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Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy

Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight

MODUL KECEMERLANGAN AKADEMIK


TERENGGANU TERBILANG 2007

PROGRAM PRAPEPERIKSAAN SPM

SCIENCE
FORM 4

MODULE 5

Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 1 Science Form 4


[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah
Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy
Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight
OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS

Instruction :
Each question is followed by four options, A, B, C and D. Choose the correct answer.

1 Which of the following statements clearly defines a radioactive substance?


R A A substance with unstable mass
B A substance with unstable nuclei
C A substance with high quantities of protons
D A substance with high quantities of electrons

2 The diagram below shows three types of radiation emitted through an electrical field .
S What are X, Y and Z?

X Y Z
A Alpha Beta Gamma
B Gamma Alpha Beta
C Beta Gamma Alpha
D Alpha Gamma Beta

3 Nuclear fusion is a process that


S A combines lighter nuclei to produce nuclear energy
B splits unstable nucleus to produce nuclear energy
C increases nucleus size to produce nuclear energy
D reduces nuclear energy production

4 Which radioactive substance is used as an energy source to generate electricity in the


R nuclear reactor?
A Radium
B Uranium
C Carbon
D Iodine

5 Which of the following statements describe a gamma ray?


T I It is neutral
II It is not affected by electric charges
III It can penetrate a thick lead block
A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 2 Science Form 4


[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah
Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy
Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight
6 Cobalt-60 is used in the medicinal field to
R A sterilise medical apparatus
B detect brain tumour
C destroy cancer cells
D detect blood clots

7 Which of the followings is an effect of exposure to radioactive radiations?


R A Occurrence of acid rain
B Depletion of the ozone layer
C The increase of global temperature
D Living things will suffer from diseases such as cancer

8 The diagram shows two flagposts M and N respectively at distances of 10 m and 4 m


S from a plane mirror

What is the distance of the image of flagpost M from the position of N?


A 4m
B 10 m
C 14 m
D 20 m

9 The diagram shows the position of an object in front of a concave lens.


S

The image form is


A real, upright, magnified
B real, inverted, diminished
C virtual, upright, magnified
D virtual, upright, diminished

Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 3 Science Form 4


[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah
Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy
Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight

10 The following shows a ray diagram.


S

Which of the following instruments works on the principle shown in the diagram?
A Camera
B Projector
C Telescope
D Microscope

11 What will happen to the image if the hole of the pin-hole camera is enlarged?
S A Blur image
B Smaller image
C Dimmer image
D Enlarged image

12 The diagram shows the structure of a camera.


R

The function of X is to
A allow light to go through
B control the amount of light
C control the size of the image
D adjust the position of the image

13 Which is the part of the camera that has the same function as the iris in the human eye?
R A Film
B Opening
C Diaphragm
D Camera lens

Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 4 Science Form 4


[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah
Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy
Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight

14 The diagram shows a ray of white light passing through two glass prisms
S

What can be observed on the white screen?


A White light
B Red light
C Yellow light
D Blue light

15 The diagram shows the areas covered by light.


R

What is the colour produced in the area marked M?


A Cyan
B White
C Yellow
D Magenta

16 The diagram shows additions of coloured lights.


S

What are the colours of light X and Y?


X Y
A Blue Red
B Yellow Cyan
C Black Black
D White White

Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 5 Science Form 4


[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah
Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy
Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight
17 The diagram shows white light passing through two coloured filters.
T

What coloured light is formed on the white screen?


A Red
B Blue
C Black
D Yellow

18 A green object appears black when a coloured light shines on it.


T What colour is that light?
A Red
B Green
C Yellow
D White

19 A man wearing a yellow shirt and blue trousers is in a room lit by a green light.
What are the colours of his shirt and trousers seen under the green light?
T
Shirt Trousers
A Green Black
B Green White
C Yellow Black
D Yellow White

20 What is the importance of colours to animal?


R I Give warning to enemy
II Attract the attension of the partner
III Camouflage themselves with the surroundings

A I and II only
B I and III only
C II and III only
D I, II and III

Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 6 Science Form 4


[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah
Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy
Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight
STRUCTURED QUESTIONS

1 Diagram 1 shows an experiment to study the formation of an image by a concave lens.

DIAGRAM 1

(a) Complete Diagram 1 to show the formation of an image by the concave lens
[2 marks] / R

(b) Measure and write down the distance of the image

.....................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / R

(c) State two characteristics of the image formed in 1(a)

.1. ......................................................................................................................................

.2. ......................................................................................................................................
[2 marks] / S

2 Diagram 2.1 and Diagram 2.2 show the experiment to study the changes of image size at the
different screen distances of a pin-hole camera.

Screen

Object

10 20 30 40 50 60 cm

DIAGRAM 2.1

Screen
Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 7 Science Form 4
[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah
Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy
Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight

Object

10 20 30 40 50 60 cm
DIAGRAM 2.2

(a) Complete the ray diagram of the image formed on the screen in
Diagram 2.1 and Diagram 2.2
[2 marks] / R

(b) State the variables in this experiment.


(i) Controlled variable;

..........................................................................................................................

(ii) Manipulated variable;

...........................................................................................................................

(iii) Responding variable;

...........................................................................................................................
[3 marks] / S

(c) Based on Diagram 2.1 and Diagram 2.2, state one hypothesis.

.......................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / T

(d) Determine the image distance for Diagram 2.2.

........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / S

(e) Circle the name of object below that have the same characteristics with the image
in the Diagram 2.1

Telescope Camera Eye Microscope

[1 mark] / S

Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 8 Science Form 4


[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah
Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy
Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight
3 Diagram 3 shows the radioactive rays in an electric field.

radioactive source

DIAGRAM 3

(a) Name the radioactive rays K and L in Diagram 3.

K : ............................................................................................................................

L : ............................................................................................................................

[2 marks] / R

(b) Why does ray M deflect to the negative plate?

........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / S

(c) (i) Which is the most dangerous ray?

.........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / R

(ii) Explain your answer in (c)(i)

.........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / T

(d) Give one correct way of handling radioactive substances

..........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / S

Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 9 Science Form 4


[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah
Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy
Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight

4 Diagram 4 shows the reaction of uranium-235 in a fission reactor

DIAGRAM 4

(a) Name the reaction shown in the Diagram 4

..................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / S

(b) Name nucleus P, nucleus Q and particles R.

Nucleus P : ...................................................................................................................

Nucleus Q : ...................................................................................................................

Particles R ; ...................................................................................................................
[3 marks] / R

(c) What type of radiation is produced from this reaction?

.....................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / S

(d) What form of energy is produced from this reaction?

.....................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / S

Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 10 Science Form 4


[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah
Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy
Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight
5 Diagram 5 shows the arrangement of an apparatus to study the formation of a spectrum

DIAGRAM 5

(a) (i) What happens to the white light at P in Diagram 5?

............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / S

(ii) State a reason for your answer in (a) (i)

............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / T

(b) Based on Diagram 5, state the arrangement of colours formed in the spectrum
from X to Y.

....................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / S

(c) Give one natural phenomenon where a spectrum can be seen

.....................................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / R

(d) An identical prism is placed at Q as shown in the figure below.

What can be observed on the white screen?

..........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / S

Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 11 Science Form 4


[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah
Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy
Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight

6 Diagram 6 shows a red light and a blue light projected on a white screen.

Red light

K : ..................................................

Blue light

L: .................................................

S White screen

DIAGRAM 6

(a) Complete the colours of K and L in the boxes in Diagram 6


[2 marks] / S

(b) Based on your answer in (a), state one primary colour and one secondary colour.

(i) Primary colour : .............................................................................................

(ii) Secondary colour : ........................................................................................


[2 marks] / R

(c) What can be observed at K if a green light, red light and blue light being
projected together?

...........................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / S

(d) State the possible colour at L if a yellow filter is placed at S

............................................................................................................................................
[1 mark] / T

Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 12 Science Form 4


[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah
Modul 5 : Bimbingan EMaS Chapter 6 : Nucleur Energy
Chapter 7 : Light, Colour and Sight
ESSAY QUESTIONS

1 Study the following statement:

When white light is shone on a primary coloured filter, a certain coloured


light passes through

(a) Suggest a hypothesis to investigate the above statement


[1 mark] / T

(b) Using a red filter, a blue filter, a green filter and other apparatus, describe an experiment
to test your hypothesis in (a) based on the following criteria;
 Aim of the experiment [1 mark] / R

 Identification of variables [2 marks] / S

 List of apparatus [1 mark] / S

 Procedure [4 marks] / S

 Tabulation of data [1 mark] / R

2 (a) Beta and gamma rays are two types of radioactive rays.
State four differences between beta and gamma rays. [4 marks]

(b) The diagram below shows activities done on alpha rays

Study the information in the above diagram and build a concept regarding alpha ray.
The explanation must include the following information;
 Identify the information [1 mark] / R

 Explain the information [2 marks] / T

 Interconnect the information obtained with the features of alpha ray


to build an initial concept [1 mark] / S

 State an example of another characteristic of alpha ray and one example


of a non-characteristic of alpha ray [1 mark] / R

 State the actual concept of alpha ray [1 mark] / S

Catatan : [T] Aras Tinggi 13 Science Form 4


[S] Aras Sederhana
[R] Aras Rendah