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# Mock Test - 7 Physics (Paper - 2)

## SECTION-I : (SINGLE ANSWER CORRECT TYPE)

This section contains 06 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A),
(B), (C) and (D) out of which ONLY ONE is correct.
Marking Scheme : Correct Marks : 3 , Negative Marks : 1

1. A block B is suspended from a cable that is attached the block at E, wraps around three pulleys and
is tied to the back of a truck D. If the truck starts from rest when x D is zero and moves forward with
a constant acceleration of a p  3 / 2 m / s 2 if the speed of the block at the instant x D  3m is:

1 2 3
(A) m/s (B) m/s (C) m/s (D) 1m / s
5 5 5
1. (C)
At the instant shown,
3x B  x 2D  16  L
xD dx D
So 3v B  0
16  x dt
2
D

So, v B  0.6 m / s

2. A car of mass = m = 1000 kg is moving with constant speed v = 10 m/s on a parabolic shaped
bridge AFOE of span l = 40 m and height h = 20 m as shown in the figure. Then the net force applied
by the bridge on the car when the car is at point F, is:

5 5000 10000 2
(A) 5000 N (B) N (C) N (D) 5000 N
2 2 2 5

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2. (A)
Taking origin at O and OC as y-axis equation of bridge is
x2
y
20
dy 2x 2  10
So, slope at F    1
dx 20 20
1 mv 2
At point F, mg N
2 R

mg mv 2 mg
N  and fs 
2 R 2
1  1
3/ 2

At F, R  20 2 (metre)
1
10
10m 100m 5m
N  
2 20 2 2
10m
fs 
2
25 100 5 5
 Net force = m   5m  5000 N
2 2 2 2

3. Five identical balls each of mass m and radius r are strung like beads at random and are at rest along
a smooth, rigid horizontal thin rod of length L, mounted between immovable supports as shown in
the figure. Assume 10r < L and that the collision between balls or between balls and supports are
elastic. If one ball is struck horizontally so as to acquire a speed v, the average force felt by the
support is

5mv 2 mv 2 5mv 2 mv 2
(A) (B) (C) (D)
L  5r L  10r L  10r L  5r

3. (B)
Change inmomentum at sup port 2mv mv 2
Average force = =  F  
time between two collisions at sup port  L  10r  L  10r
  2
 v 

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4. A satellite is revolving round the earth. If the universal gravitational constant (G) was decreasing
uniformly with time for the satellite, the quantity that still remains constant is:
(C) Tangential speed (D) Angular momentum

4. (D)
Due to change in G, the gravitational force and energy changes but as the gravitational force is a
central force, net torque on satellite about center of planet still remain zero hence angular momentum
of the satellite will remain constant.

5. A closed rectangular tank is completely filled with water and is accelerated horizontally with an
acceleration a towards right. Pressure is (i) maximum at, and (ii) minimum at:

(A) (i) B (ii) D (B) (i) C (ii) D (C) (i) B (ii) C (D) (i) B (ii) A
5. (A)
Due to pseudo force on water pressure increase on the rear wall so maximum pressure will be at
point B as due to gravity also it is increased at B. Similarly pressure due to acceleration is least on
front face so minimum pressure is at point D

6. Using Thomson’s model of the atom, consider an atom consisting of two electrons, each of charge –
e, embedded in a sphere of charge +2e and radius R. In equilibrium each electron is at distance d
from the centre of the atom. What is equilibrium separation between electrons?

## (A) R (B) R/2 (C) R/3 (D) R/4

6. (A)
Field due to +2e charge sphere at distance d from the centre is
2Ked
E=
R3
Force on electron is given as
2Ke 2 d
E  eE 
R3
Force between electrons is given by Coulomb’s law as
Ke 2
Fc 
4d 2
For equilibrium, we have
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2Ke 2 d Ke 2
 2
R3 4d
 R  8d
3 3

 R  2d
SECTION-II : (MULTIPLE ANSWER(S) CORRECT TYPE)

This section contains 08 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A),
(B), (C) and (D) out of which ONE or MORE than one is/are correct.
Marking Scheme : Correct Marks : 4 , Negative Marks : 2, Partial Mark : 1

7. The figure shows, two point charges q1  2Q and q 2  Q . The charges divide the line joining
them in three parts I, II and III as shown in figure. Then which of the following statements is/are
correct:

## (A) Region III has a local maxima of electric field

(B) Region I has a local minima of electric field
(C) Equilibrium position for a test charge lies in region II
(D) The equilibrium for constrained motion along the line joining the charges is stable for a negative
charge
Figure below shows the variable of electric field in the region due to the two charges and based on
this options (A) and (D) are correct

8. A dielectric slab fills the space between a parallel-plate capacitor. The side of each plate of the
capacitor is L. The magnitude of the bound charges on the slab is 75% of the magnitude of the free
charge on the plates. The capacitance is 480F and the maximum charge that can be stored on the
capacitor is 240 0 L2 E max , where E max is the breakdown strength of the medium:
(A) The dielectric constant for the dielectric slab is 4
(B) Without the dielectric, the capacitance of the capacitor would be 360F
(C) The plate area is 60L2
(D) If the dielectric slab is having the same area as that of the capacitor plate but the width is half
separation between plates of capacitor, the capacitance would be 192F
8. (ACD)

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The final charge on capacitor plates is kC0 V0 thus the induced charges on the dielectric slab surface
are given as
 1
q i  q 1    C0 V0  k  1
 k
As induced charges on the two surfaces of dielectric are equal and opposite net force due to these
induced charges on any plate is zero. Force of attraction between the plates of capacitor is given as
q2 k 2 C02 V02
F 
2 0 A 2 0 A
Electric field due to induced charges inside the dielectric slab is given as
  k  1 C0 V0
Ei  i 
0 0 A
This options (A), (B) and (D) are correct.

9. In the circuit shown in the figure, switch S is closed at time t = 0. Select the correct statements.

## (A) Rate of increase of charge is same in both the capacitors

(B) Ratio of charge stored in capacitors C and 2C at any time t would be 1 : 2
(C) Time constants of both the capacitors are equal
(D) Steady state charge in capacitors C and 2C are in the ratio of 1 : 2
9. (BCD)
q C  EC and q 2C  2EC
Time constant is same for both the circuits C  2RC
At time t charge on the two capacitors is given as
q C  EC 1  e t /  

q 2C  2EC 1  e t /  
qC 1
 
q 2C 2
Thus options (B), (C) and (D) are correct

10.  
A charged particle of unit mass and unit charge at some instant has velocity v  8iˆ  6ˆj ms 1 in

 
magnetic field B  2kˆ Tesla. (Neglect all other forces). Choose the CORRECT option(s):

## (A) The path of particle may be x 2  y 2  4x  21  0

(B) The path of particle may be x 2  y 2  25

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## (C) The path of particle may be y 2  z 2  25

(D) Time period of particle will be 3.14s
10. (ABD)
 
As v  B particle is performing circular motion in xy plane with radius of circle given as
mv 1 10
r   5m
Bq 2
Radius of x 2  y 2  4x  21  0 Is 5m
Radius of x 2  y 2  25 is 5m
The time period of revolution of particle is given as
2m 21
T   3.14s
Bq 1 2

11. Plane rectangular loop is placed in a magnetic field. The EMF induced in the loop due to this field is
ei whose maximum value is eim . The loop was pulled out of the magnetic field at a velocity which is

not constant. Assume the magnetic induction in the region is B and it is uniform and constant.  i is
plotted against time t as shown in the graph. Which of the following are/is correct statement(s).

## (A) eim is independent of rate of removal of coil from the field.

(B) The total charge that passes through any point of the loop in the process of complete removal of
the loop does not depend on velocity of removal
(C) The total area under the curve  ei vs t  is independent of rate of removal of coil from the field.
(D) The area under the curve is dependent on the rate of removal of the coil
11. (BC)
EMF induced in the loop is given as
d
e
dt
The area under the curve gives
i  i   d   e dt
Which is change in flux that remain constant Charge flow through the loop is given as
flux ch arg e
q  = constant
R

12. Seven identical rods of material of thermal conductivity k are connected as shown in the given
figure. All the rods are of identical length  and cross-sectional area A. If the one end A is kept at
1000 C and the other end B is kept at 0 0 C , what would be the temperatures of the junctions C, D and
E  C , D and E  in the steady state?

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(A) C  E  D
(B) E  50 0 C and  D  37.50 C
(C) E  50 0 C, C  62.50 C and  D  37.50 C
(D) E  500 C, C  600 C and D  400 C
12. (AC)
This problem can be solved like electric current problem
Let R 1 , R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 and R 7 be the rates of heat flow through
AE, EB, AC, CD, CE, ED and DB, respectively.

## Since R 1  R 2 , E  500 C …. (i)

R5  R6, R3  R 4  R5  R7 …. (ii)
R4  R6  R7
kA  C  50  kA
  50  D 
 
kA kA kA kA
100  C    C  50    C  D   D
   
C  D  100
2C  2 D  50  C  62.50 C
 D  37.50 C
 C   E   D

13. A simple pendulum consists of a bob of mass m and a light string of length  as shown in the given
figure. Another identical ball moving with the small velocity v 0 collides with the pendulum’s bob
and sticks to it. For this new pendulum of mass 2m, mark out the correct statement(s).

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(A) Time period of the pendulum is 2
g
v0  g 
(B) The equation of motion for this pendulum is   sin  t
2 g   
v0  g 
(C) The equation of motion for this pendulum is   cos  t
2 g   
2
(D) Time period of the pendulum is 2
g
13. (AB)
The time period of simple harmonic pendulum is independent of mass, so it would be same as that
T  2 1/ g . After collision, the combined mass acquires a velocity of v 0 / 2 , as a result of this
velocity, the mass (2m) moves up and at an angle 0 (say) with vertical, it stops, this is the extreme
position of bob.

## From work-energy theorem, K  Wtotal

2
2m  v 0 
0    2mg 1  cos 0 
2  2 
v 20 
 1  cos   2sin 2 0
8g 2
0 v
sin  0
2 4 g
0 0 v0
If 0 is small, sin   0 
2 2 2 g
So, the equation of simple harmonic motion is     0 sin  t 

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## 14. A radio transmitter at position A operates at a wavelength of 20 m. A second, identical transmitter is

located at a distance x from the first transmitter, at position B. The transmitters are phase locked
together such that the second transmitter is lagging  / 2 out of phase with the first. For which of the
following values of BC  CA will the intensity at C be maximum

(A) BC – CA = 60 m (B) BC – CA = 65 m
(C) BC – CA = 55 m (D) BC – CA = 75 m
14. (CD)
y A  A sin  t  k  AC  
  
y B  sin  t  k  BC  
 2 
For maximum intensity at C

k  BC  AC    2n
2
 
BC  AC   n    15, 35,55, 75,....
 4

## SECTION IiI : (PARAGRAPH TYPE)

This section contains 04 multiple choice questions relating to TWO paragraphs with
TWO questions on each paragraph. Each question has four choices (A), (B), (C) and (D)
out of which ONLY ONE is correct.
Marking Scheme: Correct Marks : 3, Negative Mark : 1

## Paragraph for Question Nos. 15 to 16

Two identical plano – convex lenses L1  1  1.4  and L 2   2  1.5 of radii of curvature R = 20 cm
are placed as shown in figure.

15. Find the position of the image of the parallel beam of light relative to the common principal axis.
(A) 100/7 cm (B) 200/9 cm (C) 31.2 cm (D) 21.8 cm

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16. Now, the second lens is shifted vertically downward by small distance 4.5 mm and the extended
parts of L1 and L 2 are blackened as shown in figure. Find the new position of the image of the
parallel beam.

(A) 200/9 cm behind the lens 2.5 mm below the principal axis of L1
(B) 100/9 cm in front of the lens 2 mm below the principal axis of L1
(C) 200/9 cm in front of the lens 2.5 mm below the principal axis of L1
(D) 100/9 cm behind the lens 2 mm below the principal axis of L1
Solution for Que. No. 15 & 16
15. (B)
16. (A)
(A) Focal lengths of lenses L1 and L 2 are respectively, given by
1 1 1
  1  1     f1  50cm
f1 R 
1  1  1 
    1        f 2  40 cm
f2    R 
The equivalent focal length f of the combination is given by
1 1 1 200
  f  cm
f f1 f 2 9
Hence, the image of the parallel beam is formed on the common principal axis at a distance of
22.22 cm from the combination on the right side.
(B) Image formed by L1 is at a distance of 50 cm behind the lens. This image lies on the principal
axis of L1 and will act as an object for L 2 .

## For L 2 object distance, u  50cm

f 2  40 cm
1 1 1 200
   cm
 u f 9
 4
Magnification caused by L 2 , m  
u 9
For L 2 , object I1 is at a distance of 4.5 mm above its principal axis.

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Hence, distance of image I 2 of the object (virtual) I1 is at a distance  4 9   4.5  2mm above the
principal axis of L 2
[ height of image  m  height of object].
Hence, final image is at a distance of 22.22 cm behind the combination at a distance of 2.5 mm
below the principal axis of L1 .

## Paragraph for Question Nos. 17 to 18

A block of plastic having a thin air cavity (whose thickness is comparable to wavelength of light
waves) is shown in figure. The thickness of air cavity (which can be considered as air wedge for
interference pattern) is varying linearly from one end to other as shown.
A broad beam of monochromatic light is incident normally from the top of the plastic box. Some
light is reflected back from top and some from the bottom of cavity. The plastic layers above and
below the cavity are having thickness much larger than wavelength of incident light. An observer
when looking down from top sees an interference pattern consisting of eight dark fringes and seven
bright fringes along the wedge. Take wavelength of incident light in air as 0 and refractive index of
plastic as  .

Assume that the thickness of the ends of air cavity are such that formation of fringes takes place
there

## 17. Determine the difference L1  L 2   L  in terms of 0

4 0 7 0 3 0
(A) (B) (C) (D) None of the above
 2 
17. (B)
From the theory mentioned in passage, at the ends of cavity fringes will form, and as number of dark
fringes is greater than the number of bright fringes so the ends will be location of dark fringes.
Thickness of the cavity at a distance x from the left end would be
L  L2
t  L2  1 x
L

## For left end,

2L1  n 0 (for dark fringe)
For right end,
7
L1  L 2  0
2
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18. Determine the distance of 4th dark fringe from the left end of air cavity.
2L 3L 4L 5L
(A)  0 (B) L1  (C) (D)
6 4 7 7
18. (C)
For 4th dark fringe from left end,
2t   n  3 0
 L  L2 
2  L 2  1 x   2L1  3 0
 L 
4L
x
7

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