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ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ ɄɟɦȽɍ. ɋɟɪɢɹ: Ƚɭɦɚɧɢɬɚɪɧɵɟ ɢ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɧɚɭɤɢ

PHILOSOPHY

ɍȾɄ 165.3
Ʉ ȼɈɉɊɈɋɍ ȺɉɉɅɂɄȺɌɂȼɇɈɋɌɂ ɉɈɇɂɆȺɇɂə: ɉɈɅȿɆɂɄȺ
ɆȿɀȾɍ ɗ. ȻɗɌɌɂ ɂ Ƚ.-Ƚ. ȽȺȾȺɆȿɊɈɆ
Ⱥɧɚɫɬɚɫɢɹ Ⱥ. Ⱥɤɫɟɧɨɜɚ1, @
1
Ʉɟɦɟɪɨɜɫɤɢɣ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɣ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬ, Ɋɨɫɫɢɹ, 650000, ɝ. Ʉɟɦɟɪɨɜɨ, ɭɥ. Ʉɪɚɫɧɚɹ, 6
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AA9515890227@yandex.ru

ɉɨɫɬɭɩɢɥɚ ɜ ɪɟɞɚɤɰɢɸ 02.02.2017. Ⱥɧɧɨɬɚɰɢɹ: Ɋɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɹ ɩɨɥɟɦɢɤɭ ɗ. Ȼɷɬɬɢ ɢ Ƚ.-Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪɚ, ɦɵ ɧɟ ɫɬɪɟ-
ɉɪɢɧɹɬɚ ɤ ɩɟɱɚɬɢ 28.03.2017. ɦɢɦɫɹ ɤɪɢɬɢɤɨɜɚɬɶ ɢɥɢ ɨɬɫɬɚɢɜɚɬɶ ɜɡɝɥɹɞɵ ɨɞɧɨɣ ɢɡ ɫɬɨɪɨɧ, ɚ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɬɶ ɜɧɢ-
ɦɚɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɫɚɦ ɮɟɧɨɦɟɧ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɹ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɩɨɥɟɦɢɤɢ. ȼɨɩɪɨɫ ɨɛ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚ-
ɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɥɫɹ ɞɪɭɝɢɦɢ ɭɱɟɧɵɦɢ, ɧɨ ɫɬɨɥɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɟ
Ʉɥɸɱɟɜɵɟ ɫɥɨɜɚ: ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ
ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɢ ɨɧɬɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɫɬɨɪɨɧ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɢ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɭɟɬ ɧɚɫ
ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ, Ƚ.-Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪ, ɗ. Ȼɟɬɬɢ,
ɤɚɤ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɚ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ, ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɧɚɹ ɧɚ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɟ ɧɚɭɤɢ ɢ ɠɢɡɧɢ, ɱɟɥɨɜɟ-
Ɇ. ɏɚɣɞɟɝɝɟɪ, ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɚ.
ɤɚ ɢ ɦɢɪɚ, ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ. Ȼɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɹ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɸ ɨɛɨ-
ɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɨɣ ɩɨɥɟɦɢɤɢ ɚɤɬɭɚɥɢɡɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ ɤ ɮɟɧɨ-
ɦɟɧɭ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɧɨɫɬɢ. ɉɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɚ ɧɟ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢ-
ɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɦɢ ɢɫɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɣ ɩɪɨɲɥɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɢ ɧɟ
ɫɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɤ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɟ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɝɭɦɚɧɢɬɚɪɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɡɧɚɧɢɹ, ɧɨ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɨɬ-
ɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ ɤ ɮɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚɦ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɹ, ɦɵ
ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ, ɱɬɨ ɜɫɹɤɚɹ «ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ» ɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬ ɫɥɟɞɨɜɚ-
ɧɢɟ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɦ ɢ ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɚ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɬ,
ɧɨ ɷɬɨ ɤɚɫɚɟɬɫɹ ɫɚɦɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɦɵɲɥɟɧɢɹ, ɚ ɧɟ ɟɝɨ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɚ
ɤɚɤ «ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɝɨ» ɢɥɢ «ɧɟ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɝɨ». Ɉɩɵɬ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɤɚɤ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ
(ɚ ɧɟ ɩɪɚɝɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ) ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɚ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɹ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɢɧɬɟɧɰɢɟɣ ɧɚɩɢɫɚ-
ɧɢɹ ɷɬɨɣ ɫɬɚɬɶɢ.

Ⱦɥɹ ɰɢɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ: Ⱥɤɫɟɧɨɜɚ Ⱥ. Ⱥ. Ʉ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɭ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ: ɩɨɥɟɦɢɤɚ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɗ. Ȼɷɬɬɢ ɢ Ƚ.-Ƚ. Ƚɚ-
ɞɚɦɟɪɨɦ // ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ Ʉɟɦɟɪɨɜɫɤɨɝɨ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ. ɋɟɪɢɹ: Ƚɭɦɚɧɢɬɚɪɧɵɟ ɢ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɧɚɭɤɢ.
2017. ʋ 2. ɋ. 61 – 64. DOI: 10.21603/2542-1840-2017-2-61-64.

ɉɪɢɱɢɧɨɣ ɩɨɥɟɦɢɤɢ ɗ. Ȼɷɬɬɢ ɢ Ƚ.-Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪɚ ɜɵ- ɉɪɨɬɢɜɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɷɬɢɯ ɞɜɭɯ ɜɡɝɥɹɞɨɜ ɜɵɫɜɟɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ
ɫɬɭɩɚɸɬ ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɫɬɨɹɳɢɟ ɜɡɝɥɹɞɵ ɧɚ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɭ ɤɚɤ ɧɚ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɭ ɜ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ
ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɸ ɢɫɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɧɢɹ (ɗ. Ȼɷɬɬɢ) ɢ ɤɚɤ ɧɚ ɮɢɥɨɫɨɮ- ɢɫɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɧɢɹ, ɫ ɨɞɧɨɣ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ, ɢ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɵɣ ɯɚɪɚɤ-
ɫɤɭɸ ɞɨɤɬɪɢɧɭ (Ƚ.-Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪ), ɩɨɞɧɢɦɚɸɳɭɸ ɨɧɬɨɥɨ- ɬɟɪ ɜɫɹɤɨɝɨ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ – ɫ ɞɪɭɝɨɣ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ. ȿɫɥɢ ɢɫɬɨɥ-
ɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ ɢɫɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢɡɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨ ɡɚɥɨɠɟɧɧɨ- ɤɨɜɚɧɢɟ, ɞɨɫɬɨɜɟɪɧɨɟ ɜ ɷɬɨɬ ɦɨɦɟɧɬ, ɦɨɠɟɬ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɢɡɢ-
ɝɨ ɜ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɛɵɬɢɢ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɛɵɬɢɹ (Seinsver- ɪɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɢ ɞɚɠɟ ɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɫɜɨɟ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɫ ɬɟɱɟɧɢɟɦ
taendnis), ɱɬɨ ɩɨ Ɇ. ɏɚɣɞɟɝɝɟɪɭ [1, ɫ. 104] ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɢ ɫ ɜɵɹɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɮɚɤɬɨɜ, ɬɨ
ɤɚɤ "ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɚ ɮɚɤɬɢɱɧɨɫɬɢ". Ⱦɥɹ Ƚ.-Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪɚ, ɤɚɤ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɩɨɩɚɞɚɟɬ ɜ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɨɬ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ
ɢ ɞɥɹ Ɇ. ɏɚɣɞɟɝɝɟɪɚ, ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ – ɮɨɪɦɚ ɩɟɪɜɢɱɧɨɣ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɧɨɦ ɨɬɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɢ ɡɚɜɟɪɲɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ.
ɞɚɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɦɢɪɚ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɭ. Ⱥɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɩɨɥɟɦɢ- Ɉɞɧɚɤɨ ɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɹ ɜɨ ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɚɪɝɭɦɟɧɬɚɰɢɸ
ɤɢ ɞɥɹ ɧɚɫ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɬɨɦ, ɱɬɨ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɗ. Ȼɷɬɬɢ, ɦɵ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ, ɱɬɨ ɤɪɨɦɟ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ
ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɤɪɵɜɚɟɬ ɩɟɪɟɞ ɧɚɦɢ ɧɟ ɩɪɨɫɬɨ ɩɚɫɫɢɜɧɭɸ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɟɦ ɢɫɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ, ɤɚɤ
«ɡɨɧɭ ɨɰɟɧɢɜɚɧɢɹ», ɧɨ ɢ ɡɨɧɭ ɡɞɟɫɶ-ɢ-ɫɟɣɱɚɫ ɫɨɜɟɪ- ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ ɢɫɤɭɫɫɬɜɨ, ɚ ɫɬɪɟɦɥɟɧɢɟ ɭɯɜɚɬɢɬɶ ɢ ɭɫɬɚ-
ɲɚɸɳɟɣɫɹ ɨɰɟɧɤɢ. ȼɨɩɪɨɫ ɨɛ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɫɭɛɴɟɤ- ɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɢɫɬɢɧɭ ɜ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɣ ɢɧɫɬɚɧɰɢɢ ɩɨɞ ɜɢɞɨɦ ɩɨɢɫ-
ɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɫɹ ɤ ɱɢɫɥɭ ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɨɫɬ- ɤɨɜ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɞɚɟɬ ɫɜɨɣ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɜ ɪɟɦɟɫ-
ɪɵɯ ɢɡ ɦɧɨɝɢɯ ɬɪɚɧɫɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɧɵɯ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɨɜ ɮɢɥɨɫɨɮɢɢ. ɥɟɧɧɨɦ ɜɢɞɟ, ɤɚɤ ɜɫɹɤɚɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɹ, ɟɫɥɢ ɟɟ ɩɵɬɚɸɬɫɹ
ɇɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɷɬɨɣ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɫɢɥɭ ɬɨɝɨ, ɨɬɨɪɜɚɬɶ ɨɬ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɢɹ ɫ ɫɚɦɨɣ ɠɢɡɧɶɸ ɢ ɠɢɜɨɣ ɫɭɛɴɟɤ-
ɱɬɨ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɫɨɜɟɪɲɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɩɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɨɦ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ ɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɚ, ɩɪɟɛɵɜɚɸɳɟɝɨ ɜ ɦɢɪɟ. Ɍɨ, ɱɬɨ
ɜɫɬɪɟɱɢ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɠɢɡɧɢ ɢ ɨɛɴɟɤ- ɗ. Ȼɷɬɬɢ ɩɨɞɪɚɡɭɦɟɜɚɟɬ ɩɨɞ ɚɜɬɨɧɨɦɧɵɦ «ɫɚɦɨɛɵɬɢɟɦ»
ɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɦɢɪɚ. ɉɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɦɵ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɟɦ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɚ, apriori ɧɟ ɚɜɬɨɧɨɦɧɨ, ɧɟ ɨɬɨɪɜɚɧɨ ɨɬ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɚ.
ɤɚɤ ɞɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ, ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɭɸ ɫ ɪɚɡɧɵɯ ɫɬɨɪɨɧ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ Ɇɧɨɝɨɨɛɪɚɡɢɟ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɨɡɢɰɢɣ ɢ ɩɨɢɫɤ ɝɟɪ-
ɧɟ ɩɨɪɨɠɞɚɟɬ ɪɚɡɧɨɝɨɥɨɫɢɰɭ ɩɨɡɢɰɢɣ, ɚ ɭɫɬɪɟɦɥɟɧɚ ɤ ɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɢɫɬɢɧɵ ɢɦɟɧɧɨ ɤɚɤ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɡɧɚɧɢɹ
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɧɨɦɭ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɨ ɰɟɥɨɫɬɧɨɣ ɦɧɨɝɨɚɫɩɟɤɬ- – ɷɬɨ ɞɜɟ ɪɚɡɧɵɟ ɜɟɳɢ, ɢɡɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨ ɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɪɹɞɨɦ
ɧɨɣ ɩɨɥɧɨɬɟ ɠɢɡɧɢ. ɨɲɢɛɨɱɧɨ. ɂɦɟɟɬɫɹ ɜɜɢɞɭ, ɱɬɨ ɩɨɢɫɤɢ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟ-

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ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ ɄɟɦȽɍ. ɋɟɪɢɹ: Ƚɭɦɚɧɢɬɚɪɧɵɟ ɢ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɧɚɭɤɢ y2017 y ʋ 2

ɫɤɨɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ, ɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɧɹɬɵɟ ɗ. Ȼɷɬɬɢ, ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨ- ɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ, ɬɚɤ ɢ ɜɟɱɧɵɟ ɫɦɵɫɥɵ ɫɚɦɨɝɨ ɱɟ-
ɪɟɱɚɬ ɫɚɦɨɣ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɟ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɥɨɜɟɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɛɵɬɢɹ, ɛɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɹ ɱɟɦɭ ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɟɬ ɫɩɨ-
ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ. Ɂɧɚɧɢɟ ɠɟ – ɫɭɦɦɚ ɮɚɤɬɨɜ, ɤɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɹ ɤɨ- ɫɨɛɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɢɧɚɞɥɟɠɚɬɶ «ɜɧɟɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɦɭ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɦɭ»
ɬɨɪɵɯ ɛɟɡ ɭɫɢɥɢɣ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɭɜɨɞɢɬ ɨɬ ɫɦɵɫɥɚ. ɑɬɨ ɤɚ- [4, c. 257]. Ⱥɤɬɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɸ ɫɦɵɫɥɚ ɜɫɹɤɢɣ ɪɚɡ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢ-
ɫɚɟɬɫɹ ɟɞɢɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ ɞɥɹ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɭɫɢɥɢɣ, ɜɚɟɬ ɢɧɬɟɪɩɪɟɬɚɬɨɪ ɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ,
ɬɨ ɧɟɬ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɜ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ, ɝɞɟ ɷɬɨɬ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ ɛɵɥ ɭɥɚɜɥɢɜɚɹ ɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ
ɛɵ ɫɨɫɪɟɞɨɬɨɱɟɧ, ɤɚɤ ɧɟɤɢɣ ɫɚɤɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬ ɢ ɬ. ɩ. ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɚɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɫɟɝɨɞɧɹɲɧɟɣ ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɢ ɫɦɵɫ-
ɍɤɚɠɟɦ ɡɞɟɫɶ ɧɚ ɦɵɫɥɶ Ƚ.-Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪɚ: «Ɍɨ, ɱɬɨ ɜɨɬ ɬɚɤ ɥɵ: «ɉɪɢɧɰɢɩɢɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɚɩ-
ɜɫɯɨɞɢɬ ɢ ɜɨɬ ɬɚɤ ɭɤɪɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ, ɜ ɫɜɨɟɦ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɢɢ ɤɚɤ ɩɥɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɨɛɭɫɥɨɜɥɟɧɨ ɬɟɦ, ɱɬɨ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɹ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɣ
ɪɚɡ ɢ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɨɛɥɢɤ ɬɜɨɪɟɧɢɹ» [2, ɫ. 120]. ɬɨɥɤɭɟɦɨɝɨ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɚ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɧɟ ɜɧɟɲɧɟɟ
ɂɦɟɧɧɨ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɫɦɟɪɬɧɨɫɬɶ ɡɚɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɧɚɩɪɚ- ɞɨɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟ ɤ ɟɝɨ “ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦɭ” ɫɦɵɫɥɭ, ɧɨ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɨ ɫ
ɜɢɬɶ ɭɫɢɥɢɹ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɫɚɦɭ ɠɢɡɧɶ ɢ ɤɚɠɞɵɣ ɪɚɡ ɷɬɢɦ ɫɦɵɫɥɨɦ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ» [3, c. 35].
ɩɨɪɨɠɞɚɟɬ ɩɨɢɫɤ ɧɨɜɵɯ, ɛɨɥɟɟ ɬɨɱɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɣ ɨ Ɉɞɧɚɤɨ ɗ. Ȼɟɬɬɢ ɧɟ ɭɞɨɜɥɟɬɜɨɪɹɟɬ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɦɟɬɨɞ ɨɬ-
ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ, ɬɚɤ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɚɟɬ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɧɨɫɬɶ. ɂɧɬɟɪɟɫ ɤ ɢɫɬɨ- ɫɭɬɫɬɜɢɟɦ ɝɚɪɚɧɬɢɣ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ, ɫɚɦɢɦ
ɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɦɭ ɛɵɬɢɸ ɨɛɭɫɥɨɜɥɟɧ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɨɣ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɨɢɫɤɨɦ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɢɹ ɢ ɜɡɚɢɦɨɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɦ ɢ
ɠɢɡɧɢ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ. Ʉɨɝɞɚ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɨ ɤ ɬɪɚɞɢ- ɢɧɬɟɪɩɪɟɬɚɬɨɪɨɦ. Ɇɵ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ, ɱɬɨ ɜɫɹɤɚɹ
ɰɢɢ, ɢɫɬɨɪɢɢ, ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ – ɜɨɡɧɢɤɚɟɬ ɨɛɳɚɹ, ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɚɹ «ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ» ɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬ ɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɪɚɜɢ-
ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɚ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɠɢɡɧɢ. Ⱥɩɩɥɢɤɚ- ɥɚɦ. ɂ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ, ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɚɜɢ-
ɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɚɫɩɟɤɬɨɜ ɝɨɪɚɡɞɨ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ, ɱɟɦ ɦɵ ɭɫɩɟɜɚɟɦ ɡɚ- ɥɚ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɬ, ɧɨ ɷɬɨ ɤɚɫɚɟɬɫɹ ɫɚɦɨɝɨ ɩɪɨ-
ɦɟɬɢɬɶ: ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤ ɜ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹɯ ɢ ɚɤɬɚɯ ɩɨɡɧɚɧɢɹ ɰɟɫɫɚ, ɚ ɧɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɚ (ɢɦɟɟɬɫɹ ɜɜɢɞɭ, ɱɬɨ ɧɟɬ ɡɚɪɚɧɟɟ
ɦɢɪɚ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧ ɤ ɩɨɢɫɤɚɦ ɢ ɨɩɪɚɜɞɚɧɢɹɦ ɫɦɵɫɥɚ ɜɪɟ- ɞɚɧɧɨɝɨ «ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɝɨ» ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɚ). ɉɨ ɦɧɟɧɢɸ
ɦɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɹ. Ⱦɥɹ ɧɚɫ ɜɚɠɧɨ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ ɫɚɦ ɗ. Ȼɟɬɬɢ, ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɫɦɵɫɥɨɨɠɢɞɚɧɢɹ ɢɧɬɟɪɩɪɟɬɚɬɨɪɚ,
ɮɟɧɨɦɟɧ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɧɨɜɟɧɢɹ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚ ɨɛ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɢɫɯɨɞɹɳɢɟ ɢɡ ɟɝɨ ɤɪɭɝɨɡɨɪɚ ɢ ɠɢɡɧɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɨɩɵɬɚ, ɨɪɢɟɧ-
ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɧɟ ɮɨɪɦɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɨɦ ɬɢɪɭɸɬ ɤ ɬɨɦɭ, ɱɬɨɛɵ «ɡɚɯɜɚɬɢɬɶ ɦɨɧɨɩɨɥɢɸ ɧɚ ɢɫɬɢ-
ɨ ɬɨɦ, ɤɚɤ «ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨ ɦɵɫɥɢɬɶ», ɚ ɨɧɬɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɜɚɠ- ɧɭ» [5, ɫ. 97]. ɇɢɤɬɨ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɨɫɜɨɛɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ ɨɬ ɩɪɟɞɪɚɫ-
ɧɵɦ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɨɦ ɨ ɬɨɦ, ɤɚɤ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤ ɝɨɬɨɜ ɠɢɬɶ, ɤɚɤɢɟ ɫɬɨ- ɫɭɞɤɨɜ ɫɜɨɟɝɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ, ɨɬ ɫɜɨɟɣ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɧɨɫɬɢ –
ɪɨɧɵ ɫɚɦɨɣ ɠɢɡɧɢ ɫɤɪɵɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɨɬ ɧɟɝɨ, ɚ ɤɚɤɢɟ-ɬɨ, ɧɚ- ɩɨɥɟɦɢɡɢɪɭɟɬ ɫ ɗ. Ȼɟɬɬɢ Ƚ.- Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪ. ɉɪɢɡɧɚɧɢɟ ɜɫɟ-
ɨɛɨɪɨɬ, ɜɵɫɜɟɱɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ. ɉɨɱɟɦɭ ɷɬɨ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬ, ɦɵ ɝɞɚ ɚɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɧɢ-
ɜɢɞɢɦ ɜ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ȿ. ȼ. Ȼɨɪɢɫɨɜɚ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɜɵɫɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɦɚɧɢɹ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɟ ɜɡɚɢ-
ɜɚɠɧɭɸ ɦɵɫɥɶ: «…ɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɹ – ɤɚɤ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɚɸɳɚɹɫɹ ɦɨɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɢ ɰɟɥɨɝɨ, ɤɨɝɞɚ ɪɟɱɶ ɢɞɟɬ ɨɛ
ɡɧɚɱɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɬɟɯ ɢɥɢ ɢɧɵɯ ɫɦɵɫɥɨɜ – ɫɚɦɚ ɢɧɢɰɢɢɪɭɟɬ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɚ ɢ ɦɢɪɚ. ɉɪɨɰɟɫɫ ɩɨɡɧɚɧɢɹ ɡɞɟɫɶ
ɧɚɲɟ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɤ ɧɟɣ» [3, c. 32]. ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ, ɫ ɨɞɧɨɣ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ, ɫ ɩɨɡɢɰɢɢ ɗ. Ȼɟɬɬɢ
ɂɦɟɧɧɨ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɟɧɢɟ ɫɦɵɫɥɨɜ, ɜɧɨɜɶ ɨɛɪɟɬɟɧɧɚɹ ɡɧɚ- ɤɚɤ ɪɟɮɥɟɤɫɢɹ ɨ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ, ɚ ɫ ɞɪɭɝɨɣ – ɫ ɩɨ-
ɱɢɦɨɫɬɶ ɩɚɫɫɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɡɧɚɧɢɹ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɬ ɨɬ ɨɛɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɩɵ- ɡɢɰɢɢ Ƚ.-Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪɚ, ɝɞɟ ɰɟɥɶɸ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɹ ɫɚɦɨ ɩɨɧɢ-
ɬɚ, ɚ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ, ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɟ ɩɨ ɬɚ- ɦɚɧɢɟ. ȼ ɫɬɚɬɶɟ ɍ. ȼ. ɋɢɞɨɪɨɜɨɣ ɨ Ƚ.- Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪɟ ɫɤɚ-
ɤɨɦɭ ɤɪɭɝɭ, ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɬɟɫɧɨ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɨ ɫ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɟɣ, ɡɚɧɨ: «ȼ ɟɝɨ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɮɢɥɨɫɨɮɢɢ ɧɟɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨ
ɜɪɟɦɟɧɟɦ ɢ ɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɟɣ. ɨɬɞɟɥɢɬɶ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɭ ɨɬ ɬɟɨɪɢɢ, ɛɨɥɟɟ ɬɨɝɨ, ɫɚɦɨ ɩɨɧɢɦɚ-
ɉɪɨɛɥɟɦɚ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ – ɧɟ ɫɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɧɢɟ ɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɨɩɵɬ. ɂ ɩɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɚ ɜ
ɜ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ, ɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɜ ɬɨɦ, ɱɬɨ ɬɚɤɨɦ ɟɟ ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬɟ ɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬ ɨɩɵɬ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ» [6, ɫ. 139].
«ɦɵ ɢɡɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨ ɧɟ ɨɫɨɡɧɚɟɦ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɭɸ ɩɪɟɞɡɚɞɚɧ- ɍɤɚɠɟɦ, ɱɬɨ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɨɣ ɡɚɧɢɦɚɥɢɫɶ ɬɚɤɢɟ
ɧɨɫɬɶ ɧɚɲɟɝɨ ɦɵɲɥɟɧɢɹ, ɧɚɲɢɯ ɨɰɟɧɨɤ ɢ ɩɪ. ɂɧɚɱɟ ɝɨ- ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɢ, ɤɚɤ Ʌ. ȼ. ɇɢɤɢɬɢɧɚ («Ⱦɢɚɥɟɤɬɢɤɚ ɨɛɴɟɤ-
ɜɨɪɹ, ɪɨɦɚɧɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɚ ɪɚɡɜɨɪɚɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɜ ɢɫɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧ-
ɤɨɧɬɟɤɫɬɟ ɢɧɬɟɪɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɣ ɤɨɦɦɭɧɢɤɚɰɢɢ; ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜ- ɧɵɯ ɮɨɪɦ – ɞɜɚ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɚ: Ƚ.-Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪ ɢ ɗ.Ȼɟɬɬɢ» [7]) ɢ
ɬɢɤɚ Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪɚ – ɜ ɤɨɧɬɟɤɫɬɟ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ Ⱥ. ȼ. Ʉɨɩɵɥɨɜ («ɉɟɪɟɜɨɞ ɤɚɤ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɚ ɮɢɥɨɫɨɮɫɤɨɣ
ɫɚɦɨɫɨɡɧɚɧɢɹ» [3, c. 32]. Ⱦɥɹ Ƚ.-Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪɚ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɢ: ɩɪɨɥɟɝɨɦɟɧɵ ɤ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɸ» [8]), ɫɫɵ-
ɞɨɥɠɧɨ ɛɵɬɶ ɨɛɪɚɳɟɧɨ ɧɟ ɧɚ ɥɢɱɧɨɫɬɶ ɚɜɬɨɪɚ ɬɟɤɫɬɚ ɢ ɥɚɹɫɶ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɬɭ ȿ. ȼ. Ȼɨɪɢɫɨɜɚ: «ɗɮɮɟɤɬ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɰɢɢ
ɟɝɨ ɦɧɟɧɢɹ, ɚ ɧɚ ɬɨɬ ɫɚɦɵɣ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬ, ɩɨ ɩɨɜɨɞɭ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɝɨ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɧɟ ɜ ɬɨɦ, ɱɬɨ ɨɧɚ ɫɤɪɵɜɚɟɬ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɢɫɬɢ-
ɪɚɡɦɵɲɥɹɥ ɚɜɬɨɪ: «…ɩɟɪɜɨɟ ɢɡ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɢ – ɧɵ, ɧɨ ɜ ɬɨɦ, ɱɬɨ ɨɧɚ ɪɚɫɤɪɵɜɚɟɬ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɢɧɬɟɪ-
ɷɬɨ ɩɪɟɞɦɟɬɧɨɟ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ, ɫɢɬɭɚɰɢɹ, ɜɨɡɧɢɤɚɸɳɚɹ ɬɨ- ɩɪɟɬɚɰɢɢ» [3, c. 35]. ɉɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɚ ɧɟ ɨɝɪɚɧɢ-
ɝɞɚ, ɤɨɝɞɚ ɹ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɨɣ ɢɦɟɟɦ ɞɟɥɨ ɫ ɨɞɧɨɣ ɢ ɬɨɣ ɠɟ ɜɟ- ɱɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɦɢ ɢɫɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɳɶɸ» [4, ɫ. 79]. ɉɪɢɩɢɫɵɜɚɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɣ ɫɬɚɬɭɫ ɩɪɟɞ- ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɣ ɩɪɨɲɥɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɢ ɧɟ ɫɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɤ ɪɚɡɪɚ-
ɦɟɬɚ ɢɫɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɦɭ ɡɚɦɵɫɥɭ, ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɦɭ ɛɨɬɤɟ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɝɭɦɚɧɢɬɚɪɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɡɧɚɧɢɹ, ɧɨ ɢɦɟɟɬ
ɫɨɡɧɚɧɢɸ, ɚ ɧɟ ɫɚɦɨɦɭ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɸ ɢɫɤɭɫɫɬɜɚ, ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ ɤ ɮɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚɦ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɱɟ-
ɗ. Ȼɷɬɬɢ ɭɯɨɞɢɬ ɨɬ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɵ ɩɨɧɢ- ɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɧɚɲɟɝɨ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɹ ɤ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶ-
ɦɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɭ ɧɚɤɨɩɥɟɧɢɹ ɫɭɦɦɵ ɡɧɚɧɢɣ, ɤ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚ- ɧɨɫɬɢ. Ʉɨɝɞɚ Ɏ. ɒɥɟɣɟɪɦɚɯɟɪ ɝɨɜɨɪɢɥ ɨ ɬɨɦ, ɱɬɨ ɢɫɬɨɥ-
ɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɧɨ-ɫɦɵɫɥɨɜɨɣ ɡɧɚɱɢɦɨɫɬɢ. ɤɨɜɚɬɟɥɶ ɞɨɥɠɟɧ ɩɨɧɹɬɶ ɚɜɬɨɪɚ ɥɭɱɲɟ, ɱɟɦ ɬɨɬ ɫɚɦ ɫɟɛɹ
Ƚ.- Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪ ɭɬɜɟɪɠɞɚɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɩɪɨɢɡ- ɩɨɧɢɦɚɥ: «ɍ ɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɢɫɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɦɵ ɩɪɢɧɭɠɞɟɧɵ
ɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ ɡɚɦɵɫɥɚ ɚɜɬɨɪɚ. Ɉɧɨ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɬɨɱɧɟɟ ɫɯɜɚɬɵɜɚɬɶ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ ɜɬɨɪɨɫɬɟɩɟɧɧɵɯ ɦɵɫɥɟɣ ɤ
«ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɦ ɩɪɚɜɞɵ, ɜɨɜɫɟ ɧɟ ɨɛɹɡɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɫɨɜɩɚɞɚɸ- ɝɥɚɜɧɵɦ…» [9, ɫ. 122], ɨɧ ɫɬɚɜɢɥ ɜɨɩɪɨɫ ɨɛ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜ-
ɳɟɣ ɫ ɬɟɦ, ɱɬɨ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨ ɢɦɟɥ ɜ ɜɢɞɭ ɢɧɬɟɥɥɟɤɬɭɚɥ, ɧɨɦ ɫɦɵɫɥɨɜɨɦ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɢ (ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɢ) ɬɟɤɫɬɚ, ɧɟ ɫɜɨ-
ɫɨɡɞɚɬɟɥɶ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ» [4, c. 256]. ɉɪɨɢɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ɧɟ- ɞɢɦɨɦ ɤ ɢɧɬɟɧɰɢɹɦ ɟɝɨ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɟɥɹ.
ɦɢɧɭɟɦɨ ɨɬɪɚɠɚɟɬ ɤɚɤ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɟ ɫɦɵɫɥɵ ɫɜɨɟɝɨ ɢɫ-

62
ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ ɄɟɦȽɍ. ɋɟɪɢɹ: Ƚɭɦɚɧɢɬɚɪɧɵɟ ɢ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɧɚɭɤɢ y2017 y ʋ 2

ȼ ɤɨɧɬɟɤɫɬɟ Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪɨɜɫɤɨɝɨ ɪɚɡɦɵɲɥɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɫɬɚ- ɱɟɥɨɜɟɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɧɢɹ. ɇɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɚ, ɤɚɤ ɩɨɥɚ-


ɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɫɚɦɨɫɨɡɧɚɧɢɹ, ɜɨɩɪɨɫ ɚɩɩɥɢ- ɝɚɟɬ ɝɪɚɮ ɉɨɥɶ Ƀɨɪɤ, ɧɟɩɪɟɞɭɛɟɠɞɟɧɧɚɹ ɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨ-
ɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɫɜɹɡɚɧ ɫ ɪɚɛɨ- ɜɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɧɚ ɦɢɪ, ɧɟ ɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɧɚ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɭ ɢ ɤɭɥɶɬɭ-
ɬɨɣ ȼ. Ⱦɢɥɶɬɟɹ «ɇɚɭɤɚ ɨ ɞɭɯɟ», ɝɞɟ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɪɭ ɢɥɢ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɸ, ɩɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭ «ɢɫɬɨɪɢɹ ɢ ɱɟɥɨɜɟɱɟɫɤɢɟ
ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɫɨɩɪɹɝɚɬɶ ɢɧɞɢɜɢɞɭɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɞɭɯɚ ɬɜɨɪɟɧɢɹ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɚɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɩɪɢɪɨɞɭ, ɜɧɨɜɶ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɹɬɫɹ
ɢ ɠɢɡɧɢ ɫ ɢɯ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɮɨɪɦɚɦɢ. Ɇɟɠɞɭ ɨɛɴɟɤ- ɡɟɦɥɟɣ» [11, ɫ. 17]. ɉɪɨɲɥɨɟ, ɤɨɝɞɚ-ɬɨ ɠɢɜɨɟ, ɦɨɠɟɬ
ɬɢɜɧɵɦ ɧɚɭɱɧɵɦ ɩɨɡɧɚɧɢɟɦ ɢ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɦ ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬ- ɫɬɚɬɶ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵɦ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɜ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɟ «ɜɵɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚ-
ɧɵɦ ɩɨɥɚɝɚɧɢɟɦ ȼ. Ⱦɢɥɶɬɟɣ ɧɟ ɜɢɞɢɬ ɧɟɩɪɨɯɨɞɢɦɨɣ ɧɢɹ», ɚ ɧɟ ɩɪɨɫɬɨɝɨ «ɜɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɧɢɹ», ɢɛɨ «ɫ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɟɣ
ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ. Ɍɚɤ ɤɚɤ ɞɥɹ ɧɟɝɨ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɞɟɥɨ ɨɛɫɬɨɢɬ ɬɚɤ, ɱɬɨ ɡɪɟɥɢɳɧɨɟ ɢ ɥɟɝɤɨ ɛɪɨɫɚɸɳɟɟɫɹ
ɦɢɪɚ ɟɫɬɶ «ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɣ, ɰɟɧɬɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɜ ɜ ɝɥɚɡɚ ɜɨɨɛɳɟ ɧɟ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜɢɞɢɦɵɦ» [11, ɫ. 17]. ɑɬɨ-
ɫɚɦɨɦ ɫɟɛɟ, ɬɨɝɞɚ ɤɚɤ ɤɚɠɞɵɣ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɢɣɫɹ ɜ ɧɟɦ ɨɬ- ɛɵ ɨɛɧɚɪɭɠɢɬɶ ɜ ɢɫɬɨɪɢɢ (ɡɪɟɥɢɳɧɨɦ) ɩɪɨɲɟɞɲɭɸ
ɞɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɣ ɜ ɫɢɥɭ ɩɨɥɚɝɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɠɢɡɧɶ, ɧɭɠɧɨ ɜɵɫɦɨɬɪɟɬɶ ɧɟɜɢɞɢɦɨɟ (ɫɭɳɧɨɫɬɧɨɟ).
ɪɟɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɫɜɨɣ ɰɟɧɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɉɨɞɨɛɧɨ ɬɨɦɭ, ɤɚɤ ɞɥɹ ɝɪɚɮɚ ɉɨɥɹ Ƀɨɪɤɚ ɢ ȼ. Ⱦɢɥɶɬɟɹ
ɩɭɧɤɬ ɜ ɫɟɛɟ ɫɚɦɨɦ, ɧɨ ɜɫɟ ɨɧɢ ɨɞɧɚɤɨ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɧɨ ɫɜɹ- ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɹ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɧɨɣ ɤɚɬɟɝɨɪɢɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɩɚɪɚ «ɠɢɡɧɶ –
ɡɚɧɵ ɜ ɨɞɧɨ ɰɟɥɨɟ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɢɡ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ- ɢɫɬɨɪɢɹ», ɬɚɤ ɞɥɹ Ƚ. -Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪɚ ɢ ɗ. Ȼɷɬɬɢ ɜ ɨɬɧɨɲɟ-
ɞɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɱɚɫɬɟɣ ɜɨɡɧɢɤɚɟɬ ɫɦɵɫɥ ɜɡɚɢɦɨɫɜɹɡɢ ɨɛɳɟɫɬ- ɧɢɢ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɢ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɹ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɧɚ ɤɚɬɟɝɨɪɢɚɥɶ-
ɜɟɧɧɨ-ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɦɢɪɚ» [10, ɫ. 33]. ɂ. Ⱥ. Ɇɢɯɚɣɥɨɜ ɧɚɹ ɩɚɪɚ «ɨɧɬɨɥɨɝɢɹ – ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɹ», ɚ ɜ ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɧɢɢ
ɭɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɧɚ ɬɨ, ɱɬɨ ɝɪɚɮ ɉɨɥɶ Ƀɨɪɤ ɩɟɪɟɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ – ɤɚɬɟɝɨɪɢɚɥɶɧɚɹ
ɢɡɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɭɸ ɪɚɡɞɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɧɚ «ɞɭɯ» ɢ «ɩɪɢɪɨɞɭ», ɩɚɪɚ «ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ – ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ». ɋɨɩɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɹ
«ɩɪɨɲɥɨɟ» ɢ «ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ», «ɱɟɥɨɜɟɤɚ» ɢ «ɱɟɥɨɜɟɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɞɜɟ ɷɬɢɯ ɩɨɥɟɦɢɤɢ, ɦɵ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɟɦ, ɱɬɨ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ
ɬɜɨɪɟɧɢɢ»: ɜɚɠɧɨɣ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɹ ɩɪɢɫɭɳɚɹ ɜɫɟɦɭ ɦɢɪɭ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ ɤɚɤ ɞɚɧɧɨɫɬɶ, ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɚɹ ɫ ɪɚɡɧɵɯ
ɠɢɡɧɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ. Ⱦɥɹ ɧɚɫ ɬɚɤɚɹ «ɠɢɡɧɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ» ɜɚɠɧɚ ɢ ɜ ɫɬɨɪɨɧ, ɭɫɬɪɟɦɥɟɧɚ ɤ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɧɨɦɭ, ɤɨɧɬɟɤɫɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ
ɫɨɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɢ ɨɧɬɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɚɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨ- ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɨ ɰɟɥɨɫɬɧɨɣ ɩɨɥɧɨɬɟ ɠɢɡɧɢ ɢɦɟɧɧɨ ɜ
ɫɬɢ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ, ɩɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɚ ɧɟ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɢ- ɩɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɨɦ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɢ ɜɫɬɪɟɱɢ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɱɟɥɨ-
ɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɚɦɢ ɢɫɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɧɢɹ, ɜɟɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɠɢɡɧɢ ɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ ɦɢɪɚ.
ɧɨ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟ ɤ ɮɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɦ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚɦ

Ʌɢɬɟɪɚɬɭɪɚ
1. ɏɚɣɞɟɝɝɟɪ Ɇ. Ɉ ɫɭɳɧɨɫɬɢ ɢɫɬɢɧɵ // Ɏɢɥɨɫɨɮɫɤɢɟ ɧɚɭɤɢ. 1989. ʋ 4. ɋ. 88 – 105.
2. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪ ɏ.-Ƚ. ɉɭɬɢ ɏɚɣɞɟɝɝɟɪɚ: ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɩɨɡɞɧɟɝɨ ɬɜɨɪɱɟɫɬɜɚ. Ɇɢɧɫɤ: ɉɪɨɩɢɥɟɢ, 2007. 242 ɫ.
3. Ȼɨɪɢɫɨɜ ȿ. ȼ. Ⱥɩɩɥɢɤɚɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɢɫɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɟ ɏ.-Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪɚ // Ɍɜɨɪɱɟ-
ɫɤɨɟ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɢɟ Ƚ. Ƚ. ɒɩɟɬɚ ɢ ɮɢɥɨɫɨɮɢɹ XX ɜɟɤɚ. Ʉ 120-ɥɟɬɢɸ ɫɨ ɞɧɹ ɪɨɠɞɟɧɢɹ Ƚɭɫɬɚɜɚ ɒɩɟɬɚ: ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɦɟɠɞɭ-
ɧɚɪɨɞɧɨɣ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɮɟɪɟɧɰɢɢ. 7 – 9 ɚɩɪɟɥɹ 1999 ɝɨɞɚ. Ɍɨɦɫɤ: ȼɨɞɨɥɟɣ, 1999. ɋ. 31 – 35.
4. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪ Ƚ.-Ƚ. Ⱥɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɟɤɪɚɫɧɨɝɨ. Ɇ.: ɂɫɤɭɫɫɬɜɨ, 1991. 367 ɫ.
5. Ȼɟɬɬɢ ɗ. Ƚɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɚ ɤɚɤ ɨɛɳɚɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɥɨɝɢɹ ɧɚɭɤ ɨ ɞɭɯɟ. Ɇ.: Ʉɚɧɨɧ+: «Ɋɟɚɛɢɥɢɬɚɰɢɹ», 2011. 144 ɫ.
6. ɋɢɞɨɪɨɜɚ ɍ. ȼ. ɉɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɟ ɤɚɤ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɮɟɧɨɦɟɧ ɜ ɮɢɥɨɫɨɮɢɢ X. Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪɚ // ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ ɘɠɧɨ-
ɍɪɚɥɶɫɤɨɝɨ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ. ɋɟɪɢɹ: ɋɨɰɢɚɥɶɧɨ-ɝɭɦɚɧɢɬɚɪɧɵɟ ɧɚɭɤɢ. 2011. ʋ 9(226). ɋ. 139 – 142.
7. ɇɢɤɢɬɢɧɚ Ʌ. ȼ. Ⱦɢɚɥɟɤɬɢɤɚ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɢ ɫɭɛɴɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɜ ɢɫɬɨɥɤɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɯɭɞɨɠɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɮɨɪɦ – ɞɜɚ
ɩɨɞɯɨɞɚ: Ƚ.-Ƚ. Ƚɚɞɚɦɟɪ ɢ ɗ. Ȼɟɬɬɢ // ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ Ʉɚɡɚɧɫɤɨɝɨ ɝɨɫɭɞɚɪɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɢɬɟɬɚ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɢ ɢɫɤɭɫɫɬɜ. 2014.
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8. Ʉɨɩɵɥɨɜ Ⱥ. ȼ. ɉɟɪɟɜɨɞ ɤɚɤ ɩɪɨɛɥɟɦɚ ɮɢɥɨɫɨɮɫɤɨɣ ɝɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɢ: ɩɪɨɥɟɝɨɦɟɧɵ ɤ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɸ. Ɇɭɪ-
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9. ɒɥɟɣɟɪɦɚɯɟɪ Ɏ. Ƚɟɪɦɟɧɟɜɬɢɤɚ / ɩɟɪ. ɫ ɧɟɦ. Ⱥ. Ʌ. ȼɨɥɶɫɤɨɝɨ; ɧɚɭɱɧ. ɪɟɞ. ɇ. Ɉ. Ƚɭɱɢɧɫɤɚɹ. ɋɉɛ.: ȿɜɪɨɩɟɣ-
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ɢɫɬɨɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɦɢɪɚ ɜ ɧɚɭɤɚɯ ɨ ɞɭɯɟ; ɉɟɪ. ɫ ɧɟɦ. ɩɨɞ ɪɟɞ. ȼ. Ⱥ. Ʉɭɪɟɧɧɨɝɨ. Ɇ.: Ɍɪɢ ɤɜɚɞɪɚɬɚ, 2004. ɋ. 10 – 413.
11. Ɇɢɯɚɣɥɨɜ ɂ. Ⱥ. Ɋɚɧɧɢɣ ɏɚɣɞɟɝɝɟɪ: Ɇɟɠɞɭ ɮɟɧɨɦɟɧɨɥɨɝɢɟɣ ɢ ɮɢɥɨɫɨɮɢɟɣ ɠɢɡɧɢ. Ɇ.: ɉɪɨɝɪɟɫɫ-Ɍɪɚɞɢɰɢɹ:
Ⱦɨɦ ɢɧɬɟɥɥɟɤɬɭɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɤɧɢɝɢ, 1999. 284 ɫ.

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ȼɟɫɬɧɢɤ ɄɟɦȽɍ. ɋɟɪɢɹ: Ƚɭɦɚɧɢɬɚɪɧɵɟ ɢ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɧɚɭɤɢ y2017 y ʋ 2

TO THE ISSUE OF THE APPLICATIVITY OF UNDERSTANDING: THE CONTROVERSY


BETWEEN E. BETTI AND H. G. GADAMER
Anastasia Ⱥ. Aksenova1, @
1
Kemerovo State University, 6, Krasnaya street, Kemerovo, Russia, 650000
@
AA9515890227@yandex.ru

Received 02.02.2017. Abstract: Considering the controversy between E. Betti and H.-G. Gadamer, we do
Accepted 28.03.2017. not seek to criticize or defend the views of one of the parties, but to draw attention to
the phenomenon of the emergence of the controversy. The issue of the applicativity of
understanding was considered by other scientists, but we see the clash of methodologi-
Keywords: applicativity of under-
cal and ontological hermeneutics as the problem of understanding situated on the bor-
standing, H.-G. Gadamer, E. Betti,
der of science and life, man and world, subjectivity and objectivity. The sheer exis-
M. Heidegger, hermeneutics.
tence of the controversy evokes hermeneutic attitude to the phenomenon of historicity.
Since hermeneutics is limited neither to methodological issues of interpretation of
works of the past culture nor to the development of the methodology of humanitarian
knowledge but relates to the fundamental structures of human existence, we should
note that every "correct understanding" means following the rules and some rules of
understanding do exist, but this is about the process of understanding and thinking, and
not its results as "correct" or "incorrect". The experience of understanding as a practic-
al (not pragmatic) hermeneutics is the main intention of this article.

For citation: Aksenova A. A. K voprosu applikativnosti ponimaniia: polemika mezhdu E. Betti i G.-G. Gadamerom [To the
Issue of the Applicativity of Understanding: the Controversy between E. Betti and H. G. Gadamer]. Bulletin of Kemerovo State
University. Series: Humanities and Social Sciences, no. 2 (2017): 61 – 64. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.21603/2542-1840-2017-2-61-64.

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