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 Newton's third law of motion explains how the engines

and wings work together to make a plane move through


the sky. The force of the hot exhaust gas shooting
backward from the jet engine pushes the plane forward.
That creates a moving current of air over the wings. The
wings force the air downward and that pushes the plane
upward.
 to achieve flight, you have to exploit the four basic
aerodynamic forces: lift, weight, thrust and drag. You can
think of them as four arms holding the plane in the air,
each pushing from a different direction.

The Engine
- Powerplant of the plane.
- Generates thrust to lift the plane into sky
- Creates hydraulic and electric power
The Wing
- Most identiable parts
- Work to lift like a bird
- Controls the airflow as the plane flies
- Generates lift
Aileron
- Are the hinged surfaces of wings that aids in
controlling lateral balane
- Works to move the aircraft left or right and allowing
the plane to roll in the desired direction.
Slats
- Identified as the front most portion of the wing
Horizontal Stabilizer
- It is at the tail of the plane, horizontal wing-like
structure that protrudes out.
Vertical stabilizer
- Tail section on the plane, a shark – like fin.
- Helps to prevent lateral movements of the craft which
could easily lead to slippage, making the plane
uncontrollable to handle.
Pylon
- Located at the back of the wing, the flaps are included
to help increase the lift of the plane into the air.
- These flaps extend out from the wing and increase the
camber of the wings airfoil so that it can lift at low
speeds, which is vital to landing successfully.
Propeller
- Most aircraft have at least one propeller to thrust the
plane forward at a specific pitch, depending on the
angle of the propeller blades
Spoilers
- Airplane spoilers are located on the top surface of the
wing and can be extended upward to reduce airflow.
-  to intentionally reduce the lift of the plane so that it
can land properly.
Elevator
-  to control the pitch motion of the craft
Fuselage
- centermost piece of the aircraft that is responsible for
the structural integrity of the cargo and passengers
Rudder
- responsible for controlling the yaw motion of the
aircraft./;oos
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Thrust
- Air gets compressed, which increases the potential
energy and pressure of it.
- Then it gets burned by the addition of fuel in the
combustion chamber. The heated gases, then expand
(reduces the pressure and increase the kinetic energy)
and turns the turbine. This creates a force backwards.
This air forms a Newton's 3rd law pair and propels the
airplane forward.

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