Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 3

CUSTOMER SERVICES DIRECTORATE

2 ROND POINT EMILE DEWOITINE


31700 BLAGNAC FRANCE
TELEPHONE + 33 (0)5 61 93 33 33

FLIGHT OPERATIONS TRANSMISSION - FOT

TO: All A319,A320,A321 Operators

SUBJECT: ATA 22 – SPEED BRAKE LIMITATION IN APPROACH WITH GWCG ABOVE 33% OR
35% OR IN OVERWEIGHT LANDING

OUR REF.: 999.0034/20 Rev 00 dated 22-APR-2020

CLASSIFICATION: Airworthiness or Safety

APPLICABLE AIRCRAFT: This FOT is applicable to all A319ceo CFM / A319neo CFM / A320neo /
A321neo Airbus aircraft

Notice: This FOT provides information about a significant operational issue that is
related to airworthiness or safety. It is each Operator’s responsibility to distribute this
FOT or to distribute the information contained in this FOT, to all of their applicable
flight crews without delay. Failure to apply this FOT may have a significant impact on
safe aircraft operations.

1. PURPOSE

This FOT is issued to inform Operators that the red OEB 57 is published:
 OEB 57 “SPEED BRAKE LIMITATION IN APPROACH WITH GWCG ABOVE 33 % OR IN
OVERWEIGHT LANDING'' for A319neo CFM
 OEB 57 “SPEED BRAKE LIMITATION IN APPROACH WITH GWCG ABOVE 35 % OR IN
OVERWEIGHT LANDING'' for A319ceo CFM / A320neo / A321neo is published.

2. EVENT DESCRIPTION

An Airbus A321neo aircraft experienced the following in-service event: During approach, in CONF 2
and with AP ON, a go-around was initiated. After setting the thrust levers to TOGA, the aircraft
reached an excessive pitch attitude that resulted in an autopilot (AP) disconnection.

3. CAUSES / CONSEQUENCES

3.1. Cause
Investigation of the event concluded that the excessive pitch attitude followed by the AP
disconnection was due to the combination of all of the following:
 AP ON
 Flaps extended
 In go-around, TOGA application within 50s after full retraction of the speed brakes.

Per design, during a go-around the autopilot has an increased authority in pitch when speed brakes
are extended and this up to 50 seconds after their full retraction. As a result, with flaps extended, at
TOGA application with the AP engaged, excessive pitch attitude may occur. Associated with this
excessive pitch attitude, the angle of attack (AOA) may reach the AP disconnection threshold
(alphaprot+1°).

FOT ref: 999.0034/20 Rev 00 Page 1 of 3 Date: 22-APR-2020

© AIRBUS S.A.S. 2020. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT
FLIGHT OPERATIONS TRANSMISSION - FOT

Note:
 In the case of AP disconnection, Flight Director (FD) guidance remains valid for manual flying
and flight envelope protections are available.

Illustration of the Occurrence Conditions

3.2. Investigations
Based on this in-service experience, Airbus performed a deeper analysis of the overall A320 family
(ceo, neo, all engine variants) considering a combination of the most adverse conditions.

This analysis identified that, for A319ceo CFM, A319neo CFM, A320neo and A321neo aircraft, in the
case of a significant aft CG, the sequence of events described in paragraph 3.1 may result in a High
AOA situation after AP disconnection. Other A320 family aircraft are not affected.

The study allowed to tune the GWCG threshold value to the aircraft models.

A/C Model AFT CG Threshold


A319ceo CFM, A320neo, A321neo 35 %
A319neo CFM 33 %

The study also demonstrated that during approach, with speedbrakes retraction ordered at the latest
at 240kt, the 50s window of increased AP authority will be elapsed before entering the conditions that
could lead to high AoA in case of Go-Around.

FOT ref: 999.0034/20 Rev 00 Page 2 of 3 Date: 22-APR-2020


© AIRBUS S.A.S. 2020. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT
FLIGHT OPERATIONS TRANSMISSION - FOT

4. AIRBUS ACTIONS

Airbus decided to mitigate this technical issue via the publication of the red OEB 57 for A319ceo
CFM, A319neo CFM, A320neo and A321neo aircraft.

This OEB 57 restricts the use of speed brakes during approach when the following conditions are
fulfilled:
 GWCG above the values defined in paragraph 3, or in case of overweight landing.
 Aircraft speed at or below 240 kt.

5. FOLLOW-UP PLAN

OEB 57 will be released to Operators with an unplanned FCOM/QRH major event revision. An
advanced copy of the operational documentation is attached to this transmission.

In addition, the associated AFM Temporary Revisions TR 784 and TR 785 are currently under
approval by the authorities. Following the EASA approval, the TRs will be released in the upcoming
planned AFM revision, scheduled mid-May 2020.

The OEB 57 and associated AFM TR will be cancelled by:


 For FMGC 3G hardware, Flight Guidance standard PC20/PI18 will be available early 2021,
 For FMGC 2G hardware, Flight Guidance standard to be defined, with a preliminary target for
2023.

WEB CONFERENCES
Three web conferences about OEB 57 are planned. Two sessions will be held on April 24 at 6:00
(UTC) and 16:00 (UTC). One session will be held on April 27 at 10:00 (UTC).

Access:
 For the 6:00 (UTC) session on April 24, please click on the following link: Webconference
 For the 16:00 (UTC) session on April 24, please click on the following link: Webconference
 For the 10:00 (UTC) session on April 27, please click on the following link: Webconference

The password for each session: Airbu$2020

For any questions about the operational content of this FOT, please use TechRequest on
AirbusWorld.

Best regards,

Capt. Yann LARDET


Vice President, Flight Operations Support & Training Standards

FOT ref: 999.0034/20 Rev 00 Page 3 of 3 Date: 22-APR-2020


© AIRBUS S.A.S. 2020. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CONFIDENTIAL AND PROPRIETARY DOCUMENT

Оценить