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Code: 212
Bishnu Memorial Higher Secondary School
31. Write short notes on (any two) 5 × 2 = 10 (Dharan-9)
(a) Laboratory preparation of chloroform.
Qualifying Exam- 2067(2011)
(b) Extraction of mercury from cinnabar.
Grade-XII (Chemistry)
(c) Chemistry of White vitriol. Candidates are required to give their answers in their own words as far as
(d) Factors affecting rate of reaction. practicable. The figures in the margin indicate full marks.

Full Marks: 75
*Best of Luck* Time: 3hrs. Pass Marks: 30
Group 'A'
Attempt any fifteen questions: - (15×2= 30)
1. How would you predict the molecular geometry of PCl5 and H2O
on the basis of VSEPR model?
2. Define hybridization. Draw orbital picture of ethene.
3. Explain why is NO2 group meta-directing towards
electrophilic aromatic substitution?
4. What is Claisen condensation? Give example.
5. Why is P2O5 and conc.H2SO4 not used to dry formic acid?
6. How is aniline protected before bromination? How does it
reduce the reactivity of aniline?
7. How is chlorobenzene converted to m-nitrobenzoic acid?
8. Give the possible isomers of C2H6O? Which of them boils at
higher temperature and why?
9. Mention one example of each of the following:
a) Decarbonylation and (b) Coupling reaction.
10. Define conjugate acid base pair with suitable example.
11. Distinguish between acetic acid and formic acid.
12. Write down the sequence of reaction for the conversion of
methylamine to ethylamine.
13. Calculate the pH of a 0.1 M Na2CO3 (sodium carbonate)
solution. The Kb value of equilibrium involved is 2.1 × 10 -4.
14. Mention the conditions for a substance to be of primary
15. State first law of thermodynamics and mention sign 25. The following data were obtained at 300K for a reaction:
conventions. 2A + B  C + D.
16. Define order and molecularity of a reaction. Give an example [A] mol L-1 [B] mol L-1 Rate mol L-1 min-1
of first order reaction. 0.1 0.1 6.0x10-3
0.3 0.2 7.2x10-2
17. Write any one use of (i) calamine, (ii) corrosive sublimate,
0.3 0.4 2.88x10-1
(iii) calomel and (iv) zinc white. 0.4 0.1 2.4x10-2
18. Calculate the solubility product constant for lead (II) Determine: (i) orders with respect to A, B and overall order. (ii)
chloride, if 50 mL of a saturated solution of lead (II) chloride was Rate law for the reaction (iii) Rate constant.
found to contain 0.2207 g of lead (II) chloride dissolved in it. Mol. 26. State and explain Ostwald’s law of dilution. Calculate the
wt. of PbCl2 is 278.11. degree of ionization and [H3O+] of a 0.1 mol /L solution of acetic
19. What happens when: acid. Given: Ka (CH3COOH) = 1.8 x 10-5 mol / L.
(i) zinc oxide is heated with cobalt nitrate? 27. Name an important ore of zinc. How is it extracted from zinc
(ii) Zinc reacts with dilute nitric acid? blende?
20. What is meant by heavy metals and transition elements?
Group 'C'
Group – 'B' Attempt any two questions: - 10 × 2 =20
Attempt any five questions: - 5 × 5 = 25 28. (a) How pure and dry aniline is prepared in the laboratory?
21. Explain the fact that:- Convert nitrobenzene to (i) acetanilide and (ii) picric acid. 7+3
(i) Methanoic acid is stronger acid than ethanoic acid. 29. (a) Describe Hoffmann’s method for the separation of 1o, 2o
(ii) N-methylmethanamine is more basic than methanamine. and 3o amines from their mixtures.
(iii) Phenol is stronger acid than ethylalcohol. 5
22. What happens when: (b) Consider the following reaction;
(a) vapors of propan-2-ol if passed over heated Cu?
(b) ethanal reacts with semicarbazide?
(c) acetophenone is reduced with Zn-Hg/HCl? F. The compound (A) on carbylamines reaction yields
(d) methanal is warmed with Tollen’s reagent? phenyl isocyanide. Identify A, B, C, D, E and F. 5
(e) benzaldehyde is heated with ethanoic anhydride in presence of 30. (a) What are acid base indicators? Methyl orange indicator
sodium ethanoate? shows yellow color in alkaline medium but red in acidic medium,
23. Write all steps of chemical reactions involved in the lab why? What volume of 3N and 8N HCl solutions should be mixed
preparation of hydrated formic acid. Describe how is it purified? to prepare a litre of 6N HCl solution?
24. State Hess’s law of constant heat summation? The enthalpy (b) State solubility product principle. A solution is 0.1M in Cl - and
of combustion for H2, C (graphite) and CH4 are -285.8, -393.5, and 0.1M in CrO4-- ions. If solid AgNO3 is gradually added to this
-890.4 kJ/mol respectively. Calculate the standard enthalpy of solution which one will precipitate first? At what concentration of
formation ,∆Hof , for CH4.
Cl-, Ag2CrO4 starts precipitating? (Ksp of AgCl= 1.7x10-19, Ksp of
Ag2CrO4 = 1.9x10-12).

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