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Revision Questions

History Grade 8
Chapter 9 World at War
1. Analyze the worldwide effects of World War II. (1939 – 1945)
 Spirit of nationalism
 Germany was strengthened
 Rise of dictators
 Hitler emerged as a powerful leader.
 World entered into nuclear age.
 New world order emerged.
 Division of world into two blocks (bipolar system)
 Formation of United Nations.
 Emergence of Communism and Capitalism.
2. Discuss the affects of World War II on the Muslims of the sub-continent. Any
 As the Congress ministries resigned so Muslims celebrated the Day of
 Muslim League came closer to the British government.
 Support of Quaid e Azam to Britain in World War II.
 Muslim League won the goodwill of British
 Reorganization of Muslim League
3. Identify the reasons for World War II.
 Failure of League of Nations
 Germany’s revenge for its humiliation
 Civil war in Spain.
 Powerful started invading small countries.
 Rise of dictatorship
 Attack on Poland by Germany.
4. Why Hitler gained popularity in 1930’s. Give reasons.
 Hitler gained popularity in 1930 because of his new political theory of
 Germans were unhappy with the treaty of Versailles.
 Germany was poor. Hitler gave them hope for the better political and
economic progress.
 Dissatisfaction with the government.
 Strong, prominent and dedicated leader was required who could bring
justice to the country.
 Hitler rearmed forces and involved students for military training.
5. Differentiate between Communism and Capitalism. Write your opinion which
system is better for the development of the country.
Table of Communism and Capitalism from the book page 66
Opinion is open ended.
6. State in your own words, the role of Muslim League and Congress in World
War II.
 Congress was very uncompromising and resigned
 Muslim League was supporting the British.
7. Hitler was blamed to start World War II. Give reasons for your answer.
 Rearmed Germany
 Attacked Czechoslovakia, Poland and Austria.
 Defied the Treat of Versailles.
8. Identify the major political leaders gaining power during early 1900’s.
 Hitler from Germany
 Mussolini from Italy
 Stalin from Russia
 Franco from Spain
9. Explain how the war ended in both eastern and western fronts.
 In Japan it ended with atomic attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki from
the USA.
 In Germany it ended with the defeat in Stalingrad and Hitler committing
10. What was the reason that made USA to get involved in World War II?
Japan’s invasion of Pearl Harbour in 1941
11. Analyze the reasons why Germany wanted to defy the Treaty of Versailles.
 Revenge
 Economic conditions.
 Hitler’s idea of a greater Germany

Chapter 10 Power Shifts

1. Why was there a need to dissolve the League of Nations and formulate the
United Nations?
 Cannot maintain peace in the world
 World War II broke out.
 No peace keeping force.
 Was only able to negotiate matters.
2. What role United Nations has played for Pakistan after its creation?
 Cease fire of 1948 Kashmir war between Pakistan and India
 1960 Indus Water Treaty
3. Why was the confrontation between the two superpowers known as the
Cold War?
 Without an armed conflict.
 Spread influence on other countries
 China adopted communism
4. How did Balfour Declaration lead to the creation Israel?
 From book Balfour Declaration
5. According to the source, write effects of the war on Afghan refugees.

 No facilities.
 Lack of proper housing and sanitary conditions.
 Any other valid answer.
6. Why was United Nations organization formed? Identify the functions of any
two main departments working under it.
From textbook structure of UN
7. Analyze the role of United Nations in bringing peace around the World.
 Vietnam war
 Russian invasion of Afghanistan
 Gulf war (Iran/ Iraq war)
 American attack on Iraq
 Kashmir and Palestine issue
 War in Syria
 Peace keeping in Bosnia. (Only success.)
 Conflict between India and Pakistan.

Chapter 11 Towards Partition and Pakistan

1. Pakistan Resolution was the most important event that led to the creation of
Pakistan. Give reasons.
 Muslim league was reorganized and became the biggest minority party
 Relationship between the Muslim League and British government was
 Lahore Resolution was passed in 1940
 Asked for separate homeland
 Name was Pakistan was decided.
 Jinnah was given title of Quaid e Azam
 Demarcation of areas
 Muslim gave full support to British during World War II
 Position of Muslim League became strong after 1945 elections.
2. Explain the role of Quaid e Azam after the creation of Pakistan.
 Forming the first constitution
 Became the first governor general
 Settlement of refugees.
 Rights to minorities
 Equal division of assets
 Establishment of offices.
 Urdu became national language.
 English became the official language.
3. Was the Radcliffe Award justified? Give your opinion.
 Pathankot, Gurdaspur and Ferozpur were unjustly awarded to India.
 The city of Calcutta which was a rich business and publication center
was given to India.
 By giving Gurdaspur to India they gave them direct access to Kashmir
 (judgment by the students)
4. Evaluate the role of women in Pakistan Movement.
 Equal participation in movements
 Creation of all India Women’s Subcommittee of the Muslim league.
 Leadership role by most of the women
5. Why was the Cabinet Mission Plan rejected by both Congress and Muslim
 From book page 80. Students are required to answer in their own
6. What were the reasons for the failure of Gandhi-Jinnah talks?
 Gandhi was not willing to recognize Muslim demand for a separate
 He claimed to be the only representative of people of subcontinent.
 Was not accepting dominion status for the Muslims.
 Wanted to get one state from British.
 Jinnah wanted the separation before the British leave India.
7. Was Jinnah justified to announce the Direct Action Day on 16 August 1946?
 To show the Muslim strength towards Hindus and Britishers.
 Symbolizes Muslim unity
 Muslims emerge as a separate nation.
 Riots and strikes.
 Great Calcutta killing.
8. Give reasons for the failure of Cripps Mission.
 The Muslims were not given guarantee for a separate homeland and
complete independence.
 Hindus and Muslims could not compromise with each other on the plan
suggested by the British.