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СОДЕРЖАНИЕ CONTENTS

ИНФОРМАЦИОННЫЕ СООБЩЕНИЯ ANNOUNCEMENTS


Старцев В.И., Бондарева Л.Л. Startsev B.I., Bondareva L.L.
Международный форум International meeting on cole crops
по капустным культурам, Краснодар, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47 in Krasnodar, 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47

Байбулова О. Baiybulova O.
II Всероссийский форум «Молодежный агробизнес в Second All%Russian Forum «The Young People in Agribusiness for
инновационном развитии АПК» – Innovational Development in Agricultural Industry». Young people to be
Российский агробизнес в руках молодежи. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .811 engaged in agribusiness. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .811

Шмыкова Н.А., Кан Л.Ю. Shmikova N.A., Kan L.U.


Международная научная конференция The International Scientific Conference «Genetics and Biotechnology
«Генетика и биотехнология на рубеже тысячелетий» on the Border of Millennium (Dedicated to the 45th Anniversary
(к 45%летию основания Института генетики of the Institute of Genetics and Cytology of NAS of Belarus). . .1215
и цитологии НАН Беларуси). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1215
Savchenko I.V., Bocharnikova N.I.
Савченко И.М., Бочарникова Н.И. Annual report on scientific research program in November,
Отчетная сессия в Россельхозакадемии, ноябрь 2010 года. . . .16 2010 in Russian Academy of Agricultural Science. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16

ТЕОРИЯ И ПРАКТИКА ОТЕЧЕСТВЕННОЙ СЕЛЕКЦИИ THEORY AND PRACTICE OF LOCAL BREEDING


ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР ACHEVMENTS IN VEGETABLE CROPS
Пивоваров В.Ф. Пышная О.Н. Гуркина Л.К. Pivovarov V.F., Pishnaya O.N., Gurkina L.K.
Основные направления исследований Всероссийского НИИ Main directions of scientific research program in All%Russian Research
селекции и семеноводства овощных культур Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production,
и итоги работы за 2010 год. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1825 research outlines and results for 2010. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1825

СОВЕТ МОЛОДЫХ УЧЕНЫХ COUNCIL OF YOUNG RESEARCHERS


Солдатенко А.В. Soldatenko A.V.
Разработка методов экологической селекции Elaboration of methods for breeding program
на минимальное содержание радионуклидов. . . . . . . . . . . . .2629 and ecological research on minimum radionuclide content. . . .2629

ИНТРОДУКЦИЯ НОВЫХ КУЛЬТУР В РОССИИ INTRODUCTION OF NEW PLANT CULTURE


Швирст Е.П. Shvirst E.P.
Особенности интродукции дайкона Features of introduction of Daikon
в условиях Магаданской области. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3031 in condition of Magadan region. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3031

Фотев Ю.В., Белоусова В.П. Fotev U.V., Belousova V.P.


Изменчивость признаков Variability in morphological traits of breeding accessions
сортообразцов вигны в Сибири. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3236 of vegetable cowpea in Siberia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3236

СОВРЕМЕННЫЕ ТЕХНОЛОГИИ ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY


ВОЗДЕЛЫВАНИЯ ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР FOR VEGETABLE CROP CULTIVATION
Цыганок Н.С., Казыдуб Н.Г. Tsyganok N.S., Kazydub N.G.
О пригодности сортов фасоли овощной On suitability of common bean
к механизированной уборке. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3741 for mechanized harvesting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3741

РЕКОМЕНДАЦИИ ПО ВОЗДЕЛЫВАНИЮ ОВОЩНЫХ КУЛЬТУР  RECOMMENDATION ON VEGETABLES CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY;


ОВОЩИ ДЛЯ СРЕДНЕЙ ПОЛОСЫ РОССИИ VEGETABLES FOR MIDDLE BELT OF RUSSIA
Потехин Г.А., Харченко В.А., Пивоваров В.Ф. Potekhin G.A., Kharchenko V.A., Pivovarov V.F.
Особенности выращивания петрушки на зелень. . . . . . . . . .4247 Features of new parsley accessions used as salad herbs. . . . . .4247

«КРУГЛЫЙ СТОЛ» – ТОЧКА ЗРЕНИЯ ROUNDTABLE TALKS, STANDPOINT


Авдеев Ю.И., Авдеев А.Ю., Иванова Л.М., Avdeev U.I., Avdeev A.U., Ivanova L.M.,
Кигашпаева О.П., Бочкарёва Е.С. Kigashpaeva O.P., Bochkareva E.S.
Биологическое преимущество гетерозисной селекции над Biological advantage of heterosis breeding
селекцией сортов % заблуждение и поддерживаемый миф… over variety selection believed as in a delusion and a myth.
Новые подходы в селекции. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4854 New approaches in plant breeding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4854

ЮБИЛЕЙНЫЕ ДАТЫ JUBELEES


Добруцкая Е.Г., Тареева М.М. Dobrutskaya E.G., Tareeva M.M.
90 лет факультету садоводства 90th anniversary of faculty of gardening
и ландшафтной архитектуры РГАУ%МСХА and landscape architecture in Russian State Agricultural University –
им. К.А. Тимирязева . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5557 Timiriyazev Academy of Agriculture, Moscow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5557

Кан Л.Ю. Kan L.U.


Профессору Тимину Н.И. – 75 лет . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5861 75th anniversary of professor Timin Nikolay Ivanovich. . . . . . . . .5861

Мусаев Ф.Б., Тареева М.М. Musaev F.B., Tareeva M.M.


Деятели отечественной науки – Mikhail Trophimovich Tarasenko – the renowned
Тарасенко Михаил Трофимович . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6263 scientists of our country. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6263

ОВОЩНАЯ ГЕОГРАФИЯ GEOGRAPHY OF VEGETABLES


Мишина А.В. Mishina A.V.
Карвинг – высокое искусство для каждой кухни. . . . . . . . . . . . . .64 Vegetable carving from is an excellent art for cuisine. . . . . . . . . . . .64

научнопрактический журнал [ 1 ] овощи россии № 3 (9) 2010


Научнопрактический журнал № 3 (9) 2010
Издаётся с декабря 2008 г.
Журнал предназначен
для ученых и практиков овощеводства,
селекционеров, семеноводов
и овощеводовлюбителей
Учредитель журнала:
VEGETABLE CROPS OF RUSSIA Государственное научное учреждение Всероссийский
The journal of science and practical applications in научно%исследовательский институт селекции и
agriculture № 3 (9) 2010 семеноводства овощных культур Российской академии
сельскохозяйственных наук (ВНИИССОК)
Published since 2008 Издатель:
The journal is recommended for scientists Государственное научное учреждение Всероссийский
and practicable offers, farmers, plant breeders, научно%исследовательский институт селекции и
amateurs in agriculture and vegetable growing. семеноводства овощных культур Российской академии
сельскохозяйственных наук (ВНИИССОК)
The journal founder: Главный редактор
The State Scientific Institution All% Russian Research Institute of В.Ф. Пивоваров – директор ВНИИССОК, академик РАСХН
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of Редакционный совет:
Agricultural Science А.А. Жученко – академик РАН и РАСХН
Publisher А.Ф. Агафонов – кандидат с.%х. наук
The State Scientific Institution All% Russian Research Institute of И.Т. Балашова – доктор биологических наук
М.С. Гинс – доктор биологических наук
Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production Russian Academy of В.К. Гинс – доктор биологических наук
Agricultural Science (RAAS) Л.К. Гуркина – кандидат с.%х. наук
EditorinChief Е.Г. Добруцкая – доктор с.х. наук
Pivovarov V.F. – Academician of RAAS, a director All% Russian П.Ф. Кононков – доктор с.%х. наук
Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production В.П. Кушнерева – кандидат с.%х. наук
Г.Д. Левко – кандидат с.%х. наук
Editorial Board М.И. Мамедов – доктор с.%х. наук
A.A. Zhuchenko, Academician, Russian Academy of Science (RAS), С.М. Надежкин – доктор биологических наук
Russian Academy of Agricultural Science (RAAS) В.П. Никульшин – кандидат с.%х. наук
A.F. Agafonov, PhD, agriculture Л.В. Павлов – доктор с.%х. наук
I.T. Balashova, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology О.Н. Пышная – доктор с.%х. наук
A.P. Primak, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology А.П. Примак – доктор биологических наук
M.S. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology Е.П. Пронина – кандидат с.%х. наук
С.М. Сирота – доктор с.%х. наук
V.K. Gins, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology В.И. Старцев – доктор с.%х. наук
L.K. Gurkina, PhD, agriculture Н.И. Тимин – доктор с.%х. наук
H.G. Dobrutskaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture А.А. Ушаков – кандидат с.%х. наук
P.F. Kononkov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture В.А. Харченко – кандидат с.%х. наук
V.P. Kushnereva, PhD, agriculture А.Н. Чупров – доктор экономических наук
G.D. Levko, PhD, agriculture Н.А. Шмыкова – доктор с.%х. наук
M.I. Mamedov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture Научный редактор
S.M. Nadezhkin, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology Е.Г. Добруцкая – доктор с.%х. наук
V.P. Nikulshin, PhD, agriculture
L.V. Pavlov, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture Ответственный редактор, зам. научного редактора
O.N. Pyshnaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, biology М.М. Тареева – кандидат с.%х. наук
E.P. Pronina, PhD, agriculture Перевод на английский язык
S.M. Sirota, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture А.С. Домблидес – кандидат с.%х. наук
V.I. Startsev, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture В.Ю. Мухортов – кандидат с.%х. наук
N.I. Timin, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture Фото
A.A. Ushakov, PhD, agriculture А.П. Лебедев
V.A. Kharchenko, PhD, agriculture
A.N. Chuprov, Principal Scientist, PhD, economics Дизайнер
К.В. Янситов (оригинальный макет и верстка)
N.A. Shmykova, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
Scientific Editor Адрес редакции:
H.G. Dobrutskaya, Principal Scientist, PhD, agriculture 143080, Московская область, Одинцовский р%н, п/о Лесной
Associate Scientific Editor городок, пос. ВНИИССОК, издательство ВНИИССОК.
M.M. Tareeva, PhD, agriculture Email: vniissok@mail.ru; tareeva%marina@rambler.ru
WWW.VNIISSOK.RU
Translation
A.S. Domblides, PhD, agriculture Тел.: +7 (495) 599%24%42, +7 (498) 303%19%67 (доб. 202)
V.U. Muhortov, PhD, agriculture Факс: +7 (495) 599%22%77
Photographing При перепечатке материалов
A.P. Lebedev ссылка на журнал обязательна.
Designer Редакция журнала не несет ответственность
K.V. Yansitov за информацию, содержащуюся в рекламе.
(Original model and imposition) Редакция оставляет за собой право вносить изменения
в предоставленные материалы в случае
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% их несоответствия техническим требованиям
Address of the publishing office: и некорректной смысловой нагрузки.
All% Russian Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Точка зрения авторов может не совпадать
Production (VNIISSOK), Moscow district, Odintsovo region, p/o Lesoy с точкой зрения редакции.
Gorodok, 143 080 Russia, Editorial and Publishing Unit
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
Recopying materials require reference to the journal to be made. Издание зарегистрировано в Федеральной службе
Publishing staff do not bear the responsibility for information included по надзору в сфере связи и массовых коммуникаций.
in advertisements. Publisher reserves the right to make alterations in
manuscripts in case of lack of correspondence with the issue subject Свидетельство ПИ №ФС77%33218 от 19 сентября 2008 г.
and technical requirements Тираж 1500 экземпляров.
Подписано в печать 22.12.2010
This issue is registered in Federal Service for Supervision of Media
and Mass Communications of RF. Отпечатано в ООО «Агентство «МедиаМикс»
The license ПИ №ФС77%33218 of the 19th September 2008 109202, г. Москва, Рязанский проспект, дом 33
Circulation is 1500 copies Тел.: +7 (495) 66%505%44, www.mdmix.ru

научнопрактический журнал [ 2 ] овощи россии № 3 (9) 2010


RESUMES
ANNOUNCEMENTS Email: alexsoldat@mail.ru ROUND3TABLE TALKS, STANDPOINT
Startsev B.I., Bondareva L.L. The presented results describes the approaches for Avdeev U.I., Avdeev A.U., Ivanova L.M.,
International meeting on cole crops breeding of initial accessions and for choosing of Kigashpaeva O.P., Bochkareva E.S.
in Krasnodar, 2010 informative environmental factors that is used for selec% Biological advantage of heterosis breeding over
State Scientific Institution, AllRussian Research tion of vegetable plant genotypes with minimized accu% variety selection believed as in a delusion and a
Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed mulation of 137Cs and 90Sr radionuclide. These methods myth. New approaches in plant breeding
Production are involved into ecological breeding program on low Astrakhan State University
Russian Academy of Agricultural Science radionuclide accumulation in vegetable plants. AllRussian Research Institute of Irrigated Vegetable
Еmail: mail@vniissok.ru Key words: Radionuclide, vegetable crops, culti and Melon Growing
On 12%14 September, 2010 the international scien% vars, environmental factors, methods of ecological Astrakhan Department of FGY «Gossortkomissia»
tific and practical conference on cole crops was breeding It is shown that hybrids F1 in many agricultural crops
held at All%Russian Research Institute of Rice belonging namely to Solanaceae and Cucurbitaceae
Breeding in Krasnodar. The major section subjects INTRODUCTION OF NEW PLANT CULTURE have no any actual or potential advantages over select%
were concentrated on current trends in cole crops Shvirst E.P. ed varieties for yield characteristics and a complex of
breeding, seed management, and recent technolo% Features of introduction of Daikon economic valuable traits. This statement equally con%
gies for Brassica crop cultivation. in condition of Magadan region cerns to many other crops, including cross%pollinated
State Scientific Institution, Research Institute of species. When buying seeds of hybrid F1 instead of
Baiybulova O. Agriculture, Russian Academy of Agricultural varieties of the same quality, we spend extra money for
Second AllRussian Forum «The Young People Science a high laborious method for their development.
in Agribusiness for Innovational Development in Email: agrarian@maglan.ru Breeding program and seed production for hybrids F1
Agricultural Industry». Young people to be In 2007%2009, the agro%technological researches have arisen and are maintained and monopolized. This
engaged in agribusiness were performed to optimize the cultivation of strategy brings losses 10%300 times as much in addi%
Russian Agrarian Young People's Union Daikon Raphanus sativus in coastal zone of tional labor and expenses to be required for breeding
Email: info@rssm.su; rssm@inbox.ru Okhotsk in the Magadan region. On the basis of the process. These additional expenses are then imposed
On 10 October, 2010 the forum «The Young People experimental results observed, it has been shown and on production. Potential opportunities on yielding
in Agribusiness for Innovational Development in that Daikon Raphanus sativus can be grown in capacity in transgenic varieties and hybrids and hybrid
Agricultural Industry» was organized at All%Russian extreme soil and climate conditions of Northern Far of «terminator» type are also considered.
Exhibition Center in Moscow, within the framework East with all crop requirements that have to be Key words: vegetable crops, varieties, hybrids F1,
of the Agricultural Industry Exhibition «The Golden maintained for the regional plant cultivation tech% breeding for heterosis, transgenic varieties, terminator
Autumn» nology. variety type
Key words: Japanese radish, introduction, cultiva
Shmikova N.A., Kan L.U. tion, regional technology JUBELEES
The International Scientific Conference Dobrutskaya E.G., Tareeva M.M.
«Genetics and Biotechnology on the Border Fotev U.V., Belousova V.P. 90th anniversary of faculty of gardening and landscape
of Millennium (Dedicated to the 45th Variability in morphological traits of breeding architecture in Russian State Agricultural University 
Anniversary of the Institute of Genetics accessions of vegetable cowpea in Siberia Timiriyazev Academy of Agriculture, Moscow
and Cytology of NAS of Belarus) Central Botanical Garden, Siberian Branch of State Scientific Institution, AllRussian Research Institute
State Scientific Institution, AllRussian Research Russian Academy of Science, Novosibirsk of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production
Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Email: fotev@online.nsk.su Russian Academy of Agricultural Science, Moscow dis
Production Variability in morphological traits of vegetable trict, Odintsovo region, PO Lesnoy Gorodok,
Russian Academy of Agricultural Science cowpea under film greenhouse and outdoor con% Еmail: mail@vniissok.ru
Еmail: mail@vniissok.ru ditions has been studied. A study of breeding On 9 December, 2010 the ceremonial meeting of faculty
The International Scientific Conference «Genetics accessions and hybrid generations of vegetable of gardening and landscape architecture dedicated to
and Biotechnology on the Border of Millennium cowpea in Siberia has revealed various morpho% 90th anniversary of the establishment of the faculty and
(Dedicated to the 45th Anniversary of the Institute of logical types and economically valuable forms chairs of fruit%growing, vegetable%growing, breeding and
Genetics and Cytology of NAS of Belarus) was held with green, red%and purple and red%and%green seed production of garden plants was held in Central
from 25th to 29th October, 2010 in Minsk. pod colour are suitable for a further breeding pro% Scientific Library named after N.I. Zheleznov.
gram for high%yielding varieties. A study of pod
Savchenko I.V., Bocharnikova N.I. skin color in cowpea has revealed dominant inher% Kan L.U.
Annual report on scientific research program itance of pigmentation in F1 and split at a ratio of 75th anniversary of professor
in November, 2010 in Russian Academy 9: 3: 4 in F2. Timin Nikolay Ivanovich
of Agricultural Science Key words: vegetable cowpea, morphological State Scientific Institution, AllRussian Research
Plant Breeding Branch of Russian Academy of traits, inheritance of pod pigmentation Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production
Agricultural Science Russian Academy of Agricultural Science
Email: gametas@mail.ru ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY FOR VEGETABLE Еmail: mail@vniissok.ru
Annual report «On Scientific and Industrial Projects CROP CULTIVATION On 7 April, 2010 Timin Nikolay Ivanovich is celebrating
of Research Institutes in the Area of Vegetable and Tsyganok N.S., Kazydub N.G. his 75th anniversary and as he has already worked in
Potato Breeding in 2010 and Following Scientific On suitability of common bean our institute for 55 years. In his longtime scientific and
Proposals from Research Institutes for 2011» for mechanized harvesting pedagogical activities he have been marked as a
State Scientific Institution, AllRussian Research renowned researcher, a leading scientist in applied
THEORY AND PRACTICE OF LOCAL BREEDING Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed plant genetic and plant breeding, a principal scientists
ACHEVMENTS IN VEGETABLE CROPS Production of laboratory of genetics and cytology, a honorable
Pivovarov V.F., Pishnaya O.N., Gurkina L.K. Russian Academy of Agricultural Science head of laboratory of genetics and cytology, a posses%
Main directions of scientific research program State Agricultural University, Omsk sor of golden medal of N.I. Vavilova, the Honored
in AllRussian Research Institute of Vegetable Twelve cultivars that were adapted to a region, Scientist of VNIISSOK, doctor in agriculture, professor.
Breeding and Seed Production, research out including newly developed ones were assessed for
lines and results for 2010 three years at three terms of sowing. These culti% Musaev F.B., Tareeva M.M.
State Scientific Institution, AllRussian Research vars were suitable for mechanized harvesting. As it Mikhail Trophimovich Tarasenko –
Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed was shown cultivars Pagoda, Zholushka, Kreolka, the renowned scientists of our country
Production Lika, Rashel, Sakphit were the most acceptable for State Scientific Institution, AllRussian Research
Russian Academy of Agricultural Science harvesting by mechanized combing at the time of Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production
Еmail: mail@vniissok.ru industrial ripeness. Russian Academy of Agricultural Science
This article surveyed main directions of scientific Key words: garden beans, varieties, terms of Еmail: mail@vniissok.ru
research work that is carried on in All%Russian sowing, suitability for mechanized harvesting, In 2010, 100 years have passed since the date
Research Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Western Siberia of birth of Mikhail Trophimovich Tarasenko
Production. The concise results in applied and fun% who was a renowned scientist in pomology,
damental researches that have been obtained in RECOMMENDATION ON VEGETABLE honored scientist of RSFSR, professor of Moscow
the institute for 2010 are described. CULTIVATION TECHNOLOGY; Timiriyazev Agricultural Academy
Key words: plant breeding, seed production, VEGETABLES FOR MIDDLE BELT OF RUSSIA
genetics, interspecific hybridization, biotechnolo Potekhin G.A., Kharchenko V.A., Pivovarov V.F. GEOGRAPHY OF VEGETABLES
gy, molecular markers, plant protection, vegetable Features of new parsley accessions Mishina A.V.
crop, genetic resources, varieties and F1 hybrids used as salad herbs Vegetables carving from
State Scientific Institution, AllRussian Research is an excellent art for cuisine
COUNCIL OF YOUNG RESEARCHERS Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed Academy of Carving, Moscow
Soldatenko A.V. Production www.karving.ru
Elaboration of methods for breeding program Russian Academy of Agricultural Science Artistic fruits and vegetables carving arose in the east
and ecological research on minimum radionu Еmail: mail@vniissok.ru and after thousand years, it has become a part of
clide content New cultivars of parsley were described to be used national traditions. Now in Russia, there is a sensation
State Scientific Institution, AllRussian Research as vegetable salad herbs. The detailed description associated with interest in cuisine originated in the
Institute of Vegetable Breeding and Seed for VNIISSOK's accessions was given. east. The current style and refinement, elegance and
Production Key words: parsley, varieties, agricultural technol imagination that characterize the meal from the east
Russian Academy of Agricultural Science ogy for growing, plant breeding can be reflected in vegetable carving.

научнопрактический журнал [ 3 ] овощи россии № 3 (9) 2010