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Кафедра Иностранных языков

ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО


ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА
ТЕМГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА
Ы ДИСЦИПЛИНЫ

Тема 1. Общие сведения о


странах английского языка.
• Общее количество стран английского языка, их
распределение по континентам.
• Краткие сведения об истории, государственном
устройстве крупнейших англоязычных стран разных
континентов.

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ОБЩИЕ СВЕДЕНИЯ О СТРАНАХ АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА

АНГЛОЯЗЫЧНЫЕ СТРАНЫ

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ОБЩИЕ СВЕДЕНИЯ О СТРАНАХ АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА

Англосфера (англ. Anglosphere) — это совокупность


англоязычных стран, цивилизационный облик
которых характеризуется рядом общих черт,
обусловленных особо тесной исторической связью
этих стран с Британскими островами (имеются в
виду в первую очередь такие страны
как Великобритания, США, Канада

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

United Kingdom of Great Britain


and Northern Ireland
Official Name United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Continent Europe
Lat Long 54 00 N, 2 00 W
Capital London
Largest City London
Area 243,610 km2 (94,060 sq mi )Water (%) 1.34
Population 64,088,222 (July 2015 est.)

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

United Kingdom of Great Britain


and Northern Ireland
Official Language English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh,
Cornish
Major Religion Christianity, Islam, Sikhism,
HinduismismChristian (includes Anglican, Roman
Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 59.5%, Muslim 4.4%,
Hindu 1.3%, other 2%, unspecified 7.2%, none 25.7%
(2011 est.)
National day 12. April 1927
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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

Form of Government Unitary parliamentary democracy


under a constitutional monarchy
President Elizabeth II ( Monarch)

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

Prime Minister David Cameron

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

Currency Pound Sterling (GBP)


GDP $2.42 trillion (2014 est.)
Calling code +44
Time Zone GMT (UTC?) Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

Герб Великобритании

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

Девиз
«Dieu et mon droit» «(Бог и моё право)»

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

The United Kingdom of Great


Britain and Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern
Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles
consist of two large islands, Great Britain and Ireland,
and above five thousand small islands. Their total area
is over 244 000 square kilometers. The United Kingdom
is made up of four countries: England, Scotland, Wales
and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London,
Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast respectively.

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

Geographical Position
The British isles are separated from the European continent by the
North Sea and the English Channel. The western coast of Great Britain
is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea. The surface of the
British Isles varies very much. The north of Scotland is mountainous
and is called Highlands, while the south, which has beautiful valleys
and plains, is called Lowlands. The north and west of England are
mountainous, but all the rest - east, center and southeast - is a vast
plain. Mountains are not very high. Ben Nevis is the highest mountain.
(1343)

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

Rivers
There are a lot of rivers in GB, but they are not very long. The Severn is
the longest river, while the Thames is the deepest and the most
important one.

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

Population
The UK is one of the world’s smallest countries. The population of the
country is over 87 million and about 80% of it is urban.

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

Industry
The UK is highly developed industrial country. It’s known as one of
world’s largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics,
textile, aircraft and navigation equipment.

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

The UK is constitutional monarchy. In law, the Head of State is the


Queen, but in practice, the Queen reigns, but does not rule. The
country is ruled by the elected government with the Prime Minister at
the head. The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House
of Lords and the House of Commons.

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

Goverment
There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour, the
Conservative and the Liberal parties. The Liberal party is the ruling
party nowadays.

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

USA

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

USA
Official Name The United States of America
Continent North America
Lat Long 38.8833° N, 77.0167° W
Capital Washington DC
Largest City New York City
Area 9,826,675 sq. km.
Population 321,368,864 (July 2015 est.)

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

USA
Official Language None at federal level English 79.2%,
Spanish 12.9%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and
Pacific island 3.3%, other 0.9% (2011 est.)
National day 4 July 1776 (declared); 3 September 1783
(recognized by Great Britain)
Form of Government Federal Presidential
Constitutional Republic

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

USA
President Barack Hussein Obama II

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

USA
Vice President Joe Biden

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

USA
Currency United States dollar (USD)
GDP$17.418 trillion (2014 Est.)
Calling code+1
Time Zone(UTC-5 to -10) Summer (DST) (UTC-4 to -10)

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

USA
The USA is situated in the central
part of the North American continent. Its western coast is washed by t
he Pacific Ocean and its
eastern coast is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico.
The USA is separated from Canada in the north by the 49th parallel an
d the Great Lakes, and from
Mexico in the south by a line following the Rio Grande River and contin
uing across the highlands to
the Pacific Ocean. The total area of the USA is over 9 million square
kilometres.

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USA

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

USA
The principal rivers of the USA are the Mississippi, the longest river in
the world (7,330 km) and the Hudson river.

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

USA
The population of the United States of America is about 250 million
people, who are called Americans.

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

USA
The capital of the USA is Washington. It is situated in the District of
Columbia.

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

USA
The USA is a federal country of 50 states and the District of Columbia.
The political life of the
country has always been dominated by the two major parties: the
Democratic party and the
Republican party. At an election time they contest presidency and the
majority of seats in the
Congress. The Congress is the highest legislative body of the country. It
consists of two chambers—
the House of Representatives and the Senate.
The President, elected by the whole nation for four years, is head of
the state and the Government.

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AUSTRALIA

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AUSTRALIA
Official Name Commonwealth of Australia
Continent Oceania
Lat Long 27 00 S, 133 00 E
Capital Canberra
Largest City Sydney
Area 7,741,220 sq km
Population 22,751,014 (July 2015 est.)

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

AUSTRALIA
Official Language English
Major Religion Protestant 30.1% (Anglican 17.1%,
Uniting Church 5.0%, Presbyterian and Reformed 2.8%,
Baptist, 1.6%, Lutheran 1.2%, Pentecostal 1.1%, other
Protestant 1.3%), Catholic 25.3% (Roman Catholic
25.1%, other Catholic .2%), other Christian 2.9%,
Orthodox 2.8%, Buddhist 2.5%, Muslim 2.2%, Hindu
1.3%, other 1.3%, none 22.3%, unspecified 9.3% (2011
est.)

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ГЕОГРАФИЯ СТРАН ПЕРВОГО ИНОСТРАННОГО ЯЗЫКА

AUSTRALIA
National day 1 January 1901 (from the federation of UK colonies)
Form of Government Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
President Elizabeth II ( Monarch)

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AUSTRALIA
Vice President Sir Peter Cosgrove (Governor-General )

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AUSTRALIA
Prime Minister Tony Abbott

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AUSTRALIA
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
GDP $1.137 trillion (2015 Est.)
Calling code +61
Time Zone various (UTC+8 to +10.5) Summer (DST) various (UTC+8 to
+11.5)

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AUSTRALIA
Australia is a large country lying between the Indian and Pacific
Oceans. Australia is an island, like Britain, but unlike Britain, it is vast. It
is, in fact, nearly twenty-five times as large as the British Isles. Its area
is about 8,000,000 square km

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AUSTRALIA
The population of Australia is about 18 mln. Most of Australia is semi-
desert. People cannot live where there is no water, and so most of
people in Australia live in the richer south-east.

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AUSTRALIA
The national holiday, Australia Day, is now celebrated on or near
January 26th in memory of landing of the British in 1788.

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AUSTRALIA
Australia is an independent federative state consisting of 6 states and
2 territories. It is a member of the Commonwealth headed by the
British Queen. The national language is English. The capital of Australia
is Canberra; the largest cities are Sidney, Melbourne, Adelaide and
Perth.

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ЛИТЕРАТУРА
– Леонович О.А. Страноведение Великобритании. – 4-е изд. –
М.: КДУ, 2009.
– Колыхалова О.А., Махмурян К.С. Britain. М.:МПГУ, 2012.
– Морозова Е.А. Великобритания. Соединенные Штаты Америки. Канада. Австралия.
Учебно-методическое пособие по страноведению и лингвострановедению.
М.:МГПИ, 2012.
– Горская М.В. Англо-русский и русско-английский словарь географических названий.
М.: Русский язык, 1994.
– Ощепкова В.В., Шустилова И.И. Краткий англо- русский лингвострановедческий
словарь. Великобритания, США, Канада, Австралия, Новая Зеландия. М.: Флинта,
Наука, 2001.
– Томахин Г.Д. По странам изучаемого языка. Английский язык. Справочные
материалы. (Across the Countries of the English Language). М.: Просвещение, 1998.
– Алексеева А.А., Сирота О.С. Знаете ли вы Великобританию? Тесты по
страноведению на английском языке: учебное пособие –
2-е изд. – М.: КДУ, 2011.
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Презентации, рефераты
1. Великобритания. Географическое
положение
• England
• Wales
• Scotland
• Northern Ireland

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2. Соединенные штаты Америки.
Географическое положение.
3. Австралия.

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