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This post is a demonstration of duplicating an Oracle database to another server

over the network. The article is for the scenario where ALL directory structure
s are the same on both the source and the destination database.

The setup information are as follows


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Details Source Destination
OS SunOS 5.10 Generic_141445-09 x86 64 bit SunOS 5.10 Generic_14144
5-09 x86 64 bit
Hostname solaris-si-node-01 solaris-si-node-02
IP Address 192.168.1.221 192.168.1.222
Oracle Home /ora11g/app/ora11g/product/11.2.0/db_1 /ora11g/app/ora11g/produ
ct/11.2.0/db_1
SPFILE $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/spfilePRODDBR2.ora $ORACLE_HOME/dbs/spfileP
RODDBR2.ora
Database Name PRODDB2 PRODDB2
Data Location /oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/ /oradata11g/oradata/PROD
DBR2/
Archive Location /fra/PRODDBR2/arch /fra/PRODDBR2/arch
Listener LISTENER LISTENER_DEST
Listener Port 1521 1521
Connect String PRODDB2 PRODDB2_DEST
The steps involved are as follows
1.Setup the source database
2.Setup the auxiliary database
3.Use RMAN to create duplicate database
Setup the source database
The source database should be configured to have connectivity to the auxiliary d
atabase via the listener. This can be configured by setting the tnsnames.ora ent
ry for the auxiliary database. (This Listener needs to be created on the auxilia
ry database as seen later in this article).
?[Copy to clipboard]Download tnsnames.ora1
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# tnsnames.ora Network Configuration File: /ora11g/app/ora11g/product/11
.2.0/dbhome_1/network/admin/tnsnames.ora
# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.
PRODDBR2 =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.221)(PORT = 1521))
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVER = DEDICATED)
(SERVICE_NAME = PRODDBR2)
)
)
PRODDBR2_DEST =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.222)(PORT = 1521))
(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVER = DEDICATED)
(SERVICE_NAME = PRODDBR2)
)
)
Setup the auxiliary database
In this section, we setup the auxiliary database. The following are the things t
hat we need to take care of
Generate a password file
You could copy the password file from the source database or create a new one
?[Copy to clipboard]Download pwcreate.txt1
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$ scp orapwPRODDBR2 ora11g@solaris-si-node-02:/ora11g/app/ora11g/product/11.2>
Password:
orapwPRODDBR2 100% |*****************************| 1536 00
:00
$
Create directory structure same as that on production
Ensure that you create the directory structure same as the production server. An
y location in the spfile MUST exist on the target
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audit_file_dest=/ora11g/app/ora11g/admin/PRODDBR2/adump
background_dump_dest=/ora11g/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/proddbr2/PRODDBR2/tra
ce
core_dump_dest=/ora11g/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/proddbr2/PRODDBR2/cdump
user_dump_dest=/ora11g/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/proddbr2/PRODDBR2/trace
control_files=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/control01.ctl, /ora11g/app/or
a11g/flash_recovery_area/PRODDBR2/control02.ctl
diagnostic_dest=/ora11g/app/ora11g

mkdir -p /ora11g/app/ora11g/admin/PRODDBR2/adump
mkdir -p /ora11g/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/proddbr2/PRODDBR2/trace
mkdir -p /ora11g/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/proddbr2/PRODDBR2/cdump
mkdir -p /ora11g/app/ora11g/diag/rdbms/proddbr2/PRODDBR2/trace
mkdir -p /oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/
mkdir -p /ora11g/app/ora11g/flash_recovery_area/PRODDBR2/
Also create the directories for your datafiles and redo logfiles
?[Copy to clipboard]Download tnsnames.ora1
mkdir -p /oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/ (in my case, it is already create
d earlier)
Create a bare minimum initialization parameter file
Add db_name=PRODDBR2 to initPRODDBR2.ora in $ORACLE_HOME/dbs. Since the SPFILE w
ill be brought from the production, and the directory structure is the same, the
other parameters can be ignored
Create the listener for remote logins
Create and start the listener for this instance
?[Copy to clipboard]Download listener.ora1
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# Generated by Oracle configuration tools.
SID_LIST_LISTENER_DEST =
(SID_LIST =
(SID_DESC =
(GLOBAL_DBNAME = PRODDBR2)
(ORACLE_HOME = /ora11g/app/ora11g/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1)
(SID_NAME = PRODDBR2)
)
)
LISTENER_DEST =
(DESCRIPTION_LIST =
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = IPC)(KEY = EXTPROC1521))
)
(DESCRIPTION =
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = 192.168.1.222)(PORT = 1521))
)
)
ADR_BASE_LISTENER = /ora11g/app/ora11g
Startup in nomount mode
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$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"
SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.1.0 Production on Tue Jul 13 16:08:36 2010
Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to an idle instance.

SQL> startup nomount;


ORACLE instance started.
Total System Global Area 217157632 bytes
Fixed Size 2209600 bytes
Variable Size 159385792 bytes
Database Buffers 50331648 bytes
Redo Buffers 5230592 bytes
SQL> exit
Use RMAN to create duplicate database
Now that all the settings have been made, we can connect to the target database
and auxiliary database as follows and start the duplication process.
?[Copy to clipboard]Download duplicate.txt1
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$ hostname
solaris-si-node-01
$ export ORACLE_SID=PRODDBR2
$ rman target /
Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on Tue Jul 13 16:23:25 2010
Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
connected to target database: PRODDBR2 (DBID=2607472656)
RMAN> connect auxiliary sys@proddbr2_dest
auxiliary database Password:
connected to auxiliary database (not started)
RMAN> DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE TO PRODDBR2
FROM ACTIVE DATABASE
PASSWORD FILE
SPFILE
NOFILENAMECHECK;
Starting Duplicate Db at 13-JUL-10
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_AUX_DISK_1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: SID=19 device type=DISK

contents of Memory Script:


{
backup as copy reuse
targetfile '/ora11g/app/ora11g/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/dbs/orapwPRODDBR2' au
xiliary format
'/ora11g/app/ora11g/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/dbs/orapwPRODDBR2' targetfile
'/ora11g/app/ora11g/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/dbs/spfilePRODDBR2.ora' auxiliary f
ormat
'/ora11g/app/ora11g/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/dbs/spfilePRODDBR2.ora' ;
sql clone "alter system set spfile= ''/ora11g/app/ora11g/product/11.2.0/dbhom
e_1/dbs/spfilePRODDBR2.ora''";
}
executing Memory Script
Starting backup at 13-JUL-10
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=42 device type=DISK
Finished backup at 13-JUL-10
sql statement: alter system set spfile= ''/ora11g/app/ora11g/product/11.2.0/dbho
me_1/dbs/spfilePRODDBR2.ora''
contents of Memory Script:
{
sql clone "alter system set db_name =
''PRODDBR2'' comment=
''duplicate'' scope=spfile";
shutdown clone immediate;
startup clone nomount;
}
executing Memory Script
sql statement: alter system set db_name = ''PRODDBR2'' comment= ''duplicate''
scope=spfile
Oracle instance shut down

connected to auxiliary database (not started)


Oracle instance started
Total System Global Area 1085640704 bytes
Fixed Size 2210208 bytes
Variable Size 687867488 bytes
Database Buffers 385875968 bytes
Redo Buffers 9687040 bytes
contents of Memory Script:
{
sql clone "alter system set db_name =
''PRODDBR2'' comment=
''Modified by RMAN duplicate'' scope=spfile";
sql clone "alter system set db_unique_name =
''PRODDBR2'' comment=
''Modified by RMAN duplicate'' scope=spfile";
shutdown clone immediate;
startup clone force nomount
backup as copy current controlfile auxiliary format '/oradata11g/oradata/PRO
DDBR2/control01.ctl';
restore clone controlfile to '/ora11g/app/ora11g/flash_recovery_area/PRODDBR
2/control02.ctl' from
'/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/control01.ctl';
alter clone database mount;
}
executing Memory Script
sql statement: alter system set db_name = ''PRODDBR2'' comment= ''Modified by
RMAN duplicate'' scope=spfile
sql statement: alter system set db_unique_name = ''PRODDBR2'' comment= ''Modif
ied by RMAN duplicate'' scope=spfile
Oracle instance shut down
Oracle instance started
Total System Global Area 1085640704 bytes
Fixed Size 2210208 bytes
Variable Size 687867488 bytes
Database Buffers 385875968 bytes
Redo Buffers 9687040 bytes
Starting backup at 13-JUL-10
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
copying current control file
output file name=/ora11g/app/ora11g/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1/dbs/snapcf_PRODDBR2.
f tag=TAG20100713T162459 RECID=5 STAMP=724263900
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
Finished backup at 13-JUL-10
Starting restore at 13-JUL-10
allocated channel: ORA_AUX_DISK_1
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: SID=18 device type=DISK
channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1: copied control file copy
Finished restore at 13-JUL-10
database mounted
RMAN-05538: WARNING: implicitly using DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT
contents of Memory Script:
{
set newname for datafile 1 to
"/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/system01.dbf";
set newname for datafile 2 to
"/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/sysaux01.dbf";
set newname for datafile 3 to
"/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/undotbs01.dbf";
set newname for datafile 4 to
"/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/users01.dbf";
backup as copy reuse
datafile 1 auxiliary format
"/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/system01.dbf" datafile
2 auxiliary format
"/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/sysaux01.dbf" datafile
3 auxiliary format
"/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/undotbs01.dbf" datafile
4 auxiliary format
"/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/users01.dbf" ;
sql 'alter system archive log current';
}
executing Memory Script
executing command: SET NEWNAME
executing command: SET NEWNAME
executing command: SET NEWNAME
executing command: SET NEWNAME
Starting backup at 13-JUL-10
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00001 name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/system01.dbf
output file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/system01.dbf tag=TAG20100713T16250
9
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:02:56
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00002 name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/sysaux01.dbf
output file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/sysaux01.dbf tag=TAG20100713T16250
9
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:01:06
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00003 name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/undotbs01.dbf
output file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/undotbs01.dbf tag=TAG20100713T1625
09
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:07
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile copy
input datafile file number=00004 name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/users01.dbf
output file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/users01.dbf tag=TAG20100713T162509
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished backup at 13-JUL-10
sql statement: alter system archive log current

contents of Memory Script:


{
backup as copy reuse
archivelog like "/fra/PRODDBR2/arch/1_7_724236691.dbf" auxiliary format
"/fra/PRODDBR2/arch/1_7_724236691.dbf" ;
catalog clone archivelog "/fra/PRODDBR2/arch/1_7_724236691.dbf";
switch clone datafile all;
}
executing Memory Script
Starting backup at 13-JUL-10
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting archived log copy
input archived log thread=1 sequence=7 RECID=5 STAMP=724264160
output file name=/fra/PRODDBR2/arch/1_7_724236691.dbf RECID=0 STAMP=0
channel ORA_DISK_1: archived log copy complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished backup at 13-JUL-10
cataloged archived log
archived log file name=/fra/PRODDBR2/arch/1_7_724236691.dbf RECID=5 STAMP=724264
163

datafile 1 switched to datafile copy


input datafile copy RECID=5 STAMP=724264163 file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDB
R2/system01.dbf
datafile 2 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=6 STAMP=724264163 file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDB
R2/sysaux01.dbf
datafile 3 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=7 STAMP=724264163 file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDB
R2/undotbs01.dbf
datafile 4 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=8 STAMP=724264163 file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDB
R2/users01.dbf
contents of Memory Script:
{
set until scn 924147;
recover
clone database
delete archivelog
;
}
executing Memory Script
executing command: SET until clause
Starting recover at 13-JUL-10
using channel ORA_AUX_DISK_1
starting media recovery
archived log for thread 1 with sequence 7 is already on disk as file /fra/PRODDB
R2/arch/1_7_724236691.dbf
archived log file name=/fra/PRODDBR2/arch/1_7_724236691.dbf thread=1 sequence=7
media recovery complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished recover at 13-JUL-10
contents of Memory Script:
{
shutdown clone immediate;
startup clone nomount;
sql clone "alter system set db_name =
''PRODDBR2'' comment=
''Reset to original value by RMAN'' scope=spfile";
sql clone "alter system reset db_unique_name scope=spfile";
shutdown clone immediate;
startup clone nomount;
}
executing Memory Script
database dismounted
Oracle instance shut down
connected to auxiliary database (not started)
Oracle instance started
Total System Global Area 1085640704 bytes
Fixed Size 2210208 bytes
Variable Size 687867488 bytes
Database Buffers 385875968 bytes
Redo Buffers 9687040 bytes
sql statement: alter system set db_name = ''PRODDBR2'' comment= ''Reset to ori
ginal value by RMAN'' scope=spfile
sql statement: alter system reset db_unique_name scope=spfile
Oracle instance shut down
connected to auxiliary database (not started)
Oracle instance started
Total System Global Area 1085640704 bytes
Fixed Size 2210208 bytes
Variable Size 687867488 bytes
Database Buffers 385875968 bytes
Redo Buffers 9687040 bytes
sql statement: CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE SET DATABASE "PRODDBR2" RESETLOGS ARCHIV
ELOG
MAXLOGFILES 16
MAXLOGMEMBERS 3
MAXDATAFILES 100
MAXINSTANCES 8
MAXLOGHISTORY 292
LOGFILE
GROUP 1 SIZE 50 M ,
GROUP 2 SIZE 50 M ,
GROUP 3 SIZE 50 M
DATAFILE
'/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/system01.dbf'
CHARACTER SET WE8MSWIN1252

contents of Memory Script:


{
set newname for tempfile 1 to
"/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/temp01.dbf";
switch clone tempfile all;
catalog clone datafilecopy "/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/sysaux01.dbf",
"/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/undotbs01.dbf",
"/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/users01.dbf";
switch clone datafile all;
}
executing Memory Script
executing command: SET NEWNAME
renamed tempfile 1 to /oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/temp01.dbf in control file
cataloged datafile copy
datafile copy file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/sysaux01.dbf RECID=1 STAMP=
724264213
cataloged datafile copy
datafile copy file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/undotbs01.dbf RECID=2 STAMP
=724264213
cataloged datafile copy
datafile copy file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDBR2/users01.dbf RECID=3 STAMP=7
24264213

datafile 2 switched to datafile copy


input datafile copy RECID=1 STAMP=724264213 file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDB
R2/sysaux01.dbf
datafile 3 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=2 STAMP=724264213 file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDB
R2/undotbs01.dbf
datafile 4 switched to datafile copy
input datafile copy RECID=3 STAMP=724264213 file name=/oradata11g/oradata/PRODDB
R2/users01.dbf
contents of Memory Script:
{
Alter clone database open resetlogs;
}
executing Memory Script
database opened
Finished Duplicate Db at 13-JUL-10
RMAN>
This article is a simple demonstration of RMAN s duplicate over network feature. O
racle 11g provides various other options with duplicate command. These include d
uplicate database when directory structures are different, point in time duplica
tion, incomplete (partial) duplication, duplicate for standby etc. Oracle docume
ntation is the best place for beginers to start, in order to understand these fe
atures.
This option of duplicate opens the destination or auxiliary database in resetlog
s mode.