2n= 4

=> n= 2[Answer]

35. A vessel is filled with liquid, which is 3 parts water and 5 parts syrup. How much of the

liquid should be drawn of and replaced by water to make it half water and half syrup?

#Solution:

W:S= 3:5

Let, R= x

ATQ,

3-3x/8+x = 5-5x/8

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> 10x= 16

=> x= 8/5

So, total part replace= 8/5*8= 1/5

36.One-fourth of the boys and three-eight of the girls in a school participated in the annual

sports. What proportional part of the total student population of the school participated in the

annual sports ?

#Solution:

Data inadequate

37. If the rate of simple interest is 12% per annum the amount that would fetch interest of Rs

6000 per annum is ?

#Solution:

I= Pnr

=> 6000= P*1*12/100

=> 12P= 6000*100

=> P= 50,000[Answer.]

38.The compound interest on a certain sum for 2 years at 10% per annum is rs. 420. The simple

interest on the same sum for double the time at half the rate percent per annum is:

#Solution:

Eff rate= 10+10+10*10/100= 21%

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

21%= 420

=> 100%= 2,000

SI= 2,000*4*5/100= 400 RS[Answer.]

39. Tickets numbered 1 to 20 are mixed up and then a ticket is drawn at random. What is the

probability that the ticket drawn has a number which is a multiple of 3 or 5?

#Solution

Multiple of 3 or 5= (3,6,9,12,15,18,5,10,20)= 9

Total = 20

Probability = 9/20

40. A bag contains 2 red Roses, 4 yellow Roses and 6 pink Roses. Two roses are drawn at

random. What is the probability that they are not of same color?

#Solution:

1-(2C2+4C2+6C2)/12C2

= 1-(1+6+15)/66

= (66-22)/66= 44/66= 2/3[Answer.]

41. The sum of ages of father and son is 60 years. Five years ago father is four time the age of

son.so, now the son age will be?

#Solution:

F+S= 60

Let, Father present age = x

Son age = (60-x)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Son = 55-x

ATQ,

x-5= 4*(55-x)

=> x-5= 220-4x

=> 5x= 225

=> x= 45

So, son present age= (60-45)= 15 years [Answer.]

42. :

A hall is 15 m long and 12 m broad. If the sum of the areas of the floor and the ceiling is equal

to the sum of the areas of four walls, the volume of the hall is:

#Solution:

lb+lb= 2*(l+b)*h

=> 360= 54*h

=> h= 360/54= 180/27= 60/9= 20/3

43. A cylindrical rod of iron, whose height is equal to its radius, is melted and cast into

spherical balls whose radius is half the radius of the rod. Find the number of balls.

#Solution:

Cylinder volume= πr^2*r= πr^3

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= πr^3/6

Number of balls = πr^3/(πr^3/6)= 6 [Answer.]

44.A person's present age is two-fifth of the age of his mother. After 8 years, he will be one-half

of the age of his mother. How old is the mother at present?

#Solution:

Let, person present age =2x/5

So mother = x

ATQ,

(x+8)= 2*(2x/5+8)

=> x+8= 2*(2x+40)/5

=> 5x+40= 4x+80

=> x= 40[Answer.]

45. The length of a rectangle is halved, while its breadth is tripled. What is the percentage

change in area?

#Solution:

Let, L= 10; B = 10

Initial area = 100

Final area= 5*30= 150

Percentage change= 150-100= 50%

[Answer.]

46. Fresh fruit contain 68% of water and dry fruit contain 20% of water. Then how much dry

fruits have in 100 kilograms fresh fruits?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

(100-68)% of 100= 80% of x

=> 32= 80% of x

=> x= 40 gm [Answer.]

47. A tap can fill a tank in 6 hours. After half the tank is filled, three more similar taps are

opened. What is the total time taken to fill the tank completely?

#Solution:

Half fill in = 3 hr

Now, 1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6= 4/6= 2/3 part in = 1 hr

1 part in = 3/2 hr

1/2 part in = 3/4 or 45 min

Ans. 3 hr 45 min[answer.]

48. The salaries of A, B, and C are in the ratio of 1 : 2 : 3. The salary of B and C together is Rs.

6000. By what percent is the salary of C more than that of A?

#Solution:

A:B:C= 1:2:3

5= 6000

1= 1200

3= 3600

More 2400

ATQ,

x*(1/100)= 2400/1200

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

49. Two numbers are in the ratio 3 : 7. If 6 be added to each of them, then they are in the ratio 5

: 9. Find the numbers ?

#Solution:

(3x+6)/(7x+6)= 5/9

=> 27x+54= 35x+30

=> 8x= 24

=> x= 3

Numbers are 3*3= 9 & 7*3= 21[Answer.]

=> 28√x+1426= 2154

=> 28√x= 728

=> √x= 728/28= 26

=> x= 26*26= 676 [Answer.]

51.

A bag contains 50 P, 25 P and 10 P coins in the ratio 5: 9: 4, amounting to Rs. 206. Find the

number of coins of each type respectively.

#Solution:

5*x/2+9*x/4+4*x/10= 206

=> x= 40

Number of coin

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

50P= 200

25P= 360

10P= 160

52. Painter A can paint a house in 16 days and Painter B can do it in 20 days. With help of C,

they did the job in 8 days only. Then, C alone can do the job in

#Solution:

1/16+1/20+1/x= 1/8

=> 1/x= 1/8-(1/16+1/20)

=> 1/x= 1/8-(5+4)/80= 1/8-9/80

=> 1/x= 1/80

=> C can do the work in 80 days[Answer.]

53. A and B start at the same time with speed of 40 km/hr. and 50 km/hr. respectively. If in

covering the journey A takes 15 miuntes longer than B, the total distance of the journey is:

#Solution:

40*(t+1/4)= 50*t

=> 40t+10= 50t

=> 10t= 10

=> t= 1

Distance= 50*1= 50 km[Answer.]

54. A person borrows Rs. 5000 for 2 years at 4% p.a. simple interest. He immediately lends it to

another person at 6(1/4)%p.a for 2 years. Find his gain in the transaction per year

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Gain = 5000*(25/4)*2/100-5000*8/100

= 625-400= 225

Per year = 225/2= 112.5 [Answer.]

55. Two trains running in opposite directions cross a man standing on the platform in 27

seconds and 17 seconds respectively and they cross each other in 23 seconds.ratio of their

speed?

#Solution:

27__________17

_____23_______

6____________4

3:2

56. A tank has two leakages. The first leakage alone can empty the tank in 9 minutes and the

second alone would have done it in 6 minutes. If water leaks out at a constant rate, how long

does it take both the leakage together to empty the tank?

#Solution:

Let capacity= 18 L

Time= 18/(3+2)= 3.6 min.[Answer.]

57. The time taken a boat travel 36 miles downstream takes 90 minutes less than to travel the

same distance upstream. If the speed of the boat in still water is 10 mph, the speed of the stream

is:

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

36/(10-x)-36/(10+x)= 3/2

=> 36*(10+x-10+x)/(10+x)(10-x)= 3/2

=> 144= 300-3x^2

=> x^2+48x-100= 0

=> (x+50)(x-2)= 0

=> x= 2[answer.]

58. A boat running downstream covers a distance of 22 km along the downstrsam covering the

same distance upstream at 10 km/hr, . What is the ratio of speed of the boat and stream?

#Solution:

x+y= 22

x-y=10

=> 2x= 32

=> x= 16

and y= 3

x:y= 8:3

59.In a certain store, the profit is 320% of the cost. If the cost increases by 25%, but the selling

price remains constant, approximately what percentage of the selling price is the profit

#Solution:

(295*100)/420= 70%

#PKB_Cash_Math_solution

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Set_A

[অ ম

ু ছত্ বযছত্ত্ কছপ কররব ো। ভু ত্রুটি করমরন্ট জো োরব ]

33. Two trains of equal length are running on parallel lines in the same direction at 46 km/hr

and 36 km/hr. The faster train passes the slower train in 36 seconds. The length of each train is:

#Solution:

Let, Length of each train= x

ATQ,

2x= 10*5*36/18= 100

=> 2x= 100

=> x= 50

So, L of each train = 50m [Answer.]

34. A takes twice as much time as B or thrice as much time as C to finish a piece of work.

Working together, they can finish the work in 2 days. B can do the work alone in

#Solution:

A:B= 1:2

A:C= 1:3

A:B:C= 1:2:3[eff.]

ATQ,

2*(1+2+3)= 2*D

=> D= 12/2= 6 days [Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

35.

The percentage profit earned by selling an article for Rs. 1920 is equal to the percentage loss

incurred by selling the same article for Rs. 1280. At what price should the article be sold to

make 25% profit?

#Solution:

Let, CP= x

ATQ,

(1920-x)*100/x= (x-1280)*100/x

=> 2x= 3200

=> x= 1600

At 25% profit= 5*1600/4= 2000[Answer.]

Shortcut:

5/4* (1920+1120)/2= 5/4* 1600= 2000[Answer.]

36. A person travels a certain distance at 3 km/h and reaches 15 min late. If he travels at 4

km/h, he reaches 15 min earlier. The distance he has to travel is

#Solution:

D/3-D/4= 2/4= 1/2

=> D/12= 1/2

=> 2D= 12

=> D= 6 km[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

37. A boy traveled from the home to the college at the rate of 25 kmph and walked back at the

rate of 4 kmph. If the whole journey took 5 hours 48 minutes, find the distance of

#Solution:

Let, Distance = D

ATQ,

D/25+D/4= 5(4/5)

=> 29D/100= 29/5

=> 5D= 100

=> D= 20 km[Answer.]

38.(√1372+√959)/292 *√

39. Two men and three women can repair a bridge in 10 days while three men and two women

can do same work in 8 days. If two men and one woman are used to finish this work, in how

many days they will complete it?

#Solution:

(2M+3W)*10= 8*(3M+2W)

=> 20M+30W= 24M+16W

=> 4M= 14W

=> M:W= 7:2

ATQ,

(2*7+3*2)*10= (2*7+2)*D

=> 200= 16D

=> D= 25/2= 12.5 days[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

40. A boatman takes twice as long to row a distance against the stream as to row the same

distance with the stream. Find the ratio of speeds of the boat in still water and the stream.

#Solution:

U:D= 2:1[time]

U:D= 1:2[Speed]

B:S= 3/2:1/2= 3:1[Answer.]

41. Speed of a boat in standing water is 9 kmph and the speed of the stream is 1.5 kmph. A man

rows to a place at a distance of 105 km and comes back to the starting point. The total time

taken by him is:

#Solution:

Time= 105/10.5+105/7.5= 24 hour

42. A, B and C invested capitals in the ratio of 4 : 6 : 9. At the end of the business term, they

received the profit in the ratio of 2 : 3 : 5. Find the ratio of their time for which they contributed

their capitals.

#Solution:

A:B:C= 4:6:9

ATQ,

4A/6B= 2/3

=> 12A= 12 B

=> A:B= 1:1= 9:9

And,

6B/9C= 3/5

=> 30B= 27C

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

A:B:C= 9:9:10[Answer.]

43. A trader marks his goods 20% above the cost price.if he gives a discount of 5% on marked

price, then find his gain percent.

#Solution:

95% of 120-100= 120*19/20 -100

= 114-100= 14%

#Solution:

Let, x= √(1+a)+√(1-a)

=> x^2= 1+a+1-a+2*√(1+a)*√(1-a)

=> x^2= 2+ 2√(1-a^2)

=> x^2=2+ 2*√(1-3/4)

=> x^2= 2+2*√1/4

=> x^2= 3

=> x=√3[Answer.]

45. Some money is divided amongst three workers A, B and C such that 5 times A's share is

equal to 12 times B's share which is equal to 6 times C's share. The ratio between the shares of

A, B and C is ?

#Solution:

5A= 12B

=> A:B= 12:5

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

And,

12B= 6C

=> B: C= 1:2= 5:10

A:B:C= 12:5:10[Answer.]

46. At simple interest of 5%, 6% and 8% for three consecutive years, the interest earned is ₹

760. find the principle. ?

#Solution:

5P/100+6P/100+8P/100= 760

=> 19P= 760*100

=> P= 4000[Answer.]

47. If the compound interest of a certain sum of money for two successive years be Rs, 225 and

Rs. 238.50. What is the rate of interest per annum ?

#Solution:

(238.30-225)*100/225= 6%

48.A bag contains 4 white, 5 red and 6 blue balls. Three balls are drawn at random from the

bag. The probability that all of them are red, is:

#Solution:

5C3/15C3= 2/91

49. A word consists of 9 letters; 5 consonants and 4 vowels.Three letters are choosen at random.

What is the probability that more than one vowel will be selected ?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

[(4C2*5C1+ 4C3]/9C3= 17/42

50. The ages of X and Y are in the proportion of 6:5 and total of their ages is 44 years. The

proportion of their ages after 8 years will be

#Solution:

(44*6/11 +8):(44*5/11 +8)

= 32:28

= 8:7[Answer.]

51. The volume of a wall, 5 times as high as it is broad and 8 times as long as it is high, is 12.8

cu. meters. Find the breadth of the wall.

#Solution:

x*5x*40x= 12.8

=> x= 4*100/10= 40cm [Answer.]

52. A rectangular field has to be fenced on three sides leaving a side of 20 feet uncovered. If the

area of the field is 680 sq. feet, how many feet of fencing will be required?

#Solution:

20*L= 680

=> L= 34

Fencing = 2*(34+20)-20= 88m [Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

53. A number is decreased by 10% and then increased by 10%. The number so obtained is 10

less than the original number. What was the oiginal number ?

#Solution:

100-(11/10)*(9/10)*100= 10

=> 1%= 10

=> 100%= 1000[Answer.]

54. A cistern is normally filled in 8 hrs, but it takes 2 hours longer to fill because of a leak in its

bottom. if the cistern is full, the leak will empty it in.

#Solution:

1/8-1/10=1/40===40[Answer.]

55. A sum of TK 427 is divided among A B C such that 3 time A share, 4 time B, 7 time C is

equal. The share of C is?

#Solution:

3A= 4B= 7C= x

=> A: B: C= x/3:x/4:x/7= 28:21:12

C share = 427*12/61= 84[Answer.]

56.

A and B invest in a business in the ratio 3 : 2. If 5% of the total profit goes to charity and A's

share is Rs. 855, the total profit is:

#Solution:

3==855

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

5==855*5/3= 1425

95%= 1425

=> 100%= 1500[Answer.]

(AEO)

Math solution

Exam taker:AUST

Solved by: Md Mutaher Hussain

35. What would be the measure of the diagonal of a square whose area is equal to 578 sq cm?

#Solution:

a^2= 578

=> a= 24.04

Diagonal = 1.41*24.04= 34 cm[Answer]

#Alternatives:

Area = 1/2* digaonal^2

Diagonal ^2= 2*578

=> Diagonal^2= 1156

=> Diagonal= √1156= 34[Answer.]

36. the cost price of table and chair together is 690. If the table cost 30% more than chair, then

find the cost of table and chair?

#Solution:

T:C= 13:10

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

C= 300

#Solution:

(27/4)* (40/3)+ 4x= 3*52

=> 90+4x= 156

=> 4x= 66

=> x= 33/2= 16.5

38. I) 6x^2-11x+4= 0

ii) 50y^2-25y+3= 0

#Solution:

i) 6x^2-11x+4=0

=> 6x^2-8x-3x+4= 0

=> 2x(3x-4)-1(3x-4)= 0

=> x= 1/2 or 4/3

ii) 50y^2-25y+3= 0

=> 50y^2-15y-10y+3= 0

=> 5y(10y-3)-1(10y-3)= 0

=> y= 1/5 or 3/10

So, x>y

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

39. There are 3 green, 4 orange and 5 white color bulbs in a bag. If a bulb is picked at random,

what is the probability of having either a green or a white bulb

#Solution:

Total = 12

Either a green or white = 8

Probability = 8/12= 2/3[Answer]

40. The ratio of pens and pencil in a stationary shop is 3 : 2, respectively, The average number

of pens and pencils is 180. What is the of number of pencils in the shop ?

#Solution:

Ratio of pen :Pencil= 3:2

ATQ,

5x/2= 180

=> 5x= 360

=> x= 72

Pencil = 144

41. P q and r start a business. p invests 3 times as much as q invests and q invests 2/3 rd as

much as r invests. find the ratio of capitals of p q and r

#Solution:

P:Q= 3:1= 6:2

Q:R= 2/3 :1= 2:3

P:Q:R= 6:2:3

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

42. A dishonest milkman professes to sell his milk at cost price but he mixes it with water and

thereby gains 25%. The percentage of water in the mixture is:

#Solution:

100:25= 4:1

%= 100/5= 20%[Answer.]

43. How many iron rods, each of length 7 meters and diameter 2cm can be made out of 0.88

cubic metre of iron?

#Solution:

(22/7)*7*(1/100)*(1/100) *n= 0.88

=> 22n= 8800

=> n= 400[Answer.]

44.A is three times as old as B. C was twice-as old as A four years ago. In four years' time, A

will be 31. What are the present ages of B and C ?

#Solution:

A= 3B

C-4= 2*(A+4)

=> C-4= 2*(A-4)

A+4= 31

=> A= 27

B= 9

So, C-4= 2*23

=> C= 4+46= 50[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

45. If 3√5+√125

= 17.88, then what will be the value of √80+6√5

#Solution:

3√5+5√5= 17.88

=> 8√5= 17.88

=> √5= 1788/800= 2.24

46.What will be simple interest for 1 yr and 4 months on a sum of RS. 25800 at the rate of 14%

per annum?

#Solution:

I= 25,800*14*16/100*12= 4816[Answer]

47. An error 2% in excess is made while measuring the side of a square. The percentage of error

in the calculated area of the square is:

#Solution:

2+2+2*2/100= 4.04[Answer.]

48.A man took loan from a bank at the rate of 12% p.a. simple interest. After 3 years he had to

pay Rs. 5400 interest only for the period. The principal amount borrowed by him was:

#Solution::

36%= 5400

=> 100%= 15000[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

49. A boat covers a certain distance downstream in 1 hour, while it comes back in 1(1/2) hours.

If the speed of the stream be 3 kmph, what is the speed of the boat in still water?

#Solution:

U:D= 1:3/2= 2:3

B:S= 5/2:1/2= 5:1

1==3

5==15 km/hr[Answer]

50. Tk 385 has been divided among A, B, C in such a way that A receives 2/9th of what B and

C together receive. Then A's share is ?

#Solution:

A:(B+C)= 2:9

A= 385*2/11= 70[Answer.]

51. Mother’s age today is thrice as her daughter’s. After 10 years it would be just double. How

old is the daughter today ?

#Solution:

M= 3x

D= x

(3x+10)= 2*(x+10)

=> 3x-2x= 10

=> x= 10[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

52. A boat can travel with a speed of 13 km/hr in still water. If the speed of the stream is 4

km/hr, find the time taken by the boat to go 68 km downstream.

#Solution:

68/(13+4)= 4 hr[Answer.]

53. In what time will the simple interest on Rs 400 at 10% per annum be the same as the simple

interest on Rs 1000 for 4 year at 4 % per annum?

#Solution:

400*t*10/100= 160

=> 40t= 160

=> t= 4 year [Answer]

54. A student multiplied a number by 3/5 instead of 5/3.What is the percentage error in the

calculation?

Error = 15*5/3 - 15*3/5= 16

%= 16*100/25= 64%[Answer]

/ hour and 60 km / hour respectively. Its average speed over this distance is

#Solution:

T= 7/10+7/20+7/30+7/60

= (42+21+14+7)/60

= 84/60= 7/5

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

D= 28

S= D/T= 28*5/7= 20 km/hr[Answer]

56. The total age of A and B is 12 years more than the total age of B and C. C is how many

year younger than A?

#Solution:

A+B-B-C= 12

=> A-C= 12[Answer]

RBL: (SO)

Math Solution:

Solved by: Md Mutaher Hussain

33. A man can row at 5 kmph in still water. If the velocity of current is 1 kmph and it takes him

1 hour to row to a place and come back, how far is the place?

#Solution::

Let, The Distance = D

ATQ,

D/6+D/4= 1

=> 5D= 12

=> D= 2.4 km[Answer]

34. Two men P and Q start from a place walking at 5 km/h and 6.5 km/h, respectively. What is

the time they will take to be 92 km apart, if they walk in opposite the direction?

#Solution::

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Time = 92*10/115= (4*10/5)= 8 hr [Answer]

35. Two men, A and B, run a 4 km race on a circular course of 1/4 km. If their speeds are in the

ratio of 5:4, how often does the winner pass the other?

#Solution::

Total Race = 4 km

Course = 1/4

Speed ratio= 5:4

Winner meet once in every five rounds which is 5/4 km

Time = 4*4/5= 16/5[3 times]

[Answer]

36. A sum of money amounts to Rs.6690 after 3 years and to Rs.10,035 after 6 years on

compound interest.find the sum.

#Solution::

P*(1+r)^3= 6690______[1]

P*(1+r)^6= 10,035_____[2]

[2]/[1]

(1+r)^3= 10,035/6690= 3/2

Put this value into [1]

P*(3/2)= 6690

=> P= 6690*2/3= 4460[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

37.One card is drawn at random from a pack of 52 cards. What is the probability that the card

drawn is a face card (Jack, Queen and King only)?

#Solution:

Favorable = 3*4= 12

Probability = 12/52= 3/13[Answer]

38. If two times of the daughter’s age in years is included to the mother’s age, the total is 70 and

if two times of the mother’s age is included to the daughter’s age, the total is 95. So the

Mother’s age is,

#Solution::

Let Daughter age = x

Mother age = y

ATQ

2x+y= 70

=> y= 70-2x_______[1]

And,

2y+x= 95

=> y= (95-x)/2_______[2]

(95-x)= 2*(70-2x)

=> 95-x= 140-4x

=> 3x= 45

=> x= 15

So, Mother age= (95-15)/2= 40 years [Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

39. A student multiplied a number by 3/5 instead of 5/3, What is the percentage error in the

calculation ?

#Solution:

LCM of 5 & 3= 15

Let, the number be= 15

Wrong result = 15*3/5= 9

Right result = 15*5/3= 25

% error = 16*100/25= 4*16= 64%[Answer]

40. Ten years ago A was half of B in age. If the ratio of their present ages is 3 : 4, what will be

the total of their present ages

#Solution:

Ten years ago A age = x

B age = 2x

ATQ,

(x+10)/(2x+10)= 3/4

=> 4x+40= 6x+30

=> 2x= 10

=> x= 5

Total.age = 3*5+20= 35[Answer]

41. The size of the wooden block is 5 x 10 x 20 cm .How many such blocks will be required to

construct a solid wooden cube of minimum size?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

HCF of 5,10,20= 5

Minimum size= (5*10*20)/(5*5*5)

= 2*4= 8[Answer]

42. A tank is 25m long 12m wide and 6m deep. The cost of plastering its walls and bottom at 75

paise per sq m is

#Solution::

= 2*(25+12)*6+25*12

= 2*37*6+ 300= 744 m^2

Cost of plastering = 744*3/4= 558[ Answer]

43. The diference of two numbers is 20% of the larger number, if the smaller number is 20,

then the larger number is :

#Solution::

Let, the number be = x and y

ATQ,

x-20= x/5

=> 4x/5= 20

=> 4x= 100

=> x= 25[Answer]

44. 12 buckets of water fill a tank when the capacity of each tank is 13.5 liters. How many

buckets will be needed to fill the same tank,if the capacity of each bucket is 9 liters?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution::

ATQ,

9*B= 12*13.5

=> B= 12*135/90= 18[Answer]

45. The sum of three numbers is 98. If the ratio of the first to second is 2 :3 and that of the

second to the third is 5 : 8, then the second number is:

#Solution:

First:2nd = 2:3= 10:15

2nd:3rd= 5:8= 15:24

First:2nd:3rd= 10:15:24

2nd Number = 98*15/49= 30[Answer]

#Solution:

K:l= 4:3= 20:15

l:m= 5:3= 15:9

K:l:m = 20:15:9[Answer]

#Solution:

√{10+√25+√108+√(154+15)

=√{10+√25+√(108+13)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= √{10+√36

= √16= 4[Answer]

49. A 270 metres long train running at the speed of 120 kmph crosses another train running in

opposite direction at the speed of 80 kmph in 9 seconds. What is the length of the other train?

#Solution::

270+x= 200*5/2

=> 540+2x= 1000

=> x= 230 [Answer]

50. Three partners shared the profit in a business in the ratio 5 : 7 : 8. They had partnered for 14

months, 8 months and 7 months respectively. What was the ratio of their investments?

#Solution:

14x/8y= 5/7

=> 98x= 40y

=> x:y= 20:49

And,

8y/7z= 7/8

=> 64y=49z

=> y:z= 49:64

x:y:z= 20:49:64[Answer]

51. An aeroplane flies along the four sides of a square at a speed of 200, 400, 600 and 800

km/h, respectively. What is the average speed of the plane in its flight around the square?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Time = D/200+D/400+D/600+D/800

= (12D+6D+4D+3D)/2400

= 25D/2400

= D/96

Avg Speed = 4D*96/D

= 4*96= 384 km/hr

52. X can do a certain work in the same time in which Y and Z together can do it. If X and Y

together could do it in 10 days and Z alone in 15 days, then Y alone could do it in :

#Solution:

(X+Y):Z= 3:2

Time = 30/5= 6 days

(Y+Z):X= 1:1

So, X= 12 days

So, Y= 60/(10-9)= 60 days

= 99/11 +7*16

= 9+112= 121

54. A and B start a business with initial investment in the ratio 12 : 11 and their annual profits

were in the ratio 4 : 1. If A invested the money for 11 months . B invested the money for ?

#Solution::

12*11/11*x= 4/1

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> 12/x= 4

=> x= 3

[Answer]

#Solution:

1/m= 1/(7-4√3)

= (7+4√3)/1

= 7+4√3

= 14

Now,

(√m+1/√m)^2= m+1/m +2= 14+2

=> √m+1/√m= 4[Answer]

56. A container contains 40 litres of milk. From this container 4 litres of milk was taken out

and replaced by water. This process was repeated further two times. How much milk is now

contained by the container?

#ছপরকছব এমছসছকউ েছণত্ সমোধো ।

অংক কররত্ কররত্ িোন্ত হইয়ো নে োম। ো জোছ আজ পরীক্ষোথীরির নকম িখ নেরি।

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

31. A man can walk uphill at the rate of 2.5 km/hr. and downhill at the rate of 3.25 km/hr. If

the total time required to walk a certain distance up the hill and return to the starting position is

4 hours. 36 min What is the distance he walked up the hill?

#Solution:

=> 10D/25+100D/325= 23/5

=> 2D/5+20D/65= 23/5

=> (26D+20D)/65= 23/5

=> 46D= 13*23

=> D= 13*23/46= 6.5 hr[Answer.]

32. A, B and C enter into a partnership with a capital in which A's contribution is Rs. 10,000. If

out of a total profit of Rs. 1000, A gets Rs. 500 and B gets Rs. 300, then C's capital is :

#Solution:

Profit ; A:B:C= 500:300:200= 5:3:2

Now,

5==10,000

1==2000

2==4000(Answer.)

33.The marked price of an article is Rs. 500. It is sold at successive discount of 20% and 10%.

The selling price of the article?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= (4/5)*(9/10)*500

= (4*9*500)/50= 36*10= 360[Answer.]

#Solution:

(p/q)^(n-1)= (q/p)^(n-3)

=> 2n= 4

=> n= 2[Answer]

35. A vessel is filled with liquid, which is 3 parts water and 5 parts syrup. How much of the

liquid should be drawn of and replaced by water to make it half water and half syrup?

#Solution:

W:S= 3:5

Let, R= x

ATQ,

3-3x/8+x = 5-5x/8

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> 10x= 16

=> x= 8/5

So, total part replace= 8/5*8= 1/5

36.One-fourth of the boys and three-eight of the girls in a school participated in the annual

sports. What proportional part of the total student population of the school participated in the

annual sports ?

#Solution:

Data inadequate

37. If the rate of simple interest is 12% per annum the amount that would fetch interest of Rs

6000 per annum is ?

#Solution:

I= Pnr

=> 6000= P*1*12/100

=> 12P= 6000*100

=> P= 50,000[Answer.]

38.The compound interest on a certain sum for 2 years at 10% per annum is rs. 420. The simple

interest on the same sum for double the time at half the rate percent per annum is:

#Solution:

Eff rate= 10+10+10*10/100= 21%

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

21%= 420

=> 100%= 2,000

SI= 2,000*4*5/100= 400 RS[Answer.]

39. Tickets numbered 1 to 20 are mixed up and then a ticket is drawn at random. What is the

probability that the ticket drawn has a number which is a multiple of 3 or 5?

#Solution

Multiple of 3 or 5= (3,6,9,12,15,18,5,10,20)= 9

Total = 20

Probability = 9/20

40. A bag contains 2 red Roses, 4 yellow Roses and 6 pink Roses. Two roses are drawn at

random. What is the probability that they are not of same color?

#Solution:

1-(2C2+4C2+6C2)/12C2

= 1-(1+6+15)/66

= (66-22)/66= 44/66= 2/3[Answer.]

41. The sum of ages of father and son is 60 years. Five years ago father is four time the age of

son.so, now the son age will be?

#Solution:

F+S= 60

Let, Father present age = x

Son age = (60-x)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Son = 55-x

ATQ,

x-5= 4*(55-x)

=> x-5= 220-4x

=> 5x= 225

=> x= 45

So, son present age= (60-45)= 15 years [Answer.]

42. :

A hall is 15 m long and 12 m broad. If the sum of the areas of the floor and the ceiling is equal

to the sum of the areas of four walls, the volume of the hall is:

#Solution:

lb+lb= 2*(l+b)*h

=> 360= 54*h

=> h= 360/54= 180/27= 60/9= 20/3

43. A cylindrical rod of iron, whose height is equal to its radius, is melted and cast into

spherical balls whose radius is half the radius of the rod. Find the number of balls.

#Solution:

Cylinder volume= πr^2*r= πr^3

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= πr^3/6

Number of balls = πr^3/(πr^3/6)= 6 [Answer.]

44.A person's present age is two-fifth of the age of his mother. After 8 years, he will be one-half

of the age of his mother. How old is the mother at present?

#Solution:

Let, person present age =2x/5

So mother = x

ATQ,

(x+8)= 2*(2x/5+8)

=> x+8= 2*(2x+40)/5

=> 5x+40= 4x+80

=> x= 40[Answer.]

45. The length of a rectangle is halved, while its breadth is tripled. What is the percentage

change in area?

#Solution:

Let, L= 10; B = 10

Initial area = 100

Final area= 5*30= 150

Percentage change= 150-100= 50%

[Answer.]

46. Fresh fruit contain 68% of water and dry fruit contain 20% of water. Then how much dry

fruits have in 100 kilograms fresh fruits?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

(100-68)% of 100= 80% of x

=> 32= 80% of x

=> x= 40 gm [Answer.]

47. A tap can fill a tank in 6 hours. After half the tank is filled, three more similar taps are

opened. What is the total time taken to fill the tank completely?

#Solution:

Half fill in = 3 hr

Now, 1/6+1/6+1/6+1/6= 4/6= 2/3 part in = 1 hr

1 part in = 3/2 hr

1/2 part in = 3/4 or 45 min

Ans. 3 hr 45 min[answer.]

48. The salaries of A, B, and C are in the ratio of 1 : 2 : 3. The salary of B and C together is Rs.

6000. By what percent is the salary of C more than that of A?

#Solution:

A:B:C= 1:2:3

5= 6000

1= 1200

3= 3600

More 2400

ATQ,

x*(1/100)= 2400/1200

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

49. Two numbers are in the ratio 3 : 7. If 6 be added to each of them, then they are in the ratio 5

: 9. Find the numbers ?

#Solution:

(3x+6)/(7x+6)= 5/9

=> 27x+54= 35x+30

=> 8x= 24

=> x= 3

Numbers are 3*3= 9 & 7*3= 21[Answer.]

=> 28√x+1426= 2154

=> 28√x= 728

=> √x= 728/28= 26

=> x= 26*26= 676 [Answer.]

51.

A bag contains 50 P, 25 P and 10 P coins in the ratio 5: 9: 4, amounting to Rs. 206. Find the

number of coins of each type respectively.

#Solution:

5*x/2+9*x/4+4*x/10= 206

=> x= 40

Number of coin

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

50P= 200

25P= 360

10P= 160

52. Painter A can paint a house in 16 days and Painter B can do it in 20 days. With help of C,

they did the job in 8 days only. Then, C alone can do the job in

#Solution:

1/16+1/20+1/x= 1/8

=> 1/x= 1/8-(1/16+1/20)

=> 1/x= 1/8-(5+4)/80= 1/8-9/80

=> 1/x= 1/80

=> C can do the work in 80 days[Answer.]

53. A and B start at the same time with speed of 40 km/hr. and 50 km/hr. respectively. If in

covering the journey A takes 15 miuntes longer than B, the total distance of the journey is:

#Solution:

40*(t+1/4)= 50*t

=> 40t+10= 50t

=> 10t= 10

=> t= 1

Distance= 50*1= 50 km[Answer.]

54. A person borrows Rs. 5000 for 2 years at 4% p.a. simple interest. He immediately lends it to

another person at 6(1/4)%p.a for 2 years. Find his gain in the transaction per year

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Gain = 5000*(25/4)*2/100-5000*8/100

= 625-400= 225

Per year = 225/2= 112.5 [Answer.]

55. Two trains running in opposite directions cross a man standing on the platform in 27

seconds and 17 seconds respectively and they cross each other in 23 seconds.ratio of their

speed?

#Solution:

27__________17

_____23_______

6____________4

3:2

56. A tank has two leakages. The first leakage alone can empty the tank in 9 minutes and the

second alone would have done it in 6 minutes. If water leaks out at a constant rate, how long

does it take both the leakage together to empty the tank?

#Solution:

Let capacity= 18 L

Time= 18/(3+2)= 3.6 min.[Answer.]

57. The time taken a boat travel 36 miles downstream takes 90 minutes less than to travel the

same distance upstream. If the speed of the boat in still water is 10 mph, the speed of the stream

is:

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

36/(10-x)-36/(10+x)= 3/2

=> 36*(10+x-10+x)/(10+x)(10-x)= 3/2

=> 144= 300-3x^2

=> x^2+48x-100= 0

=> (x+50)(x-2)= 0

=> x= 2[answer.]

58. A boat running downstream covers a distance of 22 km along the downstrsam covering the

same distance upstream at 10 km/hr, . What is the ratio of speed of the boat and stream?

#Solution:

x+y= 22

x-y=10

=> 2x= 32

=> x= 16

and y= 3

x:y= 8:3

59.In a certain store, the profit is 320% of the cost. If the cost increases by 25%, but the selling

price remains constant, approximately what percentage of the selling price is the profit

#Solution:

(295*100)/420= 70%

#PKB_Cash_Math_solution

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Set_A

[অ ম

ু ছত্ বযছত্ত্ কছপ কররব ো। ভু ত্রুটি করমরন্ট জো োরব ]

33. Two trains of equal length are running on parallel lines in the same direction at 46 km/hr

and 36 km/hr. The faster train passes the slower train in 36 seconds. The length of each train is:

#Solution:

Let, Length of each train= x

ATQ,

2x= 10*5*36/18= 100

=> 2x= 100

=> x= 50

So, L of each train = 50m [Answer.]

34. A takes twice as much time as B or thrice as much time as C to finish a piece of work.

Working together, they can finish the work in 2 days. B can do the work alone in

#Solution:

A:B= 1:2

A:C= 1:3

A:B:C= 1:2:3[eff.]

ATQ,

2*(1+2+3)= 2*D

=> D= 12/2= 6 days [Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

35.

The percentage profit earned by selling an article for Rs. 1920 is equal to the percentage loss

incurred by selling the same article for Rs. 1280. At what price should the article be sold to

make 25% profit?

#Solution:

Let, CP= x

ATQ,

(1920-x)*100/x= (x-1280)*100/x

=> 2x= 3200

=> x= 1600

At 25% profit= 5*1600/4= 2000[Answer.]

Shortcut:

5/4* (1920+1120)/2= 5/4* 1600= 2000[Answer.]

36. A person travels a certain distance at 3 km/h and reaches 15 min late. If he travels at 4

km/h, he reaches 15 min earlier. The distance he has to travel is

#Solution:

D/3-D/4= 2/4= 1/2

=> D/12= 1/2

=> 2D= 12

=> D= 6 km[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

37. A boy traveled from the home to the college at the rate of 25 kmph and walked back at the

rate of 4 kmph. If the whole journey took 5 hours 48 minutes, find the distance of

#Solution:

Let, Distance = D

ATQ,

D/25+D/4= 5(4/5)

=> 29D/100= 29/5

=> 5D= 100

=> D= 20 km[Answer.]

38.(√1372+√959)/292 *√

39. Two men and three women can repair a bridge in 10 days while three men and two women

can do same work in 8 days. If two men and one woman are used to finish this work, in how

many days they will complete it?

#Solution:

(2M+3W)*10= 8*(3M+2W)

=> 20M+30W= 24M+16W

=> 4M= 14W

=> M:W= 7:2

ATQ,

(2*7+3*2)*10= (2*7+2)*D

=> 200= 16D

=> D= 25/2= 12.5 days[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

40. A boatman takes twice as long to row a distance against the stream as to row the same

distance with the stream. Find the ratio of speeds of the boat in still water and the stream.

#Solution:

U:D= 2:1[time]

U:D= 1:2[Speed]

B:S= 3/2:1/2= 3:1[Answer.]

41. Speed of a boat in standing water is 9 kmph and the speed of the stream is 1.5 kmph. A man

rows to a place at a distance of 105 km and comes back to the starting point. The total time

taken by him is:

#Solution:

Time= 105/10.5+105/7.5= 24 hour

42. A, B and C invested capitals in the ratio of 4 : 6 : 9. At the end of the business term, they

received the profit in the ratio of 2 : 3 : 5. Find the ratio of their time for which they contributed

their capitals.

#Solution:

A:B:C= 4:6:9

ATQ,

4A/6B= 2/3

=> 12A= 12 B

=> A:B= 1:1= 9:9

And,

6B/9C= 3/5

=> 30B= 27C

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

A:B:C= 9:9:10[Answer.]

43. A trader marks his goods 20% above the cost price.if he gives a discount of 5% on marked

price, then find his gain percent.

#Solution:

95% of 120-100= 120*19/20 -100

= 114-100= 14%

#Solution:

Let, x= √(1+a)+√(1-a)

=> x^2= 1+a+1-a+2*√(1+a)*√(1-a)

=> x^2= 2+ 2√(1-a^2)

=> x^2=2+ 2*√(1-3/4)

=> x^2= 2+2*√1/4

=> x^2= 3

=> x=√3[Answer.]

45. Some money is divided amongst three workers A, B and C such that 5 times A's share is

equal to 12 times B's share which is equal to 6 times C's share. The ratio between the shares of

A, B and C is ?

#Solution:

5A= 12B

=> A:B= 12:5

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

And,

12B= 6C

=> B: C= 1:2= 5:10

A:B:C= 12:5:10[Answer.]

46. At simple interest of 5%, 6% and 8% for three consecutive years, the interest earned is ₹

760. find the principle. ?

#Solution:

5P/100+6P/100+8P/100= 760

=> 19P= 760*100

=> P= 4000[Answer.]

47. If the compound interest of a certain sum of money for two successive years be Rs, 225 and

Rs. 238.50. What is the rate of interest per annum ?

#Solution:

(238.30-225)*100/225= 6%

48.A bag contains 4 white, 5 red and 6 blue balls. Three balls are drawn at random from the

bag. The probability that all of them are red, is:

#Solution:

5C3/15C3= 2/91

49. A word consists of 9 letters; 5 consonants and 4 vowels.Three letters are choosen at random.

What is the probability that more than one vowel will be selected ?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

[(4C2*5C1+ 4C3]/9C3= 17/42

50. The ages of X and Y are in the proportion of 6:5 and total of their ages is 44 years. The

proportion of their ages after 8 years will be

#Solution:

(44*6/11 +8):(44*5/11 +8)

= 32:28

= 8:7[Answer.]

51. The volume of a wall, 5 times as high as it is broad and 8 times as long as it is high, is 12.8

cu. meters. Find the breadth of the wall.

#Solution:

x*5x*40x= 12.8

=> x= 4*100/10= 40cm [Answer.]

52. A rectangular field has to be fenced on three sides leaving a side of 20 feet uncovered. If the

area of the field is 680 sq. feet, how many feet of fencing will be required?

#Solution:

20*L= 680

=> L= 34

Fencing = 2*(34+20)-20= 88m [Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

53. A number is decreased by 10% and then increased by 10%. The number so obtained is 10

less than the original number. What was the oiginal number ?

#Solution:

100-(11/10)*(9/10)*100= 10

=> 1%= 10

=> 100%= 1000[Answer.]

54. A cistern is normally filled in 8 hrs, but it takes 2 hours longer to fill because of a leak in its

bottom. if the cistern is full, the leak will empty it in.

#Solution:

1/8-1/10=1/40===40[Answer.]

55. A sum of TK 427 is divided among A B C such that 3 time A share, 4 time B, 7 time C is

equal. The share of C is?

#Solution:

3A= 4B= 7C= x

=> A: B: C= x/3:x/4:x/7= 28:21:12

C share = 427*12/61= 84[Answer.]

56.

A and B invest in a business in the ratio 3 : 2. If 5% of the total profit goes to charity and A's

share is Rs. 855, the total profit is:

#Solution:

3==855

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

5==855*5/3= 1425

95%= 1425

=> 100%= 1500[Answer.]

Combined 2 bank officer

Exam taker ::AUST

Solved BY: Md Mutaher Hussain

[েত্টো সম্ভব সঠিক সমোধো ছিরত্ ট্রোই কররছি। ভু ত্রুটি করমরন্ট জো োরব ]

33. If an article sold at 18% profit on cost price then selling price of the article is 9381. what

would be its selling price when it sold at 25% profit

#Explanation:

====

Let, Cost price = x

SP= x+18% of x= 118x/100

ATQ,

118x/100= 9381

=> 118x= 9381*100

=> x= (9381*100)/118= 7950

If it is sold at 25% profit then selling price would be= x+25% of x

= 125x/100= (5*7950)/4= 9937.5

#Alternative:

Let, CP= 100

SP= 118% of 100= 118

Second SP= 125% of 100= 125

ATQ,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

118= 9381

=> 125= 7950*5/4= 9937.5[Answer.]

====

34. I) 39x^2-31x-28= 0

II) y^2-25y+114= 0

===

I) 39x^2-31x-28= 0

=> 39x^2-52x+21x-28= 0

=> 13x(3x-4)+7(3x-4)= 0

=> x= 4/3, -7/13

ii) y^2-25y+114= 0

=> y^2-19y-6y+114= 0

=> y(y-19)-6(y-19)= 0

=> y= 6,19

So, x<y[Answer.]

====

35. A box contains 21 balls numbered 1 to 21. A ball is drawn and then another ball is drawn

without replacement. What is the probability that both balls are even number?

#Solution:

====

Total ball= 21

Even balls = 2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20= 10

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= 9/42 = 3/14[Answer.]

====

36. 12 students working for 5 hours a day can solve a certain number of problems in 8 days.

How many students are needed to solve five times the original number of problems, if they

work at 4 hours a day for 15 days

#Solution:

====

Total work= 12*5*8

ATQ,

12*5*5*8= 4*15*S

=> S= 40[Answer]

====

37. if the ratio of simple interest and principal is 8:25/2 and rate of interest is equal to the time

investment. find the time of investment

#Solution:

===

8= 25/2* t^2/100

=> 800*2= 25t^2

=> 64= t^2

=> t=√64

=> t= 8 years [Answer.]

===

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

38. A seller marks his goods 30% above the cost price but allows a discount of 15% for cash

payment. What is the percentage of gain when sold in cash?

#Solution:

===

% of gain = (13/10)* (17/20)* 100 -100= 110.5-100= 10.5%[Answer]

===

39. A ladder is placed against wall such that its foot is at a distance of 2.5m from the wall and

its top reaches a window 6m above the ground . find the length of the ladder?

#Solution:

===

(5/2)^2+6^2= x^2

=> 25/4 +36= x^2

=> 4x^2= 169

=> 2x= 13

=> x= 6.5[Answer]

====

#Solution:

===

2^(2x-1)= 8^(3-x)

=> 2^(2x-1)= 2^(9-3x)

=> 2x-1= 9-3x

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> 5x= 10

=> x= 2[Answer.]

===

#Solution:

====

x^3+27x^2+243x+631

= (2)^3+27*4+243*2+631

= 8+108+486+631

= 1233[Answer.]

====

42. A bond gets matured in 10 years. Ram invested Rs. 42000 in this bond and received Rs.

105000 once the bond matured. If the bond was under simple interest, then what was the rate of

interest per annum ?

#Solution:

====

SI= (105000-42000)= 63,000

ATQ,

63,000= 42,000*10*r/100

=> r= 63,000*100/(42,000*10)

=> r= 15%[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

====

43. A boy goes to school with a speed. of 5 km an hour and return to village with a speed of 4

k.m/hr If he takes 4 hours 30 min, the distance in km. between the village and the school is

#Solution:

====

Let, Distance = D

ATQ,

D/5+ D/4= 9/2

=> 9D= 9*20/2

=> D= 10 km[Answer.]

====

44. the average height of girls in class is 5 feet and that of boy is 5.7 feet. if the average height

of this class is 5.5 feet. what could be the possible strength of boys and girls in the school.

#Solution:

====

50x+57y= 55(x+y)

=> 5x= 2y

=> x:y= 2:5

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Option A: 50+20= 70; multiple of 7[Answer.]

=====

45. the value of A varies with the inversion square of B. if the value A is equal to 40 when B

equal to 12. what is the value of A when B equal to 24

#Solution:

====

A= k/B^2

=> k= AB^2= 40*144

Again,

A= (40*144)/(24*24)= 10[Answer.]

====

46. The average age of the 20 aspirants of a class is 19.2 years. After Some time two more

aspirants join them and then average is increased by 0.3 years. Find the difference between the

age of new aspirants.

#Solution:

===

New age total = 22*195/10= 429

Age before joining two = 20*19.2= 384

Two new comer age total = (429-384)= 45

The difference between them can not be measured.[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

===

47.a cistern is normally filled with water in 10 hours but it takes 5 hour longer to fill because of

a leak in the bottom. if the system is full the leak will empty it

#Solution:

===

Inlet :(Inlet+outlet)= 15:10=3:2[eff]

Capacity = 15*2= 30 L

Outlet eff. = (3-2)= 1

ATQ,

30= 1*T

=> T= 30 hr[Answer.]

===

48. P and Q start a hotel. P left after 6 months. After the year ends, P gets Rs. 6000 as profit out

of total profit of Rs. 9000. What will be amount invested by Q if P had invested Rs. 20000?

#Solution::

====

P:Q= 6000:3000= 6:3= 2:1

Let, Q invest = x

P invest = 20,000

ATQ,

(20,000)/2x= 2/1

=> 4x= 20,000

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> x= 5000[Anwer.]

===

49.A and B go cycling in the same direction with speeds of 6 km/hr. and 12 km/hr. A car from

behind passes them in 9 and 10 seconds respectively. What is the speed of the car?

#Solution:

====

Let, Car speed = x

ATQ

L= (x-6)*5*9/18

And,

L= (x-12)*5*10/18

Again

(x-6)*5/2= (x-12)*25/9

=> 45*(x-6)= 50*(x-12)

=> 9*(x-6)= 10*(x-12)

=> 9x-54= 10x-120

=> x= 66 km/hr[Answer.]

====

50. The ratio of the age of the father to that of the son, at present, is 7 : 2. After 10 years, the

ratio will become 9:4. What is the present age of the father.

#Solution:

===

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

:F:S= 7:2[present ]

F:S= 9:4[After 10 year]

(9+4)-(7+2)= 20

=> 4= 20

=> 1= 5

Present age of father = 7*5= 35 year

====

51. driver of a auto rickshaw sees a lorry 60 meters ahead of him. After 30 seconds the lorry is

90 meters behind. If the speed of the auto rickshaw is 38 kmph, then what is the speed of the

lorry?

#Solution:

====

In 30 sec Total Distance = (90+60)= 150 m

Relative speed = 150/30= 5*18/5= 18 km/hr

Speed of lorry = (38-18)= 20km/hr[Answer. ]

====

52. If the ratio of speed of doing work of three persons is 1 : 3 : 5, what is the ratio of time taken

by these people to do the same amount of work?

#Solution:

====

Time taken by three

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= 1:1/3:1/5

= 15:5:3

====

53. A right angled triangle, whose perpendicular sides measure 1.8 cm and 2.4 cm, is inscribed

in a circle. What is the circumference of the circle (in cm)?

#Solution:

====

Hypotenuse = √(18/10)^2+ (24/10)^2

= √{81/25+144/25}

= √225/25

= √9= 3

So, Diameter = 3

Circumference = Dπ= 3π[Answer.]

====

54.

====

√(11^2+3^4*7-13^2+10)

= √(121+81*7-169+10)

=√(121+567-169+10)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= √529=√23*23= 23[Answer.]

====

55.8 years ago the ratio of A age to B age 4:5. At present the ratio of B age to C age 4:5. At

present the difference between A age to C age is 20 years. What is the sum of ages A B C

#Solution:

===

Mental Approach :

A:B= 4:5= 32:40[8 years ago]

A now = (32+8)= 40

A+B+C= 40+48+60= 148

====

56.there is a group of 5 Men 6 women and 8 children. How many way 1 men 1 women 1 child

can be selected

#Solution:

===

5*6*8= 240 way

#BCB_MATH_PRACTICE_PROGRAM_DAY_9

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Topic:TSD

Source: Affairscloud

Set_22

============================

[Q_1] Two trains 200 m and 160 m long, run at the rate of 60 km/h and 100 km/h respectively

on parallel rails. How long will it take a man sitting in the second train to pass the first train if

they run in the opposite direction?

#Solution:

RS= [60+100] = 160 km/hr

Length= 200 m

[When question said, sitting in one train the length of that train is not added to length of other]

ATQ,

200= 160*5/18*T

=> 18/4 sec= T

=> T= 4.5 sec[Answer.]

===========================

[Q_2] A car traveled 80% of the distance from town A to B by traveling at T hours at an

average speed of V km/h. The car travels at an average speed of S km/h for the remaining part

of the trip. Which of the following expressions represents the average speed for the entire trip?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

80% of Distance= 80% of 10D= 8D

And, Remain Distance= 2D

= (8DS+2DV)/VS

= 2D(4S+V)/VS

Since, D= 10 D

Avg. Speed= 10D/[2D(4S+V)/VS]

= 5VS/(4S+V)[Answer. ]

============================

[Q_3]Andy lives on 10th floor and Bimal lives on 45th floor. Andy goes up at a rate of 34

floors per minute and Bimal comes down at a rate of 36 floors per minute. At which floor they

will meet?

#Solution:

Andy Speed= 34 F/M

And, Bimal Speed= 36F/M

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

So, they meet at= (10+17)= 27 F[Answer]

============================

[Q_4]Train X starts at 7.00 a.m. from a certain station with A Km/h and train Y starts at 9.30

a.m. from the same station at B km/h. If B > A, then how many hours will train Y take to

overtake train X?

#Solution:

[X,Y]________________________!

(7 am,9:30)_________________!

(A,B)________________________!

So, Distance= 2.5 A

RS= (B-A)

Time= 2.5A/(B-A)[Answer.]

============================

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q_5]The average speed of a train is 20% less on the return journey than on the onward

journey. The train halts for an hour at the destination station before starting on the return

journey. If the total time taken for the to and fro journey is 46 hrs, covering a distance of 2000

km, the speed of the train on the return journey is:

#Solution:

Total Time=[46-1]= 45 hour

Go+Back= 2000

So, Each= 1000

ATQ,

1000/(4V/5)+1000/V= 45

=> 5000/4V+1000/V= 45

=> V= 50 km/hr

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= 40 Km/hr[Answer.]

============================

[Q_6] A train running at 7/11 of its own speed reached a place in 33 hrs. How much time could

be saved if the train runs at its own speed?

#Solution:

Time= 7:11

11===33

7=====21

============================

[Q_7] A train traveling at 96 km/h completely crosses another train having half its length and

traveling in the opposite direction at 84 km/h in 6 s. It also passes a railway platform in 45 s.

The length of the platform is:

#Solution:

Let, first train Length= L

2nd train Length= L/2

ATQ,

L+L/2= [96+84]*5/18*6

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> 3L/2=300

=> L = 200

And,

200+x= 96*(5/18)*45

=> x= 1000m[Answer.]

============================

[Q_8] The train traveling at 50 km/h overtakes a motorbike traveling at 32 km/h in 80 s. What

is the length of the train in meters?

#Solution:

L= [50-32]*(5/18)*80= 400[Answer.]

===========================

[ Q_9] A train started from station A and proceeded towards station B at a speed of 96 km/h. 45

minutes later, another train started from station B and proceeded towards station A at 100 km/h.

If the distance between the two stations is 464 km, at what distance from station A will the

trains meet?

#Solution:

A_____________________B

96 km/hr____________100 km/hr

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Relative Speed= (100+96)= 196 km/hr

Time= 392/196= 2 hr

=============================

[Q_10] A runs 3 2/3 times as fast as B. If A gives B a start of 80 m. How far must the winning

post be from the starting point of A so that A and B reach it at the same time?

#Solution:

A speed= 3(2/3) B= 11B/3

Distance difference = 80

8= 80

1= 10

11= 110m race.

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Alternative:

A:B= 11:3

A cover distance= D

B cover distance= D-80

ATQ,

D/11= D-80/3

=> 3D= 11D-11*80

=> 8D= 880

=> D= 110 m[Answer]

#BCB_MATH_PRACTICE_PROGRAM_DAY_10

Topic:TSD

Source: Affairs cloud

Set:21

=============================

[Q_1] The distance of the School and house of Suresh is 80km. One day he was late by 1 hour

than the normal time to leave for the college, so he increased his speed by 4km/h and thus he

reached to college at the normal time. What is the changed speed of Suresh?

#Solution:

H____________________S

!____800km__________!

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

80/x-80/(x+4)= 1

=> (80x+320-80x)= x*(x+4)

=> 320= x^2+4x

=> x^2+4x-320= 0

=> x^2+20x-16x-320= 0

=> x(x+20)-16(x+20)= 0

=> x= 16

Alternative:

Let, new time= t

Original time= (t+1)

ATQ,

80/t-80/(t+1)= 4

=> (80t+80-80t)= 4t*(t+1)

=> 4t^2+4t-80= 0

=> t^2+t-20= 0

=> t^2+5t-4t-20= 0

=> t(t+5)-4(t+5)= 0

=> t= 4

New speed= 20/4= 80 km/hr[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

============================

[Q_2] Anita goes to College at 20 km/h and reaches college 4 minutes late. Next time she goes

at 25 km/h and reaches the college 2 minutes earlier than the scheduled time. What is the

distance of her school?

#Solution:

H_______________________C

[___________D____________]

Let, Distance= D

Atq,

D/20-4/60= D/25+2/60

=> D/20-D/25= 6/60

=> D/100= 1/10

=> 10D= 100

=> D= 10 km[Answer.]

============================

[Q_3] Two places R and S are 800 km apart from each other. Two persons start from R towards

S at an interval of 2 hours. Whereas A leaves R for S before B. The speeds of A and B are 40

kmph and 60 kmph respectively. B overtakes A at M, which is on the way from R to S. What is

the ratio of time taken by A and B to meet at M?

#Solution:

R_______800__________S

Speed of A= 40kmph

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Speed of B= 60 kmph

In 2 hr A goes= (40*2)= 80 km

RS= (60-40)= 20kmph

D= VT

=> 80= 20*T

=> T= 4

Time taken by A= [4+2]= 6hr

And, Time taken by B= 4 hr

[Q_4] Two persons start from R towards S at an interval of 2 hours. Whereas A leaves R for S

before B. The speeds of A and B are 40 kmph and 60 kmph respectively. B overtakes A at M,

which is on the way from R to S. What is the extra time taken by A to reach at S?

#Solution:

A taken total time= 800/40= 20 hr

B taken total time= 800/60= 13 hr 20 min

=============================

[Q_5] Ajay covers certain distance with his own speed but when he reduces his speed by

10kmph his time duration for the journey increases by 40 hours while if he increases his speed

by 5 kmph from his original speed he takes 10 hours less than the original time taken. Find the

distance covered by him.

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

Let, ajay original speed = x

New speed of ajay= x-10

ATQ,

D/(x-10)-D/x= 40

=> D*[1/(x-10)-1/x]= 40

=> D*[x-x+10]= 40x*(x-10)

=> D= 4x(x-10)__________[1]

D/x-D/(x+5)= 10

=> D*[1/x-1/(x+5)]= 10

=> D*(x+5-x)= 10*x(x+5)

=> D= 2x(x+5)___________[2]

2x(x+5)= 4x(x-10)

=> x+5= 2x-20

=> x= 25 km/hr

So, D= 2*25*(25+5)= 50*30= 1500km

[Answer.]

============================

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q_6] The driver of an ambulance sees a college bus 40 m ahead of him after 20 seconds, the

college bus is 60 meter behind. If the speed of the ambulance is 30 km/h, what is the speed of

the college bus?

#Solution:

Speed of Ambulence= 30km/hr

In 3600 sec= 30 km

In 20 sec= 600/3600= 1000/6 m= 500/3 m

= 200/3 m

So,

20sec= 200/3

1 sec= 10/3

= (10/3)*(18/5)km/hr= 12 km/hr[Ans.]

===========================

[Q_7] Two places R and S are 800 km apart from each other. Two persons start from R towards

S at an interval of 2 hours. Whereas A leaves R for S before B. The speeds of A and B are 40

kmph and 60 kmph respectively. B overtakes A at M, which is on the way from R to S. What is

the distance from R, where B overtakes A?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

R_______800__________S

Speed of A= 40kmph

Speed of B= 60 kmph

In 2 hr A goes= (40*2)= 80 km

RS= (60-40)= 20kmph

D= VT

=> 80= 20*T

=> T= 4

[Ans]

=============================

[ Q_8] Two rabbits start running towards each other, one from A to B and another from B to A.

They cross each other after one hour and the first rabbit reaches B, 5/6 hour before the second

rabbit reaches A. If the distance between A and B is 50 km. what is the speed of the slower

rabbit?

#Solution:

Let,

Faster rabbit speed= x km/hr

Slower rabbit speed = y km/hr

A___x______!____y_____B

In 1 hr they meet for the first time.

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

When they meet first time they cover the full distance.

So, x+y= 50km

=> x= 50-y

And,

50/y-50/x= 5/6

=> 50/y-50/(50-y)= 5/6

=> 6*[2500-100y]= 5y*(50-y)

=> 15,000-600y= 250y-5y^2

=> 5y^2-850y+15,000= 0

=> y^2-170y+3000= 0

=> y^2-150y-20y+3000= 0

=> y= 150,20

So y= 20]

===========================

[Q_9]Pranav walked at 5 kmph for certain part of the journey and then he took an auto for the

remaining part of the journey travelling at 25 kmph. If he took 10 hours for the entire journey,

what part of journey did he travelled by auto if the average speed of the entire journey be 17

kmph

#Solution:

Let, 5 km/hr time taken= t

And 25 km/hr time taken = (10-t)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

5*t+(10-t)*25= 170

=> 20t= 80

=> t= 4

So, time taken by Auto = (10-4)= 6 hr,

So, D= 25*6= 150 km

Alternative:

25____________5

_______17______

12____________8

3:2

10*3/5= 6 hr

6 hr coverd distance= 6*25= 150 km[Answer.]

============================

[Q_10] Aravind started for the station half a km from his home walking at 1 km/h to catch the

train in time. After 3 minutes he realised that he had forgotten a document at home and returned

with increased, but constant speed to get it succeded in catching the train. Find his latter speed

in kmph?

#Solution:

Time at hand = (30-3)= 27 min

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

27 min = 550 m

27*60 sec= 550m

1 sec= 550/(27*60)

= 55/(27*6)*(18/5)

= 22/18= 11/9 km/hr[Answer.]

#BCB_MATH_PRACTICE_PROGRAM_DAY_11:

Topic:TSD

Source: Affairscloud

============================

[Q_1] A car started from Indore to Bhopal at a certain speed. The Car missed an accident at

40Kms away from Indore, then the driver decided to reduce Car speed to 4/5 of the original

speed. Due to this, he reached Bhopal by a late of 1hr 15min.Suppose if he missed an accident

at 80Km away from Indore and from then he maintained 4/5 of original speed then he would

reach Bhopal by a late of 1hour. Then what is the original speed of the Car?

#Solution:

Distance diff.= [80-40] = 40 km

Time difference = 1 hr 15 min- 1 hr

= 15 min

Let,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Original speed= V

New speed= 3V/4

ATQ,

40/(4V/5)-40/V= 15/60

=> 200/4V-40/V= 1/4

=> 50/V-40/V= 1/4

=> 10/V= 1/4

=> V= 40 km/hr[Answer.]

=============================

[Q_2] Two places A and B are at a certain distance. Ramu started from A towards B at a speed

of 40 kmph. After 2 hours Raju started from B towards A at a speed of 60 kmph. If they meet at

a place C then ratio of ratio of time taken by Raju to Ramu to reach Place C is 2:3. Then what is

the distance between A and B?

#Solution:

Ramu take = T1 hr

Raju take = T2 hr

Diff. Between time= T1-T2= 2

=> T1= T2+2

ATQ,

T2/T1= 2/3

=> T2/(T2+2)= 2/3

=> 3T2= 2T2+4

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> T2= 4 hr

And Raju take= 4 hr

============================

[Q_3] Ramu started from A towards B at a speed of 20Km/hr and Raju started from B towards

A. They crossed each other after one hour. Raju reached his destination 5/6 hour earlier than

Ramu reached his destination.Then what is the distance between A and B?

#Solution:

Ramu_________M__________Raju

Let, Raju speed = x km/hr

After 1 hr they meet. So Raju cover = x km and Ramu covered= 20 km.

ATQ,

(20+x)/20-(20+x)/x= 5/6

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> 6x^2*-2400-100x= 0

=> 3x^2-50x-1200= 0

=> 3x^2-90x+40x-1200= 0

So, x= 30

So, Raju speed = 30 km/hr[Answer.]

=============================

[Q_4] Two Cars started at same time, same place and towards same direction. First Car goes at

uniform speed of 12Km/hr. Second Car goes at speed of 4 Km/hr in first hour and increases it

speed by 1 Km/hr for every hour. Then what is the distance traveled by car B when the both the

Cars meet for the first time?

#Solution:

Let, they meet after = t hr

So, Distance= 12 t

ATQ,

12 t= t/2*{2*4+(t-1)*1}

=> 24=8+t-1

=> t= 17 hr

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

============================

[Q_5] A man traveled 100 km by Bike in 2 hours. He then traveled in Bus for 8 hrs and then

Train in 9 hrs. Ratio of Speeds of Bus to Train is 4:5. If speed of train is 4/5 of Bike speed then

the entire journey covered by him in Km is?

#Solution:

Bike speed= 100/2= 50 km/hr

Train speed= 50*4/5= 40 km/hr

Bus:Train= 4:5

5===40

4====32

So, Bus speed= 32 km/hr

=============================

[Q_ 6] Car A leaves Delhi at a certain time, after 5 hours Car B leaves Delhi in the same

direction as of A. Speed of Car A is 20Km/hr and Speed of Car B is 40Km/hr. In how much

time Car B will be 20Km ahead of Car A?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

And, 20 km Ahead. So, Total Distance= 100+20= 120 km

Time needed= 120/20= 6 hr[Answer.]

===========================

[Q_7] Two places A and B are at a distance of 480Km. Sita started from A towards B at the

speed of 40Kmph. After 2 hours Gita started from B towards A at speed of 60 Kmph. They

meet at a Place C then what is the difference between the time taken by them to reach their

destinations from Place C?

#Solution:

A_________480__________B

Sita(40)_____M______Geeta(60)

Remain Distance= [480-80]= 400Km

Relative Speed= (60+40)= 100

Time needed= 400/100= 4 hr

And, Sita time= 6 hr

=============================

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q_8] Two Cars started at same time, same place and towards same direction. First Car goes at

a speed of 5km/hr in first and 7 Km/hr in second hour and repeats the cycle over the entire

journey. Similarly second Car goes at 4km/hr in first hour and 9km/hr in second hour and

repeats the cycle over the entire journey.Then these two Cars for the first time for after how

many hours of journey?

#Solution:

First Car:

5 km in 1st hr

(5+7)= 12 km in 2nd hr.

(12+5)= 17 km in 3rd hr

And, so on.........

2nd Car:

4 km in first hr.

(4+9)= 13 km in= 2nd hr

(13+4)= 17 km in= 3rd hr.

============================

[Q_9] A police saw a Thief at a distance of 2km. When Police started chasing him Thief also

started running. If the ratio of Speeds of Police to Thief is 5:4. Then thief was caught at a

certain distance then how many Kms did police run to catch the Thief?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

!_____x_____!______2________!

ATQ,

(2+x)/5= x/4

=> 8+4x= 5x

=> x= 8km

=============================

[Q_10] If a Car runs at 45Km/hr it reaches its destination by 10 min late. If it runs at 60Km/hr it

is late by 4min. Then what is the correct time for the journey?

#Solution:

Let, Total Distance= D

ATQ,

D/45-10/60= D/60-4/60

=> D= 18 km

Time:

18/45-1/6= 2/5-1/6= 7/30*60= 14 min[Answer.]

=============================

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q_11] Sofi started travelling from a place A to B and Priya started travelling from a place B to

A which are 576 km apart. They meet after 12 hours. After their meeting, Sofi increased her

speed by 2 km/hr and Priya reduced her speed by 2 km/hr, they arrived at B and A respectively

at the same time. What is their initial speed?

#Solution:

A___________M__________B

Priya= y km/hr

When they meet for first time they both cover 12x and 12y distance which is equal to total D.

So, AM= 12x

MB= 12y

ATQ,

12x+12y= 576

=> 12*(x+y)= 576

=> x+y= 48

Sofi speed= x+2

And, priya = y-2

So

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

12y/(x+2)= 12x/(y-2)

Or, 12*(y^2-x^2)= 24*48[Since x+y= 48]

Or, y^2= x^2+96

Or, (48-x)^2= x^2+98[y= 48-x]

Or, 48*48+x^2-96x-96-x^2= 0

Or, 96x= 48*48-96

Or, x= 23 km/hr

Since,

x+y= 48

=> y= 48-23= 25 km/hr[Answer.]

=============================

[Q_12] A and B set out at the same time to walk towards each other respectively from a place P

and Q 144 km apart. A walks at the constant speed of 8 km/h, while B walks 4 km in the first

hour, 5 km in the second hour, 6 km in the third hour and so on. Then the “A” will meet “B” at?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

P_______144__________Q

A walks = 8 km/hr

B in first hr= 4 km/hr

2nd= (12+8+5)= 25

3rd= (25+14)= 39

4th= (39+15)= 54

5th= (54+16)= 70

6th= (70+17)= 87

7th= 87+18= 105

8th= 105+19= 124

9 th = 124+20= 144

So, Meet at= 9*8= 72 km [Answer.]

============================

[Q_13] Two Vans start from a place with a speed of 50 kmph at an interval of 12 minutes. What

is the speed of a car coming from the opposite direction towards the place if the car meets the

vans at an interval of 10 minutes?

#Solution:

Van speed= 50kmph

12 min van goes= 50*12/60= 10 km

So, D= 10 km

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

10= (50+x)*10/60

=> 60= 50+x

=> x= 10 kmph[Answer]

============================

[Q_14] A car travels from a place A to B in 7 hour. It covers half the distance at 30 kmph and

the remaining distance at 40 kmph, what is the total distance between A and B

#Solution:

& other half at = (7-t) hr

ATQ,

t*30= (7-t)*40

=> t= 4

= 30*4+(7-4)*40= 240 km[Answer.]

============================

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q_15] Two persons A and B start from the opposite ends of a 450 km straight track and run to

and from between the two ends. The speed of the first person is 25 m/s and the speed of other is

35 m/s. They continue their motion for 10 hours. How many times did they pass each other?

#Solution:

> 10 hr

Distance cover for n time= [2n-1]*D

2nd time= 3D

3rd time= 5D and so on]

============================

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q_16] A truck travelled to a place Q from P, the first 50 km at 10 kmph faster than the usual

speed, but it returned the same distance at 10 kmph slower than usual speed. If the total time

taken by the truck is 12 hours, then how many hours will travel at the faster speed?

#Solution:

Q_________50km_____________P

And, Return speed= x-10

ATQ,

50/(x+10)+50/(x-10)= 12

=> 12x^2-1200-100x= 0

=> 3x^2-25x-300= 0

=> 3x^2-45x+20x-400= 0

=> x= 15

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=============================

[Q_17] Mr.Kavin walks at 4/5 of his normal speed and takes 60 minutes more than the usual

time. What will be the new time taken by Mr. Kavin?

#Solution:

Speed= 5:4

Time= 4:5

Diff = (5-4)= 1

So, 1= 60

5= 300[Answer.]

=============================

[Q_18] A travel bus normally reaches its destination at 60 kmph in 20 hours. Find the speed of

that travel bus at which it travels to reduce the time by 5 hours?

#Solution:

Distance cover in 20 hr= 60*20= 1200 km

=============================

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q_19] A Lion starts chasing a Giraffe. It takes 4 hours to catch the Giraffe. If the speed of the

Lion is 40 km/h. What is the speed of Giraffe?

#Solution:Data incomplete.

[Q_20] Anu and Purvi are running on a circular track of length 500m. The Speed of Anu is 40

m/s and that of Purvi is 30 m/s. They start from the same point at the same time in the same

direction. When will they meet again for the first time?

#Solution:

Anu speed=40 m/s

And Purvi= 30 m/s

BCB_MATH_PRACTICE_PROGRAM_DAY_12

[Q_1] A boat takes 28 hours for travelling downstream from point A to point B and coming

back to point C midway between A and B. If the velocity of the stream is 6km/hr and the speed

of the boat in still water is 9 km/hr, what is the distance between A and B?

#Solution:

A___________C___________B

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Let, AB= 2D

CB= D

Velocity of stream, y= 6 km/hr

Speed of boat, x= 9km/hr

Upstream= 9-6= 3 km/hr

ATQ,

2D/15+D/3= 28

=> 7D/15= 28

=> D= 60

So, 2D= 120 km[Answer.]

=============================

[Q_2] Speed of a man in still water is 5 km/hr and the river is running at 3km/hr. The total time

taken to go to a place and come back is 10 hours. What is the distance travelled?

#Solution:

Boat speed= 5km/hr

Stream speed= 3 km/hr

Downstream= 8 km/hr

Upstream= 2 km/hr

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

D/8+D/2= 10

=> 5D= 80

=> D= 16

=============================

[Q_3] A boat running upstream takes 9 hours 48 minutes to cover a certain distance, while it

takes 7 hours to cover the same distance running downstream. What is the ratio between the

speed of the boat and speed of the water current respectively?

#Solution:

Upstream time= 9 hr 48 min= 9(4/5)hr

= 49/5 hr

Downstream speed= (x+y)

ATQ,

49/5*(x-y)= 7(x+y)

=> 35*(x+y)= 49(x-y)

=> 14x= 84 y

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=============================

[Q_4] A boat can travel 20 km downstream in 24 min. The ratio of the speed of the boat in still

water to the speed of the stream is 4 : 1. How much time will the boat take to cover 15 km

upstream?

#Solution:

Distance = 20 km

Let, Boat speed= 4x

Stream speed= x

ATQ,

4x+x= 50

=> x= 10

Now, Distance= 15 km

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=============================

[Q_5] A boat whose speed in 20 km/hr in still water goes 40 km downstream and comes back in

a total of 5 hours. The approx. speed of the stream (in km/hr) is:

#Solution:

Still water speed= 20 km/hr

ATQ,

40/(20+x)+40/(20-x)= 5

=> x^2= 80

=> x= 9 km/hr(Approximately)

[Ans.]

=============================

[Q_6] A boat covers a certain distance downstream in 2 hour, while it comes back in 2 1/2

hours. If the speed of the stream be 5 kmph, what is the speed of the boat in still water?

#Solution:

Let, speed of boat = x

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Let, Distance = D

ATQ,

D/(x+5)= 2

=> D= 2*(x+5)_____________[1]

And

D/(x-5)= 5/2

=> D= 5*(x-5)/2____________[2]

2*(x+5)= 5*(x-5)/2

=> 4x+20= 5x-25

=> x= 45 km/hr[Answer.]

=============================

[Q_7] A boat running downstream covers a distance of 40 km in 5 hrs and for covering the

same distance upstream it takes 10 hrs. What is the speed of the stream?

#Solution:

Distance= 40 km

Time = 5 hr

Downstream speed= 40/5= 8 km/hr

Upstream speed= 40/10= 4 km/hr

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Amswer.]

=============================

[Q_8] A boat goes 4 km against the current of the stream in 1 hour and goes 1 km along the

current in 10 minutes. How long will it take to go 15 km in stationary water?

#Solution:

In Downstream 10 min= 1 km

So, 60 min= 6 km

So, Downstream speed= 6km/hr

Upstream speed= 4 km/hr

Boat speed= 1/2*(6+4)= 5 km/hr

[Answer.]

=============================

[Q_9] A man rows to a place 40 km distant and come back in 9 hours. He finds that he can row

5 km with the stream in the same time as 4 km against the stream. The rate of the stream is:

#Solution:

Let, Boat speed= x

Stream speed= y

ATQ,

5/(x+y)= 4/(x-y)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> x= 9y

And,

40/(9y+y)+ 40/(9y-y)= 9

=> 4/y+5/y= 9

=> 9y= 9

=> y= 1 km/hr[Answer.]

=============================

[Q_10] A man can row 8 km/hr in still water. When the river is running at 4 km/hr, it takes him

2 1/3hr to row to a place and come back. How far is the place?

#Solution:

Still water speed= 8 km/hr.

Stream speed= 4 km/hr

ATQ,

D/12+D/4= 7/3

=> 4D/12= 7/3

=> 12D= 12*7

=> D= 7 km

[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

BCB_MATH_PRACTICE_PROGRAM_DAY_4

============================

Topic_Time & Distance

Source_Lofoya

[Q_1:]

In a 3600 m race around a circular track of length 400m, the faster runner and the slowest

runner meet at the end of the fourth minute, for the first time after the start of the race. All the

runners maintain uniform speed throughout the race. If the faster runner runs at thrice the speed

of the slowest runner. Find the time taken by the faster runner to finish the race.

#Solution:

Fast runner and slow runner meet in 4 min after they started their race.

Faster:Slower= 3:1[Speed]

So, when faster cover the first round slower cover= 1/3 of the round.

So, distance between them= 1/3

Speed difference =(3-1)= 2

Time= 1/3*2= 1/6

So, slower goes in 1/6 time= 1/6*1= 1/6

And total= (1/3+1/6)= 1/2

And faster= (1+1/2)= 3/2

So, In 4 min faster goes= 3/2*400= 600 m

600 m in =4 min

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

============================

[Q_2:]

The XYZ river flows at 12 km/hr. A boy who can row at 25/18 m/s in still water had to cross it

in the least possible time. The distance covered by the boy is how many times the width of the

river XYZ?

#Solution:

Boy speed= (25/18)*(18/5)= 5km/hr

Let, Boy take T min to cross the river.

So, width of the river= 5T

And, stream = 12*T

And,

R^2= P^2+Q^2= √[(12T)^2+(5T)^2]

= √(169T^2)= 13T

[Answer.]

=============================

[Q_3]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Two motorists Anil and Sunil are practicing with two different sports car; Ferrari and Maclarun,

on the circular racing track, for the car racing tournament to be held next month. Both Anil and

Sunil start from the same point on the circular track. Anil completes one round of the track in 1

min and Sunil takes 2 min to complete a round. While Anil maintains speed for all the rounds,

Sunil halves his speed after the completion of each round. How many times Anil and Sunil will

meet between 6th round and 9th round of Sunil (6th and 9th round is excluded)? Assume that

the speed of Sunil remains steady throughout each round and changes only after the completion

of that round.

#Solution_

Sunil complete first round in = 2 min

3rd round= 2^3= 8 min

4th round = 2^4= 16 min

5th = 2^5= 32 min

6th= 2^6= 64

7th= 2^7= 128

8th= 2^9= 256

============================

[Q_4]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Twenty six men - 1,2,3,....25 and 26 participate in 10km running race on a circular track of

length 100m. All of them start at the same time, from the same point and run in the same

direction. Their speeds, taken in the order, are in increasing AP. The time taken by 26 to meet 1,

for the first time after they start is 20 sec and the time taken by 13 to complete the race is 52

minutes and 5 seconds. Find the time taken (in seconds), for all the twenty six men to meet for

the first time at the starting point.

#Solution_

The speed are increasing in Arithmetic progression.

First one speed= a

2nd one speed= a+d

3rd one speed= a+2d

And, so on.....

Distance= 100m

Atq,

D/V= T

=> 100/25d= 20

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

10*100)/(a+2.4)= 3125

=> (a+2.4)*3125=10000

=>3125a= 2500

=> a= 0.8

100/0.8,100/1,100/1.2,100/1.4

0.8,1,1.2,1.4_______HCF= 0.2

============================

[Q_5]

Two friends A and B run around a circular track of length 510 metres, starting from the same

point, simultaneously and in the same direction. A who runs faster laps B in the middle of the

5th round. If A and B were to run a 3 km race long race, how much start, in terms of distance,

should A give B so that they finish the race in a dead heat?

#Solution_

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

So,A=4.5

B= 3.5

Head A give to B= 510*3000/4.5*500= 2/3 km

[Answer.]

============================

Answer sheet:

01. 24

02. 2.6

03. 382

04. 500

05. 2/3 km

BCB_MATH_PRACTICE_PROGRAM_DAY_6

Sourece:Lofoya

Topic:Time & Distance

==================================

01.A man jogging inside a railway tunnel at a constant speed hears a train approaching the

tunnel from behind at a speed of 30 km/h, when he is one third of the way inside the tunnel.

Whether he keeps running forward or turns back, he will reach the end of the tunnel at the same

time the train reaches that end. The speed at which the man is running is:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

#Solution:

T!_______!___________________!

|___x____!___T/3_!__2T/3_____!

Train speed= 30 km/hr

ATQ,

x/30= (T/3)/y

=> x/40= T/3y______[1]

And,

(x+T)/30= (2T/3)/y

=> x/30+T/30= 2T/3y

=> T/30= T/3y

=> 3y= 30

=> y= 10 km/hr

Man jogging speed= 10 km/hr[Answer.]

============================

[Q_2] A ball is projected vertically up-wards reaches, at the end of 't' seconds, an elevation of 's'

feet where s=160t−16t2. The highest elevation is

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[ Law,

For higest elevation,ds/dt= 0

]

d/dt(160t-16t^2)= 0

=> 160= 32t

=> t= 5

============================

[Q_3] Two cities, A and B, at a distance of 50 km, are connected by two separate roads. The

speed of any vehicle traveling between the two cities on road 1 is 50 km/hr, while the speed on

road 2 is (80/n) km/hr, where n is the number of vehicles (including the concerned vehicle). If

you travel in a vehicle from A to B on road 1 and come back from B to A on road 2 (where

there are already three vehicles plying), your approximate average speed is

#Solution:

A__________C__________B

AC+CB= 50Km= D

First road speed= 50km/hr

While back speed= 80/4= 20 km/hr

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= 2*50*20/70= 2000/70= 200/7= 29km/hr(Approximately)

[Answer.]

============================

[Q_4] Two horses start trotting towards each other, one from A to B and another from B to A.

They cross each other after one hour and the first horse reaches B, 5/6 hour before the second

horse reaches A. If the distance between A and B is 50 km. what is the spisd of the slower

horse?

#Solution:

Slower speed = x

Faster speed = y

x+y = 50 ----(1)

50/x - 50/y = 5/6-----(2)

On solving (1) & (2)

We get, x = 20 & y = 30.

So, Slower speed = 20 kmph

============================

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q_5] A, B and C start simultaneously from X to Y. A reaches Y, turns back and meet B at a

distance of 11 km from Y. B reached Y, turns back and meet C at a distance of 9 km from Y. If

the ratio of the speeds of A and C is 3:2, what is the distance between X and Y?

#Solution:

A= x+11

B= x-11

A/B= (x+11)/(x-11)

And, B= x+9

C= x-9

B/C= (x+9)/(x-9)

=> 2*[x^2+9x+11x+99]= 3*[x^2-9x-11x+99]

=> 2x^2+40x+198= 3x^2-60x+3*99

=> x^2-100x+99=0

=> x^2-99x-x+99= 0

=> x= 99,1

#BCB_MATH_PRACTICE_PROGRAM_DAY_8:

Topic:TSD

Source:Lofoya

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Q-1]

In a kilometer race, If Abhishek gives Bharti a 40 m start, Abhishek wins by 19 sec. But if

Abhishek gives Bharti a 30 sec start, Bharti wins by 40 m. Find the time taken by Bharti to run

5,000 m?

#Solution:

Bharti = y m/s

1st case,

A 1 km = 1000 m

B = 960 m

Considering Time :

1000/x = 960/y + 19----(1)

A = 960, B = 1000 m

Considering time

1000/y - 30 = 960/x -----(2)

(1000-30y)/y = 960/x

x = 960y/(1000-30y)

= 96y/(100-3y)

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

From (1)

1000*(100-3y)/96y

= 960/y + 19

1176y = 7840

y = 6.67

[Q_2]Rajesh walks to and fro to a shopping mall. He spends 30 minutes shopping. If he walks

at speed of 10 km an hour, he returns to home at 19.00 hours. If he walks at 15 km an hour, he

returns to home at 18.30 hours. How fast must he walk in order to return at 18.15 hours?

#Solution

Let, Total Distance= D

ATQ,

D/10-D/15= 30/60= 1/2

=> 2D= 30

=> D= 15 km

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=============================

[Q_3] The speed of a bus during the second hour of its journey is twice that in the first hour.

Also, its speed during the third hour is two-third the sum of its speeds in the first two hours.

Had the bus travelled for three hours at the speed of the first hour, it would have travelled 120

km less. Find the average speed of the bus for the first three hours.

#Solution:

Let, First hour speed= x km/hr

2nd hour speed= 2x

3 rd hour speed= 2/3*3x= 2x

= 5x

Difference between two distance= 5x-3x= 2x

ATQ

2x= 120

=> x= 60

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

===========================

[Q-4] The Ghaziabad-Hapur-Meerut EMU and the Meerut-Hapur-Ghaziabad EMU start at the

same time from Ghaziabad and Meerut and proceed towards each other at 16 km/hr and 21

km/hr respectively. When they meet, it is found that one train has travelled 60 km more than the

other. The distance between two stations is:

#Solution:

When they meet they each take same time t(Assume)

ATQ,

21t-16t= 60

=> 5t= 60

=> t= 12

= 37*t= 37*12= 444 km[Answer.]

===========================

[Q_5] Dexter and Prexter are competing with each other in a friendly community competition in

a pool of 50 m length and the race is for 1000 m. Dexter crosses 50 m in 2 min and Prexter in 3

min 15 sec.

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Each time they meet/cross each other, they do handshake's. How many such handshake's will

happen if they start from the same end at the same time?

#Solution

1000/50-1= 19[Since, they would not meet in there first round cover]

[Answer.]

=============================

BCB_MATH_PRACTICE_PROGRAM_DAY_8:

Topic:TSD

Source:Sawaal

=============================

[Q_1] Akhil after travelling 50 km meets Raju who suggests him to go slower. He then

proceeds at ¾ of his former speed and arrives at his destination 35 minutes late. Had the

meeting occurred 24 km further Akhil would have reached its destination 25 minutes late. What

is the initial speed of Akhil?

#Solution:

24/(3V/4)-24/V= 10/60

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

=> V= 48 km/hr[Answer.]

=============================

[Q_2] Buses start from a bus terminal with a speed of 20 km/hr at intervals of 10 minutes. What

is the speed of a man coming from the opposite direction towards the bus terminal if he meets

the buses at intervals of 8 minutes?

#Solution:

In 10 min bus goes= 20*10/60= 10/3

Distance= (10/3) km

ATQ,

10/3= (20+x)*8/60

=> 10= (20+x)*8/20

=> 200= 160+8x

=> x= 5 km/hr[Answer.]

=============================

[Q_3] Karthik could cover a distance of 200 km in 22 days while resting for 2 hrs. per day. In

how many days (approx) he will cover a distance of 250 km while resting for 2 hrs. per day and

moving with 2/3rd of the previous speed ?

#Solution:

Resting 2 hr, Everyday = 22 hours

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

New speed= 200/33

===========================

[Q_4] In a daily morning walk three persons step off together. their steps measure 75 cm, 80 cm

and 85 cm respectively. What is the minimum distance each should walk so that thay can cover

the distance in complete steps ?

#Solution:

LCM of 75cm, 80cm, 85 cm=20400/100= 204 m[Answer]

===========================

[Q_5]A cow was standing on a bridge, 5m away from the middle of the bridge. A train was

coming towards the bridge from the ends nearest to the cow. Seeing this cow ran towards the

the train and managed to escape when the train was 2m away from bridge. If it had run in the

opposite direction, it would hit by the train 2m before the end of the bridge. What is the lenght

of the bridge in meters assuming the speed of the train is 4 times that of cow ?

#Solution:

(x-2)/4y= (B/2-5)/y

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

And,

(B/2+5-2)/y= (x+B-2)/4t

2B+28= 4B-36

=> 2B= 64

=> B= 32

#BCB_MATH_PRACTICE_PROGRAM_DAY_13

Source: Gmat Club

Level:700

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

===========================

[Q_1] Two buses are travelling on the highway from X to Y . The speed of the first bus is

60KMPH and the second bus travels at the speed of 40KMPH. The first bus leaves at 11 AM

and the second leaves 15 mins later. The first bus starts back for X, 15 mins after it reaches Y .

How far from Y will the first Bus meet the second ?Also, after how much time will they meet

each other after the departure of the first bus from X , if the distance between X and Y is 180

KM.

#Solution:

X___________180____________Y

One start at 11AM and other 15 min later. So, 11:15 AM. And they are in Same direction.

And wait 15 min there.

Remaining D= 180-120= 60 km

Now, they are in opposite direction.

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Answer]

=============================

[Q_2]James started from his home and drove eastwards at a constant speed. Exactly 90 minutes

after James stated from his home, his brother Patrick started from the same point and drove in

the same direction as James did at a different constant speed. Patrick overtook James exactly 90

minutes after Patrick started his journey and then continued driving at the same speed for

another 2 hours. By what percentage should Patrick reduce his speed so that James could catch

up with Patrick in exactly 8 hours after Patrick overtook James?

#Solution:

Let, james 180 min covers= 180 km

And, now patrick continues his running with 120 km/hr for 2 hr.

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Patrick has to cover this distance in 6 hr. In that time his speed assume V km/hr

ATQ,

6V= 240

=> V= 40

=================================

[Q_3]On his morning jog, Charles runs through a park in the shape of a semicircle, entering at

point A and exiting at point B. If he runs the diameter from A to B, it takes him 4 minutes less

than it takes him to run along the circumference of the semicircle from A to B. Assuming

Charles runs at a constant rate regardless of which path, how long does it take him to run along

the diameter? (Assume that π=22/7)

#Solution:

Diff= (11-7)= 4

4====4

7====7

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

[Answer.]

=============================

[Q_4] Reggie was hiking on a 6-mile loop trail at a rate of 2 miles per hour. One hour into

Reggie’s hike, Cassie started hiking from the same starting point on the loop trail at 3 miles per

hour. What is the shortest time that Cassie could hike on the trail in order to meet up with

Reggie?

#Solution:

In 1 hr D= 2 mile

Remain D= (6-2) mile

RS= (3+2)= 5 mile/hr

Time= 4/5= 0.8hr[Answer]

[Q_5]A woman is planning a trip that involves 3 connecting trains that depart from Stations X,

Y, and Z, respectively. The first train leaves Station X every hour, beginning at 6 a.m., and

arrives at Station Y 1(3/4) hours later. The second train leaves Station Y every half hour,

beginning at 9 a.m., and arrives at Station Z 2(1/3) hours later. The third train leaves Station Z

every 45 minutes, beginning at 8 a.m. What is the least total amount of time the woman must

spend waiting between trains if all trains depart and arrive on schedule, and if she arrives at

Station Z no later than 3:30 p.m.?

#Solution:

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

They arrive at Z at 11:20/11:50/12:20/12:50. They depart from Z at

8/8:45/9:30/10:15/11/11:45/12:30 and so on]

. Note that if she arrives at Z at 20 mins past the hour, she will need to wait for at least 10 mins

for 12:30/3:30 etc train. If she arrives at 50 mins past the hour, again she needs to wait for at

least 10 mins to take the 2 o clock train. So anyway 10 mins at Z is a given.

Chapter:Age

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

1.A manufacturer printed the price of his goods as ৳ 120 per article. He allowed a

discount of 30% to the wholesaler who in his turn allowed a discount of 20% on the

printed price to the retailer. If the prescribed rate of sales tax on the goods is 10% and the

retailer sells it to the consumer at the printed price then find the value added tax paid by

the wholesaler and the retailer?

Solution

Printed Price = 120

4

Wholesaler SP = 120×

5

= 96

7

Wholesaler CP = 120×

10

= 84

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Retailer CP = 96

Retailer SP = 120

10

Vat paid by Retailer = (120-96)×

100

= 2.4

So Vat paid by wholesalers = 1.2

Vat paid by Retailer= 2.4

[Answer.]

2.If two times of the daughter’s age in years is included to the mother’s age, the total is 60

and if two times of the mother’s age is included to the daughter’s age, the total is 82. So

the Mother’s age is

Solution

Let, Daughter Age = D

Mother Age = M

ATQ,

2D+M= 60____[1]

And, 2M+D= 82_____[2]

[1]×2-[2]

3D= 38

38

D=

3

76

So, Mother Age = (60 − )

3

104

=

3

= 34 year 8 Month

03. In a college, the average age of students of a class is 15.8 years. The average age of boys in

the class is 16.4 years and that of the girls is 15.4 years. The ratio of number of boys to the

number of girls in the class is

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Solution

Alternative

Let Number of boys=x

Applying ROA

Number of Girls = y

164 154

ATQ,

158

16.4x+15.4y= 15.8(x+y)

=> 16.4x-15.8 x= 15.8y-15.4y 4 6

=>0.6x = 0.4y Boy:Girls= 4:6=2:3

=> 6x= 4y

=> x:y= 2:3

So, Boy:Girls= 2:3

04. When Rajesh was born, his father age was 29 years older than his Brother and his

Mother was 25 years older than his Sister. If his Brother is 2 years elder than his Sister.

After 6 years the average age of the family is 20. Then

what is the age of Mother when Rajesh was born? Solved by:Mutaher Hussain

Solution:

Let Rajesh Sister Age = S

So Brother age= (S+2)

So, After 6 years,

Mother Age = (S+25+6)= (S+31)

Father Age = (S+2+6+29)= (S+37)

Rajesh Age = 6

Brother Age = S+2+6= S+8

Sister Age = S+6

S+31+S+37+6+S+8+S+6

ATQ, = 20

5

(4S+88)=100

S= 3

So, Mother Age when Rajesh born = 25+3= 28 year [Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

05. The average score of a cricket player after 48 innings is 49 and in the 49th innings the

player scores 98 runs. In the 50th innings the minimum number of runs required to

increase his average score by 2 than it was before the 50th innings?

Solution

48×49+98

Average Score After 49 innings =

49

= 50

ATQ,

50×49+x= 52×50

x= 50×3= 150[Answer]

06.The ratio of Present age of Madhu and Divya is 6:7. Madhu is 7 years younger than

Laxmi. Laxmi’s age after 8 years will be 51 years. Then what is the difference between the

present ages of Madhu and Divya?

Solution:

Laxmi present age = 51-8= 43

So Madhu Age = (43-7)= 36

7

So, Diviya Present Age = 36 ×

6

= 42

So Difference = (42-36)= 6 years [Ans

07.Sum of the twice the age of Surya and his Father age is 79. Sum of the twice the age of

Father and Surya’s age is 104. The average of Surya, his Father and his Mother is 32.

Then what is the age of his Mother?

Solution

Let Surya Age = S

Father Age = F

Mother Age = M

ATQ,

2S+F= 79______[1]

2F+S=104______[2]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

S+F+M= 96_____[3]

[2]×2-[1]

4F+2S-2S-F= 208-79

3F= 129

F= 43

79−43

So Suraya Age =

2

=18

So, Mother Age = 96-(43+18)= 35 year [Answer.]

[Q-08] Present age of Husband and Wife is 28 and 24 Years respectively. At that age twin

babies were born to them. After how many years the average of the family will be same as

before babies were born?

Solution:

Total Age = 28+24= 52

52

Average Age =

2

=26

Let,After T years their age will be the same in average as before.

ATQ,

24+T+28+T+T+T= 26×4= 104

4T=52

52

T=

4

T= 13 years

So after 13 years their age will be in same average as before.[Answer.]

09. Six years ago Manisha age was equal to sum of present ages of her Son and Daughter.

Four years hence , the ratio of ages of her Son and Daughter at that time will be 7:6.

Manisha is 6 years younger than his Husband. Manisha’s present age is 2.5 times the

present age of her Daughter. Then what is the age of Manisha’s Husband?

Solution

Let Present Age of Son = 7x-4

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Manisha present Age = (7x-4+6x-4+6)= (13x-2)

ATQ,

(13x-2)=2.5×(6x-4)

13x-2= 15x-10

2x= 8

x= 4

Manisha Husband age = 13×4-2+6= 56 years [Answer.]

10.Ratio of the ages of Mani and Naveen is 5 : A. Mani is 18 years younger to Ravi. After

nine years Ravi will be 47 years old. If the difference between the ages of Mani and

Naveen is same as the age of Ravi, what is the value of A?

Solution

Ration of Moni:Naveen = 5:A

After Nine Ravi will be = 47 years old.

Ravi present Age= (47-9)= 38 years old.

So, Mani present Age = 38-18= 20 years

ATQ,

Difference of Mani & Naveen = Ravi Age

20-4A= 38

-4A= 18

Age can not be negative.

Question Error.

11. If two times of the Ria’s age in years is included to her mother’s age, the total is 70 and

if two times of the mother’s age is included to the Ria’s age, the total is 95. So what is the

age of Ria’s Mother?

Solution:

Let, Ria Age = R

Mother Age = M

ATQ,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

2R+M = 70_______[1]

2M+R= 95_______[2]

[1]×2-[2]

4R+2M-2M-R= 140-95

3R= 45

45

R=

3

R= 15 years

Substitute the value of R into [1]

30+M= 70

M= 70-30= 40

So Ages of mother =40 years [Answer.]

12. The average runs scored by a cricketer is 42 innings, is 40. The difference between his

maximum and minimum scores in an inning is 100. If these two innings are not taken into

consideration, then the average score of remaining 40 inning is 37. Calculate the

maximum runs scored by him in an innings

Solution

Total Score by the batsman = 42×40= 1680

If two innings are not included, Total score= 40×37= 1480

So, Two innings Run = (1680-1480)= 200

Let, One innings score =y

So, others score = y+100

ATQ

y+y+100= 200

2y= 100

y= 50

Maximum Runs he scored= 100+50= 150[Answer]

13. The respective ratio between the present age of Mary and Deepa is x : 42. Mary is 8

years younger than Prema. Prema’s age after 8 years will be 33 years. The difference

between Deepa’s and Mary’s age is same as the present age of Prema. What is the value of

x?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Solution

Prema Present Age = 33-8= 25

Mary Present Age = 25-8= 17

Present Age of Mary:Deepa= x:42

Let, Present age of Mary = xA

Present Age of Deepa = 42A

ATQ,

xA= 17

A= 17/x

17

So, Deepa Present age = 42×

x

ATQ,

17

42× -17= 25

x

42×17−17x

= 25

x

25x= 42×17-17x

42x = 42×17

x = 17

So, The value of x= 17[Answer.]

14. At present Vivek age is twice Dina’s age and half of Kanan’s age. After 4 years Vivek

will be 1.5 times Dina’s age and Kanan will be 2.5 times Dina’s age, then find the Kanan’s

age.

Solution

Let Kanan Present age= 20K

Vivek Age= 10 K

Dina Age = 5K

After 4 years Vivek Age = (10K+4)

ATQ,

(10K+4)= 1.5×(5K+4)

10K+4= 7.5 K+6

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

2.5 K= 2

2×2 4

K= =

5 5

4

So, Kanan Present age = 20× =16 years[Answer]

5

15. The ratio of the present ages of A to B is 5 : 3. The ratio of A’s age 4 years ago to B’s

age 4 years hence is 1 : 1. What is the ratio of A’s age 4 years hence to B’s age 4 years ago?

Solution

Present Age ration of A:B= 5:3

Let A present age= 5x

B present age = 3x

4 years Ago A age= (5x-4)

4 years hence B age = (3x+4)

5x−4 1

ATQ, =

3x+4 1

5x-4=3x+4

2x= 8

x= 4

A age 4 years hence = (5×4+4)= 24

B age 4 years Ago = 3×4-4= 8

A:B= 24:8= 3:1[Answer]

16. The sum of the present ages of A and B is 50. After 2 years B’s age will be 2 more than

C’s age then. If A is younger than C by 4 years, find the age of B 8 years ago

Solution

Present age of A+B= 50

A+4= C

So,A= C-4

B= C+2

Now, C+2+C-4=50

2C=52

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

C= 26

So, B= 26+2= 28

Eight years Ago B age = (28-8)= 20 years [Answer]

17. Veena’s present age is three times her son’s present age and two fifth of her father’s

present age. The average of present age of all of them is 46 yrs.What is the difference

between the Veena’s son’s present age and Veena’s father’s present age?

Solution

Let, Vena's Father present Age= 60x

Alternative

2

So vena's present age = 60x× Veena's Father:Veena's:Veena’s

5

= 24x Son

24x = 60:24:8

So, Veena's Son present Age =

3 = 15:6:2

=8x

Total Age = 46×3= 138

ATQ,

Difference = (15-2)= 13

24x+8x+60x= 46×3 13

92x= 46×3 So, Difference = 138×

23

3

x= =78 years

2

3

So, veena's Father present age= 60×

2

= 90 years

3

Veena's Son present Age = 8×

2

= 12

So, Difference = (90-12)= 78 years[Answer]

18. The average age of a family of five members is 24. If the present age of the youngest

member is 8 year, what was the average age of the family at the time of birth of youngest

member?

Solution

Average age of five family members = 5×24=120

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

So, Eight years ago sum of their age= 112-8×4= 80

80

So, average Age=

4

19. B is twice older than C and A is 2 years older than B. If the total of all of their ages is

27, what will be total of the ages of A and C 6 years hence

Solution

B:C= 2:1

Let, B= 2x

C= x

So A= (2x+2)

ATQ,

2x+x+2x+2= 27

5x= 25

x= 5

So, A age = 5×2+2= 12

C Age = 5

6 years hence A+C total Age= 12+5+6+6= 29 years[Answer]

20. If P age is twice the average age of P, Q and R age’s. Q’s age is one half the average of

P, Q and R’s age. If the age of R is 5 years, then find the sum of ages of P, Q and R.

Solution

P,Q,R average Age= 6x

Total Age of P Q R = 18x

P age = 12x

Q age = 3x

ATQ,

18x-15x= 5

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

5

=> x =

3

5

So, Total age of P Q R = 18×

3

= 30 years [Answer.]

21. Eight years ago, Pavi’s age was equal to the sum of the present ages of her one son and

one daughter. Five years hence, the respective ratio between the ages of her daughter and

her son that time will be 7:6. If Pavi’s husband is 7 years elder to her and his present age

is three times the present age of their son, what is the present age of the daughter?

Solution:

Let, 5 years hence Daughter Age= 7D

So, 5 years hence Son Age= 6D

So Daughter present Age= (7D-5)

Son present Age= (6D-5)

Eight years Ago Mother Age= 13D-10

So, Present Age of Mother= 13D-10+8= 13D-2

So, Present Age of of husband = 13D-2+7= 13D+5

ATQ,

13D+5= 3×(6D-5)

13D+5= 18D-15

5D=20

D= 4

So, Daughter Present Age= 7×4-5= 23 years [Answer]

22.The average age of board of directors of a company having 15 directors was 48 years.

When a director aged 56 resigned from the board of directors another director died on the

same day. A new director joined board of directors aged 36. Next year the average age of

all 14 directors was found to be 48 years. The age of late director at the time of his death

was

Solution

Total Age = 48×15= 720

Now total age = 720-56-x= 664-x

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

ATQ,

664-x+36+14= 14×48

x= 42

So, Age of director at the time of his death = 42 years [Answer]

23. The average marks of Sumit decreased by one, when he replaced the subject in which

he has scored 40 marks by the other two subjects in which he has just scored 23 and 25

marks respectively. Later he has also included 57 marks of Computer Science, then the

average marks increased by two. How many subjects were there initially?

Solution

Let, Average Mark initially = T

Number of Subject = N

Total Marks initially = NT

ATQ, (N+1)(T-1)= NT-40+23+25

NT-N+T-1= NT+8

T-N= 9_____[1]

And, (N+2)(T+1)= NT-40+23+25+57

NT+N+2T+2=NT+65

N+2T= 63

N= 63-2T

Put this value into [1]

T-(63-2T)= 9

T-63+2T= 9

3T= 72

T= 24

Put this value into [1]

24-N= 9

N= 15

So, Number of students Initially = 15[Answer.]

24. The average weight of 4 persons, Amit, Bala, Catherine and David is 65 kg. The 5th

person Elina is included and the average weight decreses by 2 kg. Amit is replaced by

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Francis. The weight of Francis is 4 kg more than Elina. Average weight decreases because

of the replacement of Amit and now the average weight is 64 kg. Find the weight of Amit.

Solution

Total weight (Amit+Bala+Catherine+David)= 4×65= 260

When Elina Weight is added the sum of weight = 5×63= 315 kg

So, Elina Weight = (315-260)kg= 55 kg

So, Francis Weight = 55+4= 59 kg

Now amit weight is Replaced due to entry of Francis.

So. Total weight of five = 5×64= 320

Sum of weight of Bala+Catherine+David = 320-55-59= 204

So, Weight of Amit = 260-204= 56 kg [Answer.]

25. The average weight of the students in four sections Red, Black, Green and Yellow is 60

kg. The average weight of the students of Red, Black, Green and Yellow individually are

45 kg, 50 kg, 72 kg and 80 kg, respectively. If the average weight of the students of section

Red and Black together is 48 kg and that of Black and Green together is 60 kg. What is

the ratio of the number of the students in sections Red and Yellow?

Solution

Let, Red, Black, Green, Yellow Respectively R,B,G,Y

ATQ, 45R+50B= 48×(R+B)

45R+50B= 48R+48B

3R= 2B

And, 50B+72G= 60(B+G)

10B= 12G

And, 45R+50B+72G+80Y= 60×(R+B+G+Y)

12G+20Y-15R-10B= 0

12G+20Y-15R-12G= 0

15R= 20Y

R:Y= 20:15= 4:3[Answer ]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

26. The average age of women and child workers in a factory was 20 year. The average

age of all the 12 children was 8 year and

Alternative

average age of women workers was 26

year. If 9 women workers were married, Applying ROA

then the number of unmarried women

26 8

workers was.

20

Solution

12 6

Total age of Children = 12×8= 96

2:1

Let, Number of women workers = w

So, 1==12

ATQ, 96+26w= 20(12+w)

2==24

96+26w= 240+20w

6w= 144 So, Unmarried Women= (24-9)= 15

w = 24

So, Married women workers = (24-9)= 15 [Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Chapter: Partnership

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

01.A, B, C subscribe Rs. 60,000 for a business, A subscribes Rs.8000 more than B and B

Rs. 5000 more thanC. Out of a total profit of Rs. 40,000, A receives :

Solution

Let C subscribe = C

B Subscribe = C+5000

A Subscriber = C+5000+8000= C+13000

ATQ, C+C+5000+C+13000= 60,000

3C= 42,000

C= 14,000

So, A:B:C= 27,000:19,000:14,000= 27:19:14

27

So, A received = 40,000×

60

= 18,000[Answer]

02.A, B, C started a business with their investments in the ratio 2:4:5. After 8 months, A

invested the same amount as before and both B and C withdrew half of their investments.

The ratio of their profits at the end of the year is:

Solution

Profit will be distributed as their investment.

Investment of A:B:C= (2×8+4×4):(4×8+2×4):(5×8+2.5×4)

= 30:40:50

= 3:4:5[Answer.]

03. In a business, A in invests 1/4th of the total capital for 1/4th of the time. B invests 1/5th

of the total capital for half of the time and C invests the remaining capital for the whole

time. What is the share of C in the total profit of Rs 7410?

Solution

Let, Total Time = T

Total Investment = 1

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

1 1 9 11

C Investment Initial = 1 − ( + ) = 1 − =

4 5 20 20

1 T 1 T 11T T T 11T

A:B:C= ( × ) : ( × ) : ( )= : :

4 4 5 2 20 16 10 20

= 5:8:44

44

Share of C = 7410×

57

= 5720[Answer]

4.A and B started a business by investing Rs 8,000 and Rs 9,000 respectively. After 4

months A withdrew Rs 400 and B added Rs 400 more. What is the share of B from the

profit of Rs 10,200?

Solution

Investment of A:B= (8000×4+7600×8):(9000×4+9400×8)

= 92,800:111200

= 928:1112

1112

Share of B = 10,200× ( )

2040

= 5560[Answer]

05.A, B and C enter into a partnership in the ratio 2 : 3 : 5 . After 2 months, A increases

his share 20% and B by 10%. If the total profit at the end of one year is Rs 1,90,500, what

is the share of C at the end of year?

Solution

Investment Ratio of A:B:C= (2×2+120% of 2×10):(3×2+110% of 3×10):5×12

= 28: 39: 60

60

Share of C = 1,90,500×

127

= 90,000[Answer]

06. 3 partners started a business. The capital invested by B was two-third that of A and

also it was thrice the investment of C. Find the share of B out of a total profit of Rs

3,33,200.

Solution

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Let A investment = 12 x

2

So, B investment = 12x ×

3

= 8x

8x

So C investment =

3

8𝑥

So, A:B:C= 12x:8x:

3

= 36x:24x:8x

= 36:24:8

24

So, Share of B = 3,33,200×

68

= 117,600[Answer]

07.In a business A and C invested amounts in the ratio 3:2, whereas A and B invested

amounts in the ratio 4:1. If the total profit at the end of a year is Rs 35,650, find the share

of A.

Solution

A:C= 3:2= 12:8

A:B= 4:1=12:3

A:B:C= 12:3:8

12

So, Share of A= 35650×

23

= 18,600[Answer]

08.A and B starts a business and invests Rs. 20,000 and Rs. 30,000 respectively. B is an

active partner and he gets 25% of the profit separately. If their business yields them a

total of Rs. 30,000 as profit, what is the share of B at the end of a year?

Solution

Ratio of A:B = 20,000:30,000= 2:3

3

Share of B = 25% of 30,000+ 75% of 30,000×

5

= 21,000[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

09. In a business Ishu invested 4 times that of Kathir and the period of investment of Ishu

is 1/2 times that of Kathir.Then their profit ratio is:

Solution

Let Period = 2T

Investment of Ishu:Kathir= 4×T:2T= 2:1

Since, There is nothing mentioned, so profit will be distributed as per capital.

10.Sahir started a software business by investing Rs. 30,000 . After six months , Nikil

Joined him with a capital of Rs. 50,000 . After 2 years , they earned a profit of Rs . 22,500 .

What was Sahir’s share in the profit ?

Solution

Investment of Sahir:Nikil= 30,000×24:50,000×18

= 4×3:5×3= 4:5

4

Sahir Share in profit = 22,500×

9

=10,000[Answer]

11. A Company makes a profit of Rs.7,60,000, 20% of which is paid as taxes. If the rest is

divided among the partners X, Y and Z in the ratio 5:3:4 then the share of X is

Solution

Total Profit = 80% of 7,60,000= 608000

5

Share of X= 608000×

12

= 253333.33 [Answer]

12. A, B, C start a business. A contributes 1/5 of total capital invested in business. B

contributes as much as A and C together. Total profit at the end of the year was

Rs.7200.What was B’s Share in the profit ?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Solution

Let, A+C together = X Alternative

1

So, Total Capital = 2X So, B Profit = 7200×

2

2X

So, A investment = = 3600

5

2X

So, C investment = X –

5

3X

=

5

So, A:B:C = 2:5:3

5

Share of B = 7200×

10

= 3600

13. P, Q and R invested some amount to start a business. P invest 500 for 12 months, Q

invest 600 for some months and R invested 540 more than 2 months invested by Q.At the

end of the year total profit earned is Rs.2200 while Q received Rs.480 then Q invested foe

how many months ?

Solution

Let, Q invest for = T month

R invest for = (T+2) Month

Investment Ration of P:Q:R= 500×12:600×T:540×(T+2)

= 50×12:60×T:54(T+2)

= 25×12:30T:27(T+2)

= 300:30T:27(T+2)

= 100:10T:9(T+2)

So Total Investment = 100+10T+9T+18= 118+19T

2200×10T

ATQ, = 480

118+19T

480(118+19T)= 22000T

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

12,880 T= 56640

T= 4.39 Month

So, Q invest for = 4.39 Month [Answer]

14. A, B and C invested Rs 1000 for 8 months, Rs 1200 for 6 months and Rs 1500 for some

months. Out of a total profit of Rs 5,675 as profit, A received Rs 2000. For how much

months did C invested?

Solution

Investment Ratio of A:B:C= 1000×8:1200×6:1500×T= 10×8:12×6:15T= 80;72:15T

Total Investment = 80+72+15T= 152+15T

80×5675

ATQ, = 2000

152+15T

2000×(152+15T)= 80×5675

T= 5

So, C invests for = 5 Months [Answer.]

15.A, B and C received their profit shares in the raio 4 : 6 : 9 respectively. A and B

received a total of Rs 60,000. What is the amount that C and A got together?

Solution

A:B:C= 4:6:9

Let, A, B, C respectively 4x,6x,9x

ATQ, 4x+6x= 60,000

x= 10,000

So, (C+A) got = 9x+4x= 13x= 13×10,000= 130000[Answer]

16. Out of a total profit of Rs 19,600, B received Rs 10,000 as his share. If A invested Rs

8,000 for 6 months while B invested his amount for 5 months, then what is the amount

invested by B?

Solution

Investment of A:B= 8000×6:B×5= 1600×6:B

Sum of Investment of A+B= 9600+B

B×19600

ATQ, = 10,000

9600+B

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

10,000(9600+B)= B×19600

100×(9600+B)= B×196

960000+100B= 196B

96B= 960000

B= 10,000

So, B invested = 10,000 initially [Answer]

17.Out of the total investment, A invested 1/4th , B invested 1/3rd of the remaining and C

the remaining. B earned Rs 10,000 after a year. Find the yearly profit of all.

Solution

Let Total Investment = 72 x

72x

A investment = =18x

4

54x

B investment = =18x

3

So, C investment = 72x-36x= 36x

So, 18 x= 10,000

10000×72

72x= =40,000

18

So, Total Profit = 40,000[Answer]

18. Rahul got 5000 as his share out of the total profit of 9000. Ramesh had invested 3000

rupees for 6 months while rahul invested for the whole year. Find the amount invested by

Rahul.

Solution

Ramesh:Rahul = 3,000×6:R×12= 3000:2R= 1500:R[Rahul Invest= R(Assume)]

Total Investment = (1500+R)

R

ATQ, 9000× = 5,000

1500+R

5×(1500+R)= 9R

4R= 7500

R= 1875

So, Rahul Investment Initially = 1875[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

19.Three partners P, Q and R invest a total sum of 240000. At the end of the year A get

15000 rupee, B get 20000 and C get 25000 rupees as profit. How much amount is invested

by A and C together.

Solution

Profit Ration of A:B:C= 15,000:20,000:25,000= 15:20:25= 3:4:5

8

(A+C) Invested Together = 24,0000×

12

= 16,000[Answer ]

20.A and B invested in a business in which A invest 250 rupee more than B. B invested for

6 months while A invested for 4 months. If A get 200 more than B out of a total profit of

1000. Then the total amount invested in the business.

Solution

Let B investment = B Rupees

So, A investment = (B+250)

Ration of Investment of A:B= (B+250)×4:B×6= (B+250)×2:3B

Total Investment of (A+B)= 2B+500+3B= 5B+500

2B+500

So, A get Profit Out of 1000= 1000×

5B+500

3B

And B get profit Out of 1000= 1000×

5B+500

2000B+500,000 3000B

ATQ, − =200

5B+500 5B+500

(2000B+500,000-3000B)= 1000B+100000

2000B = 400,000

B = 200

So, (A+B) investment = 200×2+250= 650[Answer ]

21.A and B invested rupees 4000 and 5000 respectively in a business. A being an active

partner will get rupee 50 every month extra for running the business. In a year if A

receive a total of 800 rupee, then what will B get from the business.

Solution

Investment of A:B= 4000:5000= 4:5

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

5x= 1000

So, B will get from the business = 50×12+1000= 1600[Answer.]

22.Three friends A, B, C invested in a business in the ratio of 4:5:6. After 6 months C

withdraw half of his capital. If the sum invested by A is 36000, then the profit earned by C

out of the total profit of 60000.

Solution

Ration of Investment of A:B:C = 4×12:5×12:(6×6+3×6)= 48:60:54= 8:10:9

9

Profit earned by C = 60,000×

27

= 20000[Answer]

23.Two persons A and B invested in a business with 115000 and 75000 rupees respectively.

They agree that 40% of the profit should be divided equally among them and rest is

divided between them according to their investment. If A got 500 rupee more than B, then

the total profit is.

Solution

Investment Ration of A:B = 1,15,000:75,000= 115:75= 23:15

Let Total Profit = 380

2

Equally Divided = 380×

5

= 152

Rest = 380-152= 228

23

So, A get = 228×

38

= 138

B get = (228-138)= 90

So, A get Total = 138+76= 214

B get = 380-214= 166

So, Difference of A & B = (214-166)= 48

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

500×380

380=

48

380= 3958.34

So, Total Profit = 3958.34[Answer]

24.P, Q, R invested in the ratio of 6:5:7. After the end of business term they receive the

profit in the ratio 3:1:5. Find the ratio of time in which they invested in the business.

Solution

Let, P, Q, R invest for p,q,r month

So. Investment of P:Q:R= 6p:5q:7r

6p 3

ATQ, =

5q 1

6p= 15 q.

p:q= 15:6= 5:2= 35:14

5q 1

And, =

7r 5

25q= 7r

q:r= 7:25= 14:50

So, Ration of Time P:Q:R= 35:14:50[Answer]

25. Three persons enter into a partnership by investing in the ratio of 4:5:8. After one year

A invest more 4300 and B withdraws 3200. Now, the ratio of investment changes to 5:4:7.

Approximately how much A invested initially.

Solution

26. A, B, C start a business investing TK 120,000, 1,35,000 and 1,50,000 respectively. Find

the share of each out of annual profit 56,700? [Pubali bank written, 2016]

Solution

A:B:C= 1,20,000:1,35,000:1,50,000= 120:135:150= 8:9:10

8

So, A Share = 56700×

27

= 16,800

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

9

B Share = 56,700×

27

= 18,900

10

C share = 56700×

27

= 21,000[Answer]

27. X, Y, Z invested TK 9000, TK 7000, TK 6000 respectively in a business where profit

will be distributed according to their share of investment. The business made a profit of

TK 880. If Y uses portion of his share of the profit to repay a personal loan of TK 230 then

calculate Y remain profit balance? [BB(DECO)_2012 Written ]

Solution

X:Y:Z= 9,000:7,000:6,000= 9:7:6

7

So, Y received = 880×

22

= 280

After repaying loan 230 Y had = (280-230)= 50[Answer]

28. A B start a business with the capital of 3000 and 4000. After 8 month A invested 2500

Tk more in the business and later 7 month from A investing the total profit achieved 980.

Find the share of each. [BKB(cash,18)-Written]

Solution

Investment Ration of A:B= (3000×8+7×5500):15×4,000= (24000+37,500):60,000= 625:600

= 25:24

25

Share of A = 980×

49

= 500

So, Share of B = (980-500)= 480[Answer.].

29. Abu started a business investing tk 70,000. Rabu joined him after 6 month with an

investment of TK 1,05,000 and sabu joined again after 6 month with an investment of TK

1,40,000. In what ratio the amount of profit earned should be distributed among Abu,

Rabu and Sabu respectively, 3 yeara after abu joined? [DBBL, PO(12) Written]

Solution

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Abu:Rabu:Sabu= 70,000×36:105000×30:1,40,000×24

= 70×6:105×5:140×4

= 14×6:105:28×4

= 84:105:112

= 12:15:16[Answer]

30. In a business piku invested 6500 for 6 month, Qazi invested TK 8400 for five month

and Raj invested TK 10,000 for 3 month. Piku wants to be working partner for which he

will be received 5% of the profit. If the total profit will be 7400 what is the share of profit

of Qazi? [Bangladesh Samabay bank written -2012]

Solution

Investment of Piku:Qazi:Raj = 6500×6:8400×5:10,000×3

= 65×6:84×5:100×3

= 13×6:84:20×3

= 26:28:20

=13:14:10

Total profit = 7400

Since Piku is a working partner thus he receive 5% out of Total Profit.

So, Total Profit remain after paying piku = 95% of 7400= 7030

14

Thus Qazi Share of Profit = 7030×

37

= 2660 TK [Answer]

31. A,B,C start a business each investing TK 20,000. After 5 months A withdraw TK 5000,

B withdraw 4000 and C invests 6000 more. At the end of year a total 69,900 TK profit was

recorded. Find the share of each? [Janata Bank(AEO,Written,12]

Solution

Investment of A:B:C= (20,000×5+15,000×7):(20000×5+16000×7):(20000×5+26000×7)

= 2,05,000:2,12,000:2,82,000

= 205:212:282

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

205

So, A share = 69900×

699

= 25,500.

212

B Share = 69900×

699

= 21,200

C Share = 69900-(21,200+25,500)= 28,200[Answer]

32. Four milkmen rented a pasture. A grazed 24 cows for 3 months, B grazed 10 cows for 5

months, C grazed 35 cows for 4 months and D grazed 21 cows for 3 months. If A's share of the

rent is Rs. 720, find the total rent of the field. . [Pubali Bank SO(12-Written]

Solution

A:B:C:D= 24×3:10×5:35×4:21×3=72:50:140:63

Let A share of Rent = 72 T

So, Total Rent = (72T+50T+203T)= 325 T

ATQ, 72T=720

325T= 3250

So, Total Rent = 3250[Answer]

33. A, B and C enter into a partnership by investing in the ratio of 3: 2: 4. After one year, B

invests another Rs. 2,70,000 and C at the end of 2 years, also invests Rs. 2,70,000.

At the end of three years, profits are shared in the ratio of 3 : 4: 5. Find the initial investment of

C. [PKB(Cash-14, Written ]

Solution

Investment Ration of A, B & C respectively 3x,2x,4x.

Investment Ration of A:B:C= {3x×3}:{2x+(2x+2,70,000)×2}:{4x×2+(4x+2,70,000)}

= 9x:(4x+5,40,000):(12x+2,70,000)

9x 3

ATQ, =

(6x+5,40,000 5

=> 27x=

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

34. Dawood Invested certain amount in three different scheme A, B, C with the rate of

10% pa, 12% pa and 15% pa respectively. If the total interest accrued in one year was TK

3200 and the amount invested in scheme C was 150% of the amount invested in scheme A

and 240% of the amount invested in scheme B, what was the amount invested

in Scheme B? [BB Cash(17,Written)]

35. Shakil started a business investing TK 25,000 in 2009.In 2010 he invested an additional

amount of TK 10,000 and Raihan joined him with an amount of TK 35,000. In 2011 Shakil

invested another additional amount of TK 10,000 and Jafor Joined with an amount of TK

35,000. What will be the Raihan's share in the profit of TK 1,50,000 earned at the end of 3

years from the start of the business in 2009? [BB Cash(17,written)]

Chapter:Average

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

01. The average price of 10 books is Rs.12 while the average price of 8 of these books is Rs.

11.75. Of the remaining two books, if the price of one book is 60% more than the price of

the other, what is the price of each of these two books?

#Solution: [Examveda;Section-1]

The Total Price of 10 books =10×12= 120

Remain Price of two books

Eight Price Total = 8×11.75=8×11(3/4)

= (120-94)= 26

= 8×47/4= 94

Price Ration= 160;100= 8:5

Rest Price = (120-94)= 26

Price of two = 26×(8/13)= 16

Now, Let, One price = P.

& 26×(5/13)= 10

So, Other Price = P×8/5

ATQ,

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

P+8P/5= 26

13P= 26×5

P= 10

So, Price of two books 10 & 16[Answer.]

02. Average of ten positive numbers is x. If each number is increased by 10%, then x?

Solution [Examveda; Section-01]

Let x= 10

Summation of 10 number = 10×10= 100

Each number = (11/10)×10= 11

Increased By= (11-10)×100/10= 10%[Answer]

03. Average cost of 5 apples and 4 mangoes is Rs. 36. The average cost of 7 apples and 8

mangoes is Rs. 48. Find the total cost of 24 apples and 24 mangoes.

Solution [Examveda,Section-1]

5A+4M= 36×9= 324_______[1]

7A+8M= 48×15= 720______[2]

[2]+[1]

12A+12M = 324+720= 1044

24A+24M= 1044×2= 2088[Answer.]

days was Rs.90 per day. During the first 7 days, his average wages was Rs.87/day and the

average wages during the last 7 days was Rs.92 /day. What was his wage on the 8th day?

Solution

[Examveda;Section 1]

Total Weight of students= 15×90= 1350

Total Sum of first 7 days= 7×87= 609 Average= Summation of

Total/Total Number

Total Sum of last 7 days= 7×92= 644

Summation of Total

Wage on 8th day= 1350-(644+609)

= Total Number×Average.

= 1350-1253= 97[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

05. When a student weighing 45 kgs left a class, the average weight of the remaining 59

students increased by 200g. What is the average weight of the remaining 59 students?

Solution [Examveda,Section1]

Let, Average weight of the class= T year

60 students average weight = 60 T Alternative

ATQ = 45+12= 57 kg

60 T-59T-11.8= 45

T= 56.8

So, New Avg. Weight = (56.8+.2)= 57 kg

[Answer.]

06. The difference between two angles of a triangle is 24°. The average of the same two

angles is 54°. Which one of the following is the value of the greatest angle of the triangle?

Solution [Examveda Section-1]

Let, Two angles are A & B

A-B=24°

A+B= 54×2= 108°

Greater Angle= (108+24)/2= 132/2= 66°

Since, Summation of three= 180°

So, Largest angle Can be= 180-108= 72°[Answer.]

7. The average age of a family of 5 members is 20 years. If the age of the youngest member

be 10 years then what was the average age of the family at the time of the birth of the

youngest member?

Solution [Examveda;Section1]

Sum of Total Age = 5×20= 100

When Younger Member born the sum is= 100-10-40= 50

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

8. Distance between two stations A and B is 778km. A train covers the journey from A to

B at 84km per hour and returns back to A with a uniform speed of 56km per hour. Find

the average speed of train during the whole journey.

Solution [Examveda; Section-01]

Distance Between A & B = 778 km

Alternative

Ongoing Average Time = 778/84= 9.26

hr Avg. Speed Formula = 2AB/(A+B)

hr Avg. Speed = 2×84×56/(56+84)= 67.2 km/hr

Total Distance = 778×2= 1556 km [Answer.]

Total Time = 9.26+13.89= 23.15 hr

Average Speed = 1556/23.15= 67.2 km/hr

[Answer]

09. The average of 50 numbers is 35. If two numbers, 35 and 40 are discarded, then the

average of the remaining numbers is nearly:

Solution

Sum of Total Numbers = 50×35= 1750

Two Discarded Number Sum = 35+40= 75

(50-2)=48 Numbers Sum = (1750-75)

= 1675

Average = 1675/48= 34.89 [Answer.]

10. The average score of a cricketer for ten matches is 38.9 runs. If the average for the

first six matches is 42, then find the average for the last four matches.

Solution

Total Score in 10 Matches = 10×38.9= 389

First 6 Match total Score= 6×42= 252

So last Four Matches Total Run = 389-252= 137

Average of last four Match= 137/4= 34.25[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

11. 3 years ago the average of a family of 5 members was 17 years. A baby having been

born, the average age of the family is the same today. The present age of the baby is:

Solution

3 years Ago Five members Total Age = 5×17= 85

Average Age Today = 17

So, Total Age of Today = 6×17= 102

Without baby Total Age = 5×(17+3)= 100

Baby Age = (102-100)= 2 year [Answer.]

12. A man spends his three months income in four month time. If his monthly income is

Rs. 1000 then his annual savings is ?

Solution

Four Month Income Total = 4×1000= 4000

Spend Total = 3×1000= 3000

Savings = (4000-3000)= 1000

So, 4 month Savings = 1000

12 Month Savings = 3×1000= 3000[Answer]

13. Ajit has a certain average for 9 innings. In the tenth innings, he scores 100 runs

thereby increasing his average by 8 runs. His new average is:

Solution

Let Initial Average = T

Final Average = (T+8)

ATQ, Alternative

10(T+8)-9T= 100 Average score Increase By= 10×8= 80

10T+80-9T= 100

T= 100-80 So, Average Original = (100+80)/9= 20

T= 20 New Average = 20+8= 28 year [Answer.]

New Average = (20+8)= 28

[Answer.]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

14. The average weight of 39 Students in a class is 23. Among them Sita is the heaviest

while Tina is the lightest. If both of them are excluded from the class still the average

remains same. The ratio of weight of Sita to Tina is 15:8.Then what is the weight of the

Tina? [Affairscloud]

Solution

When Sita and Tina excluded the average age will be the same.

So, Average age of two = 2×23= 46

Let, Sita = 15x Alternative

Tina = 8x Total Age Excluded = 23×2= 46

ATQ, Sita Age= 46×(15/23)= 30

15x+8x= 46 Tina Age = 46×(8/23)= 16

23x= 46 [Answer.]

x= 2

So, Sita Age= 15×2= 30

Tina Age = 8×2= 16[Answer.]

15. The ages of Four members of a family are in the year 2010 are ‘X’,’X+12’,’X+24’ and

‘X+36’. After some years Oldest among them was dead then average reduced by 3. After

how many years from his death, the average age will same as in 2010? [Affairscloud]

Solution

Total Age of Famly Members = X+X+12+X+24+X+36

= 4X+72

Average of 4 = 4(X+18)/4= (X+18)

New Average = (X+18)-3= X+15

Let After T years the average age will be the same.

ATQ,

3(X+15)+3T= 3×(X+18)

3T= 3X+54-3X-45

3T= 9

T= 3

So, 3 years from his death the average age will be the same[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

16. The average of Four numbers is 24.5. of the four numbers, the first is 1.5 times the

second, the second is 1/3 rd of the third, and the third is 2 times the fourth number. Then

what is smallest of all those numbers? [Affairs-Cloud]

Solution

Total Sum of Four Number = 4×24.5= 98 Alternative

Let, Fourth Number = x By taking LCM

Third Number = 2x Let, Fourth= 12

nd

2𝑥 3rd = 24

2 Number =

3

2nd = 8

2𝑥 3

First Number= ( ) × (2 ) First = 12

3

=x Smallest = 98×8/56

2𝑥 = 14

Now, 𝑥 + 2𝑥 + + 𝑥=98

3

(3x+6x+2x+3x)= 98×3

x=21

21

Smallest Number = 2×

3

= 14 [Answer.]

17. There are 459 students in a hostel. If the number of students increased by 36, the

expenses of the mess increased by Rs .81 Per day while the average expenditure per head

reduced by 1. Find the original expenditure of the mess?

Solution [AffairsCloud]

Here Total Students = 459

Newly Added = 36

Total Students = (459+36)= 495

Let Average expense per head = H

ATQ,

495(H-1)-459×H= 81

36H = 576

H= 16

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

18. The average cost 32 different Mobiles is Rs. 9000. Among them, Oppo which is the

costliest is 70% higher price than the cheapest Mobile Lava. Excluding those both

mobiles, the average of the Mobiles is Rs.8880. Then what is the cost of Oppo Mobile?

Solution

Cost of Oppo and Lava = (32×9000-30×8880) Alternative

= 21,600 Cost of Oppo+Lava= (32×90,00-

Let Lava's Price = x 30×8880)= 21,600

27x= 21,600×10 [Answer.]

x= 800

So, Oppo price = (21,600-8000)=

13,600[Answer.]

19. The average age of a family of 9 members is 22 years. Surya is the youngest and his

age is 6 years, then what was the average age of the family just before Surya was born

Solution

The Total Age = 22×9= 198

Suraya Age = 6 year

When he was born the total Age of his family

= 198-6-8×6

= 198-54= 144

So, Average Age = 144/8= 18 year [Answer.]

20. Dhoni scored 8000 runs in a certain number of innings. In the next five innings, he was

out of form and hence, could make only 85 runs, as a result his average reduced by 1 run.

How many innings did he play in total?

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Solution

Let, Number of innings = N Question Asked:

have to draw an equation.

ATQ,

Total Run/No. of innings =

8000/N -8085/(N+5)= 1 Average

8000(N+5)-8085N=N(N+5) So,

8000N+40000-8085N= (𝑁)2 + 5𝑁

N 2 + 90N − 40000=0 Difference of two average = 1

N 2 + 250N − 160N − 40,000=0

N= 160

Total Innigs he play = 160+5= 165[Answer.]

21. The weights of 19 people are in Arithmetic progression. The average weight of them is

19. If the heaviest is 37 Kgs. Then what is the weight of the Lightest? [Affairscloud]

Solution

Let, First term = a

2nd term = a+d

37th Term = a+18d Alternative

19×19=361 So,

Sum =19/2×(2a+18d)= 19×(a+9d) Series Can be

So19×(a+9d)= 361 1+2+3+4+…..+37

a+9d= 19_________[2] So lightest = 1[Answer.]

[2]×2-[1]

a= 38-37= 1[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

22. The average weight of 40 Students is 32. If the Heaviest and Lightest are excluded the

average weight reduces by 1. If only the Heaviest is excluded then the average is 31. Then

what is the weight of the Lightest? [Affairscloud]

Solution

Average Weight Total = 40×32= 1280

When heaviest excluded ;Total Age = 39×31= 1209

So, Heaviest weight = (1280-1209)= 71 year

Heaviest and Lightest Weight = (1280-38×31)= 102

So Lightest weight = (102-71)= 31 year [Answer]

23. The average price of 80 mobile phones is Rs.30,000. If the highest and lowest price

mobile phones are sold out then the average price of remaining 78 mobile phones is Rs.

29,500. The cost of the highest mobile is Rs.80,000. The cost of lowest price mobile is?

Solution

Price of two Mobile phone = (30,000×80-78×29,500)= 99000

Cost of highest Mobile Phone = 80,000

Cost of lowest Mobile phone = (99000-80,000)= 19,000[Answer.]

24. Pranav went to the bank at the speed of 60 kmph while returning for his home he

covered the half of the distance at the speed of 10 kmph, but suddenly he realized that he

was getting late so he increased the speed and reached the home by covering rest half of

the distance at the speed of 30 kmph.The average speed of the Pranav in the whole length

of journey is?

Solution [AffairsCloud]

Let Total Distance = D km.

Alternative

Time while going = D/60

Let Distance = 60 km

While Returning Half distance

Ongoing Time = 60/60= 1 hr

Time = D/20

Returning Time = 30/10+30/30= 4 hr

Remain Time = D/60

Total Distance = 120 Km

So Total Time = D/60

Average Speed = 120/5= 24 km/hr[Answer.]

+D/20+D/60

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

= 5D/60= D/12

Average Speed = 2D×12/D= 24 [Answer.]

25. The average expenditure of Sharma for the January to June is Rs. 4200 and he spent

Rs. 1200 in January and Rs.1500 in July. The average expenditure for the months of

February to July is:

Solution

January To June expenditure = 4200×6= 25,200

Expenditure from February to july = 25,200-1200+1500= 25,500

Average Expenditure = 25,500/6= 4250[Answer.]

26. the average of 6 men 8 women and 1 boy is 35. if the average of men is 40 years and the

women average age is 34 years what is the average age of boy [IFIC Bank, TSO,18]

Solution

Total Age = (6+8+1)×35= 15×35= 525

Women Total Age = 8×34= 272

Men Total Age= 6×40= 240

So, Boy Age = 525-(272+240)= 13 years [Answer.]

27. Average Mark obtained by 300 students in a class is 80. When 10% of the students

marks are excluded from the group the average mark of the remaining students will be

85.Find the average mark of 10% excluded students [Bank Asia,16_Written]

Solution

Total Mark of 300 students = 300×80= 240,00

Total Mark of 90% of 300= 270 students = 270×85= 22,950

10% Excluded or 30 students total Marks = (24000-22950)= 1050

1150

Average Mark = =35[Answer.]

30

28. The Average weight of three men A, B, C is 84 kg. A new comer D joins the group

thus average age will become 80 kg. If another man E. whose weight is 3 kg more than D

replace A. Then The average age of B, C,D,E will becomes 79.The Age of A

Solution JanataBank AEO,17

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

Total Age of A,B,C,D = 80×4= 320

So, D age = (320-252)= 68

So, E age = 68+3= 71

So, B, C,D,E age Total = 4×79= 316

So, B, C age = 316-(71+68)= 316-139= 177

So, A age = 252-177= 75 years [Answer.]

29. A worker is paid x dollars per hour for the first 5 hours he works each day. He is paid

y dollars per hour for each hour he works in excess of, 5 hours. During one week he works

8 hours on Saturday , 11 hours on Sunday, 12 hours on Monday, 10 hours on Tuesday,

and 9 hours on Wednesday. What is his average daily wage in dollars for the 5-day week?

Solution

In Saturday he earned = 5x +3y

In Sunday he earned = 5x+6y

In Monday he earned = 5x+7y

In Tuesday he earned = 5x+5y

In Wednesday he earned =5 x+4y

Total Earned = 5x+3y+5x+6y+5x+7y+x+5y+5x+4y

= 25x+25y

= 25(x+y)

So, Average = 25(x+y)/5= 5(x+y)[Answer]

Mutaher Math File (1000 Math) Solved by:Md Mutaher Hussain

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