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Hints and Solutions

Section-A (Science)

1. (c) As the least distance travelled is 4.8 m, thus friction would have
been the largest.
If the magnitude of the force of friction between the breaks pads
and discs is large then the distance travelled by car will reduce.
The friction acting on the wheel will bring the car to rest sooner
(travelling lesser amount of distance)
2. (c) Statement ‘c’ is a false statement. A compound that allows the
electric current to pass through itself, when either in a molten
state or in an aqueous solution, is called an electrolyte. Solutions
of sodium chloride, copper sulphate, dilute sulphuric acid are
examples of strong electrolytes.
Statement ‘b’ is a correct statement. But, statement ‘c’ is a false
statement. Thus, it is the wrong option. A solution of copper
sulphate or sodium chloride in water will conduct electricity
because they are basic in nature.
Statement 'a' is also correct. A solution of sulphuric acid or
hydrochloric acid in water conducts electricity. They are
considered to be strong electrolytes which dissociate when put in
an aqueous medium facilitating the conduction of electric current.
Therefore, only statement c is incorrect. Hence option B is the
right answer.
3. (c) When sound wave propagates in a different medium, the
frequency of sound does not change. Hence, the frequency of
a source of 20 kHz remains same when produced in water or
in air.
4. (c) Friction is a phenomenon which resists motion when an object is
rubbed against another. Rolling friction is between two objects
where one or both of the surface is circular, with only a point in
contact. Rolling friction is less than sliding friction.
So rolling friction should be much smaller than the static friction
of 20N.
Option C is the answer.
5. (c) Sound is a mechanical wave, it may be defined as a disturbance
which travels through a material medium due to repeated periodic
vibrations of the particles of the medium about their mean
position, the disturbance is transferred from one particle to the
adjoining particle, without any net movement of the medium.
6. (c) Force may bring change in the shape of an object. Although it
might not always affect the change in the shape of the object. The
change in the shape of the object may occur if the force acting on
the object is of greater magnitude.

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Apart from this a force may bring some or all of these affect
mentioned in the question.
Hence option C is the correct answer.
7. (c) • Semiconductors are materials which have a conductivity
between conductors (generally metals) and nonconductors or
insulators (such as most ceramics).
• Semiconductors can be pure elements, such as silicon or
germanium, or compounds such as gallium arsenide or cadmium
selenide
• Germanium is neither a good conductor of electricity nor an
insulator. It is a semiconductor.
Option B is correct.
8. (c) The Radioactive Isotopes are used as 'tracers' in medicine to
detect the presence of tumors and blood clots in human body.
Option A is correct.
9. (c) Cotton is a Natural fibre. Silk is a product of silkworms. Nylon is
a synthetic fibre. Nylon has the highest tensile strength because
it is synthetically made followed by silk and cotton.
10. (c) Physical irreversible change: withdrawing money from ATM.
Chemical reversible change: charging mobile battery
Physical reversible change: filling of water bottle.
Chemical irreversible change: boiling an egg.
11. (c) • Potable water refers to water that is fit for human consumption.
Water can be made potable by various methods.
• Potable water is also known as drinking water.
• One way of making water potable is by boiling it.
Option C is correct.
12. (c) A circular blackish ring is formed when a clean glass plate/slide
is introduced into the luminous zone of flame. It indicates the
deposition of unburnt carbon particles present in the luminous
zone of the flame.
Thus, Option D is the correct answer.
13. (c) As Hari took the powered marble piece, Hari’s test tube will react
faster. For a reaction involving a solid reactant, the smaller in the
particle size, i.e., greater is the surface area, the faster is the
reaction.
14. (c) Prokaryotes are a group of organisms which lack a well-defined
nucleus, nucleolus, and other cell organelle. They have 70S
ribosomes in the cytoplasm. Moss, Sponge, Yeast, Amoeba,
Penicillium and Spirogyra are eukaryotic organisms, while
Bacteria and Blue green algae (like Anabaena and Nostoc) are
examples of prokaryotic organisms.
15. (c) Hepatitis B infection is caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The
virus is passed from person to person through blood, semen or
other body fluids.
16. (c) HIV virus is present in the blood of infected person. So, if this
infected blood is transfused to a healthy individual, there are

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chances of the person getting infected by this virus. This virus is
also transmitted through shared injection needles, sexual contact,
infected mother to child during pregnancy via Placenta.
17. (c) Our modern understanding of the fermentation process comes
from the work of the French chemist Louis Pasteur. Moreover,
Pasteur demonstrated that only microorganisms are capable of
converting sugars into alcohol from grape juice, and that the
process occurs in the absence of oxygen.
18. (c) Deforestation is the permanent removal of trees which also
remove natural habitat of the animals. This process can include
clearing the land for agriculture or grazing, or using the timber for
fuel, construction or manufacturing. Forests cover more than 30%
of the Earth's land surface, according to the World Wildlife Fund.
19. (c) Puberty usually occurs in girls between the ages of 10 and 14,
while in boys it generally occurs later, between the ages of 12 and
16.
20. (c) Harvested grains have less moisture and Specific chemical
treatments are required to protect crops from pests and
microorganisms. These are the two main characteristics for
storage of agriculture goods.

Section B (Mathematics)

21. (c) To find the square root of a decimal number we put bars on the
integral part
(i.e., 70) of the number in the usual manner and place bars on
the decimal part (i.e., 56) on every pair of digits beginning with
the first decimal place. Proceed as usual.

Using long division method for finding

So, the square root of 70.56 is 8.40.


22. (c) (i) Since in the given histogram in the slot 2-3 there are 11
students, therefore there are 11 users whose watch time on
YouTube is between 2-3 hours.

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(ii)Highest watching hours (6-7) students count - Lowest watching
hours (1-2) students count
Therefore, their difference =25 – 4 = 21
Hence, Option A is correct.
23. (c) Area of a circle = πr2
Circumference of a circle = 2πr

= 2ax : 1
Hence, A is the correct answer.
24. (c) Let total number of people = x
People who like classical music=20

⇒ x = 200
So total number of people surveyed=200
25. (c) Prime factorization of 3267
⇒ 3267 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 11 × 11
The prime factor 3 appears in group of three, 11 does not appear
in group of three.
∴ To make it a cube, we need to multiply it by 11.
26. (c) Given,

⇒ 2x – 1 = -3
⇒ 2x = -3 + 1 = -2
⇒ x = -1
27. (c) 5.05 × 106 = 5.05 × 1000000 = 5050000
28. (c) Lateral surface area of cube = 4a2
4 × 102 = 400 cm2

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Length of cuboidal box = 12.5 cm
Breadth = 10 cm
Height = 8 cm
Lateral surface area = 2[l + b]h
= 2[12.5 + 10]8
= 16 × 22.5 = 360 cm2
29. (c) The square of numbers ending with 1 and 9 have 1 in their unit
digit.
Therefore, the square roots of 998001 will have 1 or 9 as its unit
digit.
Hence, B is the correct answer.
30. (c) (20 + 3-1) × 32
As we know that by the rule 20 = 1

So,

⇒ 4 × 3(2-1) = 4 × 3 = 12
31. (c) Taking the factors of 4096.

Therefore, 4096 = 212


√4096 = √212
By pairing, we will get,
√4096 = 26 = 64
Hence, C is the correct answer.

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32. (c) Radius of cap (r) = 7 cm, Height of cap (h) = 24 cm

Slant height of the cone

Area of sheet required to make a cap = CSA of cone = πrl

∴ Area of sheet required to make 10 caps = 10 × 550 = 5500 cm2


33. (c) First consider the case for negative number. Let m = -2
∴ m2 = (-2)2 = 4 and m3 = (-2)3 = -8
i.e. m2 > m3
Now for positive case, we have
Let m = 2
∴ m2 = (2)2 = 4 and m3 = (2)3 = 8
i.e. m2 < m3
Hence, Option D is correct.
34. (c) 36 < x2 < 49
6 < √44 < 7
6<x<7
Hence, A is the correct answer.
35. (c) (35)2 = 1225
(36)2 = 1296
1225 < 1290 < 1296
35 < √1290 < 36
Hence, A is the correct answer.
36. (c) Circumference = length of paper
2π r=44

37. (c) Volume of the cuboid is = 18 cm × 10 cm × 25 cm


⇒ In prime factorization form = 3 × 3 × 2 × 2 × 5 × 5 × 5
We need to make triplets of each prime factor to make a perfect
cube.
∴ we need 3 × 2 = 6 cuboids
38. (c) Factorizing 44(x4 – 5x3 – 24x2), we get
⇒ 44(x4 – 5x3 – 24x2) = 2 × 2 × 11 × (x4 – 5x3 – 24x2)

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Taking the common factor x2 out of the bracket,
⇒ 44(x4 – 5x3 – 24x2) = 2 × 2 × 11 × x2(x2 – 5x – 24)
= 2 × 2 × 11 × x2(x2 – 8x + 3x – 24)
= 2 × 2 × 11 × x2 [x (x – 8) + 3 (x – 8)]
= 2 × 2 × 11 × x2 × (x + 3) × (x – 8)
Therefore,

Cancelling out all the common factors from the numerator and
denominator, we get
⇒ 2 × 2 × x × (x + 3)
= 4x(x + 3)
Hence, option C is correct.
39. (c)

40. (c) We need to find the 1’s digit.


∴ Our answer will depend only on the 1’s digit of 56985963 which
is 3.
1’s digit in cube of 3 = 3 × 3 × 3 = 27
∴ Correct answer is 7.

Section C (Aptitude)

41. (c) It can be observed from both the dice and if 2, 3, 5 and 6
adjacent to 1, then the number opposite to 1 should be 4. Hence
the correct answer is option A.
42. (c) All the other options have at least 1 number that is not a prime
number. Only option D has all
43. (c) Here,

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The movement of Rohit is shown in the given figure with the arrow
denoting the direction.
The distance between his initial position and the final position is
AF. AF = AG + GF = 30 + 17 = 47 m.
Hence, answer is 47 m towards East.
44. (c) Find out the positions of both the letters from the left and divide
the sum of the positions of both the letters from the left by 2.
Here 13+23=36. Now divide 36 by 2 , i.e 18. Hence R is the
required letter.
45. (c) As Deepak is Amit’s brother. Deepak is grandson of Ramesh
therefore, Amit is also grandson of Ramesh.

46. (c) This is an analogy question which shows us the relationship


between two things. Here, the relationship is x : . The first
number is x and the second is Hence, the answer is
= 51.

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47. (c) A > B ≥ C < D < E, so E > D > C, so definitely E > C, the rest
cannot be surely confirmed like A can be > C but may not be equal
to C, similarly D may be > B but may not be equal and A > B and
C and C is < D but A may be equal to D also. So only option B
remains.
48. (c) First letters are common. Second letters are:b, c, c, c, c. One of
the four words having c is the last word. Let us see the third letters
now ,there are: t, c, q, h. Clearly t is the last. Hence Actuate is
the last word.
49. (c) The word asked to write code for contains all the letters given in
the code thus, only find the correct match of the letters. It is A=D,
T= W, I- L, U=X, D=G, E=H.
50. (c) After substituting the values given in the question, we get
52 – 12 × 28 ÷ 7 + 15 = 19

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