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_____/46 points Possible

Chemistry Unit 7 Lab Assessment

Name:___________________________ Date:_______________
Lab Partner:______________________

Unit Outcome: Students will examine and define concepts of Thermochemistry and Kinetics to
investigate and explain interactions between molecules.

Learning Outcomes:

Chem 7.2: Design and conduct an experiment to determine the specific heat of a known metal
using calorimetry.
Chem 7.3: Interpret data from an experiment using calorimetry to determine changes in enthalpy
at a constant pressure.

Purpose: For this assessment, you will be working with your lab partner to design and carry out
an experiment to find the specific heat of copper. We have discussed in class the factors that
affect specific heat. By applying the lessons learned in class and following the prompts below,
you will write your own experiment to carry out in class.

Materials Given: Copper Cylinders Thermometer Calorimeter

Triple Beam Balance Crucible Tongs Hotplate

100 mL Graduated Cylinder 400 mL Beaker Water

Part 1: Hypothesis

Directions: In the space below form a hypothesis you will be testing for the experiment. Read
the purpose above and determine what the experiment is seeking to find. Then, read the
materials list and determine what materials will be used to find this information.

If __________________________________________________________________

_________________________________, then ______________________________


STOP: Trade papers with another lab group and analyze each other’s hypothesis. Make
corrections if appropriate. When you have finished this step, have the other group initial here.

Lab Group Initials: ________ ________

Part 2: Lab Procedure

Directions: In the space below, fill out the steps you will take to test your hypothesis. Make sure
you include the materials needed. Some steps are started for you. Reminder: The calorimeters
hold 100 mL of water.

Step 1: Get a _____________ and begin heating approximately ________ mL of water in a

______ mL glass beaker until boiling, _______ degrees Celsius.

Step 2: Using the __________________, find mass of ______________________. Record it in

the attached data table.

Step 3: Heat the copper piece by ________________________________ using the

______________ to lower it into the _____________.

Step 4: Obtain the _______________. Add ______ mL of __________ to the ____________,

using the ______ mL beaker. Record the mass of _________ in the attached data table.

Step 5: Find the initial ___________________________________, and record it in the attached

data table.

Step 6: When the ___________ object has been in the boiling water for ______ minutes, place
the ________ object in the calorimeter using the __________. DO NOT TOUCH THE
________ object with your hands!

Step 7: When the __________ has stopped rising, record the final ____________ in the attached
data table.

Step 8: Repeat the steps ____ to ____ two more times, recording all values in the

Stop: Trade papers with another lab group and analyze each other’s procedure. Make
corrections if appropriate. When you have finished this step, have the other group initial here.

Lab Group Initials: ________ ________

Part 3: Experiment

Directions: When you have finished Part 1 and Part 2, then you are ready to begin the
experiment. Obtain the required materials and follow your procedure. Fill out the data table

Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3

Mass of Copper Object g g g

Volume (mass) of Water mL (g) mL (g) mL (g)

Initial Water Temperature ⁰C ⁰C ⁰C

Final Water Temperature ⁰C ⁰C ⁰C

Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Final

∆Twater (Tf – Ti) ⁰C ⁰C ⁰C ⁰C
∆Tcopper (Tf – 100) ⁰C ⁰C ⁰C ⁰C

Part 4: Calculations

Directions: When you have finished Part 3, then you are ready to begin the calculations. Use
the data recorded in the table above to solve for specific heat of copper and the percent error.

Calculation 1 Change in Energy of Water

𝑄𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 = 𝑐𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 x 𝑚𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟 x 𝑇𝑤𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑟

Cwater = 4.186 J/g*⁰C

ANSWER: Qwater = _____________ J

Part 4: Calculations Continued

Calculation 2 Energy Transferred

⁻ Qwater = Qcopper

ANSWER: Qcopper=_______________J

Calculation 3 Specific Heat of Copper

𝑄𝑐𝑜𝑝𝑝𝑒𝑟 = 𝑐𝑐𝑜𝑝𝑝𝑒𝑟 x 𝑚𝑐𝑜𝑝𝑝𝑒𝑟 x 𝑇𝑐𝑜𝑝𝑝𝑒𝑟

ANSWER: Ccopper = _____________ J/g*⁰C

Calculation 4 Percent Error

𝐶𝑎𝑙𝑐𝑢𝑙𝑎𝑡𝑒𝑑 𝑉𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒 ― 𝐸𝑥𝑎𝑐𝑡 𝑉𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒

𝑃𝑒𝑟𝑐𝑒𝑛𝑡 𝐸𝑟𝑟𝑜𝑟 = 𝑥 100
𝐸𝑥𝑎𝑐𝑡 𝑉𝑎𝑙𝑢𝑒

The exact value is the verified specific heat of copper. This value is 0.385 J/g*⁰C.

ANSWER: _________________%

STOP: Before moving on to the last part, you need to evaluate your answers to the calculations.
Is your percent error below 10%? If not, you will need to make sure all your calculations are
accurate and potentially redo the experiment. If your percent error is below 10%, you are ready
to begin the Lab Report.
Formal Lab Report
Ms. Shields
Directions: Write this report on lined notebook paper. You may attach the data tables and
calculations documents to the paper so that you do not have to re-write the problems. If you do
this, write “See Attached Sheet” under the appropriate heading.
-Title of lab and name of lab partner (1 point)
1. State the hypothesis (2 pts)
a. If…then statement, should be testable and include independent and dependent variables and
any equipment used
2. Theories Used (4 pts)
a. Theories include a basic explanation of anything you are investigating. EX: metric system,
velocity, acceleration.
b. Should include any equations used or important definitions
3. Data and Analysis (2+ pts)
a. Tables and graphs (2 pts for each)
4. Calculations (8 pts)
a. All calculations are shown
b. Results are clearly labeled and correct
5. Conclusion (15 pts)
a. Restate the hypothesis (1 pt)
b. Tell whether is supported or rejected (1 pt)
c. Provide data from your experiment to support your statements above, include numbers and
units. (6 pts)
d. Explain any patterns you see in the data. Make sure you use your data to support any
conclusions you draw. Hint: Inverse or direct relationships. (4 pts)
e. Predictions are made about what might happen if part of the lab were changed or how the
experimental design could be changed. (4 pts)
f. Connect the lab to a real life experience. (speed- how fast you drive your car) (2 pts)

3 2 1 0 Final
Hypothesis/ Background Background Background Background is Student
Theories Used information is information is information is vague or brief, Score:
Research researched and cited researched. vague or brief. hypothesis is
when appropriate. Hypothesis is stated Hypothesis is vague, or __ of 3
Hypothesis is stated but not explained and stated but not background or
in “If…then…” not in “If…then…” explained and not hypothesis is
format and explained. format. in “If…then…” missing.
Final Score:
__ of 3

Procedure Materials and Materials are Materials are Doesn’t Student

amounts are mentioned but without mentioned but provide enough Score:
identified. Steps are amounts. Steps are without amounts. information to
easy to follow and in easy to follow and in Steps are vague represent an __ of 3
sentence form. sentence form. but in sentence experimental
form. procedure.
Final Score:

__ of 3

Data Data is complete and One component of Two components Data is brief Student
relevant. Tables are data incomplete: of data incomplete and missing Score:
easy to read and units or one missing: significant
are provided. Graphs ___Tables ___Tables pieces of __ of 3
are labeled and show information.
trends when ___Graphs ___Graphs
Final Score:

__ of 3

Report Report is well Report is well Report is Report contains Student

Quality organized and organized and somewhat many errors. Score:
cohesive and contains cohesive but contains organized with
no mechanical errors. some spelling or some spelling or __ of 3
grammatical errors. grammatical
Final Score:

__ of 3

This rubric is adapted from the NSTA Lab Report rubric.