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MORE THAN 10 REASONS

TO BUY
FUJIFILM
BRANDED
LTO
TAPES
2018
More Than 10 Reasons to

CONTENTS
Buy Fujifilm Branded Lto Tapes

MARKET
SHARE

TAPE
PERFORMANCE

04
STRONTIUM
FERRITE
TECHNOLOGY
FROM
FUJIFILM

FUJIFILM’S
TECHNICAL
HOTLINE

1 1. LTO tapes manufacturing shares – All generations


2. Manufacturing shares for new LTO generations (LTO6 & LTO7)
04
04
3. Manufacturing share per tape coating technology 06
4. What is the best selling LTO cartridge in 2017? 07
5. Why is MP technology gradually disappearing? 08

2 7KHGDWDLQWHJULW\RI)XMLÀOPWDSHVLVKLJKHUWKDQWKDWRIWUDGLWLRQDO03WDSHV
:K\GR)XMLÀOPWDSHVRIIHUDKLJKHUOHYHORI615"
10
12
)XMLÀOPEUDQGHG/72WDSHVUHGXFHWKHULVNRIORVVRIVWRUDJHFDSDFLW\ 13
$QHIIHFWLYHWHVWWKDWGHPRQVWUDWHVWKHVXSHULRUOHYHORIGDWDLQWHJULW\RI
)XMLÀOPWDSHV 13
)XMLÀOPWDSHVSURYLGHDQRSWLPXPZULWLQJVSHHG 14
)XMLÀOP/72WDSHVRIIHUDORQJHUGDWDOLIHWKDQ/7203WDSHV 15
)XMLÀOPEUDQGHG/72WDSHVDOORZDORQJHUXVHRIWKHGULYHRYHUWLPH 16

3 +RZGRHVLWZRUN"7KH'RFWRUDQGWKH3KDUPDFLVW
2. Two examples of questions brought to our technical hotline
17
18

4 What is Strontium Ferrite? Genesis & Features


Information about the Timeline and Announcement
22
23
About Tape Technology and the near future 23
More Than 10 Reasons to
Buy Fujifilm Branded LTO Tapes

MARKET
SHARE
FUJIFILM IS THE WORLD’S LARGEST MANUFACTURER OF LTO TAPES

:H FDQ FLWH D IHZ ÀJXUHV WKDW DUH IDLUO\ UHSUH-


VHQWDWLYHRI)XMLÀOP·VVWURQJSUHVHQFHLQWKH/72
WDSHPDUNHW

1. LTO TAPES MANUFACTURING SHARES 2. MANUFACTURING SHARES FOR NEW


– ALL GENERATIONS LTO GENERATIONS (LTO6 & LTO7)
$OOÀJXUHVLQRITW\GHOLYHUHGWRWKHPDUNHW $OOÀJXUHVLQRITW\GHOLYHUHGWRWKHPDUNHW

OTHERS OTHERS
37% 30%

FUJIFILM 63% FUJIFILM 70%

$OPRVWWZRRXWRIWKUHH/72WDSHVGHOLYHUHGZRUOG )XMLÀOP·V PDQXIDFWXULQJ VKDUH IRU WKH ODVW WZR


ZLGHDUHPDQXIDFWXUHGLQ)XMLÀOP·VIDFWRULHV JHQHUDWLRQVRI/72WDSHVLVHYHQPRUHLPSRUWDQW

04
W
e can also see that the manu- FRPSDQ\ WR LQYHVW DQG GHYHORS QHZ VWRUDJH
facturing shares of older generations tape manufacturing technologies. Other
such as LTO3 and LTO4 were manufacturers simply used the same traditional
traditionally lower for Fujifilm manufacturing method that had been used for
DURXQG /72ZDVWKHILUVW/72WDSH former generations of LTO tape.
generation that allowed Fujifilm to exceed ,I ZH FRPSDUH WKH HYROXWLRQ LQ WKH SHUIRU-
LQJOREDOPDQXIDFWXULQJ mance of LTO tapes, we can see that the
manufacturing challenge is not the same for
:K\LV)XMLÀOP·VPDQXIDFWXULQJVKDUHLQFUHDVLQJ LTO3 tapes as it is for LTO6 tapes. Below,
IRUQHZJHQHUDWLRQVRI/72WDSHV" \RXFDQVHHWKHUDWLR´QDWLYHVWRUDJHFDSDFLW\LQ
7% YV WUDQVIHU UDWH LQ 0%Vµ IRU IRXU JHQH-
$VWKHPDUNHWGHPDQGLQWHUPVRIFDSDFLW\DQG rations of LTO tapes launched between 2004
performance grew, Fujifilm was the only and 2012.

0 0,5 1 1,5 2 2,5 3


180

160
Transfer Rate in MB/s

LT06 (2012)
2.5TB – 160MB/s
140

120
LTO5 (2010)
1.5TB – 140MB/s
100
LTO4 (2006)
0.8TB – 120MB/s
80
LTO3 (2004)
0.4TB – 80MB/s
60
Native capacity in TB
THE INCREASE OF FUJIFILM’S
MARKET SHARE IS PROPORTIONAL
TO THE INCREASE OF LTO TAPE
PERFORMANCE.

Please note, the capacity and speed of LTO7 represent an unprecedented leap forward.

300
0.4 Native storage capacity Transfer rate in MB/s
LT03
in TB for the 5 last LTO for the 5 last LTO
0.8 generations. generations.
LT04
1.5
LT05 160
140
LT06 2.5 120
80
LT07 6

LT03 LT04 LT05 LT06 LT07

05
More Than 10 Reasons to
Buy Fujifilm Branded LTO Tapes

%HORZ\RXZLOOÀQGWKHHYROXWLRQRIWKH
WHFKQRORJLHVFUHDWHGDQGGHYHORSHGE\)XMLÀOP
in order to meet the growing demand of the
PDUNHW

Magnetized
Layer Fujifilm Barium Ferrite
LTO6, LTO7 & LTO8 tapes
QP
Fujifilm Nanocubic-MP
10 LTO4 & LTO5 tapes
QP
Fujifilm ATOMM-MP
Recording Density [Gbpsi]

ƫP

14͌Q Non-Magnetized
(Particle Size) Layer

0,1
Base Film

0.01
1990 2000 2010

3. MANUFACTURING SHARE PER TAPE


COATING TECHNOLOGY:

In order to manufacture higher-capacity & higher


SHUIRUPDQFH WDSH FDUWULGJHV )XMLÀOP KDV RSWHG
for the use of its new tape coating technology,
Barium Ferrite.
7KH ÀUVW JHQHUDWLRQ RI /72 WDSHV   PDGH
from Barium Ferrite is LTO6.
)XMLÀOP LV WKH RQO\ /72 WDSH PDQXIDFWXUHU
using Barium Ferrite technology.
The other LTO6 tape manufacturers made
the decision to continue the use of the old
tape coating method, Metal Particles (MP).

)XMLILOPEHOLHYHVWKDWWKHXVHRIWKHROG
technology for the production of LTO6 tapes
is synonymous with reduced tape cartridge
SHUIRUPDQFHDQGZLWKDKLJKHUULVNWRGDWD
integrity.

06
T
KH JUDSKV EHORZ VKRZ WKH HYROXWLRQ RI WKH VKDUH RI VWRUDJH FDSDFLW\ GHOLYHUHG RQ
all existing tape formats. Therefore, figure includes LTO tapes, IBM 3592 tapes, and
Oracle T10000 tapes.

BaFe 15% MP 19%

MP 85% BaFe 81%

2012 2017

It is clear here that Barium Ferrite is the winning technology in the field of the manufacture of
storage tapes.

4. WHAT IS THE BEST SELLING LTO


CARTRIDGE IN 2017?

Below, is an estimate of the share per LTO tape


JHQHUDWLRQ RI WKH VWRUDJH FDSDFLW\ GHOLYHUHG RQ
WKH(XURSHDQPDUNHWLQ$OOÀJXUHVDUHLQ
RIVWRUDJHFDSDFLW\

LTO1/O4 9% LTO1/O4 5%
LTO7 15%
LTO5 19%
LTO7 34%
LTO5 27%

LTO6 49% LTO6 42%

April to July 16: Total Europe: Sales split April to July 17: Total Europe: Sales split
per tape generation per share of storage per tape generation per share of storage
capacity delivered (all figures in % of TB). capacity delivered (all figures in % of TB).

LTO1/LTO4 LTO5 LTO6 LTO7

07
More Than 10 Reasons to
Buy Fujifilm Branded LTO Tapes

5.
:K\LV03WHFKQRORJ\JUDGXDOO\GLVDSSHDULQJLQIDYRXURI)XMLÀOP·V%DULXP)HUULWH
technology?
%HORZLVWKHHYROXWLRQRIWKHQDWLYHFDSDFLWLHVRIVWRUDJHWDSHVDQGWKHSURGXFWLRQOLPLWRI
WKHROG03WHFKQRORJ\$OOÀJXUHVDUHLQ7%

SIGNIFICANT
STORAGE CAPACITY GROWTH
WITH FUJIFILM BARIUM
FERRITE TECHNOLOGY.

20

12
Limit in development of
the storage capacity
of MP technology.
6
2,5
1,5
0,1 0,2 0,4 0,8
LTO1 LTO2 LTO3 LTO4 LTO5 LTO6 LTO7 LTO8 3592JE
2000 2002 2004 2006 2010 2012 2015 2018 2018

CONCLU-
SION
M P ( M e t a l Pa r t i c l e ) t e c h n o l o g y, i n On the other hand, we will see that
FRPSHWLWLRQ ZLWK )XMLÀOP·V %DULXP )HUULWH )XMLILOP·V/72%DULXP)HUULWHWDSHVKDYH
technology, is gradually disappearing from KLJKHUSHUIRUPDQFHDQGVDIHW\OHYHOVWKDQ
WKHJOREDOGDWDVWRUDJHPDUNHW LTO6 MP tapes. This difference in quality
DIIHFWVWKHVDOHRI/72WDSHVLQIDYRXURI
The decline in sales of MP tapes is due Barium Ferrite technology.
to the fact that MP technology does not
produce tapes of a higher capacity than The organic migration of older generations
LTO6 tapes (2.5TB). of LTO tapes (LTO3 to LTO6) to new tapes
(LTO7 and LTO8) will considerably reduce
the market share of MP technology.

08
HIGHER
PERFORMANCE
AND SAFETY
LEVELS.

09
More Than 10 Reasons to
Buy Fujifilm Branded Lto Tapes

2
TAPE
PERFOR-
MANCE
1.
The data integrity of Fujifilm tapes
is higher than that of traditional
MP tapes.
7KLVPHDQVWKDWWKHULVNRIGDWDORVV
is lower. Below, is a summary of the mechanism
RI LPSURYHPHQW LQ WKH GDWD LQWHJULW\ <RX FDQ
also find the full description of the process in
the Fujifilm document entitled “The role of
Barium Ferrite technology in data storage September 17
8.µ

10
Data Integrity on a storage medium largely depends on the
SNR (Signal-to- Noise Ratio).

The SNR
(Signal-to-Noise Ratio) expresses the clarity of the signal
transmitted between the tape and the drive head.

The SNR measures the difference between the emitted


magnetic signal and the background noise generated when
using the drive.
We, therefore, have a positive value and a negative value.

The SNR level of LTO6 Barium Ferrite tapes of Fujifilm is higher


than that of the MP tapes. Please see as follows:
20

17 17
16 16
15

LT06 LT06 LT06 LT06 LT06 LT06


MPa MPb MPc MPd MPe BaFe

The Data recorded with an SNR level that is too low, becomes
illegible over time. This results in the loss of data.

The SNR level of Fujifilm branded LTO4 and LTO5 tapes is higher
than that of traditional MP tapes.

We could compare the quality of the SNR with the quality of an


ink with which one writes on paper. A good level of SNR allows
for a better reading of the data.

OVER THE NEXT PAGES OF THIS DOCUMENT, WE WILL SEE


THAT THE POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE CONSEQUENCES OF
THE SNR LEVEL CAN AFFECT VARIOUS FIELDS SUCH AS;
WRITING ERRORS, LOSS OF STORAGE CAPACITY, LIFETIME
OF THE DRIVE OR THE WRITING SPEED….

11
More Than 10 Reasons to
Buy Fujifilm Branded LTO Tapes

2. WHY DO FUJIFILM TAPES OFFER A


HIGHER LEVEL OF SNR?
For two main reasons:

IMPROVING
DATA
INTEGRITY
THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF
NANOCUBIC TECHNOLOGY BARIUM FERRITE TECHNOLOGY

USED FOR MANUFACTURING: USED FOR MANUFACTURING:


LTO4, LTO5, LTO6, LTO7 & LTO6, LTO7 & LTO8 tapes
LTO8 tapes

INNOVATION AND PROGRESS:


INNOVATION AND PROGRESS: Barium Ferrite technology,
Nanocubic technology allows thanks to the vertical polarization of
a better dispersion, alignment its particles, offers a magnetic
and orientation of particles on output that MP technology
the surface of the tape. cannot compete with.

METAL PARTICLES BAFE PARTICLES


Low level of SNR High level of SNR

Natural Aligned
positioning positioning of Horizontal polarization Vertical polarization
of Metal Metal Particles of particles. of particles.
Particles. with
Nano-disper-
sion.

1.MP technology’s horizontally polarized par-


ticles generate opposite magnetic forces and
thus a chaotic noise that hurts the transmis-
1. A HIGHER LEVEL OF SNR, sion of the signals. From LTO6, the large num-
ber of particles increases the risk of data loss.
2. THEREFORE, A BETTER
DATA INTEGRITY, 2.The vertical polarization of BaFe causes the
3. LESS LOSS OF DATA OVER particles to emit the signals directly in the
TIME AND direction of the drive head = less noise pollution,
4. FEWER WRITE ERRORS. higher output power and less data loss or
write errors.

12
3. FUJIFILM BRANDED LTO TAPES REDUCE THE
RISK OF STORAGE CAPACITY LOSS.

WE HAVE SEEN THAT WE HAVE ALSO SEEN


A LOW LEVEL OF THAT FUJIFILM’S LTO4,
SNR GENERATES LTO5, LTO6 AND LTO7
WRITE ERRORS. TAPES OFFER A HIGHER
SNR LEVEL THAN
COMPETING
TECHNOLOGIES.

Data written with a


WHEN A DATA IS WRITTEN good snr level, Thus
WITH A LOW LEVEL OF SNR, readable.
THE DRIVE HEAD CANNOT Data written with a
RECOGNIZE IT. low SNR level, Thus
unreadable.

WHEN THE DRIVE HEAD


NOTIFIES A WRITE ER- WRITE ERRORS
ROR, THE HEAD DOES NOT GENERATE
ERASE THE A LOSS
WRITTEN DATA, BUT The data is written OF TAPE
REWRITES IT TO A NEW on the next block. CAPACITY.
DATA BLOCK.

In order to limit the capacity loss of a tape cartridge, manufacturers add


an additional amount of capacity, to absorb the loss of capacity from write
errors. This delta of additional capacity corresponds to 3% of the total
capacity of the tape, namely:
- 45GB for the LTO5
- 75GB for the LTO6

4.
An effective test that demon- • The consequence of the slow performance
strates the superior level of GHJUDGDWLRQRIWKHKHDGLVWKDWLWZLOOHYHQ-
data integrity of Fujifilm tapes. tually generate write or read errors, with, as
a consequence, a loss of storage capacity of
• The best way to measure the actual data WKHWDSHFDUWULGJH VHHRQSUHYLRXVSRLQW 
integrity of a magnetic tape is to operate it • :LWK WKH NQRZOHGJH WKDW DQ /72 WDSH
LQWHQVLYHO\KRXUVDGD\ cartridge contains an additional 75GB to ab-
• :H NQRZ WKDW DQ /72 WDSH GULYH XQOLNH sorb these errors, you only need to measure
DQG7WDSHGULYHVLVQRWGHVLJQHGWR DIWHU KRZ PDQ\ KRXUV RI LQWHQVLYH GULYH XVDJH
operate 24 hours a day. the LTO6 tape cartridge would no longer of-
• $IWHU D FHUWDLQ QXPEHU RI KRXUV WKH GULYH·V fer the 2.5TB capacity. This would mean that
head, without any form of rest, will LWZLOOKDYHJHQHUDWHGRYHU*%RIFDSDFLW\
JUDGXDOO\ VHH LWV DELOLW\ WR SHUFHLYH WKH loss due to write errors.
signals properly decline.

13
More Than 10 Reasons to
Buy Fujifilm Branded LTO Tapes

The result is shown on the following graphic


(all figures in hours of intensive use of the
drive):

Here, the performance of the tape


compensates for the deterioration in
the quality of the drive head: BaFe
tapes ”speak louder” than MP tapes. It takes three times longer
Thus, when the drive becomes “hard for a Fujifilm tape to generate
of hearing”, it continues to hear the 75GB of write errors.
signals of the BaFe tape while it no
longer perceives those emitted by the
MP tape.

8,283

4,800
2,816
2,426

642

LT04 LTO5 LTO6 MP(1) LTO6 MP(2) LTO6 BaFe


Nanocubic Fujifilm
Fujifilm

5.
Fujifilm tapes provide optimum
writing speed

In fact, when using a tape solu- 615OHYHOLVWRRORZLWZLOOPDNHDGHFLVLRQ


WLRQ WKH V\VWHP PHDVXUHV WKH OHYHO RI 615 to slow down the write speed, in order to
JHQHUDWHG EHWZHHQ WKH GULYH KHDG DQG WKH UHGXFHWKHULVNRIZULWHUHDGHUURUV
tape cartridge. If the system judges that the

An LTO tape drive can operate with


more than a dozen different speeds:
*14 speeds for LTO5 & LTO6 drives
*12 speeds for LTO7 drives

THE SYSTEM MEASURES THE


SNR LEVEL OF THE TAPE

TRADITIONAL MP TAPES
If the SNR level is low, the system
will choose a slow writing speed.
FUJIFILM TAPES
If the SNR level is high, the
system will select a fast
writing speed.

14
On the following graphic, you will find the
different transfer rates that an LTO7 drive
can reach (all figures in MB/s):

300 Original transfer rate

287

268
250
231
213
194
175
157
Speed achieved with 138
high SNR tapes.
120
Speed obtained with 101
low SNR tapes.

6. FUJIFILM LTO6 TAPES OFFER A LONGER a. The MPs (Metal Particles) are made
DATA LIFESPAN THAN LTO6 MP TAPES from Iron (Fe).
7KHUHIRUHWKH\QDWXUDOO\R[LGL]HRYHUWLPH
Indeed, the question of the oxidation of the The cells they compose will no longer be
particles shows that BaFe tapes offer a longer DEOH WR JHQHUDWH UHDGZULWH SURFHVVHV 7KHUH
DUFKLYDO OLIHWLPH WKDQ 03 WDSHV 7KLV R[LGDWLRQ will be a drop in performance as these cells
phenomenon also plays an important role ZLOO EHFRPH LQYDOLG 0RUH LPSRUWDQWO\ WKLV
in that MP tapes are less reliable than BaFe oxidation of MPs is a source of data loss.
tapes. Please see the diagram below:

Oxidized
particles.

The Cell can no


longer be read/
written.

- Bit Cell + Bit Cell + Bit Cell

15
More Than 10 Reasons to
Buy Fujifilm Branded LTO Tapes

B. AS THE BARIUM FERRITE IS ALREADY AN


OXIDE,

there is no phenomenon of deterioration


due to oxidation. The LTO tape can therefore
PDLQWDLQ LWV LQLWLDO SHUIRUPDQFH OHYHO 6HH
diagram below:

Cells are
preserved
through time.

- Bit Cell + Bit Cell + Bit Cell

7.
Fujifilm branded LTO tapes al-
low a longer use of the drive
over time.

MP OK

Head Wear
Low SNR

It is difficult to reach each


cell, which can
generate an error.

BaFe OK

Head Wear
High SNR

Tape’s performance covers


the diminished drive perfor-
mance.

• Barium Ferrite cartridges can be read and written correctly, even if the head is
worn after repeated use.
• The proof of this advantage of Barium Ferrite can be found by referring to the test
on page 8, on the duration of use of the drive before the first loss of data. This test
clearly demonstrates that it is possible to use Barium Ferrite made LTO6 tapes three
times longer over time than MP tapes, under the same conditions of use of the drive.

16
The end user

Brings the
questions
to Fujifilm about
a technical
problem that is
GLIILFXOWWRVROYH

FUJIFILM’S
TECHNICAL THE FUJIFILM
DIAGNOSIS
)XMLILOP·VKRWOLQH

HELPS
HOTLINE THE USER
T O I S O L AT E T H E
PROBLEM AND
INFORM THE
MANUFACTURER
OF THE
L I B R A R Y.
7KH KDUGZDUH YHQGRU·V
hotline

1.
How does it work? The Doctor
and the Pharmacist

The best way to characterize the Fujifilm +RWOLQHKHDGHGE\0U+DUWPXW6FKPHLQFN


hotline is in the symbolic comparison between 7HFKQLFDO 'LUHFWRU RI WKH )XMLILOP VWRUDJH
a pharmacist and a doctor: WDSH EXVLQHVV ZLWK WKH LQWHQWLRQ RI SURYLGLQJ
a. 0DQXIDFWXUHUV RI WDSH GULYHV RU OLEUDULHV end users with a technical diagnostic centre.
offer maintenance contracts, as well as a This technical centre operates in two diffe-
QXPEHU RI LQWHUYHQWLRQV rent ways:
such as the replacement of a THEREFORE, WE CAN USE • The need for technical in-
GHIHFWLYHGULYHGRZQORDGLQJ THE IMAGE OF THE DOCTOR WHUYHQWLRQV VXFK DV GDWD UH-
of firmware updates etc ... AND THE PHARMACIST IN FRYHU\GDWDPLJUDWLRQGDWD
b.$VSHFLILFUHTXHVWUHFHLYHG THE SENSE THAT: destruction (in accordance
from users in early 2010 was - LIKE A DOCTOR, THE FUJIFILM with European laws) or ini-
WKDW ZKHQ WKH\ NQHZ WKH TECHNICAL HOTLINE HELPS tialization of IBM 3592 and
nature of their problem, they TO DETERMINE THE Oracle T10000 tapes.
were able to explain to the PATHOLOGY OF THE SYSTEM. • Technical follow-up: the
KDUGZDUH YHQGRUV KRWOLQHV - THE PHARMACIST, THE most frequent types of inter-
ZKDW W\SH RI LQWHUYHQWLRQ HARDWARE MANUFACTURER’S YHQWLRQVDUHSURFHVVHGYLD
they required. On the other
HOTLINE, IS ABLE TO
discussions, either on the
ADMINISTER THE CORRECT
hand, when they found that phone or face to face, in or-
DRUG AND CURE FOR THE
their system was not functioning GHUWRJLYHDGYLFHWRXVHUVRU
USER’S STORAGE SOLUTION.
adequately, and could not resellers. We can assume that
comprehend the problem, they were unable the diagnosis carried out by a tape specialist
WR IRUPXODWH WKH UHTXHVW WR WKH YHQGRU such as Fujifilm is always complementary
KRWOLQHV7KLVQDWXUDOO\OHGWREORFNDJHVWR and often superior to that of the hardware
time wasting for the end user and sometimes specialist.
HYHQWRXQUHVROYHGSUREOHPVOHDGLQJWRWKH ,QWKHVHQVHWKDWXQOLNHGLVNWKHYHU\WKHDWHURI
purchase of a new and costly data storage WKHDUFKLYLQJSURFHVVLVWUDQVSRVHGIURPWKH
system. hardware to the cartridge after one or two
c. Fujifilm has set up a European Technical \HDUVRIWKHWDSHV\VWHP·VXVH

17
More Than 10 Reasons to
Buy Fujifilm Branded LTO Tapes

2.
Two examples of questions
brought to our technical hotline

1st case – the user cannot access the total binary (used by equipment and software),
capacity of their write cartridge. Following incorrect parameterization of the software
WKHLQWHJUDWLRQRI/72GULYHVLQWRWKHLUUR- VDYHGLQWHUPVRIWKHVL]HRIWKHGDWDEORFNV
botics, a user was unable to register all of RU WKH DFWLYDWLRQ RI WKH UHGXFWLRQ LQ WKH
their LTO5 tapes with them. They obtained capa ci ty of the ta pe wi th i t. In thi s ca se ,
1.3TB of data written instead of 1.5TB, na-
a misinterpretation of the LPOS (Longitudinal
WLYHFDSDFLW\VSHFLILHGE\WKH&RQVRUWLXPWR
Position) by the reader system of the tape
be reached with readers 5 and 6 in writing
allowing the reading head to recognize its
according to the ascending format compatibility.
7KHUH DUH VHYHUDO UHDVRQV IRU WKLV SUREOHP positioning on the tape which, therefore,
the confusion between the decimal capaci- did not inscribe the tape to the end. Once
tance measurement systems (usually used for NQRZQWKLVSKHQRPHQRQFRXOGEHFRUUHFWHG
UHFRUGLQJ PHGLD KDUG GLVN GULYHV HWF  DQG with an update of the firmware.

The LPOS indicates the position of the data on a


tape. They’re included on the servo track and give
the information that the drive needs in order to judge
the correct calibration of the tape in the drive. There
are several LPOS points that define different stages
of the read/write process. A few examples are as
follows:
-LP2 indicates the start point of the tape calibration.
-LP3 indicates the position from which the data
starts to be recorded.
-LP7 indicates the end of the tape.

There are LPOSs every 7.2mm on a tape, so more LP6-LP7: Not used.
than 130,000 on a LTO7 tape. Seven basic LPOSs are
as follows: LP5: In the event of no
“partitioning” of the tape,
LP5 becomes LP4.
LPO-LP1:
Not used.
LP2-LP3: Calibration area - the
head adjusts to the tone of the
signals emitted by the tape.

LP5-LP6: New calibration area in


order to prepare for the reversal of
the writing/ reading direction.

LP4-LP5: In case of “partitioning”


of the tape.
LP1-LP2: Adjustment area from
head to the servo track (the head
must take the correct position).
LPO = Connection between the
tape and the tape segment
attached to the pin leader

18
2nd case²ZKDWDUHWKHFDXVHVRIDEORFNDJH thereafter on the outer portions of the tape.
of one or many tape cartridges in a library. This outer part is the most fragile portion
In general, we find there that are three of the tape. In short, when a cartridge is
FDVHVRIFDUWULGJHEORFNDJHVLQDQ/72WDSH EORFNHGIRUDUHDVRQUHODWHGWRWKLVSK\VLFDO
library. integrity, it generates a write error, which
indicates the automatic shutdown of the
a. Where a single cartridge is stuck in the writing process as the system is unable read
library: ,I RQH FDUWULGJH LV VWXFN LQ WKH WKH ´/326µ SRLQWV :H FDOO WKLV D FDVH RI
library, it means that there is probably some (2' (2' (QG2I'DWD 
damage on the tape cartridge dating from
the beginning of its manufacturing stage. In such a case, the user can perform a test
WR JHQHUDWH D GHILQLWLYH GLDJQRVLV RQ WKH
Generally, in this case, it should be noted LVVXH ,Q IDFW WKHUH LV D IXQFWLRQ NQRZQ DV
WKDW WKH LQFLGHQW RFFXUV DIWHU  RI WKH ´5HF\FOLQJ··WKDWFDQUHVWRUHWKHPHFKDQLVP
capacity of this tape has been used. Most of reading the LPOS points of a tape. If the
of the physical damage occurs on the outer user initiates this process and the tape still
parts of the tape. GRHVQ·W ZRUN ZH FDQ FRQFOXGH WKDW WKHUH
is su bsta nti a l d a m a g e d u e to thi s ta pe .
An LTO tape is segmented into four bands +RZH YH U ZH  U H FRP P H QG  WKD W L Q D Q
FDOOHG ´'DWD %DQGµ 3OHDVH VHH WKH GLDJUDP e me rgency some of the tapes concerned
below: should be sent in order for us to analyse the
The writing process is carried out by the two H[DFWVRXUFHRIWKHEORFNLQJRUWKHVWRSSLQJ
GDWD EDQGV LQ WKH ÀUVW PHGLXP DQG FRQWLQXHV of the writing process.

The 32-channel head


writes and reads 32 tracks at
the same time.

Servo Track

896 tracks Wrap 0


Data band 3
Wrap 1
BOT – BEGINNING OF THE TAPE

896 tracks
Data band 1
Tracks
Servo Track WHAT IS A WRAP?
A Wrap is not a physical
896 tracks element such as the Data
Data band 0 Band or the writing track.
On LTO7, it is the process
Servo Track of writing on 32 tracks
thanks to a head of 32
896 tracks Servo Tracks elements. The Wrap is,
Data band 2 therefore, a measure of
track quantity, Which is
Servo Track generated by the head. We
could translate this as a
“handful of tracks”.

19
More Than 10 Reasons to
Buy Fujifilm Branded LTO Tapes

b. c.
When several tapes are blocked in When several tapes are blocked in
the library - 1st type of incident, the library - other cases. We also
related to the tape library charger. see two other possibilities:

We noticed that sometimes the charger from ‡ ,I PXOWLSOH WDSH FDUWULGJHV KDYH WKH VDPH
the library encounters this phenomenon of problem as mentioned in the first point, that
EORFNLQJWKHFDUWULGJH LV WR VD\ DQ (2' W\SH RI SUREOHP WKHQ
It is possible that the act of pushing on the there are chances that there is a mechani-
VSULQJ WKDW·V LQWHJUDWHG LQ WKHVH FKDUJHUV cal malfunction on the tape pass (the belt
can sharpen the edge of the aforementioned WKDWKHOSVWKHWDSHFURVVLQJLQWRWKHGULYH 
VSULQJ,QWKLVFDVHLWLVFRQFHLYDEOHWKDWWKH This mechanical malfunction would damage
edge of the spring is so sharp that it enters the edges of most tapes passing through the
the plastic material constituting the tape GULYH
FDUWULGJH DQG FRQVHTXHQWO\ EORFNV WKH FDU- • If this is an interface problem (software,
tridge by holding it. WUDQVIHUVSHHGFRQQHFWLYLW\HWF WKHQD
In this situation, the library manufacturer PHVVDJHQDPHG(2'ZLOOEHLQGLFDWHGLP-
ZLOOMXVWKDYHWROLJKWO\JULQGWKHHGJHRIWKH plying that the problem is not related to the
VSULQJLQRUGHUWRPDNHLWVPRRWKHU cartridge but to the system.

You can also contact us for any type of


question related to tape technology, such
as:
• What are the env ironmental
c onditions of conservation of the tape
cartridge?
• Can w e d eg aus s an LTO tap e
c ar tr idge and use it again?
• What are the most common cases
of data loss that we see?
• Why could a cleaning cartridge be
immed iately ejec ted after b eing
loaded into the drive?
• A user has experienced a power
failure, causing the cooling system in
the computer room to be interrupted.
What is the risk for the tape
cartridge?
• What explanation can you give
w hen the level of trans fer rate
indic ated by the drive is no longer
achieved operationally?
• Etc… etc….

20
STRONTIUM
FERRITE
TECHNOLOGY
FROM
FUJIFILM
:+$77$3(:,//:(%(86,1*,1
7+(6"

Formats and generations of tapes


exceeding 60TB capacity are already
L Q G H YH ORSP H QW 7 KH  VX P P D U \
EH ORZ VKRZV WKH HYROXWLRQ RI WKH
storage tape offer. (All figures in
T B ) . P le a se note , the stor a g e
ca pa ci ty of ne w ta pe s m u st be
163
FRQÀUPHGE\WKHWHFKQRORJ\RZQHUV

A RECENT IDC STUDY


INDICATES THAT THE
GLOBAL STORAGE
CAPACITY NEEDED TO
CONTAIN DIGITAL DATA Over
WILL INCREASE 60TB
TENFOLD BETWEEN
16
2016 AND 2025 (FROM 16
ZB OF DATA TO 163 ZB).

2016 2025

Over
20 20TB

15

10 12

6
4 2.5
1.5

LT05 3592JC LT06 3592JD LT07 3592JD LT08 3592JE LT09 3592
on on on on
TS1140 TS1150 TS1155 TS1160

Early 2013-2014 2017 2018 Early 2020s


2010s

21
More Than 10 Reasons to
Buy Fujifilm Branded LTO Tapes

%
arium Ferrite technology can pro- ties of SrFe are superior to those of BaFe,
duce tapes with a capacity exceeding ZKLFKZLOO HQDEOH XV WR UHDFK D KLJKHUOHYHO RI
200TB of data. What technology performance whilst further reducing the size
should be used when a capacity of 400TB of the particles. SrFe-based magnets are, for
LV UHTXLUHG" )XMLILOP·V 6WURQWLXP )HUULWH LQVWDQFHXVHGLQWKHDXWRPRWLYHLQGXVWU\
WHFKQRORJ\ ZLOO EH WKH RQH WKDW ZLOO WDNH - Question: +DYH 6WURQWLXP )HUULWH EDVHG
RYHU IURP %DULXP )HUULWH DQG SURGXFH WKH PDJQHWLF WDSHV DOUHDG\ EHHQ ODXQFKHG LQ WKH
tapes that we will use in the 2030s. GDWDVWRUDJHPDUNHW"
$QVZHU1R
:+$7,6675217,80)(55,7( - Question: :KDW VRUW RI
²*(1(6,6 )($785(6 W H F K Q R O R J \  Z D V  X V H G  W R
- Question: :KDW LV 6WURQ- WE BELIEVE WE CAN
SUCCEED IN REDUCING V W D E L O L ] H  W K H  S D U W L F O H
WLXP )HUULWH" ,V LW GLIIHUHQW
THE VOLUME OF PAR- P L QLDWX UL]DWLRQSURFHVV"
IURP %DULXP )HUULWH WHFKQR-
TICLES BY 40% WHILE $QVZHU :H DFKLHYHG WKH
ORJ\" :KDW DUH LWV SURSHUWLHV
MAINTAINING OR IM- miniaturization by changing
HJ GLIÀFXOW\ WR PLQLDWXUL]H
PROVING A MAJORITY OF the composition of the raw
SDUWLFOHV PDJQHWLF RXWSXW
THE MAGNETIC PROPER- PDWHULDO DQG E\ LPSURYLQJ
HWF«  ,Q JHQHUDO ZKDW ZLOO
TIES OF PARTICLES AND, and optimizing the quality of
LWVXVHEHLQWKHPDUNHW"
THUS, OF THE TAPE. WKHFKHPLFDODGGLWLYHV
-Answer: Strontium Ferrite
(SrFe) is a magnetic mate- - Qu e sti on: :KDW LV  WKH
ULDO +H[DJRQDO )HUULWH OLNH %DULXP )HUULWH FKDUDFWHULVWLF RI 6WURQWLXP )HUULWH WHFKQRORJ\
(BaFe) and in which the position of the ele- G H Y H O R S H G  E \  ) X MLILOPDQGKRZFDQLWEH
ment Ba is replaced by the element Sr. We FRPSDUHGWR%DULXP)HUULWH"
use the same method of synthesis of molecules -Answer: By comparing to Barium Ferrite
as for Barium Ferrite: Grouping of atoms, technology with which we managed to coat
ions, and aggregates of molecules by chemi- a capacity of 220TB (158 Gbpsi) on a single
cal reaction. This same synthesis allows us WDSHLQZHEHOLHYHZHFDQVXFFHHGLQ
WRFRQWUROWKHPROHFXOHVLQRUGHUWRGHYHORS UHGXFLQJ WKH YROXPH RI SDUWLFOHV E\ 
fine particles. Finally, it is extremely impor- ZKLOH PDLQWDLQLQJ RU LPSURYLQJ D PDMRULW\
WDQW WR FDUU\ RXW D YHU\ SUHFLVH FRQWURO RI of the magnetic properties of particles and,
WKH QXFOHDWLRQ RI WKH SDUWLFOHV :KDW·V QHZ thus, of the tape.
is that the majority of the magnetic proper-

EVOLUTION OF PARTICLE SIZES (From Barium Ferrite to Strontium Ferrite)

Current BaFe particle BaFe particle used in Announced SrFe particle


(LTO-7) (220TB) Particle volume: 900nm3
Particle volume: 1900nm3 technical demo in 2015
Particle volume: 1600nm3

22
Q uestion: :KDW \HDU GLG )XMLILOP·V
UHVHDUFKEHJLQRQ6WURQWLXP)HUULWH"
- Answer: The initial research was
XQGHUWDNHQLQWKHVHFRQGKDOIRI
)XMLÀOP ZLOO EHJLQ WKH SURGXFWLRQ RI 6WURQWLXP
Ferrite tape cartridges for generations beyond
LTO10. The basic idea would be to introduce
6WURQWLXP )HUULWH LQ DERXW WHQ \HDUV· WLPH
- Question: +DV)XMLILOPGHYHORSHG6WURQWLXP
E\  GHSHQGLQJ RQ WKH GHYHORSPHQW
)HUULWHRQLWVRZQDORQH"
VFKHGXOHVHWE\WKHGULYHPDQXIDFWXUHUV
 $QVZHU <HV WKH PLQLDWXUL]DWLRQ RI 6U)H
- Question: %HWZHHQ QRZ DQG WKH ODXQFK RI
magnetic particles in the field of magnetic
tape is solely the result of the research and WKH ILUVW 6U)H WDSH ZKDW FKDOOHQJHV PLJKW
GHYHORSPHQWRI)XMLILOP )XMLILOPIDFH"
- Question: :KDWVWRUDJHFDSDFLW\FDQEHSUR- $QVZHU7KLVLQWHUYLHZLVMXVWWKHDQQRXQFHPHQW
GXFHGE\XVLQJ6U)HWHFKQRORJ\" WKDW ZH KDYH GHYHORSHG WKH SDUWLFOHV VR DV
- Answer: The capacity of 400TB can be to coat them on a magnetic tape. We still
exceeded on a single tape cartridge. This KDYHDIHZGHYHORSPHQWVWRDFKLHYH$VZLWK
represents tapes of a capacity that are 67 any tape coating technology, we must adapt
times larger than LTO7, the most recent LTO
WKH UHVXOWV RI RXU UHVHDUFK WR WKH DGYDQFHV
WDSHJHQHUDWLRQDYDLODEOHLQWKHVWRUDJHPDUNHW
WKD W ZL OO EH  P D G H  L Q WKH  QH Z WD SH  G U L YH
We can also say that 400TB is a capacity
t e chnologies. We, therefore, enter a new
WKDW·VHTXLYDOHQWWR'9'V
- Question: :LOO WKH SDUWLFOHV XVHG RQ WDSH phase which consists of maximizing our potential
V W R U D JH  PH G L D  E H  I X U WK H U  U H G X F H G  LQ WKH LQ WHUPV RI LQGXVWULDO GHYHORSPHQW DV ZHOO
GLVWDQW IXWXUH" ,V WKHUH D ZD\ WR IXUWKHULPSURYH as those of the SrFe magnetic particles.
WKHVWRUDJHFDSDFLW\RI6WURQWLXP)HUULWH" - Question: :K\ WKHQ DQ DQQRXQFHPHQW RQ
 $QVZHU <HV )XMLILOP EHOLHYHV WKDW QHZ WKLVGD\"
potential, in terms of particle miniaturization, can $QVZHU,W·VEHFDXVHZHKDYHMXVWILOHGWKH
EH DFKLHYHG E\ LPSURYLQJ V\QWKHWLF SURFHVVHV intellectual property rights on this technology.
and by further adjustments in the use of
- Question: :LOO RWKHU WDSH PDQXIDFWXUHUV
FKHPLFDODGGLWLYHV
GHYHORSRUSURGXFH6U)HWDSHV"
$QVZHU7KHNQRZKRZDQGH[SHUWLVHWKDW
,1)250$7,21 $%287 7+( 7,0(/,1(
$1'$11281&(0(17 ZHKDYHXVHGLQRUGHUWRGHYHORS6WURQWLXP
- Question: :KHQ GR \RX SODQ WR FRQGXFW D Ferrite is the result of a long period of re-
WHFKQLFDO GHPRQVWUDWLRQ RI WKLV QHZ WHFKQR- VHDUFK DQG GHYHORSPHQW RQ %DULXP )HUULWH
ORJ\" \HDUVRIUHVHDUFK&RQVHTXHQWO\LWZLOO
- Answer: Probably within three years. not be easy for other tape manufacturers to
- Question: :KHQGR\RXLQWHQGWRODXQFKWKH GHYHORS DQG PDQXIDFWXUH 6WURQWLXP )HUULWH
ILUVW6WURQWLXP)HUULWHEDVHGGDWDWDSH" technology. Therefore, this seems rather
 $QVZHU 7KH FXUUHQW YLHZ RI )XMLILOP LV
improbable.
that Barium Ferrite technology can be used
until at least the manufacture of LTO10,
$%2877+(7$3(7(&+12/2*<$1'7+(
which should offer a compressed capacity
of al m o s t 1 2 0 T B , a s B a r iu m Fer ri te ha s 1($5)8785(
D O U H DG\ SURYHQ LWV DELOLW\ WR FRDW D VLQJOH - Question: :KDWDUHWKHFRPSHWLQJSURGXFWV
WDSHRI7%7KHUHIRUHLWLVYHU\OLNHO\that RIPDJQHWLFWDSHWRGD\"

23
More Than 10 Reasons to
Buy Fujifilm Branded LTO Tapes

- Answer: In our area, which is long term WKDWZHKDYHVXFFHHGHGLQGHYHORSLQJ7KDW


GDWD UHWHQWLRQ RU GDWD DUFKLYLQJ +DUG 'LVN said, these are not the only two areas that
i s o u r m a in co m p et it o r. T h er e a r e ne w we are researching.
WHFKQRORJLHV DYDLODEOH LQ WKH +'' DQG RSWLFDO - Question: +DV WKH GHYHORSPHQW RI 6WURQ-
GLVF LQGXVWULHV EXW LQ ERWK FDVHV ZH KDYH WLXP)HUULWHUHTXLUHGVLJQLILFDQWLQYHVWPHQWV"
seen that the use of these new products is  $QVZHU 1R $V PHQWLRQHG DERYH WKH
constantly delayed (technical issues or low structure of Strontium Ferrite is identical to
demand from users) and that, on the other that of Barium Ferrite and can be synthe-
hand, the growth in storage capacity for sized according to the same method as the
these product segments has slowed considerably, BaFe magnetic particle. There is, therefore,
to the point of saturation. QRQHHGWRLQYHVWKHDYLO\
Tape technology is con- - Question: )XMLILOP·VPRWKHUFRPSDQ\LQ-D-
stantly growing, day after SDQ PDGH WKH DQQRXQFHPHQW
day, in the field of research RI6WURQWLXP)HUULWHLQ
THE VERY -XO\ LQ -DSDQ :K\ ZDLW VR
DQGGHYHORSPHQW
,W LV HQRXJK WR REVHUYH WKH
CHA RACTERISTIC OF ORQJLQ(XURSH"
unprecedented growth in FUJIFILM IS THE R&D. - Answer: It was because
ZH·UHDOUHDG\H[SODLQLQJWKH
storage capacity proposed WE ARE CONSTANTLY
real roadmap of tape tech-
on tape since the launch of LOOKING FOR NEW nology to European users.
Barium Ferrite.
TECHNOLOGIES AND At the time of LTO3, in the
:H DUH FRQYLQFHG WKDW QHZ
data storage tapes are the
OPPORTUNITIES FOR mid-2000s, when we were
WDONLQJDERXWDSRWHQWLDOFD-
best option when addres- NEW PRODUCT
pacity of 3.2TB for the LTO6
VLQJNH\LVVXHVVXFKDVGDWD CREATION. FDUWULGJHWKLVVHHPHGOLNHD
security, write speed, long-
big leap forward. What can
term data retention, floor
we say about our present situation? The
space reduction, ecological footprint or the
EHVWVHOOLQJ WDSH WRGD\ LV VWLOO IRU D YHU\
cost of use. short time, the LTO6 cartridge that offers
- Question: ,V WKH FUHDWLRQ RI 6WURQWLXP 2.5TB of storage capacity. At the same time,
)HUULWHOLQNHGWRDSRVVLEOHGHYHORSPHQWOLPLW WKH YLVLRQ RI WKH QHDU IXWXUH WKDW ZH FDQ
RI%DULXP)HUULWH" EULQJWRWKHPDUNHWLVDVIROORZV
 $QVZHU 1R ZH DUH VWLOO LQ WKH SURFHVV RI ‡/72ZKLFKZLOOEHRQWKHPDUNHWLQ
UHGXFLQJ%DULXP)HUULWHSDUWLFOHV0RUHRYHU ZLOOPRVWOLNHO\RIIHU7%FDSDFLW\
LWZRXOGEHDWHUULEOHPLVWDNHWRODXQFKQHZ ‡ ,%0·V QHZ -( WDSH ZKLFK ZLOO DOVR
GHYHORSPHQWSURMHFWVMXVWEHFDXVHZHZRXOG be launched in 2018, would offer 20TB of
SHUFHLYH OLPLWV LQ DQ DFWXDO WHFKQRORJ\ :H capacity (please note, in both cases that we
GRQRWZRUNWKLVZD\7KHYHU\FKDUDFWHULVWLFRI must await the final confirmation of the
) X ML I L O P  LV  W K H 5 '  :H D U H FR QVWD QWO\ specifications by the rights holders).
O R RNLQJIRUQHZWHFKQRORJLHVDQGRSSRUWXQL- ‡)LQDOO\ZHDUHFXUUHQWO\ZRUNLQJZLWK,%0
ties for new product creation. Barium Ferrite RQDWDSHSURMHFWWKDWZRXOGRIIHURYHU7%
and Strontium Ferrite are two technologies of capacity.

24
6 R  Z H  D U H  W D O N L Q J   K H U H   D E R X W
m u l tiplying the capacity of the
tape cartridge by 8 between LTO6
DQG -( DQG WKLV UHYROXWLRQ ZLOO EH
RI\HDUV$WWKHODXQFKRIWKH-(WDSH
technology will be able to offer an opera-
WLRQDO ZULWLQJ VSHHG WKDW ZLOO EH ILYH WLPHV
IDVWHUWKDQWKDWRIKDUGGLVNIRU*%ILOHV
DFFRPSOLVKHG LQ WKH VSDFH RI  \HDUV (YHQ
PRUH LPSUHVVLYH LV WKDW LQ WKH QH[W IHZ The third unprecedented phenomenon is
years we can say that we managed to multiply LQ WKH LPSURYHPHQW RI WKH GDWD LQWHJULW\
WKH FDSDFLW\ RI WDSHV E\  LQ XQGHU  \HDUV /72·V %LW (UURU5DWH %(5  LV  [  17 ,
ZKLOH WKH (QWHUSULVH 6$7$ KDUG GLVN LV DW 
This is the real long-term roadmap and is
x 10 15 . This means you can write 100 times
showing such dramatic growth that it will
more data on an LTO6 tape than on a hard
WDNH WLPH IRU WKH PDUNHW WR LQWHJUDWH WKLV
GLVNEHIRUHWKHULVNRIDZULWHHUURU
new offer. What other product in the history
RI GDWD VWRUDJH KDV DFKLHYHG VXFK D GUDPD-
7KH%(5WKDWWDSHWHFKQRORJ\RIIHUVWKURXJK
WLFUHYROXWLRQ" the IBM 3592 range is of 1 x 10 20 , which
means that you can write 1000 times more
We can continue by comparing the transfer data on a 3592 tape than on an LTO6 tape
UDWHRI/72IURP0%VWRWKH0%V EHIRUH \RX ULVN D ZULWH HUURU DQG 
WKDW-(FRXOGDFKLHYHZKLFKLVDPXOWL- times more data than on a SATA enterprise
plication of the speed by three in the space KDUGGLVN

Below are the BERs of the different 1 x 1020


data storage media

Tapes manufactured with


the Barium Ferrite
technology.

1 x 1019

1 x 1016 1 x 1017
1 x 1015
1 x 1014
3592

LTO7 T10000
LTO5 LTO6

Disk Enterprise
FC/SAS
Disk Enterprise
SATA
Disk Desktop

25
More Than 10 Reasons to
Buy Fujifilm Branded LTO Tapes

*
RLQJ EDFN WR 6WURQWLXP )HUULWH RXU
message is that while we are preparing
storage solutions that will allow
users to secure their data the next 10 years,
ZHKDYHDOVRIRUHVHHQWKHWHFKQRORJ\WKDWZLOO
HQDEOH FRPSDQLHV WR EDFN XS WKHLU GDWD LQ
the 2030s. Increasing the performance of
VWRUDJH VROXWLRQV LPSURYLQJ GDWD VHFXULW\
and increasing the capacity of tape media in
RUGHU WR UHGXFH WKH FRVW RI FRQVHUYDWLRQ RI
tape cartridges will always be our primary
P R W L Y D W L R Q  L Q  W H U P V  R I  U H V H D U F K  D Q G
G H Y H ORSPHQWLQWKHILHOGRIGDWDVWRUDJH

Below is an analysis of the evolution of the storage capacity


offered by tape technology:

Thanks to Strontium Ferrite, we will be


able to use tape cartridges of more than
100TB of native capacity.

100

90

80 3592 -2023/2024?
More than 60TB.

70

60

50

40
3592JE - 2018
20TB &400MB/s

30 LTO8 - 2018
12TB & 360MB/s

LTO7 - 2015
6TB & 300MB/s

10

26
HIGHER
PERFORMANCE
AND SAFETY
LEVELS.

27