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.--. - . ' , - ­ _- .,~: ~ BS 5368 : Part 1 :
.--. - . ' , - ­ _- .,~: ~ BS 5368 : Part 1 :

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BS 5368 : Part 1 : 1976

EN 42

UDC 69.OIl B.2 . 6 20.1 93.2 9 : 697 .952

~t!'!~ ARV COP'( '.

PLEAS!: RETUfiIN.

.

.

.

J .,

MICIIAEL WALKER

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Methods of testing Windows

Part 1.' Ail' permeability test

Methodes d'essais des fenetres Partie 1. Ess ai de permeabi l it f; a I'ai r

o

Partie 1. Ess ai de permeabi l it f; a I'ai r o Prufmethoden f ur

Prufmethoden f ur Fenster

Teil 1. Prufung der Fug endurchlii ssigkeit

This Euro peal\ Sta ndard EN 42 was given, as fro m 30 April 1976, th e status o f 8 Brit is h Stand a rd

British Standards Institution

Gr

5

BS 5368 ; Part 1

1976

BS 5368 ; Part 1 1976

EN 42

O '1tents

 

Page Inside front cover

Foreword Brief history National Appendix A Cooperating organization s

     

2

Inside back cover Back

cover

Method of testing

1. Scope

3

2. Field of application

3

3. Terminology

3

4. Apparatus Preparation of window for testing

5.

3

 

,

,

3

6.

Preparation for the test

3

7. Test

3

8. Diagrams

4

9.

1"

Expression of results

Form of test repor t

4

4

b

eword

 

,

 

·· "

i

BS 5368

: Part 1 [EN 42)

is the f irst Part of a series on

 

methods of testing windows. Subsequent European Standards in the series will be published as further Parts

of BS 5368.

o

o

,

European Standard Norme Europeenne Europaische Norm

EN 42

Fi rst edit ion

October 1975

uoc 69.028.2: 620.193.29 : 697.952

Descri pto rs: Wil"ldow~,1",,1,. air permEabili ty. IElUifl9 condition•• defin; , 'o " ' ,

E n91ish version

Methods of testing windows

Part 1. Air perm eabi Hty test

Method es d'essais des fene tr es

Parti e 1. Essai d e permeabi lite a I'a ir  

Parti e 1. Essai d e permeabi lite a I'a ir

 

Pru fm ethoden fUr Fe nster

 

T eil 1. Pr uf u ng de r Fuge ndu rc h lass igke it

T

h is st andard was accep ted by CEN as a European St a ndard

on 1 5 Octobe r 197 5 w h e r eby th ~ membe r s commined t

o

accor d to it the status of a na tional st andard must do so

witho ut c h a nge . Th e de ta il s of the conditions under whi c h me mb ers are so com m itted are gi ven in the CE N

constitution.

 

U

p- ta-d ale lists of t he n ationa l sta nda rd s o rganizatio ns

whic h hava ado pted th is Eu r opean St anda rd, and re levallt

ibli ograDhi ca l refe renc es, may be obt ain ed on appli cation to the CEN Ce ntral Secreta riat , or t o th e sales offices of any CE N memb er.

b

may be obt ain ed on appli cation to the CEN Ce ntral Secreta riat ,

T h is EUro p ean Standa rd ex ists in t h ree ve rsio ns (F rench,

E

Na t iona l vers ion s

and in case of do u bt shou ld be c heck ed aga inst o n e of the reco gni zed vers ion s (Fr enc h, Engli sh , Ger ma n ).

CEN membe rs are the nat ional standar9s organ izat io ns of Austria, Belgi u m, Denmark. F inl a nd, F ra nc e, German y, Irela nd, It aly , Netherlands, Norway. Port ugal, S pain, Swed en, Switzerlan d and Un ited Kingdom.

ng l is h , Ge r man) recogn i zed b y CE N as equivale nt.

in other langu ages ran k as trans lat ions ,

(EN

E

ur opea n

Comm it t e e

for

St an dard i z a t i on

C

om lte Eu ropee n de No rm a li s a tion

E

uro pa lsch es

K oml tee .

fu r

N

o rmu

ng

o Central Secreta ri at : 5 Bou leva rd de l'E mper eur, B-1 000 B rux ell es

COPyright reserved t o all nat iona l CEN membe rs

.EN 42 p ag e 2

~-. f history

( text of t his standard, drawn up by a CEN working

g'~<JP,was su bmi tt ed to t he CEN members for ballot in

Ap til 1914, wi th a view t o Standard.

Thi s standard was adopted by CEN on 15 October, 1975 as

a result of its adoption bv Ihe

its adopt ion as a EUlOpean

follo wing CEN members'

Austria, Belg ium, Oenmark, Fr ance, Ita ly. Net herland s, Spa in , $w iaer land and United Kingdom.

b

b

Austria, Belg ium, Oenmark, Fr ance, Ita ly. Net herland s, Spa in , $w iaer

-

")" i$Bd t iSh Standard wa$ publ ished under Ihe aUl hor ity of rile <ecu live Soa rd on 28 May 1976. Q Brili,h Standards Institu1ion, 1976

ISBN:05S009344 1

'~ Copyright .~f-:~',U.sers of Br it ish Standards are reminded that copyright

t all BSI publications. No part of this public~ticn may be reproduc ed ·,1<.;in.l!ny form with o ut the prior permission in writing of 8SI.

, This do es not prec lud e the fre~ use, in the

suhsists in

course of impl ementing

the standard, of nec essa ry detail s such as symbols and si~e,t ype or g,a'de designalions. Enquiries should be addressed to the Pub li cations Manager, 1 01 Pentonyille Road. London Nl 9NO (Telephone 01 ·837 8801 ; Telex 23218).

BS 5368

Part 1

1976

EN 42

Contra c t requirements Aue nti on is d l awn to the lact thai this Bd t ish Standard does not

purport to

Revision of Brit is h Standards Brili sh Stand ards a re revisad, whe n

include a ll th e necessary provisio n s of a c ont ra c t

necessary, by Ihe issu e e it he r

of ame ndme n t slips or 01revised ed itions. It i s important th a t u se fS of Bri tish Stllndards shou ld ascertain that th ey ar e in possession of the latest ilmendments or editions.

Th ~ f o ll owjrl 9 8S 1 rrieren c es re l~ te 10 the

ork

o

n t h i s s l "ndard :

Committee reference 8/1 42 Or~h fo r com ment 74/1 t 607

I~

Cooperating organizations

Th e European Co m mill"e for Standa rdjza t io rl , u nder w hOM!

6ermany

Deutscher NormeMu55chu55

'O perviJiOl'l thi~ european Stll ndard was prepared, comprise Ihe

Irela nd

Institule for Indunr ia l R~earch a nd Sland5 rds

t ionel stend ar<:l'5 orgaoiZil l ions of the following Wen er n

Italy

Ent ! Na ziona le It l!l iar:o d j Un if ic u io(le

ropesn countries:

Netherland'

Nederland . Norma lisatie· in.t itu u l

r

Austria

S e lgium

Denmark

Fi"tend

France

Oe$ teueichisches Nor mungsinstitul In~litul Beige! de No rma li sa lio n Dans k Standilrdiser ingsrn;,d Suomen Staodardisoimil liilto,r.y. ASSoc iation Fran.;.eise d e Nor ma lisa tion

Nor way

POrtugal

Sweden

Switzariand

United Kingdom

NO'ges Slilndardiseringsforbund

Repart ir,;;io de No r mal i;rilCi O

S ver iges St3ndardiseri (l95komm iS'lion

Associ at ion S u isse de No rm a li sa ti o n Br il is h Slil nda r ds In. li l ull On

o

(

Ame ndm e nts iss ued sin ce pub lica tion

Amd. No.

Date of issu e

Text affected

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Zu>

.p.c.n

NW

(J)

(Xl

British Standards Insti tuti o n

7605-1.Sk- B

2 Par k Street Londo n W1A 2BS . Te lep ho ne 01 · 629 9000 · Telex 266933

.,.

4

••

·

 

Methods of testing windows Part 1. Air permeability test

 

1.

Scope

 

Thi s sta nda rd d efines th e m ethod to be u sed fo r th e air

permeability

lest o f window'S to be fitted in exterior walls

a

nd sup plied

in th e form of fi n is hed u nits in actu al

ope rating conditions.

 

2.

Field of applic ation

This standa rd appli es to all

w indows, incl uding do or he ight

w

indows made of a ny ma te r ia l, in t h e actua l o perat ing

conditions in which they sh ou l d be used and fixed

according t o the manufactu rer's recomm endati ons ilS in a finished bu ild ing, bearing in mind t h e con d it io ns of test as defined hereafter. The stand ard does no t apply to t he joi nts betwee n the windows a nd surroundi ng components

and material.

 

3.

Terminology

3.1

pre 51 ur e. The d iff er e n ce be tw een t he abso

lu te air

pre ssu r e- o n

the externa l su rf a c e of a w in dow a nd th e­

b solu te ai r window.

a

pr eswre o n th e in ternal su

rf a ce of the sam e

The diff erence is positive when the externa l pressure is

higher t h an t he internal pressure. In the o the r case, it is

n

egat ive . Th is pressure is exp ressed

in Pasca ls (Pa). '

3.2

air Pt!rmeability. Til e p ro perty of a closed wi ndow to

let air p ass wh en it is submitted to a differential pressure. The air p ermeability is charac terized by a flow of air expressed in m1 /h as a f un c t io n of the p ressu re. Thi s flow

may be related to the open ing surface area of the window {flow pe r u nit of surfa ce m1 / (h 01 2 )), o r to Ihe lengt h of open ing join ts (flow per u nit 011en9th m 3 /I h m)), or to the total surface area of the window (fl ow per unit of surface m 3 /(h m 2 I). 3.3 opening li ght. Any pa r t o f a wind ow t hat can be

moved within t he main

frame . By convention, the surface

of th e open ing light is eq ua l to the app arent surface, seen from in s id e. The leng th 01 the joint s is obtained from th e same dimensions as th ose used for calcu lation of th e

surface area.

 

4.

Apparatus

The ba sic test appar atus co nsists of the foll o wing:

(1) a cl1amber \o'.lith e n op ening to which the test window is fitte d by it s su r roun d;

(2) a means o f pro vid ing a co ntroll ed d iffe re ntial (lir pr ess ure ac ro ss t he wi n d o w ;

(3 ) a de vice for rapid contro ll ed c h an ges of the

different ial air

preS$ ure operat ing betwee n d efin ed

li rnit$; (4) a means o f the apparatus;

measuring

the

flo w o f a ir in to or out o f

(5) a mea ns of m eesu ring

the

difference in p ress ure

be tw ee n the

two fa ces of the

window .

()

,

 

" Pa

'"

N/m' = 0 . 102 mm H,O.

 

EN 42 Page 3

5. Preparation of window for testing

A su rroun d fo r the specimen t o be tested s h all b e prepa red.

T h is sha!1 be st iff enough to w ithstan d the te st p resS u res

without d efl ecting

to impose bending stresses on the test speci men. When

act ual oper a t ional condi t iOM are know n , t he fix ing of th e

sp eci men may si m u lat<! t hese (e.g. , a w indow in cu r tain

to an exte nt likely t o impair jointin g or

wa llin g).

 

The window shall twist or bends.

be

fi xed p lu mb,

squar e , and without

T he

win dow shall

be

cleaned in its entirety and dr ied.

The th ickness, type of the glass and the method o f glazing

shall co mp ly with the requ ir e men ts of til e milnufac tu rer .

specifi ca tion or wh e n there is <l po ss ibil i ty

that the window shall be used with different glasses, tests shall be carried out wi th a glass of minim u m t hickn es s wi th

respect to the surface standard s.

In the ca se of no

a rea, as specified in the nation al

6, Preparation for the test

The a ir temperatu re 01 the laboratory and the test ch a mber shall be measured and recorded in th e report.

Th ree a ir pr essu re pul ses shall be a p p li ed and th e ra te 0 1

appli cat ion sha H be over a pe ri od of not less than 1 s.

Each pul se shall be maintained over 3 s at least. Thes e pu lses shali be at a pressure 10 % higher than P max required fo r the test , wi t hout ho wever b eing less than 500 Pa.

With

the window shall be opened and closed five times and

finally se cured in th e c lose d

the p ress ure reduced t o zero, all ope rat ing pa rt s of

positi on .

Extra neous perm eabi li ty of the apparat us shal l be

a cco u nted for a nd pref erab ly e li mi nated. Ex traneo u s

cl1ambe r p er mea bility, w il en measured, shall b e de t er m ined

with t h e w indo w sp e

differ ences to be exe rt ed permeab ility tests.

T he metering eq uipment

w indow air per me ab ili ;Y m oy extr a ne o us perm eabi lity or it

additional air metering equipment.

Th e metho d ado pted t o meas u re permea bility sha ll be

dea rl y stated in th e test report .

cim e n sealed, at

t h e air pre ss~ tr e

during th e w indow air

for the

measurem ent of t he

b e used fo r measuring the may be n ecessar y to p ro vide

7. Te st

Th e windo w sh a ll b e su bjected to increa sing p os i t iv e

pre ssure in stag es for periods of

at least

10 s u p to

t he

m

axim:J Ol pres s ure r equi r ed fo r

the tesL

T hese p ressures shall be 50, 100, 150, 200, 300. 400, 500

an d 600 Pa an d can the n be incre ase d in ste ps of 250 Pa max imum it th e pressure requir ed tor th'e te st is, exceptionally, higher than 600 Pa.

The pressures shall then be applied in

the reverse o rd er.

N O T E . If II is ' 1:"Q>I)' ed 10 tesl;; window lor

i r p" , m eab l lily in Ihe

reverse di,ect ior., i.e

sh ~ 11 be u~ed.

"nder nega tive pressur e. 1h" same melhod

I

.!

o

o

o

• o o o . Diagrams Jiagrams 1 and 2 show Ihe sequence o f operation

.

Diagrams

Jiagrams 1 and 2 show Ihe sequence o f operation for :

a requi r ed pressure P max less t han 600 Pa. for example. of 300 Pa (s ee d iag ram 11;

a requi red pressure P max greater tha n 600 Pa . for

example, of 700 Pi Isee diagram 2).

9. Expression of results

The air pe rm ea b il

it y re adings at each p ressure shall be

r ecorded . Th e h ig her of the two readings a t each pre~u r e.

inc rea si ng 8S well as dec reas ing, sha ll be noted in t he report.

'I n preparation

For ea c h window lested, record th e vol ume o f air fl ow

passing thr ough the specimen e)(pressed as cub ic me tres of

ai r per hou r :

(a) per met re of length of openi ng joint;

(bl per SQuare metre o f opening l ight ;

Ie) pe r sq uare metre o f total surface area o f the window.

These s ha ll be p lo tted o n twO graphs aga imt risi ng pre ssure and the graphs sh a ll b e included in the les t repo r t.

, O.

F orm of test report

T he te st

repo r t sha ll be pl esen t ed in acco rda nce

with EN 78."

9

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National Append ix A

T he

United King dom pan ic i pation in t he preparation of

th is

European StCl nda rd ca me under t he authority of t he

Building Oivisional Council. Th e fo ll owing organi zat io ns

were involv~ in the work o n this stan dard:

Aluminium Wind ow

As sociation

Association of Bu ild er$ ' Hardwa re Manufacturer s

British Pla st ics !=eder ation

British

Wood w ork Ma nufactu re rs' Associat ion

De pa rtm ent o f the Establish ment Depa rtment of the

Enviro n m ent Build ing Research

Environ me nt, Housing a nd Conn ructio n

BS 5368

EN 42

Pa,t 1

1976

Department of the Enviro nment, Property Services Agency Fibre Building Boa rd Developme n t Organiza t ion l td. F lat Glass Man ufacturer s' Assoc ia t io n Grea ter London Council Incorporated Associati on of Architects and Surveyors

In st itution of Fire Engin ee r s"

Interdepartmental Constructio n Development Group

M~tal Window Federat io n of Grea t Bri ta in Modul ar Society Roval, l nstitute o f Bri t ish Arch itects Tim ber Research and Developmen t Associatio n