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Lab# 5

Opnet Lab 5 Solutions

A Connection-Oriented, Cell-Switching Technology

Haider Nafaa Nseif


Lab# 5

The goal of this lab is to analyze and examine the effect of Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATM adaptation layers and service classes on the performance of the network. There are
different layers such as AAL that will discuss in this lab and will provide five service
classes that can give a lot of useful information.

To examine the effect of Asynchronous Transfer Mode ATM. And provide QoS
capabilities through its five service classes: CBR, VBR-rt, VBRnrt, ABR, and UBR. With
CBR (constant bit rate). And support all sorts of services, including voice, video, and data
by using ATM. To study how the choice of the adaptation layer as well as the service
classes can affect the performance of the applications.

As given in the manual create a new project after completing configured the network;
initialized the network, configured the applications, followed by profiles were done. While
in the subnets part first configure northeast subnet was completed and add remaining
subnets was added. After that choose the statistics was tested and configure the
simulation was fixed. Next duplicate the new scenario was duplicated and name it
UBR_UBR. Finally run the simulation was run and the view results and analyse.

Figure 1 this the CBR_UBR scenario

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Figure 2 this the design of north east subnet

View the Results

Figure 5 this is the voice diagram that indicate the different delay between the CBR and

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Questions and Answers

1) Analyse the result we obtained regarding the voice Packet Delay Variation
time. Obtain the graphs that compare the Voice packet end-to-end delay, the
Email download response time, and the FTP download response time for both
scenarios. Comment on the results.
When we observe the voice packet delay variation in the above shown figure 5, it
indicates the UBR makes delay for voice because of the service class as UBR is using
for all applications for ATM Adaption layer AAL5 . While CBR is using AAL2 and we can
observe a very smooth service. So we can say that CBR service class is good for Voice
applications and UBR service class is good for EMAIL and FTP applications.
Figures 6, 7 & 8 show the graph which compares the Voice packet end-to-end delay ,the
Email download response time, and the FTP download response time for both scenarios.

Figure 6 in Voice Packer End_ to End Delay (sec)

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Figure 7 Email Download Response Time (sec)

Figure 8 the FTP Download Response Time (sec)

By the voice packet end to end indicates that the CBR service is having higher quality
when compared to UBR service.
By Email download response time when compared responses from both the scenarios.
From FTP responses when observed UBR_UBR the responses are beter when
compared to CBR_UBR scenario. So as stated before from his graphs UBR is good for
Email and FTP but not good for Voice, CBR service is good for Voice.

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2) Create another scenario as a duplicate of the CBR_UBR scenario. Name the

new scenario Q2_CBR_ABR. In the new scenario you should use the ABR
class of service for data, i.e., the FTP and Email applications in the data
stations. Compare the performance of the CBR_ABR scenario with that of the
CBR_UBR scenario.
- To set ABR class of service to a node, assign ABR Only to its ATM Application
Parameters attribute and ABR only (Per VC Queue) to its Queue Configuration (one of
the ATM Parameters).
- For all switches in the network (total of 6 switches), configure the Max_Avail_BW of the
ABR queue to be 100% and the Min_Guaran_BW to be 20%.

Figure 9, the delay variation for both CBR_UBR and Q2_CBR_ABR is similar that means
ABR and CBR services are good quality service that uses for voice.

Figure 9 this diagram of voice that indicates the delay variation

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Figure 10 this is time average for email

Figure 11, CBR and ABR services are having same FTP download response time.

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3) Edit the FTP application defined in the Applications node so that its File Size
is twice the current size (i.e., make it 100000 bytes instead of 50000 bytes). Edit
the EMAIL application defined in the Applications node so that its File Size is
five times the current size (i.e., make it 10000 bytes instead of 2000 bytes).
Study how this affects the voice application performance in both the CBR_UBR
and UBR_UBR scenarios. (Hint: to answer this question, you might need to
create duplicates of the CBR_UBR and UBR_UBR scenarios. Name the new
scenarios Q3_CBR_UBR and Q3_UBR_UBR respectively.)

When we decrease the size of the file the QoS will improve, as the traffic congestion will
decrese as in fig.12 and 13, the delay of voice time variation is same and the time
average voice packet end to end is also same. And we can say as the decreasing of
packet size can decrease traffic congestion.

Figure 12

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Figure 13

After this lab analysing the of Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM), and ATM adaption
layers and service classes and their effect on the performance of the network. And it
taught me how to deal with different layers like ATM adaption layers(AAL).