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EXECUTIVE ORDER

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SAFE POLICING FOR SAFE COMMUNITIES

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution


and the laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered
as follows:

Section 1. Purpose. As Americans, we believe that all persons


are created equal and endowed with the inalienable rights to life
and liberty. A fundamental purpose of government is to secure
these inalienable rights. Federal, State, local, tribal, and
territorial law enforcement officers place their lives at risk
every day to ensure that these rights are preserved.

Law enforcement officers provide the essential protection that


all Americans require to raise their families and lead productive
lives. The relationship between our fellow citizens and law
enforcement officers is an important element in their ability to
provide that protection. By working directly with their
communities, law enforcement officers can help foster a safe
environment where we all can prosper.

Unfortunately, there have been instances in which some officers


have misused their authority, challenging the trust of the American
people, with tragic consequences for individual victims, their
communities, and our Nation. All Americans are entitled to live
with the confidence that the law enforcement officers and agencies
in their communities will live up to our Nation's founding ideals
and will protect the rights of all persons. Particularly in
African-American communities, we must redouble our efforts as a
Nation to swiftly address instances of misconduct.

The Constitution declares in its preamble that one of its


primary purposes was to establish Justice. Generations of
Americans have marched, fought, bled, and died to safeguard the
promise of our founding document and protect our shared inalienable
rights. Federal, State, local, tribal, and territorial leaders
must act in furtherance of that legacy.

Sec. 2. Certification and Credentialing. (a) State and local


law enforcement agencies must constantly assess and improve their
practices and policies to ensure transparent, safe, and accountable
delivery of law enforcement services to their
communities. Independent credentialing bodies can accelerate these
assessments, enhance citizen confidence in law enforcement
practices, and allow for the identification and correction of
internal deficiencies before those deficiencies result in injury to
the public or to law enforcement officers.

(b) The Attorney General shall, as appropriate and consistent


with applicable law, allocate Department of Justice discretionary
grant funding only to those State and local law enforcement
agencies that have sought or are in the process of seeking
appropriate credentials from a reputable independent credentialing
body certified by the Attorney General.

(c) The Attorney General shall certify independent


credentialing bodies that meet standards to be set by the Attorney
General. Reputable, independent credentialing bodies, eligible for
certification by the Attorney General, should address certain
topics in their reviews, such as policies and training regarding
use–of-force and de-escalation techniques; performance management
tools, such as early warning systems that help to identify officers
who may require intervention; and best practices regarding
community engagement. The Attorney General's standards for
certification shall require independent credentialing bodies to, at
a minimum, confirm that:
(i) the State or local law enforcement agency's use-of-
force policies adhere to all applicable Federal, State, and local
laws; and

(ii) the State or local law enforcement agency's use-of-


force policies prohibit the use of chokeholds -- a physical
maneuver that restricts an individual's ability to breathe for the
purposes of incapacitation -- except in those situations where the
use of deadly force is allowed by law.

(d) The Attorney General shall engage with existing and


prospective independent credentialing bodies to encourage them to
offer a cost-effective, targeted credentialing process regarding
appropriate use-of-force policies that law enforcement agencies of
all sizes in urban and rural jurisdictions may access.

Sec. 3. Information Sharing. (a) The Attorney General shall


create a database to coordinate the sharing of information between
and among Federal, State, local, tribal, and territorial law
enforcement agencies concerning instances of excessive use of force
related to law enforcement matters, accounting for applicable
privacy and due process rights.

(b) The database described in subsection (a) of this section


shall include a mechanism to track, as permissible, terminations or
de-certifications of law enforcement officers, criminal convictions
of law enforcement officers for on-duty conduct, and civil
judgments against law enforcement officers for improper use of
force. The database described in subsection (a) of this section
shall account for instances where a law enforcement officer resigns
or retires while under active investigation related to the use of
force. The Attorney General shall take appropriate steps to ensure
that the information in the database consists only of instances in
which law enforcement officers were afforded fair process.

(c) The Attorney General shall regularly and periodically make


available to the public aggregated and anonymized data from the
database described in subsection (a) of this section, as consistent
with applicable law.

(d) The Attorney General shall, as appropriate and consistent


with applicable law, allocate Department of Justice discretionary
grant funding only to those law enforcement agencies that submit
the information described in subsection (b) of this section.

Sec. 4. Mental Health, Homelessness, and


Addiction. (a) Since the mid-twentieth century, America has
witnessed a reduction in targeted mental health
treatment. Ineffective policies have left more individuals with
mental health needs on our Nation's streets, which has expanded the
responsibilities of law enforcement officers. As a society, we
must take steps to safely and humanely care for those who suffer
from mental illness and substance abuse in a manner that addresses
such individuals' needs and the needs of their communities. It is
the policy of the United States to promote the use of appropriate
social services as the primary response to individuals who suffer
from impaired mental health, homelessness, and addiction,
recognizing that, because law enforcement officers often encounter
such individuals suffering from these conditions in the course of
their duties, all officers should be properly trained for such
encounters.

(b) The Attorney General shall, in consultation with the


Secretary of Health and Human Services as appropriate, identify and
develop opportunities to train law enforcement officers with
respect to encounters with individuals suffering from impaired
mental health, homelessness, and addiction; to increase the
capacity of social workers working directly with law enforcement
agencies; and to provide guidance regarding the development and
implementation of co-responder programs, which involve social
workers or other mental health professionals working alongside law
enforcement officers so that they arrive and address situations
together. The Attorney General and the Secretary of Health and
Human Services shall prioritize resources, as appropriate and
consistent with applicable law, to support such opportunities.
(c) The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall survey
community-support models addressing mental health, homelessness,
and addiction. Within 90 days of the date of this order, the
Secretary of Health and Human Services shall summarize the results
of this survey in a report to the President, through the Assistant
to the President for Domestic Policy and the Director of the Office
of Management and Budget, which shall include specific
recommendations regarding how appropriated funds can be reallocated
to support widespread adoption of successful models and
recommendations for additional funding, if needed.

(d) The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall, in


coordination with the Attorney General and the Director of the
Office of Management and Budget, prioritize resources, as
appropriate and consistent with applicable law, to implement
community-support models as recommended in the report described in
subsection (c) of this section.

Sec. 5. Legislation and Grant Programs. (a) The Attorney


General, in consultation with the Assistant to the President for
Domestic Policy and the Director of the Office of Management and
Budget, shall develop and propose new legislation to the Congress
that could be enacted to enhance the tools and resources available
to improve law enforcement practices and build community
engagement.

(b) The legislation described in subsection (a) of this


section shall include recommendations to enhance current grant
programs to improve law enforcement practices and build community
engagement, including through:

(i) assisting State and local law enforcement agencies


with implementing the credentialing process described in section 2
of this order, the reporting described in section 3 of this order,
and the co responder and community-support models described in
section 4 of this order;

(ii) training and technical assistance required to


adopt and implement improved use–of-force policies and procedures,
including scenario-driven de-escalation techniques;

(iii) retention of high-performing law enforcement


officers and recruitment of law enforcement officers who are likely
to be high-performing;

(iv) confidential access to mental health services for


law enforcement officers; and

(v) programs aimed at developing or improving


relationships between law enforcement and the communities they
serve, including through community outreach and listening sessions,
and supporting non profit organizations that focus on improving
stressed relationships between law enforcement officers and the
communities they serve.

Sec. 6. General Provisions. (a) Nothing in this order shall


be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to an executive


department or agency, or the head thereof; or

(ii) the functions of the Director of the Office of


Management and Budget relating to budgetary, administrative, or
legislative proposals.

(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable


law and subject to the availability of appropriations.

(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any
right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or
in equity by any party against the United States, its departments,
agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any
other person.
DONALD J. TRUMP

THE WHITE HOUSE,


June 16, 2020.

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