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Functions of Telecom:

As telecommunications specialists, we have an unrivalled ability to deliver a unique syllabus, focussed on

Telecommunications, Voice, Data, Systems Support and key emerging technologies. Our World-leading

curriculum includes different TELECOM TRAINING ROADMAPS, unique courses and seminars, and

Bespoke training.

Our Course Curriculum and TRAINING ROADMAPS provide authoritative training in:

1. LTE / 4G, UMTS / 3G, GSM, GPRS, EDGE

2. Telecommunications, Convergence, Billing, IPv6, IPv4, Mobile IP, Voice over IP (SIP, IMS, H. 323,

Megaco)

3. Linux, *BSD and UNIX systems

4. Specialised courses on C/ C and Telecom software Development

5. RF Planning, RF Survey, Drive Test

6. OSS, BSS, SOA, Cloud Networking, SDP

Course Content

GSM Overview

Introduction and history of GSM

GSM frequency bands

General Architecture of GSM Networks

Channel concept in GSM

Radio Interface, Air Interface

GSM Identities and Traffic Cases

Signaling in GSM Network

o SS7 Overview

Digital Communication

Sampling, Nyquist Theorem, Pulse Modulation, PCM and Digital Modulation

Noise and Interference

Signal to Noise Ratio


The Cornerstone of All Data Communications: Shannon s Law

Man-made Noise

Impact of Rainfall

The Language of RF

Radio Modulation

Forward Error Correction

DeciBels, dB, dBm, dBw, dBi

Antennas: dipole and isotropic and antenna gain.

Radio Planning

The importance of RF Planning

What is involved?

How is RF Planning performed?

Overview of the Radio Planning Task

Base Sites and Configurations

Backhauls

The Planning Process

A Little RF

Path Loss

EIRP

IRL

MAPL

Fading Margins

Propagation Models

What is a Propagation Model and why do we need one?

Why are there so many?

Which ones should we use?

Point to Point Radio Planning

Using the Power Law for Non-Line of Sight Modeling


Multipath and Fading

Flat Earth Modeling

Simple Basic Planning for Mobile Networks

Planning for Capacity or for Coverage

Demonstration of Simple Estimating Tool

RF Planning Tools

Getting the Inputs: Databases

Demonstration of an RF Planning Tool

RF Engineering

Fundamentals, RF Survey, Planning and Optimization of GSM Network

Drive Testing

Why do we need this?

How is it done?

What do we do with the results?

This course involves the Field Study session including Lab, Presentation and Projects shall also be a part

of the training. All the trainees will undergo the field study as per schedule and availability.

Duration: 30 hours

Why NGN Technologies?

In a competitive World, you need to be fitter, keener and more able than the rest. Having expertise alone

is not enough: you need to deliver high value, with quality and flexibility, show commitment to your

customers and demonstrate utter dependability. Our faculty is derived from Best in the industry and all

have more then 8 years of professional experience.

For further details please contact

Contact : M 16, First Floor, Old DLF Colony, Sector 14, Gurgaon

Phone : 9811814731, 0124-4087339

Email : hrd ngn-technologies. co. in

Website: www. ngn-technologies. co. in


Cellular Drive Test
Hello everyone. Let me try to post a simple documentation about one of our activities in
MobileCommLab, drive test. After some research and held trainings at our campus since last
year, I don’t think it’s bad to share about drive test here. Why? Because some of my friends want
to learn this, but they don’t have much resource to pay for the training fees. If you find this post
useful and maybe you’re interested to learn more, our research lab is always open to anyone for
deeper discussion and practice. Feel free to ask any lab assistants you meet in the lab. :)

In general, Drive Test (DT) can be defined as the methods used to determine the actual condition
of the radio performance of a service provider (operator) by collectiong the data in certain area.
Here are some of functions of DT:

• Analyzing the causes of customer complaints of a service


• Find problems or maintenance on the radio network
• To analyze the results of the optimization process
• To ensure its services performance remain satisfactory by conducting regular DT

There are several commonly used software for drive testing, such as TEMS Investigation (from
Ericsson), or the Nemo Outdoor (from Nokia). The one that our campus has in MobileCommLab
is TEMS softwares and handsets. We could use TEMS 6 for GSM or TEMS 8 for
UMTS(WCDMA) drive test. Now, here’s the steps in DT :

1. Drive test equipments preparation

Before perform a DT, we should make a checklist of hardware used, i.e.:

1. Laptop with charger and USB hub


2. License dongle for TEMS 8
3. TEMS handsets, charger, and data cables
4. 2G/3G SIM cards
5. GPS and data cable
6. Inverter and the cable terminal
7. Battery (for GPS) and the battery charger

Then do the required software checks, i.e.:

1. TEMS Investigation 6 or 8
2. HASP Emulator (for TEMS 6)
3. Handset driver or PC Suite (T68i, Z800, or K800)
4. GPS driver

2. Workspace configuration
While doing DT, not all parameters need to be analyzed. Therefore, it’s necessary to arrange our
workspace properly for easier analysis of DT parameters. For example in 2G (GSM) DT, arrange
the workspace like the following picture:

(picture will be uploaded later)

Description of windows used:

1. Open Worksheet Map and minimize the size of the map window
2. GSM Serving + Neighbors (Presentation -> GSM -> GSM Serving + Neighbors): to
display the serving cell (Serving / Active Set) and neighboring cells (Neighbor Set)
3. GSM Radio Parameter (Presentation -> GSM -> GSM Radio Parameters): to display the
indicator / radio parameters of GSM system such as RxLev, RxQual, FER, SQI, TA, etc.
4. GSM Current Channel (Presentation -> GSM -> Current Channel): to provide
informations of channels and the cells in use
5. GPS (Presentation -> Positioning -> GPS): to know the position of lattitude, longitude,
and monitor vehicle speed
6. Equipment Configuration (Configuration -> Equipment Configuration): to adjust the
equipment properties used
7. Command Sequence (Control -> Command Sequence): to run repeated commands on the
handset continuously and automatically
8. Events (Presentation -> Signaling -> Events): to display the event is in progress

3. Port Configuration

We need to know the port where a GPS driver, handset, and the data cable is installed in order to
be recognized by DT software. Note the port number of the devices we use at DT. Open Device
Manager by right-clicking My Computer, Properties, Hardware, Device Manager. Then find the
modem, double click on needed devices, then click the Modem tab. Remember, for the data
cable, the port number is always smaller than the port number of the mobile phone.

Then, in the TEMS Investigation software, do the following:

1. Open the Equipment Configuration window, then click the plus icon
2. Select port for the handset / MS (e.g. COM5) and its data cable / DC (e.g. COM4)
3. After all ports are configured, and the dongle’s inserted, connect all devices by clicking
on Connect All / F2 (green colored)
4. If you want to disconnect (after the DT finished), disconnect all by clicking on
Disconnect All (red colored)

4. Command Sequence Configuration

Command sequences required for such processes e.g. calls, sms, etc. They can be automatically
repeated while DT.

Here’s an example configuration using the TEMS 8 command sequence :


1. Click Edit (pen and paper image at button) to edit the new command
2. Then enter the Loop (General -> Loop) and click add to the bottom button. Type 1000 in
the Time / Count Loop
3. Then enter the Dial command and click insert button so the Dial command is in the Loop.
Then enter Phone Number and Duration as needed. For example the duration of the Long
Call 120 and 15 for the Short Call
4. Then select the Wait (General -> Wait) and click down button so the wait be after Dial in
the Loop. Enter Wait Time 15

5. Map Configuration

While drive testing, map is needed to analyze where we stand compared to the cell position,
condition of DT area, etc. Steps to configure the map, i.e.:

1. In the layer control, Remove all the layers except Pinpoint, Cell, Event, AMR, RF
Quality, and Coverage Layer
2. After that, Add DT area maps
3. Then enter cellfile. Configuration -> General -> Cellfile Load

6. Configuring the Notebook

Power Management
Before the DT, we should adjust the laptop to be always on. Open Power Options from the Start
-> Settings -> Control Panel -> Power Options. Set Power schemes laptop: Always On.

Virtual Memory
Virtual memory is required because the DT need high memory resource. Steps to set the virtual
memory are:

1. Start -> Settings -> Control Panel -> System.


2. On the Advance tab -> click Performance.
3. Click Change in the virtual memory. Set the value as needed. It’s better to use more than
recommended size

7. Begin drive testing

1. Configure recording properties. Click Logfile -> Recording Properties


2. Select recording folder. Click Browse -> Choose the folder
3. Select Quick logging and setup size of swap file “after reaching message “ to prevent a
huge size logfile
4. Open saved workspace with the map and cell file
5. Connect all equipments by clicking green colored connect icon / F2
6. The windows in the workspace will be filled and sounds will come out for running events
7. Lock the handset RAT (Radio Access Technology) into GSM only or UMTS only
8. Start drive test by clicking record button, then click start Command Sequence
9. When all DT route has finished, wait untill call ended, then stop command sequence, and
stop recording.

Summary : Start Record Logfile –> Start Command Sequence –> Stop Command Sequence –>
Stop Record Logfile

References :

• TEMS Investigation Manuals


• MobileCommLab Drive Test and Optimization Training Modules
• Orinaica’s blog at wordpress.com

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