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Audio and Video Streaming

over MANET

Salman Shahid Mr. Nauman Shamim


salman.sam@live.com nauman.shamim.xp@gmail.com

Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences


Department of Computer and Information Sciences

Introduction/Abstract: Mobile Ad hoc Objective


Networks (MANETs) are self-configuring The goal of this project is to develop a
and self-healing networks primarily used by mobile ad-hoc wireless network that can
defense forces and civil administration to effectively support voice and data traffic
achieve uninterrupted communication over multiple wireless hops.
support during emergency situations along
with increased redundancy. MANETs do not Methodology
require any pre-existing infrastructure or
 Different routing protocols for ad hoc
centralized control. As the nodes
constituting the network are mobile, with networks were studied and OLSR was
wireless links between them, the network
selected based upon its high
topology can be very dynamic. Due to
mobility of nodes, the performance of a performance.
MANET is dependent upon the capability of
the routing protocol to adapt to the  OLSR was implemented on five Linux
frequently changing network topology. Thus based WRT-54GL wireless routers.
special types of routing protocols are
developed for MANETs: reactive and  Multi-hop configuration was established
proactive. Ad hoc On-Demand Distance using Iptables to simulate a mobile
Vector (AODV) and Optimized Link State
Routing (OLSR) are two reactive and topology.
proactive protocols that are commonly used  Appropriate software was selected and
for establishing MANETs. In this project, a
multi-hop MANET was implemented using installed to enable voice and video
five Linux based WRT-54GL wireless transmission.
routers executing the OLSR protocol. An
extra node was placed between the source Analysis
and destination nodes to evaluate the The communication efficiency involving
redundancy of the network. VoIP Goodput, latency, end-to-end packet loss
communication was established and tested and jitter was extensively evaluated using
under static and mobile scenarios and the Iperf bandwidth tester and Ping
communication efficiency was evaluated. application over different number of
wireless hops.
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time. To support mobility, each router can be


Conclusion provided with a portable 12 volt battery.
 The results obtained from the
performance analysis indicate that the References
network established is completely [1]. Lei Chen and Wendi Heinzelman
capable of VoIP communication over
multiple numbers of wireless hops. “Network Architecture to Support QoS
 The network is highly reliable with in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, pp 1-2, June
alternate route selection within three
2004.
seconds of route severing.

[2]. VoIP-[online] available:


http://www.midlandtelecom.com/VOIP_Des
cription.aspx

Figure: 1 Test-bed Network Topology


[3]. Netfilter-[online] available:
http://www.netfilter.org

Studying Understanding
MANETs and Linux OS [4]. Freifunk-[online] available:
Routing Protocols
http://freifunk.net/wiki/FreifunkFirmwareEn
Installing OLSR Installing AODV glish.
on WRT-54GL on LAN
routers

[5]. Linksys-[online] available:


Setting up
a Multi hop Test VoIP Installation http://www.linksys.com.
bed configuration

[6]. Y. Ge, T. Kunz, and L. Lamont,


Network Performance
Monitoring Evaluation “Quality of Service Routingin Ad-hoc
Networks Using OLSR,” in Proceeding of
Figure 2: Project Plan Flow Chart
the 36th Hawii International Conference on
Future Work System Science, 2003.
The performance of other protocols can be
compared with that of OLSR and a better
network solution can be obtained. For example [7]. Iperf-[online] available:
AODV can be cross compiled to run on the
http://dast.nlanr.net/Projects/Iperf/
WRT-54GL routers and its performance can be
compared with that of OLSR. Also the newer
versions of OLSR (Freifunk) are also available Technical Support
which should be evaluated in a real test bed
environment. For any help about thesis, please contact
We have tested the redundancy of the MANET me via email: salman.sam@live.com
in an emulated multi-hop environment i.e. we
blocked some of the nodes for specific routers
using MAC layer filtering. The MANET should
be tested in real life by actually physically
moving the routers out of the radio range of each
other and then monitoring the route switching