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They have a lot Hes eating an ice cream.

They read a lot. He likes ice cream. Le gusta el helado.

They read / he likes / Iworketc. sonformas del present simple:

i llwelyou/they read like work Iive watch do have ..'-.---*_-l ______ _

i ne/sne/it reads likes works lives watches does has i

he works / she lives I it rains etc.

e I work in a shop. My brother works in a bank. (no My brorher work)
ll; Lucy lives in London. Her parents live in Scocland.
I lt rains a loc in winter.
I have + he/she/it has:
O Joe has a shower every day.
Ortografia(+ Apendice 5):

-es detras de -s I -sh I -ch: pass -+ passes finish -+ finishes wacch + warches
-y -+ -ies; scudy -+ studies try+ tries
tambien: do + does go + goes

E/ present simple se usa para expresar cosos que son verdaderas en general, o bien que ocurren con ciertafrecuencia
o habitualmente. El equivalente en espanol suele ser el presente de indicativo:
The shops open at 9.30 and close ar 2 otlock. ... abren ... cierran ...
C Your English is good. You speak very well. ... hablas ...
C Tom works very hard. He starts at7.30 and finishes at 8 otlock in the evening.
... trabaja ... empieza ... acaba ...
C The earth goes round the sun. La tterra gua alrededor del sol.
O We do a lot of different things in our free time. Hacemos ...
C lt costs a lot of money to build a hospital. Cuesta ...
Observa quellike / he likes equivalen a me gusta / le gusta etc.
C I like football. Me gusta elJhtbol.
O I like big cities. Me gustan las grandes ciudades.
O Joe likes the house. A Joe le gusta la casa.

E/ present simple se usa con always/never/often/usually/sometimes. Observa la posici6n de estas palabras:

O Sue always gets to work early. (no Sue gets always) Sue llega siempre temprano al trabajo.
C I nevereat breakfast. (nol eat never) No desayuno nunca.
O We often go away at weekends. Salimosfuera losfines de semana muy a menudo.
O Mark usually plays foorball on Sundays .
Generalmente Mark juega al fitbol ...
C I sometimes walk to work, but noc very often. A veces voy altrabajo a pie, pero no muy a menudo.

I don't ... (presenc simple, negacion) t Unidad 7 Do you ... ? (presenc simple,interrogacion) ) Unidad 8
I am doingy I do -f Unidad 9 always/usually/often etc. (orden de las palabras en la frase 2) t Unidad 95
Ej ercicios

eat go live fla1r play sleep

le plays rhe piano. 4 ten n rs.

I They in a very big house. 5 to the cinema a lot.

I a lor of fruit. 6 seven hours a night.

boil close cost cost like like meet open speale teach wash

Maria ... ??.Q.4.ko .four languages.

The shops in the city centre usually at 9 otlock in the morning.
The Ciry Museum .. .. ... at 5 otlock in che evening.
Tina is a teacher. She .. .. ... mathematics to young children.
\ay job is very interesting. I ... ... .. a lot of people.
Peter's car is always dirty. He never ......... it.
Food is expensive. lt... a lot of money.
Shoes are expensive. They a lot of money.
Water.. .. ...... at 100 degrees Celsius.


(ate / always / nice clothes / wear)

Escribe frases sobre lo que tri haces usando always/never/often/sometimes/usuatly.


Traduce al ingl6s.
@ - *sana trabaja en un hospital.
esquiar = skiing
batido - milkshake
S 5 Me gusra esquiar.
- :s:udio ingles todos los dias. 6 Siempre desayunamos en la cocina.
-: : eces voy al cine con mis amigos.
\, 7 Nunca bebo leche, pero a veces bebo un batido.
',' s padres viven en Valencia. 8 A Lisa le gusta la musica clisica.
La negacion del present simple es don'tldoesn't, + verbo:

. t_

LA L1-

She doesn't drink coffee. No bebe cafe. He doesnt like his job. No /e gusta su trabajo.

{ afirmacion nega0on
." --'-'--.i.-- --'- -' '- *"
i--- ;

! ! weilike ' we i don't

i they i have
you i (do not)

:titit .r
iI Shei. i

t^,: i
i do"rn'a have
r idoes i

(do"s not)
i l'ir,"' L n]'_

t/ drink coffee, but ! don't drink tea. Bebo ... no bebo ...
,..) drinks tea, but she doesnt drink coffee. ... bebe ... no bebe
Sue ...

\*/ You dont work very hard. No trabajas mucho.

l We don't watch TV very often. No vemos ...

_) The weather is usually nice. lt doesn't rain very often. ... No llueve...
i*_.1 Sam and Chns dont know many people .. no conocen ...


llwelyou/they dont ... l'_- t I dont like football.

he/she/it doesnt ... rl He doesn't like football.

\ _..-l Idon't like Fred and Fred doesnt like me. (no Fred don'c like)
f'-r My car doesnt use much perrol. (no My car don't use)
rl Sometimes he rs late, but it doesnt happen very often.

Dont/doesn't lleva detrds el infinitivo (dont like / doesn't speak / doesn't do etc.):
C I dont like washing the car. I dont do it very often.
No me gusta... No /o hago ...
O Sarah speaks Spanish, but she doesnt speak ltalian. (no doesn't speaks)
... habla ... no hobla ...
C David doesnt do his job very well. (no David doesn't his job)
David no hace su trabajo muy bien.
O Paula doesnt usually have breakfast. (no doesn't ... has)
Paula no desayuna generalmente.

I do/work/like etc. (present simple, afrmaci6n) t Unidad 6 Do you ... ? (present simple, interrogacion) ) Unidad 8
Ej ercicios
Escribe frases negativas.
1 I play the prano very well.
2 Anna plays the piano very well. Anna
3 They know my phone number.
4 We work very hard.
5 He has a bach every day.
6 You do che same thing every day.

t Oen 4d )aphig l;ike CIaq2194I mv?iQ,

I classical music.

2 Ben and
-l--' ----*T--'"' ""-t' Kare
I Y.t ino
i no iy.t ?o

i I.r ino j

Escribe frases retacionadas contigo usando:

I never ... o I often ... o I don't ... very often.
TV) l dpn'twatchTV ygry ofiefl, o o
(warch ! afte_n wVlchTV,
) (go to che theatre)

3 (ride a bike)

(ear in restaurants)
5 (travel by train)

Completa las frases. Todas son negativas. Usa don't/doesnt + uno de los siguientes verbos:
cost go know #aift use wear

The wearher here is usually nice. lt . .y'o-qent1.I4ilt ..... much.

Paul has a ca[ but he... ........ ..it very often.
Paul and his friends like frlms, but they .... co the cinema very often.
Amanda is married, but she a ring.
| ... ... .......... much about politics. l'm not interested in it.
The Regenr Hotel isn't expensive. lr........ .. ... . .
........... much to stay there.

Ed lives very near us, but we...... .. .. ........

. .......... him very ofcen.

\Aargaret. .9.?.ea.kg.. four languages - English, French, Cerman and Spanish. (speak)
' dgn'L.!.i.\Q
..... my job. ltt very boring. (like)

Where's Steve?' 'l'm sorry. I ........... .. . . .... ..J (know)

Sue is a very quiet person. She.... ... .......... verymuch. (talk)
Andy.. .. .......... a loc of tea. lt! his favourite drink. (drink)
:'s not true! I it! (believe)
a very beautiful picture. I it very much. (like)
: 'u\ark is a vegetarian. He (eat)

rraduce a! ingl6s.
lD conducir = drive
\o vamos al cine muy a menudo. efl Ve[?flo =
t'..o in summer
Conozco a tus hermanas.
piso = flat
-*is no trabaja en Espana. por la noche =
',', padre conduce un cami6n, pero no le gusta su trabajo. in the evening
'.c llueve mucho en Madrid en verano.
t.esa habla franc6s, pero no habla ingl6s.
. ', en en un piso grande, pero no les gusta.
'.3rmalmente no salimos por la noche.

Se usa do/does para hacer preguntas con e/ present simple:

afirmacion interrogacion

I work I

we like .we
you do you work?
they have they like?

'' Iikes have?
sne does she
It ir

Observa el orden de las palabras en estas frases interrogativas:

do/does+ sujeto + infinitivo

Do you play the guitar?

Do your friends live near here?
Does Chris work on Sundays?
Does it rain a lot here?
Where do your parents !ive?
How often do you wash your hair?
Whar does rhis word mean?
How much does it cost to fly to Rome?

Observa la posicion de always y usually:

Does Chris always work on Sundays?

. What do you usually do at weekends?

Ten cuidado cuando el verbo principal es do (= hacer):

What do you do ar weekends? ;Qud haces los fines de semana?
En este ejemplo el primer do es para la interrogacion y el otro do es el verbo'hacer'.

What time do you usually go to bed? ;A qud hora te acuestas normalmente?

What do you do? = 2Qud haces? (;En que trabaias?):
'What do you do?' 'l work in a bankl
'What does Sarah do?' 'She's a studentl


do llwelyou/they ... Do they like music?

does he/she lir ... Does he like music?

Respuestas breves

I lwe lyou/rhey do. llwelyou/they don't.

Yes' N o'
he/she/ir does. he/sh eI nt doesn't.

'Do you play the guirar?' 'No, I don't.'

'Do your parents speak English?' 'Yes, they do.'
'Does James work hard?' 'Yes, he does.'
'Does your sister live in Londoni 'No, she doesn't.'

I do/wo rkllike etc. (present sim ple, afirmacion) + Unidad 6 I don't ... (present simple, negacion) + Unidad 7
la interrogacion + Unidade s 45-48
Ej ercicios
Escribe preguntas usando Do . .. y Does ...
@ ? ?.

chocolate. How about you?

I like Dq ya_V ltke ghocg_latg
tennis. How abour you?
I play you
You live near here. How about Lucy? Lucy
Tom plays tennis. How about his friends?
) You speak English. How about your brother?
c I do yoga every morning. How about you?
Sue goes away a lot. How about Paul?
I want to be famous. How about you?
You work hard. How abour Anna?

Escribe preguntas usando las palabras + do/does. Pon las palabras en el orden correcto.
(wh ere I live / your parents) Wherp dq yQUr ?Afett? liVe

(you I early I always / get up) Do yo U always get u? pafly

(how often I TV I you / watch)
(you / want / whar I for dinner)
(like lyou / football)
(your broth er I like / foocball)
(whar I you I do / in your free time)
(your sister / work / where)
(breakfast / always I you / have)
,wh at I mean I rhis word)
.in winter / snow I ir I here)
,go I usually I to bed / what time / you)

how much I to phone New York I it I cost)

ds do enjoy go like start teach work

What I work in a bookshop.

Its OK.
',Vha[ At 9 otlock.
Usually by bus.
\nd your He s a teacher.
Yes, he loves it.

G, l-<cribe respuestas breves (Yes, he does. / No, !don't. etc.).

)c you watch TV a lot?
)c you live in a big city?
) c you often ride a bike?
I ces ir rain a lot where you live?
): you play the piano?

-'aduce al ing!6s.
O '
trabajo (3) = job
_lcnde trabajan tus padres? 6 ZQue quiere decir 'ride'?. despertarse = wake up

- _-z:la Vd. ingl6s? 7 iCu6nto cuesta esta camara?.

: --= Eusta su trabajo a Pilar? 8 2Con que frecuencia vas al cine?
_ - c.re hora os despertiis? 9 A: iQu6 hacen cus padres?
r _- E.lsta el caf6 o prefieres t6? B: Mi madre es medico y mi padre es profesor.