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GUÍA DIDÁCTICA

INGLÉS 3ER CUATRIMESTRE

DOCENTE:
CARRERA:
CUATRIMESTRE: Abril- Agosto 2020.
CORTE: 2
ESTRUCTURA DEL CURSO

El curso de inglés 3 en segundo corte consta de las siguientes Unidades de Aprendizaje.

UNIDAD TEMA INICIO TÉRMINO No DE EVALUACIÓN


HORAS
3 3.1 PAST CONTINUOUS 02- 06- 20 06- 06- 20 5
10%
3.2 COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS; 08- 06- 20 13- 06- 20 5
ARTICLES 10%

4 4.1 PRESENT PERFECT: HAVE BEEN AND HAVE 15- 06- 20 20- 06- 20 5
GONE. 5%

4.2 TIME EXPRESSIONS WITH THE PRESENT 15- 06- 20 20- 06- 20 5
PERFECT. 5%

UNIDAD 3
DESCRIPCIÓN DE LA UNIDAD:

La unidad se enfoca en el uso del tiempo verbal “pasado continuo”, el cual se basa en la terminación -ing
en sus verbos y se utiliza para expresar situaciones que estaban aconteciendo en cierto momento en el
pasado. Lo principal es el uso del verbo “to be” y la conjugación de los verbos.
OBJETIVO:

Al término de la unidad, el alumno podrá identificar la diferencia entre el pasado simple y el pasado
continuo, además será capaz de expresar sus ideas en este tiempo verbal utilizando la estructura base y los
verbos conjugados.

3.1 PAST CONTINUOUS


Funciones del "past continuous"
El "past continuous" describe acciones o eventos situados en un tiempo anterior al presente, cuyo
comienzo se sitúa en el pasado y que todavía no ha concluido en el momento de hablar. Dicho de otro
modo, expresa una acción incompleta o inconclusa del pasado.

Se utiliza:

 Con frecuencia, para describir el contexto en una historia escrita en pasado.


 Para describir una acción incompleta que se vio interrumpida por otra acción o evento, e.g. "I was
having a beautiful dream when the alarm clock rang."
 Para expresar un cambio de opinión: e.g. "I was going to spend the day at the beach but I've
decided to get my homework done instead."

Ejemplos
 They were waiting for the bus when the accident happened.
 Caroline was skiing when she broke her leg.
 When we arrived he was having a bath.
 When the fire started I was watching television.
Nota: con los verbos que no suelen conjugarse en "past continuous" se emplea normalmente el "simple
past".

Formación del "past continuous"


El "past continuous" de cualquier verbo está compuesto de dos partes: el pasado del verbo "to be"
(was/were) y la raíz del verbo principal +ing.
SUJETO + VERBO TO BE: WAS/ WERE + VERBO –ING + COMPLEMENTO.

Sujeto was/were raíz + ing


Afirmativa
She was reading
Negativa
She wasn't reading
Interrogativa
Was she reading?
Interrogativa negativa
Wasn't she reading?

PRONOMBRE/ SUJETO/ DE QUIÉN HABLAMOS VERBO TO BE


I WAS
YOU WERE
HE WAS
SHE WAS
IT WAS
WE WERE
THEY WERE

*Es posible utilizar TIME EXPRESSIONS con el pasado continuo o pasado progresivo.

ACTIVITY 1
PART B
PART C. CLICK THE LINK BELOW AND COMPLETE THE ACTIVITY. ONCE YOU FINISH, PASTE
A PICTURE OF THE PAGE BELOW.
https://es.liveworksheets.com/worksheets/en/English_as_a_Second_Language_(ESL)/Past_continuous/While_I_was
_sleeping..._qa151237zq

3.2 COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS; ARTICLES.


COUNTABLE & UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS (sustantivos contables e incontables)

Countable nouns: Los sustantivos contables se pueden contar por sí solos y pueden ser
singular y plural, ejemplos: apple→apples, carrot→carrots, egg→eggs, banana→bananas,
peach→peaches, etc.

 Singular: para contar un sustantivo contable en singular usamos a, an, one. Ejemplos:
a banana, an apple, one lemon.
 Plural: para contar un sustantivo contable en plural, utilizamos los números (two,
three, etc.) o la palabra some para no especificar la cantidad. Ejemplos: two bananas,
three apples, some lemons.
Uncountable nouns: Los sustantivos incontables no tienen forma plural, todo se expresa
como si fuera singular. Ejemplos: cheese, milk, butter, meat, rice, water, etc.
 Para mencionar a un sustantivo incontable usamos some. Al usar some no estamos
especificando la cantidad. Ejemplos: some milk, some cheese, some meat.

 Con un sustantivo incontable nunca podemos usar a, an, one, two, three, etc. En vez
de esos, utilizamos some. Ejemplos: a meat → some meat, two breads → some
bread.

When to use a, an, some, any


 A is used with singular countable nouns that begin with a consonant.
 An is used with singular countable nouns that begin with a vowel.
 Some can be used with plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns. ...
 Any is usually used for plural countable nouns and uncountable nouns in questions and
negative statements.

VISITA LOS SIGUIENTES LINKS CON MÁS INFORMACIÓN:


https://www.madridteacher.com/Grammar/an-some-any.html
https://www.lewolang.com/gramatica-inglesa/33/countable-and-uncountable
ACTIVITY 1
COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING A, AN, SOME, ANY.
PART B
COMPLETE THE SENTENCES USING A, AN, SOME, ANY AND THE WORDS IN THE BOX.
UNIDAD 4

DESCRIPCIÓN DE LA UNIDAD:

La unidad se enfoca en
OBJETIVO:

Al término de la unidad, el alumno podrá

4.1 PRESENT PERFECT: HAVE BEEN AND HAVE GONE.


El present perfect se forma de la siguiente manera:
Presente del verbo have + past participle del verbo principal.
Ejemplo: I have visited the UK.
Utilizamos este tiempo verbal para:
 Hablar sobre experiencias en nuestra vida cuando no decimos exactamente cuándo
pasaron.
 Para hablar de una situación que conecta el pasado con el presente
 Para hablar de sucesos inmediatos, recientes o que aún continúan.

Con el present perfect podemos utilizar tanto been como gone y hay que tener en cuenta
cuando utilizar cada uno, ya que es muy fácil confundir su significado.
Been es el participio pasado de be.
Gone es el participio pasado de go.

BEEN se utiliza para describir una visita que ya se ha completado. Si alguien te dice: “I’ve
been to the UK” significa que ha viajado ahí y ha regresado.
GONE se se utiliza para describir una acción que todavía no ha finalizado. Si alguien te dice:
“I’ve gone to the UK” significa que ha ido al Reino Unido, pero que aún no ha regresado.
Ejemplos para que veas la diferencia entre been y gone:
Have you ever been to (= visited) Italy?
No, but I would love to go there’. (= pay a visit)
Where have you been? You said you were only going out for an hour!
Oh, I went to the shops and then I went to see some friends.
Where has Richard gone?
He’s gone to the gym. He won’t get home till late tonight.

VISITA EL SIGUIENTE LINK PARA VER UN VIDEO, POR SI TIENES DUDAS:


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vei8aHUPvUM
LINKS DE APOYO:
http://curso-gratis-ingles.euroresidentes.com/2008/05/been-y-gone-y-el-present-perfect.html
https://www.aprendemasingles.com/2014/04/02/como-diferenciar-been-y-gone/

ACTIVITY 1
CHOOSE THE CORRECT ANSWER FOR EACH STATEMENT.
1. I've never __ to the USA, but I'd love to go!
 been
 gone
2. A: ''Where's Steve?''
B: ''Oh, he's __ out. He'll be back later.''
 been
 gone
3. A: ''I'm thinking of going to Portugal next year.''
B: ''Oh really? I've __ there - it's great!''
 been
 gone
4. Your boss / teacher asks you why you're late. You say: ''I've just __ to the doctor.''
 been
 gone
5. You phone a friend at work. The other person says, ''I'm sorry, but (X) has __ for the
day.''
 been
 gone
6. You decide to go shopping and you leave a note at home for your mother. You write, ''__
shopping. Be back later.''
 Been
 Gone
7. When you return home, your mother still isn't there. You decide to throw away the first
note but leave her another note. You write: ''__ shopping and bought eggs and milk. See
you later!''
 Been
 Gone
8. Your friend asks you about a new shopping centre. You say, ''Oh yeah - I've __ there a
couple of times.''
 been
 Gone

9. You realise that a co-worker hasn't been in the office this week. You ask someone about
your co-worker and he / she replies: ''Oh, (X) has __ on holiday.''
 been
 gone
10. Your co-worker returns and looks suntanned. You say, ''I can see you've __ on holiday!''
 been
 gone

PART B
COMPLETE USING BEEN OR GONE.
PART C
Fill in the blanks with “have/has been – have/has gone”.

1. Bob's not here. He's ______________ to work.

2. The office is empty. Everybody______________home.

3. It's good to see you again. Where _____________?

4. My brother's ________________to America four times.

5. Sorry, you can't speak to Anna. She's ___________to a party.

6. Mary's hair looks nice. She's just _______________to the hairdresser's.

7. Peter's ______________________to Canada and he's staying there for three weeks.

4.2 TIME EXPRESSIONS WITH THE PRESENT PERFECT.

Use the following time expressions with the Present Perfect:

 already
 yet
 before
 never
 recently
 So far
 ever
 just
 Lately
 Since
 for
Examples:

 Have you ever been to Great Britain?


 I have just found a virus on my computer.
 They have always lived in a big city.
 Josh hasn’t apologised for his behaviour yet.
 Bryan has never been in trouble with the law.

LINK DE APOYO:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tZl0Cz6v54A

ACTIVITY 1