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Program : Bachelor (Hons.) in Business Administration

Course : Sociology
Course Code : BBA 1263
Year/ Semester : III Year /V Semester
Assessment : Case Study
Weightage : 20 Marks
Date : 10thMay 2020–Sunday

Instruction to candidates
1) Plagiarism - The University will not tolerate cheating, or assisting others to cheat, and
views cheating in coursework as serious academic offence. The work that a student
submits for grading must be the student’s own work, reflecting his or her learning. Where
work from other sources is used, it must be properly acknowledged and referenced.
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Study the following case carefully and answer the questions asked at the end.

Life of Raute

The Raute people are Nepal’s last nomadic tribe who still are a hunter, gatherers, mainly
preferring monkey meat. They live in temporary camps in remote parts of the forests in the
Accham district. Currently there are around 150 people (45 families) remaining in the tribe who
describes themselves as the king of the forest as they earn through selling wood products. They
are resisting attempts by the Nepalese government and NGOs to move them into permanent
settlements. These people are divided into 3 different classes, each class with their own leader
also known as Mukhiya who are responsible for the decisions taking place in their class.

When a Raute dies, they are buried in the forest in an upright position; their skull is also pierced
to release their spirit into heaven. The community immediately moves to a new site to avoid evil
spirits after someone is buried. Usually they stay in one locality for about 2 months and after
they’ve sold their products in that particular place they move to some other location where wood
are sufficiently available and monkeys are easy to hunt.

Around a couple of years ago, an incident happened, where a 26 year old male caught on fire and
was injured. They were healing the injury using the domestic Ayurvedic plants available in the
same jungle. As days went by, the wound was becoming chronic. Then Satyedevi Khadka,
President of NGO to help Raute went to intervene. And Khadka was among one to whom these
people listened to. They agree to visit a hospital and were bought to Kathmandu along with
victim’s brother and father.

When he was admitted to hospital, a donor agency handed them money required for the
treatment. His father returned back to the Achham district along with the money he received
leaving his brother behind to look after the victim. The member of NGO’s and donor agency was
not astonished by this behavior as the rautes were very fond of money and meat.

The treatment was continued amidst that act, and the victim was recovering well. But after a
month, suddenly Khadka got a call from the hospital because the victim’s brother was requesting
the discharge. After communicating with his father, she came to know that the time of ancestral
tutelary deity i.e. Kul Devata Puja was arriving and God would become angry if all the members
of the tribe would not attend it. When informed about the medical condition, he replied, “If God
wants him to stay in this earth then he’ll live, if not then he’ll take away. It’s a decision that God
can only make”.

The child mortality rate is quite high in this tribe as lack of medical attention and nutrition plays
a major role. When the same things were explained to the victim’s brother, then, he wasn’t that
confident in his father’s and their leader’s decision, rather he seemed to follow what he was told.
As the younger generation was more apt to travel and they were somehow receptive but the

valued decision was of the senior member of the family. They went terminating the on-going
treatment to attend Kul Devada Puja.

And for the follow-up procedure too, instead of months, they came after almost a year only when
the victim’s condition is worsening and only after they believed that, maybe medical attention
could save the life.


1. “Culture shapes not only what we do but also what we think and how we feel”. Clarify
this statement taking various elements of culture among Raute people.
2. In your view, how these young nomad people are processing and creating their social
construction of reality?
3. In your opinion, how the industrialization and concept of globalization would be threat to
their unique way of life?

*****BEST OF LUCK*****