Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 2
fo] Fy e V i= 4 fo} ry Fa] bY 9° 4 c s S a a SEMEN ygieess 940.417 Bopucoa sHAP-9EADAN 207 1K. aNpeeTop HAM “Shep obepersouie tensoron ‘uaa a 6ae ECTY ne. Uynosa (Poco) Wage E.B., 340 «Shopronprpece= pa) XpoM B WeMeHTHOK TeEXHONOTHH PIOIPAT.B crarve npusesene! pesynbraTs1 NCCE AOBAHMA HCTOYNAKOB noctynnenua xpoma 8 WeMeHT Ha RCex cTagNAX ero NPoNaBOACTEA. Tlorasano, 470 ocHOBHEIM HCTOUHHKOM nOCTynNENKs xpoMa sBNAeT- oa orneynopnan dyreposka spauiaiouelica new. Mpusenere! meponpusTns, orpanninsaroue nepexon Cr (il) Cr (Vi), a TaKoxe paceTs!, caugeTenscTeyloune 0 TOM, 470 cranbusie Menioune wape! AO «SHepronporpecc» He sBARIOTCH NpH- 4MHO# nossuueHHoro conepanns Cr (VI) s YeMeHTe. pou B npupone waxoanroR 6onee vou 8 40 meparax, naionee pacnpocrpanenssns va noropan srseres xpouur. Merannyvecat pow npaxtieesn woroxcien, Ho weTan- ‘ex mae xpowa pasapaaer TKaNn nena, Coeauiewnn xpowa (il) euosiea0r AepuaTee, a cooaiowss xpowa (Vl) npuaoaaT x paanis- va saSoresaHvsu venoaera, 8 TOM ‘wcne 4 cnwonoravernvs. Coonerower xpowa (Ver xo youausaoren oprannawow vope3 nawoea- Daensrpan mearenenyo cvicTent YenoBeKa, ‘wrensiatxowraKr ¢ Taxa Coemieniann awe npveecTa x BoaMueopennen nospeRne- ui Kono roxpoea W cnc oGoRONeK, Anpruwocrnx pean. MAK xpowa (VI) 8 ate NocgepHow sosayxe cocrasnet 0.0015 ari "pw paCore c weuewtassu pacreopawu woxeT powcxoue ie KOHTAKT ¢ KOKA. MoaToUy CCr(V) samecen w eracox KoHTaxTHaK annep- ‘eos. B panosom yowoure conepmanie xpowa ccocrasnaer 10-100 rier (ppm) uewexra, 42 oropora 1-30 ppm vaxoaiteR 8 weeTHearen= Hou Bae 8B caxan ¢ o1mw Eeponevcnin naprawen- Tow Sino nparo apennwcare 2008/53/EG ‘0 18.08, 2003 rx vaypronn N26 npeart- canna 76/769/EWG Cosera Esponapnawerra 06 orpanrsewsx nprienen# onpenenennix conachn sewers: «Lene w ueweToconep- are vec we waryr Gara Mowe, ec conepwanve 8 wx ceo6oqHoro Cr (VI) none 2 rwaparaunn cocrasnser Gonee sem 2 ppm (0.0002%) cyron wacce uewertan. eno Ta zoe conepranine Cr (V) cutaerea Beaonact ‘an saopoesa enovexa wc Toss 30H Oxpa- i oxpyaaue cpeny. Xpow nonanaer 8 ueMesrabin xniiten 3 coipoeasix warepvanos v xpoMconepKauste oF eynopos, B onackyo an venosexa popu 4 repexogu np rexmeparype skaue 1022*C, to ‘ee © sxcoxoTeunepaTyprot 20H apaulaW- uuetes neva 1}. Mpa stout xoneer80 xpota epeweawera © wecrusanehTHye PoDMY, & powsturownn yenoorsx obyrHo cocTaanseT 10-15% o7 obwero conepnansn xpota 8 ue ourvou knvwnepe. Cuumene conepmanu 8 uewenTe Cr (VI ‘Ao Hopwarnaxoro yposHs sBraevca ocHos~ Nom MpoGnewor ane ueNeNTa ApeANpHTAR crpax 6veuero CHT, axcnoptapyoune C800 ponyruio 8 crpanss EC. C uense pewenr ‘RanHO npoGnewes wccnenoeana cteneKs frwakus KANO a xpOMOCORepMALUNK La Tepuanos (cepse, ormeynophas @yTeDOBK, enue Tena) va o6uoe conepmanine Cr (VD) BuewonTe ‘fs orcnemubanas OcHOaNe WCTOMNAKOS sarpmavenws yeuenra wecranaronTane xpo- Mow Ha onvon us youenTiax s260R08 Yaa: vs uit oro6pate npotel pa eco TexHOND- reckon mane npowssonerea: xapGoHarHoro ve rmmaterora KoMPoNeATO8, oppeKTHpjAWIEA GK, cupsezon coc, xranepa, YeMenTa, Pesynorare accnezobaavn Hanis xpOMa npeacrasnents 8 Tan 1 Ha srane nogrorosst copes xpos nonanaer ‘8 cupsesya cuece auecte cee xouncweraMt ~ menow., trio orapeai. Ocvoskans Ho ‘arenes xpova # chpsessn wosmonenrax 58- ‘nets wen, gone KaTopor® B CupeEBOH cMECH i aasone cocraanaer 80.3%, weneaoconepma- tune gobasKe w Oypas cna TaKme conepmar pow (rab. 1) Pacnpocrpaveno unenie 0 To, ro Hau ree ahaa HETOSNKON xpoa 8 ROpTAaN- Ayowenti0H capreson cwecu senmorea npo- AyRToL cTupaKNA Menauvax Ten. ANA NposEpKH sT0r0 SRO «3hepronporpecc> (* floHeuK, Ye Dana, cnewransupyoweecs 8 Teverne 9 nor ag nocTaNKaK MenOUUAK Ten MR UONeMTALE 38- ‘sqn08 crpan CHT. coswectuo c HAM «Snepro cBeperaoune Tewonori uen@NTa> np BITY vu. BI Ujaosa (c. Berropoa, Poccas) wocne- 08a” oCHOEHNE HCTONRIMH BOSHPKHOGEHE Cr (vi) 8 uewesre onaganue xpoua a copeesye uneTy npo- exonHT np nowone va c¥er HoTIRaMNR We Tabmua 1 Conepmarne xpowa kounonenax cepeesof cuecn Wen ‘oon08 Fra senenas a na 6008 ons MenesncrangetareaW'1 0013 Meneaneraa sobanra #*2 09052 soGaera 3 00065 0005 oar 10 0 0 BADD-BEBPAMS 2007 TaGnava 2 Xmurveckat cocras oneynopKora wiprNNa. Ta 08. Nw aTow npicaaxa nponyrto8 wcrypann luapos cocrazaser: Chun) = Gren) ‘ne Cr (ct) conepmanne xpowa 8 cram we- ou en Ha nasvow sasone venonssyorca cramhve eneue waps. noctasnseusie 340 »Shep- Fonpoxpecc. Cornacko cnpasxe o peaynsrarax aGoparopisx wccneaosaHu THX wapos, pose ae-ix ML YxpHMMMET»(t.Xapsxos). conepxane xpowa a mnx cocrasnser Maxci- ya 035% = no mponyKToB HeTUPAH® wenoUMnK ‘en, cornact rexvonaruseeKonyy pernanety (ova coctasrger waxcimyu 0,2 KF 2 1000 xF ceapaeson cuecx B srom cnysae Komvecrao xpoma, conep- auleroce 8 NpoayKTaK VCTHPaHAR MenOLUIK 1w2pos, pas: crow 0.0002 0.0085 = 07 pom. Tans ofpaaom, KonINecTeo xpowa, none ‘@oUrO 8 Cupsesom uian C npoayKTaA He- ‘wpavi wenouuos ten, we Npegstuaer 07 ppm (07 rer expaosoro wav). Crenoearensio, yurratan denen Cr (oft @ wrame (5 ppm), ‘Now yibepaaats, TO menue Tena We exo (aT 8 nero SwawiTensnoro womvectea XpOVA. Kpowe Toro. wa npeanpusrisx, Henonésyou a xavectee Kap6ovarvaro KOMnoNeHTa MeN, ‘oe wapos wensnruax dowona sHasitTens- no wwe 02 xt (nopsana O.1-0.15 rt, sto & 20m ovepeas ewe Gomswe cunaeT roniwecT- 0 spoua e pony tax werspavin wapes, a orane o6aHra KnisKepa xpoM MomeT nonanare @xmmnep vs orneynopnt pyTepos- ve, Ha spauaouicn nevax aanoro 2aona onandsyeTCR SpyteDOeO.NBIR KMDMA, xP ‘cnr cocras noroporo npnsenex @ Tan. 2 (cornacno cepramaxary avecte). pu nenocpencraeHiow KonTaxTe xmvatepa @yTepoakon via ee o6pywenun coneDnatne powa woxet eospacri. OxwaK0 © paGoveNs ewie nosepxvocTeorneynopa noxpba Eno em o6uasnn,noTopstt npenarcrayer nepexoay powa va ayrepoenn 8 xnaKep "Yaenanan Hopwa pacxoua orneynopoe, cormacuo Aare aaB0aa, cocragnner 167 xrwaepa. Tarun o6pasow, konsvecra0 xpoua, nonaganwero exnuKep, womer Gre HaraeHo 0 popuyne (gy) = 0.001 -M (C103) Ke, TaGnaua 3 Coneprave xpowa (VI. 8 nonyaewou pony owep were 0007S 18 Kmaep eye 0.0005 5 ru-s0048 oe 6 Uwnuwa-s0o 09003 3 ‘eM (Cr,0}) = waccosas nonn oxcrna xpowa, M (Cr,0,) = 0.0340,05; xe, ~ waccosas ons pow s oxcate, x = 0.684 Toraa KonmecTeo xpowa, nonagaowero @ xnvtep, paso Cre 0001 -(003:0.05) 0.688 = 0.54342 ppm. Taxaws o6pa90M, woxso yTeepnaarb, sto orweynopnas ‘ytepoaKa sarsercR ocHogvane CTOMMON Coen xpoua 8 UeMeNTE Ha away sano MpoGrewa anata Cr (Vl) 8 uewenre aK ‘yanuna ana acex saponoe crpan CHT. npr wewsieux orveyrope wap. FIXL wnt XFL, conepauunx Coenen xpowa. fina sasoa0e, chlpeeene aropaana oropex ConepMat No- uWeHHioe KonAvectEO CoeaNNeNH xpoMa, snwoer cicn nope wa nennyaratgo Ay xapoepos, cru ecte TaKan eoabonvacr. ex noxasano vocnenosanne, conepnarne Cr (Vi) @ xnewepe 2aencar or ero xpynnocT, oTopaR 8 ceo ovepens sasvcit OT Tenno- Toxwrsecniarv Texnonoriveckrx napaMeroo8 pabore spauiaeuerica neva. Now sTou Kon ecTeo xpowa s wenkou xnuvkepe @ 1.5 pata npeasaaer oro conepnanine 8 xpynHO xn ope (ra6n, 3). 910 obesciseTea Teu, 470 enki xnikep vest Gonouiye yaenwiy> nopepenocre, cRocoSereyouyo WeTeRCARKa= lun nrapevecnn peanut oxtcReHie xpoMa 8 ‘aGosoccranosaTensom cpene 3 TpexBaneN- "wo popu 8 wectrsanenriye HeoGxonuvo onuerito, To aTepian gyre ookn nepexomt 8 KMHKED HepaBHOMepHO 30 ponent Boson anmTensite NpOMEKy TAR epewon, nora abwaoKa B new MpH yCrOPA fsoM pexie pa6ore npensterayer nepexoay xpoua @ xansop. Ho np Hapjwesane pena osuonvo vanyrecioe yeoninwe vonmectba ‘oxcunoe xpoma 38 C427 OBpywennn pyrepoaKn ‘w obuacn a paar ysacteax 908 ceKa- ts. Taxoe yeonienne xpovosbx coenieern osMomio np HeycTOMaoN peMume OOxHTa ravetepa 8 pesynerare napywewim Tennosoro Deming nen wn chen xamawecKoro cocrana Ccopbee0n wie. B TaKoA cuya” KONE a0 xp0Ma, nepexoARUer® B KnHHKEP, PEOKO sogpacraer, npessuas pene aHasenne, enna Cr (V) a xasepe Ke mworoneTHe ro ona na6nonews ecorna Bo moro pad KE conepmatie obwero xp0ma, v0 Bo wor Oyo~ oanevo pexvaton o6mura aru. Crenauie- cn pacrananerie axera B nes HeBOMUOE WEMEHT ns ‘conepmarive vnékroworo Wxcropaga npMBQAIT x cramer xoraocrea Cr Vl. Eom ects Heo ojyatocTe Gunes ofpazoaaiv wecriBanen- "WOr0 xp0Wa, To MONO MEAT OMT OHA Seroro Knikepa c yeranogxom weSorewOi omenswoiropenta ane cosnatwn nocaneo soocraveamensii cpens Ao6asrenve waaKa nprBoaHT x CHK ‘monno conepmanus Cr (VI) @ ueweHTe, sto Ssvax0 Ha Npwwvepe wnaxonoprnaHaueMenTa IML 1WA-400, OBysesu nsrxpartoe cht ene conepnahien WecT¥Bane¥THOrO xpOW B uunaronoprnanauewente TonsKo pasbaBnenK- eM KnmiKepa UraKom Wena, TaK KaK CORED vase wnaxa coctasraer 20-40%, Bepoaea, cHOHOH MpANANOR CHHPKEHAR SEARETER To, ‘To wax conepmur wax werannavecxoe mO- ‘eso, Tak w Fe, RensouecR 90 CTHOWERNO Cr (Vl) soceranopurensan. pn cosmection Nowone aKa ¢ KawixepoM @ YenOBHAX TeC- oro xowraxra vacra npoucxopur BoccTaH08- eave weetweanenTHoro xpowa. 8 peayretare Toro cogepmanue Cr {VI} 8 waxonop trans UueweTe yueneusaere. B xone nposenovn vocnenoeanas wero arxos wecrssanovTioro xpowa na Bcex Tana IpowseoacTea noprnansuewentHoro KnKe pa momo cuenaTs cnesyouure susonst: po Ayers: cTapanm wenOUK Ten He ReMRICTES Ucro-wnoM Gombworo KanMecTEa xpOMa B cupseaon cwecn. Musenennas a pacvetax erin xpoMa 6 warepuane MenouwAK Ten fenseTca waxcuManuO, nedcraMTensHOCTA ‘ona 82-3 pasa wie, ‘Curmene xonavecraa Cr (Vl) @ uenenre Momo aobureea ocyutecTeneaveM cnecyi wero Kownnexca weponpasTu. Bo nepebK eobxomuNo noxo6pare coctas ckipneatix warepwanos. Kak noxacano wccnenonaHne, enonososanine 8 KaNecTBe Copeoasx ware- wos rs senenor w nenestcToR no6aBKA NGoniT x yuevoworio ronivecrea Xow 8 cupseson uname. Tipu axconyarauwn neve weo6xonmo cne- ‘vrs 2a cocrosniew oOMaaKn w opyrepoak, He onyoxas ee cywecreenven nospex et poe Toro, cnenyer samen oreynops! 0H cneran Ha Geaxpovencrbe co wnaenbion cnako. B npouecce obmura Texnanornsecit ‘oGecne wire craBosoccrayoeuTensiyoras08yo Deny 80 spaulanuierca new. We noaBonsi lye oeyuecranre nepotan Cr (il) > Cr (Vi posenensbie nccnenosanis noxasueair, ‘fo ocHosrens weTowKOM osEnONI 8 Ue ene xpoma (VI) eenserea orkeynopHaR gy- Tepoena news Crane menouwve wap, nocraBAReMNe 3AO «Ghepronporpeccs, we Ramon npn rossenoro conoprat xpos (V) 8 user Te nx wononeaosative aBconeTio GeaonacHo a Bcexcraaax noowssoncTaeNoro Wa, rreparyen Toperos WA, Gpsmoncu BN, fram 8. Kosa arpa cero cat A= HES ceo 6 5 S AY | 5] fe} > wT i] iS 4 | rc fo)