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AKAMEMM Sl HAYK YKPAHHCKOM CCP APOCKTHO-KONCTPYRTOPCKOE BIOPO 9AEKTPOTHAPABANKH E, B. KPHBHIUKHA, B. B. IIAMKO MEPEXOJIHDIE MPOLLECCbi MPH BbICOKOBOJIbTHOM PASPAE B BOJIE KHEB «HAYKOBA AYMKA» 1979 521.3.018.2:537 528 [lepexoanuie npouectia pw vaicoxanambTHoM paspade wu BoRe/K pr nmati E. B., Mako BL B. — Knew: Hayn. aysqa, 1979 — 208 ¢ Mouorpaibin nocomuetia ncc-ienonanmio saekTpHseCKUS H FiEApo: NAMIMECKHIX Honeitnh Mpolecca PRspHRA eMKOCTICOCO NaKOMNTCAA 1a yaapAAinili NpoMEKYTOX B vORE. LipineaeMA peryabtary HecteRoL\~ Nil SHEXTPIINCCKHX XapaxTepHETHIK no,tHOAMO‘O HCKPOKOFO Paspana it HOABOAIOTO sAeKTPMNEEKOTS wapHsttA npoDoAuKOD, OstpeRemeNa 3avi- MOCTD ueMueHINOrO CONPOTMAACHAA Kaine paspana or RENNIN porekaroutero ToKA. YeTanonAeHt Kpirreprt uoroGHR, cRETeMATHSK- Jona aMKTP HELE XAPAKTEPNCTURK HMMYALCHLX parpaAnow v DORE 1 conical! Nepexominit APoUecc p jienHiteHhIOd siekTpNAETKOA KenIL PaccMoTpeltii TiIAPORINAMHYECKHe npolicccuL, compOnoKAAINie pac pwpeine Kotata paspsia. TloctpoeHia MateMaTHdccas Mo;eaIy ‘ite~ nerioro NceneRODAINIA -ROANODLIX sinaensth. aysena BOsMORATOCTH THAI AILINE NaPAMCTPOD sCTONMIKA 1 peKOMeNAODaKO oONthMAAbINIe OOTUOMENHA, OGecneIpaloUlNE Cro MAKCHMANEHOE MeXaNNMECKOC sete crue Paccuwraa wa nayaiux i wnkeriepHo-Texitneekux paGorstkon, neMMANNNPYIONUeA B OGAACTH KEcACHOBAMMIA 1 MpaKTWNeexoro tie omaonahin a1eKTpHICCKMA PABpARos Bone. Ws. 53, Taba 15. Caicok an: ©. 19-208 (138 Haas.) Orpercrocini: peraxxop B. A. MToxdeea Penenacurn A. K. Wudsoscxud, 8, B. Aoxra Pestaniuis teximmeckon aurepary pot © Hoanatennctao «Hayxona pysnas, 1979 $ | | B obsacti paapanmax sazciisit nucoKonoaLTii sacKrpHieciatit pas- PAR y BORE s0uMMaer acoGOe MecTO OKAY wuTeNCHBIIOTO s1CNOMBsO" pailiin cron NOCHeLICe DPeMA TeNOCpercrBeINo % npOKsORETRe MPH OpaGorKe MaTeplanon UMNyACHUMH AaDAeMAMN. Bsacromuuee npe~ hoi nanGomnmce pacrpocrpaticnte Noayaiian ya ociroRNbix cnocoba Gopmuponannn umiyabcinx AAnACHKi pHSPARCM: NonBOAHEs HCKPO- oil paspaa (TIMP) n nogsoamuis sackrpiriecnili s3pwe npoponmnkos {MGL). OGa eneco6a xapakreprayioren Tem, "TO a onpexemeNHoM Otbere (Kanan paspana) —B TUseVine secKtea Maro NpoMeKyTKa npemennt oGpasyeren muicoKaN RaoTiIOcTy sueprHn peak NORWUa- tores' ‘aanennie 1 -seMnepatypa. Moaysaeman GstcrpopacisnpsiouiMes Tuisgweltiines Kananom {nopwiew) Ronis Rapzeliun ncnomayeTcA pA Roayweitiin padanunoro poRa LepopMauni: paapyurerits, “popRoosps Sopaina i ‘pacnpoctpanennn ynpyrix KoseGanti m oGvextax o6pa- ork Crenyer 3ameriit, TO Ha posMONHOCTH saeKTPHECKOTO pas- pia nponanoanr, Nexaniveckyio paGoTy sncppue ykasuinanocy ewe h nocetmantavoxe croseris. Oataxo mpaxtaveck ¢ stim mosenneM npmuicei, eTOmeiyTecn 9 nepuon SypHOTO pROWNTNK sHepreTHKH, Hiawane waulero croneThA, KOrAa nepeR npombsiaTeHtoeThIO Gita No- ranted S2aa nepenait sackypineckon silepriie ta snavtreamibe paccromis! ¢ npnMeneiniem wuicoxnx Nanpaanat, BucokowonstHiAl Paapan, nosiMnKarouLN p sMepreTiniecKx cHeTeMaX, DB PesyxbTare nos MOONE WKYTPENTINX W aNieIwNsES nepeltanpsKettise wacTO. MpHBOAKA K MexaminecKoxy paapyurenmo noporocronutera oGopyxonamis. Tlostomy open yuetwinir i HbKellepamu-—suepreTHKaMH BoamiTKaa MpoGsEMA, KO~ Topan I AO vacTomucro Npemern octaetes aKTyatblion, — syyeIHe He -COgRANMIe: ONPERCHENVNX CPAACTH IAMNTI, NpeAOTRPAMAtoILNX pas Bite sHekTPOPAIPRANDX ABs —B padowHx cHcTemax. Thoseanoe Nenomsonarite gnexTpHEECKIIN PaapATOS, MeXAHHYCCKOe AeiieTHHe Ko: TOpUN satauMTENLA YCHANANOCr neMeeTBHe TOTO. 479 Int ApOH- HOANAMICL M Goslce AAOTHOH CpeAe, T. cM AMAKOCTY. WaHasoch A nocsenoenie ros, FIpimtew npaxriieck nee noaMoxinne oGsacrit pineneniin GbIaH OnpeneneNe coneTeKHMH yaerlliM 1 MsoGperate- anwit, HanGonsulee pacnpoctpaneme nonysian ouluetka JITbA OT ‘opmonownoit x crepxitenoh cmecell, wiexoTopHe nila O6paGorKH me~ ToaHon Aanacuivew, ApoOacte, paspyutiene neraGapuron, oxGpous- ityanenoe tarpyoKemne HT. a. Mponece coaganun coorsererayioux mpeoSpasonareacii snep- rit — sulekrporimipoirmayaucunix yeTalloboK — nasal Merkle ncero NOCTPORNHEM nocAeROBATeNHiON MOREA ANBHUCCKUX SACI, —CO- POLOKAAIOMHX Npeoopasonanisie ieprilt snekrpopaapaaNEX npouec- 03 n nomeanyio paGory, ¢ peweline paaa sackTpoTeNumecKiix 39- 24, onpeneasiowilx TpeGonainin K sMeproyany, Tc. & rellepyTopam IMAyaBCHMX TOKGD, C ONpeeneusieM TExuituEcKEs BOMO‘KUOCTCI OO- pa6orkH Marepyades rhugponmiaMiieekitni Harpyskay. (C Makpockonieckoh Toukit speMsiA Kak aneMenT paspaguo’ aenh Kaila npenctasnaer co6o% nenmiiciitibe akTustoe ConpoTMEAeMKe, 3118- Welle KOTOpora DB dtia¥HTeabIloh mepe onpenelseTcA nporeKarolUIM nO lleMy ToKOM paspana. Heausteiuse peaticruniiie cooieraa Kanana paspwna OByeAoBARHIs, BO-nepaLIX, NemMNEHUMMH CBolicTBAKH ANOTHOR WBXoTeMMepaTy PHO; —AAaIMbl, gAMOsIAOMIel Kallas, DO-DTOpDIX, riA- PORMMAMHKOH OKPYRAIOUel cpembs, TAK KAX NOcuIeAHAA onpesteaneT apakrep ABIKCINIA CTeMOK rinaaMeMHOrO OGpasonaliin pH ero pac- wipeuiit ih mapaMeTpsx cOCTOAAHA BemecTDa w Katlanc. Hakoned, pas: PARI Kakad Kak NOTpeGHTedL sHepriM saeKTPIMECKOTO NOTA “SApR KeNHIOTO KONAHCATOPA H NeyApaBAReMMA sneMelTT paspsiniioN wenit 8 CHOI OuepeRb BAiieT Ha SMeKTPUNECKHE XapanTepHETHK:, T. c. Ma nepexoniih npouece a s7ol uenk, oGecnewuBax s2anMooGycaoBael- HocTb spzenni Flockanuky sMeprist, norpeGaneMan axTHBlIKIM conporiB.neniieM paspaauoro Kaliaia, packoayeteR mB OCuODHIOM Na *OPMHpODaHNE KM nYALCHEEX rHAPOAKHaMMIIECKAX MOACK zaBnciiNi A BEyTPEHROIO siep rilio TuIaaMus, PACCMOTPENNE RepExoAHOTO npoUecca B s2cKTpH¥ECKOH went He MOKET Gute ocyulecTnAcKo B nomioh mepe Gea auanisa FhgponMaMAYeckux spac, CONpOROKAaIOUHX aKTHDKYIO CTAAKIO paspana. Focneamit yazercm mponects aHulb pk wsBecTHOM saKone Buenetin SHeprM wa saKOHE pacuitpeliuta Kariaaa paspana, B >v0M cMbicne anaava auepreThueckoro Gazaiica paspaniiol wen, cocTomuuel Na nocmeRODaTeNBHO coeReHMAX eMxacTHOTO saKoMiTeNA, HeAtHel (oro aKTHONOTO CONPOTHBARKHA x uNEYKTHBILOCTH CORRMNTEALTEN Awuinit, H ONpemesenne 2aKONa BuUReACHA SNeprAN | Katlase TpeSyior Pewculin mepexonsoro npouecca uemwue‘inol wenn. Osiaxo naMernauimeck peayavraru v OnicaitHK noneRenin nox nore conpoTipaemia xaviada loReoaWOK HCKpU AeneAETONE Kaye erpeUwo NOBLX AaAeLAi TOA He MosBoauAH noAyaHTD peMemNA nepe- xogoro npoweccs Aame ANA HaNGoaee mNpocrsik cayuses — nnn ueneli ¢ cocpenorovenituwit napamerpamn Swexrpuicckie paspAab B Boe KaX HETONNNKN rHAPOANNANeNe: cans BOSMYMeNT MoryT GuITb KAacciKpullMponaisr no TpeM Mpocrpar ctmennnim Macura6am saeliis: manne paspaRitoro npoMeMyTKa, X2- paxrepnomy pannycy xaiaxa it xapaxreptoh namie seam, onpene Jinenoti cKOpocrLIO sayxa M Apemeliem cyllecTaoaannA Fasopaspration naaamis. (lo coornouretito wexkny sTHMiE mpoctpaHcTBeHMUMH napa Merpawi paccmazpunaiotca paanuutine Monean ssaywarenel B mouorpadsn K. A. Hayrononsix tH, A. Poa [79] cneaan onpeneneniuit wars Hanpanaenny oGoGueNms nooKx pesyanraTon no pagpuTHO TeopeTitveckHX Moneneh rHAPOARHaMMecKHs AOAEWH. On- ako & O6UeM naatle UIMpOKOTO Kpyra rHmpoAMAMMMGCCKHX 3anaH vo poe 0 nepexonmux npoueccas, caraaumnix c rieawMeninaM DKTHONLN anementom — paapasilinis KaManoM, — lle MOF GwTh HoOXKEM C Me OGxOAMMOT nas npaKtHMecKiX HeAei noANOTOR, 4 Hexotopmie cpeactiiin 9 chopMupoBaliun TOKONpOpOAMUeTO Kalla~ “na, aumiikatouero MEXOACKTPOTLILT PABpHLANEAT NpoMEKYTOX, 06 920 TpineckuX XapakrepucTHKaX it riiapoaiiamivecKix noARX pv Gaeaneld hone paspan wmeiorea 8 paGorax (24, 81], Oaiaxo vonpoci o nepe- XoAMbIX MpOUECCAX, COMPODOAAROUUX pasBUTHE naasMenliore nopUINA ip S2eKTpHUecKOM —Pa3psiAe BD AUAKOCTH, Ne ToayRUAK n MEX Or craromloro pasauri. B peayavrare wozniikna ocTpan HeoGXOANMOCTS quereMaTHgallitn noayeNIX TeopeTMMECKIX MH oKCTePHMENTAALIEX Pe Syauraros c eaux wayunerx nosmutii. Aprops Hacromuelt KHATH hroctaunan sagay nposenenun TaKo;t cHeTemaTHaauii npimenutent- io K ogNoMy iia NaNGoAce Dax Pasnenos dusKHE PaspAna, B KO- Topos ToKOMPosoRAUNiL Kanan Kak ieaHietinesA gAeMeNT paspanuon ehh 1 HeTOUNNK FHAPOAMAMRNECKEX LOsMyWLENTAHE OMMKOBPeMeNIO Pac- eMarpiioaeren mc TONKH apenia nOTpeOHTEAR siteprmm sAeKTpHIECKOTO Hod o opranivecKoh camait c BLeWHHM peryanpyeMbimt napawexpa- ws, oprsupyrouaden 370 Noa. _ epsofi rite npencrasnelits cvestens 0 chofictnax naotHol augxoveneparypsioll naaamu, sanozusttoutell Kaila paspaaa nogsos- io uekpy, MosBonmIOUe BiAcHNTy pax OGuITTX 3aKoroMepniocrelt PasBNTUIN MogBOATOTS WcKPOROTO PaspARa, ONpeAeAKITL nosMOrKHOCT Pada HoAeSHIN ANNpOKCHMAKMT, KOTOPE suaurTeALHO OGAeTIaIOT pac- eworpennie sine Bo wropon raane na ocuone nonysemmex coxsef no mapawerpay peiwectoa Kallane pacewatpiibaerc ypabierite Ganaica sueprii, pi pewenitH KoTOpOrO noKagaria DOMOAMOCTL DUPAsMTL saeKrpONpO- RoRWOCTH KANLaAA KAR DYAKYIO DHICKMMAX wakpocKONHWecKHX napa mespor. Tonytciman cpytiauiotiaantan ensay MeKay TOKOM paspana Hy veanuerinus akTunmaN conpoTHBAeKNeM nosBoatAa ApHBecTH ypaB- Heine nepexoRnoro Apouecea n paspAAton went x Gespasvepnomy DHAY, noayunTD KpHTepiis noROGiA Hace sAeKTPHYECKHe XapAKTEpH: crim paspaga » axrioviol cram puincaesin sHeprit Tpetba raana nocosuiena eKOTopum acriekTaM, CONSAMMIKM C H3- Molteniiem xapakTepiteruK ucoxovoabTitoro paspaga D none Nit BBE elit a NPOMEXYTOK napna‘oMerocn MpovoaliNka. Ha ocHoBe atta Aiba weSAMIMa Dapbina NpOBOARETO MOcTHKa oNPemeAeHa HaNGozee Mpniewueman MoReNy npzciinr, CBnersaioman EOP *opmasmisonaTiiLix Meroaon pacveTa, Tlokasaio, ¥ro Guicrpuli no cpanweutio ¢ xapaK- Tepnum opemetiem paspata (basonusi nepexon mp oapsine nposomim- Kon npiwoaHt K Gonee mrreliciaiomy nsinenemio tlepriit, 7. €. npo- Honk n AaHMOM caytae ABARETEN peryATopOM MouNOCTH BLIAe- anemol snepras YernepTan raana nocuauteria nepexomitim riapoantamiiecKine npoueccart, GyenoaneniLIM paznitTitew naaSMeUKOTO Kalla OR jen cTalese TpoTeKatouero no tieMy paspanvoro ToKa, PaccMatpiiBa‘ores npiGainxchmute TeopeTIMeCKNe MeTORM, NPRMeHAIOMHECR ANA THApO Rimiamiecknx snaenh, TaKKE Kak ToxeUNAA napeiD 9 ¥ACAADION NecasiMAeMOM AKHAKOCTH, MHIGRIDKCIe KOAIMICEAUMAeMOR AHAKOCTH, anTomoneauime pemens 1 ap. Cpanmsaoren mexay co6oh peayzb- TAT! pASANVLNX. npHOsWKeNN W ycTaHanaKDaIoTcA OGAacTH Wx ROI MoxnOTO HenoALsonailHs npNMenHTeADHO K ONHiCalKHO nepexoANEX rHn- PonuaManecKHX sneKTpapaIpRANLIX Npoueccon ¢ nocTeneINtLiM BBO- ROM aneXTpIVeCKO! aepTilN O KAHAN paspmna. B naroi rnase nano npnGnixentioe onncaine xiinemaTinecKex HN wrerpaasnus aNMaMimecknX XapaKTepHCTHK paspana, ma octoBe 5 Noropns erporten marewanmicexan Mon oropux Im Mone seneHHorD neeneaonan FUApCAUALKH HoNBOAMIerO ucxpoBoTO paspRAd. Tecan aa POCH ONTHMISERIIH MexaliniccxOrO apetra. hoaboanal eke aan 1, TE TT nutri re yb gt gt AL sonra nameaur EB. Kprroutenan, enanu HEJIMHEMHBIE CBORCTBA Astopia ouipaxaior 6 \aronay oct Te A. KAHAJA MOLBONOTO : ue MCKPOBOTO PA3PAIA emot PM QGevaeREU paGora, 1. 'H. Hexpinicuno, B.Th aves Ko, "A opreniko, 9. (1. PixGoimuuy. JI. MM. Bownaped nia WuganuUN yuacTue 2 npoveseniin axciepnneitton, avranme AcE: Tin Holl nT. I Q6exousit sa nowomy m ohopsnetint pyronien 1, Coase xapaxrepuernk paspsaa © napamerpamm coctomina naasmu MMP B ticcaenowanuax sucirpavecknx xapaxtepacTHx Kanana BUICOKOBOABTHOTO PaspAa B BORE MOIK'O MpocmeaUTs mea ocnosnx Hanpapsenus. Tepsoe Gasupyerc raanunm o6- pa3om Ha onpemeacinit c nomoUIO HSmepelHi HoMeusIO- WHXCA BO EBPeMeHH paapaanoro ToKa, wanpsaKerna [35, 99], conporunnenia Kanana, MouMOCTH H SBeprHi, Bone: amouelict 8 KaHame, 2 sarem Ha MosysenHu 3aBncnMo- creit, CBSSBIBAIOWLNX SneKTpHecKHe XapakTepncTHK c buewanm napamerpamn yenu 1 cpemu. Bropoe nanpas- neue OCHOBKIDACTCA Ha OnpenesieHNH sakeKTpUHECKHX cooiiers naaama TIMP ¢ ncnospacwatiicm maubix 0 pac- UINpeHiM Kanana, MoenHpyemorO OAMOPOAHBIM naasMen- bi witsttnApuuecKim nopiuues [79, 85]. K. A. Hayroapisx wv H. A. Poti [79] o606uuaH ite. encaonains no KayeCTBEHUOKY oNHCAMIO pesyaLTaToR oC- uuiaorpacupowauis TOKa H anpwKeHHA Ha paapsAHON NpOMeXkyTKe H NOKA3aqH, YTO conpoTHDAEHNe npoMeryT- Ka kK MomelTy OOpasooanua Kanana, KaK Mpabisto, Z0- nonbio BenaKo. Tocne o6pagovanin Katana ero compo- TuaneHne pesKo YMeUbWaeTCH, aocruran MuMUMyMa mpA- OnngnTesO K MOMeNTY MaKCHMaaproro siauelia TOKA, a aarem Bospacract mpm ctpemacinn toKa K uymto. Co- nporkeacuie ymenbulaetca ocmezcTaNe yoemmueHitA, BO- NepBHIX, TeMMepaTypLI NAAIMbI, PaacrpcRacmoll paspaABIM TOKOM, BO-BTOPLIX, Nonepewioro cedeHuA Kalana, pacum Pmiouteroen non aeiicrouem HaGuTOUHOTO naBselMs. B KO- NeuHOM cucTe Gucrpbii chaa conporupaenia Kanama D neppoli serseptit nepHona ToKa paspana no MeKoToporo MiUMMaAbHOTO guaYCNHA BO MiloTOM ONpeHenAeTCA HCXOs- WH Mapaerpawn paspsmore KouTypa. Hecnenosans 10. B. Cxsopyona, B. C. Komeaskoua WH. M, Kyaneuosa [109] uaronkuyan wa Mucay 0 nos Moxioi! consi aneKrplieckNx XapakTepHeTHy Kanata pas pana c HSMeHeHKeM KPYTHSHL Hapactanua ToKa paspana Tak, mpi auneaHiom yBeaHenin ToKa NpowoAnMoctH Tas. Mbt yseanunuacten ApHGaDxelN no huneliomy. saKoKy (ucxniovan uavano popsupovauns Katana ckosioll Npo- BounMoctH) Obpuss paspantoro ToKa m cooTnercrpyiouice uM pes oe yBeMIMeHHe AKTHBIOTO ConpoTHereHia Kanana 0300 anau H. Tl. Kyyexany [59] yerattooure, wto npn joera- TOUNO BLICOKOM HanpsaKcKNM 3apHa KONACKCATopHoit Ga Taper APOROAHMOCTE TEMelIRETCR He TOALKO B NaaADIIO‘ crag paspaga, uo HB Apycae Moments epemenu. O6- Pos TOKA HAGAORAOTeH npn pasaummX gHAEHNAL eMKOCTH H ANIM HeKpOBCrO NpoMeryTKA, OANAKO pas- PARK TOK MOAN Obit TAKHM, NTOGLI aXTHBHOe cO- Nporusseune poMenyTka Gusto OaN3KO K UcKOTOPOMY xpurnsieckomy. Bosmokiloh npuunioit obpbisa ToKa, no MHeHiiO auTOpa, mbAKeTcA ymelbUIcHHe 91cKTpoTpoBOA- HOcTH M TeMnepatypur Kauana paspaga, coagantioro c pacwupennes Katana i KpytuIm cnagom’ HMnyseca BBO- auMoli ueprin Tipnmeucune H. 3. Oxysiem (82, 83] meronow veopnu PasmeptiocTn u nonodsi K uccaetouanMIo uMnyaLcuoro Paspafa v Bone ano BOIMOXKI1OCTD xapakTepI3o“ATb npo- RCE PAspaga w ABIIKENHKE IKMAKOCTH NPM PacuiKpeNNK Nas meuuoro Katana GeapaaMepHbinn KOMOMauHSMi, BKMONI- 1OULMi MapaMeTpsr pagpagioro KoNTypa mM rimpomNNa- MuyeckHe foctosiume cpems. Tlonysennoe aitparxcune APAGAWKEMMOTO KPMTEpIIT NOAOGUM RosMoAIUIA Ace MIO- rooOpasic snekrpusecKuX xapakTepucrux cheerh K ce melicroam Gespasmepiiux xpnuux. Saxon uaMenenun co. ApoTHBAcHu Kataa paspAua yO BpeMent, KAK H Upyrne aneRTpiuecKue KApAKTEpUETUKK, SaggeteR rpaiveckK nH hapamerpiwecxon u3mettenin wputepia HoROOHR. HanGoaee nocaegopatesmuvim myrem 8 onpepenesttis SACKTPHNECKHX H 9HeprETHIECKAX XAPAKTepHCTHK ObLNI0 Obi pewenue aubPepeuuuanbuora paspaauoro KonTypa ad 1 ae a (TG H ypanuenun Gananica steprun B wauane paspaaa 0 ay 8 i lod a = — (pana?) +pa— nag (yl) dt a a), (12) Bas AOMOMIEMA KOTOPEIX oSbI4NO HeMOAL3yLOT THAPORHIA MHMECKYIO CBHIH AABNCHHA B Kanase Pa C PARHyCOoM Ka- jana paspsaa a, Cucrema 3amuxactca ypapilenuan, oNpegenmOULUMHY GusiueckHe Napamerpoi H ocHOBHHe xa- PakTepneTHKy AaaMe NoABOANON HeKpET Coenenin 0 coolicrpax vemecrsa B Kaname paspsina, B YacTHOCTH ero 34eKTPONPoRORHOCTH, MoryT OuTH MOA. Neu! Kax Mp HenocpeactBeHHOM uSMepelnH sneKrpHIe- CKHX H npocTpantcTBeHHO-apeMenHsrx XapakTepncTiK, TaK 1 MeTollom pactcta ¢ HCnomba0BaHeM OUCIIOK TeMMepaTypEl, Aapaenwii, Yacabnok BHYTpEHHeH onepTH H ypaBueHnA co- eTosmun paspaauoll mnaamel Onpegencune Temnepatypur no Aaniuim axcnepamen- tanpuutx pabor [17, 109, 134] noxasano, wo 3a cpapin- Tesibio KOPOTKOe HpeMA oa gocTHracT makcuMyma, a sare B Teveune NOAYTepHORA MeANENHD yOBacT. Cpesuna yemnepatypa v xKallame pv 3apicumoctH oT ycnounit pas pana uamenseTcs ot 10K a0 3-10K. Oueilka tewmepa- TYPM NO SHaueNHIO uaMepeHHoro oMbITHDIM MyTeM conpo- Tapnemsa xanana [31] pH ucnoanaonanKN copmyne Yanapaccnepa mu Cnutucpa, a taloKe ypapnenan Caxa naet anaenie 14-10'K. [pa stom napamerpia paspaa- Horo KONTypa (bopmuponaaice TAKUM OGpazoM, YTO6EI GecneiMBanac, sHatutenvuan gNUTEMUOCTS BUIREReHHA auepruu p Kalaae (Manoe NanparKkcHHe 3apsiaa KoNAeNca Topiloli Gatapen npit OTHOCHITEstLIIO GomLUOi Ce eMKOCTH) Paccmarpitpaa octioniible @uswvecKie mpoueccot mpi PAIBUTH MMLYAHCHArO SxICKTPIMCCKOTO PaspALA BHA winx cpeaax, B, B. Apcentoen [8, 10] paccuatan xapax- TepUCTUKH NIAIMDI APU uchosBsORAKNN ypaolens Gasan- ca sueprin Kanlasa om ypannenul gpinKenin Kanana. Tposcacmtue ouenikn noKaaaan, ITO ApH Hapyuiennn Tep- MuNecKOFO pantioBecia MoXKAY KOMMOHeHTAMH NaasMet Bbi- Pabiipaune Temnepatyp nponcxoaHT 32 O4eND mai TPOMCXKYTOK BpeMeHH; TOITOMY mlaaMa MOKeT paccMar- puwaTaca Kak TepMHYecKH PaBHOBecHaR cHCTeMa H xAapak- Tepusopatsen paBionccuo Temmepatypol. CKopoctH o6- Meta gieprieit Mexay KOMMONeHTaMH pK BOaMO*HEIX orctynseniax of papiosccia npeniiumaiot cKopocth 06- Meua giepruci Mekay maamol p wenom H BHeUMel cpe 9 oli, Pacuersi, Nossonmomue yuAsaTb napaMerpyr cocros- Mist C SMepreTUVeCKUMH BUCUITAA ICTOUNMKANU, MoKaga- tH, NTO TeMnepaTypa aasMul OcTaeTeR HocTosuOl mpN nineiiiom MapacTanum MmoukitocTA, BeoaNMol nm Kana ueprim, H OTHOCHTEABHO C/aGO abneHT oT KpyTINIMM Kae actanita atoll Mommocrit. TIpu wamenennt Kpytiains ta- aCTANKA MOWHOCTH Ha eAWUHILy Anu Kattaia or 10% (0 10! Br/e:m temnepatypa Kaiasa nameiiteres or 10* KK 10 2,1 SOK IK, Takum o6pasom, o6wuik uuTeppan Temneparyp, nafien- Wit oKcnepHMeHTanpHO 4 HccAeAOBaKNii TeopernuecKK I BLICOKOBOMLTHOTO PaspARA B BONE, AOKUT B npemenax (1...3)-10K. JInub nexoropsie gaduite, nonyucnune b CHOBHOM nyTeM rpyGbix OWCHOK, NOKasaalt, ¥TO TeMnepa- rypa B KaHane paspika MOKeT oCTHraTE 3uaueHis 5-108 K. Ha paninx craguax nccnegowanun mpourcea noaLon- foro HCKpOBOrO paspasa samencio [8, 41], yTo xapaKTep- jo ero COGeHHOCTHIO ABAAETCH NeHSMeIROCTS cKOpoCTH aCMINpeHIA Katana B NePBOM MonyAepHOLe TOKA paspsA- ga. Janncwic B Kantane, noayuerioe npu paspane GaTa- pen KONMeHCATOpOB Cc BeChMa GosbWAMH eMKocTsMit (20 260 mx), pa=i0® H/m® Tlonaraeres, "To taKoe savae- IM MOKET BOSHUKHYTS BenekeTDHe GORLUWIO! CKOpOCTH 10- eTYMAeHHA SNeprHH B Kalkan. Temnepatypa xanana Bpo- 1OPAHOHAbHa SHEPFAR CAMHBUBI ero OGBEMA, ecaH NpCA- NONOAKATD, YTO NAOTHOCTS YACTH B Kalas 6 NepoOM MpH- Gaurxcnml Ocraercn nocroRiHol Paccmorpenue oallopoguol no AsHHe H ceuenmio Mo- AeA Katiada paculpenna unauNApIeIecKOrO nopmUR B KURKOCTH C HatanBIIO!l CKOPOCTBIC, SUAWNTEAWUO MeHbIeit ckopoct sByka [85], nosxomnso onpexenuTe, uTO RaD- HeKNe B KalaNe CAa6o saBKCHT OT CooTHOWeMHA cKOPOCTH paciutipelua Kawasa u cKOpocTH SByKa. Stor xe BARON MOMHO CheslaTb H AIA panuyca paciuupmomeroca Wut apa. Jlapaemme % OciosHom’ sapiicuT Of ammaiTyaLl HM- HYIbCa MOMMMOCTH BEOAMMO! aRepruu N uETEALUOCTH nO- siynepvona Toxa paspana Tloavoe xapnenuc & naasme paspana cknapwnacten H3 KMNCTHUCCKOH iH NoOTeHUHaAbUOl cocrasamomux. Moren- wHanbHan cocraBAMOUaN COCTOHT H3 RaBseMHi, coorser- CTBYIOUMX BaN-Mep-BaaNLCOBLIM H KYIOHOBCKM BIaHMO- aeticrauam. Teopernsecnke HccaeaoBaiia noKasbiBaloT 0 [10], 70 © ocnosnoi cranun umny.wenx paspanos B KOMACHCUPOBaNMIX cpeax BeaeACTBHE cpawKuredHO Ne- wuICOKUX Temmepatyp (T= 10K) H Gombux Kontenrpa- uit sacri (n= 10... 108% cm) pagnye Me6as ry— =108...10-7 em, 7. e, onnoro nopaka ¢ paccronanen Mexay vactnuamt. Ta Kak KyNOHOBCKOe naaKMonelicTsHE WACTHUB! YoHTBACTEH HeNOCpENCTBEIIIO TOABKO ¢ ee «Co- conAMi>, K M1a3Me HeENPHMeHRMO cooTHOMIele TeopmH pactnopor snexTpoanros Jle6ar- XioxKess [30]. flasromy 4B Meppom mpxGaMkenuH He yuNTEBaeTcA aDReNNe Kyn0- NOBCKHX H Tem Gonee nati-nep-Baannconux cna. Ian np HATBIX AoNyuteHMli AaBneHHe B MAasMe Kanana NoBoAKO! weKpEt CBagaH0 c TemnepaTypoii MH naoTHOCTHIO YacTaIt Ypanuennem cocromuua ugedibHoro raza p=nkT. (1.3) Tpenc6pexeime cian saexrprveckoro gannenna Ract BosMOXKHIOCTE npMeHaTe ypasnenie Caxa Ans onpe- encima crenewt Hounsausit maasme. OGcynutenno Bo- poca o npuMenumocra ypauuciua coctomma cmech cosepiliciimx Tasou AAA oMucauNA naoTHol nusKoTeMme- patypuoli nnasmor nocenmens TawKe paGorn [26, 34, 61, 90, 114,117]. Ormeuenitoe patice cooiicrso pacuupenun Katana pas- PARA C NOCTOAMUG! cKopocTbIO nogBeprasoch sKcnepuMeH- Tanbuol npowepKe Mp HecwJeNORAHHH BwICOKOBOABTHEIX Paspanon c Annuol Kanana S...10 cm [79] w 20 20 cm [83] > ycrontinx impmameponaitin paspada touknm vaps- BAlOWLUMCAR NPOBOANHKOM. OKasanoch, YTO Bpemennax 3a- BHCHMOCTb Pamyca Kanana B Mpouecce paspana B MepsOM ApHOmmnKemm snefina. Ognaxo orpanuneascs pacemor- peltnem paspanon axe ¢ ymepennuMn TOKAMi, mpl Teo- peruyeexow attamise AsuaKeHn avTops pa6or [79, 83] APHXOART K BHLOAY, WTO AMMAMUKa Katana me xapaKre- pusyercn B nomtoli Mepe anueiuoll sanuenMocTsIo ero pa- Juyca, @ onpegessieTcn 3aKoNOM BbiAeHeANA aHepriti B cuol oucpeste axon obinenenua sieprun aBanercs He- aunneiisio# dynkunei ppemenn, Boaburok mpaxtnuccxuii i teoperuuecknit nutepec RpeneTabaner usyucne sneprerHyeckoro Gaaanca mpi BbI- COKOBOABTHOM paspaRe B Boge, B NacTHOcTH B TepHoR HUTeHCHBIOH ero crag, Kora NpoKecc BEIReNeKUA sHep- TH @lc He saKonyuacs. Stn Bonpocb! HauM oTPaKenue 8 paGorax [8, 79, 85, 92], paccuarpreaiomux, Kax npaBHAO, i ba OCHOBILIX BURA NoTepd: Ma BHYTPEHINOI sneprHIO Hw 1a padoTy pacummpenus (1.2) Pacemotpenne norep sxepran 2 waaysenne (79, 92, 33, 109, 134] conponoxkazerca IIx onertkoll HOO AAA TOTO, ceoGat uN B janbHeinwem npetieGpesb, ARGO jas Herlony- obama HX mpA YeraNOBAeNK CBHSH MERAY HoayYaTeN- To cnocoduocTbi Kanasa # ero TeMneparypoit (93) CneayeT OTMeTHTD, WTO TAKOi NOAXOA XOTA MH Aaer Boa MOMHOCT CpapHsirenbHo NPOCTO PewwUTL MHOTHe MPAKTH Weck 3afault, OMNAKO uMeeT orpakuennyiw oOsacTo npumevenns, Tipenedpexente morepami Wa JIYMHCTYIO H SREKTPOUNY!O TEMAOUPOBOANOCTS BOIMOANG Aili Ha Orpa- HuueHtiom Bpemeltiom auTeppase, K nacronumemy BpeMent BONpOCM, COnsAitHAe ¢ MOTEPSMN sTteprAH B Horpanuyiion cnoe MEKAY XOMOMMOM HKHAKOCTOIO H CTeMKOH KaHana Pas pata, Mano WayaeNss, “TO We NosBOAET KH OUCHHT» HOTEPH © AOCTATOUHOM QOCTOBEPHOCTHIO, HH OMPSACANTh KPHTCH puagbinsse yoaoBus, MPH KOTOPRIX HMA MONATO WHeHeopes Paspaanuii Kailas spsaeTek soTpeOwTenem sHepritt anewrpieckoro Moan sapsoxenttoro KOHNeHCaTOpa, HK mpi ompenenenin ero MeAuuelNIIX xaparreprteTin obutuit0 nenoabayior OnBITHBIe AaHRBIE, HosBoNMOUWe UaliTH gaBit Gamocta, mpuroaHbie gsi pacyeTos HYKLIX waTepBALOD ppemeni, Hinke npexcTanxm pesyzbTaTst HsBecTADIx annpo- teumauiit ppemenioro WaMetlenna compoTuBaeni Kanasa fa pAgMUNHLIX CTAAMAK HecMeROBATHS PaspAUN suacaMit Bach mpuseseld TAKIKe NEKOTOPLIE LaHNBe o XOAC HMC” Henna conporusaciina Aaa caywan paspana w rasan & R=—, (4) rae ¢) — HekoTopan xouctanta, HMeioulad pasMepHocte pasiocTH NoTeHuKaroB; (18) (K — nocrommnbie Tennepa, — Anuiia paspsaroro npe- mexytia); (16) (a; — nocrosiHas 13 3aKoHa Baituena—Pomne); yest ble — a) f idt é (4, a2 — MeKoTopHe KoKeTauTEL, onpemeanembIe Ana Ape Renbiioro cay4an KoneGaTenbuoro paspana); R B : (18) (8 — nocrosunas, sanncautan or pexuma paspana); R=Re—ast, OS yunTeinatach Bpemennpim usMcHeHueM ero pa~ o nat anyca a(/). Qacxrponposoanocts naasmn nogpoaHoti NCKDBI US) BeeX perkHMOB paspana npmtManace nocroAIt nou pasHof, coraacko yepeaueniibim xarmum padoris B.C. Komeabxona [41], 10!Om-t+m~!, Ha ocnone ataaiaa aueprerkueckoro GanaHca, B KOTOpoM ous SHeprin, n3Ay- Yacnoli KaNaaom, Taioke mpumimaeren anTopom nocrom Holt, UBMeNeHHe panHyca Mpeacrananmoch HuTerpanbioit SaBHCHNOCTHIO BIA cs A a (1 —— wear) (4.133, y mace Bacch do — navanpiuii pannyc Katana, nesavnenmo oT yeaoowli opmuposakin npoGom npusisToit pasntm 10m; Gq — ckopocts sayKka B Rome; m un — Koxcrawrit. Hom crannin av supaxkenie 2an conpothencnus snneiiroro AWAMUAPINeCKOTO NPOBOANNKA, MOKHO NoAyuAT copMyay rama (Ll), rae Hesuneioe axrapoe conpornanenne Kanara paspaga seanerca dyacunel ToKa 1 apemennt [92] B Gouswol cepn okehepumenton no necnenowauitio aaekrpHecKAX XapaKTepHCTHK uMMynpenoro paapana 6 nuaxocti [82] ne GuiaM nonyuens! nogToepaaeuus O Ke- NgMeNOCTH SileXTPONPORORNOCTA HH AIR passmnUABIX pe- XXHMOB paspagaa, HK Ama onioro paspsina B Teuenue nep- Bofo noaynepuoaa ToKa. TosroMy yzonnersopitrensiioe cosnanenie pacueTibx H SKCMepHMeHTaMbHDIX AnHDIX 10 QACKTPIMECKIM XAPAKTepHCTHKAM, MoyueNHoe & paboTe [92], moxio carats mpanomepnnim TomKo aan ycnopHtii ipovenentioro KoHKpetHoro sKcnepHMenTa. Uro6m ycranoskTs coorHouenKe, comsuiBaioulee conpo- rnBAeHNe Katana MoADOHOTO HeKpOBOTO paspaRA C smcK- TDuYecKHiM XapakTepucTAKaMH BHeWHel ueNH, B paGorax (53, 54] ua ocnose mopean Baiitiens x Pomme peuiaaoch ypasieime Gamaiica sneprau, B XOTOPOM DB oTAHUKe OT FasoHoro paspana yuRTbIDAAIcH NOTepH, cBmsauubIe ¢ pacr umpeniem Kanata. Cootnoumene (1.10) Kax peayssrar STOO peulcuuA NOAYUeHO B APeANOAOReMM, YFO B HepHos AKTHDHOFO BINRCHEHHS atieprin NPOBOAKMOCTS HM BHyTpeK- iam sileprin cusiaaits nponopusOlambHo; gaDHicHMOcTHIO, navanvubiii pagyc Kaiasta pasen nym, a conpoTnaaenne, coorncrerayiowee vavany paccmarpusaemoro meptona ppemcim, paid Geckouewnoctn. Bee 970 nasaract onpe- Reeve OrpaneeMin Hwa vosMork!OcTL NcnoAbsoBatinst 15 POIYMCMUEX PesybTATOR, TAK KaK, BO-NepBBIx, HIBECTHO [42], wro aaa paspana B oxnaKocty xapakrepilo nanuune Kopowo MPonoasimeli naasmeniiol witty yoke -v nepHon POPMUPOBAHHA npobOs, Bo-BTOPHX, K OOWwNsM Marten THYECKHM TPYRHOCTAN, CBSGAIINbIM 'C pelueren Henitelh, HBIX ypaslieuni, 2o6asaniorca cgon, OGycmonnenuBe He onpeemenioctsio HawanbiiLix ycaoni. Kpome Toro, Kan roKaIaHO B pabore [53], cyuleLTyeT npeaen npnMendno. cTH IR BIpAXKeHlHN MpoMopuuoNaabHok CBABH Mee PpOBOAHMOCTEIO H BAYTPeHNeit sHeprHel, KOTOpM B TEP. MMHAX TePMONHAMHYECKEN XapaKTepHCTHK ollpestenseTeA oGslacrbio Temmeparyp, Meubiunx 1,2-10'K, a m tepwanax Xapakrepusyiouuix paspeaMBi KouTyp HW AMHHY paapanuord npomexkyrka, — wepagenicToom Us Br 0,2— >5- 108 Li we Hecmorpx wa ormevenHoe pinue, meToa, ocnopanuuti fa Nenoub30BaHitM ypaskeHuA Ganatca, sacaysxnpaer BiH MaTeabHOrO HAYNES! H HeHOMaORAMT —B pacierax, Tak (ak NOSBOURET NPoOCAeAHTs BaKANHe aHyTpURasMeNNEX sMeHenii Ma BHEWUNe MaKpocKONMMecKHe XapaKTepHCTH- KH PaapaARHEIX #BNEHZT 2. Baexrpuseckwe xapakrepncrHKN paspana BblcOKOROAbTHE suleKTpHYECKHi PaspaL npH gocTatoyNO SICTPOM BLINEEHHH SHeprA XapakrepusyeTcA Te, UTO sch _BROMMAA B KAHN paspana SMeprys saTpayDaerce f@ noBbluee puytpenitel sueprun nu na pacumupenne lorepami aveprHv, BbIgnaHHuMit TennooTBoROM, HBnyue- meM HoT mh, MH XapaxrepHbix apemenusx paspanax (YLC=10-*-10-' ¢ OGsiusio npeneOperaior. B paGorax, ‘BASAUNBIX ¢ AHAANGOM BeKTPHICCKHX XapaKrepucTiK pag. nos [41, 79, 109, 126], nenaetcs nonurka paseaenna IX Ha MatoMomHse 1 Mouse, [pHtem mouleiny Haas aOTeH PAaspaAL!, OGAaKaioMNe GosbUNIM ypoBieM 3ana- ‘aemoli sueprin. Herpyaio noxasaT, sro pasaemenne paspanos no MePreTHYeCKOMY MPKULINY aBARETCR HemocTaTOMMEIM H ue sceraa OnpapaLinaer ces. Tax, npH paspane KouzercaTop- ioli GaTapen ewxocsmo 0,15-10-* , sapmxenuol 20 40 KB, 6 W mujyeruBHocTA paspaano; enn 0,4-10-°P maxcuman- Nas CKOpoCTS BLINGACIA SHepran MoxKeT cocTaBATD 0.25% X10° Br. Taxyio we ckopoctb pbigenemin stiepriis oGecnc- ‘mpacr papa c emxoctbio C= 10, L=2-10-6T, Up 5-10B, xora sanaceias auepria paapsiaos, ‘ciop- Mnpobaimuix 9TIMH MapaMerpaMu, la Boa TOpAAKA BDIUTe npeabiayanix. Auaanoupyn xapaxrepucrukH Kanana_p ycnoRnAax Boa pactanna saexrprveckoi moumocts, B. B. Apceutnes [9] noKasan, YTO AIR BOSpacrawouLet sactH uMNyaBCa TeMAC- patypa ‘naa3Mu, mmotiocTe wacTH, gasnenite DB Kanane \ itaornoctb nOTOKA YacTH B Kanaae mocTomutK, 1 Bee STH XApAkTepHeTHKN anuicsHT OT KPyTHsHEL MOUMOCTH na canny aqMuB Kauana paapaia. B ganbieliwem H. 3, Oxynn [83] ucnoaesovan nonstHe KpyTHaUbt wapac- Talis MOUMLOCTH ANA ONpenemenHA OG.nacTeil, B KOTOPISX ce SCKTPHNeCKHE XAPAKTEPICTHKH MOryT OuITb BEIPAsKeHLE Kale QyMKUUN NpHOABKEINEIS KpILTEpHEH ronOGuA Tlockomsxy an xpytHaHbI apacraima uMnyawca SaeK- Tpiueckolt MoutiocTH onpeaenmIOUIM ABuneTcA BpeMa AOCTIDKCINA moUMTOCTHIO AMNJMITYAHOTO suaNeIUA, B Laab- UcHiICM C MeTOAHMECKO! TOUKH 3peHiA pesyaLTath Wcene- AOvANUR geKTPNYECKUN Me sueprenauecKHx xapaKTepHcTAK TpwaowsTer y nocaekoBaterwiiocrH, onpeaemRemoi B oc- HoBLOM npeMeruLiM (pakTopom. OGwemitenue nepsiibix daxtopos, vappupyembix na- pametpawn paspsjuoro KOWTypa, No BpemeHnowy npHataky MoXKiO OGBACITE cacAyIOULNM o6pasoM. KoneSatesmubtit SncKTpHuccKti paspaA & BOLE MORK paccMarpuvaT!, KaK HocuenoBaTerwItEHi Nepexon Or UCKPOBOTO, XapaxTepHayio- nieroca npeobsanaimem satpar sueprnm Na paGoTy pac- wWipeuns, K PawHoBecnoMy AyrouOMy, MPH KOTOpOM BCA BUOAIMaN sHeprin pacxoayeTca ta TennooGmen C OKpY- xaiomeH cpenoil. Ip gocrarowno GonpulMx snaucnisix eMOCTH NW MUAYKTHBIOCTH, OMpenecAmoUUNX Xxapaxreptioe ppemn paspana, mosoGubiii nepexon uacriuno moxer Mpo- Hg0iTH ADK B TeIeHHe HepBore HoAyepHORA ToKA pas- pana Temnepatypa croaGa ayrit Nox nomo#t, Tepstomelt cBo10 dlepriyo H3ayuernem, KoniBeKUHell Hepes TemToMpoBOA- HOCTS, KoueGWeTCH B ZURHCHMOCTI OT TOKA MH AaDsEHUS OT 9000 ho 12000 K [67]. Hacisio stoi remneparype, cornac- Ho APHpegeMMO; Nace OUCIIKe, COOTBETCTRYCT PesKoe HaMe- es000 Ww TABANUA t i 40. O15 | 04 0,02. . 0.08 0, 40.45 | 3 22 | 902.02 | So" 4 100 22 0,05, . 0,12, | 10 30...60 120 | 44 0,04... .0,4 | 216 Neue OTHOWeHH saeKtponponoRHocTH K — BHYTpeMneii areprnn Tlockonuky saexrpiuecke xapaxtepueriKn Bo sitorom Onpeacasotes s.eKTpoRpoBogiiocrmio Maasuis, caenyer OXUAAT, UFO pH Mepexoae K Goviee AaMTEADHLIM paspa- AaM NomBATCA OCOOeIIHOCTH B YaMeNeIMH s.ucKTpHYeCKAX Xapaxrepucrinn, cyulecTaenno wcKarkaioute nepexoamnsii notice. B ra6a. 1 nprecnenu snavenns pnewmnnx peryaupyenas Hapamerpon, obecnemaioune pasaiiane npewerta nepaurx NonynepHoaos toKa paspmaa wt. HockoabKy fanTeabiocrs Hepooro noaynepnona ToKa HsMeMTercA B sapticHMact oT POKUME PaspaRa, ero slaveHHe yKasuipactcA anil © Tou. HocTbio HO nopaata. Pesyawrarn ocunasorpaduponauna suexrpuuecKux xa- PakrepHcrHK, npHBoaUMte passim HecneaoDaTenaMn AaWoy ocHonannia Nowarars, 8TO B RauOM cAYHaC MoI UMceM Aeao © Xopottio opranugosaittiof cHcremoll, m Koropoit MOHO BUMeAHTS aBTEMHR OAHO uaneCKOH Mppoms i uurepnpeTupovars ux dyHKunORambMN coMaIMn. Enmn. crbeulibM NAOXO yanTEIGaeMEIM cbakTOpoM, npunoantuun K cxogerby uecaenyemolt cucreMbt c andpystol, soaneren Necta6uabilocrs paspana, oGycnonaeitian amenenes Anmiibl KAHANA OT PaspARA K paspany u mMTeuCHDNM ero PaspyweHnen H3-3a neycroiunBocrel’ Tuna neperm«CK Mecrax pastioro waru6a. Ho sto nerko yerpauneren pucne- AueM B MexKaTeKTPOAMDIT NpoMexyTOK TONKOi amioMutHe- Boil MpososoHKH AKameTpow 0,003 mm. Kpome toro, wne- Aemie UNIMUKUPYIOUKerO NpoKOMMAKA NOsBORAET HaBOrKaTH Torepb sueprHn B npeanpoboltHon cranuH, NTO sHaxuTeABHO OGneruaer Aponerenie pacteton. Hpumech napon meranaa, O6pasyioumnxen MpH Dapbine Tako MposonoUKN, » punt Ne, LOMKHA YeeaMtHBaT, MPoBOAUMOCTS NaasMEL B KaTlane 18 OsuaKo, Kak noKaainact oKenKa, Arm noaNoii oAMoKpar- noi HoMaMM aTOMOD MeTANHA TAKOTO NpoDOAUUKA 11¢06- XO/MIMA HACTONBKO Maslay sUepris! No cpapneriio ¢ BROAM Molt H otlyrpelttielt aneprueit Kaila, TO CIO MoxKIIO Mpe- neGpeun, Jot waMepems ToKOD MpiMcuAscD KoaKcnampabie myntsi [115] ¢ pasuomepisim pacnpeseacniem ToKa 10 coucuio I ¢ MaaoHIAyKTHENBIM MpAcoegiensiem usxepu- Teamunix KaGenct, Take ulyitit nosvoasioT ocHHaorpa- duponate Tox Ges ncKaxemmit c xpytuanoil 10% Afe Goaee. Tipu peructpauns anpmxeims nenonssonamicy em woctubie RemTCAN HanpsdKenIT [94], npHcocAMuseMLe x BHIXOLY HceleAyeMOrO Paapsasoro NpomeskytKa. Ha paboty TaKOTO Aes NPAKTIMICcKH Te BmIKIOT HH RosMOrKTAs Kopona, ms Hoctopomme mons. On yerpanaer norpeumocth namepenia Giaroaaps pagsiocri noTenumanon MexAy 3a- BOMICHHEM ACTNTeMT HN OCUNMIOrpada, a TAKE B Peasy. rare Gouputoli Ast cocAMMETEABUBIX NPOBOAOR 136 TOMO! AMM KNeTO (UIsKOBONDTHOTO) sAcmenTa sC- cuiTean. Komucneauist miayktHBuot cocranasomeli naaennn Hanparxkeuits 1a sMeKTpoanoi cacTeme mporsbognnach no- cacnovarenbibiM BKMONCHTEM B YeTd AeaUITCsIA TanpArKe- us| Topoiizansiioro Bosayustioro TpauciopMatopa pasiioit nsanMonuayxuun [36, 87]. B.cayvae paspsiga mamix eMKocrel OcHoBitore KoNTYpa, T. ¢. np Goabwol vactore paspaaioro ToKa, KOrAa OT cHrHama TavomKH Na BxoRUOH Herse waGanitEen BCe we He YAaBANOCb, OCHOBIMIe sTeK- TpHNCCKHe XapaKTepHCTHKH paspaka onpemeasaHcD C MO- MOULDIO OCKENAOrpaMM ToKa TO McToay C. V1. Auapecna i M. TI. Baroxona {7]. Ocunmorpammur ToKa Ww paccamraume no uM gna vonns coupotunaenin 11 nagennst uanpsrKeniA 1a Hecne- AYCMOM NPOMERKyTKe D RORe NPM paspaLe Garapen KOMEN caTopon n went ¢ coGcraenof wactoroi nopaaxa 1 MPu npusereum na pic. 1. HMametenne pexkuma paapana ot KoueGareabioro K amepHogaMuecKoMy ocylecTaAanOcL 32 cueT yueauuenna gaunt paspaguoro npomexyrka. Kax Bigno 43 CcwHAzorpaMM, HaNGonbUel amnauTyROH TOKA H lauMenbuiell ZaHTenbucTbI0 NepHoro HonynepiHORa o6.sa- Jact paspag na camutit KOpoTKM (20 mm) paspanuntit npo- Mexytox (pic. 1,4). Awmutyma Toxa H juKTembHocTS 19 at ol Li A. 4 a a 4 0 rab 6h 4 R alalg 04 08 42 2 Puc. 1. Snekrprmicckne xapaxre Puerta pada B nome (Up=4-I0t Cc: =0,4-10-* TL). ‘ m8 omtn0.02 mG — 001 ws 15 tune heKpoworo pay 15-1068: L OG ee — 0.08 a Repaoli noryvonnws ToKa npaKrnucery ue oruMawren oF Suaseniil, xapaxvepinx ju perkiima paspana n Koporko- Samxuyrom KoHType. C yseauseuiem sori wpomenytica (puc. 1, 6—2) to 100 Moi amnaumry.ta roKa paspana yen. lacrea Gonee vem b 3 pasa, a yneanacine mnitrenutocrn HonyNepuoRa paspaRa conpoworsacres Gosce Momoriim CHAROM conportinaciins jo wuMMasonoro auaricins. B. pee syawrate raKoro xapaKtepa usmeuewin eonpornnacmna 20 Kpuban ToKa paspaga 60 9 Beex npupenenupx cayaa. 7-9/0" AX COXpauner opmy, 6nus- 4 HociTeabHO — MaKcuMyMa, "ro cyulecTBenuo orauva: 5 er ce OF KpHBLIx TOKa, 10- aytaemnx np paspaite Ka nocToRMNoe —cOnpoTHEse- 2 une. Coorserermeniio or- amuaiores = Kavanpunie kpytaaunt Hapactanun To- 7 xa paspaga. Ecau ana ne- — | 1\2\e pexoaioro npomecca n pas- IAHOM KONType ¢ MocTo- rau "conporwencinien © 08 9 72 1 tne MAKCHMYM KPYTHSIDI Dw Puc. 2. Hawexeume conporwoneniia XOAMTCS Mist RCeX periat 1 nauinid xaviaa paspana MoB ua iavaso paspana, © (Gong 10" BES TO Aas pacematpusaemord 79" ; L==04-J0-8 T) 110,02, 2 — "00 M3 — 0.08 3acch cayuan, HO Mepe 4 — ‘0d m. Toro Kak ynesudHBaeTcH Aauia paspxAuoro NpOMeHYTKa, MaKCHMYM KPYTHSHDL 1a- pactanus ToKa capuraercn Bnpago oT Uys. Conporunaciie Kanana paspnaa maaaer o Teneune Nepnoro moxynepuoaa 20 NeKOTOporO MitlManbiOTO SHa- ucius, a B y3ne ToKA yoCmtHABAcTeH M OCTracT MaKCH- MyMa, KOTOpuili, Kak Mpanivio, uecKOALKO cAuHraeTcH B obnacrs caeayiomero sonyneptona (pic. 2). Mummmyy conpotipaenia Gn30K nO BpemciN K MakcuMyMy TOKA paapaaa, Xo TakaKe NeCKOABKO cAVIMIyT B CTOpOIy Gomb- imnx auauenntit spemernt. Hamencnie mouiocti 1 pbigennemoii u Kanaze suieprint 80 npemeun mpencrauncno coorsercTBenno ua pic. 3, 4. Conocransieime mpnvcnenmx gamMix noKasweact, ‘wTO © YRCHUNEHEM ALE paspHUOTO UPOMExyTKA CoNpoTHB- AeHNe EAN JLIMNBI Kawana paspsaa yucanunvactes, hanGoabuan aMMumTya MoULIGeTH cooTHCTeTByeT aNUHE paspsiauoro upomexytka 60 mM, a WaiGoubinel KpyTusnol Napacranna mowuocra oGnagaior xopoTKHe paspaanbte TpomeayrTkH. Sawicnmocth asmantyanbix siauennil Mou HoctH OF gaHiDI pasprAioro NPOMExyTKa MocHT sKeTpe- MaabuBi XapaKrcp, STO AAeT OCHOBATIHE BEIACANT ONTH- oy HIG Bm Phe. 3. Haxevenne sonuocrit Paspara wo npement (ae 70 We, WTO Ma pie. 1) 160} * Pic. 4, Hawenenne nuincinesom a ita ‘paipaa epi 0 7 npewen (it OO O82 tren tye gy TP ME TO 2 Masbiloe © TOsKK spenuA siteprerHuecKuX xapaxrepueTHK Sayenne jnaNBL paspagnoro npomexyrica Hecncxonanne sncxrpauecnux xapaxrepiierink mpi nepe- Xone K Gonee ANHTeALIM paspmnam ¢ HomyHepHOOM TORI Paspaga nopsaKa 10-%c ocywecraunaocy mpit ynomvseuin eMKOCTH H itayKTHBNOCTH paspaaioro KONTYpa, a lavany Hoe uanpaxenue sapasa ocrapanoch npaKrnaccKH Hocromn- Hom (cat. Ta6q. 1). Hsmenenne conpornpacius Kauana e Texenne nepnoro MoaYMepHona TOKA JAA eCKOMDKHX peXHMOR paspsna, Tak Ke Kak HB caY4ae Mpoueccon ¢ AaNTesIBHOCTIIO 10-F c. NOgUMIeHO pHAY OOWNX SaKonomepHoctesi (prc. 5). Bua, Yanbuoli craaHit, mTeABiIOCT KOTOpoit cuAgaTia © napa- Merpamit Li C,a rawke smo paspaauoro npomexvrxa { Na6monacten pesKuit nowrn snueluiail cian: n o6sactH MAKCHMYMa TOKA HaMenenWe conpoTHBaciina npHoSperaer Gonee naapmuii ranepSomnuecknit xapaxrep; GanKe K yaay TOKa ConpotHBACKHe BLOB» nospacraer. B noc.ieayoune Nonynepiionst Hameneune conpoTiaacnus He cTOsm cyulccr- BCHHO, MHLMMabHOe sHaveHe conpoTNBneHA Bb Kalane Kone6xercx B nponenax 0,05—1 Om wecmotpa na Gonpulyio No cpasuenio ¢ npeabiAyuKUM caynaem sauny paspsanoro npouerxyrKa Aan yro6craa cpasneuus m pbinenennin uaewrnamx m0 Xapakrepy oueKtpHyeck4x napamerpos mocneane mpnoo- 22 Juitea K Gespasmepliomy BH- ay. Hopatnpyiouuisat ssiton- Team Ash TOKA pagpsina cratiopwres. Beaiiita, o6pat- Nasi MaKciiManplo BOsMoDK- nol ev KoIype amnamtyae = po- Tosca — penumtuta, 06- patiasi XapaxrepueriiecKo- My conporunaenmo — wenn, L oo» Ban Bpewenn — co6- crneman acrora Kourypa, onpencstemast — LaNITeAHIO- ctbio nonynepHona paspana B KopoTKOsaMKHYTOM — peacuMe. Beapasmepiisie ocwitss10- rpammn ToKa s HanpadKenns Licompsonastnice pH pacuere nae dt andr vod n aad ee = al 8 15 tant Puc. 5. Vaseweme conporinze- hia’ Kamtazia pagpsina no npeme- tit (Up==4-10B; C=3,2-10-8@; L=210-6 T), no mum Gespasmeprnix Kpi- DBIX COMPOTHEACHHA RAT ALYX peaxuMos paspaRoD, cop- MHpORAIIIX pagmnUIMN MauasibubIMT —napamerpasne (pwc. 6,7): Uo=4-10'B; C=0,15-10-°; L=0,4-10-9 Ts 02 m, Us=4-10'B; C=3,2-10- @; L22,2-10-T; =0,12 m. Jaa cpanientin 6pamice paspaast, nmeiouue oanuaKony!o OrllociTeAbIyIO Res Mepeok amnanTyzLt roKa. Colocranscune AaMllsx nosvoameT 3aKmouNTD, TO cooTETeTHYIONKHe KPHBE HanparKCMIN H CONPOTHBAeHHA b uipenenax ToxmoctH sKcnepuMenTa, onpencaseMo; wWeKa- XCHUSIME OCUITAOrpAdMiecKol annapatypul, cosnanawr. Takum O6paso., InIKaKHXx OCOGeMIeCTeH B TOBeRCIIM D1eK- TpHVECKIX XapaKrepncTHK pK usMeNeHMM xapaKTepHDIX spemen paspana or 10-° no 10-Fc naGsloAath ile ynaeren. UroGu onpeneautd voamoruoe vunsmte HaMenenns Wa Naabioro NanpmKenKA Wa xapaKTep NpOoTeKamtA nepexoa- Horo npouecca, simuTenbuoct» paspaa c xapaxrepHLim bpemenem nopsaka J0-*c oGccileumwasach KolAencarop- unit Gatapesmt ewxocTb10 100 1 120 mid, KoTOpsIe 3a- paxannies go nanpsxcuus 14 4 40... 60'KB coorser- erpeino, Peaysistatia ocuua- sorpadupowatins 10380- MOT 3ANCTHTh cyIeuLy- lone ocHOBIEIe Kane cruenmuie — 3aKoHoMep- woctH. 3aBHcuMoctH To- Ka paspaia bo wpemennt oraniaires or cuuyco- Habe MIA AABTeABIILx Apoweccow auatureavHo MeHBUIe, YCM 18 KpaT~ Koupemenmmx. — Xapax- reputi Harn6 xpunolt ToKa ® Natane paspnaa Gosee Bupaxen, no 3a- nuMaet — OTHOCHTeEAHO Puc. 6, Acibopmaunn saexrpisiecxns nonynepuona — He6oatb- apanrepicrin npu nepexone K ROK er? ypementioly apowse- yemuiual paspaaant y 1 te pe OKYTOK. Conporusstenite t IN 16 20 ie 04 06 42\" o 4 = enagiunne xpwave — Groene os Leoaio-s ri Tum ow. Kallana paspaga AOcTit- = 99-0 de; LetB10-* Te i-O.055 mw; 6 — Tae MHNAMasIbNOTO 311a- Eagountie KpHewe — "Updo" Bs Cg f - See ey ge ee ie Se NCHA aHauUTeAHO Ger Srpnoaie, wouatie = Gente ie Br ce erpee OGaacrs oriiocit- cee ea re Seo HeGOmuINOFO. Ha. meueniit conpornsaciiin B TeveHe nepsoro noaynepioaa paspAaa oKasuinaeren neckonpko xe, Boapacramie conpornencina m Kowuc nO- AOKITEAUO! NOAYBOAB TOKA PAspHAA BoIPaKCHO Go.lee apKo, Cxoansie no aepooil amnmrtyne toKa paspanur npuse- Aeubl Ha pie. G, a coorBeTCTEYiOULUE HM MOPMrpOBamNDIC KPHOLIC N3MeNeHHA conpoTiaxemin — ta pne. 7, Cnaoul Hie KpHBLE TOKA, HanpAXeluA m conpoTHBAcHIA — jan paspaioe C MambiMn eMKOCTAMH, 7. € ¢ Xapatrepitim gpe- Menem 2YLC, ne mpeopiwaiomnm 10-%c, uitpaxopuic — ne Rpesuuaiomiim 10-'c. Conoctannenne xapakrepa name- HenHS S4eKTPANECKUX XApakTepHeTHK pH Nepexouc oT Kone6aretbHOro pexkuma paspaga K GuIcTposaTyxaioueMy RponoauTen gam goyx THNOB paspana. K omuomy Tiny oTHOCHTeN paspaay, HMcIOMNE NanGonbULy!o oTHOCITCND- Us nyio amnntyay toKa paspaaa i Is 0,85, « apyro- yLIC 24 My — MIHHMaayio Boamox- Us nyto alte 0,6. B10 o6y cnosneno Tem, ¥To AAH pas- pagoe ¢ »=10- ¢ ynenbuse- Hin aMMUiuTyqux anateunii roxa v 2—3 pasa gocTH4n ue yaaeTes u3-3a mOABARIOULUX- cn o6pbis0n ToKa ApH siauit- TenbHOM yeesuyeN LAWALL paspaauoro npomexyTka Han yMewbirenin iatampioro ia- Tpaxemis sapsna KouAenca- Topuol Savaper ain paapgon co suave. eau . net mopastka 10 © xa- Sroemasenin api negetone paktepen Gonce Guicrpitlt —nnutenviuim paspanane orHochtenpinit cad wanpR- 7 — enznwunyexpmoue —— Us aKellH 1a paspagnom npome- Aine, EM e uMincotie HYTKE 1 ConpoTUBMeHT Ka ploye Vectra” BUC nana o Tevene nepooit ver 2" Caton’ pina Use bepTH nepvosa TOKa (cM SP a aapitooan eon pic. 6, 7, mrpaxoone Kpi- Bett ts Buic). Tocac gocraaxenun co- nporipaciiiem Kafana MuMIMasyuOre 3 z 0 0 08 12 10 zee javenus, KOTOPOe L KPUBOH CONpOTHBACHHA Loe AMTEADUWX paspssOB onepe- 2kaeT cooTHeTcTAYIONee HoMeHetile ConpoTHBACHA ZA paspaaon c %<10-%c. Coorsereray:omyio xepopmanino KDUBBIX HanpaaKeMiLH Alin CpaokNBACMBX PaapnAOB MorKHO HaGMOLAT Kak ANH APKO BUIpAIKeNULIX KONEbATeABHDIX peattmon (cm. puc. 6,@), Tak 1 ANA OTHOCHTeNDIO GuicTpO saTyxaloutnx (em. puc. 6, 6). Yocanuenne HMM pasparnoco npomeakyTKa NpHnoAUT k Gomee nonoromy craty nanpwxKeIIA DB TexcUHe BCero Hepnoro Nosynepitona; y KoleGaTeNDNX pexHMOB C KO- POTKIMH PaspaAAULIMG TipoMeExyTKAMH pesKHii cham nage- Mist HANPMKEHUS BaTeM cMCHsIETeA OTHOCHTEALIO NOMOFIN yuacrkom, Koroptii y nattenbntax paspastos (ti 10-'c) BannMaer npaKTHycckt neck noaynepHon, InHreroHocrs NoatyllepHona Tokay paspsson c pannbimn GespasmepHuiMit 5 PABMINILA 2 5 | é i | coneGatean- | 107* | 45 3.24 vai 107" |) 40 0.12 wort | 4 00 lors | a0 96 smetposa- | 107" | 40 0,12 yaaroumnii — | 10-8 | 40 256 yore i 0 10-* | 40 6 AMMIUTYAAMN sMeHAeTCA NeomMAKOBO, Tax, ecatl naa KONG ATEMNK DEKUMOD Pasniita B anaueNNAX mANTEs- NocTeli Nepsoro wMNysbca Toxa ti/mVLC neouyriMma, To pH Nepexone K Goxee Gpictpo aaTyxaiomeMy perkuuy oma nocturaer 0,15 PLC. Hexoropnic snexrpitieckie xapaktepnernki paccatar- pupaembix paspanon mpuneneus B ra6x. 2 Conocransene gauibix, npusenenmmx wa pac. 6 HB raba, 2, NOKASHIBAeT, ¥TO HecMOTPA na pagmuuse BIICMUNAX peryanipyembix napaxerpon, onpenensiounx snckrpHiccKHe xapairepactuxt TMP, acerta moxuo maiirn wentiateie paspager, ecnH XapakrepHoe Bpema paapaswa nYLC no- praca 10-°c. Heemorpa na 70 ro emKocts C=1,2-10-*d sapaKasach 2O Nanpaxenua 40—60 KB, 110 Horn v TpIt pasa mpepbiuiaer Hanpmxeime sapasta Koujencaropsiol Ga- Tapen bute emKocTDIo 10-'%, a cacnoparerDtio, H KPY- THBHa MOWMOCTH YoeMUABAeTCH Ha MopAAOK, ux’ Gespas- MepiibIe SAEKTPAMECKHE XAPAKTEpHCTHK ANA HLCHTHATDX TOKOB MpakrHuecKkn coBNagaloT. Crate or paspazon, copMupoBalBX ManbiM eMKOCTSIMH i GomDIuHM HanpA XENI, OKASbIBAETCH CTOAD 2K cyLKCCTBENIIbIM, KAK HY PaSspaRoo MPH wHIKOM HaXaNDIOM uAMpsKemN saps kownencaTopHioit Garapen. HaGmonaemoe pasanine po npeMeHiion Mamenext SACKTPHUCCRNX XApAKTEPHCTUK cBAZAHO CO CBOCOGpasiIbiM nobeRenHem CONpOTHBACIAR Katana B Npouccce paspsza, xoTOpoe onpeleameTeN Kak BMyTpesNM cocToRIHeM Be~ OG uectha B KaNaie, Tak HN ritpowmMannKoi oKpyraromeli cpenui. Mo mepe yweunucunn jumresamoctH paapaa no3- MOIUOCTL BAMA NOTeph oNeprun, cBAZAMIIIX C TeNTO- OGMCHOM, TAKIKE He HICKONENA 3. Hexponas xapaxrepnernka Kawaaa Axtinuioe conporuaactine Kanana suicoKonoAbTHOrO pas Paka B ORS, OnpemcssioMee cnocobilocTs nnaamu K MIpe- oGpasovaiiio sHeprnsl sncKrpuyecKoro MOA B aNepritiD TeMMOBOrO ABIKEIHA YacTRE H oGYCAOBAeNHOe crom«Ito- POM © TMKCMUMH NACTHUANH, B OOLLeM caysae AWA UIEMMEAPUECKOTO NAASMeRHOrO OGPasoBaiNA MOET OUI» onpenenetio Bupaxcunen ! = = = nan ROE Ltn me hee. (113) Mporexanue snewrpuyeckoro ToKa no Kanasy conpo- ponMacten UaMCHeHHeM Mapamerpos cocrosnun rWaaMbt, oppexrusuyx ceveunii paccesmin sackrponon KaK wa hoax, tak H Ha neiitpanbux vacTuNax, HsMeNeUNeM KOH uenTpauim aaextpounoro rasa mu ynesuuenneM pagnyea paapana. Qaextpounait raz, Noaysaiounii anepruio oT To- vi, uepenact CC THKMLIM UACTHUAM HaaSMbl, HaMeNAA Buyrpeimer Sueprino kanasa, KoTOpan gna cayNan sneK- tpimieckoro paspsita p noe [79] caaraeren B ocHovioM U3 oueprim nocTynaTeapnoro jteinKeNHA vacTi, suepria puecounaluiit # monusaLsi Tipwituman no nuamawte ornocureno weGombwok pas- PMB TeMneparyp omeKTpOHOB H THAKeAMBX YacTHK [8, 10], Monkilo amicars Wow 3 eu Me an (pie te ov). aay 2 3 14% re e¢ — sueprun auccoutawm, pasuan 1,6-10-% Dax/Mo- sexyay. Kak snytpeniaa sucprin, Tak 1 mporosnwocrs Bapicit of Konuentpaunm YacTAN nH Crenen noINsauHE x. Tak Kak CKOpOcTH MpoUeccos ARCcOMMAUMH, HOHISaLHH, yeratlonncnaa MaxceesmoscKoro pacnpeneacitn actin nO ckopoctam 1 BuIpapKNRANUs TeMmepaTyp BeanxH no cpapiemno co cKopoctbio Baoga gueprin a xanas [79]. or MeXK:LY RPOBOAUMOCTHIO NH BayTPeNNel oneprHei eqMuMEDT qainib) Kavala Moxet ObITh ycTanopaeia caczyioulas cusiab: Vy 73 e (4) (Geter) t x 2 3 A—=Wa, A a R hee (115) Bennumy Ap nansuefues Syxem aauisats UeKponoit XapakrepucTHKO, ONa 3aBHCHT OT TeMMepaTypEl, KONUeH- Tpailay 4aCTHU, CremenH HOHUSALIM, OTEHKMATOS HOUNsa- UHH aTOMOB, OOpasyioMAXCR nH ANCCOMMALH MoneKy. AKUAKOCTH, ShHeKTHBHBIX ceuCMiTT PacceMBA sucKTpOHOD ut m. Beaninaa A MOxXCT Obits OueneHa TeopeTHUEcKH, a pA ncMombsopaunn ypapenna Gaanica snepruy, KaK Syner noxasaio HurKe, JeFKO OMpemesHeTcR SKCHEPHMCH raapuuim nyte. Lia OueHKH HeKposoil xapaxrepucTuKt REOGXOAUMG 3NATh MOABIRKOCTS seKTPONOB He CTeNeHh HOMNSAWIH NAaIMEI B Kalame paapmna HogpurKknocts asaeKTpowon naasMut npexctansseres nbt- pankemiem b=——, (1.16) rae YacToTa croaKuoscin caaraereH 9 ABYX cocran- AHOULX: va Ven + Ver (1.17) Onn onpedenmor yactor cromKNoRens ¢ HeiTpaJEMbIMt MoseKyaanti 1 KONAMI CooTBETCTBENNO Tlonpwxknocts siekrpouon » cnaGouounsonanom raze © npeoGsanaunem paccemims wa veliTpaibuBix wacTuMax worer 6bITb onpenenenta [120] ns opmy.not Bayh tee (2) 2 tarmoyn, 1.18) ee (a) Genre 9 “ Pe Qen — MbbeKTHDHLLe cereHUs paceman 9eKTPoHOR wna Welipanbubix vactuax H3 dopmya (1.16) # (1.17) nomyaaem Usctora sueKtpou-nonnerx coyaapeumii onpenennerea HOCHCTAYIOULMMN KYJOHOBCKIME cHsTaMH vei = ON; Qe5- (1.20) Bsanmogelicraue aaekrpnyeckoro nonn © muaswoi conpo- nomkaeres NortoucineM sneprim novR SmeKTpoNaMM, Npe- oGpasonaiiiem e€ BO BYTpeNtioI Suepriio K NOBBUIeNKEN snextponuoii Temnepatyps. Benegcreie ieSonbuoro pas- JNNHS! B TeMNEPatypax saexTpolon i TARKEAMX vacTHu, [8] CKOPOCTe nocTyNATeRbIOFO AMHR sMeKTpoIIOR MONET ODT BIuparena Kak PyNKUNS eLHOH PastovecHos TeM- neparypm. B wtrepnane temaeparyp, xapakrepuom aan nua3Nbl BLICOKOBOALTHOTO paspARa B Done, Korma cyukecr- peiila HW Mepsar HONNsalNA aTOMOD, KONUeHTPANAs HONOB papa KoNNeKTPaut sacKTpoNto! KoMMoNeNTEL, KoTopasi, Kak ykKasMBanocd nulle, MoxKeT onpeResATHCA Apt Kicnombsosanns ypaonenun Caxa. Bupaxan cpeamoio TenwOByi0 CKOPOCTb ABIIKeMTIA sMeKTpoNOB epes napamer- pu cocTOAniA I CUNtTag cTeneHb nomisauin AKoKpaTHO!, NOMYasew GUIPAKEHIE sux YACTOTH SAeKTPON-MONITEIX CO- yaapennii s page GET ye apa Q BxrpeQes ~( ) (epaayeh (ae) (BRT me) (20a) Me Toraa m3 Buipamennit (1.16), (1.17), (1.19), (1-20) cneayer AT nig) jee Cater oui sa) mo [ (*)" Qt oo] K Momenty oGpasopanis xaiana cknosuol npoaosn- MOCTH, T. @ K MOMCIITY 3anepluenHs opmipoBanns npobaa ITH mpoGon Mo Tasonomy MocTHKy, O6pasoBannomy mpo- AYKTAMU OIpLina HITMMNpyIOMLero NpoBORUKA, KAHAN pas- PARA y9KC gaMlOMICH HONNIORANNIM ragoM, cocTosULMM 3 OCHOBIOM 113 MpeayKToR ANCCOMMANNH MoNeKyN pOAL H HOMNZOBAMIULX ATOMOR KCAOPORa HW BEROPOAA. B NepHos nitrenconoro #yytenenn sieprin m Katase wc HacTM bh Nem noapacract acacncTuic icnapmounxcn moneKya BOA, Wx ANECOMNAH H HOUNZauI, TaKiM o6pazoM, No cocrany raz R KAtase Mpescrasaact coGoll KcADPO;HO-BO- 29 ROpomlylo MWasMy ¢ MaKcHMaKKIIO BOsMaKHOi creHeHDIO wouusaiut 0,3—0,4. Tipu sganmoaciicroun sneKTpotion ¢ neirpasDntine vac THUAN NPOKEXO;UT PaccemIne sAcKTPOINIAX nome na no. rentnanbiibix fosAX aTOMOR. TloveruHaa BaanMoO.cHeTENT aneKTpoti’ ¢ ATOMOM SaNKiCHT OT seprin aieKTpOIA Banaue no onpencacnmio aciextnwnssx cevenuit pac- cesinn gveKrpona ma nelitpanbinix wacTuax npnMeri- TeAbliO K MONO uMsKOTeMMepaTypnoa TlasMe Kauana BLICOKOKOADTHOTO PaspARa B BoAe NocoAMeN PAA Pador [8, 19, 73, 79, 82, 84], » Koropmx na ocnovarmu npnoam- IKCHMBX OLLCHOK ONPeAeACHb OFsACTH nosMoNIAX snare u TemnepaTypiian 3apncHMocrs cevemuli paccesmus, B uact- oct, © paGore [84] noKazano, To Qen Jam aTOMOB BO- nopota t KucROpoRa upH T=1 sB nopsaka 2,5-10- m2, a Temicpatypuaa 3apncnmocth Qen(7) B quanagone TeM- nepatyp 7=0,8...4 9B mpwusmaetea Qen ~ const T=" Depperruviwre cevesiss pacceswus pM croaKowenHar SneKTpONON ¢ HOWAMN, OMpEMeAseHEIe B OCOBHOM KYOTO CxiM vaalIMogelicreHicm 9THX MACTUNL, OKASLIBAIOTCA GonDUNC pasoxumeriuecknx cevemiii. MpGuntaKkeniias OneuKa Wo0Ka- abipacr, YTO TPM KONUCHTPAUNAX ucKTPOHOD MH TeMMepa~ TYpe MAASMUL, KAPAKTEPIBX AAA BEICOKOBOAbTHOFO paspAaa b Done, RambiHe KyNOOBCKHe BeaNMOsLeTICTBAR He REpaloT cyulectsesnoit poan uw MoryT GuiTh yuremt BoeAeUMEM KY nonoscKoro anorapupma [79] ot (aT)? Que Ink. Tlauusie, npnsomnane » paborax (8, 79, 84], no suave- nusm spqertupux cevemi paccennus SxekTpoUOR Ha heiirpanbusx aToMax H MOHaXx, crenenm noHHaauN, ONpe neasemol @opmyson Caxa, naioT vosMoxnocr’ ouenstvaty Sun auanazoua namenenin tewmepatyp (1...3)- 10K ToawinknocTs 1 Hexpony!o xapaxrepuctixy. Peaymwracbt pactera, uaaTwle 43 PaaMNNALIX HCTONINKOR, mpwBeZcrdt 3 7aGa, 3. Suepra MiccouMAMNH, MPUXOAMULANCA Ha OLY moackyay, mpmimmadacb papnolt 10 9B, norenusan wonn sauin — 13,6 9B Caeayer ormerith, ¥To AaHNDIe, MprnonMbie B pasoTe [8], nentomsovamues Aum pacseros ¢ yeToM monpanKn fia paaminune MEXxXAy AciicTBUTeNbHO’ aHHoH Katana It 30 Paccromtnem MexKiy geKTpo- TABANULA a AaMi BD pa3spaanon npomeryr- > Ke. HeoSxomnmocrs eeqenns | vaKolt. noupankn o6ycmonnena = | Tem, TO RAH NaXOKREIU oC {| tar] sea ANOS, Bee Fame ne paGor Hop#wEX XapaKrepneraK Kawana ear B paore [9] ucnosLzoBanca 10000 | 19 | 21) 13 utaligemuit okenepirwerrramuo 32000 | 6 | Gig | O35 xosdvbaunene mpomopunonany- 2229 | 08 a? | ey HocTH MexRY CKOPOCTDIO 110- critica “actin B Kalan cKOpecTHIO Nepean ep- hii, SMaueie Koroporo cyulecTBCHNO aagKeHT oT ANHHEI Kanata paspsa Heemorpa ha To, 370 OOMIM ANN UCMOTPsORAMIDIX OLE Nok sbamercs npeRnonorKenne o TepMOANHAaMHYecKOM paB- HOBCCIN NaaIMM B KAlame HO MaAHYRH MaKcBedoBCKOrO pachpeacacnust no cKopocTam MexAY NacTINaMH nsasMo, guauenHs! KOSppuuMeNTa A uMeIor pas6poc Ama Kar N01 3 DUGpauuLIx TeMneparyp. ro oGnacumerca Tem, ITO KONNMECrBeHIAE GULNKH TAKHX BENHUML, KaK KoHUEHTpa- HUE MACTINL MIaaMB, sxdoxtunuble cerein paccesmtun sJICKTpollow a aTOMAX Wm HOHAX, CTenenH nowwsariH, CxO- RATCH B MpHBCMeHHuIX paboTax ANWb no nopAAKy Be- suruinbt Pesyuisratol pacteTa xoTa m HOCsT oneHONEI xapaK- yep, Bee Ke AaIOT NBECTHOE MpeAcTADAeIe 06 uaMerCNIt AC waMenenten TeMmepatypEr. TaK, MOxXIIO ODKILLaTh, TO © yMenbuscntiem TeMnepatypu or 2-104 a0 10 K siasemme A Oyacr ynennunvarscn, TIpwnimas bo BHAMaHKE To, YTO TeMnepaTypa & KaKanc uagMelneTcA B TeveHHe paspaaa, cHeayer yuuTLIBaTD Bos MOKHOe WaMeHeHHe OTHOWeHHA BUYTpeniel sHepran HW auekrponpovoanocti Mostomy B pacuerax caeayeT HcnompzonaTe sHanciie A, iiaiixemioe axenepumentanbil0, Tem Gosce 70 OO NerKO ollpeneaneren no 3acKTpHccKNM XapaKTepHCTHKAM PaapR- ja, Monydaemnim ocunANOrpaupopannem Orcyrerane Gosee Hat mere AoCTOBEpHO! ysKUHO- Hanbliol sapnciMocts paccmaTpHBacmol amit XapaKre- DHCTHKN OT TeMMepaTypL, a TAKE BosMomBIE HaMeHeHHA Temneparypsl B Kalle B TeveHHe paspsna cywlectDeHo BaTPY/MIMOT allastis uOKEAEHHA HesIHICioro ConpoTHDAe- Mist MOAGOROH UckpE 1 PeureTe nepexogHore npouecca 3t b pasprauoli uenu. Mostomy namn mpecacnosaaiac npon- Kaw te: Bo-nepbix, cicrematn3npoBarh axcnepumen- TaNbUBe AANNBIE, OTHOCAMTHECA K MNpoKOMy Kpyry uaMe- NMOUNXCA BHEWINX perysupyemox napamerpon, no-ra- PLIX, H3GEXKATL MCKOTOPHIX OMoCpcAOBANIbIx chsi3el, KOTO PbIe MpUBoAAT B page CaYNaen K NeOBXOAHMOCTH HCHO BOBALIA RONOAMUTeALHLAX NpHGMMKeNHBX MpUemoB A pocTy BO3MOXKUBIX Norpeumoctel pacueta. Heo6xonumocth 9KcnepuMenTasntore —ticcacnowamna NcKpoBoH xapaKTepHeTHKH, KaK Gy.icT noKasaiIO MEXe, npeayemarpubaer Moayuenne ycaovnii ana pacuera nM: ayapea ToKa B LC-neit nognoauoit ucepei, Sto nospoaut BECTH paccyr%xnenHAa B Gosiee oOuiell tpopme H nyTeM APHEMEMMX AAR WeKoTOpHx 3amaq ynpomenni nory- ST NpHMepHBIe ApEAcTanseHA oO XapaKTepe cBA3H CO- ApoTuBAeHHA H pamHyca Kavana c napamerpamm guep- FOUCTOUHUKA, cpeat, npeMcHN, a TawKe mpoBectH one- HounDtit pacter paga MHTerpaabNbIx mapameTpon nogBor- hiofi_ckpar. Thiasma nogsoaioh HcKpul, 8 npnmuine, me soanerca onttopoauok, oco6ennio B norpanastiom enoe [11, 79]. Bos- MiIKAOMME Becb HeomOPOAHOCTH OGycHOBACHE FHApOAN- NamtisteckHMNt TeycTOiMMBOCTAMMN NepexomUorO cAoN MEKAY ropaveli naaamoii x xonommoii akHaKOcTDIO. Letanbiloe pac- cMorpeHHe yxa3anKoro apseHuA saTpysiNTenbHO BBMAy VICYTCTBEM ALLTOBEPHBIX AAHNLEX oO KODpDIUeNTaX mepe- hoca BBIXOT 3a paMKM 3amaq MacTonmel paborel. Fo9- Tomy Moi Gynem caiTaT> maasMy MOMBOLNO! HCKpEI oLttO- poanol no pamaycy paspagnoro Kanana, a nepexoanpit caol paccmarpnoaTb Kak CKa4OK. Yeurbipan ckasaHitoc, Coss sui sackTponponoanocTH HN pnyTpeunel oueprnn Moxket OuITh ganucatia B Dunc ‘an = Ag, (1.22) TRE Woe HO MpeActansiaior coGoli yaenbitie xapaKrepuc- Tac B to 2ke ppema Bosmornocrh B nervom npHGsKeHHN NcnombsoBaTy Ypannenme cocroanuA ArK wACaciBHOrO rasa nospoaner santtcath piiparkene jam mRytperuieli sWeprni Po — wen (1.23) Vuntowan (1.22), aaa naasmenoro mpononuuxa un- AMMApHUeCKOH (OpMBI Cc pagnycom @ MOxKHO 3amHcaTh p ! yl mRa* Blan onpegencinia snavena A ug onbiTnex manHorx uenlo.absyem ypanHene sueprerHuecKoTo Ganauca atm Bce- ro oGbeMa naasmenioro uNaHHapa Ve, B KOTOpOM He yun Tommaotea noTepH wa HonyverHe: (4.24) 1: PaVa dVa PRdt! a — dt’, 1.25) f. + fm (1.25) yo Tipeo6pasyem noasurerpannioe pupareune » npasoii ‘act 9T0ro Ypannenia: ar ve Ar a a gy 1.26) Ps way R lh) 7 (1.26) R Floneranass (1.24) n (1.26) » (1.25), soayuaew : Ap aka’ 2y—e “A Si (127) J ener aomne oe Mlo cux nop Mb He HCnombIOBaNH HNKAKHX LpeAMoO- 2ketitii 0 xapaKrepe HaMeKeHHa A aHGo Ha BceM HHTepBa- ae, au60 Ha MaJOM nogLNTepBase, nosTOMy ypanuerHe (1.27) p pamxax paccmarpiwacmol MosesiM ABAHETCH TON fine, S10 ypannenne aonyexeer peutemue onocHtentio a bymenan @() = KaK suTerpans¥oe ypapHenKe TAna Boabreppa stoporo pona: 1 ODOR] KUM Ota, (1.28) é eae HO= (Peds A= 2-1) KIRK = at wo f 5 Kt, . Peweune mnterpanvioro ypanueuks mpeserasanerca B RHae nocaegoparensHocte {pn(t)}, ni ane KOTOpO; onpeaeuneren abiparxentient : (42 J K(t, 0) pna(t’) de’ (1.29) Cxogumoctn nocaesosatensuocth {ga (#)} K 1ckoMoMy peitienino cylecTRenHO onpeneasctca BHOOpOM ApHGaNKesuA Go(t). B xawiom cayuae cneayer MoLO.KITb go(t) =f(/) = J #Rav’. é Vuurnwan wgaoxKenioe pute, monyyaem, manpumep, B eppom MpUGawxKeHnH BEIpaaKcHTe AOE) Fonaeoy—ne§ 9 (fenar ar, am 43 KoTOporo Moxer ObiTh nonyteHa (n 9TOM xe NpNOAH- KHUN) REKpoRaN Xapawrepuctuca Ri) aw ~ J preva Ro J a a) dv’, (131) AY) Bupaxeune (L31) Moxxer OuiTh monox%KeHo B ocHoBy pactera wcKposoli xapaxtepneTmKn A amin 8 Tom ca uae, ecan nonyyaeman meroLOM TocmenoBaTeAbiHX NDit Gmixeinit nocnenoBateabioct {pn(t)} ABTAeTCA GLICTPO cxogauelicn, OnwaKo pouay Gonmbuloro mHoroo6pasuA Bo3- MONHDX PeKHMOR MpOTEKANHA sAeKTPHYECKOTO NOMAOLHO- TO paspsa xapakTepHCTHKH HCKPOBOTO Kanasa wOryT 43 MeuisTeCH B WHDOKHX uuTepBatax. JT oGycmoBsNBAeT neonpenesenttocth Xapaktepa CXomHMocTH yKagannoit no- caegosatenpuocrit. Kpome Toro, yuer nocneayiomx wre- panini cymectacio yeaoxinn 6st pacuer weKponoil x paxrepicrain. Tostomy aan pemenut ypapienua sneprermuecoro Gananca (1.27) Onin ncnossaonan apyroli npEGawxcnnesit meroa. Ecan npennosoxuts, uto A(/) sBaaetet Moil0- TOUHO HaMenmOMelen ytKunel, TO cHeRyeT ORHAATD, ITO € NSNeHEMMe B AOCTATOUNO' ManOM BpeMeNtOM Hit aa TepBae ucstauitenpio. Pas6up Bio O6nacTh HNTerpHpo- waima (0,1) na k gocratouo massix HiTepsanoa nu npr ib B npenelax Kakoro MnTepata A=const, nomysHM pexyppentnyto cbopmyay aaa onpenesenin An k-m uitrep- bane mo e@ H3DecTHOMy sHauenmo B (k—1)-M nuTep- pane J PRa—2q—DP » As Ag (1.32), RUG) @opmyna (1.32) 1 Guia nonoxkena B ocHosy pacueTos Nexpovo# xapakrepucTuKs. HocKoubKy saexTpHueckne xa- paxrepncTHKH gan paspagos c 1 ~10-* wt ~ 10-8 c m0 Xapakrepy MaMeHeHHA B TexciMe mepsoro nonynepaona ApakraveckH copmasaior, pacueT pesca TOADKO An pas- patos ¢ t~10- c. anne mo pacuety cregent B raGa, 4. H3 ta6anasi Caeayer, 470 nureppan HameneHHs Be A man —(0.2...0,4)10—— nas neex pexumos paspr- Gausureasno 0,25- 108 ) anlavenus mpixoanten a Ha- Jano NW KONA HOAYNepHoMA TOKA paspana. Ypasnenue suepreruucckoro Gavvaica, yunTupaiomee npeoopasonaime oHeprHy, pbifensiomelcA Na aKTHBHOM conporiisaciin Katata nomBOAKO! HicKpEl, BO BuyTperTHIOT sHepritio H Suepr#io pacumpelun c yueToM noTepy Ha 13- aynenic, MoxIIO BamcaTh B copse pas Rum ( ~) tpadVaed Wy (1.33) Quepria_ usaysenna Wy paccunrsinaetca no aaKony Credanta—Boaumana : (1.34) eo an TABAMILA 4 40 0,992 0,39 120 123 0,319 1,975 0,363 244 0,305 2198 0,301 3/66 0,282 3197 0,273 488 0,256 4,96 0,252 61 0,249 5,95 0,238 732 0,228 6.945, 024 854 0,221 7.94 0,25 976 0,216 80 1,25 0,441 160 244 0271 25 031 3,66 25 3,75 027 4,88 0,261 50. 0,23 611 0,237 625 0.218 7,32 0.22 75, 0,208, Bd 0,21 8,75 0,202 976 0.2 = m 10:98 0,199 100 061 0,438 200 437 0,182 183, 0,362 562 0.264 3,05 031 687 0,284 4.27 0,262 8112 0,281 549 0,23 9.37 0.287 671 0,205 10/62 024 7.93 01183 1187 0,220 O15 0,162 13312 0,222 Mp wmewanine. Uoms0...45 xB; Co8,2 web; Led wxP; food... 200 He ganuicauiomy © yserom Gopmyas Canrucpa [112] mpi Ink=l, om 1077, (1.35) rae Sa — ceuenne Kanasta; s‘ — ero H3nyualoilias nowepx- HoctD; k=2,16-10o%2;o* — nocrosmuan Creana— Boabumana. BosMoxwocts npumenens saKoua (1.35) K naagme HoBOAHO ucKpE OBcyrneHa, Hanpumep, B paore [79] C yuerom jonoammrenbubix caaraemtix B ypapienvil auepreraweckoro 6anaiica — sneprun usnyuentia nwa Nanbuoill pnytpenitell sHeprimt wcKpéI, onpencanemoli co- NpoTHBAeHKeM 8 MOMeHT O6pasoBaliin KaHana cknoanol upowoaumocti, — aiauenHe A paccunrbinanocs no 9Kc- 36 Repumentandio 3aMepentbim snaveHuAM ToKa paspnaa, conpotunaciaa H paauyca B coorpercraun ¢ opmyaoit 1.32). CSgaporusacive Hexpas B women? npo6ox paapaasiore npomexxytka Ro onpemenanocy namn nytem 3KcTpanona- uly SKCEpHMeHTabHO onpenerenHo dywKuun R(t>0) n Touy f=0. t tere 2 AIO B? cfm? 3 04 J 2 5 02 6 r Geto G2 04 06 G6 = Q2 04 06 08 = Pic. 8. Vamenente wckponoii xa- Puc. 9. Maxtentensie anepran 13- PaKTepiicTinK D TetenNe nepporo —ayneniin —B ochiontiof craauM onynepuioaa toxa paspana paspsna (aan xpuosx, J, 2, 4-6 Up 4-108 By C=32 X10-8 @; Lea h-10-8 Fy Pesyaerarix pacueron s4c- kponoli xapakrepuctiis (pne. 8), Kak H oxnAanoce, nokagami, To orKaoNeNHe A or cpealtero suavemin aa Kpalittnx yaacrKon, cooreer- cTRYIOUUNX Nauaay N KONUY Moaynepiojla ToKa paspsna, ymenpuriiocs. Lia t/2>0 cyulecrsenmum no cpanieniio © AauuBNH, NPRBEReMIMH B TAGs. 4, OKAZanCH yueT Ha~ Sanbioii biyTpeiner sueprint Kanana, a past they+1—suep- Hin HaayNenitst, yBeAHUCHHe KOTOPOH B TeYeHie OcHOBHOM cranitis paspsaa K Koy HomynepHoma OKasbIBaeTes 3n2- unreabutim (pre, 9), Beacnerane store yepeatemtoe 3ita- ueume Hexpopoi NapaxtepctHKH upaKTHYccKH ne HEMenH- ROC M COCTaBAReT Aan paspAoD, sLLUIApyeMx (AHAMe- pom ~1 MxM) mpoposunxom, A=0,25-10% Béc/w®. Hens. MeHHOCTS HCKPOBOH XapaKTepHCTHKH B oCHOBHOM cTaqun paspana Moxer GuiTs o6yeropneHa caabiM uoMeHeHHeM Temnepatyps B STOT MepHog, HeOOnbUHM oTAHNHEM e€ BEPAUCTO H HUAKHETO BHAYCHUH ANA PasMRYHEIX perxHMOB paspana Ht mpeomuennem Temnepatyps HacuMenns 7,=15000K, Kotaa MOxNO MpHGAWKEHHO cuRTaTh o%, a(T) [90]. kpuooii_ 3) Uo 99-10" a B: C= TABTHUA § hws Un= 14-10" B; ' 50 76 | 8 027 15.2 i oa 228 8 ou Bo 8 935 iS 4 os : 4 053 33.2 56 0,69 608 ee ed Use 14-10? 8; L=10-10-¢F 55 15 30 45 60 75 90 105 120 Ouenka temneparypix no dopmyne Cnuruepa aun ont CAHUDIX abne pexumos paspana (tim 10-8... 10-9 c) no. Kasai, wro B TeYeHHe Nepporo MOnynepHORA TOKA pas. PALA NEMcueHe TeMnepaTypet NOcHT oKerpemasnurit xa- Pakrep, Ho anayenie ce ocraeren pce Bpema puilue 15 000 K Takum o6pasom, Ha Tpex npuuuit, onpeneamioutnx xapar. Tep MOveAeHuA HeKPOBO! xapakrepncrnku, no-DUAUMOMy, NoKa caeayer orzats Apeanoutenne tpetocii Pacuet A nokasan, 70 gan Gonce menaeumtux npo- ueccos (tax 100 MKc) ee siauenne mexur p Gonee uM. POKOM lwanasone (cm. Taba. 5), vent xan Conce SuIctpix (%:<10 mxc). Tip arow « Koiy noaynepnoga ToKa Ha- Ontonaerca sinaunTenbHoe yBemHueHHe HeKpoBOl xapaKre- puctike, B ra6anue npisegens nanume gin paspagon, cchopmupopanuntx npa Uo=14 xB, C=100 md; L= (2,2...10) xP. Xapakrep naucnennn ncxpopolt xa- PakTepucTHKH B TeuenHe paspaga aK cayuan Up= (40 50) KB; C=120 mx; L=4,5 xP naeutiven, nostomy ie npusonurca. Tlonwiraemcs o6uacuuTs crons Gompuoe paanuune 6 ROBORCHIN HCKPOBOH XapaKTepKcTHKN jaH OWCTPEX H Men 38 Ae Paspakop c YYeTOM XapakTepa H3ameneuns napa- MCTPOB, ONPeAeAMOMNNX cOCTOANHE nasMEL NOABORNO! we- kpol. OGsact Homeueina TeMneparypel, oueKeHHO! c m0 Monlbio opwysits Casruepa na onNcaHHBIX Bee pas- umnEx PEKUMODB, MpHBeReHa na puc. 10. M3 pucyiKa BUANO, UTO B Te¥enHe NepBol uacTH nepHona ToKa pas- paga (Bpema Ao 40 mc) Temmepatypa yenesaer cimanTeca no suayenmii —(1,1—1,3)X X 101K. Sra o6nacth Tene patyp, cormacno manip pa- Gorm) [90], cnoreerctayer wd Am /n a ar a 120 30 10% Puc. 10, OGaacr» vaMentenis Pac. 11. O6nacts samenenns Teanepatypus nan GwcTpLIX (J) —-YAeADKOR uyrpenuel siceprunn w Menmcmiax” (2) paapsaon, RAT MeqaenuAX paspRaos peskomy usMerenMiO Xapakrepa 3aBHCHMOCTH MerkAY Yhenb- holt a1eKrponponoguoctbio H TeMnepatypoll naOTHO! HH3- KoremnepatypHol naasmor. Osnako HabmonaeMan B 93K hepuMentte 3anicnMocts IaeKTponpoBOANOCTH. OT BpEMeHH nokasuvaer, uTO NpHt ROCTIOKCKIN Bpemenu 30—40 MKC it b RambHeitiem KpHBad 9nexTpoNpoRORHOcTH xapaKTepy- syeTen MONOrAM cuazOM c¢ HeGomDUIO pasuuuel B KPy- HOHE fT PagAMUNeX pexKRMoD paspsla. [lan conocrapacnn xapaKtepa wWoMeHena sneKTpo- npovomHocTi i BnyTpenHell aHeprun anamas mposoaiiscs © yuerom mapamerpos, xaparrepnayiouuix cocroatHe Be ulecrba Kaliana paspana Tnccoumatin, HoMNsauin 1 Bos6yKAeHNe YacTH B kakane, ONPedeamoULHe SACKTPONPOBOLHOCTH naIMbt NOR BonKOl HCKPHI, B CBOIO O¥epeRd ONpeReAAIOT U yacmMiy BHYTpeNMOI dHeprHio. B HCCeAOBAHHAX MOULEBIX paspsILOB » pone [109] noxagano, uto xoraa KpyTH3Ha wapacrania oka B HMnyasce gocruract 10" A/c, BvonHMan B KaHan paspana yzenpuaa sueprun W/V, pana npu6auaKenHo 10 Jbk/ss, a wiiyrpekias — oxon0 0,5% o6uteli. TMono6- 39 HBIC BEJHMISI Ua MOPALOK Mpenocxogar yAeubHOe sHepro- conepmaitHe HCMOMLSYeMBIX 0 MpAKTHKe BIPEIBNATKIX. Be- ecto. Buyrpentinn sheprun emmys! o6vema Kanana onpe- enAach NO GMIpAxeHu0 W=pa/(y—1). IIpn stom pacuer Rannenia p Kalane paspsaga IpoBosiicn no HaBecTHOMy 3aKony wamenenia paauyca [85] c HcHombsonatiMem 9KCne- pUMeHTaAbHBIX AallNbx no npocrpavicrsenso-Bpementomy passutiio naasMeHHoro o6pasonaiun O6aact usmenenta yaenbHo virytpeHNel oteprun jam pasanNBIX pexnmos paspaga (pic. 11) nossonaer ompe- ACIUT, UTO MAA MeMAEHHIEIX paspason (ty~ 100 mxc) ona cocrasaner 10° Jbx/M? (910 mmke nanectinx sitauennil) Hanmenvuiee aitauenne snepran cooraercrayer penny © MaKCHMadbHbim Mex9zeKTpOaHbIM paccromHen. OKcre- pHMentanpumit xXapaKrep H3MeHeHus KpHBoil B mepRoii NeTHepTH MepHoxa 3aTem cMetinerca monorMm cnasoM, a Apu gocTwKeHiN wpemerm 30—40 akc BnyTpenAnA siep- THA Mpaktuveckn He wameHneter. Kak Obld OTMCIeHO BEI- ine, ANS HeCHeyeMbIX PaspanoD STOMY MoMeITY bpeMertit COOTBETCTBYeT BLIXO HCKPoBo xXapakrepucTHKH 3a npe- Renbl NOcTORHUNX anaxenni. Bee skcnepumenranbubie auc MonyyaaHce mpU yeao- Bint HHMMAUPORAMA paspaxe >i1KponpoBonOM, KOrRa RaNKa Kawana paspata pasiasace paccromunio mexLy sneKTpO- fai, OSLO Mpy wMUKAPOBaHiN paspana BEICOKOBONDT- MVM MpoGoem AHH KONasa BABOe MpewsIacT BeAHAHIy Mexxksaicicrpomtioro npomexyrka [83]. Tostomy uro6s. yuceTs YeenuYeHHe AML Katlasa paspana Mo cpapticHii © paccrosiiiem Mexay smeKrpoaamn npi mummimHuposaium paspaga puICoKOROMbTHLIM MpoSoeM, B pacueTax Heo6xo- AMO HCnosDIOBaTS snavene A, BbINHCTeHIOe ¢ yeTOM HCTHIMOT ANHHEE Katasta. Takum o6pa3om, ycraxoaneno, 470 ana paapanoB ¢ Xa~ paxrepitsim ppemenen w<(30...40) MKC aHasenne A ie hameisercn, To cyulectReMHO ynpoutaer pacuerst mpi atiannse sneKrpHueckns xapantepicTHK paapstaa PUIABA I NEPEXOLHDIA MPOWECC LC-LLENH TPH HCKPOBOM PASPSLE 1. 3apncnmocts conpotmpnenia Kanana or Toxa paspaza Ocnosuoi craann paspsaa, pacemarpavaemol a ganoit pa6ore, npegulectsyer mpouece cosmanua a xKiAKOCTH TO- XOMpononmmero Kallana, aamuKaloulero MexSaeKrpomHellt MPOMeKYTOK 8 Boge. Cpeni pasaimHBIX dusHaecKux soAe- uni, oSecncunpaioux stor Mpowece, OMTHM Ha OcHOBHBX sBaseTcA Upo6oi BOALI NOA selicTBKeEM NpHsorKeMtOrD K aaeKTponam anpaxcnaa. B aKcnepumenttatbiiol npax- THKE QA MHNUAHPOBALIA paspaLa YacTO HCNOABAylOT TOI xii nposommnx, KoTopstli, vpsinanch nox aeiicToHeM mM nymsea ToKa, cosnaet TasoBUk MocTuK 3 nposyKTOR papbina, Stor rasonaiil MocTHK B gaabneliuen npoOunactes Take B pesy.bTATE MPHNOXKeNHOl K eTO KOTIUAM BEICOKOIT paauiocri norenunanos. Kax » nepsom, Tak 4 Bo BTOpom caysae o6pazosanumiicn 8 peayabtate npo6os nposogsuuit Kaan oOaagacr Kouewubiae HauaaLunim paniycom do 1 HawaubuLim conpotHbaciiem Ro, silaueiit KOTOpEX 1e06- XOMMMO YuNTEIBATD Nw alanH3se nepexonuoro npouecca % paspaauoll yen. Cymectsemoe Bavaune na nennunny stRx naxanpREtx HapaMerpos npi npoGoe BbICOKOBOADTHIIM HMnyaBcoM OkaIHIvAIOT NPOBOAUMOCTE BOLI H NPHAOXKeHHO’ HaMpsKC- uae, Tpn mmuinponanun paapsza napuvom npovosowxit havasbubiit pagnyc 4 conpoTHBuelie mposonmuero Kaana onpenenmoren Aiiamerpom 1 Marepnasom munuMpyiouLero APOLOANIIKA, TAK KAK OI BaKsOT Ma CocTaB H KOAHNECTBO: Mpoaykron Bappica. Vis npusencuumx » naparpade 2 ra. 1 pasauntix an- APOKCHMUPYIOUNX BIparenHit ga” wemMelHoro conpo- THBICHRA HONLITKA ysecTh uavanbHBIe ycnoHA passHTHs Paspana cileaana ToMKo B dopmysax (1.9) H (1.10). Kpo- Me Toro, 13 npHsesenibx PkIparKemitit caeayer, yo pop- aL syau (1.8), (1.9), moayuenime 0 peayaetate anspoKeima- lim SkCnepiMeHTaNbUMX gaBHeHMOCTell AAA u3MeneHHA ‘onporiinacina oT Bpemelin, sid peannsautin Bpemenit lepexomiloro Npouecca TpeSyior AoNosuNTeMBIOTO Onpene- Lenn NOCTORUUE KAK DyNKUR Napamerpow paspagnolt vent ssh TOKA paspana. Dopwysst (1.4)—(8), (1-10) aioT Geckotieatio GoMbUIe sHATeHNe AIX conpoTHBACINT > Moment £=0; a BbIparenne (1.4), Kpome Toro, — B y3nax roxonoit KpuBoit, He oGiaaaoulan aTuMM nenocraTkaMH opmyna (I.11) He Moxer GbiTh ucnombsobana Ana peuieiua nepexomoro mpouecca, TAK Kak moay'ewa M3 YOMOBHn HeNaMeNHeCTH BO BPeMeHR MposomNMocTH nnas- Mbl NOLBOLHOK HCKPH, ¥TO Ne HOLTeepxjaeTcn akcnepH- MelToM. Urobu yuecth orauune or KYA HavanbHcro paauyca Kanana paspana B 3aKoWle ApIXKeHMs! CTeHKM Kanara MPH nocTommuoit cKOpOCTH pacuinpeHita do—=const, csteayer no- AOKMT a(t) arta, Gn.) rye dy — navasbustli paguyc Kanana, onpenennemntii ycuO- punun copmuponanna npobos, opmoli saeKTpommoit cHc- Tema W MPOBOAMMOCTINO IKHAKOCTA B MeXKSMEKTPORHOM npomexyTKe Banaic sueprun B Kavlane ANA paspAmon c xapaxtep- pum. Bpemeuem 1<30,..40 mc (Kora MOIKHO mpeHe- Gpery norepaMu Ha TenAOMpOBOAHOCTL, a HCKPoBaN XapaK- repucruka MoxeT OLITE MpuusxTa nocrommmo;) sannutercn c yueTow (1.24) 6 axe 1 dVa { eof] (12) R RVa OGvem unaNHAPHUEcKOTO HaaaMerOrO NOpUNIs (g= ml (dot aot)®. UL3) B oto cayyae noauiirerpanbHoe BLIpaxenue v mpasoli uuactn ypaniteitus, Gasiatica suepriit MOO ganHcath TAK: dV, 2avdt Va (arbaat)” (4) a ypasnenne (11.2) npinimaer sia (115) Bneaem o6o3nauenna aobaot; doa: & ai dl oR apa, Re Re) dt 2a B vovsix oGosuavernax ypasuenme (11.5) sanamem cuieayioutin o6pasom: 22 eqn ACs O6osHamie nocrosunpe 4(~p—1) =a" : Pao ~ =6*, noayane ‘ & Bra Be =0 (116) Cootnercrayiouee (11.6) omuopoanoe ypasnenne a& a — +a =0 seer pemenne Tuna § £ Bact, (IL7) oropoe apt uoncrauoake » neoanopoavoe ypastenne Ager =e(t)o@. Tocae’ anddepenusponanua 4 pana necnoxnbix mpeos- pasovannit naiiaem dynkuno o(t) = Btfeer dg + Ci. CoorperctBeio B() =Pto mw firtedh+ Cb. Hogerapup nsenenume oGosnayenun, monyunns 1 as gt = Bra . J Plechaan® dt (ao+ast) (a0-bat)* 43. (Cy onpenensercs 43 wasambHBIX ycnoBHi, rae p MoMeHT [=0 paauye Kanata dy paneH atbpextupuomy pagwycy an- nepa, AocTHrurero MpotHpoNOAOxXHOro a.ieKtpoma). Heos- KOMUMOCTH BoEAeHHK spdhexTHBHOrO pagtyca oGycAoBAeHA Tem, TO wJikep MPH Mpopactanun K NpoTHBOMOAOxKHOMY SNeKTPOLY UMeeT HeoMMMaKORWIE No AVHAe ceveHts; NaN Gonpuiee y Konua saextpona Cy C yverom uaiinenmux nocros oli mogcrarionxit nomyans (F WAX MOCMe OKOKMATELT- (11.8) Ecan npinst, sro abtbexrupnoiit noxasatenb anua6a th y=1,25, TO buparxente Ana conpoTaBnenuA mpuMer 6onee npocroli pita: DA ae dot (4) =o er (119) femsinas (2) SkcnepumenransHoe wccneRopailte mpocrparteTBeHHo Bpemeniuix XapaKTepHCTHK bUICOKOvOABTHEX paapamon MOKaSbIBaer, YTO MPH gocTaTouio GOAbUOM ANNE KaHana (nopanka 10-'m) 0 mpouecce piineaenin aiepril cKopoctD pacinupenun Kaiana npakTHMMeckn ie Nameusercs no Beet Asune paspaauoro mpomemyrKa. B atom cayuae ANA Bpe- Neulidro uameneua pagtyca Mogvonnolt wcKp a(t) npa- nomepHo ucnoabzozaTp Bhipawenme (IL.1). Ecan ganna Kallata WenesiiKa, TO BOIMORKO OTKAOHENHE OT ANHEHHOFO pactiupenun, # 3aKoH pacuiupenis 8 NpHGADXeHNOM BILE MOeT 6uITh 9allHCat CAEAYIOUKM O6PAI0M a(t) =ao-+ at, FAC Gof — eKOTOpas MOCTOAHHaS, 2 @ B 3aBHCHMOCTA OT pekima paspsina MOXeT MPHHNMaTb oHadenHA SonbuFE HAH MeHbWe eaMENuRs!, Torma, nposoas nocuenopateryHO pe- meuHe ypapilevia Gasatica sileprun, Kax 3T0 GbuTO caenaHO 5 ilacromuem Maparpaibe, momo mpulitn x caenyioulesy suipaxxeiiio sna conpoTHasenna ( Ry A ata ) 2 1 . As, 7 ty? feteotucr jae (ae ) 3acch no-npexnemy npeanonaraetes, ato p= 1,25. Hauanpioe sHavenwe conporupaenns Ro BxoAMMee B MpHBeReHHDIe BbIpaxKehun, MOI ONDEACTHTh U3 cueAyI- UX coobparxKeunii: Mmpo6ol paapsaHoro npomexyTKa son BosaciicreHeM DNCOKOFO HaNpsxKeHHA coMposoxaaeTcA oGpasovaunem cHcTeM’l AUAepos, KOTOpEIe, pasBIBascb, 3amukalor MpoTaBonoAOKuBe sneKTposbi, TIpouece cogia. HHA TOKOMPOROARMErO Kawase CyllecTBCHO SADNcHT OT BREUINAX YCHOBHIt, Nn YACTHOCTH OT smeKTPOMPOBOANOCTH BOLE Gy B npaxtuxe npombnennoro Hcnonpsosaima mexann- uecxore geiicrana TIMP snexrpomponognocth opuno coc- rasanet 0,01—0,1 Om-t-wcl, npuvem ¢ ee yoemuennem PacryT pasBerBLeHNOCT KOPOHE H Os QHeprHH, pacxo- Ayemoit ua npeanpoGusnok craguu. Sueprus, puideanemas B Kanaaax AMgepon, TAKE ynemMuABAeTCH, O YeM MOrYT COMACTEMLCTBOBATH gteprerHieckKe XapakTepucTHKH PHA. poakycruueckux aipexton, componorjaiownx paspAabl, IC3ABEPWEHHbIe NPOGOEM LOAHOTO NPoMexyTKa c BUcoKOK npoworumoctbio [78]. Tlorepit aueprax Ha npegnpo6uenof craaun, o6yeaon- ACHILLE HOMO! NPOBOAUMOCTHIO, MPoKexoAAT B 3HayHTeNb- TOM OGBEMC AUAKOCTA, OKPYXatoMeh merxks1eKTPOAMET npomexytox. Ho yenopus, oGecnemmpaiouue nonnasiKio TMKEALX YACTH, BOSINKAIOT AULD B He6osWOH YacTH o6tema — B MecTax KONMeHTPalHM MOMs, B TOM YHCTe y TOHORKM KaxKKOTO AARepa. B sTOH oGsacTH KpHBan 3aBH- CHMOCTH MOMAZauIH OT OCTATOUEOrO NPOGera AMCeT TOT 2Ke bu, WTO H KpuBas noTepp sHepran [13] Vcxoas #3 Kavectseuoit KapTunLt pasBATHA cHcTeMbI auinepos [79], Mor%il0 npeanonoxkHits, wTO 372 3aBHcHMOCTD (1.10) 45, Coxpalimerca qua nOTeps aHeprun Bo BCeM OBteme. Xora Takoe ROMyINeHHe BecbMA FpyGoe, Bce IKE OHO joCTaTOUNOe AAA LANBUCHMNX OUeKOMHBIX pacueToD. Hurexcnuxoe cpevenue, umeiouce auuciuareii cnekrp Wa dove canoutora w cHULereRbcTBYIOUIee 0 LOBONLIO BHI coKoH Temmepatype sHMepHolt KOpOHBI, pact ocHOBaHHe Nowaratb, uTO BAYTPeHitAA sHeprun B NepHon sopmirpoBa- HHA Kailana, Kak HB NepHom ero uUTeHCHBHOTO pasBuTHA, 1B OCHOBHOM COCTOHT H3 SHeprH muCcoMMaUHH, HORNA M KHHeTHNeCKOH SHeprHH ZOHMCHUR YacTuU. Torna compo- THBNeHHE AHLEpHOH CHCTeMBI B MOMeHT KacaHHA MpOTHBO- Noaoxiore aaekTpona (f=0) MoxeT 6oiTs sanucalo aua- sormuno (1.24) AR Rom . Wa rae Wa ~ BHYTpeHAa sHeprun cHcTeMB nugepos, cocran- asiouiaa £-10 Roni ot sHeprun noTep» Wx, oSyestoBacuiol Angepioll KOponiol onpexeanemoit sunupiueckim Epa 2KeTTHIEN Wa=Raaosal. (1.11) Bnech ka=108 Bt-c/a2; sx, — nexoropan sddextunnas m0- BePXUOCTb JMHAepoR, coctannAioMan AA yKasaniorO BML aianasola KAMeHeHUA Gy 3AeKTPOROD THHA crep»Keit>— nuockocts 11 cw, Coorsercraenio conpotiesenue augepuoi cuctemb 6 MoMeNT KacaH o”kAM 13 qHZepoR npoTHBosneKTpOMA (Wavanbnoe conpoTHBTeMne KaHana paspama) Mover GaiTD 3anncaio B BHae A Ro= (1113) Sa Bespasmeputiit xoapuunent Ar onpeteasaca no axenepli- MEHTANDHLIM BHAMENKA CONPOTHBAEHIA B MOMENT H oKasasicn paBAbim 0,04. JAA MRMUNPYeMLIX TONKAM NposoAHHKOM paspaaon aiiaenne Ro Moxkiio ouentiTs (¢ morpeMHocTbI0 20-30%) © MOMOMSIO chopmyaet recs (1.13) c 46 Tloayyentne ppipaxeuns an conpotuamciua Kanana HomBo;lioit HCKPHL C YHCTOM BXOAAULAX DHX TOCTORHNBIX oTIHOAR ie APOlite NPHBeAeHEX B TAGs. 1. Tem ue mexee 2TH BLIparKeHUA MOSBOAMOT yYeCTb NPM avanuse nepexoa- Horo npouecca 8 paspannolk wen OcHOBHEE napaMeTpbl, BANRIOUINE Ha NOMENENNA smeKTPHNECKUX KapaKtepHCTHK BbicoKOBONBTHOTO paspasa B Bose. OcHOBNKIMH aBimOTeR mapamerps, Xapakrepaayloune Ycuosita ¢opmuponanHs npowogsuero Katana (Roo) THAPOLHHAMIKY OKPy»Alo- melt cpentt (do, a) 2. Monodue aacxrpuseckix xapaxtepuernk (HP B pa6orax H. 3. Oxyna [85] pu paccmorpenni umny.nsc- MOTO Paspana DB BOM BREpEde C HeMOMbIABAHHEM MeTOLOB PasMepHOCTH 1 NOLOGUA Hu NpHBMeYeHHeM HeKOTOPHX ZO- HOAMHTeADHEX cooSparkenuit HOAYYeHLI KpHTepuN TloLOGHSK, nosnoamioule MomeAHpowaTL uMMyaBcHuIL paps v OLUOM n Tol xe xAKOCTH. Tlocneayioulee WanOKeHte ocHODAHO Ha HecKOsbKO IMlOM NOAXOLe, KOTOPEI B KOHeUHOM HTOre ApHBonHT x pesynbratam, altamorHanbim pesymDTaTaM H. 3. Oxyus. B vactiocts, wenompayercn noaysennan ceash MexKAy CONPOTHBAeHHEM H BUYTPeMTel sHeprHel Ka- nama paspana Tl antcauua npouecca pacunpemin 1 pasBuTua Ka uaa paspana wenecooOpasio mMeTs aaMKHyTyI cHCTeMy ypantiennii, xoTopole onucuioann Get npoueccsr, porcxo- Tule B PAspRAOM KOUTYPE HB HCKPOHOM KANAAe, a TAK- dke yCTaNanANBaaH camsb MeKAY sCKTPMYCCKUMH H THR pomiiwamineckumi xapakrepHeTHKamH iCCAeMYeMDIX HB nent B xauectse ogioro u3 ocHopubix ypapHenuii Moxer 6uirb B3ATO ypasnenne Ganatica manpsKeHHi 8 _pAaspRaOM KostType ia di — fi +L —+iR=Us, (ILM) c dt + Bnech 6 neste nonpasyMenaeTen, WTO noTepel suteprHit wa chop: mnposaiite Kaiana ckosiiol TponomEMOCTH MOXIO nperleSpery H wa NpsKeHHe Ha KOHAeHcaTOpHO! GaTapee Kk wOMeHTY NpoGoR cooTner cTmyeT tavaauitomy NanpsxKeltio Sapna KongeHcaropHoh Gatapen. 47 2 Kavectoe Apyroro — ypaawenne sHepreruueckoro Gasan- <2 b kanaae paspana, Kovopoe w mpennononeniin matory Moreh Ha HaayueHHe H TennoMpOBOAMOCTE MoXeT Outs Satiicano 8 bitge (1.2), De npawas vacte ypannenns nper. TaBAINET SNeKTPALECKYIO MOULHOCTS, paspitBaeMyio’ aa Mexpocom mpomeryr%e. Tak, UMeeTCR CucTeMa ABYX ypaBneHNii, con werbipe HeHspectumix: i(f), R (2), ati, Pa(t). Tips asses HOM sakoue pacumpenun Kavana paspaga [a—a(t)], ann Toro s706s CHcTema ypanxennii Ota aamxtyroi ueoore, AuMo nasiue eme OlUOi cEnaH MexaY yRaaaniatN xa. PaxrepnetuKamu Kanata, TIpocteliuiel ceauio TaKoro posta MOKET CAYKHUTE coOTHOWeHHE (11.15) Tpives a8 onpegesenn yrenio’ nposoaumocra mas: MBI KaHaa noTpe6yetcn NGO elle oaHO ypannenne, AH6O hpennosoxexxe o ievamennocra ¢ [92], uo ne npenerad. aseTen BosMOMHBIM BCMeRCTBHe pacKOMNeHHs C SKenepH. MeHtaMbuBIM qastiMH, Tax Kak cong Meany conpotiezennem, onyrpertich aueprueii 1 neausnnofi paspaaxoro npomexyrka Bupa%ae €rca cootHowennem (1.24), rperse ypasnenne, sammaxar. mee cHeremy (1.2), (11.14), npn nawectow saKone pace uupenua Katana paspaaa moxer Obits ganicano p Bune Arq) PoVe (11.16) B stom caywae mpouece pacunpeimin Kanara np moa: BORIOM HCKPODOM paspane xapaKtepuayerca nocromNLiAH Uy CL, lA, y. MocKonuxy paamepnsix nocrosuuuix narh 4 OcHOBHLIX eHHMU H8MEpeHtiAa YeTBIpe, coTaacHo x-TeOpeMe PasMepHocTH Hf NogOGHE, 19 STHX noCTOMMHLIX MoOXHO O6pasonars onuy Gespasmepryi Kombunauinio [106]: AP wyic 0 (a7) Taxi o6pasom, wuoreo6pasne Kpunsix roKa, conpo- THBNCHH K LaBAeHYR B KAtane, ganHeRAX oF Mersipex 48 napamerpos (Ue, C, L, 1), ynaeren cnectu x cemelicrsam KPHDLIX, SABUCSIMUX ILD OT OANOl GeapasmepHol KoM- Ovvaunn Ay: ag) (1.19) (11.20) Bnece Us/YLIC, YLIC w CU3/P — macwra6st ToKa, co npornpaenis % Rapnena cooteercrBenHo; x=t/nVLC — Gespaameprioe opems, ann yaoGcrBa onpenennemoe B Te- ucie noaynepioaa coGersennsx Konebamnit paspaanoro xoutypa; 1, R, p — Gespasmepnue dyiunn ToKa, compo- Tweaeunn WH Lupsenus. M3 peiparxenmi (I1.18)—(11.20) DHALMO, UTO MIA MORBOAKX UIcKPoBbIx paspagoB pH IT idem Gespasmepune dynKunH ToKA, conpoTHBneHua i AabsclMAa MaaMeHHoTO Kallada CooTECTeTBeNNO papmb B CXOACTBEIMLIe MOMCHTbI Bpemenn, T. c. BeauyHHa JT, sBAA- eres KpHTepHem nogoOHA aneKTpHMeCKHX HW THAPOLMHAMH- UeCKEX XApAKTEPUCTHK KaNana MPH NOkeomvOM KCKPOBOM paapane. ; H, 3. Oxyuem [83] Guin nonyyen xparepuit nonoGus aneKrpHuecksix xapanTepnernk B Buje e 1)——_— wyie . (ia) BKniowaIOMUNl B GespasMeptiol samHicK ReAAMHILY dp. HO Sy xapakrepugyercn TOMbKO KaYECTBEIIIIO; MeTORM ee onpene- Hewat HAH OneKH He MpuvogsTes. Toayuennan re RAH uoli paGere cua conporaaacnin maasmemioro Katana € efo THAPOAMMaMsIuCCKMM TApAMeTpaMH HosBonReT He TOMLKO KAYECTREIINO, HO M KOMHUCCTRENIO OMeUKeat aNa- uetBe MONOAUUTeMUO; PasMepnoit MocToAMMosi, 1We06Xo- AMMoe Juin NpHBCAeHTIT pasMeproro KOMMeKCA I> K Ges- pazmepHomy tuay. Tpn stow pemunua A xapaxrepnsyeres CODOKYNHOETHIO Rapawerpos, OMpexeamouUix cocTOsHHe Raaawtt nonponwiol ucKpul, Suanwe KpwtepHr Th RaeT BOs- MOKUOCTS KAACCHPKUPOUATE Pa3spsiAM PH ONWHaKoBO’ 45-1059 49 HavaneHoH ManpsmKeRNOCTH 1a paspaANOM APOMeEKYTKE Eo~=Usfl no anntensnoern Honynepiona ToKa s{LC » Ko- POTKOSAMKHYTOM KORTYpe. TlosToMy Kpurepinit noOGNA ITy, eUle MOXIIO BanucEIBATH B HIAC a Eenyle Concerapaenie nan no mponerenmun ve WIM QhekTpHYECKHEX —M_ sHepreTiMecKNX XapaxrepicTitN xauana TIMP [/l_= (0,25--0,76) 10-2] nowasaao, to pH yeemmcuint My AMATeABHOCTh Repmoro noayncpiosa TOA # ROKPeMENTT aaTyxalina TOKA yoenNuHBaIOTes, waxcuMadt- HBIS sNaveUNA TOKA Nagawor, a MaKCHMastNaR KpyTHsita Wapactaliva ToKa H MaKCHMyM MomUtocT cawursiorer cropouy GoapiuHx BpeMert; HoAnasetca xapaxrepinait wepe- THO BosbT-awnepHol xapaKtepneritcn. Vareunuscnue My, MPUBORUT k peoKOMY CHYKEHMNO NaeHA HaMpwMKeUNT Ha sTCKTPONAX NOAROAHO! Keepb, HocKoaBKy annantyza TOKA B sTOM CslyYae pacreT, conpornasene Kawaca paspana ROMKNO sauUNTeALNO YMEEBUINTECH, TO K HOTBEPrERAeTER aKcnepumentraasito. Bupaaccune aan Kpurepun M7, noayyeno Ges yuera pata busevecxnx ocoGeHocrel npotexanins paspana. Tax, Ges AONOAHHTeNbUOrO NoscHenusT cuHTanoch, YTO Navany paswuriin iurencuBHOH cTaaHH paspaga cooTpeTcTByIOT nymenble Hadangntie yenonna (ao—0; 1/Ro=0) B aasucimocra oF Meroga mumuinponasma paspsiqa SHEKTPOMPOBOANOCTH cpexM, KOTOPO dopmupyeren Ka- Han, Yavanbeeii pannyc, a coornerctpennio u Ro MOTyT HSMCHSTbCH RB IKPOKHX Mpemerax. Fostomy p Aasbneiuen Aan noaywenus yeaonnit, nosnonsioumNX Mose-Iponath PaapAA, HcHOmBsoBAANCH MeTOR MpUBCACIA K Gespasmep- HOmMy biuly ypabHeuna Gananca nanpsxenm (11.14) ¢ no- MOMLLIO MOAyYeNNo; coNsM COMpoTUBAeHIA ¢ TOKOM pas- pana (11.8), re wopmuposanue ocyusecrnascres Bb coor nerernii i L t j= = Us c nyle To-nperuemy pas ynoGcrsa pacemorpemis uponecca Sespasmeplioc BpeMs nHOANTeR oTHOCHTEADIIO ROAyNepItoAa paspana B perxkHMe KOPOTKOTO samuiKains. C yHeTOM Bui- 50 = (1.22) senoBa- pamenns (11.8) ypanneuie (L14) 2 Gespasmepnom sine Jamicainaerest 9% +n J elo B stom cayvac muorooGpasue Kpunbix roxa i(Z), sanw- camux ot napamerpon C, Le, L, f, ds, Ro W do, yaaetes ences x ceMericrnas KpHUUIX, 3aBHCAMLUX BCerO OF Tpex Geapasmepuix xo sGunauiii (1.23) Ag aut YEE In 1 : Ut yLC ao B sanvensoern or peak sua KoucOaTenbuLIx pasps- Aon vemmunta [, WoMenacTes o uUpoKHx Mpenenax (10-+ 10-4), 3uaucune, panuoe nym, seamunna [T, npunimaer Upit Nyacuorl MIME paspsrLuOrG npoMexkyTKa, YTO cooT- Berernyer pexkusy KOpoTKorO sambiKauua. Jan npenest- Horo caynas anepiomicexoro paspana, KOTAA MpaKTHVECKN nes Suepens BUUReAKETeH B TEENIE nepuoro nonynepHORA toa paspana, 10,1 ; Bouee yaobunim juin nowMamia sipanctes xpwrepstit HoNoGHA dACKTPHUCCKHX NapaKTepHeTHK paspana n, oMpe- AeaReMbii Ronct steprint, BLIAEANDINGiics R teHCHe nep- Boro Honynephions. Snaenuc y, coraacho onpeaeneniio, MOIKCT HIMCHATHCH OT HYTA RO CaMMUDL. 3anapan 7 LAC Kperiiiat pom 0,1; 0,3;...3 1, nonywaem Mapamerpitue- cuit pan auanenuit Kpurepas Fy aia vcacioro peurennst ypapnemms (11.23), tockomby werxay uM cyulecTayer Oniosnanian conse, NpeacTasmcnias # paGore [83] rpa- qpimeck. UpnGaraxeunaa atasntnucekan sanucumocTb mexkay 7 1 7, MoxKeT Gbrth aantcana Bonne ya slTy. (11.25) Tips paspane, cchopmuspovannom napamerpamn Uo=5- 10° B; C=3-10-§; L=2-10-°T, ane mexanextpoanoro paccron- mist [=4-10-% , ckopoeth pacumpenna Katlasa ao= 102 m/e, nponsvenenviec aanYLC~4- 10-8 m. Tepexoa x oe ey Melee HnTencuBHEIM paspanam (Up=1,4-10°B; C= 10-4: L=10T a ¢=6-10-?m) gaer cxopocts pacmupenun Ka, nana aonYLC=1,4-10-9M. Stavenna steexrupunx nayate- WoIx PaaHycon Kanlana AN Kax;oro 43 ApHBeReitHLIX pe- KHMOB paapada, sHadHTeMbHO oTTUMMAIOUIKXCA NO aatreERD- HoctH, cocrapana 0,1-10-? mu 0,3-10-° wm. Tanna o6pasom, HaMenenHe JJn » npenenax 40...60 gua anaunt- TeAbHO oTAMYaIOMMNXCR mo Mapamerpam paspargs acer OcHoBanHe npHHUMaTS ero B _NepuoM mpECauxenAN nocTo- aunbiM Ht papnoim 0.510% Tpz usmerenuu x or 0 20 1 BKHaLOM Mepporo caaremoro B cKOGKax ¢bopmyaut (11.23) MOXHO NpeueEpexs; npH savers x—0,2 cuctema «aa6ui- Baers 0 NaveabHom paanyce Kanana paapaja. Hayanpnoe conporanaeune Katana Ro, onpeseantouce tpeTuii KpuTepuii Mz, meusercn B Gonee wupoxux npene- Wax, Tak KaK gaDHCHT Me TOLKO OT ceueHHA AHsepa B MOMeHT eTo KaCaKuA NpOTHBONONOXIOTO suleKTPORa H pac- CTORIN MexAY sueKTPORAMH, 110 HM OY yenoBHi npoBos. Onpeneneime cro snavenus n 3anicumocri or nepeuienen- NbIX NapaMerpos suameTes caMocToTeauioil sKcnepHMell- Tanbuolt sagaveli, Tan wnexennoro pemcnsin nepexoauoro upouecca MOxHO SoctomDsoRaTECA TPUGOKeIIO! aM Pieckois conanio (11.12) ana cayyaa npobos noast c scK- TPOMPOBOAKOCTHIO os, Aaa paspagos, imuuunpyemuax TomKAM papuinaensin NponogwnKom, sHauerue Ry MorxNO oueUHT. (¢ norpeunto- érmi0 20-30%), wenonvaya oitpaxenne (11.13). Hexoas ug store Blipaxenua n yuuTuinan const (IT.25), anayenne Th, MOKEM ONPeAEHUTS aA WUIMUULIPYeMBX Paspsgou KaK Mp =0,5- 108 74". Ecau mposoamunit Kanan dopmupyercn » peayawrare APOGOR MEIKIACKTPORKOTG POMerKYTKA nucoKM nanpst- 2KEHHEM, HEOGXOANMO HMCTH Railiible MO Mpegeay Hamencmin oTuowenua MT//n B seiparkennnt (11.23). Ecaw yueers, uro DUeKTPONPOBOLNOCTE KUAKOCTH NMCET HeKOTOPSe Mpemeab- Hoe snauexue (2—3)+10-? Ow-t-m-!, npn xoropom einKe- HEM HanpaKenMA sapata KousencaToprol Oatapen Uy 3a cHeT mpeanpoGolulsx norepy suepril Moxuo apenc- Gpexb, to ¢ yuerom nuiparccumit (11.24) 1 My yLic —=l0° 2 My Wo tae Wo — sueprus aapsina Kounencaropno’ Garapent ‘52 (11.26) B yerpolicruax cpeanelt sueproemxoetn (1—40) «fbx Jui cOxpauiellin MaKCHMasbuoli Hoperosoit nanpaxenHo- ci, oGecneunmaioutel yeacsra oOpasopannst xm pocra JUMP! CUCTeMM) # M@KSLeKTPOLMOM MpoMexyTKE cTep- 2KEMb—osOCKOCT AMMO Nopapxa 10-2 M, HeOOXOANMO, xroUm WanpaKeHne 3apaima KOrgeHcaTopHOit Oatapen GuIAo ue muxe 40 xB [79]. Toraa aan cpeanux miayxtusnocrelt ii, paapsmnoit yen (3—4)-10-*T Kosdguunent 5- paxenun (11.26) npauumaer suavenus 10~—10-%, B ycao- BUAX TenOBOTO MPO6OA MPH HASKHX HaNpmKeHHHX sapALa KONCHCaTOPHO GatapeH STO OTHOMeHMe MOET HaMeHATH- ca B Gomee WMpoKAx npemeaax. Tlepeuncacuumie xparepHw nogoOus waitment wa youo- Bus, TO AkTUBNOe CONpOTHBACKHe anemeNTOR paspAAHol Neith, KYAa OXOMUT TAKKe CONPOTHBAEHUE, SKBUBATEHTHOE AnaneKTpHUccKiIM MOTepiM B KoIMeHcaTopHoll Garapee, SUAYKTEALHO NEMDIE KaK CONPOTHBNCHHA KaHana, TAK H XapakrepHcTHecKoro (BOANOBOTO) CONPOTHBMeHIA KOKTYPA. DKCNepIMCHTAdIbULIe aAlNbIe OTHOCHTeADHO BpemeHKOTO HSMeLCUNS COMPOTUBNEHHA, a TAKKE OUeHKA sHepreri UCCKHX XAPAKTEPHCTHK NOKASEIBAIOT, YTO TaKGe NpEMONO- akeHHe Bnoge chpasegnuzo ana n>O,3. px y4<0,3 note- ph Sucprua wb ent 4 Kanawe paspaga craxosaTca cpapiinunit. Yer noreps sueprun ua akrpiom compo- Tuuweni paspaguol uent Ry norpebovan Ge sReaenns eme o_NOrO KPHTepna nogobust ye Ru L Oxnako ananus ueneli, y KoTOpHX anavenne xapaxre- piletiueckoro conporuBnena YL/C wsMmenanock 8 xoBoAb- HO wHpoKNX npenenax (or 0,3 xo 30 Om), nOKaszax, YTO snavenne J], 3 310M cayYae HoMeHATOCe wesLAaATeABHO (0,08—0,1) peanoaaran nocrosunbinw My Hq it eKNOWAR HX 43. PaceMOTpPClAN Np alannge NepexoLULX npoueccos, MOKNO TOROpITh AHL O TPAGAMKEHIIOM NOKOOHH 91eK- rpkuccknx xapaxrepuerak pa IIMP. Kpome toro, nozo6ue ABACHILA NMeeT BROMLE ONpeAestentoe orpanHueHHe, Tak Kak OHO Apenonaract HeHaMeUHOcTs HeKpoBOH XapaKre- pucritiis BBL 1, ee 3. TMepexoguuiii npouece © yuerom H3MeHeHHMA conpoTnanenns, Catt ia wosMoxsittix nyreti peiuemin nepexonnoro npo- Uscca mpl sweKtpHHecKoM Paspaxe spaneten ulnpoKen. Mupopaiii@ KpuwOi conporuBseHH paspagioro Kanana HeKoropoll sanucmmel oT Bpemens pynxuuell.. Hucuto Pie, 12. Xapaxrepusie usmeve: Nua conpottiszetin wanaaa pag. Pana ua ysaerke meproro ‘ito- aiynepsiona tora (Ug-24.4- 10" 1. 22-10-8b; Ll 8610-81 ,02 a). 540 60 Thome i raKoli MOAXOA Obi MCHONBSOAM _B paGorax no Heeacnona- luo wepexoanoro mpouecca [35, 99}, B ofoux cayranx Kpuoaa conpoTHEAEHIA annpoKcHMUpoBaacl, rinepsonoit, HO B padore [35] yuren sauaavuusii Goce pesnn onan onpotanzehs, KOrOpuNlt HpeACrassteH amueiiuot Pyuncuuesi (pic. 12). Tockoauxy peieuna n runepGoctityeckoi waren cPHBO!l coMporiBsCHNA B yKasanNDX paGorax piu WAAL ue OTsHIaIOTeS, PaceMoTpIa pemerie nepexa. oro Mpouccca, cneays paGore [99], 3 xoTopoi umeeren accMoTpeNNe AAs suHeliNGi oGnacri Kpupan conpotunenna annpoxeumnpyeres exexyiomns »6paaom: RAR, flo, R= (1.27) a [Sty 7 iRecb Ro Ro’ — moctonuupie, api onpencacii KoTOpErx loryT ObiTh HenombSGRAAM MeTomM TeopHH NOROGUA, Ly ocTomitast, uMeroulan pasmepuocts wiyKrHOHOcTH. Cont an sapucumocth Ro, Ro’, Lo ot napamerpoo paapaauoli emt L, C, Us | uasecruoii, paccmorpuat ypagienne Gamat. a Hanpaxennii B paspsgiiow Koutype Aan ADyX wiITepRa~ oD Bpewcnn (0, to) 1 (fy, 00), Han unrepsana (0, fo) nocac nogeranonxn (11.27) 3 Papuenie Paapaauoro xKoUTypa M suUdpepenunponasna O € nO;y4TiM: 1 Cad Rot 0 di + ( Ee ee c Ki) i=0. (11.28) Mepeiiga x ypannenoe » Gespasmepuol dopme c ii0- MOLUDIO NoweTAIOBOK Ra, (1128) HosysM LE Hopes Rpemenuus I (Ro RX IRA) =. (11.30) Peuiete ypanienns (11.30) naxomin » oxte crenen- novo psina . 1aj= Vy antorn (11.31) im € MOMOULDO MeTONA IONpEAEIeMIEN KoIepaeNTOB, Tloa- cranne ypannenue (131) a (130), nonysire DV teacnepley (nh 1) BHA (BERR ae (mb) + hao Re and*4)} =0. (11.32) Tpnpanuse Kosdduuncure upu coornercrnyioux cre: neue ¥ b nenoil ir upavol actu ypaunens (11-32), n0- yun gent * aqn(n—3) =0, 1 aoRant-pay (fl) = = — 2 m agg ne. (1 Ry’) ha, Ro uit Nb oe 0: (u-E1) (242) =0, oom OR 1); iam Yo (11.33) il rte c= 1; = —Roj e, Tp 6uerpux paspsigax o6simHo atinoannerer nepancn- crB0 foKx, 43 KoTOporo eneayer x<1, B stom cayuae pan (11.33) moxuo oGopoaTe H aanucats mpu6anKennoe Dewesne ~ Rew 12h Ue) ( Me ). me sO (11.34) Tloctomuman ay neko onpenennercs no nayanbtioi xpy- TuaHe TOKa ao 1"(0). (11.36) Has wivepsana (to, 0c) ypanienne pasprguoro woutypa 8 GeapasmepHoii dopme mpitiumaer Bua 1+ Lott’ + (@—Ly)1=0, (11.36) TL: Ypanuenne (11.36) ornocuren « ancay rex, peweiie KOTOpsxX Mpercrabum B wusHNApHUeCKHX sxavennit Gombute 1, Tak KaK b arom cayyse 6<0, 8 peayabrate vero pellicnte ypapicimn ue naeT mpapuannoh acnuntotukn npx ¥-+0. Kpome toro, v0, Tak Kak TpIt y=0 Eo=—l, ro ue umeor cmuena. Mogromy v= 1, 3ST aKTEpHCTHK paspsiAnoro KOHTypa. Hexoctarkom MeToma IAAPONCHMALLIT —ABANETCR IOXOANMOCT onpeseaLNET lOCTOMNMEIX, CPeAH KOTOPHX nanGo.1ce Heonpenencmitoli KASIBACTEH fo, MOCKOUKY pasqeremte Xona KpUBOli Co- IporiiuAeHAs a aMMelityio H runep6ostuecKyIo oAacTH IBARETeA BecbMa ycoBULIM. Kpome Toro, Mpeorcrmit acueT We OCHONIBAETCA HH Ha KAKHS (pusHNEcKNX Npen- lOCHAKAX H MOACT GT PeKONCHAOBIN TONBKO LAA HNIKe- iepHoit npaxruici Tlepexoanuit npouece » paspanwoli uemt, onpeneamo- itl 3aKon HOMeNEHHs BCeX SncKTpMIeCKHX NapaKTepucTiK 30 BpeMeNn ax Pasar auanDUBIX peryanpyeMbIx lapaneTpouw, MOXKeT ObITh uaiizen pu HicnosLzonanun IPHB.MKeHIOYO NoACGUA. DyliKLAONAADIILIE CDAsH MeDKAY HHCHeMIAMI giAietuAMH onCKTPHMECKIX XapakrepHCTHK MOIKHO HaXOAUT © NOMOLIIO KAK YHCneuMoro peleuns ypannenia (11.23), Tak M aKcnepmmentanrbx necrenoBa- aii, Jax store LOcraToNO Bech AWANagoN HaHGosee xa- DAKTEPILIX yCAOUHI, OnpCHeAACMUX syareIMen JT, paa- 5ITb Wa MOCTATOYEOE IKCHO MIITEpBaton, oNpestearseMbIX IPAKTIMECKO! BANNMOCTHIO, a BaTeM JIN KaxKROrO KoU- ‘periioro auaueunm xpitepiia J, nalitn sKcnepumeuradn- AiO KPUByIO HAMeNeHHA BO BpeMeNH wuTepecyioutcli mac seKTpHUECKOlL XapaKrepHCTAKH (KpOH ToKA paspana, LANPAAKCUHA A PaapAAOM upoMexyTKe, conpoTHBJEMUS kaasa WT. ). YaoGuee peero wecb aHanagou saTem npeacrananty 6 nue cepunt (cemeiicrea) Geapaamepnux KPUDLIX, nerKo IPHBOLAMLIX KK PAIMEPILIM C NOMOULbIO MacUITaGNDIX Koap- pnuncitos. © eetiomenonornveckoli Town apennsa uapyuienne nens- MeHOCTH eKpOBOl xApAKTePUCTHKH pH Tepexone oT GbicTpHIX paspsnov (t)<30+40 mnc) K MpoNOMRUTEABIIEIM (130-240 me) mesmaeT nenoamorKmtEIM NCROADSONANTE (7, 8 KaNecTRE KpUTEpPHT NoRObAA aucKTPHYCCKHX sHep- reTnNCCKUX. XapakrepHeTINK PasGunan veo o6aacrh NaMelteuis BteWwIMX peryaupye- MUX Napamerpon Mo MavanbHo KpyTH3Ie wapactanus MOWMLOCTH Ha CALIMUE AaHIILL PaspsiWOro HpomerkyrKa Ha ase, 1. 3. Oxyns [83] mpwsomiT nea Bbipaxciina Aan HpuGanxeuOrO KPUTCPHA ToROGHAA S1eKTPHYCCKHX xapaK- repneranx 5g B Br No yoylow—— |, (1141) wyie Ve Or fon eee [ (5-10) 10%< — | wor Ll we rae Us/LE — nayaapuaa xpyrrsia napacraums moumoctH, ornecenman K eAHe JW Katana paspana. 3aech cucayer BaMeriTb, YTO NapaMeTpbI, Mp" KOTOPLIX Gopi poBatcn paspan, pwOWPaTNcs TaKHM O6pasom, vTO MIK- TeapilOcTs paspsila B jicpooM nonYAepUoRe, Kak Mpabnso, ue npenuuiana 30—40 wxc, [pu TOM, coraacno npoBe- AeMOMYy nami skcnepumenraubuOMy allaausy sneKTpHuec- KHX XapaktepucTHK, ¢ AucTaToMHOH juin ‘BpaKTANecKHX cael TONNOCTLIO MONO NeHON3oBaTL KpNTepHit Mp. UroGu meth npenctaniciue o xapakrepe waMenenns SUICKTPMMCCKIIX NAPAKTEPHCTHK B YcnoBHAX, KOrMAa NOACGHE hie coOsionactes, AAA yRoGcrBa paskeacinA pexHMoB pas- para WN KaccH@NKAWAN B AaNoNeliMeM byneM AeNOAD- 308ATL AawNO Beprni 3a nepabli nomynepHox paapaaa B KauceTBe Ocionnoro KpaTepHsa. Kputepnii aDanetca 6o- lee YHDEPCAJIHIIDIM H, KpoMe TOTO, NosBOAKeT OMpeeaTTD Npepeawunic caysant paspana Kongcncatopuoit Gatapen. Tak Kak B NeppoM NosyNepHoae ToKa paspasa conpo- Tumaenne Kauana R(f) o6saaer nanSomputel uestntelino- Cruio WFO BUANENNe UsMeHSIeYET Ha UCCKOsILKO NOpAAKOB, FO NanGonUMnii inTepec JANA WeencnoBaNHA MepexoAnoro npouecca npegcrasaner Meio sta cranis, Cepuel Kpn- BEX TOKOB H HanpmxeiNA Ha paapagioM npomexyTKe (pc. 13) omicbinaeres nepexogueii mponcce Anam sNcKpeT- uoro pata suaucunit y=O...1. Hy rpaibuKon cuicayer, ¥ro Hepexosubiii nponece B paspARANO! enn ¢ AKTHDIULIM CO- npotiascuiem B Bic conpoTHBAemia Kawaaa TIMP cy- DICCTBCHHO OTAMMAeTCA OT TlepexogNoro Wpouecca NPA pas- pane KonActicaTopa ta IiAyKTHBHOCTH HH MOCTORUHIOe ak- SHBNOG CONPOTHANEIIC RAKE LIA KONCOATCALNEX PerxKAMOB. Kpytuaua Hapacrauin toKa B annelinoi# nenn mpu nepe- NORE OT KoweGaTeMbuOrO PEMA PaspAAa K anepionH- NeCKOMy MpaKriueck ue HaMeHHeTCA HB NavasTbNBt Mo- went ppemenn (/=0) papa seanunue Uo/L. B cayuae xe 59 0 a4 Puc, 19, Hopuuponanisie xpiouie toKon Ww sanparseunit: 2 = H 30-40 MKC, HacTynaeT HecKonDKO Mos%Ke HM NocHT Goace veipaxeunbii xapairep 4, Bonbr-amnepiibie xapakTepneTwKN WecurenyeMBIX pas- pANOB NOKasLIBA:OT, YTO C YMENDUICHUCM KONTepH n,T. ec. C yoenHNcHneM TOKA H yMenbilieiiiem ALWTEABIOCTH nepBoli Ronyeouilul TOKa paspaga, THCTepesic DoNT-amMnepHLIX _ NAPAaKTepHeTHK MeNec REIpAKeN y AANTEMbHLAX paapanon nto cpabiienitio ¢ Gbictpuimn Paccuatpitwas ne Bech Mepnoa paspana, a TOsBKO MAK Gonce uutepecnm% mae NpaKTHKH nese npoucccon nepabiil noaynepton TOKA, MOxHO NOROGpat> annpoKcHMnt- pylouce vbipamenie 1 ToKA SbicTpHx paspaqoB 8 BILE OA (ny gy —mpcos nay) ne - en) ew t at me (-~) nyle\ 2 CoornererBenio jus) aurea bULix paspaaon 21608 mabe” 2 a (41.43) ir t a mre ae (2) nye 3 Taiim obpagox, pemene nepexontioro mpoitecca suit paspaton c HCINMEHIBIM AKTHBIBIM CONpOTHRAeHHeM OA nomloit ickptt Mosyycno annpoKcHMHpOBanHeM ynopsAo- NCH KPUBLIX TOKA Paspaaa p OTsIAHe OT dGLITOTO cnocoba, KorAa annpoxcHmupycren XO HaMeHEKHs compo Tuhslenia, a 3aTem pewaeter zudpepeHuKamDioe ypacke- ue, NTO, KaK GuuIO MOKaZaNO B MpeAMAyIIEM Raparpade, cunsaio co 3naMTeADIILIM TpyAKOCTAMH MaTeMATITIeCKO- ro allanisa M Tpebyer AAT peaTHsauitt AOOANUTEADHOTO ompemeaciim MocTOMHNLIX annpoxcnmupyroulel pyHKunn Henonzonaine xparepus 1 fan peiventin nepexonnoro npouecea noamorne B curywae cytecTBonaittA oANosKaN- noi canan ero ¢ mapaMerpams paspaaiioro KouTypa wt aamuoit Kaitaia paspaaa. Patice noayuennan sanupaeckan sapnenmacts no—ne/T, ie yurtiieaer pbixona HeKpoBolt XapakrepHcriiKi ans AanTenbMMX paapagos 3a O6nACTe NO- croauniix siauenii. Uro6u ue uMeTe Zeno ¢ pasMepaLint KOMMTAeKCOM, ONPEReMACMEIM COBOKYNHOCTHIO HapaMeTpoR Us, C, Lit f, moamo nacett adibexriipuoe snavenue neKpo- Boh ‘xapakrepuetukn, no nOpHAKy pavitoe Haienomy A*=10° Be-cixe. 6 Bapucumocrs n(/T*), mpapeaennyio ua pie. 15, mono npenerasuT crenenuolt’ dymxunes piaa ae ma i getter (ria) Ury Le Snecs A* — uncnosoi Koapipaunent, ssexemmit nam yaoOCTBa M, eCTeCTRERHO, He HIfpaeT pomH ricKponoi no- cTomMIoit, Ho OMpesemmeTcA KaK NeKOTOpoe adipeKTHAHOE ee suauenue. Bapucnmocss uopmuponannux suavenui annawryast paspamioro ToKa B TepBom nosynepuone Us c OLiTh npegcrasaena B coorBererBHt ¢ puc. 13 sMnMpwye- exoit dopuyaoii: nain GxicTpIAx paspagon (xYLC<30+40 wwe) a =—_ 0,920,651), 1, u i (11.45) uA anutenibtx paspanon (n¥LC>30-+40 wxc) i afl 060.648 ae , Gy (1.46) Hopmnposaiman aanteavnocrn nepooi nonoaknTennuolt si0- AYBOMHLL TOK paspana: AMA OBICTPEIX PaspazoB (i147) aye AAA AANTeABUBIX paspagoB u 1 =e — a nyLc 2 Tipuseaeimsie sasnznmocris cnpanennusyt KaK gas Ka- asia, OOpasonaniioro npoGoem npomexyrKa Non HeficTBHEM SKICOKOTO HANPAXKEIHA, TAK W MUA Kalaaa, cnpAMAeHHOTO {HMLUAPYIOWM NPOBAKHKOM. TombKO ApH onpeacacrMit 4 4, ¢_HenonpsoBaHuem cass (11.25) caenyer yuursiears, uro. auayenne AB nepnoMm caydae LomKHO OBIT BaATO B 4 pasa OOapiuiM, Yom BO aropom [53] 4, Snepreruueckue XapaxrepHerHxi kanasa HeoSxonumocrs stesexna pilepretaseckux xapakrepitc- THK Mp way4eHHH sHeKTpH- MeCKHX MapameTpos paspana Npoxukronana —caremyrouLuH o6cTontesLcTBaMH. O75 5 O25 a oe 7 =e 0 OT 0 ae Puc. 18. Sapitcmmocts suinenin- ucfien 8 nepostt noaynepHoa, OmM sHeprint OF KpHTepHA nO: so6us. Jlaoseune m TeMmeparypa » Kanase umnyapcHoro pas- pana p nome, RapaMeTpl KBAyYACMBIX KallanOM HMMyBCOB CKATHA OBYCHOBNEHM BEICOKHMH CKOpOCTAMH DbIZEMeIIA siicpris. Tlostomy mpi npaxtiueckom mcnombsopanim pas- pada p KaMecToe HCTONAHKA MOLEX THAPpOAMiaMANeCKHX voaMyuLeniii mporkae Bcero HeOOXOANMO 311aTb 3aKOH DB eachua deprnn, onpeeasembiit pasmMHLM cooTHoUe- uitem BNeWIHX peryaNpyemsx napamerpon paspaHoi Lem 1 MexSAeKTPORNOO NpoMexyTKA. Maxcumaavuviii scpexr ot nelicriin TIMP wa o6next o6paGorkn ganic Ie ToN_KO OT dHeprimn B_ UMAysbCE OKATHS, HON OF AaDsCHA sa porte noanes. Tapamerpsr 2KC CAMOTO TIMTYNbCa B KOIOUKOM CHeTe MOryT GLITS BLI- paxcHt vepes SHcprerHecKue xapaKrepHcTHKt B cpo1o ouepeas aneprerivecKHe xapaxrepucTHKH pas- PaRoro KaNana Kak Narpy3KK renepaTopa HMnysecHBIX TOKOD AOMKMM GhITs coraacoBanbt C ero cOBeTHENALIM M0- rpeGacinem, ITOH WIGEKATh Gdicrporo BEIXOMA 19 cTPOR BuICOKOMOADTHOTO OGopyaonainnsl. Haxoneu, 1eo6xoammocts sta npoamcronana eute H Tem, uo pesymsTaTH MilorowicmeMUBIX ccHenoBaHMit B STOR oGnacTH HIpeACTABNCHE NeCbMa TIPOTABOPEHMBMMN LaHITE- Mi Il YacTo MoryT OLITb HCnOMDIODAHL AMM B yaKoli oGsactH HaMeneuMA BieUNIX yesoDK Kak niano ma npembiayutnx paccyxmennii, otepreraye- ckne xapakTepncTHKR MOryT ObiTb nosy¥eliD ¢ NOMOMIIO TouNoro pewenus mNbpepenunanvuoro ypaBnennn paspaa- 600 65. woro KOHTYpa YHenenHEIM MeTCAOM c¢ HemOmB3ORALiteM MeTOROB TeOpHN pasMepHO- CTH HW MogoGus, a TAaKKe Ha ociose cnerematuaaunit aeK- Tpweckux XapaKrepucTHK 31 MpUMeReHKA pasJNBX 9M- TUpHUeCKHX H NonySMIspHYe- cKUX BuIpaKkenuit aga ToKa Paspaga u Bpemenusix XapaK- TepHternk. B pa6ore [79] apm rpy- 6vix pacuerax Aum paspanos, GaMaKux K KpaTHueCKOMY (B nawem caysae 370 coorBer- crayer nl), noxasato, 4T0 3akon BLAeNeIHA sHeprHH MOKeT OBrrL annpoKcnMmpo- Ban Oftoh sabHcHMOCTSIO. B stom ciyvae, ecm Rect Gespaamepibie mepementire x;=t/ry; f(xs) =W lx) /Wo, 70 Hopmuponanian taki o6pasom pytixuns f(x), xapar- Tepusylou.as PexNM BUeNeNHA sueprin, UOCHT LOBOUDNO yiusepeaayinii xapaxtep; ofa Mano HaMeHseTCH NpH 3Ha- SHTeNeHOM H3MeHeIMH BHeUIIMX peryaupyeMuIx napamer- pos paspaaa, Kpupate 3 1 4 (puc. 16), nonyueiuie 8 pe- ayabtare oGoGueUlIA PAsANUNEIX dKenepHMeTTARLILX salt HbIX, NpexcranmnioT co6oit pyaxun [79] 22 04 06 Has Phe. 16. Hameticie 1opsitpo Bantiol Sieprnst uo opemerti Bx Oxy <2: fle) =| de. —2xt nsn30+ 40 mxe), TO oGaacTs pasGpoca skenepuMenTasiblDKX KpU- BBIX BLULeNCHHA SNCPTRH OKaabIBaeTeR OCTATOUNO UsHpO- Koll WH ie MOxeT ObITh ontcana ogno akaaHTH4ecKoK 3aBKCHMOCTLIO. Xapawrop uaweuenus cKopocrH aurqeneuwa snepran TaKKe MODKeT GuiTb npencrapsen cemelicTsoM HOpMupo- BAHNBIX KPHBUIX sIeKTPHNCCKO! MOMHOCTH, COOTBETCTBYIO- LUX ACKpeTHOMY PRAY anauenuii m=O,1+1 (pyc. 17). 3uauenne n=1, Kak H BO BCeX MpemBiAyULHx caysasx, 6pa- noch npn y»l caewa (B npegesnax 0,97—0,98). Hopsupo- Baune Hpouseoataocs kK silaenmio No, paviomy nponsze- ACHHIO MAKCHMAasDHO ROIMOKNOH aNIANTYAL paspamNoro st eT TOKA Ha MAKCHMassuO BOsMOxKIOe sHayelNe tanpsxeHna, 1. @, Hanpamenta sapana Kounencatopnoii Garapen: =u © (1150) Kpwabie Mouocr spaniotcn oSo6uyeriem sxcnepy M@HT@MbHBX AAUUDIX Lak NepBEIX Tpex cucTem Gopmnpo- Bana paspaaa (raGs. 4, crpown 1, 2, 3}. px cpavuennn ¢ RakAiMH, pHeenenubimn H, 3.’ Oxynem gas cxoquorx PEXHMOB PaspaAna, MOKHO OTMETHTE caeAyIONIHe OCObeH- nocti: 1. Kpyriisna @pouta nnnyneca moumtocrs an i gets) Ut ve dt te (14415) oi (ILS|) 470 OKASBIBAETCH HECKOMKO IINKE OmIRAeMOFO sHa¥eHHA, KpoMe Toro, Xapakrepugonars omMM H TeM 3%Ke SHaCHUEM KPYTH3HbI MOMLHOCTH MOXxKHO Gosee y3KHi Kpyr pexumon paspana: 0,64OMKE. -TPHYECKOH MOMLHOCTA Himelor MaKCHMyM cme Cepewinie nonyrepuora coberoenntin Koncbanah nian Horo xolltypa To mepe npu6smxenna paspaga x arlepto. Ausecxony (n->1). Kpome toro, moumiocts, paspisacwan B Kahane, ocrraer MaKcUMyMa HecKoxDKO panuilte ToKa AAR Reex THNOB paspazon, Bt nact BosMortiocts annpo- KcHMupoBaT’ wospacramme TOKa juueliNLM saKoHoM D ne PHOA Rapacranun outers, Henoawaya oxcnepnmetansine gawwe no nepexos- HOMY npoueccy 1 xapaxrep wSMeneHNA KpyTHanet roKa C yaeuuennesr m, nonysaem di Us at | ogg fT O8MIE (154) Tlockoabry ans onpenesenin yepeanentok xpyruauut Hapacraia ToKa paspana ienorsaonaniich sxcnepumen: Table AanNbe, TO B BMpAKemHN mI ConporHBmetnA MOHHO He YOHTHDATL yseNLI, onpemenaiiue iavannibte yenonin: uasaabieili paguye dy i Havaapioe conporitoae- Hue Ro. Tora popmysia kak conpornpaenna apn y—1,25 OpHuuMaer bun Ryt A t ( 7 ) ro (11.55) J eat 70 C yucrom (11.55) Mono samicath yea RO= (11.56) De (10,85) 2 L Mogctapaas puipaxenna (11.54) 1 (1156) » dopmyay (11.53), nony#aes, wo 9 nepHoa mapactanin mowlHocTit — 1 Us N() yea (< } (0.85y) te (1157) B gaumom cayyae saxon smepenita smeKrpHtueckoih MOMMUOCTH BKOUaeT BeANYHNY H, KOTOPaN nerKO paccuH- TbiBacTCA NO Napamerpam PaapalHoro KOlTypa nA HCNOAb- sopannn pixparkeuns (J1.25). Mamenciwe anmast Kakana B 3aviKCHMOCTH oT CnOCObOD MiNMNPOBaNHA yuUTEBAETCA wamencnnes Bennann A. Bpema ROCtIIKEMII# MOMUIOCTHIO MaKcAMasBIOTO 3Ha- AcHIs TAKAE ONpenenMeTCA sHaueHeM KpHTepHA TH MO- aker GIT anMpoKCMUpoRAtO aNMeHuMN saKoKOAT tw= 1,8 PLC, (11.58) Vicnoapaya phipaxenie ana moumocra (11.57) 1 asta tr, MOrKiHO OMPeACANTL MaKCHMambIyIO MOULOCT © NOMOLNBIO HpHOawxeUUo; topmysbl: Ui _ Nae L FAH (+ ) (10.85) 726, Uils9) Ww - 2 c Soacerttt—os5nyuh (60) B oramune or sannienmoctit, npunonumoi » padore [83], tbopmyaa (11.60) ozpaxkacr Heanuciitiyio conse maKcHMyMa MoliocTH Cc OneH SHeprHit, BLiAcAADUIelicn B TeNeHNE fhepsoro nosynepKona TOKAa paspsga, WH MOXeT ObITb UCCAE- moBaua ia 9KCTpeMyM. Bupaxoune (11.60), nonyucuuoe v pesymutate ucrioap- Sosaina popmy.is gus conpornenenia, naer sHaueHus MOMHOCTH, XOPOIO cOrmacylONyKecn ¢ SKCHEpHMeHTAaABHLI- Mil Aanauinn (CM. xpunaa Z, puc. 19); pacxoxnenne Mex: Ay pacteriisimn 4 SKCHepHMeHTaAbHBIMN AanAMMH He Ape ubiuaer 20%. Eca B Tevenite nepsoro nonynepyosa conporipaenne Kaliana MOKeT USMEHUTHCH la 1eCKOJIBKO MOPHAKO, TO B NocHexyiowHe NOAYHepHOABE OO HaMeHMeTeH anaNuTeADIO caaGee, neKmovak cambit nocaeanui nouysepuon. 3r0 RaeT BOIMOHOCTS annpoKeHMEpoBat conpoTHoaerHe se- KOTOPOH NOCTOAHHO! BeMHYNNOK Rows M onpesenare cro yepeanenuoe sHaverue no saryxaiitic paspaquoro ToKa i(é) [83]: i(t) =e sin of. (11.64) Snech S=(Ro+Roeo)2L; suavenue w, asudy Toro uro cob. cTReMoe CONpoTB.CHNe PaspAANOr KONTYPa MHOrO MenD- ue xapaxtepnernseckoro Ry ~ O,1YL/C, MoxeT Ours mpy- uato pasntim (LC)~"®. Caegyer nomutts, 470 conporia- HenHE KaHasa, OCOGeINO AAA cyLLecTRENMO KONeGaTeHEX pexKamos (j<0,5), cranosures cpapilumum c co6ctnen- uubiM Comporupaeniiem paapamHoli went Ro. Onpenenenne saeKrpuyecknx xapaxtepuctitk pb TaKoM cay¥ae ChoRATCA K NaxXorKAeHHIO SKGKBAMEKTHOFO conpo- TABNeNHA, KOTOpOe © yyeTOM cHYCOMLaAbHOTO 3aKONa UsMeHeHHA TOKA Ana aMmawTyaNDIX snavennit ToKa npea- crapasercn Buipaxernem 2 in Rexe= —— In — Re, (1162) THE Tn — BPeMeNUOH KHTepBaN MexLY m-ii H n-it aMnan- TYAaMH TOKA. Duwnnaeituoe conpotusaciue, Halinenioe skenepi= McHTaASO AAR PassKIHEIX PEK'MOS Paspasa, chnaano ¢ NapaMerpamy went 1 aTHHol npomexyTKa ¢ nomoutDIO SMOUpHuecKOrO BLIPaKentist 02rXET sHauiTenbuo (MONTH a OpsAOK) MpeuLnuath cKOpocTe BLIMeNeHHA SHEPTHM B paspaje, cOpMUpOPAlLOM BEICO- (OMOJBTHDIM NPOGOEM IWTH INILMMPOBAHABIM TOUKIM Tpo- soauuKon, [pepenuetie a6comorioro Maxeumyma wou {OCT NO CPaBHeIHIO C MoNtHOCTHIO MPH OGUUKOM paspaze Syner rem GonbiLe, vem Goxbie AaMTeAbHOCTH MOsynepiO- fa coGcTecHMbIx KoneSamit Kourypa no cpanueunio c qMUTeAHOCTIO PasoBUX npespauenni. Taxnm o6pasom, EpwIBACMLL MPOBOANUK, ECAH OM He MOXKET GuITb OTHECET ¢ HMAWIMPYIOULNM, ABARETeH peryusTOPOM MOULNOCTH BbI- nenAeMoi B KaHAace paspina seprHn sa cueT Toro, ¥TO ppemsl paspyulenNA MpoBOANAKA cylecTBeHULIM o6pasoM upexeaReTcH cBolicTDaMH R3ptiBaeMoTO smemenTa Tp cpauenmt paspaga nocne BuCOKOBOWTHOTO Npo- SoH 2KMAKOCTIK c paspsiqom MocsIe AspHIBa NPOBOANIKOR cneayer oOpathTs BHUMaHHe Ha caesyioulee, B OGONX cay- WaAX CYICCTBYCT CTaAHA, XapaKT2pnan Aaa TasovorO pas- PRA B KOHENCHPOBANTIOM cpese, no BpeMs KOTOPO! co- npOTHBAeHMe KaHasa pPesKO Nagaer go HeKLTOPOTO MuAH ManbiIoro aHavenus. B cnyyac npoGom sta craaua Hau- HaeTCA b MOMCHT, KOTMa TOK Buen GANSOK K HysNO HI He npesuiuact coun amnep. Tipk sapsine nposoaiitxos MoMeliTy pe3KOrO cnaga conpoTiuaenna MOXeT cooTDET- cTBOBaTD TOK, CPaBRUMDBIt C AMMMNTYAULIM shateniem ans nanuoit paspaguoit uenu Tip paspsae, mmwatpopaniom BucoKoBomLTIEM npo- Goes, conporunacinie Ro, coorwercrnyioulce Hasaay cnana ero, Beeraa Gonbule xapaxtepnetiueckoro LIC. Bapuin NPOROANNKOD MAJIOIX AUIMI MOIKET CONponOrRAATKEN NOD meinem COnpoTHBNeHIA AO sHasemMii, ne NpeBLimaionT XapakrepucTHuccKOrO. BO NPKBOMUT K TOMY, NTO 1a TOKO- Boii KpuBoli Ne 3aMeTHO KaKHX-mNGo cyuLecTBEMMIX HeKa- HUH, HO BSPLIBe MOIXKNO CYANTH TosHKO MO OCILATHO- rpammam nanpaKenna Jaa uccnesopanua xapaxtepiiurx Bpemeunsx napamer- pow, OMPeMeAMOUUIX N3MeNeHHe sneKTpHNecKHX XapaKre- PUCTHK NPH paspywennx npovommKo, a TAKXKC lA onpenenenis HauanwNLIxX yonoaMit Ann paspnha nO ApoRYK- TaM BapbiBa NCOOXOLUM anlasi3 COBpeMeNHOFO COcTORRHT ugy4eHHOcTH MexanH3Ma cpasonLix npenpamenuii ssnenns. 78 Bonay cnoxuocrn u mHoroo6pasua spaenuit, xapak- repuaylolwlux NpOTeKaHHe ToKAa NO Bapwipaionlemyca B NAGTHOH KONAENCHPOBATHO; cpeMe MPOBORNNKY, B Aastb- nefimem GyqeM OcTailanaRBateca wa AeTAAAXx, HMeIOULX cylliccraenitoe sHayenie an mepexouMoro mpouecca B paspaanolt uenn 2. Mexanusm napyurenns oaexrponposonuocri nposonHnKos Paspyueitie mposoguHKos np mporexain no 1M Gomb- LIX MMnyabCHBIX TOKDB XapaKrepuayercs RecbMA CHOIK- ui saaensan. Hostomy npa paspadorKe o6welt reopun, b KoTOpoli Hau Ow OTpaxkeHtie Bce UcoOXOAHMBIe 3aKo- HOMEPHOCTH, NPUXOAUTCA BeTpeaTECA co sKANHTeADibIMH rpyanocramit, Hpimenemman a paborax [119, 133] m yTox- neimax 5 paGote [72] Kaaccupixagua mpotieccos, npo- TeKaiounx Mp paspywenxn mposogiKoD, nossonaeT BbeAATh KTaccht ABNeHMI TO cKOpoctH Marpena mpoBo- JOVKH WAH, YTO OAMO H TO we, NO CKOpOCTH nosBoRa sneprin [14] Cyxkasi 3anauy, orpanmwimen bHauane paccmoTpenHem BapbiBooGpasioro | paapyulesisa mponognuKa («cHabHbii bapbin), Kora BpeMs# NarpeBa pacnaasaenioro MpoBog- unka Magid B cpabiicnmn c ppemenem pasnittnn MMJI-1e- yeroitmoocreit [3] man Korda cKopoctl weoaa sueprint te +108 JUx/er-e [14], Upn ananuse sacra nopr- na (cormacto KaaccHHKauun «citnuoro B3psioa>) ApeA~ AArACTeA UCCKONDKO BOSMOXKUBIX MeXANH3MOB, HaKGomee DEPOATHLIMH 43 KOTOPLIX ansIsnOTeH: 1) nenapeune ¢ nonepxuocrit nponoannka [16]; 2) o6pasonanne nonepxuocreii paapuina meramanuecKHx conaeli 8 2utxom npososunnce [65]; 3) Guicrpuiit nepexon meractaGuaitoli neperperoit ANAKOCTHL K BYR asuol cucTeMe B pesymbTATe AaBHi006- pasiioro Bospacrains sHeaa roMOreMLIX saponuiuel mapa MponogilnKa « pesKoro yaeaHyenis Bcero OGbeMa BeulecT- a oGpasua C TOUKH 3penKiA SueKTpHYeCKHX XapakTepucTHK B3pEIB conpovoxnacten norepeit MeramansecKoll mponognmocrit BeACKCTBNC apyulenin menocTHacTH MpoBoALAKA HATH naga HesiauRTeALHOTO TenMOROTO paciwMpertin no BeeMy 79 OObEMY HP MapyWeHHs MOTHOH ynaKonKH atomoR, cnoiicT- peMnolt MeTaaMMYeCKOH CBASH, ITO NPNBORNT K Hx O60CO6- ‘TeHi0 H SaTpyAHeHHIO Apeita sneKxrponos [80]. Ecan YueauueMe sanpsrKeHns, Ha oOpasue n yaapnan noana, 3acuxcHpoBamian nbe30- SACKTPHICCKIM DATINKOM, ABAMOTeN yOoAHTeNDILIM ACKS- SatcubCTBOM npawNaoiocTH oNpeRencmi® MOMCHTa Havana napuina K covancno, taKoli ynepenocri wer, TaK Kak B 3a- BicHMOCTH OT ycaoBitit oNBITa HepHoR «peakoro> vospa- Cralna NANPA KEHNA MOET AMNTKCA OT MeCKOADIAX AozEH AO eM MuKpOceKyHA, 2 ynapuat voAlIA K RaTuUKy, Patnonoatctiomy 1a MeKoTOpOM PaccTORMRN oT vapLBa MOTO MPOROMNAKA, MPUXOLIT YR enumbim cbpouTOM, He- cMOTps ia TO, uTO (opMuponamie ee MPOHCXORHT B ABA strana [23]. on