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K132 NAS FINAL EXAM (23.1.2009)

Problem 1 (Direct stiffness method) [15 points] Consider a two-truss structure shown next. Determine
the displacement of node #2.
1 2 F 3 u
1 2

L1 L2

E = 30 GPa, L1 = 2 m, L2 = 3 m, A = 10−2 m2 , u = 2 mm, F = 30 kN.

Problem 2. (One-dimensional elasticity) [11 points] Determine the vector of nodal forces f e for an
element with linear basis functions subject to a uniform loading with intensity b.

Problem 3. (One-dimensional elasticity) [15 points] For given nodal displacements of quadratic element,
plot the distribution of stresses σ(x).
x
1 3 2

L1 L2

u1 = u3 = 0 m, u2 = 5 mm, L1 = L2 = 1 m, E = 20 GPa.

Problem 4. (One-dimensional heat transfer) [7 points] Consider a layered structure shown next. Define
the corresponding weak solution.

convection
αe , Te 1 2

L1 L2
Problem 5. (Finite element technology in 2D) [6 points] Specify area coordinates ξ1 , ξ2 and ξ3 for point
A.
3
a

A
a
1
2

Problem 6. (Two-dimensional heat transfer) [15 points] Compute the thermal flux in the y direction,
provided that the temperature values at element nodes are given by T1e = 10◦ C, T2e = 20◦ C, T3e = 30◦ C
and material is isotropic with λ = 1.5 Wm−1 K−1 .

y
3 2
e

1m
1
1m x

Problem 7 (Transient 1D heat conduction) [6 points] Explain the difference between initial and boundary
conditions appearing in transient heat condition.

GOOD LUCK!