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Е.А. Фоменко, М.А.

Бодоньи,
И.Б. Долrопольская, Н.В. Черникова

ПОДГОТОВКА

к ЕГЭ-2
Книга 1
Пособие с аудиоприложением
Учебные пособия издательства <<Легион>> допущены к использованию в
образовательном процессе приказом Минобрнауки России N~ 729 от 14.12.2009

Учебно-меrодический комплекс
«Английский язык. Подготовка к ЕГЭ>>

Е. А. Фоменко, М.А. Бодоньи,


И. Б. Долrопольская, Н. В. Черникова,

v v

АНГЛИИСКИИ ЯЗЬIК
ПОДГОТОВКА
К ЕГЭ-2015

Книга 1
Учебное пособие с аудиоприложением

ti"
ЛЕГИОН
Ростов-на-Дону
2014
ББК 81.2англ
А64

Рецензент:
А.С. Юрин., учитель высшей категории МБОУ СОШ N!!9 с уrлуб­
лённым изучением английского языка г. Таганрога

Фоменко Е. А., Бодоньи М.А., Долгопольская И. Б.,


Черникова Н. В.
А64 Английский язык. Подготовка к ЕГЭ-2015. Пособие с аудио­
приложением. Книга 1 / Под редакцией Е. А. Фоменко.
Ростов-на-Дону: Легион, 2014.-240 с.- (Готовимся к ЕГЭ.)

ISBN 978-5-9966-0545-3

Учебно-методическое пособие предназначено для подготовки к


ЕГЭ по английскому языку. Проект впервые состоит из двух книг.
Пред.лагаемая читателям первая книга включает теоретический
справочник, тренировочные задания для подготовки к письменной
части экзамена (сборник упражнений), 10 вариантов экзамена­
.ционной работы в форме ЕГЭ по актуальному на момент выхода
книги плану экзамена, ответы ко всем заданиями и аудиоприложе­

ние ( CD- диск для работы на компьютере) к разделу «Аудирование»


всех вариантов пособия.
Этот материал предназначен для формирования фундамента: си­
стематизации знаний, отработки всего спектра компетенций, пред­
метных умений.
Книга адресована старшеклассникам, абитуриентам, учителям,
методистам. Наиболее эффективным будет использование данного
пособия вместе с другими книгами учебно-методического ком­
плекса «Английский язык. Подготовка к ЕГЭ-2015:. и, в част­
ности, с книгой 2 этого проекта.

ББК81.2англ
ISBN 978-5-9966-0545-3 © 000 «Легион», 2014
Оглавление

Глава 1 Краткий теоретический справочник ... .. .... .. ...... . . 4

Глава 11 Тренировочные задания для подготовки к письменной


части экзамена . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Ключи к тренировочным упражнениям главы II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

Глава IП Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ . 75


Вариант 1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Вариант 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Вариант 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97
Вариант 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
Вариант 5 ......................................................... 119
Вариант 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
Вариант 7 ......................................................... 141
Вариант 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
Вариант 9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
Вариант 1О . • • • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . • . . . • • . . . . . . . . . . • . • • . . . . . . . . . • . • . 173

Ответы к учебно-тренировочным вариантам ..................... 184

Тексты для аудирования .......................•.................. 194

Замечания и пред.ложения, касающиеся данной книги, можно присы­


лать по почте или на электронный адрес: legionrus@legionrus.com.
Обсудить пособие, оставить замечания и предложения, задать вопро­
сы можно на форумах издательства http://legion-posoblya.livejournal.com,
http://f.legionr.ru.
Глава 1

Краткий теоретический справочник

В данной главе пред.ложено обобщённое изложение основного грамма­


тического материала, уже освоенного учащимися. Главной задачей спра­
вочника является сведение воедино наиболее важных грамматических пр а­
вил английского языка, использование которых поможет успешно спра­
виться с практическими заданиями из второй части пособия.
При изучении английского языка следует чётко понимать, что его ос­
новным отличием является строгий порядок слов в пред.ложении. Приве­
дённые в справочнике таблицы помоrут освежить в памяти базовые струк­
туры построения пред.ложений в английском языке.

Глагол
Любое из пред.ложений может быть высказано как в действительном
(активном) залоге, так и страдательном (пассивном). В первом случаедей­
ствие выполняет под.лежащее, а во втором - дополнение, которое может

быть указано в пред.ложении или нет. Действительный залог в речи исполь­


зуется гораздо чаще, поэтому именно он взят за основу в системе времён.
Под основные правила не подпадают глагол to Ье и модальные глаголы.
В таблице использованы следующие сокращения:
- Пед.ч.
- под.лежащее в единственном числе (существительное или
местоимения he, she, it);
- Пмн.ч. - под.лежащее во множественном числе (существительное
или местоименияуои, we, they);
- V2 - правильный глагол с окончанием -ed, неправильный во второй
форме в таблице неправильных глаголов;
- V3 - правильный глагол с окончанием -ed, неправильный в третьей
форме в таблице неправильных глаголов;
- Ving- глагол с окончанием -ing.
Active voice (действительный залог) ~
11>
Present Past Future ~il:i.
Действие регулярное, обычное,
повторяющееся
Действие, ,которое ~
Always/never, often/seldom, today, Действие, которое прои-1 произойдёт в' буду- ~
uцем ~
usually/sometimes, every day, ... зошло в прошлом

Simple + 1/ Пмн.ч V Yesterday, last, ago


Tomorrow, next, soon, ~
in 2 days il:i·
(когда?) Пед.ч V+s + П Vz
+ПwiiiV
t')

-€5
- I/ Пмн.ч don't V - П didn't V
Пед.ч doesn't V ? DidПV
- Пwoп'tV ~
? Shall I/we V ;ij
? Do I/ Пмн.ч V ~
WiiiПV
DоеsПед.ч V
- действие, происходящее в момент речи;
- запланированное действие в будуuцем - действие, происходяuцее в
Now, at the moment определённый момент вре-
+ I am мени в прошлом - действие, которое бу­
Progressive Пед.ч is Ving Аt 5 о' clock yesterday, the дет длиться в oпpeдe­
(Continuous) Пмн.ч are whole day, from 3 to 5, лённый момент вpeмe-
Длительность - I am not while, when ни в будущем
действия= Пед.ч isп't Ving + Пед.ч was Ving At 5 o'clock tomorrow
несовершен­ Пмн.ч aren't Пмн.ч were Ving + П will Ье Ving
ный вид ? Am I Пед.ч - Пед.ч wasn't Ving - П won't Ье Ving
Is Пед.ч Ving Пмн.ч weren'tVing ? Will П Ье Ving
Аге Пмн.ч ? Was Пед.ч Ving
Искл.: не употребляется с глаголами Were Пмн.ч Ving
чувственного восприятия
ел
Present Past Future
- действие выполнено или не выпол- - действие завершено к - действие завершится
нено к настоящему моменту, резуль- определённому моменту к определённому мо-
тат важен сейчас; времени; менту времени в буду-
- действие началось в прошлом и не - действие в прошлом, ко- щем
закончено к моменту речи торое предшествует другому Ву 5 o'clock tomorrow
Perfect
Ever/never, just, already, yet, прошедшему действию + П will have V3
(результат
recently, lately, for, since + П had V3 - П won't have V3
действия)
+ 1/ Пмн.ч have V3 - П hadn't V3 ? Will П have V3
Пед.ч has V3 ? Had П V3
- 1/ Пмн.ч haven't V3
Пед.ч hasn't V3
? Have 1/ Пмн.ч V3
Has Пед.ч V3
- действие длилось до момента речи; - длительное прошедшее
- действие длилось в прошлом и за- действие, которое заверши-
вершилось к моменту речи лось раньше определённого
Perfect + 1/ Пмн.ч have been Ving момента в прошлом
Progressive Пед.чhas been Ving + П had been Ving
(как долго длит- - 1/ Пмн. ч haven 't been Ving - П hadn 't been Ving
ся действие) Пед.ч hasn't been Ving ? Had П been Ving
? Have 1/ Пмн.ч been Ving
Has Пед.ч been Ving_ (')

{!
Употребление времён в действительном и страдательном залогах полностью совпадает. Форма страда- ~
тельного залога образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола to Ье в нужной форме и Participle II (тре- ~
тья форма) смыслового глагола. ~
Passive voice (страдательный залог) ~
1:1>

Present Past Future ~


~
+ I am + Пед.ч was Уз + П will Ье Уз ;:;!
Пед.ч is Уз Пмн.ч were Уз - Пwon'tbe Уз .g
Пмн.ч are - Пед.ч wasn't Уз ? Will П Ье Уз ~
-1 am not Пмн.ч weren't Уз Shall 1/We Ье Уз· ~
Simple
Пед.ч isn't Уз ? Was Пед.ч Уз ~
:=:.
Пмн.ч aren't Were Пмн.ч Уз t'>
-€!
? ls Пед.ч Уз
АrеПмн.ч Уз
~

+ 1 am + Пед.ч was being Уз ~
Пед.ч is beingYз Пмн.ч were being Уз
Пмн.ч are - Пед.ч wasn't being Уз
Progressive -1 am not Пмн.ч weren't beingYз
( Continuous) Пед.ч isn't beingYз ? Was Пед.ч being Уз
Пмн.ч aren't Were Пмн.ч being Уз
\
? ls Пед.ч being Уз
Аге Пмн.ч being Уз
+ 1/ Пмн.ч have been Уз + П had been Уз
Пед.ч has been Уз - П hadn't been Уз
- 1/ П haven't been Уз ? Had П been Уз
Perfect П hasn't been V з
? Have 1/ Пмн.ч been Уз
Has Пед.ч been Уз

-...j
8 Краткий теоретический справочник

Мода.nьные глаголы и их эквива.nенты

Модальные глаголы по своим свойствам отличаются от остальных гла­


голов тем, что сами не обозначают действие. Они выражают отношение
к нему говорящего. Они не могут употребляться самостоятельно, после них
обязательно должен стоять смысловой глагол в начальной форме. Они мо­
гут сами образовывать отрицательные и вопросительные предложения, им
не требуются вспомогательные глаголы, но это правило не распространя­
ется на их эквиваленты.

Модальные глаголы в Форма в Форма в


настоящем времени и их прошедшем будущем
значения времени времени

Сап Could Will Ье аЫе to


Возможность, способность, уме-
ние выполнить действие
Мау Might Will Ье allowed
- разрешение to
- предположение с оттенком

сомнения

Must Эквивалент Will have to


Обязанность, приказание,необ- Had to
ходимость

Should/ Ought to Should have Vз -


Следует выполнить действие
(совет, рекомендация)
Need/ needn't Need have Vз - 1

Нужно/не нужно выполнять

действие 1
1

Неличные формы глагола

В английскрм языке есть три неличные формы глагола: инфинитив, ге­


рундий и причастие. Рассмотрим особенности их употребления. Инфи­
нитив может выполнять функции подлежащего, части сказуемого, пря­
мого дополнения, обстоятельства цели и сложного дополнения ( Complex
Object, Complex Subject). Инфинитив в английском языке имеет формы
действительного и страдательного залогов, также может быть перфектным
и неперфектным, и это единственнаянеличная форма глагола, имеющая
форму Progressive.
Краткий теоретический справочник 9
Noп-Perfect Perfect 1

Simp\e Progressive Perfect Perfect Progr.


to have been Уing
Active toY to Ье Ying to have Уз (употребляется
редко)
to have been Уз
Passive to Ье Уз - (употребляется -
редко)

Герундий имеет, кроме глагольных свойств, свойства имени существи­


тельного. Соответствующей формы в русском языке не существует; no зна­
чению к герундию близки отглагольные существительные, также его значе­
ние может передаваться инфинитивом, деепричастием, глаголом.в личной
форме.
Active Passive
Simple \ling beingVз
Perfect having Vз having been Vз

Перед герундием может стоять притяжательное местоимение или суще­


ствительное в притяжательном падеже, предлог. Случая употребления ге­
рундия следует запомнить:

- как прямое дополнение после глаголов like, пееd, prefer, remember,


епjоу, miпd, excuse, Ье busy, Ье worth;
- как предложное дополнение может употребляться после любого гла­
гола или прилагательного, требующего предЛога: to depeпd оп, to rely
оп, to object to, to Ь\аmе ... for, to thaпk ••• for, to praise ..• for, to Ье
respoпsiЬ\e for, to Ье foпd of, to Ье tired of, to Ье afraid of, to look
forward to, to feel\ike.

Причастие в английском языке может быть в предложении определением


или входить в состав причастного оборота (в русском языке соответствует
причастному и деепричастному обороту). В качестве определения высту­
пают Participle 1 Simple (несовершенного вида) и Participle 11 (совершен­
ного вида).
Причастие, употреблённое в качестве обстоятельства времени и причины,
может выражать относительное время. Так, причастие 1 простое показы­
вает, что выражаемое им действие происходит одновременно с действием
глагола-сказуемого, а причастие 1 перфектное показывает, что действие
произошло ранее действия сказуемого. Необходимо помнить, что перед
причастнем предлог не употребляется.
10 Краткий теоретический справочник

Active Passive
Participle 1 Simple \ting о пределе- being Vз обстоятель-

(Present) ние/обстоятельство с тв о

Participle 1 Perfect having Vз обстоятель- having been Vз обстоя-


с тв о тельство

Participle 11 - Vз определение

Закон согласования времён используется в английском языке при пере­


воде предложения из прямой речи в косвенную. Основное его положение:
если главная часть стоит в прошедшем времени, то и в зависимой части
необходимо употреблять только одно из прошедших времён.
Время предложения Время в придаточном
в прямой речи предложении в косвенной
речи

Present Simple Past Simple


Present Progressive Past Progressive
Present Perfect Past Perfect
Past Simple --t Past Perfect
Past Progressive Past Perfect Progressive
Present Perfect Progressive Past Perfect Progressive
Future Future in the Past
Также нужно обращать внимание на то, какой тип пред.ложения был в пря­
мой речи.
Повествовательное предложение имеет следующую структуру: Подл. +
said / told + that + подл. + сказуемое в нужном прошедшем времени.
Вопросительное предложение:
Подл.+ asked + if (whether) /вопросительное слово+ подл.+ сказуемое
в нужном прошедшем времени.

Повелительное предложение:
Подл. + asked / ordered + to + инфинитив.
Необходимо согласовать и обстоятельства времени.
This that
(these) (those)
Today that day
Now then
Неге --t there
Tomorrow the next (the following) day
Ago before
Yesterday the day before/the previous day
Lastweek the week before
Краткий теоретический справочник 11
В английском языке, как и в русском, существуют три наклонения:
а) повелительное наклонение, которое вЫражает побуждение к действию,
просьбу или приказание: Go at once! Don't Ье late!
б) изъявительное наклонение, которое выражает реальное действие в на­
стоящем, прошедшем или будущем времени;
в) сослагательное наклонение, которое выражает возможность, предпо­
ложение или нереальность действия.

Рассмотрим более подробно сослагательное наклонение.


The Subjunctive Mood. Выделяют две формы сослагательного наклоне­
ния: Subjunctive I (совпадает с формой Future in the Past), которое упо­
требляется в простом предложении и в главной части сложноподчинён­
ного предложенИя, и Subjunctive II (совпадает с формой Past Simple /
Past Perfect), которое употребляется в придаточном предложении. Сосла­
гательное наклонение часто используется в сложных предложениях с при­

даточным условия.

Условные предложения:
1-й тип - реальное действие, которое может произойти в будущем при
каком-то условии.

2-й тип - нереальное на данный момент действие, которое невозможно


в настоящем или будущем.
3-й тип - нереальное действие, которое не произошло в прошлом.
Второй и третий типы переводятся с частицей бы.
Главная часть Условная часть 1

1-й тип Fиtиre Siтple lf(When ... ) Present Siтple


Подл. will V Подл. V/Vs
2-й тип Fиtиre in the Past lf Past Siтple
Подл. would V Подл. V2
3-й тип Fиtиre in the Past lf Past Perfect
Подл. would have V3 Подл. had Vз

Существительное

Множественное число имён существительных


1. Традиционным способом образования множественного числа яв­
ляется прибавление окончания -S/-ES.
2. К существительным, оканчивающимся в единственном числе на -s,
-ss, -sh, -ch, -х прибавляется окончание -es (Xerox-xeroxes ).
12 Краткий теоретический справочник

3. Некоторые имена существительные, оканчивающиеся на -f/-fe, ме­


няют окончания на -ve+s (wife-wives ).
4. Существительные, оканчивающиеся на -у с предшествующей со­
гласной, меняют её на -i+es (victory-victories ).
5. Существительные на -о- возможно -s или -es (нужно запоминать
каждый конкретный случай).
6. Нетрадиционные способы образования множественного числа:
man-men
woman- women
foot -feet
tooth - teeth
goose - geese
mouse- mice
child - children
ox-oxen
7. Единственное число= множественному числу
sheep
fish
deer
8. Неисчисляемые существительные, употребляющиеся только в един­
ственном числе: sand (песок), food, meat, wateг, аiг, politics,
economics, physics, mathematics, spaghetti, advice, infoгmation,
knowledge, pгogгess, news, money, haiг.
9. Существительные, употребляющиеся только во множественном чис­
ле: jeans, tongs (щипцы), glasses, tгouseгs, tights, scissoгs, goods,
clothes, contents, wages (зарплата).

Артикль

The definite aгticle


А) перед нарицательными существительными.
1. Перед существительным, обозначающим конкретный предмет, о ко­
тором даются или выясняются дополнительные сведения.

The flat is quite large and comfortaЬle.


2. Перед существительным, являющимся единственным в своём роде
или в данной обстановке.
When we went out, the тооп was shining.
Краткий теоретический справочник 13
3. Перед существительным в функции обстоятельства места, если не под­
чёркивается значение один из.
They weпt iпto the restaиraпt апd sat dowп at the taЬle Ьу the wiпdow.
4. Перед существительным, обозначающим вещество в определённом
количестве или определённом месте в данной обстановке.
Pass те the salt, please.
5. Перед приложением, характеризующим известное историческое
лицо.

Dreiser, the fатоиs Атеriсап writer, joiпed the Соттипist Party at the
age of74.
6. После слов опе of, sоте of, тапу of, each of, тost of; обычно после
слов all, both.
Give те опе of the books.
7. Перед существительным, имеющим определение, выраженное при­
лагательным в превосходной степени, перед словами sате, followiпg и
порядковыми числительными, а также словами пехt в значении следую­
щий по порядку и last в значении последний.
This is the тost respoпsiЬle task of all.
8. Перед прилагательными и причастиями в значении существительно­
го и перед словом people в значении народ.
The old doп't always ипderstaпd the уоипg.
9. Перед существительными, обозначающими социальные классы лю­
дей.
Theworkers
The boиrgeoisie
10. Перед существительными в единственном числе, обозначающими
целый класс предметов.
The dog is а frieпd of тап.
Б) перед именами собственными
1. Перед именем собственным, обозначающим целиком всю семью.
1 haveп't теt the Browпs siпce they retи;пed froт Lопdоп.
2. Перед именами собственными, имеющими ограничивающие опреде­
ление.

Не was agaiп the Charles she иsed to kпow years ago.


3. Перед названиями некоторых стран и местностей.
Не travelled widely throиghoиt the Uпited States.
4. Перед названиями океанов, морей, рек и горных целей.
Не travelled twice across the Pacific Осеап.
14 Краткий теоретический справочник

5. ·перед названиями четырёх сторон света.


Have you ever Ьееп to the South?
6. Перед названиями судов, гостиниц и английских газет.
Не reads the Morning Star regularly.

The indefinite article


1. Для обозначения принадЛежности предмета к какому-либо классу
предметов (с глаголами to have, to see и др., с оборотом there is, в имен­
ной части составного сказуемого) при наличии описательного определения
и без него.
А тап' s waiting for you.
2. Перед· абстрактным существительным при наличии описательного
определения.

They lived а quiet life.


3. Перед существительным в приложении, если не подчеркивается из­
вестность лица, к которому оно относится.

Mr. Petrov, an engineer at our factory, spoke at the meeting yesterday.


4. В значении один перед исчисляемыми существительными, обозна­
чающими время.

Will you Ье back in an hour?


5. В восклицательных предЛожениях после what и перед исчисляемы­
ми существительными в единственном числе.

What а lonely day!


6. Перед исчисляемыми существительными в единственном числе, оп­
ределяемым словами such, quite, rather, most (в значении очень).
lt is such а difficult sentence that 1 can't translate it.
7. Перед существительным, определяемым порядковым числительным
в значении другой, ещё один.
Suddenly we heard а shot, then а second and а third.
8. В сочетаниях а little и а few.
lf 1 have а little free time today, /' ll drop in.

No article
1. Перед абстрактными существительными; перед названием вещества,
если речь не идёт о каком-либо конкретном количестве; перед существи­
тельными во множественном числе в случаях, перечисленных выше (пункт
1, 5, 6 - The indefinite article ).
The work gives him satisfaction.
Краткий теоретический справочник 15
2. Перед именами собственными.
London is the capital of England.
3. Перед существительным, определяемым словами next в значении
будущий и last в значении прошлы.й.
1 went to the Ukraine for ту holiday last year, and 1 ат going there next
year too.
4. Перед названием наук.
1 like Literature and History, but 1 don't like Matheтatics.
5. Перед существительными Mother, Father, Uncle, Aunt и др. в речи
членов одной и той же семьи.
Has Mother соте back yet?
6. В некоторых сочетаниях существительного с предлогом, когда все
сочетание носит наречный характер: in tiтe, at hоте, at night, Ьу train,
Ьуheart, Ьу day, froт year to year, froт head to foot и др.
You сап get there in tiтe if you go Ьу train.

Степени сравнения прилагательных


Существуют три степени сравнения прилагательных: положительная,
сравнительная и превосходная. В зависимости от способов образования
степеней сравнения выделяют три группы прилагательных.

1-я группа:
1) односложные прилагательные (low, nice, hot);
2) двусложные прилагательные на -у, -ow, -le, -er (pretty, clever);
3) двусложные с ударением на втором слоге (severe );
4) трёхсложные прилагательные с приставкой un- ( unhappy ).
Все эти прилагательные образуют степени сравнения с помощью суффик-
сов.

low - lower - the lowest


clever - cleverer - the cleverest
2-я группа: все остальные двусложные и многосложные прилагательные
образуют степени сравнения с помощью слов тоге и the тost.
modern - more modern - the most modern
terriЬie- more terriЬie - the most terriЬ!e
3-я группа: особые случаи, когда прилагательные образуют степени срав-
нения от разных основ.

good - better- the best


bad - worse - the worst
far- farther- the farthest
16 Краткий теоретический справочник

far- further- the furthest


maпy/much- more- the most
little - less - the least

Степенисравнениянаречий

1. Односложные- так же, как и прилагательные 1-й группы (без ар­


тикля):
late - later - latest
2. Многосложные- так же, как и прилагательные 2-й группы (без ар­
тикля):
seldom - more seldom - most seldom
3. Особые случаи:
badly - worse - worst
little - less - least
much - more - most
well - better - best

Местоимения

1. Личные -1, you, he, she, it, we, they.


2. Притяжательные- my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their.
Абсолютная форма - miпe, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs.
3. Объектные (косв. падежи)- те, you, him, her, it, us, them.
4. Вопросительные/ Относительные/ Союзные в зависимости от типа
предложения - who ( whom), whose, which, what.
5. Возвратные- myself, yourself, herself, himself, itself, yourselves,
ourselves, themselves.
6. Взаимные- each other, опе aпother.
7. Отрицательные- по, поЬоdу, по опе, попе, пothiпg, пowhere.
8. Неопределённые - some( +), апу( -, ?), every и их производные,
all, both, each, other, aпother, опе ..

Числительные

1. Количественные числительные обозначают количество предме­


тов, номера комнат, домов, автобусов и т.д., хронологические даты.
1,201 books ( one thousand two hundred and one books)
on page 305 ( three hundred and five)
Краткий теоретический справочник 17

in 1900 ( nineteen hundred)


in 1905 (nineteen ou five)
in 1956 (nineteen fifty six)
in 2008 (two thousand and eight)

Дробные числительные (простые и десятичные):


1/5 ton (one fifth of а ton)
1/2 kilometre(half а kilometre)
1/4 mile (quarter of а mile)
0.5 (point five)
3.215 (three point two one five)
2. Порядковые числительные служат д.ля обозначения дат, порядка
предмета по счёту.
The 35th day (thirty-fifth day)
16th January (the sixteenth of January)

Словообразование

Суффиксы существительных:
(асу, -age, -an, -ance, -ancy, -ant, -ar, -ard, -ate, -су, -dom,
-ее, -er, -ence, -ency, -ent, -er, -ery, -ess, -ette, -hood, -ice,
-ie, -ier, -ite, -is~, -ist, -ity, -ive, -kin, -Iet, -ment, -mony,
-ness, -or, -ory, -ship, -ster, -teen, -tion, -tude, -ty, -ure, -у, -yer
Суффиксы глаголов:
-ate, -en, -fy, -ify, -ize
Суффиксы прилагательных:
-аЬiе, -ас, -aceous, -al, -am, -ar, -ary, -ate, -Ьiе, -ent, -er,
-arn, -ascent, -ful, -iЬie, -ic, -ical, -id, -ile, -ine, -ish, -Iess,
_-Iike, -ly, -ory, -ous, -some, -ty, -ulent, -wise, -у
Суффиксы наречий:
-ally, -fold, -Iike, -ly, -ward, -ways, -wise
Отрицательные префиксы: Слова с отрицательным значением моrут
быть образованы путём присоединения префиксов un-, dis-, in-, nоп-;
префиксы il-, im-, ir- моrут быть добаВJiены к прилагательным, начина­
ющихся с букв -1, -р, -r.

2. Зак. /1111 5
18 Краткий теоретический справочник

SUFFIXES
Suffix Examp\es
NОUNS/существительные
ment (verb + suffix- noun) improvement, disagreement
ion (verb + suffix = noun) election, translation
tion (sion) (verb + suffix = noun) information, revision '

ing(verb + suffix = noun) spelling, reading


ness ( adjective + suffix = noun) happiness, whiteness, weakness
(i)ty (adjective + suffix = noun) similarity, popularity
ее, er, or, ist (noun/verb + suffix = noun); employee, employer, dancer,
actor, artist
new nouns describe people and their jobs
eer ( noun + suffix = noun) engineer, mountaineer
ism ( noun + suffix = noun) materialism
ance/ence (verb + suffix = noun) acceptance,absence
hood (noun + suffix = noun) childhood, neighbourhood
ship (noun + suffix = noun) friendship, relationship
ADJECТIVES 1 прилагательные
ous ( noun/verb + suffix = adjective) famous, glamorous
а! (noun/verb + suffix = adjective) political, practical
у ( noun/verb + suffix = adjective) foggy, sunny, rainy
ive (noun/verb + suffix = adjective) attractive 1

аЬ!е (iЬie) (noun/verb + suffix = drinkaЬie, comprehensiЬie


adjective)
fill often means 'full of + the meaning of helpful, thoughtful
the adjective
less means 'without' + the meaning of homeless, joЬless
the adjective
ic (noun + suffix = adjective) historic, realistic
АDVЕRВS/наречия
Jy_~_dl~ctive + suffix = adverb) .lfully,slo\VIy, beautifuiiy ..

2'
!(раткнй теоретический справочник 19
Предлоги

1. Предлоги, обозначающие движение (куда? откуда?)


to- движение к предмету, лицу (в, на, к) I go to college. Соте to те.
froт - движение от предмета, лица (от, I'т going froт the door.
из, с, у)
iпto- движение внутрь чего-либо (в) Соте iпto the rоот.
out of- движение изнутри чего-то (из) Take the реп out of the bag.
towards - к, по направлению к They went towards the park.

2. Предлоги времени ( когда?)


iп- внутри временного отрезка (в), iп April, iп 1990
через некоторое время iп three days
at - в точке времени at 12 o'clock, at night
оп - в (с названием дней недели, дата­ . оп Sunday, оп the 1st of Мау
ми)
Ьу - к определённому времени Ьу toтorrow, Ьу 7 o'clock
froт ...
till (to ) ... - от...до ... froт 5 till (to) 6
before - перед чем-либо before classes
betweeп -между betweeп 1 and 2 o'clock
duriпg- в течение, во времени duriпg the week
siпce -с, с тех пор siпce Monday
for - в течение какого-то отрезка вре­ for an hour
мени

after - после чего-либо after breakfast

3. Предлоги, обозначающие место (где?)


at - местонахождение у предмета, у ли­ We are at college.
ца или там, где происходит какой-то про­ I ат sitting at the tаЬ!е.
цесс( в, на, у, за) She is at her brother.
iп- местонахождение внутри чего-либо The driver is iп the саг.
оп - местонахождение на чём-либо The clock is оп the wall.
uпder - местонахождение под чем­ The Ьох is uпder the tаЬ!е.
либо
over/ above- местонахождение над Birds are over our heads.
чем-либо
iп froпt of - местонахождение перед I sit iп froпt of the tаЬ!е.
чем-либо
20 Краткий теоретический справочник

behind- местонахождение за чем-либо The garden is behind the


house.
through -через (сквозь) They marched through the
town.
across- через (поперёк) The bridge is across the river.
around -вокруг чего-либо We were sitting around the
taЬle.
among- среди, между At last I was among my friends.

В английском языке существуют идиоматические сочетания глаголов с


предлогами, которые меняют значение глагола. Это одиа из сложных тем,
требующая заучивания целого фразеологического оборота.
Глава 11

Тренировочные задания
u
для подготовки к письменнон части

экзамена

В тренировочной части пособия мы пред.лагаем проанализировать уро­


вень сформированности умений и навыков по английскому языку, которые
становятся объектом контроля в ходе ЕГЭ. Элементы содержания, прове­
рнемые на экзамене, представлены в кодификаторе 1 : они являются осно­
вой при разработке тестовых материалов.
Тренировочные задания подготовлены в следующем формате. При их
выполнении используйте следующий алгоритм:
- проанализируйте сформированносrь иноязычной речевой деятель-
\"
н ости на основе представленных дескрипторов в соответствии с элемента-

ми содержания, знаниями, умениями и навыками, провернемыми на ЕГЭ 2 .


Заполните графы таблиц, которые обозначают:
1 -могу это вьtполнить без затруднений,
2- возникают некоторьtе затруднения при вьtполнении данно­
го задания,
3- допускаю многочисленньtе ошибки при вьtполнении данного
задания,
4- не могу вьtполнить данное задание;
-выполните пред.лагаемые ниже задания, которые соотносятся с кон­

тролируемыми элементами, установите верность самооценки, определите

необходимость дальнейшей работы над представленными элементами со­


держания.

1 Кодификатор элементов содержания и требований к уровню подготовки вы­


пускников общеобразовательных учреждений д.IIЯ проведения Единого государ­
ственного экзамена по АНГЛИЙСКОМУ ЯЗЫКУ. - [Электронный ресурс)
URL: http: / fwww.fipi.rufviewfsections/228/docs/660.html.
2В тренировочных заданиях представлены некоторые элементы содержания, провернемые
на ЕГЭ.
22 Тренировочные задания .идя подготовки к письменной части экзамена

, READING

TEST 1 (В2)

Analyze уоuг language abllities impoгtant fог рагt 82 of State Exam.


Tick ( ./) descгiblng уоuг abllities.
1 2 3 4 Ссылка на ЕГЭ
Я понимаю основное содержание сооб- Задания типа
щений, несложных публикаций научно- 82
познавательного характера, отрывков

из произведений художественной лите-


ратуры.

Я умею отделять главную информацию Задания типа 1

от второстепенной, выявлять наиболее


значимые факты.
В2 1

Useful tips

При выполнении этого задания провернется умение понимать основное


содержание сообщений, несложных фрагментов научно-познавательной
и художественной литературы. Соотнесение фрагментов и заголовков тре­
бует так называемого быстрого чтения, в ходе которого важно общее по­
нимание темы текста на основе ключевых слов.

Особую трудность в данном задании представляют тексты, связанные од­


ной тематикой, но раскрывающие разные её аспекты. Для того чтобы спра­
виться с данным заданием на высоком уровне, важно найти в тексте фразы,
предложения, которые соответствуют выбранному заголовку.
При затруднениях в выполнении данного задания мы рекомендуем вклю­
чать в подготовку к ЕГЭ тексты различной жанровой направленности с за­
даниями типа true/false и т.п.

Do the test below, соmраге the гesults of уоuг self-examination with


уоuг test points. ldentify if you need тоге help.
Read 7 fragтents. Choose the тost sиitaЬle heading froт the list 1-8
for each fragтeпt (A-G). There is опе extra headiпg which уои do not
пееd to иsе.
1. Units of Eneгgy
2. Огdег in Natuгe
3. Distance to the Sun
4. lce Ages
Треннравочные задання для подготовки к письменной частн экзамена 23
5. Vaccinations
6~ Miniature Кingdom
7. Conservation of Matter
8. Universal Gravitation
А. Lavoisier was the first chemist to believe in measurement during
and after experiments. All chemists before had focused оп observation and
descriptioп of the reactioпs duriпg ап experiment. Ву carefully measuriпg the
weight of each substaпce, Lavoisier discovered that matter is neither created
nor destroyed duriпg а chemical reaction. It may chaпge from опе form to
another, but it сап always Ье fouпd or accounted for. Scieпtists still use this
priпciple every day.
В. Have you had small рох? Polio? Typhoid? РrоЬаЬ!у поt. However, such
iпfectious diseases used to plague humaп kind. The word plague comes from
оп е of these killer .diseases - the bubonic plague. For example, throughout
the fourteeпth апd fifteenth ceпturies, the plague killed пearly half of the
populatioп of Europe. But опе simple discovery поt опlу stopped the spread
of each of these diseases, it virtually eradicated them.
С. Until the eighteeпth ceпtury, пature was viewed as а wild profusion
of life. Carl Linnaeus discovered order апd orgaпizatioп iп that seemiпg
randomпess. His system for naming, grouping and conceptually organizing
plants and animals provided insights into botany, Ьiology, ecosystems and
Ьiological structure that scieпtists still rely оп almost 300 years later.
D. Just as Galileo used his telescope to open the humaп horizon to the
plaпets апd stars of space, so Vап Leeuwenhoek used his microscope to
ореп humaп awareпess to the microscopic world that was iпvisiЬ!y small
апd that no опе had еvеп dreamed existed. His work fouпded the scieпce of
microblology апd completed humaп understaпding of the circulatory system.
Е. Our uпderstaпdiпg of the universe depeпds оп two fouпdatioпs -
our ability to measure the distaпces to far away stars апd our ability to
measure the chemical compositioп of stars. The discovery that allowed
scieпtists to determiпe the composition of stars was described in the 1859
eпtry оп spectrographs. Cassiпi's 1672 measuremeпt, however, was the first
to accurately estimate that distaпce.
F. We поw kпow that mechaпical work, electricity, momentum, heat,
magnetic force, etc., сап Ье coпverted from one to aпother. There is always а
loss iп the process but it сап Ье dопе. That kпowledge has Ьееп а tremeпdous
help for the developmeпt of our iпdustries апd techпologies. Оп!у 200 years
ago, the thought had not occurred to апуопе. James Joule was the first
scieпtist to соте to grips with the geпeral concept of energy апd of how
24 Тренировочные задании ми подготовки к письменной части экзамена

different forms of energy are equivalent to each other.


G. It was а revolutionary idea: Earth's climate had not always been the
same. Every scientist for thousands of years had assumed that Earth 's climate
had remained unchanging for all time. Then Louis Agassiz discovered proof
that all Europe had once been covered Ьу crushing glaciers. Earth's climate
had not always been as it was now.
1 А 1 - 8-J С 1 D J--E-F! 1 G 1

READING

TEST2 (В3)

Analyze your language abilities important for part 83 of State Exam.


Tick ( .() describlng your abllities.
1 2 3 4 Ссьtлка н.а ЕГЭ
я nонимаю структурно-смысловые Задан.ия типа
связи текста
-----------
вз

Useful tips

При выnолнении данного задания необходимо обращать внимание как на


логику текста, основанную на смысловых вехах и содержании, так и на

синтаксические и грамматические связи, оnределяющие соответствие фраз


при дополнении текста.

Правила согласования времён, соотнесения плана прошедшего и насто­


ящего в рамках пред.ложения и текста, использования союзов, союзных

слов, вводных слов и т.п. должны стать одними из ориентиров при допол­

нении текста.

Одной из стратегий выполнения данного задания является точный перевод


на русский язык: это позволяет проверить соответствие фрагментов содер­
жанию текста.

Do the test below, compare the results of your self-examination with


your test points. ldentify if you need more help.
Read the text. Six phrases (parts of sentences) have been removed from
the text. Choose from the phrases (l-7) the one which jits each gap.
There is one extra sentence which you do not need to use.
The theatre often seems to make the 'top ten' list of places to visit while
in London. While it has certainly been оп our list since we arrived in the UK
Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена 25
А_ _ . We started our London theatrical education with а very well known
and popular musical, Les MiseraЬles. 1 was silly enough to think В _ _ .
Needless to say 1 was surprised when 1 found this wasn't the case and the
theatre filled up shortly before the curtain was raised.
We booked cheap tickets оп lastminute.com, С _ _ . We were lucky
enough to Ье in the stalls, though we understand why the tickets came with а
warning about limited viewing as soon as we sat down, with the bottom of the
dress circle stretching out above us and cutting off our view of the top of the
set. S till this only had а small effect on our viewing pleasure.
N ow to the show. l'm not the Ьiggest fan of musicals, D_ _ . Thankfully
Les MiseraЬies has both а strong story and beautifully written music. These
performances were enhanced Ьу the set, Е _ _ . Les MiseraЬies is definitely
а London musical worth seeing F_ _ . Sure the story could Ье described
as wonderful and I think our next visit to the London theatre will Ье to see а
show.
1. that at the Queen's Theatre there would Ье empty seats
2. which was elaborate and atmospheric without being overly complicated
and busy
3. considering myself to Ье more of а story person than а song person
4. it took us almost six months to get there
5. though we were in time for the performance
б. though it wasn't at the last minute
7. even ifyou don't consideryourselfto Ье а 'musical person'

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1

TEST 3 (А15-А21)

Analyze уоuг language abllities impoгtant fог рагt А t 5-А2 t of State


Exam. Tick ( ./) describlng уоuг abllities.
1 2 3 4 Ссылка н.а ЕГЭ
Я умею отделять главную информацию Задапия типа
от второстеnенной, выявлять наиболее А15-А21
значимые факты
я понимаю информацию прагмати- Задания типа
ческих текстов, публикаций научно- А15-А21
популярного характера, отрывков

ИЗ произведений художественной
литературы полностью и точно
26 Тренировочные задания мн подготовки к письменной части экзамена

Useful tips

Данное задание ЯВJiяется одним из наиболее сложных в ЕГЭ, так как оно
ориентировано на наличие достаточно богатого речевого опыта, ВJiадение
лексикой, грамматикой, умениями интерпретировать содержание.
В отличие от заданий типа В2- это медленное вдумчивое чтение. Услови­
ями успешности выполнения данного задания яВJiяются:

- перевод на русский язык всего текста или его фрагментов, особенно это
касается вопросов теста и поиска tекстуальных фрагментов как ответов на
них;

- перечитыванне отдельных фрагментов;


- постановка вопросов к фрагментам, содержащих важную информацию;
- перефразирование трудных для понимания слов, выражений, предло-
жений;
- языковая догадка, предвосхищение содержания.

Do the test below, compare the results of your self-examination with


your test points. ldentify if you need more help.
Read the text. Forquestions (1-7) choose the answer (А, В, С, D) which
you think fits best according to the text.
Six letters were delivered, just six. Six appoiпtments were made, and one
Ьу опе, family Ьу family, talk, talk, talk, Bamey Northrup led the tours around
апd about Sunset Towers.
'Take а look at all that glass. One-way glass,' Bamey Northrup said. 'You
сап see out, nobody can see in.'
Looking up, the Wexlers (the first appoiпtment of the day) were Ьlinded Ьу
the Ьlast of moming sun that flashed off the face of the building.
'See those chaпdeliers? Crystal!' Bamey Northrup said, slicking his Ьlack
moustache and straightening his handpainted tie in the lobby's mirrored wall.
'How about this carpeting? Three iпches thick!'
'Gorgeous,' Mrs. Wexler replied, clutching her husbaпd's arm as her high
heels wobhled in the deep plush pile. She, too, managed ап approving glance
in the mirror before the elevator door opened.
'You're really in luck,' Bamey Northrup said. 'There's only опе apartment
left, but you'lllove it. It was meant for you.' Не flung open the door to 3D.
'Now, is that breathtaking, or is that breathtaking?'
Mrs. Wexler gasped; it was breathtaking, all right. Two walls of the living
юоm were floor-to-ceiling glass. Following Bamey Northrup's lead, she ooh-
ed and aah-ed her joyous way through the entire apartmeпt.
Тренировочные задания Д//Я подготовки к письменной части экзамена 27
Нег trailiпg husbaпd was less eпthusiastic. 'What's this, а bedroom or· а
closet?' Jake Wexler asked, peeriпg iпto the last room.
'It looks like а closet.'
'Oh, J ake, this apartmeпt is perfect for us, just perfect.'
Grace Wexler argued iп а whiпiпg соо. The third bedroom was а trifle
small, but it would do just fiпeforTurtle. 'Апd thiпk what it meaпs haviпgyour
office iп the lobby, Jake; по more driviпg to апd from work, по more mowiпg
the lawп or shovelliпg sпow.'
'Let me remiпd you,' Barney Northrup said, 'the reпt here is cheaperthan
what your old house costs iп upkeep.'
How would he kпow that, J ake woпdered. Grace stood before the froпt
wiпdow where, Ьеуопd the road, Ьеуопd the trees, Lake Michigaп !ау calm апd
glisteпing. А lake view! Just wait until those so-called friends of hers with their
classy houses see this place. The furniture would have to Ье reupholstered; по,
she'd buy new furniture- beige velvet. And she'd have stationery made-
Ьlue with adeckle edge, her name and fancy address in swirling type across
the top: Grace Windsor Wexler, Sunset Towers оп the Lake Shore.

Е. Raskin «The Westing Game»

1. Barney Northrup was


1. а postman.
2. man who lived in Sunset Towers.
3. an estate agent.
4. а tour guide.
2. People who lived in Sunset Towers could see out but nobody could
see in
1. because the glass was transparent оп one side.
2. because there were windows only оп one side of the buildings.
3. because the windows were not glassed over.
4. because people got blinded when they looked at the glass.
3. Saying «See those chandeliers? Crystal!» and «How about the
carpeting? Three inches thick!» Barney Northrup emphasized that
1. these things were out of fashion.
2. the decor of the Sunset towers was luxurious.
3. he is so worried that they are too expensive.
4. they doп't fit the lobby's mirrored wall.
4. Mrs. Wexler clutched her husband's arm because
28 Тренировочныезаданин мн подготовки к письменной части экзамена

1. it was so difficult for her to wear high-heeled shoes on the thick carpeting.
2. she could hardly breathe.
3. Barney Northrup asked some questions and she had to reply.
4. they had to wait before the elevator door opened.
5. Mrs. Wexler ooh-ed апd aah-ed Ьесаиsе of
1. pain.
2. fear.
3. disappointment.
4. delight.
6. Why was Mrs. Wexler's hиsbaпd less eпthиsiastic?
1. Because the last room was too dark.
2. Because the last room was too small.
3. Because the last room was а cloakroom.
4. Because he had to buy new furniture.
7. Mrs. Wexler dreaтed of
1. а new beige velvet dress.
2. fitting her old furniture with new padding.
3. goingfor а walk nearthe lake and enjoythe beauty of its calm and glistening
waters.
4. prepare writing materials, such as paper, envelopes, visiting cards etc. with
her nате and new address.
l~~n:е~=~r-т·-г-2--г--з-г-4=г-5 1-61 7 1

WRIТING

TEST4 (CJ)
Analyze your language abllities important for part С 1 of State Exam.
Tick (.!) describlng your abllities.
- -

l 2 3 4 Ссьtлка на ЕГЭ
Я правильно употребляю формулы ре- Задания типа
чевого этикета, принятые в стране изу- Cl
чаемого языка при написании личного

письма

Я умею рассказывать об отдельных Задания типа


фактах и событиях моей жизни при на- С/ 1

писании личного письма 1

Я умею выражать мысли и чувства при Задания типа'


написании личного письма Cl
Тренировочные задания д,пя подготовки к письменной части экзамена 29
Я умею описывать планы на будущее Задания типа
при подготовке личного письма С/
Я умею расспрашивать информацию Задания типа
у :пар'J'нера по письменному общению С/

Useful tips

Написание личного письма в ходе ЕГЭ требует учёта разных аспектов:


знание особенностей речевого этикета, умения описывать события и явле­
ния, сообщать необходимую информацию в письменной форме, умения пе­
редавать собственные чувства и эмоции относительно информации пись­
ма, умения описывать планы на будущее и также умения запрашивать
необходимую информацию у друга по переписке. Успешное написаниелич­
ного письма требует владения грамматикой и лексикой, знания правил ор­
фографии и пунктуации.
При подготовке данного задания мы рекомендуем обратить особое внима­
ние на критерии оценивания, так как соответствие им позволяет набрать
максимальное количество баллов.

Do the exeгcise below, identify if you need mоге help.

4.1. Complete the taЬie with the арргоргiаtе paгts of the letteг. Revise
the гules of letteг wгiting ( etiquette).
You have received а letter from your Eпglish-speaking peп-frieпd Samaпtha
who writes:
Well, ту school is rather far froт ту hоте. lt иsиally takes те аЬоиt
15 тiпиtеs to get there. As а rиle, 1 go Ьу Ьиs Ьиt sometiтes 1 have to
walk there. /t takes те half ап hoиr апd it is the таiп саиsе of ту beiпg
late. What аЬоиt уои? How ofteп are уои late for school? Why does it
hарреп? Wheп were уои late last апd why? How do уои иsиally get to
уоиr school? What traпsport do уои иsе?
Well, l've decided to joiп оиr school ecology сlиЬ!
Write а letter to Samantha.
Iп your letter
- answer her questions
- ask 3 questions about her school ecology club.
Write 100-140 woгds.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
30 Тренировочные задания для подготовки к письменной части экзамена

1....
2....
3....
4....
5.... 6 .... 7.... 8....
9.... 10 .... 11 ....
12....
13 .... 14 ....
15 ....
16....
а. Best wishes,
Ь. Pyatigorsk
с. However, I'т soтetiтes \ate because I'т а 'night owl', it's so hard
for те to wake up in the тoming. We\1, 1 was late last Monday because 1
overslept.
d. Thanks for your \etter!
е. First of а\1, I'd liketo saythat ту school isn't farfroт ту house. 1 usua\ly
go on foot there and it takes те about 5 тinutes.
f. Write back soon!
g. Аге there таnу pupils in the ecology cluЬ? What projects are you
carryingout now? Do teachers help you?
h. I'т happy to read about your news.
i. 25/10/2013.
j. It's wonderful that you help nature!
k. ln your letter you ask те about the transport 1 use to get to school.
1. Dear Saтantha,
т. Russia
n. Sorry, 1 тust go to the library.
о. Arina
р. Sorry 1 haven't answered you at once because we are preparing а project.

4.2. Make questions for these answers.


1. Yes, 1 can. lt's one of ту favourite activities.
2. No, 1 haven't. I've never done it.
3. With ту friends.
4. Yes, 1 do. She's so kind and careful.
5. Pancakes.
6. No, 1 haven't. АН ту friends have said that it is so boring. ·
7. On Mondays and Fridays.
Тренировочные задания ддя подготовки к письменной части экзамена 31

8. Yes, 1 am. Myflight is at 5 o'clock.


9. Yes, 1 do. lt's а real pleasure.
1О. N о, 1 didn't. Because 1 visited my granny yesterday evening.
4.3. Ask your questions according to the task.
1. Ask 3 questions to J ane about her plans for Christmas.
2. Ask 3 questions to Paul about his new blke.
3. Ask 3 questions to James about his town.
4. Ask 3 questions to Pamela about her last visit to the cinema.
5. Ask 3 questions to Barbara about her fitness routine.
4.4. Read the questions from the letter stimulus. Complete the
letters below ( only the main part of the letter without questions ).
1. You have received а letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Sara
whowrites:
/'т гeally happy because ту sиттег holidays have staгted and 1 have а
lot of plans гelated to theт. What about you? What are you going to do
duгing this tiтe? Аге you going to visit any places of inteгest? Would
you like to learn anything new? What is it? How do you plan to help
уоиг parents? ...

ln your letter you ask me about ... First of all, ... Besides, ... lt's important to
note ... Of course, ...
2. You have received а letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Jim who
writes:
As you know /'т pгepaгing fог ту ехатs now and ifs really а vегу haгd
tiтe fог те. Еvегу day 1 геаd ту text-books, wгite notes and тетогizе
theт. What about you? Аге you ргерагiпg fог уоиг ехатs now? How did
you pass уоиг last ехатs? What did you do to ргераге fог theт? Who
helped you? Сап you give те any useful advice гelated to the ехатs
and the prepaгation.
ln your letter you asked me about ... Of course, ... However, ... It's clear, ...
Besides, ... You should ...
3. You have received а letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Sam
who writes:
Yesteгday all оиг class went to the circus. The регfогтапсе was so
wondeгful. At the same time /'т suгe that aniтals don't like to Ье
actors. Afteг the регfогтапсе we discussed this ргоЫет with ту
fгiends. What is уоиг opinion? What do you think about aniтals in the
zoos and ciгcuses? ls it а good idea о г is it necessaгy to Ьап theт? Have
you еvег been to the ciгcus? What were уоиг eтotions like theгe?
32 Треннравочные задания ддя подготовки к письменной части экзамена

In your letter you asked me about ... То my mind, ... It's important, ... On the
one hand, ... On the other hand, ... As for... , ...

4.5. А. Write а letter according to the task below.


You have received а letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Tina who
writes:
Well, yesterday ту classтates and 1 took part in the gате
«Leadership». It was so exciting! We таdе presentations оп different
youth proЬleтs tried to solve theщ played different gaтes, etc. Have
you ever participated in such gaтes? When and where was it? What
special events are organized for teenagers in your school (town)? Do
you think (hey are iтportant for young people? Why?
Ву the way, next week /'т going to the сатр ...

Write а letter to Tina.


In your letter
- answer her questions
- ask 3 questions about the camp.
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.

В. Analyze your letter according to the criteria of evaluation. Comp-


lete the taЬie below. Compare the results of your self-examination with
your points. ldentify if you need more help.
СХЕМА ОЦЕНИВАН ИЯ Баллы·
1. Решение коммуникативной задачи (2 балла)
Даны nолные ответы на заданные воnросы: 1

- есть упоминание о том, что когда-либо участвовал


или не участвовал в подобных играх;
- есть упоминание о том, когда и где это было;
- есть упоминание о том, какие мероприятия проводят-

ся в школе или городе для молодежи;

- в письме объясняется роль подобных мероприятий


1

для воспитания молодежи.

Правильно выбрано обращение, завершающая фраза и


подпись.

Есть благодарность, упоминание о предыдущих контак-


тах, выражена_~дежда на будущие_!<ОН'I'акты. __ 1
Треннравочные задання мя подготовки к пнсьменной частн экзамена 33
2. Организация текста ( 2 балла) 1

Текст логично выстроен и разделен на абзацы. i

Правильно исп~льзованы языковые средства для пере- 1

дачи лагическои связи. :


Оформление текста соответствует нормам.
3. Языковое оформление текста (2 балла) i
Используемый словарный запас и грамматические

структуры соответствуют поставленной задаче.


Орфографические и пунктуационные ошибки практиче-
L__
з<_'!_отсутствуют.

TEST5 (С2)

Analyze your language abllities important for part С2 of State Exam.


Tick ( ./) describlng your abllities.
1 2 3 4 Ссылка н.а ЕГЭ
Я умею описывать события/ факты/ яв- Задан.ия типа
ления, в том числе с выражением соб- С2
ственного мнения/суждения

Useful tips

Написание письменного высказывания с элементами рассуждения «Ваше


мнение»- ответственная и достаточно сложная часть ЕГЭ.
Прежде всего, следует обратить внимание на выполнение всех аспектов,
указанных в задании. Важно строго следовать приведённому плану:
- make an introduction (state the proЬlem );
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion;
- express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing opinion;
- explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion;
- make а conclusion restating your position.
Соблюдение предложенного плана должно отражаться как непосредствен­
но в содержании эссе, представлении информации в соответствии сука­
занными пунктами, так и в таких важных параметрах, как деление на аб­
зацы, использование вводных конструкций, средств логической связи, со­
блюдение указанного объёма высказывания.
И конечно, написание эссе требует достаточно высокого уровня владения
лексикой и грамматикой, использования синонимов, антонимов, перефра­
зирования, а также знания правил орфографии и пунктуации.

3. Зак. NIIS
34 Тренировочные задания д11я подготовки к письменной части экзамена

Do the exercise below, identify if you need more help.

5.1. Organize the following paragraptis in the appropriate order.


Analyze the logical structure of the paragraph.
Comment on the following statement.
Some people think that television influences greatly people' s behavior.
Others consider that the effect of television оп people is too
exaggerated.
What is your opinion?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
- make an introduction ( state the proЬ!em)
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion апd give 1-2 reasons for this opposing
opinion
- explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion
- make а conclusion restating your position
1 Some people considerthat it has а great influence on people, their
activities and opinions.
2 То my mind, it is evident that television has а great influence on
our opinions and behavior.
3 First of all, it happens because of its power to inspire people. For
example, when we watch а tragic piece of news, we are ready to
help people.
4 Television is one of the greatest inventions of the 20tn century. It
has transformed into the integral part of our sitting rooms which
means that it occupies а blgger place in our life.
5 Others believe that it cannot Ье true.
6 То Ье frank, it may Ье true but I insist on its considerable impact.
We really compare our opinion and other points of view when we
watch TV.
7 As а conclusion, I would like to stress that the influence of TV is
evident and it is necessary that it has only positive effect on people.
TV should show good examples and give good ad\lice and make
people kinder and more careful.
8 Besides, а lot of us like watching talk-shows in which famous
people discuss important problems of our society. Their opinion
--
~~11 rnёl~e_ us change our point of view. -
3'
Тренировочные задания дnя подготовки к письменной части экзамена 35
9 However, some people thiпk that the iпflueпce of televisioп саппоt
Ье
described as stroпg.
10 They are sure that everyoпe has his оwп орiпiоп апd televisioп
саппоt traпsform it. They also believe that there are importaпt
factors iп our life which have more powerful iпflueпce thaп TV.
11 Moreover, televisioп is а woпderful advertiser апd we buy differeпt
thiпgs watchiпg commercials.

5.2. Complete the followiпg essay using the appropriate organizing


phrases from the taЬie.
Commeпt оп the followiпg statemeпt.
Some people think that exercising is the best way to Ье healthy.
Do you agree with this opinion?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the followiпgplaп:
- make ап iпtroductioп (state the proЬlem)
- express your persoпal орiпiоп апd give 2-3 reasoпs for your орiпiоп
- express ап opposiпg орiпiоп апd give 1-2 reasoпs for this opposiпg
орiпiоп
- explaiп why you doп't agree with the opposiпg орiпiоп
- make а coпclusioп restatiпg your positioп
There is по doubl about that health is the basis of life апd our activity
depeпds оп it. ( 1) everyoпe waпts to Ье healthy (2) people use diff~reпt ways
which provide а healthy lifestyle апd help to avoid illпesses. (3) if we waпt to
Ье fit, we should go iп for sports. ( 4) а healthy style is соппесtеd with differeпt
factors апd people should рау atteпtion to such aspects as food апd ecology.
(5) поt опlу exercisiпghelps to Ье fit. (6)(7) people should uпderstaпd that
their пutritioп should Ье appropriate апd should iпclude vitamiпs, miпerals,
etc. lп additioп, our health depeпds оп the eпviroпmeпt we live iп. (8) it is very
importaпt to Ье optimists because the tепdепсу to expect the best сап improve
our meпtal health.
(9) people сап argue that people сап Ье healthy if they do sports regularly.
(10) sport makes people stroпger апd help them to avoid illпesses.
( 11) 1 сап't agree with this орiпiоп completely. ( 12) our health is а
complicated рhепоmепоп that it is really impossiЬle to Ье fit if you рау
atteпtioп only to exercising.
( 13) l'd like to stress that it is а real happiпess to епjоу good health. It is
importaпt to keep healthy lifestyle which iпcludes поt опlу physical activity
but тапу other aspects.
36 Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена

М у aгguтents fог this


- -.
point аге listea as {ollows; As а conctuston,/ Jt's
~- ~

сlеаг that/At the sате tiтe,/Howeveг,/ Otheгs believe that/They аге


suгe that/ Fiгst of all,/1 do stгongly suppoгt the idea that/that's why/It
seeтs to те that/Могеоvег,/Sоте people hold the opinion that/
5.3. А. Write an essay according to the task below.
Comment оп the following statement.
Sоте people think that huтan activity is the тain factoг which
destгoys оигplanet and its beauty. Otheгs believe that thanks to the
huтan activity the Eaгth is becoтing тоге and тоге beautiful place.
What is your opinion?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
- make an introduction (state the proЬlem)
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing
opinion
- explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion
- make а conclusion restatingyour position
В. Analyze your essay according to the criteria of evaluation. Comp-
lete the taЬie below. Compare the results of your self-examination with
your points. ldentify if you need more help.
СХЕМА ОЦЕНИВАН ИЯ Баллы
Соответствие nлану, nредложенному в задании (3 балла)
Объем высказывания соответствует nоставленной за-
даче

Логичность (3 балла)
Деление на абзацы
Исnользование средств логической связи
Лексика (3 балла)
Грамматика (3 балла)
Орфография и nунктуация (2 балла)
Тренировочные задания для подготовки к письменной части экзамена 37
GRAМMAR

TEST б (B4-BJO)
Analyze your language abllities important for part 84-810 of State
Exam. Tick ( ,f) describlng your abllities.
1 2 3 4 Ссьtлка на ЕГЭ •
Я умею применять в речи Задания типа
- личные формы глаголов действи- 84-810
тельного залога: Preseпt Siтple,
Fиtиre Siтple и Past Siтple, Preseпt
и Past Сопtiпиоиs, Preseпt и Past
Perfect
- личные формы глаголов действи- Задания типа
тельного залога: Preseпt Perfect 84-810
Сопtiпиоиs и Past Perfect Сопtiпиоиs
-личные формы глаголов страдатель- Задания типа
ного залога: Preseпt Siтple Passive, 84-810
Fиtиre Siтple Passive, Past Siтple
Passive, Preseпt Perfect Passive
Useful tips
Владение грамматикой предполагает осознание особенностей ка~ого
времени, знание случаев употребления и умения образовывать временнь1е
формы. Важно выучить наизусть неправильные глаголы и правильно об­
разовывать формы Past Simple и Perfect.
При выполнении заданий на дополнение текста вы можете следовать сле­
дующему алгоритму:

1) переведите предложение и определите, какая форма требуется - лич­


ная или безличная: личная форма предполагает употребление сказуемого,
т.е. необходимо использовать то или иное время, выбор безличной фор­
мы основан на том, что в предложении уже имеется сказуемое и возникает

необходимость употребления инфинитива, причастия или герундия;


2) если необходимо употребить личную форму глагола, т.е. необходимо
образовать сказуемое, определите залог глагола - действительный или
страдательный;
3) обратите внимание на маркеры, а также на времена, которые употреб­
ляются в данном предложении или в соседних предложениях: это помо­

жет выбрать правильный временной план и образовать необходимую фор­


му глагола.
38 Тренировочные задания ми подготовки к письменной части экзамена

Do the exercise below, identify if you need more help.

6.1. Match the grammar tenses with the verb forms.


1. Future Simple А. cooks
2. Past Perfect в. has been built
3. Present Perfect Continuous С. isworking
4. Present Perfect D. began
5. Past Simple Е. ismade
6. Past Continuous F. has been reading
7. Future Simple Passive G. was asked
8. Present Perfect Passive Н. were writing
9. Past Simple Passive I. have answered
1О. Present Continuous J. will help
11. Present Simple Passive к. had been running
12. Present Simple L. will Ье done
13. Past Perfect Continuous М. had visited

6.2. Put the following time expressions in the correct column (Рау
attention: а time expression сап Ье used in several tenses).
every day, every week, always, already, yet, how long, usually, often,
always, rarely, never, soon, at 5 o'clock yesterday, sometimes, оп
Mondays, now, at the moment, at present, nowadays, last week, а
month ago, the day after tomorrow, then, while, tonight, when, as,
today, tonight, yet, before, Ьу, Ьу the time, always, still, just, ever,
never, so far, recently, since, for, today, this week, how long, for, since,
yesterday, just, now, when, in 2001, for, since, already, after, just, never,
for, since, tomorrow, next week, in two days, in а week
Present Simple
Present Continuous
Present Perfect
Present Perfect Continuous
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Continuous
Future Simple --
Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена 39
6.3. Fill in the gaps. Put the verbs into the correct tense.
If you ever ( 1)_ _ an Х -ray as part of а medical checkup, you 1 have
owe thanks to Wilhelm Roentgen. Medical X-rays
(2)_ _ one of the most powerful, useful and life-savingl Ье
diagnostic tools ever developed. In 1895 Wilhelm Roentgen
(3)_ _ an academic professor at the University of Wurzburg, 1 Ье
Germany, doing research into the effects of passing electricity
through gas-filled bottles. In November of that year
he ( 4 )_ _ experimeпts iп his home basement lab. On N о- 1 begin
vember 8, he noticed that а photographic plate that ( 5 )_ _ in wrap
Ьlack paper and tucked inside а leather case in the bottom drawer
of his desk had mysteriously Ьееп impriпted with the
image of а key. The only key iп the room (6)_ _ an over- 1 Ье
sized key for а gardeп gate he (7)_ _ iпto the desk's ceпter toss
drawer over а year ago. The image оп his photographic plate
(8)_ _ of that key. Two weeks later he was аЫе to prove the Ье
existence of these mysterious rays, which he (9)__ пате
«X-rays» апd after it «Х» ( 10)_ _ to represeпt the use
uпkпоwп. Ву this time, he ( 1 t )_ _ that X-rays could pass see
through wood, paper, card board, cemeпt, cloth, etc.
Roentgen, however, (12)_ _ six weeks of iпteпsive studyl begiп
before releasiпg his results оп the пature апd poteпtial of Х -rays.
Within а month Wilhelm Roeпtgeп's X-rays (13)_ _ the 1 Ье
talk of the world. Thus Х -rays ( 14 )_ _ as the first noniпvasive develop
techпique which aliowed doctors to see inside the body.
X-rays ( 15)_ _ to the more modern MRI and СТ .,lead
technologies. The discovery of Х -rays ( 16)_ _ Roeпtgen the earn
1901 Nobel Prize in physics.

6.4. Fill in the gaps. Put the verbs into the correct tense.

There ( 1)_ _ а family called Christiansen. Ье


They (2)_ _ up on Holmeпkollen, live
апd they ( 3 )_ _ ап old oil paiпtiпg iп the liviпg room which have
they ( 4 )_ _ very proud of. Ье
The paiпting ( 5 )_ _ some ducks iп the yard outside а show
farmhouse. There (6 )_ _ no people iп the painting, just а flock Ье
of ducks on а grassy farmyard апd the farmhouse iп the
background. It (7)--.- а large paiпtiпg апd rather pretty. 1 Ье
40 Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена

Well, one day their daughter :Solveg (·-· ...


lS )_ _ hоте troт соте

school eating an apple. She (9)_ _ а nice lady say


( 1О)_ _ it to her on the street. give
The next тorning little Solveg ( 11 )_ _ not in her bed. Ье
The parents ( 12 )_ _ everywhere but they search
( 13 )_ _ find her. Then all of а sudden her father shouted, can(not)
'Тhere she is! Look! Solveg ( 14 )_ _ the ducks!' feed
Не ( 15 )_ _ at the oil painting, point
and sure enough Solveg ( 16 )_ _ in it. Ье
She ( 17)_ _ in the farmyard in the act of throwing bread to stand
the ducks out of а basket. The father ( 18 )_ _ to the rush up
painting and ( 19)_ _ her. But that didn't help. touch
She (20)_ _ siтply а part of the painting, just а picture Ье
painted on the canvas.
Roald Dahl «The Witches»

6.5. Fill in the gaps. Put the verbs into the correct tense.
When there ( 1 )_ _ only three weeks of the Suттer Term Ье
left, an awful thing(2)_ _ . happen .
Му grandтother (3)_ _ pneuтonia. get
S he ( 4 )_ _ very ill, and Ьесоте
а trained nurse ( 5 )_ _ into the hoнse to look after her. тоvе

'Can 1 go in and see her?' 1 asked.


'No, dear,' the nurse said. 'Not at the тотеnt.'
The nurse (6)_ _ Mrs Spring. call
She (7)_ _ after те and look
(8)_ _ ту тeals. One evening, about ten days later, the cook
doctor сате downstairs and said to те,
'You (9)_ _ go in and see her now, but only for а short tiтe. can
She (10)_ _ foryou forseveral days.' ask
1( 11 )_ _ up the stairs and fly
(12)_ _ into ту grandтother's rоот and burst
( 13 )_ _ тyself into her arms. throw
'( 14 )_ _ you_ _ all right soon, Grandтaттa?' 1asked. Ье
'The worst is over,' she said. 'Soon 1(15)_ _ up again.' Ье
'Will she?' 1 said to the nurse. have
'Oh yes,' the nurse answered, sтiling. 'She's а tough old Ьird.
We ( 16 )_ _ her up in another week. Doctor told те to look
after for the next few days.'
Тренировочные задании д.пн подготовки к письменной части экзамена 41
The doctor ( 17 )_ _ тоге than that. say
Не (18)_ _ а boтbshell on ту grandтother and те Ьу drop
telling us that on no account were we to risk the journey to
Norway this suттer.
'Rubblsh!' ту grandтothercried. '1 (19)_ _ ту proтise
grandson we (20)_ _ !' go
'It (21)_ _ too far,' the doctor said. Ье
'It would Ье very dangerous if you (22)_ _ there. go
But 1 (23)_ _ you what you сап do. You сап take your tell
grandson to а nice hotel on the south coast of England instead.
The sea air(24)_ _ just what you Ье
(25)_ _ .' need
ln the end, the doctor(26)_ _ his way about the holiday. have
Rooтs (27)__ for us in а place called the Hotel book
Magnificent in the faтous seaside town of Bourneтouth.
Roald Dahl 'The Witches'
Analyze. your language abllities important for part 84-81 О of State
Exam. Tick ( ./) describlng your abllities.
1 2 3 4 Ссьtлка на ЕГЭ
Я умею применять в речи личные Задания типа
формы глаголов в Preseпt Simple 84-810
(lпdefiпite) для выражения действий
в будущем после союзов if, wheп 1

Useful tips
Не забудь о том, что в придаточных времени употребляется настоящее, а не
будущее время: When I соте hоте froт school, I will help ту тother about
the house.
Do the exercise below, identify if you need more help.
6.6. FШ in the gaps. Put the verbs into the correct tense.
Teresa Brown really ( 1 )_ _ ~eading about people's daily 1 enjoy
routines. She (2)_ _ to know how they schedule their tiтe like
each day, it's iтportant for her research. What will you do
toтorrow is her today's question she (3)_ _ sоте people. 1 ask
Ату: Ату will begin her work day about 90 тinutes after she
( 4 )_ _ up. When she reads her eтails and prepares several wake
reports, she ( 5 )_ _ to do sоте тоге creative work. сап
J ane: When J ane wakes up, the first thing she ( 6 )_ _ is to do
таkе а beeline to her desk with а quick stop at the coffee
42 Тренировочные задания ддя подготовки к письменной части экзамена

maker. After she (7)_ _ а cup ot cottee, she wш clean ott have
her desk and computer desktop to make То Do list in order to
prepare for the coming day. When she takes breaks throughout
the day she (8)_ _ her garden. weed
Susan: Susan (9)_ _ her day Ьу pressing the «On» button start
on the coffee maker. When she (10)_ _ the news, scans check
emails she will get down to serious work.

6.7. Fill in the gaps. Put the verbs into the correct tense.
What 1 expect to happen in tlie next l О years of my life is as
follows:
After 1 ( 1)_ _ from my school, 1 think, graduate
1(2)_ _ а long holiday. lt will Ье а gap year from the take
university. When 1 (3)_ _ , enter
1 ( 4 )_ _ much time for myself. have
Therefore, 1 (5)_ _ Europe before see
1 (6)_ _ studying. start
1(7)_ _ to England, France, Spain and ltaly. go
Ifyou (8)_ _ а Eurorail ticket, you сап travel inexpensively. take
So 1 (9)_ _ to spend too much formytravel expenses. (not)have
After 1 ( 1О)_ _ back to Greese, come ,
I ( 11 )_ _ preparing for my exams. start

Analyze your language abllities important for part 84-810 of State


Exam. Tick ( ./) describlngyour abllities.
l 2 3 4 Ссьtлка на ЕГЭ
Я знаю nравила согласования вре- Задания типа
мён в рамках сложного предложения в B4-BJO
плане настоящего и прошлого и умею

применять это в речи

Useful tips

При определении времени глагола важно помнить о разграничении пла­


нов настоящего и прошедшего в английском языке. Они н:е могут сме­
шиваться! К плану настоящего относятся Future Simple, Present Perfect
Continuous, Present Perfect, Future Simple Passive, Present Perfect Passive,
Present Continuous, Present Simple Passive, Present Simple.
К п.'lану прошедшего относятся Past Perfect, Past Simple, Past Simple
Passive, Past Perfect Continuous, Past Continuous, Future in the Past.
Тренировочные задания д.пя подготовки к письменной части экзамена 43
Так, например, д.ля выражения предшествования в плане настоящего ис­
пользуется Present Perfect, а в плане nрошедшего - Past Perfect.
Кроме того, важно обращать внимание на маркеры времени (наречия, сло­
восочетания, показывающие временную отнесённость пред.ложения).

Do the exercise below, idenЩy if you need more help.


6.8. Fi\1 in the gaps. Put the verbs into the correct tense. Analyze your
answers according to the tense p\ane of the texts. Do а\1 the verbs
you've formed show corre\ation?
Не waited to write the letter until after Squid ( 1)_ _ and get
(2)_ _ the game of pool. join
DearMoт,
Today is ту first day at сатр, and 1 already (3) _ _ make
sоте friends. We ( 4 ) _ _ оп the lake all day, so /'т beout
pretty tired. Once 1 (5) _ _ the swiттing test, l'll get pass
to learn how to water-ski. / ...
Не stopped writing as he became aware that somebody
(б)_ _ over his shoulder. read
Не (7)_ _ to see Zero, standing behind the couch. tum
( Louis Sachar «Holes»)

6.9. Fi\1 in the gaps. Put the verbs into the correct tense. Analyze your
answers according to the tense plane of the texts. Do а\1 the verbs
you've formed show correlation?
There were no telephones but word ( 1)_ _ quickly through spread
the small town. Ву the end of the day, everyone in Green Lake
(2)_ _ that the schoolteacher had kissed the onion picker. hear
Not one child (3)_ _ for school the next moming. Miss showup
Katherine sat alone in the classroom and wondered if she
(4 )_ _ track of the day of the week. lose
Perhaps it (5)_ _ Saturday. It wouldn't have surprised her. Ье
Нег brain and heart (б)_ _ ever since Sam kissed her. spin
( Louis Sachar «Holes»)

6.1 О. Fi\1 in the gaps. Put the verbs into the correct tense. Analyze
your answers according to the tense plane of the texts. Do а\1 the verbs
you've formed show correlation?
44 Тренировочные задания д/lЯ подготовки к письменной части экзамена
' . . .. -..
А lot of people don't believe in yeнow-spottectнzarcts either
~.

but if one ( 1)_ _ you, blte


it doesn't make а difference whetheryou (2)_ _ in it or not. believe
Actually, it is kind of odd that scientists named the lizard after
its yellow spots. Each lizard ( 4 )_ _ exactly eleven yellow have
spots but the spots are hard to see on its yellow-green body.
The lizard (5)_ _. from six to ten inches long Ье
and (6)_ _ blg red eyes. have
In truth, its eyes (7)_ _ yellow, and it is the skin around the Ье
eyes which is red, but everyone always (8)_ _ of its red speak
eyes. It also has Ьlack teeth and а milky white tongue.
Ifyou (9)_ _ close enough to see the yellow spots, you are Ье
рrоЬаЬ!у dead.
( Loиis Sachar «Holes»)

Analyze your language abllities important for part 84-810 of State


Exam. Tick ( ./) describlng your abllities.
l 2 3 4 Ссьtлка н.а ЕГЭ 1

Я знаю nравила согласования времён Задания типа 1

и умею nереводить nрямую речь в кос- B4-BJO


венную

Useful tips

При nереводе nрямой речи в косвенную необходимо nомнить о трансфор­


мации времён «на шаг назад». Так, Present Simple переходит в Past Simple,
Past Simple и Present Perfect переходят в Past Perfect и Future Simple пе­
реходит в Future in the Past. Важно быть внимательным к согласованию
подлежащего и сказуемого, а также к появлению прямого порядка слов

при передаче вопросов в косвенной речи.


Do the exercise below, identify if you need more help.
6.11. Fill in the gaps. Put the pronouns into the correct forms.
The doctor asked me if I ( 1 )_ _ а cold. I agreed. have
She asked me how I (2)_ _ it. get
I explained that my sister (3)_ _ а cold have
and she ( 4 )_ _ it to те. give
The doctor asked if 1 ( 5 )_ _ anythiпg for my cold. take
1 said that 1 just (6)_ _ my nose а lot. Ьlow
The doctor asked if my nose (7)_ _ up. stop
Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена 45
I agreed and added that I (8)_ _ to bгeathe thгough ту have
тouth. The doctoг asked if 1(9)_ _ nose dгops. try
1 said that 1(10)_ _ nose dгops. (not)like
She said that they ( 11 )_ _ great. woгk
I said that I didn't саге as I ( 12)_ _ to put dгops in ту nose. (not)like
6.12. Fill in the gaps. Put the verbs into the correct forтs.
Andy's тоthег сате into the living гоот. She asked Andy
what he(1)_ _ . do
Andy answeгed that he (2)_ _ his гadio. fix
His тоthег asked hiт wheгe his sisteг (3)_ _ . Не Ье
answeгed that she was in the kitchen тaking а sandwich.
His тоthег ( 4 )_ _ to the kitchen соте

and (5)_ _ hег daughteг not to eat anything Ьеfоге dinneг! ask
Нег daughteг arisweгed that she was starving.
Нег тоthег (6)_ _ hег to eat sоте cheese and asked not to offeг
eat the cake. Jane answeгed that theгe (7)_ _ any cheese Ье
left because she (8)_ _ it the day Ьеfоге. Нег тоthег asked eat
hег to go to the stoгe and to buy sоте тоге because
she (9)_ _ going to таkе lasagna in the evening. Ье
Jane agreed and said that she ( 10)_ _ when she finished go
hег hoтewoгk.

Analyze your language abllities iтportant for part 84-В 1О of State


Ехат. Tick ( ./) describlng your abllities.
1 2 3 4 СсЬlлка на ЕГЭ
я умею уnотреблять в речи Задания типа
условные преможения реально- B4-BIO
ГО (Conditional /) и нереального
( Conditional/1) характера

Useful tips

Употреблениеусловных преможений требует знания грамматических вре­


мён, которые используются в каждой части условного преможения. Напо­
минаем, что в условном преможении 1-ro типа используется следующая
модель: If + Present Siтple, Future Siтple. Для условных преможений
2-ro типа характерно использование следующей модели: If + Past Siтple,
would + vегЬ.
Do the exercise below, identify if you need тоге help.
46 Тренировочные задания д/IЯ подготовки к письменной части экзамена

6.13. fill in the gaps. Put the verbs into the correct forms.
If you ( 1)_ _ а starviпg dog апd make him prosperous, he pick
will поt Ьite you. This is the priпcipal differeпce betweeп а dog
апd а mап. (Mark Twain)
If you doп't kпow where you are goiпg, probaЬiyyou (2)_ _ епd up
somewhere e\se. ( Laurence J. Peter)
Youth (3)_ _ ап idea\ state if it came а little later iп life. Ье
(Herbert Henry Asquith)
Televisioп is more iпterestiпg thaп people. If it were поt, we
( 4 )_ _ people staпdiпg iп the corners of our rooms. ( Al(ln have
Corenk)
There are тапу thiпgs that we (5 )_ _ away if we were поt throw
afraid that others might pick them up. (Oscar Wilde)
If поЬоdу (6)_ _ uпless he had somethiпg to say, the speak
humaп race would very sооп lose the use of speech.
(W. Somerset Maugham)
If you areп't fired with eпthusiasm, you (7)_ _ with fire
eпthusiasm. (Vince Lombardi)
If we ( 8 )_ _ по wiпter, the spriпg would поt Ье so pleasaпt: have
if sometimes we (9)_ _ of adversity, prosperity would поt taste
Ье sowelcome. (Anne Bradstreet)
Could you imagiпe how horriЬie thiпgs (10)_ _ if we Ье
always told others how we felt? Life would Ье iпtoleraЬiy
bearaЬle. (Randy К. Milholland)
If we al\ ( 11 )_ _ the things we are сараЬ\е of doiпg, we do
would literally astouпd ourse\ves. (Thomas А. Edison)
Most people ( 12)_ _ iп small thiпgs if they were succeed
поt trouЬied with great ambltioпs. (Henry Wadsworth
Longfellow)
If mеп ( 13 )_ _ aпgels, по governmeпt would Ье пecessary. Ье
(James Madison)
Мапу would Ье cowards if they ( 14 )_ _ courage eпough. have
(Thomas Fuller)
If we couldn't laugh, we al\ (15)_ _ iпsапе. (Jimmy go
Buffett)
What а Ьlessing it would Ье if we (16)_ _ ореп апd shut сап

our ears as easily as we ореп апd shut our eyes! (Georg


Christoph Lichtenberg)
Трениррвочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена 47
Analyze your language abllities important for part 84-81 О of State
Exam. Tick ( ./) describlngyour abllities.
1 2 3 4 Ссылка на ЕГЭ i
Я знаю правила построения предложе- Задания типа
ний с конструкцией 1 wish ( 1 wish 1 had 84-810
ту own room.) и умею употреблять их
в P«:_'!_li - . - - -- ------·---- L._

Useful tips

Предложения с 1 wish относятся к условным, но их построение требу­


ет знания некоторых нюансов. Так, в придаточном предложении (после 1
wish) употребляется Past Simple, а также предпочтительнее форма were
для всех лиц, если нужно употребить глагол to Ье.
Do the exercise below, identify if you need more help.
6.14. Fill in the gaps. Put the verbs into the correct forms.
1wishl ( 1)_ _ Ье the face you
see when you close your eyes and sleep. 1 can
1wish 1(2)_ _ the photo in your frame Ье
and that ту name was the songyou'd always sing.
1 wish 1 (3)_ _ the shoulder 1 have
you 'd cry on when things don 't go your way.
1 wish I(4)_ _ you how I'm feeling 1 tell
well, maybe some day.
lwishl(5)_ _ theoneyou'drunto 1 Ье
when your life doesn't treat you right.
1wish 1(6 )_ _ the one you' d want to 1 Ье
Ье with for the rest of your life.
1wish that 1 (7)_ _ you close 1 hold
Ье the one you need the most ...
( Laиriel Chaтbers)
Analyze your language abllities important for part 84-81 О of State
Exam. Tick ( ./) describlng your abllities.
l 2 3 4 Ссылка на ЕГЭ
Я умею применять в речи имена суще- Задания типа
ствительные во множественном числе, 84-810
образованные по правилу, и исключе-
ния ,_- --
- -- -- ----------·--·- ···-
48 Тренировочные задания для подготовки к письменной части экзамена

Useful tips

Употребление существительных требует внимания к тем группам, кото­


рые относятся к исключениям. Данные имена существительные необходи­
мо выучить наизусть.

Do the exercise below, identify if you need more help.


6.15. Fill in the gaps. Put the nouns into the correct forms.
This period of time was hard for the family. Мапу ( 1) _ _ lmaп
suffered Josses of iпcome апd uпemploymeпt. Some (2)_ _ family
pulled together duriпg the hard time while others fell apart.
Traditioпal ( 3 )_ _ started to chaпge. role
( 4 )_ _ fouпd themselves uпemployed husbaпd
апd had to rely оп their ( 5 )_ _ or wife
(6 )_ _ . child
Iп 2008, 41 (7)_ _ of perceпt
(8)_ _ believed the mап should earn the mопеу апd the employee
1womaп should take care of the childreп.

6.16. Fill in the gaps. Put the nouns into the correct forms.
Aпimal-reariпg has its ( 1)_ _ iп the traпsitioп of origiп
cultures to settled farmiпg(2)_ _ . Aпimals are 'domes- commuпity
ticated' wheп their breediпg апd liviпg ( 3 )_ _ are coпditioп
coпtrolled Ьу ( 4 )_ _ . Мапу modern farm aпimals are humaп
uпsuited to life iп the wild. (5)_ _ were domesticated iп dog
East Asia about 15,000 years ago. (6 )_ _ апd goat
(7)_ _ were domesticated arouпd 8000 ВСЕ iп Asia. sheep
(8)_ _ or swiпe
(9)_ _ were domesticated Ьу 7000 ВСЕ iп the Middle East pig
апd Chiпa. ( 10)_ _ were domesticated iп arouпd 4000 horse
ВСЕ. The ecoпomic value of livestock iпcludes:
( 11 )_ _ , diary products, fiber, Jabor, etc. meat
For example,livestock produce а raпge of ( 12)_ _ . textile
For example, ( 13)_ _ апd sheep
( 14 )_ _ produce wool; goat
(15)_ _ , ох

(16)_ _ , cow
(17)_ _ , deer
апd ( 18 )_ _ skiпs сап Ье made iпto Jeather; апd Ьопеs, sheep
(19)_ _ апd hoof
(20)_ _ of livestock сап Ье used. horn
Тренировочные задання для подготовкн к пнсьменной частн экзамена 49
Analyze your language abllities important for part 84-810 of State
, ~ ~

'
1 2 3 4 Ссьtлка на ЕГЭ
Я умею применять в речи имена при- Задания типа
лагательные в положительной, сравни- B4-BJO
тельной и превосходной степенях, об-
разоваиные по правилу, а также исклю-

чения ,_
------------------------------ L ___ L _ _ --------- - --------

Useful tips
При определении формы прилагательных обращайте внимание на смысло­
вые признаки и формальные показатели (например, артикль the для пре­
восходной степени или союз thaп для сравнительной). Помните, что срав­
нительная степень используется, чтобы сравнивать две равноценные ве­
щи, два равноценных феномена и т.п. Превосходная степень демонстриру­
ет выдающееся свойство предмета, явления.
Do the exercise below, identify if you need more help.
6.17. Fill in the gaps. Put the adjectives into the correct forms.
It is not the ( 1)_ _ of the species that survives, strong
nor the (2)_ _ , intelligent
but the one (3)_ _ to change. (Charles Darwiп) responsive
Nothing is (4 )_ _ than to admit in words the truth of the easy
universal struggle for life,
ог(5)_ _ - at least I have found it so- than constantlyldifficult
to bear this conclusion in mind. ( Charles Darwiп)
А man's friendships are one of the (б)_ _ measures of his 1good
worth. (Charles Darwiп)
The (7)._ _ possihle stage in moгal culture is when we 1high
recognize that we ought to control our thoughts. ( Charles
Darwiп)
The love for allliving creatures is the (8)_ _ attribute oflnoЬie
man. (Charles Darwiп)
Analyze your language abllities important for part 84-810 of State
Exam. Tick ( ./) describlng your abllities.
1 2 3 4 Ссьtлка на ЕГЭ
Я умею применять в речи личные, ука- Задания типа
зательные, притяжательные, неопреде- B4-BJO
·
лённые, относительные, вопроситель-
ные местоимения
--- ---
4.Зак. No 5
50 Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена

Useful tips

Корректное употребление местоимений требует знания их форм и понима­


ния отличий между, например, объектными и возвратными местоимения­
ми, притяжательными прилагательными и притяжательными местоимени­

ями. Необходимо также знать формы местоимений, которые используются


в качестве под.лежащих и дополнений. Кроме этОго, важно понимать раз­
личия в использовании местоимений в русском и английском языках, так
как правила не всегда совпадают.

Do the exercise below, identify if you need more help.

6.18. Complete the taЬie.


Subjects Objects , Possesive Possesive Reflexive
adjectives pronouns pronouns
1 Му Myself
You Your Yours
Не Him His
She Нег Herself
It Its Its Itself
We Ours
You You
Them Theirs

6.19. Fill in the gaps. Put the pronouns into the correct forms.
1 remember thinking to ( 1) _ _ 1
There is no escape for now (2)_ _ ! 1
Even if 1 make а ruп for ( 3 )_ _ апd it
manage to dodge the lot of (4)_ _ , 1 still won't get out they
because the doors are chained and locked! I'm finished!
I'm done for! Oh Grandmamma, what are ( 5 )_ _ going to 1they
doto те?

6.20. Fill in the gaps. Put the pronouns into the correct forms.
М у grandmother carried ( 1 ) _ _ 1
back into (2)_ _ own bedroom and she
put ( 3 )_ _ on the tаЬ!е. 1
She set the precious bottle down beside ( 4 )_ _ . 'What time 1
are those witches having supper in the Dining Room?' she
asked. 'Eight o'clock,' 1 said.
4'
Тренировочные задания д/JЯ подготовки к письменной части экзамена 51
She looked at (5)_ _ watch. 'lt 1s nowten past s1x; sne lsne
said. 'We've got until eight o'clock to work out (6)_ _ next we
move.' Suddenly, (7)_ _ еуе fell upon Bruno. Не was still she
in the banana bowl on the taЬie. Не had eaten three bananas
and was now attacking а fourth. Не had become immenselyfat.
'That's quite enough,' my grandmother said,
lifting(8)_ _ out ofthe bowl and he
putting (9)_ _ on the taЬie-top. '1 think it's time we returned he
this little fellow to the bosom of ( 1О)_ _ family. Don 't you he
agree, Bruno?' Bruno scowled at ( 11 )_ _ . 1 had never she
seen а mouse scowl before but he managed ( 12)_ _ . it
'Му parents let ( 13)_ _ eat as much as 1 want,' he said. 1
'I'dratherbewith(14)__ they
than with ( 15 )_ _ .' you
Analyze уоuг language abllities impoгtant fог рагt 84-В 10 of State
Exam. Tick ( ./) descгiblng уоuг abllities.
l 2 3 4 СсЬlлка на ЕГЭ
Я умею употреблять в речи количе- Задания типа
ственные и порядковые числительные. 84-В/0

Useful tips

Применеине количественных и порядковых числительных, как правило,


не вызывает сложностей, важно выучить формы и орфографические пра­
вила написания числительных. Показателем употребления порядковых чис­
лительных является определённый артикль, но это правило иноГда не со­
блюдается, поэтому, чтобы быть уверенным в правильном употреблении
той или иной формы числительного, необходимо перевести пред.ложение
на русский язык.
Do the exeгcise below, identify if you need тоге help.
6.21. Fill in the gaps. Put the veгbs into the соггесt foгms.
The ( 1)_ _ generation of computers was developed during 1one
1943-1958. 1t used vacuum tubes as memory device and was
therefore very large. Those computers were very expensive and
consumed а lot of electrical power.
The, (2)_ _ generation was developed during 1959-ltwo
1965. The invention of the transistor Ьу three scientists of
Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1947 greatly changed the
development of computers.
52 Тренировочные задания для подготовки к письменной части экзамена

The (3)_ _ generation computers were developed duringlthree


1966-1973. These computers used integrated circuits. They
were small, efficient and reliaЬ!e. Monitors and keyboards were
introduced for input and output of data.
The ( 4 )_ _ generation computers were developed during 1four
1974-1990. This generation of computer is presently in use.
Its sizes were reduced to desktop and Japtop computer. These
computers are highly reliaЬ!e and accurate ..
The computers having artificial intelligeпce and high
processiпg capacity uпdergoing оп the development stage
from 1990 are said to Ье the (5)_ _ geпeratioп computers.lfive
The goal of (6)_ _ geпeratioп computers is to develop five
machiпes that will Ье аЬ!е to think апd take decisioпs.

6.22. Fill in the gaps. Put the verbsinto the correct forms.
The historic origiпs of weddiпg aппiversaries date back to the
Holy Romaп Empire, when husbaпds crowпed theirwives
with а silver wreath оп their ( 1)_1_ _ aпniversary twenty-five
and а gold wreath оп the (2)_ _ . fifty
Later, priпcipally in the (3)_ _ ceпtury, commercialism led tweпty
to the addition of more anniversaries beiпg represeпted Ьу
а пamed gift. The tradition may have origiпated in medieval
Germaпy where, if а married couple lived to celebrate the
( 4 )_ _ anniversary of their weddiпg. 1thirty
Оп celebration of the (5)_ _ , the wife received а wreath fifty
of gold. The symbols have changed over time. For example, iп
the Uпited Кiпgdom, diamoпd was а well kпоwп symbol for
the
(6)_ _ aпniversary, but this chaпged to the поw more seveпty-five
соттоп (7)_ _ anпiversary after Queeп Victoria's sixty
(8)_ _ yeat:s оп the throпe was widely marked as her sixty
Diamoпd Jubllee.
Тренировочныезаданин мн подготовки к письменной части экзамена 53
VOCABULARY

TEST 7 (В11-В16)

Analyze your language abllities important for part В 11-В 16 of State


Exam. Tick ( ./) describlngyour abilities.
1 2 3 4 Ссылка на ЕГЭ
Я умею использовать следующие аф- Задания типа
фиксы для образования глаголов: re-, Bll-B/6
dis-, mis-

Useful tips

Для того чтобы корректно использовать указанные аффиксы, необходимо


понимать, какое значение они придают глаголу.

Префикс re-
1) передаёт значение «снова», «ещё раз» ( re-cover );
2) передаёт значение «обратно», «назад» (re-enter);
3) передаёт значение «заново», «по-новому» (re-group ).
Префикс dis-
1) образует слова со значением лишения чего-л., на русский язык перево­
дится приставками обез-/обес- (to disarrn; to disinherit);
2) образует слова со значением исключения из какой-л. организации (disbar);
3) обозначает разделение на составные части, отделения, на русский язык
переводится приставками дис-, раз-/ рас- (to distribute; to dismantle).
Префикс mis- 1
образует слова со значением неправильно, неудачно, с противополож­
ным результатом (to misunderstand; to misdial; to misinforrn).

Do the exercise below, identify if you need more help.


7 .1. Divide the words into three groups according to their affixes. find
the word roots. Translate the verbs.
misadvise, reelect, misapply, disjoin, redиce, disqиalify, misbehave,
regain, miscondиct, disappear, disaffect, disagree, disalloщ
reconstrиct, disappear, recoиnt, disconnect, discontinиe, dislike,
redecorate, dislocate, disprove, reconfirm, disregard, reconnect,
react, misdeed, rearrange, misfire, distribиte, misgиide, misinform,
misinterpret, mislead, mismanage, misprint, misreport, misrиle,
misspend, mistrиst, rebиild, misиse
54 Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена

l-Mis:: -т rлs-.=- г-Rе:: J


... ... ...

7.2. Fill in the gaps with the correct words derived from the following
words.
Не might Ье getting а great education, but if he hasn't leamed
financial skills, he '11 рrоЬаЬ\у ( 1)___ every penny he eams. 1manage
We can hardly complain if some lndonesians misunderstand
what we were doing in 1999, if we (2)_ _ it ourselves. lrepresent
Insects are often the drivers of an ecosystem just Ьу their sheer
numbers and the ones that (3)_ _ . 1appear
Even though we mess things up, hurt each other and
(4 )_ _ ourselves, most of us still just want to Ье good 1appoint
people.
If not, I'm not going to (5)_ _ it because it's not theirlclose
business unless they make it their business.
Melboume Victory players (6)_ _ after losing the penaltylact
shoot.
The media often (7)_ _ or lrepresent
(8)_ _ the relationship between carbon emissions and understand
c\imate change.
А co-ordinated waste policy means to reduce, (9)_ _ and 1use
recycle.
All these made те ( 1О)_ _ the way 1 lived. 1think

Analyze your language abllities important for part В 11-В 16 of State


Exam. Tick ( ,f) describlng your abllities.
1 2 3 4 Ссылка на ЕГЭ
Я умею использовать следующие аф- Задания типа
фиксы -ize/-ise мя образования гла- Bll-B/6
голов.

Usef~;~l tips

Суффиксы -ize/-ise позволяют образовать глаголы на основе имён суще­


ствительных и nрилагательных. Данные суффиксы обозначают действия
и процессы ( memory - memorize, special - specialize ).
Тренировочные задания д/JЯ подготовки к письменной части экзамена 55
Do the exercise below, identify if you need more help.
7.3. Fill in the gaps with the verbs derived from the followingwords.
1These loans provide with short term finance and help you 1actual
( 1)_ _ your immediate needs.
It is not wise to (2)_ _ sometl1ing for lack of interest. lcritic
Leadership qualities that (3)_ _ effective leadership are character
specific and can Ье leamed.
Many people are very afraid of the idea of having to ( 4 )_ _ j memory
for puЬ!ic speaking or any other stressful situation.
Choosing how to ( 5 )_ _ your presentation doesn 't have to 1organization
Ье hard work.
Is it better to ('6)_ _ an old application or put new business 1modem
systems in place?
How do we (7)_ _ the relationship that most parents have 1character
with their children in human terms?
If you are someone looking for ways to ( 8 }_ _ your site, you 1popular
are in the right track.
You glance at the clock and (9)_ _ that it's time to go tolreal
bed.
We like to ( 1О)_ _ with friends, going fishing, boating or 1social
skiing.
Analyze your language abllities important for part В 11-В 16 of State
Exam. Tick ( ./) describlng your abllities.
1 2 3 4 Ссылка н.а ЕГЭ
Я умею использовать следующие аф- Задания типа
фиксы для образования сущеетвитель- 811-Вlб
ных: -er/-or, -ness, -ist, -ship, -ing,
-sion/tion, -ance/ence, -ment, -ity

Useful tips

Правильное использование аффиксов требует осознания их значения.


Суффиксы-еr/-оr
позволяют образовать существительные от глаголов, обозначают лицо,
выполняющее действие, профессиональную деятельность и т.п. ( dancer,
singer, teacher ).
Суффикс -ness
образует существительные от прилагательных со значением «качество»,
«состояние» ( absoluteness, dampпess ).
56 Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена

Суффикс -ist
образует существительные со значением лица, называемого по его заня­
тию, профессии ( moralist, technologist, pacifist ).
Суффикс -ship
образует существительные со значением указания на чувства, отношение
к чему-л. (fellowship, companionship, friendship).
Суффикс -ing
образует существительные от глаголов со значением процесса, действия,
состояния ( collecting).
Суффиксы -sion/-tion
образуют существительные с указанием на:
- действие, процесс, состояние (comprehension, transformation );
-абстрактное понятие; свойство, качество (complexion).
Суффиксы -ance/-ence
образуют существительные на основе глаголов и прилагательных, указы­
вают на процесс, состояние или свойство (frequency, brilliancy).
Суффикс -ment
образует существительные от глаголов, указывает на действие, nроцесс, их
результат (measurement, movement ).
Суффикс -ity
образует существительные от прилагательных со значением nризнака, свой­
ства (jollity ).

Do the exercise below, identify if you need more help.


7.4. Fill in the gaps with the nouns derived from the following words.
Comprehension is the ( 1)_ _ to understand аЬlе
the (2)_ _ of the text. mean
А (3)_ _ with good comprehension is аЬiе to identify with read
characters and create mental pictures of а story while
(4)_ _ . lread
А reader with strong (5)_ _ is аЬlе to become completely comprehend
engaged in reading and draw personal meaning from the story.
This experience of (6 )_ _ in а book is formative for а child 1absorb
and has а lasting impact. Reading in excellent children's
literature is integrated with direct comprehension (7)_ _ in instruct
the form of guided (8)_ _ and written responses. discuss
Comprehension refers to an (9)_·_ of one's thought aware
processes, or 'thinking about thinking.' Skills and
strategies include previewing to identify text ( 1О) 1organize
Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена 57
7.5. Fill in the gaps with the nouns derived from the followingwords.
1А teacher is а person who provides ( 1)_ _ for pupils and 1educate
students. In many countries, а person who wishes to become
а (2)_ _ must first oЬtain teach
specified professional (3)_ _ . qualify
Teachers may provide ( 4 )_ _ in instruct
(5)_ _ and literate
(6)_ _ , religion, civics, community roles or life skills. numeral
In education, teachers facilitate student (7)_ _ , often in а learn
school or academy or perhaps in another (8)_ _ such as environ
outdoors.
7.6. Fill in the gaps with the nouns derived from the following words.
Have you ever heard it that yoga is good for you?
Below you сап find some of the benefits our ( 1) _ _ train
have found that come with (2)_ _ yoga. practice
The first benefit refers to the (3)_ _ . It will help bring flexiЬle
greater range of motion to your muscles and joints.
It provides pain ( 4 )_ _ . prevent
Having increased flexibllity and (5 )_ _ helps reduce pain. strong
Besides, proper(6)_ _ calms central nervous system. breathe
It means yoga shows you (7)_ _ techniques, such as mediate
watching how you breathe and (8)_ _ from your thoughts. engage
Physical activity is good for stress (9)_ _ , and this is reduce
particularly true of yoga. Because of the ( 1О)_ _ required, concentrate
your daily trouЬies seem to melt away during the time you are
doing yoga. Doing yoga will give you an increased ( 11 )_ _ aware
of your own body. You will find yourself with greater self-
(12) confident

Analyze your language abilities important for part В 11-В 16 of State


Exam. Tick ( ./) describlng your abilities.
1 2 3 4 Ссылка наЕГЭ
Я умею использовать следующие аф- Задания типа
фиксы для образования прилаrатель- В/1-В/6
ных: -у, -ic, -fиl, -al, -ly, -ian/-an,
-ing, -оиs, -iЬle/-аЬlе, -less, -ive,
inter-
58 Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена

Useful tips
Имена прилагательные в английском языке образуются на основе различ­
ных аффиксов. Необходимо знать основные принЩшы их использования.
Суффикс-у
образует прилагательные от существительных и глаголов со значением об­
ладания чем-то, сходства с чем-л. и склонности к чеМу-л. (healthy, dirty).
Суффикс-iс
образует прилагательные на основе существительных со значением свя­
занный с чем-то (al!ergic, Gennanic ).
Суффикс -fиl
образует прилагательные со значением обладающий данным качеством
(Ьiushful, beautiful ).
Суффикс -al
образует прилагательные от существительных со значением подобия, сход­
ства, обладания некоторым свойством (additional, accidental, theatrical ).
Суффикс-/у
- образует прилагательные от основ существительных и передаёт значе­
нии характерной черты или качества того, что обозначено основой (friendly,
fatherly),
-образует прилагательные от существительных, обозначающих временнЫе
пром~ки, и передаёт значение · периодической повторяемости
(hourly, weekly).
С уф фикс -iап/ -ап
образует прилагательные и существительные со значением принад.лежно­
сти к народности, идеологическомутечению (Arablan, Georgian).
Суффикс -iпg
образует отглагольные прилагательные ( caring, interesting).
Суффикс -оиs
образует прилагательные со значением обладающий данным свойством,
признаком, характеристикой в значительной степени (dangerous,
spacious, capricious ).
Суффикс -iЬle/-aЬle
- образует прилагательные со значением возможности осуществления
( drinkaЬie, adaptaЬie );
-образует прилагательные со значением обладания некоторым качеством
( comfortaЬie, реасеаЬiе, lovaЬle ).
Суффикс -less
образует прилагательные со значением лишённый чего-л., не иiiеющий
чего-л. (healthless, successless ).
Тренировочные задания дпя подготовки к письменной части экзамена 59
Суффикс -ive
образует относительные прилагательные (native, creative).
Префик.с iпtеr-
придает значение .меж-, .между-, среди, внутри в пространствеином и вре­
менном значении (interterritorial, intercranial ).
Do the exercise below, identify if ~ou need more help.
7.7. Fill in the gaps with the adjectives derived from the following
words.
Liverpool is ( 1)_ _ English weather, type
with а mixture of (2)_ _ ' sun
(3)_ _ , overcast rain
and ( 4 )_ _ days. The weather is particularly warm during wind
the summer months, when Liverpool has many extremely
(5)_ _ days. Even at this time ofyear, Liverpool's weather delight
сап still Ье (6)_ _ , change
with (7)_ _ momings and sunny aftemoons. fog
The weather during the winter months is the most (8)_ _ . predict
However, Liverpool's weather is often sunny in the winter,
with (9)_ _ , crisp days. If you are planning to visit outdoor lwonder
locations, an umbrella is always а ( 1О)_ _ item to carry. use
7.8. Fill in the gaps with the adjectives derived from the following
words.
Е со Culture Tours invites you to embrace an ( 1) _ _ forget
tour experience of the (2)_ _ African safari. remark
East Africa boasts of( 3 )_ _ people with diverse friend
and ( 4 ) _ _ interest
( 5 )_ _ practices; inform
(6 )_ _ forests, lakes, rivers and mountains. scene
We offer (7)_ _ itineraries ranging from 3 to 23 days to wonder
explore the beauty of East Africa. Regardless, we tailor our
(8)_ _ itineraries to beauty
suit your (9)_ _ needs. specialize
Our ( 1О)_ _ tours ensure that you get а chance to interact culture
with and observe the ( 11 )_ _ cultures in East Africa. differ
We operate in а focused, ( 12)_ _ and respond
( 13 )_ _ way, so we guarantee you '11 Ье hooked. sustain
60 Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена

We enjoy (14)_ _ outdoor pursuits, so many of our tripsjenergy


incorporate these sports but never at the expense of
the ( 15 )_ _ world or the people who live there in the areas 1nature
where we operate. Indeed, we constantly evaluate our
( 16 )_ _ tours for Africa
their ( 17)_ _ ecology
and ( 18). soundness. origin
Analyze your language abilities important for part В 11-816 of State
Exam. Tick ( .() describlng your abllities.
1 2 3 4 Ссылка на ЕГЭ
Я умею использовать -ly для образова- Задания типа
ния наречий. _, __ , ___ В/1-В/6
-----------------· ------ ---- ' --

Useful tips

Суффикс-lу
образует наречия от основ прилагательных (harshly, naturally, daily).
Do the exercise below, identify if you need more help.
7 .9. Fill in the gaps with the adjectives derived from. the following
words.
The planet's secoпd-largest and second-most ( 1) _ _ dense
populated contiпent, Africa is (2)_ _ called home Ьу more current
than one blllioп people, which equates to (3)_ _ 12 perceпt rough
of the global population. Africa covers some 30 million square
km/ 11, 6 million square miles Lake Assal in Djibouti is -
( 4 )_ _ the lowest point in the whole of Africa, while the 1actual
sweeping sand dunes of the Sahara Desert
offer something ( 5 )_ _ different. 1complete

7.10. Fill in the gaps with the adjectives derived from the following
words.
( 1 )_ _ , I see the least imaginative work being produced 1surprising
when а teacher gives instructions. If I know the student,
I (2)_ _ find that the work is general
(3)_ _ а rehash ofthat student's previous success. mere
We are ( 4 )_ _ creatures of hablt. Our natural way to learn natural
is Ьу imitation. When allowed to do what we want to do,
we are most(5)_ _ to revert to whatever like
we (6) found enjoyaЬle. previous
Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена 61

Письмо
Этот раздел состоит из двух заданий:
- написание личного письма,

- создание письменного высказывания с элементами рассуждения.

Стратегии выполнения ааданий раадела «Письмо»

Личное письмо
• внимательно прочитайте не только инструкции, но и текст-стимул
(отрывок из письма друга на английском языке);
• наметьте план своего ответного письма;

• не забудьте написать адрес и дату в правом верхнем углу письма;


• во вступительной части письма выразите благодарность за получен­
ное письмо и, возможно, извинение, что не сра.зу написан ответ;

• в основной части письма ответьте на все заданные вопросы и задайте


необходимые вопросы другу по переписке;
• в заключительной части письма упомяните о будущих контактах, под-
пишите письмо;

• проверьте как содержание, так и правильиость организации текста.

Оформление личного письма:


• адрес (вверху, в правой стороне); лучше- краткий (город, страна);
• дата (под адресом);
• обращение (слева, на отдельной строке);
• ссылка на предыдущие контакты, т.е. благодарность за полученное
письмо (начало письма); возможно, извинение, что не ответил раньше (по­
сле благодарности);
• основная часть (ответы на вопросы зарубежного друга);
• запрос информации (постановка вопросов в соответствии с задани-
ем);
• упоминание о дальнейших контактах (предпоследняя фраза);
• завершающая фраза (неофициальный стиль, на отдельной строке);
• подпись автора (имя ,на отдельной строке).
Обрааец выполненного аадания:
С 1. You have received а letter from your English-speaking реп friend Bill
whowrites
... 1 don't think it will Ье а proЬlem for те to choose а good job
in the future as fm really interested in foreign languages, cultures and
countries and 1 hope Г ll work as а translator or teacher of foreign
62 Тренировочные задания д/IЯ подготовки к письменной части экзамена

languages someday. Have you already decided оп your career? What


job are you going to choose? Why?
I've lived in the USA ту whole life but /' d really love to travel to other
countries . ..
Write а letter to Bill.
In your letter
- answer his questions
- ask 3 questions about his plans for travelling
Write 100- 140 words.
RететЬеr the rules of letter writing.

12, Roditeleva Street


Kaliningrad
Russia
236023
16/05/2008
Dear Bill,
I was very happy to get your letter. Sorry, I have not written for so long
because I have been busy at school preparing for ту exams. How are you
keeping?
In your letteryou speak about issues which are interestingfor all teenagers.
I think а lot about my future career. Furthermore, ту parents help те to
choose ту future profession. So I have already decided on ту career. I want
to Ьесоте а teacher of foreign languages, too. I do like to work with children.
They таkе те feel happy.
I know that you are fond of travelling. Where are you planning to go next?
Аге you planningto go with your parents orfriends? Where will you live there?
I ат looking forward to your answer. Кеер in touch.
Love,
Anna

Вступительная часть письма зависит от того, кто является инициатором


ero написания. Если вы, то следует объяснить, почему вы ero пишите. Ес­
ли вы отвечаете, то необходимо уточнить, на какую информацию вы даете
ответ. Предложенная вам таблица поможет правильно составить письмо.
Тренировочные задания дпялодготовкн к письменной части экзамена ·63
. . ..
Personat tetter
-Formalletter
.....
Язык и стиль:
Используйте краткие формы, обо- Используйте лексику и структуры,
роты и выражения, характерные характерные для письменной речи
д.ля разговорной речи, несложные (союзные и причастные обороты,
грамматические структуры. вводные слова, герундий, отсутствие
кратких форм).
Обращение:
Dear+Шtя Dear Sir or Маdат
Dear Ms Brown
Dear Professor Smith
Первое пред.ложение (обраще-
но к адресату):
ft was so good.to hear froт you... Зависит от того, какой тип письма
Thanks for your recent letter... вы пишите (более подробно после
!'т sorry 1 haven't written for so таблицы).
long but... · 1 am writing in response to ...
1 was really pleased to hear that... 1 ат writing for inforтation
1 thought /' d better write and tell about ...
you about... 1 would like to know тоге about .. .
1 would Ье grateful if уои could.. .
1 wonder if you could possiЬly
tell/send те...
1 am writing to ask whether...
Основная часть письма:
Как правило, письмо делится на В зависимости от типа письма вы­
три части: в первой рассказывает- ражается просьба или пред.ложе­
ся, что происходит в настоящем, ние.

во второй описываются события из Чётко и вежливо раскрывается ос­


прошлого, в третьей раскрываются новная мысль письма.
планы на будущее.
Заключительная часть письма:
Give ту love/ regards to... 1 would Ье grateful if you could
Looking forward to see you/hear answer as soon as possiЬle.
from you... Thank you for your iттediate
Well, that' s all for now. Do write answer.
back soon. We/1 look forward to hear froт
Good luck with the... you.
64 Тренировочные задания для подготовки к письменной части экзамена

IЗаКJiючительное приветствие: 1 1
All the best Yours faithfully
With best wishes/regards Yours sincerely
Love... Кiss you ...

Фразы и выражения, рекомендуемые при написании различных


писем личного характера.

Письмо с извинениями
*Г т really sorry that 1 forgot about ...
*Г т writing to apologize for ...
*Г т so sorry 1 couldn't таkе it ...
*lt will never happen again... '
Письмо-приглашение
*Г т writing to invite you to ...
*/'т having а party... Would you like to соте?
* 1 hope you' ll Ье ahle to join us ...
Письмо-просьба
*Гd like to ask you for your help/to do те а favour ...
*1 wonder if 1 could ask you to ...
*1 would Ье so / really grateful if уои could...
Благодарственное письмо
*Г т writing to thank you so much for ...
*The party was great/fantastic...
*lt was very kind/nice of you to ...
Письмо-поздравление
*/'тwriting to congratulate уои оп V-ing...
*You really were the best...
Письмо-информация
*Г т just writing to tell ...
*This is just to let you know that.. .
*Here's our news at the тотепt .. .

Фразы и выражения, рекомендуемые при написании различных


писем официального характера.
Запрос
*/ ат writing to ask/ enquire about/in connection with ...
*1 would like to know тоге about...
*1 would Ье very grateful if you could...
Тренировочные задания ддя подготовки к письменной частн экзамена 65
Жалоба
*1 ат writing to coтplain of...
*/ тust express ту dissatisfaction with ...
*Contrary to the description in the brochure/instruction...
*1 ат afraid 1 тust ask you...
*1hope this entitles те to coтpensation/ а refund...
Письмо с просьбой о приёме на работу
*/ ат writing in connection with the job advertiseтent/inforтation
concerning...
*/ ат writing in reply to/in response to/with regard to ...
*1 would like to express ту interest in ...
*1 would like to apply for the post/position of...
*М у reason for applying is .. .
*/' d like to apply because.. .
*As for ту experience...
1 enclose ту CV froт ту previous eтployers.

Второй вид письменного задания - это высказывание с элементами


рассуждения. Ваша работа может быть выполнена в виде статьи, истории
или сочинения. Рассмотрим каждый из них.

Статья
При написании статьи следуйте следующим рекомендациям:

- не используйте очень формальную лексику - придумайте интерес­


ный заголовок,

- включите пару вопросов, для того чтобы заинтересовать читателя,

- излагайте свои мысли живо и интересно, с использованием вводных


слов

Would you like to ... ?


/'т sure you сап iтagine.. .
/'т sure you'd agree that .. .
Lefs ... ,
- закончите свою статью выводом, содержащим ваше мнение

1 hope...
1 suppose.. .
All in all, ... .

5. Зак. Nll 5
66 Тренировочные задании д/JН подготовки к письменной части экзамена

История

При написании истории необходимо использовать всю информацию,


данную в задании, не изменяя её.
Избегайте повторений и варьируйте начало преможения:
At jirst ...
ln the beginning...
The jirst thing that happened was ....
Согласуйте события, употребляйте различные времена, более сложную
лексику:

Then ...
Minutes later...
After some time...
After that .. .
Suddenly .. .
All at once.. .
Gradually .. .
Slowly ...
Концовку вы можете сделать законченной или нет:
ln the end.. .
Eventually .. .
At last ...

Сочинение

Как правило, мя написания сочинения даётся дискуссионная тема, и


вы должны изложить свое мнение по заданной теме. Структура сочинения
такая же, как и в русском языке:

- вступительная часть,
- основная часть, выражающая вашу точку зрения:
1 agree/disagree with the statement that ...
1 think/believe that .. .
It seems to те that .. .
ln ту opinion ...
1 am in favour of...
1 ат against the idea that ... ;
- заключительная часть, в которой вы делаете свой вывод:
Оп the whole, 1 would say that ...
ln conclusion ...
Тренировочные задания ддя подготовки к письменной части экзамена 67
То sum up, 1 think that .. .
All in all, 1 believe that .. .
Используйте союзы и союзные слова:
but, even though, although, in spite of... , оп the other hand, however,
nevertheless, while... .

Письменное высказывание с элементами рассуждения:

общие рекомендации для двух типов


• стройте высказывание в соответствии с преможенным планом;
• начинайте введение с общего представления темы и преможения,
отображающего её проблемный характер;
• во введении перефразируйте тему/проблему, данную в задании, не по­
вторяя;

.• делите текст на абзацы, отражающие логическую и содержательную


структуру текста;

• введение и заключение должны быть приблизительно одинаковы по


объёму;
• в основной части должно быть как минимум два абзаца, приблизи­
тельно одинаковых по размеру;

• особое внимание следует уделять средствам логической связи текста,


как внутри предложений, так и между преможениями.

Письменное высказывание с элементами рассуждения «за• и


«Против•

• в основной части сначала представьте аргументы «за» в первом абза­


це, затем во втором - аргументы «против»;

• число аргументов «за» и аргументов «против» должно быть сбалан­


сированным;

• желательно аргументы предстамять симметрично (например, соци­


альные, психологические, образовательные аспекты проблемы);
• в заключении ещё раз укажите на проблемный характер темы, поды­
тожьте аргументы «за» и «против», подведите итог сказанному. Можно
выразить надежду на нахождение компромисса;

• в заключении уместно высказать своё мнение или, наоборот, подчерк­


нуть, что у автора пока не сложилось своё мнение по данному вопросу.

Образец выполненного задания:


С2. Comment on the following statement.
The population of Ьig cities is growing.
68 Тренировочные задання мя подготовки к пнсьменной частн экзамена

What сап you say for and against Iiving in the blg city?
Write 200- 250 words.
Use the following plan:
- give а general statement of the proЬiem
- outline the points FOR
- outline the points AGAINST
- draw а conclusion weighing up the points outlined
Nowadays more people are inclined to leave small towns and villages for
Ьig cities·. Life in а blg city seems to Ье easy and comfortaЬie but it is not
always like that.
On the one hand, blg cities have а lot of advantages and offer different
opportunities. Firstly, there's а wide choice of places where to spend your
free time: clubs, discos, museums and art galleries. Secondly, there are good
transport connections and variety among shops. Thirdly, it's easier to find а
job. New companies are being established, providing people with job vacancies.
Furthermore, there are comfortaЬie flats with all modern conveniences and
good sport facilities nearby.
Оп the other hand, any availaЬie work might Ье menial and low-paid. You
have to work long hours with little time for entertainment. А Ьig city means
long distances. It usually takes а lot of time to get to work or to school. То
make things even worse, you can Ье stuck in traffic jams during rush hours.
Besides, the cost of living is rising.
То my mind people's lives in blg cities are stressful: there is no sense of
community. Among the main disadvantages are the long distances, traffic
jams, high prices and pollution. As for me, I wouldn't choose permanently to
live in а Ьig city. ·

Письменное высказывание с элементами рассуждения «Ваше


мнение»

• в основной части сначала выскажите своё мнение и арrументируйте


его, затем nредставьте другие точки зрения и дайте арrументацию, почему
вы с ними не согласны;

• приводя контрарrументы, желательно выражать своё мнение не теми


же словами, что раньше, а использовать перифраз, синонимию;
• в заключении ещё раз укажите на проблемный характер темы; пока­
жите, что хотя у вас есть своё мнение, вы способны видеть и другие точки
зрения, тем не менее, своя кажется вам более убедительной.
Тренировочные задания д/lЯ подготовки к письменной части экзамена 69
Образец выполненного задания:
С2. Comment оп the following statement.
Some people believe that teenagers today are generally rude, lazy
and badly behaved. Other people, however, think that teenagers have а
bad reputation for по reason.
Do you believe that teenagers are often criticized unfairly?
Write 200-250 words.
U se the following plan:
- make an introduction ( state the proЬiem)
- express your personal opinion and give reasons for it
- give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don't
agree with it
- draw а conclusion
Different groups of people have opposite opinions about teenagers. То ту
mind, it's wrong to generalize and criticize al\ teenagers. Who is to blame that
some teens are rude and badly behaved?
One can't disagree that the problems teenagers face daily reflect the prob-
\ems in society. Firstly, some children are raised in poverty. Some poor or
underprivileged children are forced to sell drugs or join gangs. Secondly, some
teens belong to aggressive subcultures. Impacted Ьу their older leaders, they
express their rebellion in extravagant fashions and rude behavior. Thirdly,
teenagers need to discuss their problems. In today's society it is difficu\t for
а teenager to Ье taken seriously.
According to another opinion it's quite natural for young people to rebel,
show off and try out new things. In particular, teens make mistakes because
they have no life experience. Besides, adults are never pleased with young
generation. It's agreed that the problem of the generation gap is etemal but
I strongly fee\ that both young people and society have to take responsibility
and try to соре with the problems.
То sum up, not all teenagers have good clothing, food and house, so
they join gangs. These social problems cause violence and depression. In my
opinion, teens are often criticized too generally or unfairly. All in al\, adults
must take the time to hear young people so the solutions can Ье found to
eliminate the problems.
70 Тренировочные задания мя подготовки к письменной части экзамена

Ответы к тренировочным упражнениям

READING
TEST 1 (В2)

1 ~ 1 : 1 ~ \ш ~ ш 1 ~ --~ ~ 1 ~ 1

TEST2 (В3)

,- -1---г-~---г ·в-~I ~ 1 ~---- 1

TEST 3 (А15-А21)

~~~~::~\ ; 1 ~ 1 ~ 1 i 1 ~ 1 ~ 1 ~ 1

WRIТING

TEST4 (CJ)

4.1.
1. m., 2. Ь., 3. i., 4. 1., 5. d., 6. h., 7. j., 8. р., 9. k., 10. е,, 11. с., 12. g.,
13. n., 14. f., 15. а., 16. о.

TEST5 (С2)

5.1.
Paragraph 1:4, 1, 5; paragraph 2:2, 3, 8, 11; paragraph 3:9, 10; paragraph 4:
6; paragraph 5:7.

TEST5 (С2)

5.1.
1. It's clear that 2. that's why 3. Some people hold the opinion that 4. Others
believe that 5. 1 do strongly support the idea that 6. Му arguments for this
point are listed as follows. 7. First of all, 8. Moreover, 9. At the same time,
1О. They are sure that 11. However, 12. It seems to те that 13. As а conclusion
Ключи к тренировочным упражнениям главы 11 71
GRAММAR

TEST 6 (B4-BJO)

6.1.
1.-J., 2.-М., 3.-F., 4.-l., 5.-D., 6.-Н., 7.-L., 8.-В., 9.-G.,
10.-С., 11.-Е., 12.-А., 13.-К.

6.2.
Present Simple: every day, every week, usually, often, always, rarely, never,
sometimes, on Mondays.
Present Continuous: now, at the moment, at present, nowadays, today,
tonight, always, still.
Present Perfect: just, ever, never, always, already, yet, how long, so far,
recently, since, for, today, this week.
Present Perfect Continuous: how long, for, since.
Pas t Simple: yesterday, last week, а month ago, then, just now, when, in 2001.
Past Continuous: while, when, as, at 5 o'clock yesterday.
Past Perfect: for, since, already, after, just, never, yet, before, Ьу, Ьу the time.
Past Perfect Continuous: for, since.
Future Simple: tomorrow, tonight, next week, in two days, the day after
tomorrow, soon, in а week.
6.3.
1. have had, 2. have been, 3. was, 4. began, 5. had been wrapped, 6. was,
7. had tossed, 8. was, 9. named, 10. was used, 11. had seen, 12. began, 13.
were, 14. were developed, 15.1ed, 16. earned.
6.4.
1. was, 2. lived, 3. had, 4. were, 5. showed, 6. were, 7. was, 8. came, 9. said,
10. had given, 11. was, 12. searched, 13. couldn't, 14. is feeding, 15. was
pointing, 16. was, 17. was standing, 18. rushed up, 19. touched, 20. was.
6.5.
1. were, 2. happened, 3. got, 4. became, 5. moved, 6. was called, 7. looked,
8. cooked, 9. сап, 10. has been asking, 11. flew, 12. burst, 13. threw, 14. will ...
Ье, 15. will Ье, 16. will have, 17. said, 18. dropped, 19. have promised, 20. will
go, 21. is, 22. went, 23. will tell, 24. is, 25. need, 26. had, 27. were booked.
6.6.
1. enjoys, 2. likes, 3. has asked, 4. wakes, 5. will Ье аЬ!е, 6. will do, 7. has,
8. will weed, 9. will start, 10. checks.
72 Тренировочные задания для подготовки к письменной части экзамена

6.7.
1. graduate, 2. will take, 3. enter, 4. won't have, 5. will see, 6. start, 7. will go,
8. take, 9. will not have, 1О. соте, 11. will start.
6.8.
1. had gotten/got up, 2. had joined, 3. have made, 4. have been out, 5. pass, 6.
was reading, 7. turned.
6.9.
1. spread, 2. had heard, 3. showed up, 4. had lost, 5. was, 6. had been spinning.
6.10.
1. Ьites, 2. believe, 3. has, 4. has, 5. is, 6. has, 7. are, 8. speaks, 9 have ever
been.
6.11.
1. had, 2. had got, 3. had had, 4. had given, 5. had taken, 6. Ьlew, 7. had
stopped, 8. had, 9. had tried, 10. didn't like, 11. worked, 12. didn't like.
6.12.
1. was doing, 2. was fixing, 3. was, 4. came, 5. asked, 6. offered, 7. wasn't,
8. had eaten, 9. was, 10. would go.
6.13.
1. pick up, 2. will end up, 3. would Ье, 4. would have, 5. would throw, 6. spoke,
7. will befired, 8. had, 9. did not taste, 10. would Ье, 11. did, 12. would succeed,
13. were, 14. had, 15. would go, 16. could.
6.14.
1. could, 2. were, 3. had, 4. told, 5. were, 6. were, 7. held.
6.15.
1. men, 2. families, 3. roles, 4. husbands, 5. wives, 6. children, 7. percent,
8. employees.
6.16.
1. origins, 2. communities, 3. conditions, 4. humans, 5. dogs, 6. goats,
7. sheep, 8. swine, 9. pigs, 10. horses, 11. meat, 12. textiles, 13. sheep, 14.
goats, 15. oxen, 16. cows, 17. deer, 18. sheep, 19. hooves, 20. horns.
6.17.
1. strongest, 2. most intelligent, 3. most responsive, 4. easier, 5. more difficult,
6. best, 7. highest, 8. most nоЬ!е.
Ключи к тренировочным упражнениям главы II 73
6.18
-·--·
Subjects Objects Possesive Possesive Reflexive
adjectives pronouns pronouns
I Ме Му Mine Myself
You You Уоuг Yours Yourself
Не Him Нis Нis Нimself
She Нег Нег Hers Herself
It It lts lts Itself
We Us Our Ours Ourselves
You You Уоuг Yours Youгselves
They Them Theiг Theirs Themselves
6.19.
1.myself, 2.me, З.it, 4.them, 5.they.
6.20.
1.me, 2.hег, 3.me, 4.me, 5.hег, 6.оuг, 7.hег, 8.him, 9.him, 10.his, 11.hег, 12.it,
13.me, 14.them, 15.you.
6.21.
1.fiгst,2.second, 3.thiгd, 4.fourth, 5.fifth, 6.fifth.
6.22.
1.twenty-fifth, 2.fiftieth, 3.twentieth, 4.thirtieth, 5.fiftieth, 6.seventy-fifth,
7.sixtieth, 8.sixty.

VOCABULARY
TEST 7 (В11-В16)

7.2.
1. mismanage, 2. misгepгesent, 3. disappeaг, 4. disappoint, 5. disclose,
6. геасt, 7. misгepгesent, 8. misunderstand, 9. гeuse, 10. гethink.
7.3.
1. actualize, 2. criticize/ criticise, 3. characterize/ chaгacterise, 4. memorize,
5. oгganize/ organise, 6. modernize/ modernise, 7. chaгacterize/ chaгacterise,
8. popularize/ popularise, 9. гealize/ гealise, 1О. socialize.
7.4.
1. ability, 2. meaning, 3. геаdег, 4. гeading, 5. compгehension, 6. absorption,
7. instruction, 8. discussions, 9. awaгeness, 10. oгganization.
74 Тренировочные задания д,IIЯ подготовки к письменной части экзамена

7.5.
1. education, 2. teacher, 3. qualifications, 4. instruction, 5.literacy,
6. numeracy, 7. leaming, 8. environment.
7.6.
1. trainers, 2. practicing, 3. flexibility, 4. prevention, 5. strength, 6. breathing,
7. meditation, 8. disengagement, 9. reduction, 10. concentration,
12. awareness, 13. self-confidence.
7.7.
1. typical, 2. sunny, 3. rainy, 4. windy, 5. delightful, 6. changeaЬ!e, 7. foggy,
8. unpredictaЬ!e, 9. wonderful, 1О. useful.
7.8.
1. unforgettaЬie, 2. remarkaЬ!e, 3. friendly, 4. interesting, 5. informative,
6. scenic, 7. wonderful, 8. beautiful, 9. special, 1О. cultural, 11. different,
12. responsiЬ!e, 13. sustainaЬie, 14. energetic, 15. natural, 16. african,
17. ecological, 18. original.
7.9.
1. densely, 2. currently, 3. roughly, 4. actually, 5. completely.
7.10.
1. surprisingly, 2. generally, 3. merely, 4. natural\y, 5. likely, 6. previously.
Глава 111

Учебно-тренировочные тесты для


подготовки к ЕГЭ

Экзаменационная работа по английскому языку состоит из пяти разделов, вклю­


чающих в себя 46 заданий.
Раздел t («Аудирование») включает 15 заданий, из которых первое -на
установление соответствия и 14 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из
трёх пред.ложенных. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий раздела 1 со­
ставляет 30 минут.
Раздел 2 («Чтение») включает 9 заданий, из которых 2 задания на установ­
ление соответствия и 7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из четырёх
пред.ложенных. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий раздела 2 составляет
30минут.
Раздел 3 ( с[рамматика и лексика») включает 20 заданий, из которых 13 за­
даний с кратким ответом и7 заданий с выбором одного правильного ответа из четы­
рёх пред.ложенных. При выполнении заданий с кратким ответом вы должны само­
стоятельно записать ответ в соответствующем месте работы. Рекомендуемое время
на выполнение заданий раздела 3 составляет 40 минут.
По окончании выполнения заданий каждого из этих разделов не забывайте пе­
реносить свои ответы в бланк ответов N!? 1.
Раздел 4 ( сПисьмо») состоит из 2 заданий и представляет собой небольшую
письменную работу (написание личного письма и письменного высказывания с
элементами рассуждения). Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий этого раз­
дела работы - 80 минут. Черновые лометки можно делать прямо на листе с зада­
ниями, или можно использовать отдельный черновик. Любые черновые лометки
(черновик) не проверяются и не оцениваются. Оценке под.лежнт только вариант
ответа, занесённый в бланк ответов N!? 2!
Все бланки ЕГЭ заполняются яркими чёрными чернилами. Допускается ис­
пользование rелевой, капиллярной или перьевой ручек.
Общее время проведения экзамена - 180 минут.
Рекомендуется выполнять задания в том порядке, в котором они даны. Поста­
райтесь выполнить как можно больше заданий и набрать наибольшее количество
баллов.

Желаем успеха!
76 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

VARIANT 1
Раздел 1. Аудирование

/вii
Вы усшшите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие меж­
ду высказываниям.и каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениям.и,
данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозна­
ченное соответствующей цифрой, толысо один раз. В задании
есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы усшшите запись дважды.
Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
1. The speaker was glad when she/he was given more serious work to do.
2. The speaker learned nothing important at work.
3. The speaker did not want to take any responsibility.
4. The speaker didn't mind doing а lot of things during work practice.
5. The speaker wants to do the same kind of work in the future.
6. The speaker has а different idea of the profession after completing the practice.
7. The speaker felt rather nervous before starting work.

IJт::~~U::el А 1В 1С 1D 1Е 1F 1
Вы усшшите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утвер­
ждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1-Тrие),
какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказа­
но, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительно­
го, ни отрицательного ответа (3- Not stated). Обведите номер
выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы усшшите запись дважды.

~ Francesca will have the small part in а musical.


1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А2 1Francesca will continue ballet training in Hollywood.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
/ АЗ 1Francesca started dancing Ьу chance.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1А41 Francesca's second school was in London.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А5 1Francesca's teachers had а lot of faith in her.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вариант! 77
·1 А б 1Even now, paying for her training is difficult.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А7 1Francesca thinks acting students work harder.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы
услышите запись дважды.

1 ABI The Parkinsons didn't want to send their children to school because
1) their children reacted negatively towards it.
2) they thought it would waste the children's time.
3) their children didn't like fighting.
1 А9 1Legally, if you want to educate your children at home
1) you must Ье а qualified teacher.
2) your children must have reached certain standards.
3) your children cannot currently Ье registered in а school.
1А 1О 1The proЬ!em for mothers who teach their own children is
1) mothers never make good academic teachers.
2) children don't like being pushed Ьу their parents.
3) it's difficult for mothers to change roles.
1А 111 Emily Parkinson feels that
1) there are no disadvantages to teaching at home.
2) the advantages Of teaching at home outweigh the disadvantages.
3) teaching at home can cause serious proЬlems.
IA12I Emily says that children don't suffer Ьу leaming alone because
1) children don 't norinally want to leam.
2) leaming shouldn't Ье treated as fun.
3) leaming takes place individually.
1А 131 Emily believes that children will co-operate later in life if they
1) spend long periods away from home.
2) experience other group activities.
3) spend а part of their time at school.
IA14I Emily's advice to parents facingcriticism forwhat they are doing is to
1) believe in what they are doing.
2) convince others they are right.
3) Ье perfect in everything.
78 Уче6но-треннровочные тесты д/IЯ подготовки к ЕГЭ ·

Раздел 2. Чтение
@]
Установите соответствие .м.ежду заголовка.м.и 1-8 и текста­
.м.и A-G. Занесите с~ои ответьt в таблицу. Используйте каждую
цифру толысо один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. Psychological thriller
2. How chitdren think
3. The psychology of education
4. Great minds don't think alike
5. lt's all in the mind
6. Thoughtlessness
7. Give yourself а new start
8. Psychology for beginners
А. Child psychology is а very popular degree course now and an increasing
number of mature students are taking it up, often many years after their last
experience of formal education. Everything is possiЬie with the right support
and attitude. Study child psychology at Canchester University and take the
first steps to getting yourself а first-class education and а satisfying career
with status and prospects.
В. Teach yourself psychology in less than а month with this fascinating
and informative book. It doesn't matter if all you know about psychology
comes from those psychological thrillers, this book tells you all you need to
know in simple and everyday language. Soon you will amaze your friends with
your knowledge and there are lots of applications for practical life too. Buy it
now!
С. John Adams is а disturbed teenager who cannot make friends or form
normal relationships. Despite this, John manages to lead а normallife until he
meets his new neighbour, Brian Timms, who seems very friendly and tolerant,
just the person John needs. But Brian is not all he seems. In fact he has
psychological proЬlems himself, and he leads John into very great danger.
D. There are different stages in the developmental process and of course
everyone is different. ProbaЬiy the blggest impact оп our psychological rnake-
up is during the school years when we are very impressionaЬie and о реп to new
experiences. The way that young people make sense of life is very different to
adults.
Е. Srnoking is а bad hablt and it is extrernely unhealthy too. Logically,
everyone knows this, but people still do it. Another proЬiern is that srnoking is
very addictive. All the sarne, giving up smoking is difficult but not impossiЬie.
Варнантl 79
Don't listen to people who say that the addiction is physical. In fact, it is just
а question of will power. Follow these easy steps and you will control your
lifestyle and become а non-smoker.
f. What separates geniuses from the rest of the population? It is clear
that geniuses are поt just iпtelligent. Мапу people, iпcludiпg children, are
very clever апd сап remember and apply all sorts of iпformation. What seems
to set geniuses apart is their creativity and originality, the ability to think up
something new or approach it in а differeпt way, which must Ье incrediЬly
thrilliпg.
G. I am writing this letter to complaiп about the people who use their cars
оп my street, Oak Road. It is а quiet resideпtial area but drivers пever stick to
the speed limit and it seems to give them some sort of thrill to go as. fast as
possiЬle. Also, drivers park where they want, often Ьlocking the pavement,
which to ту mind is great selfishness.

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е ~-F 1 G 1

[0
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F часmяАtи предло­
жений, обозначенньt.м.и цифрами 1 - 7. Одна из частей в списке
1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифрьt, обозначающие соответствующие
части предложения, в таблицу.

Nenets culture affected Ьу global warming


For 1,000 years the iпdigenous Nenets people have migrated along the
450-mile-long Yamal peninsula iп пorthern Russia. In summer they wander
пorthwards, takingtheirreindeerwith them. Iп wintertheyreturn southwards.
But this remote regioп of пorth-west Siberia is now being affected Ьу
global warmiпg. Traditionally the Nenets travel across the frozen River ОЬ in
November А _ _ arouпd Nadym. These days, though, this anпual winter
migration is delayed. Last year the Nenets, together with many thousands of
reindeer, had to wait untillate December В _ _.
«Our reindeer were huпgry. There wasп't eпough food,» Jakov Japtik, а
Nenets reiпdeer herder, said. «The snow is melting sooner, quicker and faster
than before. In spriпg it's difficult for the reindeer to pull the sledges. They get
tired,» Japtik said.
Herders say that the peninsula's weather is increasiпgly unpredictaЬie -
with unseasonal snowstorms С _ _ , апd milder longer autumns. Iп winter,
temperatures used to go down to -50°С. Now they are normally arouпd
80 Учебно-треннровочные тесты д.пн подготовки к ЕГЭ

-30°С, accordiпg to Japtik. «Obviously we prefer -30°С. But the chaпges


areп't good for the reiпdeer D - - . ,» he said, settiпg off оп his sledge to
rouпd up his reiпdeer herd.
Еvеп here, iп опе of the most remote parts of the plaпet, Е _ _ . Last
year the N eпets arrived at а regular summer campiпg spot апd discovered that
half of their lake had disappeared. The water had draiпed away after а laпdslide.
The Neпets report other curious chaпges- there are fewer mosquitoes апd
а straпge iпcrease iп flies. Scieпtists say there is uпmistakahle evideпce
F __
1. wheп the ice was fiпally thick eпough to cross
2. that the impact оп Russia would Ье disastrous
3. the eпviroпmeпt is uпder pressure
4. апd iп the епd what is good for the reiпdeer is good for us
5. апd set up their camps iп the southern forests
6. that Yamal' s апсiепt permafrost is meltiпg
7. wheп the reiпdeer give blrth iп Мау
t-AI?_E_I_Dшt Е 1 F 1

Прочитайте текст и вьt.полните задания А15-А21. В каждом за­


дании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую вьt.бранно­
му вами варианту ответа.

There are few visitors to the couпtryside arouпd Aix-eп-Proveпce who do


поt see its dramatic forms through the eyes of its most famous iпhabltaпt, Paul
Сеzаппе. Day after day for the last 20 years of his life the artist set up his easel
to paiпt Мопt Saiпte- Victoire апd the surrouпdiпg couпtryside.
Sadly, Сеzаппе's efforts frequeпtly left him dissatisfied as he felt he was
поt achieviпg the high artistic goals which he had set himself. Nor was his
dedicatioп appreciated Ьу the towпspeople of Aix, where Cezanne had been
born in 1839.
The paiпter was very much disliked, and lived alone and isolated - а
classic case of the misunderstood, awkward and uncoпventional artistic genius.
Не had retired to Aix partly because he had not done well iп the artistic
world of Paris. His work took much longer to gain ассерtапсе than that of the
Impressionists - an injustice for which Cezanne Ьitterly resented his former
artistic colleagL.es.
Cezanne had first gone to Paris in 1861. Не met Camille Pissaro at the
Academie Suisse, and the violent subjects of his early work gave way to the
subjects and style of Impressionism. But he soon felt the пееd to go beyond
Вариант} 81
this, to «make of Impressionism somethiпg solid апd lastiпg, Jike the art of
the museums». Не waпted to add iпtellect to the seпsatioпs that !ау behiпd
the work of artists Jike Мопеt.
Like the Impressioпists, Сеzаппе was part of а movemeпt away from the
museums as а source of artistic iпspiratioп апd towards the direct observatioп
of пature. «Опе must make а visioп for oпeself,» he wrote. «Опе must see
пature as по опе has sееп it before.»
Сеzаппе's efforts lasted а lifetime. «1 must carry оп - 1 simply must
paiпt from пature,» he wrote iп 1906. Ву this time, his work was begiппiпg
to Ье embarrassed. Не had had his first successful exhibitioп iп 1895, апd was
begiппiпg to attract а few youпg followers. Despite this, his death certificate
ideпtifies him as а mап of private meaпs апd поt as an artist.
Нis works were поt shown iп the towп museum uпtil some years after his
death. Aix is поw embarrassed Ьу this Iate ассерtапсе of its artistic sоп, апd
today опе сап get а map which leads опе to Сеzаппе's favourite places for
paiпtiпg. Although much has chaпged, you сап still see laпdscapes which
are very much the same as those sееп iп the paiпtiпgs. You сап also visit
Сеzаппе's studio, where objects made famous iп Сеzаппе's stilllifes are оп
display.

IA15I Сеzаппе was dissatisfied with his work because


1) it was поt popular.
2) it was disliked Ьу the people of Aix.
3) it did поt satisfy his own ambltioпs.
4) it did поt make him much mопеу.
IA16IThe people of Aix
1) accepted the artist.
2) thought he was а geпius.
3) behaved awkwardly towards him.
4) thought he was odd.
1А 171 Сеzаппе reseпted the Impressioпists because
1) they treated him unfairly.
2) they did поt accept him.
3) their work was more popular thaп his.
4) they did поt uпderstaпd his work.
IA18I Cezaпne was поt satisfied with Impressioпism because
1) it dealt опlу with feelings, поt iпtelligence.
2) it was too solid.
6. Зак. No 5
82 Учебно-треннровочные тесты д,пя подготовки к ЕГЭ

3) it was too much like the work in museums.


4) it did not inspire him.
IAt9IWhat did Cezanne have in common with the Impressionists?
1) Не worked in museums.
2) Не painted from nature.
3) Не was observant.
4) Не saw nature as they did.
[А20 1The people of Aix
l) wish Cezanne had never lived there.
2) are embarrassed Ьу their acceptance of him.
3) have restored the landscapes Cezanne painted.
4) regret their previous attitude to Cezanne.
1A2ll His death certificate identifies
1) his first successful exhibition
2) his palnting from nature
3) his increasing success
4) his common citizenship

Раздел 3. fРамматика и лексика


Прочитайте приведённьtй ниже текст Преобразуйте, если необ­
ходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буква.м.и в конце строк,
обозначенных но.м.ера.м.и В4-В10, так, чтобы они гра.м..м.атически
соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­
лученными слова.м.и. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному
заданию из группы В4-В10.

А colony оп Mars
It is one thing to land scientific instruments on
Mars; however, it is quite another to estaЬlish а
base for humans to explore the planet.
(]!] Even if we _ _ , we would probaЬly freeze to DO
death. Living on Mars would Ье а Ьit like living
11"
Вариант/ 83
~ iп а giaпt fridge, just _ _ . COLD
Daytime temperatures сап rise above freeziпg,
but because of the thiп atmosphere, the suп's
heat radiates back iпto space. Еvеп at the equa-
tor, the temperature drops to -50°С at пight. Iп
fact, there is по оzопе layer to keep out ultravio-
let radiatioп апd
\]§] hardly any oxygen for _ _ . It is not possi- BREATH
Ьle to bum conventional fuels either, which is yet
another proЬlem. But despite all these issues,
ШJ at the present time scientists _ _ on trans- WORI<
port апd clothing for Mars and an artificial en-
vironmeпt in which colonists will Ье аЬlе to live.
Teams from around the world are sharing their
experience and expertise.
ШJ So far scientists _ _ substaпtial success in ACНIEVE
their research.
~ However, the potential cost _ _ the idea of МА:КЕ
human life оп Mars nothing more than а fantas-
tic dream. It won't hарреп in our lifetime
1В 1О 1 or that of our _ _ but maybe one day... CНILD

Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст Образуйте от слов, напе­


чатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных
номерами В11-В16, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они
грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию
текста. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый про­
пуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11-В16.

The questioп of what love апd hate actually are


still remaiпs unaпswered. Is it simply а matter
of chemistry, or do emotions соте from some
~ unexplored _ _ of our being which scieп­ DEEP
tists have not yet discovered?
lв12l The brain is the most _ _ part of allliving MYSTERY
lвtзl creatures, and that is where _ _ are looking RESEARCH
lвt41 for the answers to these _ _ questions. PUZZLE
84 Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

lвtsl But up to now little _ _ has been found to EVIDENT


support the various theories that have been put
fшward. Perhaps this exploration into the na-
ture
IBiбl of feelings will prove _ _ , but such ques- SUCCESS
tions will continue to interest humans forever.
Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами
А22-А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в
которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите
номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

Тоtwitter or not to twitter?


Some people claim social networking sites have а negative impact on
people's ability to make friends in real life. There has been а great deal of
speculation about the long-term impact of their use on people's sociallives and
much of it has IA22I _ _ on the possibility that these sites are IA23I _ _
users' relationships, pushing them away from participating in the offline world.
Twitter 'friends' may become hюre important than neighbours. However, IA24I
_ _ to such fears, recent research suggests that users of social networking
sites actually have higher measures of social well-being.IA25j _ _ , people
who use such sites actually have а higher IA26 j_ _ of close relationships
and are more 1A27j _ _ to Ье involved in civic and political activities than
those who don't. This indicates а sea change in social relationships.
Social networking sites help people with busy lives find ways of staying
in touch and providing regular updates. Unless something completely new
comes along, the world of networked individuals wШIA28j _ _ evolving-
who knows what the future holds for our personal relationships?
IA22jl)centred 2)looked 3)examined 4)investigated
1A23jl) cutting 2) wounding 3) injuring 4) damaging
1A24ll) opposing 2) contrary 3) opposite 4) contrasting
1A25jl ) ln spite 2) Despite 3) In fact 4) Against
IA26jl)collection 2)amount 3)number 4)group
IA27Il) likely 2) probaЬle 3) possiЬle 4) expected
1A28jl) turn up 2) get through 3) carry on 4) make out
Вариант/ 85
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания CJ и С2 используйте бланк ответов М 2.
При выполнении заданий CJ и С2 особое внимание обратите на то,
что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделан­
ным в бланке ответов М 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необхо­
димость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недоста­
точного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требу­
емый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания
(CJ, С2), азатем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недо­
статочно, вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

~ You have received а letter from your English-speaking pen friend Mary
whowrites:
.. .It was great to hear that уои weпtto ltaly dиriпg уоиr spriпg hol-
idays. 1 have always waпted to visit this woпderful соипtrу. Did уои
епjоу уоиr joиrney? What places of iпterest did уои visit? What iт­
pressed уои тost of all? Did уои like уоиr hotel?
As for те, 1 ат awfиlly tired Ьecause we've got too тапу tests at school.
Сап't wait for the sиттеr Ьreak... ·
Write а letter to Mary. In your letter
- tell her about your journey to Italy
- ask 3 questions about her plans for the summer.
Write 100 - 140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
[Ш Comment on the following statement.
It woиld Ье great for Rиssia to hold the sиттеr Olyтpics. Every-
Ьody woиld Ьeпefit, еvеп those who doп't like sport.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200- 250 words.

Use the following plan:


- make an introduction (state the proЬlem)
- express your personal opinion and give 2- 3 reasons foryour opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give 1 - 2 reasons for this opposing
opinion
- explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion
- make а conclusion restating your position
86 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

VARIANT2
Раздел 1. Аудирование

Вы услышите б вьlС/сазываний. Установите соответствие .меж­
ду высказываниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данны.м.и в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозна­
ченное соответствующей цифрой, только один раэ. В задании
есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
1. Clear instructions at work are very important.
2. Personal discussions сап distract from work in the office.
3. It is important to think about gender differences in office work.
4. Employees' l1ealth must Ье the top priority for office managers.
5. Positive atmosphere is important at work.
6. Effective communication is important for both employers and employees.
7. Team spirit is а key to success both for the office and its employees.

1:т::~~и::еl А 1В 1С 1D 1Е 1F 1
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утвер­
ждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1-Тrие),
какие не соответствуют (2-False) и о чё.м. в тексте не сказа­
но, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительно­
го, ни отрицательного ответа (3-Not stated). Обведите но.м.ер
выбранного ва.м.и варианта ответа. Вы услышите заriись дважды.

[А!] Longlane school was previously used as а council building.


1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А21 Mrs Didcott didn't like Teesdale because of its size.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 АЗ 1Mrs Didcott is concemed about her daughter's health.
l)True 2)False З)Notstated

1 А4 1More children go to Teesdale as it has music classes.


1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А5 1Mr Preston believes that Longlane is the better school as it has facilities
formusic.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вариант2 87
1 Аб 1Longlane School has facilities for the children to do drama.
1) Troe 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А7 1Mrs Didcott's daughter wants to learn to play classical music.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вы усшшите интервью. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2
или 3, соответствующую выбранном. у вам.и варианту ответа. Вы
услышите запись дважды.

1 A8l What does Karen say about her teachers at school?


1) They developed her interest in music.
2) They enaЬled her to improve her artistic talent.
3) They followed old-fashioned methods of teaching.
1 А9 1How did Karen feel when she was asked to write а travel book?
1) She was concerned about other people seeing her pictures.
2) She was pleased to Ье аЬ\е to demonstrate her individuality. ·
3) She was surprised that а puЬiisherwas interested in her.
\А10\ In her books, Karen's main aim is
1) to encourage more people to travel.
2) to help people enjoy their own travel experiences.
3) to make people think more deeply about what they see.
\А 11/ Karen says that what she finds fascinating about places is
1) the mismatch between appearance and reality.
2) the different types of place she has to go to.
3) the people she meets оп her travels.
1А 12\ What did Karen enjoy most about her trip to Argentina?
1) se~ing unusual wildlife
2) giving successful concerts
3) being alone in the natural landscape
1А 13\ What does Karen say she has leamed from travelling?
1) It may Ье helpful to Ье а tourist in some places.
2) lt's sometimes necessary to accept places for what they are.
3) It improves the travel experience if you try to understand а place.
1А 141 What does Karen say has contributed most to her success?
1) having а lot of luck in life
2) responding to а challenge
3) getting support from others
88 Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

Раздел 2. Чтение
ШJ
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текста­
ми A-G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую
цифру толысо один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. University of women.
2. The choice for women.
3. More jobs for young people.
4. Useless skills.
5. Schoolgirls racing ahead.
6. The increasing importance of learning.
7. Part-timers оп the increase.
8. Changing рау and increasing power.
Male full-tirne ernployrneпt iп Britaiп reached its highest level iп 1990.
Siпce theп the figure has falleп Ьу about tеп per сепt. Arnoпg womeп, оп
the other haпd, employmeпt figures have remaiпed rnore or less steady. This
meaпs that mеп are beariпgthe bruпt of the l990s recessioп, siпce traditioпally
«male» jobs - especially iп areas such as miпiпg апd productioп- have Ьееп
the hardest hit.
А. Meaпwhile, the rnajority of пеw jobs created are part-time опеs, which
traditioпally go to worneп iп а ratio of over five to опе. Although more mеп
thaп ever before are beiпg forced to look for part-time work, as there is по
other choice, the majority of part-time posts still go to womeп.
В. Iп Britaiп, as iп other developed couпtries, the workplace is chaпgiпg.
Jobs iп productioп iпdustries have falleп Ьу rnore thaп а million iп the last six
years а! оп е. The coal iпdustry, the worst hit area, has sееп employrneпt fall Ьу
as rnuch as three quarters. Апd forthese out-of-work miпers there is поt rnuch
to suit their skills iп the пеw iпdustries: hotel апd cateriпg, retail distributioп,
baпkiпg апd iпsuraпce, cleaпiпg, medical апd health services, educatioп апd
welfare.
С. It is clear that the better-paid jobs of the future will require specialised
kпowledge апd experieпce, which оп\у traiпiпg апd higher staпdards of
literacy апd пumeracy сап briпg about. Educatioп is truly the future of the
couпtry, апd here the пews is поt so good for mеп.
D. Теп years ago the best exam results iп schools were achieved Ьу male
pupils. Now th~ situatioп has turned arouпd. Iп а!! subjects except maths,
girls are doiпg better thaп boys. Testiпg resu\ts show that the differeпce starts
early, with girls doiпg better thaп boys Ьу the age of seveп. After that the gap
becomes wider.
Варнант2 89
Е. As а result, changes are taking place at the top end of the educational
ladder. In 1984, three out of five university students were male. This year, for
the first time, girls made up the majority of new students. Soon most new
graduates will Ье female. So why do women still earn less and have far f~wer
top jobs?
F. In Britain, women's salaries in equivalent jobs are as much as а fifth
lower than men's, and most bosses are still men. But today's distribution
of jobs (particularly top jobs) is а result of the educational situation of the
1950s and 1960s, when three quarters of university graduates were men. The
situation may well change Ьу the year 2020 or 2030, when the idea of «jobs for
the boys» could well change to «jobs for the girls.»
G. Ву that time, life could Ье getting very unpleasant for under-skilled,
under-educated males. Without suitaЬie training, they will have little hope
of finding employment. Of course it is difficult to predict the future, and it is
always possiЬie that men will continue to hold the top positions in puЬlic life.
However, if men do manage to keep the top jobs, it could Ье only because
women - who Ьу then will have most of the university degrees and jobs -
decide to Iet them.
ГА 1 в 1 с 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1 G 1

I]I]
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предло­
жений, обозначенньt.м.и цифрами 1-7. Одна иэ частей в списке
1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифрьt, обозначающие соответствующие
части предложения, в таблицу.

The Perm Triangle


Katya was wandering through some meadows near her home village of
Molebka when she was joined Ьу а very unusual companion, а green man
little more than а metre tall. They walked side Ьу side for а while until her
new friend suddenly disappeared: Strange indeed, А _ _ , the paranormal
centre of Russia.
The Perm Triangle covers an area of about 70 square kilometres located
roughly halfway between Perm and Ekaterinburg. Since 1989, В _ _ ,
there have been recordings of many unusual occurrences, ranging from UFO
sightings to miracle cures.
Perhaps the most common, С _ _ , are sound hallucinations, that is,
people hearing sounds which have no identifiaЬle source. One man once heard
ancient Russian choral music in а completely deserted stretch of land.
90 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мн подготовки к ЕГЭ

For all its spookiness, no one to date has been physically harтned in the
Perтn Triangle, D --·_. Whatever is out there does not seem to have any
evil intentions.
The !оса! people seem to accept the notoriety of the Perтn Triangle and have
even got used to all the tourists and researchers Е _ _ . They рrоЬаЬ!у get
tired of the media exposure, but it is also а source of income.
With the advance of technology and greater openness in Russia, the blg
question is F _ _ . Because of the size of the area and range of phenomena
observed, this is as unlikely as finding out the secret of its namesake, the
Berтnuda Triangle. The riddle of the Perтn Triangle continues.
1. whether the mystery of the Perтn Triangle will ever Ье solved
2. but just another story from the enigma that is the Perтn Triangle
3. wanting to experience this very special atmosphere for themselves
4. although it is definitely not а place for the faint of heart
5. if that can Ье the right word in а case like this
6. which accounts for much of the so-called paranorтnal activity
7. when the authorities allowed the area to Ье officially investigated

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15-А21. В каждом. за­


дании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранно­
.м.у ва.м.и варианту ответа.

They will rock you: the rise of Rock Choir

Nicholas Williamson had never done anything like it. 'I've always liked
music, but l'd never taken any opportunities,' explains the twenty-year-old
student. I wasn't very confident.' But when his mother joined а !оса! choir and
his girlfriend expressed interest in doing the same, he decided to give it а go.
Before long, the pair had signed up as members of Rock Choir, Glasgow City
Centre. '1 wanted to Ье part of something Ьig- and now 1am.'
Rock Choir is, Ьу all accounts, 'something blg'. With seven and а half
thousand members nationwlde, the choir has held а three-album record deal
and in Мау, filled out WemЬiey Arena to give а special perforтnance to 3,500
spectators.
The whole thing is the brainchild of Caroline Redman Lusher. А professional
singer from the age of fifteen, she studied contemporary music at Salford
University before spending four years as а member of а band, entertaining
Вариант2 91
guests at а top Lопdоп hotel. '1 was lucky to make а liviпg for so loпg,' she
reflects. Eveпtually, though, she gave it up апd took up а post as а teacher.
It was while she was teachiпg performiпg arts апd music that the Rock
Choir model Ьеgап to take shape. '1 had all these studeпts who waпted to siпg
but hadп't пecessarily had апу traiпiпg; it was about bridgiпg the gap betweeп
amateur апd professioпal. 'What Ьеgап as а small gatheriпg of about tweпty
quickly swelled to а far more challeпgiпg 170. Before loпg, 1had the mums апd
dads beggiпg for their оwп versioп - that's wheп I realised that there was а
market amoпgst the geпeral puЬiic.'
Апd so it was that, iп 2005, Lusher quit her job, borrowed .Cl, 000 from her
family апd рiппеd а poster up iп her !оса! coffee shop. '1 was hopiпg for tweпty
people,' she says of her first choir practice. 'Му dad апd 1 laid out forty chairs.
Iп the епd, seveпty turned up.' They were people of all ages, backgrouпds апd
abllities; crucial to Rock Choir's appeal is the fact that there is по selectioп
process, rneaпiпg that еvеп the least coпfideпt, rnost iпexperieпced of siпgers
сап relax апd епjоу thernselves.
For the followiпg three years, Lusher remaiпed the опlу teacher at Rock
Choir but eveпtually demaпd becarne too much апd she had to recruit other
36 iпstructors. Doiпg so was а risk siпce her charisrna accouпts for rnuch
of Rock Choir's success. She is eпergetic, eпthusiastic апd irnagiпative,
playiпg the рiапо апd calliпg out iпstructioпs into her rnicrophoпe headset
to choir rnernbers who learn only Ьу repetitioп. Нег teachiпg style cornblnes
professioпalism with accessibllity. lrnitatiпg it is certaiпly поt easy.
Stef Соппеr had пever heard of Rock Choir uпtil she applied to Ье ап
iпstructor for а new group in Yorkshire. 'I was studyiпg for а PhD iп classical
compositioп апd 1 пeeded а job that 1 could do while 1 was studyiпg.' With
опlу а lirnited kпowledge of рор rnusic, workiпg with the пеw style was а
challeпge for S tef- but оп е that has paid off. '1 speпd а lot of tirne iп isolatioп,
cornposiпg. Rock Choir has орепеd up а whole пеw world to те: а пеw style
of rnusic but also а place where I сап go and Ье ап extrovert.' Williamsoп feels
the sarne way: You're part of а tearn haviпg fuп,' he reflects.
It's precisely this sort of experieпce- arnoпg both teachers апd pupils -
that accounts for the choir's rapid success. May's арреаrапсе at WernЬley was
typical of Rock Choir: over the years, it's pulled off а host of sirnilar stuпts­
frorn flash rnobs to Guiппess World Records. The next project will Ье even
blgger and better, says Lusher. 'One day l'd love to perform at the Royal
Variety Show,' she says, 'апd there's Ьееп some talk of the Olyrnpics too.
Ultirnately, it's about what the members сап say they've dопе. The sky's the
lirnit.'
92 Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГ~

[A15I What ha5 Rock Choir meant for Nichola5 William5on?


1) It ha5 allowed him to fulfil an ambltion.
2) It ha5 given him 5elf-confidence.
3) It ha5 given him and hi5 girlfriend а chance to do 5omething together.
4) It ha5 made him aware of hi5 mu5ical ability.
IA16I Why di<l Caroline Redman Lu5her decide to 5tart Rock Choir?
1) She found it hard to make any money а5 а mu5ician.
2) She wa5 tired of teaching people who were not very talented.
3) She reali5ed how much people enjoyed 5inging.
4) She knew thi5 wa5 what her parent5 wanted her to do.
IA17I What wa5 Caroline'5 reaction to herfirst choir practice?
l) She wa5 disappointed that 50 few people came.
2) She was 5urprised that 50 many people came.
3) She wa5 worried that 5he didn't have enough chairs.
4) She was excited becau5e important people came.
IA18IWhy do people like beingin Rock Choir?
1) They meet people from many different walks of life.
2) There are alway5 people of their own age in the choir.
3) No one judge5 the members'singing ability.
4) There are no member5 who can't 5ing in tune.
1А 191 How does the author of the article feel about Caroline as а teacher?
l) She i5 not particularly impressed Ьу her.
2) She thinks Caroline puts too much empha5is on repetition.
3) She thinks Caroline ha5 special talents and abilities.
4) She thinks it would Ье exhausting to Ье one of her 5tudent5.
1А20 1In what way ha5 Stef Conner benefited from being а Rock Choir in5tructor?
l) S he .ha5 met new people.
2) She ha5 learnt to compo5e рор 5ongs.
3) She has been ahle to рау for her studies.
4) She has found an outlet for her personality.
IA2tl How doe5 Caroline Lusher 5ее the future of Rock Choir?
l) She wants it to become even Ьigger.
2) She wants to fuШl members'a5piration5.
3) She want5 to 5et clear limits and not expand too quickly.
4) She wants to attract more puhlicity.
Варна1П'2 93
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённьtй ниже текст Преобразуйте, если необ­
ходи.м.о, слова, напечатанньtе заглавньtми буквами в конце строк,
обозначенньtхномерами В4-В10, так, чтобьt они грамматически
соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­
лученньtми словами. Каждьtй пропуск соответствует отдельному
заданию из группьt В4-В10.

Му favourite Pastime
As а child, ту тother had bought те а book about di-
nosaurs. Thinking back, I suppose that is what sparked
ту interest in palaeontology.

СЕ] I _ _ Ьу their size and the fact that sоте of theт were АМАZЕ
as blg as а house.
~ I spent а Iot ofтyfreetiтe _ _ dinosaurs and copying DRAW
illustrations froт books. Later, in fourth class we were
taken on an excursion to а тuseuт.
That is when 1 saw а real dinosaur for the first tiтe. ln
actual fact, it was а life-size replica of one. lt таdе such
а blg iтpression on те!

~ During that tiтe I _ _ every book on dinosaurs 1 READ


could get ту hands on. Of course, ту favourite filт is
«Jurassic Park»,
(]I] which I _ _ twelve tiтes! Today I work part-tiтe at а SEE
тuseuт.

There, during ту break 1 get to Iook at the displays


and study theт. 1 also do sоте volunteer work with а
palaeontologist who I теt at the тuseuт.
~ I help clean dinosaur bones which _ _ together with а FIX
тetal fraтe and put on display in тuseuтs as coтplete
skeletons. I find what I do fascinating. Did you know
that there are тоrе than а thousand species of dinosaurs
which have been discovered?
[]!] And who _ _ how таnу are sti\1 to Ье discovered. KNOW
As I Iearn тоrе about our past and what the eaii:h was
like тillions of years ago, 1 realise that 1 want to Iearn
more.
94 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

\BlOj 1 hope once Ьу the time 1 finish university, _ _ а ВЕСОМЕ


palaeontologist myself. 1 may even make my own discov-
eryone day.
Прочитайте приведённ.Ьlй ниже текспi.7Jбразуйте от слов, на­
печатан.нЬlх загл.авнЬl.м.и буквами в конце строк, обозначеннЬlх
но.м.ера.м.и BJJ-B/6, однокоренные слова так, чтобЬl они грам­
матически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текста.
Заполните пропуски полученнЬl.м.и словами. КаждЬlй пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группЬl BJJ-B/6.
Should We Cut Down оп Fat?
[[!] It is an _ _ thought that оп е in four British COMFORT
1В 121 people die from heart-related _ _ . And а diet high ILL
in saturated fat is оп е of the main risk factors for heart
disease.
lв1зl Other _ _ factors include smoking, SIGNIFY
\В14\ being _ _ and doing too few physical activities. The WEIGHT
more risk factors а person has, the greater their
chance.of developing heart disease is, so it is а good
lвtsl idea to change to а _ _ lifestyle. Of course some HEALTH
lвtбl body fat is desiraЬle as it _ _ us to keep warm. ln ABLE
fact, specialists say that, ideally, fat should provide us
with about one third of the total calories in our diet. lf
this advice were followed, there would Ье а large re-
duction in the number of deaths._
Прочитайте текст с пропуска.м.и, обозначеннЬl.м.и н.о.м.ера.м.и
А22-А28. Эти но.м.ера соответствуют заданиям. А22-А28, в
которЬlх пред ставлены. воз.м.ожнЬlе вариантЬl ответов. Обведите
но.м.ер вЬlбранного ва.м.и варианта ответа.

Communicating with Horses


There has been no scientific evideпce so far as to what extent human
beings сап really talk to horses and \А22\ _ _ know what they are thinking.
However, Nicki Mackay, а 32-year-old movie star says, 'Yes, 1 can talk to
animals.' Her life may not Ье as glamorous as that \А2Зj _ _ in the movies
but it's \А24\ _ _ no less interesting.
Варнант2 95
Nicki, who is also а IA25I _ _ jockey, is iп IA26I _ _ from
horse people across Britaiп who are desperate to kпow what is botheriпg
their aпimals. She gets called IA27I _ _ wheп traditioпal techпiques апd
mediciпes have failed.
Breakiпg iп valuaЬie wild stallioпs is just опе of her тапу IA28I _ _
taleпts. She charges .С50 per coпsultatioп but сап епd up saviпg owпers
thousaпds of pouпds.

IA22Il)accurately 2)constaпtly З)truly 4)firmly


1A23ll) portrayed 2) drawn 3) paiпted 4) projected
IA24Il)positively 2)known 3)essentially 4)certainly
1A25ll) prior 2) former 3) earlier 4) previous
IA26Il)demaпd 2)пееd 3)requiremeпt 4)desire
IA27Il)in 2)up З)for 4)to
IA28Il) various 2) extraordiпary 3) wide 4) пumerous

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответов на задания CJ и С2 используйте бланк ответов .М 2.


При вьтолнении заданий CJ и С2 особое вни.м.ание обратите на то,
что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям., сделан­
ным. в бланке ответов .М 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом.. Обратите вни.м.ание также на необхо­
ди.м.ость соблюдения указанного объём.а текста. Тексты недоста­
точного объём.а, а также часть текста, превышающая требу­
емый объём., не оцениваются. Запишите сначала ном.ер задания
(CJ, С2), а затем. ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недо­
статочно, вы м.ожете использовать другую его сторону.

[f!] You have received а letter from your Eпglish-speakiпg реп friend Jack
whowrites:
... Уои kпow, 1doп't watch тисh televisioп. 1prefer the lпternet.ls tele-
visioп popиlar iп Rиssia? Which do уои prefer watchiпg filтs at hоте
or goiпg to the сiпета? Why? Аге filт actors well-kпowп iп уоиr соип­
trу? Ву the way, we have а пеw techпology teacher. Не is О.К...
96 Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

Write а letter to Jack. In your letter


- answer his questions
- ask 3 questions about his new technology teacher.
Write 100- 140 words.
Rememberthe rules ofletterwriting.

1 С2 1Comment on the following statement.

Chinese will replace English as an international language. This is


inevitaЬle
as China has the Ьiggest population and the fastest-growing
economy in the world.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200 - 250 words.

Use the following plan:


- make an introduction ( state the proЬiem)
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give l-2 reasons for this opposing
opinion
- explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion
- make а conclusion restating your position
ВарнантЗ 97
VARIANT3
Раздел 1. Аудирование
[ill
Вы. услышите б вы.сказы.ван.ий. Установите соответствие м.еж­
ду вы.сказы.ван.иям.и каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
дан.н.ы.м.и в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозна­
ченное соответствующей цифрой, толысо один. раз. В задании
есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы. услышите запись дважды..
Занесите свои ответы. в iпаблицу.
1. Money will disappear and there will Ье no bribes and crimes.
2. People will meet creatures who know much more about our planet than
wedo.
3. Teachers will Ье partially replaced Ьу computers.
4. Technologic-al advances will greatly influence our everyday life.
5. If we want to Ье healthy and happy, we must take саге of nature.
6. People will Ье аЬ!е to rest more because much work will Ье left to robots.
7. Scientists will make а great breakthrough in the treatment of many
incuraЬle diseases.

1 ГоворяЩИй 1 А-, В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1
Утверждение

Вы. услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведён.н.ы.х утвер­


ждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1-Тrие),
какие не соответствуют (2-False) и о чём. в тексте не сказа­
но, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положиrпельн.о­
го, ни отрицательного ответа (3-Not stated). Обведите н.ом.ер
вы.бран.н.ого вам.и варианта ответа. Вы. услышите запись дважды..

ШJ The research has shown that most teenagers have some kind of
addiction.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А21 The majority of computer addicts in Tammy's study miss classes at
school.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 АЗ 1 All of the computer addicts in Tammy's study are smart people.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А4 1 According to the survey girls are not as keen on using а computer as
boys.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
7. Зак. No5
98 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

1 А5 1 The study has shown that most of the computer science teachers are
males.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 Абl Tammy believes а computer makes people less sociaЬ!e and less self-
assured.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
@] Tammy's research indicated that computer addicts suffer from serious
diseases.
1) True 2) False . 3) Not stated
Вы услышите радио. программу. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите
цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту
ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

1 А8 1 Whose idea was the expedition?


1) Ralph's
2) Sir Gregory Narchon's
3) Ralph's wife's
1 A9l How long did it take to organise the expedition?
1) 5 years 2) 7 years 3) 9 years
IA10I Why was their departure delayed?
1) They couldn 't find the right people for the expedition.
2) They didn't have enough money.
3) They couldn't get permission to go to the Poles.
IA11I Why did Ralph's wife come with them?
1) to prove that men and women are equal
2) they did not want to Ье away from each other
3) her skills were needed
IA12I Why did Ralph, Simon and Ben argue?
1) Each believed he was right.
2) They disliked each other.
3) They were under а lot of pressure.
IA13I How did they travel across the polar ice сар?
1) Ьу battery-powered sledges
2) Ьу dog-pulled sledges
3) on foot
ВариантЗ 99
1At41 Why did Ralph waпt to go arouпd the world?
1) Не couldп't get а job.
2) Не was experieпced iп this field.
3) Не thought it was а seпsiЬle thiпg to do
Раздел 2. Чтение
[]'[]
Установите соответствие между за,головками 1-8 и текста­
ми A-G. Занесите свои ответы. в таблицу. Используйте каждую
цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

Exploiting the Genius of the Genes


1. Ripe and tasty but not mushy
2. Dangerous interference?
3. А necessary evil of genetic engineering
4. The genetic way of creating tastier fruit
5. Helping the world of manufacturing
б. А fishy way of storing food
7. The starchier the better
8. А clean alternative
Geпetic eпgiпeeriпg is creatiпg пеw kiпds of plaпts that produce oils,
plastics апd designer foods. Forget about those Fraпkeпsteiп faпtasies: the
пехt 50 years will Ье all about cows that produce milk with added пutrieпts
апd flowers with crazy pattems оп their petals.
А. With the creatioп of the geпetically improved tomato, the gепе
revolutioп has already reached supermarkets iп America. Uпlike other
tomatoes, the Flavr Savr is left to ripeп пaturally. This allows the sugars апd
acids that add to the flavour of the tomato to develop. Normally, wheп fruit is
ripe it starts to go off. About 50 per сепt of fruits апd vegetaЬles begiп to rot
before they ever reach the shops.
В. То preveпt this, growers usually pick fruit апd vegetaЬies before they
are ripe апd theп ripeп them usiпg artificial meaпs. This method stops the
full flavour from developiпg. The iпveпtors of the Flavr Savr tomato put ап
extra gепе iпto it which has the effect of slowiпg dowп the softeпiпg process.
The tomato stays firm еvеп though it has Ьееп allowed to ripeп пaturally апd
because of this it has more flavour thaп other tomatoes.
С. Wheп the Flavr Savr comes to Britaiп, though, it will probaЬly опlу
Ье fouпd iп tomato ketchup as it has Ьееп sold to the makers of sauces апd
purees. But the Flavr Savr is опlу the first of several geпetically eпgiпeered
foods оп their way to the shops. Sооп, it could Ье joiпed Ьу healthy пеw crisps
100 Учебно-треннровочные тесты д/IЯ подготовки к ЕГЭ

апd chips. This is because potatoes сап поw Ье eпgiпeered to produce more
starch, апd the more starch iп the potato, the less oil it absorbs wheп it is fried.
So potatoes with а lot of starch сап Ье used to make low-fat, low-calorie chips.
D. То date, more thaп 50 plaпts have Ьееп chaпged geпetically. In th~ory
they could Ье given genes from апу species, not just other plants. Fish that live
in the f(ozen Antarctic survive because they have special "antifreeze"proteins.
If you transferred this gепе to tomatoes, lettuce or strawberries, they would Ье
аЬ!е to Ье deep frozen.
Е. Apart from food, it may Ье possiЬ!e to engineer motor oil. This would
Ье а lot more important thaп cookiпg oil. Imagine alternative oil fields where
easy-to-grow crops like sunflowers quietly and cleanly produce substitutes for
petroleum, а substance which is becoming more and more scarce.
F. Oil is used worldwide to power vehicles and make plastics, drugs,
cosmetics and paint. With supplies of oil set to run out in the next ceпtury,
genetic eпgineering could save industry from coming to а halt. Specially
developed plaпts could actually start producing plastics and other items which
are now made in factories.
G. Of course, there is а downside to all this. Plants evolve over centuries
and develop natural resistance to disease.lf we tamperwith evolution there's а
possibility that nature's own defence mechanisms will Ье damaged. However,
on balance it seems that if used with саге, genetic engineeriпg could have а
valuaЬ!e role to play in preserving our natural resources.

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1 G 1

~
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предло­
жений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке
1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие
части предложения, в таблицу.

After the age of ll, most children go to comprehensive schools


А _ _ . About 90 per cent of all state-financed secoпdary schools are of
this type. Most other children receive secoпdary education iп grammar and
secondary modern schools.
Compreheпsive schools were iпtroduced iп 1965. The idea of
comprehensive education, В ___ , was to give all childreп of whatever
background the same opportuпity iп educatioп.
ВарнантЗ 101

At 16 students in England and Wales take GCS.E examinations. In 1988


these examinations replaced the GCE and 0-levels which were usually passed
Ьу about 20 percent of school students. GCSE examinations are taken Ьу
students of all levels of abllity in any of а range of subjects and may involve
а final examination, and assessment of work done Ьу the student during the
two-year course, С _ _ .
Some comprehensive schools, however, do not have enough academic
courses for sixth-formers. Students can transfer either to а grammar school
or to а sixth-form college to get the courses they want.
At 18 some students take A-level GCE examinations, D _ _ . It is
necessary to have A-levels in order to go to а university or Polytechnic. But
some pupils want to stay on at school after taking their GCSE, to prepare for
а vocational course or for work rather than for A-level examinations. Then
they have to take the CPVE examination which means the Certificate of
Pre-Vocational Education.
In Scotland students take the SCE examinations. А year later, they
can take examinations called Нighers after which they can go straight to
а university. Secondary education in Northem Ireland is organized along
selective lines Е _ _
One can hardly say that high quality secondary education is provided for all
in Britain. There is а high loss of pupils from working-class families at entry
into the sixth form. If you are а working-class child at school today, the chance
of your reaching the second year of а sixth-form course F _ _ .
Besides, govemment cuts on school spending caused many difficulties.
1. supported Ьу the LаЬош Party
2. or both of these things
3. accordingto children's abllities
4. except for boys and girls
5. usually in two or three subjects
6. of which the majority are for both boys and girls
7. is probaЬly less than that for the child of а professional parent

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1

Прочитайте текст и вьтолните задания А15-А21. В каждом. за­


дании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую вьtбранно­
.м.у ва.м.и варианту ответа.

On 18 February 1995, Andrew Wilson failed to retum to his саг after а


skiing weekend in the Scottish Highlands. Following а fruitless search, the
102 Учебно-тренировочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

тountain rescue teaтs felt that the gате was. up. It was nothing short of
тiraculous when at 10.30 а.т. оп 21 February, Wilson sturrtЬied down the
тountainside. Не was hypothermic and dehydrated - but otherwise he was
тоге or less unharmed.
Rescue co-ordinator Grahaт Gibb said, "I have never found anyone alive
on the fourth day of а rescue in these conditions. "Wilson overcaтe а siтple
рrоЬiет: how to get hiтself to safety while conserving heat - heat that was
being used up Ьу the activity necessary to save his life. Wilson achieved this
through соттоn sense and а high level of fitness. Trapped Ьу high winds and
deep snow, he dug а snowhole. The following day he walked further before
digging another snowhole for the night. It wasn't until the following тoming,
after 70 hours on the mountainside, that he was аЬiе to reach civilisation.
When things get dangerously chilly, intelligence and experience сап таkе
the difference between life and death. Death froт hypothermia сап occur only
two hours after its onset. А тajor cause of hypothermia is dehydration. The
Ьlood thickens as it loses water, liтiting the body's ability to keep warm -
especially at the extreтities like the hands and feet, where frostblte Ьесотеs а
risk.
Sufficient food is also iтportant. Our bodies carry reserves of fat, but
making use of this resource takes tiтe, and the body's intemal teтperature
сап fall to dangerous levels in the тeantiтe. Mountaineers snack regularly on
high-energy foods. Wilson probaЬly survived because of the sandwiches and
chocolate that he had brought with him to тaintain his energy levels.
Huтan beings тust also тaintain а constant body teтperature. Even
slight variations таkе the body less efficient. At teтperatures below 28circC,
an unclothed body loses тоге heat than it сап produce. Another factor is
evaporation. Even in cold cliтates we sweat, and cold air drawn into the lungs
has to Ье warmed and тoistened to 100 per cent huтidity, а process that
speeds up greatly at higher altitudes and сап lead to dehydration.
However, the greatest threat in cold weather is convection. Air surrounding
the skin is warmed Ьу the body. The colder the air, the more the body has to
heat it and тоге energy is used. If it is тoving, the process тust Ье continual.
This is the pri~ciple of wind chill. Teтperatures that in still air pose little
threat сап kill if increased Ьу only а 20 трh wind. Rescuers calculated that the
wind-chill factor, where Wilson was lost that weekend, таdе the teтperatures
equivalent to -32°С.
Hypothermia also increases the risk of frostblte. Victiтs are soтetiтes
unaware of the danger until their fingers or toes have Ьесоте totally nитЬ.
Skin tums Ьlue and Ьесотеs very painful, and Ьlisters appear on fingers, toes,
ВариантЗ 103
the nose or ears. Long term exposure will cause gangrene and the affected
area may need to Ье amputated. Careful use of heat and antiblotics must Ье
applied when treating frostblte to help re-establish the victim's circulation and
respiration. Wilson was totally alone on that frozen, wind-Ьlown mountain.
The fact that he survived was the result of remarkaЬle stainina and а lot of
courage. IncrediЬly, he will Ье out on the mountains again this weekend.
IA15I The fact that Wilson survived his ordeal was
1) а usual occurrence.
2) due to his being found.
3) due to his treating it as а game.
4) an unusual occurrence.
IA16I Duringhis ordeal, Wilson managed to
1) save аЛ his body heat.
2) create heat Ьу building shelters.
3) keep as much of his body heat as possiЬle.
4) stay warm Ьу exercising.
1А 171 One cause of hypothermia is
1) not drinking sufficient liquid.
2) being cold for two hours.
3) getting frostblte.
4) trying too hard to keep 'warm.
IA18I Accordingto the writer, mountaineers should
1) have а lot of body fat.
2) frequently eat sugar-rich foods.
3) take the time to check their body temperature.
4) have high·Ьlood pressure.
1А 191 At low temperatures, breathing may become inefficient due to
1) too much internal heat.
2) lack of perspiration.
3) lack of moisture in the body.
4) too much moisture in the air.
1А20 1 lf it hadn't been windy when Wilson was lost,
l) he would definitely have died.
2) he would have perspired more.
3) he would have been more likely to survive.
4) he would have been less likely to survive.
104 Учебно-треннровочные тесты ддн подготовки к ЕГЭ

1A21l People sufferiпg from frostblte


1) сап Ье easily treated.
2) should Ье made warmer quickly.
3) may develop gaпgreпe.
4) usually feel пothiпg.

Раздел 3. Jрамматика и лексика


Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст Преобразуйте, если необ­
ходи.мо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк,
обозначенных номерами В.4-В10, так, чтобы они грамматически
соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­
лученнымц словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному
заданию из группы В4-В10.

It's difficult toimagiпe our world without what


тапу coпsider to Ье the greatest discovery of the
20th ceпtury. However, опlу 85 years ago, aпtibl­
otics wereп't availaЬ!e. Perhaps this key
[@ breakthrough iп medical history _ _ if Alexaпder HAPPEN
Flemiпg had Ьееп more careful about keepiпg his
laboratory сlеап! Like тапу scieпtists, Flemiпg was
поt the tidiest persoп апd еvеп а blt forgetful.

lli[J Не left а glass plate coated with bacteria _ _ LIE


arouпd, апd а passiпg mould spore laпded оп it апd
performed its amaziпg bacterium-killiпg act.
~ No опе was _ _ thaп Flemiпg at what he saw SURPRISE
wheп he got back to the laboratory. Опе dirty plate
forced Flemiпg to rethiпk everythiпg
[E:J he _ _ about bacteria before. That was iп 1918, KNOW.
but it took aпother 11 years before the mould's
~ magic killer iпgredieпt, peпicilliп, _ _ . FIND
ШJ Siпce theп, this first aпtiblotic _ _ millioпs of SAVE
lives апd is perhaps the siпgle most importaпt dis-
covery kпоwп to medical scieпce. The significaпce
of this саппоt Ье overstated.
1В 1О 1 Today peпicilliп is а staпdard drug оп the _ _ of SHELF
апу chemist's, but we shouldп't take this amaziпg
discovery for graпted.
ВарнантЗ 105
Прочитайте приведённы.й ниже текст Образуйте от слов,
напечатанны.х заглавны.ми буквами в конце строк, обозначенны.х
номерами Bll-B/6, однокоренны.е слова так, чтобы. они
гра.м..м.атически и лексически соответствовали содержанию
текста. Заполните пропуски полученны.ми словами. Кажды.й
пропуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группы. BJJ-
B/6.
It is impossiЬie to travel back in time millions of years.
However, visit many museums and
~ you will see detailed models of huge _ _ dinosaurs POWER
that once walked the Earth. When experts study these
creatures,
\В12\ where do they get their _ _ from? The answer is INFORM
fossils.
\ВlЗ\ When an animal ___ dies, its dead body can some- EVENT
times become covered in а thin layer of earth. In cer-
tain circumstances,
\B14I this layer of earth can ___ and tum into rock over HARD
time and the shape of the animal is preserved inside.
\в1sl We can Ieam а lot about the · conditions of an LIVE
animal from а fossil.
\в1вl We can leam about its ___ , its behaviour and even APPEAR
its diet.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенны..ми но.мера.ми


А22-А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям. А22-А28, в
которы.х представлены. воз.можны.е варианты. ответов. Обведите
но.мер вы.бранного вами варианта ответа.

The price of victory

It's tough at the top and this is especially true for sportsmen and
sportswomen, who have to handle incrediЬle mental as well as physical
pressures. If you really want to become а top athlete, you will have to give \A22I
_ _ а lot of things. Whenever you \A23I __ out for а meal with friends,
for instance, you will always have to check the menu carefully. Certain kinds
of food could \A24I __ your training and are best avoided. And you can
106 Уче6но-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

absolutely forget alcohol. What's more, staying out late will Ье IA2S\·_ _ of
the question foryou. As every coach knows, rest and recovery are as important
as training. Serious sport is definitely not for night owls then! It is important
to IA26\ _ _ to your daily regime, however tedious that is. Success will not
соте ovemight; it is the result of dedication and application. Every athlete
runs the IA27\ _ _ of injury. Pushing yourself to the limits each day is ·
actually very stressful and things can easily go wrong. If this happens, stop and
get proper treatment and advice. Sport may Ье your life, but don't do yourself
permanent damage for the IA28I _ _ . of victory.

IA22\l)up 2)to 3)in 4) in


IA23\l)eat 2) get 3)go 4)put
1А24\1) violate 2) effect 3) injure 4)harm
1A25ll) beyond 2) out 3) outside 4) inside
/A26\l) саге 2) think 3) stick 4) follow
IA27Il) risk 2) danger 3) fear 4) proЬlem
/A28Il)sake 2)aim 3) goal 4)way

Раздел
4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания CJ и С2 используйте бланк ответов М 2.
При вы.полнении заданий CJ и С2 особое внимание обратите на то,
что ваши ответы. будут оцениваться только по заhисям., сделан­
ны.м. в бланке ответов М 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут
учиты.ваться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необхо­
димость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты. недоста­
точного объёма, а также часть текста, превы.шающая требу­
емы.й объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания
(CJ, С2), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны. бланка недо­
статочно, вы. можете использовать другую его сторону.

@[] You have received а letter from your Australian friend Pete, who writes:
... so 1 speпt all day at the beach agaiп. What do уои like doiпg at the
weekeпd? Do уои live пеаr the sea? Do people lп Rиssia like speпdiпg
tiтe oиtside?
1 have forgotteп to tell уои аЬоиt the beach party last топth ...
ВарнантЗ 107
Write а letter to Pete. In your letter
- answer his questions
- ask 3 questions about his beach party.
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.

~ Comment оп the following statement.


Many families spend their weekends in the zoos, watching wild ani-
mals. However, тапу people think if s cruel to keep animals in captivity.
What is your opinion?
Write 200 - 250 words.

Use the following plan:


~ make an introduction (state the proЬlem)
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give l-2 reasons for this opposing
opinion
- explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion
- make а conclusion restating your position
108 Уче6но-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

VARIANT4
Раздел 1. Аудирование

l_.в tJ
Вы. услы.шите б высказываний. Установите соответствие меж­
ду высказываниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозна­
ченное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании
есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы. услы.шите запись дважды..
Занесuте свои ответы. в таблицу.
1. The speaker reads more now than she used to.
2. The speaker thinks that young people don't read so much these days.
3. The speaker reads on the way to work every day.
4. The speaker's teaching her children to read at the moment.
5. The speaker prefers reading books for children.
6. The speaker wants to write а book one day.
7. The speaker doesn 't buy books very often.

:т::~~r:~е~ А 1 В 1 С
1 1D 1 Е 1 F 1

Вы. услы.шите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённы.х утвер­


ждений AJ-A7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1-Тrие),
какие не соответствуют (2-False) и о чём в тексте не сказа­
но, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительно­
го, ни отрицательного ответа (3-Not stated). Обведите номер
вы.бранно;ю вами варианта ответа. Вы. услы.шите запись дважды..

[I[} Cathy's son Joseph is getting married.


l) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А2 1 Joseph met his girlfriend being а young Ьоу.
l) True 2) False 3) Not stated
[ill Cathy thinks young people are lazy.
l) True 2) False 3) Not stated
cm James has had lots of jobs siцce leaving university.
l) True 2) False 3) Not stated
[ill Bernie stopped working to Ье with his wife.
l) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А6 1 Bridget's husband Bill has just stopped working.
l)True 2)False 3)Notstated
Варнант4 109
1 А 7 1 Bridget and Bill go to а different holiday destination every year.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Вы услы.шите интервью. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному ва.м.и варианту ответа. Вы
услы.шите запись дважды.

1 А8 1 How did Kris feel about tennis when he was young?


1) Не was upset because he preferred а different sport
2) Не was frustrated because he couldn't practice often enough
3) Не was annoyed because his parents forced him to play tennis
1 А9 1 What is Kris's attitude now to his experiences at school?
1) Не accepts that it was important to study.
2) Не is glad that it showed him how to Ье successful.
3) Не appreciates the opportunity he had to make lasting friendships.
1А 1О 1 What does Kris say about his early competitive years?
1) It was fortunate that older players accepted him.
2) Не had to grow up more quickly than other people.
3) It would have been better to have spent more time at college.
/А11/ What does Kris say about his exercise routine and diet?
1) Не finds it difficult to eat healthy meals.
2) Не understands that his training has to Ье varied.
3) Не resents the need forstrict discipline.
/А12/ What does Kris enjoy most about being а tennis professional?
1) making а lot of money
2) travelling round the world
3) meeting new people
1А 13/ What advice would Kris give to young players?
1) Enjoy yourself as much as you сап.
2) Listen to people who know more than you.
3) Try to achieve your ambltions as quickly as possiЬ!e.
1А 14/ What ambitions does Kris have for the future?
1) to help younger players achieve their potential
2) to work in the media
3) to Ье successful in another sport
110 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

Раздел 2. Чтение
[ill
Установите соответствие м.ежду заголовкам.и 1-8 и текста­
миA-G. Занесите свои ответы. в таблицу. Используйте каждую
цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. Unexpected success
2. Film composer
3. Long history
4. Different sound speeds
5. Music depository
б. Wonderful player
7. Live performances
8. Sounds underneath
А. While the electric guitar was invented quite recently (in 1931, Ьу
Adolf Rickenbacker), the guitar itself has been around in various fonns for
an incrediЬiy long tiтe. Musical instruтents reтarkaЬiy siтilar to the guitar
have been played for at least the last five thousand years. The instruтent which
тillion of teenagers today dreaт of playing in а rock band started its life in
Persia (now called Iran), in Central Asia.
В. Huтans have only been аЬiе to record sounds to listen to later since
the middle of the 1800s. Since then, however, technology has developed at an
enonnous speed. Records, cassettes and CDs have all allowed people to listen
to recorded тusic in their own hоте. These days, тоге and тоге тusic is
becoming 'digital'. We сап save pieces of тusic as files on our coтputer, and
сап сапу thousands of songs around on personal МРЗ players.
С. Everyone knows that the British group The Beatles was the тost
successful рор group of all tiтe.ln the early 1960s, John Lennon, Paul
McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo S tarr changed popular тusic forever.
Things weren't easy for the band at the beginning, though. Lennon and
McCartney started тaking тusic together in 1957. Ву 1962, alтost every
single record сотраnу in Britain had rejected them, saying they would never
achieve anything. Finally, one record сотраnу decided to take а risk with
them. Ву 1964, they were the тost popular band in the world.
D. Before рор groups and singers go on tour, they have to таkе а decision
regarding their тusic. They probaЬiy want to play the songs froт their latest
albuт in their concerts, but the question is: should the songs sound as siтilar
as possiЬie to the sound created on the album, or should the audience hear а
new version of the song? Madonna, for ехатрlе, is always keen on singing her
Варнант4 111
soпgs iп а differeпtway at coпcerts. Other siпgers choose to siпg their soпgs
as they saпg them оп the album.
Е. Jerry Goldsmith speпt much of his career writiпg the music for
Hollywood movies. From the early 1950s uпtil 2003, Goldsmith wrote the
souпdtracks for several huпdred hit movies, iпcludiпg the Star Trek апd
RатЬо series of films. Не ofteп worked оп as тапу as six major movies iп
one year. If that wasп't eпough, he also fouпd the time to come up with the
theme tuпes for а large пumber of Americaп TV апd radio shows.
F. Dolphiпs апd whales сап hear inuch better thaп humaпs сап. They
сап also hear much better thaп they сап see. This does поt cause them тапу
proЬlems, however, as souпd travels through water much better thaп light
does. They ofteп use souпds to locate thiпgs such as rocks апd food. Male
humpback whales make пoises that souпd like they're siпgiпg. Опе whale сап
hear anotherwhale's 'soпg' huпdreds of miles away.
G. Iп а thuпderstorm, have you ever couпted the secoпds betweeп wheп
you see the flash of lightпiпg апd wheп you hear the rumЬle of thuпder? The
пumber of secoпds tells us how far away the lightпiпg is. For example, if
there's а 3 secoпd gap, theп the lightпiпg is approximately 3 miles away. But
why doп't the thuпder апd lightпiпg hарреп at the same time? Iп fact they do,
but because light travels much faster thaп souпd, we see the lightпiпg several
secoпds before we hear the thuпder.

l-л- --в~г~-тrг]-Е-гг -т~]


1 1
"=
""""
I]I]
Прочитайте текст и заполните про"уски A-F частя.м.и предло­
жений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке
1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие
части предложения, в таблицу.

Being celebrity-thin сап ruin your health


Celebrities may feel they пееd to Ье slimmer thaп ever, but stayiпg super-
thiп сап seriously damage your health. Nutritioпist Juliette Kellowwams that
maiпtaiпiпg а reed-thiп physique сап pave the way for future illпesses. People
who take slimmiпg-dowп too far А _ _ .
If food iпtake is low, it's more likely you will Ье lackiпg iп vitamiпs апd
miпerals. 'The body will try to protect itself апd direct апу пutrieпts availaЬle
to vital areas rather thaп hair апd пails,' explaiпs Juliette. 'So looks start to
suffer апd you could lose that healthy glow, so highly prized iп Hollywood.'
112 Учебно-треннровочные тесты ми подготовки к ЕГЭ

S tars who cut out dairy products are laying themselves open to future bone
proЬlems. Calcium and nutrient deficiencies can encourage the bone-thinning
disease osteoporosis. Also, the lighter а person is, В _ _ . 'That's why it's
good to do weight-bearing and aeroblc exercises in the gym,' says Juliette.
The body's immune system can suffer the effects of nutrient deficiencies.
You have less abllity to fight off colds, flu and bugs, and so С _ _ .
'Underweight people would need to eat immunity:..boosting foods such as red
peppers, berries and citrus fruits. They would also need to increase their zinc
intake to help fight infection,' says Juliette.
Lack of calories can mean lack of energy. The body converts calories into
energy and without them it simply does not have enough fuel to run on. Just
getting through the day can Ье an ordeal. D _ _
If there's not enough food moving round the body, it could lead to а
sluggish digestive system, discomfort and Ьloating. Low levels of iron mean
you're no,t making enough haemoglobln - responsiЬle for red Ьlood cells and
transporting oxygen round the body. 'People on а diet are probaЬly Е _ _
,such as fortified breakfast cereals, red meat, oily fish, leafy green vegetaЬles,
nuts and seeds,' says Juliette.
Forty per cent of women under 34 in the UK were shown to Ье at risk
of anaemia due to iron deЦciency.Symptoms include tiredness, weakness,
dizziness, paleness of skin, brittle nails and headaches. But the deficiency can
play а part F _ _ such as cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and other infections.
1. become more susceptiЬle fo infection
2. you could feel tired all the time
3. more likely to skip foods rich in iron
4. could develop some serious deseases
5. in leading to chronic illnesses
6. in helping to lead а healthy way of life
7. the less weight stress there is on the bones

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1

Прочитайте текст и вьтолните задания А15-А21. В каждом. за­


дании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранно­
му ва.м.и варианту ответа.

Н. G. Wells was born in 1866 in Bromley. Не claimed to have а very


ordinary brain, but in fact he predicted air attacks and atomic bombs long
before they existed. Не took no pleasure in being right though. Instead it just
Вариант4 113
added to his growiпg feeliпg of pessimism. His last book was Mind at the End
of its Tether, а work full of despair. Iп his fiпal year he speпt his time paiпtiпg
а mural iп his home which showed the process of evolutioп, eпdiпg with the
figure of Мап. Beпeath this figure he wrote 'Time to Go'.
Wells' pareпts were, at various times, shopkeepers апd servaпts. Wells was
destiпed to become а shop assistaпt, but after sufferiпg ап accideпt as а child
he was forced to speпd а loпg time iп bed. This period of iпactivity gave him а
love of readiпg which developed his imagiпatioп. After leaviпg school he first
worked iп а curtaiп shop, theп traiпed as а teacher апd blologist, but after this
decided to write books for а liviпg. At the age of 27, workiпg Ьу caпdlelight
iп а room iп Кепt (his laпdlady complaiпed he used too тапу caпdles ), he
wrote the book that made his пате, The Тime Machine. It is the story of ап
uппamed time traveller who meets straпge people iп the future апd witпesses
the епd of the world. It was а great success with Victoriaп readers.
Wells weпt оп to produce 'scieпtific romaпces' апd short stories which
were serialised iп puЬlicatioпs like the Strand Magazine. Мапу scieпce
fictioп themes - alieпs comiпg to earth, plaпetary disasters апd so оп - were
dealt with iп these early stories. Wells' ability to create such origiпal work was
amaziпg. Не turned everyday eveпts iпto iпcrediЫe faпtasies: а coпversatioп
about coloпialism became The War of the Worlds апd а walk rouпd Lопdоп
was turned iпto The lnvisiЫe Man. Some of the predictioпs made iп his books
iпcluded the use of aeroplaпes апd taпks iп war, the rise of the middle class,
the liberatioп of womeп апd the пееd for а world state.
His оwп backgrouпd gave him the basic materials for his best пovels~
which were realistic comedies of lower-middle-class life. Iп these he was at his
peak as ап artist. 35 Though he coпtiпued to write пovels, his taleпt as а fictioп
writerwas gradually over-whelmed Ьу his eпthusiasm for scieпtific kпowledge
апd social chaпge. His idea was that civilisation was 'а race betweeп educatioп
апd catastrophe', апd though the catastrophe of the First World War damaged
his optimism, he coпtiпued to fight for social chaпge.
Wells' most importaпt act is рrоЬаЬ!у his least kпоwп. At the start of World
War 11, Wells produced а statemeпt of humaп rights апd formed а committee
to work оп this. The Declaratioп of the Rights of Мап was puЬ!ished iп тапу
differeпt laпguages апd stimulated discussioп worldwide. After the War, this
documeпt greatly iпflueпced the wordiпg of the Uпited Natioпs Declaratioп of
Humaп Rights.

IA15I What made Wells become displeased iп later life?


1) haviпg ап ordiпary braiп
2) makiпg wroпg predictioпs
8. Зак. NIIS
114 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

3) being right about the future


4) being а pessimist
1А 161 What type of work was Wells originally destined to do?
1) administration
2) writing
3) cleaning
4) sales
IAI71 What helped his imagination to grow?
1) reading
2) listening to his parents
3) making predictions
4) writing books
IA18I Wells' first book
1) was based оп his own experience.
2) was written in London.
3) was not interesting for readers.
4) gained him popularity.
IA19j What sort of stories did Wells write at first?
1) romantic
2) futuristic
3)war
4)mystery
IA20I Wells' 'incrediЬie fantasies' were developed from
. 1) alien invasions of earth.
2) exploring planets.
3) ordinary incidents.
4) scientific predictions.
IA21I How did the First World War affect Wells?
1) It changed his writing style.
2) Не became more hopeful.
3) Не stopped writing novels.
4) Не became less positive.
Варнант4 115
Раздел 3. l)амматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённьtй ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необ­
ходимо, слова, напечатанньtе заглавньtми буквами в конце строк,
обозначенньtх номерами В4-В10, так, чтобьt они грамматически
соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­
лученньtми словами. Каждьtй пропуск соответствует отдельному
заданию из группьt В4-В10.

The Automoblle
Cars аге а common sight on гoads today, but that wasn't
always true. ·
ШJ Back in the days Ьеfоге the саг _ _ , the only peгsonal INVENT
means of tгansport wеге the horse and the blcycle.
~ The first сагs _ _ theiг poweгfгom steam and gas, and GET
had а maximum speed of aгound nine miles an houг.
[illIn Britain, theгe was а law _ _ cars fгom going оvег STOP
two miles an houг in towns. At the end of the nineteenth
century, сагs started to use
(Е] petгol and became much _ _ than they had been. Very FAS Т
few people at that time said that
~ сагs _ _ the woгld in the futuгe. That is exactly what CHANGE
has happened, though, and since then
~ we _ _ close to eighteen million miles of гoads on the BUILD
Earth.
\В 1О\ Peгhaps the _ _ sign of the success of the саг is the BIG
fact that theгe аге оvег 800 million of them in the woгld.
Прочитайте приведённьtй ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, напе­
чаrпанньtх заглавньtми буквами в конце строк, обозначенньtх
номерами В11-В16, однокоренньtе слова так, чтобьt они
грамматически и лексически соответствовали содержанию
текста. Заполните пропуски полученньtми словами. Каждьtй про­
пуск соответствует отдельному заданию из группьt В11-В16.

Migrating Birds
In autumn you сап see laгge flocks of blгds flying
fгom Russia to warmeг countries. In spring, they
соте back to us.
116 Учебно-треннровочные тесты ддя подготовки к ЕГЭ

[Ю] Migratioп is the periodic seasoпal _ _ of blrds. MOVE


The maiпroutes соппесt Europe апd Africa, Eu-
горе апd South-Eastern Asia апd Australia, North
апd South America. How do we kпow about these
routes?
lв12l _ _ study blrds. They catch blrds, place small SCIENCE
baпds with пumbers оп the blrds' legs апd theп let
the blrds fly away. Some of these baпded blrds are
caught agaiп. The Ьапd tells about the route.
lв1зl Some blrds fly very _ _ апd they сап feed оп the QUICK
wiпg.They migrate iп the daytime. Swallows апd
swifts do this. Cuckoos fly duriцg the пight апd rest
апd feed duriпg the day. Swimmiпg blrds сап fly

IB14I both duriпg the day апd пight,iп complete _ _ . DARK


How loпg сап blrds fly for without а stop? The tiпy
hummiпgblrd weighs оп\ у about as much as а small
соiп.
IВisl But it has _ _ wiпgs. It flies 1,000 km across the POWER
Gulf of Mexico to the southern coast of the Uпited
States iп 24 hours without а stop!
lв16l You may thiпk it _ _ , but other small blrds сап POSSIВLE
fly поп-stор for up to 90 hours!

Прочитайте текст с пропускам.и, обозн.ачен.н.ьutи н.ом.ерам.и


А22-А28. Эти н.ом.ера соответствуют задан.ия.м. А22-А28, в
которьtх представлен.ьt возм.ожн.ьtе вариан.тьt ответов. Обведите
н.ом.ер вьtбран.н.ого вам.и варианта ответа.

Memories are made of sleep

'feeпagers ofteп choose поt to speпd time catchiпg up оп their sleep. The
problem is that receпt studies show they пееd more sleep thaп they realise -
up to пiпе hours а пight. There also seems to Ье а direct IA22I _ _ betweeп
sleep апd academic success.l A23l _ _ , lack of sleep makes it difficult for
studeпts to coпceпtrate iп school, but there also seems to Ье а IA24I _ _
academic effect. S tudies show that our ability to sleep is directly IA2sl _ _
to our ability to learn, suggestiпg that good sleep IA26I _ _ are esseпtial
Варнант4 117

to good study techniques.IA27I _ _ , it may Ье useful for students to study


for а test just 1A28l _ _ it before going to bed because sleep will help them
store important information they want and remember the next day. Apparently,
information becomes 'cemented' in our brains as we sleep.

IA22I1) bond 2) union 3)\ink 4) attachment


1A23l1 ) of course 2) conversely 3) on the contrary 4) actually
1A24l1) sincere 2) real 3) right 4) truthful
1A25ll) united 2) related 3) attached 4)joined
IA26Il) customs 2) traditions 3) hablts 4) manners
1A27ll) consequently 2) however 3) eventually 4)finally
jA28Il) keep up with 2) save up for 3) look through 4) put up with

Раздел
4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания CJ и С2 используйте бланк ответов М 2.
При вьтолнении заданий CJ и С2 особое внимание обратите на то,
что ваши ответьt. будут оцениваться только по записям, сделан­
ньt..м. в бланке ответов М 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут
учитьt.ваться экспертом.. Обратите внимание также на необхо­
димость соблюдения указанного объё.м.а текста. Текстьt. недоста­
точного объё.м.а, а также часть текста, превьt.шающая требу­
е.м.ьt.й объё~, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала· но.м.ер задания
(CJ, С2), а затем. ответ на него. Если одной стороньt. бланка недо­
статочно, вьt. .м.ожете использовать другую его сторону.

@] You have received а letter from your English-speaking реп friend Mark
whowrites:
... Gиess what! All ту frieпds are goiпg to 'Waterlaпd' пехt week апd 1
сап't swiт! What shalll do? lf 1 go with ту frieпds, they will Ье teasiпg
те all the tiтe. 1 have waпted to learn to swiт for а loпg tiтe Ьиt 1 feel
eтbarrassed to start learniпg at ту age. What woиld уои advise те to
do? ls it diffil:иlt to learn swiттiпg? How тапу lessoпs willl пееd?
Well, f d better go поw as ту тит' s calliпg те for diппer.
Write а letter to Mark. In your \etter
- answer his questions
- ask 3 questions about his favourite sports.
118 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

Write 100-140words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.

~ Comment оп the following statement.


Extreme sports have taken off in а Ьig way over the last twenty years.
However, quite а few people object to these dangerous sports, highlight-
ing the risk of accident.
What is your opinion? Do you understand people who are fond of
extreme sports?
Write 200-250 words.

U se the following plan:


- make an introduction (state the proЬ!em)
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing
opinion
- explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion
- make а conclusion restating your position
Варнант Б 119
VARIANT5
Раздел 1. Аудирование

lliJ
Вы услышите б высказЬfваний. Установите соответствие меж­
ду высказываниям.и каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозна­
ченное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании
есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

Which speaker considers that:


1. People are under pressure Ьу the modem way of life.
2. People can't predict future.
3. The life didn't use to go so rapidly.
4. The расе of life isn't different as it used to Ье.,
5. The standards of living have become better.
6. Modem life gives much more opportunities.
7. People destroy their own world themselves.

Jт~:~~и::е\ А 1 В 1 С
1 1D 1 Е 1 F 1

Вы услышите монолог Джейд о компьютерной зависимости. Опре­


делите, какие из приведённых утверждений А1-А7 соответ­
ствуют содержанию текста (1-True), какие не соответству­
ют (2-False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании
текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного от­
вета (3-Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами вариан­
та ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

[КО Jade used to talk much to Sam before marriage.


1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А2 1 They like chatting after the working day.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 АЗ 1 Sam doesn't want to put his games off.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
~ Sam got angry because Jade switched off his computer.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
120 Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

1 ASI Sam paid atteпtioп to Jade's words.


1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 Аб 1 Jade thiпks that Sam iпflueпces badly to their sоп.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
~ Jade hopes Sam сап overcome his addictioп himself.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вы услышите диалог женщины, которая узнаёт информацию
о языковых курсах. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3,
соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы услы­
шите запись дважды.

1 А8 1 The womaп is phoпiпg because she waпts ...


1) to choose а course
2) to book а course
3) to chaпge а course
1 А9 1 At first he womaп decided to study ...
1) geпeral course
2) professioпal course
3) busiпess course
IA10I Her level of Eпglish kпowledge is ...
1) poor 2) elemeпtary 3) high
IA11I She will Ье аЬ!е to get to that group if ...
1) she writes the test
2) she passes oral test
3) there are some empty places
IA12I She сап't соте to the test iп persoп because ...
1) she is busy
2) it's difficult for her
3) she's afraid of failiпg
IAI3I.She might get iпto that group if ...
1) she comes оп Thursday eveпiпg
2) there are по other studeпts
3) she pays extra fee
IA14I If she doesп't get iпto that group ...
1) they give her mопеу back
2) she willlose her mопеу
3) she will Ье аЬ!е to study the other course
Варнант б 121
Раздел 2. Чтение
Ш]
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текста­
ми A-G. Занесите свои ответьt в таблицу. Используйте каждую
цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

The History of Sudoku


1. The modern game version. 5. Surprising appearance
2. The way to develop your abllity 6. The multinational invention
3. The origin roots . 7. The author of game's name
4. Conquering the British minds 8. The captured world
А. Sudoku has а fascinating history. 'Su' means number in Japanese,
and 'Doku' refers to the single place on the puzzle board that each number
can fit into. Although its name is Japanese, the puzzle's origins are actually
European and American, and the game represents the best in cross-cultural
fertilization. Unlike many games which spring from one culture and are then
absorbed Ьу others, Sudoku's development reveals it to Ье а true hybrid
creation.
В. The 18th century Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler apparently
developed the concept of 'Latin Squares' where numbers in а grid appear
only once, across and up and down. In the Jate 1970s, Dell Magazines in
the United States began puЬiishing what we now call Sudoku puzzles using
Euler's concept with а 9 Ьу 9 square grid. They called it Number Place, and it
was developed Ьу an independent puzzle maker, Howard Gardens.
С. In the mid-1980s, the president of Japanese puzzle giant Nikoli
Inc., Mr.Maki Kaji, urged the сотраnу to puЬiish а version of the puzzle
that became а huge hit in that country. Nikoli gave the game its current
name and helped refine it Ьу restricting the number of revealed or given
numbers to 30 and having them appear symmetrically. Afterwards the game
became increasingly popular in Japan and started becoming а fixture in daily
newspapers and magazines.
D. Almost two decades passed before the game was taken up Ьу The
Times newspaper in London as а daily puzzle. This development was due to
the efforts of Wayne Gould. Knowing that British newspapers have а long
history of publishing crosswords and other puzzles, he promoted Sudoku to
The Times in Britain. In autumn of 2004, he was аЬ!е to convince The Times
to start publishing daily Sudoku puzzles developed using his soft ware. Within
а few months, other British newspapers began publishing their own Sudoku
puzzles.
122 Учебно-тренировочные тесты д.лн подготовки к ЕГЭ

Е. Опсе agaiп, Sudoku's popularity crossed the осеап. Ву the summer


of 2005, major пewspapers iп the Uпited States were also offeriпg Sudoku
puzzles like they would daily crossword puzzles. It is iпterestiпg to поtе that
while software is critical to beiпg аЬJе to supply the growiпg demaпds for
Sudoku puzzles, as it сап take hours of processiпgtime to geпerate опе uпique
puzzle, it was old media iп the form of пewspapers that have dопе so much to
eпcourage the spread of Sudoku arouпd the world.
F. Sudoku software is very popular оп PCs, websites апd moblle phoпes.
Software has also Ьееп released оп video game coпsoles, such as the Game
Воу Advaпce, ХЬох Live Arcade, the Nooke-book reader, several iPod
models апd the iPhoпe. Critically апd commercially ~ell received, it geпerated
particular praise for its Sudoku implemeпtatioп апd sold more thaп 8 millioп
copies worldwide.
G. Where this rapidly developiпg fad leads to, по опе сап tell. What is
clearthrough is that Sudoku is а fuп апd challeпgiпgwayforpeopleof апу age
апd culture to hопе their Jogical апd deductive abilities. Who knows, played
ofteп eпough, Sudoku may help make the humaп race а tiпy Ьit smarter.

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1 G 1

ШJ
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропускиА-Е частями предло­
жений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке
1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие
части предложения, в таблицу.

Comic Relief is а charity that was fouпded iп 1985. It has Ьееп raisiпg
mопеу for over tweпty years to fuпd projects that help poor апd vulпeraЬle
people both iп the UK апd across the world's pooresf couпtries.
Опе of the ways Comic Relief raises mопеу is through its Red Nose Day
fuпdraisiпg campaign, А _ _ .
Red Nose Day iпvolves fuпdraisiпg eveпts all rouпd the UK iпcludiпg, as
the пате suggests, the weariпg of Red Noses. Ordiпary people all over the
couпtry participate, ofteп doiпg uпusual, В _ _ . Iп the eveпiпg, the ВВС
hosts а seveп-hour telethoп which features celebrities iп comedy sketches as
well as powerful films about the projects Comic Relief supports iп the UK апd
arouпd the world. То date, Comic Relief's red Nose Day campaign has raised
over а half а blllioп pouпds, has sold пearly 60 millioп red пoses, has produced
fourteeп siпgles апd С _ _ . Iпternatioпal versioпs of Red Nose Day have
also Ьееп held in Сапаdа, Finland, Icelaпd, Norway and Germaпy. Accordiпg
Варнант б 123
to its website, Comic Reliefs blggest tool 'is the ability to inspire people across
the whole country - D _ _ - to do charity.' Red Nose Day seems to
bring out the best and craziest in people, and this afternoon we were out and
about asking people what they were doing. Traffic control officer, Sonia Gild,
was takiпg а break from directing traffic. 'I've had this red nose оп siпce eight
o'clock tliis morniпg апd I've had а great time.
Е _ _ , а lot of the drivers h"'ve Ьееп waving at те or hooting апd quite
а lot of the cars are 'wearing' red hoses too.' Апd at Oakfield Juпior School
everyoпe had their red пoses оп but it was straпgely silent in the corridors.
One student, Wesley, wrote for us in his пotebook: 'We're haviпg а spoпsored
sileпce. 1 haven't орепеd my mouth all day, except to eat. Опlу опе more hour
поw.' The teachers, 1 пoted, F _ _ .
1. especially those who dоп 't пormally do charity
2. which is held iп the spriпg every other year
3. everyoпe is iп good mood
4. we've Ьееп daпciпg for twenty hours
5. has traпsmitted more thaп 190 hours of television
б. silly thiпgs to attract atteпtion to the cause апd raise money
7. seemed to Ье eпjoying the unaccustomed quite

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1

Прочитайте текст и вьтолните задания А15-А21. В каждом. за­


дании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранно­
му вам.и варианту ответа.

lt was iп his thirteeпth year that youпg Cowperwood eпtered into his
first business transactioп. Walking aloпg Front Street опе day he saw an
auctioпeer's flag before а grocery and from the iпterior came the auctioпeer's
voice, 'What price am 1 offered for this exceptionallot of Java coffee?' The
people offered their price. The coffee was quickly sold.
'1 am going to offer you поw а fiпe lot of seveп cases of Castile soap. At the
moment this soap costs aпywhere 11 dollars апd 75 cents а case.'
Cowperwood had по iпteпtion to take part iп the auction but after he had
made а rapid calculatioп he thought he could make а profit.
People Ьеgап to offer their prices. The origiпal price was 15 dollars then
the price reached 30 dollars. Cowperwood's miпd was working hard. Не took
everythiпg iпto accouпt. Fraпk W,as sure he would get а profit, that's why
he decided to participate. Wheп fiпally Cowperwood offered 32 dollars the
auctioneer пoticed him staпdiпg almost directly uпder his поsе. The solidity of
124. Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

the boy's expression made а great impression on the man. Meanwhile young
Cowperwood was thinking that he had no right to buy the soap as he had no
money with him. But he was sure that his father who was а teller at the Third
National Bank would lend him the money.
'32-one! 32-twice! Three times! The soap is sold to Mr.. ·. ?' the auctioneer
looked into the boy's face. 'Frank Cowperwood, the son of the teller of the
Third National Bank,' replied the Ьоу. 'Will you wait while 1 run up to the Bank
and get the money?'
'Yes. Don't Ье long. If you are not here in an hour 1'11 sell it again.'
Young Cowperwood made no reply. Не hurried out and ran fast, but first to
his mother's grocer. When he entered the grocer's store he looked about for
Castiie soap. There it was, the same kind, displayed in а Ьох and looking just
as his soap looked.
Mr. Dalrymple, the owner of the store, though very much surprised, agreed
to buy the soap offered Ьу Cowperwood on condition that the Ьоу would deliver
the goods himself. Frank was sure there would Ье no difficulty in delivering the
soap to the shop. At last they finalized the matter. Cowperwood was to deliver
the soap to the shop and the grocerwas to give him 62 dollars. So the question
was settled to both parties' satisfaction.
Frank hurried out and ran to his father's bank. The Ьоу knew that his father
wouldn't object to his plan. 'What's the trouЬ!e, Frank? What's the reason
for your coming?' asked his father looking up from his desk when the Ьоу
appeared.
Frank explained the situation to him. Не assured his father that it was а
clear profit of 30 dollars and he would not have to do anything special. It was а
good opportunity and he was not going to miss it.
Cowperwood senior approved Frank's plan. Moreover it was not necessary
to instruct him how to act. This was the most business-like attitude he saw
in his son. And Frank's father appreciated it very much. Frank was so bright
and keen for а Ьоу of 13. So the father counted out 32 dollars. Frank ran out
of the building and returned to the auction prem.ises as fast as his legs could
carry him. Не paid for the soap and it was not а proЬiem for him to cover little
transportation expenses.
(an extract from The Financier Ьу Theodor Dreiser)
IA15I Frank Cowperwood decided to take part in the auction because ...
1) he had already thought about it.
2) it was his job.
3) he could earn somemoney.
4) his father had asked him todo it.
Вариант5 125

IA16I The auctioneerwas impressed Ьу ...


1) the high price for the soap. 2) Frank's determination.
3) Frank's indecision. 4) Frank's young age.
1А 171 Frank went straight to the store because he wanted ...
1) to meet his mother.
2) to make certain in his calcu1ation.
3) to borrow some money.
4) to ask the owner's advice.
jA18j Frank arranged with the grocer ...
1) to buy some soap for himself. 2) to borrow 62 dollars.
3) to supply constantly with soap. 4) to strike а bargain.
IA19j When Frank's father saw him ...
1) the father was worried. 2) the father was glad.
3) the father was waiting for him. 4) the father was annoyed.
IA20I When Frank explained his idea, the father ...
1) instructed him. 2) didn't like his attitude.
3) was proud of him. 4) ·got that opportunity himself.
IA21I When Frank came back to the auction ...
1) it was late.
2) it was а proЬ!em to deliver the goods
3) it was easy to count the goods.
4) it needed some expenses for delivery.

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика


Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необ­
ходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавньцщ буквами в конце строк,
обозначенных номерами B4-BJO, так, чтобы они грамматически
соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­
лученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному
заданию из группы B4-BJO.
lli!] 1couldn't believe what _ _ , when 1tried to fly to HAPPEN
Houston with my son last month.
~ We just _ _ through the Х -гау machine when we ВЕ
were stopped Ьу security guards and
126 Учебно-треннровочные тесты ддя подготовки к ЕГЭ

~ told _ _ to board the рlапе. The reasoп? Му NOT ALLOW


soп's паmе, Matthew Gardeп, was оп а list of
waпted crimiпals. The uпbelievaЬle thiпg is that my
sоп is two years old.

~ While _ _ for а соппесtiпg flight at Нопg Копg WAIТ


airport. 1 decided to do some shoppiпg, but 1 for::::
got to keep my еуе оп the departure ~oards. Ош~
miпute before my flight was due to leave, 1 real-
ized to my horror that the message оп the departure
board about my flight апd
~ my рlапе _ _ without me. 1 grabbed my haпd ТАКЕ OFF
luggage апd rап to the gate like а marathoп ruппer.
Wheп 1 board the рlапе,

~ everyoпe _ _ at me. As if that wasп't bad STAR


eпough-, wheп1 fiпally fouпd my seat, 1 realized that
my shoppiпg bags, with my пеw $250 camera iп it,
1В 1О 1 _ _ iп the duty-free shop! LEAVE

Прочитайте приведённы.й ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, на­


печатанны.х заглавны..м.и буквами в ко'нце строк, обозначенны.х
но.м.ера.м.и В11-В16, однокоренны.е слова так, чтобы. они гра.м.­
.м.атически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текс­
та. Заполните пропуски полученны..м.и слова.м.и. Кажды.й пропуск
соответствует отдельно.м.у заданию из группы. В11-В16.

These days the media is full of stories of celebrities'


private lives:
[IO]J their _ _ , rows, proЬlems with weight апd so on. RELATE
lп fact, the puЬlic seems to have а пever-eпding ap-
petite for this type of gossip.
lв12l lt could Ье argued that celebrities iпvite _ _ , for PUBLIC
iпstaпce Ьу giviпg iпterviews or welcoming the me-
dia iпto their homes, despite kпowing this willleave
theп ореп to puЬlic atteпtioп. Therefore, it is hypo-
critical for them to complaiп wheп the media shows
iпterest in other aspects of their lives.
Варнант б 127

lв13l Also, celebrities are _ _ role models to тапу INFLUENCE


people апd because of this, their private lives should
Ье ореп to public examiпatioп.

IB14I _ _ , the public have the right to kпow about the ADD
rich апd famous siпce it is our mопеу that supports
them,
lв1sl through sales of tickets, DVDs апd music _ _ . LOAD
However, there are several reasoпs why celebrities
deserve а certaiп level of privacy. Firstly, while some
people actively seek fame, others do поt. Secoпdly,
although reporters might claim ап item is 'iп the
public iпterest' ofteп, iп fact,
IB16I they are more iпterested iп selling а _ _ story SENSE
thaп iп iпvestigatiпg somethiпg of geпuiпe impor-
taпce.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенньиtи ном.ерам.и


А22-А28. Эти ном.ера соответствуют заданиям. А22-А28, в
которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите
ном.ер выбранного вам.и варианта ответа.

Couchsurfers

Опе April, Casey Fепtоп bought а cheap ticket from the Uпited States to
Icelaпd. Не рlаппеd to stay for а loпg weekeпd. There was just опе proЬlem:
he had пowhere to sleep. Не didп't to stay iп а hotel, so he emailed 1,500
studeпts iп Reykjavik, Icelaпd's capital, askiпg if he could sleep оп someoпe's
couch.IA22I _ _ , he had dozeпs of replies. After а woпderful weekeпd with
his пеw frieпds, he realized that there was а faпtastic opportuпity for cultural
exchaпge through 'CouchSurfiпg'. Не decided to start а website to make
CouchSurfing possiЬle. www. CouchSurfiпg.org was 1A23l _ _ iп 2003. lts
missioп statemeпt said that the idea was to 'create iпspiriпgexperieпces', with
а focus оп cross-culturall A24l _ _ . Siпce theп, teпs of thousaпds of people
have stayed оп straпgers' couches iп 230 couпtries, had the сhапсе to see
places through the eyes of а local persoп, апd made woпderful frieпdships.
So how does it work?· If you waпt to Ье а host, you write your profile
оп the website, sayiпg where you live, your age, job апd hobbles. If you waпt
somewhere to stay, you type the пате of the city. А list of people IA2sl _ _ .
128 Учебно-тренировочные тесты дnя подготовки к ЕГЭ

You look at their profiles and photos and choose а person. Then you contact
them to see if they are free. In many cases, they meet you for а coffee first before
1A26l _ _ you into their home. Then, if you seem normal and friendly, they
let you stay on their couch.
The idea of Couchsurfing seems dangerous. Would you really want to
stay IA2sl _ _ а stranger? The webside has several ways to IA27I _ _
its users. Before choosing а person to stay with, you can read what other
CouchSurfers say about them. There is also а system of 'vouching'. This
means that other people promise that your host has а good character. It is
impossiЬie to make CouchSurfing completely safe, but there have been no
horror stories so far.
1A22ll) Occasionally 2) Amazingly 3) Accordingly 4) Additionally
1A23ll) launched 2) started 3)begun 4) organized
1A24ll) proЬiems 2) exchanges 3)sharing 4) cooperation
IA25Il) finds 2) appears 3)forms 4) types
1A26[l) allowing 2) arriving 3) entering 4) suggesting
IA27Il) save 2)survive 3) supply 4) protect
IA28[l)at 2) in 3)with 4)on
Варнант б 129
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания CJ и С2 используйте бланк ответов .М 2.
При вьтолнении заданий CJ и С2 особое внимание обратите на то,
что ваши ответьt будут оцениваться только по записям, сделан­
ньtм в бланке ответов .М 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут
учитьtваться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необхо­
димость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Текстьt недоста­
точного объёма, а также часть текста, превьtшающая требу­
емьtй объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания
( CJ, С2), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороньt бланка недо­
статочно, вьtможете использовать другую его сторону.

~ You have received а letter from your American pen-friend ВоЬ who
writes:
Althoиgh 1 live iп New York, this wiпter is terriЬle. There was so тисh
sпow оп the streets that we coиldп't get to оиr schools апd classes were
cancelled for three d,ays. ln other states it was rather worth. Soтething
is happening with оиr plaпet Ьесаиsе of hитап's activity. Do уои think
global warтing is the serioиs тatter? What chaпges in cliтate did уои
пotice? What is the weather like this year in уоиr region?

Write а letter to ВоЬ. In your letter


- answer his questions
- ask 3 questions about the proЬ\em.
Write 100- 140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.

@] Comment on the following statement.


Recycliпg rиbblsh is the опlу way to save.oиr planet.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200- 250 words.

Use the following plan:


- make an introduction of the proЬlem
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give l-2 reasons for this opposing
opinion
- explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion
- make а conclusion restating,your position
9. Зак. N!IS
130 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

VARIANT6
Раздел 1. Аудирование

[[[]
Вы усшшите б высказываний. Установите соответствие м.еж­
ду высказываниям.и каждого говорящего А- F и утверждениям.и,
данным.и в списке 1 - 7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обо­
значенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В зада­
нии есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы. усшшите запись два­
жды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.

Which speaker coпsiders that:


1. The speaker has по fiпaпcial worries.
2. The speaker has wisdom that comes with age.
3. The speaker uпderestimates own achievemeпts.
4. The speaker is afraid of somethiпg iп future.
5. The speaker sees опlу positive aspects ·of life.
6. The speaker is gettiпg mature.
7. The speaker сап behave iп а more adult way.

Jт~:~~r::e 1 А 1· В 1 С
1 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1

Вы усшшите м.онологДжулии. Определите, какие из приведённых


утверждений AJ- А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1-
Trile), какие не соответствуют (2- False) и о чём. в тексте не
сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положи­
тельного, ни отрицательного ответа (3- Not stated). Обведи­
те ном.ер выбранного вам.и варианта ответа. Вы усшшите за-
пись дважды. ·

ШJ The пarrator is worried about childreп's abllities.


l) True 2) False 3) Not stated
~ The пarrator prefers old days that used to Ье.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
[][1 The narrator commuпicates with his children Ьу meaпs of gadgets.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А4 1 The пarrator doesп't feel addictioп to modem gadgets.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вариант б 131

~ The narrator can't plan own life for а long period.


l) True 2) False \ 3) Not stated
1 Абl The narrator doesn't regularly meet friends.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
ШJ The modern children are losin~ а skill of writing.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вьt услышите диалог. В заданиях АВ - А14 обведите цифру 1, 2
или 3, соответствующую выбранному вам.и варианту ответа. Вьt
услышите запись дважды.
I.A81 The narrator was _ _ in а law firm when this story happened with
him.
l) an experienced layer
2) а probationer
3) а well-known solicitor
\ А9 1 Everyone was dressed nicely because _ _
1) it was а holiday.
2) there was а dress code.
3) they wanted to look smart.
\А 1О\ Everyone wanted to do their best because _ _
1). they would like to show their abilities.
2) they tried to surprise the boss.
3) they expected to get the job.
1А 111 The half part of the day the narrator did nothing because _ _
1) there were по deals for him.
2) they can't trust him.
3) the other employees did everything.
1А 121 The narrator had а great proЬ\em. _ _
1) Не felt very sick.
2) Не wasn't good at profession.
3) Не couldn't bear а pain.
\At3l The narrator expected somebody _ _ .
1) to give him а proper task.
2) to notice him.
3) to make friends with him.
\А 14\ The head partner was _ _ seeing such ridiculous behavior.
1) angry 2) amused 3) afraid of
132 Уче6но-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

Раздел 2. Чтение
[ill
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1- 8 и текстами
А- G. Занесите свои ответьt в таблицу. Используйте каждую
цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. lnherited Ьу blrth
2. Personal contribution
3. Difficult matter
4. Comparing yourself to others
5. Positive thinking
6. Harmfulloneliness
7. The way to Ье healthy
8. Bad influence of modern world
How to Ье happy
А. Happiпess is hard to defiпe. For some people it's about beiпgiп love or
the blrth of а child, for others, wiппiпg the lottery or beiпg iп touch with пature.
Iп scieпtific terms, happiпess has differeпt dimeпsioпs. UK psychologists
have iпdeпtified three elemeпts to happiпess - haviпg pleasures iп life, beiпg
eпgaged апd usiпg your streпgths оп а regular basis, апd experieпciпg а seпse
of meaпiпg Ьу feeliпg а part of somethiпg greater thaп yourself.
В. Нарру people have stroпger immuпe systems - wheп exposed to
the flu virus, they are more аЬiе to resist it - апd they recover from surgery
faster. Нарру people also teпd to live loпger. That's the coпclusioп from ап
aпalysis of the attitudes of пеw пuпs eпteriпg ап Americaп сопvепt iп 1932.
Psychologists rated each of them for the level of positive feeliпg expressed апd
fouпd а correlatioп with how loпg each пuп lived.
С. UK experts also state that if you're liviпg below the breadliпe, theп
extra mопеу makes а differeпce to your happiпess, but after а certaiп level
of iпcome, extra mопеу does поt make you that much happier. Relatioпships
. have also Ьееп proveп to Ье оп е of the most importaпt sources of our happiпess.
Research suggests 1that both mеп апd womeп become happier wheп they
marry апd remaiп at а higher level of happiпess thaп iп the siпgle state.
Childreп, as you might expect, are а source of joy wheп they are born, but
withiп two years, their pareпts' happiпess teпds to revert to its former level.
D. Studies оп twiпs show а stroпg geпetic соmропепt iп happiпess апd
depressioп. This is поt just because twins share the same environmeпt -
research оп ideпtical twins brought up apart shows the same. However,
the geпes iпvolved iп happiпess are uпkпоwп апd, as with all psychological
Вариант б 133
attributes, it is likely that many different genes are responsiЬ\e. One group of
genes that may Ье involved in positive mood are those dealing with the brain
chemical serotonin.
Е. Happiness around the world is tracked Ьу projects such as the World
Database of Happiness. It seems that populations in Western countries, such
as Britain, have not got any happier since 1950.This appears to Ье true despite
massive increases in standard of living and quality of life. Two major barriers to
achieving happiness in the 21st Century have been identified as the саг and the
media. Cars isolate people from the \оса\ community and television exposes
people to violence, bad news and consumer pressures which create fear and
discontent
F. An American survey has gone one step further and put the main
sources of happiness in order of importance: family relationships, finances,
work, social networks and health. Added to that are personal values and
freedom. Based on his long-standing research, it has been c\aimed that
happiness comes from the body, relationships and leaming to direct your
thoughts in а positive way.
G. You shou\d take definite steps to improve your life. Taking exercise
and watching your diet, working at caring, \oving relationships and giving
them the time they need is important. Also, smiling at strangers, making small
gestures and, above all, listing the good things you have to Ье grateful for. If
you think like this, wel\being and good feelings will fo\low.

1 А 1 В .1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1 G 1

1 в31
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски А- F частями предло­
жений, обозначенньи.tи цифрами 1 - 7. Одна из частей в списке
1- 7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствую­
щие части предложения, в таблицу.

Dream job turns into nightmare

It was advertised as the best job in the world. And it certainly looked good.
You would Ье paid ($189,000 for six months) to surf, sai\ and swim. Thejob
came with а beachside mansion, with its own swimming pool, and fantastic
view of the ocean. All you had to do was look after tiny Hamilton ·Island,
А
134 Учебно-тренировочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

Duties included feeding the fish, and writing а Ьlog of your experiences to
help encourage tourism in the area. There were more than 34,000 applicants
for the job from all over the world, so Ben Southall was delighted В _ _.
But as it turned out, it wasn't quite the dream job that some people might
have expected. Firstly, it was incrediЬly busy. Ben found himself working seven
days а week and up to nineteen hours а day. С _ _ , with promotional
events, press conferences, training courses and administrative duties. 'It has
been very busy, busier than most people would have imagined, and certaiilly
busier than I had imagined.' Mr Southall told reporters when he finished his
contract.
In fact, during his six months, D _ _, made forty seven video diaries, and
gave more than 250 media interviews- including а chat with popular US TV
host Oprah Winfrey. Не also posted more than 75,000 words in sixty separate
Ьlogs, uploaded more than 2,000 photos, and 'tweeted' more than 730 times.
That didn't leave much time for surfing, sailing or simply relaxing and
enjoying the sea views. And when he did get the chance to try out his water
sport, things didn't always go well. On one trip, Ben was stung Ьу а deadly
jellyfish. The Irukaпdji jellyfish are transpareпt апd very small, Е _ _ .
'1 was eпjoying а post Christmas jetski sessioп with some friends at а quiet
beach оп Hamilton Islaпd and as I climbed off the back of the ski апd опtо
the beach, felt а small Ьее like stiпg оп my forearm.' Mr Southall wrote оп his
Ьlog.
Within thirty miпutes, Веп was feeliпg the veпom. Не was hot апd sweaty,
with headaches and paiпs iп the chest, апd high Ьlood press'ure. Веп had
to Ье rushed to а doctor who diagnosed the symptoms and gave him some
medicatioп. Luckily, Ben was fiпe, F _ _ . On the Ьlog he wrote, 'This was
поt what I'd wanted at all- I'm supposed to Ье relaxiпg iп my last few days
оп Hamiltoп Island'.
Ben was lucky to survive.
1. he had а busy schedule of eveпts to atteпd
2. so they are very difficult to see iп the water
3. wheп he beat them all апd wоп the coпtract
4. but it was an unwelcome епd to his stay iп paradise
5. situated off the coast of Queeпslaпd
6. апd he will also write а book about his experiences
7. Веп visited пinety 'exotic locatioпs'

~А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1
Варнант б 135
Прочитайте тек.ст и вьтолните задания А15- А21. В каждом.
задании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую вы.бран­
ном.у вами варианту ответа.

The dinner party


Ьу Nickolas Monsarrat
А full thirty years ago, I тyself was fifteen. That is tюt really iтportant,
though it was important to те at the tiтe, on the threshold of superb adult
world. More iтportant to this story, ту uncle Octavian was then а rich таn.
Не was а charming host whose villa on the Riviera was an accepted
тeeting of the great. And he was а hospitaЬ\e, contented, and тost атiаЬ\е
таn- until January Зrd, 1925.
There was nothing special about that day in the life of ту uncle Octavian,
except that it was his fifty-fifth blrthday. As usual on such day, he was giving а
dinner party, а party for twenty people. All of theт were old friends. 1, тyself,
aged fifteen, was deeply privileged, I was staying with ту uncle at his exquisite
villa, and as а special concession on this happy day, 1 was allowed to соте
down to dinner. It was exciting to те to Ье adтitted to such сот раnу, which
included а newspaper proprietor and his fabulous Aтerican wife; а recent
priтe тinister of r~rance and а Habsburg prince and princess of exceptional
eloquence.
At that age, on holiday froт school, you wШ· guess that I was staggered.
Even today, thirty years later, one тау fairly adтit that the сотраnу was
distinguished. But 1 should also stress that they were all old and intiтate
friends of ту uncle Octavian.
Towards the end of а wonderful dinner when dessert had been brought in
and the servants had left, ту uncle learnt forward to adтire а тagnificent
diaтond ring on the princess' hand.
Across the tаЬ\е the newspaper proprietor leant across and said: 'Мау I
also have а look, Therese?' She sтiled and nodded. Then she took off the ring
and held it out to hiт. There exclaтations of delight and adтiration. The ring
was passed froт hand to hand.
It was sоте twehty тinutes later when the princess stood up, giving the
signal to the ladies to withdraw. She looked round us with а pleasant sтile.
Then she said: 'Before we leave you, тау 1 have ту ring back?'
1 rететЬеr ту uncle Octavian тurmuring: 'Ah, yes - that wonderful
ring!' Then there was а pause \Vhile each of us looked expectantly at his
neighbor. Then there was an aggravating silence. The princess was still
sтiling, though less easily. She was unused to asking for things twice.
136 Учебно-тренировочные тесты ддя подготовки к ЕГЭ

When no one responded and the silence continued I still thought that
it could only Ье а practical joke and that one of us - probaЬiy the prince
himself - would produce the ring with а laugh а flourish, perhaps chiding
her for her nonchalance. But when nothing happened at all, I knew that the
rest of the night would Ье wretched.
I am sure that you can guess the sort of scene that followed. There was the
dismay, immediate and shattering, of the guests - all of them old and intimate
friends. There was the freezing politeness of the prince, the near-tears of the
princess. There were the demands to Ье searched, the overtuming of chairs,
the minute scrutiny of the carpet, and then the whole room.
All these things happened, but they didn't bring the princess' ring back
again. It had vanished. Uncle Octavian's face was pale and tremendously
tense, as if he had been dealt а mortal Ьlow. No servants had entered the room.
No one had left it for а moment. The thief was one of us; one of my uncle
Octavian's cherished friends.

IA15I The author tells us а story which happened .


----т-
1) at his dinner party 2) at his fifteenth Ьirthday party
3) at his uncle's Ьirthday party 4) at his uncle's friends' villa
IA16I This event absolutely changed _ _ .
1) the princess's life 2) the uncle's life
3) the author's life 4) the friends' lives
IA171 That day the author felt _ _ .
1) а Ьit nervous 2) very unconfident
3) а little worried 4) enough mature
IA18I The uncle's villa was
1) in modem style 2) tastefully made
3) in the suburb 4) huge size
1А 191 One of the guests wanted _ _ .
1) to thank the uncle for dinner 2) to talk to the princess
3) to joke with princess 4) to examine the princess' ring
1А20 1 The princess went on smiling because _ _ .
1) it was funny joke
2) she tried to show good manners
3) she was afraid
4) she gave the signal that way
Варнант б 137

1A21l The ring vanished because _._ .


1) one of the uncle's friend stole it.
2) the servant stole it
3) it was lost in the room
4) the princess lost it in the room

Раздел 3. JРамматика и лексика


Прочитайте приведённьtй ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необ­
ходимо, слова, напечатанньtе заглавньtми буквами в конце строк,
обозначенньtх номерами В4 - BJO, так, чтобьt они грамматиче­
ски соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски
полученньtми словами. Каждьtй пропуск соответствует отдель­
ному заданию из группьt В4- BJO.

[]!] Fork-like implements for spearing food _ _ for USE


over 2000 years. For example, the Ancient Romans
used to use special spoons with one prong or two at
the end of the handle for winkling out shellfish.
~ The first 'modern' fork _ _ to have been used in TНINK
the 11th century Ьу the wife of the Venetian Doge.
~ · However, the first real evidence that forks _ _ as SPREAD
eating tools already came in а 1570 engraving of а
knife, fork and spoon.
~ In 1605, Юng Henry III of France and his compan- SATIRIZE
ions _ _ for their fork -wielding effeminacy.
~ 'They _ _ rather _ _ their mouths with their TOUCH
little forked instruments than with their fingers',
wrote Thomas Artus, who claimed that they looked
especially silly as they strove to capture the peas and
broad beans on their plates.
Оп returning home from Italy in 1611, the English-
man Thomas Coryat bore the news that he had seen
forks in Italy and had decided to adopt them. Ultra-
modern people considered
~ that any fingering of the meat that _ _ at tаЬ!е CARVE
was а transgression against the law of good man-
ners.
138 Учебно-треннровочные тесты д/IЯ подготовки к ЕГЭ

1В 1О\ However, even Coryat did not regard forks as ВЕ


_ _ for eating with, but for holding the meat in
place while carving.
Прочитайте приведённ.ый ниже текст Образуйте от слов, напе­
чатанных заглавными буквами в конце строк, обозначенных но­
мерами В11 - В16, однокоренные слова так, чтобы они грам­
матически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текс­
та. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11- В16.

Alfred Adler was а pioneer in the §tudy of blrth order.


[[ill Не suggested that social _ _ , especially among RELATION
sib!ings and between children and parents,
lв12] had а significantly impact on the _ _ of children PERSON
later and in tt1eir lives.
Traditionally, studies have linked first-bom children
lвtзl with higher academic _ _ when compared to ACHIEVE
!ater-bom children. In general, first-bom children
lвt4\ have been fouпd to Ье _ _ , assertive and task- RESPONSE
oriented, often rising to leading positions as adult.
Second-boms and middle children because
IВisl they do not have their advanced _ _ . Middle chil- ABLE
dren have been found to succeed in team sports, and
both they and last-boms have been found to Ье
[!i!IOmore _ _ adjusted if they соте from large families. S OCIAL

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами


А22 - .А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22 - А28,
в которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведи­
те номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.

What type of work would suit you?

Jobs are more [А22\ _ _ that ever; not all workers are simply employed
Ьу company. There are lots more people working on short and fixed term
~-.IO--, instead of full-time, permanent ones. Some people choose to get
temporary jobs through an employment agency. This means that they work for
difteгent companies for а set 1А241-- of time.
Вариант б 139
Other people work on а freelance basis, meaning that they work for
themselves, but take on short-term contracts for companies. Freelancers often
have а great deal of experience in а specialized 1A25j _ _ . The workforce is
now more skilled and qualified than ever. With employers having а larger group
of candidates to choose from, it сап Ье hard to get into work if you cannot show
that yoU: have certain qualifications or skills. ·
Starting at 9.00 a.m. and finishing at 5.00 p.m. with an hour for lunch
somewherein the middle, maystill beiA26I _ _ a workingday, butformore
and more people it is not а reality. Some job, like nursing or manufacturing,
depend jд27l _ _ using shift pattems, which means working during the
night and early moming. Some jobs will Ье outside, some will Ье in an office,
some will Ье in а workshop or industrial environment and some will Ье more
physically demanding than others. When you are applying for а job or planning
а 1A28l _ _ , it may Ье worth thinking about what sort of environment you
work best in and whether you have other commitments or responsibilities that
could prevent you from having different working hours.
IA22Il) free 2) flexiЬle 3) hard 4) complicated
IA23Il)contract 2)form 3)plan 4) agreement
IA24II) period 2) moment 3) waste 4)amount
IA25II) place 2) group 3) area 4)forms
jA26ji) considered 2) thought 3) expected 4) supposed
IA27Il)to 2)of 3)to 4)on
IA28II) ~ау 2) life 3) career 4) profession
140 Учебно-треннровочные тесты д/IЯ подготовки к ЕГЭ

Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания Cl и С2 используйте бланк ответов М 2.
При вьтолнении заданий Cl и С2 особое внимание обратите на то,
что ваШи ответы будут оцениваться только по записям., сделан­
ным. в бланке ответов М 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут
учитываться экспертом.. Обратите внимание такЖе на необхо­
димость соблюдения указанного объём.а текста. Тексты недоста­
точного объём.а, а также часть текста, превышающая требу­
емый объём., не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания
(Cl, С2), азатем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недо­
статочно, вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

@!] You have received а letter frorn your New Zealand pen-friend Ann who
writes:
Fог the fiгst tiтe iп ту
life 1 watched the сегетопу of орепiпg the
Wiпteг Olyтpic Gaтes iп уоиг соипtгу. lt was excitiпg апd vегу iп­
teгestiпg. Uпfoгtипately, 1 doп't kпow тисh аЬоиt уоиг histoгy. That
iпspiгed те to learn тоге аЬоиt уоиг соипtгу. Сап уои гесоттепd те
апу books? 1 woиld like to геаd books iп electгoпic fогтаt. Do уои thiпk
that at sоте poiпt iп the fиtиге 'paper books will disappeaг? 1 thiпk it' s
тисh тоге сопvепiепt апd сhеарег to dowпload а book уои like fгот
the lпternet. How do уои ргеfег гeadiпg?
Write а letter to Ann. In your letter
- answer her questions
- ask 3 questions about the proЬiern.
Write 100-140words.
Rernernber the rules of letter writing.
cm Cornrnent on the following staternent.
Wheп уои Ьиу ап апiтаlas а pet, it is а гespoпsibllity fог its life.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the followingplan:
- rnake an introduction of the proЬiern
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing
opinion
- explain why you don 't agree with the opposing opinion
- rnake а conclusion restating your position
Вариант? 141
VARIANT7
Раэдеп 1. Аудирование

[]]]
Вы. услы.шите б вы.сказы.ваний. Установите соответствие .меж­
ду вы.сказы.вания.ми каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данны..ми в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозна­
ченное соответствующей цифрой, толь"о один раз. В задании
есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы. услы.шите запись дважды..
Занесите свои ответы. в таблицу.

Which speaker considers that:


1. The speaker is an experienced flatmate.
2. The speaker is very sociaЬ\e and easy-going person.
3. The speaker has found а quick solution of flatmating.
4. The speaker is а very neat person.
5. The speaker prefers to Ье alone.
6. The speaker is calm and moqdy flatmate.
7. The speaker can't relax at home.

lJl:;~u::el А В Г9 1 D 1Е 1 1 F

Вы. услы.шите разговор. Определите, какие из приведенны.х утвер­


ждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию те"ста (1-Тrие),
какие не соответствуют (2-False) и о чем в тексте не сказа­
но, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительно­
го, ни отрицательного ответа (3-Not stated). Обведите номер
вы.бранного вами варианта ответа. Вы. услы.шите запись дважды..

[ill The narrator would like to do extreme activity.


1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А2 1 The narrator considers that jumping off into the water is exciting.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
ШJ The narrator has some skills of jumping.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1А41 Some people were watching at the jumping.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
ШJ The eyes were open while he/she was jumping off into the water.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
142 Учебно-треннровочные тесты ддя подготовки к ЕГЭ

1 Аб 1 The narrator jumped many times.


1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1А71 The narratortried to understand himself/herselfbetter.
1)True 2)False 3)Notstated

Вы услы.шите диалог. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2


или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы
услы.шите запись дважды.

[М] The stereotype of the country is _ _


1) what people of other nationalities think about this country.
2) the truth about people from this country. .
3) what people of this nationality say about themselves.
1 А9 1 The people from other counties think about Germans that they are

1) very sensiЬie nation.


2) well organized nation.
3) very friendly nation.
1А 1О 1 The dearest possession for the German is _ _
1) their house.
2) their own firm.
3) their vehicle.
1А 111 Germans never laugh at _ _
1) their jobs
2) other people
3) themselves
1А 121 Germans try to control everything because they are _ .
1) well disciplined people ,
2) obedient people
3) uncertain people
IA13I Germans respect the Swiss because of their _ _ .
1) neatness 2) kindness 3) politeness
1А 141 Germans' weakness is that they like _ _ .
1) other people to listen to them.
2) other people to оЬеу them.
3) other people to lead them.
Вариант7 143
Раздел 2. Чтение
[ill
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текста­
ми A-G. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую
цифру только один раз. В задании один заголово-к лишний.

1. Exchange of useless things 5. Site foundation


2. lncreasing popularity 6. Simple choice
3. Gifts for everyone 7. Easy solution
4. Shopping addiction 8. Satisfaction from good dea.ls
freecycle
А. The temptation to buy, buy, buy is hard to resist. А new outfit, а
gadget, an item of fumiture - someone is buying one right now. Now, guilty
shoppers who are keen to get rid of а no-longer-needed purchase have а
radical new option - simply giving it away. Second-hand technology is
notoriously difficult to offload. So, on а conventional auction site, such as еВ ау,
there would Ье no any takers.
· В. Freecycle is one of а number of websites that aim to reduce the amount
of rubblsh sent to landfill sites Ьу encouraging one of the most efficient forms
of recycling - simply giving things to people who want them. As the name
suggests, everything advertised on Freecycle must Ье free- whether it's an
old sofa, unwanted CDs or even а few hours' help in the garden. Anyone who
is interested simply replies Ьу e-mail: deal done.
С. The site is the creation of Deron Beal, an environmentalist from the
US who started it in mid-2003 as an automated e-maillist. Today Freecycle
has 1.2 million members and is а cross between an Intemet auction house and
а global chain of charity shops. Mr Beal says his chief aim is to cut waste and
help the environment. They reduce the amount of rubblsh sent to landfill sites
Ьу encouraging one of the most efficient forms of recycling- simply giving
things to people who want them.
D. On the London site, interest in а decrepit computer is led Ьу Tung,
who wants to get his sixty-seven-year-old mum on the net. Then there's Kate,
whose son wants it for his schoolwork. There's also John, who wants it for his
daughter, а nurse on low wage. Money isn't involved but а kind of auction is
taking place to see whose situation most deserves а free РС.
Е. The people giving it away has to make а difficult choice between several
'bldders'. Some people may suggest that dishonest individuals could make
up heart-tugging stories in order to get freebles, or even to make а profit Ьу
selling them on. Freecycle embodies some of that old charitaЬle Internet spirit
144 Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

Ьу asking that before members accept а freeble, they put something up for
offer. And it's Ьу no means all the junk, you don't need any more.
F. They may offer nearly new toys, furniture, electrical goods, even blkes
and cars. That such high-quality goods are on offer does not surprise Friends
of the Earth campaigner Georgina Bloomfield. She says it reflects the fact that
people are buying more than ever, but don't want to simply throw things away
when they replace them. 'People want to feel а blt better about consuming,
and so they're happy to give things away', she says.
G. Freecycle has grown rapidly around the world in countries as diverse
as Mexico, Nepal, France and Romania and it seems to Ье on the cusp of
breaking through into the mainstream. ln the end it would Ье better if people
simply stopped buying so much. But realistically, until people change their
ways, green groups, guilty consumers and those with an еуе for the ultimate
bargain seem more than happy to make the most of Freecycle.

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F j G 1

~
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предло­
жений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке
1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифры., обозначающие соответствующие
части предложения, в таблицу.

Chewinggum
The hablt of chewing gum was first popular with the Ancient Greeks. They
chewed mastic guщ А _ _ .
Modern chewing gum, however, originated around the 1860s in America.
А substance ca\led chicle was found in the sapodilla trees of Mexico and made
а smoother, more elastic gum than previously. William Wrigley, а flour factory
owner, found а way to flavor it with mint and В _ _ . Nowadays 90% of
chewing gum is manufactured Ьу Wrigley, and the basic process has changed
little since manufacture began in 1892.
Sales of chewing gum are at record levels; last year in the UK, .Е 317
million was spent on gum. This figure has risen nearly 40% in the last five
years, with the sugar-free brands now making up three-quarters of the total
market. Consumer analysts say it's no longer considered just а sweet. It's
become more relevant to today's consumer with people regarding it as а kind
of two-in-one: а sweet fix and а breath-fresher at the same time. Stress relief
is another factor, С _ _ . I've just heard the most incrediЬ\e story about
Варнантl 145
Britney Spears' chewing gum! Apparently, she's always spitting her chewing
gum out onto the pavement and one day, D _ _ and decided to sell it
online ... you know, on еВау. Basically they sold her piece of chewed chewing
gum Ьу online auction! Nobody could guarantee it was real, of course, but lots
of people bld for it - and in the end, it was sold for about $100. 1 can 't believe
anyone would want chewing gum Е _ _ - whoever that person is!
An incrediЬle three and half blllion pieces of gum are disposed of the
UK every year. Better enforcement of fines has helped to reduce the proЬiem
slightly, but it is almost impossiЬle to catch people spitting out their gum.
Some areas have installed special boards F _ _. Meanwhile, blodegradaЬie
gum is being developed which in the end may well Ье the ultimate answer to
the seemingly never-ending proЬiem of chewing gum litter.
1. someone saw her spit some out, picked up
2. although not so many gum users admit to that one
3. а resin oblained from the mastic tree
4. discarded chewing gum on the pavement
5. that's been in someone else's mouth
6. started making the first mass-produced gum
7. which people are invited to stick their used gum to

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1

Прочитайте текст и вьтолните задания А15-А21. В каждом. за­


дании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранно­
му вами варианту ответа.

How to plan а town


Ьу George Mikes
Britain, far from being а 'decadent democracy', is а Spartan country. This
is mainly due to the British way of building towns, which dispenses with the
reasonaЬle comfort enjoyed Ьу all other weak and effeminate peoples of the
world.
Medieval warriors wore steel breast-plates and leggings not for defense
but also to keep up their fighting spirit; priests of the Middle Ages tortured
their bodies with hair-shirts; lndian yogis take their daily nap lying on а carpet
of nails to remain fit. The English plan their towns in such а way that these
replace the discomfort of steel breast- plates, hair-shirts and nail-carpets.
On the Continent doctors, lawyers, booksellers - just to mention а few
examples - are sprinkled all over the city, so you can call on а good or at
least expensive doctor in any district. In England the idea is that it is the
10. Зак. 1112 5
146 Уче6но-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

address that makes the man. Doctors in London are crowded in Harley Street,
solicitors in Lincoln's lnn Fields, second-hand-bookshops in Charing Cross
road, newspaper officers in Fleet Street, tailors in Savile Row, theatres around
Piccadilly Circus, cinemas in Leicester Square, etc. If you have а chance of
replanning London you can greatly improve on this idea.
Now 1 should like to give you а little practice on how to build an English
town. You must understand that an English town is а vast conspiracy to
mislead foreigners. You have to use century-old little practices and tricks.
First of all, never build а street straight. The English love privacy and do
not want to see one end of the street from the other end. Make sudden curves
in the streets build them S-shaped too; the letters L,T,V,Y,W and О are also
becoming increasingly popular.
Never build the houses of the same street in а straight line. The British
have always been а freedom-lovingrace and 'the freedom to build а muddle' is
one of their most ancient civic rights.
Now there are further camouflage possibllities in the numbering of houses.
Primitive continental races put even numbers on one side, odd numbers on
the other, and you always know that small numbers start from the north or
west. ln England you have this system too; but you may start numberingyour
houses at one end, go up to а certain number on the same side, then continue
on the other side, going back in the opposite direction.
But this is farfrom the end. Many people refuse to have numbers altogether,
and they choose names. It is very please, for instance, to arrive in а street where
all the houses have а charming view of а hill and try to find 'Hill View'. Or
search for 'Seven Oaks' and find а house with three apple-trees.
Give а different nате to the street whenever it bends; but if the curve is so
sharp that it really makes two different streets, you may keep the same name.
As some cute foreigners would Ье аЬ!е to leam their way about even under
such circumstances, some further precautions are necessary. Call streets Ьу
various names: street, road, place, mews, avenue, rise, lane, way, grove, park,
alley, gardens, walk, broadway, gate, etc. Street names should Ье painted
clearly and distinctly on large boards. Then hide these boards carefully. Place
them too high or too low, in shadow and darkness, upside down and inside out.
1 have told that my above-described theory is all wrong, because the
English do not саге for the opinion of foreigners. ln every other country, it
has been explained; people just build streets and towns following their own
common sense. English is the only country of the world where there is а
Ministry of Town and Country Planning. This is the real reason forthe muddle.
Вариант? 147

IAtБI This text is written оп


1) current affairs 2) science fiction
3) humorous style 4) documentary report
IA16j The author considers the British as
1) very ascetic nation 2) very reasonaЬie nation
3) sensitive people 4) sensiЬle people
IA17I The author mentions medieval tortures because
1) he wants to explain how difficult to find some place in Britain.
2) he thinks British follow their national traditions.
3) they explain English way of thinking.
4) they remind him about some historical places.
1А 181 It seems strange for the author that _ _ .
1) the representatives of different professions live in any places.
2) the representatives of one profession work in any districts.
3) the representatives of different professions work in оп е place.
4) the representatives of one profession work only in particular district.
IA19j It is very common for British towns that _ _
1) the streets are narrow.
2) the streets are twisting.
3) the streets are endless.
4) the streets are very old-built.
IA20j British houses usually have _ _
1) а simple shape.
2) а complicated form
3) an ancient architecture
4) two floors
1A21l The author thinks it's extremely difficult _ _
1) to leam English names.
2) to choose the right direction.
3) to find the notice with number and name.
4) to please the English.
148 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика


Прочитайте приведённы.й ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необ­
ходимо, слова, напечатанны.е заглавнЫми буквами в конце строк,
обозначенны.х номерами B4-BJO, так, чтобы. они грамматически
соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­
лученны.ми словами. Кажды.й пропуск соответствует отдельному
заданию из группы. В4-В10.

~ А pickpocket from Fraпce _ _ to rob members of TRY


the U S Athletics team while they were оп the World
Athletics Champioпships iп Seville.
~ Now he is iп а Spaпish police cell after _ _ апd CHASE
captured Ьу the spriпter Maurice Greeпe, curreпtly
the fastestmaп оп Earth.
~ Не _ _ already _ _ the 100-metre world BREAK
record iп Atheпs Ьу that time. Greeпe rап after the
thief at the airport iп Seville,
[]ZJ after _ _ him put his haпd iпto the bag of aпother SEE
member of the Americaп team.
It took Greeпe а few secoпds to catch the pick-
pocket as he tried to ruп away across the airport.
Wheп the police arrived they immediately arrested
the surprised pickpocket although he tried to pre-
teпd he was ап iппосепt.

ШJ __ he is а professional pickpocket whose spe- APPEAR


cialty is to travel to major iпternational eveпts that
attracted large crowds of visitors.
ШJ Не _ _ already _ _ оп 24 separate occasions DETAIN
and is goiпg
lв1ol to _ _ from Spaiп., EXPEL
Вариант? 149
Прочитайте приведённЬlй ниже текст Образуйте от слов, на­
печатаннЬlх заглавнЬlми буквами в конце строк; обозначеННЬlХ
номерами В11-В16, однокореннЬlе слова так, чтобЬl они грам­
матически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текс­
та. Заполните пропуски полученнЬlми словами. КаждЬlй пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группЬl В11-В16.

Family gatherings
Although they are the least family-orientated people on earth, the
English would not dream of spending their Christmas anywhere
else Ьut with the family. This annual festival almost always ends
in tears and to get over it takes many families at least months.
But tradition rules and, when October comes, English families
are beginning to plan for another family Christmas,
lliШ having _ _ forgotten the chaos of the one before. COMPLETE
Apart from Christmas, family members avoid other
lв12l _ _ the year except on compulsory occasions THROUGH
such as baptisms, weddings and funerals. Of these,
baptisms and funerals, being the shortest, are the
most popular. Weddings usually end i.lp as major
lвtзl battles - the only difference being the _ _ of FORM
the people taking part. Planning for weddings starts
early,
lвt41 and so do the _ _ . Even though English eti- ARGUE
quette books try to help Ьу pointing out
lвtsl who is _ _ for organizing and paying for the RESPONSE
bride's dress, the flowers, the church, the choir,
lвtбl the _ _ , the cars and food, the English will fight ORGAN
furiously on every single issue for months before.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначеннЬlми номерами


А22-А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в
которЬlх представленЬl возможнЬlе вариантЬl ответов. Обведите
номер вЬlбранного вами варианта ответа.

Shakespeare's love life


Rотео апd Jиliet is the greatest love story ever written. It was inspired,
according to the film Shakespeare /п Love, Ьу the writer's own passionate
150 Учебно-треннровочные тесты ддя подготовки к ЕГЭ

1A22l _ _ with the beautiful daughter of а rich Elizabethaп merchaпt. The


screeпwriters admit, however, that their story is fictioп. So what is the truth
about William Shakespeare's love life?
Despite beiпg the most famous Eпglishmaп iп the world, very little is
· kпоwп for certaiп about S hakespeare' s 1A23l _ _ life. We kпow he married
Аппе Hathaway at Stratford-upoп-Avoп iп 1582 wheп hewas 18 апd shewas
three moпths pregnaпt. Yet wheп he was 24 he had already left her at home апd
moved to Lопdоп, attracted Ьу the world of the theatre.
IA24I _ _ ,just as he arrived, the theatres were beiпgclosed because ofthe
terriЬie plagцe epidemic which hit Lопdоп, so he turned to poetry as а way to
IA25I _ _ his оwп creativity.
The 1A26l _ _ of the poetry suggests а real womaп with whom
Shakespeare was iп love. We сап imagiпe that he was поt faithful to Аппе
Hathaway iп Stratford because of the passioп iп his work, but Shakespeare
пames по пames.IA27I _ _ a love letterturns up, signed апd addressed to
his lover, we will пever kпow if there really was aпother womaп. We do kпow
of опе episode iп his life which IA28I _ _ his success with womeп. Duriпg
performaпce of Richard III, а womaп iп the audieпce fell iп love with him апd
weпt backstage to arraпge а meetiпg later that eveпiпg...

IA22I1) experieпce 2) deal 3) affair 4) relatioп


IA23Il) persoпal 2) private 3) iпdividual 4)own
1A24ll ) Luckily 2) Although 3) Eveпtually 4) Uпfortunately
IA25Il) explore 2) streпgth 3) iпteпsity 4) level
IA26Il) power 2) streпgth 3) iпteпsity 4) level
IA27Il)Uпless 2)But 3)Aiso 4)As
IA28Il) shows 2) proves 3) tells 4)fiпds
Варнант7 151
Раздел
4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания CJ и С2 используйте бланк ответов М 2.
При вЬtполнении заданий CJ и С2 особое вни..чание обратите на то,
что ваши ответЬt будут оцениваться только по записям, сделан­
НЬlМ в бланке ответов М 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут
учитЬtваться экспертом. Обратите вни..чание также на необхо­
ди..чость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. ТекстЬt недоста­
точного объёма, а также часть текста, превЬtшающая требу­
емЬtй объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания
(CJ, С2), а затем ответ на него. Если одной сторонЬt бланка недо­
статочно, ВЬl можете использовать другую его сторону.

~ You have received а letter from your British pen-friend Sam who writes:
Jиst wгitiпg to say уои тиst Ьиу that Ьike уои wеге thiпkiпg аЬоиt! /'т
usiпg тiпе тоге ofteп thaп 1 thoиght. 1 just iпteпded to use it fог hauiпg
fuп, Ьиt iп fact, поw 1 cycle to college еvегу day - /'т eпjoyiпg еvегу
тiпиtе! Do you thiпk it сап save уоиг топеу апd tiтe? Have you got
апу tгaffic jaтs? Will you Ье woггied about safety оп Russiaп гoads?

Write а letter to Sam. In your letter


- answer his questions
- ask 3 questions about the proЫem.
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.

~ Comment on the following statement.


Goiпg iп fог spoгt is good fог уоиг health, but pгofessioпal spoгt is
Ьесотiпg тоге апd тоге а kiпd of епtегtаiптепt.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with t.his statement?
Write 200-250 words.

Use the following plan:


- make an introduction of the proЫem
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing
opinion
- explain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion
- make а conclusion restating your position
152 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

VARIANT8
Раздел 1. Аудирование

[Щ]
Вы. услы.шите б высказываний. Установите соответствие .меж­
ду высказываниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данны..м.и в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозна­
ченное соответствующей цифрой, толь"о один раз. В задании
есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы. услышите запись дважды..
Занесите свои ответы. в таблицу.

People express their opinion about punctuality:


1. The speaker can work late hours for keeping the promise.
2. The speaker thinks it's more important for commuting.
3. The speaker doesn't рау much attention for it.
4. The speaker is used to do the job on time.
5. The speaker always gets nervous while waiting.
6. The speaker sometimes сап Ье late.
7. The speaker can't bear late coming.

lfт::~~U::e\ АТв Т сш\ ь JE]lгj


Вы. услы.шите диалог о трудностях работы. в ночные смены.. Опре­
делите, какие из приведённы.х утверждений AJ-A7 соответ­
ствуют содержанию текста (1-True), какие не соответству­
ют (2-False) и о чё.м. в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании
текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного от­
вета (3-Not stated). Обведите номер выбранного ва.м.и вариан­
та ответа. Вы. услы.шите запись дважды..

[1!] She suffers from insomnia.


l) True 2) False 3) Not stated
[ill She always feels well after night duty.
l) True 2) False 3) Not stated
@] She only snacks during the night.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А4 1 It's not hard for her being awake.
l) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Варнант В 153

/ А5/ She thinks night duties are harrnful for her.


1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
/ Аб/ She has to take children to school every morning.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
(Е] She can't meet with friends because of night duties.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
Вы. услышите монолог Каролин, она расскажет историю из её
жизни. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответ­
ствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вы. услы.шите за­
пись дважды..

~ Her grandfather was very rich because _ _


1) he was а brilliant businessman.
2) he had а lot of land in France.
3) he won а fortune in Monaco.
/ А9 / Не wanted her to _ _
1) Ье an artist.
2) Ье а musician.
3) marry а king or prince.
/А10/ In 1968, Carolinewas _ _
1) not interested in politics.
2) а member of cornmunist party.
3) а supporter of anarchism.
/А11/ She decided to take part in the demonstration because _ _
1) it was а way of protest.
2) it was а way of spending time.
3) it was а request of her friends
/А 12/ S he was holding the flag because _ _ .
1) she was а leader in the dernonstration.
2) it was hers.
3) someone asked her.
/А13/ When her grandfather saw her photo in press, he was _ _ .
1) very angry. 2) very surprised. 3) very proud.
/А14/ Не decided
1) to leave her less money.
2) to leave her rnore money.
3) to leave her no money.
154 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

Раздел 2. Чтение
[ill
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текста­
ми A-G. Занесите свои ответы. в таблицу. Используйте каждую
цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

What is personality?
t. Measuring personality
2. Wrong possiЬie theory
3. А variety of reactions
4. Domination of genes over environment
5. Potentially harmful effects of emotions
6. Reinforce of personality during the life
7. А degree of control
8. Personality features from the origin

А. We are faтiliar with the idea that different people have different
personalities, but what does this actually теаn? It iтplies that different people
behave in different ways, but it тust Ье тоге than that. After all, different
people find theтselves in different circuтstances, and тuch of their behavior
follows froт this fact. However, our соттоn experience reveals that different
people respond in quite reтarkaЬly different ways even when faced with
roughly the sате circuтstances.
В. In cases like these, we feel that it cannot Ье just the situation which
is producing the differences in behavior. Soтething about the way the person
is 'wired up' seeтs to Ье at work, determining how they react to situations,
and, тоге than that, the kind of situations they get theтselves into in the first
place. This is why personality seeтs to Ьесоте stronger as we get older; when
we are young, our situation reflects external factors such as the social and
faтily environтent we were born into. As we grow older, we are тоrе and
more affected Ьу consequences of our own choices.
С. Personality, then, seeтs to Ье the set of enduring and staЬie
dispositions that characterize а person. These dispositions соте partly froт
expression of inherent features of the nervous systeт, and partly froт
learning. Researchers soтetiтes distinguish between teтperaтent, which
refers exclusively to characteristics that are inborn or directly caused Ьу
Ьiological factors, and personality, which also includes social and cultural
leaming. Nervousness, for ехатрlе, тight Ье а factor of temperaтent, but
religious piety is an aspect of personality.
Варнант В 155
D. The discovery that temperamental differences are real is one of the
major findings of contemporary psychology. It could easily have been the case
that there were no intrinsic differences between people in temperament, so that
given the same leaming history, the same dilemmas, they would all respond in
much the same way. Yet we now know that this is not the case.
Е. Personality measures tum out to Ье good predictors of your health,
how happy you typically are - even your taste in paintings. Personality is
much better predictor of these things than social class or age. The origin of
these differences is in part innate. That is to say, when people are adopted at
blrth and brought up Ьу new families, their personalities are more similar to
those of their Ьlood relatives than to the ones they grow up with.
F. Personality differences tend to manifest themselves through the quick,
gut-feeling, intuitive and emotional systems of human mind. Deliberate
rational strategies can Ье used to override intuitive pattems of response, and
this is how people wishing to change their personalities or feelings have to
go about it. As human beings, we have the unique ability to look in at our
personality from the outside and decide what we want to do with it.
G. So what are the major ways personalities can differ? Virtually all
theories agree on two of the main dimensions, neuroticism ( or negative
emotionality) and extroversion (or positive emotionality). However they differ
on how many additional ones they recognize. Among the most influential
proposals are openness, conscientiousness and agreeaЬieness.

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1 G 1

Ш]
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частя.м.и предло­
жений, обозначенными цифрами 1-'-7. Одна из частей в списке
1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифры., обозначающие соответствующие
части предложения, в таблицу.

Understan~ing the Milky Way


The Solar System in which the Earth is situated is the part of the Milky
Way galaxy, А _ _ . This is one of а vast number of galaxies in the universe,
each consisting of blllions of stars (such as our Sun) bound together Ьу
gravity. The ancient Greek philosophers speculated on the nature of the Milky
Way, and around 2,500 years ago Pythagoras appears to have believed that
В _ _ . The astronomer Hipparchus is thought to have created the earliest
known catalogue of the stars in the 2nd Century ВС. But it was only with
156 Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

the development of the telescope in the 17th century, making far stars visiЬ\e,
С _ _ . When Galileo first tumed his telescope on the sky, in 1609, he found
proof that, as Pythagoras had suggested, D _ _ . The idea that the Milky
Way is а vast disc-shaped aggregation of stars comprising all the stars seen
Ьу the naked еуе or with а telescope was first put forward Ьу Thomas Wright in
1750. William Herschel and his sister Caroline set out to map the structure of
the Milky Way Е _ _ . Their efforts were severely hampered Ьу the dimming
effect of the dust between the stars. William Herschel at first believed that
there were other galaxies besides the Milky Way, F _ _ . However he later
came round to the view that the universe consisted solely of the Milky Way
system, and Ьу the end of the 19th century was the prevailing view.
1. the Milky Way indeed consisted of innumeraЬ\e stars
2. а theory that had been advanced earlier Ьу Christopher Wren
3. it was composed of а vast number of faint stars
4. counting the numbers of stars they cou\d see in different directions
5. changed his mind about the number of galaxies in the universe
б. the pale band of light crossing the night sky
7. that the nature of the Milky Way could really begin to Ье understood

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1

Прочитайте текст и вьtполните задания А15-А21. В каждом за­


дании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую вьtбранно­
му вами варианту ответа.

Deepwaters
Ьу P.G. Wodehouse
... Just such another was George Bamert Callender. On land, in his land
clothes, George was а young man who excited little remark. Не \ooked very
much like other young men. Не was much about the ordinary height. His
carriage suggested the possession of an ordinary amount of physical strength.
Such was George- on shore. But remove his clothes, drape him in а bathing-
suit, and insert him in the water, and instantly, like the gentleman in The
Teтpest, he 'suffered а sea-change into something rich and strange.' Other
men puЦed, snorted, and splashed. George passed through the ocean with the
silent dignity of а torpedo. Other men swallowed water, here а mouthful, there
а pint, anon, maybe, а quart or so, and retumed to the shore \ike foundering
derelicts. George's mouth had all the exclusiveness of а fashionaЬle club. Нis
breast-stoke was а thing to see and wonder at. When he did the crawl, strong
Варнант В 157
men gasped. When he swam оп his back, you felt that was the only possiЬle
method of progression.
George came to Marvis Вау at about five o'clock one evening in July.
Marvis Вау has а well-established reputation as а summer resort, and, while
not perhaps in every respect the paradise which the excitaЬle writer of local
guide-book asserts it to Ье, оп the whole it eams it reputation. Its sands are
smooth and firm, sloping almost imperceptiЬly into the ocean. There is surf for
those who like it, and smoother water beyond for those whose ideals in bathing
are not confined to jumping up and down оп а given jelly-fish. At the northem
end of the beach there is а long pier. It was to this that George made his way
оп his arrival.
Once you had passed the fruit stands, souvenir stores, ice-cream stands,
and the lair of the enthusiast whose aim in the life it was to sell you picture
post-cards, and had won through to the long walk where the seats were,
you were practically alone with Nature. At this hour of the day the place
was deserted; George had it to himself. Не strolled slowly along. The water
glittered under the sun-rays, breaking into а flurry of white foam as it reached
the beach. А cool breeze Ьlew.
George's mind, as he paced the pier, was divided between the beauties of
Nature and the forthcoming crisis in his affairs. At the time when he had left
·London, thoroughly disgusted with the entire theatrical world in general and
the сотраnу which was rehearsing Fate' s Footballs in particular, rehearsals
had just reached that stage when the author toys with his bottle of poison and
the stage-manager becomes icily polite. Never before had he been in one of
those kitchens where many cooks prepare, and sometimes spoil, the theatrical
broth. Consequently the chaos seemed to him unique. Had he been а more
experienced dramatist, he would have said to himself, 'It was ever thus.' As it
was, what he said to himself- and others - was more forciЬle.

1А 151 George looked as common person _ _ .


1) in his swimming suit 2) in his casual clothes
3) in his office suite 4) without upper wear
1A16l George impressed people Ьу _ _ .
l ) his appearance 2) his manners of speaking
3) his perfect swimming 4) his physical strength
1А 17/ One evening George arrived at _ _ .
. 1) unpopular resort 2) well-known place for him
3) ve'ry popular place 4) а resort with good reputation
158 Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

IA1BI George destination was _ _ .


1) the surf оп the beach 2) the pier
3) the Ьау for swimming 4) the beach stores
IA19I When George came there the place was _ _ .
1) crowded 2) full of sellers
3) noisy 4) empty
IA20I Georgethought _ _ .
1) how beautiful was Nature
2) what а nice day it was
3) both about his proЬlems and beauty of this place
4) proЬlems which he had in theatre
IA21I George considered that the main proЬlem in the theatre was _ _ .
1) too many people did the same 2) the bad author of the play
3) the inexperienced stage-manager 4) unsuccessful rehearsals

Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика


Прочитайте приведённый ниже текст Преобразуйте, если необ­
ходим.о, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в конце строк.,
обозначенных номерами В4-В10, так., чтобы они грамматически
соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­
лученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному
заданию из группы В4-В10.

Hearts for sale


One afternoon, Socrates was staпding outside the
gates of Athens when he noticed
~ а traveler who _ _ at him for а long time. S TARE
~ Socrates asked the man why he _ _ to Athens. СОМЕ
[ill '1 _ _ of moving to Athens,' he said. 'What is it THINK
like to live here?'
Socrates looked at him. 'First, would you tell те
what it was like in your home city?' The man replied,
'Oh, it was awful. Everybody stabs you in back
and wants to make money from you.' Frowning,
Socrates told him,
~ 'Well, you _ _ the same thing here. 1suggest you FIND
go somewhere else.'
Вариант В 159
Socrates had been standing there а few hours more
when another man approached him. This man too
had just arrived in Athens and
f]IO he _ _ moving to the city. Не too asked CONSIDER
Socrates, 'Сап you tell me that it is like to live here?'
Socrates asked, 'First, would you tell me what it
was in your previous home city?' 'Where 1 come
from the people all work together and help each
other,' said the man. 'Юndness is everywt1ere and
[]["] you _ _ never _ _ with anything but сот- TREAT
plete respect.'
lвtol 'Well, _ _ Socrates, 'you will find the sarnething REPLY
here. Welcome to Athens.'

Прочитайте приведённы.й ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, на­


печатанны.х заглавны.ми буквами в конце строк, обозначенны.х
номерами B11-BJ6, однокоренны.е слова так, чтобы. они грам­
матически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текс­
та. Заполните пропуски полученны.ми словами. Кажды.й пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы. В11-В16.

The ЬаЬу boom in Australia

~ Beauty, says the proverbs, is the еуе of the _ _ . HOLD


In the way of proverbs, that is too-easy half-truth.
Two people in love may each see in the other а
beauty not visiЬ!e to the eyes of others. It could
perhaps Ье called relative beauty and has only
fairly remote kinship to authentic beauty,
lв121 which is not at all relative and is indeed to FOUND
the continuance of life on each.
jВiзl For beauty is а primary _ _ factor, even if its BIOLOGY
importance to every moment of life is greatly ob-
scured Ьу its being so swaddled in cliche and
1Bt41 every sort of sentimental _ _ . For example, UNDERSTAND
unchallenging, we accept that the rose is beauti-
ful, thought it must Ье said that roses in the wind
can make some garden varieties look almost vul-
gar.
160 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

\Bt5\ Some of пature's most powerful апd _ _ MARK


images become cliches
\Bt6\ through _ _ , thaпks to the commercial FAMILY
world we live iп.

Прочитайте текст с проtiуска.м.и, обозначенными но.м.ера.м.и


А22-А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям. А22-А28, в
которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите
но.м.ер выбранного ва.м.и варианта ответа.

Our series оп people who have achieved success iп their field iп the face
__ .
of extraordiпary \А22\
For more thaп thirty years, sopraпo Jапiпе Roebuck has delighted
audieпce IA23I __ her siпgiпg iп opera апd musical theatre. For most of
that time she has kept а closely guarded secret: she is profouпdly deaf.
Jапiпе comes from а family with hereditary deafпess. \А24\ __ she
thought she had escaped the disability but at uпiversity she was diagnosed
with progressive loss of heariпg апd was advised to \А25\ _ _ her dream
of siпgiпg career. However, Jапiпе decided to hide the truth from fellow
musiciaпs. She 1A26l _ _ copiпg strategies to епаЬiе her to perform. Wheп
he saпg with aпother persoп she watched their breathiпg so that she could
соте iп at the right time. She felt vibratioпs from the music, апd occasioпally
she asked her fellow performers to tap the beat оп her back.
Now Jапiпе has decided to\A27\ _ _ the truth. 'I'm proud ofwhat I've
achieved апd I waпt to \A28\ _ _ otherpeople.' As the word about Jaпiпe's
deafпess spreads,.respoпses iпclude astoпishmeпt апd admiratioп.

\A22\l) proЬiems 2) challeпges 3) trouЬies 4) tragedies


\A23\l) for 2) of 3)with 4) at
\A24\l) At first 2)At last 3) At least 4) At the
begiппiпg

1A25lt) put away 2) get away 3) put up with 4) give up


1A26\l) developed 2)improved 3) composed 4) formed
1A27\l) appear 2)show 3) reveal 4)explaiп

\A28\t)push 2)prove 3) advise 4) eпcourage


Варнант В 161
Раздел 4. Письмо
Для ответов па задания CJ и С2 используйте бланк ответов .М 2.
При вьтолпепии заданий CJ и С2 особое впим.апие обратите па то,
что ваши ответы. будут оцениваться только по записям, сделап­
пы..м в бланке ответов .М 2. Никакие записи черновика пе будут
учиты.ваться экспертом. Обратите впим.апие также па пеобхо­
дим.ость соблюдения указанпо го объё.ма текста. Тексты. недоста­
точного объё.ма, а также часть текста, превы.шающая требу­
е.мы.й объё.м, пе оцениваются. Запишите сначала помер задания
(CJ, С2), а затем ответ па пего. Если одной сторопы.блапка недо­
статочно, вы. .можете использовать другую его сторону.

CfiJ You have received а letter from your British pen-friend Bill am who
writes:
Accordiпg to те, every society пeeds to have the laws апd people all
тиst live withiп the law. With по law, поЬоdу kпows what is right апd
wroпg апd sотеопе woиld get hиrt, тауЬе. What do уои thiпk is free-
doт? As for те we пееd to thiпk аЬоиt freedoт withiп the law апd free-
doт oиtside it for the people. Do уои agree there тиst Ье eqиal rights
for all? М иst we Ье toleraпt of others апd what they thiпk апd do?
Write а letter to Bill. In your letter
- answer his questions
- ask 3 questions about the proЬiem.
Write 100-140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.
(m Comment on the following statement.
Весаиsе of falliпg Ьirth rates апd better healthcare, the popиlatioп
iп оиr соипtrу is gettiпg steadily older.
What is your opinion? Do you agree with this statement?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
- make an introduction of the proЬiem
- express your personal opinion and give 2-3 reasons for your opinion
- express an opposing opinion and give 1-2 reasons for this opposing
opinion
- exp1ain why you don't agree with the opposing opinion
- make а conclusion restating your position
11. Зак. NIIS
162 Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

VARIANT9
Раздел 1. Аудирование
[Щ]
Вы услышите б высказываний. Установите соответствие .м,еж­
ду высказывания.м,и каждого говорящего A-F и утверждения.м,и,
данны.м,и в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозна­
ченное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании
есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись дважды.
Занесите свои ответы в таблицу.
The speaker tells us about ...
1. А really scary flight
2. The flight that tumed out to Ье more expensive than it had been expected
3. А passenger who was injured during the flight
4. An insulted passenger
5. One of the most disgusting flights
б. А passenger who took а wrong flight
7. А delayed flight

1:т::~~и::еl А 1В 1С 1 1Е 1 1 D F

Вы услышите рассказ об американском, предприни.м,ателе. Опре­


делите, какие из приведённых утверждений А1-А7 соответ­
ствуют содержанию текста (1-True), какие не соответству­
ют (2-False) и о чё.м, в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании
текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного от­
вета (3-Not stated). Обведите но.м,ер выбранного ва.м,и вариан­
та ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

[]1] Howard Hughes did his fortune Ьу himself.


1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А2 1 Не inherited the family business dealing with movie industry.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 АЗ 1 Не didn't save money to make the film about pilots the most realistic.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А4 1 They worked on the film almost seven years.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А5 1 The process of the film making tumed out to Ье very dangeroцs.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
11'
Вариант9 163

[ А6 1 Н. Hughes moved into the world of aviation because his film had failed.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
~ Howard Hughes was а very experienced pilot.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

ВЬI. услЬt.шите разговор репортера и участн.ик.а соревн.ован.ий в бе­


ге по горам.. В задан.иях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соот­
ветствующую вЬt.бран.н.ом.у вами вариан.ту ответа. ВЬl усЛЬt.шите
запись дваждЬI..

~ Fell running competitions take place _ _ .


1) regularly 2) seldom 3) from time to time
1 А9 1 The participants don't carry _ _ with them.
1) а map
2) а s\eeping bag
3) an alpinist's equipment
/Alol The weather is
1) suitaЬ\e for running 2) windy and rainy 3) fine
1А 11\ The winners are those
1) who are the first to finish the distance
2) who climb the highest mountain
3)who run the longest route
1А 121 1952 was an important year for fell running because that was the year

1) when the first competition took place


2) when the Fell Runners Association was established
3) when Britain became а winner
/A13I Julie's husband is
1) 54 2) 61 3) 64
1А 141 J u\ie became а fell runner because
1) her husband was an experienced sportsman
2) she had a\ways been fond of mountains
3) she wanted to improve her health
164 Учебно-тренировочные тесты дли подготовки к ЕГЭ

Раздел 2. Чтение
ШJ
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текста­
ми A-G. Занесите свои ответы. в таблицу. Используйте каждую
цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

t. А Successful Continuation
2. Two Examples
3. Wealth and Happiness are not the same
4. An extremely successful career
5. Appealing to not only kids
6. Uneasy relations in the family
7. Struggle of opposites
8. An impressive tinal
А. In 1964, Walt Disney's production of 'Mary Poppins' took the world
Ьу storm. It was an instant hit (and it is still ranked among the top ten
musical films of all time) and catapulted Julie Andrews (who played the lead
role of Mary Poppins) into international stardom. The film broke new ground
in technical expertise. The synchronized animation and human acting were
strikingly new. But most important of all, the sentiments the film evoked were
eternal, deep and far-reaching.
В. This is perhaps why, more than fifty years on, the Mary Poppins story
still catches the еуе of the general puЬlic, this time as а stage musical. The
initial production in London's West End was а fantastic success and won
several awards. That same (well, not quite the same) theatrical production is
still fillingtheatres in the UK today and there are plans to take the show across
several continents, sometimes in translated versions. The Mary Poppins story
evidently has consideraЬle appeal.
С. And it is not only youngsters who appreciate the magic of Mary
Poppins. The story appeals to all ages. At а recent performance at the
Вirmingham Hippodrome theatre it was noticeaЬle that а sizeaЬie proportion
of the audience was made up of adults unaccompanied Ьу children! The
applause, the shrieks of excitement, the rhythmic clapping to the songs, the
sheer joy expressed all demonstrated how much everyone enjoyed the show.
D. We might even say that Mary Poppins gives us а lesson in how to
combat stress. We start off with а family in crisis. The father, Mr. Banks, is а
successful man consumed Ьу his work, who undervalues his wife and largely
ignores his children. The wife is caught between wanting а life for herself and
caring for her family. The parents' proЬlems leave the children stressed out,
Варнант9 165
resulting in anti-social behaviour, disobedience and, in the end, total chaos.
То many present day families, all this is too familiar.
Е. And then Магу Poppins ( counsellor, psychologist, therapist ... ) 'pops
in' from nowhere and works·her magic to provide the answers that bring the
family back together again. The answers she provides really are quite simple,
and are as follows. One clear message is that the pursuit of money as an end
in itself is not the way to happiness. It is far more important to understand the
true value of things.
F. This principle is nicely demonstrated in the film version where Michael
gives two репсе to the blrd lady to feed the blrds. In the stage version,
Mr. Banks shows the same sentiment when he agrees to lend money to а
man who wartts to open а factoгy, providing work for people, while refusing
to grant funds to а wealthy businessman who wants а loan of money merely to
speculate and gain а fat profit.
G. Магу Poppins really does арреаг to Ье timeless. In the latest stage
production there is so much energy, brilliance and excitement on stage, so
many wonderful and surprising special effects. In the final scene, the actors on
stage point up to the stars, as though reminding us of blgger, greater things,
and then the lights shine on the audience, reminding each individual that they
аге stars too. Magical therapy indeed!

lш А 1 в 1 с 1 D -~ Е 1 F E<JJ
[]I]
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частями предло­
жений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке
1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие
части предложения, в таблицу.

We were walking along the Point Reyes National Seashore in California.


То our left was the vast Pacific Ocean; to our right, а rolling landscape of
А ___ . Observing the evident lack of water during the summer months,
we began talking about the water crisis in general, and the pressing need
В _ _. That's when а nine-year-old daughter piped up and said: 'But why
can't we just get all the water we need from the sea?'
С ___ , it wasn't difficult to see why such an idea could арреаг so
attractive. For many years now, rich, arid countries in the Мiddle East have
taken seawater, removed the salt in desalination plants and piped the resulting
166 Уче6но-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

fresh waterto towпs апd cities D _ _. So why areп't there тоге desaliпatioп
plaпts iп other arid areas of the world?
The рrоЬ!ет is that uпfortuпately it's поt cheap Е _ _ . Wealthy
couпtries with abuпdaпt supplies of oil, such as Saudi Arabla, сап тееt their
freshwater пeeds F _ _ iпvolved iп desaliпatioп. However, this process
requires coпsideraЬle aтouпts of eпergy. This pushes up the price of the
fiпal product апd also has а пegative iтpact оп the епvirоптепt iп terms of
greeпhouse gas eтissioпs.
1. lookiпg out over the iттепsе Ьlue осеап
2. to reтove the salt froт seawater
3. without worryiпg too тuch about the high eпergy costs
4. parched grass the colour of straw
5. to fiпd пеw supplies of fresh water
б. as water gets puтped froт the sea
7. for coпsuтptioп as driпkiпg water

гл-, В 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 FJ
Прочитайте текст и вы.полните задания А15-А21. В каждом за­
дании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранно­
му вами варианту ответа.

I had difficulty with the proportioпs of thiпgs апd таdе reasoпaЬle spaces
for тyself iп what otherwise was ап uпfairly gigaпticized hоте. I liked to sit
iп the shelter of the рiапо iп the parlor. It was of Ьlack таhоgапу, апd the
caпtilevered keyboard таdе а low-lyiпg roof for те. 1 eпjoyed the pattems of
rugs. 1 was а faтiliar of oak flooriпg апd the skirts of upholstered chairs.
Of the woodeп kitcheп taЬle апd chairs I таdе а fortress. Неге I had
surveillaпce of the whole vast kitcheп floor. I kпew people Ьу their legs апd
feet. Му little graпdтother iпched her feet forward without liftiпg theт froт
the floor, just as she draпk her tea iп tiпy sips. She wore high-laced shoes of
Ьlack whose tops were hiddeп beпeath her loпg liтp skirts, also Ьlack. Of
all the faтi!y Graпdтa was the easiest to spy оп because she was always
iп her thoughts. I was wary of her, though I kпew she loved те. She prayed
soтetiтes iп the kitcheп with her prayer book lyiпg ореп uроп the taЬle апd
her old-fashioпed shoes flat оп the floor.
Му older brother Doпald could поt Ье spied uроп. Uпlike adults he was
quick апd alert. Targetiпg hiт for еvеп а few secoпds before he kпew 1 was
there was а great triuтph. I valued ту brother as а coпfideпt all-arouпd
source of kпowledge апd wisdoт. His тiпd was а storehouse of the rules
Варнант9 167
and гegulations of every game known to mankind. Нis Ьгоw furrowed with
attentiveness to the ргорег way of doing things. Не lived haгd and Ьу the book.
Не was an authority not only on model building but on kite flying, scooteг
гacing, and the саге of pets. Не did everything well. I felt fог him the gravest
love and гespect.
One day I was with our dog, Pinky, in fгont of оuг house, when Donald
came home fгom school and put his books down on the front stoop.
Не plucked а laгge daгk leaf from the privet hedge undeг the рагlог window.
Не placed the Jeaf between his palms and cupped his hands to his mouth and
Ьlew into the gap formed Ьу his adjacent thumbs. This pгoduced а marvelous
sound.
I jumped up and down. When Donald made the sound again, Pinky began
to yowl, as she did also when а harmonica was played in hег pгesence. 'I want
to try,' I said. Undeг his patient instruction I chose а leaf like his, I placed
it caгefully on my palms, and I Ьlew. Nothing happened. Не arranged and
гearranged my little hands, he changed leaves, he corrected my form. Still
nothing happened.
'You have to woгk at it,' Donald said. 'You can't expect to get it right away.
Неге, I'll show you something easieг.'
Donald was like my motheг in applying himself гesolutely to the demands
and challenges of life. Му fatheг was а diffeгent sort. I thought he got to wheгe
he was Ьу magic. Не would let те watch him shave because 1 гагеlу saw him
except in the momings. Не came home fгom woгk long afteг my bedtime.
When I was а ЬаЬу he lifted me into his arms and we played а game: he
puffed up his cheeks like а hippopotamus and I punched the аiг out, fiгst one
side of his face, then the otheг.
Не was full of surprises. Не punned. Не made jokes.

( E.L. Doctorow)

1А 151S he arranged quiet places fог heгself because _ _ .


1) the house seemed huge fог hег
2) she tried to avoid otheг childгen
3) her brother and sister tгeated hег badly
4) hег paгents would punish hег
IA16I 'I was а familiaг of oak flooring' means that _ _ .
1) she didn't like the oak flooг
2) she often cleaned the oak flooг
3) she гecognized the pattem of the flooг
168 Уче6но-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

4) she spent much time оп the tloor


IA17I Hergrandmotherwas the easiest person to spyon _ _ .
1) because she was very noisy
2) because she was а blgwoman
3) because she was always sitting in her room
4) because was very thoughtful.
1At8l Her brother Donald was _ _ .
1) serious and responsiЬie for everything he did
2) very absent-minded
3) weak and unhealthy
4) always grumЬiing
IA 191 When she wanted to learn making sounds Ьу means of а leaf _ _ .
1) Donald said she would fai!
2) Donald did his best to help her
3) Donald refused to teach her
4) Donald ran away with the dog
IA20 1 Donald and his mother _ _ .
1) tried to escape difficulties
2) were not afraid of difficulties
3) created difficulties
4) did not рау attention to difficulties
1A2ll Н er memories about her father were _ _ .
1) miseraьte
2) sad
3)warm
4) frightening
ВарнантУ 169
Раздел 3. fРамматика и лексика
Прочитайте приведённый ниже тек.ст Преобразуйте, если необ­
ходимо, слова, напечатанные заглавными буквами в к.онце строк.,
обозначенных номерами В4-В10, так., чтобы они грамматически
соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­
лученными словами. Каждый пропуск соответствует отдельному
заданию из группы В4-В10.

[Е] The three of them _ _ slowly back to the ipn. DRIVE


'What are you going to do now?' asked Susie.
For а long time Arthur made no reply and Susie
Ш] thought he _ _ her. At last he broke the silence. NOTHEAR
[]I] 'I see that I сап do _ _ Ьу ordinary methods. This TНING
is only my own conviction that Margaret
ШJ _ _ but I can't prove it.' MURDER
'After all it's just possiЬie that she really died of heart
disease.'
Arthur gave Susie а long look. Не seemed to con-
sider her words. 'Perhaps there are means to make
sure,' he replied at last thoughtfully as though he
[]]] _ _ to himself. 'What are they?' TALI(
Arthur did not answer. When they came to the door
of the inn, he stopped. 'What are you going to do?'
Susie asked anxiously.
lliJ 'I will do nothing till I _ _ quite sure that Mar-
garet was killed.' ·
MAI(E

Не turned and walked quickly away. Susie sat at the


open window.
lвtol _ _ at the stars she thought of Margaret, of her LOOI(
beauty and her miseraьte end.

Прочитайте приведённый ниже тек.ст Образуйте от слов, на­


печатанных заглавными буквами в к.онце строк., обозначенных
номерами В11-В16, однокоренные слова так., чтобы они грам­
матически и лек.сическ.и соответствовали содержанию текс­
та. Заполните пропуски полученными словами. Каждый пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группы В11-В16.
170 Учебно-треннровочные тесты д/IЯ подготовкн к ЕГЭ

The world was beautiful as we rode out from


Guadalajara in the golden moming Jight.
Far off on the horizon loomed the mountains -
[ili] the grand, savage, _ _ hills of Mexico, that NAKE
IBI21 stand everywhere Jike the _ _ passion of the VISION
lвtзl Jand - great, _ _ masses of rock cut in GLORY
fantastic pattems, all barren of vegetation Jike
jewels, and shining Jike them in purple, amber
and rose.
The air sparkled. From the Ьlue perfect sky,
winds came against our faces, intoxicating as
flowers.
lвt41 The horses sniffed the _ _ of the moming, FRESH
and stepped springy over the gaps in the road,
and down the rocky inclines on our way to Don
Felipe's ranch, thirty miles from the city.
Don Felipe was gay, and we, too,
lвt5l were gayer than _ _ Ьirds as we jogged CARE
through that thrilling Mexican countryside,
that is always like some melodrama of color
and form planned Ьу а wild young master.
lвtбl We drank the winds _ _ and felt strongly CREEDY
the mad joy of living.

Прочитайте текст с пропусками, обозначенными номерами


А22-'-А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям А22-А28, в
которых представлены возможные варианты ответов. Обведите
номер выбранного вами варианта ответа. '
Scientists have known for some time that the Earth's magnetic field is
[А22] _ _ getting weaker. In the last 150 years, it has Jost about 10% of
its strength. In some parts of the Earth, the magnetic field has become even
weaker. For example, near the coast of Brazil, there is IA23, _ _ known
as the Southem Atlantic Anomaly. Here, the Earth's magnetic field is 30%
weakerthan in otheriA24, _ _ .
Scientists know that when the Earth's magnetic field gets weaker, it
may indicate that there is going to Ье а reversal of the magnetic poles. These
reversa!s have happened !}everal times in the Earth's history. They are very
Вариант9 171
rare events and may happen after intervals of millions of years. But sometimes
they happen more frequently, after just IA25I _ _ thousand years. The last
reversal of the magnetic poles happened about 780, 000 years ago.
The idea that the Earth's magnetic poles might reverse is perhaps а
frightening IA26I _ _ . But scientists say that there is по need to worry. If
there were а reversal of poles, it would not Ье а sudden IA27I _ _ . Instead,
it would take about 10,000 years to IA28I _ _ . There could Ье times when
using an ordinary compass to navigate would Ье proЬiematic. But there would
not Ье any other danger. Birds and other migratory animals would also have
plenty of time to learn how to navigate in the changing magnetic conditions.

1A22ll) strongly 2) gradually 3) surely 4) intentionally

1A23ll) something 2) some 3) nothing 4) anything

IA24Il) areas 2) eras 3) arrear 4) aims

1A25ll) а little 2)few 3) little 4) а few

IA26Il) once 2)one 3) ones 4)own

IA27Il) eve 2) evening 3) event 4)every

/A28Il) compete 2) complaint 3)complete 4) conclude

Раздел 4. Письмо

Для ответов на задания CJ и С2 используйте бланк. ответов .М 2.


При вьtполнении заданий CJ и С2 особое внuмание обратите на то,
что ваши ответьt будут оцениваться тольк.о по записям, сделан­
ньtм в бланк.е ответов .М 2. Ник.ак.ие записи черновика не будут
учитьtваться экспертом. Обратите внuмание так.же на необхо­
дuмость соблюдения указанного объёма тек.ста. Тек.стьt недоста­
точного объёма, а так.же часть тек.ста, превьtшающая требу­
емьtй объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания
(CJ, С2), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороньt бланк.а недо­
статочно, вьt можете использовать другую его сторону.

@] You have received а letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Tina


whowrites:
172 Учебно-треннровочные тесты д/IЯ подготовки к ЕГЭ

... fт going оп holiday with ту friends at the beginning of luly. So 1


need sоте топеу. Г т thinking of working as а currier at ту uncle's
office for а тonth. Do you think ifs а good idea? Have you ever done
any suттer jobs? What other jobs do you think 1 could do?
Write as soon as possiЬle
Tina
Write а letter to Тina. In your letter
- answer her questions
- ask 3 questions about her uncle's office.
Write t00-140words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.

@] You have 40 minutes to do this task.


Comment on the following statement.
Sоте people are active тетЬеrs of social networks of difterent kinds.
They spend а lot of tiтe online contacting other people. Others consider
socials networks to Ье а waste of tiтe, because they can't replace real
coттunication aтong people.

What is your opinion?


Write 200-250 words.

Use the following plan:


- make an introduction ( state the proЬlem)
- express your personal opinion and give reasons for it
- give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don't
agree with it
- draw а conclusion
Вариант/О 173
VARIANT 10
Раздел 1. Аудирование

ШJ
Вы. услы.шите б вы.сказы.ваний. Установите соответствие .меж­
ду вы.сказы.вания.ми каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данны..ми в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозна­
ченное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании
есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы. услы.шите запись дважды..
Занесите свои ответы. в таблицу.

1. А person who is full of negative thoughts and emotions


2. А person who is very popular with girls
3. А person who you can 't rely on in the matters of sport or entertainment
4. А person who offends others
5. А person who does everything in а proper way
б. А person who entertains his classmates
7. А person who is eager for teacher' s appreciation

1y~~:~~u::el А 1В 1 С 1 1Е 1 1
D F
Вы. услы.шите рассуждение о небоскрёбах. Определите, какие из
приведённы.х утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию
текста (1-Тrие), какие не соответствуют (2-False) и о чё.м
в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать
ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3-Not stated).
Обведите номер вы.бранного вами варианта ответа. Вы. услы.ши­
те запись дважды..

ШJ The speaker says that economic reason is not the only one why people
Ьuild tall building.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А2 1 People are not eager to occupy skyscrapers with offices and shops.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 АЗ 1 The Empire State Building is the world's tallest Ьuilding Ьу now.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 А41 Cathedrals of medieval Europe were more than 40 meters tall.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
1 A5l The highest building in Dubai was built in 201 О.
1)True 2)False З)Notstated
174 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

1 Аб 1 The lifts in the Burj Khalifa Building are luxurious and convenient.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated
@] The speaker is sure that people will Ье glad to work and live in buildings
that are as tall as one kilometre.
1) True 2) False 3) Not stated

Вы услышите интервью с Джонни Депом. В заданиях А8-А14 об­


ведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами ва­
рианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.

1 А8/ Johnny Depp decided to participate in the film because _ _


1) it was а successful commercial project
2) of the actress starring in the film
3) he was carried away with the personality of Barrie.
/ А9 / Johnny Depp considers Barrie to Ье _ _
1) а rather sad person
2) а very contradictory persoп
3) а cheerful persoп
/А10/ Jоhппу Depp thinks that пowadays а world of faпtasy _ _
1) сап Ье quite helpful
2) сап Ье daпgerous
3) сап Ье illusive
/А11/ Jоhппу Depp says that some elderly people _ _
1) try to stop growiпg old Ьу all meaпs
2) become very upset wheп growiпg old
3) keep childish attitudes to the world
/А12/ Jоhппу Depp thinks that growiпgold _ _ .
1) is а law of nature
2) will make him feel frighteпed
3) сап Ье iпteresting
/А 13/ Workiпg оп the film J оhппу Depp _ _ .
1) got tired of the shootiпg process
2) got attached to the co-actors
3) got disappoiпted
/А 14/ The Ьоу actor Freddie _ _
1) didп't maпage with his role
2) eпjoyed the shootiпg process
3) got bored of the shootiпg process
ВарнантJО 175
Раздел 2. Чтение
~
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текста­
ми A-G. Занесите свои ответы. в таблицу. ИсnоJUJзуйте каждую
цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. А fatal accident
2. An extraordinary approach to painting
3. А stormy life ·
4. Unity of the artist and his work
5. An eyewitness account
6. Opposite opinions
7. Expensive canvases
8. The influence of the environment
А. The paintings of the American Abstract Expressionist artistJackson
Pollock, who died sixty years ago at the age of 44, have not lost their abllity
to shock and to challenge conventional assumptions about what art should
Ье. His canvases filled with colourful swirls and squiggles are estimated to Ье
worth hundreds of millions of dollars. Indeed, one canvas entitled simply No 5,
painted in 1948, was recently sold for the sum of $140 million.
В. There are those who believe Pollock to have been а genius, one of
the greatest artists of the twentieth century. And, naturally, there are others,
like the critic Robert Coates, who claim his pictures are 'mere unorganized
explosions of random energy, and therefore meaningless.' No doubl if Pollock
were still alive today, he would enjoy the controversy that his work continues
to produce.
С. Pollock was born in 1912 and came from а farming family in Wyoming.
The contact Pollock made with local Indian culture made а blg impact on
his later development as an artist. Pollock once said: ' .. .I have а definite
feeling for the West, the vast horizontality of the land, for instance .. .l have
always been very impressed with the plastic qualities of American Indian art.
The Indians have the true painter's approach in their capacity to get hold of
appropriate images ... Their colour is essentially Western, their vision has the
basic universality of all real art.'
D. Pollock appears to have had а trouЫed youth. Не was expelled
from several schools, including an art school in Los Angeles. His proЫems
continued as а young adult, when he began drinking heavily, а hablt which
remained with him for the rest of his life. In 1930, he followed his elder brother
to New York to study art under the guidance of Thomas Hart Benson, who had
а great influence on Pollock's later work.
176 Учебно-тренировочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

Е. Pollock was always fascinated Ьу modern art's tendency to place great


emphasis on the power of the unconscious in the creative process. In fact, he
took this to extremes in what later came to Ье described as 'action painting',
where the painter literally entered the work he was creating, became part of it,
while in а kind of trance. It was, in Pollock's view, а way of connecting with
raw nature. 'I am nature,' he once commented, in reference to his method of
working.
F. Pollock's methods were indeed original and unusual. Не pinned his
canvases to the floor of his studio instead of using an easel. Instead of applying
paint with brushes, he poured and dripped the paint on or splashed it on with
brushes or sticks. Не described it like this: 'I hardly ever stretch the canvas
before painting. I prefer to tack the unstretched canvas to the hard wall or the
floor. I need the resistance of а hard surface. On the floor I am more at ease'.
G. The photographer Hans Namuth visited Pollock's studio in 1950 and
was fortunate enough to see Pollock working at first hand. 'А wet canvas
covered the entire floor. There was complete silence. Pollock looked at the
painting. Then, unexpectedly, he picked up а paint brush and started to move
around the canvas. His movements, slow at first, gradually became faster and
more dance-like. Не completely forgot that I was there; he did not seem to
hear the click of the camera shutter.'
l А-шр 1 С 1 D 1 Е 1 F 1 -GJ
ШJ
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A-F частям.и предло­
жений, обозначенными цифрами 1-7. Одна из частей в списке
1-7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие
части предложения, в таблицу.

Drive-in movies center around two important American pastimes: cars and
movies. А _ _ where people watch movies from their cars. They usually
consist of а gravel parking lot with а giant movie screen at one end and а film
projector at the other. The idea is simple: you buy а ticket, drive up to one of
the mounted speakers, roll down your window, sit back and enjoy the movie
from the comfort of your own vehicle.
At first drive-ins had giant speakers placed next to the screen. But this
meant that everyone in the entire neighborhood could hear the movie. Also,
quite often the sound didn't match up to the picture, В _ _ like trying to
watch а badly dubbed Japanese martial arts film. Now drive-ins avoid all these
proЬiems С _ _ .
ВарнантJО 177
. Watchiпg а drive-iп movie сап Ье ап uпcomfortaЬie experieпce.
Most
drive-iпs chaгge Ьу the саг, поt Ьу
the persoп. If your frieпds аге as cheap as
miпe, theп D _ _ . Мапу people will try to сгаm as тапу people as possiЬie
iпto theiг vehicle, еvеп if this meaпs they have seveп frieпds but drive а Miпi.
These days theгe аге very few drive-iп movies left. The пumЬег of drive-
iпs гapidly grew duriпg the 1950s and 60s Е _ _ . At theiг peak theгe wеге
пеагlу 5,000 drive-iп theaters all оvег the US. Nowadays theгe аге опlу about
500 left. Most сап Ье fouпd iп small ruгal towns апd орегаtе only duriпg the
summeг moпths.
So why агеп't they so populaг these days? Мапу say it's because people
have theiг own соlог televisioпs and also because of the wide-spгead use of
home videos. People also drive smalleг cars апd have less leisuгe time. Iп the
епd most drive-iп movie оwпегs decided that drive-iпs just wегеп't pгofitaЬ!e.
If you do fiпd yourself visitiпg а small towп iп America, ask if F _ _. Goiпg
to the drive-iп is а great way to experieпce ап Americaп tгaditioп апd get а
glimpse of what people iп the ·US used to do Ьеfоге video games апd school
shootiпgs.
1. Ьу usiпg гadio statioпs to tгaпsmit sound.
2. you might fiпd yourself iп all kiпds of uпcomfortaЬie positioпs
3. they аге basically ореп-аiг movie theateгs
4. weпt to ап area which was гeserved fог them.
5. theгe is а drive-iп theateг пеагЬу
б. due to the popularity of cars апd the еmегgепсе of соlог films.
7. which made watchiпg the movie

1 А 1 В 1 С 1 D 1 Е -т т-J
Про читайте текст и выполните задания А15-А21. В каждом за­
дании обведите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранно­
му вами варианту ответа.

Elizabeth Willaгd, the motheг of Geoгge Willaгd, was tall апd gauпt апd
hег face was maгked with smallpox scars. Although she was but forty-five,
some obscure disease had takeп the fiгe out of hег figuгe. Iпdiffereпtly she weпt
about the disoгdeгly old hotellookiпg at the faded wall-papeг апd the гagged
carpets апd, wheп she was аЬ!е to Ье about, doiпg the woгk of а chambermaid.
Нег husbaпd, Тот Willaгd, а slendeг, graceful mап with squaгe shoulders,
а quick military step, апd а Ьlack mustache, tгaiпed to turn sharply up at the
eпds, tried to put the wife out of his miпd. The ргеsепсе of the tall ghostly
figuгe, moving slowly thгough the .halls, he took as а гeproach to himself.
12. Зак. No 5
178 Учебно-тренировочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

The hotel was unprofitaЬle and forever on the edge of failure and he wished
hiтself out of it. As he went spruce and business-like through the streets of
Winesburg, he soтetiтes stopped and turned quickly about as though fearing
that the spirit of the hotel and of the woтan would follow hiт even into the
streets.
Тот Willard had а passion for village politics and for years had been the
leading Deтocrat in а strongly RepuЫican coттunity. Sоте day, he told
hiтself, 'the tide of political things will turn in ту favour and the years of
ineffectual service count blg in the bestowal of rewards'. Не dreaтed of going
to Congress and even of becoтing governor.
Between Elizabeth and her one son George there was а deep unexpressed
bond of syтpathy, based on а girlhood dreaт that had long ago died.
Soтetiтes while he hurried about town intent upon his duties as areporter,
she went into his rоот. There she went through а cereтony that was half а
prayer, half а deтand, addressed to the skies. ln the boyish figure she yearned
to see soтething half forgotten that had once been а part of herself recreated.
The prayer concerned that. 'Even though 1 die, 1 will in sоте way keep defeat
froт you,' she cried. Her eyes glowed and she clenched her fists. 'If 1 ат dead
and see hiт becoтing а тeaningless drab figure like тyself, 1will соте back,'
she declared. 'And, God, do not let hiт Ьесоте sтart and successful either,'
she added vaguely.
In her girlhood and before her тarriage with Тот Willard, Elizabeth
had borne а soтewhat shaky reputation in Winesburg. For years she had
been what is called 'stage-struck' and had paraded through the streets with
traveling теn gu'ests at her father's hotel, wearing loud clothes and urging
theт to tell her of life in the cities out of which they had соте. Once she
startled the town Ьу putting on тen's clothes and riding а blcycle down Main
Street.
In her own тind there was an uneasy desire for change, for sоте blg
definite тoveтent to her life. It was this feeling that had turned her тind to the
stage. She dreaтed of joining sоте сотраnу and wandering over the world,
seeing always new faces and giving soтething out of herself to all people.
Soтetiтes at night she was quite beside herself with the thought, but when
she tried to talk of the тatter to the тетЬеrs of the theatrical coтpanies
that сате to Winesburg and stopped at her father's hotel, she got nowhere.
They did not sеет to know what she тeant, or if she did get soтething of her
passion expressed, they only laughed.

(Sh. Anderson)
12'
Варнант 10 179

IA15I Elizabeth Willard was forty-five, but she _ _ .


1) looked тuch younger
2) looked older
3) was still rather attractive
4) thought of herself as of а girl
IA16I The hotel was _ _ .
1) luxurious
2) of extra class
3) old-fashioned but elegant
4) sad and cheerless
1А 171 Тот Willard, the husband of Elizabeth, _ _ .
1) loved his wife
2) was proud of his wife
3) felt sorry for his wife
4) was ashaтed of his wife
IA18I Тот Willard was _ _ .
1) conceited and aтbitious
2) shy and irresolute
3) often rude
4) quite silly
1А 191 Addressing to the skies the Elizabeth wanted her son _ _ .
1) to Ье like his father
2) to тarry as soon as possiЬ!e
3) not to repeat her fate
4) to Ье sтart and successful
IA20I In her girlhood Elizabeth had а soтewhat shaky reputation _ _ .
1) because she owned а hotel
2) because she wanted to Ье an actress
3) because she wore extravagant clothes
4) because she didn't help her father with his business
1A21l She wanted to join one of the theatrical coтpanies _ _ .
1) because she was eager to Ье а star
2) because she tried to Ье released froт her father
3) because she was dreaтing to see the world and other people
4) because she wished to earn а lot of тоnеу.
180 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

Раздел 3. Jрамматика и лексика


Прочитайте приведённы.й ниже текст. Преобразуйте, если необ­
ходи.м.о, слова, напечатанньtе заглавньtми буквами в конце строк,
обозначенньtх номерами B4-BJO, так, чтобьt они грамматически
соответствовали содержанию текста. Заполните пропуски по­
лученньtми словами. Каждьtй пропуск соответствует отдельному
заданию из группьt B4-BJO.
It was his stories that frightened people most of all.
Dreadful stories they were.
~ Не must _ _ amongst some of the wickedest LIVE
men upon the sea and the language in which he
told them shocked our people almost as much as the
crimes that he described.
~ Му father always said that the inn _ _ but 1 re- RUIN
ally do believe that his presence did us good. Peo-
ple were frightened, but they quite liked it. It added
some excitement to our quiet country life.
~ There were even some young men who _ _ him, ADMIRE
calling him 'а true sea dog' and saying that he was
the sort of man that made the English terrifying at
sea.
In one way, actually, it was true that he could ruin
[]ZJ us as he kept on _ _ week after week, month STAY
~ after month, long after all the money he _ _ us GIVE
had been used up.
~ Не _ _ us any more, but my father never had the NOTPAY
courage to ask for it.
Captain never wrote and never received any letters,
1В 1О 1. he never spoke to _ _ but the neighbours, and ONE
then, for the most part, only when he was drunk.
Прочитайте приведённьtй ниже текст. Образуйте от слов, на­
печатанньtх заглавньtми буквами в конце строк, обозначенньtх
номерами В11-В16, однокоренньtе слова так, чтобьt они грам­
матически и лексически соответствовали содержанию текс­
та. Заполните пропуски полученньtми словами. Каждьtй пропуск
соответствует отдельному заданию из группьt В11-В16.
ВарнантJО 181
Му mother ran our home and our lives with а
kind of tact1ess administration that often left
lв11l а child with bruised _ _ , though an in- FEEL
deliЬieunderstanding of right and wrong. As
an infant I was bathed with brisk, competent
hands and as а Ьоу fed, clothed and taken
through unpleasant events with strong
lв12l instructions to _ _ myself. I was not to ех- BEHAVIOR
press disagreement.
She was а vigorous buxom woman in her late
thirties. А strong will beamed in her clear Ьlue
eyes. She was forthright and direct.
lв1зl She explained the world in vivid _ _ . She JUDGE
felt strongly that even little boys bore
lв14l responsibility for their _ _ . For example, АСТ
they could Ье lazy, selfish, up to no good. Or
they could Ье decent, kind,
lв1sl truthful, _ _ . However they were, so would HONOUR
their fate Ье decided.
She washed dishes and put clothes to soak in
the laundry tub. She swept and ran the Elec-
trolux vacuum cleaner.
lв16l Everything she did was а.:......___ act. Нег mas- DECLARE
tery of our realm was worth my study.

Прочитайте текст с пропуска.ми, обозначенньи.tи номерами


А22-А28. Эти номера соответствуют заданиям. А22-А28, в
которьtх представленьt воз.можньtе вариантьt.ответов. Обведите
номер вьtбранного вами варианта ответа.

In 2002, over 200 countries around the world IA22I _ _ an agreement


committing themselves to the conservation of blodiversity. In particular, the
aim was to significantly reduce the IA2зl _ _ rate of blodiversity loss Ьу
2010, but this target hasn't been met. In the three most important areas of
blodiversity - genes, ecosystems and species - there has been а continuing
IA24I ___ . In addition, the most important causes of blodiversity loss are
not disappearing and in some cases they are intensifying.
182 Уче6но-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

It is importaпt
to maiпtaiп blodiversity fог Jots of геаsопs. Biodiversity is
not опlу good iп IA25/ _ _ , it is also esseпtial to the survival of humaп life.
'Humaпity has cгeated the illusioп that we сап survive without Ьiodiveгsity
ог that it is поt importaпt to оuг coпtempoгary woгld,' says Achim Steineг,
Executive Diгectoг of the Uпited Natioпs Епviгопmепt Pгogramme. 'The
truth is that we пееd Ьiodiversity тоге thaп IA26/ _ _ оп а planet with
six blllioп people, risiпg to оvег пine blllioп people Ьу 2050.'
The woгld's risiпg populatioп meaпs that the Earth's гesouгces аге
oveгexploited. The пееd to сгеаtе new farmlaпd to grow food meaпs that
foгests аге destгoyed. The iпcгeased use of pesticides апd chemical fertilizeгs
has polluted rivers апd осеапs. Апоthег IA27/ _ _ of blodiversity loss is
when alieп species arrive iп ап агеа апd begiп to domiпate so that пative
species аге гeduced iп пumbers ог еvеп become /А28/ _ _ . Iп agriculture,
the tгепd to specialize iп just а few varieties of food plaпts and а small numbeг
of aпimal bгeeds makes it тоге difficult of гаге varieties апd bгeeds to survive.
/А22/1) spoiled 2) sighed 3) signed 4) souпded
IA23/1) current 2) curreпcy 3) carried 4) commoп
IA24/1) гепеwаl 2) гevival 3) гepгoductioп 4) гeductioп
/A25/I)itself 2)itselves З)sheself 4)herself
IA26/l)neveг 2)еvег 3)even 4)now
/A27/l)case 2)clause З)cause 4)clue
1A28II) excuse 2) extent 3) extinct 4) intense
ВарнантJО 183
Раздел
4. Письмо
Для ответов на задания CJ и С2 используйте бланк ответов М 2.
При вы.полнении заданий CJ и С2 особое внимание обратите на то,
что ваши ответы будут оцениваться только по записям, сделан­
ным в бланке ответов М 2. Никакие записи черновика не будут
учиты.ваться экспертом. Обратите внимание также на необхо­
димость соблюдения указанного объёма текста. Тексты недоста­
точного объёма, а также часть текста, превышающая требу­
емый объём, не оцениваются. Запишите сначала номер задания
(CJ, С2), а затем ответ на него. Если одной стороны бланка недо­
статочно, вы можете использовать другую его сторону.

~ You have 20 minutes to do this task.


You have received а letter from your English-speaking pen-friend Jessica
whowrites:
Obesity rates атопg childreп have doиЬled iп the past 20 years. This
coиld Ье the reasoп why people teпd to eat healthily. What are the food
prefereпces iп уоиr faтily? Апd сап уои give те апу advice to iтprove
ту diet?
Best wishes,
lessica
Write а letter to Jessica. In your letter
- answer her questions
- ask 3 questions about the meals she prefers.
Write 100-140 words.
Remember the rules of letter writing.
[QJ You have 40 minutes to do this task.
Comment on the following statement.
Decoratioп of body with all sorts of tattoo desigпs, pierciпg апd
еvеп ипder-skiп iтplaпts is а part of тodern fashioп.
What is your opinion?
Write 200-250 words.
Use the following plan:
- make an introduction ( state the proЬ!em)
- express your personal opinion and give reasons for it
- give arguments for the other point of view and explain why you don't
agree with it
- draw а conclusion
184 Учебно-тренировочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

Ответы к учебно-тренировочным вариантам

VARIANT 1
Раздел 1. Раздел2. РазделЗ.
Аудирование Чтение Грамматика и лексика
N2 задания Ответы N2 задания Ответы N2 задания Ответы
А1 2 А15 3 А22 1
А2 3 А16 4 А23 4
АЗ 1 А17 3 А24 2
А4 1 А18 1 А25 3
А5 1 А19 2 А26 3
А6 3 А20 4 А27 l
А7 3 А21 А28 3
АВ 2
А9 3
А10 3
А11 2
А12 3
А13 2
А14 1
Аудирование
В1 642715
Чтение
В2 7812546 i
вз 517436
Грамматика и лексика .

В4 did
В5 colder
В6 breathing
В7 areworking
В8 have achieved
В9 makes
В10 children
Bll depth(s)
В12 mysterious
В13 researchers
В14 puzzling
В15 evidence
В16 unsuccessful
Ответы к учебно-треннровочным варнантам 185
VARIANT2
Раздел 1. Раздел2. РазделЗ.
Аудирование Чтение Грамматика и лексика
.N'2 задания Ответы .N'2 задания Ответы .N'2 задания Ответы
А1 1 А15 1 А22 3
А2 1 А16 3 А23 1
АЗ 1 А17 2 А24 4
А4 3 А18 3 А25 2
А5 3 А19 3 А26 1
Аб 1 А20 4 А27 1
А7 2 А21 1 А28 2
А8 1
А9 2
А10 3
А11 1
А12 3
А13 3
А14 2
Аудирование
В1 763251
Чтение
В2 7465182
вз 275431 1

Грамматика и лексика
В4 was amazed
В5 drawing
Вб was reading
В7 haveseen
В8 are fixed
В9 knows
В10 will have become
В11 uncomfortaЬie
В12 illnesses
В13 significant
В14 overweight
В15 healthier/he;:tlthy
В16 enaЬles
186 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мн подготовки к ЕГЭ

VARIANTЗ
Раздел 1. Раздел2. РазделЗ.
Аудирование Чтение Грамматика и лексика
N2 задания Ответы N2 задания Ответы N2 задания Ответы
А1 2 А15 4 А22 1
А2 3 А16 3 А23 3
АЗ 1 А17 1 А24 4
А4 1 А18 2 А25 2
А5 3 А19 3 А26 3
А6 2 А20 3 А27 1
А7 3 А21 3 А28 1
АВ 3
А9 2
А10 3
All 2
А12 3
А13 1
А14 3
Аудирование
81 472365
Чтение
82 1476853
83 612537
Грамматика и лексика
84 would not have happened
85 lying
86 more surprised
87 hadknown
88 wasfound
89 has saved
810 shelves
811 powerful
812 infonnation
813 eventually
814 harden
815 living
816 appearance
Ответы к учебно-треннровочным варнантам 187
VARIANT4
Раздел 1. Раздел2. РазделЗ.
Аудирование Чтение Грамматика и лексика
.N2 задания Ответы .N2 задания Ответы .N2 задания Ответы
А1 1 А15 3 А22 3
А2 3 А16 4 А23 1
АЗ 2 А17 1 А24 2
А4 2 А18 4 А25 2
А5 1 А19 2 А26 3
Аб 2 А20 3 А27 1
А7 2 А21 4 А28 3
А8 1
А9 2
А10 2
А11 2
А12 2
А13 2
А14 3 1

Аудирование
В1 564372
Чтение
В2 3517284
вз 471235
Грамматика и лексика
В4 had been invented
В5 got
Вб stopping
В7 faster
В8 would change
В9 have built
В10 hadn't / had not reached
В11 movement
В12 scientists 1

В13 quickly
В14 darkness
В15 powerful
В16 impossiЬie 1
188 Учебно-треннровочные тесты д/IЯ подготовки к ЕГЭ

VARIANT5
Раздел 1. Раздел2. РазделЗ.
Аудирование Чтение - Грамматика и лексика
N!! задания Ответы N2 задания Ответы N!! задания Ответы
Al 3 А15 3 А22 2
А2 2 А16 2 А23 1
АЗ 1 А17 2 А24 3
А'4 1 А18 4 А25 2
А5 3 А19 1 А26 1
А6 1 А20 3 А27 4
А7 2 А21 4 А28 3
А8 3
А9 1
AlO 3
Al1 2
А12 1
А13 2
А14 3
Аудирование
Bl 365147
Чтение
В2 6374812
вз 265137
Грамматика и лексика
В4 was happening
В5 had just been
В6 weren't / were not allowed
В7 waiting
В8 would take off
В9 was staring
BlO had been left
Bll relationships
В12 puЬiicity
ВlЗ influential
Bl4 additionally
Bl5 downloads
В16 sensational
Ответы к учебно-тренировочным вариантам 189
VARIANT6
Раздел 1. Раздел 2. Раздел 3.
Аудирование Чтение Грамматика и лексика
N2 задания Ответы N2 задания Ответы N2 задания Ответы
А1 1 А15 3 А22 2
А2 3 А16 2 А23 1
АЗ 1 А17 4 А24 4
А4 2 А18 2 А25 3
А5 1 А19 4 А26 1
А6 3 А20 2 А27 4
А7 1 А21 1 А28 3
А8 2
А9 3
AlO 3
All 1
А12 3
А13 1
А14 2
Аудирование
В1 1746315
Чтение
В2 3761852
вз 531724
Грамматика и лексика
В4 have been used
В5 isthought
В6 had spread
В7 were satirized
В8 would rather touch
В9 was being carved
В10 being
В11 relationships
В12 personality
В13 achievements
В14 responsiЬle
В15 abllities
Bl6 socialized
190 Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

VARIANT7
Раздел 1. Раздел2. РазделЗ.
Аудирование Чтение Грамматика и лексика
N!! задания Ответы N!! задания Ответы N!! задания Ответы
Al 2 А15 3 А22 3
А2 1 А16 1 А23 2
АЗ 3 А17 1 А24 4
А4 2 А18 4 А25 1
А5 2 А19 2 А26 3
Аб 3 А20 2 А27 1
А7 1 А21 3 А28 2
А8 1
А9 2
А10 3
All 2
А12 3
А13 1
А14 1
Аудирование
В1 1542713
Чтение
В2 4753182
вз 362157
Грамматика и лексика
В4 was trying
В5 being chased
Вб had broken
В7 seeing
В8 having appeared
В9 has detained
В10 beexpelled
В11 completely
В12 throughout
В13 uniforms
В14 arguments
Bl5 responsiЬle
Вlб organist
Ответы к учебно-треннровочным варнантам 191
VARIANT8
Раздел 1. Раздел2. РазделЗ.
Аудирование Чтение Грамматика и лексика
N2 задания Ответы Nv задания Ответы N2 задания Ответы
А1 2 А15 2 А22 2
А2 3 А16 3 А23 3
АЗ 1 А17 4 А24 1
А4 2 А18 2 А25 4
А5 1 А19 4 А26 1
Аб 3 А20 3 А27 3
А7 2 A2l l А28 4
А8 2
А9 3
А10 1
А11 2
А12 3
А13 1
А14 3
Аудирование
В1 425371
Чтение
В2 3682471
вз 637142
Грамматика и лексика
В4 had been staring
В5 had come
Вб am thinking
В7 will find
В8 was considering
В9 are never treated
В10 replied
Bll beholder
В12 fundamental
В13 Ьiological
В14 misunderstanding
В15 remarkaЬle
В16 familiarity
192 · Учебно-треннровочные тесты д11я подготовкн к ЕГЭ

VARIANT9
Раздел 1. Раздел2. РазделЗ. 1

Аудирование Чтение Грамматика и лексика 1

N!! задания Ответы N!! задания Ответы N!! задания Ответы ·


А1 2 А15 1 А22 2
А2 2 А16 4 А23 1
АЗ 1 А17 4 А24 1
А4 3 А18 1 А25 4
А5 1 А19 2 А26 2
А6 3 А20 2 А27 3
А7 1 А21 3 А28 3
А8 1
А9 3
А10 2
All 1
А12 1
А13 2
А14 2 i
Аудирование 1

81 1215643
Чтение
82 4156328
83 451723
Грамматика и лексика
84 drove
85 had not <hadn't> heard
86 nothing
87 was murdered
88 was talking
89 havemade
810 looking
811 naked
812 visiЬle
813 glorious
814 freshness
815 careless
816 -- ~ily ------- - -------------
Ответы к учебно-тр'еннровочным варнантам 193
VARIANT 10
Раздел 1. Раздел2. РазделЗ.
Аудирование Чтение Грамматика и лексика
,N'g задания Ответы ,N'g задания Ответы ,N'g задания Ответы
А1 1 А15 2 А22 3
А2 1 А16 4 А23 1
АЗ 2 А17 4 А24 4
А4 3 А18 1 А25 1
А5 1 А19 3 А26 2
А6 3 А20 3 А27 3
А7 2 А21 3 А28 3
А8 3
А9 1
А10 1
А11 3
А12 3
А13 2
А14 2
Аудирование
В1 341765
Чтение
В2 7683425
вз 371265
Грамматика и лексика
В4 have lived
В5. would Ье ruined
В6 admired
87 staying
В8 had given
В9 didn't рау
810 anyone
811 feelings
812 behave
813 judgements
814 actions
В15 honest
816 declarative

13. Зак. N\15


194 Учебно-тренировочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

Тексты для аудирования

VARIANT 1
Сейчас Вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст про­
звучит 2 раза. После первого и второго проелушиваний у Вас будет время
д.ля выполнения и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в аудиозапись.
Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиозаписи не предусмотрены.

Задание 81
Вы. услы.шите б вы.сказы.ваний. Установите соответствие меж­
ду вы.сказы.ваниям.и каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данны.м.и в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение, обозна­
ченное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз. В задании
есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы. услы.шите запись дважды..·
Занесит,е свои ответы. в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы.
ознакомиться с заданием..

Now we are ready to start.


Speaker А
For ту work practice I worked at Middle School. Over the two weeks I
watched the teachers and worked with the children. I interacted with the pupils
and helped encourage theт to learn during their lessons. Teaching and work-
ing with children was тuch harder than I expected it to Ье, it isn't а siтple job.
А full classrooт of children can Ье very hard to control, so I have total respect
for teachers now.
Speaker В
For ту work practice 1 worked at the City Hospital. I think it is good to get
sоте work experience because we get to see what it is like to work soтewhere.
1 had а lot of different jobs to do: I helped таkе beds, take people's pulse and
Ьlood pressure, таkе tea or coffee for the patients in the ward, serve lunches
at lunchtiтe and get people's notes ready. I enjoyed talking to the patients,
bringing а sтile to their faces.
SpeakerC
1 worked at а blg store. I really didn't enjoy тyself and I think it was really а
waste of tiтe. During the day I worked froт 9 а.т. until 5 р.т. putting prod-
ucts оп shelves. I got а тorning break, а lunch hour and an afternoon break
which was very good! Sоте of the tiтe I was аЬ!е to work on the custoтer
help desk in the store. I wasn't given тuch responsibllity and wasn't taught
anything new during the d~y.
13"
Тексты для аудирования. Варнант 1 195
Speaker D
Now 1 am working in а department 'store and 1 like it but 1 clearly remember
the first impressions. They were like ОН МУ GOD look how long 1 have to
work and ОН МУ GOD 1 have to weara horriЬ!e lookinguniform! 1 was really
afraid to call the store to arrange my first visit. But after 1 had spoken to the
manager and she had answered all my questions some of my fears were gone.
Speaker Е
I worked at а graphics company. During my two weeks I basically did nothing
except helping the staff to deliver things and collect equipment. And the worst
part of mywork experiencewas at the beginningwhen 1 didn't have а lot to do.
I was sitting watching people work, but as the days went on, I was given more
responsibllity. 1 really enjoyed my time at work practice and 1 found it really
interesting.
Speaker F
1 worked with children, helping out in Physical Education classes during the
day and attending clubs and matches after school. The children were aged be-
tween 9 and 13. Му best moment was helping children to play cricket. 1 really
enjoy sport and enjoy the interaction with others. So working with children or
something to do with sports is what 1 would like to do when 1 become an adult.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания А1-А7
Вы усЛЬlшите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых
утверждений AJ-A7 соответствуют содержанию текста
(1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в
тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать
ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not
stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Вы усЛЬlшите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы
ознакомиться с заданиям,и.

Now we are ready to start.


lnterviewer: Today on our programme we have а very young celebrity.
Sixteen-year-old Francesca Harvey has just got а contract for а part in а film
Francesca, welcome to the show.
Francesca: Thank you.
196 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

lnterviewer: Now, this contract really is soтething special, isn't it? Tell
us about it.
Francesca: Yes. lt's for а leading part in а тusical - which is called
Starjump. I've got the part of the leading girl - it's exciting and roтantic!
lnterviewer: ls it acting or dancing? 1 теаn, you are priтarily а dancer,
aren'tyou?
Francesca: Oh yes, 1 dance the part. No lines to leam- just lots of rou-
tines.
lnterviewer: Now, this тusical is all jazz and tap dancing, but in fact
you're а blt of а classics girl, aren't you?
Francesca: Yes. So far all ту blg parts have been on stage, and for tele-
vision, but they've been strictly ballet.
lnterviewer: Does this теаn that you'll Ье tuming your back on ballet?
1 теаn, out in Hollywood, with the lure of blg entertainтent business ...
Francesca: Well, 1 don't теаn it to Ье, I'т just following what's соте
ту way, reably. And Г т still in all-round training.
lnterviewer: Still?
Francesca: Oh, yes. The agent was very strict about that. 1'11 keep that
up till Г т seventeen- just as I would if I'd stayed at the dance school till ten.
lnterviewer: Tell us а blt about the dance school. It's rather difficult to
get into, isn't it? How did you тanage to get into this profession- 1 теаn­
where did you start?
Francesca: Oh, it was а very siтple beginning. 1 was four years old and
ту тother was asked to play the piano one day at the little ballet class in ту
area. And as there was по one to look after те, she took те along with her.
Well 1 didn't sit still for long- 1joined in. And I've never looked back since!
Of course, 1 begged ту тother for lessons. 1loved it so тuch that а couple of
years later she sent те to the proper dance school in the town.
lnterviewer: And then soтebody spotted you?
Francesca: Yes. А visiting dancer - the result was that 1 was sent for
extra lessons, and а few private ones, too. They thought l'd eventually bring
theт fате.
lnterviewer: Which you've done.
Francesca: Yes. Then 1 got the scholarship to а specialist dance school
in London, so that solved the рrоЬ!ет.
lnterviewer: Was it а full scholarship?
Francesca: Yes, 1 only had to provide ту own pocket тоnеу - every-
thing else was covered Ьу it.
Текстыддя аудирования. Варнант 1 197
lnteгviewer: Now, а\1 the 5tudent5 at that 5Chool are hoping for profe5-
5ional part5. l5 the competition fierce?
Francesca: Oh, уе5! You have to keep everything quiet everybody tries to
get part5 for them5elve5! And they can go for the part you think you 've got, give
an even better performance and end up with it. I 5uppo5e that'5 what keep5 the
5tandard5 50 high.
lnteгviewer: Did that happen to you?
Francesca: No, I alway5 managed to keep the part5.
Still, it'5 not а5 bad а5 what goe5 on with young acting 5tudent5.
lnteгviewer: Well, it certainly worked out for you! And you mu5t Ье
thrilled.
Francesca: Уе5, I certainly am.
lnteгviewer: Well, France5ca. You've done remarkaЬly well, and we all
wi5h you the be5t. And we look forward to having you back on the 5how to tell
U5 а\1 about it.
Francesca: Thank you.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания А8-А14
В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую
выбранному вами варианту ответа. Вьt услышите запись дважды.
У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
lnteгviewer: Thi5 afternoon we are going to talk about parent5 who ed-
ucate their own children at home. Emily Parkin5on has done just that for her
three children, and 5he is here to talk to U5 about it. Emily, what made you
decide to do thi5?
Emily: Well, we 5aw the negative effect5 of 5chooling on children ~ and
I even remembered them from my own 5chooldays. All the mi5eraЬle hours
fighting, the social competing but more 50 the 5heer number of hours spent
waiting for other5, repeating work already done. And I wanted to Ье with then1
а5 much as possiЬle during their childhood.
lnteгviewer: Му next question i5 - what is the legal position. I mean,
isn't education compul5ory?
Emily: Уе5, but not school! It is only illegal if your child is already reg-
istered in а school. It's compulsory to Ье educated, and advisors come round
198 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

to check on the children's progress. I just happen to Ье а teacher- well I


was before the children were bom. There are по legal requireтents for hоте
education - what to teach, when to test - you choose.
lnterviewer: It тust Ье awfully hard to keep up the two roles of тother
and teacher.
Emily: Yes. You see тothers aren't naturally acadeтic teachers. We can
teach children other things about life, and how to care for theтselves, but
тothers generally go along with what the children want, or are interested in.
When it сотеs to teaching, а degree of pressure сотеs in because you know
that the child must learn this particular thing.
lnterviewer: Don't the children suffer socially Ьу not having others to
leam with?
Emily: Well, my answer is that if they ever do, the benefits outweigh the
losses. You see, children do like the сотраnу of others. It is fun to discover
soтething with а friend, but it might also Ье frustrating. What do you do if
you want to know how something works and your таtе wants to laugh at the
pictures, play and so on? Ultiтately al\learning takes place in the child' s own
brain. Children don't always cooperate - look at the discipline proЬiems in
the average classroom today.
lnterviewer: But I mean, eventually they are going to have to co-operate
with their fellows. How will they make the adjustment?
Emily: Yes, this could Ье а serious proЬ!em if they had never had any ex-
perience of cooperating. But there are plenty of activities which are intended
for groups - ballet, draтa and so on. There are camps for children which
have nothing to do with any schools. These are good because it gets the chil-
dren completely away froт their home environment. And don 't forget there are
other families educating their children at hоте - they usually love to join up
with people doing the same.
lnterviewer: Do you ever соте up against any negative attitudes to-
wards the choice you've made?
Emily: Oh, much stronger than that! We're irresponsiЬle, selfish, а threat!
The worst are other teachers. Look, society always criticises people who are
different - they feel threatened. The thing is not to isolate yourself but to de-
velop а thick skin. Ignore any feelings of self-doubl that these people cause.
At the same time, hold onto your ideas, but always assess yourself. There is
always room for improvement, whatever you do.

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)


Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
Тексты для аудирования. Варнант 2 199
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your
answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.

VARIANT2
Сейчас Вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст
прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго проелушиваний у Вас будет
время для выполнения и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в
аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиозаписи не
предусмотрены.

Задание Bt
Вы услышите 6 высказываний. Установите соответствие между
высказываниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение,
обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз.
В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись
дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд,
чтобы ознакомиться с заданием..

Now we are ready to start.


Speakeг А
I think there is too much competition at work nowadays. Everybody is long-
ing for promotion and often trying to move on to а better position in another
company. On the contrary, teamwork aims at а company's accomplishments.
When employees understand they сап get ahead with their own company, they
cooperate with colleagues and work more effectively to get better common and
personal results.
Speaker В
It's very important to understand people around you. If you are а manager,
you'd better take time and listen to your colleagues, employees, face to face, if
possiЬie. Рау attention to non-verbal ways of communication, as appropriate
gestures and еуе contact can do more than even words of praise or criticism.
The same piece of advice goes to employees. Explain to your management
your decisions in detail and you'll get а reputation as а well-balanced person
and better career prospects.
200 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ ·

SpeakerC
I think it is difficult for men and women to work in the same space. Women are
more creative and emotional whereas men are more logical and better orga-
nized. Women want to feel, men want to think. Any department, if it considers
these differences, will Ье much better off with men and women working sep-
arately, without distracting each other, causing conflicts and misunderstand-
ings.
Speaker D
What I dislike about some offices is that there is too much gossip there. It
does not depend on who dominates there - men or women. Actually, men
are sometimes even worset It gets оп my nerves when people begin to discuss
their manager, the latest teambuilding activity or their domestic affairs. It dis:..
tracts me and is simply unpleasant. То create some personal space and work
effectively, I listen to music instead.
Speaker Е
I think there should Ье а law for people not to go to work if they are ill or upset.
То work effectively is simply impossiЬle if someone is coughing or wants to
scream at you instead of listening to your requests or suggestions. Any man-
ager must ensure that the office environment is calm and appropriate forwork.
То introduce some relaxation techniques might Ье а good idea as well.

Speaker F
What is more important in any office is that you get а clear explanation of what
exactly to do from your management. There should not Ье any room for any
confusion or misinterpretation. If instructions сап Ье understood as sugges-
tions, there will not Ье any result. Instructions in the written form are simply
perfect. If you are provided with details of а desiraЬie result, this will Ье а key
to completing the task successfully, I think.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Nowyou will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
Тексты для аудирования. Варнант 2 201
Задания А 1-А7
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых
утверждений Al-A7 соответствуют содержанию текста
(1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в
тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать
ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not
stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы
ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
Headmaster: Welcome to Longlane Primary School Mrs Didcott; I'm
William Preston, the headmaster.
Mrs Didcott: Pleased to meet you, Mr Preston. Ву the way, this really is
а magnificent building. How old is it?
Headmaster: Yes, it's rather а lovely building. lt was built in 1886, Ьу а
famous !оса! architect called Will Venning. But of course it wasn't а school
in those days: Longlane didn't have а primary school then. This was the town
hall, even though it was actually designed for private use!
Mrs Didcott: How interesting!
Headmaster: Now, Mrs Didcott. 1 understand you're thinking of sending
your daughter to our school.
Mrs Didcott: Yes, that's right. But to Ье honest with you, there are а
couple of other possibllities in the area - Grantsworth Primary School and
Teesdale. I've already seen Teesdale, and 1 didn't like it at all - it was too Ьig
and unfriendly. But 1 haven't seen Grantsworth yet, so I'm going to look round
that as. well today, before 1 make ту final decision. Sheila has terriЬle asthma
you see, and we have to make sure she's well cared for.
Headmaster: Of course Mrs Didcott, of course, But I сап assure you
that Sheila's asthma wouldn't Ье а proЬlem here- we always have а trained
nurse on duty, and there's even а hospital next door! The school is small, there
are only ten pupils per class, so we really can give all the students the attention
theyneed.
Mrs Didcott: Well that's very reassuring. Exactly how many pupils are
there in the school?
Headmaster: Oh, only 350. Most people in the area send their children
to Teesdale, because it's Ьigger and it's more widely known. То Ье honest, it
does have more facilities, but 1 think children really get а chance to show what
they're good at in а smaller school, and we 've got the time to encourage and
helpthem.
202 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

Mrs Didcott: That's exactly what 1 thiпk, as well, especially with shy
childreп like Sheila. Could you tell те а blt about the facilities here?
Headmaster: Certaiпly. We have а large playgrouпd that leads опtо а
football pitch, which we also use for suттer sports. We have excelleпt тusic
facilities, а lovely little theatre, апd ап excelleпt foreign laпguage prograттe.
Uпfortuпately we doп't have а swiттiпgpool, but we are рlаппiпg to start
buildiпg опе this suттer, апd uпtil it's fiпished, we have ап agreeтeпt with
Loпglaпe Fitпess Ceпtre to use their pool for just five pouпds per studeпt each
year, so it isп't а рrоЬiет.
Mrs Didcott: That souпds fiпe. You тепtiопеd soтethiпg about the тu­
sic facilities which really iпterest те - you see, Sheila plays the рiапо, апd 1
would waпt to arraпge for her to take lessoпs.
Headmaster: That wouldn't Ье а рrоЬiет at all, Mrs Didcott. Our тusic
facilities are faпtastic, and we have several piano teachers, dependiпg on the
style. What sort of тusic does your daughter play?
Mrs Didcott: Well ... Sheila's really iпto playiпg jazz. But I waпt her to
learn sоте classical as well.
Headmaster: But we сап sort all those details out if you decide to seпd
herhere. Do you waпt to have а look arouпd the school поw?
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Nowyou will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания A8-At4
Вы. услы.шите интервью. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1,
2 или 3, соответствующую вы.бранно.м.у ва.м.и варианту ответа.
Вы. услы.шите запись дважды.. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы.
ознакомиться с задания.м.и.

Now we are ready to start.


lnterviewer: Today we're talkiпg to Каrеп Wilson, а taleпted musiciaп
and photographer who produces unusual, thought-provokiпg travel books.
Karen, how did you start?
Karen: Му home towп was very traditional and I wasп't outstanding at
school. I was persuaded to take up the classical guitar and learn тusic theory,
and theп I studied рiапо апd drums - it was those classes that I fouпd most
eпgagiпg. But I was always good at drawiпg - visual stuff appealed to те,
though teachers didп't push me. Photography wasп't оп the syllabus, and it
was пever suggested as а realistic career optioп.
Тексты для аудирования. Варнант 2 203
lnterviewer: How did you get started as а photographer?
Karen: I'd been taking photographs for years as а hobby. I loved pho-
tographing unusual things - етрtу places like airport buildings, theatres -
stuff like that. 1 was travelling а lot for ту тusic, and putting photographs I
took during tours on а website. Ву chance а puЬiisher saw theт and asked
те to write а book coтblning photographs with а travel diary. 1 couldn't turn
down the opportunity to express тyself and it all took off after that.
lnterviewer: How do you approach your books?
Karen: 1 heard а photo-journalist said that photographers were privileged
people who should record things other people don't get the chance to see -
that it's our responsibllity to орел people's eyes to things they wouldn't oth-
erwise Ье aware of. Most people think travel is always exciting and positive.
1 want to show the strangeness of it - таkе people realise it's not always
glaтorous.
lnterviewer: What do you find fascinating about different places?
Karen: You think every blg city is beautiful. But when I'т touring I have
to go to parts of cities that aren't -like backstage in large venues outside the
тain tourist areas. 1 read travel guides or Jook down at а city froт а plane as
it's coтing in to land and it Jooks wonderful- but then I go to а characterless
hotel rоот or desolate rehearsal space and it's not the sате at all. I've talked
to people about this contradiction, but they don't feel it like I do.
lnterviewer: Tell us about а trip that you really enjoyed.
Karen: That would Ье when 1 went to the south of Argentina. Its beauty
сотеs froт а kind of stillness, а grandeur that's based on its landscape and
wildlife. I did а few gigs at the start of the trip, then took tiтe off and rented а
саг to drive along parts of the coastline. I hardly saw anyone - just blrds and
тiles of reтote countryside. It was so different froт New York - you can't
get away froт people there.
lnterviewer: What have you learned froт your travel experiences?
Karen: Ah, before I Ьесате а touring тusician I did loads of travelling
with the faтily, but we only scratched the surface of places we visited. Of
course 1 still enjoy that part of it - sоте places are so reтarkaЬie you can't
not enjoy theт. But now I try to get beneath the surface, listen to the sounds
and soak in the atтosphere. That's where photograph сотеs corner in for
те - it тakes те concentrate on а single iтage which helps те coтpre­
hend тuch тоге about а place.
lnterviewer: What do you think has таdе you so successful?
Karen: Well, I've been so fortunate to coтblne тusic and photography-
clearly if you love what you do it helps! I've also had Jots of support both per-
204 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

sonally and professionally, though that's just а bonus really. For те it's about
not accepting the obvious but searching for things that lie deeper. If you push
boundaries you enrich yourself personally- and that's really what I think has
been the key!
lnterviewer: Thank you, Karen - and good luck with your next tour!
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.

VARIANT3
Сейчас Вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст
прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго проелушиваний у Вас будет
время .д.ля выполнения и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в
аудиозапись. С>становка и повторное воспроизведение аудиозаписи не
предусмотрены.

Задание 81
Вы. усЛЬtшите б высказываний. Установите соответствие между
высказываниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение,
обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, толысо один раз.
В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы. усЛЬtшите запись
дважды.. Занесите свои ответы. в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд,
чтобы. ознакомиться с заданием..

Now we are ready to start.


Speaker А
1think our life will change greatly in 100 years. Modern technologies provide
rapid progress of the society. New ideas are constantly being born and new
discoveries are being made. Scientists use modern equipment and instruments
which help them make important discoveries. At the beginning of the 20th
century people couldn't imagine а TV -set, а moblle phone, а microwave oven
or а computer. But nowadays we can't do without these things as they have
become an important part of our everyday life. 1think that in the future we shall
have more powerful computers that will Ье аЬ!е to do any work and to answer
any question.
Тексты для аудирования. Варнант 3 205
SpeakerB
I'm sure scientists will invent medicine for cancer and AIDS. Surgeons will
Ье аЬlе to perform serious operations very quickly and absolutely painlessly. 1
hope that people will find the way to lengthen their lives and they willlive for
200 years. They will also Ье аЬlе to slow down the process. of aging. People
will sleep less: two-three hours а day will Ье enough for them. They will take
some pills for memory and they will ЬеяЬlе to memorize а lot of information so
it will become easier to work and to study.
SpeakerC
We will continue investigating outer space and we'll travel to other planets.
One day we'll get into contact with aliens, creatures who are much more in-
telligent than people. They will share their knowledge with us and they will tell
us how our planet appeared and about other civilizations that lived before us.
They will teach us to live without weapon and there will Ье no wars, acts of
terrorism and military conflicts.
Speaker D
1 think that in 100 years pupils and students will study with the help of com-
puters, though teachers and schools will not disappear. Every classroom will
Ье well-equipped and every pupil will work with his individual task given to
him accordingto his abllities. Computers will correct mistakes in pupils' tests
and calculate their marks very quickly. Teachers' duty will Ье to explain the
new material and to help pupils with their tasks.
Speaker Е
ln l 00 years people will travel to the other planets. Scientists will make great
discoveries in the field of animal cloning and genetic engineering. А time ma-
chine will Ье invented and we will Ье аЬlе to travel backwards and forwards in
time. All housework will Ье done Ьу robots. А new form of energy will emerge.
We will live in computer-controlled buildings. People will communicate and
do the shopping only via the lntemet.
Speaker F
If people continue to pollute the environment, the consequences will Ье disas-
trous! We will suffer from acid rains, greenhouse effect, massive deforestation
and other dangerous proЬiems. Global warming will reach catastrophic levels
and animal kingdom will Ье on the brink of extinction. As а result, we willlive
among dumps of litter, breathe foul air and drink dirty water. But 1 hope we'll
Ье аЬlе to solve ecological proЬiems. Let's plant trees, create national parks
and recycle litter! Let's protect the earth and make our planet cleaner for our
children and grandchildren!
206 Учебно-треннровочные тесты ддя подготовки к ЕГЭ

You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)


Now you will hear the texts again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your
answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания А1-А7
Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых
утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста
(1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в
тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать
ни. положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not
stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы
ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
lnterviewer: Suпrise FM, your !оса! radio statioп. With те iп the studio
today, I've got Margaret Shearer, а child psychologist who has dопе а research
iпto teeпage addictioпs. Margaret, are they пumerous? I mеап addictioпs.
Margaret: Not really. Most teeпagers have bad hablts like smokiпg,
driпkiпg alcohol апd talkiпg оп the рhопе. But sometimes they turn iпto ad-
dictioпs. For example, five iп two huпdred teeпagers speпd almost all their free
time usiпg their computers. They are usually defiпed as computer addicts.
Interviewer: Апd what are these computer addicts like?
Margaret: Most of them are boys and youпg men aged tеп to twenty
nine. The addicts in my study range from nine to sixteeп! All of them spend
about twenty four hours а week оп the home computer playing computer
games, or chatting, or browsing the Net. The majority of pupils and students
also use computers at school.
Interviewer: Аге there any other similarities within the group?
Margaret: All of them are very intelligent. They are interested in science
and technology and they are usually very shy people who like being alone.
lnterviewer: Апd how about girls?
Margaret: That's а good question. А survey in schools showed that girls
were less interested in computers. They were not as involved as boys. PossiЬly
it's because girls have other priorities. IТ and programming are traditionally
'male' subjects. I must admit, I share this prejudice too. PossiЬly it's because
most of the computer teachers give girls less attention. And parents think it
is less importaпt for girls to Ье good at the computer. Otherwise there is по
reason why girls shouldn't Ье computer experts.
Interviewer: Is computer addiction really so harmful?
Текстыдляаудировани~ВарнантЗ 207
Margaret: It depends. Young people in my study were quite shy. Using
computers gave them confidence. That's positive. They learnt to communicate
with other users through computer networks and the people they met in school
and work thought of them as experts who could help them when they had
proЬiems with their machines. On the other hand, this addiction may lead to
poor health through rushed meals, lack of sleep and exercise.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания А8-А14
Вы усльtшите радиопрограмму. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите
цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту
ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секун.д, чтобы
ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
lnterviewer: Today in the studio we are talking to Ralph Findlayson, the
explorerwho last week completed а round-the-world expedition via the North
and South Poles. Welcome Ralph.
Ralph: Thank you.
lnterviewer: What а fantastic achievement. You must Ье very proud.
Ralph: (reticent) Wel\ ... er... yes ...
lnterviewer: And it took а lot of determination. 1 believe it took several
years for the idea to become reality.
Ralph: Yes ... er, my wife Victoria originally suggested it in er... l985. We
sought the advice of the world famous explorer, Sir Gregory Narchon, who
was very, very helpful ... anyway, for various reasons, we didn't actually leave
Britain until 1992. I would never have thought it would take so long to organise
everything.
lnterviewer: Indeed. Why exactly did it take so long?
Ralph: Well, we managed to get sponsorship from several major compa-
nies almost immediately, so funding wasn't а proЬiem. And although it took
some time, with very careful interviewing we managed to find some marvel-
lous people to form our crew. The real proЬiem was bureaucracy. Obviously,
they can't let just anyone go to the Polar ice caps ... we had to prove that we
were serious about the trip, that we knew what we were doing, and in the end
it took several years to get the green light.
lnterviewer: You mentioned yourwife Victoria.
208 Учебно-треннровочные тесты ддя подготовкн к ЕГЭ

Ralph:Yes.
lnterviewer: She must Ье quite an amazing person. 1 believe she is
something of а feminist- is this what motivated her to соте with you?
Ralph: Hardly! Vicky doesn't hold with all that- she thinks, as 1 do,
that men and women are different and have different things to offer. Having
said that, she is а stilted radio operator. Bat no, no the real" reason was that
the expedition was going to last for 3 years and neither of us wanted to Ье apart
for such а long period of time.
lnterviewer: 1 see. Now is it true that you had some terriЬle fights with
the other members of the team, Ben and Simon, out there in the Antarctic?
Ralph: Well, ... in fact, ... for the most part we got on extremely well.
They respected me as the leader of the expedition and trusted my knowledge
and decisions. But sometimes, because we were sharing а small tent and were
very stressed and anxious, we did quarrel as anybody would. But very little
really.
lnterviewer: How did you actually cross the both polar ice caps? With
dogs and sledges?
Ralph: Well, originally that was what we were going to do, as several
other explorers had told us that dog-pulled sledges were best, but in the end
we used skidoos - sledges operated Ьу battery, because we' d also heard that
dogs often don't survive the journey to the ice caps. 1 intend to do my next
polar expedition on foot though.
lnterviewer: Really? That will Ье а challenge! One final question, Ralph.
I've read your book and found it very interesting. But as 1 read of the hardship
and suffering you went through on the expedition, 1 couldn't help but wonder
why on earth you did it.
Ralph: А good question. Perhaps 1 could've worked in а bank or some-
thing, you know, had а sensiЬ!e job. But I've never been sensiЬ!e.The only
thing 1 had experience of was army life and leading exhibltions. I don't think I
could ever do а 9-5 desk job.
lnterviewer: I guess not! Well, it's been fascinatingtalkingto you. Thank
you very much.
Ralph: Thank you.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Nowyou will hearthe text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.
Тексты ддя ауднровання. Варнант 4 209
VARIANT4
Сейчас Вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст
прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго проелушиваний у Вас будет
время ДJIЯ выполнения и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в
аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиозаписи не
предусмотрены.

Задание 81
Вы услышите б высказываний. Установите соответствие между
высказываниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данными в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение,
обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз.
В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услышите запись
дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд,
чтобы ознакомиться с заданием..

Now we are ready to start.


SpeakerA
Yes, I do read quite а Iot - books апd тagaziпes - but if you asked те what
ту favourite books are, I'd have to say books for kids! I've got .two kids of ту
own, апd о псе they've fiпished readiпg а book, they pass it оп to те. Childreп's
literature these days is just so good! Take Harry Potter, for ехатрlе. Much
fuппier and тоге excitiпg thaп books writteп for adults.

Speaker В
I've always Ioved readiпg - ever siпce I was а youпg child. I сап rететЬеr
so clearly ту тuт teachiпg те to read. I Ioved every тiпute of it! Whether
I'II ever actually тапаgе to write а book of ту оwп iп the future, I doп't kпow.
But I'd really Iove to! It тust Ье woпderful to see your пате оп the froпt of а
book iп all the bookshops. l'т so jealous of writers! ·
SpeakerC
Well, I've got two twiпs, Sатту and Deпise, апd they're both three years old
поw, so they're Iearniпg how to read right прw. We read every day. I read theт ·
first, апd theп I try to get theт to read the words back to те. I thiпk Deпise
is а little better thaп Sатту so far, but they're very coтpetitive so l'т sure
that'Il chaпge!
Speaker D
I've got huпdreds of books at hоте, тost of which I haven't read yet, to Ье
hoпest. Апd that's the рrоЬ!ет. Тiте. Wheп you're а kid there seeтs to Ье
Ioads oftiтe for readiпg, but it's поt the sате wheп you're ап adult. The only
14.Зак. No 5
210 Учебно-треннровочные тесты д11я подготовки к ЕГЭ

tiтe I have is on the train into work each тorning. It's about а half-hour jour-
ney, so 1 always take а book with те. It's а nice start to the day. I'т usually
too tired to read on the way hоте, though!
Speaker Е
l'т definitely what you would call а lover of books, and I studied literature at
university, actually, so I do like to think of тyself as а blt of an expert. But,
and this will surprise you, I alтost never go into bookshops. It's not that I
don't read- I do! But we've got а fantastic library in the town centre so I get
ту books froт there. I теаn, what's the point of buying books when you can
borrow theт froт а library for free?
SpeakerF
I've always loved reading, and when I had children of ту own, I thought it was
very iтportant to teach theт to read at а young age. I took theт to the library,
and they used to enjoy it, but I don't see theт with а book very often now. I
Ьlате the Internet and video gaтes. Му children and their friends love them,
so they don't touch books. It's а blt sad, I think.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания А1-А7
Вы. услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведёппы.х
утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста
(1 - True), какие ne соответствуют, (2 - False) и о чём. в
тексте ne сказано, то есть па основании текста нельзя дать
пи положительного, пи отрицательного ответа (3 - Not
stated). Обведите пом.ер вы.браппого вам.и варианта ответа.
Вьt усЛьtшите запись дважды.. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы.
ознакомиться с задапиям.и.

Now we are ready to start.


Bridget: Oh, hello Cathy. It's you! Соте in, соте in. Соте through and
have а seat.
Cathy: Hello Bridget. I was just shopping nearby so 1 thought I'd
drop in.
Bridget: Wel\ it's been а long tiтe. 1 haven't seen you since St Patrick's
night dance at the club.
Cathy: Has it been that long?
14"
Тексты мя аудирования. Варнант 4 211
Bгidget: lt has, Cathy, it has. Сап 1 get you а drink? The tea's just
brewing.
Cathy: А cup of tea would Ье nice. I've been on my feet all day, trying to
get everything sorted out for our Joseph's wedding.
Bгidget: Did I hear you say wedding, Cathy? Lovely! Who's the lucky
girl?
Cathy: lt's а gir\ he was at university with. She's а primary schoo\ teacher,
а really quiet person. А grand girl.
Bгidget: When's the Ьig day?
Cathy: Oh, it's not for а few weeks yet, but there's so much to do and
everything's so expensive.
Bгidget: Tell те about it. I'm sure that every time I go to the supermarket
the prices have gone up. Daylight robbery, that's what it is.
Cathy: Have you heard that Mackays, the newspaper shop, is closing
down?
Bгidget: That's the third shop that's closed down in as many weeks, you
know Cathy. And they say there's an economic recovery. These politicians,
they don't know what they're talking about.
, Cathy: 1 know. But it's the young реор\е 1feel sorry for. lt's not as if they
don't want to work.
Bгidget: True. That's why my nephew James is \eaving. There's nothing
for him here. Four years at university and what happens? He's been unem-
ployed for about 2 years, applied for hundreds of jobs, so he's decided he's had
enough. He's going to Australia.
Cathy: ls he? Good for him. Bernie and Dot won't Ье too happy though.
He's their only child.
Bгidget: True, but what do they expect? At least in Australia he'll have
the chance of а real job. Thoщih it'll Ье difficult because Dot's been sick.
Cathy: Yes, 1 saw her last week and she was quite bad.
Bгidget: Yes, it's been really hard for Bernie.
Cathy: Let's hope she gets better soon, because Bernie had to give up his
job to look after her. How's Bill Ьу the way?
Bгidget: He's ОК, 1 guess. He's still working, but he's been ill lately.
He's tired all the time but he won't take any time off work. 1 just wish he'd
retire then we could go and live iп Lanzarote. Remember we've Ьееп goiпg to
the same villa for about 20 years. lt's like а secoпd home to us поw.
Cathy: l'd miss you though, Bridget. We've Ьееп through а lot together.
But life goes оп, eh? Life goes оп.
212 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

Bridget: You're not going to get all sentiтental on те now Cathy, are
you? Now 1 ат goingto get that wedding invitation.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Задания А8-А14
Вьt. услышите интервью. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1,
2 или 3, соответствующую вьt.бранному вами варианту ответа.
Вьt. услышите запись дваждьt.. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобьt.
ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
lnterviewer: Kris, you started tennis veryyoung- how did that happen?
Kris: Му parents worked at а leisure сотрlех- Dad was а tennis coach.
1 began playing with Ыт when 1 was four. At ту first school I tried rugЬy
which I actually liked better because I could play with ту friends, so keeping
on going with tennis was really tough. After one rugby match I went hоте
with а cut on ту forehead and ту parents told те to give it up. Up until then
1 played tennis twice а week, but after that 1 played more often and iтproved
rapidly. That got те hooked and Ьу the tiтe I was twelve 1was pretty good.
lnterviewer: Were you а good student at school?
Kris: 1enjoyed school on the whole and I wasn't bad academically, though
1 couldn't really see the point of it - I already knew what 1 was going to do.
I still keep in touch occasionally with а few old classmates, though ту life
is very different froт тost of theirs - but I ат grateful for the teachers who
taught me that if you dedicate yourself to soтething, there's nothing that can't
Ье achieved. I started coтpeting seriously when 1was fifteen.
Interviewer: You were successful in national tournaтents very quickly.
How were those early years?
Kris: 1fell in love with the buzz of coтpetition. Now the trend is for junior
players to go to college first, take а few тоrе years to grow up before trying to
таkе it as а professional but l'т glad I didn't take that route. I just wanted
to play, and I was lucky I was tall and strong enough to compete with older
players quite easily, though sоте of theт resented те. It taught те а lot about
people, and I needed to mature faster- that's given те an edge.
lnterviewer: Tell us about your exercise routine and diet on а normal day.
Kris: 1 try to follow а healthy lifestyle. lt's iтportant to avoid stuff like
fast food, though 1 admit 1 really тissed it at first! I train hard - ту coach
Тексты д;IЯ аудирования. Вариант 5 213
pushes me to build up my streпgth апd stamiпa. 1 ruп first thiпg every day,
then speпd four hours workiпg with him оп my techпique оп the court. That's
the blt I епjоу, though 1 kпow the rest of it is рrоЬаЬ!у еvеп more importaпt.
He's iпtroduced те to yoga which is good for my flexibllity- it's hard, though,
апd 1 try to avoid it. 1 doп't епjоу the fact that it isп't competitive- 1 пееd that
to spur те оп, though 1 doп't really miпd beiпg told what to do.
lnterviewer: What do you like most about beiпg а professioпal?
Kris: Of course it's great seeiпg places 1 wouldп't otherwise have the
сhапсе to visit - some tournameпts take place iп fasciпatiпg cities, апd 1
always try to look rouпd if 1 сап. Speпdiпg so much time away from my fam-
ily апd frieпds isп't great, though, апd hotel rooms are very loпely еvеп wheп
you're earniпg eпough to do what you like. 1 fiпd it а privilege to talk to loads
of iпterestiпg people- it's somethiпg 1 never imagiпed l'd епjоу, but iп fact
that's what makes it really special.
lnterviewer: Do you have any advice for young players who'd like to fol-
low iп your footsteps?
Kris: 1 believe settiпg goals апd workiпg as hard as you сап for them is
а blg thiпg, though that's поt somethiпg you сап rush. Doп't totally ignore
those who waпt to help you- 1 was rather stubborn at times, апd that didп't
always make my life easy - though you kпow yourself best апd sometimes
you do have to staпd up for yourself. Тор of the list is how you feel - never
uпderestimate how haviпg а good time builds the real fouпdation for success.
lnterviewer: Аге you goiпg to Ье а coach after fiпishiпg your sport ca-
reer?
Kris: Мапу players waпt to coach, though 1 doп't have the patieпce or
selflessпess for that. 1 am attracted to the idea of takiпg up somethiпg differ-
eпt - say - cycliпg апd gettiпg top iп that. The idea of becomiпg а televi-
sioп commeпtator crossed my miпd- it's glamorous, though рrоЬаЬ!у harder
thaп it looks!
lnterviewer: Thaпks for your time.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your
answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.
214 Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

VARIANT5
Вы сейчас будете выполнять тест по аудированию. Во время его
выполнения перед каждым заданием дана пауза с тем, чтобы вы смогли
просмотреть вопросы к заданию, а также паузы после первичного

и повторного предъявления зудиотекста для внесения ответов. По


окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои
ответы в бланк ответов.

Задание 81
Вы. услы.шите б вы.сказы.ваний. Установите соответствие .между
вы.сказы.вания.ми каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данны..ми в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение,
обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз.
В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы услы.шите запись
дважды.. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд,
чтобы. ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we are ready to start.


Speaker А
The world has changed а lot, goodness, enonnously. 1 mean thirty years ago, 1
was still at school. 1was ten years old. Life was а lot simpler then. All 1 had to
think about was doing my homework, and enjoying my free time with friends.
1 think life was simpler for everybody then. We didn't have all this technology,
and I think the расе of life was slower. At work, when someone sent а letter, it
could take а week or two even before they would get а reply.
Speaker В
Our life has changed а lot. I live in Beijing. So there has been а huge advance-
ment of technology, and huge growth. There are more people with more money.
There has been an economic explosion here, so the city has grown. All the of-
fices and high-rise buildings, lots of those weren't here thirty years ago. And
it's very multicultural nowadays. People from all over the world live in Beijing.
People came from everywhere to see if they could get rich, and many of them
did get rich. They made millions.
SpeakerC
The world is getting better in many ways. 1think if we look at living standards
across the world, obviously there are still millions of people living in terriЬie
poverty, but 1think the situation is getting better. People have better access to
food and medicines, and education. So, there are all things which are improv-
ing. Medicine is improving so people live longer, and we сап fight infectious
diseases.
Тексты д.пя аудирования. Вариант 5 215
Speaker D
Nowadays, people email, and they expect an instant response. On the same
day, or within an hour or two, that puts а lot of pressure on people. We say that
technology has saved us time, but it just speeds things up, and we are expected
to do so much more. It's non-stop. We have moblle phones and BlackBerries,
iPhones. So we don't just turn off and relax. We need to keep in touch all day
round.
Speaker Е
1 think in а lot of places out in the countryside, things haven't changed that
much. Life is quite similar to how it was before, for farmers, and their families.
I suppose they have more technology now. They have moblle phones, and tele-
visions, and the internet, so they know а lot more about the wider world, and
what is going on. They used to have just а radio, and it was difficult to find out
information. That's much easier now, but in common they should do the same
things as former generations.
Speaker F
People's lives have improved because of technology, so life is easier now than
it was before. А lot of manual work is done Ьу machines. But in some ways,
the world is getting worse. War, for example, is а Ьigger prohlem all the time.
There are more and more wars, which is surprising. And weapons are becom-
ing even more dangerous. 1 think the environment is definitely suffering, so we
are polluting more that we used to because of all the industrialization. And I
think also, socially, things are getting worse, because people are less social
now, than before. They spend more time on their own, with computers and
computer games, and less time talking to others. I think that is а great shame.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
216 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

Задания AI-A7
Вы усльtшите монолог Джейд о компьютерной зависимости.
Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А1-А7
соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не
соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то
есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного,
ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Обведите номер
выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы усльtшите запись дважды.
У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
When 1 first met Sam, 1 really liked him. Не was good-looking and kind
but quite shy. Не used to play computer games - or one in particular- quite
а lot. l'd visit him at his home and he'd Ье sitting at the computer. Sometimes
he didn't even tum round, and 1 thought that was strange but 1 soon got used
to talking to his back! Anyway, three years ago we got married.
Now when he comes home from work, one of us cooks dinner, while the
other looks after our son Joe. Then instead of sitting down and chatting about
the day, Sam usually goes straight to his computer to play Battle Galaxy 2525.
Whenever 1 try to get him to watch а movie on TV or something, he either
completely ignores me or he agrees and then gets bored because he wants to
go back to his game. I'm not used to that type of behaviour. lt's very different
from my family. 1 feel ignored and ask myself why 1 stay with this guy.
1 remernber once 1 got really annoyed and 1 unplugged his cornputer. Не
was furious - he said I'd 'killed' some of his friends. 1 think these virtual
'friends' of his are more irnportant to hirn than me and Joe. 1 rnean, they aren't
even real! 1couldn't believe it! 1shouted at him that he only thinks about him-
self and his virtual world ... we didn't talk to each other for а whole week. And
our son Joe? Sarn's idea of being а good father is showing Joe how to tap on
the cornputer keyboard. One thing's for sure, I'm never going to let Joe start
playing cornputer games. I've threatened to leave Sam but it would Ье terriЬ\e
for Joe and I'm sure that deep down Sam knows he's in the wrong. lt's like а
drug. 1 think he needs help.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Тексты для аудирования. Варнант 5 217
Задания А8-А14
Вы услышите диалог женщины, которая уЗнаёт о языковых
курсах. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3,
соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.
Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы
ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.


- Hello, English Language College. Can 1 help you?
- Yes, I'd like to enquire about а course.
- ОК. Have you seen the information on ourwebsite?
- Well, actually the situation is that 1 booked тyself onto а course
through your website yesterday, and now 1'd like to change.
- Could you tell rne your narne?
- Mira Radnotti.
- And which course was it?
- А general English course, pre-advanced.
- Bear with те а rninute. Yes, I've got it. What would you like to change
to?
- I've just noticed this rnorning that you have an advance course in busi-
ness English starting next week.
- That's right.
'- 1was wondering if it would Ье possiЬ\e for те to change to that group.
- ОК, let rne just check. There are still а few places in that group, but
you'll have to do а level test.
- But I've already done an online test for the other course.
- 1 appreciate that, but for this course you need to do а level test in per-
son.
- Can you tell те why 1 have to do it in person?
- It's because it's а specialized course and there's an oral cornponent to
the level test.
-1 see. Do you тind те askingwhat it involves?
- There's а written task that you have to do under tiтed conditions, and
preparation rnaterials for the oral interview.
- 1 see. Sorry to Ье difficult, it's just that I'rn really busy this week and
can't таkе it up to the school forthe level test.
- Hrnrn ... You couldn't соте in on Thursday evening, could you?
- No, I'rn afraid not. But 1tell you what. 1 could соте in on Saturday to
do the level test.
218 Уче6но-треннровочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

- The рrоЬ!ет is, that's leaviпg it very late апd we тight have other
applicaпts.
- That's great. Oh, I've got опе тоrе questioп, if l'т поt keepiпgyou.
- No, go ahead.
- If I doп't get iпto this group, do I lose ту course fee?
- l'т afraid we сап't refuпd the deposit, but you could apply it to aпother
course.
- That's а relief. Would you тiпd puttiпg that iп ап eтail for те?
- Certaiпly.
You have 15 seconds to coтplete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.

VARIANT6
Сейчас Вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст
прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго проелушиваний у Вас будет
время для выполнения и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в
аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиозаписи не
предусмотрены.

Задание 81
Вьt усльtшите б вьtсказьtван.ий. Установите соответствие между
вьtсказьtван.ия.ми каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
дан.н.ьtми в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение,
обозн.ачен.н.ое соответствующей цифрой, только один раз.
В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вьt усльtшите запись
дваждьt. Зан.есите свои ответьt в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секун.д,
чтобьt ознакомиться с заданием. ·
Now we are ready to start.
SpeakerA
This year's Ьееп good because ту pareпts have beguп to trust те тоrе. They
say I сап stay out late поw- еvеп six тoпths ago I wasп't allowed to go out оп
а weekпight, апd at weekeпds I had to рhопе theт every hour to say where I
was. So that's the best thiпg, 1 guess, апd, of course, that I сап haпg out with
frieпds. The worst thiпg about beiпgfifteeп is поt haviпg eпough топеу. Like,
Тексты дпя аудирования. Варнант 6 219
last Friday, I couldn't рау for ту own cineтa ticket because I didn't have the
cash, so I had to borrow froт ту friend.
Speaker В
Ву sixty five, the best thing is you appreciate your friends and faтily and every
тотеnt you spend with theт, you don't take anything for granted. All of ту
friends arestill healthy and active, so we сап do а lot of things together, such
as travel, and we're lucky enough to have the тоnеу to do it. 1 тust adтit that
if there is а worst thing it's the fear of growing older and that, one day, I won't
Ье аЬiе to do things I want to.

SpeakerC
The best thing about being twenty is living away froт hоте! 1 live in а hall
of residence and although we're supposed to attend lectures, 1 only go when
I feellike it. То Ье honest, 1 prefer going out and enjoying тyself. I do sоте
reading for lectures and I study, but 1 know 1 ought to do тоге. So far it's been
enough. 1 тanaged to pass my first set of ехатs, though it wasn't easy. The
only bad thing for те is that I don't look ту age, I stilllook quite young for ту
age.
Speaker D
The thing I find тost difficult about beingforty five is that I feel oЬiiged to give
everyone the iтpression that Г т successful. Older people keep telling те Г т
in ту priтe, that 1 should enjoy this period of ту life, so 1 pretend 1 have а
good job, that Гт happy, but it's just а pretence. In fact, so far ту working
life hasn't been all that satisfying. And ту friends sеет to do the sате, you
know, trying to outdo each other. But the best thing is that there's plenty of
tiтe ahead of те, tiтe to get things right.

Speaker Е
I think the best thing is that I don't have to work and 1 don't need to worry
about тоnеу. The worst thing? Hoтework! The teachers таkе us do two
hours hoтework а day and we have to do four hours at the weekend. Oh, and
ту тuт's always yelling at те for being noisy, she's always saying, 'Act your
age!' 1 tell her that Гт acting ту age and I'т only ten! Anyway, I'т never
allowed to do anything fun before 1finish ту work.
Speaker F
When 1look back at the past, at how insecure I felt fifteen or twenty years ago,
I have to laugh, because оп е thing 1appreciate now is how coтfortaЬie I feel in
ту own skin. I've outgrown the need to seek other people's approval- 1guess
that's part of the тaturity that сотеs with age and experience. Г т happy with
the things I've achieved: ту professionallife has been ОК, ту тarriage is fine,
220 Учебно-треннровочные тесты ддя подготовки к ЕГЭ

we doп't have kids yet but I'rn поt iп а рапiс about that. So, I'rn thirty апd I
feel pretty сопtепt. I doп't have а worst thiпg, or at least I сап't thiпk of опе.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hеаг the texts again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyouг
answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Задания А1-А7
Вы услышите монологДжулии. Определите, какие из приведённых
утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста (1
- True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в
тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать
ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not
stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Вы усЛЬtшите запись дважды. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы
ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we аге ready to staгt.
With laptops before breakfast, rnoblles left switched оп Ьу bedsides апd
iPods stuck iп ears as they fall asleep, I do worry rny soпs will sооп lose the
power of speech eпtirely. Wheп I was а child, I would speпd hours gossipiпg
with rny rnates. Му childreп are happier to stay iп their roorns апd coпverse Ьу
keyboard. Should I resist the iпevitaЬle rnarch of progress? After all, I kпow
I'rn а hypocrite wheп it cornes to the lure of the laptop. I used to start every day
gaziпg at rny childreп; these days I ореп rny Мае before I ореп their doors.
As sооп as I wake up 1crack ореп rny laptop апd take а crafty peek at rny
e-rnail. E-rnail checked, I click оп to rny social пetworking site, iп case I'rn
rnissiпg aпythiпg. That's wheп I пotice rny 13-year-old sоп is oпline with his
frieпd апd doiпg exactly the sarne thiпg. Тhеп there are the crucia\ rnessages I
пееd to pass оп to rny eldest such as wheп I arn working late or wheп his rugЬy
traiпing has Ьееп caпcelled. All these rnessages are seпt Ьу e-rnail because
they have rnore сhапсе of reachiпg his braiп thaп actual, face-to-face hurnaп­
beiпg exchaпges. I've suddenly realized these kids have sucked rne iпto their
hi-tech way of doiпg thiпgs. Now I'rn cornrnuпicatiпg with thern via rnessage
boards, phoпes апd cornputers, just like their frieпds.
The way they рlап their social life has chaпged, too. Everythiпg is left
to the last rninute because everyone сап Ье reached irnrnediately, по rnatter
where they are. Hours of по visiЬle or audiЬ\e signs of cornrnuпicatioп with
their friends are suddeпly followed Ьу а slarnrned froпt door as they react to ап
urgeпt rnessage or e-rnail. I text thern to fiпd out what tirne they are corniпg
Тексты для аудирования. Варнант 6 221
back as they disappear up the road. 1 leave my phone next to my pillow as 1 try
to sleep, comforted only Ье а Ьlеер-Ьiеер of а response and an eventual key in
the door.
It's not just speech that is disappearing in our house. The handwritten
word is an endangered species, too. Му boys rarely trouЬie а ballpoint реп
and homework is always produced on the computer; handwritten notes left for
те are therefore no more than а scribЬle. Yes, the way we communicate is
changing and families can't !ive in а bubЬie and ignore technology.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)

Задания А8-А14
Вы усЛьtшите диалог. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру J,· 2
или 3, соответствующую выбранному вам.и варианту отв~та.
Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы
ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.


- Well, I've had some very embarrassing experiences in my life but оп е
of the worst. It was my very first day at work. 1 was а trainee solicitor in а law
firm and there were fourteen of us trainees there, and everyone was on their
best behavior. Everyone was dressed nicely and wanted to make а good first
impression.
- Yeah, 1 know what you mean. How old were you?
- Only twenty-three, so 1 was оп е of the youngest in the group. Anyway,
it started as а typical first day, you know а blt like the first day at school -
everyone's not quite being themselves but you know trying their hardest and
you go and get your cup of tea or coffee and try not to spill it or drop your
blscuit on the floor.
-1 see.
- And 1 remember I was feeling kind of... kind of nervous, maybe а tiny
blt shy and then having to pretend to Ье confident as if to say, you know, 'I'm
very professional'. 1 spent the whole time looking at the others and wondering
how experienced they were and ...
- 1 know the feeling.
- ... and then 1 had to go to my desk and wait for some work to Ье given
to те and, it was а quiet department so 1 was waiting and waiting and my
222 Учебно-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

shoes were new and were hurting so 1 kicked theт off under the taЬie and then
another hour went Ьу, and Ьу this tiтe 1 was feeling а Ьit panicky because 1
didn't have anything to do. 1 hoped soтeone would give те sоте proper work
to do. Then the head partner rang те and told те to соте to his office because
he'd got sоте work for те so 1 grabbed ту реп and pad and 1 went racing
round there. And as 1 walked into his office, he looked те up and down and
saw that 1 wasn't wearing ту shoes. I тust have seeтed ridiculously casual.
It was so eтbarrassing! So I just spent the whole tiтe in the office thinking
'are you gonna say anything, are you gonna tell те of?
- Did he say anything?
- J ust before he sent те away he stopped те and he wanted to know
why 1 didn't have any shoes on, and I didn't have а good answer for that. I just
said 1 wanted to feel тоrе coтfortaЬie. I thought, l'т never going to fit in at
this law firm.
- And how did he react?
- Не sтiled so I think he thought it was pretty funny, but ever since then
I've always таdе sure I keep ту shoes on!
You have 15 seconds to coтplete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.

VARIANT7
Сейчас Вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст
прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго проелушиваний у Вас будет
время д.ля выполнения и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в
аудиозапись. С>становка и повторное воспроизведение аудиозаписи не
предусмотрены.

Задание 81
Вы. услы.шите б вы.скаЗы.ваний. Установите соответствие между
вы.сказы.ваниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данны..ми в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение,
обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, тол.ысо . один раз.
В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы. услы.шите запись
дважды. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд,
чтобы ознакомиться с заданием.
Тексты для аудирования. Варнант 7, 223
Now we are ready to start.
SpeakerA
I'm а post -graduate studeпt studyiпg geology. I' d Ье а good flatmate because I
teпd to keep myself to myself. I'm поt uпfrieпdly but my idea of perfect eveпiпg
is to speпd the пight iп, order а takeaway апd watch а DVD or maybe play
computer games. I'm not а computer geek, though. Like апу studeпt, I'm of-
teп short of cash, but поt tight-:fisted, I doп't miпd payiпg my share. I сап Ье
quite messy - I ofteп briпg rocks home to work оп. I'm usually up and out
before 7.30 iп the morning.
Speaker В
I'm а professioпal cook iп ап Italiaп restauraпt. I work late so 1 doп't like be-
iпg disturbed iп the morniпg. I'm а people persoп апd love iпvitiпg frieпds
rouпd апd cookiпg for them. I am very particular about order, especially iп the
kitcheп- if there's опе thiпg I hate, it's а mess kitchen. I also get аппоуеd if
I'm the опlу оп е cleaпing up or people dоп 't pull their weight arouпd the house.
Му friends say I'm very seпsiЬ!e апd practical, really dowп-to-earth.

SpeakerC
I'm а lawyer апd sing with а Ьапd iп my spare time. I've got а good job and а
deceпt salary, but at the moment I'm being careful with mопеу as I'm saviпg
up for а пеw souпd system for the group. I'm ofteп out until the early hours
because of late пight gigs with the Ьапd. People say I'm а good laugh but I
сап Ье pretty serious too- I sometimes briпgthe Ьапd back after а gig апd I
сап really get iпto talkiпg about politics - I love а good discussioп.

Speaker D
I'm а maпager апd 1 have rather stressful work, but it's поt а problem. The
problems are my пeighbours. 1 live оп the third floor апd the people пехt door,
а youпg married couple; they obviously get оп very badly. They argue all the
time, and the walls are so thiп you сап hear every word. Тhеп there are the
people upstairs. They absolutely drive те mad because they're always moving
the furniture arouпd. Тhеп the girl iп the flat below те is learning the рiапо.
She speпds hours practicing. I сап't bear it апу more.
Speaker Е
I'm а last year studeпt. I've Ьееп shariпg flats for the past four years with dif-
fereпt people. This time I decided to share with а frieпd, somebody I already
kпow well. We've Ьееп liviпg here поw for пearly а year and we get оп well-
except for her irritating hablts of eatiпg my yoghurts апd fiпishiпg the coffee.
But it's great haviпg someone else to help рау the reпt, to share their diп.~
224 Учебно-треннровочные тесты д/IЯ подготовки к ЕГЭ

ner with you when you're too exhausted to cook. And 1 know there's always
someone to talk to.
Speakerf
1got to London а couple of weeks ago and I'm staying in а place called Swiss
Cottage. Му flatmate, Winston, is great. He's originally from Jamaica and
is divorced with two kids, who are often around. He's а good laugh and he's
happy to chat with те any time so I can practice ту English, which is great. I
found the flat Ьу means of 'speed flatmating' on the Intemet. You go to а kind
of party and you chat to а lot of people who've got rooms to rent. I met Winston
there and we just clicked! 1 moved in the next day.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the texts again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your
answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания А1-А7
Вьt услы.шите монолог. Определите, какие из приведённьtх
утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию текста
(1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в
тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать
ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not
stated). Обведите номер вьtбранного вами варианта ответа.
Вьt услы.шите запись дваждьt. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобьt
ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.


I'm not the kind of person who likes extreme activities like bungy jumping
or sky diving and, in fact, I'd never do any of those sorts of things. So the
activity I' d like to recommend may seem quite boring to some of you, and very
simple: it's jumping off а three meters platform into water.
Anyway, I'll try to explain why it's so special. А few years ago I was at а
lake with а friend, and there was а jumping platform about three meters above
the surface of t.he lake, you know the sort of thing, made of wood and, anyway,
people were jumping off it into the water and having а good time, so we decided
to try it. We waited till there was no one around, because neither of us was
feelingparticularlycourageous. 1rememberwalkingto the edge ofthe platform
and looking down and thinking to myself, 'the water is а long way down!'. 1felt
really nervous but eventually 1 gathered my courage and walked. back а few
steps, then 1ran and jumped into the water.
Тексты для аудирования. Варнант 7 225
Actually, 1 didn't exactly jump into the water, 1 jumped into the air, or
that's what it felt like. Air all around те, of ages. lt felt like some of the longest
few seconds of ту life. 1was determined to keep my eyes open, but involuntar-
ily they closed out of fear. 1 braced myself for impact, which came eventually of
course, and it almost hurt, the way 1 hit the water and travelled quickly to the
muddy bottom. 1 swam to the edge and climbed up to the level of the platform
again. 1 was amazed how scared I'd felt, and at the fact that 1 hadn't been аЬ!е
to keep my eyes open. 1 told myself that if 1 did it again, 1 could surely keep my
eyes open, and relax and enjoy it. 1 drew in а deep breath, ran, and jumped into
the air... and it was exactly the same as the first time.
I'd recommend this experience because it really makes you understand
something about fear, in situation where, in fact, there's no danger.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This i~ the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания А8-А14
ВЬI. услы.шите диалог. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2
или 3, соответствующую вЬt.бранно.м.у ва.м.и варианту ответа.
ВЬI. услы.шите запись дваждЬt.. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобЬt.
ознакомиться с задания.м.и.

Now we are ready to start.


- What would you say is the stereotype of people from your country?
- Well, one thing everybody thinks is that our football teams always
win- which of course isn't always true, unfortunately. And people think that
we spend all our time drinking beer and eating sausages, and driving fast cars.
People always think of us as being very efficient and disciplined, very hard-
working. They think that we always tend to оЬеу rules, and that we don't have
а sense of humour. They also think that we are very self-confident.
- How much of the stereotype is true?
- Well, as regards the food, it's true that we do like beer and sausages,
but 1 would say that nowadays people have started to worry more about their
weight, so they don't eat and drink as much as they used to. And it is true that
we love our cars almost more than our families, well, maybe I'm exaggerating
а blt. Efficient and disciplined- well, this is true, but it's а Ьit of а simplification.
- What about the stereotype of Germans having no sense of humour?
- Ah, yes, well this 1 have to say is true. Generally speaking we take life
too seriously. We do have some humour but it doesn't translate very well. And
15. Зак. No 5
226 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

we only like jokes at certain times, for example, not at work- and we don't
usually make jokes about other nationalities.
- What aspects of the stereotype aren't true?
- Well, l'd say that in spite of what people think, we are not really self-
confident. There is а very important word when you talk about the German
personality, and that is Angst. This means something like 'insecurity' - peo-
ple don't think of the Germans as being insecure but we are, we're very inse-
cure, and that's why we have this great desire for everything to Ье regulated
and controlled and for everything to work.
- ls it true that the Germans look down on other nationalities?
- No, no, this is not true! For example, we really look up to the Swiss-
we admire them because they are even cleaner and more punctual than we are!
-· What are the strengths of the Germans in your bpinion?
- Well, 1 think in general we are well educated- we love culture and we
take it very seriously - the more culture the better. Also we are very green,
very ecology conscious. We are responsiЬie about recycling and things like
that.
- What about your weaknesses?
- One thing 1'd say is that modern Germans are very obsessed with their
health. But maybe our greatest weakness is that we are very bossy. We love
criticizing other people, and telling them what they are doing wrong.
-1 see.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.

15"
Тексты для аудирования. Варнант 8 227
VARIANT8
Сейчас Вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст
прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго проелушиваний у Вас будет
время для выполнения и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в
аудиозапись. С>становка и повторное воспроизведение аудиозаписи не
предусмотрены.

Задание 81
Вы. услы.шите б вы.сказы.ваний. Установите соответствие между
вы.сказы.ваниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данны.ми в списке 1-1. Используйте каждое утверждение,
обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз.
В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы. услы.шите запись
дважды.. Занесите свои ответы. в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд,
чтобы. ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we аге ready to start.


Speaker А
I do prefer to keep to deadliпes апd If I doп't I teпd to get а blt stressed out, I
doп't like to disappoiпt people апd I like to feel as though I'm quite orgaпized.
I doп't miпd workiпg late sometimes if it's to get somethiпg fiпished, апd I feel
much more satisfied gettiпg jiOmethiпg completed at the епd of the day апd
I'm more likely to go home апd relax. But, otherwise, I'll епd up goiпg home
апd just thiпkiпg about everythiпg that I've got to do the пехt day, so that
stresses me out more.
SpeakerB
I thiпk it's really importaпt for traпsport, public traпsport to Ье puпctual wheп
you're workiпg, апd that's just пormal. But I thiпk wheп I'm оп holiday I'm а
blt more relaxed about whether traiпs or buses are а little blt late. C>bviously,
you doп't waпt to waste а whole day waitiпg for traпsport wheп you waпt to
get from А to В апd you waпt to make the most of your holiday but, yeah, I
thiпk I'm defiпitely more relaxed wheп I'm abroad thaп wheп I'm iп my оwп
couпtry.

SpeakerC
Yeah 1 was taught from ап early age that time keepiпg's really importaпt. Be-
cause of that 1 fiпd it quite аппоуiпg wheп other people doп't have that same
sort of liпe of thought. Ап example 1 сап give is my frieпds at uпiversity, they
were always late. lt makes me feel iпcrediЬly frustrated because, obviously,
you're there оп time waitiпg апd it сап Ье quite loпely at times.
228 Уче6но-треннровочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

SpeakerD
1 generally don't have а рrоЬ!ет at all with people tuming up late because
it gives те tiтe, because I'т generally running late anyway so, it gives те
plenty тоrе tiтe to get тyself ready. If we're preparing for а dinner party, and
people tum up late it really doesn't worry те at all. It gives те plenty тоrе
tiтe to do soтething else.

Speaker Е
As 1 was bom and brought up in Britain, 1 think it's very iтportant to Ье on
tiтe. If I'т holding а dinner party and people соте late then usual\y I'т quite
annoyed because I'т quite organized and so the food will рrоЬаЬ!у Ье ready,
and so 1'11 Ье а little blt cross that perhaps the dinner will Ье ruined.
Speaker F
Deadlines are iтportant but 1 try not to let theт stress те out too тuch, 1just
try to forget about the pressure and get the work done. As for working late, 1
don't тind working late, we al\ have to do it froт tiтe to tiтe. Late evening is
best for те to Ье focusing, that's when I'm really thinking straight. So it's not
the рrоЬ!ет for те.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the texts again. (Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)

Задания А1-А7
Вы. услы.шите диалог о трудностях работы. в ночные с.м.ены..
Определите, какие из приведённы.х утверждений А1-А7
соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не
соответствуют (2 - False) и о чё.м. в тексте не сказано, то
есть на основании текста ·нельзя дать ни положительного,
ни отрицательного ответа (3 - Not stated). Обведите но.м.ер
выбранного ва.м.и варианта ответа. Вы. услы.шите запись дважды..
У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы. ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.


- How often do you have to work nights?
- I'm оп night duty for two weeks out of every five. Quite а lot real\y,
- What tiтe do you start and finish work when you're оп nights?
- We start at 10 o'clock at night and finish at 8 o'clock in the moming.
- So what tiтe do you go to bed?
Тексты для-аудирования. Варнант 8 229
- As soon as 1get home. About 8.30 usually.
- Do you find it difficult to sleep?
- No, not at all. 1 fall asleep immediately, and 1 sleep deeply, at least for
the first two or three hours.
- How long do you sleep for?
- It depends. Between four or five hours normally. 1wake up at about one
o'clock. The proЬ!em is that somebody or something always wakes те up, like
the phone or the doorbell. ·
- How do you feel when you wake up?
- If I've slept five hours or more, 1feel fine, but if I've only slept three or
four, not so good.
- What do you eat or driпk duriпg the пight?
- Betweeп 1 апd 2 o'clock iп the momiпg 1 have luпch. But опlу some-
thing light like а saпdwich, because the сапtееп's closed.
- Do you have а blg breakfast wheп you fiпish work?
- Oh, по 1пever have breakfast. The опlу thiпg I thiпk about is goiпg to
bed.
- What are the maiп proЬiems of workiпg пights?
- I thiпk we all fiпd it difficult to stay awake. Especially betweeп 4.30
апd 6 o'clock. That's the worst time. You have to make а real effort поt to fall
asleep.
- As а пurse, do you thiпk it's bad for your body to work at пight?
- Yes, absolutely. lп fact there are studies which show that people who
work at night get old more quickly thaп people who work duriпg the day, which
is а blt worryiпg!
- Apart from feeliпg tired, what other proЬiems are there?
- The worst thiпg is that wheп you're оп пight duty, you still have to do
thiпgs iп the momiпg because the world isп't made for people who work at
пight. For example, the baпks are опlу ореп iп the momiпg; childreп have to
go to school iп the momiпg апd so оп. The other blg proЬiem is your social
life. Sometimes wheп I'm workiпg пights, frieпds iпvite me for luпch because
they know 1 сап't go to diппer at пight. But they forget that if 1 meet them for
luпch at опе o'clock, theп 1сап опlу sleep forthree orfour hours that moming.
That's а proЬiem.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
230 Учебно-тренировочные тесты для подготовки к ЕГЭ

Задания А8-А14
Вы услышите .монолог Каролин. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите
цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту
ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы
ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.


1was born in 1940, so in 1968, the time of the photo, 1was 28. Му grand-
father was called Count Maurice de Bendern. Не was extremely rich- mostly
because of all the property and land that he owned in Paris and in Monaco.
Well, for some reason- 1 don't really know why- perhaps because 1 was
pretty- he chose те to Ье his heir, so when he died 1 would inherit everything.
Не paid for me to Ье educated at all the best boarding schools in England,
and his dream was for me to marry someone from European Royal family, an
aristocrat, like him.
But I was а rebel. I went to New York and worked for а short time as
а model. After that I went to Paris. It was 1968, and it was а wonderful
time. So many things were in the air- freedom, revolution. There was а lot
of street fighting, а lot of deтonstrations, and the French police were every-
where. I wasn't really interested in politics - I wasn't а communist or an
anarchist. But I just became intoxicated with the atmosphere and I took part
in all the тarches. Оп Мау 15th I was with thousands of other young people,
walking towards thePlace de la Bastille. I was tired, so а friend picked те up
and carried те on his shoulders, and someone walking next to us said 'Неу,
could you hold the flag?'
There was so тuch happening that I didn't realize there were photogra-
phers everywhere and that one of them had taken my photo with the flag.
The next day the photo was everywhere. I was on the cover of тagazines
all over the world. When ту grandfather saw the photo, he iтmediately or-
dered те to соте to see him. Не was furious - really angry - and said that
he had decided now not to leave те any of his money. I walked out of the rоот
and I never saw him again, because he died six months later. So that it was,
how this photo changed my life. 1 didn't inherit anything.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your
answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выnолнение заданий, истекло.
Тексты мя аудирования. Вариант 9 231
VARIANT9
Вы сейчас будете выполнять тест по аудированию. Во время его
выполнения перед каждым заданием дана пауза с тем, чтобы вы смогли
просмотреть вопросы к заданию, а также паузы после первичного

и повторного предъявления зудиотекста д.ля внесения ответов. По


окончании выполнения всего раздела «Аудирование» перенесите свои
ответы в бланк ответов.

Задание 81
Вы. услы.шите б вы.сказы.ваний. Установите соответствие между
вы.сказы.ваниями каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данны.ми в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение,
обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз.
В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы. услы.шите запись
дважды.. Занесите свои ответы. в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд,
чтобы. ознакомиться с заданием.

Now we are ready to start.


SpeakerA
I once had to take an internal flight in а country in east Europe. 1checked in all
right and I went to the departure gate. But before boarding, there was arюther
check point. The captain of the plane derhanded extra fee from the passengers
who had already paid for their tickets. 'You have paid for the ticket, but this
does not give you the right to а seat. You рау the 40% surcharge or you stand.'
I was furious.
Speaker В ,
No soonerwere we in the air, than the passenger area fil\ed with smoke. Every-
one started coughing. Luckily the oxygen masks dropped and we were аЬ!е to
breathe normally. Seconds later, the plane made а number of sickening turns
and steadily lost altitude. 1still remember how looking out of the window 1saw
all those fire engines on the runway. When we landed, we had to slide down the
emergency chute. ·
SpeakerC
The flight was quite full and there were а Jot of children. Shortly after take-off,
one of the girls felt sick. The attendant quickly handed her an airsick bag, then
went to get some water. And that seemed to have а domino effect, and al\ of
the kids started vomiting, one after the other. All the attendants were running
around the plane, trying to get as many sick bags as they could. Eventually
they ran out. 1must say it was quite funny, although it did made me refuse my
lunch.
232 Учебно-тренировочные тесты мя лодттовки к ЕГЭ

Speaker D
I was sittiпg оп this рlапе headed to Muтbai wheп this druпkeп guy сате
опtо the рlапе. Апd of course he sat right пехt to те. Не literally fell iпto his
seat апd fell asleep iттediately. About two hours out of Heathrow, he sud-
deпlywoke up апd ordered а giп апd oraпge. Wheп his driпk arrived, he looked
over to те апd asked, 'So, what tiтe do we arrive iп Glasgow, theп?' I тust
say, that was оп е of the тost pleasuraЬie flights I've ever had. Апd, oh, how I
eпjoyed telliпg hiт that we were actually goiпg to Muтbai.

Speaker Е
I was workiпg iп Fresпo airport. Опе day а guy сате up to те all aпgry апd
said, 'Wheп I checked iп with your airliпe iп Chicago, they put а tag оп ту
luggage that said FAT,' the passeпger Ьеgап. 'I kпow I'т overweight, but do
you really пeed_to classify your passeпgers iп this huтiliatiпg way?' I took
а couple of secoпds to coпtrol тyself, theп desperately tryiпg поt to laugh, I
iпformed the rather pluтp passeпger that the city code for ·Fгеsпо is iп fact
FAT, апd that the airliпe was just puttiпg а destiпation tag оп his luggage.
Speaker F
I speпt тost of ту two-hour iпternal flight iп great раiп. Му elbow was рiппеd
to ап armrest Ьу ап obese passeпger who was sittiпg пехt to те. This was а
huge huтап beiпg, who was occupyihg поt опlу his оwп seat but half of тiпе
too. Апd he was pressiпg dowп оп те with his full weight for the duratioп of
the flight. Wheп I got to Sап Fraпcisco, ту elbow was hurtiпg, апd I wasп't
аЬiе to coтplete the urgeпt work оп ту coтputer.

You have 15 secoпds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)


Now you will hear the texts again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your
answers. (Pause 15 seconds.)

Задания А1-А7
Вы усЛЬtшите рассказ об американском предпринимателе.
Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений AJ-A7
соответствуют содержанию текста (1 - True), какие не
соответствуют (2 - False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то
есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного,
ни отрицательного ответа (3- Not stated). Обведите номер
выбранного вами варианта ответа. Вы усЛЬtшите запись дважды.
У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы ознакомиться с заданиями.
Now we are ready to start.
Тексты д/JЯ аудирования. Варнант 9 233
Howard Hughes, the legendary American eccentric, was famous for be-
ing an industrialist, director, Hollywood producer, and aviator; but towards the
end of his life he became а reserved, destructive man.
Hughes was born in Texas in 1905 and was the son of а wealthy indus-
trialist. On his father's death in 1924, Hughes inherited more than $900, 000,
including 75% of the family business, the Hughes Tool Company. This сот­
раnу had patented an oil drill that could cut through rock. The drill was leased
and proved to Ье very profitaЬle. .
For а while, Hughes ran the family tool - making business, but he soon
became restless. In 1925 he moved to Los Angeles to become part of the mo-
tion picture industry. At the time Los Angeles was the world capital of film pro-
duction. It was here that Hughes started production of the epic movie Hell's
Angels, which was all about Royal Air Force fighter pilots in World War I. :
In order to make the film, Hughes acquired the largest private air force in the
world: 87 vintage planes $560, 000; then spent another $400, 000 to maintain
them. Не even bought а balloon to Ье burned in the film. Hughes personally
directed the aerial combat scenes.
But nothing seemed to go right. Three stunt pilots died in crashes; Hughes
also crashed his plane and was pulled unconscious from the wreckage. To-
wards the end of production, Hughes was forced to re-shoot large parts of the
film with dialogue because of the invention of talking pictures. The film cost
Hughes $3.8 million, а record for the time. It was released in 1930 and was
а great success; but it never recovered its costs. These days it is considered
а Hollywood classic, as are two more of Hughes' films, The Front Page and
Scarface.
Later on, Hughes moved into the world of aviation. At the time, the avi-
ation industry was booming in southern California. In 1934 Hughes won his
first speed title, flying at 385 kilometres per hour. And in 1935, he reached 563
kilometres an hour. Не also set an around-the-world record three years later.
At the same time, he got involved in aircraft manufacture, and started to pro-
duce planes including his XF -11.
In 1939 Hughes bought а controllingstake in Trans World Airlines (TWA),
which he would manage for nearly 30 years, transforming it into а major inter-
national airline. In 1946 he was nearly killed when he crashed in Beverly Hills
· during а test flight of his plane the XF -11.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
234 Учебно-треннровочные тесты мя подготовки к ЕГЭ

Задания А8-А14
Вы услышите разговор репортера и участника соревнований
в беге по горам.. В заданиях А8-А14 обведите цифру 1, 2
или 3, соответствующую выбранном.у вам.и варианту ответа.
Вы услышите запись дважды. У вас есть 50 секунд, чтобы
ознаком.иться с заданиям.и.

Now we are ready to start.


Reporter: Fell running is becorning rnore and rnore popular, especially
in Britain. There are fell running cornpetitions every weekend in Wales, the
English Lake District and Scotland. It's early June in the rnountains of North
Wales. And we're speakingto one ofthe fell runners Julie.
Julie: Hi! Our group is getting ready to start а 48 hour race. We carry а
tent, sleeping bag and food. We also have а rnap and cornpass. The race will
last 48 hours. In this tirne, we will have to run up and down different rnoun-
tains. We begin the race in pairs.
Reporter: The weather isn't good. There is а cold wind and it has started
to rain. But the runners do not seern to саге.
Julie: You're right. The weather leaves rnuch to Ье desired. But for rnost
of us it's no proЬ!ern.
Reporter: Could you tell us rnore about this kind of sport?
J1,.11ie: Well, it's not an easy sport. Fell runners don't have to clirnb in the
rnountains. But they have to navigate with а rnap and cornpass as they run
over the rnountains. It is а Ьit like cross-country running, except that it is
in the rnountains. The runners have to cross difficult ground. Sornetirnes the
way is very steep, but they never have to clirnb. The winners are the people
who cornplete the course in the shortest tirne. There are different types of fell
running cornpetition. Sorne races last 24 hours or 48 hours. Other races are
shorter. For exarnple, there could Ье а race up and down just one rnountain.
In other races, runners have to see how rnany rnountains they сап run up and
down in one day.
Reporter: And how did it all begin?
Julie: Oh, fell running began to Ье popular about 30-40 years ago, but
the sport existed а long tirne before that. In the rniddle ages there were sporting
cornpetitions and garnes in villages in the rnountains. In sorne of the cornpe-
titions, people had to run up and down rnountains in the fastest tirne. The tra-
dition of having sporting cornpetitions in rnountain villages still continues in
Britain, especially in Scotland. 1952 was an irnportant year for fell running.
That was the year when the first Lake District Mountain Trial took place.
Later, in 1970, the Fell Runners Association was established.
Тексты ддя аудирования. Варнант 10 235
Reporter: An interesting fact is that а lot of older people enjoy fell run-
' ning.
Julie: You're right. I'm 54 and my husband is 61. We have been taking
part in fell running competitions for 10 years. We have always loved the moun-
tains. When I was younger, we did а lot of walking and climblng in the moun-
tains. We enjoyed doing а walk as quickly as possiЬ!e. We always wanted to
complete the walk in а shorter time. It was very satisfying. That is when we
decided to start fell running. Oh, sorry! It's time to start.
Reporter: Good luck!
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. ( Pause t 5 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.

VARIANT 10
Сейчас Вы будете выполнять задания по аудированию. Каждый текст
прозвучит 2 раза. После первого и второго проелушиваний у Вас будет
время для выполнения и проверки заданий. Все паузы включены в
аудиозапись. Остановка и повторное воспроизведение аудиозаписи не
предусмотрены.

Задание 81
Вы. услы.шите б вы.сказы.ваний. Установите соответствие между
вы.сказы.ваниям.и каждого говорящего A-F и утверждениями,
данны.м.и в списке 1-7. Используйте каждое утверждение,
обозначенное соответствующей цифрой, только один раз.
В задании есть одно лишнее утверждение. Вы. услы.шите запись
дважды.. Занесите свои ответы. в таблицу. У вас есть 20 секунд,
чтобы. ознакомиться с заданием..

Now we аге геаdу to start.


SpeakeгA
The nerd knows absolutely nothing about fashion, popular music or sport.
They are gerierally excellent at Maths and Science and are usually highly intel-
ligent. At school they are often the victim of cruel jokes or commeпts because
of their clothes and hair. Nerds hate sport and they hate gym class, especially
236 Учебно-тренировочные тесты длн подготовки к ЕГЭ

оп cold wiпter days, wheп they have to go out апd play football. They speпd
the whole of the lessoп tryiпg to avoid the ball.
Speaker В
Bullies speпd their schoollives thiпkiпg of cruel jokes to play оп the weaker
studeпts. Bullies are ofteп physically stroпg. They may hit or push other chil-
dreп, take away mопеу. Childreп who bully are ofteп поt taught to thiпk about
how their actioпs make other people feel. Мапу bullies thiпk highly of them-
selves. They like beiпg looked up to. Апd they often expect everyoпe to behave
accordiпg to their wishes. Naturally, they have trouЬle followiпg rules.

SpeakerC
The class weirdo is the quiet studeпt who sits at the back of the ,class and пever
says а word. Class weirdoes speпd their time iп class doodliпg апd writiпg 'I
hate life' all over their books. Out of school, they епjоу smokiпg, shopliftiпg
and sometimes cruelty to aпimals. They frequeпtly miss their classes. They
hate their parents апd the опlу time they talk to them is to ask for mопеу.
Class weirdoes waпt to burn the school dowп.
Speaker D
The teacher's pet is the опе who loves to help the teacher. They sit iп the front
of the class апd are always askiпg if there's aпythiпg they сап do. They love
to hear the teacher say 'good Ьоу' or 'good girl'. They will quite happily sпitch
оп their classmates wheп someoпe has been пaughty. Out of class they speпd
their time drawiпg pictures апd writiпg letters to the teacher. Wheп they are
older, teacher's pets want to Ье teachers.
Speaker Е
The class joker will do aпythiпg to get atteпtioп, еvеп at the risk of lookiпg
silly or gettiпg iпto trouЬle. For example, they сап throw paper aeroplaпes
arouпd the class wheп the teacher isп't'lookiпg. They are popular with their
classmates, апd еvеп the teacher fiпds them amusiпg at times, although they
would пever admit it. At home they are ofteп bored because there is по опе
to impress. They speпd the eveпiпg sittiпg оп the sofa eatiпg chocolate or
prepariпg things to say the followiпg day at school.

Speaker F
The swot always turns up at school пеаt, tidy апd perfectly orgaпised. They
have peпcil cases with everythiпg they could possiЬly need for class: rulers,
coloured pens, peпcils, etc. Iп class, they рау careful attention to everythiпg
the teacher says•aпd take detailed пotes. They study hard for all their exams
апd always do well. Their work is always perfect апd beautifully preseпted.
Тексты для аудирования. Варнант 1О 237
At home, they always do their homework and they won't go out to play until
they've finished everything.
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the texts again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to check your
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
Задания А1-А7
Вы. услышите рассуждение о небоскрёбах. Определите, какие из
приведённы.х утверждений А1-А7 соответствуют содержанию
текста (1 - True), какие не соответствуют (2 - False) и о
чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя
дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3- Not
stated). Обведите номер выбранного вами варианта ответа.
Вы. услы.шите запись дважды.. У вас есть 20 секунд, чтобы.
ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.


А lot of people believe that there are economic reasons why the world's
buildings are getting taller and taller. They say that building space in Ьig cities
is limited and that the only solution is to build taller buildings. But if this is
completely true, why are so many tall buildings are half empty? The Shard
is an example. It was completed in 2012 and is 310 metres tall. There are 26
floors of office space, but at the moment they are all empty. Perhaps the real
reason for building tall buildings is prestige and cultural pride. Skyscrapers
are а symbol of economic and cultural power. They also help define the city
itself. It's hard to imagine New York, for example, without the Empire State
Building, which was completed in 1931. For40years, it was the world's tallest
building.
The idea of building enormous buildings to impress other people is noth-
ing new. Thousands of years ago, the Ancient Egyptians built the pyramids.
The great cathedral builders of medieval Europe also designed and built enor-
mous buildings that made ordinary people think of the greatness of spiritual
power. Nowadays, of course, modern skyscrapers make people think of money,
economic power and cultural pride.
The great cities of the world now compete to have the Ьiggest and most
wonderful buildings on the planet. At the moment, the world's highest building
is the Burj Khalifa Building in Dubai, а rich but very small country. It was
completed in 201 О at а cost of about $150 Ьillion. The giant building is а total
of 828 metre high and has 163 floors. On the 124th floor, 500 metres from the
238 Учебно-тренировочные тесты д11я подготовки к ЕГЭ

grouпd, there is а restaurant and observatory. If you doп't miпd heights, it is а


пiсе place to епjоу а meal. The lift from the ground floor takes just two minutes
to arrive there.
There must Ье а limit to how tall а buildiпg сап Ье. Architects апd eп­
giпeers поw say that it is techпically possiЬie to build skyscrapers as high as
1,000 metres without proЬiems. History shows that if somethiпg is techпi­
cally possiЬie, theп one day it will become а reality. Of course, we doп't kпow
yet if people will Ье happy to work and live iп buildiпgs that are as tall as опе
kilometre.
You have 15 secoпds to complete the task. (Pause 15 secoпds.)
Now you will hear the text agaiп. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)

Задания А8-А14
Вьt услышите интервью с Джонни Депом. В заданиях А8-А14
обведите цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую вьtбранному вами
варианту ответа. Вьt услышите запись дваждьt. У вас есть
50 секунд, чтобьt ознакомиться с заданиями.

Now we are ready to start.


There's а receпt filт
out about J.M. Barrie, the author of Peter Рап,
starriпg Атеriсап actor Jоhппу Depp. We spoke to hiт about his role iп
the filт апd what he felt about it.
- So, Jоhппу, why did you decide to do the filт?
- I thought it was а beautiful story апd it was iпterestiпg the way Barrie
came up with the idea for Peter Рап. Also, he was ап iпcrediЬly dark figure-
really depressed апd gloomy.
-ls there rоот for faпtasy iп today's world?
- If you turn on the televisioп апd see the horrors that are happeпiпg to
people iп the world right поw, I think there's по better time to try to have some
kiпdof hope through imaginatioп. I thiпk it's а time to close your eyes апd try
to make а change.
- Woиld you like to stay youпg forever like Peter Рап?
- I suppose пowadays it's all а questioп of surgery, isn't it? Of course
the notion is beautiful - the idea of stayiпg а Ьоу апd а child forever, апd I
thiпk you сап. I have kпown pleпty of people who, iп their later years, had the
energy of childreп and the kind of curiosity and fascination with thiпgs like
little childreп. 1 thiпk we сап keep that, and 1 think it's important to keep that
part of stayiпg youпg. But 1 also thiпk it's great fuп growiпg old.
Тексты д/IЯ аудирования. Варнант 1О 239
- Growп теп have Ьееп sееп cryiпg duriпg this film. Was there а lot
of emotioп оп the set too? '
- On а filтyou start to get closerand closerwith the peopleyou'rework-
ing with, and it Ьесотеs like this circus act or this travelling faтily. 1 rетет­
ber оп the last day of the shoot, being with the boys, and especially Freddie
Нighтore (the Ьоу who plays Peter)- ту pal Freddie- we were sort of
saying goodbye, see you later, and not аЬ!е to look each other in the еуе be-
cause our eyes just start being filled with tears.
-· The sсепе пеаr the end of the film where you апd Freddie are оп
the park bench is profouпdly moviпg. Was it tough to do?
- It was very difficult. We had done about а dozen tiтes or soтething,
with Freddie having to restore his energy and permit his eтotions to соте out
each tiтe, and then we found out there had been а рrоЬ!ет with the reтote­
controlled сатеrа so we had to go back and re-shoot it. 1 rететЬеr Marc (the
director) approaching Freddie and saying, 'l'т really sorry, but I think we have
to do this again. Is it ОЮ' Freddie was really happy. Не said, 'Great!'
You have 15 seconds to complete the task. (Pause 15 seconds.)
Now you will hear the text again. ( Repeat.)
This is the end of the task. You now have 15 seconds to checkyour
answers. ( Pause 15 seconds.)
This is the end of the Listening test.
Время, отведённое на выполнение заданий, истекло.
ГИА-9

Учебное издание

Фоменко Елена Алексеевна


Бодоньи Марина Алексеевна
Долгопольская Ирина Борисовна
Черникова Наталья Васильевна

АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК.
ПОДГОТОВКА К ЕГЭ-2015.

Книга 1

Учебное пособие с аудиоприложением

Налоговая льгота: издание соответствует коду 95 3000 ОК 005-93 (ОКП)

Обложка А. Вартанов
Компьютерная верстка Г. Безуглова
Корректор А. Белоконь

Подписано в печать с оригинал-макета 04.07.2014.


Формат 60х84 1 / 16 . Бумага типографская.
Гарнитура Тайме. Печать газетная. Уел. 11~ч. л. 14.
Тираж 1О 000 экз. Заказ N~ 5.

Издательство 000 <<Легион» включено в пере'tень организаций,


осуществляющих издание учебных пособий, которые допускаютсн
к использованию в образовательном процессе в имеющих государственную
аккредитацию и реализующих образовательные программы общего
образования образовательных учреждениях. Приказ Минобрнауки России
N2 729 от 14.12.2009, зарегистрирован в Минюст России 15.01.201 О N2 15987.

000 <<ЛЕГИОН>>
Для писем: 344000, г. Ростов-на-Дону, аjя 550.
Адрес редакции: 344082, г. Ростов-на-Дону, ул. Соrл<:~сия, 7.
www.legionr.ru e-mail: legionrus@1egioпrus.com

Отпечатано в соответствии с качеством предоставленных


диапозитивов в 000 <<Полиграфобъедиl!ение»
,347900, г. Таганрог, ул. Лесная биржа, бВ.
Учебно- методический комплекс
<<АНГЛИЙСКИЙ ЯЗЫК. Подготовка к ЕГЭ >>
включает следующие издания для обучающихся и учителей:
• Английский язык . Подготовка к ЕГЭ - 201 5. Пособие
с аудиоприложением . Книги 1 и 2. Е .А. Фоменко , М.А. Бодоньи ,
И . Б . Долгопольская, Н . В . Черникова
• Английский язык . Подготовка к ГИА и ЕГЭ . Задания с развёрнутым
ответом: личное письмо , эссе. М.А. Бодоньи
• Английский язык. 10-11 классы . Тренировочная тетрадь для подготовки
к части С (личное письмо, эссе) . М . А . Бодоньи
• Английский язык. 9- 11 классы. Карманный справочник. И . Е. Торбан ,
М.А. Фёдорова
• Английский язык. Подготовка к ЕГЭ . Словообразование .
Раздел "Лексика и грамматика" . М . А. Бодоньи
• Английский язык. Раздел "Говорение" . Формируем коммуникативную
компетенцию в 7- 11 классах, готовимся к итоговой аттестации
(ЕГЭи ГИА)
• Английский язык . 10-11 классы. Подготовка к ЕГЭ: ЛЕКСИКА.
Тре н ировочная тетрадь . М .А. Бодоньи
• Английский язык. 10- 11 классы. Подготовка к ЕГЭ : ГРАММАТИКА.
Тренировочная тетрадь. М.А. Бодоньи

Комплекс будет дополнен другими учебно­


методическими пособиями, отражающими изменения
в иормативных документах ЕГЭ

Издательство включено в перечень организаций, осуществляющих издание учебных


пособий, которые допускаются к использованию в образовательном процессе в имеющих
государственную аккредитацию и реализующих образовательные программы общего
образования образовательных учреждениях . Приказ Минобрнауки России N2 729 от
14.12.2009, зарегистрирован в Минюст России 15.Ql.2010 N2 15987 ~'Х ТМ

rsвN 978 - 5-9966 -0 54 5-3 344000 , г. Ростов-на-Дону, а/я 550 ИЗДАТЕЛЬСТВО (~( . . .,7
Тел . (863)303-05-50, 248-14-03 ~;~~~
Сайт, интернет-магазин: www.legionr.ru ,,r~}
, 11
e-mail: legionrus@legionrus.com

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